(19)
(11)EP 2 942 496 A1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION

(43)Date of publication:
11.11.2015 Bulletin 2015/46

(21)Application number: 14290140.4

(22)Date of filing:  08.05.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F01K 7/40(2006.01)
F01K 17/06(2006.01)
F01K 13/00(2006.01)
(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME

(71)Applicant: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
5400 Baden (CH)

(72)Inventors:
  • Pourchot, Thierry
    74370 Naves Parmelan (FR)
  • Granier, François
    90300 Vetrigne (FR)
  • Geiger, Frédéric
    90200 Giromagny (FR)

(74)Representative: Alstom Technology Ltd 
CHTI Intellectual Property Brown Boveri Strasse 7
5400 Baden
5400 Baden (CH)

  


(54)Oxy boiler power plant with a heat integrated air separation unit


(57) Provided is a scheme for thermally integrating an Air Separation Unit into a coal fired oxy boiler power plant. Air Separation Unit has a Dryer with a dryer heater (5) wherein an extraction fine (4) connects the steam extraction port (2) to the dryer heater (5). A drain line (8) of the dryer heater (5) then fluidly connects the regeneration heater to a point of the Rankine steam cycle fluidly within the condensate system..




Description

TECHNICAL FIELD



[0001] The present disclosure relates generally to heat integration schemes applied to coal fired oxy boiler power plant, and more specifically to Air Separation Unit heat integration into such plants.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION



[0002] Coal contributes to a large percentage of the electricity generation in the world today and is expected to maintain its dominant share in the foreseeable future. Nonetheless, significant environmental pressures have led to increased environmental demands requiring not only high efficiency but also reduced emission levels of CO2, SO2, NOx, and mercury to ultra-low levels.

[0003] A particular advantageous plant arrangement is the use of an Oxy-combustion steam plant with CO2 capture. Oxy-combustion systems use oxygen, usually produced in an air separation unit instead of air, for the combustion of the primary fuel. The oxygen is often mixed with an inert gas, such as recirculated flue gas, in order to keep the combustion temperature at a suitable level. Oxy-combustion processes produce flue gas having CO2, water and 02 as its main constituents, the CO2 concentration being typically greater than about 70% by volume. Therefore, CO2 capture from the flue gas of an oxy-combustion process can be done relatively simply in a Gas Processing Unit.

[0004] An example of a typical water steam cycle of a high efficiency oxy-combustion steam plants is shown in Fig. 1. The plant comprises a triple-pressure series of reheat steam turbines (HP,IP, LP) fed by steam from a boiler (142). Exhaust steam from the last low pressure steam turbine (LP) is condensed in a condenser (102) before being polished (104) and pumped via a condenser Extraction pump second stage (103) successively through a series of low pressure heater (106,107,108,109,131), a feed water tank (136) and high pressure heaters (132) before returning to the boiler (142) in a closed loop. The heat source for the low and high pressure heaters is typically steam extracted from the low/ intermediate and high pressure steam turbines.

[0005] Due to the large benefit in ensuring the highest efficiency cycle there is a continuing need to find ways of better integrating the thermal needs and sinks of the oxy-combustion capture systems within the steam power plant. This requires an optimization of the heat needs and sinks of the capture systems with the plant cycle to ensure no energy is wasted. In particular, these needs take consideration of how to integrate the Air Separation Unit into the condensate cycle.

SUMMARY



[0006] A coal fired Oxy boiler with oxygen supply system and flue gas CO2 capture system and a steam cycle power plant scheme is provided that integrates major heat generation sources of the systems in order to provide flexible plant operation and improved overall plant thermal efficiency.

[0007] The disclosure attempts to address this problem by means of the subject matters of the independent claim. Advantageous embodiments are given in the dependent claims.

[0008] The disclosure is based on the general idea of a novel scheme for thermally incorporating an Air Separation Unit into the condensate system of a coal fired oxy boiler power plant.

[0009] An aspect provides a coal fired Oxy boiler power plant comprising a Rankine steam cycle having a high pressure steam turbine, adapted to expand steam, having an exit, an intermediate pressure steam turbine adapted to expand steam from the high pressure steam turbine, and a low pressure steam turbine adapted to expand steam from the intermediate pressure steam turbine having a steam extraction port. A condensate system of the cycle further comprises a condenser adapted to condense steam exhausted from the low pressure steam turbine, a series of low pressure heaters adapted to receive and serially heat condensate from the condenser, a feed water tank configured and arranged to receive condensate from the series of low pressure heaters, and a series of high pressure heaters adapted to receive condensate from the feed water tank.

[0010] The oxy boiler power plant further comprises an Air Separation Unit having a Dryer and a dryer regenerator with a dryer heater wherein an extraction line connects the steam extraction port to the dryer heater. A drain line then fluidly connects the regeneration heater to a point of the Rankine steam cycle fluidly between the series of low pressure heater.

[0011] In an aspect the intermediate pressure steam turbine is a multi-stage intermediate pressure steam turbine and the steam extraction port is configured and arranged to extract steam from an intermediate stage of the intermediate pressure steam turbine.

[0012] In an aspect an emergency line is connected to the drain line and the condenser.

[0013] In an aspect a cold reheat line is connected at a first end to the HP steam turbine exit and at a second end to the extraction line .

[0014] In a further aspect the cold reheat line includes a control valve.

[0015] It is a further object of the invention to overcome or at least ameliorate the disadvantages and shortcomings of the prior art or provide a useful alternative.

[0016] Other aspects and advantages of the present disclosure will become apparent from the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings which by way of example illustrate exemplary embodiments of the present invention

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0017] By way of example, an embodiment of the present disclosure is described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a schematic of a coal fired oxy boiler power plant of the prior art to which exemplary embodiments may be applied;

Figure 2 is a schematic of the heat integration of an Air Separation Unit drier into a coal fired oxy boiler power plant;

Figure 3 is a schematic of the heat integration system of Fig. 2 in which an alternate drain line routing into the condensate system is shown; and

Figure 4 is a schematic of another the heat integration system of Fig. 2 in which a further alternate drain line routing into the condensate system is shown.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0018] Exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure are now described with references to the drawings, wherein like reference numerals are used to refer to like elements throughout. In the following description, for purposes of explanation, numerous specific details are set forth to provide a thorough understanding of the disclosure. However, the present disclosure may be practiced without these specific details, and is not limited to the exemplary embodiments disclosed herein.

[0019] Throughout this specification reference is made to serial units. In this context serial means arranged in a series starting from an upstream end as defined by the nominal flow of working fluid through the unit during it's normal operation.

[0020] In an exemplary embodiment shown in Fig, 2, which may be applied to a coal fired oxy boiler power plant shown in Fig. 1, a steam extraction arrangement and condensate return scheme for heat supply to an Air Separation Unit dryer regenerator is provided. As shown in Fig. 2 the coal fired oxy boiler power plant comprises a Rankine steam cycle having a high pressure steam turbine HP adapted to expand steam having an exit 16, an intermediate pressure steam turbine 1 having a steam extraction port 2 adapted to expand steam from the high pressure steam turbine HP, and a low pressure steam turbine LP adapted to expand steam from the intermediate pressure steam turbine 1. A condenser 15, connected to the low pressure steam turbine LP exhaust, condenses exhausted steam as a first element of a condensate system. From the condenser 15, condensate serially passes through a series of low pressure heaters 24, 25, 11, 12, 20 where the condensate is successively heated. From the low pressure heaters 24, 25, 11, 12, 20 condensate flows in a feed water tank which forms the next element of the condensate system. Condensate from the feed water tank 23 is directed into the last element of the condensate system, a series of High Pressure heaters 22.

[0021] The oxy boiler power plant further comprises Air Separation Unit having a Dryer with a dryer heater 5 wherein an extraction line 4 connects the steam extraction port 2 to the dryer heater 5. A drain line 8 then fluidly connects the dryer heater 5 to the condensate system.

[0022] In an exemplary embodiment shown in Fig. 2 steam is extracted from an IP steam turbine 1, preferably from an extraction port 2 taken from an intermediate stage of a multi stage IP steam turbine, which is typically used as a heat source for at least one of a series of High Pressure Heaters 22. In an exemplary embodiment shown in Fig. 2, the extraction system is routed via an extraction line 4 to a dryer heater 5 of the Air Separation Unit. The dryer heater 5 forms part of the Air Separation Unit dryer regeneration system. The steam pressure is controlled, typically to around 19.5 bar by means of an extraction control valve 6 located in the extraction line 4. Depending of the temperature of the extraction steam a de-superheater 7 may additional be located in the extraction line 4 upstream of dryer heater 5. When the Air Separation Unit dryer is based on molecular sieve technology this enables optimum regeneration temperature by ensuring nitrogen heating temperature of around 200°C. For part load or off-design conditions where pressure of extraction steam is inadequate a cold reheat regneration steam line 18, as shown in Fig. 2, is used. This cold reheat regeneration steam line 18 connects the HP steam turbine exit 16 with the extraction line 4 and is configured with suitable valving to provide an alternate steam source to the IP steam turbine extraction port 2. To ensure adequate use of the cold reheat and pressure control to heat exchanger during an operating mode when the cold reheat regeneration steam line 18 is used to provide steam to the dryer heater 5 a regeneration steam control valve 19 may be located in the cold reheat regeneration steam line 18.

[0023] From the dryer heater 5 the drain line 8 directs condensate formed in the dryer heater 5 to a condensate tank 9 from where it is pumped by a condensate pump 10 back into the condensate system. A condensate control valve 13 located in the drain line 8 downstream of the condensate pump 10 provides the condensate tank 9 with level control. In an exemplary embodiment shown in Fig. 2 the condensate is pumped back to the condensate system between the fourth of the series of low pressure heater 12 and the fifth of the series of low pressure heater 20. In an alternative or addition exemplary embodiment shown in Fig. 3, condensate is be pumped back to the condensate system to a point between the fifth of the series of low pressure heaters 20 and the feed water tank 23. In a further exemplary embodiment shown in fig. 4 condensate is be pumped back to the feed water tank 23.

[0024] In an exemplary embodiment shown in Fig. 2, an emergency line 14 connects the drain line 8 to the condenser 15. This line is normally closed.

[0025] Although the disclosure has been herein shown and described in what is conceived to be the most practical exemplary embodiment, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the present disclosure can be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The presently disclosed embodiments are therefore considered in all respects to be illustrative and not restricted. The scope of the disclosure is indicated by the appended claims rather that the foregoing description and all changes that come within the meaning and range and equivalences thereof are intended to be embraced therein.

REFERENCE NUMBERS



[0026] 
1
IP Turbine
2
Extraction port
4
extraction line
5
dryer heater
6
control valve
7
de-superheater
8
drain line
9
condensate tank
10
condensate pump
11
Low Pressure Heater #3
12
Low Pressure Heater #4
13
drain control valve
14
emergency line
15
condenser
16
HP steam turbine exit
18
cold reheat regeneration steam line
19
regeneration steam control valve
20
Low Pressure heater #5
22
Serial High Pressure heaters
23
Feed Water Tank
24
Low Pressure Heater #1
25
Low Pressure Heater #2
101
Condenser Extraction pump first stage
102
Condenser
103
Condenser Extraction pump second stage
104
Condensate Polishing plant
106
Serial Low Pressure heater #1
107
Serial Low Pressure heater #2
108
Serial Low Pressure heater #3
109
Serial Low Pressure heater #4
131
Serial Low Pressure heater #5
132
Serial High Pressure heaters
136
Feed water tank
142
Boiler
HP
High Pressure steam turbine
IP
Intermediate pressure steam turbine
LP
Low pressure steam turbine



Claims

1. A coal fired Oxy boiler power plant comprising a Rankine steam cycle having;
a high pressure steam turbine (HP) adapted to expand steam having an exit (16); an intermediate pressure steam turbine (1) adapted to expand steam from the high pressure steam turbine (HP) and having a steam extraction port (2);
a low pressure steam turbine (LP) adapted to expand steam from the intermediate pressure steam turbine (1); and
a condensate system comprising:

a condenser (15) adapted to condense steam exhausted from the low pressure steam turbine (LP):

a plurality of serial low pressure heaters (24,25,11,12,20), arranged and numbered in sequential order based on a condensate flow direction, adapted to receive and serially heat condensate from the condenser (15);

a feed water tank (23) configured and arranged to receive condensate from the series of low pressure heaters (24,25,11,12,20); and

a series of high pressure heaters (22) adapted to receive condensate from

the feed water tank (23),
the oxy boiler power plant further comprising an Air Separation Unit having a dryer heater (5) wherein an extraction line (4) connects the steam extraction port (2) to the dryer heater (5), characterised by a drain line (8) fluidly connecting the dryer heater (5) to the condensate system.
 
2. The coal fired oxy boiler power plant of claim 1 wherein the drain line (8) connects to the condensate system at a point between a fifth of the series of low pressure heaters (20) and the feed water tank (23).
 
3. The coal fired oxy boiler power plant of claim 1 wherein the drain line (8) connects to the condensate system at the feed water tank (23).
 
4. The coal fired oxy boiler power plant of claim 1 wherein the drain line (8) connects to the condensate system between the series of low pressure heaters (24,25,11,12,20).
 
5. The coal fired oxy boiler power plant of claim 4 wherein the drain line (8) connects to the condensate system at a point between a fourth of the series of low pressure heaters (12) and a fifth of the series of low pressure heaters (20).
 
6. The coal fired oxy boiler power plant of claim 1 wherein the drain line (8) includes a condensate tank (9).
 
7. The coal fired oxy boiler power plant of claim 6 wherein the drain line (8) further includes a condensate pump (10) downstream of the condensate tank (9).
 
8. The coal fired oxy boiler power plant of claim 7 wherein the drain line (8) further includes a condensate control valve (13) downstream of the condensate pump (10) configured to provide the condensate tank with level control.
 
9. The coal fired Oxy boiler power plant of claim 1 further including an extraction control valve (6) located in the extraction line (4).
 
10. The coal fired Oxy boiler power plant of claim 1 further including a desuperheater (7), in the extraction line (4), adapted to remove superheat from steam in the extraction line (4).
 
11. The coal fired Oxy boiler power plant of claim 9 or 10 further comprising a cold reheat regeneration steam line (18) connected at a first end to the exit (16) and at a second end to the extraction line (4).
 
12. The coal fired Oxy boiler power plant of claim 11 wherein the cold reheat regeneration steam line (18) includes a regeneration steam control valve (19).
 
13. The coal fired Oxy boiler power plant of claim 1 wherein the intermediate pressure steam turbine (1) is a multi-stage intermediate pressure steam turbine (1) and the steam extraction port (2) is configured and arranged to extract steam from an intermediate stage of the intermediate pressure steam turbine (1).
 
14. The coal fired Oxy boiler power plant of claim 1 further comprising an emergency line (14) connected to the drain line (8) and the condenser (15).
 




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