(19)
(11)EP 2 937 157 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 13865983.4

(22)Date of filing:  27.11.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B21D 22/14  (2006.01)
B21D 37/16  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2013/006971
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/097551 (26.06.2014 Gazette  2014/26)

(54)

SPIN FORMING DEVICE

SPINFORMVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF D'USINAGE PAR ROTATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 18.12.2012 JP 2012275759

(43)Date of publication of application:
28.10.2015 Bulletin 2015/44

(73)Proprietor: Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
Kobe-shi, Hyogo 650-8670 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • IMAMURA, Yoshihide
    Hyogo 673-8666 (JP)
  • SAKANE, Yuto
    Hyogo 673-8666 (JP)
  • IWASAKI, Hayato
    Hyogo 673-8666 (JP)
  • TSUJI, Toshiro
    Hyogo 673-8666 (JP)
  • MIKAMI, Kohei
    Hyogo 673-8666 (JP)
  • OGISHI, Hideyuki
    Hyogo 673-8666 (JP)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 728 567
JP-A- S4 841 965
JP-A- 2007 260 732
JP-A- 2011 218 427
WO-A1-2014/024384
JP-A- 2006 341 310
JP-A- 2010 184 271
JP-A- 2012 192 414
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a spinning forming device configured to form a plate in a desired shape while rotating the plate.

    Background Art



    [0002] Conventionally known is a spinning forming device configured to transform a plate by pressing a processing tool against the plate while rotating the plate. The spinning forming device normally includes a mandrel (shaping die) attached to a rotating shaft and performs forming in such a manner that the plate is pressed against the mandrel by the processing tool.

    [0003] In recent years, proposed is a spinning forming device configured to perform spinning forming while locally heating the plate. For example, as a spinning forming device for a titanium alloy, PTL 1 discloses a spinning forming device configured such that a portion of the plate which is pressed against the mandrel by a spatula (processing tool) is heated by high frequency induction heating.

    Citation List


    Patent Literature



    [0004] PTL 1: Japanese Laid-Open Patent Application Publication No. 2011-218427

    Summary of Invention


    Technical Problem



    [0005] The inventors of the present invention have found that by locally heating the plate by induction heating, the plate can be transformed into a final shape in the atmosphere without using the mandrel. From this point of view, in an application (Japanese Patent Application No. 2012-178269) preceding the present application, the applicant of the present application has proposed a spinning forming device including, instead of the mandrel, a receiving jig configured to support a central portion of the plate. According to this spinning forming device, in the atmosphere away from the receiving jig, a transform target portion of the plate is heated by a heater and is pressed by the processing tool. To be specific, the plate is not pressed against the receiving jig by the processing tool. In other words, unlike the mandrel, the receiving jig does not include a shaping surface.

    [0006] Generally, the receiving jig is smaller in size than the mandrel, and a heat capacity thereof is small. Therefore, a part of the heat applied to the plate by the induction heating is transferred through the receiving jig to the rotating shaft in a short period of time. If a large amount of heat is transferred to the rotating shaft, the rotating shaft may change in quality, or the durability of the rotating shaft may deteriorate.

    [0007] It is known from EP 1728567 to provide a spinning forming device in which a blank is clamped at its circumference and heated and shaped into a thin-walled bowl, by applying a vacuum to the convex face and a shaping tool to the concave face.

    [0008] An object of the present invention is to reduce the heat transferred from the plate through the receiving jig to the rotating shaft in the spinning forming device.

    Solution to Problem



    [0009] The present invention provides, as a first aspect, a spinning forming device comprising: a receiving jig for supporting a central portion of a plate to be formed, the plate having an opening at a middle thereof; a rotating shaft to which the receiving jig is attached; a heater configured to heat a transform target portion of the plate by induction heating; and a processing tool configured to press the transform target portion to transform the plate, wherein the receiving jig is configured to suppress heat transfer from the plate to the rotating shaft; and wherein the receiving jig includes a main body which has a disk shape and on which an edge portion of the plate surrounding the opening is to be placed, and a tubular portion which projects from the main body in an axial direction of the rotating shaft and is to be and is fitted in the opening.

    [0010] According to the above configuration, the heat transfer from the plate to the rotating shaft is suppressed by the receiving jig itself. Therefore, the heat transfer from the plate to the rotating shaft can be reduced. With this, the change in quality of the rotating shaft and the deterioration of the durability of the rotating shaft can be suppressed.

    [0011] In the above configuration, the spinning forming device may further include: a fixing jig sandwiching the plate together with the receiving jig; and a pressurizing rod to which the fixing jig is attached and which presses the plate against the receiving jig via the fixing jig, wherein the fixing jig is configured to suppress the heat transfer from the plate to the pressurizing rod. According to this configuration, the heat transferred from the plate through the fixing jig to the pressurizing rod can be reduced, and the change in quality of the pressurizing rod and the deterioration of the durability of the pressurizing rod can be suppressed.

    [0012] For example, the fixing jig has any of the following configurations 1) to 3).
    1. 1) The fixing jig includes: a main body having a disk shape; and a heat insulator disposed between the main body and the plate or between the main body and the pressurizing rod.
    2. 2) The fixing jig includes: a main body having a disk shape; and a ring portion projecting from a peripheral portion of the main body to contact the plate.
    3. 3) The fixing jig has a hollow structure whose internal space is filled with air or a vacuum.


    [0013] In the above configuration 2), a cross-sectional shape of the ring portion may be pointed toward the plate, and through holes or grooves may be provided at the ring portion so as to connect an inner peripheral surface of the ring portion and an outer peripheral surface of the ring portion.

    [0014] The present invention provides, as a second aspect, a spinning forming device comprising: a receiving jig for supporting a central portion of a plate to be formed; a rotating shaft to which the receiving jig is attached; a heater configured to heat a transform target portion of the plate by induction heating; a processing tool configured to press the transform target portion to transform the plate; wherein the receiving jig is configured to suppress heat transfer from the plate to the rotating shaft; and wherein the receiving jig includes: a main body having a disk shape; and a ring portion projecting from a peripheral portion of the main body to contact the plate.

    [0015] For example, the receiving jig has any of the following configurations A) or B).
    1. A) The receiving jig includes: a main body having a disk shape; and a heat insulator disposed between the main body and the plate or between the main body and the rotating shaft.
    2. B) The receiving jig has a hollow structure whose internal space is filled with air or a vacuum.


    [0016] In the above configuration B), a cross-sectional shape of the ring portion may be pointed toward the plate, and through holes or grooves may be provided at the ring portion so as to connect an inner peripheral surface of the ring portion and an outer peripheral surface of the ring portion.

    [0017] The present invention provides, as a third aspect, a spinning forming device including: a receiving jig supporting a central portion of a plate to be formed; a rotating shaft to which the receiving jig is attached; a heater configured to heat a transform target portion of the plate by induction heating; a processing tool configured to press the transform target portion to transform the plate; and a fixing jig sandwiching the plate together with the receiving jig, wherein the fixing jig is constituted by a peripheral wall and a ceiling wall so as to open toward the plate and is configured such that air supplied by an air blowing means to an inside of the fixing jig through an inlet provided at a center of the ceiling wall flows out through an outlet provided at the peripheral wall.

    [0018] According to the above configuration, the heat applied to the plate is radiated to the air flowing through the inside of the fixing jig. Therefore, the heat transfer from the plate through the receiving jig to the rotating shaft can be reduced. With this, the change in quality of the rotating shaft and the deterioration of the durability of the rotating shaft can be suppressed.

    [0019] The spinning forming device may be configured such that the receiving jig is constituted by a peripheral wall and a bottom wall so as to open toward the plate and is configured such that the air supplied to the inside of the fixing jig is introduced to an inside of the receiving jig through an opening provided at the plate and is discharged through a discharge port provided at the peripheral wall. According to this configuration, the heat is radiated from the receiving jig itself to the air flowing through the inside of the receiving jig. Therefore, the heat transfer to the rotating shaft can be further reduced.

    [0020] The spinning forming device may be configured such that: a through hole is provided at a region of the bottom wall of the receiving jig which overlaps the rotating shaft; and an air passage through which the through hole communicates with a space around the rotating shaft is formed at the rotating shaft. According to this configuration, the rotating shaft can be further effectively protected from the heat.

    [0021] The spinning forming device may be configured such that the heater is provided on an opposite side of the processing tool across the plate. According to this configuration, the heater can be located immediately close to the transform target portion of the plate regardless of the shape of the plate during processing. With this, the transform target portion can be appropriately heated.

    Advantageous Effects of Invention



    [0022] According to the present invention, the heat transferred from the plate through the receiving jig to the rotating shaft can be reduced.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0023] 

    Fig. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram of a spinning forming device according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention.

    Fig. 2A is a plan view of a heater. Fig. 2B is a cross-sectional view taken along line II-II of Fig. 2A.

    Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view of major portions of the spinning forming device shown in Fig. 1.

    Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of major portions of a spinning forming device according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention.

    Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view of major portions of a spinning forming device according to Embodiment 3 of the present invention.

    Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view of major portions of the spinning forming device according to Modification Example 1 of Embodiment 3.

    Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of major portions of the spinning forming device according to Modification Example 2 of Embodiment 3.

    Fig. 8A is a cross-sectional view of major portions of the spinning forming device according to Modification Example 3 of Embodiment 3. Fig. 8B is a plan view of a receiving jig.

    Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view of major portions of a spinning forming device according to Embodiment 4 of the present invention.

    Fig. 10 is a cross-sectional view of major portions of a spinning forming device according to Embodiment 5 of the present invention.

    Fig. 11 is a cross-sectional view of major portions of a spinning forming device according to Embodiment 6 of the present invention.

    Fig. 12 is a cross-sectional view of major portions of a spinning forming device according to Embodiment 7 of the present invention.


    Description of Embodiments



    [0024] Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be explained in reference to the drawings.

    Embodiment 1



    [0025] Fig. 1 shows a spinning forming device 1A according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. The spinning forming device 1A includes a rotating shaft 2, a receiving jig 3 attached to the rotating shaft 2, and a fixing jig 4. The receiving jig 3 supports a central portion of a plate 9 to be formed, and the fixing jig 4 sandwiches the plate 9 together with the receiving jig 3. The spinning forming device 1A further includes: a heater 6 configured to locally heat a transform target portion 91 of the plate 9 by induction heating, the transform target portion 91 being located away from a center axis 20 of the rotating shaft 2 by a predetermined distance r; and a processing tool 7 configured to press the transform target portion 91 to transform the plate 9.

    [0026] A direction (axial direction) in which the center axis 20 of the rotating shaft 2 extends is a vertical direction in the present embodiment. However, the axial direction of the rotating shaft 2 may be a horizontal direction or an oblique direction. A lower portion of the rotating shaft 2 is supported by a base 11. A motor (not shown) configured to rotate the rotating shaft 2 is disposed in the base 11. An upper surface of the rotating shaft 2 is flat, and the receiving jig 3 is fixed to the upper surface of the rotating shaft 2.

    [0027] The plate 9 is, for example, a flat circular plate. However, the shape of the plate 9 may be a polygonal shape or an oval shape. The plate 9 is not necessarily flat over the entirety. For example, the central portion of the plate 9 may be thicker than an outer peripheral portion of the plate 9, or the entire plate 9 or a part of the plate 9 may be processed in advance to have a tapered shape. The material of the plate 9 is not especially limited and is, for example, a titanium alloy.

    [0028] The receiving jig 3 has a size within a circle defined by a forming start position of the plate 9. For example, in a case where the receiving jig 3 has a circular shape in a plan view, a maximum diameter of the receiving jig 3 is equal to or smaller than a diameter of the circle defined by the forming start position of the plate 9. Unlike conventional shaping dies, the plate 9 is not transformed by being pressed against a radially outer side surface of the receiving jig 3.

    [0029] The fixing jig 4 is attached to a pressurizing rod 52. The pressurizing rod 52 is driven by a driving portion 53 in an upper-lower direction to press the plate 9 against the receiving jig 3 via the fixing jig 4. For example, the pressurizing rod 52 and the driving portion 53 constitute a hydraulic cylinder. The driving portion 53 is fixed to a frame 12 disposed above the rotating shaft 2, and a bearing rotatably supporting the pressurizing rod 52 is incorporated in the driving portion 53.

    [0030] The heater 6 and the processing tool 7 are respectively located at positions opposed to each other across the center axis 20 of the rotating shaft 2. However, the heater 6 and the processing tool 7 are not necessarily located at such opposed positions. In the present embodiment, the processing tool 7 is disposed at a front surface side of the plate 9 (i.e., above the plate 9), and the heater 6 is disposed at a rear surface side of the plate 9 (i.e., under the plate 9). In other words, the heater 9 is located on the opposite side of the processing tool 7 across the plate 9. In a case where the heater 6 is disposed on the opposite side of the processing tool 7 across the plate 9 as above, the heater 6 can be located immediately close to the transform target portion 91 of the plate 9 regardless of the shape of the plate 9 during processing. With this, the transform target portion 91 can be appropriately heated. It should be noted that the heater 6 may be disposed at the front surface side of the plate 9 so as to be located at the same side as the processing tool 7.

    [0031] The heater 6 is moved by a first horizontal movement mechanism 15 in a radial direction around the center axis 20 of the rotating shaft 2, and the first horizontal movement mechanism 15 is moved in the vertical direction by a first vertical movement mechanism 16. Similarly, the processing tool 7 is moved by a second horizontal movement mechanism 13 in the radial direction around the center axis 20 of the rotating shaft 2, and the second horizontal movement mechanism 13 is moved in the vertical direction by a second vertical movement mechanism 14. Each of the first vertical movement mechanism 16 and the second vertical movement mechanism 14 extends so as to couple the base 11 and the frame 12.

    [0032] In the present embodiment, used as the processing tool 7 is a roller configured to follow the rotation of the plate 9 to rotate. However, the processing tool 7 is not limited to the roller and may be a component including a spatula.

    [0033] As shown in Figs. 2A and 2B, the heater 6 includes: a conducting wire 61 including a coil portion 62 having a doubled circular-arc shape; and cores 65 configured to collect magnetic force generated around the coil portion 62. The coil portion 62 includes a pair of circular-arc portions spaced apart from each other in the radial direction around the center axis 20 of the rotating shaft 2. The cores 65 are supported by a supporting plate not shown. The frequency of an alternating current flowing through the conducting wire 61 is not especially limited and is desirably a high frequency of 5 to 400 kHz. To be specific, it is desirable that the induction heating by the heater 6 be high frequency induction heating. According to the induction heating, the temperature of a lower surface of the transform target portion 91 which is opposed to the coil portion 62 becomes the highest by a skin effect. For example, in a case where the material of the plate 9 is the titanium alloy, the temperature of the lower surface of the transform target portion 91 is about 500 to 1,000°C.

    [0034] Next, details of the receiving jig 3 and the fixing jig 4 will be explained in reference to Fig. 3.

    [0035] The receiving jig 3 is configured to suppress heat transfer from the plate 9 to the rotating shaft 2. Specifically, the receiving jig 3 includes: a main body 31 having a disk shape perpendicular to the center axis 20 of the rotating shaft 2 (see Fig. 1); and a heat insulator 32 disposed between the main body 31 and the plate 9. The main body 31 is made of a metal. The heat insulator 32 may be an organic material or an inorganic material. It is desirable that the heat insulator 32 have a certain degree of stiffness such that the thickness thereof does not change even at the time of the operation of the pressurizing rod 52. Examples of the heat insulator 32 include low heat conductive materials, such as ceramics and the titanium alloy, and examples of the ceramics include zirconia, alumina, and silicon nitride.

    [0036] The fixing jig 4 is configured to suppress the heat transfer from the plate 9 to the pressurizing rod 52. Specifically, the fixing jig 4 includes: a main body 41 having a disk shape perpendicular to the center axis 20 of the rotating shaft 2; a heat insulator 42 disposed between the main body 41 and the plate 9; and a boss portion 40 interposed between the main body 41 and the pressurizing rod 52 and having a smaller diameter than the main body 41. The main body 41 is made of a metal. The heat insulator 42 may be an organic material or an inorganic material. As with the heat insulator 32 of the receiving jig 3, the heat insulator 42 of the fixing jig 4 may be an organic material or an inorganic material. The material of the heat insulator 42 may be the same as or different from the material of the heat insulator 32.

    [0037] In the illustrated example, the diameter of the main body 41 of the fixing jig 4 is slightly smaller than the diameter of the main body 31 of the receiving jig 3. However, the sizes of these diameters may be opposite to each other or may be the same as each other.

    [0038] As explained above, in the spinning forming device 1A of the present embodiment, since the receiving jig 3 includes the heat insulator 32, the heat transfer from the plate 9 to the rotating shaft 2 is suppressed by the receiving jig 3 itself. Therefore, the heat transfer from the plate 9 to the rotating shaft 2 can be reduced, and the change in quality of the rotating shaft 2 and the deterioration of the durability of the rotating shaft 2 can be suppressed.

    [0039] In the present embodiment, since the fixing jig 4 includes the heat insulator 42, the heat transferred from the plate 9 through the fixing jig 4 to the pressurizing rod 52 can be reduced, and the change in quality of the pressurizing rod 52 and the deterioration of the durability of the pressurizing rod 52 can be suppressed.

    Modification Example



    [0040] In the above embodiment, the pressurizing rod 52 presses the plate 9 against the receiving jig 3 via the fixing jig 4. However, the pressurizing rod 52 is not necessarily required. For example, the fixing jig 4 may be fixed to the receiving jig 3 together with the plate 9 by fastening members, such as bolts or clamps. In this case, the fixing jig 4 may be constituted only by the main body 41. This modification is applicable to the embodiments described below.

    [0041] Further, in the above embodiment, the processing tool 7 is disposed above the plate 9, and the plate 9 is processed by the processing tool 7 so as to accommodate the receiving jig 3, that is, open downward. However, the processing tool 7 may be disposed under the plate 9, and the plate 9 may be processed by the processing tool 7 so as to accommodate the fixing jig 4, that is, open upward. Or, to form a projection(s) and a depression(s) on the plate 9, the position of the processing tool 7 may be changed from the upper side of the plate 9 to the lower side of the plate or vice versa in the middle of the processing of the plate 9.

    Embodiment 2



    [0042] Next, a spinning forming device 1B according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention will be explained in reference to Fig. 4. In the present embodiment and Embodiments 3 to 7 described below, the same reference signs as Embodiment 1 are used for the same components, and a repetition of the same explanation is avoided.

    [0043] The spinning forming device 1B of the present embodiment is the same in configuration as the spinning forming device 1A of Embodiment 1 except for the receiving jig 3 and the fixing jig 4. In the present embodiment, the heat insulator 32 of the receiving jig 3 is disposed between the main body 31 and the rotating shaft 2, not between the main body 31 and the plate 9. Similarly, the heat insulator 42 of the fixing jig 4 is disposed between the boss portion 40 and the pressurizing rod 52, not between the main body 41 and the plate 9.

    [0044] The spinning forming device 1B configured as above can also have the same effects as the spinning device 1A of Embodiment 1.

    Embodiment 3



    [0045] Next, a spinning forming device 1C according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention will be explained in reference to Fig. 5. In the present embodiment, the receiving jig 3 is also configured to suppress the heat transfer from the plate 9 to the rotating shaft 2, and the fixing jig 4 is also configured to suppress the heat transfer from the plate 9 to the pressurizing rod 52.

    [0046] The receiving jig 3 includes: the main body 31 having the disk shape perpendicular to the center axis 20 of the rotating shaft 2; and a ring portion 33 extending upward from a peripheral portion of the main body 31 to contact the plate 9. In the present embodiment, since the upper surface of the ring portion 33 is flat, the ring portion 33 surface-contacts the plate 9.

    [0047] The fixing jig 4 includes: the main body 41 having the disk shape perpendicular to the center axis 20 of the rotating shaft 2; a ring portion 43 extending downward from a peripheral portion of the main body 41 to contact the plate 9; and the boss portion 40 interposed between the main body 41 and the pressurizing rod 52 and having a smaller diameter than the main body 41. In the present embodiment, since a lower surface of the ring portion 43 is flat, the ring portion 43 surface-contacts the plate 9.

    [0048] The spinning forming device 1C configured as above can also have the same effects as the spinning device 1A of Embodiment 1.

    Modification Example



    [0049] In the above embodiment, a cross-sectional shape of the ring portion 33 of the receiving jig 3 is a rectangular shape. However, as shown in Fig. 6, the cross-sectional shape of the ring portion 33 of the receiving jig 3 may be a triangular shape pointed upward toward the plate 9. In this case, the ring portion 33 line-contacts the plate 9. This configuration is especially useful in the case of bending the plate 9 at a position where the ring portion 33 and the plate 9 contact each other. The triangular shape that is the cross-sectional shape of the ring portion 33 may be a right angled triangle as shown in Fig. 6 or an isosceles triangle inclining toward both sides from an apex contacting the plate 9.

    [0050] Similarly, although not shown, the cross-sectional shape of the ring portion 43 of the fixing jig 4 may be a triangular shape pointed downward toward the plate 9.

    [0051] As shown in Fig. 7, through holes 34 may be provided at the ring portion 33 of the receiving jig 3 so as to connect an inner peripheral surface of the ring portion 33 and an outer peripheral surface of the ring portion 33. The heat transfer to the rotating shaft 2 can be further reduced by the through holes 34.

    [0052] Similarly, through holes 44 may be provided at the ring portion 43 of the fixing jig 4 so as to connect an inner peripheral surface of the ring portion 43 and an outer peripheral surface of the ring portion 43. The heat transfer to the pressurizing rod 52 can be further reduced by the through holes 44.

    [0053] Or, as shown in Figs. 8A and 8B, instead of the through holes 34, grooves 35 may be provided at the ring portion 33 of the receiving jig 3 so as to connect the inner peripheral surface of the ring portion 33 and the outer peripheral surface of the ring portion 33. Similarly, instead of the through holes 44, grooves 45 may be provided at the ring portion 43 of the fixing jig 4 so as to connect the inner peripheral surface of the ring portion 43 and the outer peripheral surface of the ring portion 43. The depth of each groove (35, 45) may be equal to or less than the height of the ring portion (33, 43).

    [0054] In a case where the through holes (34, 44) or the grooves (35, 45) are provided at the ring portion (33, 43), the cross-sectional shape of the ring portion may be a triangular shape pointed toward the plate 9.

    Embodiment 4



    [0055] Next, a spinning forming device ID according to Embodiment 4 of the present invention will be explained in reference to Fig. 9. In the present embodiment, the receiving jig 3 is also configured to suppress the heat transfer from the plate 9 to the rotating shaft 2, and the fixing jig 4 is also configured to suppress the heat transfer from the plate 9 to the pressurizing rod 52.

    [0056] Specifically, the receiving jig 3 is constituted only by the main body 31 having a hollow structure, and the fixing jig 4 is constituted by the main body 41 having a hollow structure and the boss portion 40. An internal space 37 of the main body 31 of the receiving jig 3 may be filled with air or may be a vacuum. Similarly, an internal space 47 of the main body 41 of the fixing jig 4 may be filled with air or may be a vacuum. To manufacture the main body whose internal space is a vacuum, a sealed box may be formed by electron beam welding in a vacuum chamber.

    [0057] The spinning forming device ID can also have the same effects as the spinning device 1A of Embodiment 1.

    Embodiment 5



    [0058] Next, a spinning forming device IE according to Embodiment 5 of the present invention will be explained in reference to Fig. 10. In the present embodiment, the receiving jig 3 is also configured to suppress the heat transfer from the plate 9 to the rotating shaft 2. However, the fixing jig 4 is constituted only by: the main body 41 having the disk shape perpendicular to the center axis 20 of the rotating shaft 2; and the boss portion 40.

    [0059] In the present embodiment, a circular opening 92 is provided at a middle of the plate 9. The receiving jig 3 includes: the main body 31 having the disk shape perpendicular to the center axis 20 of the rotating shaft 2; and a circular tubular portion 30 located at a middle of the main body 31 and projecting upward from the main body 31. An outer diameter of the tubular portion 30 is set to be substantially equal to a diameter of the opening 92. To be specific, an edge portion of the plate 9 which surrounds the opening 92 is placed on the main body 31, and the tubular portion 30 is fitted in the opening 92. A space inside the tubular portion 30 serves as a heat insulating layer.

    [0060] In the spinning forming device IE of the present embodiment, since the space inside the tubular portion 30 serves as the heat insulating layer, the heat transfer from the plate 9 to the rotating shaft 2 is suppressed by the receiving jig 3 itself. Therefore, the heat transfer from the plate 9 to the rotating shaft 2 can be reduced, and the change in quality of the rotating shaft 2 and the deterioration of the durability of the rotating shaft 2 can be suppressed.

    [0061] In the present embodiment, a contact area between the fixing jig 4 and the plate 9 is reduced by the opening 92 provided at the plate 9. Therefore, the heat transferred from the plate 9 through the fixing jig 4 to the pressurizing rod 52 can be reduced, and the change in quality of the pressurizing rod 52 and the deterioration of the durability of the pressurizing rod 52 can be suppressed.

    Embodiment 6



    [0062] Next, a spinning forming device IF according to Embodiment 6 of the present invention will be explained in reference to Fig. 11. In the present embodiment, the receiving jig 3 is constituted only by the main body 31 having the disk shape perpendicular to the center axis 20 of the rotating shaft 2.

    [0063] The fixing jig 4 is constituted by a peripheral wall 48 and a ceiling wall 49 so as to open toward the plate 9 (i.e., downward). In other words, the fixing jig 4 has an inverted petri dish shape. A lower end surface of the peripheral wall 48 surface-contacts the plate 9. An inlet 49a penetrating the ceiling wall 49 is provided at a center of the ceiling wall 49, and outlets 48a penetrating the peripheral wall 48 are provided at the peripheral wall 48. One end of an immovable air supply passage 8 is connected to the inlet 49a so as to be rotatable relative to the fixing jig 4.

    [0064] In the present embodiment, the pressurizing rod 52 (see Fig. 1) may or may not be provided. In a case where the pressurizing rod 52 is provided, the air supply passage 8 is formed inside the pressurizing rod 52. In a case where the pressurizing rod 52 is not provided, the air supply passage 8 is constituted by a pipe.

    [0065] An air blowing means not shown is connected to the other end of the air supply passage 8. A blower or the like can be used as the air blowing means. By the operation of the air blowing means, the air is supplied through the air supply passage 8 and the inlet 49a of the ceiling wall 49 to the inside of the fixing jig 4, and the air supplied to the inside of the fixing jig 4 flows out through the outlets 48a of the peripheral wall 48.

    [0066] According to this configuration, the heat applied to the plate 9 is radiated to the air flowing through the inside of the fixing jig 4. Therefore, the heat transfer from the plate 9 through the receiving jig 3 to the rotating shaft 2 can be reduced. With this, the change in quality of the rotating shaft 2 and the deterioration of the durability of the rotating shaft 2 can be suppressed.

    [0067] Instead of the blower connected to the other end of the air supply passage 8, for example, an impeller which is disposed inside the fixing jig 4 and generates air flow by the rotation of the fixing jig 4 may be used as the air blowing means. Or, both the blower connected to the other end of the air supply passage 8 and the impeller disposed inside the fixing jig 4 may be used as the air blowing means.

    Embodiment 7



    [0068] Next, a spinning forming device 1G according to Embodiment 7 of the present invention will be explained in reference to Fig. 12. The spinning forming device 1G is obtained by further improving the spinning forming device IF of Embodiment 6. To be specific, the fixing jig 4 of the spinning forming device 1G is the same as the fixing jig 4 explained in Embodiment 6.

    [0069] In the present embodiment, the circular opening 92 is provided at the middle of the plate 9. The receiving jig 3 is constituted by a peripheral wall 38 and a bottom wall 39 so as to open toward the plate 9 (i.e., upward). In other words, the receiving jig 3 has a petri dish shape. An upper end surface of the peripheral wall 38 surface-contacts the plate 9. Discharge ports 38a penetrating the peripheral wall 38 are provided at the peripheral wall 38. To be specific, the air supplied to the inside of the fixing jig 4 is also introduced through the opening 92 of the plate 9 to the inside of the receiving jig 3, and the air is then discharged through the discharge ports 38a of the peripheral wall 38 to the outside.

    [0070] According to this configuration, the heat is radiated from the receiving jig 3 itself to the air flowing through the inside of the receiving jig 3. Therefore, the heat transfer to the rotating shaft 2 can be further reduced.

    [0071] Further, the present embodiment adopts a configuration for aggressively cooling down the rotating shaft 2. Therefore, the rotating shaft 2 can be further effectively protected from the heat.

    [0072] Specifically, a through hole 39a is provided at a region of the bottom wall 39 of the receiving jig 3 which overlaps the rotating shaft 2, and an air passage 23 through which the through hole 39a communicates with a space around the rotating shaft 2 is formed at the rotating shaft 2. Therefore, a part of the air flowing into the receiving jig 3 is discharged through the through hole 39a and the air passage 23 to the space around the rotating shaft 2. In the present embodiment, the through hole 39a is disposed at a center of the bottom wall 39, and the air passage 23 is constituted by: a columnar recession 21 provided at a center of the upper surface of the rotating shaft 2; and lateral holes 22 extending laterally from the recession 21.

    [0073] The configuration for cooling down the rotating shaft 2 is not limited to the structure shown in Fig. 12. For example, the air passage 23 may be constituted by grooves formed on the upper surface of the rotating shaft 2 to have a cross shape or a radial shape. The through hole 39a provided at the bottom wall 39 is not necessarily disposed at the center of the bottom wall 39, and through holes 39a may be provided on the same circumference.

    Other embodiments



    [0074] The receiving jigs 3 and the fixing jigs 4 in Embodiments 1 to 5 may be combined arbitrarily.

    Reference Signs List



    [0075] 
    1 A to 1G
    spinning forming device
    2
    rotating shaft
    23
    air passage
    3
    receiving jig
    30
    tubular portion
    31
    main body
    32
    heat insulator
    33
    ring portion
    34
    through hole
    35
    groove
    37
    internal space
    38
    peripheral wall
    38a
    discharge port
    39
    bottom wall
    39a
    through hole
    4
    fixing jig
    40
    boss
    41
    main body
    42
    heat insulator
    43
    ring portion
    44
    through hole
    45
    groove
    47
    internal space
    48
    peripheral wall
    48a
    outlet
    49
    ceiling wall
    49a
    inlet
    52
    pressurizing rod
    6
    heater
    7
    processing tool
    9
    plate
    91
    transform target portion
    92
    opening



    Claims

    1. A spinning forming device comprising:

    a receiving jig (3) for supporting a central portion of a plate to be formed, the plate having an opening (92) at a middle thereof;

    a rotating shaft (2) to which the receiving jig is attached;

    a heater (6) configured to heat a transform target portion (91) of the plate by induction heating; and

    a processing tool (7) configured to press the transform target portion to transform the plate, wherein

    the receiving jig is configured to suppress heat transfer from the plate to the rotating shaft; and wherein

    the receiving jig includes

    a main body (31) which has a disk shape and on which an edge portion of the plate surrounding the opening is to be placed, and

    a tubular portion (30) which projects from the main body in an axial direction of the rotating shaft and is to be fitted in the opening.


     
    2. The spinning forming device according to claim 1, further comprising:

    a fixing jig (4) for sandwiching the plate (9) together with the receiving jig (3); and

    a pressurizing rod (52) to which the fixing jig is attached and which presses the plate against the receiving jig (3) via the fixing jig, wherein

    the fixing jig is configured to suppress the heat transfer from the plate to the pressurizing rod.


     
    3. The spinning forming device according to claim 2, wherein the fixing jig (4) includes: a main body (41) having a disk shape; and a heat insulator (42) which in use is disposed between the main body and the plate (9) or is disposed between the main body and the pressurizing rod (52).
     
    4. The spinning forming device according to claim 2, wherein the fixing jig (4) includes: a main body (41) having a disk shape; and a ring portion (43) projecting from a peripheral portion of the main body for contacting the plate (9).
     
    5. The spinning forming device according to claim 4, wherein a cross-sectional shape of the ring portion (43) of the main body (41) of the fixing jig (4) is configured to be pointed toward the plate (9).
     
    6. The spinning forming device according to claim 4 or 5, wherein through holes (44) or grooves (45) are provided at the ring portion (43) of the main body (41) of the fixing jig (4) so as to connect an inner peripheral surface of the ring portion and an outer peripheral surface of the ring portion.
     
    7. The spinning forming device according to claim 2, wherein the fixing jig (4) has a hollow structure whose internal space (47) is filled with air or a vacuum.
     
    8. A spinning forming device comprising:

    a receiving jig (3) for supporting a central portion of a plate (9) to be formed;

    a rotating shaft (2) to which the receiving jig is attached;

    a heater (6) configured to heat a transform target portion (91) of the plate by induction heating;

    a processing tool (7) configured to press the transform target portion to transform the plate;

    wherein the receiving jig is configured to suppress heat transfer from the plate to the rotating shaft;

    and wherein the receiving jig (3) includes: a main body (31) having a disk shape; and a ring portion (33) projecting from a peripheral portion of the main body to contact the plate.


     
    9. The spinning forming device according to claim 8, wherein a cross-sectional shape of the ring portion (33) is configured to be pointed toward the plate.
     
    10. The spinning forming device according to claim 8 or 9, wherein through holes (34) or grooves (35) are provided at the ring portion (33) so as to connect an inner peripheral surface of the ring portion and an outer peripheral surface of the ring portion.
     
    11. A spinning forming device comprising:

    a receiving jig (3) for supporting a central portion of a plate (9) to be formed;

    a rotating shaft (2) to which the receiving jig is attached;

    a heater (6) configured to heat a transform target portion (91) of the plate by induction heating;

    a processing tool (7) configured to press the transform target portion to transform the plate; and

    a fixing jig (4) for sandwiching the plate together with the receiving jig, wherein

    the fixing jig is constituted by a peripheral wall (48) and a ceiling wall (49) so as to open toward the plate and is configured such that air supplied by an air blowing means to an inside of the fixing jig through an inlet (49a) provided at a center of the ceiling wall flows out through an outlet (48a) provided at the peripheral wall.


     
    12. The spinning forming device according to claim 11, wherein:
    the receiving jig (3) is constituted by a peripheral wall (38) and a bottom wall (39) so as to open toward the plate (9) and is configured such that the air supplied to the inside of the fixing jig is introduced to an inside of the receiving jig through an opening (92) provided at the plate and is discharged through a discharge port (38a) provided at the peripheral wall.
     
    13. The spinning forming device according to claim 12, wherein:

    a through hole (39a) is provided at a region of the bottom wall (39) of the receiving jig (3) which overlaps the rotating shaft (2); and

    an air passage (23) through which the through hole (39a) communicates with a space around the rotating shaft is formed at the rotating shaft.


     
    14. The spinning forming device according to any one of claims 1 to 13, wherein the heater (6) is provided on an opposite side of the processing tool (7) across the plate (9).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Drückformvorrichtung umfassend:

    eine Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung (3) zum Abstützen eines Mittelabschnitts einer zu formenden Platte, wobei die Platte in ihrer Mitte eine Öffnung (92) aufweist;

    eine Drehwelle (2), an der die Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung befestigt ist;

    eine Heizvorrichtung (6), die dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Transformationszielabschnitt (91) der Platte durch Induktionserwärmung zu erwärmen; und

    ein Verarbeitungswerkzeug (7), das dazu konfiguriert ist, auf den Transformationszielabschnitt zu drücken, um die Platte zu transformieren, wobei

    die Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung dazu konfiguriert ist, die Wärmeübertragung von der Platte auf die Drehwelle zu unterdrücken; und wobei

    die Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung beinhaltet

    einen Hauptkörper (31), der eine Scheibenform aufweist und auf dem ein die Öffnung umgebender Randabschnitt der Platte zu platzieren ist, und

    einen rohrförmigen Abschnitt (30), der in axialer Richtung der Drehwelle aus dem Hauptkörper herausragt und in die Öffnung einzupassen ist.


     
    2. Drückformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, weiter umfassend:

    eine Fixiereinspannvorrichtung (4), um die Platte (9) zusammen mit der Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung (3) sandwichartig zu verbinden; und

    eine Druckstange (52), an der die Fixiereinspannvorrichtung befestigt ist und die die Platte über die Fixiereinspannvorrichtung gegen die Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung (3) drückt, wobei

    die Fixiereinspannvorrichtung so konfiguriert ist, dass die Wärmeübertragung von der Platte auf die Druckstange unterdrückt wird.


     
    3. Drückformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Fixiereinspannvorrichtung (4) umfasst: einen Hauptkörper (41), der eine Scheibenform aufweist; und einen Wärmeisolator (42), der im Gebrauch zwischen dem Hauptkörper und der Platte (9) oder zwischen dem Hauptkörper und der Druckstange (52) angeordnet ist.
     
    4. Drückformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Fixiereinspannvorrichtung (4) beinhaltet: einen Hauptkörper (41), der eine Scheibenform aufweist; und einen Ringabschnitt (43), der von einem Umfangsabschnitt des Hauptkörpers vorsteht, um die Platte (9) zu berühren.
     
    5. Drückformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, wobei eine Querschnittsform des Ringabschnitts (43) des Hauptkörpers (41) der Fixiereinspannvorrichtung (4) so konfiguriert ist, dass sie auf die Platte (9) gerichtet ist.
     
    6. Drückformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, wobei Durchgangslöcher (44) oder Nuten (45) an dem Ringabschnitt (43) des Hauptkörpers (41) der Fixiereinspannvorrichtung (4) vorgesehen sind, um eine innere Umfangsfläche des Ringabschnitts und eine äußere Umfangsfläche des Ringabschnitts zu verbinden.
     
    7. Drückformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Fixiereinspannvorrichtung (4) eine Hohlstruktur aufweist, deren Innenraum (47) mit Luft oder einem Vakuum gefüllt ist.
     
    8. Drückformvorrichtung, umfassend:

    eine Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung (3) zum Abstützen eines Mittelabschnitts einer zu formenden Platte (9);

    eine Drehwelle (2), an der die Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung befestigt ist;

    eine Heizvorrichtung (6), die so konfiguriert ist, dass sie einen Transformationszielabschnitt (91) der Platte durch Induktionserwärmung erwärmt;

    ein Verarbeitungswerkzeug (7), das dazu konfiguriert ist, auf den Transformationszielabschnitt zu drücken, um die Platte zu transformieren;

    wobei die Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung dazu konfiguriert ist, die Wärmeübertragung von der Platte auf die Drehwelle zu unterdrücken;

    und wobei die Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung (3) beinhaltet: einen Hauptkörper (31), der eine Scheibenform aufweist; und einen Ringabschnitt (33), der von einem Umfangsabschnitt des Hauptkörpers vorsteht, um die Platte zu berühren.


     
    9. Drückformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 8, wobei eine Querschnittsform des Ringabschnitts (33) so konfiguriert ist, dass sie auf die Platte gerichtet ist.
     
    10. Drückformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, wobei Durchgangslöcher (34) oder Nuten (35) an dem Ringabschnitt (33) vorgesehen sind, um eine innere Umfangsfläche des Ringabschnitts und eine äußere Umfangsfläche des Ringabschnitts zu verbinden.
     
    11. Drückformvorrichtung, umfassend:

    eine Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung (3) zum Abstützen eines Mittelabschnitts einer zu formenden Platte (9);

    eine Drehwelle (2), an der die Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung befestigt ist;

    eine Heizvorrichtung (6), die dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Transformationszielabschnitt (91) der Platte durch Induktionserwärmung zu erwärmen;

    ein Verarbeitungswerkzeug (7), das dazu konfiguriert ist, auf den Transformationszielabschnitt zu drücken, um die Platte zu transformieren; und

    eine Fixiereinspannvorrichtung (4) um die Platte zusammen mit der Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung sandwichartig zu verbinden, wobei

    die Fixiereinspannvorrichtung durch eine Umfangswand (48) und eine Deckenwand (49) gebildet wird, so dass sie sich zu der Platte hin öffnet, und so konfiguriert ist, dass Luft, die durch ein Luftblasmittel in das Innere der Fixiereinspannvorrichtung durch einen in der Mitte der Deckenwand vorgesehenen Einlass (49a) zugeführt wird, durch einen an der Umfangswand vorgesehenen Auslass (48a) ausströmt.


     
    12. Drückformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 11, wobei:
    die Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung (3) durch eine Umfangswand (38) und eine Bodenwand (39) gebildet wird, so dass sie sich zu der Platte (9) hin öffnet, und so konfiguriert ist, dass die in das Innere der Fixiereinspannvorrichtung zugeführte Luft durch eine an der Platte vorgesehene Öffnung (92) in das Innere der Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung eingeführt und durch eine an der Umfangswand vorgesehene Auslassöffnung (38a) abgeführt wird.
     
    13. Drückformvorrichtung nach Anspruch 12, wobei:

    ein Durchgangsloch (39a) in einem Bereich der Bodenwand (39) der Aufnahmeeinspannvorrichtung (3) vorgesehen ist, der die Drehwelle (2) überlappt; und

    ein Luftdurchgang (23), durch den die Durchgangsbohrung (39a) mit einem Raum um die Drehwelle herum in Verbindung steht, an der Drehwelle gebildet wird.


     
    14. Drückformvorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 13, wobei die Heizvorrichtung (6) auf einer gegenüberliegenden Seite der Platte (9) von dem Verarbeitungswerkzeug (7) vorgesehen ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de formation par rotation comprenant :

    un gabarit de réception (3) pour supporter une partie centrale d'une plaque à former, la plaque présentant une ouverture (92) en son milieu ;

    un arbre rotatif (2) auquel est attaché le gabarit de réception ;

    un dispositif de chauffage (6) configuré pour chauffer une partie cible de transformation (91) de la plaque par chauffage par induction ; et

    un outil de traitement (7) configuré pour presser la partie cible de transformation pour transformer la plaque, dans lequel

    le gabarit de réception est configuré pour supprimer le transfert de chaleur depuis la plaque vers l'arbre rotatif ; et dans lequel

    le gabarit de réception inclut

    un corps principal (31) qui présente une forme de disque et sur lequel une partie bord de la plaque entourant l'ouverture doit être placée, et

    une partie tubulaire (30) qui se projette depuis le corps principal dans une direction axiale de l'arbre rotatif et doit être installée dans l'ouverture.


     
    2. Dispositif de formation par rotation selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

    un gabarit de fixation (4) pour prendre en sandwich la plaque (9) avec le gabarit de réception (3) ; et

    une tige de mise sous pression (52) à laquelle est attaché le gabarit de fixation et qui presse la plaque contre le gabarit de réception (3) via le gabarit de fixation, dans lequel

    le gabarit de fixation est configuré pour supprimer le transfert de chaleur depuis la plaque vers la tige de mise sous pression.


     
    3. Dispositif de formation par rotation selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le gabarit de fixation (4) inclut : un corps principal (41) présentant une forme de disque ; et un isolant thermique (42) qui en utilisation est disposé entre le corps principal et la plaque (9) ou est disposé entre le corps principal et la tige de mise sous pression (52).
     
    4. Dispositif de formation par rotation selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le gabarit de fixation (4) inclut : un corps principal (41) présentant une forme de disque ; et une partie bague (43) se projetant depuis une partie périphérique du corps principal pour entrer en contact avec la plaque (9).
     
    5. Dispositif de formation par rotation selon la revendication 4, dans lequel une forme en coupe transversale de la partie anneau (43) du corps principal (41) du gabarit de fixation (4) est configurée pour pointer vers la plaque (9).
     
    6. Dispositif de formation par rotation selon la revendication 4 ou 5, dans lequel des trous traversants (44) ou rainures (45) sont ménagés au niveau de la partie anneau (43) du corps principal (41) du gabarit de fixation (4) de manière à relier une surface périphérique intérieure de la partie anneau et une surface périphérique extérieure de la partie anneau.
     
    7. Dispositif de formation par rotation selon la revendication 2, dans lequel le gabarit de fixation (4) présente une structure creuse dont l'espace interne (47) est rempli d'air ou d'un vide.
     
    8. Dispositif de formation par rotation comprenant :

    un gabarit de réception (3) pour supporter une partie centrale d'une plaque (9) à former ;

    un arbre rotatif (2) auquel est attaché le gabarit de réception ;

    un dispositif de chauffage (6) configuré pour chauffer une partie cible de transformation (91) de la plaque par chauffage par induction ;

    un outil de traitement (7) configuré pour presser la partie cible de transformation pour transformer la plaque ;

    dans lequel le gabarit de réception est configuré pour supprimer le transfert de chaleur depuis la plaque vers l'arbre rotatif ;

    et dans lequel le gabarit de réception (3) inclut : un corps principal (31) présentant une forme de disque ; et une partie anneau (33) se projetant depuis une partie périphérique du corps principal pour entrer en contact avec la plaque.


     
    9. Dispositif de formation par rotation selon la revendication 8, dans lequel une forme en coupe transversale de la partie anneau (33) est configurée pour pointer vers la plaque.
     
    10. Dispositif de formation par rotation selon la revendication 8 ou 9, dans lequel des trous traversants (34) ou rainures (35) sont ménagés au niveau de la partie anneau (33) de manière à relier une surface périphérique intérieure de la partie anneau et une surface périphérique extérieure de la partie anneau.
     
    11. Dispositif de formation par rotation comprenant :

    un gabarit de réception (3) pour supporter une partie centrale d'une plaque (9) à former ;

    un arbre rotatif (2) auquel est attaché le gabarit de réception ;

    un dispositif de chauffage (6) configuré pour chauffer une partie cible de transformation (91) de la plaque par chauffage par induction ;

    un outil de traitement (7) configuré pour presser la partie cible de transformation pour transformer la plaque ; et

    un gabarit de fixation (4) pour prendre en sandwich la plaque avec le gabarit de réception, dans lequel

    le gabarit de fixation est constitué par une paroi périphérique (48) et une paroi de plafond (49) de manière à s'ouvrir vers la plaque et est configuré de telle sorte que de l'air apporté par un moyen de soufflage d'air vers un intérieur du gabarit de fixation à travers une entrée (49a) ménagée au niveau d'un centre de la paroi de plafond s'écoule à l'extérieur à travers une sortie (48a) ménagée au niveau de la paroi périphérique.


     
    12. Dispositif de formation par rotation selon la revendication 11, dans lequel :
    le gabarit de réception (3) est constitué par une paroi périphérique (38) et une paroi de fond (39) de manière à s'ouvrir vers la plaque (9) et est configuré de telle sorte que l'air apporté à l'intérieur du gabarit de fixation est introduit dans un intérieur du gabarit de réception à travers une ouverture (92) ménagée au niveau de la plaque et est évacué à travers un orifice d'évacuation (38a) ménagé au niveau de la paroi périphérique.
     
    13. Dispositif de formation par rotation selon la revendication 12, dans lequel :

    un trou traversant (39a) est ménagé au niveau d'une région de la paroi de fond (39) du gabarit de réception (3) qui chevauche l'arbre rotatif (2) ; et

    un passage d'air (23) à travers lequel le trou traversant (39a) communique avec un espace autour de l'arbre rotatif est formé au niveau de l'arbre rotatif.


     
    14. Dispositif de formation par rotation selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 13, dans lequel le dispositif de chauffage (6) est ménagé sur un côté opposé de l'outil de traitement (7) d'un bout à l'autre de la plaque (9).
     




    Drawing



























    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description