(19)
(11)EP 2 959 214 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
12.08.2020 Bulletin 2020/33

(21)Application number: 14708329.9

(22)Date of filing:  17.02.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F21V 5/00(2018.01)
G02B 27/09(2006.01)
F21V 8/00(2006.01)
G02B 19/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/IB2014/059037
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/128606 (28.08.2014 Gazette  2014/35)

(54)

AN ARRANGEMENT COMPRISING AN OPTICAL DEVICE AND A REFLECTOR

ANORDNUNG MIT EINER OPTISCHEN VORRICHTUNG UND EINEM REFLEKTOR

ARRANGEMENT COMPRENANT UN DISPOSITIF OPTIQUE ET UN RÉFLECTEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 19.02.2013 US 201361766254 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
30.12.2015 Bulletin 2015/53

(73)Proprietor: Signify Holding B.V.
5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)

(72)Inventors:
  • BEIJER, Johannes Gerrit Jan
    NL-5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)
  • DROSS, Oliver
    NL-5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)

(74)Representative: van Eeuwijk, Alexander Henricus Waltherus et al
Signify Netherlands B.V. Intellectual Property High Tech Campus 7
5656 AE Eindhoven
5656 AE Eindhoven (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 261 551
EP-A2- 2 093 480
US-A- 4 767 172
US-A1- 2006 285 351
US-A1- 2010 026 703
EP-A2- 1 427 029
DE-A1- 19 915 209
US-A1- 2003 053 314
US-A1- 2008 247 173
US-B1- 7 118 253
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    FIELD OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The present inventive concept relates to an arrangement comprising an optical device and a reflector.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] Many types of light sources (e.g. LEDs, incandescent light sources, fluorescent light sources) emit diverging light beams. In order to improve a peak intensity of a beam output by the light source and/or provide the beam with a desired profile a focusing lens may be arranged at an exit aperture of a lamp. The lens may collect and focus at least a portion of the light from the light source along the optical axis of the lens. One type of focusing lens which enables a compact lamp design with a single lens optics is the Fresnel lens. However the further away from the optical axis of a lens the worse the light collecting efficiency of the lens may be. This may apply to Fresnel lenses in particular and also to focusing lenses in general. Above a certain point, an enlargement of the exit aperture and the lens may hence not result in more light being collected into the beam and thus a desired beam profile and intensity increase may not be obtained.

    [0003] EP 1427029 discloses a light emitting device with a dish-shaped mold part having a high refractive index, a light emitting element positioned at the centre on the side of the back face of the mold part. A reflecting member in the shape of a concave mirror is provided on the back face of the mold part which reflects light totally reflected by the front face of the mold part. A direct emitting portion in the shape of a circle is provided at the center on the front face of the mold part, and a ring-shaped, (first) total reflecting portion is provided around it, additionally a slanted, (second) total reflecting portion is provided between the direct emitting portion and the first total reflecting portion.

    [0004] EP 2093480 discloses a vehivle lighting system. The light having entered a light transmitting member through a predetermined point (the light emission center of a light emitting element) on an optical axis undergoes internal reflection in a front surface perpendicular to the optical axis, then undergoes internal reflection again in a rear surface composed of a paraboloid of revolution having a focal point at a position of plane symmetry with the predetermined point, and then exits the front surface. An annular region around the optical axis in the front surface is mirror-finished.

    [0005] US 4767172 discloses a light collector for an LED array for efficiently collecting and collimating light emitting from the LEDs and projecting the light into an optical wave guide which directs that light onto a photoreceptor surface. Each LED is centered in a hemispherical cavity in the collector array in order that radiation from the LED enters the collector essentially unrefracted. The collector array provides a convex lens portion and a parabolic reflecting surface portion. Light that exits from the LED that is substantially perpendicular to the substrate supporting the LED is applied to the convex lens and is collimated. Light exiting substantially parallel to the substrate strikes a parabolic reflecting surface at greater than the critical angle and is also collimated. The two concentric collimated beams are combined and applied to the photoreceptor surface via a light pipe or optical wave guide secured to the collector.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0006] A general objective of the present inventive concept is hence to at least partially overcome the aforementioned limitations. 2. The invention is defined in the appended claims. According to an aspect of the inventive concept, this object is addressed by an arrangement comprising an optical device including a radially inner beam forming portion, and a radially outer portion at least partly enclosing the radially inner portion. The arrangement further comprises a reflector arranged to reflect, in a first direction towards the radially outer portion, light emitted by a light source, such that a first optical path is formed from the light source to the radially outer portion via the reflector. The radially outer portion is transparent such that incident light reaching the radially outer portion along the first optical path exits the radially outer portion in a direction parallel to the first direction, and at least one of scattering and attenuating for light reaching the radially outer portion along a second optical path extending directly between the light source and the radially outer portion.

    [0007] Light reaching the radially outer portion along the first optical path may be referred to as "reflected light". Light reaching the radially outer portion along the second optical path may be referred to as "direct light".

    [0008] The optical device may form a first portion of the light emitted by the light source into a primary beam of a desired profile. The reflector may direct a reflected light beam towards at least the radially outer portion of the optical device. By the design of the radially outer portion, reflected light which is incident on the radially outer portion may be transmitted substantially without being redirected. In a sense, the radially outer portion may thus act as a clear exit window for the reflected light. The reflected light may thereby be transmitted through the optical device and contribute to the intensity of the primary beam. Compared to a prior art focusing lens, a non-focusing exit window thus replaces a radially outer focusing portion of the lens.

    [0009] In contrast, the radially outer portion scatters and/or attenuates the direct light and thereby prevents the direct light from forming a halo, i.e. a secondary ring of light, around the primary beam. To an observer the secondary ring of light could otherwise be perceived as glare not contributing to the intensity of the primary beam. The radially outer portion may thus provide a double function by acting as a substantially clear exit window for reflected light while preventing glare producing direct light to be transmitted. The arrangement is thus especially advantageous to use in applications where a comparably high intensity output is desired whereas glare is not.

    [0010] The radially outer portion may be scattering by redirecting or splitting the direct light into a plurality of different directions.

    [0011] According to one embodiment the radially outer portion comprises a structure arranged to scatter light reaching the radially outer portion along the second optical path by splitting at least a portion of said light into a plurality of directions. Direct light may thereby be divided into a plurality of directions or "channels".

    [0012] According to one embodiment the radially outer portion presents, for a portion of the light reaching the radially outer portion along the second optical path, at least two interfaces between two media of different refractive indices, wherein a first one of said interfaces is angled with respect to a second one of said interfaces. The ray of the portion of the direct light may be transmitted at both the first one and the second one of the interfaces and thus be redirected from the original direction of the beam. The ray may also be partially reflected at the first and/or second one of the interfaces into further directions also different from the original direction of the beam.

    [0013] According to one embodiment the radially outer portion presents, for said portion of light reaching the radially outer portion along the second optical path, also at least a third interface between two media of different refractive indices. Said portion of direct light may hence be transmitted and refracted, or partially reflected at an even further interface, resulting in further scattering of the direct light. The third interface may be angled with respect to each one of the first interface and the second interface. The direct light may thereby be deflected from the original beam direction even more strongly.

    [0014] According to one embodiment the radially outer portion presents, for light reaching the radially outer portion along the first optical path, two interfaces between two media of different refractive indices, wherein each one of said two interfaces are parallel to each other. At least a portion (advantageously a majority) of the reflected light may thereby be transmitted by the radially outer portion and exit the radially outer portion in a direction parallel to the first direction, i.e. the direction in which the reflector directs the reflected light. One of said two interfaces may be the above-mentioned first interface.

    [0015] According to the invention the radially outer portion presents a plurality of protrusions extending from a first main surface of the radially outer portion and being spaced apart in a radial direction along the first main surface. The protrusions enable a simple yet efficient design of the radially outer portion which may scatter and/or attenuate the direct light and transmit reflected light without affecting the transmitted light appreciably. The first main surface may either face towards the reflector or face in a direction away from the reflector. The protrusions may be formed as concentric rings on the first main surface. The ring shaped protrusions may be centered about the radially inner beam forming portion.

    [0016] Each protrusion may present a radially inner side surface facing in a radially inward direction and a radially outer side surface facing in a radially outward direction, the protrusions being arranged such that light reaching the radially outer portion along the second optical path interacts with at least one of an inner side surface and an outer side surface. The direct light may thus be transmitted or reflected by side surfaces of the protrusions. An angle between a side surface of a protrusion and a direction of the second optical path may be greater than an angle between said side surface and said first direction. This enables the fraction of the direct light interacting with the side surfaces to be greater than the fraction of the reflected light interacting with the side surfaces.

    [0017] According to one embodiment the protrusions are formed such that: a first portion of the light reaching the radially outer portion along the second optical path is refracted at a radially inner side surface of a protrusion into said protrusion and transmitted at the radially outer side surface of said protrusion. The protrusions may further be formed such that: a second portion of the light reaching the radially outer portion along the second optical path is refracted at a radially inner side surface of a protrusion into said protrusion and transmitted from the radially outer portion in a direction away from the reflector or internally reflected within said protrusion in a direction towards the reflector. The protrusions may further be arranged such that: a third portion of the light reaching the radially outer portion along the second optical path is internally reflected by the radially outer side surface and thereafter transmitted by the radially outer portion in a direction away from the reflector. Each protrusion may further present an end surface which is parallel to said first main surface and a second main surface of the radially outer portion, the second main surface being opposite to the first main surface. The end surface may extend between a radially inner and a radially outer side surface of the protrusion. These designs of the protrusions make it possible to divide the direct light into several different channels which do not combine (i.e. spatially overlap) outside of the arrangement while allowing reflected light to be transmitted without being redirected appreciably.

    [0018] According to one embodiment said protrusions include at least a first, a second and a third protrusion, the first protrusion arranged radially inside of the second and third protrusion and the second protrusion arranged radially inside of the third protrusion. According to one option a radial separation between the first and the second protrusion is smaller than a radial separation between the second and the third protrusion, and a height of the first, second and third protrusions are equal. According to one option a radial separation between the first and the second protrusion and the second and the third protrusion are equal and a height of the first protrusion is greater than a height of the second protrusion, and a height of the second protrusion is greater than a height of the third protrusion. These options both enable the design of the protrusions to be varied while taking an increasing angle of incidence for light further radially out on the radially outer portion into account. This may in turn enable the material consumption for the radially outer portion and thus the optical device to be optimized.

    [0019] The arrangement may further comprise a light source. The light source may be arranged to emit light towards the radially inner beam forming portion and the reflector. According to the invention the radially inner beam forming portion is arranged to collimate a portion of the light emitted by the light source. The beam forming portion is thus arranged to form a collimated primary beam. Also the reflector is arranged to collimate the reflected light. The reflector may be arranged to direct the collimated reflected light in a direction parallel to the beam collimated by the beam forming portion. According to the invention the beam forming portion is a focusing lens. The lens may collect and focus a portion of a diverging light distribution emitted by the light source to form the primary light beam. The first optical path extends from a focal point of the focusing lens to the radially outer portion via the reflector. Additionally, the second optical path extends directly between the focal point of the focusing lens and the radially outer portion.

    [0020] In accordance with the invention there is provided an optical device including a radially inner beam forming portion and a radially outer portion at least partly enclosing the radially inner portion, wherein the radially inner beam forming portion is arranged to focus light along an optical axis of the radially inner beam forming portion. The radially outer portion is transparent such that incident light reaching the radially outer portion in a first direction exits the radially outer portion in a direction parallel to the first direction, and at least one of scattering and attenuating for light reaching the radially outer portion in a second direction which is different from the first direction. The radially inner beam forming portion may be arranged to collimate light along the optical axis. The first direction may be parallel to the optical axis of the radially inner beam forming portion. Moreover, the second direction may coincide with an optical path extending from a focal point of the radially inner beam forming portion to the radially outer portion. The inventive optical device may be used together with a reflector to provide an arrangement presenting the advantages discussed in connection with the above disclosed aspect. The details, further advantages and the embodiments discussed above apply correspondingly to this further aspect. For brevity, the above discussion will therefore not be repeated here.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0021] These and other aspects of the present invention will now be described in more detail, with reference to the appended drawings showing embodiment(s) of the invention wherein like reference numerals refer to like elements throughout unless stated otherwise.
    Fig. 1
    is a schematic illustration of a lamp according to a first embodiment.
    Fig. 2
    is a detail view of a portion of the lamp of in Fig. 1.
    Fig. 3
    is a detail view of a portion of the lamp in Fig. 2.
    Fig. 4
    schematically illustrates a ray trace for a portion of the lamp in Fig. 1.
    Fig. 5
    is a schematic illustration of a lamp according to a second embodiment.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0022] Aspects of the present inventive concept will now be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which currently preferred embodiments of the invention are shown. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein; rather, these embodiments are provided for thoroughness and completeness, and fully convey the scope of the invention to the skilled person.

    [0023] Fig. 1 is a schematic sectional view of a lamp 1 in accordance with a first embodiment. The lamp 1 includes an arrangement 4 including a light source 2, a focusing reflector 6 and an optical device 8. As in the illustrated embodiment the reflector 6 may be a parabolic reflector. An advantage with a parabolic reflector is that it may minimize spherical aberrations. However in alternative embodiments the reflector 6 may be any type of focusing reflector, such as a spherical reflector. An advantage with a spherical reflector is that it may be comparably simple to produce. The optical device 8 further comprises a radially inner beam forming portion 10 in the form of a focusing lens. As in the illustrated embodiment the lens 10 may be a Fresnel lens. A Fresnel lens allows for a compact single lens design of the lamp 1. However in alternative embodiments the lens 10 may instead be a focusing spherical lens, such as a biconvex or a plano-convex spherical lens. The light source 2, the reflector 6 and the lens 10 are arranged along a common axis 'A' representing the optical axis of the reflector 6 and the lens 10. Thus the optical axis of the reflector 6 is coaxial with the optical axis of the lens 10. In other words the optical axis of the reflector 6 coincides with the optical axis of the lens 10. The reflector 6 and the lens 10 are further arranged such that their respective focal points coincide.

    [0024] The optical device 8 further includes an optically transparent radially outer portion 12, described in greater detail below. The radially outer portion 12 forms an annular portion of the radially outer portion 12 and encloses the lens 10 in the radial direction. In this embodiment the radial direction is perpendicular to the axis A.

    [0025] The light source 2 is arranged to emit light in a plurality of directions. The light source 2 may for example emit a diverging beam along the axis A. The light source 2 is arranged at the focal point of the reflector 6 and the lens 10, respectively. The light source 2 may for example include a LED, an incandescent light source, a fluorescent light source, a fluorescent light source, a HID light source or the like. In some embodiments the light source 2 may include a plurality of such light sources. To facilitate understanding it will be assumed that the light source 2 is a point source. However, in practice the light source 2 may emit light over an extended surface.

    [0026] A first portion of the light emitted by the light source 2 travels directly towards a light receiving side of the lens 10. The lens 10 is arranged to focus the first portion of light emitted by the light source 2 such that a collimated light beam is emitted along the optical axis A from a light exit side of the lens 10. The light beam formed by the lens 10 forms a primary light beam (illustrated by the bundle of paraxial light rays denoted 'F' in Fig. 1). It should be noted that the actual ratio of focused light which is collimated by the lens 10 may depend on the type of lens used and how accurately it has been designed. However, advantageously at least a part of the focused light F may be collimated.

    [0027] A second portion of the light emitted by the light source 2 travels from the light source 2 directly towards the reflector 6. The reflector 6 is arranged to reflect and focus light emitted by the light source 2 into a collimated light beam travelling towards the optical device 8 and through the radially outer portion 12. The second portion of light thus travels along an indirect optical path extending from the light source 2 to the radially outer portion 12 via the reflector 6. The light emitted by the light source 2 and which is reflected by the reflector 6 towards the radially outer portion 12 will in the following be referred to as "reflected light" (illustrated by the bundle of paraxial light rays denoted 'R' in Fig. 1). The reflected light R travels in what will be referred to as a first direction which is parallel with a straight-line optical path extending between the reflector 6 and the radially outer portion 12. It should be noted that the actual ratio of reflected light R which is collimated by the reflector 6 may depend on the type of reflector used and how accurately it has been designed. However, advantageously at least a part of the reflected light R may be collimated.

    [0028] The radially outer portion 12 is arranged to be transparent for the reflected light R such that the reflected light R is transmitted by the radially outer portion 12 without being redirected or attenuated appreciably. The transmitted portion of the reflected light R may thereby contribute to the intensity of the primary light beam formed by the focused light F. Together, the reflected light R and the focused light F may form a continuous primary light beam.

    [0029] A third portion of the light emitted by the light source 2 travels from the light source 2 directly towards the radially outer portion 12 of the optical device 8. The third portion of light thus travels along a straight line optical path extending directly between light source 2 and the radially outer portion 12. The third portion of light will be referred to as "direct light" (illustrated by the bundle of light rays denoted 'D' in Fig. 1). The direction in which a (candidate) ray of the bundle of light rays forming the direct light D travels towards the radially outer portion 12 may be referred to as a second direction. The radially outer portion 12 is arranged to be at least one of scattering or attenuating for the direct light D. An intensity of light transmitted along the direct path through the radially outer portion 12 may thereby be appreciably lower than an intensity of the direct light D incident on the radially outer portion 12. The intensity of the direct light D may thereby be advantageously reduced outside of the lamp 1 wherein formation of a secondary ring of light (i.e. glare) outside the primary beam may be avoided.

    [0030] The radially outer portion 12, as any transparent element, may slightly attenuate also the reflected light R. In the present embodiment the attenuation of the direct light D by the radially outer portion 12 however exceeds, advantageously appreciably, the attenuation of the reflected light R by the radially outer portion 12. In other words, the radially outer portion 12 may attenuate the reflected light R by a first amount and the direct light D by a second amount, wherein the second amount of attenuation exceeds the first amount of attenuation.

    [0031] As schematically illustrated by the bundle of rays D in Fig. 1 the direct light D may be incident on different radial positions on the radially outer portion 12 and may thus arrive from slightly different directions. However all rays in the bundle D reach the radially outer portion 12 along an optical path extending directly between the light source 2 and a respective point on the radially outer portion 12.

    [0032] For clarity reasons the focused light rays F and the reflected light rays R are only shown on the right hand side of the axis A whereas the direct light rays D is shown on the left hand side of the axis A in Fig. 1. However in practice focused light F, reflected light R and direct light D may exist in a rotationally symmetric distribution about the axis A.

    [0033] Fig. 2 is a detail view illustrating the radially outer portion 12 in greater detail. The radially outer portion 12 presents a structure including a plurality of annular protrusions commonly referenced 14 which are spaced apart radially. Each protrusion 14 extends along the axis A in a direction away from the reflector 6 and in a circumferential direction about the lens 10 to enclose the lens 10 in a radial direction. The protrusions 14 are arranged on a main surface 22 of the radially outer portion 12 and form concentric rings on the surface 22 which are centered on the axis A. The surface 22 forms a light exit side of the optical device 8. The radially inner protrusion 16 (and also each one of the further protrusions 14) presents a radially inner side or lateral surface 16a facing in a radially inward direction towards the lens 10, and a radially outer side or lateral surface 16b facing in a radially outward direction away from the lens 10. The protrusions 14 present a height, width and separation such that incident direct light D is reflected and/or transmitted at at least one of an inner side surface and an outer side surface of a protrusion 14.

    [0034] With reference to Fig. 3 a ray tracing procedure which may be used to design the structure will now be described. Although in the following it will be assumed that the protrusions 14 are arranged at the light exit side of the optical device 8, it is possible to instead arrange protrusions on the surface 20 on the opposite light entry side of the optical device. The structure may then be designed in an analogous manner to what now will be described: A first ray is traced from the light source 2 to the point P0. The first ray enters the radially outer portion 12 at the surface 20 of the radially outer portion 12. The first ray is refracted into the radially outer portion 12 and exits the radially outer portion 12 at point P1. The traced first ray thus represents the radially innermost ray of the direct light D which reaches the radially outer portion 12. A ray incident on the optical device 8 on a radial position inside of PO will be refracted by the lens 10 instead. Upon exit at point P1 the first ray is once more refracted and traced until it reaches point P2 at a predefined distance h from the surface 22. The distance h defines the height of the protrusion 16 above the surface 22. The radial distance between the point P2 and the radially outer edge of the lens 10 (i.e. point PI) determines the (radial) position of the base of the radially inner surface 16a, i.e. at point P4. According to the illustrated embodiment the radially inner surface 16a extends in parallel to the first direction (i.e. the direction of the reflected light R). In order to determine the radial dimension (i.e. width w) of the protrusion 16, a second ray is traced from the light source 2 to a point P3 such that after refraction at P3 the ray goes through P4. The ray is extended without refraction at P4 until reaching height h, thereby defining point P5. The radial distance between the point P2 and the point P5 determines the (radial) position of the base of the radially outer surface 16b, i.e. point P6. According to the illustrated embodiment the radially outer surface 16b extends in parallel to the first direction (i.e. the direction of the reflected light R).

    [0035] Although in the illustrated embodiment the radially inner surface 16a and radially outer surface 16b are perpendicular to the surface 22, in alternative embodiments (further described below) a non-perpendicular arrangement is also possible.

    [0036] By designing the protrusion 16 as illustrated in Fig. 3 direct light that is incident on the radially inner surface 16a may be refracted into the protrusion 16. A first portion of the refracted light may be transmitted by the protrusion 16 and leave the same at the radially outer surface 16b. A second portion of the refracted light may reach the top surface of the protrusion 16 wherein the light may be refracted to larger angles. Alternatively the second portion of light may be totally internally reflected within the protrusion 16 in a direction back towards the reflector 6. On the other hand, light that enters the protrusion 16 via the base thereof (i.e. between points P4 and P6) may be totally internally reflected at the radially outer surface 16b and, after a second refraction at the top surface of the protrusion 16, leave to large angles with respect to the axis A. The above ray tracing process may be repeated in an analogous manner to obtain the position, width and height of the further protrusions 14.

    [0037] For a portion of the direct light D (e.g. a ray entering the radially outer portion somewhere between P0 and P3 in Fig. 3) the surface 20 forms a first interface, the surface 22 forms a second interface, the radially inner surface 16a forms a third interface, and the radially outer surface 16b forms a fourth interface, wherein the third and fourth interfaces are angled with respect to the first and the second interfaces. Meanwhile for a portion of the reflected light R (e.g. a ray travelling in a direction perpendicular to the surfaces 20, 22 in Fig. 3) the surface 20 presents a first interface and the surface 22 (or, depending on the off axis distance of the ray, the top surface of the protrusion 16) forms a second interface, wherein each one of said two interfaces are parallel to each other. In this context, "interface" may be understood as an interface between two medias of different refractive index, i.e. the refractive index of an ambient atmosphere and the refractive index of the transparent material of which the optical device 8 is formed. By designing the radially outer portion 12 in this manner the direct light D from the light source 2 may, instead of being transmitted by the radially outer portion 12 into a substantially unchanged direction, be split into a plurality of different directions or channels. Meanwhile the reflected light R may be transmitted by the radially outer portion 12 without being affected appreciably.

    [0038] The height h of the protrusion 16 is preferably such that the radially innermost first ray hits the uppermost portion of the radially inner surface 16a. I.e. the height h may be chosen to such that the radially innermost first ray is "captured" by the radially inner surface 16a of the protrusion 16. Applying this principle to the further protrusions 14 it follows that a ratio between the height h of a first protrusion and a radial separation between the first protrusion and a second adjacent protrusion may be such that any direct light D transmitted at a connecting portion of the surface 20 extending between the first and second protrusions hits the radially inner side surface of the second protrusion. The ratio need not be any greater than this but may be made greater if desired for design reasons. In case scattering or attenuation of only a portion of the direct light D is acceptable the ratio may even be smaller such that some of the direct light D transmitted at the connection portion of the surface 20 extending between the first and the second protrusions avoids the radially inner surface and travels past and above the second protrusion.

    [0039] From the discussion concerning the ratio it may be understood that all or some of the protrusions 14 may be of a same height and the radial separation between adjacent protrusions 14 may increase along a radially outward direction (as in Fig. 2). Alternatively or additionally, a radial separation between all or some of the protrusions 14 may be equal whereas the height of a radially inner protrusion is greater than a height of a radially outer protrusion.

    [0040] Fig. 4 illustrates the result of a ray trace for the lamp 1 wherein the protrusions 14 of the radially outer portion 12 have been designed in accordance with the procedure described in connection with Fig. 3. For simplicity the resulting rays are shown only for a portion of the lamp 1.

    [0041] Instead of having parallel radially inner and outer side surfaces, each protrusion 14 may be tapered along the first direction (i.e. the direction of the reflected light R), i.e. present a decreasing width w along the first direction. Exemplifying for the protrusion 16, according to this option the radially inner 16a and outer surface 16b may extend at different non-zero angles with respect to the first direction. The protrusion 16 may even be extended to a height h such that the radially inner 16a and outer surface 16b joins to form a tip. By the radially inner and outer surfaces 16a, 16b being non-parallel, a light ray which enters a protrusion at the radially inner surface 16a and exits at a radially outer surface 16b may be even more strongly refracted and not only parallel displaced. For example each one of the radially inner surface and the radially outer surface may extend at an angle in the range of 0-10 ° with respect to the first direction. By limiting the angles to this range the greater part of the reflected light R will not be appreciably affected (e.g. refracted) by the radially inner or outer surfaces 16a, 16b.

    [0042] The person skilled in the art realizes that the present invention by no means is limited to the embodiments described above. On the contrary, many modifications and variations are possible within the scope of the appended claims. In one variation the radially inner surface (and possibly also the radially outer surface) of each protrusion 14 may be provided with a light scattering surface (e.g. the surfaces 16a, 16b may be roughened). Incident direct light D may thereby be further scattered. In a further variation the radially inner surface (and possibly also the radially outer surface) of each protrusion 14 may be provided as a completely or partially opaque surface. For example the respective surfaces may be provided with an opaque coating. The direct light D may thereby be blocked (in case of completely opaque surfaces) or attenuated (in case of partially opaque surfaces) whereas the reflected light R may be transmitted by the radially outer portion without being affected (e.g. redirected or attenuated) appreciably.

    [0043] Fig. 5 illustrates in another example an alternative lamp which is similar to the lamp 1. However, instead of the protrusions 14 it comprises an optical device 108 including a transparent radially outer portion 112 provided with a plurality of completely or partially opaque annular sections or partitions 114 which are integrated in the radially outer portion 112. The sections 114 form concentric rings centered about the optical axis A of the lens. The height of the sections 114 preferably equals the thickness of the radially outer portion 112. The above discussion of the ratio between the height and the radial separation of the protrusions 14 applies correspondingly to the height and separation of the sections 114. Preferably the ratio is such that at least the major part of the direct light D emitted by the light source 2 is blocked (in case of completely opaque sections 114) or attenuated (in case of partially opaque sections 114) by the sections 114. The sections 114 extend in a direction parallel to the direction of the reflected light R. Thus the greater portion of the light reaching the radially outer portion 112 along an optical path extending from the light source 2 to the radially outer portion 112 via the reflector 6 may be transmitted by the radially outer portion without being affected (e.g. redirected or attenuated) appreciably by the sections 114.

    [0044] Although in the above, a configuration of the light source 2, the reflector 6 and the lens 10 resulting in collimated light beams have been described, the invention is applicable also to other, non-collimating configurations. For example the light source 2 may be arranged at a distance from the lens 10 which is smaller than the focal length of the lens 10 to obtain a light beam from the lens 10 which diverges by a predetermined amount (i.e. a bundle of light rays F which diverges from the optical axis of the lens 10). The light source 2 may further be arranged at a distance from the reflector 6 which is smaller than the focal length of the reflector 6 to obtain a reflected light beam which diverges by a predetermined amount (i.e. a bundle of light rays R diverging with respect to the optical axis of the lens 10). The amount of divergence of the light beam formed by the lens 10 may be the same as the amount of divergence of the light beam formed by the reflector 6. In such configurations, protrusions similar to the protrusions 14 may be provided on the radially outer portion 12 but which instead extend along the direction of incidence of the reflected light R (which direction hence is non-parallel with the axis A of the lens 10) and present a width, height and separation such that direct light D from the light source 2 is divided into a plurality of different directions. Such protrusions may be designed using a ray tracing procedure similar to the above disclosed procedure. Alternatively, sections similar to the sections 114 in Fig. 5 may be integrated into the radially outer portion 112 in a slanted manner to be parallel or close to parallel with a direction of incidence of the reflected light R.

    [0045] The optical device 8 and the optical device 108 and the above described variations thereof may be considered as embodiments of an independent aspect of the inventive concept. With reference to Figs. 1 and 5 there is accordingly provided an optical device 8, 108 including a radially inner beam forming portion 10, such as a lens, and a radially outer portion 12, 112 at least partly enclosing the radially inner portion 10, wherein the radially inner beam forming portion 10 is arranged to focus, preferably collimate, light along an optical axis A of the radially inner beam forming portion 10, and wherein the radially outer portion 12, 112 is transparent such that incident light reaching the radially outer portion 12, 112 in a first direction, which preferably is parallel to the optical axis A, exits the radially outer portion 12, 112 in a direction parallel to the first direction, and at least one of scattering and attenuating for light reaching the radially outer portion 12, 112 in a second direction which is different from the first direction. The second direction may coincide with an optical path extending from a focal point of the radially inner beam forming portion 10 or lens to the radially outer portion 12, 112.


    Claims

    1. An arrangement (4) comprising:

    an optical device (8) including a radially inner beam forming portion (10) and a radially outer portion (12, 112) at least partly enclosing the radially inner portion (10), said optical device comprising a light receiving side and a light exit side;

    a reflector (6) arranged between a light source (2) and the light receiving side of the optical device (8) to reflect and focus light emitted directly from a light source (2) into a collimated light beam,, in a first direction towards the radially outer portion (12, 112), such that a first optical path is formed from the light source (2) to the radially outer portion (12, 112) via the reflector (6);

    wherein the radially outer portion (12, 112) is transparent and presents a plurality of protrusions (14, 16) extending from a first main surface (20, 22) of the radially outer portion and being spaced apart in a radial direction such that incident light reaching the radially outer portion (12, 112) along the first optical path exits the radially outer portion (12, 112) in a direction parallel to the first direction, and

    wherein, by means of said plurality of protrusions (14, 16), the radially outer portion (12, 112) is arranged to be at least one of scattering and attenuating for light reaching the radially outer portion along a second optical path extending directly between the light source (2) and the radially outer portion (12, 112),

    wherein the radially inner beam forming portion (10) is arranged to form a focusing lens for collimating a portion of the light emitted directly by the light source (2).


     
    2. An arrangement (4) according to claim 1, wherein the radially outer portion (12) comprises a structure arranged to scatter light reaching the radially outer portion (12) along the second optical path by dividing at least a portion of said light into a plurality of directions.
     
    3. An arrangement (4) according to any of claims 1-2, wherein the radially outer portion (12) presents, for at least a portion of the light reaching the radially outer portion along the second optical path, at least two interfaces (20, 22, 16a, 16b) between the optical device and an ambient atmosphere, said ambient atmosphere having a refractive index different from a refractive index of said optical device, wherein a first one (20, 22) of said interfaces is angled with respect to a second one (16a, 16b) of said interfaces.
     
    4. An arrangement (4) according to claim 3, wherein the radially outer portion (12) presents, for said at least a portion of light reaching the radially outer portion along the second optical path, at least said first (20, 22) and said second (16a) interface and a third interface (16b) between the radially outer portion and an ambient atmosphere.
     
    5. An arrangement (4) according to claim 4, wherein the third interface (16b) is angled with respect to each one of the first interface (20, 22) and the second interface (16a).
     
    6. An arrangement (4) according to any of claims 1-5, wherein the radially outer portion (12, 112) presents, for at least a portion of the light reaching the radially outer portion along the first optical path, two interfaces (20, 22) between the optical device and an ambient atmosphere, said ambient atmosphere having a refractive index different from a refractive index of said optical device , wherein each one of said two interfaces are parallel to each other.
     
    7. An arrangement (4) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the radially outer portion (12) includes a plurality of annular protrusions (14, 16) which are spaced apart radially and form concentric rings centered on the optical axis of the reflector.
     
    8. An arrangement (4) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein each protrusion (14, 16) presents a radially inner side surface (16a) facing in a radially inward direction and a radially outer side surface (16b) facing in a radially outward direction, the protrusions (14) being arranged such that light reaching the radially outer portion (12) along the second optical path interacts with at least one of an inner side surface (16a) and an outer side surface (16b).
     
    9. An arrangement (4) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein an angle between a side surface (16a, 16b) of a protrusion (14, 16) and the second optical path is greater than an angle between said side surface (16a, 16b) and said first direction.
     
    10. An arrangement (4) according to any of preceding claims, wherein the protrusions (14, 16) are formed such that: a first portion of the light reaching the radially outer portion (12) along the second optical path is refracted at a radially inner side surface (16a) of a protrusion (14, 16) into said protrusion and transmitted at the radially outer side surface (16b) of said protrusion.
     
    11. An arrangement (4) according to claim 9, wherein the protrusions (14, 16) are formed such that: a second portion of the light reaching the radially outer portion along the second optical path is refracted at a radially inner side surface (16a) of a protrusion (14, 16) into said protrusion and transmitted from the radially outer portion (12) in a direction away from the reflector (6) or internally reflected within said protrusion (14, 16) in a direction towards the reflector (6).
     
    12. An arrangement (4) according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the protrusions (14, 16) are arranged such that: a third portion of the light reaching the radially outer portion (12) along the second optical path is internally reflected by the radially outer side surface (16b) and thereafter transmitted by the radially outer portion (12) in a direction away from the reflector (6).
     
    13. An arrangement according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising a light source (2), wherein the light source (2) is arranged to emit light towards the radially inner beam forming portion (10) and the reflector (6).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Anordnung (4), umfassend :

    eine optische Vorrichtung (8), die einen radialen inneren Strahl bildenden Abschnitt (10) und einen radialen äußeren Abschnitt (12, 112) beinhaltet, der den radialen inneren Abschnitt (10) mindestens teilweise umgibt, wobei die optische Vorrichtung eine Licht empfangende Seite und eine Lichtaustrittseite umfasst;

    einen Reflektor (6), der zwischen einer Lichtquelle (2) und der Licht empfangenden Seite der optischen Vorrichtung (8) angeordnet ist, um Licht, das unmittelbar von einer Lichtquelle (2) emittiert wird, in einer ersten Richtung zu dem radialen äußeren Abschnitt (12, 112) hin in einen kollimierten Lichtstrahl zu reflektieren und fokussieren, sodass ein erster Strahlenweg von der Lichtquelle (2) bis zu dem radialen äußeren Abschnitt (12, 112) über den Reflektor (6) gebildet wird;

    wobei der radiale äußere Abschnitt (12, 112) transparent ist und eine Vielzahl von Vorsprüngen (14, 16) darstellt, die sich von einer ersten Hauptfläche (20, 22) des radialen äußeren Abschnitts erstreckt und in einer radialen Richtung beabstandet ist, sodass einfallendes Licht, das den radialen äußeren Abschnitt (12, 112) entlang des ersten Strahlenwegs erreicht, aus dem radialen äußeren Abschnitt (12, 112) in einer Richtung, die parallel zu der ersten Richtung verläuft, austritt, und

    wobei der radiale äußere Abschnitt (12, 112) durch die Vielzahl von Vorsprüngen (14, 16) angeordnet ist, mindestens jeweils zerstreuend oder dämpfend für das Licht zu sein, das den radialen äußeren Abschnitt entlang eines zweiten Strahlenwegs erreicht, der sich unmittelbar zwischen der Lichtquelle (2) und dem radialen äußeren Abschnitt (12, 112) erstreckt,

    wobei der radiale innere Strahl bildende Abschnitt (10) angeordnet ist, um eine Fokussierungslinse zum Kollimieren eines Abschnitts des unmittelbar von der Lichtquelle (2) emittierten Lichts zu bilden.


     
    2. Anordnung (4) nach Anspruch 1, wobei der radiale äußere Abschnitt (12) eine Struktur umfasst, die angeordnet ist, um Licht, das den radialen äußeren Abschnitt (12) entlang des zweiten Strahlenwegs erreicht, durch Unterteilen von mindestens einem Abschnitt des Lichts in eine Vielzahl von Richtungen zu zerstreuen.
     
    3. Anordnung (4) nach einem der Ansprüche 1-2, wobei der radiale äußere Abschnitt (12) für mindestens einen Abschnitt des Lichts, das den radialen äußeren Abschnitt entlang des zweiten Strahlenwegs erreicht, mindestens zwei Schnittstellen (20, 22, 16a, 16b) zwischen der optischen Vorrichtung und eine Umgebungsatmosphäre darstellt, wobei die Umgebungsatmosphäre einen Brechungsindex aufweist, der sich von einem Brechungsindex der optischen Vorrichtung unterscheidet, wobei eine erste (20, 22) der Schnittstellen in Bezug auf eine zweite (16a, 16b) der Schnittstellen abgewinkelt ist.
     
    4. Anordnung (4) nach Anspruch 3, wobei der radiale äußere Abschnitt (12) für mindestens einen Abschnitt des Lichts, das den radialen äußeren Abschnitt entlang des zweiten Strahlenwegs erreicht, mindestens die erste (20, 22) und die zweite (16a) Schnittstelle und eine dritte Schnittstelle (16b) zwischen dem radialen äußeren Abschnitt und einer Umgebungsatmosphäre darstellt.
     
    5. Anordnung (4) nach Anspruch 4, wobei die dritte Schnittstelle (16b) in Bezug auf jede der ersten Schnittstelle (20, 22) und der zweiten Schnittstelle (16a) abgewinkelt ist.
     
    6. Anordnung (4) nach einem der Ansprüche 1-5, wobei der radiale äußere Abschnitt (12, 112) für mindestens einen Abschnitt des Lichts, das den radialen äußeren Abschnitt entlang des ersten Strahlenwegs erreicht, zwei Schnittstellen (20, 22) zwischen der optischen Vorrichtung und einer Umgebungsatmosphäre darstellt, wobei die Umgebungsatmosphäre einen Brechungsindex aufweist, der sich von einem Brechungsindex der optischen Vorrichtung unterscheidet, wobei jede der beiden Schnittstellen parallel zueinander verläuft.
     
    7. Anordnung (4) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei der radiale äußere Abschnitt (12) eine Vielzahl von ringförmigen Vorsprüngen (14, 16) beinhaltet, die radial voneinander beabstandet ist und konzentrische Ringe bildet, die an der optischen Achse des Reflektors zentriert sind.
     
    8. Anordnung (4) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei jeder Vorsprung (14, 16) eine radiale innere Seitenfläche (16a) darstellt, die in einer radial nach innen verlaufenden Richtung gegenüberliegt, und eine radiale äußere Seitenfläche (16b), die in einer radial nach außen verlaufenden Richtung gegenüberliegt, wobei die Vorsprünge (14) angeordnet sind, sodass das Licht, das den radialen äußeren Abschnitt (12) entlang des zweiten Strahlenwegs erreicht, mit mindestens einer von einer inneren Seitenfläche (16a) und einer äußeren Seitenfläche (16b) zusammenwirkt.
     
    9. Anordnung (4) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei ein Winkel zwischen einer Seitenfläche (16a, 16b) eines Vorsprungs (14, 16) und dem zweiten Strahlenweg größer als ein Winkel zwischen der Seitenfläche (16a, 16b) und der ersten Richtung ist.
     
    10. Anordnung (4) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Vorsprünge (14, 16) so gebildet sind, dass: ein erster Abschnitt des Lichts, das den radialen äußeren Abschnitt (12) entlang des zweiten Strahlenwegs erreicht, an einer radialen inneren Seitenfläche (16a) eines Vorsprungs (14, 16) in den Vorsprung gebrochen und an der radialen äußeren Seitenfläche (16b) des Vorsprungs übertragen wird
     
    11. Anordnung (4) nach Anspruch 9, wobei die Vorsprünge (14, 16) so gebildet sind, dass: ein zweiter Abschnitt des Lichts, das den radialen äußeren Abschnitt entlang des zweiten Strahlenwegs erreicht, an einer radialen inneren Seitenfläche (16a) eines Vorsprungs (14, 16) in den Vorsprung gebrochen und von dem radialen äußeren Abschnitt (12) in einer Richtung, die von dem Reflektor (6) wegführt, übertragen wird oder intern innerhalb des Vorsprungs (14, 16) in einer Richtung zu dem Reflektor (6) hin reflektiert wird.
     
    12. Anordnung (4) nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Vorsprünge (14, 16) so angeordnet sind, dass: ein dritter Abschnitt des Lichts, das den radialen äußeren Abschnitt (12) entlang des zweiten Strahlenwegs erreicht, intern durch die radiale äußere Seitenfläche (16b) reflektiert und danach durch den radialen äußeren Abschnitt (12) in einer Richtung, die von dem Reflektor (6) wegführt, übertragen wird.
     
    13. Anordnung nach einem der vorstehenden Ansprüche, weiter umfassend eine Lichtquelle (2), wobei die Lichtquelle (2) angeordnet ist, um Licht zu dem radialen inneren Strahl bildenden Abschnitt (10) und dem Reflektor (6) hin zu emittieren.
     


    Revendications

    1. Agencement (4) comprenant :

    un dispositif optique (8) incluant une partie de formation de faisceau radialement interne (10) et une partie radialement externe (12, 112) enveloppant au moins partiellement la partie radialement interne (10), ledit dispositif optique comprenant un côté de réception de lumière et un côté sortie de lumière ;

    un réflecteur (6) agencé entre une source de lumière (2) et le côté de réception de lumière du dispositif optique (8) pour réfléchir et focaliser la lumière émise directement depuis une source de lumière (2) en un faisceau lumineux collimaté, dans une première direction vers la partie radialement externe (12, 112), de sorte qu'un premier trajet optique soit formé de la source de lumière (2) à la partie radialement externe (12, 112) par l'intermédiaire du réflecteur (6) ;

    dans lequel la partie radialement externe (12, 112) est transparente et présente une pluralité de saillies (14, 16) s'étendant depuis une première surface principale (20, 22) de la partie radialement externe et étant espacées dans une direction radiale de sorte qu'une lumière incidente atteignant la partie radialement externe (12, 112) le long du premier trajet optique sorte de la partie radialement externe (12, 112) dans une direction parallèle à la première direction, et

    dans lequel, au moyen de ladite pluralité de saillies (14, 16), la partie radialement externe (12, 112) est agencée pour être au moins l'un parmi diffuser et atténuer pour la lumière atteignant la partie radialement externe le long d'un second trajet optique s'étendant directement entre la source de lumière (2) et la partie radialement externe (12, 112),

    dans lequel la partie de formation de faisceau radialement interne (10) est agencée pour former une lentille de focalisation pour collimater une partie de la lumière émise directement par la source de lumière (2).


     
    2. Agencement (4) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la partie radialement externe (12) comprend une structure agencée pour diffuser la lumière atteignant la partie radialement externe (12) le long du second trajet optique par division d'au moins une partie de ladite lumière en une pluralité de directions.
     
    3. Agencement (4) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 2, dans lequel la partie radialement externe (12) présente, pour au moins une partie de la lumière atteignant la partie radialement externe le long du second trajet optique, au moins deux interfaces (20, 22, 16a, 16b) entre le dispositif optique et une atmosphère ambiante, ladite atmosphère ambiante ayant un indice de réfraction différent d'un indice de réfraction dudit dispositif optique, dans lequel une première (20, 22) desdites interfaces est inclinée par rapport à une deuxième (16a, 16b) desdites interfaces.
     
    4. Agencement (4) selon la revendication 3, dans lequel la partie radialement externe (12) présente, pour ladite au moins une partie de lumière atteignant la partie radialement externe le long du second trajet optique, au moins ladite première (20, 22) et ladite deuxième (16a) interfaces et une troisième interface (16b) entre la partie radialement externe et une atmosphère ambiante.
     
    5. Agencement (4) selon la revendication 4, dans lequel la troisième interface (16b) est inclinée par rapport à chacune de la première interface (20, 22) et de la deuxième interface (16a).
     
    6. Agencement (4) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel la partie radialement externe (12, 112) présente, pour au moins une partie de la lumière atteignant la partie radialement externe le long du premier trajet optique, deux interfaces (20, 22) entre le dispositif optique et une atmosphère ambiante, ladite atmosphère ambiante ayant un indice de réfraction différent d'un indice de réfraction dudit dispositif optique, dans lequel chacune desdites deux interfaces est parallèle à l'autre.
     
    7. Agencement (4) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel la partie radialement externe (12) inclut une pluralité de saillies annulaires (14, 16) qui sont espacées radialement et forment des anneaux concentriques centrés sur l'axe optique du réflecteur.
     
    8. Agencement (4) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel chaque saillie (14, 16) présente une surface latérale radialement interne (16a) orientée dans une direction radialement vers l'intérieur et une surface latérale radialement externe (16b) orientée dans une direction radialement vers l'extérieur, les saillies (14) étant agencées de sorte que la lumière atteignant la partie radialement externe (12) le long du second trajet optique interagisse avec au moins l'une d'une surface latérale interne (16a) et d'une surface latérale externe (16b).
     
    9. Agencement (4) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel un angle entre une surface latérale (16a, 16b) d'une saillie (14, 16) et le second trajet optique est supérieur à un angle entre ladite surface latérale (16a, 16b) et ladite première direction.
     
    10. Agencement (4) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les saillies (14, 16) sont formées de sorte que : une première partie de la lumière atteignant la partie radialement externe (12) le long du second trajet optique soit réfractée au niveau d'une surface latérale radialement interne (16a) d'une saillie (14, 16) dans ladite saillie et transmise au niveau de la surface latérale radialement externe (16b) de ladite saillie.
     
    11. Agencement (4) selon la revendication 9, dans lequel les saillies (14, 16) sont formées de sorte que : une deuxième partie de la lumière atteignant la partie radialement externe le long du second trajet optique soit réfractée au niveau d'une surface latérale radialement interne (16a) d'une saillie (14, 16) dans ladite saillie et transmise depuis la partie radialement externe (12) dans une direction s'éloignant du réflecteur (6) ou réfléchie de manière interne à l'intérieur de ladite saillie (14, 16) dans une direction vers le réflecteur (6).
     
    12. Agencement (4) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les saillies (14, 16) sont agencées de sorte que : une troisième partie de la lumière atteignant la partie radialement externe (12) le long du second trajet optique soit réfléchie de manière interne par la surface latérale radialement externe (16b) puis transmise par la partie radialement externe (12) dans une direction s'éloignant du réflecteur (6).
     
    13. Agencement selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre une source de lumière (2), dans lequel la source de lumière (2) est agencée pour émettre de la lumière vers la partie de formation de faisceau radialement interne (10) et le réflecteur (6).
     




    Drawing














    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description