(19)
(11)EP 2 957 186 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 15172567.8

(22)Date of filing:  17.06.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A43B 7/12  (2006.01)
A43B 23/07  (2006.01)
A43B 23/02  (2006.01)
A43B 7/08  (2006.01)

(54)

VENTILATED SHOE

BELÜFTETER SCHUH

CHAUSSURE VENTILÉE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR
Designated Extension States:
BA ME
Designated Validation States:
MA

(30)Priority: 17.06.2014 IT PD20140148

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.12.2015 Bulletin 2015/52

(73)Proprietor: Geox S.p.A.
31044 Montebelluna, Frazione Biadene (IT)

(72)Inventors:
  • POLEGATO MORETTI, Mario
    31035 Crocetta del Montello (TV) (IT)
  • POLONI, Livio
    31031 Caerano di San Marco (TV) (IT)

(74)Representative: Modiano, Micaela Nadia et al
Modiano & Partners Via Meravigli, 16
20123 Milano
20123 Milano (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 723 863
KR-B1- 101 347 130
US-A- 5 746 013
WO-A1-2007/107264
US-A- 4 073 072
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a ventilated shoe.

    [0002] It is known that a shoe, in order to be comfortable, in addition to anatomically fitting properties must ensure a correct exchange of heat and water vapor between the microclimate inside the shoe and the external microclimate, which coincides with the ability to dissipate outwardly the water vapor that forms due to the sweating of the foot.

    [0003] The part of the foot that usually is most subject to sweating is the sole. Sweat saturates the internal environment of the shoe and mostly condenses, stagnating on the insole, but not only.

    [0004] Shoes are known which solve the problem of internal vapor perspiration by using a sole made of perforated elastomer, on which a membrane that is permeable to water vapor and impermeable to water is sealed, so as to cover its through openings in order to ensure breathability and at the same time waterproofness.

    [0005] However, in order to ensure good heat exchange between the internal microclimate and the external one, permeability to water vapor must be ensured not only at the sole but substantially over the entire shoe.

    [0006] In the presence of overheating, in an attempt to return to an optimum situation, the body in fact reacts with a self-regulation mechanism, and therefore a cooling mechanism, by increasing perspiration, which, by evaporating, allows a natural reduction of body temperature. This mechanism occurs in general for the entire body.

    [0007] The heat warms the air contained between the body and the clothes or shoes. Shoes are very often shaped so as to wrap around the foot and therefore the heated air, which as such would tend to rise, causes a further overheating in the regions in close contact with the upper.

    [0008] If the water vapor is unable to escape from the upper, it remains trapped between the foot and the regions of the upper that do not adhere directly thereto and moisture increases until the vapor condenses and returns to the liquid state of sweat inside the shoe.

    [0009] Shoes of this type, though being provided with a breathable sole, are unable to ensure an adequate level of comfort due to insufficient perspiration of the water vapor toward the outside through the surface of the upper and also because they are not studied to eliminate any sweat that has condensed and has become a liquid.

    [0010] Shoes should therefore be capable of allowing the foot its normal perspiration, ensuring the escape of the water vapor, produced by sweating, around the entire foot, not only at the sole of the foot and the sole of the shoe, by means of good ventilation.

    [0011] In an attempt to perform this function, a type of shoe has been proposed in the past, in patent US5746013, which has an upper joined to the outer sole and is provided with a breathable lining that comprises an outer layer made of hydrophilic material and an inner layer made of hydrophobic material, which are separated by monofilament yarns of hydrophobic material that are interwoven with the two layers, so as to define an air chamber between them.

    [0012] The use of such a lining facilitates the transverse transfer of the water vapor and heat from the inner layer through the air chamber to the outer layer, which absorbs moisture and transfers it to the external upper, from which it evaporates into the external environment. The transfer occurs by utilizing the differentiation of the layers that compose it, which is determined by the hydrophilicity and hydrophobicity of their materials.

    [0013] This transfer does not appear to be sufficient to ensure correct dissipation of sweat and correct ventilation around the entire foot.

    [0014] Another solution has been described in patent JP19930089939, according to which the shoe is provided with a lining and with an insole made of three-dimensional fabric. In this case, when the shoe touches the ground, the cavity of the three-dimensional fabric of the insole is compressed by the weight of the foot, causing perspiration through openings at the peripheral region of the insole. Vice versa, when the foot is raised from the ground, air is absorbed from outside.

    [0015] However, lateral ventilation, proximate to the insole, is unable to dissipate the vapor that surrounds the foot and which, being prevented from rising, creates moisture around the foot proper. EP 1 723 863 A1 discloses a shoe which facilitates internal ventilation and the exchange of air between the interior and the exterior in predetermined points thereof.

    [0016] The aim of the invention is to provide a shoe that is capable of ensuring better dissipation of sweat both in the vapor phase and in the liquid phase with respect to the above cited breathable shoes.

    [0017] Within this aim, an object of the present invention is to provide a shoe that is capable of ensuring ventilation around the foot of the user for correct exchange of heat and water vapor between the internal microclimate and the external one, even if the outer material of the upper is not breathable.

    [0018] Another object of the present invention is to provide a shoe that is physiologically more comfortable and which, by allowing natural temperature regulation of the foot of the user, allows to keep the foot dry longer.

    [0019] This aim, as well as these and other objects that will become better apparent hereinafter, are achieved by a ventilated shoe, comprising the features of claim 1. Further embodiments of the invention are defined in the dependent claims.

    [0020] Further characteristics and advantages of the invention will become better apparent from the description of a preferred but not exclusive embodiment of the shoe according to the invention, illustrated by way of a nonlimiting example in the accompanying drawings, wherein:

    Figure 1 is a transverse sectional view of a portion of a shoe according to the invention;

    Figure 2 is a view similar to Figure 1;

    Figure 3 is a top plan view of a shoe according to the invention;

    Figure 4 is an enlarged-scale view of a first element;

    Figure 5 is an enlarged-scale view of a second element;

    Figure 6 is a perspective view of the shoe according to the invention.



    [0021] With reference to the figures, the shoe according to the invention is designated generally by the reference numeral 10.

    [0022] The shoe 10 is ventilated, since it comprises a sole 11 and, associated therewith, an upper assembly 12, which in turn comprises an external upper 13, with an inner lining 14, and a breathable insole 15 that is joined perimetrically to the inner lining 14 and to the external upper 13, preferably by stitching.

    [0023] The inner lining 14 is constituted at least partially by a first element 16a, which defines an interspace 17a that separates the foot of the user from the external upper 13 and is provided with preferential passages (described in greater detail hereinafter) for the sweat that moves away from the foot of the user toward the external edge 20 of the shoe 10.

    [0024] The first element 16a is constituted by a first fabric, which is advantageously three-dimensional.

    [0025] The expression "three-dimensional fabric" is understood commonly to reference a single fabric the component fibers of which are arranged in a mutually perpendicular planar relation. From the point of view of the production process, in a weaving of the 3-D type, the sets of fibers X and Y are woven with the rows and columns of the axial fibers Z. The expression "sets of fibers X and Y" is understood to reference respectively the horizontal and vertical weft sets. The expression "fibers Z" is understood to reference the set of multilayer warp. It is possible to obtain three-dimensional fabrics also with weaving processes of the 2-D type.

    [0026] Three-dimensional fabrics usually are formed by multiple layers, with a variable distance between the fibers, and have excellent kinetic energy absorption, resiliency and shape recovery properties. Furthermore, they allow excellent flow of air both transversely and longitudinally inside their structure.

    [0027] Figure 1 clearly shows the insole 15 of the shoe 10 and the overlap of the inner lining 14 with the external upper 13. The illustrated example refers to a cross-section of a shoe provided with a process of the so-called Strobel type, but the same described shoe structure can also be provided by means of other processes, such as the tubular process, the process known as "AGO-lasting" or the process with lower central stitched seam.

    [0028] Figure 3 illustrates the shoe 10 in a top plan view, with the tongue 18 directed outwardly in order to allow to view the inside of the shoe 10. In this figure it is possible to notice which parts of the inner lining 14 are constituted by the first element 16a and therefore by the first fabric. These parts do not cover the last portion of the tongue 18 and the upper external edge 20 of the shoe 10 and in this case also do not cover the rear region 19.

    [0029] The region of the outer edge 20 is made of vapor-permeable and preferably perforated material, and so is the last portion of the tongue 18, which is substantially part of the same region of the external edge 20.

    [0030] As clearly visible in this figure and in the preceding ones, the first element 16a covers the external upper 13 except for the regions cited above, therefore comprising the tip of the shoe 10 and also the tongue 18, except, as mentioned, for its last portion.

    [0031] The insole 15 is instead constituted by a second element 16b and can be conveniently covered with a vapor-permeable insole that is interposed between it and the foot. The second element 16b is constituted by a second fabric.

    [0032] The second fabric also is constituted advantageously by a three-dimensional fabric and defines an interspace 17b that spaces the foot of the user from the sole 11.

    [0033] The perimetric coupling of the insole 15 to the inner lining 14 must not prevent ventilation between the interspace 17a of the first element 16a and the interspace 17b of the second element 16b, substantially ensuring a free connection between the two, as will become better apparent in another part of the description.

    [0034] The sole 11 is substantially waterproof and vapor-permeable and comprises a structural layer 21 made of polymeric material that has a series of through holes 22 and with which a waterproof and vapor-permeable functional element 23 is coupled in an upward region, the insole 15 being superimposed thereon.

    [0035] The functional element 23 preferably has a stratified and cohesive monolithic sheet-like structure, for example of the type disclosed in EP 09425334, by the same Applicant, made of a polymeric material that is impermeable to water in the liquid state and is permeable to water vapor.

    [0036] Two three-dimensional fabrics, advantageously as a function of the regions of application, are therefore used for the shoe 10.

    [0037] Figure 4 is an enlarged-scale view of the first fabric and Figure 5 is an enlarged-scale view of the second fabric.

    [0038] Both fabrics comprise three layers that are mutually joined so as to form a single body.

    [0039] In particular, the first fabric has the already mentioned preferential passages, which are defined by a series of channels 24, for the passage of sweat in the vapor phase, which are produced by a series of parallel ridges 25.

    [0040] The channels 24, as clearly visible in Figure 1 and in Figure 2, are arranged advantageously in the direction of the upper external edge 20 of shoe 10 and are adapted to facilitate the rise of the sweat in the vapor phase upwardly from below. The moist warm air produced by sweating in fact tends to expand naturally due to its own heat and to move always upwardly from below.

    [0041] The part of inner lining 14 that is constituted by the first element 16a, therefore by the first fabric, can be provided by joining a plurality of portions of first fabric, with channels 24 arranged in a different direction depending on the portion of shoe to be lined and as a function of the type of shoe (low-cut, ankle boots, boots, etc.) though achieving in any case the fact that the channels 24 are always oriented toward the external edge 20 of the shoe 10.

    [0042] More particularly, the first fabric comprises:
    • a first layer 26a, which is internal and directed toward the foot of the user, which is breathable and adapted to direct the sweat, in the liquid phase and in the vapor phase, away from the foot of the user of the shoe 10,
    • a second layer 27a, which is intermediate and spacing, defines the interspace 17a and the ridges 25, for the transfer of sweat in the liquid phase and in the vapor phase from the first layer 26a toward the external upper 13, the ridges 25 being alternated with the channels 24 for the transfer of sweat in the vapor phase toward the external edge 20,
    • a third layer 28a, which is external and breathable and substantially similar to the first layer 26a and which, with the first layer 26a, encloses in a sandwich-like manner the second layer 27a, interposing itself between the latter and the external upper 13.


    [0043] The first internal layer 26a is constituted by strips 29 of fabric, each of which is arranged so as to affect a corresponding ridge 25. The first layer 26a, and therefore the strips 29 that compose it, as well as the second layer 27a, are preferably made of polyester fibers or polypropylene fibers or optionally other equivalent fibers.

    [0044] In particular, the first layer 26a is made of mesh, while the second layer 27a is constituted by monofilaments that are interwoven with the first layer 26a, in particular with the strips 29, so as to define the ridges 25, and with the third layer 28a, which is substantially similar to the first layer 26a.

    [0045] The ridges 25 of the second layer 27a, joined to the corresponding strips 29 of the first layer 26a, have a thickness of no less than 2 mm and preferably comprised between 3 and 4 mm.

    [0046] The strips 29 of fabric of the first layer 26a are not narrower than 2 mm and not wider than 6 mm and preferably have a width of approximately 3 mm.

    [0047] At the same time, the channels 24 have an average width, between two successive strips 29, of 2 to 8 mm, with a preferable average width of approximately 3 mm.

    [0048] The first layer 26a can be advantageously napped, having a surface with a velvet-like appearance. The napping treatment consists in raising the fibers of the yarns of fabric, substantially a surface pile on the fabric, in order to give a velvet-like appearance at the surface, making it soft and plush. This characteristic allows to retain a larger quantity of air in the fabric, increasing its thermal insulation properties, and gives it a softness that makes it pleasant to the touch.

    [0049] Napping can also be performed on the third layer 28a, further increasing the thermal insulation properties since the raised surface has a greater extension than the surface of the first layer 26a.

    [0050] In particular, in the case of three-dimensional fabric provided by knitting, which is per se known, it is possible to choose the count of the fibers that compose the stitching yarns and the backing yarns of the first layer 26a, so that in the napping treatment only the stitching yarns or only the backing yarns are raised, depending on their count, obtaining a velvet-like surface with different properties and/or composition, which can be physical (for example insulation) or aesthetic (for example a selection of colors or decorations) or a combination of the two.

    [0051] One possible first fabric variation, not shown, is constituted by a first continuous layer, by a second intermediate spacing layer that forms an interspace with channels, for sweat transfer, and by a third layer, which with the first layer forms two walls of the first element that surround the channels formed by the second layer.

    [0052] The second fabric is, as in the illustrated case, without channels due to the need to remove sweat in the vapor phase toward the breathable sole 11, in the transverse direction, and toward the first fabric.

    [0053] The second fabric comprises:
    • a first upper and breathable layer 26b, which is adapted to direct the sweat, in the liquid phase and in the vapor phase, moving away from the foot of the user of the shoe 10,
    • a second intermediate and spacing layer 27b, which defines the interspace 17b, for transfer of the sweat from the first layer 26b toward the sole 11 and toward the interspace 17a of the first element 16a,
    • a third external and breathable layer 28b, which together with the first layer 26b encloses in a sandwich-like manner the second layer 27b, interposing itself between the latter and the sole 11.


    [0054] The layers are provided in a manner substantially similar to those of the first fabric and made of the same materials.

    [0055] For both fabrics, the first layer 26a and 26b and the second layer 27a and 27b can be advantageously hydrophobic and breathable, in order to allow the hot and humid air and the sweat in the vapor state to circulate respectively within the interspace 17a and 17b, without remaining trapped and absorbed by the fibers.

    [0056] Furthermore, again for both fabrics, the third layer 28a and 28b can be of the same type as the first layer 26a and 26b, therefore hydrophobic and breathable, or can be advantageously of the breathable and substantially hydrophilic type, containing fibers of at least one material selected among cotton, linen, cellulose, plastic material, or other equivalent fibers, conveniently modified in order to have a hydrophilic characteristic, allowing the hot and humid air and the sweat in the liquid state that arrive from the innermost layers to disperse more rapidly and evaporate respectively toward the external upper 13 and toward the functional element 23 of the sole 11.

    [0057] As regards the dissipation of sweat in the vapor phase, the interspace 17a and even more so the channels 24 allow sweat to move continuously upwardly from below, rising between the filaments of the second layer 27a and most of all along the channels 24, conveniently oriented in the direction of the upper external edge 20 of the shoe 10.

    [0058] The channels 24 in fact provide the preferential passages in which sweat in the vapor phase does not encounter obstacles in its rise.

    [0059] The use of the first fabric therefore is preferable in the inner lining 14, for the transport of warm air, while the second fabric is preferable in the insole 15, for its resiliency.

    [0060] As anticipated, the region of the upper external edge 20 is made of breathable and preferably perforated material. In this manner, the sweat carried by the ventilation of the air can exit easily from the channels 24.

    [0061] The sweat in the vapor phase passes through the first layer 26a and, by way of the interspace 17a and even more so by way of the channels 24, is facilitated in its rising motion.

    [0062] The sweat in the liquid phase that is on the inner lining 14 originates either directly from the foot or from the condensation of the sweat in vapor phase, which can occur within the first fabric if the conditions outside the shoe are such, with respect to the temperature and pressure between the foot and the first layer 26a, as to cause such state transition.

    [0063] The sweat in the liquid phase passes through the first layer 26a, facilitated by the hydrophobic characteristic of such layer, and in succession through the second layer 27a, particularly through the ridges 25, until it reaches the third layer 28a, which is external and advantageously hydrophilic.

    [0064] From the third layer 28a, the sweat in the liquid phase can evaporate through the external upper 13 if it is breathable or in any case remains at a distance from the first layer 26a, therefore in a position of no contact with the foot of the user.

    [0065] The sweat that forms at the sole of the foot, both in the liquid phase and in the vapor phase, is again moved away from the foot.

    [0066] The sweat in the vapor phase passes through the first layer 26b and, by way of the interspace 17b, is facilitated in its motion toward the sole 11 and toward the interspace 17a of the first fabric.

    [0067] In fact, shoe ventilation is based mainly on the fact that sweat and internal moisture are able to access the interspace and to circulate through the preferential passages of the first fabric that are arranged around the foot, both due to a stack effect, caused by the warm air that rises toward the external edge 20, and due to a "pumping effect" caused by the weight of the foot, which during the stride compresses substantially the interspace 17b of the insole 15, propelling the sweat and moisture in the interspace 17a of the inner lining 14 so that it can exit from the upper external edge 20.

    [0068] Substantially, in a first ventilation step, which practically coincides with the rolling phase of the foot, the interspace 17b of the second element 16b of the insole 15 is compressed by the weight of the user, creating an effect of movement of the air contained in the interspace 17b in the direction of the interspace 17a of the first element 16a of the inner lining 14, which allows its movement and expulsion through the upper external edge 20 of the shoe 10.

    [0069] This first ventilation step is shown in Figure 1 and in Figure 6, and the movement of the sweat in the vapor phase is indicated by the arrows with which the reference numeral 30 is associated.

    [0070] Vice versa, in a second step of ventilation, when the shoe 10 leaves the ground, the interspace 17b resumes its initial shape, thanks to the properties of resiliency and shape recovery of the second fabric that constitutes the second element 16b, creating a movement of air from the outside through the external edge 20 and the interspace 17a of the first element 16a.

    [0071] The movement of the air, in this second step, is designated by the second lines 31 in Figure 2.

    [0072] These effects are further promoted by the difference in pressure that is created between the inside and the outside of the shoe due to the movement of the air outside it while walking. The difference in pressure therefore causes the air to circulate more easily in the shoe.

    [0073] In the described manner, the sweat of the foot can be expelled even if the material of the external upper 13 is not breathable.

    [0074] As regards instead sweat in the liquid phase, again at the sole of the foot, it passes through the first layer 26b, which is preferably hydrophobic and therefore preset to allow the transit of the liquid, and then through the second layer 27b. In the interspace 17b and on the third layer 28b, which is preferably hydrophilic, it tends to pass to the vapor state in order to be dissipated through the waterproof and vapor-permeable functional element 23 of the sole 11.

    [0075] The use of the first element 16a and of the second element 16b, constituted by the respective fabrics, therefore allows to provide a ventilated shoe 10 that is capable of ensuring the transport of sweat in the liquid form and/or in the form of vapor from the foot of the user toward the outside of the shoe.

    [0076] The generated sweat therefore is not retained by the first internal layer, which remains dry, improving the comfort conditions for the user around the entire foot.

    [0077] The shoe is physiologically more comfortable, allowing the natural temperature adjustment of the foot of the user.

    [0078] In particular, in geographical areas characterized by particularly rigid climates it is preferable to use a first fabric with a first and or third layer subjected to napping in order to improve thermal insulation in addition to facilitating ventilation.

    [0079] In practice it has been found that the invention achieves the intended aim and objects by means of a shoe that is capable of better dissipating sweat both in the liquid phase and in the vapor phase than known types of breathable shoe.

    [0080] The shoe is capable of ensuring ventilation around the foot of the user thanks to the exchange of heat and water vapor between the microclimate inside the shoe and the external microclimate, even if the external material of the upper is not breathable, by way of the dissipation of sweat in vapor form toward the upper external edge of the shoe and through the sole.

    [0081] The invention thus conceived is susceptible of numerous modifications and variations, if they fall within the scope of the appended claims.

    [0082] In practice, the materials used, so long as they are compatible with the specific use, as well as the contingent shapes and dimensions, may be any according to requirements and to the state of the art.

    [0083] Where technical features mentioned in any claim are followed by reference signs, those reference signs have been included for the sole purpose of increasing the intelligibility of the claims and accordingly such reference signs do not have any limiting effect on the interpretation of each element identified by way of example by such reference signs.


    Claims

    1. A ventilated shoe, comprising a breathable sole (11) and an upper assembly (12) associated therewith in an upward region, said shoe (10) being characterized in that said upper assembly (12) comprises:

    - an external upper (13), with which an inner lining (14) is associated which is constituted at least partly by a first element (16a) that defines at least one interspace (17a) that separates the foot of the user from said external upper (13) and is provided with passages for movement of sweat away from the foot of the user toward the upper external edge (20) of said shoe (10), said first element (16a) being constituted by a first fabric wherein the first fabric is a three-dimensional fabric for enabling the flow of air both transversely and longitudinally therein; and

    - a breathable insole (15), joined perimetrically at least to said inner lining (14) characterized in that said passages are defined by a series of channels (24) for the passage of sweat in the vapor phase and that said insole (15) is constituted by a second element (16b), said second element (16b) being constituted by a second fabric without channels.


     
    2. The shoe according to claim 1, characterized in that said second element (16b) defines at least one interspace (17b) that spaces the foot of the user from said sole (11).
     
    3. The shoe according to claim 1, characterized in that said channels (24) are defined by a series of parallel ridges (25).
     
    4. The shoe according to claim 1, characterized in that said sole (11) is substantially waterproof and breathable, comprising a structural layer (21) made of polymeric material provided with a series of through holes (22) with which a waterproof and breathable functional element (23) is coupled in an upward region, said insole (15) being superimposed on said functional element (23).
     
    5. The shoe according to claim 4, characterized in that said functional element (23) has a stratified and cohesive monolithic sheet-like structure which is made of polymeric material that is impermeable to water in the liquid state and is permeable to water vapor.
     
    6. The shoe according to claim 1, characterized in that the region of said external edge (20) is made of perforated and breathable material.
     
    7. The shoe according to claims 1 and 3, characterized in that said first fabric comprises:

    - a first layer (26a), which is internal and directed toward the foot of the user, which is breathable and adapted to direct the sweat, in the liquid phase and in the vapor phase, away from the foot of the user of a said shoe (10),

    - a second layer (27a), which is intermediate and spacing, defines said interspace (17a), and comprises said ridges (25), for the transfer of sweat in the liquid phase and in the vapor phase from said first layer (26a) toward said external upper (13), said ridges (25) being alternated with said channels (24) for the transfer of sweat in the vapor phase toward said external edge (20),

    - a third layer (28a), which is external and breathable and which, with said first layer (26a), encloses in a sandwich-like manner said second layer (27a), interposing itself between the latter and said external upper (13),

    said first layer (26a), said second layer (27a) and said third layer (28a) being joined to form a single body.
     
    8. The shoe according to claim 1, characterized in that said second fabric comprises:

    - a first upper and breathable layer (26b), which is adapted to direct the sweat, in the liquid phase and in the vapor phase, moving away from the foot of the user of a said shoe (10),

    - a second intermediate and spacing layer (27b), which defines said interspace (17b), for transfer of the sweat from said first layer (26b) toward said sole (11) and toward said interspace (17a) of said first element (16a),

    - a third external and breathable layer (28b), which together with said first layer (26b) encloses in a sandwich-like manner said second layer (27b), interposing itself between the latter and said sole (11),

    said first layer (26b), said second layer (27b) and said third layer (28b) being joined to form a single body.
     
    9. The shoe according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said first layer (26a, 26b) and said second layer (27a, 27b) are substantially hydrophobic.
     
    10. The shoe according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said third layer (28a, 28b) is substantially hydrophobic.
     
    11. The shoe according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized in that said third layer (28a, 28b) is substantially hydrophilic.
     
    12. The shoe according to claim 8, characterized in that at least one between said first layer (26a) and said third layer (28a) is napped, having a surface with a velvet-like appearance.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein belüfteter Schuh, der eine atmungsaktive Sohle (11) und einen Schaftaufbau (12) umfasst, welcher damit in einem oberen Bereich verbunden ist, wobei der Schuh (10) dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, dass der Schaftaufbau (12) Folgendes umfasst:

    - einen äußeren Schaft (13), mit dem ein inneres Futter (14) verbunden ist, welches zumindest teilweise aus einem ersten Element (16a) besteht, das mindestens einen Zwischenraum (17a) bestimmt, der den Fuß des Benutzers von dem äußeren Schaft (13) trennt, und mit Durchlässen für die Bewegung von Schweiß fort vom Fuß des Benutzers zum oberen äußeren Rand (20) des Schuhs (10) versehen ist, wobei das erste Element (16a) aus einem ersten Textilerzeugnis besteht, wobei das erste Textilerzeugnis ein dreidimensionales Textilerzeugnis ist, um den Luftstrom darin sowohl in Querrichtung als auch in Längsrichtung zu ermöglichen; und

    - eine atmungsaktive Brandsohle (15), am Umfang mindestens mit dem inneren Futter (14) verbunden, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Durchlässe von einer Reihe von Kanälen (24) für den Durchtritt von Schweiß in der Dampfphase bestimmt sind, und dadurch, dass die Brandsohle (15) aus einem zweiten Element (16b) besteht, wobei das zweite Element (16b) aus einem zweiten Textilerzeugnis ohne Kanäle besteht.


     
    2. Der Schuh gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das zweite Element (16b) mindestens einen Zwischenraum (17b) bestimmt, der den Fuß des Benutzers von der Sohle (11) beabstandet.
     
    3. Der Schuh gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Kanäle (24) durch eine Reihe paralleler Stege (25) bestimmt sind.
     
    4. Der Schuh gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Sohle (11) im Wesentlichen wasserdicht und atmungsaktiv ist und eine Strukturschicht (21) aus Polymermaterial umfasst, die mit einer Reihe von Durchgangslöchern (22) versehen ist und mit der in einem oberen Bereich ein wasserdichtes und atmungsaktives Funktionselement (23) gekoppelt ist, wobei die Brandsohle (15) über das Funktionselement (23) gelegt ist.
     
    5. Der Schuh gemäß Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Funktionselement (23) eine geschichtete und zusammenhängende, monolithische, lagenartige Struktur hat, die aus Polymermaterial besteht, welches undurchlässig gegenüber flüssigem Wasser und wasserdampfdurchlässig ist.
     
    6. Der Schuh gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Bereich des äußeren Randes (20) aus perforiertem und atmungsaktivem Material besteht.
     
    7. Der Schuh gemäß den Ansprüchen 1 und 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das erste Textilerzeugnis Folgendes umfasst:

    - eine erste Schicht (26a), die innen und dem Fuß des Benutzers zugewandt ist, die atmungsaktiv und geeignet ist, den Schweiß in der Flüssigphase und in der Dampfphase vom Fuß des Benutzers des Schuhs (10) wegzuleiten,

    - eine zweite Schicht (27a), die intermediär und beabstandend ist, den Zwischenraum (17a) bestimmt und die Stege (25) umfasst, zum Zwecke des Transfers von Schweiß in der Flüssigphase und in der Dampfphase von der ersten Schicht (26a) zu dem äußeren Schaft (13), wobei sich die Stege (25) mit den Kanälen (24) abwechseln zum Zwecke des Transfers von Schweiß in der Dampfphase zu dem äußeren Rand (20) hin,

    - eine dritte Schicht (28a), die extern und atmungsaktiv ist und die, zwischen sich und der ersten Schicht (26a), die zweite Schicht (27a) umschließt und dabei zwischen dieser und dem äußeren Schaft (13) angeordnet ist,

    wobei die erste Schicht (26a), die zweite Schicht (27a) und die dritte Schicht (28a) verbunden sind, um einen einzigen Körper zu bilden.
     
    8. Der Schuh gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das zweite Textilerzeugnis Folgendes umfasst:

    - eine erste, obere und atmungsaktive Schicht (26b), die ausgebildet ist, um den Schweiß in der Flüssigphase und in der Dampfphase so zu lenken, dass er sich vom Fuß des Benutzers des Schuhs (10) fort bewegt,

    - eine zweite, intermediäre und beabstandende Schicht (27b), die den Zwischenraum (17b) bestimmt, zum Zwecke des Transfers des Schweißes von der ersten Schicht (26b) zu der Sohle (11) und zu dem Zwischenraum (17a) des ersten Elements (16a) hin,

    - eine dritte, äußere und atmungsaktive Schicht (28b), die, zwischen sich und der ersten Schicht (26b), die zweite Schicht (27b) umschließt und dabei zwischen dieser und der Sohle (11) angeordnet ist,

    wobei die erste Schicht (26b), die zweite Schicht (27b) und die dritte Schicht (28b) verbunden sind, um einen einzigen Körper zu bilden.
     
    9. Der Schuh gemäß einem oder mehreren der obigen Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die erste Schicht (26a, 26b) und die zweite Schicht (27a, 27b) im Wesentlichen hydrophob sind.
     
    10. Der Schuh gemäß einem oder mehreren der obigen Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die dritte Schicht (28a, 28b) im Wesentlichen hydrophob ist.
     
    11. Der Schuh gemäß einem oder mehreren der obigen Ansprüche, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die dritte Schicht (28a, 28b) im Wesentlichen hydrophil ist.
     
    12. Der Schuh gemäß Anspruch 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die erste Schicht (26a) und/oder die dritte Schicht (28a) haarig sind und eine Oberfläche mit samtigem Aussehen haben.
     


    Revendications

    1. Chaussure ventilée, comprenant une semelle respirante (11) et un ensemble tige (12) associés dans une région vers le haut, ladite chaussure (10) étant caractérisée en ce que ledit ensemble tige (12) comprend :

    - une tige extérieure (13), à laquelle est associée une doublure intérieure (14) qui est constituée en partie au moins par un premier élément (16a) qui définit au moins un espace (17a) qui sépare le pied de l'utilisateur de ladite tige extérieure (13), et qui est dotée de passages destinés au déplacement de la sueur à partir du pied de l'utilisateur, vers le bord extérieur de la tige (20) de ladite chaussure (10), ledit premier élément (16a) étant constitué par un premier tissu, où le premier tissu est un tissu tridimensionnel destiné à permettre à l'air de circuler à l'intérieur transversalement et longitudinalement ; et

    - une semelle intérieure respirante (15), jointe de manière périmétrique à ladite doublure intérieure (14) au moins, caractérisée en ce que lesdits passages sont définis par une série de canaux (24) destinés au passage de la sueur en phase vapeur, et en ce que ladite semelle intérieure (15) est constituée par un second élément (16b), ledit second élément (16b) étant constitué par un second tissu sans canaux.


     
    2. Chaussure selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que ledit second élément (16b) définit au moins un intervalle (17b) qui espace le pied de l'utilisateur de ladite semelle (11).
     
    3. Chaussure selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que lesdits canaux (24) sont définis par une série de crêtes parallèles (25).
     
    4. Chaussure selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que ladite semelle (11) est sensiblement imperméable et respirante, comprenant une couche structurale (21) réalisée dans un matériau polymère, dotée d'une série de trous traversants (22) à laquelle est accouplé un élément fonctionnel imperméable et respirant (23) dans une région vers le haut, ladite semelle intérieure (15) étant superposée audit élément fonctionnel (23).
     
    5. Chaussure selon la revendication 4, caractérisée en ce que ledit élément fonctionnel (23) présente une structure similaire à une feuille monolithique stratifiée et cohésive, qui est réalisée dans un matériau polymère qui est imperméable à l'eau à l'état liquide, et qui est perméable à la vapeur d'eau.
     
    6. Chaussure selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que la région dudit bord extérieur (20) est réalisée dans un matériau perforé et respirant.
     
    7. Chaussure selon les revendications 1 et 3, caractérisée en ce que ledit premier tissu comprend :

    - une première couche (26a), qui est intérieure et orientée vers le pied de l'utilisateur, qui est respirante et adaptée pour diriger la sueur, en phase liquide et en phase vapeur, à partir du pied de l'utilisateur de ladite chaussure (10),

    - une deuxième couche (27a), qui est intermédiaire et espaçante, définit ledit espace (17a), et comprend lesdites crêtes (25), afin de transférer la sueur en phase liquide et en phase vapeur à partir de ladite première couche (26a) vers ladite tige extérieure (13), lesdites crêtes (25) alternant avec lesdits canaux (24) afin de transférer la sueur en phase vapeur vers ledit bord extérieur (20),

    - une troisième couche (28a), qui est extérieure et respirante et qui, avec ladite première couche (26a), entoure d'une manière en sandwich, ladite deuxième couche (27a), en s'interposant entre cette dernière et ladite tige extérieure (13),

    ladite première couche (26a), ladite deuxième couche (27a) et ladite troisième couche (28a) étant jointes afin de former un corps unitaire.
     
    8. Chaussure selon la revendication 1, caractérisée en ce que ledit second tissu comprend :

    - une première couche supérieure et respirante (26b), qui est adaptée pour diriger la sueur, en phase liquide et en phase vapeur, en l'éloignant du pied de l'utilisateur de ladite chaussure (10),

    - une deuxième couche intermédiaire et espaçante (27b), qui définit ledit espace (17b), afin de transférer la sueur à partir de ladite première couche (26b) vers ladite semelle (11) et vers ledit espace (17a) dudit premier élément (16a),

    - une troisième couche extérieure et respirante (28b), qui, avec ladite première couche (26b, entoure d'une manière en sandwich, ladite deuxième couche (27b), en s'interposant entre cette dernière et ladite semelle (11),

    ladite première couche (26b), ladite deuxième couche (27b) et ladite troisième couche (28b) étant jointes afin de former un corps unitaire.
     
    9. Chaussure selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que ladite première couche (26a, 26b) et ladite deuxième couche (27a, 27b) sont sensiblement hydrophobes.
     
    10. Chaussure selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que ladite troisième couche (28a, 28b) est sensiblement hydrophobe.
     
    11. Chaussure selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, caractérisée en ce que ladite troisième couche (28a, 28b) est sensiblement hydrophile.
     
    12. Chaussure selon la revendication 8, caractérisée en ce que l'une au moins de ladite première couche (26a) et de ladite troisième couche (28a) est grattée, sa surface présentant un aspect similaire à celui du velours.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description