(19)
(11)EP 2 907 946 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
05.04.2017 Bulletin 2017/14

(21)Application number: 15155148.8

(22)Date of filing:  13.02.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
E05B 51/02(2006.01)
E05C 3/08(2006.01)
E05B 5/00(2006.01)
B64D 29/06(2006.01)
E05C 19/14(2006.01)
E05B 41/00(2006.01)

(54)

Pressure release latch

Druckentlastungsverriegelung

Verrou de libération de pression


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 16.02.2014 US 201461940464 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
19.08.2015 Bulletin 2015/34

(73)Proprietor: QRP, Inc.
Leland, NC 28451 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • Hernandez, Andres
    Yorba Linda, CA California 92887 (US)

(74)Representative: Dunleavy, Kevin James et al
Mendelsohn Dunleavy, P.C. p/o De Vries & Metman Overschiestraat 180
1062 XK Amsterdam
1062 XK Amsterdam (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 197 619
US-A- 2 927 812
US-A1- 2002 195 827
US-A1- 2006 214 431
WO-A1-2011/069103
US-A- 4 307 905
US-A1- 2005 087 996
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Cross-Reference To Related Application



    [0001] This application claims benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/940,464 filed on February 16, 2014, the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference as if fully set forth herein.

    Field of The Invention



    [0002] This invention relates to the field of latches in the mechanical arts for holding adjacent moveable panels in a fixed position. More specifically it relates to a bi-modal pressure release "blowout" latch for use in aircraft.

    Background of The Invention



    [0003] A blowout latch is a type of latch that releases when excessive pressure is applied to the panel or door which the latch secures. These latches can have many applications but are typically used on aircraft in places such as on the panels which cover the aircraft's engine. When excessive pressure is applied to the enclosing panels, the blowout latch will allow the panels to open to avoid damage to the panels or other aircraft structures.

    [0004] Such panel latches are disclosed in e.g. EP 1 197 619 A1 and WO2011/069103 A1.

    [0005] A desired feature of blowout latches is the ability to alternately manually open the latch. Another desired feature is a prominent visual indication of when the latch has been released.

    [0006] A problem exists with prior art blowout latches, however in that they are undesirably complicated, heavy, and relatively non efficient for aircraft applications. There is therefore a need in the art to provide a latch that overcomes these deficiencies.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0007] The applicant has devised a pressure release or blowout latch that provides all the desired traits recognized in the art with a more compact, efficient and light-weight design. Applicant's pressure release latch can also be manually operated, and prominently shows when the latch is open even if the panels appear to be closed.

    [0008] Applicant's latch mechanism includes a rotatable bolt that abuts a first panel, which is adjacent to a second panel to which the latch is affixed. The bolt is restrained by a linkage that operates at one end of the bolt against a pressure-actuated spring. In accordance with the mechanical relations of the linkage, the bolt will release soon after the opening force against the bolt exceeds a selected restraining force of the spring. When that condition occurs, the linkage will have deflected the spring and moved to a position where the end of the linkage bearing against the spring loses it mechanical leverage with respect to the bolt. Thereafter the bolt is free to continue rotation to the fully open position.

    [0009] Alternatively, the latch of the invention includes a manual trigger release that disables the restraining linkage and thus permits free movement of the bolt to the open position urged there by a bolt-opening spring. By depressing a trigger, one end of one arm of the linkage which is otherwise held in a fixed position by the trigger is allowed to move within parallel slots of the latch housing in a direction away from the bolt pivot. This sliding movement of the linkage disables its restraining affect on the bolt, which will then open. The latch includes a manual reset pad affixed to an end of the bolt that is of sufficient size so that it is convenient to operate and is easily visible from a distance to indicate when the latch has been opened.

    [0010] More specifically, the applicant has invented a panel latch comprising a housing with means for attachment to a panel. The housing carries a bolt rotatably affixed at a bolt pivot joint that permits it to rotate between closed and open positions. A second joint on the body of the bolt receives a pinned first end of arms of a bolt restraining linkage. A second end of the arms is attached to a pair of levers by another pinned joint located at an intermediate point along the length of the levers. A first end of the levers is rotatably and translatably affixed to the housing and selectively secured against translational movement by a trigger that is manually moveable between secured and released positions. When the trigger is moved to the released position, the first end of the levers is then free to move away from the bolt thus disabling the restraining linkage and permitting the bolt to freely move from the closed to the open position. In one embodiment the levers are triangular plates that operate on opposite sides of the housing.

    [0011] The bolt can also be moved to the open position without actuation of the trigger when excessive external opening pressure is applied to the bolt. A second end of the levers can move when a retaining spring assembly operating against that end of the levers is deflected by force transmitted from the bolt though the linkage. The various pinned joints of the linkage form a toggle linkage so that as the spring assembly is further deflected by the bolt force, movement of the levers places the joint at the first end of the linkage arms in an over-center position between the lever joint and the bolt pivot joint. When this position is achieved, the restraining force of the linkage against the bolt is released thereby permitting the bolt to freely continue its movement to the open position urged by the bolt spring.

    [0012] The latch of the present invention provides many advantages over similar devices in the art including reduced weight because two functionalities are provided by a single mechanism. Also, it provides reduced complexity because the device has fewer components and requires no tools to open the latch. The device also provides a reduction in volume by eliminating the need for additional assemblies. Finally, the means by which the spring mechanism is actuated allows the device to be a significantly more efficient mechanism during the pressure relief operation.

    [0013] These and other advantages will be apparent from the following drawings and description of the preferred embodiment. In this respect, before explaining at least one embodiment of the invention in detail, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application or to the details of construction in the following description or illustrated in the drawings. The invention is capable of other embodiments and of being carried out according to the scope as described in the appended claims.

    Brief Description Of The Drawings



    [0014] 

    Figure 1 is a top right front perspective view of one embodiment of the invention.

    Figure 2 is a partial sectional view taken along lines 2-2 of Figure 1.

    Figure 3 is a bottom right front perspective view.

    Figure 4 is a bottom right front assembly view.

    Figures 5a-5c are sequential left side elevations of the device in various configurations.

    Figures 6a-6c are sequential left side elevations of the device in various configurations.

    Figure 7 is a bottom right view of the latch with related panels.


    Description of The Preferred Embodiment



    [0015] Detailed views of the pressure release panel latch of one embodiment of the invention are shown in Figures 1-7. By the accompanying description, a complete understanding of this embodiment of the invention is taught. Like numbering of the individual components correspond to those in all other Figures. The Figures need only depict views from one side since the embodiment shown is symmetrical about its longitudinal axis and thus the side elevation views are substantially mirror images of one another. The numbering of all parts in each Figure is not necessary when taken in concert with the following description of each Figure.

    [0016] Referring now to Figure 1, the latch is shown in its closed position. The components of the latch are joined to housing 3, which includes recessed flange 3a at the top with means for attachment to a fixed structure such as the panel "A" shown in Figure 7. After attachment the recessed flange allows the topmost elements of the latch to lay flush with the panel "A" as shown in Figure 5A. Bolt 4 is rotatably affixed to the housing 3 and is secured by pivot pin 12 at opposite ends between legs of a yoke at the front of the housing 3. The bolt 4 includes an engagement end 4a for abutment with the secured element such as a second panel or door "B". Rotation of bolt 4 in the direction of the open position is constrained by a compression linkage comprising a series of rotatable joints formed by pins 5, 7, 8, and 10. Trigger 1 and a bolt reset pad 2 which is integral with the bolt have planar top surfaces lying in the same plane when the latch is closed.

    [0017] As shown in Figure 2, the ends of the lever means 9 shown in Figure 1 include pinned rollers 13 and 18 within the joints formed by pins 7 and 10, respectively. Roller 18 bears against a catch portion 1a of the trigger 1 and roller 13 bears against a spring assembly comprising a spring 15, an end cap 14, and a calibration screw 16. The bolt 4 is rotatable between open and closed positions about pin 12 and is biased toward the open position by torsion spring 11. The trigger 1 pivots about pin 19 and is biased to this bolt-securing home position by spring 17.

    [0018] Referring now to Figure 3 the present latch is viewed from the bottom. The compression linkage comprises a pair of restraining arms 6 pinned to the bolt 4 that move levers 9 as the bolt is rotated toward the open position. A first end of the restraining arms 6 is pinned to the bolt 4 at a joint formed by rivet pin 5 while a second end of the arms is attached to the levers 9 by pin 8 at a lever center joint intermediate the length of the levers. The levers 9 are triangular plates configured to provide the necessary geometries of operation while creating a very compact mechanism because the linkage operates in planes alongside of the bolt. A first end of the levers 9 is translatably and rotatably secured to the housing at a slide joint by a slide pin 10 that passes through parallel slots 3b in opposing sides of the housing 3 that extend downward from its top that includes mounting flange 3a. A second end of the levers 9 is unconstrained except for abutment between its pinned roller 13 and the end cap 15 of the spring assembly that is regulated by calibration screw 16. When the trigger is depressed this construction causes the levers 9 to shift away from the bolt as the pin 10 at a first end of the levers is pushed along the housing slots by the force of the bolt spring 15 as it moves the bolt to the open position.

    [0019] Referring now to Figure 4, this assembly view better shows the individual components of the latch and in particular the various features of the housing. The housing 3 includes a main body portion with sides that extend downward from a mounting flange 3 a at the top. Slot 3b through the one side of the housing shown has a corresponding parallel slot through the opposite side that receives slide pin 10. A bore 3c between the sides of the housing receives a blow-out spring assembly comprising spring 15, end cap 14, and calibration screw 16. The end cap 14 is closely received within the bore 3c in the housing to control its movement. Legs 3d at the front of the housing form a yoke that holds the bolt at its pivot joint by pin 12. In this embodiment the lever means is formed by two opposing triangular plates 9L and 9R on either side of the housing 3. Similarly the restraining arm means is a construction of two opposing members 6L and 6R that operate along the sides of the bolt 4. These inter-fitting structures provide a very compact, strong, and effective mechanism.

    [0020] Figures 5A through 5C depict a sequence of operation of the present latch which will occur when it responds to excessive opening pressure applied to the bolt. This embodiment of the invention provides for the self-opening of a latched door when excessive opening pressure is applied to the door as in a "blow-out" condition. Beginning at Figure 5A the latch is shown in its closed position attached to panel A with the operative end 4a of bolt 4 abutting door B. With the trigger is in its home secured position, the slide pin remains immobilized. Then, if excessive pressure is applied by the door against the engagement end 4a of the bolt, force transmitted through the linkage will deflect one end of the lever means 9 by pin 8 compressing the spring 15. This motion will proceed to a point where the restraining arm joint of the bolt moves over-center with respect to the bolt pivot and lever center joint as seen in Figure 5B. This causes restraining force against the bolt to be released and thereafter the bolt can continue to swing unconstrained to the full open position shown in Figure 5C. The amount of force supplied by spring 15 is controlled by calibration screw 16 at one end of the spring which determines the captive spring length.

    [0021] With continued reference to the previous Figures and more particularly now to Figures 6A through 6C, manual release of the latch can occur simply by depressing trigger 1. The trigger includes release catch 1a shown in Figures 2 and 4 that bears against the slide joint pin 10 at a second end of the lever preventing its movement away from the bolt. This maintains the restraining force of the linkage against the bolt. When the front of the trigger 1 is manually depressed to a release position, the catch portion of the trigger is removed from withholding the pin 10 so that it can now freely slide along the slots in the housing. This releases the restraining linkage by allowing it to freely shift away from the bolt as shown in Figure 6B. With the linkage thus disabled the bolt can now easily pivot from the closed to the open position shown in Figure 6C being biased in that direction by its torsion spring 11 shown in Figure 2. By these mechanical relations the bolt can only freely move from the closed position when the trigger is depressed.

    [0022] In either case of trigger release or pressure release as described above, one end of the lever or the other deflects away from the bolt, releasing the linkage's restraining force against the bolt to allow the door to open. To reclose the door, the bolt 4 may be reset to its closed position by manually depressing reset pad 2 which is integral with the bolt 4 opposite the engagement end.

    [0023] It will be readily understood by those in the mechanical arts that the dimensions of the various components of the invention can be selected to operate as described above without limitation to the particular configuration, proportions and dimensions shown in the preferred embodiment. As such the invention is to be defined only by the following claims and their legal equivalents.


    Claims

    1. A panel latch, comprising:

    a housing (3) having downward extending opposite sides and a top planar portion including means for attachment to a panel (A);

    a bolt (4) rotatably affixed to the housing (3) at a pivot joint intermediate first and second ends (4a) of the bolt (4), said bolt (4) being moveable between closed and open positions and being held in the closed position by a compression linkage, comprising;

    a second joint on the bolt (4) connecting a pinned first end of restraining arm means (6) of said linkage;

    a second end of the restraining arm means (6) attached to lever means (9) of said linkage at a third joint located at a point along the length of the lever means (9) between first and second ends of the lever means (9);

    a first end of the lever means rotatably and translationally affixed to the housing (3) by a slide pin (10) residing within and extending between opposing slots (3b) in said housing (3) sides;

    a trigger (1) affixed to the housing (3) selectively moveable between secured and released positions and having a catch portion (1a) abutting the slide pin (10) preventing translational movement of the lever means (9) first end when the trigger (1) is in the secured position; and

    wherein the bolt (4) can move freely from the closed position to the open position only when the trigger (1) is in the released position.


     
    2. The latch of claim 1 wherein a second end of the lever means (9) is in abutment with a spring assembly such that when the bolt (4) is in the closed position and the trigger (1) is in the secured position and excessive opening pressure is applied to the first end (4a) of the bolt (4), the bolt (4) will forcibly advance toward the open position by the second end of the lever means (9) deflecting a spring (15) of the spring assembly
     
    3. The latch of claim 2 wherein the spring assembly is deflectable to a point after which further advancement of the bolt (4) will release all restraining force of the linkage against the bolt (4).
     
    4. The latch of claim 3 wherein the position of the linkage where the restraining force against the bolt (4) is released is where second and third joints of the linkage are in over-center alignment with the bolt (4) pivot joint.
     
    5. The latch of claim 4 wherein the spring assembly comprises a compression spring (15) and an end cap (14) surrounding a front end of the spring (15).
     
    6. The latch of claim 5 wherein the spring assembly further comprises a calibration screw (16) which threadably engages said housing (3) and contacts a back end of the spring (15) for selectively changing a captive length of the spring (15).
     
    7. The latch of claim 6 wherein the spring (15) resides within a bore (3c) located between the sides of the housing (3).
     
    8. The latch of any one of claims 1-7 wherein the lever means (9) comprises an assembly of two opposing triangular plates (9L, 9R) located on opposite sides of the housing (3).
     
    9. The latch of any one of claims 1-8 further including a manual reset pad (2) at a second end of the bolt (4) opposite the first end (4a).
     
    10. The latch of claim 9 wherein a top of the trigger (1) and the reset pad (2) have planar surfaces which lie in the same plane when the bolt (4) is in the closed position and the trigger (1) is in the secured position.
     
    11. The latch of claim 10 wherein the means for attachment to the panel (A) is a flange (3a) that is recessed from said plane of the trigger (1) and the reset pad (2).
     
    12. The latch of any one of claims 2-11 further including a second spring (11) which biases the bolt (4) toward the open position.
     
    13. The latch of any one of claims 1-12 further including a door (B) hingedly connected to the panel (A) to which the latch is affixed and wherein said first end (4a) of the bolt (4) abuts the door (B) when the bolt (4) is in the closed position.
     
    14. The latch of any one of claims 2-13 further including an additional spring (17) that biases said trigger (1) toward the secured position.
     
    15. The latch of any one of claims 1-14 wherein the restraining arm means (6) is a construction of two opposing members (6L, 6R) operating along the sides of the bolt (4).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Plattenklinke, umfassend:

    ein Gehäuse (3), ausgestattet mit sich nach unten erstreckenden, einander gegenüberliegenden Seiten und mit einem oberen ebenen Anteil samt einem Mittel für das Befestigen an einer Platte (A);

    einen Schieber (4), an dem Gehäuse (3) an den ersten und zweiten Zwischenenden (4a) eines Drehgelenks des Schiebers (4) drehbar befestigt, wobei der Schieber (4) zwischen der geschlossenen Stellung und der offenen Stellung bewegbar ist und durch ein Druckgestänge in der geschlossenen Stellung gehalten wird, umfassend:

    ein zweites Gelenk an dem Schieber (4), welches ein aufgestecktes Ende eines Rückhaltearmmittels (6) des genannten Gestänges verbindet;

    ein zweites Ende des Rückhaltearmmittels (6), befestigt an dem Hebelmittel (9) des genannten Gestänges an einem dritten Gelenk, welches sich an einem Punkt entlang der Länge des Hebelmittels (9) zwischen dem ersten Ende und dem zweiten Ende des Hebelmittels (9) befindet;

    ein erstes Ende des Hebelmittels, an dem Gehäuse (3) durch einen Gleitstift (10), der sich in demselben befindet und sich zwischen einander gegenüberliegenden Nuten (3b) in den genannten Seiten des Gehäuses (3) erstreckt, drehbar und verschiebbar befestigt;

    einen Drücker (1)

    befestigt an dem Gehäuse (3), zwischen den gesicherten und freigegebenen Stellungen gezielt bewegbar und einen Schnappanteil (1a) besitzend, der an den Gleitstift (10) anstößt und die Schiebebewegung des ersten Endes des Hebelmittels (9) verhindert, sobald sich der Drücker (1) in der gesicherten Stellung befindet, und

    wobei sich der Schieber (4) nur dann ungehindert von der geschlossenen Stellung in die offene Stellung bewegen kann, wenn sich der Drücker (1) in der freigegebenen Stellung befindet.


     
    2. Klinke von Anspruch 1, wobei ein zweites Ende des Hebelmittels (9) so an einen Federaufbau anstößt, dass sich der Schieber (4) zwangsweise in die offene Stellung vorschiebt, indem das zweite Ende des Hebelmittels (9) eine Feder (15) des Federaufbaus ablenkt, sobald sich der Schieber (4) in der geschlossenen Stellung befindet und sich der Drücker (1) in der gesicherten Stellung befindet und auf das erste Ende (4a) des Schiebers (4) ein übermäßiger Öffnungsdruck ausgeübt wird.
     
    3. Klinke von Anspruch 2, wobei der Federaufbau bis zu einem Punkt ablenkbar ist, nach welchem ein weiteres Vorschieben des Schiebers (4) die gesamte Rückhaltekraft des Gestänges gegen den Schieber (4) freigeben wird.
     
    4. Klinke von Anspruch 3, wobei die Stellung des Gestänges, bei welcher die Rückhaltekraft gegen den Schieber (4) freigegeben wird, jene ist, an der sich das zweite Gelenk und das dritte Gelenk des Gestänges mit dem Drehgelenk des Schiebers (4) in Übertotpunktausrichtung befinden.
     
    5. Klinke von Anspruch 4, wobei der Federaufbau eine Druckfeder (15) und eine das vordere Ende der Feder (15) umgebende Abschlusskappe (14) umfasst.
     
    6. Klinke von Anspruch 5, wobei der Federaufbau ferner eine Einstellschraube (16) umfasst, die mit dem genannten Gehäuse (3) verschraubt ist und ein hinteres Ende der Feder (15) berührt, um gezielt eine Spannlänge der Feder (15) zu ändern.
     
    7. Klinke von Anspruch 6, wobei sich die Feder (15) in einer zwischen den Seiten des Gehäuses angeordneten Bohrung (3c) befindet.
     
    8. Klinke eines beliebigen der Ansprüche 1-7, wobei das Hebelmittel (9) einen an gegenüberliegenden Seiten des Gehäuses (3) befindlichen Aufbau zweier einander entgegengesetzter dreieckiger Platten (9L, 9R) umfasst.
     
    9. Klinke eines beliebigen der Ansprüche 1-8, ferner umfassend eine manuelle Rücksetzplatte (2) an einem dem ersten Ende (4a) gegenüberliegenden zweiten Ende des Schiebers (4).
     
    10. Klinke von Anspruch 9, wobei eine Oberseite des Drückers (1) und die Rücksetzplatte (2) plane Oberflächen aufweisen, die in derselben Ebene liegen, sobald sich der Schieber (4) in der geschlossenen Stellung befindet und sich der Drücker (1) in der gesicherten Stellung befindet.
     
    11. Klinke von Anspruch 10, wobei das Mittel für die Befestigung an der Platte (A) ein Flansch (3 a) ist, der gegenüber der genannten Ebene des Triggers (1) und der Rücksetzplatte (2) vertieft ist.
     
    12. Klinke eines beliebigen der Ansprüche 2-11, ferner umfassend eine zweite Feder (11), die den Schieber (4) in Richtung der offenen Stellung vorspannt.
     
    13. Klinke eines beliebigen der Ansprüche 1-12, ferner umfassend eine Tür (B), die gelenkig mit der Platte (A) verbunden ist, an welcher die Klinke befestigt ist, und wobei das genannte erste Ende (4a) des Schiebers (4) an die Tür (B) anstößt, sobald sich der Schieber (4) in der geschlossenen Stellung befindet.
     
    14. Klinke eines beliebigen der Ansprüche 2-13, ferner umfassend eine zusätzliche Feder (17), die den genannten Drücker (1) in Richtung der gesicherten Stellung vorspannt.
     
    15. Klinke eines beliebigen der Ansprüche 1-14, wobei das Rückhaltearmmittel (6) eine Konstruktion aus zwei entgegengesetzten Elementen (6L, 6R) ist, die entlang der Seiten des Schiebers (4) wirken.
     


    Revendications

    1. Un verrou de panneau, comprenant :

    un corps (3) comportant des parois opposées s'étendant vers le bas et une partie plane supérieure comprenant un moyen de fixation à un panneau (A) ;

    un pêne (4) monté en rotation sur le corps (3) par une articulation située entre une première et une deuxième extrémité (4a) du pêne (4), ledit pêne (4) pouvant se déplacer entre une position ouverte et une position fermée et étant maintenu en position fermée par un mécanisme de compression, comprenant :

    une seconde articulation située sur le pêne (4) reliant une première extrémité goupillée du moyen de retenue du bras (6) dudit mécanisme ;

    une seconde extrémité du moyen de retenue du bras (6) fixée au moyen de levier (9) dudit mécanisme par une troisième articulation située en un point le long du moyen de levier (9) entre une première et une deuxième extrémité du moyen de levier (9) ;

    une première extrémité du moyen de levier montée en rotation et en translation sur le corps (3) par une tige coulissante (10) située et s'étendant entre des fentes opposées (3b) des parois dudit corps (3) ;

    une gâchette (1) montée sur le corps (3) pouvant se déplacer de façon sélective entre une position de blocage et une position de libération et ayant une surface d'appui (1a) adjacente à la tige coulissante (10) empêchant le mouvement de translation de la première extrémité du moyen de levier (9) lorsque la gâchette (1) est en position de blocage ; et

    caractérisé en ce que le pêne (4) peut se déplacer librement de la position fermée à la position ouverte seulement lorsque la gâchette (1) est en position de libération.


     
    2. Le verrou selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'une deuxième extrémité du moyen de levier (9) est adjacente à un système à ressort de telle façon que lorsque le pêne (4) est en position fermée et la gâchette (1) est en position de blocage et qu'une pression supérieure à la pression d'ouverture est appliquée à la première extrémité (4a) du pêne (4), le pêne (4) est poussé de manière forcée vers la position ouverte par la seconde extrémité du moyen de levier (9) déformant un ressort (15) du système à ressort.
     
    3. Le verrou selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que le système à ressort est déformable jusqu'à un point au-delà duquel tout déplacement supplémentaire du pêne (4) libèrera toute la force de retenue exercée par le mécanisme sur le pêne (4).
     
    4. Le verrou selon la revendication 3, caractérisé en ce que la position du mécanisme à laquelle la force de retenue exercée sur le pêne (4) est libérée est celle où la seconde articulation et la troisième articulation du mécanisme sont alignées avec le centre de l'articulation pivotante du pêne (4).
     
    5. Le verrou selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que le système à ressort comprend un ressort de compression (15) et un capuchon (14) entourant une extrémité avant du ressort (15).
     
    6. Le verrou selon la revendication 5, caractérisé en ce que le système à ressort comprend de plus une vis d'étalonnage (16) en prise par vissage avec ledit corps (3) et en contact avec une extrémité arrière du ressort (15) afin de faire varier de façon sélective la longueur comprimée du ressort (15).
     
    7. Le verrou selon la revendication 6, caractérisé en ce que le ressort (15) se trouve dans un alésage (3c) situé entre les parois du corps (3).
     
    8. Le verrou selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, caractérisé en ce que le moyen de levier (9) comprend un assemblage de deux plaques triangulaires opposées (9L, 9R) situées sur les parois opposées du corps (3).
     
    9. Le verrou selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, comprenant de plus un poussoir de réinitialisation manuelle (2) situé à une seconde extrémité du pêne (4), à l'opposé de la première extrémité (4a).
     
    10. Le verrou selon la revendication 9, caractérisé en ce qu'une partie supérieure de la gâchette (1) et du poussoir de réinitialisation (2) présentent des surfaces planes qui se trouvent sur le même plan lorsque le pêne (4) est en position fermée et que la gâchette (1) est en position de blocage.
     
    11. Le verrou selon la revendication 10, caractérisé en ce que le moyen de fixation au panneau (A) est une bride (3a) en retrait du plan de ladite gâchette (1) et du poussoir de réinitialisation (2).
     
    12. Le verrou selon l'une quelconque des revendications 2 à 11, comprenant de plus un second ressort (11) qui contraint le pêne (4) vers la position ouverte.
     
    13. Le verrou selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 12, comprenant de plus une porte (B) reliée de manière articulée au panneau (A) sur lequel est monté le verrou et caractérisé en ce que ladite première extrémité (4a) du pêne (4) est adjacente à la porte (B) lorsque le pêne (4) est en position fermée.
     
    14. Le verrou selon l'une quelconque des revendications 2 à 13, comprenant de plus un ressort supplémentaire (17) qui contraint ladite gâchette (1) vers la position de blocage.
     
    15. Le verrou selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 14, caractérisé en ce que le moyen de retenue du bras (6) est un assemblage de deux éléments opposés (6L, 6R) mis en oeuvre de part et d'autre du pêne (4).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description