(19)
(11)EP 2 891 762 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
07.10.2020 Bulletin 2020/41

(21)Application number: 14198017.7

(22)Date of filing:  15.12.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
E21B 37/06  (2006.01)
B08B 9/055  (2006.01)
F17D 3/03  (2006.01)
E21B 41/00  (2006.01)
F16L 55/46  (2006.01)

(54)

Multiple chemical supply line

Versorgungsleitung für mehrere Chemikalien

Ligne d'alimentation chimique multiple


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 18.12.2013 GB 201322379

(43)Date of publication of application:
08.07.2015 Bulletin 2015/28

(73)Proprietor: GE Oil & Gas UK Limited
Nailsea Bristol BS48 1BS (GB)

(72)Inventors:
  • August, Charles Anthony
    Nailsea, Bristol BS48 1BS (GB)
  • Dalziel, Robert
    Nailsea, Bristol BS48 1BS (GB)

(74)Representative: BRP Renaud & Partner mbB Rechtsanwälte Patentanwälte Steuerberater et al
Königstraße 28
70173 Stuttgart
70173 Stuttgart (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 2 447 588
US-A- 3 648 713
US-A- 4 132 268
WO-A1-2004/016904
US-A- 3 750 687
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] This invention relates to apparatus and method for supplying chemicals in a supply line. In particular, it relates to an apparatus and method for providing multiple chemicals down a single supply line, especially from a surface location to an underwater hydrocarbon extraction facility.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] The oil and gas industry is increasingly moving towards all-electric arrangements for underwater hydrocarbon extraction facilities (for subsea controls, for example trees and actuators), allowing for an umbilical of reduced cost due to the elimination of, for example, hydraulic lines in the umbilical. A component that cannot be easily removed from the umbilical is a chemical supply line, as these are often needed throughout the life of the facility and chemicals must be supplied at a consistent rate, with one dedicated chemical supply line required for each of various chemicals.

    [0003] It is an aim of the present invention to reduce the number of chemical supply lines required. This aim is achieved by using a single chemical line to send multiple chemicals, in particular in liquid form, to the underwater area in which they are needed, for example the wellhead of the hydrocarbon extraction facility.

    [0004] As prior art there may be mentioned GB2480427, which discloses a storage system for chemicals on the seabed.

    [0005] EP 2447588 discloses servicing of a subsea pipeline.

    [0006] WO 2004/016904 discloses subsea chemical injection and fluid processing systems and methods.

    [0007] As further prior art there may be mentioned, EP0169723, which discloses a method of supplying a treatment liquid to different zones in a bottling plant. It shows the use of a single line for multiple chemicals. However, the treatment liquid is mixed with a carrier liquid (see Fig. 4).

    DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0008] The present invention is intended for future oil and gas fields where there are no hydraulics, and only electrical power and communications are sent from the surface to subsea. However, chemicals will still be needed subsea for the production fluid. The present invention reduces the need for intervention vessels to fill up large subsea storage tanks if no chemicals supply lines are used on the field.

    [0009] The invention uses a single line to supply an underwater facility with multiple chemicals.

    [0010] The invention is implemented by sending multiple chemicals down a single supply line, one at a time. Inert 'slugs' or separators are used between each chemical to separate and maintain separation between them, and these can be, for example, a solid PIG (pipe inspection gauge), a slug of an inert chemical or gel, a plug of ice, or a volume of inert gas (preferably a gas of low reactivity with respect to each chemical, such as, for example, a noble gas, or air), such as a bubble or pocket of inert gas, sent between one required chemical and the next. In this way, the mixing of two chemicals is avoided or significantly reduced.

    [0011] A return system can be used so that any inert chemicals, if used, are passed by the operational components of the underwater facility to a waste storage tank. The waste may then be returned to the surface via a separate line next to the riser, or purged into the production fluid itself.

    [0012] A balance can be struck between chemical slug volume and storage size to find an optimal solution to reduce waste produced from any occurring mixed chemical sections, PIGs and inert chemicals.

    [0013] In a further embodiment, the present invention enables a single flow with discrete chemicals arriving in slugs, and manages it to various locations subsea (such as storage, an injection point, or a return / waste system). This can be achieved by the monitoring of the flow by a set of sensors, and then the directing of this flow based on those measurements.

    [0014] The invention reduces the cost of a field through a reduced number of chemical lines to the field, reduced material requirements and reduced installation costs. It removes the need for excessive storage (compared to the case of smaller, but dedicated chemical lines being included in a field design).

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0015] In accordance with a first aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of supplying chemicals via a supply line according to claim 1.

    [0016] In accordance with a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus for supplying chemicals according to claim 13.

    [0017] Preferred embodiments of the present invention are provided in claims 2-12 and 14.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0018] The invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Fig. 1 schematically shows an apparatus in accordance with the present invention; and

    Fig. 2 schematically shows an apparatus in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;



    [0019] Fig. 1 shows a schematic illustration of a method of supplying chemicals in a supply line. A supply line 1 runs from a first end at a surface (topside) location to a second end at an underwater facility 3 (e.g. an underwater hydrocarbon extraction facility).

    [0020] A detailed cross-section of the supply line is indicated at 2. A first chemical A has been supplied in the supply line 1. A second chemical B, which is a different chemical to the first chemical A, has also been supplied in the supply line 1. A third chemical C, which is a different chemical to both the first chemical A and the second chemical B, has also been supplied in the supply line 1. As indicated by the arrow S, all the chemicals are flowing from the first end of the supply line 1 towards the second end of the supply line 1.

    [0021] Inert separators P have been provided between each of the chemicals A, B, C. The inert separators may comprise solid PIGs (pipe inspection gauges), or inert fluids / gels, or ice, or a combination thereof.

    [0022] The supply line 1 here is a standard chemical line having a diameter d of 2" (5.08cm), although d could be any workable diameter in practice. The length of the chemical slugs (for example, length z of second chemical B, as illustrated in Fig. 1) could be on the order of hundreds of metres to hundreds of kilometres, depending on the specific chemical and application. The length y of the inert separators would have a minimum length which would be determined by fluid analysis, and would be dependent on the supply line diameter d, the chemicals used and their respective slug lengths.

    [0023] Once the chemicals arrive at the second end of the supply line they may be used in operations of the underwater facility 3 as required. Used or redundant chemicals are purged via a purge line 4 into the main production line 5, i.e. that line which transports extracted hydrocarbons from the underwater location to the surface. Alternatively, used or redundant chemicals may be simply purged to the surrounding sea water, although this is not a preferred solution. The inert separators may bypass the operational components of the underwater facility 3 and be purged directly into the purge line 4, or they may be separated into a waste store in the underwater facility 3 for disposal at a later time. Used chemicals / separators may be removed from production fluid at a surface location without significant issue.

    [0024] If, for example, due to a fault, chemicals have mixed or reacted in the supply line 1, this may be sensed as the chemicals enter the underwater facility 4, and the mixed / reacted chemicals may be separated to bypass the operational components of the underwater facility 3, or they may be separated into a waste store in the underwater facility 3 for disposal at a later time.

    [0025] A method according to an embodiment of the invention is illustrated in Fig. 2. Like reference numerals have been retained where possible.

    [0026] A supply line 1 runs from a first end at a surface (topside) location to a second end at a chemical store on the seabed. The chemical store comprises three chemical storage tanks 6, 7, 8 and a waste storage tank 9. The chemical store may have similar features to other underwater installations known in the art, such as, for example, over-trawl protection, installation and recovery / retrieval points, and work-over access points.

    [0027] Chemicals are supplied in the supply line similarly to Fig.1.

    [0028] When a chemical arrives at the second end of the supply line 1, sensors are used to identify (through, for example, sensing of the chemical's density, electrical conductance, etc.) which chemical is currently present at the second end of the supply line. In this case, two sensors 10, 11 are used, each sensing a different parameter, and processing means (not shown) may be used to combine the outputs of each sensor to provide enhanced identification. The control valves 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 are operated to direct the chemical to its respective chemical storage tank in dependence on the output from sensors 10, 11 and associated processing means - e.g. chemical A may be stored in chemical storage tank 6, chemical B may be stored in chemical storage tank 7, and chemical C may be stored in chemical storage tank 8. With the chemicals separated and stored in their respective chemical storage tanks, they may be used in the operations of an underwater field, as indicated by the arrow F. The fluids may be delivered to one or more point of delivery in the subsea environment, such as, for example, Christmas trees, manifolds, and subsea factory components such as pumps and separators.

    [0029] The sensors 10, 11 may be used to detect when an inert separator arrives at the second end of the supply line 1 and valves 13, 15, 17 operated in response to direct the inert separator to the waste storage tank 9. The sensors 10, 11 may also detect when, for example, due to a fault, chemicals that have mixed or reacted arrive at the second end of the supply line 1, and valves 13, 15, 17 operated in response to direct the mixed / reacted chemicals to the waste storage tank 9.

    [0030] The contents of waste storage tank 9 may be purged via the purge line 4 into the production line 5 to return them to the surface, or the contents may be kept in waste storage tank 9 for disposal at a later time.

    [0031] Although three chemicals are shown in the example above, it will be apparent that there is no upper limit on how many different chemicals could be provided using the method and apparatus of the present invention. In practice, the number of different chemicals supplied will depend on the specific application at hand.

    IMPLEMENTATION



    [0032] Suitable materials for the inner wall of the supply line include PTFE or other non-reactive plastic material, a hydrophobic material, stainless metals such as stainless steel, or ceramics. A hydrophobic-type chemical could also be applied to the inner wall of the supply line to help prevent pipe contamination.

    [0033] Inert separators are designed to clean the inner wall of the supply line as they move through the supply line.

    [0034] Common, bulk fluids used in underwater facilities include ethylene glycol (MEG) and methanol (MeOH). These chemicals would need to be provided in large volumes, therefore their slugs would have lengths of many kilometres. Fluids required in smaller volumes include scale inhibiters, hydrate inhibitors, etc.

    [0035] Injection rates may vary between low flow and high flow dependent on chemical demand. Low flow is usually considered as the range of 0.3 litres per hour to 100 litres per hour, with high flow usually being 100 to 9000 litres per hour, with pressures usually from 5kPsi (34.47MPa) to 15kPsi (103.42MPa).

    [0036] As discussed above, inert separators could be solid plugs, or inert fluids / gels, or ice. As a solid plug, pipe inspection gauges (PIGs) could be used. These would need to be collected from the seabed, or could be left on the sea floor if made from a biodegradable material. In all cases the inert separator is designed to clean and could be designed to inspect the inner wall of the supply line as it moves through the supply line.

    [0037] A certain amount of mixing between the inert separators and the chemicals would be acceptable, and the size of each could be changed to allow this. The sensors would then determine when the change has finished tapering from one to the other.

    [0038] When sensing the inert separators and chemicals for distribution to subsea use or subsea storage, the sensing system should determine:
    1. i. When a change occurs from a chemical to an inert separator and vice versa;
    2. ii. When the passing fluid is pure enough to be accepted into the rest of the subsea system; and
    3. iii. When a PIG arrives at the second end of the supply line, if this is the chosen solution for chemical separation.


    [0039] The sensing system could use any of the following sensors that are already deployed subsea, such as:
    1. i. electrical capacitance / inductance
    2. ii. resistivity
    3. iii. gamma densitometer
    4. iv. ultrasound
    5. v. computed tomography (CT)
    6. vi. pH measurements
    7. vii. optical measurements
    8. viii. radiological measurements
    9. ix. fluorescence measurements.


    [0040] A combination of dissimilar sensing technologies could deliver a more effective determination of the passing chemical or separator. Any sensors may be provided with associated processing means for using the data produced by the sensor for identification.

    [0041] The chemical store could store fluids individually via respective fixed volume storage vessels (with or without pressure compensation), or individually via flexible volume storage vessels, such as, for example, inflatable storage devices, or expanding rigid devices. The chemical store could also store multiple fluids in a single storage vessel, either separated by an inert fluid or solid internal divider, or mixed together. If the chemicals are stored in a mixed form, they could be separated at the point of use.

    [0042] When the chemicals are required for use at some point in the underwater facility, the chemicals may be delivered using in-built pressure from the storage vessel pressure compensation, or they may be delivered using pressure from another part of the system, such as from a work-over system, a local hydraulic system or a local pressure storage system. The chemicals may also be simply pumped to their required destination.

    [0043] The return system should ensure that any mixed sections that are 'rejected' by the sensing system, and any detected inert sections, are separated to bypass the operational components of the underwater facility. If PIGs are used, a collection method, a pigging loop, or pig launcher to collect the pigs should be provided.

    [0044] Waste fluids could be discharged into the production line (assuming volumes are not significant). Waste could be temporarily held in a waste storage tank (as standard or in the event of sensor failure) and purged into the production line as, and when, required. Any fluids used to clean or flush the supply line should be directed to the production line or held in the waste storage tank for subsequent disposal.

    [0045] Refining of the overall efficiency and the reduction of waste would lead to the most cost effective solution. This would include optimising the inert separator / chemical slug size ratio, optimising the flow rate / turbulence / mixing of chemicals and inert sections to an allowable level, and optimising the timing of switching between chemicals (large slugs less often, or many smaller slugs, dependent on the requirements of the underwater facility).

    ALTERNATIVE ARRANGEMENTS



    [0046] The invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed above, and other possibilities will be apparent to those skilled in the art.

    [0047] For example, two or more supply lines could be used to give the system redundancy. Although this would increase the cost of the system, it would likely still be cheaper than prior art systems with one line per chemical (often resulting in five or more lines).

    [0048] An arrangement is possible where the sensors are omitted entirely and replaced with a control system using simple flow meters. As it will be known what order and volume chemicals have been injected into the first end of the supply line at the surface location, a control system at the second end may receive data from the first end to operate the valves and direct chemicals to their respective chemical storage tanks based simply on how much fluid has passed the flow meters. This could also be done based on the time elapsed from chemical injection at the first end.

    [0049] The subsea chemical store can be entirely omitted in some embodiments, and the chemicals delivered directly to their point of use from the surface on an asneeded basis. Alternatively, the chemical store could be by-passed in an emergency situation or a period of urgent demand, and the required chemical supplied directly to its point of use.


    Claims

    1. A method of supplying chemicals via a supply line (1) running between a surface location and a subsea location (3), the method comprising the steps of:

    supplying a first chemical (A) to the supply line (1);

    supplying a second chemical (B), different from the first chemical (A), to the supply line (1), the first and second chemicals being sequentially supplied as discrete slugs; providing at least one inert separator (P) between the first chemical (A) and the second chemical (B);

    cleaning an inner wall of the supply line (1) by the inert separator (P) while the first (A) and second chemicals (B) are being supplied;

    identifying the first chemical (A) and the second chemical (B) at the supply line (1); and

    removing the first (A) and second chemicals (B) from the supply line (1) based upon the identification.


     
    2. A method of supplying chemicals according to claim 1, further comprising the step of:

    supplying a third chemical (C) in the supply line, wherein

    the third chemical (C) is a different chemical to each of the first (A) and second chemicals (B), and

    the first (A), second (B) and third (C) chemicals are sequentially supplied as discrete slugs.


     
    3. A method of supplying chemicals according to claim 2, the method further comprising the step of providing at least one inert separator (P) between the second chemical (B) and the third chemical (C).
     
    4. A method of supplying chemicals according to claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the at least one inert separator (P) between the first chemical (A) and the second chemical (B) comprises one of: a solid pig, an inert fluid, an inert gel, a volume of inert gas, and ice.
     
    5. A method of supplying chemicals according to claim 3, wherein the at least one inert separator (P) between the second chemical (B) and the third chemical (C) comprises one of: a solid pig, an inert fluid, an inert gel, a bubble of inert gas, and ice.
     
    6. A method of supplying chemicals according to any preceding claim, wherein
    the supply line has first and second ends, and
    chemicals are supplied from the first end to the second end;
    said method further comprising the step of:
    storing each chemical in a respective chemical store (6, 7, 8) at said second end.
     
    7. A method of supplying chemicals according to claim 6, said method further comprising the step of:

    identifying each chemical as it arrives at said second end, and

    storing each chemical in a respective chemical store (6, 7, 8) at said second end comprises storing each chemical in a respective chemical store at said second end based on the identity of the arriving chemical.


     
    8. A method of supplying chemicals according to claim 7, wherein the step of identifying each chemical comprises sensing one of: electrical capacitance, electrical inductance, resistivity, gamma densitometer, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), pH measurements, optical measurements, radiological measurements, and fluorescence measurements.
     
    9. A method of supplying chemicals according to claim 6, 7 or 8, further comprising the step of:
    storing each inert separator (P) in a waste store (9) at said second end.
     
    10. A method of supplying chemicals according to claim 9, said method further comprising the step of:

    sensing each inert separator (P) as it arrives at the second end to sense the identity of the arriving inert separator, and wherein the step of

    storing each inert separator (P) in a waste store (9) at said second end comprises storing each inert separator in a waste store at said second end based on the sensed identity of the arriving inert separator.


     
    11. A method of supplying chemicals according to claim 10, wherein the step of sensing each inert separator (P) comprises sensing one of: electrical capacitance, electrical inductance, resistivity, gamma densitometer, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), pH measurements, optical measurements, radiological measurements, and fluorescence measurements.
     
    12. A method of supplying chemicals according to any preceding claim, wherein the supply line runs between a surface location and an underwater hydrocarbon extraction facility (3).
     
    13. An apparatus for supplying chemicals, comprising:

    a supply line (1) running between a surface location and a subsea location (3);

    a first chemical supply means for supplying a first chemical (A) to the supply line (1); and

    a second chemical supply means for supplying a second chemical (B), different from the first chemical (A), to the supply line (1), characterized in that the second chemical (B) is separated from the first chemical (A) by at least one inert separator (P) configured to clean an inner wall of the supply line while the first (A) and second chemicals (B) are being supplied; and wherein

    the first chemical supply means and second chemical supply means are adapted to sequentially supply the first and second chemicals to the supply line as discrete slugs, the first and second chemicals being identified at the supply line (1) for removal from the supply line.


     
    14. An apparatus for supplying chemicals according to claim 13, further comprising:

    a third chemical supply means for supplying a third chemical (C) to the supply line (1), wherein

    the third chemical is a different chemical to the first (A) and second chemicals (B), and

    the third chemical supply means is adapted to supply the third chemical as a discrete slug.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Verfahren zum Zuführen von Chemikalien über eine Versorgungsleitung (1), die zwischen einer Stelle an der Oberfläche und einer unterseeischen Stelle (3) verläuft, wobei das Verfahren folgende Schritte umfasst:

    Zuführen einer ersten Chemikalie (A) zu der Versorgungsleitung (1);

    Zuführen einer zweiten Chemikalie (B), die sich von der ersten Chemikalie (A) unterscheidet, zu der Versorgungsleitung (1), wobei die erste und zweite Chemikalie nacheinander als separate Schwalle zugeführt werden; Bereitstellen mindestens eines inerten Separators (P) zwischen der ersten Chemikalie (A) und der zweiten Chemikalie (B);

    Reinigen einer Innenwand der Versorgungsleitung (1) durch den inerten Separator (P), während die erste (A) und zweite Chemikalie (B) zugeführt werden;

    Identifizieren der ersten Chemikalie (A) und der zweiten Chemikalie (B) an der Versorgungsleitung (1); und

    Entfernen der ersten (A) und zweiten Chemikalie (B) aus der Versorgungsleitung (1) auf Basis der Identifizierung.


     
    2. Verfahren zum Zuführen von Chemikalien nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend folgenden Schritt:

    Zuführen einer dritten Chemikalie (C) in die Versorgungsleitung, wobei

    die dritte Chemikalie (C) eine andere Chemikalie als jeweils die erste (A) und die zweite Chemikalie (B) ist und

    die erste (A), zweite (B) und dritte (C) Chemikalie nacheinander als separate Schwalle zugeführt werden.


     
    3. Verfahren zum Zuführen von Chemikalien nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Verfahren ferner den Schritt des Bereitstellens mindestens eines inerten Separators (P) zwischen der zweiten Chemikalie (B) und der dritten Chemikalie (C) umfasst.
     
    4. Verfahren zum Zuführen von Chemikalien nach Anspruch 1, 2 oder 3, wobei der mindestens eine inerte Separator (P) zwischen der ersten Chemikalie (A) und der zweiten Chemikalie (B) eines von: einem massiven Molch, einem inerten Fluid, einem inerten Gel, einem Inertgasvolumen und Eis umfasst.
     
    5. Verfahren zum Zuführen von Chemikalien nach Anspruch 3, wobei der mindestens eine inerte Separator (P) zwischen der zweiten Chemikalie (B) und der dritten Chemikalie (C) eines von: einem massiven Molch, einem inerten Fluid, einem inerten Gel, einer Inertgasblase und Eis umfasst.
     
    6. Verfahren zum Zuführen von Chemikalien nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei
    die Versorgungsleitung ein erstes und zweites Ende hat und
    Chemikalien vom ersten Ende zu dem zweiten Ende zugeführt werden;
    wobei das Verfahren folgenden Schritt umfasst:
    Lagern jeder Chemikalie in einem jeweiligen Chemikalienlager (6, 7, 8) am zweiten Ende.
     
    7. Verfahren zum Zuführen von Chemikalien nach Anspruch 6, wobei das Verfahren ferner folgenden Schritt umfasst:

    Identifizieren jeder Chemikalie, wenn sie am zweiten Ende ankommt, und

    wobei das Lagern jeder Chemikalie in einem jeweiligen Chemikalienlager (6, 7, 8) am zweiten Ende, das Lagern jeder Chemikalie in einem jeweiligen Chemikalienlager am zweiten Ende auf Basis der Identität der ankommenden Chemikalie umfasst.


     
    8. Verfahren zum Zuführen von Chemikalien nach Anspruch 7, wobei der Schritt des Identifizierens jeder Chemikalie das Erfassen eines von: elektrischer Kapazität, elektrischer Induktivität, spezifischem Widerstand, Gammadichtemesser, Ultraschall, Computertomographie (CT), pH-Messungen, optischen Messungen, radiologischen Messungen und Fluoreszenzmessungen umfasst.
     
    9. Verfahren zum Zuführen von Chemikalien nach Anspruch 6, 7 oder 8, ferner umfassend folgenden Schritt:
    Lagern jedes inerten Separators (P) in einem Abfalllager (9) am zweiten Ende.
     
    10. Verfahren zum Zuführen von Chemikalien nach Anspruch 9, wobei das Verfahren ferner folgenden Schritt umfasst:

    Erfassen jedes inerten Separators (P), wenn er am zweiten Ende ankommt, um die Identität des ankommenden inerten Separators zu erfassen, und wobei der Schritt des

    Lagerns jedes inerten Separators (P) in einem Abfalllager (9) am zweiten Ende, das Lagern jedes inerten Separators in einem Abfalllager am zweiten Ende auf Basis der erfassten Identität des ankommenden inerten Separators umfasst.


     
    11. Verfahren zum Zuführen von Chemikalien nach Anspruch 10, wobei der Schritt des Erfassens jedes inerten Separators (P) das Erfassen eines von: elektrischer Kapazität, elektrischer Induktivität, spezifischem Widerstand, Gammadichtemesser, Ultraschall, Computertomographie (CT), pH-Messungen, optischen Messungen, radiologischen Messungen und Fluoreszenzmessungen umfasst.
     
    12. Verfahren zum Zuführen von Chemikalien nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Versorgungsleitung zwischen einer Stelle an der Oberfläche und einer unterseeischen Kohlenwasserstoff-Extraktionsanlage (3) verläuft.
     
    13. Gerät zum Zuführen von Chemikalien, umfassend:

    eine Versorgungsleitung (1), die zwischen einer Stelle an der Oberfläche und einer unterseeischen Stelle (3) verläuft;

    ein erstes Chemikalienzuführmittel zum Zuführen einer ersten Chemikalie (A) zu der Versorgungsleitung (1); und

    ein zweites Chemikalienzuführmittel zum Zuführen einer zweiten Chemikalie (B), die sich von der ersten Chemikalie (A) unterscheidet, zu der Versorgungsleitung (1), dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die zweite Chemikalie (B) von der ersten Chemikalie (A) getrennt ist durch mindestens einen inerten Separator (P), der zum Reinigen einer Innenwand der Versorgungsleitung, während die erste (A) und zweite Chemikalie (B) zugeführt werden, konfiguriert ist; und wobei

    das erste Chemikalienzuführmittel und das zweite Chemikalienzuführmittel eingerichtet sind, um die erste und zweite Chemikalie nacheinander als separate Schwalle der Versorgungsleitung zuzuführen, wobei die erste und zweite Chemikalie an der Versorgungsleitung (1) zum Entfernen aus der Versorgungsleitung identifiziert werden.


     
    14. Gerät zum Zuführen von Chemikalien nach Anspruch 13, ferner umfassend:

    ein drittes Chemikalienzuführmittel zum Zuführen einer dritten Chemikalie (C) zu der Versorgungsleitung (1), wobei

    die dritte Chemikalie eine andere Chemikalie als die erste (A) und zweite Chemikalie (B) ist und

    das dritte Chemikalienzuführmittel eingerichtet ist, um die dritte Chemikalie als separaten Schwall zuzuführen.


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé d'alimentation en produits chimiques par le biais d'une ligne d'alimentation (1) s'étendant entre un emplacement de surface et un emplacement sous-marin (3), le procédé comprenant les étapes consistant à :

    fournir un premier produit chimique (A) à la ligne d'alimentation (1) ;

    fournir un deuxième produit chimique (B), différent du premier produit chimique (A), à la ligne d'alimentation (1), les premier et deuxième produits chimiques étant fournis séquentiellement sous la forme de boues discrètes ; fournir au moins un séparateur inerte (P) entre le premier produit chimique (A) et le deuxième produit chimique (B) ;

    nettoyer une paroi interne de la ligne d'alimentation (1) au moyen du séparateur inerte (P) pendant que les premier (A) et deuxième (B) produits chimiques sont fournis ;

    identifier le premier produit chimique (A) et le deuxième produit chimique (B) au niveau de la ligne d'alimentation (1) ; et

    retirer les premier (A) et deuxième (B) produits chimiques de la ligne d'alimentation (1) en fonction de l'identification.


     
    2. Procédé d'alimentation en produits chimiques selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à :

    fournir un troisième produit chimique (C) dans la ligne d'alimentation, dans lequel

    le troisième produit chimique (C) est un produit chimique différent de chacun des premier (A) et deuxième (B) produits chimiques, et

    les premier (A), deuxième (B) et troisième (C) produits chimiques sont fournis séquentiellement sous la forme de boues discrètes.


     
    3. Procédé d'alimentation en produits chimiques selon la revendication 2, le procédé comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à fournir au moins un séparateur inerte (P) entre le deuxième produit chimique (B) et le troisième produit chimique (C).
     
    4. Procédé d'alimentation en produits chimiques selon la revendication 1, 2 ou 3, dans lequel l'au moins un séparateur inerte (P) entre le premier produit chimique (A) et le deuxième produit chimique (B) comprend un des éléments suivants : un racleur solide, un fluide inerte, un gel inerte, un volume de gaz inerte, et de la glace.
     
    5. Procédé d'alimentation en produits chimiques selon la revendication 3, dans lequel l'au moins un séparateur inerte (P) entre le deuxième produit chimique (b) et le troisième produit chimique (C) comprend un des éléments suivants : un racleur solide, un fluide inerte, un gel inerte, une bulle de gaz inerte, et de la glace.
     
    6. Procédé d'alimentation en produits chimiques selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel
    la ligne d'alimentation possède de première et seconde extrémités, et des produits chimiques sont fournis depuis la première extrémité à la seconde extrémité ;
    ledit procédé comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à :
    stocker chaque produit chimique dans un réservoir de stockage de produit chimique respectif (6, 7, 8) au niveau de ladite seconde extrémité.
     
    7. Procédé d'alimentation en produits chimiques selon la revendication 6, ledit procédé comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à :

    identifier chaque produit chimique à son arrivée au niveau de ladite seconde extrémité, et

    stocker chaque produit chimique dans un réservoir de stockage de produit chimique respectif (6, 7, 8) au niveau de ladite seconde extrémité qui comprend le stockage de chaque produit chimique dans un réservoir de stockage de produit chimique respectif au niveau de ladite seconde extrémité en fonction de l'identité du produit chimique arrivant.


     
    8. Procédé d'alimentation en produits chimiques selon la revendication 7, dans lequel l'étape consistant à identifier chaque produit chimique comprend la détection de l'un des éléments suivants : une capacitance électrique, une inductance électrique, une résistivité, un densitomètre gamma, un ultrason, une tomodensimétrie (CT), des mesures de pH, des mesures optiques, des mesures radiologiques, et des mesures de fluorescence.
     
    9. Procédé d'alimentation en produits chimiques selon la revendication 6, 7 ou 8, comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à :
    stocker chaque séparateur inerte (P) dans un réservoir de stockage de déchets (9) au niveau de ladite seconde extrémité.
     
    10. Procédé d'alimentation en produits chimiques selon la revendication 9, ledit procédé comprenant en outre l'étape consistant à :

    détecter chaque séparateur inerte (P) à son arrivée au niveau de la seconde extrémité pour détecter l'identité du séparateur inerte arrivant, et dans lequel l'étape consistant à

    stocker chaque séparateur inerte (P) dans un réservoir de stockage de déchets (9) au niveau de ladite seconde extrémité comprend le stockage de chaque séparateur inerte dans un réservoir de stockage de déchets au niveau de ladite seconde extrémité en fonction de l'identité détectée du séparateur inerte arrivant.


     
    11. Procédé d'alimentation en produits chimiques selon la revendication 10, dans lequel l'étape consistant à détecter chaque séparateur inerte (P) comprend la détection d'un des éléments suivants : une capacitance électrique, une inductance électrique, une résistivité, un densitomètre gamma, un ultrason, une tomodensimétrie (CT), des mesures de pH, des mesures optiques, des mesures radiologiques, et des mesures de fluorescence.
     
    12. Procédé d'alimentation en produits chimiques selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel la ligne d'alimentation s'étend entre un emplacement de surface et une installation d'extraction d'hydrocarbures sous-marine (3).
     
    13. Appareil d'alimentation en produits chimiques, comprenant :

    une ligne d'alimentation (1) s'étendant entre un emplacement de surface et un emplacement sous-marin (3) ;

    un premier moyen d'alimentation en produit chimique destiné à fournir un premier produit chimique (A) à la ligne d'alimentation (1) ; et

    un second moyen d'alimentation en produit chimique destiné à fournir un deuxième produit chimique (B), différent du premier produit chimique (A), à la ligne d'alimentation (1), caractérisé en ce que le deuxième produit chimique (B) est séparé du premier produit chimique (A) par au moins un séparateur inerte (P) configuré pour nettoyer une paroi interne de la ligne d'alimentation pendant que les premier (A) et deuxième (B) produits chimiques sont fournis ; et dans lequel

    le premier moyen d'alimentation en produit chimique et le second moyen d'alimentation en produit chimique sont conçus pour fournir séquentiellement les premier et deuxième produits chimiques à la ligne d'alimentation sous la forme de boues discrètes, les premier et deuxième produits chimiques étant identifiés au niveau de la ligne d'alimentation (1) pour être retirés de la ligne d'alimentation.


     
    14. Appareil d'alimentation en produits chimiques selon la revendication 13, comprenant en outre :

    un troisième moyen d'alimentation en produit chimique destiné à fournir un troisième produit chimique (C) à la ligne d'alimentation (1), dans lequel

    le troisième produit chimique est un produit chimique différent des premier (A) et deuxième (B) produits chimiques, et

    le troisième moyen d'alimentation en produit chimique est conçu pour fournir le troisième produit chimique sous la forme d'une boue discrète.


     




    Drawing









    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description