(19)
(11)EP 2 947 693 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
13.07.2022 Bulletin 2022/28

(21)Application number: 14169499.2

(22)Date of filing:  22.05.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01L 29/66(2006.01)
H01L 21/02(2006.01)
H01L 29/78(2006.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
H01L 21/02543; H01L 21/02546; H01L 21/02579; H01L 21/0262; H01L 29/7851; H01L 29/66795

(54)

Method of Producing a III-V Fin Structure

Verfahren zur Herstellung einer III-V-Fin-Struktur

Procédé de production d'une structure d'ailette III-V


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
25.11.2015 Bulletin 2015/48

(73)Proprietors:
  • IMEC VZW
    3001 Leuven (BE)
  • Sony Group Corporation
    Tokyo 108-0075 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Minari, Hideki
    3001 Leuven (BE)
  • Yoshida, Shinichi
    3001 Leuven (BE)
  • Pourtois, Geoffrey
    3001 Leuven (BE)
  • Caymax, Matty
    3001 Leuven (BE)
  • Simoen, Eddy
    3001 Leuven (BE)

(74)Representative: Patent Department IMEC 
IMEC vzw Patent Department Kapeldreef 75
3001 Leuven
3001 Leuven (BE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 775 528
WO-A2-2007/014294
US-A1- 2005 224 875
US-A1- 2012 001 239
EP-A2- 2 343 731
US-A1- 2005 061 768
US-A1- 2011 084 355
US-A1- 2013 119 507
  
  • MINARI H ET AL: "Defect formation in III-V fin grown by aspect ratio trapping technique: A first-principles s", 2014 IEEE INTERNATIONAL RELIABILITY PHYSICS SYMPOSIUM, IEEE, 1 June 2014 (2014-06-01), XP032622208, DOI: 10.1109/IRPS.2014.6861166 [retrieved on 2014-07-18]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

Field of the invention



[0001] The present invention is related to the field of semiconductor processing. More specifically, it is related to a method of producing a III-V fin structure of a semiconductor device in a substrate.

Background of the invention



[0002] CMOS scaling according to Moore's law has been providing the semiconductor industry with reduced transistor size while offering enhanced performance. However, in order to continue scaling, new channel materials having a high carrier velocity are required.

[0003] Field effect transistors (FinFETs) incorporating fin structures having III-V compound semiconductors as channel material are considered to be attractive candidates for high-performance n-type FETs in the semiconductor industry.

[0004] Use of III-V substrates for the production of such FinFETs, is a challenging task. This is due to the fact that III-V materials lack thermally and electrically stable native oxides. Therefore, during Shallow Trench Isolation (STI) formation, where a dielectric material (such as SiO2) is deposited to fill trenches made in the III-V substrate, an electrically active and thermally unstable interface can form between the STI and the III-V substrate. Such interface can lead to a high leakage path between gate, source and/or drain regions of the transistor. In US 2011/0140229 A1, a method for forming a STI structure is disclosed, where a passivation layer is applied on the surfaces of the shallow isolation trench made in the substrate. The passivation layer restricts free bonding electrons of the substrate material by covalently bonding to them. The substrate material is disclosed to include Ge, SiGe or III-V material. Additionally, the passivation layer is oxidized, thereby forming a bi-layer to form an electrically defect-free interface.

[0005] Although the problem of making FETs starting from a III-V substrate can be solved by the use of the passivation layer as disclosed in US 2011/0140229 A1, use of III-V as the substrate material remains to be a challenge. This is due to the fact that production of FinFETs on III-V substrates is expensive. Furthermore it is difficult to co-integrate of III-V channels and Ge channels, as Ge is a candidate for high-performance p-type FETs.

[0006] Therefore, the integration of III-V FinFETs on a Si substrate is advantageous with respect to cost effectiveness. It opens doors to co-integration of III-V with Ge. However, large lattice mismatch between III-V materials and silicon makes it a technological challenge to grow III-V materials on silicon. Such large lattice mismatch between III-V materials and the Si substrate leads to the formation of crystalline defects such as dislocations, anti-phase boundaries, twins and stacking faults. Presence of these defects are detrimental for device performance.

[0007] A technique called Aspect Ratio Trapping (ART) is a way to realize non-silicon channels on a silicon substrate. In this technique, high aspect ratio trenches are created in between shallow trench isolation (STI) structures on silicon substrate. Fins made of III-V compound semiconductors are then formed in these trenches by selective epitaxial growth (SEG). The crystalline defects originating from the lattice mismatch are guided to the STI sidewalls and there trapped, which enable obtaining active regions with a small amount of defects. An aspect ratio greater than 1 is required in order to trap the crystalline defects.

[0008] It is a major challenge, however, to produce III-V fins using the ART technique. The fact that ART requires SEG means that the precursors used in SEG are interacting not only with the silicon substrate but also with the STI structures which are SiO2. Such interactions could lead to the formation of defects in the STI structures, which defects in turn degrades the electrical and structural reliability of the transistor.

[0009] Defects formed in STI structures can be of two types. In-diffusion of the doping atoms, which are present in the SEG precursors, into the STI structures leads to the formation of a first type of defects; which are interstitial defects in SiO2. Oxidation of these doping atoms at the surface of the STI structure leads to the formation of a second type of defects; which are oxygen vacancies in SiO2 formed by depleting the oxygen from SiO2.

[0010] One of the solutions to cope with the problem of defects could be envisaged by improving the epitaxial quality of the ART process. However, this is a very challenging task for the ART process as the ART technique is applied to grow non-Si semiconductor on Si substrate, where large lattice mismatch exists between the Si substrate and the non-Si semiconductor. Thus, crystalline defects cannot be avoided at least at the bottom of grown non-Si crystals.

[0011] Another alternative solution to cope with the problem of defects could be to change the type of the doping present in the precursors. However, this can only change the extent of defectivity problem, but does not solve it effectively.

[0012] In, Al, Ga, P, As, Mg and Zn are the typical alternatives of species contained in the precursors.

[0013] Formation energies of the reactions, in which III-V atoms and doping atoms in the precursors move into the SiO2, decreases during the course of the growth process as the precursors begin losing their organic ligands. This means that the thermodynamic driving force for the in-diffusion of III-V atoms and doping atoms increases.

[0014] Reaction enthalpies for the formation of native (sub) oxides as a result of the reaction of precursors with the oxygen of SiO2 decreases during the course of the growth process. Formation of such native (sub) oxides is also not desired.

[0015] The document EP 2 343 731 A2 discloses a method of forming fin structures in STI trenches using ART.

[0016] There is, therefore, a need in the art to produce III-V fin structures using a method such that degradation of the device performance is avoided.

Summary of the invention



[0017] It is an object of embodiments of the present invention to provide methods for producing a III-V fin structure within a gap of a silicon substrate. The III-V fin structure is made of a III-V compound semiconductor.

[0018] In a first aspect, the present invention provides a method for producing a III-V fin structure within a gap of a semiconductor substrate. The method comprises providing a semiconductor substrate and, providing in this substrate, at least two identical STI structures separated by a gap exposing the substrate. This gap is bounded by these STI structures. In this gap a III-V fin structure is produced. At least the sidewalls of the STI structures are coated with a diffusion barrier.

[0019] The inventors have found out that coating the STI structures with a diffusion barrier avoids the formation of defects in the STI structures during the production of III-V fin structures on a silicon substrate. Thus, the presence of such diffusion barrier provides electrical and structural reliability to the transistor.

[0020] It is an advantage of the embodiments of this disclosure that this method can be executed easily in the manufacturing environment.

[0021] It is an advantage of methods according to embodiments of the present invention that device performance is improved by suppressing defect formation in STI structures during III-V fin production on a silicon substrate.

[0022] Said device improvement can be seen as an improvement of the reliability of the device. As the oxygen vacancies in SiO2 are minimized, device instabilities associated with these oxygen vacancies are thus reduced. These device instabilities can involve trap-assisted tunneling leakage and low-frequency noise. Reducing such device instabilities, in other words, improve the dynamic variability of the device contributing to the improvement of reliability. Additionally, positive bias temperature instability (PTBI), negative bias temperature instability (NBTI) and oxygen vacancy migrations will also be reduced. Said device improvement can also be seen by a reduction in leakage current.

[0023] It is an advantage of the method according to embodiments of this method that is suited for ART technique, which is typically used for growing III-V fin structures on Si substrate.

[0024] In this respect, it is an advantage that methods according to embodiments of the present invention reduce, during the growth of III-V fin structures, in-diffusion of doping species into the STI structures, which in-diffusion is associated with the ART technique. Doping species are present in the precursors that are used to grow III-V fin structures.

[0025] Also, in this respect, it is further an advantage according to the embodiments of this disclosure that creation of oxygen vacancies in STI structures and subsequent formation of (sub) oxides at the surface of the STI structures, which is associated with the ART technique, during the growth of III-V fin structures is avoided.

[0026] It is an advantage of methods according to embodiments of the present invention that device performance is improved whereby carrier recombination at the III-V/STI interface is suppressed.

[0027] It is an advantage that methods according to embodiments of the present invention allow co-integration of different non-Si channel materials, for instance III-V compound semiconductors, and Ge with improved device performance.

[0028] It is an advantage that methods according to embodiments of the present invention allows to produce a semiconductor structure comprising III-V fin structures, suitable for producing a FinFET.

[0029] It is further an advantage of the embodiments of this method that it can be used to produce a FinFET comprising, or consisting of, III-V fin structures, as part of an integrated circuit.

[0030] In a method according to embodiments of the present invention, this III-V fin structure is produced by using Aspect Ratio Trapping (ART) technique.

[0031] In a method according to embodiments of the present invention, this diffusion barrier is an oxide comprising a metal.

[0032] In embodiments of the present invention, the metal of the diffusion barrier is aluminum or hafnium.

[0033] In preferred embodiments of the present invention, this metal is aluminum. In embodiments of the present invention, this diffusion barrier is an aluminate, coated using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD). This aluminate can be chosen from the group comprising Al2O3, HfAlO, TiAlO, YAlO, ZrAlO or aluminates comprising a metal from the lanthanide-series of the periodic table. Preferably, this aluminate is Al2O3.

[0034] In alternative embodiments of the present invention, the diffusion barrier is a metal silicate and, coating of this diffusion barrier further comprises depositing the metal of the metal silicate using Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) and performing subsequently a thermal anneal process. Depositing this metal and performing subsequently the thermal anneal process forms this metal silicate. If this metal is aluminum, an aluminum silicate is formed.

[0035] In embodiments of the present invention, this thermal anneal process is performed at a temperature less than 300° C. Performing this thermal anneal process at a temperature less than 300° C is advantageous as it permits the formation of a metal silicate. Performing this thermal anneal process at a temperature higher than 3000 C leads to the formation of a silicide. It is disadvantageous to obtain silicide in the present invention

[0036] In embodiments of the present invention, the diffusion barrier has a thickness between 0.5 nm and 50 nm. Preferably, the diffusion barrier has a thickness between 1 nm to 10 nm.

[0037] According to a particular embodiment, providing said at least two identical STI structures comprises forming at least two identical trenches in the semiconductor substrate. These trenches are separated by a portion of the semiconductor substrate. This portion has a pre-defined width. A dielectric material is deposited over the semiconductor substrate thereby filling these trenches. Planarizing this dielectric material exposes the top surface of this portion of the semiconductor substrate. Further recessing this exposed portion of the semiconductor substrate creates said gap. The method further comprises coating the semiconductor substrate with this diffusion barrier before depositing the dielectric material.

[0038] According to a particular embodiment, the method further comprises, before producing said III-V fin structure, coating the STI structures with the diffusion barrier, and performing an etch process to expose at least the surface of the semiconductor substrate in between the STI structures.

[0039] In embodiments of the present invention, this etch process is an anisotropic dry etch thereby further exposing the top surfaces of said at least two identical STI structures. Performing this anisotropic dry etch process is advantageous as it allows directional etching of the diffusion barrier. Hence, the diffusion barrier is removed from the surface of the semiconductor substrate in between the STI structures as well as from the top surfaces of the STI structures. As a result, the diffusion barrier remains only on the sidewalls of said at least two identical STI structures. Performing this anisotropic etch process is advantageous when coating the diffusion barrier is done using ALD.

[0040] In alternative embodiments of the present invention, this etch process is a metal etch using a hydrogen-based chemistry. Performing this metal etch using a hydrogen-based chemistry is advantageous when coating the diffusion barrier is done by MBE. Using MBE leaves unreacted metal deposited in between said at least two identical STI structures. This metal etch using a hydrogen-based chemistry allows removal of the unreacted metal, thereby cleaning the surface of the semiconductor substrate in between the identical STI structures. In embodiments of the present invention, this metal etch process is a wet etch process.

Brief Description of the figures



[0041] 

Figure 1 is a flowchart representing a method according to an embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 2 is a flowchart representing a step of the method illustrated by Fig. 1, providing in the semiconductor substrate at least two identical STI structures separated by a gap exposing the semiconductor substrate.

Figure 3 is a flowchart representing a method according to a particular embodiment of the method represented in the flowchart of Fig. 1, where coating said semiconductor substrate with a diffusion barrier is subsequently done after forming at least two identical STI trenches.

Figures 4a to 4g show schematically a process flow for producing a III-V fin structure according to a particular embodiment of the method represented in the flowchart of Fig. 3.

Figure 5 is a flowchart representing a method according to a particular embodiment of the method represented in the flowchart of Fig. 1, where providing in the semiconductor substrate at least two identical STI structures is subsequently followed by coating said at least two identical STI structures with a diffusion barrier and performing an etch process.

Figures 6a to 6e show schematically a process flow for producing at least two identical STI structures according to a particular embodiment of the method represented in the flowchart of Fig. 5.

Figures 7a to 7c show schematically a first example of coating said at least two identical STI structures according to a particular embodiment of the method represented in the flowchart of Fig. 5.

Figures 8a to 8c show schematically a second example of coating said at least two identical STI structures according to a particular embodiment of the method represented in the flow chart of Fig. 5.

Figure 9 illustrates a comparison of the evolution of formation energy for the diffusion of different doping species in the case of (a) only STI (SiO2) and (b)with Al2O3 diffusion barrier.

Figure 10 illustrates formation energy for the diffusion of Mg when different amorphous dielectrics are used as diffusion barrier.

Figure 11 illustrates the depth profiles of Si, Al and In obtained by Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS.

Figure 12a to 12c illustrate semiconductor structures obtained according to methods of the present invention.


Detailed Description of the invention



[0042] The present invention will be described with respect to particular embodiments and with reference to certain drawings but the invention is not limited thereto but only by the claims. The drawings described are only schematic and are non-limiting.

[0043] Reference throughout this specification to "one embodiment" or "an embodiment" means that a particular feature, structure or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment is included in at least one embodiment of the present invention. Thus, appearances of the phrases "in one embodiment" or "in an embodiment" in various places throughout this specification are not necessarily all referring to the same embodiment, but may. Furthermore, the particular features, structures or characteristics may be combined in any suitable manner, as would be apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art from this disclosure, in one or more embodiments.

[0044] Similarly it should be appreciated that in the description of exemplary embodiments of the invention, various features of the invention are sometimes grouped together in a single embodiment, figure, or description thereof for the purpose of streamlining the disclosure and aiding in the understanding of one or more of the various inventive aspects. This method of disclosure, however, is not to be interpreted as reflecting an intention that the claimed invention requires more features than are expressly recited in each claim. Rather, as the following claims reflect, inventive aspects lie in less than all features of a single foregoing disclosed embodiment. Thus, the claims following the detailed description are hereby expressly incorporated into this detailed description, with each claim standing on its own as a separate embodiment of this invention.

[0045] Furthermore, while some embodiments described herein include some but not other features included in other embodiments, combinations of features of different embodiments are meant to be within the scope of the invention, and form different embodiments, as would be understood by those in the art. For example, in the following claims, any of the claimed embodiments can be used in any combination.

[0046] In the description provided herein, numerous specific details are set forth. However, it is understood that embodiments of the invention may be practiced without these specific details. In other instances, well-known methods, structures and techniques have not been shown in detail in order not to obscure an understanding of this description.

[0047] The following terms are provided solely to aid in the understanding of the invention.

[0048] As used herein and unless provided otherwise, the term "aspect ratio" refers to the depth to width ratio of a feature in question. Said feature can be a trench or a structure.

[0049] As used herein and unless provided otherwise, the term "conformal" refers to a layer following the topography of the structure onto which it is deposited.

[0050] As used herein and unless provided otherwise, the term "anisotropic etching" refers to etching where the etch rate differs as a function of the direction. Consequently, for example, while material is removed from horizontal surfaces, no removal of material takes place from vertical surfaces.

[0051] The invention will now be described by a detailed description of several embodiments. It is clear that other embodiments of the invention can be configured according to the knowledge of a person skilled in the art without departing from the technical teaching of the invention, the invention being limited only by the terms of the appended claims.

[0052] Figure 1 is a flowchart representing a method (600) according to embodiments of the present invention.

[0053] This method starts with providing a semiconductor substrate (100). This semiconductor substrate is a silicon substrate. This silicon substrate can be a bulk Si substrate or silicon-on-insulator (SOI) substrate.

[0054] In a second step, at least two identical STI structures (4') are provided in the semiconductor substrate (200). These STI structures (4') are separated by a gap (11) exposing the semiconductor substrate.

[0055] In a third step (500), a III-V fin structure (5) is produced within this gap (11) on the exposed semiconductor substrate, wherein these STI structures are coated (300) with a diffusion barrier (3) at least on each side wall. The inventors have discovered that coating (300) these STI structures (4') with a diffusion barrier (3) at least on each side wall thereof avoids the formation of defects in the STI structures during the growth of the III-V fin structure (5). More specifically, the presence of the diffusion barrier eliminates the interaction of the precursors with the STI structures when, for example, ART technique is used to produce this III-V fin structure on silicon substrate (1) within this gap (11). In the ART technique III-V crystals are grown on a Si surface in trenches bounded by STI structures, using a Metal Organic Vapor Phase Epitaxy (MOVPE) process. Precursors, typically used in MOVPE process, include Tri-methyl-In, Tri-methyl-Al, Tri-methyl-Ga, Tri-butyl-P, Tri-butyl-As, Cp2Mg or Di-ethyl-Zn.

[0056] Figure 2 is a flowchart representing the step (200) of the method (600) illustrated by figure 1, of providing in the semiconductor substrate at least two identical STI structures separated by a gap exposing the semiconductor substrate. The STI structures are provided by forming (210) in the substrate at least two identical STI trenches (9), separated by a portion (10) of the semiconductor substrate. These STI trenches are formed by locally etching into the semiconductor substrate to a pre-defined depth thereby forming at that location a trench. Forming STI trenches by etching into the semiconductor substrate is known by persons skilled in the art. This pre-defined depth is in the range of 10 nm to 1000 nm. Preferably, this pre-defined depth is 250 nm.

[0057] The portion of the semiconductor substrate separating these STI trenches has a pre-defined width (x) and is in the form of a fin. As will be illustrated in Fig. 4f and Fig. 6e, this portion (10) will be recessed, thereby creating a gap (11) separating the two identical STI structures (4'). In this gap the fin structure will then be formed. The pre-defined width (x) of this portion corresponds to the width of the fin structure that will be produced in the gap after the removal of this portion. In the context of the present invention, the pre-defined width (x) of this portion corresponds to the width of the III-V fin structure (5) that will be produced in the gap after recessing this portion. The pre-defined width (x) of this portion (10), which is corresponding to the width of the III-V fin structure (5) is in the range of 3 nm to 1000 nm. Preferably, the pre-defined width (x) of this portion corresponding to the width of the III-V fin structure (5) is in the range of 5 nm to 10 nm. This preferable pre-defined width (x) is the expected width in N7 technology node. N7 or in other words 7 nm node is the technology node following the 10 nm node. In general, the number given in the technology node in semiconductor industry refers to the minimum gate length of the transistor used in the corresponding technology. However, the minimum gate length can be, in reality, smaller than the technology node value.

[0058] In a second step (220), a dielectric material (4) is deposited over the semiconductor substrate, thereby filling these STI trenches (9). This dielectric material is which can be deposited by techniques known to persons skilled in the art. Deposition of said dielectric not only fills the STI trenches but also results in an overgrowth layer (13).

[0059] In a third step (230) the dielectric material is planarized, thereby removing the overgrowth layer (13) until the top surface (12) of the portion (10) of the semiconductor substrate that separates the STI trenches is exposed.

[0060] In a fourth step (240), the portion (10) of the semiconductor substrate is recessed, thereby creating the gap (11). Recessing the portion (10) of the semiconductor substrate is done by a process known to persons skilled in the art. In the present invention, recessing this portion of the semiconductor substrate is done such that the gap is bounded by the STI structures (4'). Recessing of the portion of the semiconductor substrate is done to a depth such that the aspect ratio of the gap is greater than 1. Having the aspect ratio of said gap greater than 1, permits the use of ART technique to produce III-V fin structures on Si substrate. The depth of this gap is between 10 nm to 1000 nm. Preferably, this depth is 200 nm.

[0061] Figure 3 is a flowchart representing a method according to a particular embodiment of the first aspect of the present invention represented in the flowchart of Fig.1.

[0062] The method (610) starts, in a first step, with providing (100) a semiconductor substrate (1). This semiconductor substrate is a silicon substrate. This silicon substrate can be a bulk Si substrate or silicon-on-insulator (SOI) substrate.

[0063] In a second step (310), in the substrate STI structures (4') are provided having a diffusion barrier (3) coated at least on each side wall. This second step (310) comprises providing in the semiconductor substrate at least two identical STI structures (200), whereby this second step (310)comprises the steps ((210), (220), (230) and (240)) as outlined in Fig. 2.

[0064] In the third and last step (500), III-V fin structures (5)are produced in-between these STI structures (4') .

[0065] The method (610) further comprises, coating (301) the semiconductor substrate (1) with said diffusion barrier (3) before depositing (220) the dielectric material (3) over the semiconductor substrate within this second step (310).

[0066] Figures 4a to 4g illustrate process steps used to realize said particular embodiment represented by the flowchart in Fig. 3.

[0067] Figures 4a and 4b illustrate forming the STI trenches (9) in the semiconductor substrate (1). These figures will be explained in more detail.

[0068] Forming these STI trenches (9) in the semiconductor substrate (1) comprises patterning the semiconductor substrate and etching into the semiconductor substrate. Patterning the semiconductor substrate comprises depositing on the semiconductor substrate a mask layer (not shown in the figure). This mask layer is a silicon nitride layer. A photoresist is deposited on this mask layer (not shown in the figure). After performing a lithography step, this mask layer is etched. Performing a strip process removes the photoresist layer thereby creating patterned mask features (2) (Fig. 4a). The semiconductor substrate (1) can be patterned using a multiple patterning technique including double patterning, Self-Aligned Double Patterning (SADP) or Self-Aligned Quadruple Patterning (SAQP). The semiconductor substrate can also be patterned using Directed Self Assembly (DSA). The semiconductor substrate is etched using these patterned mask features thereby creating the STI trenches (9) in the semiconductor substrate (1) (Fig. 4b). These STI trenches (9) are separated by a portion (10) of the semiconductor substrate having a pre-defined width (x).

[0069] In fig. 4c, the semiconductor substrate is coated with the diffusion barrier (3). This diffusion barrier (3) has a thickness between 0.5 nm and 50 nm. Preferably, this diffusion barrier has a thickness between 1 nm and 10 nm.

[0070] This diffusion barrier is an oxide comprising a metal.

[0071] This metal is hafnium or preferably, aluminium. In the case where aluminium is used as the metal, the metal-comprising oxide can be an aluminate. This aluminate can be chosen from the group comprising Al2O3, HfAlO, TiAlO, YAlO, ZrAlO or aluminates comprising a metal from the lanthanide-series of the periodic table. Preferably, said aluminate is Al2O3.

[0072] The diffusion barrier is amorphous as grain boundaries are absent in the amorphous phase.

[0073] The diffusion barrier, preferably has an atomic density higher than that of SiO2, which makes up the STI structures. A higher atomic density generally means a denser structure with less open spaces indicating a higher barrier for diffusion of dopants.

[0074] Additionally, stronger metal-oxide bonds in the diffusion barrier than those of Si-O bonds of SiO2 reduces the tendency to form oxygen vacancies. Strong bonds lead to a high cohesive energy and hence, to a high melting or a high crystallization temperature. Therefore, having a higher atomic density and stronger bonds than that of SiO2 are crucial features in order to qualify as a diffusion barrier within the context of the present invention.

[0075] The crystallization temperature of the diffusion barrier is preferably in the range 500 °C to 2000 °C. More preferably, the crystallization temperature of this diffusion barrier is in the range 800 °C to 1200 °C.

[0076] The diffusion barrier has a relatively large band gap. The motivation for having a relatively large band gap is to prevent the current flow through the diffusion barrier. Current flow is linked to the carrier mobility. The diffusion barrier with a relatively large band gap, thus has a reduced carrier mobility, thereby reducing the current flow through it. The diffusion barrier preferably has a band gap in the range 1 to 15 eV given at 300 K. More preferably, this band gap is in the range 5 to 9 eV given at 300 K.

[0077] When aluminate (6) is chosen as the diffusion barrier, coating is done by Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD). It is known in the art that ALD provides conformal deposition. Hence, this aluminate diffusion barrier will be conformal having a uniform thickness.

[0078] The metal-comprising oxide can also be a metal silicate. When a metal silicate (7) is chosen as the diffusion barrier, coating further comprises depositing the metal using Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE),and performing subsequently a thermal anneal process, leading to the formation of this metal silicate. Thus, in an embodiment governed by Fig. 4, this diffusion barrier (3) can be deposited either by ALD or by MBE. This thermal anneal process is performed at a temperature less than 300° C. Performing this thermal anneal process at a temperature less than 300° C is advantageous since it leads to the formation of a metal silicate. Metal silicate is a compound comprising an anionic silicon compound. The metal of this metal silicate can be chosen from the group comprising Al or Hf.

[0079] This metal silicate is preferably, aluminium silicate and has the formula Al2SiO5. Performing this thermal anneal process at a temperature higher than 300° C is however, not advantageous. This is due to the fact it leads to the formation of a silicide. Silicide is an alloy of a metal with Si. In the case where aluminum is used as the metal, annealing at a temperature higher than 300° C thus, leads to the formation of aluminum silicide. It is disadvantageous to obtain silicide in the present invention due to the fact that removal of silicide from the surface of the semiconductor substrate is difficult.

[0080] In fig. 4d, a dielectric material (4) is deposited over the semiconductor substrate, thereby filling the STI trenches. This dielectric can be SiO2. Deposition of this dielectric not only fills these STI trenches but also results in an overgrowth layer (13). This overgrowth layer thus covers the diffusion barrier (3).

[0081] In Fig. 4e, this dielectric is planarized by using Chemical Mechanical Planarization (CMP). As a result of CMP, this overgrowth layer (13) of the dielectric is removed. CMP is carried out until patterned mask features (2) are also removed such that the top surface (12) of the portion (10) of the semiconductor substrate (1) is exposed.

[0082] In Fig. 4f, this portion of the semiconductor substrate is recessed, thereby creating a gap (11). As a result of recessing this portion (10) of the substrate, STI structures (4') become free-standing These STI structures have the diffusion barrier on their side walls and at the bottom surfaces. When a plurality of STI structures (4) is to be produced, a gap like to the one (11) shown in Fig. 4f will be created to the left and to the right of these STI structures (4) after recessing the semiconductor substrate.

[0083] In Fig. 4g, a III-V fin structure (5) is produced within the gap (11) on the exposed semiconductor substrate. When a plurality of STI structures is produced, an identical III-V fin structure (5) is also produced within the gap present to the left and to the right of the STI structures (4) shown in Fig. 4g.

[0084] Figure 5 is a flowchart representing a method according to a particular embodiment of the method represented in the flowchart of Fig. 1.

[0085] The method (620) starts, in a first step, with providing (100) a semiconductor substrate. Preferably this semiconductor substrate is a silicon substrate. This silicon substrate can be a bulk Si substrate or silicon-on-insulator (SOI) substrate.

[0086] In a second step (320), STI structures (4') are provided having a coating (3) at least on each side wall. The second step (320) comprises providing (200) in the semiconductor substrate these STI structures (4'), which involves steps ((210), (220), (230) and (240)) as outlined in Fig. 2. The second step (320) further comprises coating (302) these STI structures with a diffusion barrier.

[0087] In the third step (400) an etch process is performed.

[0088] In the fourth and final step (500) a III-V fin structure (5) is produced.

[0089] Figure 6a to 6e illustrate process steps used to provide in the semiconductor substrate these STI structures realized by the particular embodiment represented by the flowchart in Fig. 5.

[0090] Figure 6a shows a semiconductor substrate (1). A mask layer is deposited on the semiconductor substrate (not shown in the figure). This mask layer is a silicon nitride layer. A photoresist is deposited on this mask layer (not shown in the figure). After performing a lithography step, this mask layer is etched. Performing a strip process removes the photoresist layer, thereby creating patterned mask features (2).

[0091] The semiconductor substrate (1) can be patterned using a multiple patterning technique including double patterning, Self-Aligned Double Patterning (SADP) or Self-Aligned Quadruple Patterning (SAQP). The semiconductor substrate can also be patterned using Directed Self Assembly (DSA).

[0092] As shown in Fig. 6b, these patterned mask features (2) protect the semiconductor substrate during pattern transfer in the semiconductor substrate (1), whereby the pattern transfer is done by etching. Etching leads to the formation of STI trenches (9) in the semiconductor substrate (1). These STI trenches (9) are separated by a portion (10) of the semiconductor substrate having a pre-defined width (x).

[0093] In Fig. 6c, a dielectric material (4) is deposited over the patterned semiconductor substrate. This dielectric material fills these STI trenches (9). This dielectric material can be SiO2. Deposition of this dielectric not only fills the STI trenches but also results in an overgrowth layer (13). The overgrowth layer also covers the patterned mask features (2).

[0094] In Fig. 6d, this dielectric material is planarized until the top surface (12) of the said portion (10) of the semiconductor substrate (1) is exposed. Planarization of this dielectric is done by Chemical Mechanical Planarization (CMP).

[0095] In Fig. 6e, this portion (10) of the semiconductor substrate (1) is recessed, leading to the formation of a gap (11). When a plurality of STI structures (4) is to be produced, a gap identical to the one (11) shown in Fig. 6e will be created to the left and to the right of these STI structures (4) after recessing the semiconductor substrate.

[0096] Figures 7a to 7c show schematically a first example of coating these at least two identical STI structures according to a particular embodiment of the method represented in the flowchart of Fig. 5.

[0097] Fig. 7a illustrates conformal coating of these STI structures (4') by the diffusion layer (6). When the metal-comprising oxide diffusion barrier is an aluminate (6), coating is done by Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) leading to conformal deposition. This aluminate can be chosen from the group comprising Al2O3, HfAlO, TiAlO, YAlO, ZrAlO, or aluminates comprising a metal from the lanthanide-series of the periodic table. Preferably, this aluminate is Al2O3.

[0098] In order to produce III-V fin structures, the surface of the semiconductor substrate should be free of this diffusion barrier. Therefore, an etch process is performed as illustrated in Fig. 7b. When this diffusion barrier is deposited by ALD, said etch process is an anisotropic dry etch process. This anisotropic dry etch process removes this diffusion barrier both from the top of STI structures (4') and from the surface of the semiconductor substrate (1), which is in between these STI structures. Typical etching gases such as CHF3 or CF4 in combination with Cl-containing or oxygen-containing atmosphere are used to perform this anisotropic dry etch process.

[0099] In the next step, as shown in Fig. 7c, a III-V fin structure (5) is produced within the gap (11) on the semiconductor substrate (1). When a plurality of STI structures is produced, an identical III-V fin structure (5) is also produced within the gap present to the left and to the right of the STI structures (4) shown in Fig. 7c.

[0100] Figures 8a to 8c show schematically a second example of coating these at least two STI structures according to a particular embodiment of the method represented in the flowchart of Fig. 5. When a metal silicate (7) is chosen as the diffusion barrier, coating is done by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE). The metal silicate is an aluminum silicate having the formula AlxSi(1-x)Oz. Preferably, this aluminum silicate is Al2Si05. Aluminum in solid phase is installed in the MBE chamber. During the MBE process, aluminum is evaporated and evaporated aluminum interacts with the wafer. Depending on the atmospheric pressure of flow of aluminum, the thickness of the metal silicate can be thicker on top of the STI structures compared to the thickness on the side walls. However, this will not pose a problem to the functioning of the metal silicate as a diffusion barrier.

[0101] During MBE, diffusion of metal into STI structures takes place. Subsequent to the MBE process, a thermal anneal process is done, thereby forming this metal silicate on the top and sidewalls of the STI structures (4') as shown in Fig. 8a. This thermal anneal process is performed at a temperature less than 300° C. Performing this thermal anneal process at a temperature less than 300° C is beneficial because it leads to the formation of a metal silicate. Performing this thermal anneal process at a temperature higher than 300° C leads to the formation of a silicide. Silicide is an alloy of a metal with Si and it is disadvantageous to obtain silicide in the present invention. Removal of silicide from the semiconductor substrate is difficult, therefore its formation is avoided by performing the thermal anneal process at a temperature less than 300° C.

[0102] Due to the unreacted metal (8) present on the semiconductor substrate (Fig. 8a) after completing the MBE process, it is necessary to perform an etch process in order to end up with a clean the semiconductor substrate as shown in Fig. 8b. This etch process is also referred to as a silicon surface cleaning process since it removes unreacted metal residues (8) from the semiconductor substrate. This etch process is a metal etch process and is done using a hydrogen-based chemistry. This metal etch process is a wet etch process. It is advantageous to use a wet etch process to remove the unreacted metal residues because since this wet etch process suppresses the damage of etching. The hydrogen-based chemistry used in this metal etch process comprises hydrogen chloride (HCl) or sulphuric acid (H2SO4).

[0103] Following this etch process, a III-V fin structure (5) is produced within this gap (11) on the semiconductor substrate (1) as shown in Fig. 8c. When a plurality of STI structures is produced, an identical III-V fin structure (5) is also produced within the gap present to the left and to the right of the STI structures (4) shown in Fig. 8c.

[0104] Figure 9 shows a comparison of the calculated enthalpy of formation energies of the reactions for the injection of the species, which are present in III-V precursors, into the STI structures. STI structure is formed of SiO2 in Fig. 9a., while the STI structure is formed of Al2O3 in Fig. 9b. The transverse axis in Fig 9a and Fig 9b shows the evolution of the structures of the precursors during MOVPE process. A tri-methyl, tri-butyl or triethyl molecule, which is bound to one of the elements such In, Al, Ga, P, As, Mg, or Zn, is used as a precursor. During the MOVPE process one of the methyl groups is lost leading to the formation of di-methyl, di-butyl or di-ethyl. Further on during the MOVPE process, they become methyl, butyl or ethyl after losing still another methyl group. A Mg precursor, for example such as Cp2Mg, becomes a CpMg during the MOVPE process. A low value of enthalpy of formation energy shows that the reaction occurs easily indicating that the element in question is keen to be injected into the STI structure.

[0105] Comparison of the graph shown in Fig. 9a (SiO2 - STI) and in Fig. 9b (Al2O3 - STI) shows the difference of the formation enthalpies. It is observed that there is 1.6 eV difference in enthalpy of formation energy of Mg in SiO2 in comparison to that in Al2O3. As also shown in Fig. 9, it is estimated that the concentration of the interstitial Mg, for example, in Al2O3 is 2.2e10 times smaller than that in SiO2. This means that Al2O3 has a potential to block the diffusion of dopant species and especially Mg as shown in this example.

[0106] Figure 10 illustrates enthalpy of formation energy of Mg for different amorphous dielectric materials investigated, which can be used as diffusion barrier. These amorphous dielectric materials include aluminates such as Al2O2.5N0.4, Al2O3, metal silicate such as Al2SiO5 as well as other alternative amorphous dielectrics such as Si3N4, HfO2, Si2ON2. As noted earlier being amorphous is an advantage for the dielectric that will be used as the diffusion barrier. One of the advantages of amorphous versus polycrystalline phases is the absence of grain boundaries in the amorphous phase. Grain boundaries are preferential paths for enhanced diffusion. Thus, the absence of grain boundaries is an asset of amorphous layers. In addition to that, the amorphous phase does not require a high crystallization temperature, which gives the device less thermal stress.

[0107] The graph given in Fig. 10 shows the calculated value of the enthalpy of formation energy of Mg(denoted by circles) for each amorphous dielectric material investigated. Due to the fact that an amorphous structure has a number of interstitial sites, a variation in the enthalpy of formation energy is obtained. If the value of the enthalpy of formation energy of Mg is higher than zero eV, this indicates a less likelihood of Mg to be injected into the STI structure. In this respect, for example, the top two candidates to be used as a diffusion barrier can be Al2SiO5 or Al2O3.

[0108] Figure 11 shows the depth profiles of Si, Al and In obtained by Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) when SiO2 is deposited on n-type InP (Fig. 11a) or when a bilayer of SiO2/Al2O3 is deposited on n-type InP (Fig. 11b). The thickness of SiO2 in Fig. 11a is 50 nm. In Fig. 11b, a bilayer of 30 nm SiO2 on 20 nm Al2O3 is used. It should be noted that the In signal in the Al2O3 region, shown in Fig. 11b, corresponding to a depth of 20 nm -50 nm, can be difficult to understand. This is because of the presence of interference between In and the secondary ions of Al2O3. However, comparison of the intensity of In at a depth of 15 nm shows that the sample with Al2O3, presented in Fig. 11b, has 10 times smaller intensity of In in SiO2 than that presented in Fig. 11a at the same depth value of 15 nm. This indicates a reduced diffusion of In from InP substrate into SiO2 when Al2O3 is used as the diffusion barrier .

[0109] Figure 12 shows different semiconductor structures (100, 101, 102) obtained by using methods disclosed in embodiments of the present invention. These semiconductor structures comprise a semiconductor substrate (1). This semiconductor substrate is a Si substrate. On this Si semiconductor substrate there are at least two identical STI structures (4'). Depending on how these STI structures are formed, the diffusion barrier can be present not only on the sidewalls (Fig 12b) but also on the top (Fig. 12c)or at the bottom (Fig. 12c) of the STI structure. III-V fin structures (5) are present in between these STI structures. It is also illustrated in Fig 12a-c that the side walls of the III-V fin structures (5) are in contact with the diffusion barrier present on the side walls of the STI structures (4'). Furthermore, these III-V fin structures (5) are bounded by these STI structures (4').


Claims

1. A method for producing a III-V fin structure (5) within a gap (11) separating shallow trench isolation (STI) structures and exposing a semiconductor substrate (1), the method comprising:

a) providing a semiconductor substrate (1),

b) providing in the semiconductor substrate at least two identical STI structures (4') separated by a gap (11) exposing the semiconductor substrate, wherein said gap is bounded by said at least two identical STI structures (4'), wherein said at least two identical STI structures are formed of SiO2 and,

c) producing a III-V fin structure (5) within said gap (11) on the exposed semiconductor substrate using a Metal Organic Vapor Phase Epitaxy (MOVPE) process,

characterized in that, the method further comprises:
before producing said III-V fin structure (5), providing a diffusion barrier (3,6,7) at least on each side wall of said at least two identical STI structures, the diffusion barrier being an amorphous dielectric material, wherein the amorphous dielectric material is an oxide comprising a metal and wherein the metal is aluminum or hafnium, thereby eliminating the interaction of precursors of said MOVPE process, to produce said III-V fin structure, with said at least two identical STI structures, and wherein said semiconductor substrate is a Si substrate.
 
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said III-V fin structure is produced using the Aspect Ratio Trapping (ART) technique.
 
3. The method according to claim 1, wherein said diffusion barrier (6) is an aluminate and wherein providing said diffusion barrier is done by Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD).
 
4. The method according to claim 1, wherein said diffusion barrier (7) is a metal silicate and wherein providing said diffusion barrier further comprises:

- depositing said metal using Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE), and,

- performing subsequently a thermal anneal process, thereby forming said metal silicate


 
5. The method according to claim 4, wherein said thermal anneal process is performed at a temperature less than 300°C.
 
6. The method according to claim 1, wherein said diffusion barrier has a thickness between 1 nm and 10 nm.
 
7. The method according to claim 1, wherein providing said at least two identical STI structures (4') comprises:

- forming at least two identical trenches (9) in said semiconductor substrate, wherein said at least two identical trenches are separated by a portion (10) of said semiconductor substrate having a pre-defined width (x),

- depositing a dielectric material (4) over said semiconductor substrate thereby filling said at least two identical trenches,

- planarizing said dielectric material thereby exposing the top surface of said portion of said semiconductor substrate, and;

- recessing said portion of said semiconductor substrate, thereby creating said gap (11).


 
8. The method according to claim 7, wherein providing said diffusion barrier (3) comprises coating said semiconductor substrate (1) with said diffusion barrier (3) before depositing said dielectric material (4).
 
9. The method according to claim 7, wherein providing said diffusion barrier (6,7) comprises coating said semiconductor substrate (1) after recessing said portion (10).
 
10. The method according to claim 1, further comprising before producing said III-V fin structure (5):

- coating said at least two identical STI structures with said diffusion barrier (6,7), and;

- performing an etch process, thereby exposing at least the surface of said semiconductor substrate in between said at least two identical STI structures (4').


 
11. The method according to claim 10, wherein said etch process is an anisotropic dry etch thereby further exposing the top surface of said at least two identical STI structures (4')
 
12. The method according to claim 10, wherein said etch process is a metal etch using a hydrogen-based chemistry,
 
13. The method according to claim 12, wherein said metal etch process is a wet etch process
 


Ansprüche

1. Verfahren zum Herstellen einer III-V-Fin-Struktur (5) innerhalb eines Spalts (11), der flache Grabenisolations- (STI) Strukturen trennt und ein Halbleitersubstrat (1) freilegt, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

a) Bereitstellen eines Halbleitersubstrats (1),

b) Bereitstellen, im Halbleitersubstrat, von mindestens zwei identischen STI-Strukturen (4'), die durch einen Spalt (11) getrennt sind, der das Halbleitersubstrat freilegt, wobei der Spalt durch die mindestens zwei identischen STI-Strukturen (4') umgrenzt ist, wobei die mindestens zwei identischen Strukturen aus SiO2 gebildet sind, und

c) Herstellen einer III-V-Fin-Struktur (5) innerhalb des Spalts (11) auf dem freigelegten Halbleitersubstrat unter Verwendung eines Prozesses der metallorganischen Gasphasenepitaxie (MOVPE),

dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Verfahren weiter umfasst:
vor Herstellen der III-V-Fin-Struktur (5), Bereitstellen einer Diffusionsbarriere (3, 6, 7) an mindestens jeder Seitenwand der mindestens zwei identischen STI-Strukturen, wobei die Diffusionsbarriere ein amorphes dielektrisches Material ist, wobei das amorphe dielektrische Material ein Oxid ist, das ein Metall umfasst, und wobei das Metall Aluminium oder Hafnium ist, wodurch die Interaktion von Vorprodukten des MOVPE-Prozesses, zum Herstellen der III-V-Fin-Struktur, mit den mindestens zwei identischen STI-Strukturen eliminiert wird, und wobei das Halbleitersubstrat ein Si-Substrat ist.
 
2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die III-V-Fin-Struktur unter Verwendung der Technik der Seitenverhältnisermittlung (ART) hergestellt wird.
 
3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Diffusionsbarriere (6) ein Aluminat ist und wobei Bereitstellen der Diffusionsbarriere durch Atomlagenabscheidung (ALD) erfolgt.
 
4. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Diffusionsbarriere (7) ein Metallsilicat ist und wobei Bereitstellen der Diffusionsbarriere weiter umfasst:

- Ablagern des Metalls unter Verwendung von Molekularstrahlepitaxie (MBE), und

- anschließend Durchführen eines Prozesses des thermischen Ausglühens, wodurch das Metallsilicat gebildet wird.


 
5. Verfahren nach Anspruch 4, wobei der Prozess des thermischen Ausglühens bei einer Temperatur von weniger als 300 °C durchgeführt wird.
 
6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Diffusionsbarriere eine Dicke zwischen 1 nm und 10 nm aufweist.
 
7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei Bereitstellen der mindestens zwei identischen STI-Strukturen (4') umfasst:

- Bilden von mindestens zwei identischen Gräben (9) im Halbleitersubstrat, wobei die mindestens zwei identischen Gräben durch einen Abschnitt (10) des Halbleitersubstrats getrennt sind, der eine vorab definierte Breite (x) aufweist,

- Ablagern eines dielektrischen Materials (4) über dem Halbleitersubstrat, wodurch die mindestens zwei identischen Gräben gefüllt werden,

- Planarisieren des dielektrischen Materials, wodurch die obere Oberfläche des Abschnitts des Halbleitersubstrats freigelegt wird, und

- Zurücksetzen des Abschnitts des Halbleitersubstrats, wodurch der Spalt (11) gebildet wird.


 
8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, wobei Bereitstellen der Diffusionsbarriere (3) umfasst, das Halbleitersubstrat (1) vor Ablagern des dielektrischen Materials (4) mit der Diffusionsbarriere (3) zu beschichten.
 
9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, wobei Bereitstellen der Diffusionsbarriere (6, 7) umfasst, das Halbleitersubstrat (1) nach Zurücksetzen des Abschnitts (10) zu beschichten.
 
10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, weiter umfassend vor Herstellen der III-V-Fin-Struktur (5):

- Beschichten der mindestens zwei identischen STI-Strukturen mit der Diffusionsbarriere (6, 7), und

- Durchführen eines Ätzprozesses, wodurch mindestens die Oberfläche des Halbleitersubstrats zwischen den mindestens zwei identischen STI-Strukturen (4') freigelegt wird.


 
11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, wobei der Ätzprozess ein anisotropisches Trockenätzen ist, wodurch weiter die obere Oberfläche der mindestens zwei identischen STI-Strukturen (4') freigelegt wird.
 
12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, wobei der Ätzprozess ein Metallätzen ist, das wasserstoffbasierte Chemie verwendet.
 
13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 12, wobei der Metallätzprozess ein Nassätzprozess ist.
 


Revendications

1. Procédé de production d'une structure d'ailette III-V (5) à l'intérieur d'un espace (11) séparant des structures d'isolation de tranchée peu profonde (STI) et exposant un substrat semi-conducteur (1), le procédé comprenant :

a) la fourniture d'un substrat semi-conducteur (1),

b) la fourniture dans le substrat semi-conducteur d'au moins deux structures STI (4') identiques séparées par un espace (11) exposant le substrat semi-conducteur, dans lequel ledit espace est délimité par lesdites au moins deux structures STI (4') identiques, dans lequel lesdites au moins deux structures STI identiques sont formées de SiO2 et

c) la production d'une structure d'ailette III-V (5) à l'intérieur dudit espace (11) sur le substrat semi-conducteur exposé au moyen d'un processus d'épitaxie en phase vapeur aux organométalliques (EPVOM),

caractérisé en ce que le procédé comprend en outre :
avant la production de ladite structure d'ailette III-V (5), la fourniture d'une barrière de diffusion (3, 6, 7) au moins sur chaque paroi latérale desdites au moins deux structures STI identiques, la barrière de diffusion étant un matériau diélectrique amorphe, dans lequel le matériau diélectrique amorphe est un oxyde comprenant un métal et dans lequel le métal est de l'aluminium ou de l'hafnium, éliminant ainsi l'interaction de précurseurs dudit processus EPVOM, pour produire ladite structure d'ailette III-V, avec lesdites au moins deux structures STI identiques, et dans lequel ledit substrat semi-conducteur est un substrat de Si.
 
2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite structure d'ailette III-V est produite au moyen de la technique de piégeage de rapport de forme (ART).
 
3. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite barrière de diffusion (6) est un aluminate et dans lequel la fourniture de ladite barrière de diffusion est effectuée par dépôt de couche atomique (ALD).
 
4. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite barrière de diffusion (7) est un silicate de métal et dans lequel la fourniture de ladite barrière de diffusion comprend en outre :

- le dépôt dudit métal au moyen d'une épitaxie par faisceaux moléculaires (MBE), et

- la réalisation ensuite d'un processus de recuit thermique, formant ainsi ledit silicate de métal.


 
5. Procédé selon la revendication 4, dans lequel ledit processus de recuit thermique est effectué à une température inférieure à 300 °C.
 
6. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel ladite barrière de diffusion présente une épaisseur comprise entre 1 nm et 10 nm.
 
7. Procédé selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la fourniture desdites au moins deux structures STI (4') identiques comprend :

- la formation d'au moins deux tranchées (9) identiques dans ledit substrat semi-conducteur, dans lequel lesdites aux moins deux tranchées identiques sont séparées par une portion (10) dudit substrat semi-conducteur présentant une largeur (x) prédéfinie,

- le dépôt d'un matériau diélectrique (4) au-dessus dudit substrat semi-conducteur, remplissant ainsi lesdites aux moins deux tranchées identiques,

- la planarisation dudit matériau diélectrique, exposant ainsi la surface supérieure de ladite portion dudit substrat semi-conducteur, et

- l'évidement de ladite portion dudit substrat semi-conducteur, créant ainsi ledit espace (11).


 
8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, dans lequel la fourniture de ladite barrière de diffusion (3) comprend le revêtement dudit substrat semi-conducteur (1) avec ladite barrière de diffusion (3) avant le dépôt dudit matériau diélectrique (4).
 
9. Procédé selon la revendication 7, dans lequel la fourniture de ladite barrière de diffusion (6, 7) comprend le revêtement dudit substrat semi-conducteur (1) après l'évidement de ladite portion (10).
 
10. Procédé selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre avant la production de ladite structure d'ailette III-V (5) :

- le revêtement desdites au moins deux structures STI identiques avec ladite barrière de diffusion (6, 7), et

- la réalisation d'un processus de gravure, exposant ainsi au moins la surface dudit substrat semi-conducteur entre lesdites au moins deux structures STI (4') identiques.


 
11. Procédé selon la revendication 10, dans lequel ledit processus de gravure est une gravure sèche anisotrope, exposant ainsi en outre la surface supérieure desdites au moins deux structures STI (4') identiques.
 
12. Procédé selon la revendication 10, dans lequel ledit processus de gravure est une gravure métallique utilisant une chimie à base d'hydrogène.
 
13. Procédé selon la revendication 12, dans lequel ledit processus de gravure métallique est un processus de gravure humide.
 




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Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description