(19)
(11)EP 2 934 664 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
15.09.2021 Bulletin 2021/37

(21)Application number: 13817900.7

(22)Date of filing:  12.12.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61N 1/05(2006.01)
A61N 1/36(2006.01)
A61B 5/00(2006.01)
A61N 1/375(2006.01)
H01R 13/58(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
A61B 5/6868; A61N 1/36096; A61B 5/4082; A61N 1/05; A61N 1/0531; A61B 5/4064; A61N 1/0534; A61B 2562/18; A61B 5/24; A61B 5/291; A61N 1/36067
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2013/076370
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/090941 (19.06.2014 Gazette  2014/25)

(54)

A PROBE, ESPECIALLY A PROBE FOR NEURAL APPLICATIONS

SONDE, INSBESONDERE SONDE FÜR NEURALE ANWENDUNGEN

SONDE ET EN PARTICULIER UNE SONDE POUR APPLICATIONS NEURONALES


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 13.12.2012 EP 12196959
13.12.2012 US 201261736924 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.10.2015 Bulletin 2015/44

(73)Proprietor: Medtronic Bakken Research Center B.V.
6229 GW Maastricht (NL)

(72)Inventors:
  • ELAHI, Bijan
    5611 AZ Eindhoven (NL)
  • OUCHOUCHE, Sébastien Jody
    5583 TD Waalre (NL)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
US-A- 5 632 643
US-A1- 2004 064 174
US-A1- 2010 267 265
US-A1- 2011 301 665
US-A- 6 151 520
US-A1- 2007 050 005
US-A1- 2011 232 964
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a probe, especially a probe for neural applications, preferably a probe for a neurostimulation and/or neurorecording system, further to a neurostimulation and/or neurorecording system, a protective tubing element and an Advanced Lead Can element.

    [0002] Implantable neurostimulation devices have been used for the past ten years to treat acute or chronic neurological conditions. Deep brain stimulation (DBS), the mild electrical stimulation of sub-cortical structures, belongs to this category of implantable devices, and has been shown to be therapeutically effective for Parkinson's disease, Dystonia, and Tremor. New applications of DBS in the domain of psychiatric disorders (obsessive compulsive disorder, depression) are being researched and show promising results. In existing systems, the probes are connected to an implantable current pulse generator.

    [0003] Currently, systems are under development with more, smaller electrodes in a technology based on thin film manufacturing. These novel systems consist of a lead made from a thin film based on thin film technology, as e.g. described in WO 2010/055453 A1. The thin film leads are fixed on a stylet material to form a probe. These probes will have multiple electrode areas and will enhance the precision to address the appropriate target in the brain and relax the specification of positioning. Meanwhile, undesired side effects due to undesired stimulation of neighbouring areas can be minimized.

    [0004] Leads that are based on thin film manufacturing are e.g. described by US 7,941,202 and have been used in research products in animal studies. The related prior art is disclosed in US 2011/301665 A1.

    [0005] In existing systems, e.g. 1.27 mm-diameter, 10-50 cm-long probes are connected to the Implantable Pulse Generator using a 3.8 mm-diameter, 4 screw-contacts connector, by means of 110 mm-long, 2.8 mm-diameter connector cables. The proximal end of the probe has four concentric contacts that fit into the 4-contacts connector and the body of the probe is cylindrical until its end. As a consequence, the probe can pass easily through the microdrive assembly that guides the flexible probe and its stiff guiding wire into the brain tissue to the target.

    [0006] Future systems will need more, smaller electrodes, in order to better control the delivery of electrical stimulation, because current stimulation causes mild to severe side-effects in about 30% of the patients. A larger number of electrodes mean a larger number of contacts to the connector, which in turn calls for different connector technologies, because it cannot be expected from the neurosurgeon to tighten 10 or more individual screws for the 10 or more contacts. Also, the contact sizes need to be smaller, certainly in the case of cranial implants.

    [0007] The thin film of such a lead is fragile and can be damaged under crushing (from mechanical shocks on the head or clamping forces from the burr-plug) or sharp bending angles. Although one way to provide protection of the thin film is to increase the diameter of the lead, this option is not feasible due to increased track length and hence increased track resistance, and further incompatibility with microdrive guides.

    [0008] It is desired to keep the lead diameter small-commensurate with existing leads in the market (1.27 mm OD), while simultaneously provide protection of the thin film.

    [0009] It is therefore an object of the present invention, to improve a probe, further a neurostimulation and/or neurorecording system, a protective tubing element and an Advanced Lead Can element, particularly in that the overall reliability and safety of the whole system may be increased and that damages of the frangible thin film of the lead of the probe may be avoided and to create protection of the lead where protection is needed without substantially increasing the diameter or length of the lead in the distal section of the lead.

    [0010] The above object is solved according to the present invention by a probe according to claim 1. Accordingly, a probe is provided comprising at least one lead and an Advanced Lead Can element, wherein the probe comprises at least one protective tubing element, wherein the protective tubing element is at least partially arranged over and/or around the lead.

    [0011] The probe can be e.g. a probe for neural applications or, more specifically for brain applications, preferably for a a neurostimulation and/or neurorecording system. Such a neurostimulation and/or neurorecording system may be e.g. a DBS system.

    [0012] By this, the overall reliability and safety of the whole system is increased and damages of the frangible thin film of the lead of the probe can be avoided. Furthermore, protection of the lead can be assured where protection is needed without substantially increasing the diameter or length of the lead in the distal section of the lead.

    [0013] The lead may comprise at least one thin film, whereby the thin film comprises a proximal end and a distal end, the lead further comprising a plurality of electrodes on the distal end of the thin film.

    [0014] The thin film may include at least one electrically conductive layer, preferably made of a biocompatible material. The thin film may be assembled to the carrier and further processed to constitute the lead element. The thin film for a lead is preferably formed by a thin film product having a distal end, a cable with metal tracks and a proximal end. The distal end of the thin film may be forming a part of the distal end of the lead or merely the distal end of the lead.

    [0015] The distal end of the lead may be the end of the lead, which is in the implanted state of the lead the remote end of the lead with regard to the body surface area. In particular, in case of a lead for brain application, the distal end of the lead is the lower end of the lead, which is remote to the burr-hole of the skull, through which the lead is implanted.

    [0016] The Advanced Lead Can element may comprise electronic means to address the plurality of electrodes and at least one Advanced Lead Can connecting means. Further, the Advanced Lead Can element may be hermetically or merely hermetically sealed and may comprise electronic means to address the plurality of electrodes on the distal end of the thin film, which is arranged at the distal end and next to the distal tip of the lead. The plurality of electrodes may comprise more than 5-10 electrodes, e.g. 16 or 32 electrodes or in preferred embodiments e.g. 64 electrodes or more. The electrodes may be arranged such that the electrodes are merely evenly distributed arranged all over the distal end of the lead.

    [0017] Additionally, it is possible that the lead comprises a proximal end and a distal end, wherein the protective tubing element is at least partially arranged over and/or around the proximal end of the lead. The proximal end of the lead is the section of the lead which is connected or connectable to the Advanced Lead Can element. Consequently, in this section of the lead protection of the lead and the thin film is preferred and of advantage, since the proximal end of the lead may be subject to bending or the like and crushing forces.

    [0018] Furthermore it is possible that the protective tubing element is connected and/or connectable to the Advanced Lead Can element by means of a fastening mechanism so as to interlock with the proximal end of the lead or the Advanced Lead Can element. In particular, the protective tubing element may be connected and/or connectable to the Advanced Lead Can element by means of a fastening mechanism so as to mechanically interlock with the proximal end of the lead or the Advanced Lead Can element.

    [0019] Moreover it is possible that the fastening mechanism is configured such that the protective tubing element the proximal end of the lead or the Advanced Lead Can element can be mechanically interlocked.

    [0020] Exemplarily the fastening mechanism may have a snap-fit design or a bayonet locking system or hooks or grips or any other mechanical structures that can be used to lock in place the protective tubing element. Further exemplarily, the fastening mechanism may be configured such that the protective tubing element is permanently attached or attachable to the Advanced Lead Can element. Further exemplarily, the fastening mechanism may be configured such that the protective tubing element and/or the Advanced Lead Can element comprises at least one part of the fastening mechanism and/or that at least two parts of the fastening mechanism are counterparts.

    [0021] Furthermore, it is possible that the protective tubing element comprises at least one reinforcement means, wherein exemplarily the reinforcement means comprises or is a helical spring or a braided mesh. This reinforcement means may preferably embodied as an at least partially metallic reinforcement means (for instance 304V stainless steel, titanium or the like) or at least partially made of hard polymers such as PEEK.

    [0022] Additionally, it is possible that the protective tubing element comprises an outer layer, wherein the outer layer is at least partially made of polymer, wherein exemplarily the polymer is silicone or polyurethane or the like. For instance, such an outer layer of the protective tubing element may be made at least partially of of at least one polymer such as silicone on polyurethane for varying the durability of the outer layer. With the appropriate choice of material and surface treatment (for instance microblasting), the outer surface of the tubing can be made slightly sticky/tacky. By this, the advantage is achieved that a good retention force is provided when the protective tubing is pinched by the burr hole cap.

    [0023] Moreover it is possible that the protective tubing element comprises an inner layer, wherein the inner layer is at least partially embodied as a lubricious substrate layer, wherein exemplarily the lubricious substrate layer is a HDPE layer and/or a PTFE layer or a PEEK liner. For instance, the advantage is achieved that a lubricious substrate layer of HDPE or PTFE offers reduced surface friction so that any contact between the lead and the protective tubing element would not damage the lead or make the insertion of the protective tubing over the lead difficult or impossible.

    [0024] It is further possible that the protective tubing element comprises a distal tip having a lower hardness (durometer) than the hardness (durometer) of at least a part of the protective tubing element, wherein exemplarily the distal tip is embodied as a soft distal tip at least partially made of a low hardness (durometer) polyurethane and/or that the distal tip is attached to the protective tubing element by thermobonding or the like. For instance, the distal tip can be embodied as a so-called soft distal tip. The soft distal tip may be made of low durameter polyurethane and attached to the reinforced part of the tubing via thermo bonding. The soft distal tip smoothens the transition between the protective tubing element and the lead and can also act as closing lips preventing fluid ingress beneath the protective tubing.

    [0025] Moreover, it is possible that the protective tubing element comprises a proximal tip having the same or a higher hardness (durometer) than the hardness (durometer) of at least a part of the protective tubing element and/or that the proximal tip is attached to the protective tubing element by thermobonding or the like. For instance a so-called hard proximal tip made of higher durometer polyurethane may be used and attached to the reinforced part of the protective tubing element via thermo bonding.

    [0026] Furthermore it is possible that the proximal tip comprises at least a part of the fastening mechanism so as to interlock with the proximal end of the lead or the Advanced Lead Can element. For instance, the proximal tip may feature a fastening mechanism to mechanically interlock the protective tubing element with the proximal end of the lead or the Advanced Lead Can.

    [0027] Moreover, it is possible that the protective tubing element comprises a length varying means and is configured such that the length of the protective tubing element can be varied.

    [0028] Additionally, it is possible that the length varying means comprises two or more telescopic reinforced tubes of progressively smaller diameters which are nested within each other.

    [0029] Furthermore, the present invention relates to a neurostimulation and/or neurorecording system with the features of claim 1. Accordingly, a neurostimulation and/or neurorecording system is provided, especially a deep brain stimulation (DBS) system, comprising at least one a probe according to claim 1.

    [0030] Further details and advantages of the present invention shall be described hereinafter with respect to the drawings:
    Fig. 1:
    a schematical drawing of a neurostimulation system for deep brain stimulation (DBS);
    Fig. 2:
    a further schematical drawing of a probe neurostimulation system for deep brain stimulation (DBS) and its components;
    Fig. 3:
    a schematical drawing of a probe system according to the present invention;
    Fig. 4:
    a further schematical drawing of probe system according to the present invention;
    Fig. 5:
    a perspective view of the protective tubing element;
    Fig. 6:
    a perspective view of the proximal part of the connector for protective tubing element;
    Fig. 7:
    a detailed perspective view of the fastening mechanism also showing the locking sequence;
    Fig. 8:
    a perspective view of the Advanced Lead Can and the protective tubing element in a further embodiment;
    Fig. 9:
    a perspective view of the protective tubing element in a further embodiment;
    Fig. 10:
    a perspective view of the Advanced Lead Can and the protective tubing element according to the embodiment shown in Fig. 9; and
    Fig. 11:
    perspective views of the Advanced Lead Can and the protective tubing element according to the embodiment shown in Fig. 9 and 10 in a partially extended state (top) and a partially retracted state (bottom).


    [0031] A possible embodiment of a neurostimulation system 100 for deep brain stimulation (DBS) is shown in Figure 1. The neurostimulation system 100 comprises at least a controller 110 that may be surgically implanted in the chest region of a patient 1, typically below the clavicle or in the abdominal region of a patient 1. The controller 110 can be adapted to supply the necessary voltage pulses. The typical DBS system 100 may further include an extension wire 120 connected to the controller 110 and running subcutaneously to the skull, preferably along the neck, where it terminates in a connector. A DBS lead arrangement 130 may be implanted in the brain tissue, e.g. through a burr-hole in the skull.

    [0032] Figure 2 further illustrates a typical architecture for a Deep Brain Stimulation probe 130 that comprises a DBS lead 300 and an Advanced Lead Can element 111 comprising electronic means to address electrodes 132 on the distal end 304 of the thin film 301, which is arranged at the distal end 313 and next to the distal tip 315 of the DBS lead 300. The lead 300 comprises a carrier 302 for a thin film 301, said carrier 302 providing the mechanical configuration of the DBS lead 300 and the thin film 301. The thin film 301 may include at least one electrically conductive layer, preferably made of a biocompatible material. The thin film 301 is assembled to the carrier 302 and further processed to constitute the lead element 300. The thin film 301 for a lead is preferably formed by a thin film product having a distal end 304, a cable 303 with metal tracks and a proximal end 310. The proximal end 310 of the thin film 301 arranged at the proximal end 311 of the lead 300 is electrically connected to the Advanced Lead Can element 111. The Advanced Lead Can element 111 comprises the switch matrix of the DBS steering electronics. The distal end 304 comprises the electrodes 132 for the brain stimulation. The proximal end 310 comprises the interconnect contacts 305 for each metal line in the cable 303. The cable 303 comprises metal lines (not shown) to connect each distal electrodes 132 to a designated proximal contact 305.

    [0033] Figure 3 shows schematically and in greater detail an embodiment of a system 100 for brain applications, here for neurostimulation and/or neurorecording as a deep brain stimulation system 100 as shown in Figures 1 and 2. The probe system 100 comprises at least one probe 130 for brain applications with stimulation and/or recording electrodes 132, whereby e.g. 64 electrodes 132 can be provided on outer body surface at the distal end of the probe 130. By means of the extension wire 120 pulses P supplied by controller 110 can be transmitted to the Advanced Lead Can 111. The controller 110 can be an implantable pulse generator (IPG) 110.

    [0034] Figure 4 shows a further schematical drawing of the probe system according to the present invention, which is slightly different when compared with the embodiment shown in Figure 3. In particular, Figures 3 and 4 show different concepts of connectivity. However, the main and essential features of the invention realised in both embodiments shown in Figures 3 and 4.

    [0035] The probe 130 is according to embodiment shown in Figure 4 a probe 130 for neural applications, here a probe 130 for a neurostimulation and/or neurorecording system. The neurostimulation and/or neurorecording system is a deep brain stimulation system 100 as shown in Figures 1 and 2.

    [0036] The probe 130 comprises a lead 300 and an Advanced Lead Can element 111 and also a protective tubing element 200.

    [0037] The protective tubing element 200 is partially arranged over and around the lead 300. As can be seen in Figure 4, the lead 300 comprises a proximal end 311 and a distal end 313. The protective tubing element 200 is arranged over and around the proximal end 311 of the lead 300.

    [0038] As further shown in Figures 4 and 5, the protective tubing element 200 is connectable to the Advanced Lead Can element 111 by means of a fastening mechanism 260 so as to interlock the protective tubing element 200 with the Advanced Lead Can element 111. Alternatively, the proximal end 311 of the lead 300 may be connected or connectable to the protective tubing element 200.

    [0039] The fastening mechanism 260 is configured such that the protective tubing element 200 and the Advanced Lead Can element 111 comprise each one part 262, 264 of the fastening mechanism 260. The at least two parts 262, 264 of the fastening mechanism 260 are counterparts. So, the proximal tip 250 (see Figure 5) comprises a first part 264 of the fastening mechanism 260 so as to interlock with the Advanced Lead Can element 111 comprising the second part 262 of the fastening mechanism 260. The proximal tip 250 is a so-called hard proximal tip made of higher durometer polyurethane and attached to the reinforced part, i.e. reinforcement means 210 of the protective tubing 200 element via thermo bonding.

    [0040] Alternatively and not shown, the second part of the fastening mechanism 260 may be at the proximal end 311 of the lead 300 so as to interlock the first part 264 of the fastening mechanism 260 of the protective tubing element 200 with the second part of the fastening mechanism 260 at the proximal end 311 of the lead 300.

    [0041] The protective tubing element 200 comprises a reinforcement means 210 (see Figure 5), wherein the reinforcement means 210 comprises or is a helical spring 210 or a braided mesh. This helical spring 210 may preferably embodied as an at least partially metallic reinforcement helical spring 210 (for instance 304V stainless steel, titanium or the like) or at least partially made of hard polymers such as PEEK.

    [0042] Furthermore, the protective tubing element 200 comprises an outer layer 220, wherein the outer layer 220 is at least partially made of polymer, wherein exemplarily the polymer is silicone or polyurethane or the like. For instance, such an outer layer 220 of the protective tubing element 200 may be made at least partially of of at least one polymer such as silicone on polyurethane for varying the durometer of the outer layer. With the appropriate choice of material and surface treatment (for instance microblasting), the outer surface of the protective tubing element 200 can be made slightly sticky/tacky. By this, the advantage is achieved that a good retention force is provided when the protective tubing is pinched by the burr hole cap.

    [0043] Moreover, the protective tubing element 200 comprises an inner layer 230, wherein the inner layer 230 is at least partially embodied as a lubricious substrate layer 232, wherein exemplarily the lubricious substrate layer 232 could be an HDPE layer or a PTFE layer or a PEEK layer. For instance, the advantage is achieved that such an inner layer 230, i.e. a lubricious substrate layer of HDPE or PTFE offers reduced surface friction so that any contact between the lead 300 and the protective tubing element 200 may not damage the lead 300 or make the insertion of the protective tubing over the lead difficult or impossible.

    [0044] The protective tubing element 200 comprises a distal tip 240 having a lower hardness/durometer than the hardness/durometer of at least a part of the protective tubing element 200, wherein exemplarily the distal tip 240 is embodied as a soft distal tip 240 at least partially made of a low durometer polyurethane. Further, the distal tip 240 is attached to the protective tubing element 200 by thermobonding or the like.

    [0045] Here, the distal tip 240 is embodied as a so-called soft distal tip 240. The soft distal tip 240 may be made of low durometer polyurethane and attached to the reinforced part, i.e. the reinforcement means 210 of the protective tubing element 200 via thermo bonding. The soft distal tip 240 smoothens the transition between the protective tubing element 200 and the lead 300 and can also act as closing lips preventing fluid ingress beneath the protective tubing element 200.

    [0046] According to the embodiment of Figures 4 and 5, the fastening mechanism 260 is configured such that the protective tubing element 200 and the Advanced Lead Can element 111 can be mechanically interlocked. Here and exemplarily, the fastening mechanism 260 has a bayonet locking system.

    [0047] It is also possible that the proximal end 311 of the lead 300 and the protective tubing element 200 can be mechanically interlocked. E.g., as further interlocking alternatives a snap-fit design or hooks or grips or any other mechanical structures that can be used to lock in place the protective tubing element 200 relative to the Advanced Lead Can 111 or the lead 300 may be used.

    [0048] In the case of a bayonet mount design, the hard proximal tip 250 could consist of a tapered short tubing with a slot 265 selectively laser removed that matches a radial pin 263 placed on the proximal sleeve 261 of the lead 300 as shown in Figure 6. As can be seen in Figure 4, the proximal sleeve 261 may be mounted and fixated into the the Advanced Lead Can element 111.

    [0049] To couple the protective tubing element 200 to the lead 300/Advanced Lead Can 111, the slot 265 of the hard proximal tip 250 is aligned with the pin 263 of the lead sleeve 261 and the protective tubing 200 is gently pushed toward the Advanced Lead Can 111 (Step 1 as shown in Figure 7). Once the pin 263 reached the bottom of the slot 265, the protective tubing element 200 is rotated so that the pin 263 slides along the horizontal arm of the slot 265 until it reaches the "serif" 266 (Step 2 as shown in Figure 7). The protective tubing element 200 is then slightly pulled back to have the pin 263 locked into the "serif" 266 (Step 3 as shown in Figure 7).

    [0050] To disconnect, the protective tubing element 200 is pushed toward the Advanced Lead Can 111 to move the pin 263 out of the "serif" 266 while twisting it in the opposite direction than for connecting, and then pulled apart. With proper design of the slot 265 width, this fastening mechanism 260 would "click" to provide positive feedback to the surgeon, when the interlock has occurred or disengaged.

    [0051] The Active Lead package will contain several protective tubing elements of different length that the surgeon would pick from, in order to accommodate different depths of insertion.

    [0052] The inner diameter of the protective tubing element 200 may be for example approximately 1.3 mm, wide enough to slip over the lead 300. The outer diameter of the protective tubing element will be approximately 1.7 mm so it can slip through common application devices for DBS lead's like a Ben's Gun.

    [0053] Figure 8 shows a perspective view of the Advanced Lead Can element 111' and the protective tubing element 200' in a further embodiment of the present invention. As shown in Figure 8, the fastening mechanism 260' may be configured such that the protective tubing element 200' is permanently attached or attachable to the Advanced Lead Can element 111'. According to the embodiment shown in Figure 8, the protective tubing element 200' may be encapsulated within the header of the Advanced Lead Can element 111'.

    [0054] The protective tubing element 200' may be permanently attached to the Advanced Lead Can element 111', for instance by means of adhesives applied between the protective tubing element 200' and the body of the lead 300 (not shown in Figure 8) or between the protective tubing element and the Advanced Lead Can element 111'. Potential adhesives and encapsulant include silicone adhesive, UV-curable adhesive, epoxy, urethanes etc.

    [0055] The protective tubing element 200' and the Advanced Lead Can element 111' may be embodied (except the connection) likewise the protective tubing element 200 and the Advanced Lead Can element 111.

    [0056] According to the embodiment shown in Figures 9 to 11 the protective tubing element 200" attached to the Advanced Lead Can 111" comprises a length-varying means 280" and is configured such that the length of the protective tubing element 200" can be varied.

    [0057] The length varying means 280" according to the embodiment shown in Figure 9 comprises two or more telescopic reinforced tubes 282", 284" of progressively smaller diameters are nested within each other. So, an example of a 2-stage telescopic protective tubing element 200" is provided which is capable of providing a long protection of the lead body from a very compact retracted length.

    [0058] Figure 11 shows in its upper part the protective tubing element 200" is partially extended state, i.e. tube 284" is partially pulled out of tube 282" and both tubes 282" and 284" are covering lead 300 over a larger length when compared with the partially retracted state and in the lower part in the partially retracted state, tube 284" is merely retracted into tube 282" both tubes 282" and 284" are covering lead 300 over a smaller length when compared with the partially extended state.

    [0059] All other features of the protective tubing element 200" may be embodied likewise the embodiments of the protective tubing elements 200, 200' as shown in Figures 4 to 8 and described above.


    Claims

    1. A probe (130) for neural applications, comprising at least one lead (300), an Advanced Lead Can element (111) comprising a switch matrix, a thin film (301) comprising a distal end forming a part of a distal end of the lead and a proximal end electrically connected to the Advanced Lead Can element (111) at the proximal end of the lead, and at least one protective tubing element (200, 200', 200"), wherein the protective tubing element (200, 200', 200") is at least partially arranged over and/or around the proximal end of the lead (300).
     
    2. The probe (130) according to claim 1, wherein the protective tubing element (200, 200', 200") is connectable to the Advanced Lead Can element (111) or the lead (300) by means of a fastening mechanism (260) so as to interlock with the proximal end (311) of the lead (300) or the Advanced Lead Can element (111).
     
    3. The probe (130) or the protective tubing element (200) according to claim 2, wherein the fastening mechanism (260) has a snap-fit design or a bayonet locking system or hooks or grips or any other mechanical structures that can be used to lock in place the protective tubing element (200, 200").
     
    4. The probe (130) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the protective tubing element (200) comprises at least one reinforcement means (210).
     
    5. The probe (130) according to claim 4, wherein the reinforcement means (210) comprises or is a helical spring (210) or a braided mesh.
     
    6. The probe (130) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the protective tubing element (200, 200', 200") comprises an outer layer (220), wherein the outer layer (220) is at least partially made of polymer.
     
    7. The probe (130) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the protective tubing element (200) comprises an inner layer (230), wherein the inner layer (230) is at least partially embodied as a lubricious substrate layer (232).
     
    8. The probe (130) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the protective tubing element (200, 200', 200") comprises a distal tip (240) having a lower hardness (durometer) than the hardness (durometer) of at least a part of the protective tubing element (200, 200', 200").
     
    9. The probe according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the protective tubing element (200, 200', 200") comprises a proximal tip (250) having the same or a higher hardness (durometer) than the hardness (durometer) of at least a part of the protective tubing element (200, 200', 200").
     
    10. The probe (130) according to claim 2, wherein the proximal tip (250) comprises at least a part of the fastening mechanism (260) so as to interlock the protective tubing element (200, 200") with the proximal end (311) of the lead (300) or the Advanced Lead Can element (111).
     
    11. The probe (130) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the protective tubing element (200") comprises a length varying means (280") and is configured such that the length of the protective tubing element (200") can be varied.
     
    12. The probe (130) according to claim 11, wherein the length varying means (280") comprises two or more telescopic reinforced tubes (282", 284") of progressively smaller diameters which are nested within each other.
     
    13. A neurostimulation and/or neurorecording system (100), comprising at least one probe (130) according to any of the preceding claims.
     
    14. A deep brain stimulation (DBS) system (100), comprising at least one probe (130) according to any of the preceding claims.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Sonde (130) für neuronale Anwendungen, die Folgendes umfasst: wenigstens eine Leitung (300), ein Gehäuseelement für die vorgeschobene Leitung (111), das eine Schaltmatrix umfasst, einen Dünnfilm (301), der ein distales Ende, das einen Teil eines distalen Endes der Leitung ausbildet, und ein proximales Ende umfasst, das mit dem Gehäuseelement für die vorgeschobene Leitung (111) an dem proximalen Ende der Leitung elektrisch verbunden ist, und wenigstens ein Schutzschlauchelement (200, 200', 200"), wobei das Schutzschlauchelement (200, 200', 200") wenigstens teilweise über und/oder um das proximale Ende der Leitung (300) herum angeordnet ist.
     
    2. Sonde (130) nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Schutzschlauchelement (200, 200', 200") mit dem Gehäuseelement für die vorgeschobene Leitung (111) oder der Leitung (300) mittels eines Befestigungsmechanismus (260) verbindbar ist, um sich mit dem proximalen Ende (311) der Leitung (300) oder dem Gehäuseelement für die vorgeschobene Leitung (111) zu verriegeln.
     
    3. Sonde (130) oder Schutzrohrelement (200) nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Befestigungsmechanismus (260) eine Schnappverschlusskonstruktion oder ein Bajonettverriegelungssystem oder Haken oder Klemmen oder beliebige andere mechanische Strukturen aufweist, die verwendet werden können, um das Schutzschlauchelement (200, 200") an der Stelle zu verriegeln.
     
    4. Sonde (130) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Schutzschlauchelement (200) wenigstens ein Verstärkungsmittel (210) umfasst.
     
    5. Sonde (130) nach Anspruch 4, wobei das Verstärkungsmittel (210) eine Schraubenfeder (210) oder ein geflochtenes Netz umfasst oder ist.
     
    6. Sonde (130) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Schutzschlauchelement (200, 200', 200") eine äußere Schicht (220) umfasst, wobei die äußere Schicht (220) wenigstens teilweise aus Polymer gefertigt ist.
     
    7. Sonde (130) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Schutzschlauchelement (200) eine innere Schicht (230) umfasst, wobei die innere Schicht (230) wenigstens teilweise als eine schmierende Substratschicht (232) verkörpert ist.
     
    8. Sonde (130) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Schutzschlauchelement (200, 200', 200") eine distale Spitze (240) umfasst, die eine geringere Härte (Durometer) als die Härte (Durometer) von wenigstens einem Teil des Schutzschlauchelements (200, 200', 200") aufweist.
     
    9. Sonde nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Schutzschlauchelement (200, 200', 200") eine proximale Spitze (250) umfasst, die die gleiche oder eine höhere Härte (Durometer) als die Härte (Durometer) von wenigstens einem Teil des Schutzschlauchelements (200, 200', 200") aufweist.
     
    10. Sonde (130) nach Anspruch 2, wobei die proximale Spitze (250) wenigstens einen Teil des Befestigungsmechanismus (260) umfasst, um das Schutzschlauchelement (200, 200") mit dem proximalen Ende (311) der Leitung (300) oder dem Gehäuseelement für die vorgeschobene Leitung (111) zu verriegeln.
     
    11. Sonde (130) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das Schutzschlauchelement (200") ein Längenvariierungsmittel (280") umfasst und derart konfiguriert ist, dass die Länge des Schutzschlauchelements (200 ") variiert werden kann.
     
    12. Sonde (130) nach Anspruch 11, wobei das Längenänderungsmittel (280") zwei oder mehr verstärkte Teleskoprohre (282", 284") mit zunehmend kleineren Durchmessern umfasst, die ineinander verschachtelt sind.
     
    13. Neurostimulations- und/oder Neuroaufzeichnungs-System (100), das wenigstens eine Sonde (130) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche umfasst.
     
    14. System zur tiefen Hirnstimulation (deep brain stimulation - DBS) (100), das wenigstens eine Sonde (130) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Sonde (130) pour applications neuronales, comprenant au moins un conducteur (300), un élément de boîtier de conducteur avancé (111) comprenant une matrice de commutation, un film mince (301) comprenant une extrémité distale formant une partie d'une extrémité distale du conducteur et une extrémité proximale connectée électriquement à l'élément de boîtier de conducteur avancé (111) au niveau de l'extrémité proximale du conducteur, et au moins un élément de tubage de protection (200, 200', 200"), l'élément de tubage de protection (200, 200', 200") étant agencé au moins partiellement sur et/ou autour de l'extrémité proximale du conducteur (300).
     
    2. Sonde (130) selon la revendication 1,
    l'élément de tubage de protection (200, 200', 200") pouvant être raccordé à l'élément de boîtier de conducteur avancé (111) ou au conducteur (300) au moyen d'un mécanisme de fixation (260) de manière à s'enclencher avec l'extrémité proximale (311) du conducteur (300) ou avec l'élément de boîtier de conducteur avancé (111).
     
    3. Sonde (130) ou élément de tubage de protection (200) selon la revendication 2,
    le mécanisme de fixation (260) ayant une conception à encliquetage ou un système de verrouillage à baïonnette ou des crochets ou des poignées ou toute autre structure mécanique qui peut être utilisée pour verrouiller en place l'élément de tubage de protection (200, 200").
     
    4. Sonde (130) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,
    l'élément de tubage de protection (200) comprenant au moins un moyen de renfort (210).
     
    5. Sonde (130) selon la revendication 4,
    le moyen de renfort (210) comprenant ou étant un ressort hélicoïdal (210) ou une maille tressée.
     
    6. Sonde (130) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,
    l'élément de tubage de protection (200, 200', 200") comprenant une couche externe (220), la couche externe (220) étant au moins partiellement constituée de polymère.
     
    7. Sonde (130) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,
    l'élément de tubage de protection (200) comprenant une couche interne (230), la couche interne (230) étant au moins partiellement incorporée sous la forme d'une couche de substrat lubrifiant (232).
     
    8. Sonde (130) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,
    l'élément de tubage de protection (200, 200', 200") comprenant une pointe distale (240) ayant une dureté (après duromètre) inférieure à la dureté (après duromètre) d'au moins une partie de l'élément de tubage de protection (200, 200', 200").
     
    9. Sonde selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,
    l'élément de tubage de protection (200, 200', 200") comprenant une pointe proximale (250) ayant la même ou une dureté (après duromètre) supérieure à la dureté (après duromètre) d'au moins une partie de l'élément de tubage de protection (200, 200', 200").
     
    10. Sonde (130) selon la revendication 2,
    la pointe proximale (250) comprenant au moins une partie du mécanisme de fixation (260) de manière à enclencher l'élément de tubage de protection (200, 200") avec l'extrémité proximale (311) du conducteur (300) ou de l'élément de boîtier de conducteur avancé (111).
     
    11. Sonde (130) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes,
    l'élément de tubage de protection (200") comprenant un moyen permettant de faire varier la longueur (280") et étant conçu de telle sorte que la longueur de l'élément de tubage de protection (200") peut être variée.
     
    12. Sonde (130) selon la revendication 11,
    le moyen permettant de faire varier la longueur (280") comprenant au moins deux tubes télescopiques renforcés (282", 284") de diamètres progressivement plus petits qui sont emboîtés les uns dans les autres.
     
    13. Système de neurostimulation et/ou d'enregistrement neurologique (100), comprenant au moins une sonde (130) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes.
     
    14. Système de stimulation cérébrale profonde (SCP) (100), comprenant au moins une sonde (130) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description