(19)
(11)EP 2 885 768 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 13756751.7

(22)Date of filing:  14.08.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G07C 9/00  (2020.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2013/054846
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/028564 (20.02.2014 Gazette  2014/08)

(54)

ACCESS CONTROL APPARATUS WITH MODULAR ENCODER SUBASSEMBLY

ZUGANGSSTEUERUNGSVORRICHTUNG MIT MODULARER ENCODERBAUGRUPPE

APPAREIL DE CONTRÔLE D'ACCÈS COMPORTANT UN SOUS-ENSEMBLE CODEUR MODULAIRE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 17.08.2012 US 201261684175 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
24.06.2015 Bulletin 2015/26

(73)Proprietor: Onity Inc.
Duluth, GA 30096 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • GOSTERISLI, Levent
    Kennesaw, GA 30114 (US)
  • BONNETT, Craig
    Duluth, GA 30096 (US)
  • VECCHIOTTI, Alberto
    Charlotte, NC 28269 (US)
  • BAILEY, Dennis
    Duluth, GA 30096 (US)

(74)Representative: Schmitt-Nilson Schraud Waibel Wohlfrom Patentanwälte Partnerschaft mbB 
Pelkovenstraße 143
80992 München
80992 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 213 417
US-A1- 2002 034 321
WO-A1-2009/158181
US-A1- 2007 188 299
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD



    [0001] The present teachings relate generally to electronic access control apparatuses having modular encoder subassemblies, and more particularly, to platforms and techniques for performing physical access control using various types of encoding technologies by removably incorporating modular encoder subassemblies in electronic access control apparatuses.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Physical access control devices in hospitality applications employ different variations of encoding technologies, such as magnetic stripe, including high-coercivity magstripe and low- coercivity magstripe, radio-frequency identification, motorized, etc. Such physical access control devices typically house, in single integrated units, both encoding devices and access control management software that create data to be encoded on keycards.

    [0003] WO 2009/158181 A1 discloses an electronic door lock being operable to control access to an access controlled area positioned adjacent the inner side of the door. The electronic door lock includes an outer base connected to the outer side of the door, an inner base connected to the inner side of the door, a locking mechanism coupled to the door and movable between a locked position and an unlocked position in response to a control signal, and a control circuit disposed within the inner base and operable to generate the control signal in response to an input credential. An attachment interface is at least partially formed as part of the outer base. Each of a plurality of different types of credential readers is selectively attachable and removable from the attachment interface when the outer base is attached to the door to electrically connect a selected one of the plurality of different types of credential readers to the control circuit to provide the input. A communication module is connected to the control circuit, and the communication module is operable to communicate with a device that is separate from the electronic door lock.

    [0004] US 2002/034321 A1 discloses an electronic lock with a fingerprint sensor to be used, for example, in a hotel room. A card reader is provided which reads the fingerprint code from the card for opening the door enabling access to the hotel room.

    [0005] US 2007/0188299 A1 discloses an interphone panel for a multiple dwelling building operable to control access and encode replacements keys. The interphone panel comprises a controller; a proximity key tag reader/encoder responsive to the controller; and an interphone voice path responsive to the controller. The interphone voice path creates a voice path between a user and a dweller of the multiple dwelling building. The controller is operative to encode a proximity key tag via the proximity key tag reader/encoder with at least one of building information, dwelling information and key code information.

    SUMMARY



    [0006] The following presents a simplified summary in order to provide a basic understanding of some aspects of one or more embodiments of the present teachings. This summary is not an extensive overview, nor is it intended to identify key or critical elements of the present teachings or to delineate the scope of the disclosure. Rather, its primary purpose is merely to present one or more concepts in simplified form as a prelude to the detailed description presented later.

    [0007] According to the present invention, an apparatus for performing physical access control having the features of claim 1 is provided. Preferred embodiments of the present invention are specified in the respective dependent claims.

    [0008] According to the present teachings in one or more aspects, electronic access control apparatuses for performing physical access control are provided, in which modular encoder subassemblies are removably incorporated in the access control apparatuses. A physical access control apparatus includes access control electronics and at least one dock, such as a bay or slot, for removably housing at least one modular encoder unit. In general implementations of the present teachings, the encoder unit can be removably housed in the dock of the physical access control apparatus and be removably linked, communicatively and/or physically, to the physical access control electronics when housed in the physical access control apparatus, and can interface with and read or write information from or to a credential such as, for example, a keycard, a transponder, a near field communication device, and the like.

    [0009] It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary and explanatory only and are not restrictive of the invention, as claimed.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0010] The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate aspects of the present teachings and together with the description, serve to explain principles of the present teachings. In the figures:

    FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrate an exemplary physical access control apparatus that can removably incorporate modular encoder subassemblies, consistent with various embodiments of the present teachings; and

    FIG. 3 illustrates a computer system that is consistent with embodiments of the present teachings.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0011] Reference will now be made in detail to various embodiments of the present teachings, an example of which is illustrated in the accompanying drawings. Wherever possible, the same reference numbers will be used throughout the drawings to refer to the same or like parts. In the following description, reference is made to the accompanying drawings that form a part thereof, and in which is shown by way of illustration specific implementations in which may be practiced. These implementations are described in sufficient detail to enable those skilled in the art to practice these implementations and it is to be understood that other implementations may be utilized and that modifications and equivalents may be made without departing from the scope of the present teachings. The following description is, therefore, merely exemplary.

    [0012] Additionally, in the subject description, the word "exemplary" is used to mean serving as an example, instance, or illustration. Any aspect or design described herein as "exemplary" is not necessarily to be construed as preferred or advantageous over other aspects or designs. Rather, use of the word exemplary is intended to present concepts in a concrete fashion.

    [0013] As used herein and unless otherwise specified, the term "physical access control" refers to the exertion of control over access to physical resources and facilities, such as buildings, rooms, airports, warehouses, and the like; the term "credential" encompasses evidence attesting to one's right to access controlled physical resources and facilities, examples of which include a keycard, a transponder, a near field communication device, and the like, that are bound to or otherwise associated with an individual or a group of individuals; the terms "encoder" and "encoder unit" encompass any electronic component that converts information from one format to another format and is capable of binding identity data of an individual or a group of individuals to a credential, examples of which include a credential encoder, a credential writer, a keycard printer, and the like.

    [0014] Aspects of the present teachings relate to physical access control apparatuses having modular encoder subassemblies. More particularly, in various aspects, and as for example generally shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, disclosed herein is an access control apparatus 100 that can perform physical access control using one or more types of encoding technologies by removably housing modular encoder subassemblies, such as various modular encoder units 110, 210, in at least one dock 120 of a housing 130 of access control apparatus 100. Dock 120 can be formed in or on housing 130 in the form of, for example, a slot, a bay, an opening, a cavity, and the like. In accordance with the invention, the dock 120 is formed in the housing 130. Housing 130 contains access control electronics of access control apparatus 100, and includes a user interface 140 and an input/output interface 150. Input/output interface 150 is shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 as partially external of housing 130, but in various embodiments, input/output interface 150 can be fully incorporated within housing 130.

    [0015] By utilizing a modular architecture, various embodiments of access control apparatus 100 have the flexibility of utilizing different types of encoding technologies and migrating or upgrading to other encoding technologies in the future, without having to replace other components of access control apparatus 100, such as housing 130 and the access control electronics contained therein, user interface 140, input/output interface 150, and the like. This contrasts with integrated physical access control devices that combine encoding devices and access control electronics together in single integrated units, which create a hurdle for customers, such as those in hospitality industries, when the customers upgrade or modify their existing integrated access control devices to implement newer and/or different encoding technologies. For instance, when the customers lease or purchase integrated access control devices that employ a certain type of encoding technology, they are stuck with that type of encoding technology in the future unless they lease or purchase entire new units of physical access control devices. This increases the customers' operational expenses when replacing outdated or damaged encoding devices or migrating to a different encoding technology, in terms of cost and time required to lease or purchase and install entirely new physical access control devices.

    [0016] As generally shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, access control apparatus 100 includes at least one dock 120 in housing 130, within which appropriately dimensioned modular encoder units 110, 210 can be removably incorporated in access control apparatus 100. Modular encoder units 110, 210 can be removably housed in dock 120 and be removably linked or coupled, communicatively and/or physically, to the access control electronics of access control unit 130 when removably incorporated in access control apparatus 100, and can interface with and encode/write information to a credential such as, for example, a card (e.g., cards 115, 215), a transponder (not shown), a near field communication device (not shown), and the like. Types of cards 115, 215 can include, for example, magnetic stripe (e.g., high-coercivity magnetic stripe, low-coercivity magstripe, etc.), proximity (e.g., Wiegand, etc.), integrated circuit (e.g., contact smart card, contactless smart card, etc.), radio-frequency identification (e.g., Bluetooth, near field communication, etc.), and other types known to one skilled in the art.

    [0017] In accordance with the invention, the modular encoder unit 110, 210 removably incorporated in the dock is a credential encoder/writer. The credential encoder/writer can, for example, receive identity data or other evidence attesting to one's access right associated with an individual or a group of individuals from access control components (e.g., access control unit 130, control panels, head-end servers, etc.), write the identity data to a credential or otherwise use the identity data to bind or associate the credential to the individual or group of individuals, and/or receive and write authentication data (e.g., a personal identification number, a password, a biometric feature, etc.) to the credential. The credential encoder/writer can also verify that a credential has been successfully bound or associated with an individual or a group of individuals, by, for example, reading identity data or other evidence attesting to one's access right from the credential, accepting authentication data, and/or communicating the identity data and/or authentication data to access control components (e.g., access control unit 130, control panels, head-end servers, etc.)

    [0018] Dock 120 can be formed from at least one opening in housing 130 of access control apparatus 100, and can include one or more guide elements, such as rails or grooves, for guiding modular encoder units 110, 210 during mounting and removal. Dock 120 can also include one or more fastening elements, such as tabs or flanges, for physically attaching and/or affixing one of modular encoder units 110, 210 to access control unit 130 when that modular encoder unit is in a registered position in dock 120. Access control apparatus 100 further includes a securing mechanism 160, such as a lock or a tamper-resistance screw, for securing one of modular encoder units 110, 210 when that modular encoder unit is removably housed in dock 120. Securing mechanism 160 can be an electronically actuated lock and secure or release a removably housed modular encoder unit in response to user input via user interface 140 or a remote control panel.

    [0019] Access control apparatus 100 can utilize user interface 140 to provide information to a user and/or receive user input. User interface 140 can include, for example, a keypad, a display screen, a touch screen, and other types of user interfaces known to one skilled in the art. For example, when a user (e.g., an administrator) wants to bind or otherwise associate a credential with an individual or a group of individuals and presents the credential to a modular credential encoder/writer (e.g., modular encoder unit 110 or 210) that has been removably incorporated in access control apparatus 100, access control apparatus 100 can inform the user whether or not the credential has been successfully bound, or display a keypad or a graphical user interface ("GUI") for the user to enter authentication data (e.g., a PIN, a password, a biometric feature, etc.) to be stored on or associated with the credential. For another example, when a user wants to verify that a credential has been successfully bound to or associated with an individual or a group of individuals, the user can present the credential to a modular credential encoder/writer (e.g., modular encoder unit 110 or 210) that has been removably incorporated in access control apparatus 100, and access control apparatus 100 can inform the user whether or not the credential has been successfully bound.

    [0020] In accordance with the invention, when one of modular encoder units 110, 210 is being removably incorporated (e.g., being mounted) in dock 120, access control apparatus 100 requires an activation code via user interface 140 prior to communicatively linking to that modular encoder unit and/or when a removably incorporated modular encoder unit is being removed (e.g., being unmounted) from dock 120, access control apparatus 100 requires an authorization code via user interface 140 prior to allowing the removal of that modular encoder unit, for example, by controlling securing mechanism 160.

    [0021] FIG. 3 illustrates a computer system 300 that is consistent with embodiments of the present teachings. In general, embodiments of access control apparatus 100 as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 can be implemented in various physical access control systems, such as an embedded system, a personal computer, a server, a workstation, or a combination thereof, an example of which is shown as system 300. Certain components of access control apparatus 100 can be embedded as a computer program. The computer program can exist in a variety of forms both active and inactive. For example, the computer program can exist as software program(s) comprised of program instructions in source code, object code, executable code or other formats; firmware program(s); or hardware description language (HDL) files. The computer program can be embodied on a computer readable medium, which includes storage devices and signals, in compressed or uncompressed form. However, for purposes of explanation, system 300 is shown as a general purpose computer that is well known to those skilled in the art. Examples of the components that may be included in system 300 will now be described.

    [0022] As shown, system 300 can include at least one processor 302, main memory 310, a storage device 314, an input/output interface 315, a display 316, and a keypad 317. In various embodiments, input/output interface 315 can correspond to input/output interface 150 as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, and display 316 and/or keypad 317 can correspond to user interface 140 as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. One skilled in the art will recognize that system 300 can include multiple processors 302. Main memory 310 serves as a primary storage area of system 300 and holds data that is actively used by applications, such as access control apparatus 100, running on processor 302. One skilled in the art will recognize that applications are software programs that each contains a set of computer instructions for instructing system 300 to perform a set of specific tasks during runtime, and that the term "applications" may be used interchangeably with application software, application programs, and/or programs in accordance with embodiments of the present teachings. Memory 310 can be implemented as a random access memory or other forms of memory as described below, which are well known to those skilled in the art. Storage device 314 can comprise, for example, RAM, ROM, flash memory, EEPROM, CD-ROM or other optical disk storage, magnetic disk storage or other magnetic storage devices, or any other medium that can be used to carry or store desired program code in the form of instructions or data structures and that can be accessed by a computer. A copy of the computer program embodiment of access control apparatus 100 can be stored on, for example, storage device 314.

    [0023] Input/output interface 315 enables system 300 to interface and communicate with various components and modules of the physical access control systems, such as modular encoders (e.g., modular encoder units 110 and 210), control panels, head-end servers, and the like, via wired communications (e.g., USB, RS232, RS485, TTL, and the like) and/or wireless communications (e.g., Bluetooth, Zigbee, Wi-Fi, and the like). In various embodiments, input/output interface 315 can be programmed to interface and communicate with the modular encoders only when the modular encoders are removably housed or otherwise incorporated in system 300.

    [0024] In addition to input/output interface 315, display 316, and keypad 317, system 300 can also be provided with additional input/output devices (not shown), such as a biometric features reader, a pointing device, a printer, and the like. The various components of system 300 communicate through a system bus 312 or similar architecture. In addition, system 300 can include an operating system (OS) 320 that resides in memory 310 during operation. As to display 316 and keypad 317, these components can be implemented using components that are well known to those skilled in the art. One skilled in the art will also recognize that other components and peripherals may be included in system 300.

    [0025] The foregoing description is illustrative, and variations in configuration and implementation may occur to persons skilled in the art. For instance, the various illustrative logics, logical blocks, modules, and circuits described in connection with the embodiments disclosed herein can be implemented or performed with a general purpose processor (e.g., processor 302), a digital signal processor (DSP), an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), a field programmable gate array (FPGA) or other programmable logic device, discrete gate or transistor logic, discrete hardware components, or any combination thereof designed to perform the functions described herein. A general-purpose processor can be a microprocessor, but, in the alternative, the processor can be any conventional processor, controller, microcontroller, or state machine. A processor can also be implemented as a combination of computing devices, e.g., a combination of a DSP and a microprocessor, a plurality of microprocessors, one or more microprocessors in conjunction with a DSP core, or any other such configuration.

    [0026] In one or more exemplary embodiments, the functions described herein can be implemented in hardware, software, firmware, or any combination thereof. For a software implementation, the techniques described herein can be implemented with modules (e.g., procedures, functions, subprograms, programs, routines, subroutines, modules, software packages, classes, and so on) that perform the functions described herein. A module can be coupled to another module or a hardware circuit by passing and/or receiving information, data, arguments, parameters, or memory contents. Information, arguments, parameters, data, or the like can be passed, forwarded, or transmitted using any suitable means including memory sharing, message passing, token passing, network transmission, and the like. The software codes can be stored in memory units and executed by processors. The memory unit can be implemented within the processor or external to the processor, in which case it can be communicatively coupled to the processor via various means as is known in the art.


    Claims

    1. An apparatus (100) for performing physical access control, comprising:

    a housing (130) having a dock (120) formed in the housing (130);

    access control electronics contained in the housing (130); and

    a user interface (140) on a surface of the housing (130) configured to receive user input and optionally to provide information to a user,

    a modular encoder unit (110, 210) removably incorporated in the dock (120), the modular encoder (110, 210) being communicatively linked to the access control electronics when removably incorporated in the housing (130);

    wherein the modular encoder unit (110, 210) is a credential encoder/writer configured to

    receive identity data from the access control electronics, write the identity data to a credential or use the identity data to bind the credential (115, 215) to an individual, and/or receive and write authentication data to the credential,
    and

    a securing mechanism (160) attached to the housing (130) for securing the modular encoder unit (110, 210) to the housing (130) when the modular encoder unit (110, 210) is in a registered position within the dock (120),and

    wherein the apparatus (100) is configured to require an activation code via the user interface (140) prior to communicatively linking to the modular encoder unit (110, 210) and/or to require an authorization code via the user interface (140) prior to allowing the removal of the modular encoder unit (110, 210).


     
    2. The apparatus (100) of claim 1, wherein the modular encoder unit (110, 210) is further configured to verify that a credential has been successfully bound to an individual by reading identity data from the credential, accepting authentication data, and/or communicating the identity data and/or authentication data to access control electronics.
     
    3. The apparatus (100) of claim 1, further comprising:
    a communication interface that is configured to communicatively link the modular encoder unit (110, 210) to the access control electronics when the modular encoder unit (115, 215) is removably incorporated in the dock (120).
     
    4. The apparatus (100) of claim 1, wherein the access control electronics is configured to receive authentication data via the user interface (140) and bind the authentication data to the credential (115, 215).
     
    5. The apparatus (100) of claim 4, wherein the authentication data includes at least one of a personal identification number, a password, or a biometric feature.
     
    6. The apparatus (100) of claim 1, wherein:
    the securing mechanism (160) is an electronically actuated lock or a tamper-resistance screw.
     
    7. The apparatus (100) of claim 1, wherein the credential (115, 215) is selected from a group consisting of a magnetic stripe card, a proximity card, a contact smart card, a contactless smart card, and a radio frequency identification device.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Vorrichtung (100) zum Durchführen einer physischen Zugangssteuerung, die Folgendes umfasst:

    ein Gehäuse (130), das eine Dockingstation (120) aufweist, die in dem Gehäuse (130) gebildet ist;

    eine Zugangssteuerungselektronik, die in dem Gehäuse (130) enthalten ist; und

    eine Benutzerschnittstelle (140) auf einer Oberfläche des Gehäuses (130), die dazu konfiguriert ist, eine Benutzereingabe zu empfangen und optional einem Benutzer Informationen bereitzustellen,

    eine modulare Encodereinheit (110, 210), die entfernbar in der Dockingstation (120) integriert ist, wobei die modulare Encodereinheit (110, 210) kommunikativ mit der Zugangssteuerungselektronik verknüpft ist, wenn sie entfernbar in das Gehäuse (130) integriert ist;

    wobei es sich bei der modularen Encodereinheit (110, 210) um einen Berechtigungsnachweisencoder/-schreiber handelt, der dazu konfiguriert ist

    Identitätsdaten von der Zugangssteuerungselektronik zu empfangen, die Identitätsdaten zu einem Berechtigungsnachweis zu schreiben oder die Identitätsdaten zu verwenden, um den Berechtigungsnachweis (115, 215) mit einem Individuum zu verknüpfen und/oder Authentifizierungsdaten zu dem Berechtigungsnachweis zu schreiben,
    und

    einen Sicherungsmechanismus (160), der an dem Gehäuse (130) befestigt ist, um die modulare Encodereinheit (110, 210) an dem Gehäuse (130) zu sichern, wenn die modulare Encodereinheit (110, 210) sich in einer registrierten Position innerhalb der Dockingstation (120) befindet, und

    wobei die Vorrichtung (100) dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Aktivierungscode über die Benutzerschnittstelle (140) anzufordern, bevor sie sich kommunikativ mit der modularen Encodereinheit (110, 210) verknüpft und/oder einen Autorisierungscode über die Benutzerschnittstelle (140) anzufordern, bevor ein Entfernen der modularen Encodereinheit (110, 210) ermöglicht wird.


     
    2. Vorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die modulare Encodereinheit (110, 210) ferner dazu konfiguriert ist, zu verifizieren, dass ein Berechtigungsnachweis erfolgreich mit einem Individuum verknüpft worden ist, indem Identitätsdaten aus dem Berechtigungsnachweis gelesen werden, Authentifizierungsdaten angenommen werden und/oder die Identitätsdaten und/oder Authentifizierungsdaten an die Zugangssteuerungselektronik kommuniziert werden.
     
    3. Vorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend:
    eine Kommunikationsschnittstelle, die dazu konfiguriert ist, die modulare Encodereinheit (110, 210) kommunikativ mit der Zugangssteuerungselektronik zu verknüpfen, wenn die modulare Encodereinheit (115, 215) entfernbar in der Dockingstation (120) integriert ist.
     
    4. Vorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Zugangssteuerungselektronik dazu konfiguriert ist, Authentifizierungsdaten über die Benutzerschnittstelle (140) zu empfangen und die Authentifizierungsdaten mit dem Berechtigungsnachweis (115, 215) zu verknüpfen.
     
    5. Vorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Authentifizierungsdaten mindestens eines von einer persönlichen Identifikationsnummer, einem Passwort oder einem biometrischen Merkmal beinhalten.
     
    6. Vorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei:
    es sich bei dem Sicherungsmechanismus (160) um ein elektronisch betätigtes Schloss oder eine manipulationssichere Schraube handelt.
     
    7. Vorrichtung (100) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Berechtigungsnachweis (115, 215) aus einer Gruppe bestehend aus einer Magnetstreifenkarte, einer Transponderkarte, einer kontaktgebundenen Smartcard, einer kontaktlosen Smartcard und einer Funkfrequenzidentifikationseinrichtung ausgewählt ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil (100) pour exécuter un contrôle d'accès physique, comprenant :

    un boîtier (130) ayant une station d'accueil (120) formée dans le boîtier (130) ;

    des composants électroniques de contrôle d'accès contenus dans le boîtier (130) ; et

    une interface utilisateur (140) sur une surface du boîtier (130) configurée pour recevoir une entrée utilisateur et éventuellement pour fournir des informations à un utilisateur,

    une unité de codeur modulaire (110, 210) intégrée de manière amovible dans la station d'accueil (120), le codeur modulaire (110, 210) étant relié en communication aux composants électroniques de contrôle d'accès lorsqu'il est intégré de manière amovible dans le boîtier (130) ;

    dans lequel l'unité de codeur modulaire (110, 210) est un codeur/système d'écriture d'identification configuré pour

    recevoir des données d'identité des composants électroniques de contrôle d'accès, écrire les données d'identité à un identifiant ou utiliser les données d'identité pour lier l'identifiant (115, 215) à une personne, et/ou recevoir et écrire des données d'authentification à l'identifiant,
    et

    un mécanisme de fixation (160) fixé au boîtier (130) pour fixer l'unité de codeur modulaire (110, 210) au boîtier (130) lorsque l'unité de codeur modulaire (110, 210) est dans une position enregistrée à l'intérieur de la station d'accueil (120), et

    dans lequel l'appareil (100) est configuré pour demander un code d'activation par l'intermédiaire de l'interface utilisateur (140) avant la liaison en communication à l'unité de codeur modulaire (110, 210) et/ou demander un code d'autorisation par l'intermédiaire de l'interface utilisateur (140) avant de permettre le retrait de l'unité de codeur modulaire (110, 210).


     
    2. Appareil (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité de codeur modulaire (110, 210) est en outre configurée pour vérifier qu'un identifiant a été lié avec succès à une personne en lisant des données d'identité provenant de l'identifiant, en acceptant des données d'identification et/ou en communiquant les données d'identité et/ou les données d'authentification aux composants électroniques de contrôle d'accès.
     
    3. Appareil (100) selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :
    une interface de communication qui est configurée pour lier en communication l'unité de codeur modulaire (110, 210) aux composants électroniques de contrôle d'accès lorsque l'unité de codeur modulaire (115, 215) est intégrée de manière amovible dans la station d'accueil (120).
     
    4. Appareil (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les composants électroniques de contrôle d'accès sont configurés pour recevoir des données d'authentification par l'intermédiaire de l'interface utilisateur (140) et lier les données d'authentification à l'identifiant (115, 215).
     
    5. Appareil (100) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel les données d'authentification comportent au moins l'un parmi un numéro d'identification personnel, un mot de passe ou un élément biométrique.
     
    6. Appareil (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel :
    le mécanisme de fixation (160) est un blocage à actionnement électronique ou une vis résistant aux attaques.
     
    7. Appareil (100) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'identifiant (115, 215) est choisi dans un groupe comprenant une carte à bande magnétique, une carte de proximité, une carte à puce à contact, une carte à puce sans contact et un dispositif d'identification par radiofréquence.
     




    Drawing












    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description