(19)
(11)EP 2 877 369 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/13

(21)Application number: 13745278.5

(22)Date of filing:  23.07.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B60N 2/818(2018.01)
B60N 2/815(2018.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2013/051554
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/018471 (30.01.2014 Gazette  2014/05)

(54)

HEADREST ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM FOR VEHICLE SEATS

KOPFSTÜTZENEINSTELLMECHANISMUS FÜR FAHRZEUGSITZE

MÉCANISME DE RÉGLAGE D'APPUI-TÊTE POUR SIÈGES DE VÉHICULE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 24.07.2012 US 201261675048 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.06.2015 Bulletin 2015/23

(73)Proprietor: Toyota Boshoku America, Inc.
Novi, Michigan 48377 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • RONZI, Brett
    Highland, MI 48357 (US)
  • ISAACSON, Troy, Allen
    Wixom, MI 48393 (US)

(74)Representative: Rankin, Douglas et al
Marks & Clerk LLP Aurora 120 Bothwell Street
Glasgow G2 7JS
Glasgow G2 7JS (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
DE-A1- 19 631 100
US-A- 5 738 413
US-A- 5 992 939
US-A- 5 667 276
US-A- 5 860 703
US-A1- 2005 077 772
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] A vehicle seat can include an adjustable headrest mounted to a backrest of the vehicle seat. The headrest can be moved in a generally vertical direction relative to the seat. Two posts are mounted to the headrest. Two guide sleeves are located within the backrest of the vehicle seat, and a bushing is received in each of the two guide sleeves. Each post is receivable in one of the two guide sleeves.

    [0002] Each post includes a plurality of notches. One bushing includes a mechanism that is received in one of the notches, securing the post and the attached headrest in a position. When the headrest is to be moved to another position relative to the backrest of the vehicle seat, the mechanism of the bushing is removed from the notch of the post, allowing the post, and therefore the attached headrest, to slide in the generally vertical direction relative to the backrest of the vehicle seat to a desired position. Once the headrest is in the desired position, the mechanism is released to allow the mechanism to engage another notch of the post, securing the headrest in the desired position.

    [0003] US 5 738 413 A (De Filippo) appears to describe a headrest for motor vehicle seats having support rods frictionally slidable through respective tubular guide elements which are rigidly secured to the structure of a seat backrest. The support rods are slack fitted within the tubular guide elements so as to be forwardly and rearwardly tiltable around a lower transverse axis and are kept in a substantially centered equilibrium position by resilient members provided within the tubular guide elements in front and in the back of the support rods. In case of forward or rearward tilting of the headrest, positioning notches of the support rods are engaged by respective restraining members also housed within the tubular guide elements.

    [0004] US 5 860 703 A (Courtois) appears to describe a vehicle seat having a seat back that is extended upwards by a headrest. The headrest is supported by at least one rigid stalk that is vertically slidable in a socket secured to the seat back, with a certain amount of clearance for forward pivoting. The stalk is urged angularly rearwards by a spring towards a rest position in which notches formed in the rear face of the stalk co-operate with a stop member secured to the socket. Starting from this rest position, the headrest can be moved angularly forwards by a user into an adjustment position where the stalk is free to slide vertically in the socket.

    [0005] DE 196 31 100 A1 (Grammer AG) appears to describe a height adjustable coupling for a head support with a back rest in a motor car. There is a housing in which there is a linearly adjustable rod element onto which the head support is attached. The rod element has a locking body which is moveable between a rest position and a locking position, and the housing is formed with spaced recesses. An acceleration of the rod element in the housing causes the locking body to project into one of the recesses in such a way that the locking body is in a locked position, and the rod element and the housing is given a positive, downward immovable connection.

    [0006] US 5 667 276 (Connelly) appears to describe a locking headrest support assembly for the back of a vehicle set includes a sleeve, a cap, a spring and a button. The sleeve is lockable within the back of a vehicle seat and has a longitudinal bore for a rod of a vehicle headrest. The cap locks onto the top of the sleeve, and has a longitudinal bore aligned with that of the sleeve when so locked. The cap has a slot in which the button is disposed in a drawer-like fashion. US 2005/077772 shows a bushing to allow adjustability of a position of a headrest, the bushing comprising: a head portion having an opening and a passageway opening; a body portion defining an internal passageway extending along an axis z, wherein the passageway opening of the head portion is aligned with the internal passageway of the body portion, the body portion includes a wall having an area of a reduced wall thickness, wherein the area has a thickness that is less than a thickness of the surrounding wall of portion such that the area is more flexible than the wall surrounding the area, and a rib is located on an internal surface of the area of reduced wall thickness; and a moveable portion received in the opening of the head portion, wherein the moveable portion is moveable between a first position wherein a feature engages a notch of a post receivable in the internal passageway of the body portion and the passageway opening of the head portion to retain the headrest in a position, and a second position wherein the feature is disengaged from the notch of the post, allowing the post and the headrest to move relative to the bushing.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0007] According to aspects of the present invention there is provided a bushing and a headrest assembly according to the appended claims.

    [0008] The bushing shows the features of claim 1.

    [0009] The headrest assembly includes the features of claim 17.

    [0010] These and other features of the present invention can be best understood from the following specification and drawings, the following of which is a brief description.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0011] 

    Figure 1 illustrates a perspective view of a vehicle seat and a headrest adjustment mechanism;

    Figure 2 illustrates a view of a top portion of a backrest of a vehicle seat, the headrest, and an adjustment mechanism;

    Figure 3 illustrates a perspective view of a bushing;

    Figure 4 illustrates a cross sectional view of a moveable portion received within an opening of a head portion of the bushing when a metal piece engages a notch in a post to retain the headrest in a first position;

    Figure 5 illustrates a cross sectional view of the moveable portion received within the opening of the head portion of the bushing when the metal piece does not engage the notch in the post to allow the post and the headrest to move relative to the backrest;

    Figure 6 illustrates another perspective view of the bushing;

    Figure 7 illustrates a side view of the moveable portion;

    Figure 8 illustrates a front view of the moveable portion;

    Figure 9 illustrates a front view of the bushing;

    Figure 10 illustrates a cross-sectional view of the body portion of the bushing including areas having a reduced thickness and projections on the internal surface of the areas having a reduced thickness; and

    Figure 11 illustrates a top view of the bushing showing the projections on the internal surface of the areas having a reduced thickness.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0012] Figure 1 illustrates a vehicle seat 10 includes a seat 12 and a backrest 14. The vehicle seat 10 includes a headrest 16 that is movable in a generally vertical direction (along an axis Z) relative to the backrest 14. At least one post 18 is secured to the headrest 16. In one example, the vehicle seat 10 includes two posts 18. One of the posts 18 includes a plurality of notches 42, as explained below. The post 18 has a diameter C.

    [0013] Figure 2 illustrates a top portion of the backrest 14 of the vehicle seat 10. A guide sleeve 20 corresponding to each post 18 is received within the backrest 14. In one example, the guide sleeve 20 is made of metal. In one example, there are two guide sleeves 20. A bushing 22a and 22b is received in each of the guide sleeves 20. In one example, the bushing 22a is a master bushing, and the bushing 22b is a slave bushing. That is, the master bushing is actuated to allow movement of the headrest 16 relative to the backrest 14 of the vehicle seat 10. As explained below, a mechanism of the bushing 22a is manually actuated to allow the post 18, and therefore the headrest 16, to move relative to the backrest 14.

    [0014] Figure 3 illustrates the bushing 22a. In one example, the bushing 22a is made of molded plastic. The bushing 22a includes a body portion 24 that is received inside one of the guide sleeves 20. The body portion 24 includes an internal passageway 26 that extends along the axis Z. The body portion 24 also includes a resilient feature 40 that is received in an opening (not shown) in the guide sleeve 20. When the body portion 24 is inserted into the guide sleeve 20, the resilient feature 40 is compressed inwardly to allow the body portion 24 to slide within to the guide sleeve 20. However, once the resilient feature 40 is aligned with the opening, the resilient feature 40 is biased outwardly into the opening to retain the body portion 24 within the guide sleeve 20.

    [0015] The bushing 22a also includes a head portion 28 that defines a space 30 accessible through an opening 32 on a first side 34 of the head portion 28. The head portion 28 also includes a wall 36 (shown in Figure 4) on a second side 38 of the head portion 28. The head portion 28 also includes passageway opening 44 aligned with the internal passageway 26 of the body portion 24. In one example, the body portion 24 and the head portion 28 are integrally formed into a single component.

    [0016] Figures 4 and 5 illustrate a moveable portion 46 received in the space 30 of the head portion 28. In one example, the head portion 28 is formed of molded plastic. The moveable portion 46 includes a manual contact surface 48, an opposing spring surface 50 and a passage 52 that is alignable with the passageway 26 of the body portion 24 and the passageway openings 44 of the head portion 28. A metal piece 54, such as a steel sheet, is molded into or snap fit in the moveable portion 46. In one example, the metal piece 54 is a metal plate. A resilient member 56 is located between the wall 36 of the head portion 28 and the spring surface 50 of the moveable portion 46. In one example, the resilient member 56 is a coil spring. The metal piece 54 and the resilient spring 56 are two separate components that are non-integral.

    [0017] As shown in Figure 4, when the moveable portion 46 is in a first position, the resilient member 56 biases the moveable portion 46 in a direction X to a first position such that a portion of the metal piece 54 is received within a notch 42 of the post 18 that is received in the passageway openings 44 of the head portion 28, the passage 52 of the moveable portion 46, and the passageway 26 of the body portion 24. Engagement of the metal piece 54 in the notch 42 of the post 18 secures the post 18, and therefore the headrest 16, in a position.

    [0018] As shown in Figure 5, when pressure is applied on the manual contact surface 48 of the moveable portion 46 (for example, by a finger of a person), the moveable portion 46 moves in the direction Y to a second position and compresses the resilient member 56. When the moveable portion 46 is in the second position, the metal piece 54 is not received in a notch 42 in the post 18, allowing the post 18, and therefore the headrest 16, to move axially along the axis Z relative to the backrest 14 and the bushing 22a.

    [0019] When the pressure is released from the manual contact surface 48 of the moveable portion 46, the resilient member 56 biases the moveable portion 46 back to the first position, as shown in Figure 4. The metal piece 54 engages another notch 42 of the post 18, securing the post 18, and therefore the headrest 16, in another position.

    [0020] As shown in Figure 6, the moveable portion 46 includes a flexible projection 58 (shown in Figures 7 and 8) that is received in an opening 60 in the head portion 28 when the moveable portion 46 is received in the space 30 of the head portion 28. The flexible projection 58 retains the moveable portion 46 within the opening 60 of the head portion 28. As the moveable portion 46 moves between the first position and the second position, the flexible projection 58 moves within the opening 60 of the head portion 28 to removeably retain the moveable portion 46 inside the head portion 28.

    [0021] As shown in Figure 9, the bushing 22a also includes a collar 62 located between the body portion 24 and the head portion 28. The collar 62 includes an opening 64 having a flat bottom surface 66 and a curved upper surface 68. A flexible wall 70 is defined between the flat bottom surface 66 of the opening 64 and a lower surface 72 of the collar 62. A rib 74 projects from the lower surface 72 of the collar 62 (Figure 2). When the bushing 22a is positioned in the guide sleeve 20, the flexible wall 70 and the rib 74 are deformable and contact an upper surface of the guide sleeve 20 to absorb impact.

    [0022] As shown in Figure 10, the body portion 24 includes an area 76 having a reduced wall thickness. That is, a thickness of the area 76 is less than a thickness of the surrounding wall of the body portion 24 of the bushing 22. In one example, the area 76 is substantially rectangular. In one example, the area 76 is recessed from an external side of the body portion 24. That is, an inner surface of the body portion 24 does not include any recessed portion as part of the area 76 and is substantially smooth in this area. In one example, the body portion 24 includes two areas 76 on opposing sides of the body portion 24. The area 76 is continuous with the surrounding wall of the body portion 24, and there are no spaces or gaps between the area 76 and the surrounding wall of the body portion 24. In one example, the area 76 is located between the collar 62 and the resilient feature 40. As the area 76 has a thickness less than the thickness of the surrounding material of the body portion 24, it is more flexible.

    [0023] The body portion 24 includes an elongated rib 78 located on an inner surface of the passageway 26 of the body portion 24 and aligned with the area 76 having a reduced wall thickness. The elongated rib 78 extends along the X axis. In one example, there are two elongated ribs 78 each aligned with one of the two areas 76 of reduced wall thickness. In one example, each elongated rib 78 is located across from the other elongated rib 78. A diameter of the passageway 26 of the body portion 24 has a diameter A, and a distance between the two elongated ribs 78 is a distance B. The distance B is less than the distance A. Additionally, the diameter C of the post 18 is slightly greater than the distance B between the elongated ribs 78.

    [0024] When the post 18 is received in the passageway 26 of the body portion 24 of the bushing 22a, the larger diameter post 18 presses on the elongated ribs 78 as the distance B between the elongated ribs 78 is less than the diameter C of the post 18. As the area 76 has a reduced wall thickness, the area 76 can flex when the larger diameter post 18 is located between the smaller distance elongated ribs 78. As the post 18 is moved within the passageway 26 of the body portion 24, the post 18 continues to press on the elongated ribs 78, providing friction which allows for better control of the movement of the post 18 when the post 18 is being moved to adjust a location of the headrest 16. The contact also decreases buzz, squeak and rattle of the mechanism.

    [0025] When the headrest 16 is to be moved along the Z axis to another position, the manual contact surface 48 of the moveable portion 46 is pressed, removing the metal piece 54 from one of the notches 42 in the post 18. This allows the post 18, and the attached headrest 18, to move to a desired position along the axis Z. Once the headrest 16 is in the desired position, the manual contact surface 48 is released, and the resilient member 56 biases the moveable portion 46 into another notch 42 of the post 18, securing the headrest 16 in a new position.

    [0026] The foregoing description is only exemplary of the principles of the invention. Many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teachings, for instance, the inlet vanes may also have intermediate positions. It is, therefore, to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than using the example embodiments which have been specifically described. For that reason the following claims should be studied to determine the true scope and content of this invention.


    Claims

    1. A bushing (22a) to allow adjustability of a position of a headrest (16), the bushing comprising:

    a head portion (28) having an opening (32) and a passageway opening (44);

    a body portion (24) defining an internal passageway (26) extending along an axis (Z), wherein the passageway opening (44) of the head portion (28) is aligned with the internal passageway (26) of the body portion (24), the body portion includes a wall having an area (76) of a reduced wall thickness, wherein the area (76) has a thickness that is less than a thickness of the surrounding wall of the body portion (24) such that the area (76) is more flexible than the surrounding wall of body portion (24) and the area (76) of the reduced wall thickness has a substantially flat external surface, and a rib (78) is located on an internal surface of the area (76) of reduced wall thickness; and

    a moveable portion (46) received in the opening (32) of the head portion (28), wherein the moveable portion (46) is moveable between a first position wherein a feature (54) engages a notch (42) of a post (18) receivable in the internal passageway (26) of the body portion (24) and the passageway opening (44) of the head portion (28) to retain the headrest (16) in a position, and a second position wherein the feature (54) is disengaged from the notch (42) of the post (18), allowing the post (18) and the headrest (16) to move relative to the bushing (22a).


     
    2. The bushing as recited in claim 1 wherein the body portion (24) includes two areas (76) of reduced thickness and two ribs (78), wherein one of the two areas (76) of reduced thickness and one of the two ribs (78) and the other of the two areas (76) of reduced thickness and other of the two ribs (76) are located across from each other, a first distance (A) is defined between the internal surfaces of the two areas (76) of reduced thickness, a second distance (B) is defined between the two ribs (78), and the second distance (B) is less than the first distance (A).
     
    3. The bushing as recited in claim 1 wherein the head portion (28) and the body portion (24) are integral and made of molded plastic.
     
    4. The bushing as recited in claim 1 wherein the head portion (28) includes a first side (34) and a second side (38), wherein the opening (32) is located at the first side (34) and a wall (36) is located near the second side (38).
     
    5. The bushing as recited in claim 4 including a resilient member (56) located between the moveable portion (46) and the wall (36) of the head portion (28).
     
    6. The bushing as recited in claim 5 wherein the resilient member (56) is a coil spring.
     
    7. The bushing as recited in claim 5 wherein the resilient member (56) biases the moveable portion (46) to the first position, and manual pressure moves the moveable portion (46) to the second position against the bias of the resilient member (56).
     
    8. The bushing as recited in claim 1 wherein the feature (54) that engages the notch (42) of the post (18) is a metal piece (54).
     
    9. The bushing as recited in claim 8 wherein the metal piece (54) is molded into the moveable portion (46) or snap fit into an opening in the moveable portion (46).
     
    10. The bushing as recited in claim 8 wherein a resilient member (56) biases the moveable portion (46) to the first position, manual pressure moves the moveable portion (46) to the second position against the bias of the resilient member (56), and the resilient member (56) and the metal piece (54) are separate components.
     
    11. The bushing as recited in claim 1 wherein the head portion (28) includes an aperture (60) and the moveable portion (46) includes a projection (58) that is received in the aperture (60) to removeably retain the moveable portion (46) in the head portion (28) as the moveable portion (46) moves relative to the head portion (28).
     
    12. The bushing as recited in claim 1 wherein the rib (78) extends along the axis (Z).
     
    13. The bushing as recited in claim 1 wherein the area (76) of reduced wall thickness is substantially rectangular in shape.
     
    14. The bushing as recited in claim 1 wherein the rib (78) is located only on an inner surface of the area (76) of reduced wall thickness.
     
    15. The bushing as recited in claim 1 wherein the area (76) of reduced thickness is substantially rectangular in shape.
     
    16. The bushing as recited in claim 1 wherein the ribs (78) are located only on an inner surface of the area of reduced thickness.
     
    17. A headrest assembly including the bushing (22a) of claim 2, wherein the head rest assembly comprises:

    a headrest (16);

    two posts (18) secured to the headrest (16), wherein at least one of the two posts includes a plurality of notches (42); and

    the bushing (22a)
    including the body portion (24) with two of the areas (76) of reduced wall thickness on opposing sides of the body portion (24), the rib (78) is located on the internal surface of the two areas (76) of reduced wall thickness, a first distance (A) is defined between the internal surfaces of the two areas (76) of reduced wall thickness and the two areas (76) of the reduced wall thickness has a substantially flat external surface, a second distance (B) is defined between the two ribs (78), the second distance (B) is less than the first distance (A), and one of the two posts (18) with the plurality of notches (42) is received in the internal passageway (26) of the body portion (24) and the passageway opening (44) of the head portion (28) of the bushing and has a third diameter (C) that is greater than the second distance (B) defined between the two ribs (78).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Buchse (22a) zuim Ermöglichen der Verstellbarkeit der Position einer Kopfstütze, wobei die Buchse Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Kopfabschnitt (28), der eine Öffnung (32) und eine Durchgangsöffnung (44) aufweist,

    einen Körperabschnitt (24), der einen inneren Durchgang (26) definiert, der sich entlang einer Achse (Z) erstreckt, wobei die Durchgangsöffnung (44) des Kopfabschnitts (28) mit dem inneren Durchgang (26) des Körperabschnitts (24) ausgerichtet ist, wobei der Körperabschnitt eine Wand einschließt, die einen Bereich (76) mit einer verringerten Wanddicke aufweist, wobei der Bereich (76) eine Dicke aufweist, die geringer ist als eine Dicke der umgebenden Wand des Körperabschnitts (24), so dass der Bereich (76) flexibler ist als die umgebende Wand des Körperabschnitts (24), und der Bereich (76) mit der verringerten Wanddicke eine im Wesentlichen flache äußere Oberfläche aufweist und eine Rippe (78) auf einer inneren Fläche des Bereichs (76) mit der verringerten Wanddicke angeordnet ist, und

    einen beweglichen Abschnitt (46), der in der Öffnung (32) des Kopfabschnitts (28) aufgenommen wird, wobei der bewegliche Abschnitt (46) beweglich ist zwischen einer ersten Stellung, in der ein Merkmal (54) eine Kerbe (42) eines Pfostens (18) in Eingriff nimmt, der in dem inneren Durchgang (26) des Körperabschnitts (24) und der Durchgangsöffnung (44) des Kopfabschnitts (28) aufgenommen werden kann, um die Kopfstütze (16) in einer Stellung festzuhalten, und einer zweiten Stellung, in der das Merkmal (54) von der Kerbe (42) des Pfostens (18) ausgerückt ist, was es ermöglicht, dass sich der Pfosten (18) und die Kopfstütze (16) im Verhältnis zu der Buchse (22a) bewegen.


     
    2. Buchse nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Körperabschnitt (24) zwei Bereiche (76) mit verringerter Wanddicke und zwei Rippen (78) einschließt, wobei der eine der zwei Bereiche (76) mit verringerter Wanddicke und die eine der zwei Rippen (78) und der andere der zwei Bereiche (76) mit verringerter Wanddicke und die andere der zwei Rippen (78) einander gegenüberliegend angeordnet sind, wobei eine erste Entfernung (A) zwischen den inneren Flächen der zwei Bereiche (76) mit verringerter Wanddicke definiert ist, eine zweite Entfernung (B) zwischen den zwei Rippen (78) definiert ist und die zweite Entfernung (B) geringer ist als die erste Entfernung (A).
     
    3. Buchse nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Kopfabschnitt (28) und der Körperabschnitt (24) integral und aus geformtem Kunststoff hergestellt sind.
     
    4. Buchse nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Kopfabschnitt (28) eine erste Seite (34) und eine zweite Seite (38) einschließt, wobei die Öffnung (32) an der ersten Seite (34) angeordnet ist und eine Wand (36) nahe der zweiten Seite (38) angeordnet ist.
     
    5. Buchse nach Anspruch 4, die ein elastisches Element (56) einschließt, das zwischen dem beweglichen Abschnitt (46) und der Wand (36) des Kopfabschnitts (28) angeordnet ist.
     
    6. Buchse nach Anspruch 5, wobei das elastische Element (56) eine Schraubenfeder ist.
     
    7. Buchse nach Anspruch 5, wobei das elastische Element (56) den beweglichen Abschnitt (46) zu der ersten Stellung vorspannt und manueller Druck den beweglichen Abschnitt (46) gegen die Vorspannung des elastischen Elements (56) zu der zweiten Stellung bewegt.
     
    8. Buchse nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Merkmal (54), das die Kerbe (42) des Pfostens (18) in Eingriff nimmt, ein Metallstück (54) ist.
     
    9. Buchse nach Anspruch 8, wobei das Metallstück (54) in den beweglichen Abschnitt (46) geformt oder in eine Öffnung in dem beweglichen Abschnitt (46) eingerastet ist.
     
    10. Buchse nach Anspruch 8, wobei ein elastisches Element (56) den beweglichen Abschnitt (46) zu der ersten Stellung vorspannt, manueller Druck den beweglichen Abschnitt (46) gegen die Vorspannung des elastischen Elements (56) zu der zweiten Stellung bewegt und das elastische Element (56) und das Metallstück (54) gesonderte Bauteile sind.
     
    11. Buchse nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Kopfabschnitt (28) eine Öffnung (60) einschließt und der bewegliche Abschnitt (46) einen Vorsprung (58) einschließt, der in der Öffnung (60) aufgenommen wird, um den beweglichen Abschnitt (46) lösbar in dem Kopfabschnitt (28) festzuhalten, wenn sich der bewegliche Abschnitt (46) im Verhältnis zu dem Kopfabschnitt (28) bewegt.
     
    12. Buchse nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich die Rippe (78) entlang der Achse (Z) erstreckt.
     
    13. Buchse nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Bereich (76) mit verringerter Wanddicke im Wesentlichen von rechteckiger Form ist.
     
    14. Buchse nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Rippe (78) nur auf einer inneren Fläche des Bereichs (76) mit verringerter Wanddicke angeordnet ist.
     
    15. Buchse nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Bereich (76) mit verringerter Wanddicke im Wesentlichen von rechteckiger Form ist.
     
    16. Buchse nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Rippen (78) nur auf einer inneren Fläche des Bereichs mit verringerter Wanddicke angeordnet sind.
     
    17. Kopfstützenbaugruppe, welche die Buchse (22a) nach Anspruch 2 einschließt, wobei die Kopfstützenbaugruppe Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Kopfstütze (16),

    zwei Pfosten (18), die an der Kopfstütze (16) befestigt sind, wobei wenigstens einer der zwei Pfosten mehrere Kerben (42) einschließt, und

    die Buchse (22a), die den Körperabschnitt (24) mit zwei der Bereiche (76) mit verringerter Wanddicke auf entgegengesetzten Seiten des Körperabschnitts (24) einschließt, wobei die Rippe (78) auf der inneren Fläche der zwei Bereiche (76) mit verringerter Wanddicke angeordnet ist, wobei eine erste Entfernung (A) zwischen den inneren Flächen der zwei Bereiche (76) mit verringerter Wanddicke definiert ist und die zwei Bereiche (76) mit der verringerten Wanddicke eine im Wesentlichen flache äußere Fläche aufweisen, wobei eine zweite Entfernung (B) zwischen den zwei Rippen (78) definiert ist, wobei die zweite Entfernung (B) geringer ist als die erste Entfernung (A), und wobei einer der zwei Pfosten (18) mit den mehreren Kerben in dem inneren Durchgang (26) des Körperabschnitts (24) und der Durchgangsöffnung (44) des Kopfabschnitts (28) der Buchse aufgenommen wird und einen dritten Durchmesser (C) aufweist, der größer ist als die zweite Entfernung (B), die zwischen den zwei Rippen (78) definiert ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Douille (22a) destinée à permettre le réglage d'une position d'un appui-tête (16), la douille comprenant :

    une partie de tête (28) comportant une ouverture (32) et une ouverture de passage (44) ;

    une partie de corps (24) définissant un passage interne (26) s'étendant le long d'un axe (Z), dans laquelle l'ouverture de passage (44) de la partie de tête (28) est alignée avec le passage interne (26) de la partie de corps (24), la partie de corps incluant une paroi comportant une zone (76) à épaisseur de paroi réduite, la zone (76) ayant une épaisseur inférieure à une épaisseur de la paroi environnante de la partie de corps (24), de sorte que la zone (76) est plus flexible que la paroi environnante de la partie de corps (24), la zone (76) à épaisseur de paroi réduite comportant une surface externe sensiblement plate, une nervure (78) étant agencée sur une surface interne de la zone (76) à épaisseur de paroi réduite ; et

    une partie mobile (46) reçue dans l'ouverture (32) de la partie de tête (28), dans laquelle la partie mobile (46) peut se déplacer entre une première position, dans laquelle une structure (54) s'engage dans une encoche (42) d'un montant (18) pouvant être reçu dans le passage interne (26) de la partie de corps (24) et de l'ouverture de passage (44) de la partie de tête (28) pour retenir l'appui-tête (16) dans une position, et une deuxième position, dans laquelle la structure (54) est dégagée de l'encoche (42) du montant (18), permettant le déplacement du montant (18) et de l'appui-tête (16) par rapport à la douille (22a).


     
    2. Douille selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la partie de corps (24) inclut deux zones (76) à épaisseur réduite, et deux nervures (78), dans laquelle l'une des deux zones (76) à épaisseur réduite et l'une des deux nervures (78), et l'autre des deux zones (76) à épaisseur réduite et l'autre des deux nervures (76) sont agencées en face l'une de l'autre, une première distance (A) étant définie entre les surfaces internes des deux zones (76) à épaisseur réduite, une deuxième distance (B) étant définie entre les deux nervures (78), et la deuxième distance (B) étant inférieure à la première distance (A).
     
    3. Douille selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la partie de tête (28) et la partie de corps (24) sont formées d'une seule pièce à partir de plastique moulé.
     
    4. Douille selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la partie de tête (28) inclut un premier côté (34) et un deuxième côté (38), dans laquelle l'ouverture (32) est située au niveau du premier côté (34), une paroi (36) étant située près du deuxième côté (38).
     
    5. Douille selon la revendication 4, incluant un élément élastique (56) agencé entre la partie mobile (46) et la paroi (36) de la partie de tête (28).
     
    6. Douille selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle l'élément élastique (56) est un ressort hélicoïdal.
     
    7. Douille selon la revendication 5, dans laquelle l'élément élastique (56) sollicite la partie mobile (46) vers la première position, une pression manuelle déplaçant la partie mobile (46) vers la deuxième position, contre la sollicitation de l'élément élastique (56).
     
    8. Douille selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la structure (54) s'engageant dans l'encoche (42) du montant (18) est une pièce métallique (54).
     
    9. Douille selon la revendication 8, dans laquelle la pièce métallique (54) est moulée dans la partie mobile (46) ou est ajustée par encliquetage dans une ouverture dans la partie mobile (46).
     
    10. Douille selon la revendication 8, dans laquelle un élément élastique (56) sollicite la partie mobile (46) vers la première position, une pression manuelle déplaçant la partie mobile (46) vers la deuxième position, contre la sollicitation de l'élément élastique (56), l'élément élastique (56) et la pièce métallique (54) étant des composants séparés.
     
    11. Douille selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la partie de tête (28) inclut une ouverture (60), la partie mobile (46) incluant une saillie (58) reçue dans l'ouverture (60) pour retenir de manière amovible la partie mobile (46) dans la partie de tête (28) lors du déplacement de la partie mobile (46) par rapport à la partie de tête (28).
     
    12. Douille selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la nervure (78) s'étend le long de l'axe (Z).
     
    13. Douille selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la zone (76) à épaisseur de paroi réduite a une forme sensiblement rectangulaire.
     
    14. Douille selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la nervure (78) est agencée uniquement sur une surface interne de la zone (76) à épaisseur de paroi réduite.
     
    15. Douille selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la zone (76) à épaisseur réduite a une forme sensiblement rectangulaire.
     
    16. Douille selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle les nervures (78) sont agencées uniquement sur une surface interne de la zone à épaisseur réduite.
     
    17. Ensemble d'appui-tête incluant la douille (22a) selon la revendiquait 2, dans lequel l'ensemble d'appui-tête comprend :

    un appui-tête (16) ;

    deux montants (18) fixés sur l'appui-tête ((16), au moins un des deux montants incluant plusieurs encoches (42) ; et

    la douille (22a) incluant la partie de corps (-24) avec deux des zones (76) à épaisseur de paroi réduite sur des côtés opposés de la partie de corps (24), la nervure (78) étant agencée sur la surface interne des deux zones (76) à épaisseur de paroi réduite, une première distance (A) étant définie entre les surfaces internes des deux zones (76) à épaisseur de paroi réduite, et les deux zones (76) à épaisseur de paroi réduite comportant une surface externe sensiblement plate, une deuxième distance (B) étant définie entre les deux nervures (78), la deuxième distance (B) étant inférieure à la première distance (A), et l'un des deux montants (18) comportant les plusieurs encoches (42) étant reçu dans le passage interne (26) de la partie de corps (24) et de l'ouverture de passage (44) de la partie de tête (28) de la douille et ayant un troisième diamètre (C) supérieur à la deuxième distance (B) définie entre les deux nervures (78)


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description