(19)
(11)EP 2 893 657 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 12769362.0

(22)Date of filing:  24.09.2012
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04J 3/06(2006.01)
H04W 88/08(2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2012/068774
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/037061 (13.03.2014 Gazette  2014/11)

(54)

USE OF COMMON PUBLIC RADIO INTERFACE OVER ASYMMETRIC NETWORKS

VERWENDUNG ÖFFENTLICHER ALLGEMEINER FUNKSCHNITTSTELLEN ÜBER ASYMMETRISCHE NETZWERKE

UTILISATION DE L'INTERFACE RADIO PUBLIQUE COMMUNE SUR DES RÉSEAUX ASYMÉTRIQUES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 06.09.2012 EP 12183318

(43)Date of publication of application:
15.07.2015 Bulletin 2015/29

(73)Proprietor: Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (publ)
164 83 Stockholm (SE)

(72)Inventors:
  • RUFFINI, Stefano
    I-00179 Rome (IT)
  • POHLMAN, Björn
    S-17551 Järfälla (SE)

(74)Representative: Brann AB 
P.O. Box 3690 Drottninggatan 27
103 59 Stockholm
103 59 Stockholm (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 276 298
  
  • STEFANO RUFFINI ERICSSON ITALY: "Discussion on CPRI over OTN Sync Requirements", ITU-T DRAFT ; STUDY PERIOD 2009-2012, INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION, GENEVA ; CH, vol. 13, 21 September 2010 (2010-09-21), pages 1-6, XP017448601, [retrieved on 2010-09-21]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Technical Field



[0001] This invention relates to a radio access architecture, and in particular to a radio access architecture using the Common Public Radio Interface. More specifically, the invention relates to the use of the Common Public Radio Interface over a transmission medium in which a downlink delay and an uplink delay cannot be guaranteed to be equal.

Background



[0002] It is known that, in a Radio Access Network (RAN), such as a Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) RAN, the radio base station has two basic subsystems, namely the Radio Equipment Control (REC) and the Radio Equipment (RE). The Common Public Radio Interface (CPRI) defines a specification for the internal interface of radio base stations between the Radio Equipment Control (REC) and the Radio Equipment (RE).

[0003] In some circumstances, the particular Radio Access Network might require that the nodes of the network should be synchronized, to within a specified time. In such a case, it will often be necessary to calibrate for the delay introduced by the link between the nodes, in particular when the Radio Equipment Control and the Radio Equipment are not co-located.

[0004] In many implementations, the link between the Radio Equipment Control (REC) and the Radio Equipment (RE) uses a point-to-point optical fibre connection. In that case, it can be assumed, with an acceptable degree of accuracy, that the connection is symmetric, that is, that the uplink delay is equal to the downlink delay. The round-trip delay, that is, the time taken for a signal to pass from a first node to a second node, and then back to the first node, can be measured accurately. Therefore, if it can be assumed that the uplink delay is equal to the downlink delay, the one way delay can be estimated from the round trip delay with acceptable accuracy.

[0005] However, when the link uses an asymmetric connection, in which the uplink delay is not necessarily equal to the downlink delay, the one way delay cannot be estimated from the round trip delay with the degree of accuracy that is required.

[0006] There are known documents related to Common Public Radio Interface (CPRI), namely EP2276298A1 and S. RUFFINI "Discussion on CPRI over OTN Sync Requirements", ITU-T DRAFT; STUDY PERIOD 2009-2012; vol. 13; 21 September 2010; pages 1-6. However, devices and operations as in the invention now to be described are neither disclosed nor suggested in these documents.

Summary



[0007] It is an object to provide a method of allowing the Common Public Radio Interface over an asymmetric transmission medium, in which a downlink delay and an uplink delay cannot be guaranteed to be equal.

[0008] According to one aspect, there is provided a method of communicating in a wireless network. The method comprises, in a node of the network, receiving data over a Common Public Radio Interface connection, extracting path delay data from the Common Public Radio Interface data frames, and correcting for path delay asymmetry using said path delay data. Wherein the path delay data comprises data relating to a difference in a first transit time from the first node to the second node and a second transit time from the second node to the first node or the path delay data comprises data relating to the first transit time from the first node to the second node and data relating to the second transit time from the second node to the first node.

[0009] The Common Public Radio Interface connection may be over an asymmetric transport network, with the path delay data relating to the asymmetric transport network, and the asymmetric transport network may be an Optical Transport Network.

[0010] In an embodiment, the path delay data is received within control words of the Common Public Radio Interface data frames. For example, the path delay data may be received within control words 8-15, 72-79, 136-143 and 200-207 of a hyperframe of the Common Public Radio Interface data frames, or may be received within control words 16-(p-1), 80-(p+63), 144-(p+127) and 208-(p+191) of a hyperframe of the Common Public Radio Interface data frames, where p is the index of a start of Control & Management data.

[0011] In some embodiments, the path delay data comprises data directly representing a time value, for example a value equal to said time value in nanoseconds multiplied by a predetermined multiplier.

[0012] According to another aspect, there is provided a method of communicating in a wireless network, comprising, in a Common Public Radio Interface connection between two nodes of the network, transmitting path delay data from a first node to a second node within Common Public Radio Interface data frames. Wherein the path delay data comprises data relating to a difference in a first transit time from the first node to the second node and a second transit time from the second node to the first node or the path delay data comprises data relating to the first transit time from the first node to the second node and data relating to the second transit time from the second node to the first node.

[0013] According to another aspect, there is provided a Common Public Radio Interface node, comprising: a mapper, for receiving payload and control data, and for receiving path delay data, and for forming Common Public Radio Interface data frames from said data; and a transmitter, for transmitting said Common Public Radio Interface data frames. Wherein the path delay data comprises data relating to a difference in a first transit time from the first node to the second node and a second transit time from the second node to the first node or the path delay data comprises data relating to the first transit time from the first node to the second node and data relating to the second transit time from the second node to the first node.

[0014] According to another aspect, there is provided a Common Public Radio Interface node, comprising: a receiver, for receiving Common Public Radio Interface data frames; and a demapper, for extracting path delay data from said Common Public Radio Interface data frames. Wherein the path delay data comprises data relating to a difference in a first transit time from the first node to the second node and a second transit time from the second node to the first node or the path delay data comprises data relating to the first transit time from the first node to the second node and data relating to the second transit time from the second node to the first node.

Brief description of the drawings



[0015] 

Figure 1 shows a system architecture, illustrating a use of the Common Public Radio Interface.

Figure 2 shows a form of a node in the system of Figure 1.

Figure 3 shows a Common Public Radio Interface connection over an asymmetric network.

Figure 4 illustrates the asymmetry correction in the situation illustrated in Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a flow chart, illustrating a first method performed in a node with a Common Public Radio Interface connection.

Figure 6 is a flow chart, illustrating a second method performed in a node with a Common Public Radio Interface connection.

Figure 7 illustrates a first aspect of the data structure in the Common Public Radio Interface specification.

Figure 8 illustrates a second aspect of the data structure in the Common Public Radio Interface specification.

Figure 9 illustrates a third aspect of the data structure in the Common Public Radio Interface specification.


Detailed description



[0016] Figure 1 shows a system architecture of a Radio Base Station System 10, which is divided into two basic subsystems, namely the Radio Equipment Control (REC) and the Radio Equipment (RE). As is known, the REC contains the radio functions of the digital baseband domain, whereas the RE contains the analogue radio frequency functions. It will be appreciated that there are many system architectures and topologies in which an interface in accordance with the Common Public Radio Interface (CPRI) specification can be used. However, in the example system architecture shown in Figure 1, there is a single Radio Equipment Control (REC) 12, connected to a first Radio Equipment (RE) 14 and a second Radio Equipment (RE) 16. The Radio Equipment Control (REC) 12 is connected to the first Radio Equipment (RE) 14 by means of a first CPRI link 18, with the Radio Equipment Control (REC) 12 acting as the Master and the first Radio Equipment (RE) 14 acting as the Slave. The first Radio Equipment (RE) 14 is connected to the second Radio Equipment (RE) 16 by means of a second CPRI link 20, with the first Radio Equipment (RE) 14 acting as the Master and the second Radio Equipment (RE) 16 acting as the Slave.

[0017] The Radio Equipment Control (REC) 12 has a network interface 22 for connection to the core network. For example, in the case of a UMTS radio access network, the REC provides access to the Radio Network Controller via the lub interface. In the case of a WiMAX network, the REC provides access to other network entities, such as other base stations, or the Access Service Network (ASN) Gateway. In the case of an Extended UMTS Radio Access (E-UTRA) network, the REC provides access to the Evolved Packet Core for the transport of user plane and control plane traffic via an S1 interface.

[0018] The Radio Equipments 14, 16 provide the air interfaces 24, 26 to the user equipment or mobile subscriber stations, for example over the Uu interface in the case of a UMTS radio access network.

[0019] In the Radio Equipment Control (REC) 12, and the Radio Equipments (RE) 14, 16, the physical layer (layer 1) typically supports at least an electrical interface and an optical interface, while layer 2 supports flexibility and scalability. As is conventional, User Plane data, Control and Management Plane data, and Synchronization Plane data are multiplexed over the CPRI link.

[0020] Figure 2 illustrates schematically the form of the CPRI node in either the Radio Equipment Control (REC) or the Radio Equipments (RE). Specifically, the CPRI node 30 contains a CPRI client 32, which includes a mapping block 34, for putting the required data into the format defined by the CPRI specification, and a demapping block 36, for extracting data from data received in the format defined by the CPRI specification. In addition, the CPRI node 30 contains a transceiver block 38, for transmitting and receiving data over the relevant interface.

[0021] Figure 3 illustrates a radio base station system in accordance with an embodiment. In this illustrated embodiment, the Radio Equipment Control (REC) 50 (also known as the Digital Unit (DU)) is located remotely from the Radio Equipment (RE) 52 (also known as the Radio Unit (RU)). The REC 50 is associated with a first CPRI client OTN mapper node 54, which performs mapping and demapping as described above, amongst other functions. Similarly, the RE 52 is associated with a second CPRI client OTN mapper node 56, which performs mapping and demapping as described above.

[0022] As noted above, the REC 50 is located remotely from the RE 52, and they are connected over a server network 58. In this illustrated example, the server network is an Optical Transport Network (OTN), including multiple nodes, of which some nodes 60, 62, 64, 66, 68, 70 are illustrated. The mapping of CPRI over OTN has been defined in the recommendation ITU-T G.709.

[0023] The CPRI specification places certain requirements on the link between the REC and RE nodes. For example, the CPRI specification shall guarantee that the frequency synchronization on the radio interfaces should be better than 50 parts per billion, as required by many mobile technologies, and therefore only limited noise can be introduced by the CPRI link itself. Other mobile features and technologies, such as Long Term Evolution Time Division Duplex (LTE-TDD) require phase alignment over the radio interface. This in turn means that the REC and RE nodes should be able to calibrate for any delay on the link between them. For example, the calibration for delay over the transport network should be performed to within a few tens of nanoseconds (for example within 16 ns).

[0024] In some situations, the transport network between the REC and the RE is symmetric within a tolerance of a few nanoseconds. That is, the delay associated with the transmission from the REC to the RE is equal to the delay associated with the transmission from the RE to the REC. In such situations, the link delay calibration can be performed by calculating the round trip delay from the REC to the RE and back to the REC, or from the RE to the REC and back to the RE. The link delay is then half of the round trip delay.

[0025] However, in the system shown in Figure 3, where an OTN network is used as the transport network, it cannot be assumed that the transport network is symmetric. That is, OTN networks may introduce different delays in the forward (downlink) and reverse (uplink) transmission. The asymmetry can arise due to different fiber link lengths in the forward and reverse directions, the use of different wavelengths, and/or different delays added by the various buffers (for example for used in Forward Error Correction, mapping, etc.) in the forward and reverse directions.

[0026] Although the invention is described herein with reference to a specific asymmetric network in the form of an Optical Transport Network, it will be appreciated that CPRI links could equally be established over other asymmetric networks, including wireless networks.

[0027] As discussed in more detail below, the problem of calibrating for delays in asymmetric transport networks such as OTN is mitigated by enhancing the CPRI specification to carry information on the downlink and uplink transit time. This information can then be used by the CPRI system to compensate for the asymmetry introduced by the transport network before calibrating for link delay.

[0028] Figure 4 illustrates the radio base station system of Figure 3, operating in accordance with one embodiment. The REC 50 is associated with a first CPRI client 54 OTN mapper node, while the RE 52 is associated with a second CPRI client 56 OTN mapper node, and the REC 50 and the RE 52 are connected over an Optical Transport Network 58.

[0029] In this embodiment, the CPRI client OTN mapper nodes 54, 56 have access to a common source of time information. For example, the CPRI client OTN mapper nodes 54, 56 might have access to respective Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers at their respective locations, allowing them to access highly accurate time information. This time information can be transmitted from the REC 50 to the RE 52, and from the RE 52 to the REC 50. As another example, if the OTN supports the Precision Time Protocol defined by IEEE 1588, then this can be used to provide a common source of time information between the nodes.

[0030] Thus, as shown in Figure 4, where the downlink transit time from the REC 50 to the RE 52 is denoted by td, and the uplink transit time from the RE 52 to the REC 50 is denoted by tu, the CPRI client OTN mapper node 56 is able to deduce the downlink transit time by comparing the time of transmission from the REC 50 with the time of reception at the RE 52. Similarly, the CPRI client OTN mapper node 54 is able to deduce the uplink transit time by comparing the time of transmission from the RE 52 with the time of reception at the REC 50. If the RE 52 also notifies the REC 50 of the downlink transit time, and the REC 50 notifies the RE 52 of the uplink transit time, then each CPRI end node is able to deduce the asymmetry (tu - td), that is, the difference between the uplink transit time and the downlink transit time.

[0031] Thus, the information about the transit times can be used to deduce information about the difference between the transit times, and this represents the path asymmetry.

[0032] Each CPRI end node can then make an appropriate correction for the asymmetry.

[0033] As an alternative, WO/2012/110109 describes a method of providing path delay asymmetry information, allowing time synchronization between a master clock at a first client node and a slave clock at a second client node. The method described therein can be used to generate path delay data, which can then be exchanged between the REC 50 and RE 52, as described in more detail below.

[0034] There are further alternative methods for generating the path delay data. For example, each node in the link can add information on the related transit time.

[0035] Figure 5 is a flow chart illustrating a first method, performed in a node (which may be a REC or a RE). In step 70, the node receives payload and control data to be transmitted to another node. In step 72, the node obtains path delay data, for example by any of the methods described above.

[0036] In step 74, the node creates a CPRI frame, for example in the mapping block, including the path delay data, as described in more detail below. In step 76, the node transmits the CPRI frame to the other node.

[0037] Figure 6 is a flow chart illustrating a second method, performed in the other node described with reference to Figure 5 (which again may be a REC or a RE).

[0038] In step 80, the node receives a CPRI frame. In step 82, the node extracts the path delay data from the CPRI frame, for example in the demapping block.

[0039] In step 84, the node uses the extracted path delay data to perform an asymmetry calculation, in order to achieve the required synchronization between the nodes.

[0040] There are different ways in which the path delay data can be included in the CPRI frames.

[0041] Figure 7 illustrates the CPRI frame structure. Time is divided into 10 millisecond radio frames 90, 92, 94, each identified by a Basic Frame Number (BFN). Each radio frame is divided into 150 hyperframes 96, 98, 100 numbered #0, ..., #Z, ..., #149. Each hyperframe is divided into 256 basic frames 102, 104, 106 numbered #0, ..., #X, ..., #255. Thus, the length of a basic frame is 260.416667ns, which is equal to 1/3.84 MHz.

[0042] A basic frame consists of 16 words with index W = 0, ..., 15. The number of bytes in each word depends on the CPRI line bit rate. The CPRI specification mandates the use of an 8/10 coding scheme, in which 8-bit data symbols are mapped to 10-bit symbols for transmission. Thus, the number of bytes, Y, in each word depends on the CPRI line bit rate as follows:
CPRI line bit rate (Mbit/s)Y
614.4 1
1228.8 2
2457.6 4
3072.0 5
4915.2 8
6144.0 10
9830.4 16


[0043] Within each basic frame, one word, having the index W = 0 (that is, 1/16 of the basic frame), is used as a control word.

[0044] Figure 8 therefore shows the structure of one hyperframe, made up of 256 basic frames consisting of 16 words each, with one word in each basic frame being designated as a control word. The control words can be identified by an index X in the range from 0 to 255, corresponding to the index of the corresponding basic frame. Alternatively, the 256 basic frames can be divided into four subchannels identified by indices Xs in the range from 0 to 3, with the control words in each subchannel then being identified by the relevant index Xs and by indices Ns in the range from 0 to 63. Thus, X = Ns + 64*Xs.

[0045] Figure 9 shows in more detail the information that can be transmitted in the control words of each hyperframe, according to the CPRI specification.

[0046] There are 36 control words of one hyperframe reserved for future interface protocol extensions, namely the control words identified by indices 3, 8-15, 67, 72-79, 131, 136-143, 195 and 200-207 of the hyperframe, and the path delay data can be included within these control words.

[0047] Alternatively, there are at least 16 control words of one hyperframe reserved for Vendor specific data, namely the control words identified by indices 16-(p-1), 80-(p+63), 144-(p+127) and 208-(p+191) of the hyperframe, where p is the index of a start of Control & Management data, and the path delay data can be included within these control words. Thus, allocating 1 byte per hyperframe to the path delay data would allow the nodes to perform a delay calibration operation more frequently than once per millisecond, which should be sufficient in most cases. However, in principle correction could be associated with every delay measurement, for example 8 bytes per hyperframe.

[0048] As mentioned above, asymmetry is tolerated in the order of 20-40 ns.

[0049] The path delay data can be in a form that is consistent with popular implementations of IEEE 1588 correctionfield. More specifically, the IEEE1588 correctionfield is the value of the correction measured in nanoseconds and multiplied by 216. For example, in this format 2.5 ns is represented as "000000000002800016".

[0050] This allows the time information to be provided with a precision in the nanosecond range, while also allowing a maximum value in the order of some hundreds of microseconds, which should be sufficient for most situations.

[0051] Thus, there is disclosed a method of communicating that allows CPRI to be transported over Optical Transport Networks, or other asymmetric networks, with minimal impact on the CPRI or OTN techniques.


Claims

1. A method of communicating in a wireless network, the method comprising, in a second node of the network:

receiving data (80) over a Common Public Radio Interface connection from a first node in the network;

extracting path delay data (82) from Common Public Radio Interface data frames in the received data; characterised in that the path delay data comprises data relating to a difference in a first transit time from the first node to the second node and a second transit time from the second node to the first node or the path delay data comprises data relating to the first transit time from the first node to the second node and data relating to the second transit time from the second node to the first node; and

correcting for path delay asymmetry (84) using said path delay data.


 
2. A method as claimed in claim 1, comprising receiving the data over a Common Public Radio Interface connection over an asymmetric transport network, wherein said path delay data relates to said asymmetric transport network.
 
3. A method as claimed in claim 2, wherein the asymmetric transport network is an Optical Transport Network.
 
4. A method as claimed in any preceding claim, comprising extracting the path delay data from within control words 3, 8-15, 67, 72-79, 131, 136-143, 195 and 200-207 of a hyperframe of the Common Public Radio Interface data frames, or from within control words 16-(p-1), 80-(p+63), 144-(p+127) and 208-(p+191) of a hyperframe of the Common Public Radio Interface data frames, where p is the index of a start of Control & Management data.
 
5. A method of communicating in a wireless network, the method comprising, in a Common Public Radio Interface connection between two nodes of the network:
transmitting path delay data (76) from a first node to a second node within Common Public Radio Interface data frames, characterised in that the path delay data comprises data relating to a difference in a first transit time from the first node to the second node and a second transit time from the second node to the first node or the path delay data comprises data relating to the first transit time from the first node to the second node and data relating to the second transit time from the second node to the first node.
 
6. A first Common Public Radio Interface node, comprising:

a mapper (34), for receiving payload and control data, and for receiving path delay data, and for forming Common Public Radio Interface data frames from said payload, said control data and said path delay data; and

a transmitter (38), for transmitting said Common Public Radio Interface data frames to a second node; characterised in that the path delay data comprises data relating to a difference in a first transit time from the first node to the second node and a second transit time from the second node to the first node or the path delay data comprises data relating to the first transit time from the first node to the second node and data relating to the second transit time from the second node to the first node.


 
7. A Common Public Radio Interface node as claimed in claim 6, wherein said path delay data relates to an asymmetric transport network over which said Common Public Radio Interface data frames are to be transmitted.
 
8. A Common Public Radio Interface node as claimed in claim 6 or 7, wherein said mapper is configured to include said path delay data in control words 3, 8-15, 67, 72-79, 131, 136-143, 195 or 200-207 of a hyperframe of the Common Public Radio Interface data frames, or in control words 16-(p-1), 80-(p+63), 144-(p+127) and 208-(p+191) of a hyperframe of the Common Public Radio Interface data frames, where p is the index of a start of Control & Management data.
 
9. A second Common Public Radio Interface node, comprising:

a receiver (38), for receiving Common Public Radio Interface data frames from a first node; and

a demapper (36), for extracting path delay data from said Common Public Radio Interface data frames; characterised in that the path delay data comprises data relating to a difference in a first transit time from the first node to the second node and a second transit time from the second node to the first node or the path delay data comprises data relating to the first transit time from the first node to the second node and data relating to the second transit time from the second node to the first node; and

a corrector for correcting for path delay asymmetry (84) using said path delay data.
 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zum Kommunizieren in einem drahtlosen Netzwerk, wobei das Verfahren in einem zweiten Knoten des Netzwerks Folgendes umfasst:

Empfangen von Daten (80) über eine allgemeine öffentliche Funkschnittstellenverbindung von einem ersten Knoten in dem Netzwerk;

Extrahieren von Pfadverzögerungsdaten (82) aus Datenframes der allgemeinen öffentlichen Funkschnittstelle in den empfangenen Daten; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Pfadverzögerungsdaten Daten umfassen, die sich auf eine Differenz in einer ersten Übertragungszeit von dem ersten Knoten zu dem zweiten Knoten und einer zweiten Übertragungszeit von dem zweiten Knoten zu dem ersten Knoten beziehen, oder wobei die Pfadverzögerungsdaten Daten, die sich auf die erste Übertragungszeit von dem ersten Knoten zu dem zweiten Knoten beziehen, und Daten umfassen, die sich auf die zweite Übertragungszeit von dem zweiten Knoten zu dem ersten Knoten beziehen; und

Korrigieren der Pfadverzögerungsasymmetrie (84) unter Verwendung der Pfadverzögerungsdaten.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, das Empfangen der Daten über eine allgemeine öffentliche Funkschnittstellenverbindung über ein asymmetrisches Transportnetzwerk umfassend, wobei sich die Pfadverzögerungsdaten auf das asymmetrische Transportnetzwerk beziehen.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei das asymmetrische Transportnetzwerk ein optisches Transportnetzwerk ist.
 
4. Verfahren nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, das Extrahieren der Pfadverzögerungsdaten aus innerhalb von Steuerwörtern 3, 8-15, 67, 72-79, 131, 136-143, 195 und 200-207 eines Hyperframes der Datenframes der allgemeinen öffentlichen Funkschnittstelle oder aus innerhalb von Steuerwörtern 16-(p-1), 80-(p+63), 144-(p+127) und 208-(p+191) eines Hyperframes der Datenframes der allgemeinen öffentlichen Funkschnittstelle umfassend, wobei p der Index eines Starts von Steuerungs- und Managementdaten ist.
 
5. Verfahren zum Kommunizieren in einem drahtlosen Netzwerk, wobei das Verfahren in einer allgemeinen öffentlichen Funkschnittstellenverbindung zwischen zwei Knoten des Netzwerks Folgendes umfasst:
Übertragen von Pfadverzögerungsdaten (76) von einem ersten Knoten an einen zweiten Knoten innerhalb von Datenframes der allgemeinen öffentlichen Funkschnittstelle, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Pfadverzögerungsdaten Daten umfassen, die sich auf eine Differenz in einer ersten Übertragungszeit von dem ersten Knoten zu dem zweiten Knoten und einer zweiten Übertragungszeit von dem zweiten Knoten zu dem ersten Knoten beziehen, oder wobei die Pfadverzögerungsdaten Daten, die sich auf die erste Übertragungszeit von dem ersten Knoten zu dem zweiten Knoten beziehen, und Daten umfassen, die sich auf die zweite Übertragungszeit von dem zweiten Knoten zu dem ersten Knoten beziehen.
 
6. Erster allgemeiner öffentlicher Funkschnittstellenknoten, Folgendes umfassend:

eine Zuordnungsvorrichtung (34) zum Empfangen von Nutz- und Steuerdaten und zum Empfangen von Pfadverzögerungsdaten und zum Bilden von Datenframes einer allgemeinen öffentlichen Funkschnittstelle aus den Nutzdaten, den Steuerdaten und den Pfadverzögerungsdaten; und

eine Übertragungsvorrichtung (38) zum Übertragen der Datenframes der allgemeinen öffentlichen Funkschnittstelle an einen zweiten Knoten; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Pfadverzögerungsdaten Daten umfassen, die sich auf eine Differenz in einer ersten Übertragungszeit von dem ersten Knoten zu dem zweiten Knoten und einer zweiten Übertragungszeit von dem zweiten Knoten zu dem ersten Knoten beziehen, oder wobei die Pfadverzögerungsdaten Daten, die sich auf die erste Übertragungszeit von dem ersten Knoten zu dem zweiten Knoten beziehen, und Daten umfassen, die sich auf die zweite Übertragungszeit von dem zweiten Knoten zu dem ersten Knoten beziehen.


 
7. Allgemeiner öffentlicher Funkschnittstellenknoten nach Anspruch 6, wobei sich die Pfadverzögerungsdaten auf ein asymmetrisches Transportnetzwerk beziehen, über das die Datenframes der allgemeinen öffentlichen Funkschnittstelle übertragen werden sollen.
 
8. Allgemeiner öffentlicher Funkschnittstellenknoten nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei die Zuordnungsvorrichtung dazu konfiguriert ist, die Pfadverzögerungsdaten in Steuerwörter 3, 8-15, 67, 72-79, 131, 136-143, 195 oder 200-207 eines Hyperframes der Datenframes der allgemeinen öffentlichen Funkschnittstelle oder in Steuerwörter 16-(p-1), 80-(p+63), 144-(p+127) und 208-(p+191) eines Hyperframes der Datenframes der allgemeinen öffentlichen Funkschnittstelle einzuschließen, wobei p der Index eines Starts von Steuerungs- und Managementdaten ist.
 
9. Zweiter allgemeiner öffentlicher Funkschnittstellenknoten, Folgendes umfassend:

einen Empfänger (38) zum Empfangen von Datenframes einer allgemeinen öffentlichen Funkschnittstelle von einem ersten Knoten; und

eine Rückzuordnungsvorrichtung (36) zum Extrahieren von Pfadverzögerungsdaten aus den Datenframes der allgemeinen öffentlichen Funkschnittstelle; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die die Pfadverzögerungsdaten Daten umfassen, die sich auf eine Differenz in einer ersten Übertragungszeit von dem ersten Knoten zu dem zweiten Knoten und einer zweiten Übertragungszeit von dem zweiten Knoten zu dem ersten Knoten beziehen, oder wobei die Pfadverzögerungsdaten Daten, die sich auf die erste Übertragungszeit von dem ersten Knoten zu dem zweiten Knoten beziehen, und Daten umfassen, die sich auf die zweite Übertragungszeit von dem zweiten Knoten zu dem ersten Knoten beziehen; und
eine Korrigiervorrichtung zum Korrigieren der Pfadverzögerungsasymmetrie (84) unter Verwendung der Pfadverzögerungsdaten.


 


Revendications

1. Procédé de communication dans un réseau sans fil, le procédé comprenant, dans un second noeud du réseau :

la réception de données (80) sur une connexion d'interface radio publique commune à partir d'un premier noeud dans le réseau ;

l'extraction de données de retard de trajet (82) à partir de trames de données d'interface radio publique commune dans les données reçues ; caractérisé en ce que les données de retard de trajet comprennent des données relatives à une différence entre un premier temps de transit du premier noeud au second noeud et un second temps de transit du second noeud au premier noeud ou les données de retard de trajet comprennent des données relatives au premier temps de transit du premier noeud au second noeud et des données relatives au second temps de transit du second noeud au premier noeud ; et

la correction d'une asymétrie de retard de trajet (84) en utilisant lesdites données de retard de trajet.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant la réception des données sur une connexion d'interface radio publique commune sur un réseau de transport asymétrique, dans lequel lesdites données de retard de trajet concernent ledit réseau de transport asymétrique.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le réseau de transport asymétrique est un réseau de transport optique.
 
4. Procédé selon une quelconque revendication précédente, comprenant l'extraction des données de retard de trajet à partir de mots de commande 3, 8-15, 67, 72-79, 131, 136-143, 195 et 200-207 d'une hypertrame des trames de données d'interface radio publique commune ou à partir de mots de commande 16-(p-1), 80-(p+63), 144-(p+127) et 208-(p+191) d'une hypertrame des trames de données d'interface radio publique commune, où p est l'indice d'un début de données de commande et de gestion.
 
5. Procédé de communication dans un réseau sans fil, le procédé comprenant, dans une connexion d'interface radio publique commune entre deux noeuds du réseau :
la transmission de données de retard de trajet (76) d'un premier noeud à un second noeud dans des trames de données d'interface radio publique commune, caractérisé en ce que les données de retard de trajet comprennent des données relatives à une différence entre un premier temps de transit du premier noeud au second noeud et un second temps de transit du second noeud au premier noeud ou les données de retard de trajet comprennent des données relatives au premier temps de transit du premier noeud au second noeud et des données relatives au second temps de transit du second noeud au premier noeud.
 
6. Premier noeud d'interface radio publique commune comprenant :

un dispositif de mappage (34), pour recevoir une charge utile et des données de commande, et pour recevoir des données de retard de trajet, et pour former des trames de données d'interface radio publique commune à partir de ladite charge utile, desdites données de commande et desdites données de retard de trajet ; et

un émetteur (38), pour transmettre lesdites trames de données d'interface radio publique commune au second noeud ;

caractérisé en ce que les données de retard de trajet comprennent des données relatives à une différence entre un premier temps de transit du premier noeud au second noeud et un second temps de transit du second noeud au premier noeud ou les données de retard de trajet comprennent des données relatives au premier temps de transit du premier noeud au second noeud et des données relatives au second temps de transit du second noeud au premier noeud.


 
7. Noeud d'interface radio publique commune selon la revendication 6, dans lequel lesdites données de retard de trajet concernent un réseau de transport asymétrique sur lequel lesdites trames de données d'interface radio publique commune doivent être transmises.
 
8. Noeud d'interface radio publique commune selon la revendication 6 ou 7, dans lequel ledit dispositif de mappage est configuré pour inclure lesdites données de retard de trajet dans des mots de commande 3, 8-15, 67, 72-79, 131, 136-143, 195 ou 200-207 d'une hypertrame des trames de données d'interface radio publique commune ou dans des mots de commande 16-(p-1), 80-(p+63), 144-(p+127) et 208-(p+191) d'une hypertrame des trames de données d'interface radio publique commune, où p est l'indice d'un début de données de commande et de gestion.
 
9. Second noeud d'interface radio publique commune comprenant :

un récepteur (38), pour recevoir des trames de données d'interface radio publique commune à partir d'un premier noeud ; et

un dispositif de dé-mappage (36), pour extraire des données de retard de trajet à partir desdites trames de données d'interface radio publique commune ; caractérisé en ce que les données de retard de trajet comprennent des données relatives à une différence entre un premier temps de transit du premier noeud au second noeud et un second temps de transit du second noeud au premier noeud ou les données de retard de trajet comprennent des données relatives au premier temps de transit du premier noeud au second noeud et des données relatives au second temps de transit du second noeud au premier noeud ; et

un correcteur pour corriger une asymétrie de retard de trajet (84) en utilisant lesdites données de retard de trajet.


 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description