(19)
(11)EP 2 913 702 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.01.2019 Bulletin 2019/02

(21)Application number: 13849774.8

(22)Date of filing:  04.10.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G02B 27/01(2006.01)
B60R 11/02(2006.01)
B60R 11/00(2006.01)
B60K 35/00(2006.01)
G02B 27/64(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2013/077073
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/065097 (01.05.2014 Gazette  2014/18)

(54)

HEAD-UP DISPLAY DEVICE

BLICKFELDANZEIGEVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF D'AFFICHAGE À TÊTE HAUTE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 24.10.2012 JP 2012234827

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.09.2015 Bulletin 2015/36

(73)Proprietor: Nippon Seiki Co., Ltd.
Nagaoka-shi, Niigata 940-8580 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • USHIDA,Norihiko
    Nigata (JP)
  • OGURO,Yuji
    Nigata (JP)
  • FURUSAWA,Hiroyuki
    Nigata (JP)
  • JINUSHI,Kouichi
    Nigata (JP)

(74)Representative: Carpmaels & Ransford LLP 
One Southampton Row
London WC1B 5HA
London WC1B 5HA (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- H10 227 991
JP-A- 2002 250 343
JP-A- 2012 163 630
JP-A- H10 227 991
JP-A- 2012 163 630
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a head-up display device.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] There is known a head-up display (HUD) device having a display unit to emit display light representing a predetermined image, and projecting the display light from the display unit to a front glass or the like of a vehicle, via a reflection member such as a concave surface mirror to cause a user to visually recognize a display image.

    [0003] In Patent Literature 1, there is disclosed a HUD device which is provided with: a holder to hold a reflection member; and a supporting part to turnably support a holder member about a turning axis, and which is structured to rotatably retain the reflection member. The HUD device according to Patent Literature 1 has a structure in which: one pair of first and second supported parts are provided so as to sandwich the reflection member along the turning axis therebetween; the supporting part is made of a first supporting part to support the first supported part and a second supporting part to support the second supported part; between the first supporting part and the first supported part, a gap to permit movement of the first supporting part is provided; and a restraining part to restrain movement of the second supported part in a turning axis direction of the second supported part is provided at a side at which the second supporting part and the second supported part are disposed.

    [0004] Japanese patent JP H10 227991 A describes a head-up display device which forms a virtual image by changing the optical path of image display light from a display unit 3 that the main body 5 has by the combiner 2. The main body 2 or combiner 2 is provided with an insertion part 11 and the other is provided with a recessed part 12 into which its insertion part 11 is inserted so that it can be extracted.

    CITATION LIST


    PATENT LITERATURE



    [0005] Patent Literature 1: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2008-185790

    [0006] Patent Literature 2: Publication JP H10 227991 A.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION


    PROBLEMS TO BE SOLVED BY THE INVENTION



    [0007] In the structure of the HUD device according to Patent Literature 1, a gap exists between the first supporting part and the first supported part, and therefore, if vibration is imparted to the HUD device, there may be a case in which the reflection member vibrates while displacing in the turning axis direction in particular. If the reflection member to reflect the display light from the display unit vibrates, as a result, shaking occurs to the display image that is visually recognized, and there has been room to be improved.

    [0008] The present invention has been made in view of the circumstance described above, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a head-up display device which is capable of reducing shaking of the display image due to the vibration imparted.

    SOLUTION TO PROBLEM



    [0009] According to an aspect of the present invention, a head-up display device in which display light representing a predetermined image emitted from a display unit is reflected by a reflection unit, and by the display light that is reflected by the reflection unit, a virtual image of the image can be visually recognized, the device comprising: a supporting part to rotatably support the reflection unit about a determined rotation axis; a supported part which is provided at one end part of the reflection unit along the rotation axis, and which is supported by the supporting part, wherein a spherical surface is formed at the supported part; a sliding surface formed at the supporting part, wherein the sliding surface is in a shape along a side surface of a cone or a triangular pyramid having a height direction along the rotation axis and which is substantially in point contact or linear contact with the spherical surface that is formed at the supported part, and wherein the sliding surface is a surface for the supported part to slide concurrently with rotation of the reflection unit; and an elastic member configured to press the supported part and the supporting part against each other in the rotation axis direction.

    [0010] According to the aspect of the present invention, further comprising: a second supported part which is provided, in a case where the supporting part is defined as a first supporting part, and the supported part is defined as a first supported part, at an end part opposite to the first supported part of the reflection unit along the rotation axis; and a second supporting part to rotatably support the second supported part about the rotation axis, wherein a spherical surface is formed at the second supported part, a sliding surface which is a surface substantially coming into point contact or linear contact with the spherical surface that is formed at the second supported part, and which is a surface for the second supported part to slide concurrently with rotation of the reflection unit, is formed at the second supporting part, and an elastic member to press the second supported part and the second supporting part against each other in a direction which is orthogonal to the rotation axis is provided.

    [0011] According to the aspect of the present invention, the sliding surface that is formed at the second supporting part is in a shape along a side surface of a cone or a triangular pyramid.

    [0012] According to the aspect of the present invention, further comprising driving means for rotating the reflection unit and a holder to hold the driving means, wherein the first supporting part is provided at the holder.

    [0013] According to an aspect of the present invention, a head-up display device in which display light representing a predetermined image emitted from a display unit is reflected by a reflection unit, and by the display light that is reflected by the reflection unit, a virtual image of the image can be visually recognized, the device comprising: a supporting part to rotatably support the reflection unit about a predetermined rotation axis; a supported part which is provided at one end part of the reflection unit along the rotation axis, and which is supported by the supporting part, wherein a spherical surface is formed at the supporting part; a sliding surface formed at the supported part, wherein the sliding surface is in a shape along a side surface of a cone or a triangular pyramid and is substantially in point contact or linear contact with the spherical surface that is formed at the supporting part, and wherein the sliding surface is configured to slide with respect to the supporting part concurrently with rotation of the reflection unit; and an elastic member configured to press the supported part and the supporting part against each other in the rotation axis direction.

    EFFECT OF THE INVENTION



    [0014] According to the present invention, shaking of the display image due to vibration imparted can be reduced.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0015] 

    Fig. 1 is a schematic sectional view for explaining a configuration of a HUD device according to an embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 2 (a) is a perspective view of a reflection unit and a reflection unit rotation mechanism which are included in the HUD device according to the embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 2 (b) is an exploded perspective view of the reflection unit and the reflection unit rotation mechanism that are included in the HUD device according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    Fig. 3 is a view in a case where the reflection unit and the reflection unit rotation mechanism are seen in a direction indicated by the arrow A shown in Fig. 2 (a).

    Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken along the line C-C shown in Fig. 3, of a partial configuration of the reflection unit and the reflection unit mechanism.

    Fig. 5 is a view in a case where the reflection unit and the reflection unit mechanism are seen in a direction indicated by the arrow B shown in Fig. 2 (a).

    Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken along the line D-D shown in Fig. 5, of a partial configuration of the reflection unit and the reflection unit rotation mechanism.

    Fig. 7 is a view for explaining a shape of the second supported part.


    MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION



    [0016] A HUD device according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

    [0017] A HUD device 100 is mounted to a motor vehicle, for example, and as shown in Fig. 1 or the like, this device is provided with: a cabinet 1; a display unit 2; a flat surface mirror 3; a reflection unit 4 and a reflection unit rotating mechanism 5 having a reflection member 40 (refer to Fig. 2 (a) and Fig. 2 (b)); and a circuit board which is not shown. It is to be noted that constituent elements other than the reflection member 40 in the reflection unit 4 and the reflection unit rotation mechanism 5 are not shown in Fig. 1.

    [0018] The HUD device 100 reflects display light L representing a predetermined image emitted from the display unit 2, by the flat surface mirror 3 and the reflection unit 4; emits the reflected light to a front glass 200 of a vehicle on which the HUD device 100 is mounted; and displays contents. The contents thus displayed by the HUD device 100 are a variety of vehicle information, navigation information, or the like.

    [0019] The cabinet 1 is formed of a synthetic resin, for example, with black, and houses the display unit 2, the flat surface mirror 3, the reflection unit 4, the reflection unit rotation mechanism 5, and the circuit board (not shown) therein. At a portion opposing to the front glass 200, an opening part 10 to cause the display light L, which will be described later, to pass through the front glass 200, is formed, and this opening part 10 is covered with a light transmission cover 11.

    [0020] The display unit 2 emits the display light L representing an image (a broadcast image) for broadcasting predetermined information (such as a variety of vehicle information or navigation information), and is composed of a transmission type liquid crystal display which is composed of a liquid crystal panel and a backlight light source or a self-light emission type display, for example.

    [0021] The flat surface mirror 3 reflects the display light L that is emitted from the display unit 2, toward the reflection unit 4.

    [0022] The reflection unit 4, as shown in Fig. 2 (a) and Fig. 2 (b), has: a reflection member 40 to further reflect the display light L that is reflected by the flat surface mirror 3 and then emit the reflected light toward the front glass 200; and a first supported member 6 and a second supported member 8 which will be described later. The reflection member 40 is made of a concave surface mirror forming a reflection film by means such as vapor deposition on a surface of a substrate made of a synthetic resin material, for example.

    [0023] The display light L that is reflected by the reflection member 40 transmits a light transmission cover 11 which is provided at the opening part 10 of the cabinet 1, and goes to the front glass 200. The display light L which reaches and is reflected on the front glass 200 forms a virtual image of a broadcast image (a display image which is visually recognized by an observer E) at a front position F (refer to Fig. 1) of the front glass 200, and transmits the light from the front side. In this manner, the HUD device 100 can cause the observer (mainly, a driver of a vehicle) to visually recognize both of the virtual image and a landscape of the outside actually existing at the front side or the like.

    [0024] The reflection unit rotation mechanism 5 rotates the reflection unit 4 about a rotation axis AX, and as shown in Fig. 2 (a) and Fig. 2 (b) or the like, this mechanism is provided with a first supporting member 7, a second elastic member S1, a second supporting member 9, and a second elastic member S2.

    [0025] It is to be noted that, in Fig. 2 (a) and Fig. 2 (b) to Fig. 6, the X-axis parallel to the rotation axis AX was indicated by the arrow. Hereinafter, in order to facilitate an understanding of the constituent elements of the reflection unit rotation mechanism 5, the constituent elements of the reflection unit rotation mechanism 5 will be described as required, assuming that a direction indicated by the arrow, representing the X-axis, is a "positive X-direction", and an opposite direction thereto is a "negative X-direction".

    [0026] The first supported member 6 that is provided at the reflection unit 4 is a member which is formed of a predetermined resin, for example, and which is rotatably supported on the first supporting member 7 about the rotation axis AX. The first supported member 6 is mounted to a side end part in the negative X-direction of the reflection member 40, and is mounted to be thereby immobilized with respect to the reflection member 40 (it is to be noted that the first supported member 6 may be formed integrally with the reflection unit 4). At the first supported member 6, a first supported part 60 which is a portion protruding in the negative X-direction is provided (refer to Fig. 2 (b) and Fig. 4). The first supported part 60 will be described later in detail.

    [0027] The first supporting member 7 is a member which is formed of a predetermined resin, for example, and which is supported to the cabinet 1 to be thereby immobilized with respect to the cabinet 1; and supports the first supported body 6. At the first supporting member 7, a first supporting part 70 (refer to Fig. 2(b)) which is a portion abutting against the first supported part 60 and supporting the first supported part 60 is provided. The first supporting part 70 will be described later in detail.

    [0028] Also, the first supporting member 7 is constituted as a member to retain a motor 71 and a gear 72. The motor 71 generates a driving force for rotating the reflection unit 4 about the rotation axis AX, and is made of a stepping motor, for example. To a rotary shaft (not shown) of the motor 71, as shown in Fig. 2 (a) and Fig. 2 (b), a setscrew 71a is mounted. The gear 72 is rotatably retained to the first supporting member 7 about an axis parallel to the rotation axis AX via a shaft 73 about the X-direction, and is securely tightened with the setscrew 71a. The gear 72 is also securely tightened with a gear part 62 which is formed at the first supported member 6. When the setscrew 71a is rotated by the motor 71, the gear 72 that is securely tightened therewith rotates. The gear 72 is also securely tightened with the gear part 62 that is formed at the first supported member 6 of the reflection unit 4, and therefore, the reflection unit 4 is rotated about the rotation axis AX by the driving force of the motor 71.

    [0029] In so far as the rotation part rotation mechanism is concerned, the driving force of the motor 71 is thus transmitted to the reflection unit 4 via the setscrew 71a and the gear 72 to be thereby able to rotate the reflection unit 4 about the rotation axis AX.

    [0030] A first elastic member S1 (one example of an elastic member) is made of a plate screw, for example, and as shown in Fig. 4, this elastic member forms a sectional substantial U-shape. The first elastic member S1 is arranged so as to press the first supported part 60 against the first supporting part 70. The first elastic member S1 will be described later in detail.

    [0031] The second supported member 8 that is provided at the reflection unit 4 is a member which is rotatably supported on the second supporting member 9 about the rotation axis AX. The second supported member 8 is positioned at a side end part in the positive X-direction of the reflection unit 4, and is immobilized with respect to the reflection member 40. The second supported member 8 is formed integrally with the reflection member 40, for example, or alternatively, is fixed to the reflection member 40. The second supported member 8 has a second supported part 80 protruding in the positive X-direction (refer to Fig. 2 (b) and Fig. 6). The second supported part 80 will be described later in detail.

    [0032] The second supporting member 9 is a member which is formed of a predetermined resin, for example, and which is mounted to the cabinet 1 to be thereby immobilized with respect to the cabinet 1; and supports the second supported member 8. At the second supporting member 9, a second supporting part 90 (refer to Fig. 2(b)) which is a portion abutting against the second supported part 80 and supporting the second supported part 80 is provided. The second supporting part 90 will be described later in detail.

    [0033] A second elastic member S2 (one example of another elastic member which is provided at another position different from that of the first elastic member S1) is made of a plate spring, and as shown in Fig. 6, this elastic member forms a sectional substantial U-shape. The second elastic member S2 is arranged so as to press the second supported part 80 against the second supporting part 90. The second elastic member S2 will be described later in detail.

    [0034] The circuit board, which is not shown, is a printed circuit board which is arranged at a predetermine position in the cabinet 1, for example, and which mounts a control unit (not shown) made of microcontrollers including a storage unit such as CPU and ROM. The control unit of the circuit board is electrically connected to each of the display unit 2 and the motor 71. The control unit acquires vehicle state information which is transmitted from an external device (not shown) such as a vehicle ECU (Electronic Control Unit) by way of a communication line, and drives the display unit 2 in accordance with this information (namely, a predetermined broadcast image is displayed on the display unit 2). Also, at the HUD device 100, input means (not shown) for a user such as observer E to adjust an angle of the reflection unit 4 is provided (this input means may be an external device of the HUD device 100, which is electrically connected to the control unit), and according to operational contents from the input means by the user, the control unit drives the motor 71, and rotates the rotary shaft of the motor 71 by a predetermined angle. In this manner, the reflection unit 4 is turnable about the rotation axis AX.

    [0035] Hereinafter, the first supported part 60, the first supporting part 70, and the first elastic member S1, and the second supported part 80, the second supporting part 90, and the second elastic member S2 will be described in detail.

    (Description of First Supported Part 60, First Supporting Part 70, and First Elastic Member S1)



    [0036] First, with reference to Fig. 4, the first supported part 60, the first supporting part 70, and the first elastic member S1 will be described. Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken along the line C-C shown in Fig. 3, of the reflection unit rotation mechanism 5.

    [0037] The first supported part 60 is provided at one end part of the reflection unit 4 (an end part at the negative X-direction's side) along the rotation axis AX, and forms a shape (a protrusion shape) protruding in the negative X-direction. On the other hand, the first supporting part 70 to support the first supported part 60, as shown in Fig. 4, is formed as a hole part (a recessed part) into which the first supported part 60 is to be inserted.

    [0038] Specifically, the first supported part 60, as shown in Fig. 4, is composed of: a cylindrical axis part 63; and a spherical part 64 having a spherical surface which is formed at the positive X-direction's side of the axis part 63. On the other hand, the first supporting part 70 is composed of: a first hole part 74 which houses the axis part 63, and which is made of a cylindrical hole slightly larger than the axis part 63; and a second hole part 75 communicating with the first hole part 74, and housing the spherical part 64. An interior surface forming the second hole part 75 of the first supporting part 70 is in a shape along a side surface of a predetermined conical member (preferably, a triangular pyramid or a circular cone) having a height direction in the rotation axis AX direction, and forms a sliding surface 75a against which the spherical part 64 of the first supported part 60 abuts, and which slides the spherical part 64 concurrently with rotation about the rotation axis AX of the reflection unit 4. In this manner, a contact between the first supported part 60 and the first supporting part 70, namely, a contact between the spherical part 64 and the sliding surface 75a is substantially in a point contact or linear contact state, and the first supported part 60 is rotatably supported by the first supporting part 70 in a manner that a contact resistance is restrained to the minimum.

    [0039] In the first elastic member S1, as shown in Fig. 4, one end part S1a thereof is fixed at the negative X-direction's side of the first supporting member 7, and the other end part S1b thereof biases the first supported part 60 at the negative X-direction's side. Namely, the first elastic member S1 imparts a force F1 at the negative X-direction's side to the first supported part 60, and presses the spherical part 64 of the first supported part 60 against the sliding surface 75a of the first supporting part 70. In this manner, the first supported part 60 is pressed in a direction along the rotation axis AX by way of the elasticity of the first elastic member S1 and the first supported part 60 and the first supporting part 70 are substantially in a point-contact or linear-contact state, and a gap is eliminated therebetween and thus a backlash is reduced, and further, even in a case where vibration is imparted to the HUD device 100, shaking of a broadcast image (a display image) which is visually recognized by the observer E is restrained.

    [0040] Also, at one end part S1a of the first elastic member S1, there is formed a bearing part O1 made of a hole part to rotatably pivot the axis part 63 of the first supported part 60.

    (Description of Second Supported Part 80, Second Supporting Part 90, and Second Elastic Member S2)



    [0041] Next, with reference to Fig. 6, the second supported part 80, the second supporting part 90, and the second elastic member S2 will be described. Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken along the line D-D shown in Fig. 5, of the reflection unit rotation mechanism 5. It is to be noted that a vertical line V passing through a crossing point of the line D-D orthogonal to each other was shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 6. In the sectional view of Fig. 6, at the left side from the vertical line V, the X-axis is oriented in the sheet normal line direction, and at the right side from the vertical line V, the X-axis is oriented to the right side.

    [0042] The second supported part 80 is provided at the other end part of the reflection unit 4 (an end part at the positive X-direction's side) along the rotation axis AX, and forms a shape protruding in the positive X-direction, and specifically, as shown in Fig. 7, this supported part is composed of: a cylindrical axis part 81; and a disk part 82 which is formed at the positive X-direction's side of the axis part 81. The disk part 82, as shown in Fig. 6, is formed in a circular shape when the disk part is seen in the positive X-direction, and as shown in Fig. 7, the disk part is formed so as to be in a flange-like protrusive shape more significantly than the axis part 81 when the disk part is seen in a direction which is orthogonal to the rotation axis AX. As shown in Fig. 7, the side periphery of the disk part 82 is a curved surface part 82a having a spherical curved surface. The second supported part 80 is supported by the disk part 82 (speaking in more detail, the curved surface part 82a) abutting against the second supporting part 90. Of the second supporting part 90, a portion against which the curved surface part 82a of the second supported part 80 abuts is formed in a shape along a side surface of a predetermined conical member (preferably, a triangular pyramid or a cone), and is a sliding surface 90a to slide the disk part 82 of the second supported part 80 concurrently with rotation about the rotation axis AX of the reflection unit 4 (one example of another sliding surface which is provided at another position different from that of the sliding surface 75a). In this manner, a contact between the second supported part 80 and the second supporting part 90, namely, a contact between the disk part 82 and the sliding surface 90a is substantially in a point contact or linear contact state, and the second supported part 80 is rotatably supported by the second supporting part 90 in a manner that a contact resistance is restrained to the minimum.

    [0043] In so far as the second elastic member S2 is concerned, one end part S2a thereof is positioned and fixed utilizing a protrusion part 91, which will be described later, provided at the second supporting member 9 (refer to the lower side in Fig. 6), and the other end part S2b thereof biases the second supported part 80 toward the lower side in Fig. 6. Namely, the second elastic member S2 imparts a force F2 to the second supported part 80 in a direction which is orthogonal to the rotation axis AX, and presses the disk part 82 of the second supporting part 80 against the sliding surface 90a of the second supporting part 90. In this manner, the second supported part 80 is pressed in the direction that is orthogonal to the rotation axis AX by way of the elasticity of the second elastic member S2 and then is substantially in a point contact or linear contact state with the second supported part 80 and the second supporting part 90, and a gap is eliminated therebetween to thus reduce a backlash, and further, even in a case vibration is imparted to the HUD device 100, shaking of the broadcast image that is visually recognized by the observer E is restrained.

    [0044] Also, at one end part S2a of the second elastic member S2, a cutout O2 is formed. This cutout 2 is formed at the second supporting member 9, and is engaged with the protrusion part 91 protruding in the downward direction in Fig. 2 (a) and Fig. 2 (b) or Fig. 6.

    [0045] In the HUD device 100 described hereinbefore, at the first supported part 60a, a spherical surface (which is included in the spherical part 64) is formed; at the first supporting part 70, there is formed the sliding surface 75a that is a surface substantially coming into point contact or linear contact with the spherical surface formed at the first supported part 60, and that is a surface for the first supported part 60 to slide concurrently with rotation of the reflection unit 4,; and there is provided the first elastic member S1 to press the first supported part 60 and the first supporting part 70 against each other in the rotation axis AX direction. In this manner, the first supported part 60 and the first supporting part 70 are restrained while abutting against each other, and the thus restraining member is the first elastic member S1, and therefore, even if vibration is imparted to the HUD device 100, it is possible to reduce an occurrence of a displacement with the reflection unit 4 (in particular, a displacement in the rotation axis AX direction), and vibration can be absorbed by the first elastic member S1, and as a result, an occurrence of a displacement of a display image is reduced.

    [0046] Also, the sliding surface 75a that is formed at the first supporting part 70 is in a shape along a side surface of a cone or a triangular pyramid having a height direction in a direction along the rotation axis AX. In this manner, if the spherical part 64 is biased in the rotation axis AX direction (the negative X-direction), a center of the spherical part 64 is aligned with a central axis of the cone or the triangular pyramid in which a part of a side surface is coincident with the sliding surface 75a (so called self-centering), and the reflection unit 4 can stably rotate about the rotation axis AX.

    [0047] In addition, as is the first supported part 60 and the first supporting part 70 at the negative X-direction's side of the reflection unit 4, in the HUD device 100, a spherical surface (which is included in the curved surface part 82a) is formed at the second supported part 80; at the second supporting part 90, there is formed the sliding surface 90a that is a surface substantially coming into point contact or linear contact with the spherical surface that is formed at the second supported part 80, and that is a surface for the second supported part 80 to slide concurrently with rotation of the reflection unit 4; and there is provided the second elastic member S2 to press the first supported part 80 and the second supporting part 90 in a direction which is orthogonal to the rotation axis AX direction, against each other concurrently with rotation of the reflection unit 4. In this manner, a backlash in the rotation axis AX direction can be absorbed by the first elastic member S1, and a backlash in a direction which is orthogonal to the rotation axis AX direction can be absorbed by the second elastic member S2, making it possible to maintain a state in which the first supported part 60 abuts against the first supporting part 70, and the second supported part 80 abuts against the second supporting part 90. Thus, even in a case where a large vibration is imparted to the HUD device 100, displacement of the reflection unit 4 can be well reduced, and as a result, displacement of a display image that is visually recognized can be well reduced.

    [0048] Further, in the HUD device 100, the first supporting member 7 at which the first supporting part 70 is provided functions as a holder to hold driving means (such as the motor 71 or the gear 72) for rotating the reflection unit 4 as well. In this manner, it is possible to well manage a failure exerted by a backlash between a part constituting the driving means and a part coupling to the reflection unit 4 (for example, a backlash between the gear 72 and the gear part 62 that is provided at the first supported part 60) (to easily design the HUD device is easily designed so as to prevent a failure in advance, etc.).

    [0049] It is to be noted that the present invention is not limited by the above embodiment and drawings. It is a matter of course that various modifications (including deletion of a constituent element) can be made thereto.

    [0050] Although the foregoing description explained a construction in which a supporting part has a sliding surface, and a supported part has a spherical phase, the present invention is not limitative thereto. A construction in which a supported part has a sliding surface, namely, a construction in which a relationship in irregularities between a supporting part and a supported part is reversed may be employed in the HUD device 100. That is, in a HUD device 100 according to Modification Example, a spherical surface may be formed at the first supporting part 70, and at the first supported part 60, there may be formed a sliding surface which is a surface substantially coming into point contact or linear contact with the spherical surface formed at the first supporting part 70, and which slides with respect to the first supporting part 70 concurrently with rotation of the reflection unit 4. This is also true as to a relationship between the second supported part 80 and the second supporting part 90.

    [0051] Furthermore, although the foregoing description showed an example in which an elastic member (the first elastic member S1, the second elastic member S2) is made of a plate spring, the elastic member may be made of a tension spring or the like.

    [0052] Still furthermore, although the foregoing description showed an example of reflecting the display light L from the display unit 2 by the flat surface mirror 3 and then causing the reflected light to reach the reflection unit 4, the present invention is not limitative thereto. The HUD device 100 may be configured so as to cause the display light L from the display unit 2 to directly reach the reflection unit 4 without having the flat surface mirror 3.

    [0053] Although the foregoing description showed a motor vehicle as one example of a vehicle installing the HUD device 100, the present invention is not limitative thereto. A HUD device 1 can be installed near a driver's seat of another vehicle such as a ship or an aircraft.

    [0054] Yet furthermore, although the foregoing description showed an example in which the display light L that is reflected by the reflection unit 4 is projected to the front glass 200, the present invention is not limitative thereto. The display light L that is reflected by the reflection unit 4 may be projected to a transmission reflection member (a so called combiner) exclusively used for the HUD device 100.

    [0055] In the foregoing description, in order to facilitate an understanding of the present invention, an explanation of publicly known technical matters which are not essential was appropriately omitted.

    INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY



    [0056] The present invention is applicable to a head-up display device in which display light representing a predetermined image emitted from a display unit is reflected by a reflection unit, and by the display light reflected by the reflection unit, a virtual image of the image can be visually recognized to be superimposed on a landscape of a front side.

    DESCRIPTION OF REFERENCE NUMERALS



    [0057] 
    100
    HUD device
    1
    Cabinet
    2
    Display unit
    3
    Flat surface mirror
    4
    Reflection unit
    40
    Reflection member
    6
    First supported member
    60
    First supported part
    63
    Axis part
    64
    Spherical part
    8
    Second supported member
    80
    Second supported part
    81
    Axis part
    82
    Disk part
    82a
    Curved surface part
    5
    Reflection unit rotation mechanism
    7
    First supporting member
    70
    First supporting part
    74
    First hole part
    75
    Second hole part
    75a
    Sliding surface
    S1
    First elastic member
    71
    Motor
    72
    Gear
    9
    Second supporting member
    90
    Second supporting part
    90a
    Sliding surface



    Claims

    1. A head-up display device (100) in which display light (L) representing a predetermined image emitted from a display unit (2) is reflected by a reflection unit (4), and by the display light (L) that is reflected by the reflection unit (4), a virtual image of the image can be visually recognized, the device (100) comprising:

    a supporting part (70) to rotatably support the reflection unit (4) about a determined rotation axis (AX);

    a supported part (60) which is provided at one end part of the reflection unit (4) along the rotation axis (AX), and which is supported by the supporting part (70), wherein a spherical surface (64) is formed at the supported part (60);

    a sliding surface (75a) formed at the supporting part (70), wherein the sliding surface (75a) is in a shape along a side surface of a cone or a triangular pyramid having a height direction along the rotation axis (AX) and which is substantially in point contact or linear contact with the spherical surface (64) that is formed at the supported part (60), and wherein the sliding surface is a surface for the supported part (60) to slide concurrently with rotation of the reflection unit (4); and

    an elastic member (S1) configured to press the supported part (60) and the supporting part (70) against each other in the rotation axis (AX) direction.


     
    2. The head-up display device according to claim 1, further comprising:

    a second supported part (80) which is provided, in a case where the supporting part (70) is defined as a first supporting part (70), and the supported part (60) is defined as a first supported part (60), at an end part opposite to the first supported part (60) of the reflection unit (4) along the rotation axis (AX); and

    a second supporting part (90) to rotatably support the second supported part (80) about the rotation axis (AX),

    wherein a spherical surface (82a) is formed at the second supported part (80),
    a sliding surface (90a) which is a surface substantially coming into point contact or linear contact with the spherical surface (82a) that is formed at the second supported part (80), and which is a surface for the second supported part (80) to slide concurrently with rotation of the reflection unit (4), is formed at the second supporting part (90), and
    an elastic member (S2) to press the second supported part (80) and the second supporting part (90) against each other in a direction which is orthogonal to the rotation axis (AX) is provided.
     
    3. The head-up display device according to claim 2, wherein the sliding surface (90a) that is formed at the second supporting part (90) is in a shape along a side surface of a cone or a triangular pyramid.
     
    4. The head-up display device according to claim 2 or 3, further comprising driving means for rotating the reflection unit (4) and a holder to hold the driving means (71, 72), wherein the first supporting part (70) is provided at the holder.
     
    5. A head-up display device (100) in which display light (L) representing a predetermined image emitted from a display unit (2) is reflected by a reflection unit (4), and by the display light (L) that is reflected by the reflection unit (4), a virtual image of the image can be visually recognized, the device (100) comprising:

    a supporting part (70) to rotatably support the reflection unit (4) about a predetermined rotation axis (AX);

    a supported part (60, 80) which is provided at one end part of the reflection unit (4) along the rotation axis (AX), and which is supported by the supporting part (70, 90), wherein a spherical surface is formed at the supporting part (70, 90);

    a sliding surface formed at the supported part (60, 80), wherein the sliding surface (75a) is in a shape along a side surface of a cone or a triangular pyramid and is substantially in point contact or linear contact with the spherical surface that is formed at the supporting part (70, 90), and wherein the sliding surface is configured to slide with respect to the supporting part (70, 90) concurrently with rotation of the reflection unit (4); and

    an elastic member (S1, S2) configured to press the supported part (60, 80) and the supporting part (70, 90) against each other in the rotation axis (AX) direction.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Frontscheibenanzeigeeinrichtung (100), in der Anzeigelicht (L), das ein vorgegebenes Bild repräsentiert, das von einer Anzeigeeinheit (2) ausgestrahlt wird, durch eine Reflektionseinheit (4) reflektiert wird und durch das Anzeigelicht (L), das durch die Reflektionseinheit (4) reflektiert wird, ein virtuelles Bild des Bildes visuell erkannt werden kann, wobei die Einrichtung (100) Folgendes enthält:

    einen Tragteil (70), um die Reflektionseinheit (4) um eine bestimmte Drehachse (AX) drehbar zu tragen;

    einen getragenen Teil (60), der bei einem Endstück der Reflektionseinheit (4) entlang der Drehachse (AX) vorgesehen ist und der durch den Tragteil (70) getragen wird, wobei am getragenen Teil (60) eine Kugeloberfläche (64) gebildet ist;

    eine Gleitfläche (75a), die beim Tragteil (70) gebildet ist, wobei die Gleitfläche (75a) in einer Form entlang einer Seitenfläche eines Kegels oder einer dreieckigen Pyramide, der oder die eine Höhenrichtung in Richtung der Drehachse (AX) besitzt, ausgelegt ist und im Wesentlichen in punktförmigem Kontakt oder geradlinigem Kontakt mit der Kugeloberfläche (64), die am getragenen Teil (60) gebildet ist, ist und die Gleitfläche eine Oberfläche ist, damit der getragene Teil (60) gleichzeitig mit einer Drehung der Reflektionseinheit (4) gleiten kann; und

    ein elastisches Element (S1), das konfiguriert ist, den getragenen Teil (60) und den Tragteil (70) in Richtung der Drehachse (AX) gegeneinander zu drücken.


     
    2. Frontscheibenanzeigeeinrichtung nach Anspruch 1, die ferner Folgendes enthält:

    einen zweiten getragenen Teil (80), der dann, wenn der Tragteil (70) als ein erster Tragteil (70) definiert ist und der getragene Teil (60) als ein erster getragener Teil (60) definiert ist, bei einem Endstück gegenüber des ersten getragenen Teils (60) der Reflektionseinheit (4) in Richtung der Drehachse (AX) vorgesehen ist; und

    einen zweiten Tragteil (90), um den zweiten getragenen Teil (80) um die Drehachse (AX) drehbar zu tragen; wobei

    eine Kugeloberfläche (82a) beim zweiten getragenen Teil (80) gebildet ist,
    eine Gleitfläche (90a), die eine Oberfläche ist, die im Wesentlichen in punktförmigen Kontakt oder geradlinigen Kontakt mit der Kugeloberfläche (82a), die beim zweiten getragenen Teil (80) gebildet ist, gelangt und die eine Oberfläche ist, damit der getragene Teil (80) gleichzeitig mit einer Drehung der Reflektionseinheit (4) gleiten kann, beim zweiten Tragteil (90) gebildet ist, und
    ein elastisches Element (S2), um den zweiten getragenen Teil (80) und den zweiten Tragteil (90) in einer Richtung, die senkrecht zur Drehachse (AX) ist, gegeneinander zu drücken, vorgesehen ist.
     
    3. Frontscheibenanzeigeeinrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Gleitfläche (90a), die beim zweiten Tragteil (90) gebildet ist, eine Form entlang einer Seitenfläche eines Kegels oder einer dreieckigen Pyramide besitzt.
     
    4. Frontscheibenanzeigeeinrichtung nach Anspruch 2 oder 3, die ferner ein Antriebsmittel, um die Reflektionseinheit (4) zu drehen, und einen Halter, um das Antriebsmittel (71, 72) zu halten, enthält, wobei der erste Tragteil (70) beim Halter vorgesehen ist.
     
    5. Frontscheibenanzeigeeinrichtung (100), in der Anzeigelicht (L), das ein vorgegebenes Bild repräsentiert, das von einer Anzeigeeinheit (2) ausgestrahlt wird, durch eine Reflektionseinheit (4) reflektiert wird und durch das Anzeigelicht (L), das durch die Reflektionseinheit (4) reflektiert wird, ein virtuelles Bild des Bildes visuell erkannt werden kann, wobei die Einrichtung (100) Folgendes enthält:

    einen Tragteil (70), um die Reflektionseinheit (4) um eine vorgegebene Drehachse (AX) drehbar zu tragen;

    einen getragenen Teil (60, 80), der bei einem Endstück der Reflektionseinheit (4) entlang der Drehachse (AX) vorgesehen ist und der durch den Tragteil (70, 90) getragen wird, wobei am Tragteil (70, 90) eine Kugeloberfläche gebildet ist;

    eine Gleitfläche, die beim getragenen Teil (60, 80) gebildet ist, wobei die Gleitfläche (75a) in einer Form entlang einer Seitenfläche eines Kegels oder einer dreieckigen Pyramide ausgelegt ist und im Wesentlichen in punktförmigem Kontakt oder geradlinigem Kontakt mit der Kugeloberfläche, die am Tragteil (70, 90) gebildet ist, ist und die Gleitfläche konfiguriert ist, in Bezug auf den Tragteil (70, 90) gleichzeitig mit einer Drehung der Reflektionseinheit (4) zu gleiten; und

    ein elastisches Element (S1, S2), das konfiguriert ist, den getragenen Teil (60, 80) und den Tragteil (70, 90) in der Richtung der Drehachse (AX) gegeneinander zu drücken.


     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif d'affichage tête haute (100) dans lequel une lumière d'affichage (L) représentant une image prédéterminée émise depuis une unité d'affichage (2) est réfléchie par une unité de réflexion (4), et par la lumière d'affichage (L) qui est réfléchie par l'unité de réflexion (4), une image virtuelle de l'image peut être reconnue visuellement, le dispositif (100) comprenant :

    une partie de support (70) pour supporter avec possibilité de rotation l'unité de réflexion (4) autour d'un axe de rotation déterminé (AX) ;

    une partie supportée (60) qui est disposée au niveau d'une partie d'extrémité de l'unité de réflexion (4) le long de l'axe de rotation (AX), et qui est supportée par la partie de support (70), une surface sphérique (64) étant formée au niveau de la partie supportée (60) ;

    une surface de glissement (75a) formée au niveau de la partie de support (70), la surface de glissement (75a) se présentant sous une forme le long d'une surface latérale d'un cône ou d'une pyramide triangulaire ayant une direction dans la hauteur le long de l'axe de rotation (AX) et qui est sensiblement en contact ponctuel ou contact linéaire avec la surface sphérique (64) qui est formée au niveau de la partie supportée (60), et la surface de glissement étant une surface pour que la partie supportée (60) glisse simultanément à une rotation de l'unité de réflexion (4) ; et

    un élément élastique (S1) configuré pour appuyer la partie supportée (60) et la partie de support (70) l'une contre l'autre dans la direction de l'axe de rotation (AX) .


     
    2. Dispositif d'affichage tête haute selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

    une deuxième partie supportée (80) qui est disposée, dans un cas où la partie de support (70) est définie comme une première partie de support (70), et la partie supportée (60) est définie comme une première partie supportée (60), au niveau d'une partie d'extrémité à l'opposé de la première partie supportée (60) de l'unité de réflexion (4) le long de l'axe de rotation (AX) ; et

    une deuxième partie de support (90) pour supporter avec possibilité de rotation la deuxième partie supportée (80) autour de l'axe de rotation (AX),

    dans lequel une surface sphérique (82a) est formée au niveau de la deuxième partie supportée (80),
    une surface de glissement (90a) qui est une surface venant sensiblement en contact ponctuel ou contact linéaire avec la surface sphérique (82a) qui est formée au niveau de la deuxième partie supportée (80), et qui est une surface pour que la deuxième partie supportée (80) glisse simultanément à une rotation de l'unité de réflexion (4), est formée au niveau de la deuxième partie de support (90), et
    un élément élastique (S2) pour appuyer la deuxième partie supportée (80) et la deuxième partie de support (90) l'une contre l'autre dans une direction qui est orthogonale à l'axe de rotation (AX) est prévu.
     
    3. Dispositif d'affichage tête haute selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la surface de glissement (90a) qui est formée au niveau de la deuxième partie de support (90) se présente sous une forme le long d'une surface latérale d'un cône ou d'une pyramide triangulaire.
     
    4. Dispositif d'affichage tête haute selon la revendication 2 ou 3, comprenant en outre des moyens d'entraînement pour faire tourner l'unité de réflexion (4) et un support pour supporter les moyens d'entraînement (71, 72), la première partie de support (70) étant disposée au niveau du support.
     
    5. Dispositif d'affichage tête haute (100) dans lequel une lumière d'affichage (L) représentant une image prédéterminée émise depuis une unité d'affichage (2) est réfléchie par une unité de réflexion (4), et par la lumière d'affichage (L) qui est réfléchie par l'unité de réflexion (4), une image virtuelle de l'image peut être reconnue visuellement, le dispositif (100) comprenant :

    une partie de support (70) pour supporter avec possibilité de rotation l'unité de réflexion (4) autour d'un axe de rotation déterminé (AX) ;

    une partie supportée (60, 80) qui est disposée au niveau d'une partie d'extrémité de l'unité de réflexion (4) le long de l'axe de rotation (AX), et qui est supportée par la partie de support (70, 90), une surface sphérique étant formée au niveau de la partie de support (70, 90) ;

    une surface de glissement formée au niveau de la partie supportée (60, 80), la surface de glissement (75a) se présentant sous une forme le long d'une surface latérale d'un cône ou d'une pyramide triangulaire et étant sensiblement en contact ponctuel ou contact linéaire avec la surface sphérique qui est formée au niveau de la partie de support (70, 90), et la surface de glissement étant configurée pour glisser par rapport à la partie de support (70, 90) simultanément à une rotation de l'unité de réflexion (4) ; et

    un élément élastique (S1, S2) configuré pour appuyer la partie supportée (60, 80) et la partie de support (70, 90) l'une contre l'autre dans la direction de l'axe de rotation (AX).


     




    Drawing


























    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description