(19)
(11)EP 2 941 384 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.05.2017 Bulletin 2017/20

(21)Application number: 13870383.0

(22)Date of filing:  17.12.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B64D 41/00  (2006.01)
F01D 17/02  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2013/075666
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/143273 (18.09.2014 Gazette  2014/38)

(54)

POWER-PRODUCING DEVICE WITH CONTROL MECHANISM

ENERGIEERZEUGUNGSAPPARAT MIT EINER REGELUNGSEINRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF PRODUISANT DE L'ÉNERGIE COMPRENANT MÉCANISME DE RÉGULATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 04.01.2013 US 201313734236

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.11.2015 Bulletin 2015/46

(73)Proprietor: Raytheon Company
Waltham MA 02451 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • ROBINSON, Brendan H.
    Rancho Palos Verdes, California 90275 (US)
  • YOOK, John K.
    Fullerton, California 92833 (US)
  • STEELE, John H.
    Palos Verdes Estate, California 90274 (US)

(74)Representative: Hill, Justin John 
Olswang LLP 90 High Holborn
London WC1V 6XX
London WC1V 6XX (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 008 584
WO-A1-2006/087139
DE-A1-102009 010 243
EP-A2- 2 399 829
WO-A2-00/38985
US-A1- 2012 299 558
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The invention is in the field of power-producing devices.

    DESCRIPTION OF THE RELATED ART



    [0002] Ram air turbines (RATs) are used to generate power from a passing airstream. Power-producing devices that include turbines can be used in aircraft, such as in add-on pods, to power any of a variety of equipment.

    [0003] EP 2 399 829 A2 discloses an emergency power system including multiple emergency power devices that are each sized to provide partial power during emergency operation and/or full power for a portion of emergency operation.

    [0004] WO 00/38985 A2 discloses a low drag ducted ram air turbine generator and cooling system. The ducted ram air turbine generator and cooling system has reduced drag with respect to prior ram air turbine generator systems while extracting dynamic energy from the air stream during the complete range of intended flight operating regimes. A centerbody/valve tube having an aerodynamically shaped nose is slidably received in a fairing and primary structure to provide a variable inlet area. An internal nozzle control mechanism attached to the valve tube positions nozzle control doors to provide variable area nozzles directing air flow to the turbine stator and rotor blades to maintain optimum generator efficiency. An alternate embodiment includes an annular internal nozzle having interleaved panels to modulate the air flow to the turbine.

    [0005] DE 10 2009 010243 A1 discloses a power supply system for integration into an aircraft system, comprising: a safety power supply device, comprising: between two openings on the fuselage of the aircraft extending channel with a front opening and a rear opening, an in the channel arranged turbine having a generator, a cover device associated for covering the front opening in its closed position, an electromechanically operable opening and closing device and an electromechanically operable unlocking device. The cover device is designed such that this cover device is locked, if it is supplied with a first current intensity, and the cover device is unlocked, when it is supplied with a second current intensity.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0006] Ram air turbines can be operated most efficiently when the turbine speed is kept in a narrow range of rotational speeds. It would be desirable to have a control system that would keep the turbine operating at a given speed range over a variety of conditions, such as (for example) different airspeeds and altitudes.

    [0007] According to an aspect,the present disclosure provides a power-producing ram air device that is attachable to an aircraft, the power-producing device comprising: a turbine; and a controller operatively coupled to the turbine for controlling operation of the turbine; wherein the controller is operable to control the turbine using a control mechanism based at least in part on an input based on an airspeed of the aircraft and an altitude; and wherein the controller is operable to control the turbine by manipulating a setpoint of the control mechanism, as a function of load on the power-producing device.

    [0008] According to another aspect the present disclosure provides a method of controlling a power-producing device that is part of an aircraft, the method comprising: controlling operation of a turbine that is part of the power-producing device; wherein controlling the controller includes using a control mechanism of the controller to control operation of the turbine, wherein the control mechanism is based at least in part on an input based on an airspeed of the aircraft and an altitude; wherein the controlling includes the controller controlling the turbine by manipulating a setpoint of the control mechanism, as a function of load on the power-producing device.

    [0009] To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related ends, the invention comprises the features hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims. The following description and the annexed drawings set forth in detail certain illustrative embodiments of the invention. These embodiments are indicative, however, of but a few of the various ways in which the principles of the invention may be employed. Other objects, advantages and novel features of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of the invention when considered in conjunction with the drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0010] The annexed drawings, which are not necessarily to scale, show various aspects of the invention.

    Fig. 1 is an oblique view of an aircraft with a power-producing device in accordance with an embodiment of the invention.

    Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of the interaction between parts of the power-producing device of Fig. 1, as well as interaction between those parts and other parts of the aircraft.

    Fig. 3 is a control block diagram illustrating operation of the controller (the logic of the controller) of the power-producing device of Fig. 1.

    Fig. 4 is a control block diagram of illustrating operation of the setpoint modification of the controller of Fig. 3.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0011] A power-producing device, such as a ram air turbine, includes a controller that is used to control operation of a turbine of the power-producing device. The controller uses an input based on an airspeed of the aircraft and altitude of the aircraft as part of a mechanism in the controller for controlling the turbine. For example controller may be used to control backpressure of the turbine, for example by controlling the angle of doors of that are used to adjust backpressure of the turbine. The mechanism may include a PID controller, with the gain of one or more of the values of the PID controller being a function of the airspeed of the aircraft and the altitude of the aircraft. In addition the mechanism may include manipulating a setpoint as a function of load on the power-producing device. The power-producing device may be part of a detachable pod that is installed on the aircraft. The power-producing device may be used to power devices on the pod, such as electronics devices. The power-producing device has the advantage of accurately enabling the turbine to operate within a desired range of rotational speed, allowing more efficient operation of the power-producing device.

    [0012] Fig. 1 shows an aircraft 10 that includes a detachable pod 12 that includes a power-producing device 14, a ram air turbine device. The power-producing device 14 generates electricity by directing air from the airstream passing by the aircraft 12 in inlet openings defined by inlet doors 18 in the pod 12. The air then passes through and turns a turbine 20 within the pod 12, and exits the pod 12 through outlet openings defined by outlet doors 24 in the pod 12. As the turbine 20 turns, it produces electric power which is used to power equipment which may be in the pod 12. The equipment may be any of a variety of types of equipment, for instance electronic jamming equipment, weapons, or sensors.

    [0013] Fig. 2 shows a schematic of many components of the device 14, along with the operative connections between the components. A turbine speed controller 30 that is part of the power-producing device 14 controls the inlet doors 18 and outlet doors 24, to control the shaft rotation speed of the turbine 20. Specifically, the position outlet doors 24 may be set to control the backpressure of the turbine 20. The turbine speed controller 30 may be or may include an integrated circuit or equivalent device. The functions of the controller 30 may be carried out in logic that is embodied in hardware and/or software. As described in further detail below, the turbine speed controller 30 uses a mechanism, akin to a feedback mechanism, to set the door positions of the inlet doors 18 and the outlet doors 24.

    [0014] The controller 30 receives different data inputs for use in the control mechanism. The turbine 20 provides a shaft speed to the controller 30. An air data computer or sensor 34 provides air data to the controller 30. The computer or sensor 34 may be part of the aircraft 10 that is outside of the pod 12. For example the computer 34 may be a computer coupled to one or more sensors of the aircraft 10, for example used in gathering data and controlling flight of the aircraft 10. The computer 34 may thus be part of the avionics of the aircraft 10. Alternatively the computer or sensor 34 may be a part of the pod 12, for example being a pitot tube or other airspeed sensor.

    [0015] The data provided to the turbine speed controller 30 by the computer or sensor 34 may include an input based on an airspeed of the aircraft 10 and an altitude of the aircraft 10. The data input may be the airspeed of the aircraft 10, or something derivable from the airspeed of the aircraft 10. For example the data input may include the Mach number of the aircraft 10.

    [0016] The data provided by the computer or sensor 34 may include other air data, for instance the altitude of the aircraft. The data may include a standard-atmosphere free stream dynamic pressure Q. Alternatively the free stream dynamic pressure Q may be calculated from other data, for example in the controller 30.

    [0017] A mission/user controller 36 provides user/mode commands and array load commands to the turbine speed controller 30. The mission controller 36 allows active control of the power-producing device 14, such as by a user of the aircraft 10 or by a remote operator (through a remote communication device, for instance). The mission/user controller 36 may allow changing modes of operation of the power-producing device 14.

    [0018] The mission controller 36 may also send load information to the turbine speed controller 30. The load information may be used in manipulating a setpoint in the control mechanism of the turbine speed controller 30, as discussed in greater detail below.

    [0019] The turbine 20 is used to power a generator 40, to produce energy to be sent to power supplies 42 for handling power loads 44 of any of a variety of kinds of equipment. The generator 40 receives shaft power from the turbine 20, which is equal to the shaft load imposed by the generator 40 on the turbine 20. A generator controller 48 receives feedback from the generator 40, to aid the generator controller 48 in regulating output power. The generator controller 48 may receive commands from the mission/user controller 36.

    [0020] Output power from the generator 40 is forwarded to the power supplies 42. The power supplies 42 may convert the power output by the generator 40 into power forms suitable for handling loads 44 on equipment of the aircraft 10. Information on the power loads 44 may be provided to the mission/user controller 36 for use in controlling operation of the device 14.

    [0021] The separate parts shown in Fig. 2 are not necessarily separate components. For example the functions of the controllers 30, 36, 48 may be combined in a single device.

    [0022] Fig. 3 shows a schematic diagram illustrating operation of the controller 30. In particular, the control mechanism 60 of the controller 30 is illustrated in Fig. 3. The mechanism 60 is used to control actuators, such as hydraulic or electrical actuators, that are used to adjust position of the inlet doors 18 (Fig. 1) and the outlet doors 24 (Fig. 1). Inputs for the mechanism 60 include data from the air data computer or sensor 34, such as Mach number and altitude. This data may be processed in the controller 30 to calculate the standard-atmosphere free-stream dynamic pressure Q, such as shown at calculation module 66. The dynamic pressure Q is used in calculating and adjusting gains used in a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) portion 70 of the mechanism 60.

    [0023] A speed sensor 74 is coupled to the turbine 20 (Fig. 2). The speed sensor provides an input for the mechanism 60 to act on, after passing through a quadratic low pass filter 78. The filtered speed sensor data is combined with a variable setpoint output by a setpoint modification 84, at summing junction 80. The setpoint modification 84 receives load data from a load sensor or load command 86, used for modifying the setpoint. The load sensor or load command 86 may include the mission/user controller 36 (Fig. 2). Alternatively information from a separate load sensor may be sent to the setpoint modification 84 directly, or through the mission/user controller 36.

    [0024] The setpoint modification 84 is used to modify the no-load setpoint in view of the present load from the loads 44 (Fig. 2) drawing power from the power-producing device 14. As explained in greater detail below, the setpoint is modified to allow better performance for the device 14, better maintaining the turbine 20 (Fig. 2) in a desired range of speeds, as the load on the system changes.

    [0025] The combined variable setpoint and the sensed turbine speed are put through the PID portion 70 of the mechanism 60. In the PID portion 70 a proportional value 92, an integral value 94, and a derivative value 96 are combined at a downstream end summing junction 100 of the PID portion 70. The proportional value 92 is a measure of the present error (difference between the turbine speed and the modified setpoint). The integral value 94 is a measure of accumulation of past errors. The derivative value 96 is a prediction of future errors, based on current rate of change

    [0026] The proportional value 92 takes the output from the summing junction 80 (the difference between the sensed rotation rate of the turbine 20 and the modified setpoint, for instance). A simple gain Kp is applied to the difference to get the proportional value.

    [0027] To obtain the integral value 94 an integral function 102 is applied to the output from the summing junction 80. A gain Ki is applied to the result, and filtering may be applied, such as by applying a saturation limit 104 to protect against errors in the integration.

    [0028] The derivative value 96 may be passed through a low-pass filter 108, to remove noise, and then a derivative function (a difference relative to time) 112 is applied. The output from the derivative function 112 has a gain Kd applied to it to obtain the derivative value 96.

    [0029] Downstream of the summing junction 100 a system gain Ksys is applied to the combined values. A further modification 124 may then be applied, taking into account such factors as known nonlinearities in the actuator systems, plant physical gains (one or more equations that describe variation of power as a function of door angle), limits in output, or other adjustments.

    [0030] At least one of the PID gains Kp, Ki, and/or Kd is variable, for instance being a function of an input that is based on the airspeed and altitude of the aircraft 10. Two of the PID gains may be variable, a function of an input that is based on the airspeed and altitude of the aircraft 10. In the illustrated embodiment the gains Kp and Ki are inversely proportional to the dynamic pressure Q. Alternatively, the gains of the PID portion 70 may vary with Q in other ways. The gains Kp and Ki may be calculated in the calculation module 66, where the dynamic pressure Q is also calculated. Whenever the dynamic pressure Q changes, the gains Kp and Ki may also be updated.

    [0031] Baseline gains 130 may be input into the calculation module 66 and the setpoint modification 84, to set initial conditions for the gains Ki and KP, and for the variables used in the setpoint modification 84. These initial conditions may be different for different systems that the device 14 may be used with. For example, different baseline gains 130 may be used when mounting the pod 12 (Fig. 1) to different types of aircraft. The baseline gains 130 my be varied in order to increase the flexibility in use of the device 14.

    [0032] Fig. 4 shows details on how the variable setpoint is modified in the setpoint modification 84, using a load input 140. The load input 140 is routed through two parallel paths 142 and 144. The first path 142 has a "derivative" 148, an estimate of the change of the load input 140 over time, with some filtering added. The transient produced by this derivative estimation is subjected to a transient gain Kt.

    [0033] In the second path 144 the load input 140 is passed through a filter 152, such as a low pass filter. The filtered value is subjected to a steady-state gain Ks. The values produced by the two paths 142 and 144 are combined at summing junction 160 with a no-load setpoint (unmodified setpoint) 162. The result may then be filtered again by being subjected to a saturation limit 166, before being sent to be combined with speed sensor data at the summing junction 80 (Fig. 3).

    [0034] The device 14 offers many advantages over prior ram air turbines. The variation of gains in the PID controller helps stabilize system operation over a broad flight regime. This allows the device 14 to operate under a narrow range of turbine rotation speeds at a variety of air speeds and altitude. This narrow range of turbine rotation speeds may be obtainable over variations of flight dynamic pressure that vary by a factor of 6 or more. This allows for more efficient operation, since turbines can advantageously be finely tuned for operation over a narrow range of speeds.

    [0035] The manipulation of variable setpoint, using the setpoint modification 84, also provides advantages in operation. This feature improves transient response by initially driving the setpoint 84 in the same direction as changes in the load (e.g., down if the load is reduced), and then later in the opposite direction of the new steady load (e.g., high if the new load is low). This results in the transient response of a system having much higher bandwidth, but without actually increasing the bandwidth (such as by increasing one or more of the gains Ki, Kp, and Kd). Increasing the bandwidth might result in stability problems. By manipulating the variable setpoint 84, if may be possible to use an actuation mechanism that is slow and latent. Requirements on hardware and electronics are reduced by use of setpoint manipulation.

    [0036] Many of the above advantages extend well beyond the embodiments described above. The control as described above may be used for controlling other aspects of ram air turbines, and for other types of power-producing devices such as other types of air turbines. The control (control mechanisms with gain scheduling and/or setpoint modification) may be used for controlling pitch of turbine blades, angle of guide vanes that direct air into or out of turbines, and modification of geometry of diffusers, to name just a few other possibilities.


    Claims

    1. A power-producing ram air device (14) that is attachable to an aircraft (10), the power-producing device (14) comprising:

    a turbine (20); and

    a controller (30) operatively coupled to the turbine (20) for controlling operation of the turbine (20);

    wherein the controller (30) is operable to control the turbine (20) using a control mechanism (60) based at least in part on an input based on an airspeed of the aircraft (10) and an altitude; characterised in that the controller (30) is operable to control the turbine (20) by manipulating a setpoint of the control mechanism (60), as a function of load on the power-producing device (14).


     
    2. The device of claim 1, wherein the power-producing device (14) is a detachable pod (12) that is couplable to other parts of the aircraft (10).
     
    3. The device of claim 2, wherein the pod (12) receives the input based on the airspeed from other parts of the aircraft (10).
     
    4. The device of any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the controller (30) controls backpressure in the turbine (20), based in part on the input that is based on the airspeed and the altitude of the aircraft (10).
     
    5. The device of claim 4,
    further comprising backpressure doors (24) operatively coupled to the controller (30);
    wherein the controller (30) controls an angle at which the backpressure doors (24) are open, based in part on the input that is based on the airspeed and the altitude of the aircraft (10).
     
    6. The device of any of claims 1 to 5,
    wherein the control mechanism (60) of the controller (30) includes a proportional-integral-derivative 'PID' controller mechanism (70) that controls the turbine (20);
    wherein the PID controller mechanism (70) includes application of a proportional value, an integral value, and a derivative value; and
    wherein a gain on at least one of the values is a function of the input that is based on the airspeed and the altitude of the aircraft (10).
     
    7. The device of claim 6, wherein the gains on at least two of the values are a function of the input that is based on the airspeed and the altitude of the aircraft (10).
     
    8. The device of claim 6 or claim 7, wherein the gain of the least one of the values is inversely proportional to a dynamic pressure Q.
     
    9. A method of controlling a power-producing device (14) that is part of an aircraft (10), the method comprising:

    controlling operation of a turbine (20) that is part of the power-producing device (14);

    wherein controlling the turbine (20) includes using a control mechanism (60) of the controller (30) to control operation of the turbine (20), wherein the control mechanism (60) is based at least in part on an input based on an airspeed of the aircraft (10) and an altitude; characterised in that the controlling includes the controller (30) controlling the turbine (20) by manipulating a setpoint of the control mechanism (60), as a function of load on the power-producing device (14).


     
    10. The method of claim 9,
    wherein the power-producing device (14) is a detachable pod (12) that is coupled to other parts of the aircraft (10); and
    wherein the controlling includes the pod (12) receiving the input based on the airspeed from other parts of the aircraft (10).
     
    11. The method of claim 9 or claim 10, wherein the controlling includes controlling backpressure in the turbine (20) using the controller (30), based in part on the input that is based on the airspeed of the aircraft (10).
     
    12. The method of claim 11, wherein the controlling the backpressure including using the controller (30) to control an angle at which the backpressure doors (24) are open, based in part on the input that is based on the airspeed and the altitude of the aircraft (10).
     
    13. The method of any of claims 9 to 12,
    wherein the control mechanism (60) of the controller (30) includes a proportional-integral-derivative 'PID' controller mechanism (70) that controls the turbine (20);
    wherein the PID controller mechanism (70) includes combination of a proportional value, an integral value, and a derivative value; and
    wherein the controlling includes varying a gain on at least one of the values as a function of the input that is based on the airspeed and the altitude of the aircraft (10).
     
    14. The method of claim 13, wherein the varying the gain includes varying the gain inversely proportional to dynamic pressure Q.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Leistungserzeugende Stauluftvorrichtung (14), die an einem Flugzeug (10) anbringbar ist, wobei die leistungserzeugende Vorrichtung (14) aufweist:

    eine Turbine (20); und

    eine Steuerung (30), die operierbar mit der Turbine (20) gekoppelt ist, um die Operation der Turbine (20) zu steuern;

    wobei die Steuerung (30) operierbar ist, um die Turbine (20) unter Verwendung eines Steuerungsmechanismus (60) zumindest teilweise auf der Basis von einer Eingabe zu steuern, die auf einer Fluggeschwindigkeit des Flugzeugs (10) und einer Höhe basiert; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    die Steuerung (30) operierbar ist, um die Turbine (20) durch Verarbeiten eines Sollwertes des Steuerungsmechanismus (60) als eine Funktion der Belastung der leistungserzeugenden Vorrichtung (14) zu steuern.


     
    2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die leistungserzeugende Vorrichtung (14) ein lösbares Düsenaggregat (12) ist, das mit anderen Teilen des Flugzeugs (10) koppelbar ist.
     
    3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei das Düsenaggregat (12) die Eingabe auf der Basis der Fluggeschwindigkeit von anderen Teilen des Flugzeugs (10) empfängt.
     
    4. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Steuerung (30) einen Gegendruck in der Turbine (20) teilweise auf der der Basis der Eingabe steuert, die auf der Fluggeschwindigkeit und der Höhe des Flugzeugs (10) basiert.
     
    5. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, die ferner Gegendrucktüren (24) umfasst, die mit der Steuerung (30) operativ gekoppelt sind; wobei die Steuerung (30) einen Winkel, bei dem die Gegendrucktüren (24) offen sind, teilweise auf der Basis der Eingabe steuert, die auf der Fluggeschwindigkeit und der Höhe des Flugzeugs (10) basiert.
     
    6. Vorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5,

    wobei der Steuerungsmechanismus (60) der Steuerung (30) einen Proportional-Integral-Differential-Steuerungsmechanismus PID-Steuerungsmechanismus (70) einschließt, der die Turbine (20) steuert;

    wobei der PID-Steuerungsmechanismus (70) die Anwendung eines Proportionalwertes, eines Integralwerts und eines Ableitungswerts einschließt; und

    wobei eine Verstärkung von mindestens einem der Werte eine Funktion der Eingabe ist, die auf der Fluggeschwindigkeit und der Höhe des Flugzeugs (10) basiert.


     
    7. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 6, wobei die Verstärkungen von mindestens einem der Werte eine Funktion der Eingabe sind, die auf der Fluggeschwindigkeit und der Höhe des Flugzeugs (10) basiert.
     
    8. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei die Verstärkung von mindestens zwei der Werte umgekehrt proportional zu einem dynamischen Druck Q ist.
     
    9. Verfahren zum Steuern einer leistungserzeugenden Vorrichtung (14), die Teil eines Flugzeugs (10) ist, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Steuern der Operation einer Turbine (20), die Teil der leistungserzeugenden Vorrichtung (14) ist;

    wobei das Steuern der Turbine (20) das Verwenden eines Steuerungsmechanismus (60) der Steuerung (30) einschließt, um die Operation der Turbine (20) zu steuern, wobei der Steuerungsmechanismus (60) zumindest teilweise auf einer Eingabe basiert, die auf einer Fluggeschwindigkeit des Flugzeugs (10) und einer Höhe basiert;
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    das Steuern einschließt, dass die Steuerung (30) die Turbine (20) durch Verarbeiten eines Sollwertes des Steuerungsmechanismus (60) als eine Funktion der Belastung der leistungserzeugenden Vorrichtung (14) steuert.


     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9,

    wobei die leistungserzeugende Vorrichtung (14) ein abnehmbares Düsenaggregat (12) ist, das mit anderen Teilen des Flugzeugs (10) gekoppelt ist; und

    wobei die Steuerung das Düsenaggregat (12) einschließt, das die Eingabe empfängt, die auf der Fluggeschwindigkeit von anderen Teilen des Flugzeugs (10) basiert.


     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 9 oder Anspruch 10, wobei das Steuern das Steuern eines Gegendrucks in der Turbine (20) unter Verwendung der Steuerung (30) teilweise auf der Basis der Eingabe einschließt, die auf der Fluggeschwindigkeit des Flugzeugs (10) basiert.
     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, wobei das Steuern des Gegendrucks das Verwenden der Steuerung (30), um einen Winkel zu steuern, bei dem die Gegendrucktüren (24) offen sind, teilweise auf der Basis der Eingabe einschließt, die auf der Fluggeschwindigkeit und der Höhe des Flugzeugs (10) basiert.
     
    13. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 9 bis 12,

    wobei der Steuerungsmechanismus (60) der Steuerung (30) einen Proportional-Integral-Differential- 'PID'-Steuerungsmechanismus (70) einschließt, der die Turbine (20) steuert;

    wobei der PID-Steuerungsmechanismus (70) eine Kombination aus einem Proportionalwert, einem Integralwert und einem Ableitungswert einschließt; und

    wobei das Steuern das Variieren einer Verstärkung und mindestens von einem der Werte als eine Funktion der Eingabe einschließt, die auf der Fluggeschwindigkeit und der Höhe des Flugzeugs (10) basiert.


     
    14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 13, wobei das Variieren der Verstärkung das Variiren der Verstärkung umgekehrt proportional zu dem dynamischen Druck Q einschließt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif à air dynamique produisant de l'énergie (14) qui peut être attaché à un aéronef (10), le dispositif produisant de l'énergie (14) comprenant :

    une turbine (20) ; et

    un régulateur (30) fonctionnellement couplé à la turbine (20) pour réguler le fonctionnement de la turbine (20) ;

    dans lequel le régulateur (30) peut fonctionner pour réguler la turbine (20) en utilisant un mécanisme de régulation (60) sur la base au moins en partie d'une entrée basée sur une vitesse anémométrique de l'aéronef (10) et une altitude ; caractérisé en ce que

    le régulateur (30) peut fonctionner pour réguler la turbine (20) en manipulant un point de consigne du mécanisme de régulation (60), en fonction d'une charge sur le dispositif produisant de l'énergie (14).


     
    2. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le dispositif produisant de l'énergie (14) est une capsule détachable (12) qui peut être couplée à d'autres parties de l'aéronef (10).
     
    3. Dispositif selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la capsule (12) reçoit l'entrée basée sur la vitesse anémométrique depuis d'autres parties de l'aéronef (10).
     
    4. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel le régulateur (30) régule la contrepression dans la turbine (20), sur la base en partie de l'entrée qui est basée sur la vitesse anémométrique et l'altitude de l'aéronef (10).
     
    5. Dispositif selon la revendication 4,
    comprenant en outre des portes de contrepression (24) fonctionnellement couplées au régulateur (30) ;
    dans lequel le régulateur (30) régule un angle auquel les portes de contrepression (24) sont ouvertes, sur la base en partie de l'entrée qui est basée sur la vitesse anémométrique et l'altitude de l'aéronef (10).
     
    6. Dispositif selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5,
    dans lequel le mécanisme de régulation (60) du régulateur (30) inclut un mécanisme de régulation de proportionnelle-intégrale-dérivée 'PID' (70) qui régule la turbine (20) ;
    dans lequel le mécanisme de régulation de PID (70) inclut l'application d'une valeur de proportionnelle, d'une valeur d'intégrale et d'une valeur de dérivée ; et
    dans lequel un gain sur au moins une des valeurs est une fonction de l'entrée qui est basée sur la vitesse anémométrique et l'altitude de l'aéronef (10).
     
    7. Dispositif selon la revendication 6, dans lequel les gains sur au moins deux des valeurs sont une fonction de l'entrée qui est basée sur la vitesse anémométrique et l'altitude de l'aéronef (10).
     
    8. Dispositif selon la revendication 6 ou la revendication 7, dans lequel le gain de l'au moins une des valeurs est inversement proportionnel à une pression dynamique Q.
     
    9. Procédé de régulation d'un dispositif produisant de l'énergie (14) qui fait partie d'un aéronef (10), le procédé comprenant :

    la régulation du fonctionnement d'une turbine (20) qui fait partie du dispositif produisant de l'énergie (14) ;

    dans lequel la régulation de la turbine (20) inclut l'utilisation d'un mécanisme de régulation (60) du régulateur (30) pour réguler le fonctionnement de la turbine (20), dans lequel le mécanisme de régulation (60) est basé au moins en partie sur une entrée basée sur une vitesse anémométrique de l'aéronef (10) et une altitude ;
    caractérisé en ce que

    la régulation inclut le régulateur (30) régulant la turbine (20) en manipulant un point de consigne du mécanisme de régulation (60), en fonction d'une charge sur le dispositif produisant de l'énergie (14).


     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 9,
    dans lequel le dispositif produisant de l'énergie (14) est une capsule détachable (12) qui est couplée à d'autres parties de l'aéronef (10) ; et
    dans lequel la régulation inclut la capsule (12) recevant l'entrée basée sur la vitesse anémométrique à partir d'autres parties de l'aéronef (10).
     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 9 ou la revendication 10, dans lequel la régulation inclut la régulation de la contrepression dans la turbine (20) en utilisant le régulateur (30), sur la base en partie de l'entrée qui est basée sur la vitesse anémométrique de l'aéronef (10).
     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 11, dans lequel la régulation de la contrepression inclut l'utilisation du régulateur (30) pour réguler un angle auquel les portes de contrepression (24) sont ouvertes, sur la base en partie de l'entrée qui est basée sur la vitesse anémométrique et l'altitude de l'aéronef (10).
     
    13. Procédé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 9 à 12,
    dans lequel le mécanisme de régulation (60) du régulateur (30) inclut un mécanisme de régulation de proportionnelle-intégrale-dérivée 'PID' (70) qui régule la turbine (20) ;
    dans lequel le mécanisme de régulation de PID (70) inclut une combinaison d'une valeur de proportionnelle, d'une valeur d'intégrale et d'une valeur de dérivée ; et
    dans lequel la régulation inclut la variation d'un gain sur au moins une des valeurs en fonction de l'entrée qui est basée sur la vitesse anémométrique et l'altitude de l'aéronef (10).
     
    14. Procédé selon la revendication 13, dans lequel la variation du gain inclut la variation du gain inverse proportionnel à la pression dynamique Q.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description