(19)
(11)EP 2 947 000 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
09.09.2020 Bulletin 2020/37

(21)Application number: 14741015.3

(22)Date of filing:  17.01.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B64B 1/66(2006.01)
B64F 1/14(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/BR2014/000009
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/110639 (24.07.2014 Gazette  2014/30)

(54)

AIRSHIP-MOORING DEVICE

VERTÄUUNGSVORRICHTUNG FÜR LUFTSCHIFF

DISPOSITIF D'ANCRAGE POUR AÉROSTATS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 18.01.2013 BR 102013001316

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.11.2015 Bulletin 2015/48

(73)Proprietor: Altave Indústria, Comércio e Exportação de Aeronaves Ltda ME
12228-615 São José dos Campos - SP (BR)

(72)Inventors:
  • AZEVEDO, Bruno Avena de
    CEP 12.245-320 - SP (BR)
  • NOGUEIRA, Leonardo Mendes
    CEP 12.245-320 - SP (BR)
  • AMARAL, Christian Lima Do
    CEP 83.601-120 Campo Largo - PR (BR)

(74)Representative: Clarke Modet & Co. 
C/ Suero de Quiñones 34-36
28002 Madrid
28002 Madrid (ES)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2010/092253
DE-A1- 19 808 777
US-A- 1 706 415
US-A1- 2009 184 196
US-A1- 2012 181 380
CN-U- 201 494 623
DE-C- 497 039
US-A- 4 402 479
US-A1- 2012 112 008
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present invention relates to the field of lighter-than-air aircraft, specifically to mooring systems for airships.

    STATE OF THE ART



    [0002] Aerostats are lighter than air aircraft whose lifting is mainly due to static impulse of air.

    [0003] Basically there are two types of aerostats: balloons, aerostats which are not self-propelled that can be displaced due to external impulsion the air currents, and captive balloons that do not move freely, being permanently fastened to the ground. Airships (dirigibles) are aerostats with self-propulsion, usually performed by a motor driver.

    [0004] In the case of captive balloons, the anchoring device of these aerostats is of great importance, since it enables the captive balloons to efficiently perform their duties, and besides favors the gathering of the aerostat in case of need.

    [0005] In general, the anchoring systems have a winch, a safety cable and a safety cable control system that aims to make it impossible for this to contact improper parts of the winch, which would cause cable abrasion, and is also responsible for maintaining the radius of curvature of the cable within acceptable limits, and avoiding excessively sharp bends that may cause wear and break of internal elements such as fiber optic.

    [0006] The existing winches in the state of the art are generally made for automotive or nautical applications. In these applications, the position of the vehicle being towed or "winched" is known. The vehicle is behind the tug and the cable output direction varies within a narrow range of angles.

    [0007] In the case of aerostats, the cable output direction varies substantially in a large opening cone. That is, the aerostat can be in any direction, since its stabilization is passive, that is, it will always be oriented in the wind direction and course. There is also a ratio between horizontal displacement versus height (called blow-by) that also depends on the magnitude of the wind, the cable section diameter, atmospheric turbulence and net thrust (thrust generated by the gas minus deadweight, minus weight of the payload). That is, the winch operating condition is completely different from the usual uses, whether it is automotive, nautical or for cargo lift.

    [0008] The problem is exacerbated when using electro-mechanical (MS) or electro-optical-mechanical (EOM) cables, which require an elevated minimum curvature radius to preserve the life of the cable, avoiding the rupture of its core.

    [0009] The patent literature describes both aerostats and their anchoring systems. The document CN 101898633 discloses an anchoring device in a trailer for small and medium-sized aerostats, provided with a mooring tower. A semitrailer, a turning platform fixed on the semi-trailer by means of a swivel bracket, and a mooring tower positioned in front of a turning platform, a plurality of horizontal support arms positioned on the rear of the platform and a box of capsules are also arranged at the rear of the turning platform. Although useful this anchoring device has a large size and serves also for storing the empty aerostat.

    [0010] The patent US4842219 anticipates a fastening system of luminous signs during launch, which has an anchoring device provided with one degree of freedom that allows its turn around the vertical axis, and a slight tilt up and down, to try to control safety cable tension avoiding his break. This anchoring device, however, is not able to turn vertically.

    [0011] The patent PT103489 anticipates a control system of the releasing and gathering of the safety cable of an aerostat capable of converting the wind in wind energy.

    [0012] The US patent application US2012181381 deals with a device anchoring the aerostat in the ground, which allows maintaining a minimum curvature radius of the cable, which is provided with a rigid structure that serves for the safety cable routing. However, since the structure is rigid, which means that the cable exerts a considerable normal force over this structure, and the structure is made of metal, the friction of the cable in the structure must be considerably large, which is disadvantageous, and also create structural requirements relevant to the cable guide structure.

    [0013] The prior art therefore anticipates different ways of controlling the stress and routing of aerostats safety cables.

    [0014] Applicant is also aware of US 4 402 479 A which discloses a mooring apparatus for launching, maintaining aloft, and docking an aerostat that is readily foldable for ease of transport.

    [0015] Document US 1 706 415 A discloses a mooring device for anchoring an airship comprising supporting means, a resilient mechanism included in the supporting means and a connection between said means and the airship constituting a single connecting point universally yieldable against the resilient mechanism to all shocks transmitted to and from the airship in any direction whatever while the airship is actually moored.

    [0016] Document CN 201 494 623 U discloses an aerostat mooring lock with the technical features of the preamble of claim 1.

    [0017] Document DE 497 039 C discloses a Rope guide for the main roving rope of an airship wherein the cable for eliminating any pulling action on the moving parts of the mashing head is supplied to these parts at a point or on at a distance of that axis from the outside, about which these parts can rotate

    [0018] Document WO 2010/092253A1 discloses an aerodyne comprising a lift propeller, a fairing surrounding the propeller, and an electric motor for rotating the propeller relative to the fairing, a landing gear which is connected to the fairing by a gimbal joint, the landing gear comprising a linking means for connecting the landing gear to a cable enabling the aerodyne to be held captive to a platform, as well as supplying power to the electric motor.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0019] The present invention relates to mooring device for an airship able to turn around its vertical and horizontal axes favoring the safety cable winding with little or no friction; this device has the advantage of having a small size that favors its portability. The mooring device is defined in claim 1.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0020] In order to achieve a full and complete view of the mooring device for an airship , which now is the concerned object of the patent of invention, there are drawings to which references are made as follows.

    Figure 1 - is a perspective view of one of the embodiments of the invention.

    Figure 2 - shows an expanded partial view of the upper module components.

    Figure 3 - schematic view of the upper module indicating the angle α.

    Figure 4 - shows a partial schematic view of the upper module components indicating the angle β.

    Figure 5 - shows a perspective view of the cable passing member.

    Figure 6 - a perspective view of a space of lower module embodiments.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0021] The mooring device (1) for an airship of the present invention is portable, and consisted of an upper module (2) and a lower module (3).

    [0022] The upper module (2) comprises a support structure (2.1); a cable passing member (2.2) provided with two mobile arms; a winch (2.3) connected to the support structure; a drum (2.4) attached to the winch motor for winding the safety cable; and a turning base also connected to the support structure.

    [0023] The support structure (2.1) connects the upper module (2) to the lower module (3); it has a tubular structure in the shape of a hollow pyramid made of metallic material, and has fitting points that enable the fitting of the other components to this structure.

    [0024] The cable passing member (2.2) has a guide tip (2.21) and parallel arms (2.22). The guide tip (2.21) is provided with a driving opening (2.23) that departs the winch from the cable arrival point, favoring it to be properly wound and avoiding that there is an unwanted moment in the structure.

    [0025] In order to favor the safety cable sliding through the guide tip (2.21), the guide tip (2.21) is made of a material having low coefficient of friction. Preferably, the coefficient of friction of the material used on the edge guide (2.21) is lower than 0.5. More preferably the coefficient of friction is lower than 0.05. More further preferably the material used in the guide tip (2.21) is a material such as, for example, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) sold under the trademarks Teflon®, Syncolon®, Fluon®; the perfluoroalkoxyde (PFA) sold under the trademarks Teflon® PFA, Neoflon® PFA, and Hyflon® PFA; and the mixture of ethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene (ECTFE) sold under the trademarks Halar® and TURSite®.

    [0026] The guide tip (2.21) can be fastened in a stable and/or mobile form at the tip of the parallel arms (2.22). Preferably, the guide tip (2.21) is movably fastened, and can make oscillatory movements in relation to its transverse axis.

    [0027] The parallel arms (2.22) are jointed at its front ends forming a single bar, and connect the cable passing member (2.2) on the support structure (2.1); they have freedom of movement in relation to the horizontal axis of the mooring device (1).

    [0028] As the distance "d" between the guide tip (2.21) and the drum (2.4) is related to the distribution easiness of winding the safety cable on the drum (2.4), it is advisable that this distance is the highest possible, without, however, compromise the portability of the system. Thus, "d" preferably ranges between 0.3 m and 2 m.

    [0029] The freedom of vertical movements allows the safety cable alignment with the drum (2.4), preventing the cable excessively bends forming an unwanted angle, and favoring the safety cable winding on the drum (2.4).

    [0030] The winch (2.3) is provided with a motor (2.31), a reduction box (2.32), and a shaft (2.33) that together allow rotation of the drum (2.4) in both directions of rotation. Also, there are included a disengage system to uncouple the winch drum and enable a free rotation or coupling and the use of a hand crank with or without gearing for relieving of force. Also present is a brake system operated by a pawl and ratchet mechanism or the like to allow to stop the free rotation of the drum under these conditions.

    [0031] In order to transmit electrical energy and/or data to the aerostat, a rotating joint is positioned on the shaft (2.33). Since the energy is transmitted by the safety cable, which can be an EM cable, a fiber optic and/or an EOM cable, the rotary joint can be comprised from the group consisting of a "slip ring", a sliding electrical contact or a rotary joint for fiber optic - FORJ with or without an integrated electrical contact.

    [0032] The drum (2.4) is fixed to the shaft (2.33) and produced in metal, and has a gap (2.41) free of ripples in which the safety cable wraps itself. The gap (2.41) has a width "h" directly proportional to the distance between the guide tip (2.21) and the drum (2.4). The drum further includes a spring switch that is responsible for the deactivation of the engine, if the cable unwinds more than is recommended, that is, if the last layer of cable has filled less than half the gap. Alternatively, a mechanical terminal can be used made in order to create a loop at the end of the cable.

    [0033] The turning base is fastened to the support structure (2.1) and allows the mooring device (1) to rotate in relation with its vertical axis.

    [0034] Due to the degree of freedom in the vertical axis of the upper module, a normal force exerted by the cable on the guide tip is low. Further, as with small deflections of the cable to tip the guide system quickly responds moving itself to accompany the cable, the contact area is small. That is, the central angle of the arc described by the cable inside the guide tip is small, allowing having a small part. This, together with the low coefficient of friction of the material used in the guide tip (2.21), which makes frictional loads on the guide tip (2.21) low, enables the present invention to change the traditional pulley system belonging to the state of the art winches for a curved and fixed surface, as can be seen in Figure (5).

    [0035] As can be seen in figure (2), the guide tip (2.21) also has a driving opening (2.23) whose central point is represented by the point "O". Due to the degrees of freedom of movement of the mooring device for an airship, the present invention, in relation to its vertical and horizontal axes, there is the formation of an angle α between the safety cable and the point "O". α is calculated using the formula below:



    [0036] In critical cases, i.e., with a greater inclination of the arms with respect to the cable output, x is equal to half the width "h", thus the greater the distance "d" and the smaller the width "h" more easily the safety cable will be positioned by the mooring device of this invention.

    [0037] The lower module (3) is consisted of the resting structures (3.1) that provide the sustaining of the mooring device (1) to the substrate; an upper shaft (3.2) and a lower shaft (3.3).

    [0038] Preferably, the resting structures (3.1) belong to the group consisting of a set of shoes, feet, pins, removable and foldable legs, fixed and foldable legs, bushings, screws and nuts.

    [0039] The type of resting structures (3.1) varies according to the substrate that can be the ground, an automotive vehicle, and a vessel.

    [0040] In an embodiment of the present invention, the mooring device (1) is fixed directly on the ground, and in this case the resting structure (3.1) comprises between 2 and 5 removable and foldable legs that attach the vertical axis, and enabling the connection of the lower module (3) with the upper module (2). In this embodiment, on the lower end of between 2 and 5 removable and foldable legs dimensions, shoes are positioned in the same through-holes provided with stakes for use in earth, sand or any type of easy handling ground, and holes coated with a material of high hardness, to the guidance of a tool. In this case between 2 and 5 removable and foldable legs can be directly bolted in the high-hardness substrate, such as concrete, asphalt and high resistance soils. The used tool can be a drill, with the subsequent use of mechanical or chemical ragbolt, or a fixing gun.

    [0041] In the upper shaft (3.2) between the lower shaft (3.3) and the upper module (2) a rotary joint is positioned (3.31) for the transmission of electricity and/or data to the upper module. This energy serves both to operate the winch motor and to feed the EM or EOM cable. In the case of data, these are transmitted to an EOM cable in order to establish a communication with the payload onboard the aerostat. This rotary joint can be comprised from the group consisting of a "slip ring", a sliding electrical contact or a rotary joint for fiber optic - FORJ with or without an integrated electrical contact.

    [0042] The high hardness material may be steel, hardened steel or a polymeric material of high hardness.


    Claims

    1. A mooring device (1) for an airship, the mooring device comprising: a lower module (3) including a plurality of resting structures (3.1) configured to sustain the mooring device to a substrate; and an upper module (2) mounted to the lower module (3) and configured to rotate with respect to the lower module (3), wherein the upper module (2) includes:

    - a winch (2.3) with a drum (2.4) and a shaft (2.33) configured to rotate;

    - a support structure (2.1) supporting the winch;

    - a cable passing member (2.2), the cable passing member having first and second arms (2.22) mounted to the shaft and configured to pivot independently with respect to the shaft; and

    - the drum (2.4) being fixedly mounted to the shaft between the first and second arms and configured to rotate in response to the rotation of the shaft, thereby enabling a cable to be wound or unwound as the drum rotates.


     
    2. A device according to claim 1, characterized in that the upper module (2) comprises a turning base fastened to the support structure.
     
    3. A device according to claim 2, characterized in that the support structure (2.1) connects, through the turning base, the upper module (2) to the lower module (3); is tubular, made of a metallic material, having the shape of a hollow pyramid; and has fitting points.
     
    4. A device according to claim 1, characterized in that the cable passing member (2.2) has a guide tip (2.21) and the arms (2.22) are parallel; the guide tip (2.21) is made of a material with a coefficient of friction of lower than 0.5; is provided with a driving opening (2.23) that departs the winch from the cable arrival point, favoring it to be properly wound and avoiding that there is an unwanted moment in the structure.
     
    5. A device according to claim 4, characterized in that the guide tip (2.21) is made of a material with a coefficient of friction lower than 0.05.
     
    6. A device according to claim 4, characterized in that the guide tip (2.21) is movably fastened on the tip of the parallel arms (2.22) and performs oscillatory movements in relation to its transverse axis.
     
    7. A device according to claim 4 characterized in that the distance "d" between the guide tip (2.21) and the drum (2.4) ranges between 0.3 m and 2 m.
     
    8. A device according to claim 1, characterized in that the winch (2.3) is provided with a motor (2.31), a reduction box (2.32) and the shaft (2.33) that together enable the rotation of the drum (2.4) in both directions of rotation.
     
    9. A device according to claim 1, characterized in that there is a rotary joint on the shaft (2.33) for transmitting electrical power and data to the aerostat; the rotary joint can be comprised from the group consisting of a "slip ring", a sliding electrical contact or a rotary joint for fiber optic with or without an integrated electrical contact.
     
    10. A device according to claim 1, characterized in that a rotary joint is positioned on the shaft (2.33) to transmit electrical power or data to the aerostat; the rotary joint can be comprised from the group consisting of a "slip ring", a sliding electrical contact or a rotary joint for fiber optic with or without an integrated electrical contact.
     
    11. A device according to claim 1, characterized in that the drum (2.4) is produced of metal, having a gap (2.41) free of ripples in which the safety cable is wound.
     
    12. A device according to claim 11, characterized in that the gap (2.41) has a narrow width "h", so that the ratio d/h of the distance between the guide tip (2.21) and drum (2.4), d, and the width of the gap, h, varies between 2 and 20.
     
    13. A device according to claim 1, characterized in that a turning base is fastened to the support structure (2.1) and allows the upper module (1) to rotate in relation to its vertical axis.
     
    14. A device according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower module (3) , beyond the resting structures (3.1) that provide the sustaining of the mooring device (1) to the substrate, comprises an upper shaft (3.2) and a lower shaft (3.3).
     
    15. A device according to claim 1, characterized in that the resting structures (3.1) belong to the group consisting of a set of shoes, feet, pins, removable and foldable legs, fixed and foldable legs, bushings, screws and nuts.
     
    16. A device according to claim 14 , characterized in that a rotary joint (3.31) is positioned in the upper shaft (3.2) for transmitting electrical power and data to the upper module (2); the rotary joint can be comprised from the group consisting of a "slip ring", a sliding electrical contact or a rotary joint for fiber optic with or without an integrated electrical contact.
     
    17. A device according to claim 14, characterized in that a rotary joint (3.31) is positioned in the upper shaft (3.2) for transmitting electrical power or data to the upper module (2); the rotary joint can be comprised from the group consisting of a "slip ring", a sliding electrical contact or a rotary joint for fiber optic with or without an integrated electrical contact.
     
    18. A device according to claim 1, characterized in that the upper module has freedom of movement in relation to its horizontal and vertical axes.
     
    19. A device according to claim 14, characterized in that a rotary joint for transmitting electrical power and/or data is positioned on the shaft (2.33) and the upper shaft (3.2).
     
    20. A device according to claim 14, characterized in that a rotary joint for transmitting electrical power and/or data is positioned on the shaft (2.33) or in the upper shaft (3.2).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Vertäuungsvorrichtung (1) für Luftschiff, die Folgendes umfasst: ein unteres Modul (3) mit einer Vielzahl von Auflagestrukturen (3.1), die dazu ausgelegt sind, die Vertäuungsvorrichtung auf einem Untergrund zu halten; und ein oberes Modul (2), das an dem unteren Modul (3) angebracht und dazu ausgelegt ist, sich relativ zum unteren Modul (3) zu drehen, wobei das obere Modul (2) Folgendes umfasst:

    - eine Winde (2.3) mit einer Trommel (2.4) und einer drehbar ausgelegten Welle (2.33);

    - eine Aufnahmestruktur (2.1) zur Aufnahme der Winde;

    - ein Seildurchtrittselement (2.2), welches einen an der Welle angebrachten ersten und zweiten Arm (2.22) aufweist, die so ausgelegt sind, dass sie unabhängig voneinander relativ zur Welle schwenkbar sind; und

    - die Trommel (2.4), die zwischen dem ersten und zweiten Arm fest an der Welle angebracht und so ausgelegt ist, dass sie sich infolge der Wellenrotation dreht, wodurch beim Drehen der Trommel das Auf- oder Abwickeln eines Seils ermöglicht wird.


     
    2. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das obere Modul (2) eine an der Aufnahmestruktur befestigte Drehbasis umfasst.
     
    3. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Aufnahmestruktur (2.1) das obere Modul (2) über die Drehbasis mit dem unteren Modul (3) verbindet, rohrförmig ist, aus einem metallischen Material besteht, die Form einer hohlen Pyramide besitzt und Ansatzpunkte aufweist.
     
    4. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Seildurchtrittselement (2.2) eine Führungsspitze (2.21) aufweist und die Arme (2.22) parallel sind; dass die Führungsspitze (2.21) aus einem Material mit einem Reibungskoeffizienten kleiner als 0,5 besteht; dass es mit einer Antriebsöffnung (2.23) versehen ist, die ab dem Seilaufnahmepunkt von der Winde wegführt, was ein einwandfreies Aufwickeln begünstigt und das Auftreten eines unerwünschten Moments in der Struktur verhindert.
     
    5. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Führungsspitze (2.21) aus einem Material mit einem Reibungskoeffizienten kleiner als 0,05 besteht.
     
    6. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Führungsspitze (2.21) beweglich an der Spitze der parallelen Arme (2.22) befestigt ist und Schwingbewegungen relativ zu ihrer Querachse ausführt.
     
    7. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Abstand "d" zwischen der Führungsspitze (2.21) und der Trommel (2.4) zwischen 0,3 m und 2 m beträgt.
     
    8. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Winde (2.3) mit einem Motor (2.31), einem Untersetzungsgetriebe (2.32) und der Welle (2.33) ausgestattet ist, welche zusammen die Drehung der Trommel (2.4) in beide Drehrichtungen ermöglichen.
     
    9. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich auf der Welle (2.33) ein Drehanschluss zur Übertragung von elektrischer Energie und Daten an den Flugapparat befindet; wobei der Drehanschluss aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem "Schleifring", einem elektrischen Schleifkontakt oder einem Drehanschluss für Lichtwellenleiter mit oder ohne integrierten elektrischen Kontakt sein kann.
     
    10. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich auf der Welle (2.33) ein Drehanschluss zur Übertragung von elektrischer Energie oder Daten an den Flugapparat befindet; wobei der Drehanschluss aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem "Schleifring", einem elektrischen Schleifkontakt oder einem Drehanschluss für Lichtwellenleiter mit oder ohne integrierten elektrischen Kontakt sein kann.
     
    11. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Trommel (2.4) aus Metall besteht und einen riefenfreien Spalt (2.41) aufweist, in dem das Sicherheitsseil aufgewickelt wird.
     
    12. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Spalt (2.41) eine geringe Breite "h" aufweist, so dass das Verhältnis d:h, also des Abstands zwischen der Führungsspitze (2.21) und der Trommel (2.4), d, zur Breite des Spalts, h, zwischen 2 und 20 liegt.
     
    13. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass an der Aufnahmestruktur (2.1) eine Drehbasis befestigt ist, die die Drehung des oberen Moduls (1) um seine vertikale Achse ermöglicht.
     
    14. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das untere Modul (3) außer den Auflagestrukturen (3.1), die für den Halt der Vertäuungsvorrichtung (1) auf dem Untergrund sorgen, eine obere Welle (3.2) und eine untere Welle (3.3) aufweist.
     
    15. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Auflagestrukturen (3.1) zu der aus einem System von Schuhen, Füßen, Stiften, demontierbaren faltbaren Beinen, festen faltbaren Beinen, Buchsen, Schrauben und Muttern bestehenden Gruppe gehören.
     
    16. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 14, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich in der oberen Welle (3.2) ein Drehanschluss (3.31) zur Übertragung von elektrischer Energie und Daten an das obere Modul (2) befindet; wobei der Drehanschluss aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem "Schleifring", einem elektrischen Schleifkontakt oder einem Drehanschluss für Lichtwellenleiter mit oder ohne integrierten elektrischen Kontakt sein kann.
     
    17. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 14, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich in der oberen Welle (3.2) ein Drehanschluss (3.31) zur Übertragung von elektrischer Energie oder Daten an das obere Modul (2) befindet; wobei der Drehanschluss aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem "Schleifring", einem elektrischen Schleifkontakt oder einem Drehanschluss für Lichtwellenleiter mit oder ohne integrierten elektrischen Kontakt sein kann.
     
    18. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das obere Modul bezüglich seiner horizontalen und vertikalen Achse frei beweglich ist.
     
    19. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 14, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich auf der Welle (2.33) und der oberen Welle (3.2) ein Drehanschluss zur Übertragung von elektrischer Energie und/oder Daten befindet.
     
    20. Vorrichtung nach Anspruch 14, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich auf der Welle (2.33) oder in der oberen Welle (3.2) ein Drehanschluss zur Übertragung von elektrischer Energie und/oder Daten befindet.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif d'ancrage (1) pour un aérostat, le dispositif d'ancrage comprenant : un module inférieur (3) comprenant une pluralité de structures de repos (3.1) configurées pour soutenir le dispositif d'ancrage à un substrat ; et un module supérieur (2) monté sur le module inférieur (3) et configuré pour tourner par rapport au module inférieur (3), dans lequel le module supérieur (2) comprend :

    - un treuil (2.3) avec un tambour (2.4) et un arbre (2.33) configuré pour tourner ;

    - une structure de support (2.1) supportant le treuil ;

    - un élément de passage de câble (2.2), l'élément de passage de câble ayant un premier et un second bras (2.22) montés sur l'arbre et configurés pour pivoter indépendamment par rapport à l'arbre ; et

    - le tambour (2.4) étant monté de manière fixe sur l'arbre entre le premier et le second bras et configuré pour tourner en réponse à la rotation de l'arbre, ce qui permet d'enrouler ou de dérouler un câble lorsque le tambour tourne.


     
    2. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le module supérieur (2) comprend une base tournante fixée à la structure de support.
     
    3. Dispositif selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que la structure de support (2.1) relie, par l'intermédiaire de la base tournante, le module supérieur (2) au module inférieur (3) ; est tubulaire, constituée d'un matériau métallique, ayant la forme d'une pyramide creuse ; et comporte des points d'ajustement.
     
    4. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que l'élément de passage de câble (2.2) a une pointe de guidage (2.21) et les bras (2.22) sont parallèles ; la pointe de guidage (2.21) est constituée d'un matériau ayant un coefficient de frottement inférieur à 0,5 ; est pourvue d'une ouverture d'entraînement (2.23) qui part du treuil à partir du point d'arrivée du câble, favorisant son enroulement correct et évitant qu'il y ait un moment indésirable dans la structure.
     
    5. Dispositif selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que la pointe de guidage (2.21) est constituée d'un matériau ayant un coefficient de frottement inférieur à 0,05.
     
    6. Dispositif selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que la pointe de guidage (2.21) est fixée de manière mobile sur la pointe des bras parallèles (2.22) et effectue des mouvements oscillatoires par rapport à son axe transversal.
     
    7. Dispositif selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que la distance "d" entre la pointe de guidage (2.21) et le tambour (2.4) est comprise entre 0,3 m et 2 m.
     
    8. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le treuil (2.3) est pourvu d'un moteur (2.31), d'une boîte de réduction (2.32) et de l'arbre (2.33) qui, ensemble, permettent la rotation du tambour (2.4) dans les deux sens de rotation.
     
    9. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'il y a un joint rotatif sur l'arbre (2.33) pour transmettre de l'énergie électrique et des données à l'aérostat ; le joint rotatif peut être compris dans le groupe constitué par un "collecteur tournant", un contact électrique coulissant ou un joint rotatif pour fibre optique avec ou sans contact électrique intégré.
     
    10. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'un joint rotatif est positionné sur l'arbre (2.33) pour transmettre de l'énergie électrique ou des données à l'aérostat ; le joint rotatif peut être compris dans le groupe constitué par un "collecteur tournant", un contact électrique coulissant ou un joint rotatif pour fibre optique avec ou sans contact électrique intégré.
     
    11. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le tambour (2.4) est fabriqué en métal, présentant un espace (2.41) exempt d'ondulations dans lequel le câble de sécurité est enroulé.
     
    12. Dispositif selon la revendication 11, caractérisé en ce que l'espace (2.41) a une largeur étroite "h", de sorte que le rapport d/h de la distance entre la pointe de guidage (2.21) et le tambour (2.4), d, et la largeur de l'espace, h, varie entre 2 et 20
     
    13. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce qu'une base tournante est fixée à la structure de support (2.1) et permet au module supérieur (1) de tourner par rapport à son axe vertical.
     
    14. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le module inférieur (3), au-delà des structures de support (3.1) qui assurent le maintien du dispositif d'ancrage (1) au substrat, comprend un arbre supérieur (3.2) et un arbre inférieur (3.3).
     
    15. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que les structures d'appui (3.1) appartiennent au groupe constitué d'un ensemble de chaussures, de pieds, de broches, de pieds amovibles et pliables, de pieds fixes et pliables, de douilles, de vis et d'écrous.
     
    16. Dispositif selon la revendication 14, caractérisé en ce qu'un joint rotatif (3.31) est positionné dans l'arbre supérieur (3.2) pour transmettre de l'énergie électrique et des données au module supérieur (2) ; le joint rotatif peut être compris dans le groupe constitué par un "collecteur tournant", un contact électrique coulissant ou un joint rotatif pour fibre optique avec ou sans contact électrique intégré.
     
    17. Dispositif selon la revendication 14, caractérisé en ce qu'un joint rotatif (3.31) est positionné dans l'arbre supérieur (3.2) pour transmettre de l'énergie électrique ou des données au module supérieur (2) ; le joint rotatif peut être compris dans le groupe constitué par un "collecteur tournant", un contact électrique coulissant ou un joint rotatif pour fibre optique avec ou sans contact électrique intégré.
     
    18. Dispositif selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le module supérieur a une liberté de mouvement par rapport à ses axes horizontal et vertical.
     
    19. Dispositif selon la revendication 14, caractérisé en ce qu'un joint rotatif pour la transmission d'énergie électrique et/ou de données est positionné sur l'arbre (2.33) et l'arbre supérieur (3.2).
     
    20. Dispositif selon la revendication 14, caractérisé en ce qu'un joint rotatif pour la transmission d'énergie électrique et/ou de données est positionné sur l'arbre (2.33) ou dans l'arbre supérieur (3.2).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description