(19)
(11)EP 2 917 879 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
14.08.2019 Bulletin 2019/33

(21)Application number: 12887887.3

(22)Date of filing:  09.11.2012
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G06K 19/077  (2006.01)
B42D 25/00  (2014.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2012/064320
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/074103 (15.05.2014 Gazette  2014/20)

(54)

BRANDING INDENTER

KENNZEICHNUNGSSTEMPEL

OUTIL DE MARQUAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
16.09.2015 Bulletin 2015/38

(73)Proprietor: Entrust Datacard Corporation
Shakopee, MN 55379 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • JURIASINGANI, Rajesh, K.
    Chaska, MN 55318 (US)
  • GALLES, Donald, J.
    Blaine, MN 55449 (US)
  • CRONIN, Patrick, C.
    Savage, MN 55378 (US)
  • ZABOROWSKI, Alexander, K.
    Minneapolis, MN 55406 (US)

(74)Representative: Cabinet Plasseraud 
66, rue de la Chaussée d'Antin
75440 Paris Cedex 09
75440 Paris Cedex 09 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-84/02309
AU-B2- 488 652
FR-A1- 2 561 015
KR-A- 20110 018 422
US-A1- 2009 127 344
WO-A1-2006/016004
CA-A1- 2 263 616
JP-A- 2003 526 550
US-A1- 2004 239 097
  
  • Rudolf L. van Renesse: "Optical Document Security (Third Edition)", 2005, Artech House, Boston / London, XP002757192, ISBN: 1-58053-258-6 * page 84 *
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Field



[0001] This disclosure relates to producing a security feature on personalized documents, such as plastic cards including identification cards, credit and debit cards, and the like. More particularly, this disclosure relates to utilizing a heated indenter to produce a security feature on a personalized document.

Background



[0002] Indenting or embossing personalized documents such as identification cards, credit and debit cards, driver's licenses, and the like, to create security features, is well known. Some of the cards may have a laminate layer laminated on a substrate. On some cards, after a security feature has been created on the card, efforts are made to tamper with the card by removing the laminate layer.

[0003] CA 2 263 616 A1 discloses a personalized document, comprising: a substrate having first and second opposed major surfaces and perimeter edges; and a security impression formed on the personalized document, the security impression including an indentation extending into the substrate and defined by surrounding walls of the substrate, the indentation having been formed by pressing a heated indenter against the personalized document.

[0004] Further improvements to security measures to resist alteration, forgery or tampering with personalized documents, are needed.

Summary



[0005] Systems and methods for utilizing a heated indenter for indenting a personalized document to create a security impression, are provided. The personalized document includes, but is not limited to, identification cards, driver's licenses, credit and debit cards, and the like. The term "personalized" is intended to encompass documents that have personalization applied to them at the time of creation of the security impression, as well as documents that do not have any applied personalization and that are to be personalized.

[0006] The security impression described herein can provide a visible or tactile security feature that can be recognized by one with little or no training. For a card with a security impression described herein, a laminate layer of the card tears or disfigures when attempting to remove the laminate layer from a substrate of the card. The security impression described herein can remain on the card after the laminate layer is removed.

[0007] In one embodiment defined by claim 1, a personalized document includes a substrate having first and second opposed major surfaces and perimeter edges. A laminate is laminated to the first major surface. In addition, a security impression is formed on the personalized document. The security impression includes an indentation extending into the substrate and defined by surrounding walls of the substrate, the laminate extends into the indentation, and at least a portion of the laminate that extends into the indentation is fused by heat to material forming the substrate in order to create an interfacial layer therebetween. The indentation is formed by pressing a heated indenter against the personalized document.

[0008] Because of the fusion between the laminate and the substrate, any attempt to remove the laminate from the substrate will cause the laminate to tear or disfigure at the location of the security impression.

[0009] In another embodiment claimed in claim 9 in combination with the personalized document of claim 1, a personalization machine for personalized documents includes an indenter mechanism having a punch, and an embossed feature disposed on a surface of the punch that in use faces a surface of a personalized document that is input into the personalization device. An anvil is disposed opposite the punch to support the opposite side of the document during indenting. A document transport path is defined between the punch and the anvil along which a personalized document is transported, which allows the personalized document to be brought between the punch and the anvil. The punch is movable toward and away from the anvil between a retracted position where the embossed feature is not engaged with the surface of the personalized document and an indenting position where the embossed feature is in engagement with the surface. In addition, a heater is configured to heat the embossed feature. The heated embossed feature can then be used to create the security impression, with the heat from the embossed feature fusing the laminate to the substrate.

[0010] In another embodiment defined by claim 14, a method of forming a security impression on a personalized document includes heating an embossed feature disposed on a surface of a punch, and bringing the heated embossed feature into engagement with a surface of the personalized document so as to indent the embossed feature into the surface of the personalized document. The heated embossed feature creates the security impression with the heat from the embossed feature fusing the laminate to the substrate.

[0011] A personalized document that includes the security impression described herein may also include one or more standard security features known in the art such as, for example, personal data and/or a portrait image, a hologram, a paper watermark, micro text, and/or hidden features. A combination of the security features can enhance tamperresistance.

Drawings



[0012] 

Figure 1A is a perspective view of an indenter with a heated punch to indent a card to create a security impression thereon, according to one embodiment.

Figure 1B is an isometric side view of the punch of Figure 1A.

Figure 2 is a view of front side of a personalized document having a security impression that is created by a heated indenter, according to one embodiment.

Figure 3 is a cross sectional view of the personalized document of Figure 3, with the structure greatly enlarged.

Figure 4 is a perspective view of an indenter with a heated punch to indent a card to create a security impression thereon, according to another embodiment.

Figure 5 illustrates the indenter of Figure 4 as a part of a personalization machine.

Figure 6 illustrates a view of a front side of an embossed feature, according to one embodiment.


Detailed Description



[0013] Figure 1A illustrates an indenter mechanism 10 for indenting a card 100 to create a security impression thereon, according to one embodiment. The card 100 is held in place by an anvil 34, facing the indenter 10. The indenter 10 includes a punch 12 for indenting or embossing the card 100. The anvil 34 is disposed opposite the punch 12 for supporting the opposite side of the card 100 from the punch 12 while indenting. In some embodiments, the card can be held in place or positioned by a set of rollers on both or one side of the card.

[0014] A document transport path is defined between the punch 12 and the anvil 34 along which the card 100 is transported during processing. However, during indenting, the card 100 is fixed in position along the transport path between the anvil 34 and the punch 12. A gearing mechanism 35 can move the punch 12 toward and away from the card 100 in the direction of an arrow 42 between a retracted position and an indenting position. At the retracted position, the punch 12 is not engaged with the card 100. At the indenting position, the punch 12 indents the card 100. It is to be understood that any known mechanism for holding the card 100 and the punch 12 can be utilized. It is to be understood that the card can be moved toward and away from the punch.

[0015] The term "security impression" described herein refers to a security feature on a personalized document that is a pattern of indentation. In some embodiments, the security impression can be created using heat and indentation.

[0016] The term "indenter" used herein refers to a mechanism that can be used to create a security impression.

[0017] The term "melt into" or "fuse" described herein refers to a process of interdiffusion between a laminate layer and an underneath substrate to form an interfacial layer that can bond the laminate layer and the underneath substrate.

[0018] The term "embossed feature" described herein refers to a portion raised from a surface of an indenter which forms the indented security impression.

[0019] As shown in Figure 1B, the punch 12 includes a punch body 18 which is cylindrical-shaped. An embossed feature 16 is disposed on a surface 14 of the punch body 18 that in use faces the card 100. The embossed feature 16 corresponds in shape to the security impression to be created on the card 100. The shape of the security impression/embossed feature illustrated in Figures 1A and 1B is exemplary only, and it is to be understood that the security impression, as well as the punch body 18 itself, can be any other suitable shape.

[0020] The illustrated exemplary embossed feature 16 includes, for example, a star pattern image having a diameter of, e.g., 0.375 inches (0.95 cm). The embossed feature 16 is raised from the surface 14. The surface 14 of the indenter that includes the embossed feature 16 is a flat surface. It is to be understood that the surface 14 can also be a curved surface that can be pressed against a card by, e.g., rolling. It is to be understood that the embossed feature 16 can be a raised pattern including numbers, characters, images, regular or irregular windows, etc. The size of the embossed feature 16 can be any desired size. In some embodiments, the size of the embossed feature 16 can be, for example, about 0.010 square inches (6.45 mm2).

[0021] The embossed feature 16 has a height measured from the surface 14 to the top of the raised pattern to be around 0.020 inches (0.508 mm). It is to be understood that the height of the embossed feature can be varied. In some embodiments, the height of the embossed feature can be about 0.005 inches to about 0.020 inches (0.127 mm to 0.508 mm).

[0022] The embossed feature 16 shown in Fig. 1B includes the star pattern image. It is to be understood that the embossed feature can include any pattern. In some embodiments, the embossed feature can be formed in the shape of a territorial boundary of a country, region, territory, state, or city, for example the State of Minnesota.

[0023] With reference to Figures 2 and 3, an example of a card 100 that has been indented with the security impression is illustrated. The card 100 has a thickness of about 0.030 inches (0.762 mm). In some embodiments, the card can have a thickness of about 0.010 inches to about 0.050 inches (0.254 mm to 1.270 mm) with about +/- 10% range on the thickness. The card 100 includes a substrate 102. The substrate 102 is in the shape of the card 100. The substrate 102 includes a first major surface 105, a second major surface 107 opposite the first major surface, and perimeter edges 109a-d.

[0024] The substrate 102 is formed predominantly from a single type of plastic (e.g. polyvinyl chloride or PVC, polyethylene terephthalate or PET, polycarbonate). In some embodiments, the substrate can be formed from different types of plastics and/or from multiple individual layers. In some embodiments, the substrate can be formed from eco-friendly materials, such as, for example, wood.

[0025] The card 100 further includes a laminate layer 104 on the first major surface 105. The surface 105 can be a front surface or a back surface of the card 100. Figure 1A illustrates the security impression being applied to a signature panel on a back surface (i.e. the second major surface) of the card 100, while Figures 2 and 3 illustrate the security impression applied to the front surface (i.e. the first major surface).

[0026] The laminate layer 104 can be formed from, for example, a polyester material. An adhesive can be used to bond the laminate layer 104 onto the substrate 102. In some embodiments, more than one laminate layers can be formed on the substrate of the card 100, and a laminate layer can be provided on each of the first and second major surfaces. In some embodiments, the laminate layer includes, for example, a topcoat layer that can be applied to the surface of a card.

[0027] In some embodiments, the laminate layer may not be in the shape of the card. For example, in some embodiments, the laminate can include a cut-out region for, for example, a magnetic stripe.

[0028] It is to be understood that the substrate and the laminate layer can be made of any suitable materials as long as the laminate layer can be laminated on the surface of the card, and an indenting process, which is to be described herein, can produce an indentation on the substrate through the laminate layer.

[0029] It is to be understood that the card can be any personalized document, such as, for example, an identification card, driver's license, credit and debit card, and the like. In some embodiments, a security impression described herein can be applied to a passport. The security impression can be created on, for example, a cover and/or a polycarbonate page of the passport.

[0030] Referring back to Figure 1A, the indenter mechanism 10 can be controlled to indent or emboss the card 100 by pressing the embossed feature 16, which has been heated, against the surfaces 105, 107 of the card 100. The embossed feature 16 is heated to a predetermined temperature so that a surface portion of the card 100 that is contacted by the embossed feature 16 can also be heated.

[0031] In some embodiments, the indenter can include a heater to heat the punch body 18 such that the embossed feature that is attached to the punch body can be heated to the desired temperature. In some embodiments, the embossed feature can be directly heated without heating (or minimally heating) the punch body. It is to be understood that any suitable heating mechanisms such as, for example, a cartridge heater, a thick film heater, can be utilized to heat the embossed feature.

[0032] Once the embossed feature is heated to the desired temperature, the indenter 10 can be pressed against the card 100 for, for example, about several seconds, which time may vary as long as a security impression can be formed on the card resulting from such contact.

[0033] The predetermined temperature of the heated embossed feature 16 can be about 300°F to about 400°F (about 149 °C to about 204 °C). An indenting force applied by the indenter 10 on the card 100 that is sufficient to create a security impression can be less than, for example, about 75 pounds (34 kg). A conventional indenter without heating may need an indenting force of about 300 to 400 pounds (136 kg to 181 kg) to create an indentation on the card. Generally, the indenting force needed in the embodiments described herein is about 1/10 to about 1/4 of that needed for a conventional indenter without heating. The decreased indenting force may be due to, for example, softening of the card, or the change of molecular structure of the card upon heating. It is to be understood that the temperature and the indenting force used in the embodiments described herein may depend on other parameters such as the material of the laminate layer of the card, the material of the substrate of the card, the thickness of the laminate layer, the specific security impression to be formed on the card, the sharpness of the edge(s) on the embossed feature, etc.

[0034] In an indenting process according to one embodiment, the embossed feature 16 is heated and pressed against the surface of the card to create a security impression thereon. The portion of the laminate layer of the card that is in contact with the embossed feature 16 is also heated. The laminate layer at least partially melts into the underneath substrate to form an interfacial layer where some of the material of the laminate layer is fused with the material of the substrate at the location of the security impression. In this way, the security impression is formed that is an indent on the surface of the card, which corresponds to the embossed feature 16 of the indenter 10.

[0035] In some embodiments, it is possible to heat a portion of the card to a predetermined temperature, and the embossed feature 16 can be pressed against the heated portion of the card to form the security impression, or a combination of heating the embossed feature and heating the card can be used.

[0036] Figure 2 illustrates the card 100 with a security impression 160, according to one embodiment. Figure 3 illustrates a cross sectional view of the card 100 taken along line 3-3 of Figure 2. The card 100 includes the substrate 102 and the laminate layer 104 disposed on the first major surface 105 of the substrate 102. During the formation of the security impression 160, an indentation 106 is formed on the substrate 102 and the laminate 104. The indentation 106 extends into the substrate 102 and is defined by surrounding walls 103a-c of the substrate 102. The laminate 104 has a portion 108 that extends into the indentation 106. The portion 108 forms a bottom of the indentation 106 and a side wall 101 which further defines the indentation 106. In addition, at least a portion of the portion 108 of the laminate layer 104 that extends into the indentation 106 is fused by heat to or melts into the material of the substrate 102 to form an interfacial layer 112. Figure 3 shows the interfacial layer 112 formed on the bottom wall 103c. It is to be understood that the interfacial layer can be formed on the side walls.

[0037] During the formation of the indentation 106, the periphery of the portion 108 forms the side wall 101 which further defines the indentation 106. The side wall 101 is a joining portion of the laminate layer 104 that connects the portion 108 extending into the substrate 102 with an un-indented portion 104a of the laminate layer 104. The surrounding wall 101 includes a protrusion 101a that defines an opening of the indentation 106. The protrusion 101a extends above the surface of the un-indented portion 104a of the laminate layer 104 so that a transition from the surface of the un-indented portion 104 to the surface of the portion 108 encounters a bump, i.e., the protrusion 101a, before reaching the bottom of the indention 106. The surrounding wall 101 including the protrusion 101a can act as tactile feature that helps the security impression 160 to be recognized by one with little or no training.

[0038] As illustrated in Figure 3, the indentation 106 extends only partially into the card 100 so that the second major surface 107 directly opposite the indentation is planar. However, in some embodiments, the indentation 106 may extend through the substrate 102 and form a raised, embossed feature on the second major surface directly opposite the indentation.

[0039] Because of the formation of an interfacial layer such as, for example, the interfacial layer 112 shown in Fig. 3, the laminate layer 104 tears or disfigures at the location of the security impression 160 if one attempts to remove the laminate layer. In some embodiments, where the interfacial layer is formed, some of the laminate layer may remain behind if the laminate layer is removed.

[0040] In some embodiments, the portion of the laminate layer that extends into the indentation may be partially burned away from the card 100. However, as long as an interfacial layer is formed therebetween, the laminate layer still tears or disfigures at the location of the security impression if one attempts to remove the laminate layer, and where the interfacial layer is formed, some of the laminate layer may remain behind if the laminate layer is removed.

[0041] In some embodiments, the laminate layer 104 includes more than one laminate layer. At least the layer in direct contact with the substrate 102 melts into the substrate 102. In some embodiments, the multiple laminate layers 104 may also melt and mix together with the underneath substrate 102 to form the interfacial layer 112.

[0042] As shown in Fig. 2, the card 100 can also include a portrait image 110 of the intended card holder that can be printed on the card 100. The security impression 160 can be located anywhere on the card. But in one example, the security impression 160 can be located on the portrait image 110, for example on the forehead and/or the lower jaw of the intended card holder. In addition, more than one security impression can be disposed on the portrait image or anywhere else on the card.

[0043] In some embodiments, the card does not include the laminate layer and the security impression can be directly formed on the substrate.

[0044] In some embodiments, a security impression such as, for example, the security impression 160, can have a color that has a contrast with material forming the laminate layer or the substrate.

[0045] In some embodiments, a foil containing a colorant material can be disposed between a card and a punch, such as the card 100 and the punch 12 shown in Fig. 1a. When the card 100 is indented by the heated, embossed feature 16 of the punch 12 for creating a security impression such as the security impression 160 shown in Fig. 3, the colorant material can be transferred from the foil to the card 100. The colorant material can be transferred into at least a portion of the security impression. In some embodiments, a colorant layer can be formed on a surface of the security impression. In some embodiments, the colorant material can penetrate into the interfacial layer 112, or even into the substrate 102. The security impression can be colored by the colorant material so that a contrast can be formed between the security impression and the material forming the laminate or the substrate. After transferring of the colorant material, the foil can be removed therefrom without tearing or disfiguring the laminate layer 104.

[0046] In some embodiments, a laminate layer such as the laminate layer 104 shown in Fig. 3, after indented by, for example, the heated, embossed feature 16 of the punch 12 for creating a security impression, can change its color for at least a portion of the created security impression.

[0047] Figure 4 is a perspective view of an indenter 200 for indenting a card 222 to create a security impression thereon, according to another embodiment. The indenter 200 includes a punch 212 that is mounted on an arm 214. The arm 214 can be rotatable to adjust the position of the punch 212 relative to the card 222. The arm 214 is connected to a cam mechanism 216 that can rotate the arm 214 to move the punch 212 vertically in the direction of an arrow 224 such that the punch 212 can press against the card 222. The card 222 is held in place by an anvil 234. The anvil 234 is disposed opposite the punch 212 for supporting the opposite side of the card 222 from the punch 212 while indenting. It is to be understood that the location of the punch 212 with respect to the card 222 can be adjusted by moving the card 222 or by moving the punch 212.

[0048] The punch 212 includes an embossed feature (not shown) on a surface thereof. The arm 214 can move the punch 212 toward and away from the anvil 234 between a retracted position and an indenting position. At the retracted position, the embossed feature is not engaged with the surface of the card 222. At the indenting position, the embossed feature is in engagement with the surface.

[0049] The punch 212 further includes a heater 218 to heat the embossed feature to a predetermined temperature during an indenting process. The heater 218 is attached to a post 219 protruding from the punch 212. In some embodiments, the heater can be positioned into a hole within the punch. In some embodiments, the embossed feature can be pre-heated before the embossed feature is pressed against the card. In some embodiments, the embossed feature can be heated when the embossed feature is pressed against the card. In some embodiments, the embossed feature can be selectively heated so that a portion of the embossed feature can be copied onto the card 222.

[0050] Figure 5 illustrates a personalization device 20 which includes the indenter 200 of Figure 4, according to one embodiment. The personalization device 20 can be a desktop card printer for producing personalized documents. The personalization device 20 can also be a central card issuance system that can produce personalized documents.

[0051] The device 20 can also include at least a printing mechanism and a laminating mechanism disposed upstream of the indenter 200 along the card transport path. The printing mechanism is configured to print an image, for example the portrait image 110, on the card, followed by laminating the lamination layer 104 over the card to protect the portrait image and the remainder of the card.

[0052] After the card 222 has been laminated, it is transferred into the indenter 200. The indenter 200 receives the card 222 and indents the card 222 with the heated embossed feature to create a security impression 260.

[0053] Figure 6 illustrates an embossed feature 300 formed on a surface of a punch that can be used to create a security impression including one or more numbers on a personalized document, according to one embodiment. The embossed feature 300 includes a pattern 310 that includes seven lines a through g. In some embodiments, each of the lines can be individually controlled to be heated or not heated such that the heated lines can form various numbers, e.g., integers 0 through 9. In some embodiments, a security impression with one or more numbers such as, for example, the pattern 310, can be created on a personalized document.

[0054] It is to be understood that the pattern 310 can include but not limited to any ASCII character. In some embodiments, characters similar to the pattern 310 can be aligned in rows and/or columns to create a security impression such as, for example, account numbers, birth date, etc., on a personalized document.

[0055] In some embodiments, an embossed feature such as, for example, the embossed feature 16 shown in Fig. 1B and the embossed feature 300 shown in Fig. 6 can be utilized to create the same security impression on different cards. In some embodiments, the orientation of the punch can be changed to change the orientation of the embossed feature, thereby changing the resulting orientation of the security impression on the card. In some embodiments, the same security impression can be provided on a card in multiple orientations.

[0056] The embodiments disclosed in this application are to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not limitative. The scope of the claimed invention is defined by the appended claims.


Claims

1. A personalized document (100, 222), comprising:

a plastic substrate (102) having first (105) and second (107) opposed major surfaces and perimeter edges (109a-d);

a laminate (104) laminated to the first major surface; and

a security impression (160) formed on the personalized document, the security impression including an indentation (106) extending into the plastic substrate and defined by surrounding walls (103a-c) of the plastic substrate, the laminate extends into the indentation, and at least a portion of the laminate that extends into the indentation has been fused by heat to material forming the plastic substrate in order to create an interfacial layer (112) therebetween, the indentation has been formed by pressing a heated indenter (10) against the personalized document, where because of the fusion of the laminate to the plastic substrate the laminate tears or disfigures at the location of the security impression when attempting to remove the laminate from the plastic substrate.


 
2. The personalized document of claim 1, wherein the personalized document is a plastic card (100, 222).
 
3. The personalized document of claim 1, wherein the substrate (102) is in the shape of a card and the laminate (104) is a polyester layer or includes a topcoat layer
 
4. The personalized document of claim 2, further comprising a portrait image (110) of a person formed on the first major surface of the plastic card, and the security impression is formed on the portrait image.
 
5. The personalized document of claim 2, comprising a plurality of the security impressions formed on the personalized document.
 
6. The personalized document of claim 2, wherein the security impression is formed in the first major surface, and the portion of the second major surface directly opposite the indentation is planar.
 
7. The personalized document of claim 1, wherein the security impression further includes a tactile feature (101, 101a), the tactile feature is formed by a side wall (101) that further defines the indentation, the side wall is a portion of the laminate that connects a portion (108) of the laminate extending into the plastic substrate to an un-indented portion (104a) of the laminate, the side wall includes a protrusion (101a) that defines an opening of the indentation and extends above a surface of the un-indented portion of the laminate.
 
8. The personalized document of claim 1, wherein the security impression has a color that has a contrast with material forming the laminate or the plastic substrate.
 
9. A combination of a personalization device (20) for forming a security impression on a personalized document (100, 222) and the personalized document (100, 200) according to any of the preceding claims, the personalization device (20) comprising:

an indenter mechanism (200) having a punch (212), and an embossed feature (300) being disposed on a surface of the punch that in use faces the first major surface of the personalized document;

an anvil (34, 234) disposed opposite the punch;

a document transport path defined between the punch and the anvil along which the personalized document is transportable;

the punch and the anvil are movable toward and away from one another between a retracted position where the embossed feature is not engaged with the personalized document and an indenting position where the embossed feature is in engagement with the personalized document ; and

a heater (218) configured to heat the embossed feature; wherein

the personalization device is configured to form the security impression by bringing the heated embossed feature into engagement with the personalized document to form an indentation (106) in the personalized document, the indentation extending into the plastic substrate and defined by surrounding walls (103a-c) of the plastic substrate, the polyester laminate extends into the indentation, and at least a portion of the polyester laminate that extends into the indentation being fused by the heat of the heated embossed feature to material forming the plastic substrate in order to create an interfacial layer (112) therebetween, where because of the fusion of the polyester laminate to the plastic substrate the polyester laminate tears or disfigures at the location of the security impression when attempting to remove the polyester laminate from the plastic substrate.


 
10. The combination of claim 9, wherein the personalization device is a desktop card printer or a central card issuance system.
 
11. The combination of claim 9, the personalization device further comprising a printing mechanism and a laminating mechanism disposed upstream of the indenter mechanism along the document transport path.
 
12. The combination of claim 9, wherein the heater is suitable for heating the embossed feature to a temperature of about 149 °C to about 204 °C.
 
13. The combination of claim 9, the personalization device further including a rotatable arm (214) connected to the punch to actuate the punch between the retracted position and the indenting position relative to the anvil.
 
14. A method of forming a security impression (160) on a personalized document (100, 222) having a plastic substrate (102) with first (105) and second (107) opposed major surfaces and perimeter edges (109a-d), and a polyester laminate (104) laminated to the first major surface, comprising:

heating an embossed feature (300) disposed on a surface of a punch (212); and

bringing the heated embossed feature into engagement with the personalized document so as to indent the embossed feature into the personalized document to form an indentation (106) in the personalized document, the indentation extending into the plastic substrate and defined by surrounding walls (103a-c) of the plastic substrate, the polyester laminate extends into the indentation, and at least a portion of the polyester laminate that extends into the indentation being fused by the heat of the heated embossed feature to material forming the plastic substrate in order to create an interfacial layer (112) therebetween, where because of the fusion of the polyester laminate to the plastic substrate the polyester laminate tears or disfigures at the location of the security impression when attempting to remove the polyester laminate from the plastic substrate.


 
15. The method of claim 14, comprising heating the embossed feature to a temperature of about 149 °C to about 204 °C.
 
16. The method of claim 14, comprising bringing the heated embossed feature into engagement with the personalized document with a force that is less than 34 kg.
 
17. The method of claim 14, further comprising coloring the security impression by disposing a foil between the personalized document and the embossed feature, the foil containing a colorant material.
 


Ansprüche

1. Personalisiertes Dokument (100, 222), umfassend:

ein Kunststoffsubstrat (102), welches erste (105) und zweite (107) entgegengesetzte Hauptflächen und Umfangsränder (109a-d) aufweist;

ein Laminat (104), welches an der ersten Hauptfläche laminiert ist; und

eine Sicherheitseindrückung (160), welche an dem personalisierten Dokument gebildet ist, wobei die Sicherheitseindrückung eine Vertiefung (106) umfasst, welche sich in das Kunststoffsubstrat erstreckt und durch umgebende Wände (103a-c) des Kunststoffsubstrats definiert ist, wobei sich das Laminat in die Vertiefung erstreckt, und wenigstens ein Abschnitt des Laminats, welches sich in die Vertiefung erstreckt, durch Wärme mit dem Material, welches das Kunststoffsubstrat bildet, verschmolzen worden ist, um eine Grenzflächenschicht (112) dort dazwischen zu bilden, wobei die Vertiefung durch Pressen eines erwärmten Vertiefungselements (10) gegen das personalisierte Dokument gebildet worden ist, wobei, aufgrund der Verschmelzung des Laminats mit dem Kunststoffsubstrat, das Laminat reißt oder sich an der Stelle der Sicherheitseindrückung verformt, wenn versucht wird, das Laminat von dem Kunststoffsubstrat zu entfernen.


 
2. Personalisiertes Dokument nach Anspruch 1, wobei das personalisierte Dokument eine Plastikkarte (100, 222) ist.
 
3. Personalisiertes Dokument nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Substrat (102) in der Form einer Karte ist und das Laminat (104) eine Polyester-Schicht ist oder eine Deckschicht umfasst.
 
4. Personalisiertes Dokument nach Anspruch 2, ferner umfassend ein Porträt-Bild (110) einer Person, welches an der ersten Hauptfläche der Plastikkarte gebildet ist, und wobei die Sicherheitseindrückung an dem Porträt-Bild gebildet ist.
 
5. Personalisiertes Dokument nach Anspruch 2, umfassend eine Mehrzahl der Sicherheitseindrückungen, welche an dem personalisierten Dokument gebildet sind.
 
6. Personalisiertes Dokument nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Sicherheitseindrückung in der ersten Hauptfläche gebildet ist und der Abschnitt der zweiten Hauptfläche, welcher der Vertiefung direkt entgegengesetzt ist, eben ist.
 
7. Personalisiertes Dokument nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Sicherheitseindrückung ferner ein taktiles Merkmal (101, 101a) umfasst, wobei das taktile Merkmal durch eine Seitenwand (101) gebildet ist, welche die Vertiefung ferner definiert, wobei die Seitenwand ein Abschnitt des Laminats ist, welcher einen Abschnitt (108) des Laminats, welches sich in das Kunststoffsubstrat erstreckt, mit einem nicht-vertieften Abschnitt (104a) des Laminats verbindet, wobei die Seitenwand einen Vorsprung (101a) umfasst, welcher eine Öffnung der Vertiefung definiert und sich über einer Fläche des nicht-vertieften Abschnitts des Laminats erstreckt.
 
8. Personalisiertes Dokument nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Sicherheitseindrückung eine Farbe aufweist, welche einen Kontrast mit einem Material aufweist, welches das Laminat oder das Kunststoffsubstrat bildet.
 
9. Kombination einer Personalisierungsvorrichtung (20) zum Bilden einer Sicherheitseindrückung an einem personalisierten Dokument (100, 222) und des personalisierten Dokuments (100, 200) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Personalisierungsvorrichtung (20) umfasst:

einen Vertiefungsmechanismus (200) mit einem Stempel (212) und

einem geprägten Merkmal (300), welches an einer Fläche des Stempels angeordnet ist, welcher in Verwendung zu der ersten Hauptfläche des personalisierten Dokuments weist;

einen Amboss (34, 234), welcher dem Stempel entgegengesetzt angeordnet ist;

einen Dokumenten-Transportweg, welcher zwischen dem Stempel und dem Amboss definiert ist, entlang welchem das personalisierte Dokument transportierbar ist;

wobei der Stempel und der Amboss in Richtung aufeinander zu und weg voneinander zwischen einer zurückgezogenen Position, in welcher das geprägte Merkmal mit dem personalisierten Dokument nicht in Eingriff steht, und einer Vertiefungsposition bewegbar sind, in welcher das geprägte Merkmal mit dem personalisierten Dokument in Eingriff steht; und

eine Erwärmungseinheit (218), welche dazu eingerichtet ist, das geprägte Merkmal zu erwärmen;

wobei

die Personalisierungsvorrichtung dazu eingerichtet ist, die Sicherheitseindrückung dadurch zu bilden, dass das erwärmte geprägte Merkmal in Eingriff mit dem personalisierten Dokument gebracht wird, um eine Vertiefung (106) in dem personalisierten Dokument zu bilden, wobei sich die Vertiefung in das Kunststoffsubstrat erstreckt und durch umgebende Wände (103a-c) des Kunststoffsubstrats definiert ist, wobei sich das Polyester-Laminat in die Vertiefung erstreckt, und wenigstens ein Abschnitt des Polyester-Laminats, welches sich in die Vertiefung erstreckt, durch die Wärme des erwärmten geprägten Merkmals mit dem Material, welches das Kunststoffsubstrat bildet, verschmolzen wird, um eine Grenzflächenschicht (112) dort dazwischen zu bilden, wobei, aufgrund der Verschmelzung des Polyester-Laminats mit dem Kunststoffsubstrat, das Polyester-Laminat reißt oder sich an der Stelle der Sicherheitseindrückung verformt, wenn versucht wird, das Polyester-Laminat von dem Kunststoffsubstrat zu entfernen.


 
10. Kombination nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Personalisierungsvorrichtung ein Desktop-Kartendrucker oder ein zentrales Karten-Ausgabesystem ist.
 
11. Kombination nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Personalisierungsvorrichtung ferner einen Druckmechanismus und einen Laminierungsmechanismus umfasst, welche stromaufwärts des Vertiefungsmechanismus entlang des Dokument-Transportwegs angeordnet sind.
 
12. Kombination nach Anspruch 9, wobei das Erwärmungselement dazu geeignet ist, das geprägte Merkmal auf eine Temperatur von etwa 149°C bis etwa 204°C zu erwärmen.
 
13. Kombination nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Personalisierungsvorrichtung ferner einen rotierbaren Arm (214) umfasst, welcher mit dem Stempel verbunden ist, um den Stempel zwischen der zurückgezogenen Position und der Vertiefungsposition relativ zu dem Amboss zu betätigen.
 
14. Verfahren zum Bilden einer Sicherheitseindrückung (160) an einem personalisierten Dokument (100, 222), welches ein Kunststoffsubstrat (102) mit ersten (105) und zweiten (107) entgegengesetzten Hauptflächen und Umfangsränder (109a-d), und ein Polyester-Laminat (104) aufweist, welches an der ersten Hauptfläche laminiert ist, umfassend:

Erwärmen eines geprägten Merkmals (300), welches an einer Fläche eines Stempels (212) angeordnet ist; und

Bringen des erwärmten geprägten Merkmals in Eingriff mit dem personalisierten Dokument, um das geprägte Merkmal in das personalisierte Dokument zu vertiefen, um eine Vertiefung (106) in dem personalisierten Dokument zu bilden, wobei sich die Vertiefung in das Kunststoffsubstrat erstreckt und durch umgebende Wände (103a-c) des Kunststoffsubstrats definiert wird, wobei sich das Polyester-Laminat in die Vertiefung erstreckt, und wenigstens ein Abschnitt des Polyester-Laminats, welches sich in die Vertiefung erstreckt, durch die Wärme des erwärmten geprägten Merkmals mit dem Material, welches das Kunststoffsubstrat bildet, verschmolzen wird, um eine Grenzflächenschicht (112) dort dazwischen zu bilden, wobei, aufgrund der Verschmelzung des Polyester-Laminats mit dem Kunststoffsubstrat, das Polyester-Laminat reißt oder sich an der Stelle der Sicherheitseindrückung verformt, wenn versucht wird, das Polyester-Laminat von dem Kunststoffsubstrat zu entfernen.


 
15. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, umfassend ein Erwärmen des geprägten Merkmals auf eine Temperatur von etwa 149°C bis etwa 204°C.
 
16. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, umfassend ein Bringen des erwärmten geprägten Merkmals in Eingriff mit dem personalisierten Dokument mit einer Kraft, welche geringer als 34 kg ist.
 
17. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, ferner umfassend ein Einfärben der Sicherheitseindrückung durch Anordnen einer Folie zwischen dem personalisierten Dokument und dem geprägten Merkmal, wobei die Folie ein Färbematerial enthält.
 


Revendications

1. Document personnalisé (100, 222), comprenant :

un substrat en plastique (102) ayant des première (105) et seconde (107) surfaces principales opposées et des bords périmétriques (109a-d) ;

un stratifié (104) stratifié sur la première surface principale ; et

une impression de sécurité (160) formée sur le document personnalisé, l'impression de sécurité incluant une indentation (106) s'étendant dans le substrat en plastique et définie par des parois encerclantes (103a-c) du substrat en plastique, le stratifié s'étend dans l'indentation, et au moins une portion du stratifié qui s'étend dans l'indentation a été fusionnée par chaleur avec un matériau formant le substrat en plastique afin de créer une couche interfaciale (112) entre eux, l'indentation a été formée en appuyant un indenteur chauffé (10) contre le document personnalisé, où en raison de la fusion du stratifié avec le substrat en plastique, le stratifié se déchire ou se défigure à l'emplacement de l'impression de sécurité lorsque l'on tente d'enlever le stratifié du substrat en plastique.


 
2. Document personnalisé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le document personnalisé est une carte en plastique (100, 222).
 
3. Document personnalisé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le substrat (102) est sous forme d'une carte et le stratifié (104) est une couche de polyester ou inclut une couche de finition.
 
4. Document personnalisé selon la revendication 2, comprenant en outre une image de portrait (110) d'une personne formée sur la première surface principale de la carte en plastique, et l'impression de sécurité est formée sur l'image de portrait.
 
5. Document personnalisé selon la revendication 2, comprenant une pluralité des impressions de sécurité formées sur le document personnalisé.
 
6. Document personnalisé selon la revendication 2, dans lequel l'impression de sécurité est formée dans la première surface principale, et la portion de la seconde surface principale directement opposée à l'indentation est plane.
 
7. Document personnalisé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'impression de sécurité inclut en outre un élément tactile (101, 101a), l'élément tactile est formé par une paroi de côté (101) qui définit en outre l'indentation, la paroi de côté est une portion du stratifié qui relie une portion (108) du stratifié s'étendant dans le substrat en plastique à une portion non indentée (104a) du stratifié, la paroi de côté inclut une protubérance (101a) qui définit une ouverture de l'indentation et s'étend au-dessus d'une surface de la portion non indentée du stratifié.
 
8. Document personnalisé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'impression de sécurité a une couleur qui présente un contraste avec un matériau formant le stratifié ou le substrat en plastique.
 
9. Combinaison d'un dispositif de personnalisation (20) pour former une impression de sécurité sur un document personnalisé (100, 222) et du document personnalisé (100, 200) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, le dispositif de personnalisation (20) comprenant :

un mécanisme indenteur (200) ayant un poinçon (212), et un élément gaufré (300) disposé sur une surface du poinçon qui en utilisation est en regard de la première surface principale du document personnalisé ;

une enclume (34, 234) disposée opposée au poinçon ;

un chemin de transport de document défini entre le poinçon et l'enclume le long duquel le document personnalisé est transportable ;

le poinçon et l'enclume sont mobiles l'un vers l'autre et en éloignement l'un de l'autre entre une position rétractée où l'élément gaufré n'est pas engagé avec le document personnalisé et une position d'indentation où l'élément gaufré est en engagement avec le document personnalisé ; et

un élément chauffant (218) configuré pour chauffer l'élément gaufré ;

dans laquelle

le dispositif de personnalisation est configuré pour former l'impression de sécurité en amenant l'élément gaufré chauffé en engagement avec le document personnalisé pour former une indentation (106) dans le document personnalisé, l'indentation s'étendant dans le substrat en plastique et étant définie par des parois encerclantes (103a-c) du substrat en plastique, le stratifié en polyester s'étend dans l'indentation, et au moins une portion du stratifié en polyester qui s'étend dans l'indentation étant fusionnée par la chaleur de l'élément gaufré chauffé avec un matériau formant le substrat en plastique afin de créer une couche interfaciale (112) entre eux, où en raison de la fusion du stratifié en polyester avec le substrat en plastique, le stratifié en polyester se déchire ou se défigure à l'emplacement de l'impression de sécurité lorsque l'on tente d'enlever le stratifié en polyester du substrat en plastique.


 
10. Combinaison selon la revendication 9, dans laquelle le dispositif de personnalisation est une imprimante de carte de bureau ou un système central d'émission de carte.
 
11. Combinaison selon la revendication 9, le dispositif de personnalisation comprenant en outre un mécanisme d'impression et un mécanisme de stratification disposés en amont du mécanisme indenteur le long du chemin de transport de document.
 
12. Combinaison selon la revendication 9, dans laquelle l'élément chauffant est approprié pour chauffer l'élément gaufré à une température d'environ 149 °C à environ 204 °C.
 
13. Combinaison selon la revendication 9, le dispositif de personnalisation incluant en outre un bras rotatif (214) relié au poinçon pour actionner le poinçon entre la position rétractée et la position d'indentation par rapport à l'enclume.
 
14. Procédé de formation d'une impression de sécurité (160) sur un document personnalisé (100, 222) ayant un substrat en plastique (102) avec des première (105) et seconde (107) surfaces principales opposées et des bords périmétriques (109a à d), et un stratifié en polyester (104) stratifié sur la première surface principale, comprenant :

le fait de chauffer un élément gaufré (300) disposé sur une surface d'un poinçon (212) ; et

le fait d'amener l'élément gaufré chauffé en engagement avec le document personnalisé de façon à indenter l'élément gaufré dans le document personnalisé pour former une indentation (106) dans le document personnalisé, l'indentation s'étendant dans le substrat en plastique et étant définie par des parois encerclantes (103a-c) du substrat en plastique, le stratifié en polyester s'étend dans l'indentation, et au moins une portion du stratifié en polyester qui s'étend dans l'indentation étant fusionnée par la chaleur de l'élément gaufré chauffé avec le matériau formant le substrat en plastique afin de créer une couche interfaciale (112) entre eux, où en raison de la fusion du stratifié en polyester avec le substrat en plastique, le stratifié en polyester se déchire ou se défigure à l'emplacement de l'impression de sécurité lorsque l'on tente d'enlever le stratifié en polyester du substrat en plastique.


 
15. Procédé selon la revendication 14, comprenant le fait de chauffer l'élément gaufré à une température d'environ 149 °C à environ 204 °C.
 
16. Procédé selon la revendication 14, comprenant le fait d'amener l'élément gaufré chauffé en prise avec le document personnalisé avec une force qui est inférieure à 34 kg.
 
17. Procédé selon la revendication 14, comprenant en outre la coloration de l'impression de sécurité en disposant une feuille entre le document personnalisé et l'élément gaufré, la feuille contenant un matériau colorant.
 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

Patent documents cited in the description