(19)
(11)EP 2 895 796 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(21)Application number: 13837928.4

(22)Date of filing:  13.09.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F23R 3/14  (2006.01)
F02C 7/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2013/059764
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/043537 (20.03.2014 Gazette  2014/12)

(54)

LIGHT WEIGHT SWIRLER FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMBUSTOR AND A METHOD OF MANUFACTURING

LEICHTGEWICHTIGER WIRBLER FÜR EINE GASTURBINENBRENNKAMMER UND VERFAHREN ZUR HERSTELLUNG

GÉNÉRATEUR LÉGER DE TOURBILLONS POUR CHAMBRE DE COMBUSTION DE MOTEUR À TURBINE À GAZ ET PROCÉDÉ POUR SA FABRICATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.09.2012 US 201213614657

(43)Date of publication of application:
22.07.2015 Bulletin 2015/30

(73)Proprietor: United Technologies Corporation
Farmington, CT 06032 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • MAX, Seth A.
    Connecticut 06712 (US)
  • JAUSE, Jonathan M.
    Vernon, Connecticut 06066 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 201 995
US-A- 4 689 961
US-A1- 2009 142 716
US-A1- 2012 047 899
US-B2- 8 127 550
FR-A1- 2 948 749
US-A1- 2008 271 703
US-A1- 2009 142 716
US-B2- 7 478 534
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a gas turbine engine and, more particularly, to a swirler therefor.

    [0002] Gas turbine engines, such as those that power modern commercial and military aircraft, include a compressor to pressurize airflow, a combustor to burn a hydrocarbon fuel in the presence of the pressurized airflow, and a turbine to extract energy from the resultant combustion gases.

    [0003] FR 2 948 749 discloses a fuel injection system for an aircraft.

    [0004] US 2012/0047899 A1 discloses a mixing screw for a fuel injector in a combustion chamber of a gas turbine.

    [0005] US2009/142716 discloses a swirler assembly for a combustor of a gas turbine engine.

    [0006] The combustor generally includes radially spaced inner and outer liners that define an annular combustion chamber therebetween. Arrays of circumferentially distributed combustion air holes penetrate multiple axial locations along each liner to radially admit the pressurized air into the combustion chamber. A plurality of circumferentially distributed fuel nozzles project into a forward section of the combustion chamber through a respective fuel nozzle swirler to supply the fuel to be mixed with the pressurized air.

    SUMMARY



    [0007] A swirler assembly for a combustor of a gas turbine engine according to one disclosed non-limiting embodiment of the present invention is claimed in claim 1.

    [0008] In a further embodiment of the foregoing embodiment, the swirler body includes a first slot and a second slot which are generally radial with respect to a centerline of said swirler body, the at least one pocket between the first slot and the second slot.

    [0009] In a further embodiment of any of the foregoing embodiments, the swirler first body includes a first slot and a second slot which are generally radial with respect to a centerline of said swirler first body, the at least one pocket between the first slot and the second slot. In the alternative or additionally thereto, the swirler second body includes a first slot and a second slot which are generally radial with respect to a centerline of said swirler second body, the at least one pocket between the first slot and the second slot.

    [0010] In the alternative or additionally thereto, the outer surface is cylindrical.

    [0011] In a further embodiment of any of the foregoing embodiments, a guide housing is mounted to the swirler first body.

    [0012] In the alternative or additionally thereto, the nozzle guide is mounted to the guide housing.

    [0013] In the alternative or additionally thereto, a capture plate is mounted to the guide housing to retain the nozzle guide, the nozzle guide movable with respect to the guide housing.

    [0014] In the alternative or additionally thereto, a capture plate is mounted to the guide housing to retain the nozzle guide.

    [0015] In the alternative or additionally thereto, the capture plate is annular.

    [0016] In the alternative or additionally thereto, the capture plate includes a non-circular inner periphery.

    [0017] In the alternative or additionally thereto, the capture plate includes a scalloped inner periphery.

    [0018] A method of lightening a swirler assembly for a combustor of a gas turbine engine according to another disclosed non-limiting embodiment of the present invention is claimed in claim 13.

    [0019] In a further embodiment of any of the foregoing embodiments, the method includes defining at least one pocket adjacent to a slot.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0020] Various features will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description of the disclosed non-limiting embodiment. The drawings that accompany the detailed description can be briefly described as follows:

    Figure 1 is a schematic cross-section of a gas turbine engine;

    Figure 2 is a partial sectional view of an exemplary annular combustor that may be used with the gas turbine engine shown in Figure 1;

    Figure 3 is an exploded view of a swirler assembly according to one non-limiting embodiment;

    Figure 4 is an expanded view of a swirler first body;

    Figure 5 is a partial sectional view of the swirler assembly of Figure 3;

    Figure 6 is an expanded view of a swirler second body;

    Figure 7 is an expanded partial sectional view of the swirler assembly of Figure 3;

    Figure 8 is an end view of the swirler assembly of Figure 3;

    Figure 9 is an exploded view of a swirler assembly according to an embodiment which is not part of the invention; and

    Figure 10 is an expanded perspective view of the swirler assembly of Figure


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0021] Figure 1 schematically illustrates a gas turbine engine 20. The gas turbine engine 20 is disclosed herein as a two-spool turbofan that generally incorporates a fan section 22, a compressor section 24, a combustor section 26 and a turbine section 28. Alternative engines might include an augmentor section (not shown) among other systems or features. The fan section 22 drives air along a bypass flowpath while the compressor section 24 drives air along a core flowpath for compression and communication into the combustor section 26 then expansion through the turbine section 28. Although depicted as a turbofan gas turbine engine in the disclosed non-limiting embodiment, it should be understood that the concepts described herein are not limited to use with turbofans as the teachings may be applied to other types of turbine engines such as a three-spool (plus fan) engine wherein an intermediate spool includes an intermediate pressure compressor (IPC) between the LPC and HPC and an intermediate pressure turbine (IPT) between the HPT and LPT.

    [0022] The engine 20 generally includes a low spool 30 and a high spool 32 mounted for rotation about an engine central longitudinal axis A relative to an engine static structure 36 via several bearing structures 38. The low spool 30 generally includes an inner shaft 40 that interconnects a fan 42, a low pressure compressor 44 ("LPC") and a low pressure turbine 46 ("LPT"). The inner shaft 40 drives the fan 42 directly or through a geared architecture 48 to drive the fan 42 at a lower speed than the low spool 30. An exemplary reduction transmission is an epicyclic transmission, namely a planetary or star gear system.

    [0023] The high spool 32 includes an outer shaft 50 that interconnects a high pressure compressor 52 ("HPC") and high pressure turbine 54 ("HPT"). A combustor 56 is arranged between the high pressure compressor 52 and the high pressure turbine 54. The inner shaft 40 and the outer shaft 50 are concentric and rotate about the engine central longitudinal axis A which is collinear with their longitudinal axes.

    [0024] Core airflow is compressed by the low pressure compressor 44 then the high pressure compressor 52, mixed with the fuel and burned in the combustor 56, then expanded over the high pressure turbine 54 and low pressure turbine 46. The turbines 54, 46 rotationally drive the respective low spool 30 and high spool 32 in response to the expansion.

    [0025] The main engine shafts 40, 50 are supported at a plurality of points by bearing structures 38 within the static structure 36. It should be understood that various bearing structures 38 at various locations may alternatively or additionally be provided.

    [0026] With reference to Figure 2, the combustor 56 generally includes a combustor outer wall 60 and a combustor inner wall 62. The outer wall 60 and the inner wall 62 are spaced inward from a diffuser case 64 such that a chamber 66 is defined therebetween. The chamber 66 is generally annular in shape and is defined between combustor walls 60, 62.

    [0027] The outer wall 60 and the diffuser case 64 define an annular outer plenum 76 and the inner wall 62 and the diffuser case 64 define an annular inner plenum 78. It should be understood that although a particular combustor is illustrated, other combustor types with various combustor liner arrangements will also benefit herefrom. It should be further understood that the disclosed cooling flow paths are but an illustrated embodiment and should not be limited only thereto.

    [0028] Each wall 60, 62 generally includes a respective support shell 68, 70 that supports one or more respective liners 72, 74 mounted to a hot side of the respective support shell 68, 70. The liners 72, 74 define a liner array that may be generally annular in shape. Each of the liners 72, 74 may be generally rectilinear and manufactured of, for example, a nickel based super alloy or ceramic material.

    [0029] The combustor 56 further includes a forward assembly 80 immediately downstream of the compressor section 24 to receive compressed airflow therefrom. The forward assembly 80 generally includes an annular hood 82, a bulkhead subassembly 84, a multiple of fuel nozzles 86 (one shown) and a multiple of swirlers 90 (one shown) that defines a central opening 92. The annular hood 82 extends radially between, and is secured to, the forwardmost ends of the liners 60, 62. The annular hood 82 includes a multiple of circumferentially distributed hood ports 94 that accommodate the respective fuel nozzle 86 and introduce air into the forward end of the combustion chamber 66. The centerline of the fuel nozzle 86 is concurrent with the centerline F of the respective swirler 90. Each fuel nozzle 86 may be secured to the outer case 64 to project through one of the hood ports 94 and through the central opening 92 within the respective swirler 90.

    [0030] Each swirler 90 is circumferentially aligned with one of the hood ports 94 to project through the bulkhead subassembly 84. Each bulkhead subassembly 84 includes a bulkhead support shell 96 secured to the walls 60, 62, and a multiple of circumferentially distributed bulkhead heatshields 98 secured to the bulkhead support shell 96 around the central opening 92.

    [0031] The forward assembly 80 directs a portion of the core airflow into the forward end of the combustion chamber 66 while the remainder enters the annular outer plenum 76 and the annular inner plenum 78. The multiple of fuel nozzles 86, swirler 90 and surrounding structure generate a swirling, intimately blended fuel-air mixture that supports combustion in the chamber 66.

    [0032] With reference to Figure 3, each of the swirler 90 generally includes a capture plate 100, a nozzle guide 102, a guide housing 104, a swirler first body 106 and a swirler second body 108. The capture plate 100 is mounted to the guide housing 104 to retain the nozzle guide 102, the nozzle guide 102 is movable with respect to the guide housing 104. It should be appreciated that any number of swirler bodies as well as alternative or additional components may be utilized herewith and that the two part swirler body shown is merely but one example assembly.

    [0033] With reference to Figure 4, the swirler first body 106 generally includes a base section 110 and a frustroconical section 112 which extends downstream of the base section 110. The base section 110 includes a multiple of legs 114 defined by a multiple of slots 116 opposite the frustroconical section 112. The slots 116 are generally radial with respect to the centerline F to receive primary combustion core airflow from within the bulkhead support shell 96 toward the fuel nozzle 86 within the chamber 66 for combustion (Figure 5). It should be appreciated that generally radial as defined herein means transverse to said centerline F but may include an angled component to impart a swirl to the primary combustion core airflow about the centerline

    [0034] A multiple of pockets 118 are formed in and communicate axially through the base section 110 opposite the legs 114. The multiple of pockets 118 are completely contained within a mount face 120 which abuts the swirler second body 108 (Figure 5).

    [0035] With reference to Figure 6, the swirler second body 108 generally includes a base section 122 and a frustroconical section 124 which extends downstream of the base section 124. The base section 110 includes a multiple of slots 126 and a multiple of pockets 128 in a mount face 130 of the swirler second body 108. The multiple of slots 126 are generally radial with respect to the centerline F to receive primary combustion core airflow to be communicated toward the combustion chamber 66 for combustion from within the bulkhead support shell 96 toward the fuel nozzle 86. The multiple of slots 126 may provide counter swirl with respect to slots 116 (Figure 5).

    [0036] The mount face 130 of the second body 108 abuts the mount face 120 of the first body 106 such that the pockets 118, 128 are in axial association but are not exposed to the primary combustion core airflow (Figure 7). That is, the pockets 118, 128 form respective single hollow areas contained within the mount faces 120, 130.

    [0037] The base section 122 at least partially overlaps the base section 110 to seal as well as rotationally locate the first and swirler second bodies 106, 108. That is, a lip of the base section 122 may at least partially surround the base section 110.

    [0038] The pockets 118, 128 thereby reduce the weight of the swirler 90. It should be appreciated that the pockets 118, 128 may be machined or otherwise formed into a cast component or formed directly through, for example only, Direct Laser Metal Sintering (DLMS).

    [0039] With reference to Figure 8, the capture plate 100 may also be lightened through formation of a scalloped inner aperture 100A. It should be appreciated that the scalloping is but one disclosed non-limiting embodiment and various geometries for the inner aperture may be provided such as rectilinear, oval or other non-circular shapes. In the disclosed non-limiting embodiment, each swirler 90 has been lightened by approximately 0.04 pounds (18 grams) which, for example only, in a combustor with eighteen swirlers provides a 0.7 pound (317 gram) weight savings.

    [0040] With reference to Figure 9, in another embodiment which is not part of the present invention, the swirler 90' includes a swirler second body 108' in which the pockets 128' extend through an outer surface 132 such that primary combustion core airflow may enter the pockets 128' and pockets 118 but is trapped therein. That is, the primary combustion core airflow may impinge within the pockets 128', 118 but is not swirled nor communicated toward the combustion chamber 66 for combustion.

    [0041] The pockets 128' are located between each of the multiple of slots 126' such that relatively thin legs 134 are defined, each of which includes one of the multiple of slots 126' which communicate primary combustion core airflow toward the combustion chamber 66 for combustion. At least one of the multiple of legs 134A may be of an extended length to be received within a corresponding axial recess 136 in the swirler first body 106' to assure the swirler first body 106' is properly clocked relative to the swirler second body 108' (Figure 10). In other words, the pockets 118, 128 are aligned in some manner so as to be sealed off from the primary airflow through the swirler 90. The clocking feature provides alignment to ensure the swirler first body 106' is properly clocked relative to the swirler second body 108' and can't be misaligned during an assembly process. It should be understood that relative positional terms such as "forward," "aft," "upper," "lower," "above," "below," and the like are with reference to the normal operational attitude of the vehicle and should not be considered otherwise limiting.

    [0042] It should be understood that like reference numerals identify corresponding or similar elements throughout the several drawings. It should also be understood that although a particular component arrangement is disclosed in the illustrated embodiment, other arrangements will benefit herefrom.

    [0043] Although particular step sequences are shown, described, and claimed, it should be understood that steps may be performed in any order, separated or combined unless otherwise indicated and will still benefit from the present disclosure.

    [0044] The foregoing description is exemplary rather than defined by the limitations within. Various non-limiting embodiments are disclosed herein, however, one of ordinary skill in the art would recognize that various modifications and variations in light of the above teachings will fall within the scope of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A swirler assembly for a combustor of a gas turbine engine comprising an annular mount face (120) which defines at least one pocket (118);
    wherein said swirler assembly includes a swirler first body, said annular mount face (120) is an annular first mount face (120) of said swirler first body (106) and said at least one pocket (118) is at least one first pocket (118) that is completely contained within the annular first mount face (120); and
    a swirler second body (108) with an annular second mount face (130) which abuts said

    annular first mount face (120), wherein said second annular mount face (130) defines at least one second pocket (128);

    wherein said at least one first pocket (118) is in axial association with said at least one second pocket (128), but wherein said pockets (118,128) are not exposed to the primary combustion air flow and form respective single hollow areas contained within the mount faces (120,130).


     
    2. The swirler assembly as recited in claim 1, wherein said swirler first body (106) includes a first slot (126) and a second slot (126) which are generally radial with respect to a centerline of said swirler first body (106), said at least one pocket (118) between said first slot (126) and said second slot (126).
     
    3. The swirler assembly as recited in claim 2, wherein said swirler second body (108) includes a first slot (126) and a second slot (126) which are generally radial with respect to a centerline of said swirler second body (108), said at least one pocket (128) between said first slot (126) and said second slot (126).
     
    4. The swirler assembly as recited in any preceding claim, further comprising a guide housing (104) mounted to said swirler first body (106).
     
    5. The swirler assembly as recited in claim 4, further comprising a nozzle guide (102) mounted to said guide housing (104).
     
    6. The swirler assembly as recited in claim 5, further comprising a capture plate (100) mounted to said guide housing (104) to retain said nozzle guide (102), said nozzle guide (102) movable with respect to said guide housing (104).
     
    7. The swirler assembly as recited in claim 5, further comprising a capture plate (100) mounted to said guide housing (104) to retain said nozzle guide (102).
     
    8. The swirler assembly as recited in claim 6 or 7, wherein said capture plate (100) is annular.
     
    9. The swirler assembly as recited in claim 6, 7 or 8, wherein said capture plate (100) includes a non-circular inner periphery.
     
    10. The swirler assembly as recited in claim 6, 7 or 8, wherein said capture plate (100) includes a scalloped inner periphery.
     
    11. A method of lightening a swirler assembly (106) for a combustor (56) of a gas turbine engine (20) comprising:

    defining at least one first pocket (118) within an annular first mount face (120) of a swirler first body (106), wherein said at least one first pocket (118) is completely contained within the annular first mount face (120);

    defining at least one second pocket (128) within an annular second mount face (130);
    and

    abutting said annular first mount face (120) with said annular second mount face (130) such that the at least one first pocket (118) is in axial alignment with the at least one second pocket (128), and the pockets (118,128) are not exposed to the primary combustion core air flow and form respective single hollow areas contained within the mount faces (120,130).


     
    12. The method as recited in claim 11, further comprising:
    defining said at least one first pocket (118) adjacent to a slot (126).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Wirbleranordnung für eine Brennkammer eines Gasturbinentriebwerks, umfassend eine ringförmige Montagefläche (120), die mindestens eine Aussparung (118) definiert;
    wobei die Wirbleranordnung
    einen ersten Wirblerkörper beinhaltet, wobei die ringförmige Montagefläche (120) eine erste ringförmige Montagefläche (120) des ersten Wirblerkörpers (106) ist und wobei die mindestens eine Aussparung (118) mindestens eine erste Aussparung (118) ist, die vollständig innerhalb der ersten ringförmigen Montagefläche (120) enthalten ist; und
    einen zweiten Wirblerkörper (108) mit einer zweiten ringförmigen Montagefläche (130), die an die erste ringförmige Montagefläche (120) anstößt, wobei die zweite ringförmige Montagefläche (130) mindestens eine zweite Aussparung (128) definiert;
    wobei die mindestens eine erste Aussparung (118) in axialer Beziehung zu der mindestens einen zweiten Aussparung (128) steht, aber wobei die Aussparungen (118, 128) nicht dem primären Verbrennungsluftstrom ausgesetzt sind und jeweilige einzelne hohle Bereiche bilden, die innerhalb der Montageflächen (120, 130) enthalten sind.
     
    2. Wirbleranordnung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der erste Wirblerkörper (106) einen ersten Schlitz (126) und einen zweiten Schlitz (126) beinhaltet, die im Allgemeinen radial in Bezug auf eine Mittellinie des ersten Wirblerkörpers (106) sind, wobei die mindestens eine Aussparung (118) zwischen dem ersten Schlitz (126) und dem zweiten Schlitz (126) ist.
     
    3. Wirbleranordnung nach Anspruch 2, wobei der zweite Wirblerkörper (108) einen ersten Schlitz (126) und einen zweiten Schlitz (126) beinhaltet, die im Allgemeinen radial in Bezug auf eine Mittellinie des zweiten Wirblerkörpers (108) sind, wobei die mindestens eine Aussparung (128) zwischen dem ersten Schlitz (126) und dem zweiten Schlitz (126) ist.
     
    4. Wirbleranordnung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend ein Führungsgehäuse (104), das an dem ersten Wirblerkörper (106) montiert ist.
     
    5. Wirbleranordnung nach Anspruch 4, ferner umfassend eine Düsenführung (102), die an dem Führungsgehäuse (104) montiert ist.
     
    6. Wirbleranordnung nach Anspruch 5, ferner umfassend eine Aufnahmeplatte (100), die an dem Führungsgehäuse (104) montiert ist, um die Düsenführung (102) zu halten, wobei die Düsenführung (102) in Bezug auf das Führungsgehäuse (104) beweglich ist.
     
    7. Wirbleranordnung nach Anspruch 5, ferner umfassend eine Aufnahmeplatte (100), die an dem Führungsgehäuse (104) montiert ist, um die Düsenführung (102) zu halten.
     
    8. Wirbleranordnung nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei die Aufnahmeplatte (100) ringförmig ist.
     
    9. Wirbleranordnung nach Anspruch 6, 7 oder 8, wobei die Aufnahmeplatte (100) einen nicht kreisförmigen inneren Umfang beinhaltet.
     
    10. Wirbleranordnung nach Anspruch 6, 7 oder 8, wobei die Aufnahmeplatte (100) einen gebogten inneren Umfang beinhaltet.
     
    11. Verfahren zum Leichtermachen einer Wirbleranordnung (106) für eine Brennkammer (56) eines Gasturbinentriebwerks (20), umfassend:

    Definieren mindestens einer ersten Aussparung (118) innerhalb einer ersten ringförmigen Montagefläche (120) eines ersten Wirblerkörpers (106), wobei die mindestens eine erste Aussparung (118) vollständig innerhalb der ersten ringförmigen Montagefläche (120) enthalten ist;

    Definieren mindestens einer zweiten Aussparung (128) innerhalb einer zweiten ringförmigen Montagefläche (130);
    und

    Anstoßenlassen der ersten ringförmigen Montagefläche (120) an der zweiten ringförmigen Montagefläche (130), so dass die mindestens eine erste Aussparung (118) in axialer Ausrichtung mit der mindestens einen zweiten Aussparung (128) steht und die Aussparungen (118, 128) nicht dem primären Verbrennungskernluftstrom ausgesetzt sind und jeweilige einzelne hohle Bereiche bilden, die innerhalb der Montageflächen (120, 130) enthalten sind.


     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, ferner umfassend:
    Definieren der mindestens einen ersten Aussparung (118) angrenzend an einen Schlitz (126).
     


    Revendications

    1. Ensemble générateur de tourbillons d'une chambre de combustion d'un moteur à turbine à gaz comprenant une face de montage annulaire (120) qui définit au moins une poche (118) ;
    dans lequel ledit ensemble générateur de tourbillons comporte un premier corps de générateur de tourbillons, ladite face de montage annulaire (120) est une première face de montage montage annulaire (120) dudit premier corps de générateur de tourbillons (106) et ladite au moins une poche (118) est au moins une première poche (118) qui est complètement contenue à l'intérieur de la première face de montage annulaire (120) ; et
    un second corps de générateur de tourbillons (108) avec une seconde face de montage annulaire (130) qui vient en butée contre ladite première face de montage annulaire (120), dans lequel ladite seconde face de montage annulaire (130) définit au moins une second poche (128) ;
    dans lequel ladite au moins une première poche (118) est en association axiale avec ladite au moins une seconde poche (128), mais dans lequel lesdites poches (118, 128) ne sont pas exposées à l'écoulement d'air de chambre de combustion primaire et forment des zones creuses uniques respectives contenues à l'intérieur des faces de montage (120, 130).
     
    2. Ensemble générateur de tourbillons selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit premier corps de générateur de tourbillons (106) comporte une première fente (126) et une seconde fente (126) qui sont généralement radiales par rapport à une ligne centrale dudit premier corps de générateur de tourbillons (106), ladite au moins une poche (118) se situant entre ladite première fente (126) et ladite seconde fente (126).
     
    3. Ensemble générateur de tourbillons selon la revendication 2, dans lequel ledit second corps de générateur de tourbillons (108) comporte une première fente (126) et une seconde fente (126) qui sont généralement radiales par rapport à une ligne centrale dudit second corps de générateur de tourbillons (108), ladite au moins une poche (128) se situant entre ladite première fente (126) et ladite seconde fente (126).
     
    4. Ensemble générateur de tourbillons selon une quelconque revendication précédente, comprenant en outre un boîtier de guidage (104) monté sur ledit premier corps de générateur de tourbillons (106).
     
    5. Ensemble générateur de tourbillons selon la revendication 4, comprenant en outre un guide de buse (102) monté sur ledit boîtier de guidage (104).
     
    6. Ensemble générateur de tourbillons selon la revendication 5, comprenant en outre une plaque de capteur (100) montée sur ledit boîtier de guidage (104) pour retenir ledit guide de buse (102), ledit guide de buse (102) étant mobile par rapport audit boîtier de guidage (104).
     
    7. Ensemble générateur de tourbillons selon la revendication 5, comprenant en outre une plaque de capture (100) montée sur ledit boîtier de guidage (104) pour retenir ledit guide de buse (102).
     
    8. Ensemble générateur de tourbillons selon la revendication 6 ou 7, dans lequel ladite plaque de capture (100) est annulaire.
     
    9. Ensemble générateur de tourbillons selon la revendication 6, 7 ou 8, dans lequel ladite plaque de capture (100) comporte une périphérie interne non circulaire.
     
    10. Ensemble générateur de tourbillons selon la revendication 6, 7 ou 8, dans lequel ladite plaque de capture (100) comporte une périphérie interne dentelée.
     
    11. Procédé d'éclairage d'un ensemble générateur de tourbillons (106) pour une chambre de combustion (56) d'un moteur à turbine à gaz (20) comprenant :

    la définition d'au moins une poche (118) à l'intérieur d'une première face de montage annulaire (120) d'un premier corps de générateur de tourbillons (106), dans lequel ladite au moins une poche (118) est complètement contenue à l'intérieur de ladite première face de montage (120) ;

    la définition d'au moins une seconde poche (128) à l'intérieur d'une seconde face de montage annulaire (130) ; et

    la mise en butée de ladite première face de montage annulaire (120) avec ladite seconde face de montage annulaire (130) de sorte que l'au moins une première poche (118) est en alignement axial avec l'au moins une seconde poche (128), et les poches (118, 128) ne sont pas exposées à l'écoulement d'air central de chambre de combustion primaire et forment des zones creuses uniques respectives contenues à l'intérieur des faces de support (120, 130) .


     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 11, comprenant en outre :
    la définition de l'au moins une première poche (118) adjacente à une fente (126).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description