(19)
(11)EP 2 919 871 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.01.2017 Bulletin 2017/01

(21)Application number: 13801818.9

(22)Date of filing:  08.11.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A63B 69/00(2006.01)
A63B 22/16(2006.01)
A63B 21/00(2006.01)
A63B 71/06(2006.01)
A63B 22/00(2006.01)
A63B 22/20(2006.01)
A63B 23/04(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2013/060003
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/076617 (22.05.2014 Gazette  2014/21)

(54)

POSTURE REHABILITATION APPARATUS

VORRICHTUNG ZUR HALTUNGSREHABILITATION

APPAREIL DE RÉÉDUCATION POSTURALE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME

(30)Priority: 13.11.2012 IT RM20120552

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.09.2015 Bulletin 2015/39

(73)Proprietor: Simeone, Emanuele
00015 Monterotondo (RM) (IT)

(72)Inventor:
  • Simeone, Emanuele
    00015 Monterotondo (RM) (IT)

(74)Representative: Fiammenghi, Eva et al
Fiammenghi - Fiammenghi Via delle Quattro Fontane, 31
00184 Roma
00184 Roma (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-00/40199
WO-A2-2008/116228
JP-A- 2007 143 753
US-A- 430 808
WO-A1-2006/118377
FR-A1- 2 522 510
KR-A- 20120 121 059
US-B1- 6 676 569
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention regards a new posture rehabilitation instrument apparatus. In particular, the present invention refers to a posture rehabilitation apparatus comprising a set of elements adapted to induce the rehabilitation posture of the subject in upright position and in the gait cycle, so as to cause specific and improved ergonomic movement actions in the correct movement gestures in the subject, initially altered by diseases and rheumatic and traumatic diseases of the locomotor system and, specifically, the components of the lower limb and the vertebral column.

    State of the art



    [0002] The progress of posture and bioengineering studies has proven that there are a large number of diseases related to the posture of individuals. The alterations of the posture, the posture tonic system and the connective system, are also common in all human organisms mainly due to the flat ground. Actually, the latter is the main cause of the physiological modification of the curve of the rachis, from which abnormalities and dysfunctions arise, over time and according to the specific characteristics of each subject, both at skeleton and organic muscle level, over the entire body of the subject.

    [0003] Actually, the human skeleton muscle system, along with the posture control, has developed over millions of years so as to allow the human being to best adapt to the natural ground, which is uneven. In addition, the skin exteroceptors and the foot proprioceptors represent connection elements between the human organism and the external environment, hence they play a very important role when it comes to the determination of the posture and thus in the development of the skeleton and stomatognathic muscle system. Modem studies have revealed that human beings poorly adapt to flat ground. Actually, the human organism operates in a cybernetic manner capable of adapting, self-adjustment and self-programming. According to the information received instant by instant, from the external and internal environment the human organism constantly tends to attain the dynamic balance conditions, commonly referred to as homeostasis. Though representing a cybernetic system, it is however exposed, like all systems of this type, to adjustment and programming errors which increase as the number of perturbations - and more in detail external stimuli - reduces. In other words, the more and different the environmental information the human organism receives, the more it is able to perform fine and correct adjustment of the operation thereof. Thus, contrary to what occurs when living on a natural ground, a flat ground having an even and constant configuration provides little stimuli for the human organism. Thus, the posture error on the flat ground is much higher than that possibly deriving from the uneven ground. Posture alterations and dysfunctions deriving from a flat ground, as well as from other non-ergonomic artificial surfaces such as seats and/or desks, are the cause of many muscle problems at skeleton and organic level. Actually, the human posture system reacts to these non-ergonomic external factors by actuating compensations which are efforts required of the tonic system by the brain hence forcing the muscles, articulations, nerves, etc. to assume a posture that is as stable as possible on an artificial surface. The lumbar hyperlordosis for example represents the main posture alteration of the human organism due to the flat ground, and it is caused by an excessive curving in the lower area of the back. The flat ground, in any case, is not the only source of the posture alterations which may then degenerate into actual diseases; for example high heels represent one of the main causes which lead to an increase of the lumbar hyperlordosis and directly proportional to the height of the heel.

    [0004] Thus over time, even relatively small posture errors are capable of causing discomfort first and diseases then: overloads with ensuing joint degeneration, such as arthrosis, meniscopathy etc., stiffening and degeneration of elastic tissues such as tendinopathy, myopathy etc., trapping of the nerves, airway obstruction, digestion disorders, poor circulation, balance problem, psychological disorder etc.

    [0005] Furthermore, it is clear that the right solution to posture disorders cannot be represented by the continuous taking of drugs or surgery. They should respectively represent temporary synergistic and rare steps and indispensable exceptions. It has been revealed that correct therapeutic approach should especially aim at realigning posture, or normalizing the general barycenter of the body through stimuli capable of creating - in the cybernetic of the human balance - new and more functional posture strategies, or new engrams (motor pattern). In particular, the motor engrams represent the entirety of motor experiences memorized by the individual following programming induced from the external. Thus, the more the human organism tends to repeat - automatically or subconsciously - given functional motor actions, the more it tends to reinforce a given motor pattern. Thus, it is clear that all the modern studies and technologies aim at restoring the correct motor actions both when moving or at a standstill, thus rehabilitating the posture tonic system in a more physiological manner.

    [0006] Up to now, technology allows performing given posture tests which utilize specific and advanced evaluation and control instruments, such as computerized gait analysis such as baropodometry, stabilometry, electromyography of the surface etc. By analyzing the kind of posture disease or dysfunction observed, these techniques allow designing, for each specific case, the ideal human/environment interface, that is the ideal ergonomic footwear or insole that best suits the subject. Thus, the latter feeling a ground more suitable thereto will immediately start posture adjustment. However, these innovative devices, along with the common ergonomic insoles, must be accompanied by a rehabilitation program possibly including massages, physical exercise, stretching and muscle reinforcement, joint mobilization, motor rehabilitation, posture exercises, breathing rehabilitation and instrument physiotherapy.

    [0007] An example of a rehabilitation apparatus is described in WO00/40199.

    [0008] Regarding this, an object of the present invention, which shall be described in detail hereinafter, is to provide a new apparatus, adapted for obtaining the posture rehabilitation by simultaneously performing a plurality of operations, due to the presence of specific components. The latter, in particular, confer, to the user of the apparatus, an increase of the degrees of freedom of movement with respect to those regarding the instruments currently used for posture rehabilitation purposes. The increase of the degree of freedom of movement leads to obtaining a new and more physiological motor pattern, thus further leading to clear posture improvement results which can be obtained within relatively short periods of time. Due to the observations and clinical evidence of various experts as regards motor learning, about the dynamics and the kinematics of the movement, alongside engineering and neuroscience studies, it has been observed that the plasticity and adaptability to the context of human beings, and common to many living things, are caused by stimuli which, at various levels, cooperate to determine the aim of a motor action. In brief, an even ground, along with the perfectly flat seating of a seat or the car seat, create problems for our motor system in terms of generating context adaptive response. This difficulty occurs with a stereotyped and fixed response which limits the range of possible solutions of the motor system to adapt. Our motor system is inherently organized in a manner such to always require different stimuli in order to be adaptive. Neurological diseases represent a clear example of limitation of the motor responses, when faced with various situations naturally poised by the environment. Basically, the disease somehow limits the capacity of the subject to capture these essential significant/insignificant elements (affordance), adapted to determine a targeted and ergonomic motor behavior. Actually, there are various elements that represent actual attraction states for the system in the environment. These elements are carriers of significant information indispensable for generating a fine motor action. Actually, our nervous system is not capable of generating an adaptive response to an unknown stimulus. The stimuli that the environment offers to the subject spontaneously and from a given time have the possibility of being revealed by our motor system and gain significance in that specific context and at that specific time. For example, when walking on various surfaces (sand, rock, grass) and we have the historic knowledge of these environments, our foot shall be immediately configured to adapt to the ground; on the contrary, were we to walk on an unknown surface, or walk with blindfolded eyes, both cases shall require new motor strategies to tackle the environment in question. The significance of the stimulus, and the innate capacity to capture it, allows perfect adaptation to the environment. The motor system for generating a response shall thus necessarily be compared with the environment and the characteristics thereof depend on the information channels (sight, hearing, touch, balance,...). Thus, there cannot be a targeted and ergonomic motor action without the nervous system being capable of capturing and elaborating a stimulus. Our neuromotor system is substantially a generator of motor patterns, determined by the capacity of receiving significant elements in the environment. These elements, disturbing the state of activation of the nervous system, cause the depolarization of the membrane of the neuron and cause a motor response thereof for adaptation to the capacity that the system can offer in that specific time. The continuous capacity of modification of the living systems, the cellular replication, requires - and it could not be otherwise - producing different adaptive and performing responses. As we grow up, with time we learn to capture and process each significant, preferably unique, stimulus adapted to generate an adaptive response, thus we are not organized to give a response to a stimulus that is always identical and repeated severally over time. What may currently be an element that determines the generation of a motor action, shall no longer be such after a short time. Thus, we always need to receive new and different significant stimuli so as to continuously adapt to the context, otherwise it will lead to failure which in turn leads to functional limitation, degeneration of the tissue and pain, this being caused by a repetitive and stereotyped response which are rather damaging for the living system. Thus, the rehabilitation acquires an ecological feature, where ecological is used to mean the condition that is key to changing the environment, for training the function and generating adaptability, exactly as imposed by the laws of the living systems. The apparatus object of the present invention is the direct consequence of the information outlined above. By continuously varying the coefficient of resistance, rigidity and elasticity of the elements that form them, during the entire work session, the springs and/or actuators systems offer the subject a unique therapeutic context, or rather a perfectly disturbing "environment", which leads to finding continuous motor solutions, thus allowing the treated subject to be configured in a functional and ergonomic manner in various daily activities. Varying the therapeutic context means causing the subject, through an always varying and unpredictable stress, to be adaptively configured responding to the changing environment, to which the subject must respond with an adaptive motor behavior. Thus the generated disturbances lead to stressing all elements subtended to the proprioception (muscle spindle, Pacini's and Golgi's organs etc. present in the soft tissues: muscles, tendons, joint capsules, ligaments and the bundle system) which - depending on the activity of the background tone - are active and which, upon the variation of intensity of the duration and the stress quality, are exited thus transmitting nervous pulses suitable to create synergy between the motor components. The device subject of the present invention is used for generating "adaptability". Conceptually, this is the specific detail that distinguishes them - in an innovative and distinct manner - and it is the neuromotor concept around which the present invention is based.

    Description



    [0009] The present invention describes a new posture rehabilitation apparatus according to claim 1 that applies the concept regarding the ecologic rehabilitation, according to which - varying the environment or the therapeutic context - the subject is constantly required to find new posture strategies. The subject shall tend to learn new posture strategies just as if learning how to use new words, where each word represents a motor action. In particular, the system in question is capable of actuating a posture rehabilitation process conferring to the user of said system the possibility of performing a high number of movements and in particular orientations of the locomotor system thereof. The rehabilitation with the apparatus described herein is obtained by determining, in the patient, the construction of new and more physiological motor patterns. More in detail, the system in question comprises three main elements such as a platform adapted to offer support to the feet, a belt to which one or more elastic cords are applied and adapted to be worn by the subject user of the described apparatus, and a telescopic rod anchoring system. The apparatus subject of the present invention allows actuating the rehabilitation posture of the subject in upright position and/or in the gait cycle and it is particularly adapted to cause a rehabilitation of posture alterations caused by diseases and rheumatic and traumatic diseases of the locomotor system and more specifically the lower limb and the vertebral column. Thus, the novelty of this instrument lies in providing the dynamic sustainment elements, represented by the springs, by actuators, by the central articulation and by the transverse axis which - overall - reproduce the functions carried out by the articulations of the foot, i.e., bending, extension, pronation and supination. Thus, there occurs the reproduction of the inverse helical system (tarsometatarsal articulation) and dorsal foot bending, ((astragalo-calcaneal) joint) and even the pronosupination.

    [0010] The perturbations offered by these systems (springs, actuators and elastic elements) determine an actuation of the systems adapted to generate functional motor patterns.

    [0011] When using this apparatus, the subject of the present invention tends to structure the adaptability capacity to the context: (environment) and this allows being ergonomic and create highly fine and performing motor actions. This apparatus perfectly fits in a rehabilitation approach of the "ecological" type where the stimuli offered by the environment (by the therapeutic context in this case) can be captured and transformed into specific targeted actions. Even more in detail the rehabilitation posture apparatus described in the present industrial invention patent application is particularly suitable for the rehabilitation of anatomic structures such as:

    Foot, by correcting: monolateral or bilateral valgus and/or varus positions, flat and/or supine positions, pronated and/or talus positions, arthrosis and arthritis in the tibiotarsal joints, tarsometatarsal joints, metatarsophalangeal joints, astragalo-calcaneal joint, tarsalgia, metatarsalgia, plantar fasciosis, calcaneal spur, diseases of the Achilles tendon, heel pain, enthesopathy, hypotonia and/or hypotrophy of the intrinsic and extrinsic musculature of the foot, involved alterations, alterations of the ligamentous and tendinous capsule components of the foot articulations;

    Knee, by correcting: monolateral or bilateral valgus and/or varus position, recurvatum of the knee, patellofemoral arthrosis and arthritis, patella hyperpressure syndrome, chondropathy, enthesopathy, tone alteration and/or trophism alteration of the intrinsic and extrinsic musculature of the knee, alterations involving the ligamentous, meniscus and tendinous capsule components of the knee articulation;

    Hip, by correcting: monolateral or bilateral position, in external and internal rotation of the coxofemoral joint, coxarthrosis, impingement syndrome, chondropathy, tone alterations and/or trophism alteration of the intrinsic and extrinsic musculature of the hip, alterations involving the ligamentous and tendinous capsule components of the hip; Pelvis, by correcting: anteversion, retroversion, inclination and/or rotation position of the pelvis, arthrosis and arthritis of the sacroiliac joints and of the pubic symphysis, pyriform syndrome, alterations involving the ligamentous and tendinous capsule components of the pelvis articulation;

    Spinal column, by correcting: alternations and/or modifications of the physiological curves of the rachis and pathological positions thereof, such as scoliosis, rotoscoliosis, scoliotic position, juvenile osteochondrosis of the spine, etc. Spondyloarthrosis, inflamamtory diseases and/or degenerative diseases of the rachis, facet syndrome, tone alteration and/or trophism alteration of the intrinsic and extrinsic musculature of the rachis, alterations involving the ligamentous and tendinous capsule components of the intervertebral articulations.



    [0012] The posture rehabilitation apparatus, object of the invention, is also adapted to correct alterations of the gait cycle due to neuropathies of central and peripheral type, alterations of equilibrium control, alterations of the proprioception as a result of disease, and in the proprioceptor training for athletic movement. Said rehabilitation apparatus is also adapted to correct alterations correlated with the temporomandibular joint in relation to the posture. The use of the posture rehabilitation apparatus can also preferably be actuated after having collected information on the patient, such as case history data, height, weight, foot size, instrumental diagnostic exams such as radiography, magnetic resonance, CAT, electromyography, baropodometry, gait analysis with optoelectronic systems, video analysis and objective examination of the subject, in a manner such to allow the patient's assignment in a specific field of application of the present rehabilitation system.

    [0013] The use of said apparatus includes the following steps consisting in:
    1. a) positioning the subject on the platform of said instrument apparatus in upright position with the feet resting on special sustainment elements, depending on the dimensions of the feet. The position of the feet may also be parallel or in semi-gait position, the width depends on the height of the subject and the exercise intended to be performed. The orientation of the foot is also measured according to the lower limb. The rearfoot and forefoot position is configured according to the coefficient of rigidity of a system of springs, or actuators, so as to cause the inversion or eversion of the feet and the unwinding movement of the helix between the forefoot and the rearfoot.
    2. b) Fixing, at the height of the pelvis, the belt system with an elastic band suitably adjusted according to the circumference of the subject; actually, the band has an anatomic conformation which surrounds the pelvis at the height of the iliac wings laterally, so as to confer to the subject greater support in the latero-sideways movement thereof. In addition, these elastic systems shall be used in a number deemed suitable by the operator for the exercise that shall be performed by the subject and depend on the height and the weight of the subject; these systems are fixed to a height-adjustable multiple telescopic rod system.
    3. c) Taking, by the subject user of the rehabilitation apparatus, a given position, such as for example that corresponding to the position of the feet in parallel configuration and the application of the elastic system at the front part and/or at the rear part, and/or the one corresponding to the positioning of the feet parallel configuration and the application of the elastic system laterally, rightwards and/or leftwards, and/or the one in the right and/or left semi-gait with elastic system applied at the front part and/or at the rear part.


    [0014] Besides the rotation movement, the posture rehabilitation apparatus, subject of the present invention, also allows adjusting the inclination of the foot according to the median axis of the body: this occurs due to a free-lockable system preferably made of polycarbonate and fixed with screws and washers, preferably made of steel, to support bases of the feet, resting on the platform, housing said screws or washers in the platform.

    [0015] The belt with elastic band comprised in the apparatus in question is also preferably made of fabric and it has a closing/opening system with Velcro and at least two points and preferably four fixing points for the elastic cords. Depending on the waist circumference of the subject, on which the length of the band depends, the slits are arranged at the front part, at the rear part and on the two sides of the pelvis of the subject, where the belt is higher due to a greater adherence at the iliac wings. The coefficient of rigidity of the elastic elements depends on the weight and the height of the subject. Said belt with elastic bands is in turn connected to the sustainment elements fixed through telescopic supports, and preferably to four telescopic supports, adjustable according to the height of the subject and arranged at the front part, at the rear part and laterally to the platform. The posture rehabilitation apparatus described in the present invention is also optionally provided with video systems which project the images of the region of the foot/feet interested by the rehabilitation.

    [0016] The rehabilitation apparatus allows the subject to perform a given exercise according to the inversion and/or eversion movements of the rearfoot and/or of the forefoot also due to the presence of reference axes arranged on the medial and/or lateral sides of the platform and supported by a system which allows the fixing thereof at a predetermined height.

    Brief description of the drawings



    [0017] 

    FIGURE 1 shows a front and perspective view of some of the components of the posture rehabilitation apparatus 1 subject of the present invention. More in detail figure 1(a) shows a perspective view of the platform 2 adapted to receive the user of the apparatus 1 in upright position and/or in the gait cycle. The figure also shows a telescopic rod system 5. Figure 1(b) shows a front view of one of the components of the apparatus 1 subject of the present document. In particular the figure shows a front view of the belt 3 with elastic band adapted to be worn by the subject user of the apparatus 1. More in detail, observing the figure 1(b), it shows the presence of an opening/closing system 20 of the belt 3, made of Velcro, and a plurality of - four in the specific case- fixing points 21 adapted to the connection of elastic cords 4 (the latter not shown in the figure). Figure 1(b) also shows the presence of projections 28 on the sides of the belt 3 adapted to confer, to the subject user of the apparatus 1, greater support. The projections 28 are actually shaped according to the iliac wings of the waist of any person.

    FIGURE 2 shows a perspective view of the portions 2' and 2" housed on the platform 2 and the components supported by said portions 2' and 2". More in detail, figure 2 shows that the two portions 2' and 2" respectively house a base 6' and a base 6" reversibly fixed to the platform through at least one dowel 24 to be inserted and fixed in a corresponding hole 23 for each base 6' and 6". The figure shows that on the bases 6' and 6" supports 7' and 7" are also present respectively. The latter are respectively configured so as to match the left foot and to the right foot of a person. Each support 7' and 7" is also divided into two transverse portions. More in detail, the figure shows that the support 7' is divided into portion 8' corresponding to the left forefoot, and portion 8" corresponding to the left rearfoot, while the support 7" is divided into portion 9' corresponding to the right forefoot and portion 9" corresponding to the right rearfoot. Said portions 8' and 8" for the support 7' and said portions 9' and 9" for the support 7" are also mobile with respect to each other. More in detail, the portion 8' is mobile with respect to the portion 8" and the portion 9' is mobile with respect to the portion 9". In addition, the figure shows the presence of fins 19, provided with pins, adapted to adjust the height of the supports 7' and 7" with respect to the bases 6' and 6" and also adapted to adjust the inclination thereof with respect to said bases.

    FIGURE 3 shows a lateral and plan view of some components housed on the platform 2. More in detail, figure 3(a) shows a lateral view of the support 7' of the apparatus 1 subject of the invention. More in detail, figure 3(a) shows the presence of an anti-slip layer 27, preferably made of polycarbonate, underlying the support 7'. More in detail, said polycarbonate layer 27 is interposed between the upper surface of the base 6' (and 6") and the sustainment element 17' (and 17") underlying the portions 8' and 8" of the support 7' (the support 7" not shown in the figure is also characterized analogously). Figure 3(a) also shows the presence of cylindrical rod 10, preferably made of steel which allows the rotation of said portions 8' and 8" with respect to the longitudinal barycenter axis of said rod 10. An analogous movement due to an analogous rod 10 involves the portion 9' and the portion 9" of the support 7" (not shown in the figure). Figure 3(a) also shows the presence of a pair of elements 11 and 12 underlying respectively the portion 8' and 8" of the support 7'. Said pair of elements 11 and 12 is shaped so as to constrain the portion 8' to the portion 8" and simultaneously allow the rotation of said portions 8' and 8" with respect to the rod 10, the pair of elements 11 and 12 constituting a housing for the rod 10. This configuration is adapted to allow the physiological helical movement between forefoot and rearfoot. As observable in the figure, the support 7' (same case also applying to the support 7") of the posture rehabilitation apparatus 1, is such to have on the lateral surfaces of the portion 8' and 8" respectively at least one hole 13 and at least one hole 14 adapted for the insertion of a rod 15 to be applied to quantify, - on a graduated scale -, the movement of the anatomic structure around the longitudinal barycenter axis. The figure also shows the presence of a plurality of springs 18 interposed between the portions 8' and 8" and the underlying sustainment element 17'. More in detail, as shown in figure 3(b), which represents a plan view of the base 6' and base 6", and of the respective supports 7' and 7", the lower surfaces of the portions 8' and 8" and 9' and 9", have a plurality of holes 16 adapted to house an end of said springs 18. In addition, each of these has the other end inserted in a hole corresponding to the aforementioned holes 16 and arranged on the upper surface of the supports 17' and 17".

    FIGURE 4 shows a perspective view of the posture rehabilitation apparatus subject of the present invention. More in detail, figure 4 shows a perspective view of an embodiment of the apparatus 1. The figure shows the presence of the elastic cords 4 connected to the belt 3, worn by the subject user of the apparatus 1, and also connected to the supports 22 arranged at the front part and/or at the rear part and/or laterally to the subject and supported by the telescopic rod system 5. The figure also shows the reference axes 25 arranged laterally to the platform and adapted to allow the subject of to perform a given exercise. Said reference axes 25 are also fixed at a predetermined height due to the presence of the telescopic rod 5 on which said reference rods 25 rest. As observable from the figure, the apparatus 1 optionally comprises a video system 26 capable of projecting the images of the region of the anatomic structure interested by the exercise.

    FIGURE 5 shows a perspective view, of the platform 2, similar to that represented in figure 2. In particular, figure 5 shows the presence of the actuators 30, represented by cylindrical pistons provided with a common electric motor, adapted to automatically allow the rotation of the supports 7' and 7" with respect to the central axis thereof


    Description of the embodiments



    [0018] In its preferred embodiment, the posture rehabilitation apparatus 1 according to the present invention comprises a rectangular-shaped platform 2, adapted to offer support to the feet of the use subject of the apparatus 1, at least one belt 3 with elastic band, having projections 28 adapted for the iliac wings of the user subject, and to which at least one elastic cord 4 is applied. The apparatus 1 also comprises an anchorage system having at least four telescopic rods 5. More in detail, in its preferred embodiment, the apparatus 1 comprises a platform 2 adapted to house at least two portions and in particular two longitudinal portions 2' and 2" with equal width. Each of said portions 2' and 2" also houses a base 6 and more in detail the portion 2' houses the base 6', while the portion 2" houses the base 6". Said bases 6' and 6" are respectively adapted to receive the support of the left and right feet of the user of the apparatus 1. In particular, the base 6' is adapted to sustain the support 7', while the base 6" is adapted to sustain the support 7". Said supports 7' and 7" are also respectively profiled in accordance with the left foot and the right foot. The bases 6' and 6", on which said supports 7' and 7" are housed, are also reversibly joined to the platform 2 by means of at least one removable common dowel 24 to be arranged in a corresponding hole/holes 23 arranged on the side of said bases 6' and 6". Each support 7' and 7" is further subdivided into two portions of which one corresponds with the forefoot, the other with the rearfoot. More in detail, the support 7' is transversely subdivided into two portions, i.e. into the portion 8', corresponding with the left forefoot and into the portion 8" corresponding with the left rearfoot, while the support 7" is transversely subdivided into two portions and in particular into the portion 9' corresponding with the right forefoot and into the portion 9" corresponding with the right rearfoot. The upper surface of the bases 6' and 6", on which said supports 7' and 7" are situated, is also flat, anti-slip and optionally provided with a baropodometric detection system. Also indicated on such surface are the length and position references of the foot in relation to the tarsometatarsal articulations. The supports 7' and 7" and more in detail their transverse portions 8' and 8" for the support 7' and the portions 9' and 9" for the support 7" are also movable with respect to each other. Still more in detail, the portion 8' is movable with respect to the portion 8", and is constrained to the latter only by a cylindrical rod 10, preferably made of steel, which allows the rotation movement of said two portions 8' and 8" with respect to the longitudinal barycentric axis of said rod 10. An analogous movement due to an analogous rod 10 also involves the portion 9' and the portion 9" of the support 7". The constraint that joins the two pairs of portions, i.e. the portion 8' to the portion 8" and the portion 9' to the portion 9", is obtained also due to the presence of pairs of elements 11 and 12 and 11' and 12' respectively integral with the portions 8' and 8" and with the portions 9' and 9". More in detail, said pairs of elements 11 and 12, and 11' and 12' are shaped in a manner such to constitute a housing for the cylindrical rod 10 and also in a manner such to allow the rotation around said rod 10 by the portions 8' and 8" and 9' and 9". This configuration is obtained in order to allow the physiological helical movement between the forefoot and the rearfoot. The apparatus 1 according to the present invention is also such to have at least one hole 13 and preferably eight holes 13 on the lateral surface of the portions 8' and 9' and at least one hole 14 and preferably four holes 14 on the lateral surface of the portions 8" and 9". Said holes 13 and said holes 14 are adapted to house a reference rod 15 applicable in order to quantify on a graduated scale the movement around the longitudinal barycentric axis. One of the most important and distinctive characteristics of the posture rehabilitation apparatus 1 according to the present invention is that of giving the user subject of the apparatus 1 a high number of degrees of freedom of movement. The contribution of this important characteristic is also given by the fact that the lower faces of the portions 8' and 9' have at least ten holes 16, arranged along the perimeter, and preferably at least fifteen holes 16 coinciding with the same number of holes 16 arranged on the surface of supports 17' and 17" respectively below the support 7' and the support 7" and respectively resting on an anti-slip polycarbonate layer 27 present on the bases 6' and 6" in turn housed on the platform 2. Said holes 16 are adapted to house springs 18 which can have different, suitable rigidity. At the lower surface of the portions 8' and 9' and 8" and 9" of the supports 7' and 7", at least two lateral fins 19 are optionally present per portion, such fins are integral with measuring rods obtained with pin screws or equivalent electro-hydraulic control elements. Said fins 19 are adapted to allow the adjustment of the height and/or the inclination of the foot with respect to the ground.

    [0019] As mentioned above, the present apparatus comprises at least one belt 3 with elastic band adapted to be worn by the user subject of the apparatus 1. More in detail, the belt 3 is provided with an opening/closing system with Velcro and with at least two fixing points 21 and preferably at least four fixing points 21 for the elastic cords 4. Said elastic cords 4 are also connected to supports 22 arranged on the front part, and/or upper part and/or side of the subject, supported by the telescopic rod system 5 which allows the fixing of said supports 22 at a predetermined height. The apparatus 1, object of the present document, optionally also comprises reference axes 25 arranged on the medial and/or lateral side/sides and which allow the subject to execute a specific exercise in relation to inversion and eversion movements of the foot.

    [0020] The posture rehabilitation apparatus 1 is also optionally integrated with a common video system 26 capable of projecting images of the region of the anatomic structure and in particular of the foot/feet affected by the exercise.

    [0021] In another embodiment, the posture rehabilitation apparatus 1 has, in place of the springs 18, represented by common metallic elastic systems, a plurality of hydraulic actuators 30 directly managed by a software adapted to vary the resistance thereof as a function of the desired variability of the exercise. More in detail, the actuators 30 in question are represented by pneumatic cylinders provided with a common electric motor adapted to allow the rotation with respect to the central axis. The pneumatic cylinders comprised in the apparatus 1 of the invention have a diameter comprised between 8 mm and 20 mm and preferably a diameter of about 10 mm in order to allow sustaining the weight of a person with a suitable safety coefficient, even if working at relatively low pressures (on the order of 1.0 - 2.0 bar), in a manner so as to reduce the compressor power to be used. Such diameter also allows resisting transverse forces which, for common pneumatic cylinders, are not usually taken into account in the design stage.

    [0022] The software comprised in the apparatus 1 described in the present document is a common information system available in the market, adapted to create and manage the resistance of said actuators in relation to the multiple variables provided by the exercise itself, the anthropometric data of the specific subject and the possible pathology suffered.

    [0023] The software, in this particular embodiment, is also interfaced with the baropodometric detection present on the surface that houses the foot of the patient.


    Claims

    1. Posture rehabilitation apparatus (1) for an user in upright position and in the gait cycle adapted to the rehabilitation of alterations of the locomotor system caused by rheumatic and traumatic diseases, comprising a rectangular-shaped platform (2) adapted to offer housing to two portions (2') and (2") having an identical shape and extension adapted to receive the user subject of the apparatus (1) in an upright position and/or in the gait cycle, said portions (2') and (2") respectively comprising the basis (6') and (6") reversibly respectively fixed to said portions (2') and (2") and adapted to respectively sustain a left support (7') matching the left foot of the subject and a right support (7") matching the right foot of the subject, said left support (7') and said right support (7") respectively having the profile of the left foot and the profile of the right foot; characterised in that it comprises a belt (3) with elastic band adapted to be worn by the user subject of the apparatus (1) and having a opening/closing system (20) with Velcro and at least one fixing point (21) adapted for the connection of at least one elastic cord (4) adapted to connect said belt (3), worn by the subject, with supports present on the apparatus (1), said apparatus (1) having at least one support (22) to be arranged at the lower part and/or laterally to the subject and fixed at a predetermined height due to a telescopic rod system, comprising at least two telescoping rods (5) adapted to fix said supports (22) at a predetermined height and optionally fix at least one reference axis (25) arranged at the medial and/or lateral side of the user and adapted to facilitate the latter to execute the rehabilitation operation; the apparatus permitting to the anatomic structures, and preferably to the feet of the subject, a high number of degrees of freedom of movement, said apparatus (1) having the left support (7') and the right support (7") arranged by the respective bases (6') and (6") at a predetermined height and each being divided into two transverse portions,
    said left support (7') being transversely divided into the left forefoot profiled portion (8') and into the left rearfoot profiled portion (8") and said right support (7") being transversely divided into the right forefoot profiled portion (9') and into the right rearfoot profiled portion (9") and the portion (8') being moveable with respect to the portion (8"), and the portion (9') moveable with respect to the portion (9"), said two pairs of portions (8') and (8") and (9') and (9") each having - on the lower surfaces thereof - a cylindrical rod (10) with respect to whose longitudinal barycentric axis said portions (8') and (8") and (9') and (9") are free to perform the typical helical movement of the foot.
     
    2. Posture rehabilitation apparatus (1) according to the preceding claim characterized in that the rod (10) constrains the portion (8') to the portion (8") and an analogous rod (10) the portion (9') to the portion (9"), said portions (8') and (8") and (9') and (9") respectively having - on the lower surfaces thereof - pairs of elements (11 and 12) and (11' and 12') integral with said portions (8') and (8") and (9') and (9"), said pairs of elements being shaped so as to represent a housing for the rod(s) (10).
     
    3. Posture rehabilitation apparatus (1) according to the preceding claims characterized in that it comprises a plurality of springs (18) underlying the left support (7') and the right support (7") adapted to contribute to increase of the degrees of freedom of movement of the anatomic structure involved in the exercise, said springs (18) being inserted in a plurality of holes (16), and preferably fifteen holes (16), present on the lower surface of the portions (8'), (8"), (9') and (9") and in one of the corresponding plurality of holes (16) present on the sustainment element of the supports (7') and (7"), said supports (7') and (7") respectively having the sustainment element (17') housed on the base (6') and underlying they left support (7'), and the sustainment element (17") housed on the base (6") and underlying the right support (7").
     
    4. Posture rehabilitation apparatus (1) according to the preceding claims characterized in that it comprises at least one hole (13) and preferably eight holes (13) on the lateral surfaces of the portions (8') and (9') and at least one hole (14) and preferably four holes (14) on the lateral surfaces of the portions (8") and (9"), said holes (13) and said holes (14) being adapted for the insertion of a rod (15) adapted to quantify - on a graduated scale - the movement around the longitudinal barycentric axis.
     
    5. Posture rehabilitation apparatus (1) according to the preceding claims characterized in that it comprises an anti-slip layer (27), preferably made of polycarbonate, interposed between the upper surface of the bases (6') and (6") and the lower surface of the sustainment elements (17') and (17").
     
    6. Posture rehabilitation apparatus (1) according to the preceding claims characterized in that it comprises at least two lateral fins (19), arranged on the lower surface of each portion (8'), (9'), (8") and (9") of the supports (7') and (7"), adapted to allow the adjustment of the height and/or inclination of the foot with respect to the ground, said fins (19) being integral with measuring rods preferably obtained using screws and pins or equivalent electro-hydraulic control elements.
     
    7. Posture rehabilitation apparatus (1) according to the preceding claims characterized in that the bases (6') and (6") are reversibly and respectively fixed to the portions (2') and (2") due to the insertion of at least one common dowel (24) to be inserted into a corresponding hole(s) (23) arranged on the lateral edge of said bases (6') and (6").
     
    8. Posture rehabilitation apparatus (1) according to the preceding claims characterized in that the belt (3) with elastic bands is shaped so as to have projections (28) adapted to offer greater support and stability to the user subject of the apparatus (1), said projections (28) being suitable for matching the iliac wings of the user subject of the apparatus (1).
     
    9. Posture rehabilitation apparatus (1) according to the preceding claims characterized in that it optionally comprises a video system (26) capable of projecting images of the region of the anatomic structure and preferably of the foot/feet affected by the exercise.
     
    10. Posture rehabilitation apparatus (1) according to claims 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, comprising actuators (30), represented by hydraulic cylinders with diameter comprised between 8 mm and 20 mm, preferably with diameter of 10 mm, adapted to allow the rotation around the central axis of the supports (7') and (7"), said actuators (30) being provided with an electric motor and being managed by a software adapted to vary the resistance thereof as a function of the desired variability of the exercise.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Vorrichtung zur Haltungsrehabilitation (1) für einen Benutzer in aufrechter Stellung und in dem Schrittzyklus, der zur Rehabilitation von durch rheumatische und traumatische Erkrankungen verursachten Änderungen des Bewegungsapparates ausgeführt ist, die eine Plattform (2) in Form eines Rechtecks aufweist, die ausgeführt ist, um eine Aufnahme für zwei Teile (2') und (2") zu bieten, die eine identische Form und Erstreckung haben, die zur Aufnahme des die Vorrichtung (1) benutzenden Probanden in einer aufrechten Stellung und/oder im Schrittzyklus ausgeführt sind, wobei die genannten Teile (2') und (2") die Grundplatte (6') bzw. (6") aufweisen, die reversibel an den genannten Teilen (2') bzw. (2") befestigt sind und ausgeführt sind, um einen linken Träger (7'), der mit dem linken Fuß des Probanden übereinstimmt, bzw. einen rechten Träger (7"), der mit dem rechten Fuß des Probanden übereinstimmt, zu unterstützen, wobei der genannte linke Träger (7') und der genannte rechte Träger (7") das Profil des linken Fußes bzw. das Profil des rechten Fußes haben; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie einen Gurt (3) mit einem elastischen Band aufweist, der ausgeführt ist, um von dem die Vorrichtung (1) benutzenden Probanden getragen zu werden, und ein Öffnungs-/Schließsystem (20) mit Klettverschlussmaterial und wenigstens einen Befestigungspunkt (21) hat, der zum Verbinden mit wenigstens einem elastischen Seil (4) ausgeführt ist, das zum Verbinden des genannten Gurts (3), der von dem Probanden getragen wird, mit an der Vorrichtung (1) vorhandenen Trägern ausgeführt ist, wobei die genannte Vorrichtung (1) wenigstens einen Träger (22) hat, der am unteren Teil und/oder lateral zu dem Probanden anzuordnen und durch ein Teleskopstangensystem auf einer vorbestimmten Höhe zu fixieren ist, das wenigstens zwei ineinanderschiebbare Stangen (5) aufweist, die ausgeführt sind, um die genannten Träger (22) auf einer vorbestimmten Höhe zu fixieren und wahlweise wenigstens eine Bezugsachse (25) zu fixieren, die an der medialen und/oder lateralen Seite des Benutzers angeordnet ist, und ausgeführt sind, um Letzeren zu befähigen, den Rehabilitationsvorgang auszuführen; wobei die Vorrichtung den anatomischen Strukturen und vorzugsweise den Füßen des Probanden eine hohe Anzahl von Bewegungsfreiheitsgraden erlaubt, wobei bei der genannten Vorrichtung (1) der linke Träger (7') und der rechte Träger (7") durch die Grundplatten (6') bzw. (6") auf einer vorbestimmten Höhe angeordnet sind und jeweils in zwei Querteile unterteilt sind, wobei der genannte linke Träger (7') quer in den Teil mit dem Profil des linken Vorderfußes (8') und in den Teil mit dem Profil des linken Hinterfußes (8") unterteilt ist und der genannte rechte Träger (7") quer in den Teil mit dem Profil des rechten Vorderfußes (9') und in den Teil mit dem Profil des rechten Hinterfußes (9") unterteilt ist und der Teil (8') mit Bezug auf den Teil (8") beweglich ist und der Teil (9') mit Bezug auf den Teil (9") beweglich ist, wobei die genannten zwei Teilepaare (8') und (8") und (9') und (9") an ihren unteren Oberflächen jeweils eine zylindrische Stange (10) haben, in Bezug auf deren baryzentrische Längsachse die genannten Teile (8') und (8") und (9') und (9") frei sind zur Durchführung der typischen schraubenförmigen Bewegung des Fußes.
     
    2. Vorrichtung zur Haltungsrehabilitation (1) nach dem vorhergehenden Anspruch, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Stange (10) den Teil (8') an dem Teil (8") und eine analoge Stange (10) den Teil (9') an dem Teil (9") festhält, wobei die genannten Teile (8') und (8") bzw. (9') und (9") an ihren unteren Oberflächen Elementenpaare (11 und 12) und (11' und 12') haben, die mit den genannten Teilen (8') und (8") und (9') und (9") einstückig sind, wobei die genannten Elementenpaare so gestaltet sind, dass sie ein Gehäuse für die Stange(n) (10) darstellen.
     
    3. Vorrichtung zur Haltungsrehabilitation (1) nach den vorhergehenden Ansprüchen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie mehrere unter dem linken Träger (7') und dem rechten Träger (7") liegende Federn (18) hat, die zum Beitragen zur Erhöhung der Bewegungsfreiheitsgrade der an der Übung beteiligten anatomischen Struktur ausgeführt sind, wobei die genannten Federn (18) in mehrere Löcher (16) und vorzugsweise fünfzehn Löcher (16), die sich an der unteren Oberfläche der Teile (8'), (8"), (9') und (9") befinden, und in eines der entsprechenden mehreren Löcher (16), die sich an dem Unterstützungselement der Träger (7') und (7") befinden, eingeführt sind, wobei bei den genannten Trägern (7') und (7") das Unterstützungselement (17') auf der Grundplatte (6') aufgenommen ist und unter dem linken Träger (7') liegt und das Unterstützungselement (17") auf der Grundplatte (6") aufgenommen ist und unter dem rechten Träger (7") liegt.
     
    4. Vorrichtung zur Haltungsrehabilitation (1) nach den vorhergehenden Ansprüchen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie wenigstens ein Loch (13) und vorzugsweise acht Löcher (13) an den lateralen Oberflächen der Teile (8') und (9') und wenigstens ein Loch (14) und vorzugsweise vier Löcher (14) an den lateralen Oberflächen der Teile (8") und (9") aufweist, wobei die genannten Löcher (13) und die genannten Löcher (14) zum Einführen einer Stange (15) ausgeführt sind, die zum Quantifizieren der Bewegung um die baryzentrische Längsachse auf einer abgestuften Skala ausgeführt sind.
     
    5. Vorrichtung zur Haltungsrehabilitation (1) nach den vorhergehenden Ansprüchen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie eine vorzugsweise aus Polycarbonat hergestellte rutschhemmende Schicht (27) aufweist, die zwischen der oberen Oberfläche der Grundplatten (6') und (6") und der unteren Oberfläche der Unterstützungselemente (17') und (17") zwischengelegt ist.
     
    6. Vorrichtung zur Haltungsrehabilitation (1) nach den vorhergehenden Ansprüchen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie wenigstens zwei an der unteren Oberfläche jedes Teils (8'), (9'), (8") und (9") der Träger (7') und (7") angeordnete laterale Stege (19) aufweist, die ausgeführt sind, um die Einstellung der Höhe und/oder die Neigung des Fußes in Bezug auf den Boden zuzulassen, wobei die genannten Stege (19) mit Messstäben einstückig sind, die vorzugsweise durch die Verwendung von Schrauben und Stiften oder äquivalenten elektrohydraulischen Steuerelementen erhalten werden.
     
    7. Vorrichtung zur Haltungsrehabilitation (1) nach den vorhergehenden Ansprüchen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Grundplatten (6') und (6") reversibel und durch das Einführen von wenigstens einem üblichen Dübel (24) in (ein) am lateralen Rand der genannten Grundplatten (6') und (6") angeordnete(s) entsprechende(s) Loch/Löcher (23) an den Teilen (2') bzw. (2") fixiert sind.
     
    8. Vorrichtung zur Haltungsrehabilitation (1) nach den vorhergehenden Ansprüchen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Gurt (3) mit elastischen Bändern so geformt ist, dass er Vorsprünge (28) hat, die ausgeführt sind, um dem die Vorrichtung (1) benutzenden Probanden mehr Halt und Stabilität zu bieten, wobei die genannten Vorsprünge (28) zum Zusammenpassen mit den Beckenschaufeln des die Vorrichtung (1) benutzenden Probanden geeignet sind.
     
    9. Vorrichtung zur Haltungsrehabilitation (1) nach den vorhergehenden Ansprüchen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie wahlweise ein Videosystem (26) aufweist, das Bilder der Region der anatomischen Struktur und vorzugsweise des/der von der Übung betroffenen Fußes/Füße projizieren kann.
     
    10. Vorrichtung zur Haltungsrehabilitation (1) nach den Ansprüchen 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, die Stelleinrichtungen (30) aufweist, die von hydraulischen Zylindern mit einem Durchmesser zwischen 8 mm und 20 mm und vorzugsweise mit einem Durchmesser von 10 mm dargestellt werden, die dafür ausgeführt sind, um die Drehung um die Mittelachse der Träger (7') und (7") zuzulassen, wobei die genannten Stelleinrichtungen (30) mit einem Elektromotor versehen sind und von einer Software verwaltet werden, die ausgeführt ist, um ihren Widerstand als eine Funktion der gewünschten Variierbarkeit der Übung zu variieren.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil de rééducation posturale (1) pour un utilisateur en position debout et lors du cycle de marche, apte à la rééducation d'altérations du système locomoteur dues à des maladies rhumatismales et traumatiques, comprenant une plate-forme rectangulaire (2) apte à recevoir deux parties (2') et (2") de forme et d'extension identiques et aptes à recevoir le sujet utilisateur de l'appareil (1) en position debout et/ou lors du cycle de marche, les parties (2') et (2") comprenant respectivement les bases (6') et (6") fixées de manière réversible respectivement auxdites parties (2') et (2") et aptes à soutenir respectivement un support gauche (7') qui correspond au pied gauche du sujet et un support droit (7") qui correspond au pied droit du sujet, le support gauche (7') et le support droit (7") présentant respectivement le profil du pied gauche et le profil du pied droit ;
    caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend une courroie (3) avec une bande élastique apte à être portée par le sujet utilisateur de l'appareil (1) et pourvue d'un système d'ouverture/fermeture (20) avec du Velcro et au moins un point de fixation (21) pour la liaison d'au moins un cordon élastique (4) apte à relier ladite courroie (3), portée par le sujet, à des supports prévus sur l'appareil (1), ledit appareil (1) comportant au moins un support (22) à disposer sur la partie inférieure et/ou latéralement par rapport au sujet, et fixé à une hauteur prédéterminée à l'aide d'un système de barres télescopiques qui comprend au moins deux barres télescopiques (5) aptes à fixer les supports (22) à une hauteur prédéterminée et à fixer à titre optionnel au moins un axe de référence (25) disposé sur le côté médian et/ou latéral de l'utilisateur et apte à rendre à celui-ci la rééducation plus facile, l'appareil permettant aux structures anatomiques, et de préférence aux pieds du sujet, un grand nombre de degrés de liberté de mouvement, le support gauche (7') et le support droit (7") dudit appareil (1) étant disposés sur les bases respectives (6') et (6") à une hauteur prédéterminée, et étant divisés chacun en deux parties transversales, le support gauche (7') étant divisé transversalement en une partie profilée pour avant-pied gauche (8') et une partie profilée pour arrière-pied gauche (8") tandis que le support droit (7") est divisé transversalement en une partie profilée pour avant-pied droit (9') et une partie profilée pour arrière-pied droit (9"), et la partie (8') étant mobile par rapport à la partie (8") tandis que la partie (9') est mobile par rapport à la partie (9"), les deux paires de parties (8') et (8"), et (9') et (9") présentant chacune - sur leur surface inférieure - une barre cylindrique (10) par rapport à l'axe barycentrique longitudinal de laquelle les parties (8') et (8"), et (9') et (9") sont libres de décrire le mouvement hélicoïdal typique du pied.
     
    2. Appareil de rééducation posturale (1) selon la revendication précédente, caractérisé en ce que la barre (10) contraint la partie (8') vers la partie (8") tandis qu'une barre analogue (10) contraint la partie (9') vers la partie (9"), les parties (8') et (8"), et (9') et (9") présentant respectivement - sur leur surface inférieure - des paires d'éléments (11 et 12) et (11' et 12') réalisés d'une seule pièce avec lesdites parties (8') et (8"), et (9') et (9"), lesdites paires d'éléments étant formées de manière à représenter un logement pour la (les) barre(s) (10).
     
    3. Appareil de rééducation posturale (1) selon les revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend plusieurs ressorts (18) placés sous le support gauche (7') et le support droit (7") et aptes à contribuer à accroître les degrés de liberté de mouvement de la structure anatomique impliquée dans l'exercice, les ressorts (18) étant introduits dans plusieurs trous (16), de préférence quinze trous (16), prévus sur la surface inférieure des parties (8'), (8"), (9'), (9") et dans l'un des trous (16) correspondants prévus sur l'élément de soutien des supports (7') et (7"), lesdits supports (7') et (7") comportant respectivement un élément de soutien (17') logé sur la base (6') et placé sous le support gauche (7'), et un élément de soutien (17") logé sur la base (6") et placé sous le support droit (7").
     
    4. Appareil de rééducation posturale (1) selon les revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend au moins un trou (13), et de préférence huit trous (13), sur les surfaces latérales des parties (8') et (9'), et au moins un trou (14), et de préférence quatre trous (14), sur les surfaces latérales des parties (8") et (9"), les trous (13) et les trous (14) étant prévus pour l'introduction d'une barre (15) apte à quantifier - sur une échelle graduée - le mouvement autour de l'axe barycentrique longitudinal.
     
    5. Appareil de rééducation posturale (1) selon les revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend une couche antidérapante (27), de préférence en polycarbonate, intercalée entre la surface supérieure des bases (6') et (6") et la surface inférieure des éléments de soutien (17') et (17").
     
    6. Appareil de rééducation posturale (1) selon les revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend au moins deux ailettes latérales (19) qui sont disposées sur la surface inférieure de chaque partie (8'), (9'), (8") et (9") des supports (7') et (7") et qui sont aptes à permettre le réglage de la hauteur et/ou de l'inclinaison du pied par rapport au sol, lesdites ailettes (19) étant réalisées d'une seule pièce avec des barres de mesure obtenues de préférence à l'aide de vis et de broches ou d'éléments de commande électrohydrauliques équivalents.
     
    7. Appareil de rééducation posturale (1) selon les revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que les bases (6') et (6") sont fixées de manière réversible respectivement aux parties (2') et (2") grâce à l'introduction d'au moins une cheville commune (24) à insérer dans un trou correspondant (23) prévu sur le bord latéral des bases (6') et (6").
     
    8. Appareil de rééducation posturale (1) selon les revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce que la courroie (3) avec les bandes élastiques est formée de manière à présenter des saillies (28) aptes à offrir un support et une stabilité plus grands au sujet utilisateur de l'appareil (1), lesdites saillies (28) étant aptes à correspondre aux ailes iliaques du sujet utilisateur de l'appareil (1).
     
    9. Appareil de rééducation posturale (1) selon les revendications précédentes, caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend à titre optionnel un système vidéo (26) apte à projeter des images de la zone de la structure anatomique, et de préférence du/des pieds affectés par l'exercice.
     
    10. Appareil de rééducation posturale (1) selon les revendications 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, comprenant des actionneurs (30), représentés par des cylindres hydrauliques d'un diamètre compris entre 8 mm et 20 mm, de préférence d'un diamètre de 10 mm, qui sont aptes à permettre la rotation autour de l'axe central des supports (7') et (7"), lesdits actionneurs (30) étant pourvus d'un moteur électrique et étant gérés par un logiciel apte à modifier leur résistance en fonction de la variabilité souhaitée de l'exercice.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description