(19)
(11)EP 2 957 756 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
15.11.2017 Bulletin 2017/46

(21)Application number: 14775816.3

(22)Date of filing:  29.01.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
F01N 3/32  (2006.01)
F02D 41/00  (2006.01)
F01N 9/00  (2006.01)
F01N 3/021  (2006.01)
F02D 41/04  (2006.01)
F01N 13/08  (2010.01)
F02D 1/04  (2006.01)
F02B 29/00  (2006.01)
F01N 13/18  (2010.01)
F02N 19/00  (2010.01)
F02D 19/02  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2014/051928
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/156281 (02.10.2014 Gazette  2014/40)

(54)

EXHAUST PURGE DEVICE FOR GAS INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

ABGASSPÜLUNGSVORRICHTUNG FÜR EINE BRENNKRAFTMASCHINE

DISPOSITIF DE PURGE D'ÉCHAPPEMENT POUR MOTEUR À COMBUSTION INTERNE À GAZ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 29.03.2013 JP 2013073840

(43)Date of publication of application:
23.12.2015 Bulletin 2015/52

(73)Proprietor: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
Tokyo 108-8215 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • NISHIO, Hideki
    Tokyo 108-8215 (JP)
  • ISHIDA, Michiyasu
    Tokyo 108-8215 (JP)
  • KITAGAWA, Hirotoshi
    Yokohama-shi Kanagawa 231-8715 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hoffmann Eitle 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartmbB Arabellastraße 30
81925 München
81925 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 808 582
JP-A- S61 185 669
JP-U- S50 313
US-A1- 2009 151 425
JP-A- H0 450 415
JP-A- 2007 146 807
US-A1- 2008 034 733
US-B1- 6 192 678
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to an exhaust purge device for a precombustion-chamber type lean premixed gas internal combustion engine, for discharging gas accumulating in an exhaust channel before startup of the gas internal combustion engine.

    BACKGROUND ART



    [0002] In a precombustion-chamber type lean premixed gas internal combustion engine (hereinafter, referred to in short as a gas engine), there is a starting method adopting slow air turning, in which compressed air (not containing fuel gas) is introduced into cylinders to rotate a gas engine before starting an air starting device, for the purpose of checking the inside of the cylinders, securing lubrication of the sliding surfaces of the cylinders and pistons that slide inside the cylinders, and reducing the preparation work before starting.

    [0003] In a gas internal combustion engine that performs slow air turning, compressed air that is used during slow air turning and until startup of the engine using compressed air (not containing fuel gas) performed subsequently to slow air turning performs the role of exhaust purge before startup of the gas engine.

    [0004] However, to secure supply and safety of the fuel gas for the gas engine, a variety of devices, valves, and the like are provided, from which unpredictable leakage of the fuel gas may occur.

    [0005] Fuel gas having leaked from the above devices, valves, and the like may flow to and accumulate in each of the gas engine, an exhaust channel, and the like.

    [0006] If the gas engine is switched to fuel-gas ignition startup under such a condition, the accumulating fuel gas undergoes abnormal combustion and damages the gas engine, the exhaust channel, and the like.

    [0007] JP 2012-202376A discloses performing a dry-air injecting step of injecting dry air into an intake channel and a cranking step of igniting and combusting air-fuel mixture with a spark plug and starting rotation of an output shaft of a gas engine after the dry-air injecting step.

    [0008] As a result, when the gas engine is started, dry air is injected into an air-supply channel before operation of the spark plug, which reduces the absolute humidity inside the intake channel.

    [0009] Thus, when the spark plug operates for the first time after startup, air with low humidity is supplied into a combustion chamber.

    [0010] Accordingly, the surface of electrodes of the spark plug is less likely to get moist, which makes it possible to maintain good insulation resistance between the electrodes, so that the spark plug generates sparks normally and misfire is prevented.

    [0011] Further, in 2012-202376A, pre-purge, which is to discharge remaining gas in a combustion chamber to the outside via the exhaust channel, is performed. At this time, the first injector, the second injector, and the spark plug are maintained to be shut down. An injection switch valve closes and a starter inlet valve opens. As a result, a starter motor starts to operate and a flywheel is driven to rotate together with an output shaft. Then, the pistons reciprocate without the air-fuel mixture undergoing ignition combustion. In this way, intake valves and exhaust valves are driven by the output shaft, performing opening/closing motion in accordance with the stroke of the pistons.

    [0012] As the reciprocating motion of the pistons is repeated, the remaining gas in the combustion chamber is forced out to the exhaust channel. Instead, dry air is supplied to a main combustion chamber and a precombustion chamber from the intake channel.

    [0013] In this way, it is possible to ventilate the inside of the main combustion chamber and the precombustion chamber with dry air, which makes it possible to prevent non-combusted gas or soot from being incorporated into air-fuel mixture when the air-fuel mixture undergoes ignition combustion for the first time upon startup.

    [0014] The reciprocating motion of the pistons is repeated a certain number of times that is sufficiently large to discharge gas from the main combustion chamber and the precombustion chamber and that is sufficiently small so that air in the supply-air channel does not completely pass through the main combustion chamber.

    [0015] Another example can be seen in document US 2009/151425 A1.

    SUMMARY


    Problems to be solved



    [0016] However, according to 2012-202376A, the second dry-air injecting step is performed after a pre-purge step of reciprocating the pistons without performing ignition combustion with the air-fuel mixture to discharge the remaining gas in the main combustion chamber to the outside from the exhaust channel, and before the cranking step. In this way, dry air is injected again into the supply-air channel. Thus, even though the pre-purge step is performed, when the spark plug operates for the first time after startup, it is possible to prevent air with high humidity from being supplied into the combustion chamber.

    [0017] In the pre-purge step, in order to discharge the remaining gas in the combustion chamber to the exhaust channel, the engine cycle is repeated a certain number of times that is sufficiently large to discharge gas from the main combustion chamber and the precombustion chamber and that is sufficiently small so that air in the supply-air channel does not completely pass through the main combustion chamber.

    [0018] Thus, while it is possible to discharge gas from the main combustion chamber and the precombustion chamber, it is not possible to discharge the gas accumulating in the exhaust channel completely, and thus it is not possible to prevent abnormal combustion in the exhaust channel during fuel-gas ignition operation of the gas engine.

    [0019] Further, the second dry-air injecting step is to dry the inside of the supply-air channel to prevent the spark plug of the combustion chamber from getting moist.

    [0020] Thus, non-combusted gas is accumulating in the gas engine and the exhaust channel, and thus it may not be possible to prevent abnormal combustion when startup of the gas engine is started by the spark plug.

    [0021] The present invention was made in view of the above issues, and an object of the present invention is to provide a starting device for a gas engine whereby non-combusted gas accumulating in the gas engine and an exhaust channel is discharged before ignition startup of the gas engine and abnormal combustion during ignition startup is prevented so as to improve safety, breakage prevention, durability and reliability.

    Solution to the problems



    [0022] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides an exhaust purge device for a gas internal combustion engine that operates using flammable gas as fuel. The exhaust purge device includes: an exhaust path connected to an exhaust collecting pipe of the gas internal combustion engine so as to form an exhaust channel; a blast pipe connected to an upstream portion of the exhaust pipe at one end; an exhaust purge fan connected to another end of the blast pipe and configured to send ambient air to the exhaust channel; and a control device for performing a control to drive the exhaust purge fan.

    [0023] The control device includes: a purge-fan operation determination part configured to determine whether an exhaust purge fan has been operated during a previous shutdown; and a purge-fan operation command part configured to operate the purge fan for a set time which is set in advance upon next startup of the gas internal combustion engine if the purge-fan operation determination part determines that the exhaust purge fan has not been operated during the previous shutdown.

    [0024] According to the above invention, the exhaust purge fan is driven for the set time either after shutdown or immediately before startup of the gas engine to discharge non-combusted gas accumulating in the exhaust channel, which makes it possible to prevent abnormal combustion and to improve reliability upon startup of the gas engine.

    [0025] Further, preferably in the present invention, the control device may include a set-time varying device configured to make a set value of the set time variable.

    [0026] Further, preferably in the present invention, the set time becomes longer with an increase in a capacity forming the exhaust channel.

    [0027] According to the above invention, on the exhaust side of the gas engine, an exhaust-gas purification device such as a denitration device, a PM filter, and an oxidation catalyst is disposed depending on the set specification of the gas engine.

    [0028] The capacity of the exhaust channel varies depending on the set specification of the exhaust-gas purification device.

    [0029] Thus, since the operation time of the exhaust purge fan for causing the ambient air to flow through the exhaust channel can be easily operated to change to a set time corresponding to the capacity of the exhaust channel, it is possible to ventilate the exhaust channel adequately and to prevent abnormal combustion in the exhaust channel.

    [0030] Further, even if the capacity of the exhaust channel varies depending on the specification of the exhaust-gas purification device disposed in the exhaust channel, the set time can be easily changed by the set-time varying device, which enables the common use of the control device and to reduce the cost for enabling the common use of a component (control device).

    [0031] Further, preferably in the present invention, the exhaust purge device may further include an informing device configured to inform completion of the exhaust purge when the exhaust purge is completed.

    [0032] According to the above invention, the operator is informed that the exhaust purge has been completed and that the next operation may be performed, which makes it possible to remind the operator not to perform the next operation during the exhaust purge, and to perform safe starting operation for the gas engine.

    Advantageous Effects



    [0033] According to the above invention, it is possible to provide a starting device for a gas internal combustion engine whereby non-combusted gas accumulating in the gas engine and an exhaust channel is discharged before ignition startup of the gas engine and abnormal combustion during the ignition startup is prevented so as to improve safety, breakage prevention, durability and reliability.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0034] 

    FIG. 1 is a schematic overall configuration diagram of a gas engine implementing the prevent invention.

    FIG. 2 is a schematic configuration diagram of an air starting device of a gas engine according to one embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 3 is a configuration diagram of a control device according to one embodiment of the present invention.

    FIG. 4 is an operation flowchart of exhaust purge according to the present invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0035] Embodiments of the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [0036] It is intended, however, that unless particularly specified, dimensions, materials, shapes, relative positions and the like of components described in the embodiments shall be interpreted as illustrative only and not limitative of the scope of the present invention.

    [0037] With reference to FIG. 1, the overall configuration of a precombustion-chamber type lean premixed gas internal combustion engine (hereinafter, referred to in short as a gas engine) implementing the present invention will be described.

    [0038] The gas engine 1 includes: an air starting device 30 coupled to the gas engine 1 via the first pipe 62; a compressed-air tank 9 for supplying compressed air to the air starting device 30; a turbocharger 14 mounted to an exhaust-air collecting pipe 12 of the gas engine 1; an exhaust channel 16 for discharging to the atmosphere exhaust gas having driven an exhaust turbine (not illustrated) of the turbocharger 14; an air cleaner 18 for removing dust contained in air that is to be supplied to the gas engine 1; an air cooler 15 coupled coaxially to the exhaust turbine for compressing intake air from the air cleaner 18 and cooling heated supply air; an exhaust-purge fan 7 for exhaust purge coupled to the exhaust channel 16 at the downstream side of the turbocharger 14 in the flow direction of exhaust gas via a blast pipe 71, for blowing air into the exhaust channel 16; a fuel-gas supply device 17 for supplying fuel gas to the gas engine 1; and a gas-leakage checking device 8 disposed in a fuel-gas supply pipe 89 disposed between the fuel-gas supply device 17 and the supply pipe 13, for checking gas leakage of safety shutoff valves.

    [0039] In the exhaust channel 16, an oxidation catalyst 16b for oxidizing and detoxifying carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbon (HC) contained in the exhaust gas, a denitration device 16c for decomposing nitrogen oxide (NOx) contained in the exhaust gas into harmless nitrogen and water by injecting ammonia (NH3) and using a catalyst so as to obtain clean exhaust gas, a PM filter 16a for removing suspended particulate matters contained in the exhaust gas (PM: particulate matter), and the like are disposed in accordance with the required specification of the device.

    [0040] Thus, depending on the required specification of the exhaust-gas purification device to be mounted, the channel capacity of the exhaust channel 16 varies.

    [0041] Further, 23 is a rotation-speed sensor for measuring the cumulative rotation speed of slow-air turning upon startup of the gas engine.

    [0042] FIG. 2 is a schematic configuration diagram of the air starting device 30.

    [0043] The air starting device 30 includes a control device 2 for controlling operation of the air starting device 30, a main air-starting unit 6 which increases the gas engine 1 to a rotation speed for startup of fuel-gas ignition operation, and a compressed-air supply unit 3 for performing slow-air turning for checking the inside of each cylinder of the gas engine 1 and securing lubrication of the sliding surfaces between cylinders and pistons in the cylinders before operation of the main air-starting unit 6.

    [0044] In the present embodiment, the control device 2 is a comprehensive control device which controls the air starting device 30, the exhaust purge fan 7 for exhaust purge and the gas-leakage checking device 8.

    [0045] As illustrated in FIG. 3, the control device 2 includes the following in order to perform exhaust purge: a purge-fan operation determination part 24 configured to determine whether the exhaust purge fan 7 has been operated during the previous shutdown; a purge-fan operation command part 26 for operating the purge fan for a set period of time upon the next startup, if it is determined that the purge fan 7 has not been operated previously by the purge-fan operation determination part 24, and a time-setting device 26 for setting the period of time for operating the exhaust purge.

    [0046] The time-setting device 26 includes a time (minute) inputting switch 27 of a dial type capable of varying the operation time of exhaust purge in accordance with the capacity of the exhaust channel upon execution of exhaust purge.

    [0047] The main air starting unit 6 includes a main starting valve 61, an air starting switch 65 (hereinafter, switch is referred to in short as S/W) that operates the main starting valve 61 via the control device 2, a starting electromagnetic valve 64 that opens the main starting valve 61 via the first pipe 62 with compressed air from the compressed-air tank 9 when the air starting S/W 65 is switched on, and a compressed-air introduction unit 5 that introduces compressed air into each cylinder according to the order of ignition timing of the gas engine 1, the compressed air being supplied by opening the main starting valve 61.

    [0048] The opened main starting valve 61 sends the compressed air for operation for air startup toward the compressed-air introduction unit 5 via the first pipe 62.

    [0049] The compressed-air introduction unit 5 includes: a starting-pipe control valve 51 which distributes pilot air to each cylinder of the gas engine 1 according to the order of ignition timing of the gas engine 1; a starting valve 52 that is mounted to a cylinder head 11 of the gas engine 1 and opened by pilot air from the starting-pipe control valve 51; the fourth pilot air pipe 56 coupling the starting-pipe control valve 51 and the starting valve 52; the third pilot air pipe 55 that is branched from the second pipe 63 and introduces pilot air to the starting-pipe control valve 51; and an interlock valve 53 disposed in the third pilot air pipe 55 for safety check that a fitting-and-disengaging device of an engine turning device is removed between the main starting valve 61 and the starting valve 52.

    [0050] Here, a slow-air-turning main starting valve 31 has a structure such that the compressed air from the third pipe 37 is not discharged to the atmosphere from the slow-air-turning main starting valve 31 during operation of the main starting valve 61 while operation of the slow-air-turning main starting valve 31 is halted.

    [0051] Accordingly, when the air starting S/W 65 is switched on, the starting electromagnetic valve 64 opens. The main starting valve 61 is opened by the compressed air from the starting electromagnetic valve 64. The compressed air passes through the first pipe 62, the main starting valve 61, the second pipe 63, the third pilot air pipe 55, and the interlock valve 53 in this order, thereby reaching the starting-pipe control valve 51 in the end. The starting-pipe control valve 51 sends pilot air to the starting valve 52 mounted to a cylinder that has reached the ignition timing of the time of the previous shutdown of the gas engine 1.

    [0052] The starting valve 52 opens, and the compressed air from the second pipe 63 is introduced into the cylinder from the starting valve 52.

    [0053] The piston in the cylinder is pressed by the compressed air, and the gas engine 1 starts rotation.

    [0054] When the gas engine 1 reaches a predetermined rotation speed, the gas engine 1 starts operation by fuel-gas ignition.

    [0055] Once the gas engine 1 starts operating by fuel-gas ignition, the control device 2 closes the starting electromagnetic valve 64, as well as halting supply of the compressed air to the main starting valve 61 and closing the main starting valve 61.

    [0056] When the main starting valve 61 closes, the compressed air accumulating in the second pipe 63 and the third pilot air pipe 55 is discharged to the atmosphere from the main starting valve 61 via a switch valve 32 that is normally open.

    [0057] The main starting valve 61 has a structure such that the compressed air in the starting circuit is discharged to the atmosphere when operation of the main starting valve 61 is halted, because compressed air remaining in the compressed-air circuit of the compressed-air introduction unit 5 generates internal resistance of the gas engine 1 during fuel-gas operation.

    [0058] Before the main air starting unit 6 is started, slow air turning is performed to check the inside of each cylinder of the gas engine 1, lubricate the piston ring and the cylinder liner inside the cylinder, and to check safety around the combustion chamber.

    [0059] In the present invention, in addition to the above reasons, in a case where shutdown is caused by occurrence of an unpredictable event (e.g. emergency stop of the gas engine 1 due to loss of control power or the like) and exhaust purge is not performed on the exhaust channel 16 after the shutdown, fuel gas remaining in the fuel gas supply pipe 89 flows out to and accumulates in the gas engine 1 and the exhaust channel 16.
    In a case where non-combusted fuel gas has accumulated in the gas engine 1 and the exhaust channel 16 disposed on the downstream side of the gas engine 1, such non-combusted fuel gas is discharged in order to prevent occurrence of abnormal combustion due to the accumulating fuel gas during fuel-gas ignition operation of the gas engine 1.

    [0060] With reference to FIG. 2, the configuration of the compressed-air supply unit 3 for performing slow air turning will be described.

    [0061] The compressed-air supply unit 3 includes: the slow-air-turning main starting valve 31; a slow-air-turning electromagnetic valve 34 that opens the slow-air-turning main starting valve 31 by supplying pilot air to the slow-air-turning main starting valve 31 from the compressed-air tank 9 via the second pilot air pipe 35; the compressed-air introduction unit 5 that introduces the compressed air supplied as the slow-air-turning main starting valve 31 opens into each cylinder according to the order of ignition timing of the gas engine 1, an orifice 25 for pressure reduction disposed in the third pipe 37 connecting the second pipe 63 and the slow-air-turning main starting valve 31; a switch valve 32 mounted to the main starting valve 61 to prevent the compressed air from being discharged to the atmosphere from the halted main starting valve 61 during operation of the slow-air-turning main starting valve 31, a rotation-speed detection unit which detects the number of slow air turning (rotation speed of a crank shaft) of the gas engine 1; and a cumulative rotation-speed setting device 21 which is capable of closing the slow-air-turning electromagnetic valve 34 and varying a set value of the cumulative rotation speed optionally when the cumulative rotation speed of the rotation speed detected by the rotation-speed detection unit reaches the set value.

    [0062] The switch valve 32 is mounted to the downstream side of the main starting valve 61, and opened by pilot air introduced by the fifth pilot air pipe 36 branched from the second pilot air pipe 35, so that the compressed air is not discharged to the atmosphere from the main starting valve 61 during operation of slow air turning.

    [0063] Accordingly, while the slow air turning is performed, the compressed air in the operation circuit of the slow air turning is prevented from being discharged to the atmosphere from the main starting valve 61, which makes it possible to perform operation of the slow air turning.

    [0064] Once the gas engine 1 starts to operate by fuel, the operation of the main starting valve 61 stops, and thereby the compressed air in the operation circuit of the slow air turning is discharged to the atmosphere from the main starting valve 61 to prevent the compressed air from becoming internal resistance of the gas engine 1.

    [0065] Performing slow air turning makes it possible to eliminate remaining gas in the gas engine 1 and the exhaust channel 16.

    [0066] However, various exhaust-gas purification devices are disposed in the exhaust channel 16 in view of prevention of environmental pollution.

    [0067] As described above, the exhaust-gas purification devices include, for instance, the oxidation catalyst 16b, the denitration device 16c, the PM filter (PM; particulate matter) 16a for purifying exhaust gas, and the like, arranged in accordance with the required specification of the device.

    [0068] The specification of the exhaust-gas purification devices is varied depending on the characteristics of a usage area, demand of the client, or the like, and thus the capacity inside the exhaust channel 16 also varies.

    [0069] In view of this, varying a set value of the cumulative rotation speed of slow air turning in accordance with the capacity inside the exhaust channel 16 makes it possible to reduce the cost by sharing the control device 2, as well as discharging air (which may contain fuel gas) in the gas engine 1 and the exhaust channel 16.

    [0070] Further, according to the present invention, exhaust purge is operated before execution of the above slow air turning.

    [0071] The exhaust purge includes the exhaust purge fan 7, the blast pipe 71 connected to the exhaust purge fan 7 at one end and to the exhaust channel 16 at the downstream side of the turbocharger 14 with respect to the exhaust turbine at the other end, the time-setting device 26 provided for the control device 2, and a pilot lamp 29 which is an informing device for informing an operator of completion of exhaust purge, from a signal from the control device 2.

    [0072] The time-setting device 26 includes the time (minute) inputting switch 27 of a dial type for setting the operation time of exhaust purge.

    [0073] The set time of the time setting device 26 can be set to be long if the capacity of the exhaust channel is large, and to be short if the capacity is small.

    [0074] Further, while the pilot lamp 29 is used as an informing device in the present embodiment, a buzzer may be used instead, or both of a buzzer and the pilot lamp 29 may be used together.

    [0075] In this case, the operator is informed that the exhaust purge has been completed and that the next operation may be performed, which makes it possible to remind the operator securely not to perform the next operation during the exhaust purge, and to perform safe starting operation for the gas engine.

    [0076] With reference to FIG. 4, the control for performing exhaust purge will be described.

    [0077] The process starts from step S1, and in step S2, an operator confirms whether the set time of exhaust purge is set corresponding to the capacity of the exhaust channel.

    [0078] If the set time is not corresponding to the capacity of the exhaust channel, the time inputting S/W 27 of the time-setting device 26 is operated to correct the set time.

    [0079] In step S3, the operator issues a startup preparation command of an engine (a starting switch 65 is turned on) in order to start the gas engine 1.

    [0080] In step S4, the control device 2 confirms whether exhaust purge has been performed on the exhaust channel 16 during the previous shutdown of the gas engine 1.

    [0081] If exhaust purge has not been performed, NO is selected and the process advances to step S5.

    [0082] In step S5, the control device 2 operates the exhaust purge fan 7 of exhaust purge for a set time to discharge air (that may contain fuel gas) in the exhaust channel 16 with the ambient air.

    [0083] The operation time is determined in accordance with the capacity of the exhaust channel that varies depending on the arrangement specification of the various exhaust gas purification devices disposed in the exhaust channel 16.

    [0084] After performing the exhaust purge for a predetermined period, the process advances to step S6, and the control device 2 informs (confirms) completion of the exhaust purge with the pilot lamp 29, which is an informing device.

    [0085] The operator can confirm that the exhaust purge is completed and that the next operation can be performed.

    [0086] The control device 2 is configured such that air startup (slow air turning), which is the next step, cannot be performed unless completion of the exhaust purge is confirmed by the control device 2.

    [0087] In step S4, if exhaust purge has been performed on the exhaust channel 16 during the previous shutdown of the gas engine 1, YES is selected and the process advances to step S25.

    [0088] Step 6 and following steps are as described above, and thus not described in detail.

    [0089] In this way, in a case where shutdown is caused by some reason (e.g. emergency stop of the gas engine 1 due to loss of control power or the like) and exhaust purge is not performed on the exhaust channel 16 after the shutdown, fuel gas remaining in the fuel gas supply pipe 89 flows out to and accumulates in the gas engine 1 and the exhaust channel 16.

    [0090] Upon startup, it is possible to prevent abnormal combustion in the exhaust channel 16 by automatically performing exhaust purge that has failed to be performed during the previous shutdown of the gas engine 1.

    [0091] It is also possible to prevent unnecessary operational errors because it is possible to confirm completion of the exhaust purge with the pilot lump 29 easily, which enables the operator to determine normal operation of the control device 2.

    [0092] In the present embodiment, it is confirmed whether exhaust purge has been performed during the previous shutdown of the gas engine 1 (step S4 in FIG. 4), and exhaust purge is not performed before startup of the gas engine 1 if exhaust purge has been performed. However, exhaust purge before startup may be a requirement.

    [0093] With the execution of exhaust purge before startup being a requirement, even if temporary deformation (elastic deformation) or the like occurs to a seal portion of a number of valves due to an earthquake or the like, and fuel-gas leaks from the deformed part to accumulate in the exhaust channel 16 while the gas engine 1 is halted, it is possible to improve safety with respect to abnormal combustion in the exhaust channel 16 even further.

    [0094] In this way, it is possible to provide a starting device for a gas internal combustion engine whereby non-combusted gas possibly accumulating in the gas engine 1 and the exhaust channel 16 is discharged upon ignition startup of the gas engine 1 and abnormal combustion is prevented so as to improve safety, breakage prevention, durability and reliability of the gas engine 1.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0095] The present invention is suitably applied to a starting device for a gas internal combustion engine equipped with a slow air turning device that is operated before startup of an internal combustion engine including an air starting device.

    Description of Reference Numerals



    [0096] 

    1 Gas internal combustion engine (precombustion-chamber type lean premixed gas internal combustion engine)

    2 Control device

    3 Compressed-air supply unit

    5 Compressed-air introduction unit

    6 Main air starting unit

    7 Exhaust purge fan

    11 Cylinder head

    12 Exhaust-collecting pipe

    13 Supply pipe

    16 Exhaust channel

    17 Fuel-gas supply device

    24 Purge-fan operation determination part

    26 Time setting device

    27 Time inputting S/W

    28 Purge-fan operation command part

    30 Air starting device

    31 Slow-air-turning main starting valve

    32 Switch valve

    51 Starting pipe control valve

    52 Starting valve

    61 Main starting valve

    71 Blast pipe




    Claims

    1. An exhaust purge device for a gas internal combustion engine (1) which operates using flammable gas as fuel, the exhaust purge device comprising:

    an exhaust pipe connected to an exhaust collecting pipe (12) of the gas internal combustion engine (1) so as to form an exhaust channel;

    a blast pipe (71) connected to an upstream portion of the exhaust pipe (12) at one end;

    an exhaust purge fan (7) connected to another end of the blast pipe (71) and configured to send ambient air to the exhaust channel; and

    a control device (2) for performing a control to drive the exhaust purge fan (7),

    characterized in that the control device (2) includes: a purge-fan operation determination part (24) configured to determine whether the exhaust purge fan (7) has been operated during a previous shutdown; and a purge-fan operation command part (28) configured to operate the purge fan (7) for a set time which is set in advance upon next startup of the gas internal combustion engine (1) if the purge-fan operation determination part (24) determines that the exhaust purge fan (7) has not been operated during the previous shutdown.


     
    2. The exhaust purge device for a gas internal combustion engine (1) according to claim 1,
    wherein the control device (2) includes a set-time varying device (26) configured to make a set value of the set time variable.
     
    3. The exhaust purge device for a gas internal combustion engine (1) according to claim 1 or 2,
    wherein the set time becomes longer with an increase in a capacity forming the exhaust channel.
     
    4. The exhaust purge device for a gas internal combustion engine (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, further including an informing device (29) configured to inform completion of the exhaust purge when the exhaust purge is completed.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Abgas-Ablasseinrichtung für einen Gas-Verbrennungsmotor (1), der unter Verwendung eines brennbaren Gases als Kraftstoff betrieben wird, wobei die Abgas-Ablasseinrichtung umfasst:

    eine Abgasleitung, die mit einer Abgas-Sammelleitung (12) des Gas-Verbrennungsmotors (1) verbunden ist, um einen Abgaskanal zu bilden;

    ein Blasrohr (71), das mit einem Stromaufwärts-Bereich der Abgasleitung (12) an einem Ende verbunden ist;

    einen Abgas-Ablasslüfter (7), der mit einem anderen Ende des Blasrohrs (71) verbunden ist und dazu konfiguriert ist, Umgebungsluft an den Abgaskanal zu schicken; und

    eine Steuerungseinrichtung (2) zum Durchführen einer Steuerung zum Antreiben des Abgas-Ablasslüfters (7),

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Steuerungseinrichtung (2) umfasst: einen Ablasslüfter-Betriebs-Bestimmungsteil (24), der dazu konfiguriert ist, zu bestimmen, ob der Abgas-Ablasslüfter (7) während einer vorherigen Abschaltung betrieben wurde; und einen Ablasslüfter-Betriebs-Befehlsteil (28), der dazu konfiguriert ist, den Ablasslüfter (7) für eine eingestellte Zeit zu betrieben, die im Voraus eingestellt wird, auf das nächste Anlaufen des Gas-Verbrennungsmotors (1) hin, falls der Ablasslüfter-Betriebs-Bestimmungsteil (24) bestimmt, dass der Abgas-Ablasslüfter (7) nicht während der vorherigen Abschaltung betrieben wurde.


     
    2. Abgas-Ablasseinrichtung für einen Gas-Verbrennungsmotor (1) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei die Steuerungseinrichtung (2) eine Einstellzeit-Variationseinrichtung (26) umfasst, die dazu konfiguriert ist, einen Einstellwert der eingestellten Zeit variabel zu machen.
     
    3. Abgas-Ablasseinrichtung für einen Gas-Verbrennungsmotor (1) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2,
    wobei die eingestellte Zeit mit einer Zunahme der Kapazität, die den Abgaskanal bildet, länger wird.
     
    4. Abgas-Ablasseinrichtung für einen Gas-Verbrennungsmotor (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, die ferner eine Informierungseinrichtung (29) umfasst, die dazu konfiguriert ist, über eine Vollendung des Abgas-Ablassens zu informieren, wenn das Abgas-Ablassen vollendet ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de purge d'échappement pour un moteur à combustion interne à gaz (1) qui fonctionne en utilisant un gaz inflammable à titre de carburant, le dispositif de purge d'échappement comprenant :

    un tuyau d'échappement relié à un tuyau de collecte de gaz d'échappement (12) du moteur à gaz à combustion interne (1) de façon à former un canal d'échappement;

    une tuyère de soufflage (71) reliée à une portion en amont du tuyau d'échappement (12) à une extrémité ;

    un ventilateur de purge d'échappement (7) relié à une autre extrémité de la tuyère de soufflage (71) et configuré pour envoyer de l'air ambiant en direction du canal d'échappement ; et

    un dispositif de commande (2) pour mettre en oeuvre une commande pour entraîner le ventilateur de purge de gaz échappement (7) ;

    caractérisé en ce que le dispositif de commande (2) comprend : une partie de détermination du fonctionnement de ventilateur de purge (24), configuré pour déterminer si le ventilateur de purge de gaz d'échappement (7) a fonctionné ou non au cours d'un 'arrêt antérieur; et un élément de commande du fonctionnement de ventilateur de purge (28), configuré pour actionner le ventilateur de purge (7) pendant un laps de temps déterminé qui est réglé à l'avance lors du démarrage suivant du moteur à combustion interne à gaz (1) si la partie de détermination de fonctionnement de ventilateur de purge (24) détermine que le ventilateur de purge d'échappement (7) n'a pas fonctionné au cours de l'arrêt antérieur.


     
    2. Dispositif de purge d'échappement pour un moteur à combustion interne à gaz (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le dispositif de commande (2) comprend un dispositif de variation de laps de temps déterminé (26) configuré pour rendre variable une valeur déterminée du laps de temps déterminé.
     
    3. Dispositif de purge d'échappement pour un moteur à combustion interne à gaz (1) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le laps de temps déterminé devient plus long avec une augmentation de capacité de formation du canal d'échappement.
     
    4. Dispositif de purge d'échappement pour un moteur à combustion interne à gaz (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, comprenant en outre un dispositif de fourniture d'informations (29) configuré pour fournir des informations quant à l'achèvement de la purge d'échappement lorsque la purge d'échappement est arrivée à son terme.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description