(19)
(11)EP 2 963 772 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
24.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/26

(21)Application number: 13884542.5

(22)Date of filing:  12.10.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H02K 1/14(2006.01)
H02K 1/12(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2013/085104
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/183372 (20.11.2014 Gazette  2014/47)

(54)

MOTOR STATOR

MOTORSTATOR

STATOR DE MOTEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 16.05.2013 CN 201320268978 U
08.06.2013 CN 201320332718 U

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.01.2016 Bulletin 2016/01

(73)Proprietors:
  • Chang, Chiahung
    Taichung City 420 (TW)
  • Wen, Peihui
    Taichuang City 420 (TW)

(72)Inventors:
  • Chang, Chiahung
    Taichung City 420 (TW)
  • Wen, Peihui
    Taichuang City 420 (TW)

(74)Representative: Lang, Christian 
LangPatent Anwaltskanzlei IP Law Firm Ingolstädter Straße 5
80807 München
80807 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
CN-A- 101 154 837
CN-U- 202 616 892
JP-A- 2003 164 089
US-A1- 2012 074 797
CN-U- 202 616 892
JP-A- 2003 164 089
US-A1- 2007 075 604
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    1. Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates generally to an electrical apparatus, and more particularly to an improved motor stator structure.

    2. Description of the Related Art



    [0002] Please refer to Figs. 1 to 3, which are plane views of a conventional motor stator. In the conventional motor stator, in order to lower magnetic loss and enhance the efficiency, the bottom of the stator slot 2 of the stator 1 is formed with an arched bridge section 3. However, the bridge abutments 4 at two ends of the arched bridge section 3 are quite narrow. Therefore, when current passes the windings wound around the stator 1, the current will pass through the arched bridge section 3 to cut the adjacent magnetic field. As a result, due to the limitation of the shape of the arched bridge section of the conventional motor stator, the magnetic field will be interfered with due to the narrow space of the bridge abutments 4 at two ends of the arched bridge section. This will affect the function of the conventional motor stator.

    [0003] From CN 202616892 U a motor stator structure is known with a plurality of teeth that extend radially outwardly, whereat each tooth has a tooth root with enlarged sections. The enlarged sections of two neighboring teeth are connected via arched bridge sections, the arched sections of which are circular in shape. From JP 2003 164089 A a motor stator is known having also arched bridge sections whose arched sections are of a circular shape as well. In addition, an insulator is positioned between two adjacent teeth, respectively, that is adapted to the shape of the arched bridge sections.

    [0004] Patent application publication US 2007/0075604 A1 discloses a motor stator structure having bridge sections whose arched sections extend along two adjacent sides of a parallelogram.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] It is therefore a primary object of the present invention to provide an improved motor stator in which the space of two ends of the arched bridge section disposed on the bottom of the stator slot is enlarged to increase the pass space of the magnetic field and thus avoid interference. Also, the effect achieved by the arched bridge section that cuts the adjacent magnetic fields is maintained. In comparison with the conventional motor stator, the present invention has a best anti-interference effect.

    [0006] To achieve the above and other objects, a motor stator structure having the features of claim 1 is provided. The motor stator structure of the present invention has two technical characteristics. One of the technical characteristics is to make the arched section of each arched bridge section extend along two adjacent sides of a parallelogram. The other of the technical characteristics is to position the arched bridge section outside relative to a range defined by an enlarged section of the tooth root. These characteristics can avoid interference with the magnetic field.

    [0007] The motor stator structure of the present invention includes: multiple teeth, the teeth being uniformly annularly distributed and radially outwardly extending, each of the teeth having a tooth root, the tooth roots of two adjacent teeth being arranged at intervals; and multiple arched bridge sections. Each of the arched bridge sections is bridged between the tooth roots of two adjacent teeth. Each arched bridge section has an arched section. The arched section extends along a predetermined shape, wherein the predetermined shape is a parallelogram, an ellipse or a polygon or the arched section extends along a waved shape.

    [0008] In an example, the arched section extends along two adjacent sides of a predetermined parallelogram.

    [0009] In an example, the parallelogram can be a rhombus.

    [0010] In another example, the parallelogram can be a square.

    [0011] In the above motor stator structure, each arched bridge section further has a notch. The notch is formed on one side of the arched section with its opening directed to a center of the motor stator structure.

    [0012] In the above motor stator structure, the opening of the notch has an inner diameter smaller than an inner diameter of a main portion of the notch.

    [0013] In the above motor stator structure, the teeth are centered at a curvature center. Each of the teeth has a tooth root at one end near the curvature center. The tooth root is spaced from the curvature center..

    [0014] In another example, the motor stator structure of the present invention can include multiple enlarged sections positioned at the tooth roots of the teeth; and multiple arched bridge sections. Each of the arched bridge sections is bridged between the tooth roots of two adjacent teeth. The arched bridge section is positioned between the tooth roots of two adjacent teeth and is positioned outside a range of the corresponding enlarged section.

    [0015] A motor stator assembly of the present invention includes multiple of these motor stator structures, which are stacked on and connected with each other. As afore-mentioned, each of the motor stator structures has multiple teeth. The teeth radially outwardly extend and are centered at a curvature center. Each of the teeth has a tooth root at one end near the curvature center. The tooth root is spaced from the curvature center. Multiple arched bridge sections are respectively positioned between the tooth roots of the adjacent teeth. Each arched bridge section is connected between the adjacent teeth. In addition, at least two punched splits are respectively positioned between the tooth roots of the adjacent teeth, each punched split serving to separate the adjacent teeth from each other.

    [0016] In the above motor stator structure, each arched bridge section has an arched section. The arched section can extend along two adjacent sides of a predetermined parallelogram.

    [0017] In the above motor stator structure, each motor stator element can include multiple enlarged sections respectively positioned at the tooth roots of the teeth. Each arched bridge section is positioned outside a range of the corresponding enlarged section.

    [0018] The present invention is advantageous in that the space of two ends of the arched bridge section disposed on the bottom of the stator slot is enlarged to increase the pass space of the magnetic field and thus avoid interference. Also, the effect achieved by the arched bridge section that cuts the adjacent magnetic fields is maintained. In comparison with the conventional motor stator, the present invention has a best anti-interference effect.

    [0019] The present invention can be best understood through the following description and accompanying drawings, wherein:

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0020] 

    Fig. 1 is a plane view of a conventional motor stator;

    Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of circled area of Fig. 1;

    Fig. 3 is a plane view of a part of the conventional motor stator, showing the magnetic field thereof;

    Fig. 4 is a plane view of a first embodiment of the present invention;

    Fig. 5 is an enlarged view of circled area of Fig. 4;

    Fig. 6 is a plane view of a part of the first embodiment of the present invention, showing the magnetic field thereof;

    Fig. 7 is a plane view of a second embodiment of the present invention;

    Fig. 8 is an enlarged view of circled area of Fig. 7;

    Fig. 9 shows several aspects of the shapes of the arched section of the arched bridge section of the present invention;

    Fig. 10 is a perspective exploded view of the motor stator structure of the present invention;

    Fig. 11 is a perspective assembled view of the motor stator structure of the present invention; and

    Fig. 12 is a side view of the motor stator structure of the present invention.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0021] Please refer to Figs, 4 to 6. According to a first embodiment, the motor stator structure of the present invention is composed of multiple gasket-shaped motor stator structures 10, which are stacked on each other. Each motor stator structure 10 includes multiple substantially rectangular plate-shaped teeth 20. The teeth 20 radially outwardly extend and are arranged at equal angular intervals and centered at a curvature center of the motor stator structure 10. The tooth roots 21 of the teeth 20 are positioned near the curvature center and spaced from the curvature center by a certain distance.

    [0022] The motor stator structure 10 further includes multiple arched bridge sections 30. Each of the arched bridge sections 30 has an arched section 31. In this embodiment, the arched section 31 extends along two adjacent sides of a rhombus. Two ends of the arched section 31 are bridged between the tooth roots 21 of two adjacent teeth 20. A notch 32 is formed on one side of the arched section 31 with its opening 321 directed to the curvature center. The opening 321 has an inner diameter smaller than an inner diameter of the main portion 322 of the notch 32.

    [0023] As aforesaid, the arched section 31 of the arched bridge section 30 extends along two adjacent sides of a rhombus and is bridged between the tooth roots 21 of two adjacent teeth 20. Therefore, the arched bridge section 30 is positioned outside the range a of the enlarged section of the tooth root 21 so as to avoid interference with the magnetic field. The motor stator structure composed of the stacked motor stator elements 10 can produce magnetic field within the range a of the enlarged section of the tooth root 21 without interference. In this case, the shortcoming of the conventional motor stator that the arched bridge section has a poor configuration to interfere with the magnetic field can be eliminated. Moreover, the magnetic field cutting function provided by the arched bridge section 30 can be maintained to lower magnetic loss and optimize the electrical efficiency.

    [0024] Please now refer to Figs. 7 and 8, which show a second embodiment of the motor stator structure of the present invention. The second embodiment is substantially identical to the first embodiment in technical characteristic. The second embodiment is only different from the first embodiment in that the arched section 31' of the motor stator structure 10' extends in a path slightly different from that of the first embodiment. The function provided by the second embodiment is identical to that of the first embodiment. To speak more specifically, the arched section 31' of the arched bridge section 30' extends along two adjacent sides of a square S.

    [0025] It should be noted that the present invention is characterized in that the arched section of the arched bridge section is positioned outside the range a of the enlarged section of the tooth root so as to avoid interference with the magnetic field.

    [0026] In examples, as shown in Fig. 9, the arched section can extend along adjacent sides of any other geometrical shape such as extend along the adjacent sides of an ellipse or a pentagon, or extend along a non-geometrical shape such as a waved shape. All these shapes can satisfy the requirement that the arched section of the arched bridge section is positioned outside the range of the enlarged section of the tooth root so as to avoid interference with the magnetic field and should be included in the protection range of the present invention.

    [0027] Furthermore, the above only describes the technical characteristics of one motor stator structure. However, a motor stator assembly is composed of multiple of these motor stator structures, which are sequentially stacked on each other. Therefore, the practical technical content of the motor stator structure of the present invention in industrial application will be more detailedly described hereinafter with reference to Figs. 10 to 12.

    [0028] In other words, in a practical embodiment, a motor stator assembly includes multiple motor stator structures 10" identical to or equivalent to the technical contents of the above embodiments in structure. The motor stator structures 10" can be more conveniently assembled and the motor stator assembly has higher strength. Each motor stator structure 10" has multiple teeth 20" and arched bridge sections 30" between the teeth 20" identical to those of the above embodiments. In addition, the motor stator structure 10" further has four punched splits 40". The punched splits 40" are positioned between two adjacent teeth 20" instead of some of the original arched bridge sections 30". Accordingly, when the motor stator structures 10" are stacked on and assembled with each other to form the motor stator assembly, the punched splits 40" of the adjacent motor stator structures are not aligned with each other. In this case, the motor stator assembly can be more easily assembled and the strength of the assembled motor stator structures can be enhanced.

    [0029] The above embodiments are only used to illustrate the present invention, not intended to limit the scope thereof. Many modifications of the above embodiments can be made without departing from the scope of the present invention.


    Claims

    1. A motor stator structure comprising multiple teeth (20), the teeth (20) being uniformly annularly distributed and radially outwardly extending, each of the teeth (20) having a tooth root (21), the tooth roots (21) of two adjacent teeth (20) being arranged at intervals; and multiple arched bridge sections (30, 30'), each of the arched bridge sections (30, 30') being bridged between the tooth roots (21) of two adjacent teeth (20), wherein each arched bridge section (30, 30') has an arched section (31, 31'), wherein each arched bridge section (30, 30') has a notch (32), the notch (32) being formed on one side of the arched section (31, 31') with its opening (321) directed to a center of the motor stator structure, characterized in that the arched section (31, 31') extends along a predetermined shape, wherein the predetermined shape is a parallelogram, an ellipse or a polygon or the arched section (31, 31') extends along a waved shape, and wherein the opening (321) of the notch (32) has an inner diameter smaller than an inner diameter of a main portion of the notch (32).
     
    2. The motor stator structure according to claim 1, wherein the arched section (31, 31') extends along two adjacent sides of a parallelogram.
     
    3. The motor stator structure according to claim 2, wherein the parallelogram is a rhombus.
     
    4. The motor stator structure according to claim 2, wherein the parallelogram is a square.
     
    5. A motor stator structure according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising
    multiple enlarged sections respectively positioned at the tooth roots (21) of the teeth (20, 20', 20"), each enlarged section defining a range (a) inclinedly extended towards the adjacent tooth; and
    each arched bridge section (30, 30') being radially positioned outside the range (a) of the corresponding enlarged section.
     
    6. A motor stator assembly, comprising multiple motor stator structures (10, 10', 10") according to any of the preceding claims, which are stacked on and connected with each other, wherein each of the motor stator structures (10, 10', 10") has multiple teeth (20"), the teeth (20") radially outwardly extending and being centered at a curvature center, each of the teeth (20") having a tooth root at one end near the curvature center, the tooth root being spaced from the curvature center and multiple arched bridge sections (30") being connected between the adjacent teeth (20"), wherein each of the motor stator structures (10, 10', 10") further includes at least two punched splits (40") being respectively positioned between the tooth roots of adjacent teeth (20"), each punched split (40") serving to separate the adjacent teeth (20") from each other.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Motorstatorstruktur mit einer Vielzahl von Zähnen (20), wobei die Zähne (20) gleichmäßig ringförmig verteilt sind und sich radial nach außen erstrecken, wobei jeder der Zähne (20) eine Zahnwurzel (21) hat, wobei die Zahnwurzeln (21) von zwei benachbarten Zähnen (20) in einem Abstand zueinander angeordnet sind, und mit einer Vielzahl von gekrümmten Brückenabschnitten (30, 30'), wobei jeder der gekrümmten Brückenabschnitte (30, 30') eine Brücke zwischen den Zahnwurzeln (21) von zwei benachbarten Zähnen (20) bildet, wobei jeder gekrümmte Brückenabschnitt (30, 30') einen gewölbten Abschnitt (31, 31') aufweist, wobei jeder gekrümmte Brückenabschnitt (30, 30') eine Nut (32) hat, wobei die Nut (32) an einer Seite des gewölbten Abschnitts (31, 31') ausgebildet ist, sodass deren Öffnung (321) zu einer Mitte der Motorstatorstruktur gerichtet ist, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sich der gewölbte Abschnitt (31, 31') entlang einer vorgegebenen Form erstreckt, wobei die vorgegebene Form ein Parallelogramm, eine Ellipse oder ein Polygon ist oder sich der gewölbte Abschnitt (31, 31') entlang einer gewellten Kontur erstreckt, und
    wobei die Öffnung (321) der Nut (32) einen Innendurchmesser hat, der kleiner ist als ein Innendurchmesser eines Hauptteils der Nut (32).
     
    2. Motorstatorstruktur nach Anspruch 1, bei welcher sich der gewölbte Abschnitt (31, 31') entlang zweier benachbarter Seiten eines Parallelogramms erstreckt.
     
    3. Motorstatorstruktur nach Anspruch 2, bei welcher das Parallelogramm ein Rhombus ist.
     
    4. Motorstatorstruktur nach Anspruch 2, bei welcher das Parallelogramm ein Quadrat ist.
     
    5. Motorstatorstruktur nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, welche ferner eine Vielzahl von vergrößerten Abschnitten umfasst, die entsprechend an den Zahnwurzeln (21) der Zähne (20, 20', 20") angeordnet sind, wobei jeder vergrößerte Abschnitt einen Bereich (a) definiert, der sich schräg in Richtung des angrenzenden Zahns erstreckt, und wobei
    jeder gekrümmte Brückenabschnitt (30, 30') radial außerhalb des Bereichs (a) des korrespondierenden vergrößerten Abschnitts positioniert ist.
     
    6. Motorstatorbaugruppe, die mehrere Motorstatorstrukturen (10, 10', 10") nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche umfasst, welche aufeinandergestapelt und miteinander verbunden sind, wobei jede der Motorstatorstrukturen (10, 10', 10") eine Vielzahl von Zähnen (20") aufweist, wobei sich die Zähne (20") radial nach außen erstrecken und an einem Krümmungsmittelpunkt zentriert sind, wobei jeder der Zähne (20") eine Zahnwurzel an einem Ende nahe dem Krümmungsmittelpunkt hat, wobei die Zahnwurzel von dem Krümmungsmittelpunkt beabstandet ist und mehrere gekrümmte Brückenabschnitte (30") die benachbarten Zähne (20") miteinander verbinden, wobei jede der Motorstatorstrukturen (10, 10', 10") ferner wenigstens zwei gestanzte Spalte (40") umfasst, die jeweils zwischen den Zahnwurzeln von benachbarten Zähnen (20") angeordnet sind, wobei jeder gestanzte Spalt (40") dazu dient, um die benachbarten Zähne (20") voneinander zu trennen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Structure de stator de moteur comprenant de multiples dents (20), les dents (20) étant réparties uniformément de manière annulaire et s'étendant radialement vers l'extérieur, chacune des dents (20) ayant une racine de dent (21), les racines de dent (21) de deux dents adjacentes (20) étant agencés à intervalles; et de multiples sections de pont en arc (30, 30'), chacune des sections de pont en arc (30, 30') formant un pont entre les racines de dents (21) de deux dents adjacentes (20), dans laquelle chaque section de pont en arc (30, 30') a une section en arc (31, 31'), dans laquelle chaque section de pont en arc (30, 30') a une encoche (32), l'encoche (32) étant formée sur un côté de la section en arc (31, 31') avec son ouverture (321) dirigée vers un centre de la structure de stator de moteur, caractérisée en ce que la section en arc (31, 31') s'étend le long d'un forme prédéterminée, dans laquelle la forme prédéterminée est un parallélogramme, une ellipse ou un polygone ou la section en arc (31, 31') s'étend le long d'une forme ondulée, et
    dans laquelle l'ouverture (321) de l'encoche (32) a un diamètre interne inférieur à un diamètre interne d'une partie principale de l'encoche (32).
     
    2. Structure de stator de moteur selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la section en arc (31, 31') s'étend le long de deux côtés adjacents d'un parallélogramme.
     
    3. Structure de stator de moteur selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle le parallélogramme est un losange.
     
    4. Structure de stator de moteur selon la revendication 2, dans laquelle le parallélogramme est un carré.
     
    5. Structure de stator de moteur selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre de multiples sections élargies positionnées respectivement au niveau des racines de dent (21) des dents (20, 20', 20"), chaque section élargie définissant une plage (a) étendue de manière inclinée vers la dent adjacente ; et
    chaque section de pont en arc (30, 30') étant positionnée radialement à l'extérieur de la plage (a) de la section élargie correspondante.
     
    6. Ensemble stator de moteur, comprenant de multiples structures de stator de moteur (10, 10', 10") selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, qui sont empilées les unes sur les autres et reliées les unes aux autres, dans lequel chacune des structures de stator de moteur (10, 10', 10") a de multiples dents (20"), les dents (20") s'étendant radialement vers l'extérieur et étant centrées au niveau d'un centre de courbure, chacune des dents (20") ayant une racine de dent au niveau d'une extrémité près du centre de courbure, la racine de dent étant écartée du centre de courbure et de multiples sections de pont en arc (30") étant reliées entre les dents adjacentes (20"), dans lequel chacune des structures de stator de moteur (10, 10', 10") inclut en outre au moins deux fentes perforées (40") étant positionnées respectivement entre les racines de dent de dents adjacentes (20"), chaque fente perforée (40") servant à séparer les dents adjacentes (20") les unes des autres.
     




    Drawing



































    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description