(19)
(11)EP 2 887 458 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 13846257.7

(22)Date of filing:  14.08.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01Q 21/06(2006.01)
H01Q 21/24(2006.01)
H01Q 21/00(2006.01)
H01Q 1/52(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/KR2013/007331
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/027842 (20.02.2014 Gazette  2014/08)

(54)

DUAL POLARIZATION ANTENNA INCLUDING ISOLATION PROVIDING DEVICE

DOPPELPOLARISATIONSANTENNE MIT EINER ISOLATIONSBEREITSTELLUNGSVORRICHTUNG

ANTENNE À DOUBLE POLARISATION COMPRENANT UN DISPOSITIF DE FOURNITURE D'ISOLATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 14.08.2012 KR 20120088850

(43)Date of publication of application:
24.06.2015 Bulletin 2015/26

(73)Proprietor: KMW Inc.
Gyeonggi-do 445-813 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • MOON, Young-Chan
    Hwaseong-si Gyeonggi-do 445-813 (KR)
  • SO, Sung-Hwan
    Hwaseong-si Gyeonggi-do 445-813 (KR)
  • SEO, Yong-Won
    Gyeonggi-do 445-813 (KR)

(74)Representative: Scheele, Friedrich et al
Ratner Prestia Altheimer Eck 2
80331 München
80331 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
KR-A- 20060 108 343
US-A- 6 141 539
US-A1- 2006 097 940
US-B1- 6 310 585
US-A- 5 027 123
US-A- 6 141 539
US-A1- 2011 256 857
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a transceiving antenna used for a base station, a relay, or the like of a mobile communication system, and more particularly, to a dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device for improving isolation between polarizations.

    Background Art



    [0002] For the design of an antenna that executes transmission and reception in parallel, an important item to be considered is to secure isolation between a transmission antenna device and a reception antenna device, so that a signal transmitted from the transmission antenna is prevented from being input into the reception antenna device. When a dual-polarization antenna is used, which enables a transmission signal and a reception signal to generate different polarizations, for example, polarizations that are orthogonal to one another, the isolation may be quite secured. However, a device for further improving isolation has been provided for the dual-polarization antenna.

    [0003] FIG. 1 is a circuit block diagram of a dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device according to an embodiment of the conventional art, and the configuration illustrated in FIG. 1 is almost identical to the configuration disclosed in US patent number 6,141,539 (title: "ISOLATION IMPROVEMENT CIRCUIT FOR A DUAL-POLARIZATION ANTENNA," inventor: 'Ronald A. Marion,' grant date: August 31, 2000) of the company 'Radio Frequency Systems'.

    [0004] Referring to FIG. 1, the conventional dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device may include a plurality of dual-polarization antenna parts 10 including a transmission antenna device 11 and a reception antenna device 12 that is physically or electrically orthogonal to the transmission antenna device. That is, FIG. 1 illustrates an example of a (perpendicular) array antenna structure. A transmission signal is provided through a first port (PI), passes through a feeder, and is distributed to each transmission antenna device 11 of the plurality of dual-polarization antenna units 10 for provision, and a signal received through a plurality of reception antenna devices 12 may be coupled and output to the second port (P2).

    [0005] In this structure, a part of a transmission signal provided to the first port (P1) is distributed to a first coupler 21, and is provided to the second coupler 22 through a conductor 24
    24, and the second coupler 22 couples a signal provided through the conductor 24 with a signal output to the second port (P2). In this instance, the performance of the first and second couplers 21 and 22, and the length of the conductor 24 are designed to enable the signal that is transferred to the second port (P2), through the first coupler 21, the conductor 24, and the second coupler 22 for coupling, to have an identical size and to have a difference of 180 degrees in phase, in comparison with an undesired input signal (hereinafter, referred to as an erroneously input signal) that is transmitted from the plurality of transmission antenna devices 11 and is received by the plurality of reception antennas 12.

    [0006] When it is described in detail, isolation between dual polarizations is measured before installing the isolation providing device. When isolation between bands is measured, a size of an erroneously input signal and a delay of the signal are measured. Subsequently, a size of coupling of the first coupler 21 and the second coupler 22 in the isolation providing device is determined to have a value similar to a frequency-based average value of an erroneously input signal, measured in a state in which the isolation providing device is not included. In addition, the length of the conductor 24 is designed to enable the delay associated with the first coupler 21, the second coupler 22, and length of the conductor 24, to have a difference of 180 degrees in phase, from a frequency-based average value of a delay of an erroneously input signal, measured in a state in which the isolation providing device is not included.

    [0007] Accordingly, the erroneously input signal that is transmitted from the first port (P1) through the plurality of transmission antenna devices 11, and is received by the plurality of reception antenna devices 12 and transferred to the second port (P2), and a signal transferred to the second port (P2) through the first coupler 21, the conductor 24, and the second coupler 22, may offset one another, and thereby, may be removed.

    [0008] As a scale of an antenna becomes small, a size of a reflector of a single antenna or an array antenna also needs to be decreased. In general, when a size of a reflector is insufficient, isolation of a dual-polarization antenna becomes deteriorated. Also, a size of isolation between polarizations is not constant in a frequency range in which an antenna operates.

    [0009] However, the conventional structure of FIG. 1 is effective only when the size of isolation between polarizations is constant through the entire operating frequency range for a transmission signal. Otherwise, isolation between polarizations may not be improved in the entire operating frequency range.

    [0010] US 2011/0256857 A1 discloses an interference compensation circuit that can isolate a victim antenna from an aggressor antenna, which causes the antennas to appear as being spaced further apart. The interference compensation circuit can obtain samples of signals generated by a transmitter for transmission by the aggressor antenna and process the samples to generate an interference compensation signal. The generated interference compensation signal can be applied to a signal path between the victim antenna and a receiver to suppress, cancel, or otherwise compensate for interference imposed on the victim antenna by the signals transmitted from the aggressor antenna. The interference compensation signal is generated by adjusting at least one of amplitude, phase, and delay of the samples to emulate the interference imposed on the victim antenna. However, the interference compensation circuit is adapted only for a single frequency, so that for a frequency range multiple interference compensation circuits have to be placed between victim antenna and aggressor antenna.

    Detailed Description of the Invention



    [0011] The invention is defined by the independent claim. The dependent claims define advantageous embodiments.

    Technical Problem



    [0012] Therefore, an aspect of the present invention is to provide a dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device for providing an excellent isolation between polarizations.

    [0013] Another aspect of the present invention is to provide a dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device for providing a desired isolation even when a size of isolation between polarizations is not constant throughout the entire operating frequency range.

    Technical Solution



    [0014] In accordance with an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device, including: at least one transmission antenna device that outputs a transmission signal provided through a feeder from a first port; at least one reception antenna that receives a reception signal and provides the same to a second port; a first coupler that distributes a part of a transmission signal provided to the first port; an equalizer that equalizes a signal distributed in the first coupler to a waveform, which is predetermined in a frequency range identical to a frequency band of the transmission signal; a second coupler that receives an output from the equalizer and couples the same with a signal output to a second port; and a conductor that forms a signal delivery path among the first coupler, the equalizer, and the second coupler, wherein a coupling performance of the first and second couplers, a length of the conductor, and a functional characteristic of the equalizer are designed to enable a signal that is transferred to the second port through the signal delivery path using the conductor for coupling, to have a substantially identical size, to have a difference of 180 degrees in phase, and to have an identical shape in an entire operating frequency band, in comparison with a signal that is output from the at least one transmission antenna device and is erroneously input to the at least one reception antenna device.

    Advantageous Effects



    [0015] As described above, a dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device according to the present invention provides an excellent isolation, so that a desired isolation is provided even when a size of isolation between polarizations is not constant throughout the entire operating frequency range.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0016] 

    FIG. 1 is a circuit block diagram of a dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device according to an embodiment of the conventional art;

    FIG. 2 is a circuit block diagram of a dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a circuit block diagram of a dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device according to another embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 4 is a graph illustrating an example of a functional characteristic of an equalizer of FIG. 2 or FIG. 3.


    Mode for Carrying Out the Invention



    [0017] Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the following description, the same elements will be designated by the same reference numerals in the drawings.

    [0018] FIG. 2 is a circuit block diagram of a dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device according to an embodiment of the present invention. Referring to FIG. 2, the dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device according to an embodiment of the present invention basically includes the dual-polarization antenna part 10, including the transmission antenna device 11 that outputs a transmission signal that is provided from a first port (P1) through a feeder; and the reception antenna device 12 that is installed to be physically or electrically orthogonal to the transmission antenna device 11, receives a reception signal, and provides the same to a second port (P2).

    [0019] An isolation providing device according to the present invention is included in the dual-polarization antenna having the above structure. The isolation providing device according to the present invention includes a first coupler 21 that distributes a part of the transmission signal provided to the first port (P1); an equalizer 30 that equalizes the signal distributed in the first coupler 21 to a shape of a predetermined waveform in a frequency range identical to the operating frequency band of the transmission signal; a second coupler 22 that receives an output of the equalizer 30 and couples the same with a signal output to the second port (P2); and the conductor 24 that forms a signal delivery path among the first coupler 21, the equalizer 30, and the second coupler 22.

    [0020] The first and the second couplers 21 and 22 may employ a structure of contact-type power distributer/coupler, which is general, or a structure of contactless power distributer/coupler. In addition, the conductor 24 may be configured as a coaxial line, which is general, a strip line, a micro-strip line, or the like.

    [0021] In this instance, the coupling performance of the first and second couplers 21 and 22, the functional characteristics of the equalizer 30, and the length of the conductor 24 are designed to enable the signal that is transferred to the second port (P2) through the first coupler 21, the equalizer 30, and the second coupler 22 using the conductor 24 for coupling, to have a substantially identical size, to have a difference of 180 degrees in phase, and to have an identical shape in the entire operating frequency band of a transmission signal, as described below, in comparison with an erroneously input signal that is transmitted from the transmission antenna device 11 and is undesirably received by the reception antenna device 12.

    [0022] When it is described in detail, isolation between dual polarizations is measured before the isolation providing device according to the present invention is installed. When a size of an erroneously input signal and a delay of the signal are measured, isolation between bands is measured. In addition, according to the feature of the present invention, isolation in the entire operating frequency band of a transmission signal is measured. Subsequently, a size of coupling of the first coupler 21 and the second coupler 22 in the isolation providing device is determined to have a value similar to a frequency-based average value of an erroneously input signal, measured in a state in which the isolation providing device is not installed. In addition, the length of the conductor 24 is designed to enable the delay associated with the first coupler 21, the second coupler 22, and length of the conductor 24, to have a difference of 180 degrees in phase, from a frequency-based average value of a delay of an erroneously input signal, measured in a state in which the isolation providing device is not included.

    [0023] In particular, in this instance, according to the feature of the present invention, the equalizer 30 is designed to execute signal processing so as to enable a waveform of the signal provided from the first coupler 21 to correspond to a waveform of an erroneously input signal, actually measured in the entire transmission frequency band.

    [0024] Referring to FIG. 4, particularly, in most cases, a size of an erroneously input signal, measured in the dual-polarization antenna part 10 is not identical in the entire operating frequency range (fo). For example, as illustrated by a solid line in FIG. 4A, a size of a signal is small in a relatively low frequency band in the entire operating frequency range (fo), and a size of a signal is large in a relatively high frequency band in the entire operating frequency range (fo). A signal that is separated from the first coupler 21 and is transferred through the conductor 24 is, for example, as illustrated by a break line in FIG. 4A, has a constant size in the entire operating frequency range (fo). In this instance, when an average size of a signal is merely considered like the conventional art, an erroneously input signal is not completely offset even through the signal has a difference of 180 degrees in phase. Accordingly, the present invention equalizes, for example, to a waveform illustrated by the solid line in FIG. 4A, the signal that is separated from the first coupler 21 and is transferred through the conductor 24, using the equalizer 30.

    [0025] The equalizer 30 may be embodied using a filter structure, and may be embodied as a PCB (Printed Circuit Board) type which is a relatively small and simple type. In this instance, for an erroneously input signal as illustrated in FIG. 4A, the equalizer 30 may be embodied as a HPF(High Pass Filter) structure, and for the case of FIGs. 4B through 4D, the equalizer 30 may be embodied as an LPF(Low Pass Filter) structure, a BSF(Band Stop Filter) structure, and a BPF(Band Pass Filter) structure, respectively.

    [0026] Through the above described configuration and functions, an erroneously input signal that is transmitted from the first port (P1) through the transmission antenna device 11, and is received by the reception antenna device 12 and transferred to the second port (P2) may have the identical size and shape, and have a difference of 180 degrees in phase, in comparison with a signal that is transferred to the second port P2 through the first coupler 21, the equalizer 30, and the second coupler 33 using the conductor 24, and thus, may be completely offset and removed.

    [0027] In comparison with the conventional art as illustrated in FIG. 1, the conventional art merely secures improvement of isolation between polarizations only when the size of isolation between polarizations of the dual-polarization antenna is constant. However, in a real environment for utilization, isolation between polarizations in the operating frequency range is not constant. The present invention may effectively improve isolation between polarizations even when the isolation between polarizations of the dual-polarization antenna is not constant in the operating frequency range.

    [0028] FIG. 3 is a circuit block diagram of a dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device according to another embodiment of the present invention. Referring to FIG. 3, the configuration according to the other embodiment of the present invention has a only difference in that the configuration has a (perpendicular) array antenna including a plurality of dual-polarization antenna parts (10-1,...,10-n), in comparison with the configuration of FIG. 2. In this instance, a transmission signal is provided through a first port (PI), passes through a feeder, and is distributed to each transmission antenna device 11 of the plurality of dual-polarization antenna parts (10-1,..., and 10-n) for provision, and a signal received by the plurality of reception antenna devices 12 is coupled and output to the second port (P2).

    [0029] In this configuration, the coupling performance of the first and second couplers 21 and 22, the functional characteristics of the equalizer 30, and the length of the conductor 24 are designed to enable the signal that is transferred to the second port (P2) through the first coupler 21, the equalizer 30, and the second coupler 22 using the conductor 24 for coupling, to have a substantially identical size, to have a difference of 180 degrees in phase, and to have an identical shape in the entire operating frequency band, in comparison with an erroneously input signal that is transmitted from the plurality of transmission antenna devices 11 and is undesirably received by the plurality of reception antenna devices 12.

    [0030] The dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device according to an embodiment of the present invention may be configured and operated as described above. Although the descriptions of the present invention exemplify detailed embodiments, various modifications may be implemented without departing from the scope of the present invention.

    [0031] For example, although FIGs. 1 through 3 illustrate that the transmission antenna device 11 and the reception antenna device 12 are physically orthogonal to one another, they may be in an electrically orthogonal structure. Also, a physical installed structure of the transmission and reception antenna devices is in various shapes, such as, an X shape, a quadrangular shape, or the like. The configuration of the transmission antenna device 11 and the reception antenna device 12 may employ one of the various existing structures of the dual-polarization antenna.

    [0032] In addition, although it is described that the present invention is applied to an orthogonal dual-polarization antenna, the present invention may be applied to an antenna in a structure having any other linear polarization or a circular polarization, or may be applied to a multi-polarization antenna.


    Claims

    1. A dual-polarization antenna (10) equipped with an isolation providing device, comprising: a plurality of dual-polarization antenna parts including a transmission antenna device (11) and a reception antenna device (12) that is physically or electrically orthogonal to the transmission antenna device;
    at least one transmission antenna device(11) adapted to output a transmission signal provided through a feeder from a first port (P1);
    at least one reception antenna (12) adapted to receive a reception signal and provides the same to a second port (P2);
    a first coupler (21) adapted to distribute a part of a transmission signal provided to the first port (P1);
    characterized by
    an equalizer (30) adapted to equalize a signal distributed in the first coupler (21) to a predetermined waveform in a frequency range identical to the operating frequency band of the transmission signal;
    a second coupler (22) adapted to receive an output from the equalizer (30) and to couple the same with a signal output to a second port (P2) and
    a conductor (24) adapted to form a signal delivery path among the first coupler (21), the equalizer (30), and the second coupler (22),
    wherein a coupling performance of the first and second couplers (22), a length of the conductor (24), and a functional characteristic of the equalizer (30) are designed to enable a signal that is transferred to the second port (P2) through the signal delivery path using the conductor (24) for coupling, to have a substantially identical size, to have a difference of 180 degrees in phase, and to have an identical shape in an entire operating frequency band, in comparison with a signal that is output from the at least one transmission antenna device (11) and is erroneously input to the at least one reception antenna device (12).
     
    2. The dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the equalizer (30) has a filter structure.
     
    3. The dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the equalizer (30) is configured as one of a HPF(High Pass Filter) structure, a LPF(Low Pass Filter) structure, a BSF(Band Stop Filter) structure, and a BPF (Band Pass Filter) structure.
     
    4. The dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device as claimed in any one of claims 1 through 3, wherein the first coupler (21) and the second coupler (22) have a structure of a contact-type or contactless power distributer/coupler.
     
    5. The dual-polarization antenna equipped with an isolation providing device as claimed in any one of claims 1 through 3,
    wherein the conductor (24) is configured as one of a coaxial line, a strip line, and a micro-strip line.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Dualpolarisationsantenne (10), die mit einer eine Isolierung bildenden Vorrichtung ausgestattet ist und Folgendes umfasst:

    mehrere Dualpolarisationsantennenteile, die eine Sendeantennenvorrichtung (11) und eine Empfangsantennenvorrichtung (12), die physisch oder elektrisch orthogonal zu der Sendeantennenvorrichtung verläuft, enthalten;

    wobei mindestens eine Sendeantennenvorrichtung (11) dafür ausgelegt ist, ein Sendesignal auszugeben, das über eine Zuleitung von einem ersten Port (P1) bereitgestellt wird;

    wobei mindestens eine Empfangsantenne (12) dafür ausgelegt ist, ein Empfangssignal zu empfangen und es an einen zweiten Port (P2) zu übermitteln;

    einen ersten Koppler (21), der dafür ausgelegt ist, einen Teil eines Sendesignals zu verteilen, das an den ersten Port (P1) übermittelt wird;

    gekennzeichnet durch

    einen Entzerrer (30), der dafür ausgelegt ist, ein in dem ersten Koppler (21) verteiltes Signal zu einer vorgegebenen Wellenform in einem Frequenzbereich zu entzerren, der mit dem Betriebsfrequenzband des Sendesignals identisch ist;

    einen zweiten Koppler (22), der dafür ausgelegt ist, ein Ausgangssignal von dem Entzerrer (30) zu empfangen und es mit einem Signal zu koppeln, das an einen zweiten Port (P2) ausgegeben wird, und

    einen Leiter (24), der dafür ausgelegt ist, einen Signalübermittlungspfad zwischen dem ersten Koppler (21), dem Entzerrer (30) und dem zweiten Koppler (22) zu bilden,

    wobei eine Kopplungsleistung des ersten und des zweiten Kopplers (22), eine Länge des Leiters (24) und eine Funktionscharakteristik des Entzerrers (30) so bemessen sind, dass ein Signal, das zu dem zweiten Port (P2) über den Signalübermittlungspfad unter Verwendung des Leiters (24) zum Koppeln übertragen wird, eine im Wesentlichen identische Größe haben, einen Phasenunterschied von 180 Grad haben, und eine identische Form in einem gesamten Betriebsfrequenzband haben, im Vergleich zu einem Signal, das von der mindestens einen Sendeantennenvorrichtung (11) ausgegeben wird und irrtümlich in die mindestens eine Empfangsantennenvorrichtung (12) eingespeist wird.


     
    2. Dualpolarisationsantenne, die mit einer eine Isolierung bildenden Vorrichtung ausgestattet ist, nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Entzerrer (30) eine Filterstruktur hat.
     
    3. Dualpolarisationsantenne, die mit einer eine Isolierung bildenden Vorrichtung ausgestattet ist, nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Entzerrer (30) als eine von einer HPF (High Pass Filter)-Struktur, einer LPF (Low Pass Filter)-Struktur, einer BSF (Band Stop Filter)-Struktur und einer BPF (Band Pass Filter)-Struktur konfiguriert ist.
     
    4. Dualpolarisationsantenne, die mit einer eine Isolierung bildenden Vorrichtung ausgestattet ist, nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei der erste Koppler (21) und der zweite Koppler (22) eine Struktur eines Leistungsverteilers oder -kopplers vom Kontakttyp oder vom kontaktlosen Typ haben.
     
    5. Dualpolarisationsantenne, die mit einer eine Isolierung bildenden Vorrichtung ausgestattet ist, nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei der Leiter (24) als eine von einer Koaxialleitung, einer Streifenleitung und einer Mikrostreifenleitung konfiguriert ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Une antenne à double polarisation (10) équipée d'un dispositif d'isolation, comprenant : une pluralité de parties d'antenne à double polarisation comprenant un dispositif d'antenne d'émission (11) et un dispositif d'antenne de réception (12); qui est physiquement ou électriquement orthogonal par rapport au dispositif d'antenne d'émission ;
    au moins un dispositif d'antenne de transmission (11) conçu pour émettre un signal de transmission fourni par le biais d'un dispositif d'alimentation à partir d'un premier port (P1) ;
    au moins une antenne de réception (12) conçue pour recevoir
    un signal de réception et fournissant ce signal à un second port (P2) ;
    un premier coupleur (21) adapté pour distribuer une partie d'un signal de transmission fourni au premier port (P1) ;
    caractérisé par
    un égaliseur (30) adapté pour égaliser un signal distribué dans le premier coupleur (21) à une forme d'onde prédéterminée dans une gamme de fréquences identique à la bande de fréquences de fonctionnement du signal de transmission ;
    un second coupleur (22) adapté pour recevoir une sortie de l'égaliseur (30) et pour coupler ce signal avec une sortie de signal sur un second port (P2)
    et
    un conducteur (24) adapté pour former un trajet d'émission de signaux parmi le premier coupleur (21), l'égaliseur (30) et le second coupleur (22),
    dans lequel une performance de couplage des premier et second coupleurs (22), une longueur du conducteur (24) et une caractéristique fonctionnelle de l'égaliseur (30) sont conçues pour permettre à un signal qui est transféré vers le second port (P2) par le biais du trajet d'émission de signaux à l'aide du conducteur (24) pour le couplage d'avoir une taille sensiblement identique, d'avoir une différence de phase de 180 degrés et d'avoir une forme identique dans l'ensemble d'une bande de fréquence de fonctionnement par rapport à un signal qui est émis par le ou les dispositifs d'antenne d'émission (11) et qui est introduit par erreur dans le ou les dispositifs d'antenne de réception (12).
     
    2. L'antenne à double polarisation équipée d'un dispositif d'isolation selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'égaliseur
    (30) adopte une structure de filtre.
     
    3. L'antenne à double polarisation équipée d'un dispositif d'isolation selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle l'égaliseur
    (30) est configuré comme une structure HPF (filtre passe-haut) ou LPF (filtre passe-bas), une structure BSF (filtre coupe-bande) et une structure BPF (filtre passe-bande).
     
    4. L'antenne à double polarisation équipée d'un dispositif d'isolation selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3,
    dans laquelle le premier coupleur (21) et le second coupleur (22) ont une structure de distributeur/coupleur d'énergie de type à contact ou sans contact.
     
    5. L'antenne à double polarisation équipée d'un dispositif d'isolation selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans laquelle le conducteur (24) est configuré comme une ligne coaxiale, une ligne à ruban ou une ligne à microruban.
     




    Drawing














    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description