(19)
(11)EP 2 882 938 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/11

(21)Application number: 13828294.2

(22)Date of filing:  08.08.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F01D 1/32(2006.01)
F03B 5/00(2006.01)
F01D 17/00(2006.01)
F01K 7/16(2006.01)
F01D 25/18(2006.01)
F03B 3/08(2006.01)
F01D 11/00(2006.01)
F03B 15/04(2006.01)
F01D 25/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/AU2013/000874
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/022887 (13.02.2014 Gazette  2014/07)

(54)

TURBINE ASSEMBLY

TURBINENANORDNUNG

ENSEMBLE TURBINE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 08.08.2012 AU 2012903417

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.06.2015 Bulletin 2015/25

(73)Proprietor: C I Corporation Pty Ltd
Southport Queensland 4215 (AU)

(72)Inventor:
  • EL SAFTY, Ahmed
    Paradise Point Queensland 4216 (AU)

(74)Representative: Cabinet Laurent & Charras 
Le Contemporain 50 Chemin de la Bruyère
69574 Dardilly Cedex
69574 Dardilly Cedex (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
FR-A5- 2 161 317
US-A- 1 561 835
US-A- 3 032 988
US-B1- 7 722 313
US-A- 433 727
US-A- 2 330 730
US-A- 4 336 039
US-B1- 7 722 313
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to rotor devices and system. In particular the present invention relates to a turbine.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] The basic operation of a conventional turbine is that expanding gases or pressurised fluids e.g. vapour stream or pressurised liquid (collectively, known as working fluids) are directed onto blades or set of blades mounted around a drum or shaft. The working fluid enters the turbine chamber where it impinges on turbine blades that are mounted around a centred shaft, causing the shaft to rotate and provide useful work. The turbine shaft work is used to drive devices such as an electric generator that may be coupled to the shaft. The shaft is typically mounted in sealed lubricated bearings on a horizontal axis that are required to be cooled to avoid lubrication failure. The energy that is not used for shaft work comes out in the exhaust as spent working fluid, so these have either a high temperature or a high velocity. The movement of the high pressure working fluid and high-speed rotation of the bladed turbine creates a high amount of noise.

    [0003] Another type of turbine used at present is the pure reaction turbine where the rotor body is mounted around a stationary working fluid inlet that is centrally located in a channel within the rotating turbine head. The rotor body is provided with peripherally mounted nozzles in fluid communication with the flow channel within the rotor body. Working fluid is introduced into the channel of this type of rotor through a centrally mounted and stationary working fluid inlet and the working fluid flows through the rotor body and out of the peripherally mounted nozzles. The nozzles are directed such that the expelled high pressure working fluid causes thrust and rotation of the rotor. As with the conventional bladed turbine, the rotor is normally coupled to a shaft in order to extract useable shaft work.

    [0004] One of the main issues with each of the above described turbines and rotor is that the shafts associated with the turbine and rotor, whether the shaft is the central mounting shaft for the turbine blades in the conventional turbine or the stationary working fluid channel inlet of the of the pure reaction turbine, must be supported in some manner allowing both rotation of the shafts or the rotor and also a low friction support mechanism that does not allow the escape of the working fluid. The loss of work output due to the friction can be substantial between the (i) shaft or and its support in the case of a conventional turbine or (ii) the rotor and the stationary working fluid channel inlet for the pure reaction turbine.

    [0005] In addition, the working fluid for both the above described turbines is limited to only one working fluid.

    [0006] One other problem with both types of turbines is noise emissions associated with the turbulent movement, super-sonic flow and impingement of the working fluid against the blades of the turbine as well as movement of the turbine blades for the conventional style of turbines or the super-sonic flow, and rotor arm movement of the pure reaction turbine.

    [0007] A further problem, particularly with the stationary working fluid inlet and the rotor configuration of the pure reaction turbine, is that the working fluid inlet and rotor need to be sealed to one another to prevent or at least reduce the amount of inlet working fluid losses from the rotor by means other than the peripherally mounted nozzles, which would reduce the turbine efficiency. One way in which this can be achieved is through a complex multi-part arrangement of rotating bearings and sealing members. The bearing-rotating seal configuration of the above described turbines requires frequent maintenance intervals.

    [0008] Both type of turbines have limited rotational speed by design at a given temperature and pressure of a working fluid and the rotational speed cannot be adjusted without changing the blade configuration or size with respect to conventional turbines or in the case of the pure reaction turbines the rotor arms.

    [0009] United States Patent No. 4336039 provides teaching of a turbine for the generation of energy from geothermal sources including a reaction water turbine of the radial outflow type in a similar turbine for supersonic expansion of steam or gases. The rotor structure of this turbine may incorporate an integral separator for removing the liquid and/or solids from the steam and gas before the mixture reaches the turbines.

    [0010] United States Patent No. 7722313 provides a device for converting kinetic energy contained in a fluid into mechanical energy coupled to either gassiness or liquid fluid mass outlet secondary conduit constituted by a fixed main conduit receptor of said fluid mass and a movable conduit coaxially attached to an axial flow rotor and associated to an outer support and frame.

    [0011] United States Patent No. 433727 provides a rotary engine or waterwheel having a shaft within in a spiral passage, annular spokes or arm secured to said shaft and having passages communicating with said in the spiral passage and valves at the outlet of said passages of the spokes.

    [0012] United States Patent No. 3 032 988 discloses a turbine in which the head, carrying ejection nozzles, is not substantially planar.

    [0013] Clearly it would be advantageous to provide a turbine which is a capable of operation with multiple working fluids and which provides for variable rotational speed. It would also be advantageous to provide a turbine which is relatively low noise and which has reduced maintenance requirements

    SUMMARY OF INVENTION



    [0014] According to the present invention there is provided a turbine, said turbine including a rotor assembly having a substantially planar circular head, a body adapted for engagement with the circular head, said body including a passage for receipt of a working fluid, the passage being in communication with a flow chamber formed between the circular head and body on engagement of circular head with the body, characterised in that the circular head includes a plurality of nozzles at a radial edge of the circular head, each of the plurality of nozzles in communication with the flow chamber, each of the plurality of nozzles are coplanar with the circular head and oriented tangentially to the flow chamber, wherein the flow chamber has an outer diameter being smaller than the outer diameter of the planar circular head and wherein the flow chamber is arcuate and divergent shaped without restrictions to produce a laminar flow of the working fluid out the plurality of nozzles disposed in the circular head .

    [0015] Suitably the rotor assembly is constructed form a high temperature resistant material to enable the use of multi-working fluids of varying temperatures and pressures of the turbine.

    [0016] Preferably the rotor assembly includes a head including a working fluid inlet member for insertion into the passage, the working fluid inlet member having a centrally located channel therethrough to allow for the injection of the working fluid into the rotor assembly. Suitably the fluid inlet member is positioned within a positive displacement rotating seal provided within the passage. The positive displacement seal member will generally be an annular member with a central bore therethrough, which is attachable to the internal cavity of the rotor body to maintain the working fluid member fluid communication with the rotor body. The seal may contain a positive displacement vane that propels working fluid back into the fluid chamber. The seal may allow a small amount of working fluid into the passage to lubricate the rotor assembly.

    [0017] The rotor assembly may be supported in its rotation by the fluid inlet member through its interface with the positive displacement rotating seal. The working fluid inlet member may stationary with the rotor body rotating thereon. The working fluid inlet member may contribute to the support of the rotor body in position. In a most preferred embodiment, the rotor body may be suspended from the working fluid inlet member and supported by a shaft sea assembly.

    [0018] The rotor may include a spring-loaded seal member. Suitably the spring-loaded seal member is positioned adjacent the bottom of the rotor body and associated with the positive displacement rotating seal to prevent escape of the working fluid. Suitably the spring loaded seal assembly is in overlapping relation with a portion of the positive displacement rotating seal. This second seal member will preferably be of a type known as spring loaded seal. The spring-loaded seal member may have at least one radial channel therein. Located within the radial channel will typically be a spring loaded high temperature self-lubricating plastic ring style seal assembly. The ring seal assembly will generally be multipart in order to allow for the expansion and contraction if the seal assembly during rotation.

    [0019] The outer surface of the working fluid inlet member and a relatively located surface of the seal assembly or seal members may be provided with correspondingly shaped portions allowing the working fluid inlet member and the seal assembly to seal against one another but also allowing the seal assembly to rotate and be affected by centrifugal forces caused by such rotation.

    [0020] Suitably the flow chamber is shaped to produce a laminar flow through the head. Preferably the chamber is contoured so as to reduce turbulence within the flow of the working fluid. The nozzles may be coupled to the flow chamber via contiguous contoured ejectors that reduce air resistance upon rotation and attribute to the noise reduction associated with breaking and collapsing air. Preferably the ejectors are located tangential to the laminar flow chamber.

    [0021] The nozzles preferably are arranged in sets of opposing nozzles pairs. preferably the head of each nozzles is adjustable and may be throttled to produce a desired flow rate between a closed and fully open position. Suitably the nozzle heads are positioned so as to terminate within or adjacent the circumference of the rotor head.

    [0022] The rotor head may be coupled to an output shaft. The output shaft will typically be associated with an alternator in power production applications otherwise to drive-shaft propelling any land, marine and air transport vehicle or any stationary object that requires rotational work. The output shaft will generally be cylindrical and elongated. It will typically be centrally mounted in relation to the rotor body and generally opposite the working fluid inlet member. The output shaft may typically be supported by one or more seals which may be similar in configuration to those which seal the working fluid inlet member to the rotor body.

    [0023] Suitably the rotor assembly is mounted between a pair of support plates. The support plates may be coupled together via a series of support rods. The plates may be constructed form any suitable high temperature resistant material.

    [0024] The reference to any prior art in this specification is not, and should not be taken as an acknowledgement or any form of suggestion that the prior art forms part of the common general knowledge.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0025] In order that this invention may be more readily understood and put into practical effect, reference will now be made to the accompanying drawings, which illustrate preferred embodiments of the invention, and wherein:

    Figure 1 is a sectional side elevation view of a rotor assembly for use in a turbine according to one embodiment of the present invention;

    Figure 2 is a plan cross sectional view of the rotor head for use in the rotor assembly of Figure 1; and

    Figure 3 is a schematic view of the rotor assembly moulted in situ within a steam turbine system.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0026] With reference to figure 1 there is illustrated one possible configuration for a rotor assembly 100 according to one embodiment of the present invention. As shown the rotor assembly 100 in this instance includes a rotor mechanism 101 disposed between support plates 1021, 1022. The plates in this example may be coupled together via a set of support rods which are fixed to each plate through apertures 103 thereby retaining the rotor mechanism 101 between the plates 1021, 1022.

    [0027] The rotor mechanism 101 in this case includes head 104 and body 105. The head 104 is secured to the body 105 via the use of suitable fasteners inserted through apertures 106 to form a fluid tight seal between the head 104 and body 105. As shown the body 105 includes a passage 107 for receipt of a fluid inlet member 108 for injection of a working fluid into the head 104 of the rotor. The fluid inlet member 108 in this case is inserted into the passage 107 through inlet fixture 109 disposed in plate 1022. The inlet fixture 109 preferably includes an aperture 110 for the insertion of a grub screw or other such suitable fastener to retain the fluid inlet member 108 in position.

    [0028] To prevent backflow release of the working fluid from the rotor head 104 a section of the fluid inlet 108 abutting the rotor head is retained within a rotary seal 111 disposed within passage 107. As can be seen the rotary seal 111 in this embodiment finishes sustainably flush with the base of body 105 which is set above the inlet fixture 109 such that body 105 is free to rotate on the rotatory seal 111. The rotary seal 111 in this instance contains a spiral vain which directs working fluid flow upwards toward the head 104 to reduce the potential for back flow of the working fluid through passage 107. To further reduce the potential release of the working fluid from the head 104 a ring seal 112 is provided. As shown the ring seal 112 overlaps a portion of the rotary seal 111 adjacent the base of body 105 and is held against the upper surface of the inlet fixture 109 via spring 113. As will be appreciated by those of skill in the art this particular arrangement enables the body to rotate on the seals 111 and 112, however the body of the rotor could be bearing mounted with respect to the inlet fixture 109.

    [0029] As noted above the rotor head 104 is fixed in sealing relation to the rotor body 105 The rotor head in this example is shape such that on engagement with the body forms a laminar flow chamber 114 which distributes the working fluid evenly to nozzles 115 which are disposed positioned tangential to the laminar flow chamber 114. The specific arrangement of the nozzles 115 is discussed in greater detail below with respect to figure 2. As shown the upper end of the head 104 includes a shaft 116 which extends beyond plate 1011 to enable the rotational energy of the rotor to be harnessed. As shown in this particular example the shaft 116 is positioned within mounting member 117 positioned within plate 1011.

    [0030] In this instance the mounting member 117 2 may be a rotary seal member similar to that of seal member 111 and is position against the upper face of the head 104. In such cases the shaft 116 is frictionally positioned within the mounting member 117 and is free to rotate within the seal member 117. While in the present example a friction mounting is utilised but it will be of course be appreciated by those of skill in the art the shaft could be bearing mounted within the mounting member 117 and/or support plate 1011.

    [0031] In the present example the rotor 100 is designed to operate on the principle of expansion of working fluid from a high-pressure environment to a low-pressure environment outside the rotor to produce mechanical work. More specifically as a working fluid is fed to the rotor at an elevated pressure and/or temperature. As the working fluid flows through the rotor body 105 it enters the laminar flow chamber 114 within head 104, the fluid is then distributed via the laminar flow chamber 114 out of the nozzles 115. As the environment outside the head 104 is at a lower pressure and/or temperature than that of the working fluid filling the chamber 114 the resultant pressure differential along with the nozzle 115 size shape etc. causes the fluid to be ejected in as a high-pressure stream thereby producing a driving force for the rotor.

    [0032] While in the above discussed example it is desirable to prevent back flow of the working fluid from the laminar flow chamber 114 to ensure maximum utilisation of the potential energy of the fluid it will of course be appreciated by those of skill in the art that depending on the fluid utilise a small amount of seepage may into the body 105and passage 107 about the seal 111 may be desirable. For example, where the fluid is steam or a liquid the back flow of a small amount of fluid may be utilised to wet the passage 107 to thereby lubricate the rotor assembly 100.

    [0033] Figure 2 depicts the construction of the head 104 in further detail. As shown the head 104 includes a plurality of nozzles 115. As can be seen the nozzles 115 are arranged in opposing nozzle sets with each nozzle 115 being coupled to the laminar flow chamber 114 in a contiguous manner via an ejector tubes 118. The ejector tubes 118 in this example are disposed substantially tangential to the laminar flow chamber 114 (i.e. outer most edge of ejector tube is tangential to the circumference of the laminar flow chamber) so as to extract the maximum amount of thrust through each nozzle 115.

    [0034] As can be seen in this instance the nozzles 115 include an adjustable head 119. The heads 119 can be adjusted to vary the rotational speed of the rotor. For example, one or more of the nozzles could be open or closed or partially open (throttled) to vary the output of the working fluid and thereby adjust the working speed of the rotor and as a result the effective output power of the rotor.

    [0035] As shown in figure 2 the rotor head is shaped in a manner so as to limit the amount of protrusions of the rotating part to assist in the noise reduction when in operation. More specifically the nozzles 115 are positioned such the heads 119 of each nozzle 115 terminate on or within the circumference of the rotor head 104. In addition to the reduction of noise produce by the rotor the positioning of the nozzles 115 in this manner also reduce drag on the rotor.

    [0036] With reference to figure 3 there is illustrated one possible configuration of a system for the production of mechanical utilising the rotor of Figures 1 and 2 above. The rotor in this example is configured operation with steam as the working fluid. It will be appreciated by those of skill in the art that the interconnection high pressure steam and the provision of additional fluid to the boiler requires the use of various auxiliary components such as pumps check valves relieve vales etc. and that for the purposes of clarity of description and the figures the use of these components is not discussed or shown.

    [0037] As shown the rotor 100 in this instance is positioned within a housing 200. The fluid inlet member 108 is connected to boiler 201 enabling steam to be injected through the fluid inlet member 108 into the laminar flow chamber 114. The boiler 201 may be any suitable boiler such as a gas fired boiler, electric boiler, solar boiler etc. As the steam produced by the boiler is fed into the laminar flow chamber 114 it is ejected through ejector tubes 118 out nozzle head 119 causing the rotation of the rotor driving shaft 116.

    [0038] As the steam is expelled form the rotor head 104 it fills the housing 200 the expelled steam may then be drawn off from the housing 200 to condenser 202 via line 203. The extracted steam is then recondensed and returned to the boiler 201. It will of course be appreciated by those of skirl in the art that the condenser 202 in this instance need only provide sufficient cooling of the vapour to cause the phase transition back to liquid, there is no need for the condenser 202 to significantly cool the condensate before it returns to the boiler. Indeed, by not cooling the condensate prior to it return places less strain on the boiler due to the decreased temperature differential between the water in the boiler and the return feed.

    [0039] Additional as the steam is expelled from the rotor it loses both pressure and temperature this cause some of the steam to recondense inside the housing this condensate can be extracted via line 204 and returned directly to the boiler.

    [0040] In the above examples the rotor assembly 100 of the invention is depicted as being vertically mounted and rotating about a central vertical axis. As such the various components of the rotor are located about a central axis to allow balanced rotation and reduced wear on moving parts. It will of course be appreciated by those of skill in the art that while the above examples depict the rotor mounted for vertical operation the rotor could mounted horizontally without any substantive impact to its operation.

    [0041] It is to be understood that the above embodiments have been provided only by way of exemplification of this invention, and that further modifications and improvements thereto, as would be apparent to persons skilled in the relevant art, are deemed to fall within the scope of the invention as defined by appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A turbine (100), said turbine including:

    a rotor assembly (101) having a substantially planar circular head (104), a body (105) adapted for engagement with the circular head (104), said body (105) including a passage (107) for receipt of a working fluid, the passage (107) being in communication with a flow chamber (114) formed between the circular head (104) and body (105) on engagement of circular head (104) with the body (105), characterised in that the circular head (104) includes a plurality of nozzles (115) at a radial edge of the circular head (104), each of the plurality of nozzles (115) in communication with the flow chamber (114), each of the plurality of nozzles (115) are coplanar with the circular head (104) and oriented tangentially to the flow chamber (114), wherein the flow chamber (114) has an outer diameter being smaller than the outer diameter of the planar circular head (104);

    and wherein the flow chamber (114) is arcuate and divergent shaped without restrictions to produce a laminar flow of the working fluid out the plurality of nozzles (115) disposed in the circular head (104).


     
    2. The turbine (100) of claim 1 wherein the rotor assembly (101) includes a working fluid inlet member (108) for insertion into the passage (107), the working fluid inlet member (108) having a centrally located channel therethrough to allow for the injection of the working fluid into the flow chamber (114).
     
    3. The turbine of claim 2 wherein the working fluid inlet member (108) is positioned within a positive displacement rotating seal (111) provided within the passage (107).
     
    4. The turbine of claim 3 wherein the positive displacement seal member (111) contains a vane that propels working fluid into the flow chamber (114).
     
    5. The turbine of claim 4 wherein the vane is configured to permit a small amount of working fluid into the passage to thereby lubricate the rotor assembly.
     
    6. The turbine of any one of claims 2 to 5 wherein the rotor assembly (101) is supported during rotation by the working fluid inlet member (108) through its interface.
     
    7. The turbine of claim 6 wherein the working fluid inlet member (108) is stationary with respect to the rotor assembly (101).
     
    8. The turbine of claim 1 wherein the flow chamber (114) is contoured to reduce turbulence within the flow of the working fluid.
     
    9. The turbine of any one of the preceding claims wherein the nozzles (115) are coupled to the flow chamber (114) via contiguous contoured ejectors (118).
     
    10. The turbine of claim 9 wherein the ejectors (118) are located tangential to the laminar flow chamber (114).
     
    11. The turbine of any one of the preceding claims wherein the nozzles (115) are arranged in sets of opposing nozzle pairs spaced about the circular head (104).
     
    12. The turbine of any one of the preceding claims wherein each nozzle (115) includes an adjustable head.
     
    13. The turbine of claim 12 wherein the head of each nozzle (115) is throttled between a closed and fully open position to produce a desired output flow rate of the working fluid.
     
    14. The turbine of claim 13 wherein the nozzle heads are positioned so as to terminate within or adjacent the circumference of the head (104).
     
    15. The turbine of claim 2 wherein the working fluid inlet member (108) maintains the working fluid at an elevated pressure and/or temperature.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Turbine (100), die Turbine beinhaltend:

    eine Rotorbaugruppe (101) mit einem im Wesentlichen planaren, kreisförmigen Kopf (104),

    einen Körper (105), der für einen Eingriff mit dem kreisförmigen Kopf (104) ausgebildet ist, wobei der Körper (105) einen Durchlass (107) zum Aufnehmen eines Arbeitsfluids beinhaltet, der Durchlass (107) mit einer Strömungskammer (114) in Kommunikation ist, die zwischen dem kreisförmigen Kopf (104) und Körper (105) bei Eingriff des kreisförmigen Kopfs (104) mit dem Körper (105) gebildet wird,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der kreisförmige Kopf (104) eine Vielzahl von Düsen (115) an einem radialen Rand des kreisförmigen Kopfs (104) beinhaltet, wobei jede der Vielzahl von Düsen (115) in Kommunikation mit der Strömungskammer (114) ist, wobei jede der Vielzahl von Düsen (115) komplanar mit dem kreisförmigen Kopf (104) ist und tangential zu der Strömungskammer (114) orientiert ist, wobei die Strömungskammer (114) einen Außendurchmesser aufweist, der kleiner als der Außendurchmesser des planaren kreisförmigen Kopfs (104) ist;

    und wobei die Strömungskammer (114) ohne Einschränkungen bogenförmig und divergierend geformt ist, um eine Laminarströmung des Arbeitsfluids aus der Vielzahl von Düsen (115) zu erzeugen, die im kreisförmigen Kopf (104) angeordnet sind.


     
    2. Turbine (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Rotorbaugruppe (101) ein Arbeitsfluideinlasselement (108) zum Einsetzen in den Durchlass (107) beinhaltet, wobei das Arbeitsfluideinlasselement (108) einen hindurchgehenden, zentral gelegenen Kanal aufweist, um die Einspritzung des Arbeitsfluids in die Strömungskammer (114) zu erlauben.
     
    3. Turbine nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Arbeitsfluideinlasselement (108) innerhalb einer positiven Verdrängungsdrehdichtung (111) positioniert ist, die im Durchlass (107) bereitgestellt ist.
     
    4. Turbine nach Anspruch 3, wobei das positive Verdrängungsdichtungselement (111) einen Flügel enthält, der Arbeitsfluid in die Strömungskammer (114) treibt.
     
    5. Turbine nach Anspruch 4, wobei der Flügel konfiguriert ist, eine kleine Menge an Arbeitsfluid in den Durchlass zu lassen, um dadurch die Rotorbaugruppe zu schmieren.
     
    6. Turbine nach einem der Ansprüche 2 bis 5, wobei die Rotorbaugruppe (101) während einer Drehung durch das Arbeitsfluideinlasselement (108) durch seine Grenzfläche gestützt wird.
     
    7. Turbine nach Anspruch 6, wobei das Arbeitsfluideinlasselement (108) in Bezug auf die Rotorbaugruppe (101) stationär ist.
     
    8. Turbine nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Strömungskammer (114) konturiert ist, um eine Turbulenz innerhalb der Strömung des Arbeitsfluids zu verringern.
     
    9. Turbine nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Düsen (115) an die Strömungskammer (114) über angrenzende konturierte Ejektoren (118) gekoppelt ist.
     
    10. Turbine nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Ejektoren (118) tangential zur Laminarströmungskammer (114) liegen.
     
    11. Turbine nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Düsen (115) in Sätzen gegenüberliegender Düsenpaare angeordnet sind, die um den kreisförmigen Kopf (104) beabstandet sind.
     
    12. Turbine nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei jede Düse (115) einen einstellbaren Kopf beinhaltet.
     
    13. Turbine nach Anspruch 12, wobei der Kopf jeder Düse (115) zwischen einer geschlossenen und vollständig offenen Position gedrosselt ist, um eine gewünschte Ausgangsströmungsrate des Arbeitsfluids zu erzeugen.
     
    14. Turbine nach Anspruch 13, wobei die Düsenköpfe so positioniert sind, dass sie innerhalb des Umfangs des Kopfs (104) oder neben diesem enden.
     
    15. Turbine nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Arbeitsfluideinlasselement (108) das Arbeitsfluid bei einem erhöhten Druck oder einer erhöhten Temperatur hält.
     


    Revendications

    1. Turbine (100), ladite turbine incluant :

    un ensemble rotor (101) ayant une tête circulaire essentiellement plane (104),

    un corps (105) conçu pour mise en prise avec la tête circulaire (104), ledit corps (105) incluant un passage (107) pour réception d'un fluide de travail, le passage (107) étant en communication avec une chambre d'écoulement (114) formée entre la tête circulaire (104) et le corps (105) lors d'une mise en prise de la tête circulaire (104) avec le corps (105), caractérisée en ce que la tête circulaire (104) inclut une pluralité de buses (115) au niveau d'un bord radial de la tête circulaire (104), chacune parmi la pluralité de buses (115) en communication avec la chambre d'écoulement (114), chacune parmi la pluralité de buses (115) est coplanaire avec la tête circulaire (104) et orientée tangentiellement à la chambre d'écoulement (114), dans laquelle la chambre d'écoulement (114) a un diamètre externe étant plus petit que le diamètre externe de la tête circulaire plane (104) ;

    et dans laquelle la chambre d'écoulement (114) est curviligne et de forme divergente sans restriction pour produire un écoulement laminaire du fluide de travail hors de la pluralité de buses (115) disposées dans la tête circulaire (104).


     
    2. Turbine (100) selon la revendication 1 dans laquelle l'ensemble rotor (101) inclut un élément d'entrée de fluide de travail (108) pour insertion dans le passage (107), l'élément d'entrée de fluide de travail (108) ayant un canal situé en position centrale à travers celui-ci pour permettre l'injection du fluide de travail dans la chambre d'écoulement (114).
     
    3. Turbine selon la revendication 2 dans laquelle l'élément d'entrée de fluide de travail (108) est positionné au sein d'un joint rotatif à déplacement positif (111) fourni au sein du passage (107).
     
    4. Turbine selon la revendication 3 dans laquelle l'élément de joint à déplacement positif (111) contient une aube qui propulse un fluide de travail dans la chambre d'écoulement (114).
     
    5. Turbine selon la revendication 4 dans laquelle l'aube est configurée pour autoriser une petite quantité de fluide de travail dans le passage pour lubrifier de ce fait l'ensemble rotor.
     
    6. Turbine selon l'une quelconque des revendications 2 à 5 dans laquelle l'ensemble rotor (101) est soutenu pendant la rotation par l'élément d'entrée de fluide de travail (108) par l'intermédiaire de son interface.
     
    7. Turbine selon la revendication 6 dans laquelle l'élément d'entrée de fluide de travail (108) est stationnaire par rapport à l'ensemble rotor (101).
     
    8. Turbine selon la revendication 1 dans laquelle la chambre d'écoulement (114) est profilée pour réduire une turbulence au sein de l'écoulement du fluide de travail.
     
    9. Turbine selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans laquelle les buses (115) sont couplées à la chambre d'écoulement (114) par l'intermédiaire d'éjecteurs profilés contigus (118).
     
    10. Turbine selon la revendication 9 dans laquelle les éjecteurs (118) sont situés tangents à la chambre d'écoulement laminaire (114).
     
    11. Turbine selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans laquelle les buses (115) sont agencées en ensembles de paires de buses opposées espacés autour de la tête circulaire (104).
     
    12. Turbine selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans laquelle chaque buse (115) inclut une tête réglable.
     
    13. Turbine selon la revendication 12 dans laquelle la tête de chaque buse (115) est étranglée entre une position fermée et complètement ouverte pour produire un débit de sortie souhaité du fluide de travail.
     
    14. Turbine selon la revendication 13 dans laquelle les têtes de buse sont positionnées de façon à se terminer au sein ou à côté de la circonférence de la tête (104)
     
    15. Turbine selon la revendication 2 dans laquelle l'élément d'entrée de fluide de travail (108) maintient le fluide de travail à une pression et/ou une température élevées.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description