(19)
(11)EP 2 904 764 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
21.09.2016 Bulletin 2016/38

(21)Application number: 14703994.5

(22)Date of filing:  16.01.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04L 29/08(2006.01)
H04N 21/845(2011.01)
H04L 29/06(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2014/011920
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/113604 (24.07.2014 Gazette  2014/30)

(54)

URL PARAMETER INSERTION AND ADDITION IN ADAPTIVE STREAMING

URL-PARAMETEREINSATZ UND -HINZUFÜGUNG IN EINEM ADAPTIVEN STREAMING

INSERTION DE PARAMÈTRE D'URL ET ADDITION DANS UNE DIFFUSION À FLUX CONTINU ADAPTATIVE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 16.01.2013 US 201361753347 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
12.08.2015 Bulletin 2015/33

(60)Divisional application:
16167696.0

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • WANG, Xin
    Rancho Palos Verdes, California 90275 (US)

(74)Representative: Thun, Clemens 
Mitscherlich PartmbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Sonnenstraße 33
80331 München
80331 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2012/011743
  
  • Raphaël Troncy ET AL: "Media Fragments URI 1.0 (basic)", , 25 September 2012 (2012-09-25), pages 1-20, XP055110428, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://www.w3.org/TR/2012/REC-media-fr ags-20120925/ [retrieved on 2014-03-27]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

BACKGROUND



[0001] A media content provider or distributor may deliver media contents to various client devices such as televisions, notebook computers, and mobile handsets. The media content provider may support a plurality of media encoder and/or decoders (codecs), media players, video frame rates, spatial resolutions, bit-rates, video formats, or combinations thereof. A media content may be converted from a source representation to various other representations to suit the different user devices.

[0002] A media content may comprise a media presentation description (MPD) and a plurality of segments. The MPD may be an extensible markup language (XML) file describing the media content, such as its various representations, uniform resource locators (URLs), and other characteristics. As one of ordinary skill in the art understands, the media content may be divided into various hierarchies including periods, adaptation sets (AS), representations, and segments.

[0003] In adaptive streaming, when a media content is delivered to a client or user device, the user device may select appropriate segments dynamically based on a variety of factors, such as network conditions, device capability, and user choice. Adaptive streaming may include various technologies or standards implemented or being developed, such as Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) (DASH), HTTP Live Streaming (HLS), or Internet Information Services (IIS) Smooth Streaming. For example, the user device may select a segment with the highest quality (e.g., resolution or bit-rate) possible that can be downloaded in time for playback without causing stalling or rebuffering events in the playback. Thus, the user device may seamlessly adapt its media content playback to changing network conditions.

[0004] In adaptive streaming, there may be needs to specify and construct URLs for accessing streaming media segments, in order to provide flexibility and reduce complexity of streaming MPDs, such as the ones used in Moving Picture Expert Group (MPEG) DASH. Some existing solutions, such as URL parameter insertion mechanisms in the URL template specification in the DASH standard, may support parameter specification for URL parameter insertion (or substitution) with simple types. Thus, it is desirable to expand the capability of URL parameter insertion, e.g., to include more types of parameters.
WO 2012/011743 A2 and US 2013/124749 A1 disclose a method and apparatus for an adaptive Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) streaming service using metadata of content. The metadata may include a minBufferTime attribute indicating a minimum amount of initially buffered media content. A terminal may receive content from a server before playback of the content, and may buffer the content by at least the minimum amount.
Raphaël Troncy ET AL: "Media Fragments URI 1.0 (basic)", 25 September 2012 (2012-09-25), pages 1-20, XP055110428, describes the Media Fragments 1.0 (basic) specification. It specifies the syntax for constructing media fragment URIs and explains how to handle them when used over the HTTP protocol. The syntax is based on the specification of particular name-value pairs that can be used in URI fragment and URI query requests to restrict a media resource to a certain fragment.

SUMMARY



[0005] In one embodiment, the disclosure includes a method implemented by a client device for media content streaming, the method comprising: obtaining a media presentation description (MPD) for the media content, wherein the MPD comprises a uniform resource locator (URL) template for construction of URLs; inserting one or more query parameters in a query string portion of a URL, wherein the query string portion follows a path portion of the URL, wherein the one or more parameters are specified to be inserted in the query string portion of the URL based on the URL template, the one or more parameter values are dynamic, and the one or more parameter values are gathered and provided by the client device; sending a media request comprising the URL to a streaming server, and receiving one or more segments of a media content from the streaming server in response to the media request.

[0006] In another embodiment, the disclosure includes an apparatus comprising a receiver configured to receive a MPD comprising a URL template for a media content, a processor coupled to the receiver and configured to construct a URL based on the URL template, wherein the URL comprises a path portion and a query string portion following the path portion, and wherein the query string portion comprises one or more query parameters, the one or more parameter values are dynamic, and the one or more parameter values are gathered and provided by the apparatus, and a transmitter coupled to the processor and configured to transmit a request for the media content to a streaming server, wherein the request comprises the constructed URL, wherein the receiver is configured to receive one or more segments of the media content from the streaming server in response to the media request.

[0007] In yet another embodiment, the disclosure includes a method implemented by a network server for media content streaming, the method comprising; generating a MPD for the media content, wherein the MPD comprises a URL template that specifies the one or more query parameters to be included in the query string portion of the URL; sending the MPD to the streaming client; receiving a URL from a streaming client, wherein the URL comprises a path and a query string following the path, wherein the query string comprises one or more query parameters, wherein the one or more parameter values are dynamic, and the one or more parameter values are gathered and provided by the client device; determining one or more segments of a media content to use for the streaming client based on at least one of the received query parameters, and sending the one or more segments to the streaming client.

[0008] These and other features will be more clearly understood from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0009] For a more complete understanding of this disclosure, reference is now made to the following brief description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings and detailed description, wherein like reference numerals represent like parts.

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a server managed adaptive streaming (SMAS) system.

FIG. 2 illustrates an exemplary implementation of a query parameter as a URL parameter element.

FIG. 3 illustrates an exemplary URL template, which may comprise various parameters.

FIG. 4 illustrates an exemplary URL template that comprises a static value.

FIG. 5 illustrates an exemplary URL template, in which a bandwidth parameter is a query request parameter.

FIG. 6A illustrates an exemplary bandwidth element in an exemplary namespace.

FIG. 6B illustrates an exemplary URL template that comprises a namespace parameter with an exemplary value.

FIG. 7 illustrates an exemplary MPD, which may be used for personalization of media segment URLs based on a MPD URL.

FIG. 8 illustrates an exemplary MPD, which may be used for ad insertion and/or live resolution of parameters.

FIGS. 9A, 9B, and 9D illustrate exemplary MPDs for enabling client feedback through parameters.

FIG. 9C illustrates an exemplary parameter description, which is encoded by a Web Application Description Language (WADL).

FIG. 10 is a flowchart of an embodiment of a method implemented by a client device.

FIG. 11 is a flowchart of an embodiment of a method implemented by a network server.

FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a network device.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0010] It may be understood at the outset that, although an illustrative implementation of one or more embodiments are provided below, the disclosed systems and/or methods may be implemented using any number of techniques, whether currently known or in existence. The disclosure may in no way be limited to the illustrative implementations, drawings, and techniques illustrated below, including the exemplary designs and implementations illustrated and described herein, but may be modified within the scope of the appended claims along with their full scope of equivalents.

[0011] The present disclosure teaches embodiments to construct a media segment URL by inserting parameters into a query string portion of the URL rather than substituting parameters in the path portion of the URL. URL parameter information may be specified to allow both static and dynamic URL parameter insertion (or substitution). Various types of parameters including parameters from other namespaces, optional and mandatory parameters, and/or query request parameters may be inserted. Processing rules may also be applied to construct URLs based on specified URL parameter information. Inserting parameters into the query string portion may allow a streaming server to manage or control adaptive streaming, e.g., by having the server rather than client determine which representation and/or segments to select for the media content streaming. The server managed adaptive streaming (SMAS) approach may bring about various benefits such as improving consistency of client experiences.

[0012] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of an SMAS system 100, which may comprise one or more media streaming servers and streaming clients. As an example, FIG. 1 illustrates one streaming server 110 and one streaming client device 130 (more servers and clients may be present but are not shown). The streaming client 130 may obtain (via downloading or streaming) media contents from the streaming server 110. A media content may take any viable form such as video, audio, text, or combinations thereof. The media content may contain any applicable type of information, such as movie, music, and/or electronic publication, etc. The streaming system 100 may implement any suitable content delivery scheme or method, such as a DASH scheme. The streaming client 130 may be a program or application implemented in an operating system of a user device, or it may be a web client accessed in a web platform.

[0013] The streaming server 110 may be implemented as any suitable type of network server such as an HTTP server, where media contents may be generated or prepared by a streaming media preparation unit. The media preparation unit may be located in the HTTP server or elsewhere (e.g., in a content provider). The streaming server 110 may be part of a content provider or may be a node in a content distribution network (CDN). The media content may be generated by the content provider and then transmitted to a CDN node. The media content in the streaming server 110 may comprise an MPD and a plurality of segments. Note that, if desired, the MPD and the segments may be stored in different servers and sent to the streaming client from different servers. For example, an MPD may be sent to the streaming client 130 from the streaming server 110, while corresponding segments may be sent to the streaming client 130 from a different streaming server (not shown in FIG. 1).

[0014] As shown in FIG. 1, the streaming server 110 comprises an adaptation logic unit (or module) 112, a request parser 114, a delivery function 116, and a media content 120. The media content 120 may comprise one or more periods, and each period may comprise a plurality of available representations. For example, in a first period, a representation 122 may comprise multiple segments, and another representation 124 may also comprise multiple segments. A second period may be similar. On the other end of the streaming system 100, the streaming client 130 comprises an access engine 132, a monitoring function unit 134, and a media engine 136.

[0015] In operation of the streaming system 100, the streaming server 110 may use the delivery function 116 to deliver an MPD to the streaming client 130 (note that the MPD may also be delivered from another server). The MPD can be delivered using HTTP, email, thumb drive, broadcast, or any other transport. By parsing the MPD, the streaming client 130 may learn information regarding the media content, such as the timing of the program, the availability of media content, the media types, resolutions, minimum and maximum bandwidths, the existence of various encoded alternatives of multimedia components, the accessibility features and the required digital right management (DRM), the location of each media component on the network, and other characteristic of the media content. The MPD may further comprise a URL template, based on which the streaming client 130 may contrast URLs for obtaining segments.

[0016] In order to access the media content 120, the streaming client 130 may send one or more HTTP requests 140 to the streaming server 110 for the media content 120. Specifically, the HTTP requests 140 may comprise a URL that contains information provided by the streaming client 130 (e.g., bandwidth, device capability such as screen size, memory size, etc.). In an embodiment, the URL comprises parameters inserted in a query string portion of the URL (instead of a path portion of the URL). The query string portion may comprise one or more query parameters, and multiple query parameters may be separated by the symbol "&".

[0017] Any type of relevant parameters may be inserted in the query string, such as adaptation parameters which may be required or optional. In the case of an optional parameter, for example, a server may sometimes be unaware of client capabilities. Suppose the streaming client 130 cannot indicate to the streaming server 110 the resolution of a video, the streaming client may still indicate to some information of the client device, such as screen size or screen resolution (include as a query parameter). The streaming server 110 may then use this information to decide a representation or relevant segments for the client 130.

[0018] After the streaming server 110 receives the HTTP requests 140, the request parser 114 may parse the HTTP requests 140 and then forward relevant information to the adaptation logic unit 112. The adaptation logic unit 112 may enable the streaming server to control or manage the media streaming process (for this reason, the streaming system 100 is referred to as an SMAS). In an embodiment, the adaptation logic unit 112 uses information contained in the HTTP requests 140 to make various decisions, e.g., to determine or select which representation and/or which segment(s) to give to the streaming client 130. The adaptation logic unit 112 may use any suitable decision making logic. Compared to client managed adaptive streaming (CMAS), the SMAS system 100 may be advantageous in the fact that the streaming server 110 may not need to inform or reveal its file paths to the streaming client 130, as decisions are made by the adaptation logic unit 112 inside the streaming server 110. Further, giving control to the streaming server 110 instead of the streaming client 130 may improve consistency of user experience when serving the media content 120. For example, the streaming server 110 may offer the same quality of segments to clients with the same bandwidth (if the client had control of streaming, the client supposedly may still request higher quality segments even though its bandwidth is insufficient, e.g., in an attempt to get more bandwidth from a network provider).

[0019] After determining which segment(s) to serve the streaming client 130, the streaming server 110 may use the delivery function 116 to deliver the segments to the streaming client 130 by sending HTTP responses 142. Note that MPD and segments may also be delivered using different delivery functions, and further note that the streaming client 130 may obtain segments from a plurality of HTTP servers, e.g., to maximize usage of network bandwidth. The access engine 132 in the streaming client 130 may render the segments appropriately so as to provide streaming service to the streaming client 130. The access engine 132 may process the media segments and then forward them to the media engine 136 for playback of the segments. Further, the monitoring function 134 may monitor conditions of the streaming client 130 (e.g., bandwidth, authentication code or token, device parameters, etc.) either continuously or intermittently, and provide the conditions to the access engine 132. The conditions may be inserted as query parameters of a URL, so that a next HTTP request may reflect the conditions of the streaming client 130.

[0020] A network connection between the streaming server 110 and the streaming client 130 may be of any suitable type. For example, the streaming server 110 and the streaming client 130 may be connected via the Internet, a mobile network, or a private network (e.g., company Intranet). Alternatively, the streaming server 110 and the streaming client 130 may belong to the same home network and be connected to the same wireless fidelity (WiFi) router.

[0021] In an embodiment, third parties in a network may also provide information regarding the streaming client to help improve the streaming process. In providing server management and network assistance to DASH, various types of parameters such as DASH metrics, QoS parameters, and playback environment description parameters may be inserted as query parameters and sent to the streaming server. For example, AMAZON can provide information indicating that a client is a prime member, and a streaming server (e.g., AT&T) may give the client more bandwidth because of the prime membership.

[0022] In order to ensure semantic understanding of parameters communicated among various parties including MPD providers, streaming clients (e.g., the client 130) and media segment servers (e.g., the server 110), such parameters need to be well-defined, e.g., using parameters in the current URL template construction schemes in DASH. Depending on the nature of use of parameters, they may also come from existing standards, such as security assertion markup language (SAML), e.g., for security related tokens, or MPEG-21 digital item adaptation (DIA), e.g., for user environment definitions.

[0023] In an embodiment, there are various attributes that a solution from a core experiment (CE) on DASH may have. Firstly, not only parameters of simple types may be supported, but also ones with structures like XML elements. Secondly, the use of parameters may be signaled for either URL insertion or (additional) URL query string. Thirdly, parameters from non-DASH namespaces may be supported. Fourthly, it may be possible to indicate if parameters may be required (by default) or optional to be used. Fifthly, it may be possible to specify the scope of parameters for media segments they apply to at different structural levels within an MPD. This disclosure teaches a way to specify parameters that can be either inserted into parameterized URLs, or passed with URLs as query string parameters, and embodiments in this disclosure may be designed to meet the requirements above.

[0024] This disclosure introduces a new element, which may be denoted as URLParameter, to capture various information related to a streaming client. The element "URLParameter" can be defined in a number of ways in an XML scheme. FIG. 2 illustrates an exemplary implementation 200 of a query parameter as an element "URLParameter". In the implementation 200, the element "URLParameter" comprises multiple attributes including an identification or identifier (id) 210, a value 220, a namespace 230, a query string attribute 240, and a usage requirement 250. As one of ordinary skill in the art understands, other forms or implementation methods are possible to realize the element "URLParameter" within principles disclosed herein.

[0025] The identification 210 of the parameter may be a required parameter used as a token $id to be replaced when used as part of a parameterized URL, or a "name" (the portion before "=") when the parameter may be used for a query string. This name may be unique with respect to the namespace 230.

[0026] The value 220 may be an optional value to capture any known (static) value of the parameter. It may be the actual value to replace the token $id when used as part of a parameterized URL, or a "value" (the portion after "=") when used for a query string. If this information is missing, it means that this parameter value is dynamic and may need to be gathered and provided by a streaming client when constructing the URL. Note the actual value of this piece information needs to be encoded in a way that can be used as part of a URL or a URL with query strings.

[0027] The namespace 230 may be an optional attribute for any entity with the namespace that the parameter is from. Any suitable namespace (e.g., DASH or MPEG-21 Digital Item Adaptation (DIA)) may be used. When omitted, the default namespace may be designed to mean DASH.

[0028] The query string attribute 240 may be optional and may indicate if the purpose of this parameter is for insertion or for (additional) query string. When omitted, the default can be set for insertion.

[0029] The usage requirement 250 may be an optional attribute denoted as "required" that indicates whether this parameter is required (i.e., mandatory) or optional. A parameter for insertion should be required, whereas a parameter for query string that may be optional may not have to be added into the URL. This provides flexibility to accommodate clients who may not be able to provide any value for this parameter or servers who may be able to process URLs without this parameter. When omitted, the default may be that the parameter is required.

[0030] In the implementation 200, the semantics of attributes @id, @value, and @namespace. may be straightforward for one of ordinary skill in the art to understand. The attribute @queryString takes a Boolean value, with "false" to indicate the parameter is for URL insertion and "true" for being an additional URL query string. When omitted, the default value of @queryString may be "false", indicating that the parameter is for URL insertion. The attribute @required also takes a Boolean value, with "false" to indicate the parameter is optional and "true" to indicate the parameter is required.

[0031] The element "URLParameter" may be placed optionally on one or more levels including the MPD, period, adaptation set, and representation levels. The element "URLParameter" may be applied to all media segments within its scope. If desired, the element "URLParameter" may be designed to apply to some (but not all) of the media segments within its scope.

[0032] In use, a streaming client (e.g., client 130) may implement a processing rule for each "URLParameter". In an embodiment, for each media segment URL or URL template in its scope, the client may first check "required" to see if this parameter is required or optional, and decide if it will process if it is optional. Secondly, if the client decides to process the parameter, the client may gather a parameter value from "value", according to the namespace provided by "namespace". This value may already be given by the "value" itself or through some out-of-band mechanism, depending on the parameter semantics from the namespace. Thirdly, the client may check the "queryString" of the parameter, to decide if the parameter is for insertion or query string when placed into the URL or URL template. Fourthly, if the purpose is for URL insertion, the client may find a substitution in the URL matching "id", and replace the right $id token with the parameter value. Fifthly, if the purpose is for URL query string, the client may construct a string "id" "=" "value", and place (e.g., append) as a query string into the URL.

[0033] Below are some exemplary embodiments to illustrate parameter specification taught herein and its potential use in some use cases. FIG. 3 illustrates an exemplary URL template 300, which may comprise various parameters including a representation number (RepNumber) 310, a segment number (SegNumber) 320, and a bandwidth of a streaming client (AvailableBandwidth) 330. Using the URL template 300, the streaming client may construct a URL and then send the URL to a streaming server for requesting segments of a media content.

[0034] Suppose the values of the parameters are: RepNumber = 1, SegNumber = 2, and AvailableBandwidth = 80000. In an embodiment, the streaming client may use the URL template 300 to construct the following URL:

http://cdn1.example.com/video/1_2.mp4v?bw=80000 (1)



[0035] In URL (1), the bandwidth parameter (bw=80000) 330 is inserted as a query parameter in the query string portion of the URL. The query string portion follows the path portion of the URL and separated from the path by a question mark (?). In URL (1), the path portion is "http://cdn1.example.com/video/1_2.mp4v", and the query string portion is "bw=80000".

[0036] FIG. 4 illustrates an exemplary URL template 400, which is similar to the URL template 300 in various aspects. In the interest of conciseness, further descriptions will focus on aspects that are different or yet to be described (same applies to other templates). The URL template 400 comprises various parameters including a representation number (RepNumber), a segment number (SegNumber), and a bandwidth of a streaming client (AvailableBandwidth). Unlike the URL template 300, the URL template 400 further comprises a parameter 410 with a static value. The static value may be defined by a streaming server and provided to the client. As an example, the parameter 410 is denoted as "shorthand" and has a static value of "thisIsAReallyLongPath".

[0037] Suppose the values of the parameters are: RepNumber = 1, SegNumber = 2, and AvailableBandwidth = 80000. In an embodiment, using the URL template 400, the streaming client may construct the following URL (2):

http://cdn1.example.com/video/1_2_thisIsAReallyLongPath.mp4v?bw=80000 (2)



[0038] In URL (2), the bandwidth parameter (bw=80000) is inserted as a query parameter in the query string portion of the URL. Further, the value of the parameter 410 is inserted as a path parameter in the path portion of the URL.

[0039] FIG. 5 illustrates an exemplary URL template 500, in which a bandwidth parameter 510 is a query request parameter (indicated by queryRequest="true"). Unlike the URL templates 300 and 400, which list AvailableBandwidth as a substitution parameter (indicated by two dollar signs "$_$"), the URL template 500 uses AvailableBandwidth as a query request parameter.

[0040] Suppose the values of the parameters are still: RepNumber = 1, SegNumber = 2, and AvailableBandwidth = 80000. In an embodiment, using the URL template 500, the streaming client may construct the following URL (3):

http://cdn1.example.com/video/1_2.mp4v?AvailableBandwidth=80000 (3)



[0041] In URL (3), the bandwidth parameter (bw=80000) may be determined by the streaming client (e.g., using the monitoring function 134), and then inserted as a query parameter in the query string portion of the URL.

[0042] For the purpose of illustration, user environment description (UED) parameters defined by MPEG-21 DIA may be used an example. FIG. 6A illustrates an exemplary "AvailableBandwidth" element 600 in the DIA namespace denoted as "urn:mpeg:mpeg21:2003:01-DIA-NS". FIG. 6B illustrates an exemplary URL template 610 that comprises a namespace parameter 612 with value "urn:mpeg:mpeg21:2003:01-DIA-NS".

[0043] Suppose the values of the parameters are: RepNumber = 1, SegNumber = 2, and AvailableBandwidth = <AvailableBandwidth maximum="256000" average="80000"/>. In an embodiment, using the URL template 610, the streaming client may construct the following URL:

http://cdn1.example.com/ideo/1_2.mp4v?AvailableBandwidth=%3CAvailableBan dwidth%20maximum%3D%22256000%22%20average%3D%2280000%22%2F% 3E (4)



[0044] In URL (4), the bandwidth parameter is a range instead of a fixed value. Further, special characters in the bandwidth parameter are encoded and then inserted as a query parameter in the query string portion of the URL.

[0045] In an embodiment for DASH, substitution parameters listed in Table 1 may be made available to a DASH client at URL construction stage.
Table 1
$<Identifier>$Substitution parameterFormat
$$ Is an escape sequence, i.e. "$$" is replaced with a single "$". not applicable
$RepresentationID$ This identifier is substituted with the value of the attribute Representation@id of the containing Representation. The format tag shall not be present.
$Number$ This identifier is substituted with the number of the corresponding Segment. The format tag may be present.
If no format tag is present, a default format tag with width= 1 shall be used.
$Bandwidth$ This identifier is substituted with the value of Representation@bandwidth attribute value. The format tag may be present.
If no format tag is present, a default format tag with width= 1 shall be used.
$Time$ This identifier is substituted with the value of the SegmentTimeline@t attribute for the Segment being accessed. Either $Number$ or $Time$ may be used but not both at the same time. The format tag may be present.
If no format tag is present, a default format tag with width=1 shall be used.
$querypart$ This identifier is substituted with the query part of the computed query string (UrlQueryString). The format tag shall not be present.
$fragmentpart$ This identifier is substituted with the fragment part of the computed query string (Ur1QueryString). The format tag shall not be present.
%query:param$ This identifier is substituted with the value of the param parameter if this parameter is present in the query part of the computed query string (Ur1QueryString). The format tag shall not be present.
$fragment:param$ This identifier is substituted with the value of the param parameter if this parameter is present in the fragment part of the computed query string (Ur1QueryString). The format tag shall not be present.


[0046] One of ordinary skill in the art will understand the meaning of substitution parameters in Table 1. In particular, the last four substitution parameters listed in Table 1 may be new parameters introduced herein.

[0047] In an embodiment for DASH, a URL query string element (UrlQueryString) may be set up as the following Table 2.
Table 2
Element or Attribute NameUseDescription
 UrlQueryString   provides URL query string information.
  @useMPDUrlQuery O (bool) specifies if the query string to use is the one present in the MPD URL.
     
  @QueryString O (string) provides a query string to be used in the construction of media segment URLs.
  @OptionalQueryString O (string) provides a query string whose use in the construction of media segment URLs is optional.
  @xlink:href O specifies a reference to an external query string
  @xlink:actuate OD default: onRequest specifies the processing instructions, which can be either "onLoad" or "onRequest".
  This attribute shall not be present if the @xlink:href attribute is not present.
Legend:
  For attributes: M=Mandatory, O=Optional, OD=Optional with Default Value, CM=Conditionally Mandatory.
  For elements: <minOccurs>...<maxOccurs> (N=unbounded).
  Note that the conditions only holds without using xlink:href. If linking is used, then all attributes are "optional" and <minOccurs=0>.
Elements are bold; attributes are non-bold and preceded with an @.


[0048] One of ordinary skill in the art will understand the meaning of elements or attributes in Table 2. In an embodiment, the UrlQueryString element may appear at most once at the levels of period, adapatation set and presentation.

[0049] The UrlQueryString in Table 2 describes how to build a URL query string, which can come from various places including an MPD URL when the @useMPDUrlQuery is set, the @QueryString attribute when present, the @OptionalQueryString attribute when present, or the @xlink resolution when present.

[0050] The URL query string may be constructed by concatenating query strings, if present and available (especially for @OptionalQueryString), resulting from @useMPDUrlQuery, @mpdQueryString, @OptionalQueryString and @xlink:href.

[0051] When two or more occurrences of UrlQueryString exist within an MPD, the final URL query string used at the inner-most representation level may be a concatenation of the corresponding URL query strings of the occurrences in their orders of appearance in the MPD hierarchy.

[0052] Note that "basic" parameter signaling may be used (@queryString = "a=X&b=Y"), as well as uniform resource name (URN)-dependent signaling (@queryString = "a=$urn:XYZ&b=$urn:ABC"). In the latter case, the client may be aware of the provided urns, and have to compute appropriate values for them. Suggested use cases for such parameter include a global positioning system (GPS) location, or measured bandwidth, where the client needs to provide feedback through URL parameters. The "$" sign is added before the URN scheme to notify that a computation is awaited.

[0053] Various potential use cases exist in an adaptive streaming system (e.g., the system 100), and embodiments disclosed herein may apply to any of the potential use cases. This disclosure describes a number of exemplary use cases, but it should be understood that these examples are non-limiting.

[0054] FIG. 7 illustrates an exemplary MPD 700, which may be used for personalization of media segment URLs based on a MPD URL. With the current DASH specification, personalizing media segments URLs per client may require personalizing MPDs, which mean creation of a specific MPD per client. This use case in FIG. 7 discloses personalization of media segment URLs based on the MPD URL, so that a single MPD is sufficient. One intent is to allow transmission of a token from the MPD URL to media segments URLs.

[0055] It is assumed that the MPD 700 is available at URL http://a.com/x.mpd?token=abcdeXYZ. The processing of UrlQueryString leads to a query string, "token=abcdeXYZ". Then the first media segment URL of the video representation with bandwidth = 250 is http://a.com/250000/Seg1.mp4v?token=abcdeXYZ.

[0056] During the course of a media content, there may be dynamic events that may be unexpected (e.g., extra time-outs during a basketball game). During these events, advertisement (ad) or other information may be inserted to the media content. FIG. 8 illustrates an exemplary MPD 800, which may be used for ad insertion and/or live resolution of parameters. In this use case, query parameters may be used to trigger ad insertion. The ad may not be known at the time the MPD is generated. It is thus proposed to allow just-in-time resolution of some parameters. The streaming server may update an original MPD during streaming of the media content to the streaming client, and send the updated MPD to the streaming client. The updated MPD reflects dynamic events that are unexpected at a time of generating the original MPD.

[0057] Thus, responses to segment requests sent by the streaming server may include just-in-time MPD updates. This mechanism may sometimes be better than in-band event carriage and scheduled periodic updates. The xlink may be resolved on request, and the resulting query string is "xlinkparam=somevalue". Then the first media segment URL of the video representation with bandwidth 250kbps is "http://a.com/250000/Seg1.mp4v?xlinkparam=somevalue".

[0058] Another potential use case is to enable client feedback through parameters. Query parameters may be a way for the DASH client to provide feedback to the server, such as measured bandwidth, GPS location, etc. FIG. 9A illustrates an exemplary MPD 900 for enabling client feedback through parameters -1, and FIG. 9B illustrates an exemplary MPD 950 for enabling client feedback through parameters -2.

[0059] The use cases in FIGS. 9A and 9B assume that "urn:prmDef-1" refers to an exemplary parameter description 970 shown in FIG. 9C, which is encoded by a Web Application Description Language (WADL). Further, the use case in FIG. 9A assumes that the MPD 900 is available at URL "http://a.com/x.mpd?pd=$urn:prmDef-1".

[0060] In the MPD 900, the processing of UrlQueryString leads to a query string, "pd=$urn:prmDef-1". The client may be able to understand the "urn:prmDef-1" scheme and insert the appropriate values (GPS location in this case) in the media segment URL, which would look like http://a.com/250000/Seg1.mp4v?location=areaA.

[0061] In the MPD 950, the processing of UrlQueryString leads to a query string, "a=$urn:SomeStandardizedBandwidthMeasurement". The client may be aware of the signalized scheme and may provide the measured bandwidth value accordingly, which leads to http://a.com/Seg1.mp4v?bandwidth=500000.

[0062] Another similar use case is illustrated by an MPD 970 as shown in FIG. 9D. In the MPD 970, the processing of UrlQueryString elements at three levels leads to a query string "a=XYZ&b=EFG&c=RST". Then, a first media segment URL of the video representation with bandwidth 250 kbps is http://a.com/250000/Seg1.mp4v?parameter1=EFG&parameter2=XYZ.

[0063] It should be understood that there may exist many other potential use cases, in which embodiments disclosed herein may apply. For example, an authentication code (or security token) may be requested by a streaming server in a URL template. Based on the URL template, the streaming client may need to access the authentication code and verify its own identity with the streaming server before it is allowed to obtain any segment. The authentication code may be generated by the streaming client, the streaming server, or a third party server, and may be stored in any suitable form. The authentication code may be sent to the server as a query parameter inserted in the query string. The code or token passing from the client to the server may enable better session management.

[0064] In another exemplary use case, the streaming server may force the play-out of a particular content such as an ad for a certain period of time. In this case, the streaming client may supply a play-out evidence for the server or for a network to verify before fulfilling subsequent segment requests. The evidence may be generated by the streaming client and may be stored in any suitable form. The forced play-out mechanism may sometimes be better than pure CMAS, e.g., when the client is not trustworthy. For example, if client had control of streaming, the client may just request the next period when it detects a segment is an ad period. Using parameter insertion mechanisms disclosed herein, the server may ask for evidence from the client that the ad period has been played out. The evidence is given as a query parameter. The server holds the main content until it receives the evidence.

[0065] In another exemplary use case, the streaming server may fulfill spatial adaptation within a full-field view. When streaming a high resolution video, the client can zoom in a certain area/angle (e.g., to focus on a particular player or the basket in a basketball game). In this case, a region of interest (ROI) and/or a viewing angle may be provided by the client as query parameters. Accordingly, the streaming server may provide one or more segments that portrait a video signal specified by at least one of the ROI and the viewing angle. Such capability may enrich user experience.

[0066] FIG. 10 is a flowchart of an embodiment of a method 1000, which may be implemented by a client device (e.g., the streaming client 130). The method 1000 starts from step 1010, where the client device may obtain an MPD for a media content. The MPD may comprise a URL template for construction of URLs. In step 1020, the client device may insert one or more query parameters in a query string portion of a URL, wherein the query string portion follows a path portion of the URL. In an embodiment, the one or more parameters are inserted in the query string portion of the URL based on the URL template. The one or more query parameters may be any type of relevant parameters such as a client authentication code, an authorization token (such as those from OAuth (Open Standard for Authorization), SAML (OASIS Security Assertion Markup Language SAML), and GAA (3GPP Generic Authentication Architecture)), evidence showing that the client device has finished playing a length of a forced play-out content, a ROI, client power consumption, or a viewing angle, or a URL to acquire, obtain or retrieve one or more of these parameters, or combinations thereof.

[0067] In step 1030, the client device may send a media request comprising the URL to a streaming server (e.g., the streaming server 110). In step 1040, the client device may receive one or more segments of the media content from the streaming server in response to the media request. Specifically, the segments may be determined by the streaming server in response to the media request and based at least in part on the query parameters.

[0068] It should be understood that the method 1000 serves as an exemplary embodiment, thus alternatives may be used to modify the method 1000 and additional steps may be incorporated as necessary. For example, the client device may monitor network conditions and/or device operation conditions during playback of the media content, and one of the network conditions may be a bandwidth available to the client device during the playback of the media content. Further, the bandwidth may be specified as one of the query parameters inserted in step 1020.

[0069] FIG. 11 is a flowchart of an embodiment of a method 1100, which may be implemented by a network server (e.g., the streaming server 110) acting as a server for media content streaming. The method 1100 starts in step 1110, where the network server may generate an MPD for a media content, wherein the MPD comprises a URL template that specifies one or more query parameters to be included in the query string portion of the URL. In step 1120, the network server may send the MPD to a streaming client coupled to the network server via a network connection.

[0070] In step 1130, the network server may receive a URL from the streaming client, wherein the URL comprises a path and a query string following the path, wherein the query string comprises one or more query parameters. In step 1140, the network server may determine one or more segments of a media content to use for the streaming client based on at least one of the received query parameters. In step 1150, the network server may send the one or more segments to the streaming client.

[0071] It should be understood that the method 1100 serves as an exemplary embodiment, thus it may be modified as necessary. For example, as the MPD and corresponding segments may be generated and/or stored by different network servers, some steps such as steps 1110 and 1120 may be skipped whenever appropriate.

[0072] FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of a computer system or network device 1200. The network device 1200 may be implemented as any suitable device, such as a network server, a streaming server (e.g., the streaming server 110), or a client device (e.g., the streaming client device 130) disclosed herein. The network device 1200 may be capable of receiving, processing, and transmitting messages such as media requests and segments to and from a network. The network device 1200 may comprise one or more ingress ports 1210 coupled to a receiver 1212 (Rx), which may be configured for receiving MPD and/or segments from other network components. The network device 1200 may further comprise one or more egress ports 1230 coupled to a transmitter (Tx) 1232, which may be configured for transmitting MPD and/or segments to other network components. The network device 1200 may further comprise a logic unit or processor 1220 coupled to the receiver 1212 and configured to process the segments or otherwise determine to which network components to send the segments.

[0073] The processor 1220 may be implemented using hardware or a combination of hardware and software. The processor 1220 may be implemented as one or more central processor unit (CPU) chips, cores (e.g., a multi-core processor), field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), application specific integrated circuits (ASICs), and/or digital signal processors (DSPs). The processor 1220 may be configured to implement any of the functional modules or units described herein, such as the adaptation logic unit 112, the request parser 114, the delivery function 116, the access engine 132, the media engine 136, the monitoring function 134, a media player 1221, or any other functional component known by one of ordinary skill in the art, or any combinations thereof. The media player 1221 may be an application running on the processor 1220 and configured to play decoded media segments.

[0074] The network device 1200 may further comprise at least one memory 1222. The memory 1222 may be configured to store an MPD 1223 and segments 1224. The MPD 1223 and the segments 1224 may be stored or packed in various forms as described above. For example, the MPD 1223 may be any of the MPDs 700, 800, 900, 950, and 970. As shown in FIG. 12 the segments 1224 and the MPD file 1223 are stored as separate files, but they may also be stored in a single file.

[0075] In practice, there may be bidirectional traffic processed by the network device 1200, thus some ports may both receive and transmit packets (e.g., segments). In this sense, the ingress ports 1210 and egress ports 1230 may be co-located or may be considered different functionalities of the same ports that are coupled to transceivers (Rx/Tx). One of more of the processor 1220, the memory 1222, the receiver 1212, and the transmitter 1232 may also be configured to at least partially implement or support any of the methods and implementations described above, such as the implementation 200, the method 1000, and the method 1100.

[0076] It is understood that, by programming and/or loading executable instructions onto the network device 1200, at least one of the processor 1220 and the memory 1222 can be changed. As a result, the network device 1200 may be transformed in part into a particular machine or apparatus (e.g. a network router having the functionality taught by the present disclosure). The executable instructions may be stored on the memory 1222 and loaded into the processor 1220 for execution.

[0077] It is fundamental to the electrical engineering and software engineering arts that functionality that can be implemented by loading executable software into a computer can be converted to a hardware implementation by well-known design rules. Decisions between implementing a concept in software versus hardware typically hinge on considerations of stability of the design and numbers of units to be produced rather than any issues involved in translating from the software domain to the hardware domain. Generally, a design that is still subject to frequent change may be preferred to be implemented in software, because re-spinning a hardware implementation is more expensive than re-spinning a software design. Generally, a design that is stable that will be produced in large volume may be preferred to be implemented in hardware, for example in an ASIC, because for large production runs the hardware implementation may be less expensive than the software implementation. Often a design may be developed and tested in a software form and later transformed, by well-known design rules, to an equivalent hardware implementation in an application specific integrated circuit that hardwires the instructions of the software. In the same manner, as a machine controlled by a new ASIC is a particular machine or apparatus, likewise a computer that has been programmed and/or loaded with executable instructions may be viewed as a particular machine or apparatus.

[0078] Any processing of the present disclosure may be implemented by causing a processor (e.g., a general purpose multi-core processor) to execute a computer program. In this case, a computer program product can be provided to a computer or a network device using any type of non-transitory computer readable media. The computer program product may be stored in a non-transitory computer readable medium in the computer or the network device. Non-transitory computer readable media include any type of tangible storage media. Examples of non-transitory computer readable media include magnetic storage media (such as floppy disks, magnetic tapes, hard disk drives, etc.), optical magnetic storage media (e.g. magneto-optical disks), compact disc read only memory (CD-ROM), compact disc recordable (CD-R), compact disc rewritable (CD-R/W), digital versatile disc (DVD), Blu-ray (registered trademark) disc (BD), and semiconductor memories (such as mask ROM, programmable ROM (PROM), erasable PROM), flash ROM, and random access memory (RAM)). The computer program product may also be provided to a computer or a network device using any type of transitory computer readable media. Examples of transitory computer readable media include electric signals, optical signals, and electromagnetic waves. Transitory computer readable media can provide the program to a computer via a wired communication line (e.g. electric wires, and optical fibers) or a wireless communication line.

[0079] At least one embodiment is disclosed and variations, combinations, and/or modifications of the embodiment(s) and/or features of the embodiment(s) made by a person having ordinary skill in the art are within the scope of the disclosure. Alternative embodiments that result from combining, integrating, and/or omitting features of the embodiment(s) are also within the scope of the disclosure. Where numerical ranges or limitations are expressly stated, such express ranges or limitations may be understood to include iterative ranges or limitations of like magnitude falling within the expressly stated ranges or limitations (e.g., from about 1 to about 10 includes, 2, 3, 4, etc.; greater than 0.10 includes 0.11, 0.12, 0.13, etc.). For example, whenever a numerical range with a lower limit, R1, and an upper limit, Ru, is disclosed, any number falling within the range is specifically disclosed. In particular, the following numbers within the range are specifically disclosed: R = R1 + k * (Ru - R1), wherein k is a variable ranging from 1 percent to 100 percent with a 1 percent increment, i.e., k is 1 percent, 2 percent, 3 percent, 4 percent, 5 percent, ..., 50 percent, 51 percent, 52 percent, ..., 95 percent, 96 percent, 97 percent, 98 percent, 99 percent, or 100 percent. Moreover, any numerical range defined by two R numbers as defined in the above is also specifically disclosed. The use of the term "about" means +/- 10% of the subsequent number, unless otherwise stated. Use of the term "optionally" with respect to any element of a claim means that the element is required, or alternatively, the element is not required, both alternatives being within the scope of the claim. Use of broader terms such as comprises, includes, and having may be understood to provide support for narrower terms such as consisting of, consisting essentially of, and comprised substantially of. Accordingly, the scope of protection is not limited by the description set out above but is defined by the claims that follow, that scope including all equivalents of the subject matter of the claims. Each and every claim is incorporated as further disclosure into the specification and the claims are embodiment(s) of the present disclosure. The discussion of a reference in the disclosure is not an admission that it is prior art, especially any reference that has a publication date after the priority date of this application. The disclosure of all patents, patent applications, and publications cited in the disclosure provide exemplary, procedural, or other details supplementary to the disclosure.

[0080] While several embodiments have been provided in the present disclosure, it may be understood that the disclosed systems and methods might be embodied in many other specific forms without departing from the scope of the present disclosure. The present examples are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the intention is not to be limited to the details given herein. For example, the various elements or components may be combined or integrated in another system or certain features may be omitted, or not implemented.

[0081] In addition, techniques, systems, subsystems, and methods described and illustrated in the various embodiments as discrete or separate may be combined or integrated with other systems, modules, techniques, or methods without departing from the scope of the present disclosure. Other items shown or discussed as coupled or directly coupled or communicating with each other may be indirectly coupled or communicating through some interface, device, or intermediate component whether electrically, mechanically, or otherwise. Other examples of changes, substitutions, and alterations are ascertainable by one skilled in the art and may be made without departing from the scope disclosed herein.


Claims

1. A method implemented by a client device for media content streaming, the method comprising:

obtaining (1010) a media presentation description, MPD, for the media content, wherein the MPD comprises a uniform resource locator, URL, template for construction of URLs;

inserting (1020) one or more query parameters in a query string portion of a URL, wherein the query string portion follows a path portion of the URL, wherein the one or more parameters are specified to be inserted in the query string portion of the URL based on the URL template, the one or more parameter values are dynamic, and the one or more parameter values are gathered and provided by the client device;

sending (1030) a media request comprising the URL to a streaming server; and

receiving (1040) one or more segments of a media content from the streaming server in response to the media request.


 
2. The method of claim 1, further comprising monitoring network conditions of the client device during playback of the media content, wherein the one or more query parameters comprises at least one of the network conditions.
 
3. The method of claim 2, wherein the one or more segments are determined by the content server based at least in part on the one or more query parameters, wherein one of the network conditions is a bandwidth available to the client device during the playback of the media content, and wherein the bandwidth is specified as one of the inserted query parameters.
 
4. The method of claim 1, wherein the one or more query parameters comprises an authentication code provided by the client device, and wherein receiving the one or more segments occurs upon verification of an identity of the client device.
 
5. The method of claim 1, wherein the one or more query parameters comprises evidence showing that the client device has finished playing a length of a forced play-out content, and wherein receiving the one or more segments occurs only upon verification of the evidence by the streaming server.
 
6. The method of claim 1, wherein the one or more query parameters comprises at least one of a region of interest, ROI, and a viewing angle provided by the client device, and wherein the one or more segments portrait a video signal specified by at least one of the ROI and the viewing angle.
 
7. An apparatus comprising:

a receiver configured to receive a media presentation description, MPD, comprising a uniform resource locator, URL, template for a media content;

a processor coupled to the receiver and configured to construct a URL based on the URL template, wherein the URL comprises a path portion and a query string portion following the path portion, and wherein the query string portion comprises one or more query parameters, the one or more parameter values are dynamic, and the one or more parameter values are gathered and provided by the apparatus; and

a transmitter coupled to the processor and configured to transmit a request for the media content to a streaming server, wherein the request comprises the constructed URL;

wherein the receiver is configured to receive one or more segments of the media content from the streaming server in response to the media request.
 
8. The apparatus of claim 7, wherein the processor is further configured to monitor network conditions of the apparatus during playback of the media content.
 
9. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein one of the network conditions is a bandwidth available to the apparatus during the playback of the media content, and wherein the bandwidth is inserted in the URL as one of the query parameters.
 
10. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein the one or more query parameters comprises an authentication code accessible by the processor, and wherein receiving the one or more segments occurs upon verification of an identity of the apparatus.
 
11. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein the one or more query parameters comprises evidence showing that the processor has finished playing a length of a forced play-out content, and wherein receiving the one or more segments occurs only upon verification of the evidence by the streaming server.
 
12. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein the one or more query parameters comprises at least one of a region of interest, ROI, and a viewing angle provided by a user using the apparatus, and wherein the one or more segments portrait a video signal specified by at least one of the ROI and the viewing angle.
 
13. The apparatus of claim 7, wherein the request is a Hypertext Transfer Protocol, HTTP, request, and wherein the MPD and the segments all conform to Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP, DASH.
 
14. A method implemented by a network server for media content streaming, the method comprising:

generating (1110) a media presentation description, MPD, for the media content, wherein the MPD comprises a uniform resource locator, URL, template that specifies one or more query parameters to be included in the query string portion of a URL;

sending (1120) the MPD to a streaming client;

receiving (1130) a URL from the streaming client, wherein the URL comprises a path and a query string following the path, wherein the query string comprises the one or more query parameters, wherein the one or more parameter values are dynamic, and the one or more parameter values are gathered and provided by the streaming client;

determining (1140) one or more segments of a media content to use for the streaming client based on at least one of the received query parameters; and

sending (1150) the one or more segments to the streaming client.


 
15. The method of claim 14, wherein the URL template comprises an URL parameter element specifying a query parameter in the one or more query parameters, and wherein the URL parameter element comprises an identification of the query parameter.
 
16. The method of claim 14, wherein the URL template comprises an URL parameter element specifying a query parameter in the one or more query parameters, wherein the URL parameter element specifies a namespace, and wherein the query parameter is from an entity with the namespace.
 
17. The method of claim 14, further comprising:

updating the MPD during streaming of the media content to the streaming client, wherein the updated MPD reflects dynamic events that are unexpected at a time of generating the MPD; and

sending the updated MPD to the streaming client.


 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren, das durch eine Clientvorrichtung implementiert ist, zum Streaming von Medieninhalt, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

Erhalten (1010) einer Medienpräsentationsbeschreibung, MPD, für den Medieninhalt, wobei die MPD eine Vorlage für einen einheitlichen Betriebsmittelanzeiger, URL-Vorlage, zur Konstruktion von URLs umfasst;

Einfügen (1020) eines oder mehrerer Abfrageparameter in einen Abfragezeichenkettenabschnitt eines URL, wobei der Abfragezeichenkettenabschnitt einem Pfadabschnitt des URLs folgt, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Parameter spezifiziert sind, um basierend auf der URL-Vorlage in den Abfragezeichenkettenabschnitt des URLs eingefügt zu werden, der eine oder die mehreren Parameterwerte dynamisch sind und der eine oder die mehreren Parameterwerte durch die Clientvorrichtung zusammengestellt und bereitgestellt werden;

Senden (1030) einer Medienanforderung, die den URL umfasst, zu einem Streaming-Server; und

Empfangen (1040) eines oder mehrerer Segmente eines Medieninhalts von dem Streaming-Server in Reaktion auf die Medienanforderung.


 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, das ferner Überwachen von Netzbedingungen der Clientvorrichtung während des Abspielens des Medieninhalts umfasst, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Abfrageparameter wenigstens eine der Netzbedingungen umfasst.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 2, wobei das eine oder die mehreren Segmente durch den Inhaltsserver basierend wenigstens teilweise auf dem einen oder den mehreren Abfrageparametern bestimmt werden, wobei eine der Netzbedingungen eine Bandbreite ist, die für die Clientvorrichtung während des Abspielens des Medieninhalts verfügbar ist, und wobei die Bandbreite als einer der eingefügten Abfrageparameter spezifiziert ist.
 
4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Abfrageparameter einen Authentifizierungscode umfassen, der durch die Clientvorrichtung bereitgestellt ist, und wobei das Empfangen des einen oder der mehreren Segmente nach Verifizierung einer Identität der Clientvorrichtung stattfindet.
 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Abfrageparameter einen Hinweis umfassen, der zeigt, dass die Clientvorrichtung das Abspielen einer Länge eines zwingend vollständig abzuspielenden Inhalts beendet hat, und wobei das Empfangen des einen oder der mehreren Segmente nur nach Verifizierung des Hinweises durch den Streaming-Server stattfindet.
 
6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Abfrageparameter einen interessierenden Bereich, ROI, und/oder einen Betrachtungswinkel, der durch die Clientvorrichtung bereitgestellt ist, umfassen und wobei das eine oder die mehreren Segmente ein Videosignal darstellen, das durch den ROI und/oder den Betrachtungswinkel spezifiziert ist.
 
7. Vorrichtung, die Folgendes umfasst:

einen Empfänger, der konfiguriert ist, eine Medienpräsentationsbeschreibung, MPD, die eine Vorlage für einen einheitlichen Betriebsmittelanzeiger, URL-Vorlage, für einen Medieninhalt umfasst, zu empfangen;

einen Prozessor, der mit dem Empfänger gekoppelt ist und konfiguriert ist, einen URL basierend auf der URL-Vorlage zu konstruieren, wobei der URL einen Pfadabschnitt und einen Abfragezeichenkettenabschnitt, der dem Pfadabschnitt folgt, umfasst und wobei der Abfragezeichenkettenabschnitt einen oder mehrere Abfrageparameter umfasst, der eine oder die mehreren Parameterwerte dynamisch sind und der eine oder die mehreren Parameterwerte durch die Vorrichtung zusammengestellt und bereitgestellt werden; und

einen Sender, der mit dem Prozessor gekoppelt ist und konfiguriert ist, eine Anforderung für Medieninhalt zu einem Streaming-Server zu senden, wobei die Anforderung den konstruierten URL umfasst;

wobei der Empfänger konfiguriert ist, ein oder mehrerer Segmente des Medieninhalts von dem Streaming-Server in einer Reaktion auf die Medienanforderung zu empfangen.


 
8. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, wobei der Prozessor ferner konfiguriert ist, Netzbedingungen der Vorrichtung während des Abspielens des Medieninhalts zu überwachen.
 
9. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei eine der Netzbedingungen eine Bandbreite ist, die für die Vorrichtung während des Abspielens des Medieninhalts verfügbar ist, und wobei die Bandbreite als einer der Abfrageparameter in den URL eingefügt ist.
 
10. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Abfrageparameter einen Authentifizierungscode umfassen, der durch den Prozessor zugreifbar ist, und wobei das Empfangen des einen oder der mehreren Segmente nach Verifizierung einer Identität der Vorrichtung stattfindet.
 
11. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Abfrageparameter einen Hinweis umfassen, der zeigt, dass der Prozessor das Abspielen einer Länge eines zwingend vollständig abzuspielenden Inhalts beendet hat, und wobei das Empfangen des einen oder der mehreren Segmente nur nach Verifizierung des Hinweises durch den Streaming-Server stattfindet.
 
12. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Abfrageparameter einen interessierenden Bereich, ROI, und/oder einen Betrachtungswinkel, der durch einen Anwender, der die Vorrichtung verwendet, bereitgestellt ist, umfassen und wobei das eine oder die mehreren Segmente ein Videosignal darstellen, das durch den ROI und/oder den Betrachtungswinkel spezifiziert ist.
 
13. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 7, wobei die Anforderung eine Hypertextübertragungsprotokoll-Anforderung, HTTP-Anforderung, ist und wobei die MPD und die Segmente alle mit dem dynamischen adaptiven Streaming über HTTP, DASH, konform sind.
 
14. Verfahren, das durch einen Netzserver implementiert ist, zum Streaming von Medieninhalt, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

Erzeugen (1110) einer Medienpräsentationsbeschreibung, MPD, für den Medieninhalt, wobei die MPD eine Vorlage für einen einheitlichen Betriebsmittelanzeiger, URL-Vorlage, umfasst, die einen oder mehrere Abfrageparameter spezifiziert, die in den Abfragezeichenkettenabschnitt eines URL aufgenommen werden sollen;

Senden (1120) der MPD zu einem Streaming-Client;

Empfangen (1130) eines URLs von dem Streaming-Client, wobei der URL einen Pfad und eine Abfragezeichenkette, die dem Pfad folgt, umfasst, wobei die Abfragezeichenkette den einen oder die mehreren Abfrageparameter umfasst, wobei der eine oder die mehreren Parameterwerte dynamisch sind und der eine oder die mehreren Parameterwerte durch den Streaming-Client zusammengestellt und bereitgestellt werden;

Bestimmen (1140) eines oder mehrerer Segmente eines Medieninhalts zur Verwendung für den Streaming-Client basierend auf wenigstens einem der empfangenen Abfrageparameter; und

Senden (1150) des einen oder der mehreren Segmente zu dem Streaming-Client.


 
15. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, wobei die URL-Vorlage ein URL-Parameterelement umfasst, das einen Abfrageparameter in dem einen oder den mehreren Abfrageparametern spezifiziert, und wobei das URL-Parameterelement eine Identifikation des Abfrageparameters umfasst.
 
16. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, wobei die URL-Vorlage ein URL-Parameterelement umfasst, das einen Abfrageparameter in dem einen oder den mehreren Abfrageparametern spezifiziert, wobei das URL-Parameterelement einen Namensraum spezifiziert und wobei der Abfrageparameter von einer Entität mit dem Namensraum ist.
 
17. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:

Aktualisieren der MPD während des Streamings des Medieninhalts zu dem Streaming-Client, wobei die aktualisierte MPD dynamische Ereignisse widerspiegelt, die zur Zeit des Erzeugens der MPD nicht erwartet werden; und

Senden der aktualisierten MPD zu dem Streaming-Client.


 


Revendications

1. Procédé mis en oeuvre par un dispositif client pour une diffusion en continu de contenu multimédia, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

obtenir (1010) une description de présentation multimédia, MPD, pour le contenu multimédia, le MPD comportant un modèle de localisateur uniforme de ressources, URL, pour la construction d'adresses URL ;

insérer (1020) un ou plusieurs paramètres de demande dans une partie de chaîne de demande d'une URL, la partie de chaîne de demande suivant une partie de chemin de l'URL, les un ou plusieurs paramètres étant spécifiés pour être insérés dans la partie de chaîne de demande de l'URL sur la base du modèle d'URL, les une ou plusieurs valeurs de paramètre étant dynamiques, et les une ou plusieurs valeurs de paramètre étant collectées et fournies par le dispositif client ;

envoyer (1030) une requête multimédia contenant l'URL à un serveur de diffusion en continu ; et

recevoir (1040) un ou plusieurs segments d'un contenu multimédia à partir du serveur de diffusion en continu en réponse à la requête multimédia.


 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre : contrôler des conditions de réseau du dispositif client durant une lecture du contenu multimédia, les un ou plusieurs paramètres de demande comportant au moins une des conditions de réseau.
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel les un ou plusieurs segments sont déterminés par le serveur de contenu sur la base d'au moins en partie des un ou plusieurs paramètres de demande, une des conditions de réseau étant une bande passante disponible pour le dispositif client durant la lecture du contenu multimédia, et la bande passante étant spécifiée comme un des paramètres de demande insérés.
 
4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les un ou plusieurs paramètres de demande comprennent un code d'authentification fourni par le dispositif client, et l'étape consistant à recevoir les un ou plusieurs segments ayant lieu lors d'une vérification d'une identité du dispositif client.
 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les un ou plusieurs paramètres de demande comprennent une preuve indiquant que le dispositif client a fini de lire une longueur d'un contenu de playout forcé, et l'étape consistant à recevoir les un ou plusieurs segments ayant lieu uniquement lors de la vérification de la preuve par le serveur de diffusion en continu.
 
6. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les un ou plusieurs paramètres de demande comprennent au moins un élément parmi une région d'intérêt, ROI, et un angle de vue fourni par le dispositif client, et les un ou plusieurs segments représentant un signal vidéo spécifié par au moins un élément parmi le ROI et l'angle de vue.
 
7. Appareil comprenant :

un récepteur configuré pour recevoir une description de présentation multimédia, MPD, comportant un modèle de localisateur uniforme de ressources, URL, pour un contenu multimédia ;

un processeur couplé au récepteur et configuré pour construire une URL sur la base du modèle d'URL, l'URL contenant une partie de chemin et une partie de chaîne de demande suivant la partie de chemin, et la partie de chaîne de demande comportant un ou plusieurs paramètres de demande, les une ou plusieurs valeurs de paramètre étant dynamiques, et les une ou plusieurs valeurs de paramètre étant collectées et fournies par l'appareil ; et

un émetteur couplé au processeur et configuré pour transmettre une requête pour le contenu multimédia à un serveur de diffusion en continu, la requête contenant l'URL construite ;

le récepteur étant configuré pour recevoir un ou plusieurs segments du contenu multimédia à partir du serveur de diffusion en continu en réponse à la requête multimédia.


 
8. Appareil selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le processeur est en outre configuré pour contrôler des conditions de réseau de l'appareil durant une lecture du contenu multimédia.
 
9. Appareil selon la revendication 8, dans lequel une des conditions de réseau est une bande passante disponible pour l'appareil durant la lecture du contenu multimédia, et la bande passante étant insérée dans l'URL comme un des paramètres de demande.
 
10. Appareil selon la revendication 8, dans lequel les un ou plusieurs paramètres de demande comprennent un code d'authentification accessible par le processeur, et l'étape consistant à recevoir les un ou plusieurs segments ayant lieu lors d'une vérification d'une identité de l'appareil.
 
11. Appareil selon la revendication 8, dans lequel les un ou plusieurs paramètres de demande comprennent une preuve indiquant que le processeur a fini de lire une longueur d'un contenu de playout forcé, et l'étape consistant à recevoir les un ou plusieurs segments ayant lieu uniquement lors de la vérification de la preuve par le serveur de diffusion en continu.
 
12. Appareil selon la revendication 8, dans lequel les un ou plusieurs paramètres de demande comprennent au moins un élément parmi une région d'intérêt, ROI, et un angle de vue fourni par un utilisateur utilisant l'appareil, et les un ou plusieurs segments représentant un signal vidéo spécifié par au moins un élément parmi le ROI et l'angle de vue.
 
13. Appareil selon la revendication 7, dans lequel la requête est une requête de protocole de transfert hypertexte, HTTP, et le MPD et les segments étant tous conformes à la norme de diffusion en continu adaptative dynamique sur HTTP, DASH.
 
14. Procédé mis en oeuvre par un serveur réseau pour une diffusion en continu de contenu multimédia, le procédé comprenant les étapes suivantes :

générer (1110) une description de présentation multimédia, MPD, pour le contenu multimédia, le MPD comportant un modèle de localisateur uniforme de ressources, URL, qui spécifie un ou plusieurs paramètres de demande à inclure dans la partie de chaîne de demande d'une URL ;

envoyer (1120) le MPD à un client de diffusion en continu ;

recevoir (1130) une URL à partir du client de diffusion en continu, l'URL contenant un chemin et une chaîne de demande suivant le chemin, la chaîne de demande comportant les un ou plusieurs paramètres de demande, les une ou plusieurs valeurs de paramètre étant dynamiques, et les une ou plusieurs valeurs de paramètre étant collectées et fournies par le client de diffusion en continu ;

déterminer (1140) un ou plusieurs segments d'un contenu multimédia à utiliser pour le client de diffusion en continu sur la base d'au moins un des paramètres de demande reçus ; et

envoyer (1150) les un ou plusieurs segments au client de diffusion en continu.


 
15. Procédé selon la revendication 14, dans lequel le modèle d'URL comprend un élément de paramètre d'URL spécifiant un paramètre de demande dans les un ou plusieurs paramètres de demande, et l'élément de paramètre d'URL comportant une identification du paramètre de demande.
 
16. Procédé selon la revendication 14, dans lequel le modèle d'URL comprend un élément de paramètre d'URL spécifiant un paramètre de demande dans les un ou plusieurs paramètres de demande, l'élément de paramètre d'URL spécifiant un espace de noms, et le paramètre de demande étant à partir d'une entité avec l'espace de noms.
 
17. Procédé selon la revendication 14, comprenant en outre les étapes suivantes :

mettre à jour le MPD durant une diffusion en continu du contenu multimédia au client de diffusion en continu, le MPD mis à jour reflétant des événements dynamiques qui sont inattendus au moment de la génération du MPD ; et

envoyer le MPD mis à jour au client de diffusion en continu.


 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description