(19)
(11)EP 2 914 153 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.05.2016 Bulletin 2016/21

(21)Application number: 13780322.7

(22)Date of filing:  09.10.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A47K 3/28  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2013/071025
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/067751 (08.05.2014 Gazette  2014/19)

(54)

SUSTAINABLE MINI SHOWER

NACHHALTIGE MINIDUSCHE

MINI DOUCHE DURABLE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 01.11.2012 EP 12190932

(43)Date of publication of application:
09.09.2015 Bulletin 2015/37

(73)Proprietors:
  • UNILEVER N.V.
    3013 AL Rotterdam (NL)
    Designated Contracting States:
    AL AT BE BG CH CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GR HR HU IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR 
  • Unilever PLC
    London, Greater London EC4Y 0DY (GB)
    Designated Contracting States:
    CY GB IE MT 

(72)Inventors:
  • SHANKAR, Venkatesh
    560 066 Bangalore (IN)
  • PRATAP, Shailendra
    560 066 Bangalore (IN)
  • RAMACHANDRAN, Rajeesh, Kumar
    Bangalore 560 066 (IN)
  • SHAH, Nimish, Harsdadrai
    560 066 Bangalore (IN)

(74)Representative: van den Brom, Coenraad Richard 
Unilever Patent Group Olivier van Noortlaan 120
3133 AT Vlaardingen
3133 AT Vlaardingen (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
GB-A- 2 454 228
US-A- 5 911 520
US-A- 5 065 942
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the invention



    [0001] The invention relates to personal cleansing apparatus and more particularly to sustainable mini shower which can be used for cleaning a part of the body such as face and hands.

    Background of the invention



    [0002] US 591/520A discloses a shower apparatus according the preamble of claim 1. Documents US 5 065 942 A and GB 2 454 228 A disclose sustainable shower heads comprising nozzles for spraying air and water. Showers can be found in houses, hotels, hostels and lodges all around the world. Showers consume huge quantity of water.

    [0003] Portable or hand-held or mini showers provide shower on-the-go for travellers and campers. Such showers are generally used for quickly washing a part of the body such as the hands, face or legs. A typical portable or mini-shower includes a container for holding water, a pipe or a conduit for flow of water, a pressuring means such as a foot-pedal and a shower head.

    [0004] A full-body shower consumes upwards of fifty litres of water. Known mini showers also need around three to five litres of water for one-time use and usually a device, once pressurised, provides a spray of water for very short duration. Therefore people tend to pressurise the container again so that they can have repeat shower. People using portable or mini showers often desire a longer-lasting shower in a single use, but with the disclosed drawbacks and limitations of conventional mini showers, this inherently implies the use of more water.

    [0005] The concept of sustainable use of natural resources is fast gaining widespread momentum. This can be seen from the fact that some companies have started including elements of sustainability in their corporate agenda and vision. Some companies have also started publishing sustainability reports.

    [0006] Water is undoubtedly one of the most important natural resources. However, published reports indicate that the daily global consumption of water crosses several hundred thousand litres for showers alone.

    [0007] Therefore, it is a technical problem to design a mini shower which can meet some opposing demands at the same time. The first demand is to be sustainable. This implies the use of significantly lesser water. The second requirement is to provide a longer-lasting shower after the container of water is adequately pressurised for use.

    [0008] US patent publications US3760431 B1 (Barry Schwibner, 1973), US5161266 B1 (Hildebrand, 1992) and US2005086738 A1 (Gragtmans Ian) disclose conventional portable showers having a conduit, a conventional shower head, a container and a deformable foot pump for pressurising the container. The mini shower apparatus is designed for washing the hands, the feet or the face.

    [0009] The limitations of such conventional portable or mini showers have already been described. The typical duration of shower for a one-time use is about 10 seconds to 15 seconds, whereas users desire longer lasting showers once the container is adequately pressurised.

    [0010] We have now determined that the aforesaid technical problems can be solved by making use of gas to adequately pressurise the water which is then co-dispensed along with water in the form of a mist or spray through a shower head having unique configuration of nozzles.

    Summary of the invention



    [0011] In a first aspect disclosed is a sustainable shower apparatus having:
    1. (i) a pressurisable container to hold water and a gas;
    2. (ii) a pressuriser for pressurizing the container;
    3. (iii) a shower head;
    4. (iv) a first tubing for carrying pressurized water from the container to the shower head ; characterised in that the sustainable shower apparatus further comprises :

      ( v) a second tubing for carrying pressurized gas from the container to the shower head;

    wherein flow of the gas or the water is individually controllable by use of respective valves of the first tubing and the second tubing and where each tubing terminates into a respective nozzle in the shower head,
    wherein the shower head comprises a nozzle for spraying the gas and adjacent thereto, at least one nozzle for spraying the water, and
    wherein tip of nozzle for spraying the water is oriented at an acute angle with tip of nozzle for spraying the gas.

    [0012] In a second aspect disclosed is a method for a sustainable showering using the shower apparatus of the first aspect, the method having steps:
    1. (i) pressurizing the container comprising water to a desired pressure by using the pressuriser;
    2. (ii) opening the respective valves of the first tubing and the second tubing so as to allow water and gas to flow through the tubings towards the shower head;
    3. (iii) allowing water to be released from the shower head.


    [0013] The invention will now be explained in details.

    Detailed Description


    The container



    [0014] The shape, size, dimensions and material of construction of the pressurisable container have no particular role to play. The container must be capable of withstanding applied pressure. It is preferred that the pressurisable container is capable of being pressurized upto 0,55 MPa (80 psi), more preferably 0,07MPa (10 psi), to 0.41MPa (60 psi), and most preferably 0,14 (20) to 0,28 (40 MPa psi). It is preferred that the pressurisable container is capable of holding 4 litres to 20 litres water, more preferably 10 litres to 20 litres and most preferably 12 litres to 20 litres.

    [0015] A function of the container is to hold water. The container should also hold the gas when the container is pressurized by the pressurizer. The ratio of gas to water can be varied to suit individual needs. Usually the water is more than the gas but it is preferred that ratio of water to gas inside the container is 2:1 to 1:4, more preferably 1:2 to 1:4.

    [0016] The container preferably also includes a pressure gauge. It can be digital or analog. Any suitable pressure gauge can be used which can be placed or fitted at any convenient location.

    [0017] In addition to the disclosed features, keeping the safety angle in mind, the container also preferably includes a safety mechanism such as a gasket release system.

    The tubings



    [0018] The apparatus has a first tubing for carrying pressurized water from the container to the shower head. The apparatus also has a second tubing for carrying pressurized gas from the container to the shower head.

    [0019] The material of construction of the tubing has no particular role to play. It can be anything from rubber to steel to plastic or a composite material.
    One end of the first tubing needs to be submerged in water and preferably reaches to the bottom of the container so that all the water can be utilised without any break in continuity of flow of water. The end of the second tubing which is inside the container and meant for carrying pressurized gas from the container to the spray head, remains above the level of the water inside the container.

    Valves



    [0020] The flow of the gas or water is individually controllable by use of respective valves. Using the respective valves allows for variation in the ratio of gas or water as well as flow-rate thereof. The valves can be suitably placed either on the container itself or anywhere along the length of the individual tubing.
    The gas inside the container is used not only to pressurize the water so that it can be sprayed by the spray head but also to co-dispense gas and water to so that a mist of water can be sprayed from the shower head. In this mode, the gas valve is opened, fully or partially depending upon the intended pressure and desired flow-rate so as to allow the gas to reach the shower head. The water valve is also opened fully or partially depending upon desired flow-rate and intended pressure. This allows for sustainable use of water.

    [0021] The valve can also be used as a tool to start or stop the spray from the spray head.

    The spray head



    [0022] Each tubing terminates into a respective nozzle in the shower head, which has a nozzle for spraying gas and adjacent thereto, at least one nozzle for spraying the water, wherein tip of each nozzle for spraying water is oriented at an acute angle with the tip of nozzle for spraying gas.

    [0023] Therefore, in other words, the tubing for carrying the pressurized gas terminates into its respective nozzle and the other tubing for carrying the pressurized water terminates into its respective nozzle or nozzles.

    [0024] In a preferred embodiment the shower head has three nozzles:
    1. (i) a middle nozzle for spraying gas; and,
    2. (ii) two nozzles adjacent thereto, one each on either side thereof, for spraying water,
    wherein tip of each of the two adjacent nozzles is oriented at an acute angle with the tip of the middle nozzle.

    [0025] In such cases, the tubing meant for carrying the water bifurcates and terminates into the respective two nozzles meant for spraying water from each such nozzle.

    [0026] The nozzles can either be oriented horizontally or vertically.

    [0027] In a highly preferred embodiment, in each set of nozzles, the tip of the nozzle for spraying the gas and the tips of the nozzles for spraying water are not offset. However, it is equally preferred that the tip of the nozzle for spraying the gas terminates a distance of upto 0.4 cm before or upto 1 cm ahead of the tips of each nozzle for spraying water. Outside the preferred range, there is a possibility of inadequate contact of the gas with the water which affects the spray pattern.

    [0028] It is more preferred that the disclosed acute angle is 20° to 60°. Preferred angles enable better cleansing and targeted delivery of the mist of the gas and water. Angles lower than 20° are less preferred because the spray pattern and reach of the spray is adversely affected. In further preferred embodiments this acute angle is 40° to 50°. The optimal acute angle is 45°. In the case of angles greater than 60°the coverage is more but impact of the mist is lower.

    [0029] This affects cleansing. At the same time, angles lower than 20° cause a greater impact, which could be found inconvenient by some users. Further, the coverage is lowered.

    [0030] It is particularly preferred that the nozzles are co-planar. Co-planarity allows water and gas to be sprayed effectively and uniformly, while allowing the mist to be directed properly towards the object.

    [0031] Preferably the internal diameter of each nozzle is 0.5 mm to 0.8 mm, more preferably from 0.6 mm to 0.7 mm. This provides proper balance between pressure, reach, coverage and cleansing efficacy. When the internal diameter is below 0.5 mm, the shower experience is not pleasurable as a proper mist will not be formed. On the other hand, diameters above 0.8 mm will lead to increased water consumption and create oversized droplets which are difficult to be conveyed by the gas under manageable pressure.

    [0032] When water turns into a mist, it cools rapidly, especially if the mist traverses a distance of over ten inches. This cooling effect can be used for a refreshingly cool bathing experience in hot or warm climates. It is preferred that the temperature of water is from 10°C to 60°C. On the other hand, where people prefer hot or warm showers, the in-use temperature needs to be higher.
    In such cases, it is preferred that in-use temperature, particularly of water is in the range of 40°C to 60°C maintained by heating the water appropriately.

    [0033] The disclosed sustainable shower apparatus consumes only upto 200 ml water per minute and therefore it is sustainable option to known mini showers.

    [0034] When in use, the disclosed sustainable shower apparatus sprays a mist of water for 60 seconds to 300 seconds after being adequately pressurized, e.g. 0.28 MPa (40 psi).

    Pressuriser



    [0035] Any suitable means can be used to pressurize the container. The means can be electrical or manual. A suitable electrical pressuriser includes a compressor. A preferred manual pressurizer is a foot pedal. Thus preferably, the pressurizer is a foot pedal or a compressor.

    [0036] The pressuriser preferably also includes a pressure guage. Any suitable pressure gauge can be used.

    [0037] Air is the most preferred gas. Equivalents include Oxygen. Any other suitable gas may be used subject to safety compliance for the intended application.

    [0038] If required, water can also contain small amount of a cleansing composition, such as a shower gel or a perfume or fragrant material.

    Method of use



    [0039] In a second aspect, disclosed is a method for sustainable showering using the shower apparatus of the first aspect, the method having the steps of:
    1. (i) pressurizing the container containing water to a desired pressure by using the pressuriser;
    2. (ii) opening the respective valves of the first tubing and the second tubing so as to allow water and gas to flow through the tubings towards the shower head;and
    3. (iii) allowing water to be released from the shower head.


    [0040] In a preferred method, the container is pressurised to 0,07 MPa (10 psi), to 0,28 MPa (40 psi) by using the pressurizer. Further preferably, the flow rate of water through the first tubing is maintained in the range of 100 ml/minute to 120 ml/minute.

    [0041] In use, the user needs to first fill the pressurizable container with enough water, adding any additive such as perfume, if desired. The user then needs to close the valves meant for controlling flow of water and gas. Thereafter, the user needs to pressurize the container by the pressuriser (for example, the foot pedal or the compressor). The pressurizer can be operated until desired pressure is reached which can be read from the gauge. Once the container is pressurized to e.g. 0,28 MPa (40 psi), the user can open either one or both valves. This cases a mist of pressurized water to be released from the shower head which can be used to cleanse a part of the body such as hands.

    [0042] The sustainable personal cleansing apparatus, once adequately pressurized, uses upto 200 ml water for one-time use, whereas prior art mini showers use two to three litres of water.

    [0043] While prior art mini showers last for less than a minute after adequately pressuring the container for a single use, the disclosed apparatus, once pressurized for use, sprays a mist of water for 60 seconds to 300 seconds, preferably 120 seconds to 270 seconds.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0044] 

    Fig.1 is a schematic figure of a preferred embodiment of a sustainable shower apparatus;

    Fig.2 is front (elevation) view of shower head of the apparatus of Fig.1 ;

    Fig.3 is top (elevation) view of shower head of Fig.2; and,

    Fig.4 is a front (elevation) view of alternative shower head.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0045] Fig.1 is a schematic figure of a preferred embodiment of a sustainable shower apparatus (1). Seen in this schematic figure is a cylindrical pressurisable container (2) which is shown in a vertical sectional view so as to show the interior of the container. The pressurisable container (2) holds some water (3). A manually operated foot pedal (4) serves here as the pressuriser for pressurizing the container (2). A first tubing (5) having valve (6) carries pressurized water from the container to the shower head (7). The apparatus also includes a second tubing (8) for carrying pressurized gas from the container (2) to the shower head (7). The second tubing (7) has its own valve (9). The shower head 7 has a pair of nozzles (10, 11) for spraying water and a nozzle (12) for spraying the gas. The nozzles are adjacent to each other. The tip of the nozzle (12) for spraying the gas is at an acute angle with tip of each nozzle (10,11) for spraying the water.

    [0046] The tubing (5) meant for carrying water is bifurcated at the spray head (7) such that water can be sprayed through each nozzle (10, 11).

    [0047] A pressure gauge (13) is in-built into the foot pedal (4). Another pressure gauge (14) is on the container (2). The container (2) also has a safety valve (15).
    In use, the user needs to first fill the pressurizable container (2) with enough water (3), adding any additive such as perfume, if desired. The user then needs to close the valves (6) and (9). Thereafter, the user needs to pressurize the container (2) by operating the foot pedal (4). The applied pressure can be very easily read from the gauge (13). Once the container is adequately pressurized to e.g 0,28 MPa (40 psi), the user can open both valves (6, 9) fully or partly to release a mist of pressurized water shower head (7) which can be used to cleanse a part of the body such as hands.

    [0048] Fig.2 is front (elevation) view of shower head of the apparatus of Fig.1 showing the three nozzles therein.

    [0049] Fig.3 is top (elevation) view of shower head of Fig.2 which shows the acute angles clearly.

    [0050] Fig.4 is a front (elevation) view of alternative shower head. In this embodiment, the nozzles are arranged in a vertical orientation.

    [0051] The invention will now be explained with reference to the following non-limiting examples.

    Examples


    Example 1: Effect of the ratio of water to air on duration of shower using apparatus of Fig.1



    [0052] 
    Total container capacity 15 litres
    Container pressurized to 0.21MPa (30 psi)
    Flow rate of water 100 ml/minute to 120 ml/minute
    Table 1
    Volume of water/litresVolume of air /litresRatio of water to airDuration of shower/minutes
    10 5 2:1 120
    6 9 2:3 150
    5 10 1:2 240
    3 12 1:4 270


    [0053] Data in table 1 indicates that, keeping the pressure constant, an increase in volume of air prolongs the duration of shower while still providing an appreciable flow-rate of water and also at the same time significantly reducing usage of water.

    [0054] It will be appreciated that the illustrated examples demonstrate how the technical problem of designing a mini shower which meets opposing demands of sustainability and the provision of longer-lasting shower for a one-time use can be solved with the disclosed apparatus.

    [0055] It should be understood that the specific forms of the invention herein illustrated and described are intended to be representative only as certain changes may be made therein without departing from the clear teachings of the disclosure.

    [0056] Although the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the invention may be embodied in many other forms.


    Claims

    1. A sustainable shower apparatus (1) comprising:

    (i) a pressurisable container (2) to hold water and gas;

    (ii) a pressuriser (4) for pressurizing said container (2);

    (iii) a shower head (7);

    (iv) a first tubing (5) for carrying pressurized water from the container (2) to the shower head (7);
    characterised in that sustainable shower apparatus further comprises:

    (v) a second tubing (8) for carrying pressurized gas from the container (2) to the shower head (7);

    wherein flow of said gas or said water is individually controllable by use of respective valves (6, 9) of said first tubing (5) and said second tubing (8), where each tubing terminates into a respective nozzle in said shower head, wherein said shower head (7) comprises a nozzle for spraying said gas (12) and adjacent thereto, at least one nozzle (10, 11 for spraying said water, and wherein tip of nozzle (10, 11) for spraying said water is oriented at an acute angle with tip of nozzle for spraying said gas (12).
     
    2. A sustainable shower apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said pressurisable container (2) is capable of holding 4 litres to 20 litres water.
     
    3. A sustainable shower apparatus as claimed in claim 1 or 2 wherein said pressurisable container (2) is capable of being pressurized up to 0.35 MPa (80 psi).
     
    4. A sustainable shower apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims wherein said pressurizer (4) is a foot pedal or a compressor.
     
    5. A sustainable shower apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims wherein ratio of said water to said gas inside said container is 1:4 to 2:1.
     
    6. A sustainable shower apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding
    claims wherein during use, said apparatus uses up to 200 ml water per minute.
     
    7. A sustainable shower apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims wherein once pressurized for use, said apparatus sprays a mist of water for 60 to 300 seconds.
     
    8. A sustainable shower apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims wherein said shower head (7) comprises three nozzles:

    (i) a middle nozzle (12) for spraying said gas; and,

    (ii) two nozzles (10,11) adjacent thereto, one each on either side thereof, for spraying said water,

    wherein tip of each of said two nozzles (10,11) is oriented at an acute angle with tip of said middle nozzle (12).
     
    9. A sustainable shower apparatus as claimed in claim 8 wherein tip of said middle nozzle (12) terminates a distance of up to 0.4 cm before or upto 1 cm ahead of tip of each nozzle (10,11) for spraying said water.
     
    10. A sustainable shower apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims 8 or 9 wherein said acute angle is 20° to 60°.
     
    11. A sustainable shower apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims wherein internal diameter of each said nozzle is 0.5 mm to 0.8 mm.
     
    12. A method for sustainable showering using said shower apparatus as claimed in claim 1, said method comprising the steps of:

    (i) pressurizing said container (2) comprising water to a desired pressure by using said pressuriser (4);

    (ii) opening the respective valves (6,9) of said first tubing (5) and said second tubing (8) so as to allow water and gas to flow through the tubings towards the shower head (7);

    (iii) allowing water to be released from said shower head (7).


     
    13. A method as claimed in claim 12 wherein said container (2) is pressurized to 0,07 MPa (10 psi) to 0,28 MPa (40 psi) by using said pressurizer (4).
     
    14. A method as claimed in claim 12 or 13 wherein flow rate of water through said first tubing (5) is maintained in a range of 100 ml/minute to 120 ml/minute.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Nachhaltige Duschvorrichtung (1), die Folgendes umfasst:

    (i) einen mit Druck beaufschlagbaren Behälter (2) zum Halten von Wasser und Gas;

    (ii) eine Druckpumpe (4) für die Druckbeaufschlagung des Behälters (2);

    (iii) einen Duschkopf (7);

    (iv) ein erstes Rohr (5) zum Befördern von mit Druck beaufschlagtem Wasser von dem Behälter (2) zu dem Duschkopf (7);

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die nachhaltige Duschvorrichtung ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    (v) ein zweites Rohr (8) zum Befördern von mit Druck beaufschlagtem Gas von dem Behälter (2) zu dem Duschkopf (7);

    wobei der Strom des Gases oder des Wassers durch den Gebrauch von jeweiligen Ventilen (6, 9) des ersten Rohres (5) und des zweiten Rohres (8) individuell steuerbar ist, wobei jedes Rohr in einer jeweiligen Düse in dem Duschkopf endet, wobei der Duschkopf (7) eine Düse zum Sprühen des Gases (12) und dazu benachbart mindestens eine Düse (10, 11) zum Sprühen des Wassers umfasst und wobei die Spitze der Düse (10, 11) zum Sprühen des Wassers unter einem spitzen Winkel zu der Spitze der Düse zum Sprühen des Gases (12) orientiert ist.
     
    2. Nachhaltige Duschvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der mit Druck beaufschlagbare Behälter (2) 4 Liter bis 20 Liter Wasser halten kann.
     
    3. Nachhaltige Duschvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der mit Druck beaufschlagbare Behälter (2) mit einem Druck von bis zu 0,55 MPa (80 psi) beaufschlagt werden kann.
     
    4. Nachhaltige Duschvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Druckpumpe (4) ein Pedal oder ein Kompressor ist.
     
    5. Nachhaltige Duschvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Verhältnis des Wassers zu dem Gas innerhalb des Behälters zwischen 1:4 und 2:1 liegt.
     
    6. Nachhaltige Duschvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Vorrichtung im Gebrauch bis zu 200 ml Wasser pro Minute verbraucht.
     
    7. Nachhaltige Duschvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei sobald sie zur Verwendung mit Druck beaufschlagt worden ist, die Vorrichtung für 60 bis 300 Sekunden einen Nebel aus Wasser sprüht.
     
    8. Nachhaltige Duschvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Duschkopf (7) drei Düsen umfasst:

    (i) eine mittlere Düse (12) zum Sprühen des Gases; und

    (ii) zwei dazu benachbarte Düsen (10, 11), die jeweils auf einer anderen Seite davon liegen, zum Sprühen des Wassers,

    wobei die Spitze jeder der zwei Düsen (10, 11) unter einem spitzen Winkel zu der Spitze der mittleren Düse (12) orientiert ist.
     
    9. Nachhaltige Duschvorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei die Spitze der mittleren Düse (12) bei einem Abstand von bis zu 0,4 cm vor oder bis zu 1 cm hinter der Spitze jeder Düse (10, 11) zum Sprühen des Wassers endet.
     
    10. Nachhaltige Duschvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 8 oder 9, wobei der spitze Winkel im Bereich von 20° bis 60° liegt.
     
    11. Nachhaltige Duschvorrichtung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der innere Durchmesser jeder Düse im Bereich von 0,5 mm bis 0,8 mm liegt.
     
    12. Verfahren zum nachhaltigen Duschen unter Verwendung der Duschvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Verfahren die folgenden Schritte umfasst:

    (i) Beaufschlagen mit Druck des Behälters (2), der Wasser enthält, auf einen gewünschten Druck unter Verwendung der Druckpumpe (4);

    (ii) Öffnen der jeweiligen Ventile (6, 9) des ersten Rohrs (5) und des zweiten Rohrs (8), derart, dass Wasser und Gas durch die Rohre zu dem Duschkopf (7) strömen können;

    (iii) Ermöglichen, dass Wasser aus dem Duschkopf (7) freigesetzt wird.


     
    13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12, wobei der Behälter (2) unter Verwendung der Druckpumpe (4) mit einem Druck im Bereich von 0,07 MPa (10 psi) bis 0,28 MPa (40 psi) beaufschlagt wird.
     
    14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12 oder 13, wobei der Durchfluss von Wasser durch das erste Rohr (5) in einem Bereich von 100ml/Minute bis 120 ml/Minute gehalten wird.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil de douche durable (1) comprenant :

    (i) un récipient pressurisable (2) pour contenir de l'eau et un gaz;

    (ii) un dispositif de pressurisation (4) pour pressuriser ledit récipient (2) ;

    (iii) une tête de douche (7) ;

    (iv) un premier tuyau (5) pour porter de l'eau pressurisée du récipient (2) vers la tête de douche (7) ;

    caractérisé en ce que l'appareil de douche durable comprend de plus :

    (v) un second tuyau (8) pour porter du gaz pressurisé du récipient (2) vers la tête de douche (7) ;

    dans lequel l'écoulement dudit gaz ou de ladite eau est individuellement contrôlable par l'utilisation de vannes (6, 9) respectives dudit premier tuyau (5) et dudit second tuyau (8), où chaque tuyau se termine dans une buse respective dans ladite tête de douche, dans lequel ladite tête de douche (7) comprend une buse pour pulvériser ledit gaz (12) et adjacente à celle-ci, au moins une buse (10, 11) pour pulvériser ladite eau, et dans lequel l'extrémité de buse (10, 11) pour pulvériser ladite eau est orientée sous un angle aigu avec l'extrémité de buse pour pulvériser ledit gaz (12).
     
    2. Appareil de douche durable selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ledit récipient pressurisable (2) peut contenir de 4 litres à 20 litres d'eau.
     
    3. Appareil de douche durable selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel ledit récipient pressurisable (2) peut être pressurisé jusqu'à 0,55 MPa (80 psi).
     
    4. Appareil de douche durable selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ledit dispositif de pressurisation (4) est une pédale à pied ou un compresseur.
     
    5. Appareil de douche durable selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le rapport de ladite eau audit gaz à l'intérieur dudit récipient est de 1:4 à 2:1.
     
    6. Appareil de douche durable selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel pendant l'utilisation, ledit appareil utilise jusqu'à 200 ml d'eau par minute.
     
    7. Appareil de douche durable selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel une fois pressurisé pour l'utilisation, ledit appareil pulvérise un brouillard d'eau pendant de 60 à 300 secondes.
     
    8. Appareil de douche durable selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel ladite tête de douche (7) comprend trois buses :

    (i) une buse centrale (12) pour pulvériser ledit gaz ; et,

    (ii) deux buses (10, 11) adjacentes à celle-ci, chacune d'entre-elles sur chaque côté de celle-ci, pour pulvériser ladite eau,
    dans lequel l'extrémité de chacune desdites deux buses (10, 11) est orientée sous un angle aigu avec l'extrémité de ladite buse centrale (12).


     
    9. Appareil de douche durable selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'extrémité de ladite buse centrale (12) se termine à une distance allant jusqu'à 0,4 cm avant ou jusqu'à 1 cm devant l'extrémité de chaque buse (10, 11) pour pulvériser ladite eau.
     
    10. Appareil de douche durable selon l'une quelconque des revendications 8 ou 9 précédentes, dans lequel ledit angle aigu est de 20° à 60°.
     
    11. Appareil de douche durable selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le diamètre interne de chaque dite buse est de 0,5 mm à 0,88 mm.
     
    12. Procédé pour une douche durable utilisant ledit appareil de douche selon la revendication 1, ledit procédé comprenant les étapes :

    (i) de pressurisation dudit récipient (2) comprenant de l'eau jusqu'à une pression souhaitée en utilisant ledit dispositif de pressurisation (4) ;

    (ii) d'ouverture des vannes (6, 9) respectives dudit premier tuyau (5) et dudit second tuyau (8) afin de permettre à l'eau et au gaz de s'écouler à travers les tuyaux vers la tête de douche (7) ;

    (iii) de laisser libérer l'eau à partir de ladite tête de douche (7).


     
    13. Procédé selon la revendication 12, dans lequel ledit récipient (2) est pressurisé jusqu'à de 0,07 MPa (10 psi) à 0,28 MPa (40 psi) en utilisant ledit dispositif de pressurisation (4).
     
    14. Procédé selon la revendication 12 ou 13, dans lequel le débit d'eau à travers le premier tuyau (5) est maintenu dans un intervalle de 100 ml/minute à 120 ml/minute.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description