(19)
(11)EP 2 963 338 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
22.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/30

(21)Application number: 15182608.8

(22)Date of filing:  09.10.2008
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F21S 13/12(2006.01)
F23D 3/16(2006.01)
F21V 35/00(2006.01)
A47G 33/00(2006.01)

(54)

CANDLES AND CANDLE HOLDERS

KERZEN UND KERZENHALTER

BOUGIES ET BOUGEOIRS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL NO PL PT RO SE SI SK TR
Designated Extension States:
AL BA MK RS

(30)Priority: 10.10.2007 GB 0719750

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.01.2016 Bulletin 2016/01

(62)Application number of the earlier application in accordance with Art. 76 EPC:
08805181.8 / 2210038

(73)Proprietors:
  • Barrett, Michael
    Clifden Galway (IE)
  • Murphy, Michael
    Cahir, Co. Tipperary (IE)

(72)Inventors:
  • Barrett, Michael
    Clifden Galway (IE)
  • Murphy, Michael
    Cahir, Co. Tipperary (IE)

(74)Representative: Murgitroyd & Company 
Murgitroyd House 165-169 Scotland Street
Glasgow G5 8PL
Glasgow G5 8PL (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
CA-A1- 2 361 199
DE-U1- 7 903 314
DE-U1- 20 319 435
FR-A1- 2 733 821
GB-A- 753 059
GB-A- 190 428 634
SE-C2- 520 737
US-A- 803 846
US-A- 2 025 096
US-A- 3 242 526
US-A- 4 158 912
US-A- 5 292 245
US-B1- 6 171 101
US-S- D 442 300
DE-A1- 2 809 916
DE-U1- 20 219 965
FR-A- 1 579 688
FR-A1- 2 891 892
GB-A- 2 456 746
GB-A- 190 924 603
US-A- 401 592
US-A- 1 704 729
US-A- 2 530 288
US-A- 3 453 686
US-A- 5 178 451
US-A1- 2002 080 604
US-E- R E24 423
US-S- D 496 473
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a combination of a candle holder and an unburnt candle.

    Background to the Invention



    [0002] Candles are commonly used, for example in churches and other religious buildings, houses, restaurants, hotels, bars, other catering establishments and health spas. Generally the candles are placed in candle holders before and during use wherein the candle holder holds the candle before the candle is lit and whilst the candle is burning. After the candle has finished burning, residual wax and other waste material such as the candle wick often remain in, or adhered to, the candle holder. Generally this material must be removed before a new candle can be inserted in the candle holder. In some cases, the candle further comprises a metal base, which must also be removed before being replaced with a new candle. Alternatively the candle holder must be disposed of and a new candle holder provided.

    [0003] Many churches, or other such religious buildings, have candle stands that hold a number of candles, for example, votive candles, which are small candles that are typically white or beeswax yellow. In some cases, the candle stand includes integrally formed candle holders in which the candles are directly placed without the use of separate individual candle holders. During use, wax from the candles may adhere to these integrally formed candle holders. Typically, after the candle has burnt out, these candle holders must be cleaned to remove adhered wax and other residual material before new candles can be placed in the candle holders. Cleaning of these integrally formed candle holders is usually carried out by scraping the residual wax and other material from the candle holder. This can be a difficult task, as well as time consuming and labour intensive. Furthermore, manual cleaning can sometimes result in damage to the candle holders of the candle stand, for example by splitting the candle holders.

    [0004] In some cases, each candle is provided with an individual discrete candle holder, for example a metallic or plastic cup-shaped holder in which the candle sits. In such cases, the candle holder is placed on the candle stand with the candle contained therein. Once the candle has burnt out, the candle holder is disposed of, together with any residual wax or other material, such as the candle wick or the metal base. The use of a separate candle holder obviates the requirement for manual cleaning of the candle stand after each use. However, the use of a separate candle holder results in a large amount of waste as the candle holder is disposed of each time a candle is being replaced.

    [0005] In catering establishments, such as hotels, restaurants and bars, candle holders may be provided, for example, in the form of empty bottles, such as wine bottles, or vases. During use, molten wax may drip from the candle onto a table or other surface on which the candle is placed. This wax can be a safety hazard whilst hot and can be difficult to remove when cooled. Furthermore, repeated burning of candles leads to the build-up of wax on the surface of the candle holder, for example on the outer surface of the neck of the bottle being used as a candle holder. This can be unsightly and the build-up of wax on the portion of the candle holder in which the candle is placed during use, for example in the neck of the bottle, can hinder the repeated use of the candle holder. The candle holder must in that case either be cleaned to remove the wax or replaced. Cleaning the candle holder can be difficult as hardened wax adheres to the candle holder. Replacing the candle holder after each use is expensive and wasteful.

    [0006] Following extensive research, the inventors have identified a candle holder which can be used repeatedly for the burning of candles, but obviates the requirement for cleaning and removing residual wax between uses.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0007] According to a first part of the invention there is provided a candle holder comprising a body having a mouth, a base and sides that connect the mouth to the base, the mouth comprising an opening arranged to receive a candle and at least a portion of the sides tapering inwardly from the mouth towards the base, whereby an inward most point of the tapered portion of the sides defines an aperture having a size which is less than that of the widest part of the candle.

    [0008] The candle is initially held within the candle holder as the widest part of the candle is greater than the size of the aperture in the candle holder. During burning of the candle, the size of the candle decreases such that the candle falls through the aperture. The candle holder thus reduces build-up of wax and other residues within the candle holder as this material exits through the aperture of the candle holder.

    [0009] Accordingly, repeated manual cleaning of the candle holder each time a candle is burnt and replaced is not required. Furthermore, as the candle holder is reusable, there is no need to dispose of the candle holder each time a candle provided within the candle holder is burnt. Thus, the overall amount of waste is dramatically reduced as the candle holder does not need to be disposed of each time a candle is burnt.

    [0010] The tapered portion of the sides assists both in retaining the candle within the candle holder prior to burning the candle and in funnelling the liquefied wax and other waste material through the aperture. The tapered portion may be in the form of a straight or curved tapering of at least a portion of the sides of the candle.

    [0011] The aperture is provided at the point at which the sides of the candle holder are most proximal to each other. Defining the aperture by the inward most point of the tapered portion of the sides reduces the risk of the aperture becoming clogged with wax and/or other residual material. For example, if the aperture is defined by or surrounded by an inwardly projecting rim or lip rather than by the lower or inward most point of the tapered portion of the sides, wax may build up on the inwardly projecting rim or lip, thus increasing the risk of the aperture becoming clogged. If clogging occurs, it will be necessary to clean the candle holder or to replace the candle holder.

    [0012] According to the invention, the aperture is entirely defined by the inward most point of the tapered portion of the sides.

    [0013] In certain embodiments, the inward most point of the tapered portion of the sides is provided at the base of the candle holder.

    [0014] This is advantageous as the candle is positioned in the lowest portion of the candle holder. Thus, residual wax is only required to pass through the aperture to exit the candle holder and the risk of the residual wax becoming adhered to the candle holder is reduced.

    [0015] In certain embodiments, the inward most point of the tapered portion of the sides defines a single aperture.

    [0016] If more than one aperture is present, the presence of connecting portions of the candle holder between the apertures increases the risk of the apertures becoming clogged with residual wax and/or other waste materials as the residual wax may adhere to these connecting portions in use. A single aperture ensures that no connecting portions are necessary such that the risk of clogging is reduced.

    [0017] According to the invention, the candle is retained within the candle holder by the tapered portion of the sides of the candle holder. Typically, the candle is retained within the candle holder by the inward most point of the tapered portion of the sides.

    [0018] As the candle is retained within the candle holder by the inwardly tapered arrangement of the sides of the candle holder, there is no requirement for the base of the candle holder to be supplied with a support, such as a lip or a rim, to support and retain the candle within the candle holder. Residual wax and/or other waste materials may adhere to the support in use. Accordingly, the absence of a support reduces the risk of the aperture becoming clogged.

    [0019] Typically, the aperture is free from obstructions. Obstructions may be in the form of a wire mesh, inwardly extending lip or other support structure. The absence of these features prevents wax from adhering to these features during use, in which case the aperture may become clogged with wax and other residual materials.

    [0020] In certain embodiments, the sides of the candle holder extend upwardly beyond the top of the candle when the candle is positioned in the candle holder.

    [0021] This ensures that a flame of the candle is enclosed by the sides of the candle holder in use. This improves safety as the flame does not extend externally of the candle holder.

    [0022] In certain embodiments, the sides of the candle holder comprise walls.

    [0023] In certain examples not falling within the invention, the sides of the candle holder comprise two or more tines. Typically, at least a portion of the tines tapers inwardly in the direction of the mouth of the candle holder to the base.

    [0024] The use of the tines in place or in addition to the walls of the candle holder substantially reduces the surface area of contact between the candle holder and the candle. This, in turn, reduces the risk of wax adhering to the candle holder and remaining in the candle holder after a candle has been burnt.

    [0025] In certain examples, the sides of the candle holder consist of two or more tines. In alternative examples, the sides of the candle holder comprise two or more tines in addition to walls. When used in addition to walls of the candle holder, the tines are positioned between the candle and the walls of the candle holder to reduce contact there between. This reduces the amount of wax which adheres to the walls of the candle holder in use.

    [0026] The candle holder may comprise a lip extending transversely away from the candle holder. Typically, the lip is provided at the mouth of the candle holder located at the upper part of the candle holder body. The lip may extend partially or completely around the outer periphery of the candle holder. In certain embodiments, a plurality of discrete lips or outwardly extending protrusions may be provided.

    [0027] The lip or plurality of protrusions allows the candle holder to be retained within a further candle holder or candle stand, wherein the outwardly extending lip or protrusions rest on the further candle holder or candle stand. For example, the candle holder may be placed in a bottle such that the lip sits on the mouth of the bottle to hold the candle holder in place. Alternatively, the candle holder may be placed in a candle stand of the type often used in a church such that the lip sits on the periphery of an opening for the candle holder in the candle stand.

    [0028] In certain embodiments, the candle holder is provided in an outer cylinder, the outer cylinder comprising a cylindrical body having a mouth and a base, the mouth comprising a first opening and the base comprising a second opening.

    [0029] The candle holder, and in particular the outer facing surface of the sides of the candle holder, may become hot during use. By placing the candle holder in the outer sheath, the candle holder may be handled without risk of burning. In use, the lip or protrusions of the candle holder may rest on the mouth of the outer cylinder to position the candle holder within the outer cylinder.

    [0030] In certain embodiments, the outer cylinder comprises a ledge extending transversely away from the outer cylinder. The ledge may extend partially or completely around the outer periphery of the outer cylinder. In certain embodiments, a plurality of discrete ledges may be provided.

    [0031] This ledge allows the outer cylinder to engage a further candle holder or candle stand in use. For example, the outer cylinder may be placed in a candle stand such that the ledge rest on the periphery of an opening in the candle stand.

    [0032] In certain embodiments, the candle holder comprises a plurality of openings, each opening being arranged to receive a candle, and a plurality of apertures, each aperture being defined by a portion of the sides of the candle holder tapering inwardly from the mouth of the candle holder towards the base and each aperture having a size which is less than that of the widest part of the candle to be received therein.

    [0033] Moreover, a second par of the invention provides a candle having a top, a base and sides connecting the top to the base, whereby
    at least a portion of the sides of the candle taper inwardly from the top to the base.

    [0034] The tapering of the sides of the candle results in improved burning of the candle. The degree of tapering of the sides may be varied depending upon the length of the desired burning time of the candle.

    [0035] According to the invention, the candle is of a size and shape suitable for use with the candle holder. Typically, the candle is sized and shaped such that the candle may be received through the opening in the mouth of the candle holder, but does not fit through the aperture of the candle holder. According to the invention, the tapered portion of the sides of the candle corresponds to the tapered portion of the sides of the candle holder. Typically, burning of the candle results in a reduction of the outer dimensions or circumference of the candle such that the candle falls through the aperture of the candle holder.

    [0036] In certain embodiments, the sides of the candle taper inwardly from the top of the candle to the base.

    [0037] Typically, the candle has a frustoconical shape.

    [0038] In certain embodiments, the dimensions of the base of the candle are less than the dimensions of the aperture of the candle holder.

    [0039] This assists in allowing the candle to fall through the aperture in the candle holder once the candle has been burnt or partially burnt.

    [0040] In certain embodiments, the candle has an inverted cone shape, such that the base of the candle forms a point.

    [0041] This candle is particularly advantageous for use with the candle holder of the first aspect of the invention as the shape of the base of the candle reduces the risk of an unburnt portion of the candle remaining in the candle holder after use. Specifically, the downwardly facing point at the base of the candle assists in pulling the remains of the candle through the aperture.

    [0042] According to the present invention, there is provided a combination or kit of parts comprising the candle holder of the first part of the present invention and one candle of the second part of the present invention.

    Detailed Description



    [0043] The present invention will now be described with reference to the following figures as described briefly below, which are provided for the purpose of illustration and are not intended to be construed as being limiting on the present invention:

    Figure 1 is a side elevation of a candle holder according to a part of the present invention;

    Figure 2 is a side perspective view of the candle holder of Figure 1;

    Figure 3 is a side perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the candle holder according to an example not within the invention;

    Figure 4 is a side perspective view of a candle according to a part of the present invention;

    Figure 5 is a side perspective sectional view of the candle of Figure 4 when positioned in the candle holder of Figure 1;

    Figure 6 is a side perspective view of an outer cylinder;

    Figure 7 is a side perspective sectional view of the candle holder and candle of Figure 5 when positioned in the outer cylinder of Figure 6;

    Figure 8 shows top, side, front and back views of a candle stand; and

    Figure 9 shows a catching means comprising a water tray and a netted tray for use with the candle stand of Figure 8.



    [0044] As shown in Figures 1 and 2, a candle holder 10 comprises a body 11 having a mouth 12 and a base 14. The mouth 12 comprises an opening 13. The base 14 comprises an aperture 15. Both the opening 13 and the aperture 15 as shown in Figures 1 and 2 are circular in shape. The diameter of the aperture 15 is less than that of the opening 13.

    [0045] Although the opening 13 shown in Figures 1 and 2 is circular in shape, any shape suitable for receipt of a candle may be used, for example, triangular, square, rectangular, oval, octagonal or pentagonal. The aperture may be any shape which retains the unburnt candle in the candle holder but allows material from the burnt candle to pass through the aperture. Typically, the aperture is the same shape as the opening, but this is not essential. For example, the opening may be square for receipt of a square candle and the aperture may be circular.

    [0046] As shown in Figure 1, the mouth 12 and the base 14 are connected by walls 16 comprising three portions 16a, 16b, 16c. In the first upper portion 16a, which is positioned adjacent to the mouth 12, the walls 16 are substantially vertical, as shown in Figure 1. In the second mid portion 16b, which is positioned directly beneath the first portion 16a, the walls 16 taper inwardly sharply. In the third lower portion 16c, which is adjacent the base 14, the walls 16 are tapered gradually inwardly. The aperture 15 is defined by the inward most point of the tapered portion of the walls 16c at the base 14.

    [0047] In the candle holder 10 shown in Figures 1 and 2, only a portion of the walls 16 are tapered. However, the entire walls may also be tapered such that the tapered portion of the walls extends from the mouth of the candle holder to the base.

    [0048] An outwardly extending lip 18 is provided at the mouth 12 of the candle holder 10. The lip 18 may be sized such that, in use, it abuts an edge of an opening in a candle stand. Alternatively, the lip 18 may be sized to abut a mouth of an outer cylinder in which the candle holder 10 is placed.

    [0049] The candle holder 10 has a typical top diameter of 6 cm and a typical base diameter of 1.5 cm. Typically, the height of the candle holder 10 is 5.5 cm. However, the size of the candle holder 10 and the degree of tapering of the walls 16 may vary depending upon the size of the candle being used.

    [0050] The candle holder 10 may be made from any suitable material, such as glass and/or metal. In particular, the use of brass allows efficient transfer of heat throughout the candle holder 10. This results in improved liquefying of candle wax and reduces adherence of candle wax to the candle holder 10. This improves flow of the wax and any other residual material through the aperture 15 of the candle holder 10.

    [0051] The candle holder 10 as shown in Figures 1 and 2 comprises a substantially inverted frustoconically shaped holder 10 wherein the mouth 12 is connected to the base 14 by the walls 16. In an alternative example not within the invention, the mouth 12 may be connected to the base 14 by spaced apart tapered tines 17, as shown in Figure 3. The inward most point of the tapered tines 17 defines the aperture 15 at the base 14 of the candle holder 10a. The candle holder 10a shown in Figure 3 comprises three tines 17 but any suitable number of tines may be used. The tines 17 may be made from any suitable material, including, but not limited to, a metal, such as brass.

    [0052] In Figure 3, the tines 17 are joined to the mouth 12 of the candle holder 10a but are not connected at the base 14. In alternative examples, the tines may be held together by any suitable additional or alternative means, such as a rim provided at the base 14 of the candle holder 10a.

    [0053] The use of the tines 17 enhances drainage of the wax and other residual material from the candle holder 10a after use as the area of contact between the candle holder 10a and the candle is reduced. This, in turn, reduces the amount of wax adhering to the surface of the candle holder 10a and, thus, remaining in the candle holder 10a after a candle has been burnt.

    [0054] As shown in Figure 3, the tines 17 may be provided in place of the walls 16. In an alternative examples (not shown) not within the invention, the tines 17 may be provided in addition to the walls 16. When used in addition to the walls 16, the tines 17 are positioned between the candle and the walls 16 such that contact there between is prevented. This prevents wax from adhering to the walls 16 of the candle holder 10 during use.

    [0055] Figure 4 shows a candle 20 having a frustoconical shape comprising a wick 22 provided at the top 24 thereof. The sides 21 of the candle 20 taper inwardly from the top 24 of the candle 20 towards the base 26 such that the diameter of the top 24 of the candle 20 is greater than that of the base 26 of the candle 20. In Figure 3, both the top 24 and the base 26 are circular in shape but any suitable shape may be used. Although the candle 20 shown in Figure 4 is frustoconical in shape, a candle having an inverted cone shape or other similar shape may also be used.

    [0056] Typically, the candle 20 is made from a plant wax, such as soya wax. The use of soya wax reduces smoke from the candle 20 during burning. Thus, when used in a church, damage to the interior of the church by smoke is reduced.

    [0057] The candle 20 has a typical top diameter of 3 cm and a typical base diameter of 1.5 cm. Moreover, the height of the candle 20 is 2.5 cm. In other examples (not shown) not within the invention, the degree of tapering of the walls 21 may vary depending upon the length of the desired burning time of the candle 20.

    [0058] In use, the candle 20 is placed in the candle holder 10 as shown in Figure 5. The candle 20 is inserted through the opening 13 of the candle holder 10 and positioned adjacent the third portion 16c. The diameter of the base 26 of the candle 20 is approximately equal to the diameter of the aperture 15 of the candle holder 10. The tapered walls 16c of the candle holder 10 retain the candle 20 within the candle holder 10. When the candle 20 is lit, the wax is liquefied. The shape and material of the candle holder 10 are designed to improve liquefaction of the wax. This enhances flow of the wax and any other residual material through the aperture 15 of the candle holder 10.

    [0059] As shown in Figure 5, the walls 16 of the candle holder 10 extend upwardly beyond the top 24 of the candle 20. The top 24 of the candle 20 is positioned adjacent the junction between the first portion 16b and the second portion 16c of the candle holder 10. Accordingly, a flame of the candle 20 will be at all times enclosed by the walls 16 of the candle holder 10. This improves safety as an exposed flame may be dangerous, particularly in the case of a church where the building is accessible to the public. This will reduce the high insurance premiums payable by churches and other such buildings where candles are regularly used.

    [0060] In use, the candle holder 10 may optionally be positioned in a further candle holder, for example, an empty bottle such as an empty wine bottle or a vase, such that wax and other residual material exiting through the aperture 15 is caught by the further candle holder. The use of the candle holder 10 ensures that wax is funnelled into the further candle holder, for example, the empty wine bottle. Furthermore, there is no requirement to clean or replace the candle holder 10 between uses as the wax and other residual waste material does not remain in the candle holder 10.

    [0061] In use, the candle holder 10 may optionally be placed in an outer cylinder 30. As shown in Figure 6, the outer cylinder 30 comprises a cylindrical body 31 having a mouth 32 and a base 34. The mouth 32 comprises a first opening 33 and the base 34 comprises a second opening 35. In use, the candle holder 10 is placed in the outer cylinder 30 such that the outwardly extending lip 18 of the candle holder 10 abuts the mouth 32 of the outer cylinder 30, as shown in Figure 7.

    [0062] The outer cylinder 30 is provided with an outwardly extending ledge 36 as shown in Figures 6 and 7. The ledge 36 extends outwardly from the cylindrical body 31. Typically, it is positioned approximately midway between the mouth 32 and the base 34. The ledge 36 is sized such that, in use, it abuts the edge of an opening of a candle stand to hold the outer cylinder 30 and candle holder 10 in position. As the walls 16, or tines 17, of the candle holder 10 may become hot during use, the outer cylinder 30 enables the candle holder 10 to be handled without risk of injury. Furthermore, the outer cylinder 30 provides additional protection from the flame of the candle 20.

    [0063] The outer cylinder 30 has a typical mouth and base diameter of 6 cm. Typically, the height of the outer cylinder 30 is 8 cm. However, the size of the outer cylinder 30 may vary depending upon the size of the candle holder 10.

    [0064] Figure 8 shows a candle stand 40 of the type generally found in churches. The candle stand 40 comprises a plurality of openings 42 for receipt of the candle holder 10 and/or outer cylinder 30 of the present invention and supporting means 44. The openings 42 are provided in rows wherein the rows are tiered such that the height of the rows increases from a front of the candle stand 40 to the back of the candle stand 40. Doors 46 are provided in the back of the candle stand 40 to allow access to a catching means 48 positioned beneath the openings 42. The catching means 48 serves to catch residual wax and other waste material produced when a candle is burnt. The catching means 48 shown in Figure 9 comprises a water tray 50 and two netted trays 52. The netted trays 52 are provided with handles 54.

    [0065] In use, the candle holder 10 may be placed directly in the opening 42 such that the lip 18 abuts an edge of the opening 42. Alternatively, the candle holders 10 may first of all be placed in the outer cylinder 30, such that the ledge 36 of each outer cylinder 30 abuts an edge of the opening 42. Candles 20 are placed in the candle holders 10. As the candle 20 burns, the wax of the candle 20 is heated and liquefies. The liquefied wax and other waster material, such as the wick, are drawn through the aperture 15 of the candle holder 10. This material falls into the catching means 48 comprising the netted trays 52 positioned within the water tray 50. The water tray 50 contains water. At regular intervals, the netted trays 52 are removed from the water tray 50 using the handles 54 and emptied before being replaced in the water tray 50. Several candles may be burnt before emptying of the netted trays 52 is necessary. Wax from the netted trays 52 may be recycled.

    [0066] The candle stand 40 has a typical length of 1080 cm, a typical width of 400 cm and a typical height of 1187 cm at the back and 987 cm at the front.

    [0067] In Figures 8 and 9, the catching means comprises a water tray 50 and two netted trays 52. However, any suitable non-flammable and preferably fire retardant liquid may be used in place of water. Further, any suitable number of netted trays 52 may be used.

    [0068] The catching means may alternatively be provided in the form of a sand pit or otherwise, which is positioned beneath the openings 42 in the candle stand 40. The catching means may be removable for cleaning or may be replaced at regular intervals.

    [0069] The candle holder and/or outer cylinder may be provided in a range of colours, and in particular in any colour commonly used in religions ceremonies. Suitable colours include red, blue, white and amber. Transparent candle holders and/or transparent other cylinders may also be used. Furthermore, the candle holder and/or outer cylinder may contain designs, drawings, names, etc, for example, the name of the hotel or establishment in which the candle holder or outer cylinder is being used. Typically, the candle holder may be sold in a package comprising four or more candles for use in the home and other environments. The candle holder may be sold, in particular, in retail markets such as shops, supermarkets, pound shops and any other type of retail trade.

    [0070] Various modifications and variations to the described embodiments of the inventions will be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A combination of an unburnt candle (20) and a candle holder (10), wherein
    the unburnt candle (20) has a top (24), a base (26) and sides (21) connecting the top (24) to the base (26), wherein the sides (21) taper inwardly from the top (24) to the base (26) of the candle (20)
    wherein the unburnt candle (20) is receivable in the candle holder (10);
    wherein the candle holder (10) comprises a body (11) of glass having a mouth (12), a base (14) and sides (16) that connect the mouth (12) to the base (14), the mouth (12) comprising an opening (13) arranged to receive the candle (20) and at least a portion of the sides (16) tapering inwardly from the mouth (12) towards the base (14), wherein an inward most point of the tapered portion (16c) of the sides (16) defines an aperture (15), said aperture being free from obstructions and having a size which is less than that of the widest part of the candle (20) such that the unburnt candle (20) can be retained within the candle holder (10) prior to burning;
    characterised in that the candle (20) has a top diameter of 3 cm, a base diameter of 1.5 cm and a height of 2.5 cm, and
    the tapered sides (21) of the candle (20) correspond to the tapered portion of the sides (16) of the candle holder (10) prior to and after insertion of the candle (20) into the candle holder (10) and the candle (20) can be retained within the candle holder (10) solely by the tapered portion (16c) of the sides (16) of the candle holder (10), wherein a reduction in the outer circumference of the candle (20) during burning causes the candle (20) to fall through the aperture (15).
     
    2. A combination as claimed in claim 1, wherein the candle holder (10) has a top diameter of 6 cm.
     
    3. A combination as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein the walls (16) of the candle holder (10) extend upwardly beyond the top of the candle (20) when the unburnt candle (20) is positioned in the candle holder (10).
     
    4. A combination as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the candle holder (10) comprises a lip (18) extending transversely away from the candle holder (10).
     
    5. A combination as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the candle holder (10) is provided with an outer cylinder (30) comprising a cylindrical body (31) having a mouth (32) and a base (34), the mouth (32) comprising a first opening (33) and the base (34) comprising a second opening (35).
     
    6. A combination as claimed in claim 5 wherein the body (31) of the outer cylinder (30) comprises a ledge (36) extending transversely away from the outer cylinder (30).
     
    7. A combination as claimed in any preceding claim wherein the candle holder (10) has a base diameter of 1.5 cm.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Eine Kombination aus einer unverbrannten Kerze (20) und einem Kerzenhalter (10), wobei
    die unverbrannte Kerze (20) ein oberes Ende (24), eine Basis (26) und Seiten (21), die das obere Ende (24) mit der Basis (26) verbinden, aufweist, wobei sich die Seiten (21) von dem oberen Ende (24) zu der Basis (26) der Kerze (20) nach innen verjüngen, wobei die unverbrannte Kerze (20) in dem Kerzenhalter (10) aufgenommen werden kann;
    wobei der Kerzenhalter (10) einen Körper (11) aus Glas beinhaltet, der einen Mund (12), eine Basis (14) und Seiten (16), die den Mund (12) mit der Basis (14) verbinden, aufweist, wobei der Mund (12) eine Öffnung (13) beinhaltet, die eingerichtet ist, um die Kerze (20) aufzunehmen, und sich mindestens ein Teil der Seiten (16) von dem Mund (12) in Richtung der Basis (14) nach innen verjüngt, wobei ein innerster Punkt des verjüngten Teils (16c) der Seiten (16) einen Durchlass (15) definiert, wobei der Durchlass frei von Hindernissen ist und eine Größe aufweist, die kleiner als die des breitesten Teils der Kerze (20) ist, sodass die unverbrannte Kerze (20) vor dem Verbrennen innerhalb des Kerzenhalters (10) gehalten werden kann;
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Kerze (20) einen oberen Durchmesser von 3 cm, einen Basisdurchmesser von 1,5 cm und eine Höhe von 2,5 cm aufweist und
    die verjüngten Seiten (21) der Kerze (20) dem verjüngten Teil der Seiten (16) des Kerzenhalters (10) vor und nach dem Einsetzen der Kerze (20) in den Kerzenhalter (10) entsprechen und die Kerze (20) ausschließlich von dem verjüngten Teil (16c) der Seiten (16) des Kerzenhalters (10) innerhalb des Kerzenhalters (10) gehalten werden kann, wobei eine Verringerung des äußeren Umfangs der Kerze (20) während des Verbrennens bewirkt, dass die Kerze (20) durch den Durchlass (15) fällt.
     
    2. Kombination gemäß Anspruch 1, wobei der Kerzenhalter (10) einen oberen Durchmesser von 6 cm aufweist.
     
    3. Kombination gemäß Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei sich die Wände (16) des Kerzenhalters (10) nach oben über das obere Ende der Kerze (20) hinaus erstrecken, wenn die unverbrannte Kerze (20) in dem Kerzenhalter (10) positioniert ist.
     
    4. Kombination gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Kerzenhalter (10) eine Lippe (18) beinhaltet, die sich quer von dem Kerzenhalter (10) weg erstreckt.
     
    5. Kombination gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Kerzenhalter (10) mit einem äußeren Zylinder (30) bereitgestellt wird, der einen zylindrischen Körper (31) beinhaltet, der einen Mund (32) und eine Basis (34) aufweist, wobei der Mund (32) eine erste Öffnung (33) beinhaltet und die Basis (34) eine zweite Öffnung (35) beinhaltet.
     
    6. Kombination gemäß Anspruch 5, wobei der Körper (31) des äußeren Zylinders (30) einen Vorsprung (36) beinhaltet, der sich quer von dem äußeren Zylinder (30) weg erstreckt.
     
    7. Kombination gemäß einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei der Kerzenhalter (10) einen Basisdurchmesser von 1,5 cm aufweist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Une combinaison d'une bougie non brûlée (20) et d'un bougeoir (10), où la bougie non brûlée (20) a un dessus (24), une base (26) et des côtés (21) raccordant le dessus (24) à la base (26), où les côtés (21) s'effilent vers l'intérieur du dessus (24) à la base (26) de la bougie (20)
    où la bougie non brûlée (20) peut être reçue dans le bougeoir (10) ;
    où le bougeoir (10) comprend un corps (11) en verre ayant une embouchure (12), une base (14) et des côtés (16) qui raccordent l'embouchure (12) à la base (14), l'embouchure (12) comprenant une ouverture (13) agencée pour recevoir la bougie (20) et au moins une partie des côtés (16) s'effilant vers l'intérieur depuis l'embouchure (12) vers la base (14), où un point le plus vers l'intérieur de la partie effilée (16c) des côtés (16) définit un orifice (15), ledit orifice étant dépourvu d'obstructions et ayant une taille qui est inférieure à celle de la partie la plus large de la bougie (20) de telle sorte que la bougie non brûlée (20) peut être retenue au sein du bougeoir (10) préalablement à ce qu'elle brûle ;
    caractérisée en ce que la bougie (20) a un diamètre de dessus de 3 cm, un diamètre de base de 1,5 cm et une hauteur de 2,5 cm, et
    les côtés effilés (21) de la bougie (20) correspondent à la portion effilée des côtés (16) du bougeoir (10) préalablement à et après l'insertion de la bougie (20) dans le bougeoir (10) et la bougie (20) peut être retenue au sein du bougeoir (10) uniquement par la portion effilée (16c) des côtés (16) du bougeoir (10), où une réduction dans la circonférence externe de la bougie (20) pendant qu'elle brûle amène la bougie (20) à tomber à travers l'orifice (15).
     
    2. Une combinaison telle que revendiquée dans la revendication 1, où le bougeoir (10) a un diamètre de dessus de 6 cm.
     
    3. Une combinaison telle que revendiquée dans la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, où les parois (16) du bougeoir (10) s'étendent vers le haut au-delà du dessus de la bougie (20) lorsque la bougie non brûlée (20) est positionnée dans le bougeoir (10).
     
    4. Une combinaison telle que revendiquée dans n'importe quelle revendication précédente, où le bougeoir (10) comprend une lèvre (18) s'étendant transversalement en s'éloignant du bougeoir (10).
     
    5. Une combinaison telle que revendiquée dans n'importe quelle revendication précédente, où le bougeoir (10) est pourvu d'un cylindre externe (30) comprenant un corps cylindrique (31) ayant une embouchure (32) et une base (34), l'embouchure (32) comprenant une première ouverture (33) et la base (34) comprenant une deuxième ouverture (35).
     
    6. Une combinaison telle que revendiquée dans la revendication 5 où le corps (31) du cylindre externe (30) comprend un rebord (36) s'étendant transversalement en s'éloignant du cylindre externe (30).
     
    7. Une combinaison telle que revendiquée dans n'importe quelle revendication précédente où le bougeoir (10) a un diamètre de base de 1,5 cm.
     




    Drawing