(19)
(11)EP 2 883 815 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
24.02.2021 Bulletin 2021/08

(21)Application number: 14197208.3

(22)Date of filing:  10.12.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B65F 3/02(2006.01)
B65F 1/14(2006.01)

(54)

Waste collection system and method for operating

Abfallsammelsystem und Verfahren zu deren Betrieb

Système de collecte de déchets et procédé de fonctionnement


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 10.12.2013 NL 2011929

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.06.2015 Bulletin 2015/25

(73)Proprietor: Wastec B.V.
3906 NB Veenendaal (NL)

(72)Inventor:
  • Achterberg, Willem Jan
    3906 NB Veenendaal (NL)

(74)Representative: Nederlandsch Octrooibureau 
P.O. Box 29720
2502 LS The Hague
2502 LS The Hague (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-98/50293
DE-A1- 4 341 762
GB-A- 1 012 273
DE-A1- 1 481 236
DE-U1- 20 312 138
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The invention relates to a waste collection system according to the preamble of claim 1, comprising at least one container in which waste can be accommodated, as well as a vehicle comprising a drivable substructure, a waste collection area on the substructure and a handling mechanism, which handling mechanism comprises an arm supported on the substructure with an arm driving means for transferring a waste container from an area close to the vehicle to close to the loading opening of the waste collection area, as well as a means of tilting for tilting the container in relation to the waste collection area in connection with emptying the waste from the container into the loading opening of the waste collection area, which container and arm are provided with a connecting device for connecting the container to the arm.

    [0002] Such a waste collection system is known from DE-U-20312138. In this case, an articulated arm is attached, the free end of which supports the tilting means. The tilting means and, in particular, the tilting driving means of which are indirectly supported by the vehicle or its substructure via the articulated arm. The container is initially held with the means of tilting, after which the arm can transfer the container to the waste collection area. The container can be tilted and emptied there. During this process, the container is continuously supported by the arm, even during the tilting movement.

    [0003] Such a waste collection system is suitable for relatively small containers, such as drivable containers intended for individual use and for households. The total mass of such a container, even if this is completely filled with waste, is limited in such a way that the arm and the tilting means can undertake the required handling without being subjected to disproportionately high loads.

    [0004] For other types of container, such as containers stored underground, however, such a design of the arm with indirectly supported means of tilting is not suitable. Such containers stored underground are many times larger than the standard containers for household use. The total mass when loaded is also considerably greater. If such a heavy container were to be tipped when loaded in the manner described above, such great moments would be exerted that the arm and tilting means would have to be designed to be considerably heavier. However, that is less desirable, because the space taken up by such oversized parts is considerable, which causes restriction in the size of the waste collection area and in the flexible implementability of the vehicle.

    [0005] A further waste collection system is known from WO-A-98/50293. In this known system, downward-pointing hooks are located on the waste collection area, while close to the top edge of the container it exhibits a rod. By means of the arm, the container is lifted into the hooks by the rod of the container, after which, by exerted lifting action of the arm, the container can be tilted in order to empty it.

    [0006] Also this known waste collection mechanism has the disadvantage that the loads on the arm when tilting the container are considerable; furthermore, there is the risk of the container coming loose and swinging uncontrollably if it is not correctly connected to the hooks. The magnitude of the forces prevailing at that time between the container, the hook and the arm increase that risk even further.

    [0007] The aim of the invention is therefore to create an improved waste collection system. Another aim is to create a waste collection system that does not have these restrictions or has them to a lesser degree. A further aim is to create a waste collection system that is suitable for relatively heavy loads. Yet another aim is to create a waste collection system in which the forces when processing the containers remain restricted. These and other aims are achieved by a waste collection system according to claim 1, wherein the tilting means exhibiting their own tilting driving means. The moments that are exerted when tilting the container are then directly transferred to the vehicle through the tilting means and the construction parts located on it, such as the substructure, the housing of the waste collection area and similar. The tilting means are directly supported on the substructure of the vehicle and the tilting driving means interacts directly with the substructure of the vehicle.

    [0008] By "own tilting driving means" is understood a driving means of the tilting means which is independent of the arm driving means, such as the hydraulic piston-cylinder mechanisms of the latter. The tilting driving means preferably exhibits its own piston-cylinder mechanism or piston-cylinder mechanisms. Other actuators are also possible, such as electric linear motors, electric motors with a rod system and similar. Combinations of such actuators are also possible, such as a hydraulic piston-cylinder mechanism for the arm and an electric drive for the tilting mechanism or vice versa.

    [0009] By "directly supported on the substructure" is understood a support of the tilting means which is fixed in relation to the substructure, or in which the support exclusively has a fixed position in relation to the substructure. The same applies to the interaction of the tilting driving means with the vehicle or the substructure.

    [0010] The arm used for transferring the container between the underground area thereof and the waste collection area can remain inactive when the tilting driving means is activated. The arm driving means does not have to be or remain activated in so doing. As a result of the direct support on the frame of the vehicle, the construction of the tilting means is rigid and strong in such a way that the moments of the loaded container can be accommodated without any problem. The arm remains free from these torques ensuing from the tilting, and only needs to be implemented for lifting and transferring the container. This means that the arm may exhibit a relatively light and slim construction by which the space required for it is restricted.

    [0011] In particular, the arm can be implemented for transferring the container between the tilting means on the vehicle and an area, such as an underground area next to the vehicle, in which the coupling mechanism comprises first connecting means for connecting the container to the arm and second connecting means for connecting the container to the tilting means.

    [0012] In the waste collection system in accordance with the invention, the functions of raising the container and tilting it are separate: the arm implements the raising function and is thus loaded, but the tilting function and the ensuing load are accounted for by the tilting means. The arm is thus free of loads ensuing from tilting the container. The tilting means may be suspended on the side of the waste collection area. In a preferred embodiment, such tilting means are provided on opposite sides of the waste collection area in such a way that, as desired, containers can be handled on both sides of the vehicle.

    [0013] The arm can be implemented in various ways; preferably the arm comprises a framework with two legs which are connectable to opposite sides of the container and which legs exhibit a mutual distance which is larger than the external dimension of the container over these sides, in such a way that the container is tiltable between the legs of the framework. As soon as the container is connected to the tilting means, the container can then be tilted through between the legs. Then it is not necessary to disconnect the framework from the container, so that the total release cycle of the container can be implemented efficiently and quickly. Preferably, the system can be rotated in relation to the arm by means of a horizontal hinge with an axis of rotation aligned essentially horizontally and transversely in relation to the longitudinal direction of the arm.

    [0014] In accordance with a first illustrative example, a lever can be provided which is suspended rotatably on the arm about an essentially horizontal axis of rotation, which lever exhibits two mutually rigidly connected lever parts on opposite sides of the axis of rotation one of which is connected to the framework and the other of which is connected to an actuator for rotating the lever in relation to the arm, in which the container supports a counter-connector that can be brought into interaction with the connector of one of the lever parts and in which at a distance from the connector a stop is provided, preferably on the loading opening, against which the container can be supported.

    [0015] By operating the actuator in a suitable way, the framework can function as an extension of the arm and thus increase the range of the arm. If the actuator is freed, the framework will be adjusted pointing vertically downwards, under the effect of gravity. Furthermore, the framework is preferably rotatable in relation to the arm by means of a rotary suspension with an axis of rotation which is perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the horizontal hinge. In that case, the framework can be suspended rotatably on the lever according to the orientation of the rotary suspension with axis of rotation pointing vertically.

    [0016] In accordance with a second illustrative example, the tilting means may comprise a lever which is suspended rotatably about an essentially horizontal axis of rotation, in relation to the substructure as well as an actuator for rotating the lever, in which the lever supports a connector and the container supports a counter-connector that can be brought into interaction with the connector of the lever and in which at a distance from the connector a stop is provided on the lever against which the container can be supported.

    [0017] Preferably, the tilting means comprise two parallel levers which are mutually connected by a cross member, and the container supports two counter-connectors which are each connectable with the cross member. The lever(s) is/are preferably suspended close to the edge of the loading opening. The container is thus tilted over this edge in such a way that its contents reach the waste collection area in a reliable manner. This may be the supply of a compaction mechanism, which supplies the compacted waste to such a collection area.

    [0018] The connecting means may comprise two fittings, known per se, suspended on the arm, which fittings which are provided with first bolts, in which case the container exhibits correspondingly shaped recessed openings in which the bolts can be accommodated and are rotatable. In a simple illustrative example these fittings may also comprise two bolts which are connectable to the tilting means.

    [0019] In accordance with an alternative illustrative example, the container may be provided with pins on opposite sides, while the levers of the tilting mechanism may exhibit hooks into which the pins of the container are hooked and can then be locked. Accordingly, the levers with thus connected container are tilted by the activation of the relevant actuator(s). The said pins are preferably situated close to or on an external wall of the container.

    [0020] The manipulation of the container is simplified if the arm is articulated and the parts of the arm are connected to each other about mutually parallel axes of rotation, and which parts of the arm are mutually adjustable by means of one or more respective actuator(s). More preferably, the arm is rotatable in relation to the substructure about an essentially vertical axis of rotation and/or about an essentially horizontal axis of rotation pointing transversely and in relation to the longitudinal direction of the arm. After the container is connected to the relevant lever part, the actuator can be activated in such a way that the container is tilted about its relevant axis of rotation. The actuators of the arm do not play any part in this.

    [0021] The area for the container can be implemented in various known ways. In accordance with a first possibility, the container can be accommodated entirely into the ground, covered by a lid with insertion column. In accordance with a second possibility, the container is partly sunk into the ground, in such a way that it partly protrudes above the ground level. In accordance with a third possibility, the container is placed on the ground level.

    [0022] The waste collection system can be implemented with a tilting device on the right of the vehicle, on the left of the vehicle or even on the left and on the right of the vehicle. In these implementations, the vehicle may carry an indication mechanism in connection with traffic approaching from behind, by means of which it can be indicated during which period the vehicle will still be stationary in connection with emptying a container. This indication mechanism may indicate said period as a countdown. Alternatively, the tilting device can be attached to the rear of the vehicle.

    [0023] The invention also relates to a method for operating the waste collection system in accordance with one of the preceding claims, comprising the steps of:
    • connecting the arm to the container via the first connecting means,
    • activating the arm and thus transferring the container to the tilting means,
    • connecting the container to the tilting means via the second connecting means and thus supporting the container by the tilting means,
    • deactivating the arm,
    • activating the tilting means and thus tilting the container.


    [0024] By "deactivating the arm" is understood the raising of the support of the container by the arm. The arm is then stationary and only needs to support its own weight. No lifting forces are exerted on the container, which is incidentally completely supported by the tilting mechanism.

    [0025] Preferably, the method also comprises maintaining connection between the arm and the container after the container is connected to the tilting means and the arm is deactivated and while the container is tilted. After the container is laid down and tilted back, the arm is activated again and after which the connection between the container and the tilting means can be removed. Finally, the thus emptied container is put back onto the intended storage place by the arm.

    [0026] However, it is also possible to disconnect the arm from the container after the container is connected to the tilting mechanism. Subsequently, the container can then be tilted in which the arm remains stationary and disconnected. After the container is tilted back, the arm can be connected to the container, after which the container can be disconnected from the tilting mechanism. Finally, the container is then placed back with the arm. It is apparent from this that the arm itself plays no part in tilting the container. The tilting mechanism always has its own tilting driving means, which is separate from the arm driving means.

    [0027] The entire method can be implemented automatically, while the driver of the vehicle remains in its cab. This is made possible in a known way by providing cameras at suitable places and arranging the controls for the remote control in the cab. In that context, the arm may carry a sensor, while the container can be provided with a reflector which is detectable by the sensor. Other sensor embodiments are also possible, such as, for example, with a camera to detect the contour of the container.

    [0028] In the following the invention will be described in more detail using an illustrative example reproduced in the figures.

    Figures 1 and 2 show front elevations of a vehicle with connected container in various positions.

    Figures 3 and 4 show plan views with various stages of the arm.

    Figure 5 shows a perspective view with the container connected to the tilting mechanism.

    Figure 6 shows a perspective view with a connected, tipped container.

    Figure 7 shows a second embodiment of a part of the vehicle with connected container, in perspective.

    Figure 8 shows a view in accordance with Figure 7, with tilted container.

    Figure 9 shows a front elevation in accordance with arrow IX of Figure 7.

    Figure 10 shows a perspective view of the container adapted in Figures 7-9.



    [0029] In the condition shown in Figures 1 and 2, the vehicle 1 is set at various distances from the container 2 which is still in recess 3 in the ground 4. The vehicle 1 exhibits a substructure 5 provided with wheels 34 on which the articulated arm 6 is mounted. This articulated arm exhibits three arm parts 7, 8 and 9 which are connected mutually rotatably by hinges 12, 13 and 14. Through the first hinge 11, the first arm part 7 is supported rotatably on the substructure 5. Also, arm 6 is rotatable on the substructure 5 around the vertical axis of rotation 15. The various arm parts 7-9 are adjustable in relation to each other by the linear actuators 18, 19.

    [0030] On the free end of arm 6 is situated the framework 10, that is rotatable about the horizontal hinge 14. As reproduced in Figures 5 and 6, this framework 10 exhibits two legs 16, on the underside of which are situated the fittings 17. These fittings 17 also exhibit known bolts, which are slottable and then rotatable in undercut recesses of the take-ups 36 next to the upper edge of the container 2. Because these parts are known, they are not all reproduced. The mutual distance of the legs 16 is greater than the corresponding width of the container 2, so that this is rotatable between these legs 16 as reproduced in Figure 6.

    [0031] As reproduced in Figures 1-6, the framework 10 is suspended by means of lever 20 on arm 6. This lever 20 exhibits two lever parts 21, 22. The uppermost lever part 21 is connected by means of linear actuator 23, with the outermost arm part 9, the framework 10 is suspended on the lowermost lever part 22, via the rotational suspension 24 with axis of rotation which is perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the horizontal hinge 14.

    [0032] On the substructure 5 of vehicle 1 is accommodated of the waste collection area indicated in its entirety with 26. This waste collection area 26 exhibits a loading opening 27. Next to the edge of the last opening 27 are arranged the tilting means indicated in their entirety with 28. These tilting means 28 exhibit two levers 29 as well as the roller bearings 30. By means of the tilting driving means, such as with actuators 31, these levers 29 are adjustable between the positions reproduced in Figures 5 and 6. In the illustrative example represented, the fittings 17 are also provided with bolts 25 by means of which the container 2 may be connected to the rod 32 which extends between both levers 29.

    [0033] The waste collection system in accordance with the invention is operated is follows. The substructure 5 of the vehicle is stabilised by means of props 33 in relation to the setup location 41 on the ground 4. Consequently, as reproduced in Figures 1 and 2 the arm 6, and in particular its framework 10, are connected in a known way to the top of the container 2 which is situated in the ground 4. Although the container in the reproduced example is accommodated entirely in the ground, this may partially extend above the ground level, or be placed on the ground level. By activating the linear actuators 18, 19, 23 of the arm 6, as well as the actuator (not reproduced) for rotating the arm 6 about the vertical axis of rotation 15 in a suitable way, the container 2 may, as reproduced in Figures 3 and 4, be lifted up and transferred to the position next to the tilting means 28.

    [0034] As soon as the container 2 is positioned in a suitable position in relation to the tilting means 28, the bolts 25 can be activated in such a way that the container 2 may be connected to these tilting means 28. In this condition, the activation of the linear actuators of the arm 6 is cancelled. Then the linear actuators 31 of the tilting means 28 are activated in such a way that the container 2 is transferred from the suspended position in accordance with Figure 5 to the tilted position in accordance with Figure 6. In the latter condition, the contents of the container 2 are emptied under the effect of gravity through the loading opening 27 into the waste collection area 26.

    [0035] During this treatment, the framework 10 remains essentially in a vertical position, with its legs 16 pointing downwards. The framework 10 swivels passively in relation to the arm 6 around the rotary suspension 24 and the hinges 12-14 of the lever 20.

    [0036] In the views of Figures 7-9 a further possible embodiment of the waste collection system is reproduced. In these figures, the vehicle is reproduced only partially, only with its relevant parts, in other words, including without cab, wheels, articulated arm and similar. In this alternative embodiment, there is a container 2 which, as shown in Figure 10, exhibits pins 37 next to the loading opening, which extend on opposite sides of the container. Furthermore, the container 2 also exhibits in a known way on the top the take-ups 36 for the fittings (not shown) which are provided on the arm (not shown) to connect the container to this arm.

    [0037] Next to the loading opening 27 of the vehicle, on the other hand, the tilting means 28 are provided, and indeed on two opposite sides of the loading opening 27. The tilting means 28 each exhibit a pair of levers 29 as shown in Figures 7-9, which levers are mutually connected by the rod 32. The actuator 31, in this case a hydraulic piston/cylinder mechanism, interacts with this rod 32, which is also connected to the substructure 5. On the upper end of the levers 29 shown in Figures 7 and 9 are situated the bolt hooks 38 into which the respective pins 37 of the container 2 can be hooked and locked. At a distance from the bolt hooks 38, the supports 39 are attached to the levers 29. As shown in Figures 7-9, a wall of the container 2 is held towards the arm against these supports 39 when the pins 37 are accommodated in the bolt hooks 38.

    [0038] In this condition, by the activation of the actuator 31, here a hydraulic piston/cylinder mechanism , the tilting mechanism 28 with the container 2 are tilted as reproduced in Figure 8 in such a way that the contents of the container 2 can be deposited into the waste collection area 26 of the vehicle.

    List of Reference Numbers



    [0039] 
    1.
    Vehicle
    2.
    Container
    3.
    Recess
    4.
    Ground
    5.
    Substructure
    6.
    Arm
    7.-9.
    Arm Part
    10.
    Framework
    11.-14.
    Hinge
    15.
    Axis of Rotation
    16.
    Leg
    17.
    Fitting
    18., 19.
    Linear Actuator
    20.
    Lever
    21., 22.
    Lever Part
    23.
    Linear Actuator
    24.
    Rotary Suspension
    25.
    Counter-Connector or Bolt
    26.
    Waste Collection Area
    27.
    Loading Opening
    28.
    Tilting Means
    29.
    Lever
    30.
    Roller Bearing
    31.
    Actuator
    32.
    Connector or Rod
    33.
    Prop
    34.
    Wheel
    35.
    Axis of Rotation
    36.
    Take-Up of Fitting
    37.
    Counter-Connector or Pin
    38.
    Connector or Bolt Hook
    39.
    Support
    40.
    Platform Arm
    41.
    Setup Place



    Claims

    1. A waste collection system, comprising at least one container (2) in which waste can be accommodated, as well as a vehicle (1) comprising a drivable substructure (5), a waste collection area (26) on the substructure and a handling mechanism, which handling mechanism comprises an arm (6) supported on the substructure (5) with an arm driving device (18, 19, 23) for transferring a waste container (2) close to a loading opening (27) of the waste collection area (26), as well as means of tilting (28) for tilting the container (2) in relation to the waste collection area (26) in connection with emptying the waste from the container into the loading opening of the waste collection area, which container (2) and arm (6) are provided with a connecting mechanism (17, 25, 32) for connecting the container to the arm,
    characterised in that the tilting means (28) exhibit their own tilting driving means (31), in which the tilting means (28) are supported directly on the substructure (5) of the vehicle (1) and the tilting driving means (31) interacts directly with the substructure (5) of the vehicle(1).
     
    2. Waste collection system in accordance with Claim 1, in which the arm (6) is designed to transfer the container (2) to the tilting means (28) on the vehicle (1), and the connecting mechanism exhibits first connecting means, such as a fitting (17) and a take-up (36) for a first bolt of a fitting, for connecting the container (2) to the arm (6) as well as second connecting means, such as a second bolt (25) and a rod (32), for connecting the container (2) with the tilting means (28).
     
    3. Waste collection system in accordance with one of the preceding claims, in which the tilting means (28) comprise a lever (29) which is suspended rotatably about an essentially horizontal axis of rotation (35) in relation to the substructure (5), which lever comprises two mutually rigidly connected lever parts which extend on opposite sides of the axis of rotation (35) from which a lever part supports a connector (32) and the other lever part interacts with an actuator (31), in which the container (2) supports a counter-connector (25) that can be brought to interact with the connector (32) of one part of the lever and in which at a distance from the connector (32) a stop (30) is provided, preferably on the loading opening (27), against which the container (2) is adjustable.
     
    4. Waste collection system in accordance with Claim 3, in which a framework (10) is rotatable in relation to the arm (6) by means of a rotatable suspension (24) with an axis of rotation pointing perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the horizontal hinge (14), and preferably the framework (10) is rotatably suspended, about the rotatable suspension (24) with the axis of rotation pointing perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the horizontal hinge (14), on the lever (20).
     
    5. Waste collection system in accordance with any one of Claims 1-2, in which the tilting means (28) comprise a lever (29) which is suspended rotatably about an essentially horizontal axis of rotation (35), in relation to the substructure (5) as well as an actuator (31) for rotating the lever (29), in which the lever (29) supports a connector (38) and the container (2) supports a counter-connector (37) that can be brought into interaction with the connector (38) of the lever (29) and in which at a distance from the connector (38) a stop (39) is provided on the lever (28) against which the container (2) can be supported.
     
    6. Waste collection system in accordance with any one of Claims 3-5 in which the tilting means (28) comprise two parallel levers (29) which are mutually connected by a cross member (32).
     
    7. Waste collection system in accordance with any one of Claims 3-6, in which the lever(s) (29) is/are suspended next to the edge of the loading opening (27).
     
    8. Waste collection system in accordance with one of the preceding claims, in which the connection mechanism comprises two fittings (17) suspended on the arm provided with first bolts and the container (2) exhibits correspondingly recessed openings into which the bolts can be accommodated and rotated, and in which the fittings (17) preferably comprise second bolts (25) which can be connected with the tilting means (28).
     
    9. Waste collection system in accordance with any one of the preceding claims, in which on the opposite sides of the loading opening (27) tilting means (28) are provided, and the arm (6) is set up essentially centrally in relation to both tilting means.
     
    10. Set up, comprising a waste collection system in accordance with one of the preceding claims, and an area, such as a recess (3) in the ground (4) where the container (2) is accommodated, as well as a setup place (41) for the vehicle (1) provided next to the area.
     
    11. Method for operating the waste collection system in accordance with one of the preceding claims 1-9, comprising the steps of:

    - connecting the arm to the container via the first connecting means,

    - activating the arm (6) and thus transferring the container (2) to the tilting means (28),

    - connecting the container to the tilting means via the second connecting means and thus supporting the container by the tilting means,

    - deactivating the arm (6),

    - then activating the tilting means (28) and thus tilting the container (2).


     
    12. Method in accordance with Claim 11, comprising maintaining connection between the arm (6) and the container (2) after the container is connected to the tilting means and the arm is deactivated and while the container is tilted.
     
    13. Method in accordance with Claim 11, comprising the step of;

    - after accommodating the container (2) on the tilting means (28) and before tilting the container (2), disconnecting the arm (6) of the container (2).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Abfallsammelsystem, das wenigstens einen Behälter (2), in dem Abfall aufgenommen werden kann, sowie ein Fahrzeug (1) umfasst, das einen fahrbaren Unterbau (5), einen Abfallsammelbereich (26) auf dem Unterbau und einen Bedienungsmechanismus umfasst, wobei der Bedienungsmechanismus einen Arm (6), der auf dem Unterbau (5) gehalten wird, mit einer Armantriebsvorrichtung (18, 19, 23) zum Übertragen eines Abfallbehälters (2) direkt zu einer Einfüllöffnung (27) des Abfallsammelbereichs (26) sowie Kippmittel (28) zum Kippen des Behälters (2) in Bezug auf den Abfallsammelbereich (26) in Verbindung mit dem Leeren des Abfalls aus dem Behälter in die Einfüllöffnung des Abfallsammelbereichs umfasst, wobei der Behälter (2) und der Arm (6) mit einem Verbindungsmechanismus (17, 25, 32) zum Verbinden des Behälters mit dem Arm versehen sind,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Kippmittel (28) ihre eigenen Kippantriebsmittel (31) aufweisen, wobei die Kippmittel (28) direkt auf dem Unterbau (5) des Fahrzeugs (1) gehalten werden und die Kippantriebsmittel (31) direkt mit dem Unterbau (5) des Fahrzeugs (1) zusammenwirken.
     
    2. Abfallsammelsystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Arm (6) ausgelegt ist, den Behälter (2) an die Kippmittel (28) auf dem Fahrzeug (1) zu übertragen, und wobei der Verbindungsmechanismus erste Verbindungsmittel wie etwa eine Passung (17) und eine Aufnahme (36) für einen ersten Bolzen einer Passung zum Verbinden des Behälters (2) mit dem Arm (6) sowie zweite Verbindungsmittel wie etwa einen zweiten Bolzen (25) und eine Stange (32) zum Verbinden des Behälters (2) mit den Kippmitteln (28) aufweist.
     
    3. Abfallsammelsystem nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Kippmittel (28) einen Hebel (29) umfassen, der drehbar um eine im Wesentlichen horizontale Drehachse (35) in Bezug auf den Unterbau (5) aufgehängt ist, wobei der Hebel zwei starr miteinander verbundene Hebelteile, die sich auf gegenüberliegenden Seiten der Drehachse (35) erstrecken, umfasst, von denen ein Hebelteil ein Verbindungselement (32) hält und das andere Hebelteil mit einem Aktuator (31) zusammenwirkt, wobei der Behälter (2) ein Gegenverbindungselement (25) hält, das dazu gebracht werden kann, mit dem Verbindungselement (32) von einem Teil des Hebels zusammenzuwirken, und wobei bei einem Abstand von dem Verbindungselement (32) ein Stoppelement (30) vorzugsweise bei der Einfüllöffnung (27) vorgesehen ist, auf das der Behälter (2) ausgerichtet werden kann.
     
    4. Abfallsammelsystem nach Anspruch 3, bei dem ein Gestell (10) mittels einer drehbaren Aufhängung (24) in Bezug auf den Arm (6) gedreht werden kann, wobei eine Drehachse senkrecht zu der Drehachse des horizontalen Gelenks (14) verläuft und wobei das Gestell (10) vorzugsweise drehbar um die drehbare Aufhängung (24) an dem Hebel (20) aufgehängt ist, wobei die Drehachse senkrecht zu der Drehachse des horizontalen Gelenks (14) verläuft.
     
    5. Abfallsammelsystem nach einem der Ansprüche 1-2, wobei die Kippmittel (28) einen Hebel (29), der drehbar um eine im Wesentlichen horizontale Drehachse (35) in Bezug auf den Unterbau (5) aufgehängt ist, und einen Aktuator (31) zum Drehen des Hebels (29) umfassen, wobei der Hebel (29) ein Verbindungselement (38) hält und der Behälter (2) ein Gegenverbindungselement (37) hält, das mit dem Verbindungselement (38) des Hebels (29) zusammenwirken kann, und wobei in einem Abstand von dem Verbindungselement (38) ein Stoppelement (39) an dem Hebel (28) vorgesehen ist, an dem der Behälter (2) gehalten werden kann.
     
    6. Abfallsammelsystem nach einem der Ansprüche 3-5, wobei die Kippmittel (28) zwei parallele Hebel (29) umfassen, die durch ein Kreuzelement (32) miteinander verbunden sind.
     
    7. Abfallsammelsystem nach einem der Ansprüche 3-6, wobei der bzw. die Hebel (29) an der Kante der Einfüllöffnung (27) aufgehängt sind.
     
    8. Abfallsammelsystem nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Verbindungsmechanismus zwei Passungen (17) umfasst, die an dem Arm aufgehängt sind, die mit ersten Bolzen versehen sind, und wobei der Behälter (2) entsprechend vertiefte Öffnungen aufweist, in denen die Bolzen aufgenommen und gedreht werden können, und wobei die Passungen (17) vorzugsweise zweite Bolzen (25) umfassen, die mit den Kippmitteln (28) verbunden werden können.
     
    9. Abfallsammelsystem nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei bei den gegenüberliegenden Seiten der Einfüllöffnung (27) Kippmittel (28) vorgesehen sind und wobei der Arm (6) in Bezug auf beide Kippmittel im Wesentlichen zentral angeordnet ist.
     
    10. Aufbau, der ein Abfallsammelsystem nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche und eine Fläche wie etwa eine Vertiefung (3) im Boden (4), in der der Behälter (2) aufgenommen wird, sowie einen Aufstellort (41) für das Fahrzeug (1), der neben der Fläche vorgesehen ist, umfasst.
     
    11. Verfahren zum Betreiben des Abfallsammelsystems nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 1-9, wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

    - Verbinden des Arms mit dem Behälter mittels der ersten Verbindungsmittel,

    - Aktivieren des Arms (6) und somit Übertragen des Behälters (2) auf die Kippmittel (28),

    - Verbinden des Behälters mit den Kippmitteln mittels der zweiten Verbindungsmittel und folglich Halten des Behälters durch die Kippmittel,

    - Deaktivieren des Arms (6),

    - nachfolgend Aktivieren der Kippmittel (28) und folglich Kippen des Behälters (2).


     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, das das Aufrechterhalten einer Verbindung zwischen dem Arm (6) und dem Behälter (2), nachdem der Behälter mit den Kippmitteln verbunden worden ist und der Arm deaktiviert worden ist und während der Behälter gekippt wird, umfasst.
     
    13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, das den folgenden Schritt umfasst:

    - nach dem Aufnehmen des Behälters (2) auf den Kippmitteln (28) und vor dem Kippen des Behälters (2) Lösen des Arms (6) vom Behälter (2).


     


    Revendications

    1. Système de collecte de déchets, comprenant au moins un conteneur (2) dans lequel des déchets peuvent être stockés, ainsi qu'un véhicule (1) comprenant une sous-structure (5) pouvant être entraînée, une zone de collecte de déchets (26) sur la sous-structure et un mécanisme de manutention, lequel mécanisme de manutention comprend un bras (6) en appui sur la sous-structure (5) doté d'un dispositif d'entraînement de bras (18, 19, 23) destiné à transférer un conteneur à déchets (2) à proximité d'une ouverture de chargement (27) de la zone de collecte de déchets (26), ainsi que des moyens de basculement (28) permettant de faire basculer le conteneur (2) par rapport à la zone de collecte de déchets (26) en liaison avec l'évacuation des déchets du conteneur dans l'ouverture de chargement de la zone de collecte de déchets, lesquels conteneur (2) et bras (6) sont pourvus d'un mécanisme de liaison (17, 25, 32) pour relier le conteneur au bras,
    caractérisé en ce que les moyens de basculement (28) possèdent leur propre moyen d'entraînement en basculement (31), les moyens de basculement (28) reposant directement sur la sous-structure (5) du véhicule (1) et le moyen d'entraînement en basculement (31) interagissant directement avec la sous-structure (5) du véhicule (1).
     
    2. Système de collecte de déchets selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le bras (6) est conçu pour transférer le conteneur (2) vers les moyens de basculement (28) sur le véhicule (1), et le mécanisme de liaison présente des premiers moyens de liaison, tels qu'un raccord (17) et un tendeur (36) d'un premier boulon d'un raccord, afin de relier le conteneur (2) au bras (6), ainsi que des seconds moyens de liaison, tels qu'un second boulon (25) et une tige (32), afin de relier le conteneur (2) aux moyens de basculement (28).
     
    3. Système de collecte de déchets selon l'une des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les moyens de basculement (28) comprennent un levier (29) qui est suspendu en rotation autour d'un axe de rotation (35) sensiblement horizontal par rapport à la sous-structure (5), lequel levier comprend deux parties de levier reliées entre elles de manière rigide, qui s'étendent sur deux côtés opposés de l'axe de rotation (35) et dont une partie de levier supporte un connecteur (32) et l'autre partie de levier interagit avec un actionneur (31), où le conteneur (2) supporte un contre-connecteur (25) qui peut être amené à interagir avec le connecteur (32) d'une partie du levier, et où, à une certaine distance du connecteur (32) est prévue une butée (30), de préférence sur l'ouverture de chargement (27), contre laquelle le conteneur (2) est réglable.
     
    4. Système de collecte de déchets selon la revendication 3, dans lequel un bâti (10) peut tourner par rapport au bras (6) à l'aide d'une suspension rotative (24) ayant un axe de rotation perpendiculaire à l'axe de rotation de l'articulation horizontale (14), et le bâti (10) est de préférence suspendu en rotation autour de la suspension rotative (24), l'axe de rotation étant perpendiculaire à l'axe de rotation de l'articulation horizontale (14), sur le levier (20).
     
    5. Système de collecte de déchets selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1-2, dans lequel les moyens de basculement (28) comprennent un levier (29) qui est suspendu en rotation autour d'un axe de rotation (35) sensiblement horizontal, par rapport à la sous-structure (5), ainsi qu'un actionneur (31) permettant de faire tourner le levier (29), dans lequel le levier (29) supporte un connecteur (38) et le conteneur (2) supporte un contre-connecteur (37) qui peut être amené à interagir avec le connecteur (38) du levier (29), et dans lequel, à une certaine distance du connecteur (38), est prévue sur le levier (28) une butée (39) contre laquelle le conteneur (2) peut prendre appui.
     
    6. Système de collecte de déchets selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3 à 5, dans lequel les moyens de basculement (28) comprennent deux leviers parallèles (29) qui sont reliés entre eux par une traverse (32).
     
    7. Système de collecte de déchets selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3 à 6, dans lequel le/les levier(s) (29) est/sont suspendu(s) à proximité du bord de l'ouverture de chargement (27).
     
    8. Système de collecte de déchets selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le mécanisme de liaison comprend deux raccords (17) suspendus sur le bras et pourvus de premiers boulons, et le conteneur (2) présente des ouvertures en creux de manière correspondante permettant le logement et la rotation des boulons, et dans lequel les raccords (17) comprennent de préférence des seconds boulons (25) qui peuvent être reliés aux moyens de basculement (28).
     
    9. Système de collecte de déchets selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel des moyens de basculement (28) sont prévus sur les côtés opposés de l'ouverture de chargement (27), et le bras (6) est placé de manière sensiblement centrale par rapport aux deux moyens de basculement.
     
    10. Installation comprenant un système de collecte de déchets selon l'une des revendications précédentes, et une zone telle qu'une cavité (3) dans le sol (4) recevant le conteneur (2), ainsi qu'un emplacement (41) pour le véhicule (1) prévu à proximité de la zone.
     
    11. Procédé pour faire fonctionner le système de collecte de déchets selon l'une des revendications précédentes 1 à 9, comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    - relier le bras au conteneur via le premier moyen de liaison,

    - activer le bras (6) et ainsi transférer le conteneur (2) vers les moyens de basculement (28),

    - relier le conteneur aux moyens de basculement via le second moyen de liaison, le conteneur étant ainsi supporté par les moyens de basculement,

    - désactiver le bras (6),

    - puis activer les moyens de basculement (28) et ainsi faire basculer le conteneur (2).


     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 11, comprenant l'étape consistant à maintenir la liaison entre le bras (6) et le conteneur (2) après que le conteneur a été relié aux moyens de basculement et que le bras a été désactivé et pendant le basculement du conteneur.
     
    13. Procédé selon la revendication 11, comprenant l'étape consistant à :

    - après avoir placé le conteneur (2) sur les moyens de basculement (28) et avant de basculer le conteneur (2), déconnecter le bras (6) du conteneur (2).


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description