(19)
(11)EP 2 964 704 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
16.05.2018 Bulletin 2018/20

(21)Application number: 14709224.1

(22)Date of filing:  03.03.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
C07D 487/04  (2006.01)
C07D 517/22  (2006.01)
C09K 11/06  (2006.01)
C08G 69/42  (2006.01)
C09B 57/00  (2006.01)
C07D 495/22  (2006.01)
C09B 69/00  (2006.01)
H01L 51/00  (2006.01)
H01L 51/42  (2006.01)
C07D 487/22  (2006.01)
C07D 519/00  (2006.01)
C08G 69/00  (2006.01)
G01N 33/52  (2006.01)
C07D 491/22  (2006.01)
C07D 471/22  (2006.01)
C09B 69/10  (2006.01)
H01L 51/05  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2014/054060
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/135491 (12.09.2014 Gazette  2014/37)

(54)

HETEROCYCLIC FLUORESCENT DYES AND METHOD OF PRODUCTION THEREOF

HETEROZYKLISCHE FLUORESZENZFARBSTOFFE UND HERSTELLUNGSVERFAHREN DAFÜR

COLORANTS FLUORESCENTS HÉTÉROCYCLIQUE ET SON PROCÉDÉ DE PRODUCTION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 06.03.2013 US 201361773166 P
06.03.2013 EP 13157961
25.06.2013 EP 13173518
06.11.2013 EP 13191722
04.12.2013 EP 13195706

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.01.2016 Bulletin 2016/02

(73)Proprietor: BASF SE
67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • GRYKO, Daniel T.
    PL-01-167 Warsaw (PL)
  • GRZYBOWSKI, Marek
    PL-71-796 Szczecin (PL)

(74)Representative: Leybach, Holger Hugo 
BASF Schweiz AG IP Department P.O. Box
4002 Basel
4002 Basel (CH)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2006/061343
WO-A1-2013/092474
WO-A1-2010/108873
US-A1- 2011 028 644
  
  • MAREK GRZYBOWSKI ET AL: "Bright, Color-Tunable Fluorescent Dyes Based on [pi]-Expanded Diketopyrrolopyrroles", ORGANIC LETTERS, vol. 14, no. 11, 1 June 2012 (2012-06-01), pages 2670-2673, XP055057863, ISSN: 1523-7060, DOI: 10.1021/ol300674v cited in the application
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description


[0001] The invention relates to compounds that can be used as heterocyclic dyes of unique structure and properties. These compounds can be obtained in a three-step synthesis from simple substrates. The compounds according to the invention have excellent solubility in organic solvents and excellent film-forming properties. In addition, high efficiency of energy conversion, excellent field-effect mobility, good on/off current ratios and/or excellent stability can be observed, when the compounds according to the invention are used in organic field effect transistors, organic photovoltaics (solar cells) and photodiodes.

[0002] Organic dyes are known, which are diketopyrrolopyrroles (DPPs) of formula (I), which are employed as pigments, used in the production of durable paints and varnishes.

[0003] Daniel T. Gryko et al. Organic Letters 14 (2012) 2670 disclose a synthetic approach to π-expanded diketopyrrolopyrroles. A three-step strategy appears to be very general and starts with the preparation of diketopyrrolopyrroles followed by N-alkylation with bromoacetaldehyde diethyl acetal and electrophilic aromatic substitution. The final reaction regioselectively furnishes fluorescent dyes.

[0004] WO2013/092474 relates to compounds of formula (III):

where Ar denotes a homo- or heteroaromatic system.

[0005] Daniel T. Gryko et al. Chemical Communications 49 (2013) 8368 (DOI: 10.1039/c3cc44728f) report the synthesis of π-expanded diketopyrrolopyrroles. The new functional dyes possess enhanced properties when compared with expanded DPPs in terms of fluorescence quantum yield. By placing two amine groups at peripheral positions of the resulting dyes, values of 2PA (two-photon absorption) cross-section on the level of 2000 GM were achieved, which in combination with high Φfl, generated a two-photon brightness of -1000 units at 840-970 nm.

[0006] There is still a need for stable water-insoluble organic pigments, which might find application in the dyeing industry. In addition, the development of fluorometric techniques and the extensive use thereof in modern biomedical techniques and diagnostics (e.g. optical imaging) means there is steady growth in demand for new compounds with improved fluorescence properties in the visible range. Provision of compounds with high fluorescence quanturn yield is required.

[0007] It is another object of the present invention to provide compounds, which show high efficiency of energy conversion, excellent field-effect mobility, good on/off current ratios, good film-forming properties and/or excellent stability, when used in organic field effect transistors, organic photovoltaics (solar cells) and photodiodes.

[0008] Said objects have been solved by compounds of formula (III) as defined in present claim 1:

where Ar denotes a homo- or heteroaromatic system, which may be substituted, or unsubstituted. The homo- or heteroaromatic systems (Ar) may be different, but are preferably the same.

[0009] The compounds of the present invention show high fluorescence quantum yield and solubility. Advantageously, the compounds of the present invention, or an organic semiconductor material, layer or component, comprising the compounds of the present invention, can be used in organic photovoltaics (solar cells) and photodiodes, or in organic field effect transistors (OFET).

[0010] The homo- or heteroaromatic system (Ar) is selected from the group consisting of benzene, furan, thiopene, pyrrole, selenophene, benzofuran, benzothiophene, indole, benzoselenophene, thieno[2,3-b]thiophene and thieno[3,2-b]thiophene.

[0011] The homo- or heteroaromatic system may be unsubstituted, or substituted. Examples of substituents are halogen, especially F; cyano, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F;



or

wherein X, R22 to R26 and R29 to R33 are as defined below.

R13, R13', R14 and R14' are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, C2-C25alkenyl, which may optionally be interrupted a group DSi, or by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C2-C25alkinyl, C3-C12cycloalkyl, C3-C12cycloalkyl-alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by a group DSi, or one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C7-C25arylalkyl, C7-C25arylalkyl which may optionally be interrupted by a group DSi, or one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by halogen, C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C3-C10heteroaryl; C3-C10heteroaryl, which is substituted by halogen, C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by a group DSi, or one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F;

ESi is -SiR161R162R163 or -O-SiR161R162R163;

DSi is -SiR161R162-, -SiR161R162-(O-SiR161R162)d- or -O-SiR161R162-;

R161, R162 and R163 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C3-C12cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, -O-SiR164R165R166, -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166, C1-C25alkoxy, C3-C24(hetero)aryloxy, NR167R168, halogen, C1-C25acyloxy, phenyl, phenyl, which is substituted 1 to 3 times by C1-C25alkyl, halogen, cyano or C1-C25alkoxy;

R164, R165 and R166 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C3-C12cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, -O-SiR169R170R171, -(O-SiR169R170)d-R171, C1-C25alkoxy, C3-C24(hetero)aryloxy, NR167R168, halogen, C1-C25acyloxy, phenyl, phenyl which is substituted 1 to 3 times by C1-C25alkyl, halogen, cyano or C1-C25alkoxy;

R169, R170 and R171 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C3-C12cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, -O-Si(CH3)3, C1-C25alkoxy, C3-C24(hetero)aryloxy, NR167R168, halogen, C1-C25acyloxy, phenyl, phenyl, which is substituted 1 to 3 times by C1-C25alkyl, halogen, cyano or C1-C25alkoxy;

R167 and R168 are independently of each other hydrogen, C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms; or C7-C25arylalkyl;

d is an integer from 1 to 50; with the proviso that at least one of R13, R13', R14 and R14' is different from hydrogen.

R13 and R13', may be different, but are preferably the same. R14 and R14' may be different, but are preferably the same.



[0012] Preferably, two of the substituents R13, R13', R14 and R14' are different from hydrogen, more preferred R13 and R13', are different from hydrogen and most preferred R14 and R14' are hydrogen and R13 and R13' are different from hydrogen.

[0013] Preferably, R13 is C1-C25alkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, C2-C25alkenyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group DSi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C3-C10heteroaryl; C3-C10heteroaryl, which is substituted by halogen, C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F. More preferred, R13 is C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more fluorine atoms. Most preferred R13 is C1-C25alkyl.

[0014] Preferably, R14 is H, C1-C25alkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, C2-C25alkenyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group DSi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C3-C10heteroaryl; C3-C10heteroaryl, which is substituted by halogen, C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F. More preferred, R14 is H, C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more fluorine atoms. Most preferred R14 is H.

[0015] In another preferred embodiment is phenyl, which may optionally be substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F, C1-C25alkyl groups, or C1-C25alkoxy groups. R14 is preferably H.

[0016] Among the compounds of formula III compounds are preferred, wherein R14 and R14' are hydrogen. More preferred are compounds of formula III, wherein R14 and R14' are hydrogen and R13 and R13' are different from hydrogen and are the same.

[0017] ESi is -SiR161R162R163, or -O-SiR161R162R163, preferably -SiR161R162R163.

[0018] DSi is -SiR161R162-, -SiR161R162-(O-SiR161R162)d- or -O-SiR161R162-, preferably -SiR161R162-, or -SiR161R162-(O-SiR161R162)d-.

[0019] R161, R162 and R163 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C3-C12cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, -O-SiR164R165R166, -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166, C1-C25alkoxy, C3-C24(hetero)aryloxy, NR167R168, halogen, C1-C25acyloxy, phenyl, phenyl, which is substituted 1 to 3 times by C1-C25alkyl, halogen, cyano or C1-C25alkoxy; preferably hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C3-C12cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, -O-SiR164R165R166, -O-(SiR164R165)d-R166 or phenyl; more preferably C1-C8alkyl, C5-C6cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; C1-C8haloalkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, -O-SiR164R165R166, -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166 or phenyl; most preferably C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8haloalkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl which is substituted one, or more times with fluorine atoms; -O-SiR164R165R166 or -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166.

[0020] R164, R165 and R166 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C3-C12cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, -O-SiR169R170R171, -(O-SiR169R170)d-R171, C1-C25alkoxy, C3-C24(hetero)aryloxy, NR167R168, halogen, C1-C25acyloxy, phenyl, phenyl, which is substituted 1 to 3 times by C1-C25alkyl, halogen, cyano or C1-C25alkoxy; preferably hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C1-C25haloalkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, -O-SiR169R170R171, -(O-SiR169R170)d-R171, or phenyl; more preferably C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8haloalkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, -O-SiR169R170R171, -(O-SiR169R170)d-R171, or phenyl; most preferably C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8haloalkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl which is substituted one or more times with fluorine atoms; -O-SiR169R170R171 or -(O-SiR169R170)d-R171.

[0021] R169, R170 and R171 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C3-C12cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl, C1-C25haloalkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, -O-Si(CH3)3, C1-C25alkoxy, C3-C24(hetero)aryloxy, NR167R168, halogen, C1-C25acyloxy, phenyl, phenyl, which is substituted 1 to 3 times by C1-C25alkyl, halogen, cyano, or C1-C25alkoxy; preferably hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C1-C25haloalkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, -O-Si(CH3)3, or phenyl; more preferably C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8haloalkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, -O-Si(CH3)3, or phenyl; most preferably C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8haloalkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl which is substituted one or more times with fluorine atoms; or -O-Si(CH3)3.

[0022] d is an integer from 1 to 50, preferably 1 to 40, even more preferably 1 to 30, still more preferably 1 to 20, more preferably 1 to 15, still more preferably 1 to 10 and even more preferably 1 to 5 and most preferably 1 to 3.

[0023] R167 and R168 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C1-C25haloalkyl, C3-C25alkenyl, or phenyl; preferably C1-C25alkyl, C1-C25haloalkyl, or phenyl; most preferably C1-C25alkyl.

[0024] In a particularly preferred embodiment ESi is -SiR161R162R163. R161, R162 and R163 are independently of each other C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, especially C1-C8haloalkyl, such as, for example, -CF3, -(CH2)2CF3, -(CH2)2(CF2)5CF3 and-(CH2)2(CF2)6CF3; C2-C25alkenyl, especially C2-C8alkenyl; C3-C12cycloalkyl, especially C5-C6cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; phenyl, -O-SiR164R165R166, or -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166. In case of a group -O-SiR164R165R166 R164, R165 and R166 are independently of each other C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8haloalkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, or phenyl. In case of a group -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166 R164, and R165 are independently of each other C1-C8alkyl, R166 is C1-C8alkyl, or phenyl and d is an integer of 2 to 5.

[0025] Examples of preferred groups ESi are shown below:



















and



[0026] In a particularly preferred embodiment DSi is -SiR161R162-, wherein R161 and R162 are independently of each other C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, especially C1-C8haloalkyl, such as, for example, -CF3, -(CH2)2CF3, -(CH2)2(CF2)5CF3 and-(CH2)2(CF2)6CF3; C2-C25alkenyl, especially C2-C8alkenyl; or phenyl.

[0027] In another particularly preferred embodiment DSi is -SiR161R162-(O-SiR161R162)d-, wherein d is 2 to 5 and R161, and R162 are C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl.

[0028] Examples of preferred groups DSi are shown below:









and



[0029] Specific examples of homo- or heteroaromatic system (Ar) are shown below:



especially

and

wherein the dotted lines denotes the bonds to the 6-membered ring (the dotted line indicates the bond to the carbon atom in para-position to the nitrogen atom, the dotted line indicates the bond to the carbon atom in meta-position to the nitrogen atom),
R1, R1' and R1" are independently of each other H, halogen, especially F; cyano, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C1-C25alkyl,
R2 is H, halogen, especially F; cyano, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl,
R3 is hydrogen, halogen, especially F; cyano, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C1-C25alkyl,





wherein R22 to R25 and R29 to R33 represent independently of each other H, F, cyano, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C1-C25alkyl, and R26 is H, F, cyano, phenyl, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, or C1-C25alkyl;
R5, R6, R7 and R8 are independently of each other hydrogen, halogen, especially F; cyano, C1-C25alkyl, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F;
X and X1 are independently of each other O, S, Se, or NR4,
R4 is hydrogen, C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, halogen, especially F; or C1-C18alkoxy; C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C7-C25arylalkyl.

[0030] In another preferred embodiment R3 is a group of formula -NA1A1', or a group

wherein
A1 and A1' are independently of each other C1-C18alkyl,



R116, R117, R118 and R119 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C18alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by -O-, or C1-C18alkoxy.

[0031] Preferably, X is O, S, or Se, more preferably X is O, or S, most preferred, X is S.

[0032] Preferably, X1 is O, S, or Se, more preferably X is O, or S, most preferred, X is S.

[0033] Preferably, R4 is hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms. More preferably, R4 is C1-C25alkyl.

[0034] R5, R6, R7, and R8 are preferably hydrogen, halogen, especially F; C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F; more preferred hydrogen or C1-C25alkyl, most preferred H.

[0035] Preferably the compound according to the invention is selected from the group consisting of the following compounds of formulae:















wherein R1, R1', R1", R2, R3, R4, R13, R13', R14 and R14' are as defined above. Compounds of formula (IIIa), (IIIb), (IIIc), (IIId), (IIIe), (IIIf), (IIIg), (IIIh), (IIIi), (IIIj), (IIIk), (IIIl), (IIIm), and (IIIn) are preferred. Compounds of formula (IIIa), (IIIb), (IIId), (IIIf), (IIIh), (IIIi), (IIIj) and (IIIm) are more preferred. Compounds of formula (IIIb), (IIId) and (IIIj) are most preferred.
R1 is preferably H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl; more preferred hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, most preferred hydrogen.
R1' is preferably H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl; more preferred hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, most preferred hydrogen.
R1" is preferably H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl; more preferred hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, most preferred hydrogen.
R2 is preferably H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl; more preferred hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, most preferred hydrogen.

[0036] Among compounds of formula (IIIa) to (IIIn) compounds are more preferred, wherein R14 and R14' are hydrogen. R13 and R13' may be different, but are preferably the same and are selected from C1-C25alkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, C2-C25alkenyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by halogen, C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C3-C10heteroaryl; C3-C10heteroaryl, which is substituted by halogen, C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F. More preferred, R13 is C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more fluorine atoms; or phenyl, which may optionally be substituted by one or more C1-C25alkyl. Most preferred R13 is C1-C25alkyl, or phenyl.

[0037] DSi is preferably -SiR161R162-, wherein R161, and R162 are independently of each other C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, especially C1-C8haloalkyl, such as, for example, -CF3, -(CH2)2CF3, -(CH2)2(CF2)5CF3 and -(CH2)2(CF2)6CF3; C2-C25alkenyl, especially C2-C8alkenyl; or phenyl; or -SiR161R162-(O-SiR161R162)d-, wherein d is 2 to 5 and R161, and R162 are C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl.

[0038] ESi is preferably -SiR161R162R163. R161, R162 and R163 are independently of each other C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, especially C1-C8haloalkyl, such as, for example, -CF3, -(CH2)2CF3, -(CH2)2(CF2)5CF3 and -(CH2)2(CF2)6CF3; C2-C25alkenyl, especially C2-C8alkenyl; C3-C12cycloalkyl, especially C5-C6cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; phenyl, -O-SiR164R165R166, or -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166. In case of a group -O-SiR164R165R166 R164, R165 and R166 are independently of each other C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8haloalkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, or phenyl. In case of a group -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166 R164, and R165 are independently of each other C1-C8alkyl, R166 is C1-C8alkyl, or phenyl and d is an integer of 2 to 5.

[0039] More preferably the compound according to the invention is selected from the group consisting of the following compounds of formulae:













wherein R1, R1', R3 and R4 are as defined above. Compounds of formula (IIIa'), (IIIb'), (IIIc'), (IIId'), (IIIe'), (IIIf'), (IIIg'), (IIIh'), (IIIi'), (IIIj'), (IIIk'), (IIIl'), (IIIm') and (IIIn') are preferred. Compounds of formula (IIIa'), (IIIb'), (IIId'), (IIIf'), (IIIh'), (IIIi'), (IIIj') and (IIIm') are more preferred. Compounds of formula (IIIb'), (IIId') and (IIIj') are most preferred.

[0040] In another preferred embodiment the compound according to the invention is selected from the group consisting of the following compounds of formulae:



















































wherein R13, R13', R14 and R14' may be the same or different and are selected from hydrogen or a C1-C38alkyl group;
R99, R99', R99" and R99* are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms; preferably C3-C25alkyl, or C3-C25alkyl which is interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms;
R121, R122, R123 R124 and R125 are independently of each other hydrogen, halogen, C1-C18alkoxy or C1-C25alkyl; preferably hydrogen;
R130 is hydrogen, C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, halogen, especially F; or C1-C18alkoxy; C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C7-C25arylalkyl; and R3 is as defined above.

[0041] R99, R99', R99" and R99* are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms and/or interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms, or two moieties R99 and R99' or R99" and R99* can form a 5 or 6 membered alkyl ring, which optionally can be substituted with one or more halogen atoms and/or interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms. Preferably R99, R99', R99" and R99* are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms and/or interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms. More preferably R99, R99', R99" and R99* are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms. Most preferably R99, R99', R99" and R99* are independently of each other C3-C25alkyl, or C3-C25alkyl interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms.

[0042] R121, R122, R123, R124 and R125 are independently of each other hydrogen, halogen, C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, halogen; or C1-C18alkoxy; C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C7-C25arylalkyl; preferably hydrogen, halogen, C1-C18alkoxy or C1-C25alkyl; most preferably hydrogen.

[0043] Among compounds of formula (IIIo) to (IIIan) compounds are more preferred, wherein R14 and R14' are hydrogen. R13 and R13' may be different, but are preferably the same and are selected from H, C1-C25alkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, C2-C25alkenyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by halogen, C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C3-C10heteroaryl; C3-C10heteroaryl, which is substituted by halogen, C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F. More preferred, R13 is H, C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more fluorine atoms or phenyl, which may optionally be substituted by one or more C1-C25alkyl. Most preferred R13 is C1-C25alkyl or phenyl. In another preferred embodiment R13, R13', R14 and R14' in the compounds of formula (IIIo) to (IIIan) are hydrogen.

[0044] Preferably, R1, R1' and R1" are independently of each other H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl. More preferred, R1, R1' and R1" are independently of each other hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, most preferred hydrogen.

[0045] Preferably, R2 is H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl. More preferred, R2 is hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl. Most preferred R2 is hydrogen.

[0046] Preferably, R3 is H, F, trifluoromethyl, cyano, C1-C25alkyl, a group of formula



wherein R24 to R26 are as defined above and are preferably H, or C1-C25alkyl, more preferably H. More preferred, R3 is H, F, cyano, C1-C25alkyl,



Most preferred, R3 is H,



[0047] In a preferred embodiment the present invention is directed to compounds of formula (IIIa), (IIIb), (IIIc), (IIId), (IIIe), (IIIf), (IIIg), (IIIh), (IIIi), (IIIj), (IIIk), (IIIl), (IIIm) and (IIIn), especially (IIIa), (IIIb), (IIId), (IIIf), (IIIh), (IIIi), (IIIj) and (IIIm), very especially (IIIb), (IIId) and (IIIj); wherein R1, R1' and R1" are independently of each other H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl, R2 is H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl, R3 is H, F, trifluoromethyl, cyano, C1-C25alkyl, a group of formula



wherein R24 to R26 are as defined above, R4 is hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms, and X is O, S, or Se. R24 to R26 are preferably H, or C1-C25alkyl. R14 and R14' are H. R13 is C1-C25alkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, C2-C25alkenyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C3-C10heteroaryl; C3-C10heteroaryl, which is substituted by halogen, C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F. More preferred, R13 is C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more fluorine atoms. Most preferred R13 is C1-C25alkyl.

[0048] DSi is preferably -SiR161R162-, wherein R161 and R162 are independently of each other C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, especially C1-C8haloalkyl, such as, for example, -CF3, -(CH2)2CF3, -(CH2)2(CF2)5CF3 and -(CH2)2(CF2)6CF3; C2-C25alkenyl, especially C2-C8alkenyl; or phenyl; or -SiR161R162-(O-SiR161R162)d-, wherein d is 2 to 5 and R161 and R162 are C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl.

[0049] ESi is preferably -SiR161R162R163. R161, R162 and R163 are independently of each other C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, especially C1-C8haloalkyl, such as, for example, -CF3, -(CH2)2CF3, -(CH2)2(CF2)5CF3 and -(CH2)2(CF2)6CF3; C2-C25alkenyl, especially C2-C8alkenyl; C3-C12cycloalkyl, especially C5-C6cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; phenyl, -O-SiR164R165R166, or -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166. In case of a group -O-SiR164R165R166 R164, R165 and R166 are independently of each other C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8haloalkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, or phenyl. In case of a group -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166 R164 and R165 are independently of each other C1-C8alkyl, R166 is C1-C8alkyl, or phenyl and d is an integer of 2 to 5.

[0050] In a more preferred embodiment the present invention is directed to compounds of formula (IIIa), (IIIb), (IIIc), (IIId), (IIIe), (IIIf), (IIIg), (IIIh), (IIIi), (IIIj), (IIIk), (IIIl), (IIIm) and (IIIn), especially (IIIa), (IIIb), (IIId), (IIIf), (IIIh), (IIIi), (IIIj) and (IIIm), very especially (IIIb), (IIId) and (IIIj); R1, R1' and R1" are independently of each other hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, especially hydrogen; R2 is hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, especially hydrogen, R3 is H, F, cyano, C1-C25alkyl,



especially cyano,



R4 is C1-C25alkyl; and X is O, or S, especially S. R14 and R14' are H. R13 is C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more fluorine atoms. More preferred R13 is C1-C25alkyl.

[0051] DSi is preferably -SiR161R162-, wherein R161 and R162 are independently of each other C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, especially C1-C8haloalkyl, such as, for example, -CF3, -(CH2)2CF3, -(CH2)2(CF2)5CF3 and -(CH2)2(CF2)6CF3; C2-C25alkenyl, especially C2-C8alkenyl; or phenyl; or -SiR161R162-(O-SiR161R162)d-, wherein d is 2 to 5 and R161 and R162 are C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl.

[0052] In a preferred embodiment the present invention is directed to compounds of formula (IIIo), (IIIp), (IIIq), (IIIr), (IIIs), (IIIt), (IIIu), (IIIv), (IIIw), (IIIx),(IIIy), (IIIz), (IIIaa), (IIIab), (IIIac), (IIIad), (IIIae), (IIIaf), (IIIag), (IIIah), (IIIai), (IIIaj), (IIIak), (IIIal), (IIIam), or (IIIan), especially (IIIo), (IIIw), (IIIx),(IIIy), (IIIz), (IIIac), (IIIad), (IIIaf), (IIIag), (IIIah), (IIIai), (IIIak), (IIIal), (IIIam), or (IIIan), very especially (IIIo), (IIIw), (IIIac), (IIIaf), (IIIag), (IIIah), (IIIak), or (IIIam), wherein R3 is H, F, trifluoromethyl, cyano, C1-C25alkyl, a group of formula





R24 to R26 are as defined above, R4 is hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms, and X is O, S, or Se. R24 to R26 are preferably H, or C1-C25alkyl. R99, R99', R99" and R99* are independently of each other C3-C25alkyl, or C3-C25alkyl interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms.
R121, R122, R123, R124 and R125 are independently of each other hydrogen, halogen, C1-C18alkoxy or C1-C25alkyl; most preferably hydrogen.
R130 is C1-C25alkyl.

[0053] In a more preferred embodiment the present invention is directed to compounds of formula (IIIo), (IIIw), (IIIx),(IIIy), (IIIz), (IIIac), (IIIad), (IIIf), (IIIag), (IIIah), (IIIai), (IIIak), (IIIal), (IIIam), or (IIIan), especially (IIIo), (IIIw), (IIIac), (IIIf), (IIIag), (IIIah), (IIIak), or (IIIam), very especially (IIIo), (IIIaf), or (IIIah), wherein R3 is H, F, cyano, C1-C25alkyl,



or

especially cyano,

or

R99, R99', R99" and R99* are independently of each other C3-C25alkyl, or C3-C25alkyl interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms.
R121, R122, R123, R124 and R125 are independently of each other hydrogen, halogen, C1-C18alkoxy or C1-C25alkyl; most preferably hydrogen.
R130 is C1-C25alkyl. Compounds of formula (IIIo) are most preferred.

[0054] Examples of compounds according to the invention are shown below:

and



[0055] Preferably the compound according to the invention is selected from the group consisting of the following compounds of formulae:



and



[0056] In another preferred embodiment the present invention is directed to compounds of formula (IIIa), (IIIb), (IIIc), (IIId), (IIIe), (IIIf), (IIIg), (IIIh), (IIIi), (IIIj), (IIIk), (IIIl), (IIIm) and (IIIn), especially (IIIa), (IIIb), (IIId), (IIIl), (IIIh), (IIIi), (IIIj) and (IIIm), very especially (IIIb), (IIId) and (IIIj); wherein R1, R1' and R1" are independently of each other H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl, R2 is H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl, R3 is a group of formula -NA1A1', or a group

wherein
A1 and A1' are independently of each other

R116 and R119 are independently of each other hydrogen, or C1-C18alkyl. R118 and R117 are independently of each other C1-C18alkoxy, especially hydrogen, or C1-C18alkyl. R4 is hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms, and X is O, S, or Se. R24 to R26 are preferably H, or C1-C25alkyl. R14 and R14' are H. R13 is C1-C25alkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, C2-C25alkenyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C3-C10heteroaryl; C3-C10heteroaryl, which is substituted by halogen, C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F. More preferred, R13 is C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more fluorine atoms. Most preferred R13 is C1-C25alkyl.

[0057] DSi is preferably -SiR161R162-, wherein R161 and R162 are independently of each other C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, especially C1-C8haloalkyl, such as, for example, -CF3, -(CH2)2CF3, -(CH2)2(CF2)5CF3 and -(CH2)2(CF2)6CF3; C2-C25alkenyl, especially C2-C8alkenyl; or phenyl; or -SiR161R162-(O-SiR161R162)d-, wherein d is 2 to 5 and R161 and R162 are C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl.

[0058] ESi is preferably -SiR161R162R163. R161, R162 and R163 are independently of each other C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, especially C1-C8haloalkyl, such as, for example, -CF3, -(CH2)2CF3, -(CH2)2(CF2)5CF3 and -(CH2)2(CF2)6CF3; C2-C25alkenyl, especially C2-C8alkenyl; C3-C12cycloalkyl, especially C5-C6cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; phenyl, -O-SiR164R165R166, or -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166 In case of a group -O-SiR164R165R166R164, R165 and R166 are independently of each other C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8haloalkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, or phenyl. In case of a group -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166 R164 and R165 are independently of each other C1-C8alkyl, R166 is C1-C8alkyl, or phenyl and d is an integer of 2 to 5.

[0059] In another preferred embodiment the present invention is directed to compounds of formula ((IIIo), (IIIp), (IIIq), (IIIr), (IIIs), (IIIt), (IIIu), (IIIv), (IIIw), (IIIx),(IIIy), (IIIz), (IIIaa), (IIIab), (IIIac), (IIIad), (IIIae), (IIIaf), (IIIag), (IIIah), (IIIai), (IIIaj), (IIIak), (IIIal), (IIIam), or (IIIan), especially (IIIo), (IIIw), (IIIx),(IIIy), (IIIz), (IIIac), (IIIad), (IIIf), (IIIag), (IIIah), (IIIai), (IIIak), (IIIal), (IIIam), or (IIIan), very especially (IIIo), (IIIw), (IIIac), (IIIaf), (IIIag), (IIIah), (IIIak), or (IIIam); wherein R3 is a group of formula -NA1A1', or a group or a group wherein

A1 and A1' are independently of each other

R116 and R119 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C18alkoxy, or C1-C18alkyl. R118 and R117 are independently of each other hydrogen, or C1-C18alkyl. R24 to R26 are preferably H, or C1-C25alkyl.
R99, R99', R99" and R99* are independently of each other C3-C25alkyl, or C3-C25alkyl interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms.
R121, R122, R123, R124 and R125 are independently of each other hydrogen, halogen, C1-C18alkoxy or C1-C25alkyl; most preferably hydrogen.
R130 is C1-C18alkyl.
Examples of preferred compounds are shown below:

and

The compounds, wherein R3 is a group of formula -NA1A1', or a group

may be used in organic field effect transistors, organic light emitting devices, organic photovoltaic devices and organic photodiodes and as IR absorbers. In addition, these compounds show two-photon absorption (2PA) and can be used in the fields of two-photon excited fluorescence microscopy, two-photon induced polymerization and 3D-storage.

[0060] In addition, the present invention is directed to a method for the production of a compound of formula (III):

especially

where
R13, R14 and Ar are as defined in claim 1, characterized in that
  1. a) a diketopyrrolopyrrole of formula (I):

    is reacted with a compound of formula

    wherein X2 is Cl, Br, or I; and then
  2. b) the N-alkylated derivative of formula (II) obtained in step a)

    is submitted in the presence of acid to intramolecular condensation, obtaining the compound of formula (III).


[0061] The alkylation reaction in step a) is preferably carried out in the presence of tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate, or K2CO3 in dimethylformamide (DMF).

[0062] The cyclization reaction in step b) is preferably carried out in methylene chloride in the presence of trifluoromethanesulphonic acid.

[0063] Compound (4) can, for example, be prepared starting from the DPP derivative (2) optionally via the intermediate (5) as shown in the reaction scheme below:



[0064] The bromination is carried out in a suitable solvent, like chloroform, using two equivalents of N-bromo-succinimide at a temperature between -30°C and +50 °C, preferably between - 10°C and room temperature, e.g. at 0°C.

[0065] The "chain-extension" of compound (5) with an additional thienyl residue can be effected, for example, by reaction with a mixture of 2-thienylboronic acid pinacol ester, Pd2(dba)3 [tris(dibenzylideneacetone)-di-palladium)] and tri-tert-butyl-phosphonium-tetrafluoroborate in tetrahydrofurane including a suitable base, such as, for example, K2CO3, K3PO4 and Li-OH. The bromination and chain-extension of DPP derivatives is described in more detail on pages 17 to 19 of WO2009/047104. WO2009/047104 discloses also possible starting DPP compounds for the synthesis of the compounds of formula (II).

[0066] Alternatively compounds of formula

where R13, R14 and Ar are as defined above, can be obtained by reacting a diketopyrrolopyrrole of formula

with a compound of formula

in the presence of a base, wherein X2 is Cl, Br, or I; and then submitting the obtained N-alkylated derivative of formula

in the presence of acid to intramolecular condensation. In the acetals and ketals, oxygen can be replaced optionally by sulphur atoms.

[0067] R70 and R71 are independently of each other a C1-C25alkyl group which can optionally be substituted one or more times with C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8alkoxy and/or can optionally be interrupted by -O-, -S-, -NR39-. Preferably, R70 and R71 are independently of each other a C1-C25alkyl group, especially a C1-C4alkyl group. Optionally R70 and R71 can form a five, or six membered ring.

[0068] The alkylation reaction is preferably carried out in the presence of tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate, or K2CO3 in dimethylformamide (DMF). The cyclization reaction is preferably carried out in methylene chloride in the presence of trifluoromethanesulphonic acid, or sulphuric acid. Compounds of formula

wherein Ar' is a homo- or heteroaromatic system, which is substituted by Cl, Br, or I, are intermediates in the production of other small molecules, or polymers, especially polymers which can be used as functional dyes in dye sensitized and bulk heterojunction solar cells, organic light emitting diodes, photodiodes, organic field effect transistors, fluorescence imaging, sensors and solid-state dye lasers.

[0069] Accordingly, the present invention is directed to compounds of formula

wherein Ar' is selected from





especially

and

wherein the dotted lines denotes the bonds to the 6-membered ring ( the dotted line

indicates the bond to the carbon atom in para-position to the nitrogen atom, the dotted line ------ indicates the bond to the carbon atom in meta-position to the nitrogen atom), R1, R1', R1", R2, R5, R6, R7, R8, R13, R13', R14, R14' and X1 are as defined above, R3' is Cl, Br, I,



wherein X, R24 and R25 are as defined in claim 2 and R26' is Cl, Br, or I.

[0070] Preferably, X is O, S, or Se, more preferably X is O, or S, most preferred, X is S.

[0071] Preferably, X1 is O, S, or Se, more preferably X is O, or S, most preferred, X is S.

[0072] Preferably, R4 is hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms. More preferably, R4 is C1-C25alkyl.

[0073] R5, R6, R7, and R8 are preferably hydrogen, halogen, especially F; C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F; more preferred hydrogen or C1-C25alkyl, most preferred H.

[0074] In another embodiment Ar' denotes a homo- or heteroaromatic system, which is selected from

such as, for example,



or

such as, for example,

or

such as, for example,



such as, for example,



such as, for example,









and

wherein
X92 is O, S, CR99R99', or NR130, X93 is O, S, or NR130, X94 is O, S, or NR130,
R99, R99', R99" and R99* are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms and/or interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms, or two moieties R99 and R99' or R99" and R99* can form a 5 or 6 membered alkyl ring, which optionally can be substituted with one or more halogen atoms and/or interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms;
R121, R122, R123, R124 and R125 are independently of each other hydrogen, halogen, C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, halogen; or C1-C18alkoxy; C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C7-C25arylalkyl;
R130 is hydrogen, C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, halogen, especially F; or C1-C18alkoxy; C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C7-C25arylalkyl; and
R3' is as defined above.

[0075] In said embodiment compounds of formula

















or

wherein R1, R1', R1", R2 and R4 are as defined above, R3' is Cl, Br, I,



wherein X, R24 and R25 are as defined in claim 2 and R26' is Cl, Br, or I. Compounds of formula (Va), (Vb), (Vd), (Vf), (Vh), (Vi), (Vj) and (Vm) are preferred. Compounds of formula (Vb), (Vd) and (Vj) are most preferred.

[0076] In said embodiment compounds of formula

















or

are more preferred, wherein R1, R1', R4 and R13 are as defined above and R3' is Cl, Br, or I. Compounds of formula (Va'), (Vb'), (Vd'), (Vf), (Vh'), (Vi'), (Vj'), or (Vm') are preferred. Compounds of formula (Vb'), (Vd') and (Vj') are most preferred.

[0077] In another embodiment compounds of formula

















































or

(Van) are preferred, wherein
R13, R13', R14 and R14' may be the same or different and are selected from hydrogen or a C1-C38alkyl group;
R99, R99', R99" and R99* are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms; preferably C3-C25alkyl, or C3-C25alkyl which is interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms;
R121, R122, R123, R124 and R125 are independently of each other hydrogen, halogen, C1-C18alkoxy or C1-C25alkyl; preferably hydrogen;
R130 is hydrogen, C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, halogen, especially F; or C1-C18alkoxy; C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C7-C25arylalkyl; and R3 is as defined above.

[0078] Except for R3' the same preferences apply for the compounds of formula (Vo) to (Van) than for the compounds of formula (IIIo) to (IIIan).

[0079] Preferably, R1, R1' and R1" are independently of each other H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl. More preferred, R1, R1' and R1" are independently of each other hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, most preferred hydrogen.

[0080] Preferably, R2 is H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl. More preferred, R2 is hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl. Most preferred R2 is hydrogen. Preferably, R3' is Cl, Br, I, or a group of formula



wherein R24 and R25 are as defined above and are preferably H, or C1-C25alkyl, more preferably H. More preferred, R3' is Cl, Br, I, or a group of formula



R26' is Cl, Br, or I, especially Br, or I, very especially Br. Most preferred, R3' is Cl, Br, I, or a group of formula

or



[0081] Preferably, R4 is hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms. More preferably, R4 is C1-C25alkyl.

[0082] In a preferred embodiment the present invention is directed to compounds of formula (IIIa), (IIIb), (Vc), (Vd), (Ve), (Vf), (Vg), (Vh), (Vi), (Vj), (Vk), and (Vl), especially (Va), (Vb), (Vd), (Vf), (Vh), (Vi) and (Vj), very especially (Vb), (Vd) and (Vj); wherein R1, R1' and R1" are independently of each other H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl, R2 is H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl, R3' is Cl, Br, I, or a group of formula

or

R4 is hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms. R24 and R25 are preferably H, or C1-C25alkyl. R26' is Cl, Br, or I. R14 and R14' are H. R13 and R13' are C1-C25alkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, C2-C25alkenyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C3-C10heteroaryl; C3-C10heteroaryl, which is substituted by halogen, C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F. More preferred, R13 is C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more fluorine atoms. Most preferred R13 is C1-C25alkyl.

[0083] DSi is preferably -SiR161R162-, wherein R161 and R162 are independently of each other C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, especially C1-C8haloalkyl, such as, for example, -CF3, -(CH2)2CF3, -(CH2)2(CF2)5CF3 and -(CH2)2(CF2)6CF3; C2-C25alkenyl, especially C2-C8alkenyl; or phenyl; or -SiR161R162-(O-SiR161R162)d-, wherein d is 2 to 5 and R161 and R162 are C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl.

[0084] ESi is preferably -SiR161R162R163. R161, R162 and R163 are independently of each other C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, especially C1-C8haloalkyl, such as, for example, -CF3, -(CH2)2CF3, -(CH2)2(CF2)5CF3 and -(CH2)2(CF2)6CF3; C2-C25alkenyl, especially C2-C8alkenyl; C3-C12cycloalkyl, especially C5-C6cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; phenyl, -O-SiR164R165R166, or -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166. In case of a group -O-SiR164R165R166R164, R165 and R166 are independently of each other C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8haloalkyl, C2-C8alkenyl, or phenyl. In case of a group -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166R164 and R165 are independently of each other C1-C8alkyl, R166 is C1-C8alkyl, or phenyl and d is an integer of 2 to 5.

[0085] In a more preferred embodiment the present invention is directed to compounds of formula (Va), (Vb), (Vc), (Vd), (Ve), (Vf), (Vg), (Vh), (Vi), (Vj), (Vk), and (Vl), especially (Va), (Vb), (Vd), (Vf), (Vh), (Vi) and (Vj), very especially (Vb), (Vd) and (Vj); R1, R1' and R1" are independently of each other hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, especially hydrogen; R2 is hydrogen, or C1-C25alkyl, especially hydrogen, R3' is Cl, Br, I, or a group of formula



or

R26' is Cl, Br, or I; especially Br, or I,

or

R4 is C1-C25alkyl. R14 and R14' are H. R13 and R13' are C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more fluorine atoms. More preferred R13 and R13' are C1-C25alkyl.

[0086] DSi is preferably -SiR161R162-, wherein R161 and R162 are independently of each other C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, especially C1-C8haloalkyl, such as, for example, -CF3, -(CH2)2CF3, -(CH2)2(CF2)5CF3 and -(CH2)2(CF2)6CF3; C2-C25alkenyl, especially C2-C8alkenyl; or phenyl; or -SiR161R162-(O-SiR161R162)d-, wherein d is 2 to 5 and R161 and R162 are C1-C25alkyl, especially C1-C8alkyl.

[0087] Examples of such intermediates are shown below:









[0088] Additional examples of compounds of formula (V) are shown below:































and



[0089] The compounds of formula (I) are known, or can be prepared according to known procedures. Reference is made, for example, to WO2009047104, wherein in addition methods for halogenations as well as chain-extensions are described.

[0090] Preferably, in step a) the alkylation reaction is carried out in the presence of tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate (TBAHS), K2CO3 and DMF, preferably at a temperature of 20 - 140 °C, especially 90 - 130 °C, very especially about 90°C, and the product obtained is isolated from the reaction mixture after precipitation with water by extraction, preferably with methylene chloride. Preferably, in step b) the cyclization reaction is carried out in methylene chloride in the presence of trifluoromethanesulphonic acid, or sulphuric acid. Instead of methylene chloride toluene, chlorobenzene, dichlorobenzene and sulfolane may be used.

Method of production of the compounds according to the invention



[0091] All the compounds of formula (III) can be obtained in a three-step synthesis according to one general scheme. In the first step, aromatic nitriles 0 are submitted, by a known method, to transformation to the diketopyrrolopyrroles (I) (DPP). The previously known diketopyrrolopyrroles (which are used as red pigments) were alkylated on the nitrogen atoms with e.g. a 2-bromo-aldehyde or a 2-bromo-ketone (or preferably their acetals, respectively ketals), obtaining the so-called N-alkyl derivatives (II). These substances are then submitted in the presence of an acid to intramolecular condensation of the Friedel-Crafts type, which leads to formation of the condensed dyes and pigments (III) of previously unknown



[0092] The method of production of the new compounds is simple in execution. The yield of the individual steps is good or very good. In many cases the final compounds can be isolated from the reaction mixture without using chromatography.

[0093] A detailed description of the production of the compounds of formula (III) is given in the Examples that follow.

[0094] The following compounds of formula (IN-1) to (IN-17) are intermediates in the production of the compounds of formula (III), are new and form a further subject of the present application:

























or

wherein R3 is hydrogen, halogen, especially F; cyano, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C1-C25alkyl,



or

wherein
R22 to R25 and R29 to R33 represent independently of each other H, F, cyano, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C1-C25alkyl, and R26 is H, F, cyano, phenyl, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, or C1-C25alkyl;
R99, R99', R99" and R99* are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms; preferably C3-C25alkyl, or C3-C25alkyl which is interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms;
R121, R122, R123, R124 and R125 are independently of each other hydrogen, halogen, C1-C18alkoxy or C1-C25alkyl; preferably hydrogen; and
R130 is hydrogen, C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, halogen, especially F; or C1-C18alkoxy; C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C7-C25arylalkyl. Preferably, X is O, S, or Se, more preferably X is O, or S, most preferred, X is S.

[0095] Compounds (IN-1), (IN-11), (IN-12), (IN-13), (IN-16) and (IN-17) are preferred, compounds (IN-1), (IN-11), (IN-13) and (IN-16) are more preferred; and compounds (IN-1), (IN-11) and (IN-13) are particularly preferred. Compound (IN-1) is most preferred.

[0096] Halogen is fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine, especially fluorine.

[0097] C1-C25alkyl (C1-C18alkyl) is typically linear or branched, where possible. Examples are methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec.-butyl, isobutyl, tert.-butyl, n-pentyl, 2-pentyl, 3-pentyl, 2,2-dimethylpropyl, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylpentyl, n-hexyl, 1-methylhexyl, 1,1,3,3,5,5-hexamethylhexyl, n-heptyl, isoheptyl, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl, 1-methylheptyl, 3-methylheptyl, n-octyl, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl and 2-ethylhexyl, n-nonyl, decyl, undecyl, dodecyl, tridecyl, tetradecyl, pentadecyl, hexadecyl, heptadecyl, octadecyl, eicosyl, heneicosyl, docosyl, tetracosyl or pentacosyl. C1-C8alkyl is typically methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec.-butyl, isobutyl, tert.-butyl, n-pentyl, 2-pentyl, 3-pentyl, 2,2-dimethyl-propyl, n-hexyl, n-heptyl, n-octyl, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl and 2-ethylhexyl. C1-C4alkyl is typically methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec.-butyl, isobutyl, tert.-butyl.

[0098] C1-C25haloalkyl means a C1-C25alkyl group which is substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially fluorine atoms.

[0099] A C1-C25alkyl group, which is substituted by one, or more halogen atoms, is a C1-C25alkyl group, wherein all, or part of the hydrogen atoms of the corresponding alkyl group have been replaced by halogen atoms, especially fluorine atoms, such as for example -CF3, -CF2CF3, -CF2CF2CF3, -CF(CF3)2, -(CF2)3CF3, and -C(CF3)3.

[0100] C2-C25alkenyl (C2-C18alkenyl) groups are straight-chain or branched alkenyl groups, such as e.g. vinyl, allyl, methallyl, isopropenyl, 2-butenyl, 3-butenyl, isobutenyl, n-penta-2,4-dienyl, 3-methyl-but-2-enyl, n-oct-2-enyl, n-dodec-2-enyl, isododecenyl, n-dodec-2-enyl or n-octadec-4-enyl.

[0101] C2-25alkinyl (C2-18alkinyl) is straight-chain or branched and preferably C2-8alkynyl, which may be unsubstituted or substituted, such as, for example, ethynyl, 1-propyn-3-yl, 1-butyn-4-yl, 1-pentyn-5-yl, 2-methyl-3-butyn-2-yl, 1,4-pentadiyn-3-yl, 1,3-pentadiyn-5-yl, 1-hexyn-6-yl, cis-3-methyl-2-penten-4-yn-1-yl, trans-3-methyl-2-penten-4-yn-1-yl, 1,3-hexadiyn-5-yl, 1-octyn-8-yl, 1-nonyn-9-yl, 1-decyn-10-yl, or 1-tetracosyn-24-yl.

[0102] C3-C12cycloalkyl is, for example, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl, cyclooctyl, cyclononyl, cyclodecyl, cycloundecyl, cyclododecyl, preferably cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl, or cyclooctyl, which may be unsubstituted or substituted.

[0103] C1-C25alkoxy (C1-C18alkoxy) groups are straight-chain or branched alkoxy groups, e.g. methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, sec-butoxy, tert-butoxy, amyloxy, iso-amyloxy or tert-amyloxy, heptyloxy, octyloxy, isooctyloxy, nonyloxy, decyloxy, undecyloxy, dodecyloxy, tetradecyloxy, pentadecyloxy, hexadecyloxy, heptadecyloxy and octadecyloxy.

[0104] Examples of C1-C8alkoxy are methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, sec.-butoxy, isobutoxy, tert.-butoxy, n-pentoxy, 2-pentoxy, 3-pentoxy, 2,2-dimethylpropoxy, n-hexoxy, n-heptoxy, n-octoxy, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutoxy and 2-ethylhexoxy, preferably C1-C4alkoxy such as typically methoxy, ethoxy, n-propoxy, isopropoxy, n-butoxy, sec.-butoxy, isobutoxy, tert.-butoxy. The term "alkylthio group" means the same groups as the alkoxy groups, except that the oxygen atom of the ether linkage is replaced by a sulfur atom.

[0105] Examples of an acyl group include a formyl group, an acetyl group, a propionyl group, an isobutyryl group, a valeryl group, an isovaleryl group, a pivaloyl group, a hexanoyl group, a cyclohexanoyl group, a benzoyl group, and an ethoxycarbonyl group. An acyloxy group is a group containing an acyl group in their structure.

[0106] The C7-C25arylalkyl groups can be substituted one to five times with C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8alkoxy, CF3 and/or F. Examples are benzyl, 2-benzyl-2-propyl, β-phenyl-ethyl, α,α-dimethylbenzyl, ω-phenyl-butyl, ω,ω-dimethyl-ω-phenyl-butyl, ω-phenyl-dodecyl, co-phenyl-octadecyl, ω-phenyl-eicosyl or ω-phenyl-docosyl, preferably C7-C18aralkyl such as benzyl, 2-benzyl-2-propyl, β-phenyl-ethyl, α,α-dimethylbenzyl, ω-phenyl-butyl, ω,ω-dimethyl-ω-phenyl-butyl, ω-phenyl-dodecyl or ω-phenyl-octadecyl, and particularly preferred C7-C12aralkyl such as benzyl, 2-benzyl-2-propyl, β-phenyl-ethyl, α,α-dimethylbenzyl, ω-phenyl-butyl, or ω,ω-dimethyl-ω-phenyl-butyl, in which both the aliphatic hydrocarbon group and aromatic hydrocarbon group may be unsubstituted or substituted. Preferred examples are benzyl, 2-phenylethyl, 3-phenylpropyl, naphthylethyl, naphthylmethyl, and cumyl.

[0107] C6-C24aryl (C6-C18aryl) is typically phenyl, indenyl, azulenyl, naphthyl, biphenyl, as-indacenyl, s-indacenyl, acenaphthylenyl, fluorenyl, phenanthryl, fluoranthenyl, triphenylenyl, chrysenyl, naphthacen, picenyl, perylenyl, pentaphenyl, hexacenyl, pyrenyl, or anthracenyl, preferably phenyl, 1-naphthyl, 2-naphthyl, 4-biphenyl, 9-phenanthryl, 2- or 9-fluorenyl, 3- or 4-biphenyl, which may be unsubstituted or substituted. Examples of C6-C12aryl are phenyl, 1-naphthyl, 2-naphthyl, 3- or 4-biphenyl, 2- or 9-fluorenyl or 9-phenanthryl, which may be unsubstituted or substituted.

[0108] Heteroaryl is typically C2-C20heteroaryl, i.e. a ring with five to seven ring atoms or a condensed ring system, wherein nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur are the possible hetero atoms, and is typically an unsaturated heterocyclic group with five to 30 atoms having at least six conjugated π-electrons such as thienyl, benzo[b]thienyl, dibenzo[b,d]thienyl, thianthrenyl, furyl, furfuryl, 2H-pyranyl, benzofuranyl, isobenzofuranyl, dibenzofuranyl, phenoxythienyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, pyridyl, bipyridyl, triazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazinyl, pyridazinyl, in-dolizinyl, isoindolyl, indolyl, indazolyl, purinyl, quinolizinyl, chinolyl, isochinolyl, phthalazinyl, naphthyridinyl, chinoxalinyl, chinazolinyl, cinnolinyl, pteridinyl, carbazolyl, carbolinyl, benzotriazolyl, benzoxazolyl, phenanthridinyl, acridinyl, pyrimidinyl, phenanthrolinyl, phenazinyl, isothiazolyl, phenothiazinyl, isoxazolyl, furazanyl or phenoxazinyl, which can be unsubstituted or substituted.

[0109] Possible substituents of the above-mentioned aryl, or heteroaryl groups are C1-C8alkyl, a hydroxyl group, a mercapto group, C1-C8alkoxy, C1-C8alkylthio, halogen, halo-C1-C8alkyl, a cyano group, a nitro group, or a silyl group, especially C1-C8alkyl, C1-C8alkoxy, C1-C8alkylthio, halogen, halo-C1-C8alkyl, or a cyano group.

[0110] C1-C25alkyl interrupted by one or more O is, for example, (CH2CH2O)1-9-Rx, where Rx is H or C1-C10alkyl, CH2-CH(ORy')-CH2-O-Ry, where Ry is C1-C18alkyl, and Ry' embraces the same definitions as Ry or is H. C1-C25alkyl interrupted by one or more S is, for example, (CH2CH2S)1-9-Rx, where Rx is H or C1-C10alkyl, CH2-CH(SRy')-CH2-S-Ry, where Ry is C1-C18alkyl, and Ry' embraces the same definitions as Ry or is H.

[0111] A cycloalkyl-alkyl group is an alkyl group substituted by a cycloalkyl group, e.g. cyclohexyl-methyl. C3-C12cycloalkyl-alkyl group, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms is, for example,



[0112] If a substituent, such as, for example, R24 and R25, occurs more than one time in a group, it can be different in each occurrence.

[0113] The homo- or heteroaromatic system (Ar) is selected from the group consisting of benzene, furan, thiopene, pyrrole, selenophene, benzofuran, benzothiophene, indole, benzoselenophene, thieno[2,3-b]thiophene and thieno[3,2-b]thiophene. The homo- or heteroaromatic system may be unsubstituted, or substituted. Examples of substituents are halogen, especially F; cyano, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F;



wherein X, R22 to R26 and R29 to R33 are as defined above.

[0114] The compounds of formula (III) may be used as functional dyes in dye sensitized and bulk heterojunction solar cells, organic light-emitting diodes, photodiodes, organic field-effect transistors, fluorescence imaging, sensors and solid-state dye lasers.

[0115] Advantageously, the compound of formula (III), or an organic semiconductor material, layer or component, comprising the compound of formula (III) can be used in organic photovoltaics (solar cells) and photodiodes, or in an organic field effect transistor (OFET).

[0116] A mixture containing the compound of formula (III) results in a semi-conducting layer comprising the compound of formula (III) (typically 0.1% to 99.9999% by weight, more specifically 1% to 99.9999% by weight, even more specifically 5% to 99.9999% by weight, especially 20 to 85 % by weight) and at least another material. The other material can be, but is not restricted to another compound of formula (III), a semi-conducting polymer, a nonconductive polymer, organic small molecules, carbon nanotubes, a fullerene derivative, inorganic particles (quantum dots, quantum rods, quantum tripods, TiO2, ZnO etc.), conductive particles (Au, Ag etc.), insulator materials like the ones described for the gate dielectric (PET, PS etc.).

[0117] Accordingly, the present invention also relates to an organic semiconductor material, layer or component, comprising a compound of formula (III) and to a semiconductor device, comprising a compound of formula (III) and/or an organic semiconductor material, layer or component. The semiconductor device is especially a sensor, a diode, a photodiode, an organic field effect transistor, a transistor for flexible displays, and/or a solar cell (photovoltaic cell).

[0118] The semiconductor is preferably an organic photovoltaic (PV) device (solar cell), a photodiode, or an organic field effect transistor. The structure and the components of the OPV and OFET device will be described in more detail below.

[0119] Accordingly, the invention provides organic photovoltaic (PV) devices (solar cells) comprising a compound of the formula (III).

[0120] The compound of formula (III) for use in an electronic device is preferably a compound of formula (IIIa), (IIIb), (IIId), (IIIf), (IIIg), (IIIh), (IIIi), (IIIj) and (IIIm), especially (IIIb), (IIId) and (IIIj); more preferably a compound of formula (IIIa'), (IIIb'), (IIId'), (IIIf'), (IIIg'), (IIIh'), (IIIi'), (IIIj') and (IIIm'), very especially (IIIb'), (IIId') and (IIIj').

[0121] In another preferred embodiment the compound of formula (III) for use in an electronic device is preferably a compound of formula (IIIo), (IIIw), (IIIx),(IIIy), (IIIz), (IIIac), (IIIad), (IIIaf), (IIIag), (IIIah), (IIIai), (IIIak), (IIIal), (IIIam), or (IIIan), especially (IIIo), (IIIw), (IIIac), (IIIaf), (IIIag), (IIIah), (IIIak), or (IIIam); very especially (IIIo), (IIIaf), or (IIIah). A compound of formula (IIIo) is most preferred.

[0122] The structure of organic photovoltaic devices (solar cells) is, for example, described in C. Deibel et al. Rep. Prog. Phys. 73 (2010) 096401 and Christoph Brabec, Energy Environ. Sci 2. (2009) 347-303.

[0123] The PV device comprise in this order:
  1. (a) a cathode (electrode),
  2. (b) optionally a transition layer, such as an alkali halogenide, especially lithium fluoride,
  3. (c) a photoactive layer,
  4. (d) optionally a smoothing layer,
  5. (e) an anode (electrode),
  6. (f) a substrate.


[0124] The photoactive layer comprises the compounds of the formula (III). Preferably, the photoactive layer is made of a compound of the formula (III), as an electron donor and an acceptor material, like a fullerene, particularly a functionalized fullerene PCBM, as an electron acceptor. As stated above, the photoactive layer may also contain a polymeric binder. The ratio of the small molecules of formula (III) to the polymeric binder can vary from 5 to 95 percent. Preferably, the polymeric binder is a semicristalline polymer such as polystyrene (PS), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), polypropylene (PP) and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA).

[0125] The fullerenes useful in this invention may have a broad range of sizes (number of carbon atoms per molecule). The term fullerene as used herein includes various cage-like molecules of pure carbon, including Buckminsterfullerene (C60) and the related "spherical" fullerenes as well as carbon nanotubes. Fullerenes may be selected from those known in the art ranging from, for example, C20-C1000. Preferably, the fullerene is selected from the range of C60 to C96. Most preferably the fullerene is C60 or C70, such as [60]PCBM, or [70]PCBM. It is also permissible to utilize chemically modified fullerenes, provided that the modified fullerene retains acceptor-type and electron mobility characteristics. The acceptor material can also be a material selected from the group consisting of another compound of formula III, or any semi-conducting polymer, provided that the polymers retain acceptor-type and electron mobility characteristics, organic small molecules, carbon nanotubes, inorganic particles (quantum dots, quantum rods, quantum tripods, TiO2, ZnO etc.).

[0126] The photoactive layer is made of a compound of the formula (III) as an electron donor and a fullerene, particularly functionalized fullerene PCBM, as an electron acceptor. These two components are mixed with a solvent and applied as a solution onto the smoothing layer by, for example, the spin-coating method, the drop casting method, the Langmuir-Blodgett ("LB") method, the ink jet printing method and the dripping method. A squeegee or printing method could also be used to coat larger surfaces with such a photoactive layer. Instead of toluene, which is typical, a dispersion agent such as chlorobenzene is preferably used as a solvent. Among these methods, the vacuum deposition method, the spin-coating method, the ink jet printing method and the casting method are particularly preferred in view of ease of operation and cost.

[0127] In the case of forming the layer by using the spin-coating method, the casting method and ink jet printing method, the coating can be carried out using a solution and/or dispersion prepared by dissolving, or dispersing the composition in a concentration of from 0.01 to 90% by weight in an appropriate organic solvent such as benzene, toluene, xylene, tetra-hydrofurane, methyltetrahydrofurane, N,N-dimethylformamide, acetone, acetonitrile, anisole, dichloromethane, dimethylsulfoxide, chlorobenzene, 1,2-dichlorobenzene and mixtures thereof.

[0128] The photovoltaic (PV) device can also consist of multiple junction solar cells that are processed on top of each other in order to absorb more of the solar spectrum. Such structures are, for example, described in App. Phys. Let. 90, 143512 (2007), Adv. Funct. Mater. 16, 1897-1903 (2006) and WO2004/112161.

[0129] A so called 'tandem solar cell' comprise in this order:
  1. (a) a cathode (electrode),
  2. (b) optionally a transition layer, such as an alkali halogenide, especially lithium fluoride,
  3. (c) a photoactive layer,
  4. (d) optionally a smoothing layer,
  5. (e) a middle electrode (such as Au, Al, ZnO, TiO2 etc.)
  6. (f) optionally an extra electrode to match the energy level,
  7. (g) optionally a transition layer, such as an alkali halogenide, especially lithium fluoride,
  8. (h) a photoactive layer,
  9. (i) optionally a smoothing layer,
  10. (j) an anode (electrode),
  11. (k) a substrate. The compound of formula (III) is comprised by at least one of the photoactive layers.


[0130] The PV device can also be processed on a fiber as described, for example, in US20070079867 and US 20060013549.

[0131] Due to their excellent self-organising properties the materials or films comprising the compounds of the formula (III) can also be used alone or together with other materials in or as alignment layers in LCD or OLED devices, as described for example in US2003/0021913.

[0132] An OFET device according to the present invention preferably comprises:
  • a source electrode,
  • a drain electrode,
  • a gate electrode,
  • a semiconducting layer,
  • one or more gate insulator layers, and
  • optionally a substrate, wherein the semiconductor layer comprises a compound of formula (III)


[0133] The gate, source and drain electrodes and the insulating and semiconducting layer in the OFET device may be arranged in any sequence, provided that the source and drain electrode are separated from the gate electrode by the insulating layer, the gate electrode and the semiconductor layer both contact the insulating layer, and the source electrode and the drain electrode both contact the semiconducting layer.

[0134] Preferably the OFET comprises an insulator having a first side and a second side, a gate electrode located on the first side of the insulator, a layer comprising a compound of formula III located on the second side of the insulator, and a drain electrode and a source electrode located on the polymer layer.

[0135] The OFET device can be a top gate device or a bottom gate device.

[0136] Suitable structures and manufacturing methods of an OFET device are known to those skilled in the art and are described in the literature, for example in WO03/052841.

[0137] Typically the semiconducting layer of the present invention is at most 1 micron (=1 µm) thick, although it may be thicker if required. For various electronic device applications, the thickness may also be less than about 1 micron. For example, for use in an OFET the layer thickness may typically be 100 nm or less. The exact thickness of the layer will depend, for example, upon the requirements of the electronic device in which the layer is used.

[0138] The insulator layer (dielectric layer) generally can be an inorganic material film or an organic polymer film. Illustrative examples of inorganic materials suitable as the gate dielectric layer include silicon oxide, silicon nitride, aluminum oxide, barium titanate, barium zirconium titanate and the like. Illustrative examples of organic polymers for the gate dielectric layer include polyesters, polycarbonates, poly(vinyl phenol), polyimides, polystyrene, poly(methacrylate)s, poly(acrylate)s, epoxy resin, photosensitive resists as described in WO07/113107 and the like. In the exemplary embodiment, a thermally grown silicon oxide (SiO2) may be used as the dielectric layer.

[0139] The thickness of the dielectric layer is, for example from about 10 nanometers to about 2000 nanometers depending on the dielectric constant of the dielectric material used. A representative thickness of the dielectric layer is from about 100 nanometers to about 500 nanometers. The dielectric layer may have a conductivity that is for example less than about 10-12 S/cm.

[0140] The gate insulator layer may comprise for example a fluoropolymer, like e.g. the commercially available Cytop 809M®, or Cytop 107M® (from Asahi Glass). Preferably the gate insulator layer is deposited, e.g. by spin-coating, doctor blading, wire bar coating, spray or dip coating or other known methods, from a formulation comprising an insulator material and one or more solvents with one or more fluoro atoms (fluorosolvents), preferably a perfluorosolvent. A suitable perfluorosolvent is e.g. FC75® (available from Acros, catalogue number 12380). Other suitable fluoropolymers and fluorosolvents are known in prior art, like for example the perfluoropolymers Teflon AF® 1600 or 2400 (from DuPont), or Fluoropel® (from Cytonix) or the perfluorosolvent FC 43® (Acros, No. 12377).

[0141] In the gate electrode and the source/drain electrodes included in the OFET of the present invention, a typical metal may be used, specific examples thereof include, but are not limited to, platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), gold (Au), silver (Ag), copper (Cu), aluminum (Al), nickel (Ni). Alloys and oxides, such as molybdenum trioxide and indium tin oxide (ITO), may also be used. Preferably, the material of at least one of the gate, source and drain electrodes is selected from the group Cu, Ag, Au or alloys thereof. The source and drain electrodes may be deposited by thermal evaporation and patterned using standard photolithography and lift off techniques as are known in the art.

[0142] The substrate may be rigid or flexible. Rigid substrates may be selected from glass or silicon and flexible substrates may comprise thin glass or plastics such as poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET), polyethylenenaphthalate (PEN), polycarbonate, polycarbonate, polyvinylalcohol, polyacrylate, polyimide, polynorbornene, and polyethersulfone (PES).

[0143] Alternatively, conductive polymers may be deposited as the source and drain electrodes. An example of such a conductive polymer is poly(ethylene dioxythiophene) (PEDOT) although other conductive polymers are known in the art. Such conductive polymers may be deposited from solution using, for example, spin coating or ink jet printing techniques and other solution deposition techniques.

[0144] The source and drain electrodes are preferably formed from the same material for ease of manufacture. However, it will be appreciated that the source and drain electrodes may be formed of different materials for optimisation of charge injection and extraction respectively.

[0145] Typical thicknesses of source and drain electrodes are about, for example, from about 40 nanometers to about 1 micrometer with the more specific thickness being about 100 to about 400 nanometers.

[0146] The length of the channel defined between the source and drain electrodes may be up to 500 microns, but preferably the length is less than 200 microns, more preferably less than 100 microns, most preferably less than 20 microns.

[0147] Other layers may be included in the device architecture. For example, a self assembled monolayer (SAM) may be deposited on the gate, source or drain electrodes, substrate, insulating layer and organic semiconductor material to promote crystallity, reduce contact resistance, repair surface characteristics and promote adhesion where required. Exemplary materials for such a monolayer include chloro- or alkoxy-silanes with long alkyl chains, such as, for example, octadecyltrichlorosilane.

[0148] In a preferred embodiment, the deposition of at least one compound of the general formula (III) (and if appropriate further semiconductor materials) is carried out by a gas phase deposition process (physical vapor deposition, PVD). PVD processes are performed under high-vacuum conditions and comprise the following steps: evaporation, transport, deposition. It has been found that, surprisingly, the compounds of the general formula (III) are suitable particularly advantageously for use in a PVD process, since they essentially do not decompose and/or form undesired by-products. The material deposited is obtained in high purity. In a specific embodiment, the deposited material is obtained in the form of crystals or comprises a high crystalline content. In general, for the PVD, at least one compound of the general formula III is heated to a temperature above its evaporation temperature and deposited on a substrate by cooling below the crystallization temperature. The temperature of the substrate in the deposition is preferably within a range from about 20 to 250°C, more preferably from 50 to 200°C.

[0149] The resulting semiconductor layers generally have a thickness which is sufficient for ohmic contact between source and drain electrodes. The deposition can be effected under an inert atmosphere, for example under nitrogen, argon or helium. The deposition is effected typically at ambient pressure or under reduced pressure. A suitable pressure range is from about 10-7 to 1.5 bar.

[0150] The compound of the formula (III) is preferably deposited on the substrate in a thickness of from 10 to 1000 nm, more preferably from 15 to 250 nm. In a specific embodiment, the compound of the formula (III) is deposited at least partly in crystalline form. For this purpose, especially the above-described PVD process is suitable. Moreover, it is possible to use previously prepared organic semiconductor crystals. Suitable processes for obtaining such crystals are described by R.A. Laudise et al. in "Physical Vapor Growth of Organic Semi-Conductors", Journal of Crystal Growth 187 (1998), pages 449-454, and in "Physical Vapor Growth of Centimeter-sized Crystals of α-Hexathiophene", Journal of Crystal Growth 1982 (1997), pages 416-427. OFETs have a wide range of possible applications. One such application is to drive pixels in an optical device (apparatus), preferably an organic optical device. Examples of such optical devices include photoresponsive devices, in particular photodetectors , and light-emissive devices, in particular organic light emitting devices. High mobility OTFTs are particularly suited as backplanes for use with active matrix organic light emitting devices, e.g. for use in display applications.
High efficiency of energy conversion, excellent field-effect mobility, high open-circuit voltages (Voc), good on/off current ratios and/or excellent stability can be observed, when the according to the invention are used in organic field effect transistors, organic photovoltaics (solar cells) and photodiodes.
The following examples are included for illustrative purposes only and do not limit the scope of the claims. Unless otherwise stated, all parts and percentages are by weight.

Examples


Example 1


1. Synthesis of 1,4-Diketo-3,6-di(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (1a):



[0151] 



[0152] A three-necked flask equipped with a reflux condenser and magnetic stirrer is charged with 40 ml of tert-amyl alcohol, 1.15 g of sodium (50 mmol) and a catalytic amount of iron(III) chloride. The mixture is heated at the boiling point until the sodium has reacted completely. Then the reaction mixture is cooled to 90°C and 23 mmol of nitrile is added with a syringe (solid nitriles should be dissolved beforehand in a small amount of tert-amyl alcohol). The mixture is heated to 110°C and 2.1 ml (10 mmol) of diisopropyl succinate is added dropwise in the space of 30 min. After reaction at 110°C for 16 h, the flask contents are cooled and 100 ml of a mixture of water, methanol and acetic acid in volumetric proportions 1:1:1 is added. The suspension obtained is heated for some minutes at the boiling point and then cooled to 30°C. The precipitate is filtered off, washed several times with hot water and methanol and dried under reduced pressure.
Yield: 736 mg (18%). Red powder. M.p.: Decomposition>370°C. 1H-NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6, 80°C): δ 10.84 (s, 2H), 8.18 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 2H), 8.10 (dd, J1 = 2.0 Hz, J2 = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.11 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 2H), 3.88 (s, 6H)), 3.86 (s, 6H). 13C-NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 163.0, 152.5, 149.7, 143.7, 122.4, 121.5, 112.8, 112.4, 109.9, 56.5, 56.4. HRMS (EI 70 eV) calc. for C22H20N2O6 (M+): 408.1321, found: 408.1316. Calc. elem. anal. (%) for the formula C22H20N2O6: C 64.70, H 4.94, N 6.86; found: C 64.64, H 4.99, N 6.62.

2. General method of synthesis of diketones 2a, 2b and 2c



[0153] 



[0154] A mixture of pigment 1a (1.0 mmol), tetrabutylammonium bisulfate (TBAHS, 17 mg, 0.05 mmol), potassium carbonate (2.07 g, 15 mmol) and 25 ml of DMF is heated to 120°C under an argon atmosphere. Then a given amount of α-bromoketone is added dropwise by a syringe (30 min). The reaction mixture is stirred for 2 h, cooled and diluted with water and methylene chloride. The aqueous layer is extracted with methylene chloride, combined organic layers are washed with water and brine and dried over sodium sulfate. Solvents are evaporated, the product is separated by the column chromatography in the given eluting system.



[0155] 2,5-Bis(2-oxo-2-phenylethyl)-1,4-diketo-3,6-bis(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (2a) Prepared from 1a (408 mg, 1.0 mmol). α-Bromoketone used: phenacyl bromide (1.99 g, 10.0 mmol) which is dissolved in 4 ml of DMF prior to use. Purified by the column chromatography (methylene chloride : acetone 49 : 1 → 19 : 1) and recrystallized from CHCl3/EtOH. Yield: 191 mg (30%). Orange solid. Mp: Decomposition > 250 °C. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.03 - 7.96 (m, 4H), 7.66 - 7.59 (m, 2H), 7.54 - 7.45 (m, 6H), 7.28 (dd, J = 8.5, 2.1 Hz, 2H), 6.87 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 2H), 5.28 (s, 4H), 3.88 (s, 6H), 3.81 (s, 6H). 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3) δ 193.6, 162.6, 151.6, 149.1, 148.0, 134.7, 134.0, 128.9, 128.1, 121.7, 120.6, 112.1, 111.1, 109.2, 56.0 (2 signals), 48.9. HRMS (ESI) calcd for C38H32N2O8Na (M+Na+): 667.2051, found: 667.2062.



[0156] 2,5-Bis(3,3-dimethyl-2-oxobutyl)-1,4-diketo-3,6-bis(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (2b) Prepared from 1a (408 mg, 1.0 mmol). α-Bromoketone used: 1-bromo-3,3-dimethylbutan-2-one (0.67 ml, 5.0 mmol). Purified by the column chromatography (methylene chloride : acetone 49 : 1 → 19 : 1) and recrystallized from CHCl3/pentane. Yield: 210 mg (35%). Red powder. Mp: 203-204 °C. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.38 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 2H), 7.19 (dd, J = 8.4, 2.1 Hz, 2H), 6.91 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 2H), 4.75 (s, 4H), 3.92 (s, 6H), 3.91 (s, 6H), 1.19 (s, 18H). 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3) δ 209.3, 162.5, 151.5, 149.2, 148.1, 121.8, 120.7, 112.0, 111.0, 109.2, 56.2, 56.0, 47.1, 43.4, 26.4. HRMS (ESI) calcd for C34H40N2O8Na (M+Na+): 627.2682, found: 627.2678.



[0157] 2,5-Bis(2-oxo-2-(3-methoxyphenyl)ethyl)-1,4-diketo-3,6-bis(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (2c) Prepared from 1a (408 mg, 1.0 mmol). α-Bromoketone used: 3'-methoxyphenacyl bromide (2.29 g, 10.0 mmol) which is dissolved in 4 ml of DMF prior to use. Purified by the column chromatography (methylene chloride : acetone 19 : 1) and recrystallized from CHCl3/MeOH. Yield: 417 mg (59%). Orange solid. Mp: 232-224 °C. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.56 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 2H), 7.51 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 2H), 7.50 (dd, J = 2.4, 1.6 Hz, 2H), 7.40 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.30 - 7.25 (m, 2H), 7.16 (ddd, J = 8.3, 2.6, 0.8 Hz, 2H), 6.87 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 2H), 5.27 (s, 4H), 3.89 (s, 6H), 3.85 (s, 6H), 3.83 (s, 6H). 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3) δ 193.4, 162.6, 160.0, 151.6, 149.1, 148.0, 135.9, 130.0, 121.6, 120.6 (2 signals), 120.5, 112.3, 112.1, 111.1, 109.2, 56.1, 56.0, 55.5, 49.0. HRMS (EI) calcd for C40H36N2O10 (M +): 704.2370, found: 704.2376.

3. Cyclization of diketones 2a and 2c



[0158] 



[0159] General specification: Diketone 2 (0.25 mmol) is dissolved in 5 ml of dry dichloromethane under argon. Subsequently trifluoromethanesulfonic acid (0.49 ml, 5.5 mmol) is slowly added and the reaction mixture is stirred at room temperature for 1 h. Then triethylamine (0.92 ml, 6.6 mmol) is added dropwise in order to neutralize acid. The reaction mixture is then poured into a beaker containing 100 ml of methanol and cooled. Resulting suspension is then filtered, precipitate is ultrasonificated in boiling methanol for several minutes, filtered off and dried under vacuum.

3.1


150 mg (99%) of 3a is obtained from 2a as a dark violet solid. Mp: Decomposition > 340 °C. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3: TFA-d 4 :1) δ 8.49 (s, 2H), 8.41 (s, 2H), 7.67 - 7.60 (m, 6H), 7.49 (s, 2H), 7.49 - 7.44 (m, 4H), 4.32 (s,6), 4.09 (s, 6H). 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3 : TFA-d 4 :1) δ 167.0, 155.2, 148.1, 141.4, 139.3, 132.5, 131.3, 130.3, 130.0, 129.7, 129.1, 122.7, 122.3, 108.0, 107.0, 57.9, 57.5. HRMS (FD) calcd for C38H28N2O6 (M+): 608.1947, found: 608.1971.

3.2


Prepared from 2c (176 mg, 0.25 mmol). 155 mg (93%) of 3c is obtained as violet powder. Mp: Decomposition > 400 °C. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3 : TFA-d 4:1) δ 8.50 (s, 2H), 8.41 (s, 2H), 7.58 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.52 (s, 2H), 7.23 (d, J = 7.4 Hz, 2H), 7.12 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 2H), 7.07 (s, 2H), 4.32 (s, 6H), 4.11 (s, 6H), 3.95 (s, 6H). HRMS (FD) calcd for C38H28N2O6 (M+): 608.1947, found: 608.1971. HRMS (FD) calcd for C40H32N2O8 (M+): 668.2159, found: 668.2147.


Example 2


1. Method of the synthesis of diketone 2d



[0160] 



[0161] A mixture of pigment 1d (1.0 mmol), tetrabutylammonium bisulfate (TBAHS, 17 mg, 0.05 mmol), potassium carbonate (2.07 g, 15 mmol) and 25 ml of DMF is heated to 120°C under an argon atmosphere. Then the solution of phenacyl bromide (1.99, 10mmol) in 4ml of DMF is slowly added (30 min). The reaction mixture is stirred for 2 h, cooled and diluted with water and methylene chloride. The aqueous layer is extracted with methylene chloride, combined organic layers are washed with water and brine and dried over sodium sulfate. Solvents are evaporated, the product is purified by the column chromatography (toluene : methylene chloride 1 : 1) and recrystallized from CHCl3/MeOH. Yield: 230 mg (28%). Dark brown solid. Mp: Decomposition > 320 °C. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.75 (s, 2H), 8.11 (s, 2H), 8.09 (d, J = 1.3 Hz, 2H), 7.70 - 7.63 (m, 2H), 7.58 - 7.52 (m, 4H), 7.51 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 2H), 7.28 (s, 2H), 5.89 (s, 4H), 1.34 (s, 18H), 1.15 (s, 18H). 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3) δ 192.3, 160.7, 152.4, 147.0, 144.9, 134.9, 134.7, 133.9, 133.8, 128.8, 128.5, 128.4, 122.7, 117.5, 116.6, 108.6, 49.2, 34.9, 34.0, 31.6, 29.6. HRMS (ESI) calcd for C54H57N2O6 (M+H+): 829.4217, found: 829.4194.

2. Synthesis of compund 3d



[0162] 



[0163] Diketone 2d (207 mg, 0.25 mmol) is dissolved in 5 ml of o-dichlorobenzene. Subsequently trifluoromethanesulfonic acid (0.49 ml, 5.5 mmol) is slowly added and the reaction mixture is stirred at 140 °C for 20 min. Then the reaction mixture is cooled down and triethylamine (0.92 ml, 6.6 mmol) is added dropwise in order to neutralize acid. Obtained mixture is then poured into a beaker containing 100 ml of methanol and cooled. Resulting suspension is then filtered, precipitate is recrystallized from CHCl3/MeOH to give 116 mg (59%) of 3d as violet powder. Mp: > 400 °C (decomposition > 360 °C). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.14 (s, 2H), 7.65 - 7.62 (m, 4H), 7.58 - 7.52 (m, 8H), 7.31 (d, J = 1.9 Hz, 2H), 1.68 (s, 18H), 1.25 (s, 18H). 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3) δ 155.1, 154.4, 146.9, 145.5, 135.5, 135.0, 129.1, 128.8, 128.7, 128.3, 127.1, 124.4, 123.6, 122.5, 122.4, 117.1, 110.0, 96.0, 35.0, 34.9, 31.6, 29.9. HRMS (ESI) calcd for C54H53N2O4 (M+H+): 793.4005, found: 793.4009.

[0164] Spectroscopic data of compounds 3a, 3b and 3d as well as comparative compounds

(V-2) (= compounds (3a) and (3e), respectively disclosed in WO2013/092474) are shown in the table below. Rhodamine B in EtOH or Rhodamine 6G in EtOH are used as standards for quantum yield measurements.
Comp.solventmaxλabs [nm]maxλem [nm]Stokes shift [cm-1]εmax [M-1 cm-1]φfl
V-1 CHCl3 593 600 200 110000 0.19
V-1 DMF 593 601 220 91000 0.22
V-2 CHCl3 643 652 210 120000 0.05
V-2 DMF 645 655 240 107000 0.02
3a CHCl3 600 605 140 100000 0.89
3b CHCl3 601 609 220 85000 0.85
3d CHCl3 654 661 160 150000 0.81


[0165] The absorption and emission maxima of new compounds 3a, 3b and 3d are similar to those reported for compounds V-1 and V-2. Whereas the fluorescence quantum yield of new compounds 3a, 3b and 3d is typically around 80%, whereas the fluorescence quantum yield of compounds V-1 and V-2 is in the range of 5-40%. High fluorescence quantum yield is critical parameter for application in organic electronics.

[0166] In addition, solubility of new compounds 3a, 3b and 3d (in typical organic solvents) is order of magnitude higher than that of compound V-1. Reference is made to the below table.
Comp.Solubility [mol/l]Solubility [mg/l]
 in CHCl3in Toluenein CHCl3in Toluene
V-1 2.72 · 10-4 6.13 · 10-6 126 2.85
3a 3.46 · 10-3 4.70 · 10-5 2110 28.6
3b 9.55 · 10-4 5.34 · 10-5 639 35.7


[0167] Accordingly, the new π-expanded diketopyrroles of the present invention have two clear advantages over the previously π-expanded diketopyrroles described in WO2013/092474 and Daniel T. Gryko et al., Organic Letters 14 (2012) 2670: fluorescence quantum yield and solubility.

Example 3



[0168] 



[0169] 7-bromo-9,9-di(2-methoxyethyl)-9H-fluorene-2-carbonitrile 2: A mixture of 2,7-dibromo-9H-fluorene (11.34 g, 35 mmol), potassium iodide (100 mg, 0.60 mmol) and 150 ml of THF is stirred under argon at room temperature. Sodium hydride (7.00 g, 175 mmol, 60% in mineral oil) is carefully added in portions and the mixture is stirred for additional 15 min. Subsequently 1-chloro-2-methoxyethane (9.6 ml, 105 mmol) is added dropwise and the reaction mixture is stirred for 3 days at room temperature. The reaction is quenched by dropwise addition of 200 ml of water. The resulting black mixture is acidified with 6M HCl (color disappeared) and extracted three times with methylene chloride. Combined organic layers are washed twice with water and dried over sodium sulfate. Solvents are removed under reduced pressure and obtained solid residue is recrystallized from ethanol to give 13.40 g (87%) of 2,7-dibromo-9,9-di(2-methoxyethyl)-9H-fluorene as a white powder. Mp: 138-140 °C. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.55 (d, J= 1.4 Hz, 2H), 7.53 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 2H), 7.49 (dd, J = 8.1, 1.7 Hz, 2H), 3.02 (s, 6H), 2.68 (dd, J = 8.4, 6.7 Hz, 4H), 2.49 - 2.15 (m, 4H). 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3) δ 150.8, 138.4, 130.8, 126.5, 121.8, 121.3, 68.1, 58.4, 51.7, 39.4. HRMS (EI) calcd for C19H20Br2O2 (M+): 437.9830, found: 437.9831. 2,7-Dibromo-9,9-di(2-methoxyethyl)-9H-fluorene (13.21 g, 30 mmol), copper(I) cyanide (2.78 g, 31 mmol) and 100 ml of DMF are stirred under argon at 160 °C in a tightly closed pressure vessel. After 40 h the reaction mixture is cooled down and a solution of 26 g of FeCl3 • 6H2O in 40 ml of concentraded hydrochloric acid and 10 ml of water is added. Resulting mixture is stirred for 20 min at 90 °C, cooled down, diluted with water and extracted with 5 portions of methylene chloride. Organic layers are combined, washed twice with water and dried over MgSO4. The product is purified by silica-gel chromatography (chloroform → chloroform : ethyl acetate 9 : 1) and recrystallized from ethanol. 5.20 g (45%) of 0f is obtained as off-white powder. Mp: 193-196 °C. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.75 (dd, J = 7.9, 0.6 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (dd, J = 1.4, 0.6 Hz, 1H), 7.66 (dd, J = 7.9, 1.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.64 - 7.59 (m, 2H), 7.55 (dd, J = 8.1, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 2.99 (s, 6H), 2.78 - 2.70 (m, 2H), 2.70 - 2.62 (m, 2H), 2.41 - 2.27 (m, 4H). 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3) δ 151.9, 149.6, 143.8, 137.5, 131.9, 131.1, 127.0, 126.8, 123.4, 122.2, 120.5, 119.30, 110.7, 68.0, 58.4, 52.0, 39.2. HRMS (ESI) calcd for C20H20BrNO2Na (M+Na+): 408.0570, found: 408.0575.

1. Synthesis of Diketopyrrolopyrroles 1f and 1g:



[0170] 



[0171] 3,6-Bis(7-bromo-9,9-di(2-methoxyethyl)-9H-fluoren-2-yl)-1,4-diketopyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (0f) Prepared from 7-bromo-9,9-di(2-methoxyethyl)-9H-fluorene-2-carbonitrile (N-3, 4.87 g, 12.6 mmol). After the reaction mixture is acidified and cooled down, obtained precipitate is filtered off, washed several times with hot water and methanol and dried under vacuum. 0f (1.66 g, 32%) was obtained as dark brown powder. Mp >400 °C. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3 : TFA-d 4 : 1) δ 8.48 (br s, 2H, 1-H at fluorenyl), 8.22 (br s, 2H, 3-H at fluorenyl), 7.96 (br s, 2H, 4-H at fluorenyl), 7.72 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H, 5-H at fluorenyl), 7.69 - 7.62 (m, 4H, 6-H and 8-H at fluorenyl), 3.17 (s, 12H, OCH3), 3.11 - 2.95 (m, 8H, CH2CH2OCH3), 2.59 (br s, 4H, CH2CH2OCH3), 2.50 (br s, 4H, CH2CH2OCH3). HRMS (ESI) calcd for C44H42Br2N2O6Na (M+Na+): 875.1301, found: 875.1307.
3,6-Bis(7-bromo-9,9-dioctyl-9H-fluoren-2-yl)-1,4-diketopyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (0g). Under an argon atmosphere, in a three-necked flask equipped with a reflux condenser and magnetic stirrer are placed 20 ml of tert-amyl alcohol, catalytic amount of iron(III) chloride and sodium (0.690 g, 30 mmol). The mixture is heated under reflux until sodium is completely reacted (about 1 h). Then the reaction mixture is cooled to 90 °C and 7-bromo-9,9-dioctyl-9H-fluorene-2-carbonitrile (6.23 g, 12.6 mmol) is added. The mixture is then heated to 110 °C and 1.23 ml (6.0 mmol) of diisopropyl succinate is added dropwise (30 min). After 16 h of reaction at 110 °C, the mixture is cooled and 30 ml of water/acetic acid 1:1 is added. Resulting mixture is refluxed for a few minutes and cooled to 30 °C. Water and dichloromethane are added and layers are separated. Aqueous layer is extracted three times with dichloromethane, combined organic layers are washed twice with water and dried over Na2SO4. Solvents are evaporated and obtained residue is dissolved in hot toluene. Product is precipitated by an excess addition of EtOH and the resulting mixture is cooled down. Precipitate is filtered off and dried under vacuum. 0g (1.53 g, 24%) is obtained as brown powder. Mp 383-389 °C. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3 : TFA-d 4 : 1) δ 8.34 (br s, 2H, 1-H at fluorenyl), 8.18 (br s, 2H, 3-H at fluorenyl), 7.91 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H, 4-H at fluorenyl), 7.68 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H, 5-H at fluorenyl), 7.62 - 7.52 (m, 4H, 6-H and 8-H at fluorenyl), 2.13 (td, J = 12.1, 3.8 Hz, 4H, CH2CH2(CH2)5CH3), 2.03 (td, J = 12.1, 3.8 Hz, 4H, CH2CH2(CH2)5CH3), 1.29 - 1.02 (m, 40H, CH2CH2(CH2)5CH3), 0.82 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 12H, CH3), 0.77 - 0.60 (m, 8H, CH2CH2(CH2)5CH3). 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3 : TFA-d 4 : 1) δ 165.2, 155.2, 152.6, 147.8, 146.8, 139.0, 131.2, 128.4, 127.2, 125.6, 125.4, 124.2, 123.8, 122.9, 121.4, 56.4, 40.5, 32.3, 30.3, 29.7, 29.6, 24.3, 23.1, 14.2. HRMS (ESI) calcd for C64H82Br2N2O2 (M+): 1068.4743, found: 1068.4716.

2. Synthesis of diketones 2f and 2g:



[0172] 



[0173] 3,6-Bis(7-bromo-9,9-di(2-methoxyethyl)-9H-fluoren-2-yl)2,5-bis(2,2-diethoxyethyl)-1,4-diketopyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (2f): A mixture of 3,6-bis(7-bromo-9,9-di(2-methoxyethyl)-9H-fluoren-2-yl)-1,4-diketopyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (1f, 684 mg, 0.80 mmol), tetrabutylammonium bisulfate (TBAHS, 14 mg, 0.04 mmol), potassium carbonate (1.66 g, 12 mmol) and 20 ml of DMF is heated to 130 °C under an argon atmosphere. Then bromoacetaldehyde diethyl acetal (1.20 ml, 8.0 mmol) is added dropwise by a syringe (30 min). The reaction mixture is stirred for 16 h at 130 °C, cooled and diluted with water and dichloromethane. The aqueous layer is extracted with five portions of dichloromethane, combined organic layers are washed with water and brine and dried over sodium sulfate. Solvents are evaporated, the product is separated by the column chromatography (dichloromethane : acetone 19 : 1 → 9 : 1) and recrystallized by slow addition of MeOH to the solution of product in small amount of CHCl3. 2f (440 mg, 51%) is obtained as orange-yellow fluorescent powder. Mp 197-199 °C (CHCl3/MeOH). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.23 (d, J = 1.1 Hz, 2H, 1-H at fluorenyl), 8.16 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.5 Hz, 2H, 3-H at fluorenyl), 7.82 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H, 4-H at fluorenyl), 7.65 - 7.60 (m, 4H, 5-H and 8-H at fluorenyl), 7.53 (dd, J = 8.2, 1.7 Hz, 2H, 6-H at fluorenyl), 4.97 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 2H, NCH2CH(OEt)2), 3.90 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 4H, NCH2CH(OEt)2), 3.73 (dq, J= 9.3, 7.0 Hz, 4H, OCH2CH3), 3.55 (dq, J = 9.4, 7.0 Hz, 4H, OCH2CH3), 3.05 (s, 12H, OCH3), 2.85 - 2.73 (m, 8H, CH2CH2OCH3), 2.45 (ddd, J = 14.0, 9.5, 5.6 Hz, 4H, CH2CH2OCH3), 2.34 (ddd, J = 14.0, 9.5, 5.6 Hz, 4H, CH2CH2OCH3), 1.19 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 12H, OCH2CH3). 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3) δ 163.4, 152.1, 149.1 (2 signals), 142.3, 138.5, 130.9, 129.7, 127.1, 126.8, 124.3, 122.5, 121.8, 120.3, 109.6, 100.4, 68.3, 63.8, 58.4, 51.8, 45.8, 39.3, 15.5. HRMS (ESI) calcd for C56H66Br2N2O10Na (M+Na+): 1107.2982, found: 1107.3010.

[0174] 3,6-Bis(7-bromo-9,9-dioctyl-9H-fluoren-2-yl)-2,5-bis(2,2-diethoxyethyl)-1,4-diketopyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (2g). A mixture of 3,6-bis(7-bromo-9,9-dioctyl-9H-fluoren-2-yl)-1,4-diketopyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole (1g, 1.24 g, 1.16 mmol), potassium carbonate (2.40 g, 17.4 mmol) and 25 ml of NMP is heated to 120 °C under an argon atmosphere. Then bromoacetaldehyde diethyl acetal (1.75 ml, 11.6 mmol) is added dropwise by a syringe (30 min). The reaction mixture is stirred for 1 h at 120 °C, then the second portion of bromoacetaldehyde diethyl acetal (1.75 ml, 11.6 mmol) is added and the reaction is stirred overnight at 130 °C, cooled and diluted with water. The product is extracted with three portions of hexane, combined organic layers are washed twice with water and brine and dried over sodium sulfate. Solvents are evaporated, the product is separated by the column chromatography (hexanes : ethyl acetate 29 : 1 → 19 : 1). After evaporation and drying under vacuum, 2g (0.696 g, 46 %) is obtained as red-orange fluorescent oil, which solidifies after standing overnight at ambient temperature. The product can be used in next steps without further purification. If higher purity is necessary, it can be recrystallized by slow addition of MeOH to the solution of product in small amount of CHCl3. Mp 100-102 °C (CHCl3/MeOH). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.18 (s, 2H, 1-H at fluorenyl), 8.15 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.4 Hz, 2H, 3-H at fluorenyl), 7.80 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 2H, 4-H at fluorenyl), 7.61 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 2H, 5-H at fluorenyl), 7.54 - 7.46 (m, 4H, Ar-H, 6-H and 8-H at fluorenyl), 4.99 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 2H, NCH2CH(OEt)2), 3.90 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 4H, NCH2CH(OEt)2), 3.73 (dq, J = 9.3, 7.0 Hz, 4H, OCH2CH3), 3.55 (dq, J = 9.3, 7.0 Hz, 4H, OCH2CH3), 2.06 (ddd, J = 13.3, 10.5, 6.3 Hz, 4H, CH2CH2(CH2)5CH3), 1.96 (ddd, J= 13.3, 10.5, 6.3 Hz, 4H, CH2CH2(CH2)5CH3), 1.31 - 1.00 (m, 52H, CH2CH2(CH2)5CH3 and OCH2CH3), 0.82 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 12H, CH2CH2(CH2)5CH3), 0.73 - 0.61 (m, 8H, CH2CH2(CH2)5CH3). 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3) δ 163.5, 153.9, 150.7, 149.3, 143.0, 139.3, 130.2, 129.4, 126.8, 126.4, 124.1, 122.2, 121.7, 120.1, 109.5, 100.5, 63.7, 55.8, 45.9, 40.1, 31.8, 30.0, 29.3, 29.2, 23.9, 22.6, 15.5, 14.1. HRMS (ESI) calcd for C76H106Br2N2O6Na (M+Na+): 1323.6315, found: 1323.6322.

3. Synthesis of compounds 5f and 5g:



[0175] 



[0176] General specification: Dye 2f (109 mg, 0.100 mmol) or 2g (130 mg, 0.100 mmol) is dissolved in 2 ml of chloroform under an argon atmosphere. Subsequently trifluoromethanesulfonic acid (0.44 ml, 5.0 mmol) is slowly added and the reaction mixture is stirred at 60 °C for 1 h. Then the reaction mixture is cooled down and triethyl amine (0.84 ml, 6.0 mmol) is slowly added in order to neutralize acid. To obtained dark blue mixture 100 ml of MeOH is slowly added and the resulting suspension is cooled down and the precipitate is filtered off, washed with hot methanol and dried under vacuum.

[0177] 6,17-Dibromo-8,8,19,19-tetra(2-methoxyethyl)-8H,19H-fluoreno[3",2":7',8']indolizino-[2'1':3,4]pyrrolo[2,1-a]indeno[1,2-g]isoquinoline-10,21-dione (5f) Prepared from 2f (109 mg, 0.10 mmol). Yield: 82 mg (91%). Dark violet crystals. Mp 354-356 °C (CHCl3/MeOH). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.26 (s, 2H, 9-H and 20-H), 7.91 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 2H, 1-H and 12-H), 7.84 (s, 2H, 3-H and 14-H), 7.70 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 2H, 4-H and 15-H), 7.67 (d, J = 1.4 Hz, 2H, 7-H and 18-H), 7.57 (dd, J = 8.1, 1.8 Hz, 2H, 5-H and 16-H), 6.88 (d, J= 7.3 Hz, 2H, 2-H and 13-H), 3.01 (s, 12H, OCH3), 2.92 - 2.78 (m, 8H, CH2CH2OCH3), 2.61 (ddd, J = 14.5, 8.9, 5.7 Hz, 4H, CH2CH2OCH3), 2.40 (ddd, J = 14.1, 9.0, 5.5 Hz, 4H, CH2CH2OCH3). 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3) δ 155.8, 152.7, 150.0, 144.4, 141.4, 137.8, 134.6, 131.1, 127.2, 124.1, 123.6, 123.2, 122.7, 122.3, 117.4, 112.3, 101.5, 68.4, 58.3, 51.9, 39.5. HRMS (ESI) calcd for C48H42Br2N2O6 (M+): 900.1410, found: 900.1396.
6,17-Dibromo-8,8,19,19-tetraoctyl-8H,19H-fluoreno[3",2":7',8']indolizino-[2'1':3,4]pyrrolo[2,1-a]indeno[1,2-g]isoquinoline-10,21-dione (5g). Prepared from 2g (130 mg, 0.10 mmol). Yield: 104 mg (93%). Dark blue powder. Mp 194-197 °C. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.19 (s, 2H, 9-H and 20-H), 7.91 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 2H, 1-H and 12-H), 7.83 (s, 2H, 3-H and 14-H), 7.70 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 2H, 4-H and 15-H), 7.59 - 7.50 (m, 4H, 7-H and 18-H + , 5-H and 16-H), 6.88 (d, J = 7.4 Hz, 2H, 2-H and 13-H), 2.29 - 2.15 (m, 4H, CH2CH2(CH2)5CH3), 2.12 - 1.98 (m, 4H, CH2CH2(CH2)5CH3), 1.32 - 0.94 (m, 40H, CH2CH2(CH2)5CH3), 0.78 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 12H, CH2CH2(CH2)5CH3), 0.72 - 0.62 (m, 8H, CH2CH2(CH2)5CH3). 13C NMR (126 MHz, CDCl3) δ 156.0, 154.4, 151.6, 145.2, 141.5, 138.4, 134.3, 130.5, 126.7, 124.1, 123.5, 123.0, 122.3, 122.2, 117.1, 112.4, 101.4, 55.8, 40.4, 31.8, 29.8, 29.2 (2 signals), 23.4, 22.6, 14.0. HRMS (ESI) calcd for C68H83Br2N2O2 (M+): 1117.4821, found: 1117.4784.

4. Synthesis of compounds 4f and 4g:



[0178] 



[0179] In a 20 ml Schlenk flask containing a magnetic stirring bar are placed: dye 5f (45 mg, 0.050 mmol) or 5g (56 mg, 0.050 mmol), 4,4'-bismethoxydiphenylamine (34 mg, 0.148 mmol), (2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',6'-diisopropoxy-1,1'-biphenyl)[2-(2'-amino-1,1'-biphenyl)]-palladium(II) methanesulfonate ((RuPhos)precatalyst(Buchwald et al., Chem. Sci. 4 (2013) 916, 2.5 mg, 0.003 mmol), 2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2',6'-diisopropoxybiphenyl (RuPhos, 1.4 mg, 0.003 mmol) and caesium carbonate (98 mg, 0.300 mmol). The vessel is evacuated and backfilled with argon (3 times). Then 3 ml of anhydrous toluene is added under a positive pressure of argon. The flask was again carefully evacuated and backfilled with argon three-times, the vessel is tightly closed and the reaction mixture is stirred for given time at 120 °C (above boiling point). After the mixture is cooled, water and dichloromethane are added, layers are separated. The aqueous layer is extracted with dichloromethane 3 times. Combined organic layers are washed with water twice and dried over Na2SO4. Solvents are evaporated and the product is purified by column chromatography in the given eluting system.

[0180] 6,17-Bis(di(4-methoxyphenyl)amino)-8,8,19,19-tetra(2-methoxyethyl)-8H,19H-fluoreno-[3",2":7',8']indolizino[2'1':3,4]pyrro)o[2,1-a]indeno[1,2-g]isoquinoline-10,21-dione (4f) Prepared from 5f (45 mg, 0.050 mmol). Reaction time: 40 h. Purified by column chromatography (dichloromethane : acetone 9 : 1 → 17 : 3) and recrystallized by slow addition of MeOH to the solution of product in hot toluene. Yield: 23 mg (38%). Black powder. Mp 376-380 °C (CHCl3/MeOH). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3, 50 °C) δ 9.20 (s, 2H, 9-H and 20-H), 7.87 (br s, 2H, Ar-H), 7.65 (s, 2H, 3-H and 14-H), 7.57 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H, Ar-H), 7.13 - 7.05 (m, 8H, 2-H and 6-H at 4-methoxyphenyl), 7.02 (s, 2H, Ar-H), 6.92 (br s, 2H, Ar-H), 6.89 - 683 (m, 8H, 3-H and 5-H at 4-methoxyphenyl), 6.80 (d, J = 7.4 Hz, 2H, 2-H and 13-H), 3.82 (s, 12H, C6H4OCH3), 3.05 (s, 12H, CH2CH2OCH3), 2.98 - 2.87 (m, 8H, CH2CH2OCH3), 2.54 - 2.44 (m, 4H, CH2CH2OCH3), 2.29 - 2.18 (m, 4H, CH2CH2OCH3). HRMS (ESI) calcd for C76H70N4O10 (M+): 1198.5092, found: 1198.5092.

[0181] 6,17-Bis(di(4-methoxyphenyl)amino)-8,8,19,19-tetraoctyl-8H,19H-fluoreno[3",2":7',8']-indolizino[2'1':3,4]pyrrolo[2,1-a]indeno[1,2-g]isoquinoline-10,21-dione (4g) Prepared from 5g (56 mg, 0.050 mmol). Reaction time: 20 h. Yield: 46 mg (65%). Purified by the column chromatography (toluene : acetone 1000 : 1 → 100 : 1) and recrystallized by slow addition of MeOH to the solution of product in CHCl3. Dark green solid. Mp 223-226 °C. 1H NMR (500 MHz, C6D6) δ 9.70 (s, 2H, 9-H and 20-H), 7.81 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 2H, 1-H and 12-H), 7.56 (d, J= 8.3 Hz, 2H, 4-H and 15-H), 7.39 (d, J= 1.8 Hz, 2H, 7-H and 18-H), 7.36 (s, 2H, 3-H and 14-H), 7.24 - 7.19 (m, 8H, 2-H and 6-H at 4-methoxyphenyl), 7.19 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 2H, 5-H and 16-H partially covered by benzene residual peak), 6.86 - 6.76 (m, 8H, 3-H and 5-H at 4-methoxyphenyl), 6.23 (d, J = 7.4 Hz, 2H, 2-H and 13-H), 3.32 (s, 12H, C6H4OCH3), 2.46 - 2.33 (m, 4H, CH2(CH2)6CH3), 2.06 - 1.92 (m, 4H, CH2(CH2)6CH3), 1.46 - 1.00 (m, 48H, CH2(CH2)6CH3), 0.82 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 12H, CH2(CH2)6CH3). 13C NMR (126 MHz, C6D6) δ 156.9, 156.2, 154.6, 152.2, 150.7, 146.5, 141.4, 141.3, 134.7, 133.0, 127.2, 123.8, 123.2, 122.4, 122.1, 120.3, 116.0, 115.5, 115.3, 111.9, 101.6, 55.7, 55.1, 40.9, 32.3, 30.5, 29.8, 29.7, 24.7, 23.1, 14.4. HRMS (ESI) calcd for C96H111N4O6 (M+H+): 1415.8504, found: 1415.8467.

Example 4


Synthesis of compound 6a



[0182] 



[0183] 50g of [286438-45-7] are dissolved in 300ml of dry dimethylformamide, followed by the addition of 7.16g CuCN. The reaction mixture is then stirred for 24 hours at reflux. The reaction mixture is cooled to RT, poured on water and the product is then extracted with ethylacetate. After drying the organic phase with MgSO4, the ethylacetate solution is filtered over HYFLO and then the solvent is evaporated. The product is purified by chromatography over silicagel to obtain a compound of formula 6a. 1H-NMR data (ppm, CDCl3): 7.77 1H d, 7.74-7.61 3H m, 7.55-7.51 2H m, 1.97 4H t, 1.33-1.07 36H m, 0.89 6H t, 0.65-0.49 4H m.

Synthesis of compound 6b



[0184] 



[0185] 200ml of tert-amylacohol are placed in a reactor under nitrogen, and then 50mg of Fe(III)Cl3 are added. The mixture is heated to 90°C and then 1.88g of sodium metal is added and the mixture is heated to reflux. As soon as the sodium is dissolved and reacted completely, a solution of 200ml of tert-amylalcohol containing 19.35g of compound 6a and 4.15g of di-tert-amylsuccinate is added dropwise to the first solution. The reaction mixture is then stirred over night at reflux. The violet reaction mixture is then cooled to 40°C and poured on methanol/ice mixture. The mixture is filtered and the violet precipitate is washed with water, methanol and acetone and then dried to give a compound of formula 6b. The product is directly used in the next step.

Synthesis of compound 6c



[0186] 



[0187] 2g of compound 6b, 2.43g of 1-bromo-2,2-diethoxyethane, 0.13g of Kl and 1.71g of K2CO3 are added to 40ml of dry dimethylformamide. The mixture is then stirred over night at 90°C. The reaction mixture is cooled and poured on water/ice. The product is extracted with ethylacetate. The organic phase is dried over MgSO4 and evaporated. The crude product is used directly in the next step.

Synthesis of compound 6d



[0188] 



[0189] 2.6g of compound 6c is dissolved in 10ml of methylenechloride. Then 10ml of concentrated sulfuric acid are added and the mixture is stirred at reflux overnight. The reaction mixture is then poured on ice/water, and the product is extracted with chloroform. The organic phase is dried over MgSO4 and evaporated. The product is purified by chromatography over silica gel to give a compound of formula 6d. 1H-NMR data (ppm, CDCl3): 9.21 2H s, 7.93 2H d, 7.85 2H s, 7.72 2H d, 7.58 2H s, 7.55 2H d, 6.90 2H d, 2.30-2.20 4H m, 2.12-2.01 4H m, 1.30-1.02 72H m, 0.66 12H t, 0.73-0.65 8H m.

Example 5


Synthesis of compound 7a [403699-44-5]



[0190] 



[0191] Compound 7a is obtained from compound [189367-54-2] according to compound 6a. 1H-NMR data (ppm, CDCl3): 7.77 1H d, 7.74-7.61 3H m, 7.55-7.51 2H m, 1.97 4H t, 1.25-1.02 12H m, 0.80 6H t, 0.65-0.50 4H m.

Synthesis of compound 7b



[0192] 



[0193] Compound 7b is obtained from compound 7a according to compound 6b. 1H-NMR data (ppm, DMSO-d6): 8.67 2H d, 8.51 2H s, 8.00 2H d, 7.87 2H d, 7.74 2H s, 7.57 2H d, 2.12-1.95 8H bs, 1.12-0.95 24H bm, 0.80-0.65 12H bt, 0.62-0.48 8H bs.

Synthesis of compound 7c



[0194] 



[0195] Compound 7c is obtained from compound 7b according to compound 6c. 1H-NMR data (ppm, CDCl3): 8.18 2H s, 8.16 2H d, 7.82 2H d, 7.63 2H d, 7.52 2H s, 7.50 2H d, 5.00 2H t, 3.91 4H d, 3.80-3.70 4H m, 3.62-3.51 4H m, 2.11-1.93 8H m, 1.23 12H t, 1.21-1.05 24H m, 0.79 12H t, 0.75-0.65 8H bm.

Synthesis of compound 7d



[0196] 



[0197] Compound 7d is obtained from compound 7c according to compound 6d. 1H-NMR data (ppm, CDCl3): 9.21 2H s, 7.93 2H d, 7.85 2H s, 7.72 2H d, 7.58 2H s, 7.55 2H d, 6.91 2H d, 2.29-2.19 4H m, 2.11-2.01 4H m, 1.20-1.00 24H m, 0.76 12H t, 0.73-0.65 8H m.

Example 6


Synthesis of compound 8a



[0198] 



[0199] 18g of [365547-20-2] are dissolved in 150ml of dry tetrahydrofuran under nitrogen. This solution is then cooled to -60°C. Then 18.2ml of 2.7M butyllithium in heptane are added slowly. The reaction mixture is stirred for 30 minutes at -60°C. Then it is allowed to warm to 0°C for 5 minutes, and cooled again to -60°C. Then 4.2ml of anhydrous dimethylformamide are added and the reaction mixture is allowed to warm up to room temperature. The reaction is quenched with water and the aqueous layer is extracted with ethylacetate. The organic phase is dried with MgSO4 and evaporated to give a compound of formula 8a. 1H-NMR data (ppm, CDCl3): 9.85 1H s, 7.58 1H s, 7.39 1H d, 7.01 1H d, 2.05-1.85 4H m, 1.12-0.81 16H m, 0.81-0.70 6H m, 0.70-0.55 8H m.

Synthesis of compound 8b



[0200] 



[0201] 18.57g of compound 8a are dissolved in 190ml of absolute ethanol. Then 4.2ml of pyridine are added, followed by 3.63g of hydroxylamine-hydrochloride. The reaction mixture is refluxed for 6 hours under nitrogen. Then the mixture is still stirred over night at room temperature. The ethanol is evaporated under reduced pressure and the residue is dissolved in ethylacetate, then washed with 4M HCl. The organic phase is separated and dried over MgSO4. The product of formula 8b is obtained and is used directly in the next step.

Synthesis of compound 8c



[0202] 



[0203] To 20.12g of compound 8b are added 190ml of acetic anhydride and the solution is stirred at reflux overnight. The solution is cooled to room temperature and is poured slowly on ice/water. The product is extracted with ethylacetate. The organic phase is separated, dried over MgSO4 and the solvent is evaporated. The product is purified by chromatography over silica gel to get a compound of formula 8c. 1H-NMR data (ppm, CDCl3): 7.44 1H s, 7.34 1H d, 6.99 1H d, 1.98-1.85 4H m, 1.12-0.81 16H m, 0.81-0.70 6H m, 0.70-0.50 8H m.

Synthesis of compound 8d



[0204] 



[0205] Compound 8d is obtained from compound 8c according to compound 6b. 1H-NMR data (ppm, CDCl3): 9.55 2H very broad s, 8.11-8.05 2H m, 7.35 2H d, 7.03 2H d, 2.20-1.93 8H m, 1.10-0.82 32H m, 0.82-0.68 12H m, 0.68-0.55 16H m.

Synthesis of compound 8e



[0206] 



[0207] Compound 8e is obtained from compound 8d according to compound 6c.

Synthesis of compound 8f



[0208] 



[0209] Compound 8f is obtained from compound 8e according to compound 6d.

Example 7


Synthesis of compound 9a



[0210] 



[0211] Compound 9a is obtained from compound [1201921-87-0] according to compound 8a. 1H-NMR data (ppm, CDCl3): 9.86 1H s, 7.59 1H s, 7.41 1H d, 7.00 1H d, 2.00-1.83 4H m, 1.42-1.08 36H m, 1.06-0.95 4H m, 0.90 6H t.

Synthesis of compound 9b



[0212] 



[0213] Compound 9b is obtained from compound 9a according to compound 8b. The product has been used directly in the next step.

Synthesis of compound 9c



[0214] 



[0215] Compound 9c is obtained from compound 9b according to compound 8c. 1H-NMR data (ppm, CDCl3): 7.43 1H s, 7.35 1H d, 6.98 1H d, 1.90-1.82 4H m, 1.38-1.10 36H m, 0.98-0.85 10H m.

Synthesis of compound 9d



[0216] 



[0217] Compound 9d is obtained from compound 9c according to compound 8d. 1H-NMR data (ppm, CDCl3): 8.36 2H broad s, 8.06 2H broad s, 7.36 2H d, 7.00 2H d, 2.00-1.88 8H m, 1.32-1.10 72H m, 1.06-0.90 8H m, 0.87 12H t.

Synthesis of compound 9e



[0218] 



[0219] Compound 9e is obtained from compound 9d according to compound 8e. 1H-NMR data (ppm, CDCl3): 8.66 2H s, 7.34 2H d, 7.01 2H d, 4.94 2H t, 4.26 4H d, 3.87-3.80 4H m, 3.63-3.57 4H m, 2.01-1.85 8H m, 1.38-1.10 72H m, 1.10-0.92 8H m, 0.89 12H t.

Synthesis of compound 9f



[0220] 



[0221] Compound 9f is obtained from compound 9e according to compound 8f.


Claims

1. A compound of formula (III):

wherein

T13, R13' R14 and R14' are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, C2-C25alkenyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C2-C25alkinyl, C3-C12cycloalkyl, C3-C12cycloalkyl-alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C7-C25arylalkyl, C7-C25arylalkyl which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by a group ESi or one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by halogen, C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C3-C10heteroaryl; C3-C10heteroaryl, which is substituted by halogen, C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by a group DSi, or one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F;

ESi is -SiR161R162R163 or -O-SiR161R162R163;

DSi is -SiR161R162-, -SiR161R162-(O-SiR161R162)d- or- O-SiR161R162-;

R161, R162 and R163 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C3-C12cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, -O-SiR164R165R166, -(O-SiR164R165)d-R166, C1-C25alkoxy, C3-C24(hetero)aryloxy, NR167R168, halogen, C1-C25acyloxy, phenyl, phenyl, which is substituted 1 to 3 times by C1-C25alkyl, halogen, cyano or C1-C25alkoxy;

R164, R165 and R166 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C3-C12cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, -O-SiR169R170R171, -(O-SiR169R170)d-R171, C1-C25alkoxy, C3-C24(hetero)aryloxy, NR167R168, halogen, C1-C25acyloxy, phenyl, phenyl which is substituted 1 to 3 times by C1-C25alkyl, halogen, cyano or C1-C25alkoxy;

R169, R170 and R171 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, C3-C12cycloalkyl, which might optionally be substituted with C1-C4alkyl; C1-C25haloalkyl, C2-C25alkenyl, -O-Si(CH3)3, C1-C25alkoxy, C3-C24(hetero)aryloxy, NR167R168, halogen, C1-C25acyloxy, phenyl, phenyl, which is substituted 1 to 3 times by C1-C25alkyl, halogen, cyano or C1-C25alkoxy; R167 and R168 are independently of each other hydrogen, C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; or C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms; or C7-C25arylalkyl;

d is an integer from 1 to 50; with the proviso that at least one of R13, R13', R14 and R14' is different from hydrogen wherein Ar denotes a homo- or heteroaromatic system, which is selected from





especially



wherein the dotted lines denotes the bonds to the 6-membered ring (the dotted line

indicates the bond to the carbon atom in para-position to the nitrogen atom, the dotted line ------ indicates the bond to the carbon atom in meta-position to the nitrogen atom),

R1, R1' and R1" are independently of each other H, halogen, especially F; cyano, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C1-C25alkyl,

R2 is H, halogen, especially F; cyano, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl,

R3 is hydrogen, halogen, especially F; cyano, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C1-C25alkyl,



or

wherein R22 to R25 and R29 to R33 represent independently of each other H, F, cyano, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C1-C25alkyl, and

R26 is H, F, cyano, phenyl, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, or C1-C25alkyl; or

R3 is a group of formula -NA1A1', or a group

wherein

A1 and A1 are independently of each other C1-C18alkyl,



R116, R117 R118 and R119 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C18alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by -O-, or C1-C18alkoxy;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are independently of each other hydrogen, halogen, especially F; cyano, C1-C25alkyl, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F; X and X1 are independently of each other O, S, Se, or NR4,

R4 is hydrogen, C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, halogen, especially F; or C1-C18alkoxy; C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C7-C25arylalkyl; or

Ar denotes a homo- or heteroaromatic system, which is selected from

such as, for example,





such as, for example,



such as, for example,



such as, for example,



such as, for example,









and

wherein
X92 is O, S, CR99R99', or NR130, X93 is O, S, or NR130, X94 is O, S, or NR130,

R99, R99', R99" and R99* are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms and/or interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms, or two moieties R99 and R99' or R99" and R99* can form a 5 or 6 membered alkyl ring, which optionally can be substituted with one or more halogen atoms and/or interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms;

R121, R22, R123, R124 and R125 are independently of each other hydrogen, halogen, C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, halogen; or C1-C18alkoxy; C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C7-C25arylalkyl;

R130 is hydrogen, C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, halogen, especially F; or C1-C18alkoxy; C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C7-C25arylalkyl; and

R3 is as defined above.


 
2. The compound according to claim 1, which is a compound of formula

















and

wherein
R1, R1', R1", R2, R3 and R4 are as defined in claim 1, and
R13, R13' R14 and R14' are as defined in claim 1; or
which is a compound of formula



















































wherein
R13, R13' R14 and R14' may be the same or different and are selected from hydrogen or a C1-C38alkyl group;
R99, R99', R99" and R99* are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms; preferably C3-C25alkyl, or C3-C25alkyl which is interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms;
R121, R122 R123, R124 and R125 are independently of each other hydrogen, halogen, C1-C18alkoxy or C1-C25alkyl; preferably hydrogen;
R130 is hydrogen, C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, halogen, especially F; or C1-C18alkoxy; C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C7-C25arylalkyl; and R3 is as defined above.
 
3. The compound according to claim 1, or 2, wherein R1, R1', and R1" are independently of each other H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl.
 
4. The compound according to any of claims 1 to 3, wherein R2 is H, C1-C25alkoxy, or C1-C25alkyl.
 
5. The compound according to any of claims 1 to 4, wherein R3 is hydrogen, F, cyano, C1-C25alkyl,

or


 
6. The compound according to any of claims 1 to 5, which is selected from





and


 
7. A method for the production of a compound of formula (III):

where R13, R14 and Ar are as defined in claim 1, characterized in that

a) a diketopyrrolopyrrole of formula (I):

is reacted with a compound of formula

wherein X2 is Cl, Br, or I; and then

b) the N-alkylated derivative of formula (II) obtained in step a)

is submitted in the presence of acid to intramolecular condensation, obtaining the compound of formula (III).


 
8. The method according to claim 7, characterized in that in step a) the alkylation reaction is carried out in the presence of tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate, K2CO3 and dimethylformamide (DMF).
 
9. The method according to claim 7, or 8, characterized in that in step b) the cyclization reaction is carried out in methylene chloride in the presence of trifluoromethanesulphonic acid.
 
10. Use of the compounds of formula (III) according to any of claims 1 to 6 as organic pigment, the development of fluorometric techniques, in modern biomedical techniques and diagnostics, fluorescence imaging, detection of cations, in semiconductor devices.
 
11. An organic semiconductor material, layer or component, comprising a compound according to any of claims 1 to 6.
 
12. A semiconductor device, comprising a compound according to any of claims 1 to 6, and/or an organic semiconductor material, layer or component according to claim 11.
 
13. The semiconductor device according to claim 12, which is an organic photovoltaic device, a photodiode, or an organic field effect transistor.
 
14. Process for the preparation of an organic semiconductor device, which process comprises applying a solution and/or dispersion of a compound according to any of claims 1 to 6 in an organic solvent to a suitable substrate and removing the solvent; or which process comprises evaporation of a compound according to any of claims 1 to 6.
 
15. A compound of formula

wherein Ar' is selected from





especially

and

wherein the dotted lines denotes the bonds to the 6-membered ring (the dotted line

indicates the bond to the carbon atom in para-position to the nitrogen atom, the dotted line ------ indicates the bond to the carbon atom in meta-position to the nitrogen atom),
R13, R13' R14 and R14' are as defined in claim 1,
R1, R1', R1", R2, R5, R6, R7, R8 and X1 are as defined in claim 1,
R3' is Cl, Br, I,



wherein X and R22 to R25 are as defined in claim 1 and R26' is Cl, Br, or I.
 
16. The compound according to claim 15, which is selected from

















or

wherein R1, R1', R1", R2 and R4 are as defined in claim 1,
R13, R13' R14 and R14' are as defined in claim 1,
R3' is Cl, Br, I,



wherein X, R22 to R25 are as defined in claim 1 and and R26' is Cl, Br, or I.
 
17. The compound according to claim 15, or 16, which is selected from



(IM5d) and


 
18. Use of the compounds of any of claims 14 to 17 for the production of polymers.
 
19. A compound of formula

























or

wherein
R3 is hydrogen, halogen, especially F; cyano, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F; C1-C25alkyl,



or

wherein R22 to R25 and R29 to R33 represent independently of each other H, F, cyano, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C1-C25alkyl, and
R26 is H, F, cyano, phenyl, C1-C25alkoxy, C1-C25alkyl substituted with one or more halogen atoms, or C1-C25alkyl;
R99, R99', R99" and R99* are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C25alkyl, or C1-C25alkyl interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms; preferably C3-C25alkyl, or C3-C25alkyl which is interrupted by one or more oxygen atoms;
R121, R122, R123, R124 and R125 are independently of each other hydrogen, halogen, C1-C18alkoxy or C1-C25alkyl; preferably hydrogen; and
R130 is hydrogen, C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, halogen, especially F; or C1-C18alkoxy; C1-C25alkyl, which may optionally be interrupted by one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms and/or is optionally substituted by one or more halogen atoms, especially F; or C7-C25arylalkyl.
 


Ansprüche

1. Verbindung der Formel (III):

wobei R13, R13', R14 und R14' unabhängig voneinander für Wasserstoff, C1-C25-Alkyl, C2-C25-Alkenyl, C2-C25-Alkenyl, das gegebenenfalls durch eine oder mehrere Sauerstoff- oder Schwefelatome unterbrochen sein kann und/oder gegebenenfalls durch eine Gruppe ESi oder ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist, C2-C25-Alkinyl, C3-C12-Cycloalkyl, C3-C12-Cycloalkyl-alkyl, das gegebenenfalls durch eine oder mehrere Sauerstoff- oder Schwefelatome unterbrochen sein kann und/oder gegebenenfalls durch eine Gruppe ESi oder ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist, C7-C25-Arylalkyl, C7-C25-Arylalkyl, das gegebenenfalls durch eine oder mehrere Sauerstoff- oder Schwefelatome unterbrochen sein kann und/oder gegebenenfalls durch eine Gruppe ESi oder ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist, C6-C18-Aryl, C6-C18-Aryl, das durch Halogen, C1-C18-Alkyl oder C1-C18-Alkoxy substituiert ist, oder C1-C25-Alkyl, das gegebenenfalls durch eine oder mehrere Sauerstoff- oder Schwefelatome unterbrochen sein kann und/oder gegebenenfalls durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist, C3-C10-Heteroaryl, C3-C10-Heteroaryl, das durch Halogen, C1-C18-Alkyl oder C1-C18-Alkoxy substituiert ist, oder C1-C25-Alkyl,das gegebenenfalls durch eine Gruppe DSi oder ein oder mehrere Sauerstoff- oder Schwefelatome unterbrochen sein kann und/oder gegebenenfalls durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist;

ESi für -SiR161R162R163 oder -O-SiR161R162R163 steht;

DSi für -SiR161R162-, -SiR161R162- (O-SiR161R162)d- oder -O-SiR161R162- steht;

R161, R162 und R163 unabhängig voneinander für Wasserstoff, C1-C25-Alkyl, C3-C12-Cycloalkyl, das gegebenenfalls durch C1-C4-Alkyl substituiert sein kann, C1-C25-Halogenalkyl, C2-C25-Alkenyl, -O-SiR164R165R166, -(O-SiR164R165)d-R171, C1-C25-Alkoxy, C3-C24- (Hetero) aryloxy, NR167R168, Halogen, C1-C25-Axyloxy, Phenyl oder Phenyl, das 1- bis 3-fach durch C1-C25-Alkyl, Halogen, Cyano oder C1-C25-Alkoxy substituiert ist, stehen;

R164, R165 und R166 unabhängig voneinander für Wasserstoff, C1-C25-Alkyl, C3-C12-Cycloalkyl, das gegebenenfalls durch C1-C4-Alkyl substituiert sein kann, C1-C25-Halogenalkyl, C2-C25-Alkenyl, -O-SiR169R170R171, -(O-SiR169R170)dR171, C1-C25-Alkoxy, C3-C24- (Hetero) aryloxy, NR167R168, Halogen, C1-C25-Axyloxy, Phenyl oder Phenyl, das 1- bis 3-fach durch C1-C25-Alkyl, Halogen, Cyano oder C1-C25-Alkoxy substituiert ist, stehen;

R167 und R168 unabhängig voneinander für Wasserstoff, C6-C18-Aryl, C6-C18-Aryl, das durch C1-C18-Alkyl oder C1-C18-Alkoxy substituiert ist, oder C1-C25-Alkyl, das gegebenenfalls durch ein oder mehrere Sauerstoff- oder Schwefelatome unterbrochen sein kann, oder C7-C25-Arylalkyl stehen;

d für eine ganze Zahl von 1 bis 50 steht, mit der Maßgabe, dass mindestens eine der Variablen R13, R13', R14 und R14' von Wasserstoff verschieden ist,

wobei Ar für ein homo- oder heteroaromatisches System steht, das aus





insbesondere

und

ausgewählt ist, wobei die gestrichelten Linien die Bindungen an den 6-gliedrigen Ring bezeichnen (die gestrichelte Linie

zeigt die Bindung an das Kohlenstoffatom in para-Stellung zum Stickstoffatom an, die gestrichelte Linie ------ zeigt die Bindung an das Kohlenstoffatom in meta-Stellung zum Stickstoffatom an),

R1, R1' und R1" unabhängig voneinander für H, Halogen, insbesondere F, Cyano, C1-C25-Alkoxy, C1-C25-Alkyl, das durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist, oder C1-C25-Alkyl stehen,

R2 für H, Halogen, insbesondere F, Cyano, C1-C25-Alkoxy oder C1-C25-Alkyl steht,

R3 für Wasserstoff, Halogen, insbesondere F, Cyano, C1-C25-Alkoxy, C1-C25-Alkyl, das durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome insbesondere F, substituiert ist, C1-C25-Alkyl,



oder

steht, wobei R22 bis R25 und R29 bis R33 unabhängig voneinander für H, F, Cyano, C1-C25-Alkoxy, C1-C25-Alkyl, das durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist, oder C1-C25-Alkyl stehen und

R26 für H, F, Cyano, Phenyl, C1-C25-Alkoxy, C1-C25-Alkyl, das durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome substituiert ist, oder C1-C25-Alkyl steht; oder

R3 für eine Gruppe der Formel -NA1A1' oder eine Gruppe der Formel

steht, wobei A1 und A1' unabhängig voneinander für C1-C18-Alkyl,

stehen,

R116, R117, R118 und R119 unabhängig voneinander für Wasserstoff, C1-C18-Alkyl, das gegebenenfalls durch -0- unterbrochen sein kann, oder C1-C18-Alkoxy stehen;

R5, R6, R7 und R8 unabhängig voneinander für Wasserstoff, Halogen, insbesondere F, Cyano, C1-C25-Alkyl, C1-C25-Alkoxy oder C1-C25-Alkyl, das durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist, stehen;

X und X1 unabhängig voneinander für 0, S, Se oder NR4 stehen,

R4 für Wasserstoff, C6-C18-Aryl, C6-C18-Aryl, das durch C1-C18-Alkyl, Halogen, insbesondere F, oder C1-C18-Alkoxy substituiert ist, C1-C25-Alkyl, das gegebenenfalls durch ein oder mehrere Sauerstoff- oder Schwefelatome unterbrochen sein kann und/oder gegebenenfalls durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist, oder C7-C25-Arylalkyl steht; oder

Ar für ein homo- oder heteroaromatisches System steht, das aus

wie beispielsweise



oder

wie beispielsweise





wie beispielsweise

oder

wie beispielsweise

oder

wie beispielsweise











ausgewählt ist, wobei

X92 für 0, S, CR99R99' oder NMR130 steht, X93 für 0, S oder NMR130 steht, X94 für 0, S oder NMR130 steht, R99, R99', R99" und R99* unabhängig voneinander für Wasserstoff, C1-C25-Alkyl oder C1-C25-Alkyl, das durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome substituiert und/oder durch ein oder mehrere Sauerstoffatome unterbrochen ist, stehen oder zwei Gruppierungen R99 und R99' oder R99" und R99* einen 5- oder 6-gliedrigen Alkylring, der gegebenenfalls durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome substituiert und/oder durch ein oder mehrere Sauerstoffatome unterbrochen sein kann, bilden können;

R121, R122, R123, R124 und R125 unabhängig voneinander für Wasserstoff, Halogen, C6-C18-Aryl, C6-C18-Aryl, das durch C1-C18-Alkyl, Halogen oder C1-C18-Alkoxy substituiert ist, C1-C25-Alkyl, das gegebenenfalls durch ein oder mehrere Sauerstoff- oder Schwefelatome unterbrochen sein kann und/oder gegebenenfalls durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist, oder C7-C25-Arylalkyl stehen;

R130 für Wasserstoff, C6-C18-Aryl, C6-C18-Aryl, das durch C1-C18-Alkyl, Halogen, insbesondere F, oder C1-C18-Alkoxy substituiert ist, C1-C25-Alkyl, das gegebenenfalls durch ein oder mehrere Sauerstoff- oder Schwefelatome unterbrochen sein kann und/oder gegebenenfalls durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist, oder C7-C25-Arylalkyl steht und

R3 wie oben definiert ist.


 
2. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1, bei der es sich um eine Verbindung der Formel

















und

handelt, wobei
R1, R1', R1", R2, R3 und R4 wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind und
R13, R13', R14 und R14' wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind; oder bei der es sich um eine Verbindung der Formel

















































oder

handelt, wobei
R13, R13', R14 und R14' gleich oder verschieden sein können und aus Wasserstoff oder einer C1-C38-Alkylgruppe ausgewählt sind;
R99, R99', R99" und R99* unabhängig voneinander für Wasserstoff, C1-C25-Alkyl oder C1-C25-Alkyl, das durch ein oder mehrere Sauerstoffatome unterbrochen ist, vorzugsweise C3-C25-Alkyl oder C3-C25-Alkyl, das durch ein oder mehrere Sauerstoffatome unterbrochen ist, stehen;
R121, R122, R123, R124 und R125 unabhängig voneinander für Wasserstoff, Halogen, C1-C18-Alkoxy oder C1-C25-Alkyl, vorzugsweise Wasserstoff, stehen;
R130 für Wasserstoff, C6-C18-Aryl, C6-C18-Aryl, das durch C1-C18-Alkyl, Halogen, insbesondere F, oder C1-C18-Alkoxy substituiert ist, C1-C25-Alkyl, das gegebenenfalls durch ein oder mehrere Sauerstoff- oder Schwefelatome unterbrochen sein kann und/oder gegebenenfalls durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist, oder C7-C25-Arylalkyl steht und R3 wie oben definiert ist.
 
3. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei R1, R1' und R1" unabhängig voneinander für H, C1-C25-Alkoxy oder C1-C25-Alkyl stehen.
 
4. Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei R2 für H, C1-C25-Alkoxy oder C1-C25-Alkyl steht.
 
5. Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei R3 für Wasserstoff, F, Cyano, C1-C25-Alkyl,



oder

steht.
 
6. Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, die aus





und

ausgewählt ist.
 
7. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer Verbindung der Formel (III):

wobei R13, R14 und Ar wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass man

a) ein Diketopyrrolopyrrol der Formel (I):

mit einer Verbindung der Formel

wobei X2 für Cl, Br oder I steht, umsetzt und dann

b) das in Schritt a) erhaltene N-alkylierte Derivat der Formel (II)

in Gegenwart von Säure einer intramolekularen Kondensation unterwirft, wobei man die Verbindung der Formel (III) erhält.


 
8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass in Schritt a) die Alkylierungsreaktion in Gegenwart von Tetrabutylammoniumhydrogensulfat, K2CO3 und Dimethylformamid (DMF) durchgeführt wird.
 
9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass in Schritt b) die Cyclisierungsreaktion in Methylenchlorid in Gegenwart von Trifluormethansulfonsäure durchgeführt wird.
 
10. Verwendung der Verbindungen der Formel (III) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 als organisches Pigment, bei der Entwicklung von fluorometrischen Techniken, bei modernen biomedizinischen Techniken und bei der modernen biomedizinischen Diagnostik, bei der Fluoreszenzbildgebung, beim Nachweis von Kationen und in Halbleitervorrichtungen.
 
11. Organisches Halbleitermaterial, organische Halbleiterschicht oder organisches Halbleiterbauelement, umfassend eine Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6.
 
12. Halbleitervorrichtung, umfassend eine Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 und/oder ein organisches Halbleitermaterial, eine organische Halbleiterschicht oder ein organisches Halbleiterbauelement nach Anspruch 11.
 
13. Halbleitervorrichtung nach Anspruch 12, bei der es sich um eine organische Photovoltaikvorrichtung, eine Photodiode oder einen organischen Feldeffekttransistor handelt.
 
14. Verfahren zur Herstellung einer organischen Halbleitervorrichtung, bei dem man eine Lösung und/oder Dispersion einer Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 in einem organischen Lösungsmittel auf ein geeignetes Substrat aufbringt und das Lösungsmittel entfernt oder bei dem man eine Verbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 verdampft.
 
15. Verbindung der Formel

wobei Ar' aus





insbesondere



ausgewählt ist, wobei die gestrichelten Linien die Bindungen an den 6-gliedrigen Ring bezeichnen (die gestrichelte Linie

zeigt die Bindung an das Kohlenstoffatom in para-Stellung zum Stickstoffatom an, die gestrichelte Linie ------ zeigt die Bindung an das Kohlenstoffatom in meta-Stellung zum Stickstoffatom an),
R13, R13', R14 und R14' wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind,
R1, R1', R1", R2, R5, R6, R7, R8 und X1 wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind,
R3' für Cl, Br I,



oder

steht, wobei X und R22 bis R25 wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind und R26' für Cl, Br oder I steht.
 
16. Verbindung nach Anspruch 15, die aus

















oder

ausgewählt ist, wobei R1, R1', R1", R2, R3 und R4 wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind,
R13, R13', R14 und R14' wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind;
R3' für Cl, Br I,



steht, wobei X und R22 bis R25 wie in Anspruch 1 definiert sind und R26' für Cl, Br oder I steht.
 
17. Verbindung nach Anspruch 15 oder 16, die aus





ausgewählt ist.
 
18. Verwendung der Verbindungen nach einem der Ansprüche 14 bis 17 zur Herstellung von Polymeren.
 
19. Verbindung der Formel

























oder

wobei
R3 für Wasserstoff, Halogen, insbesondere F, Cyano, C1-C25-Alkoxy, C1-C25-Alkyl, das durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist, C1-C25-Alkyl,



oder

steht, wobei R22 bis R25 und R29 bis R33 unabhängig voneinander für H, F, Cyano, C1-C25-Alkoxy, C1-C25-Alkyl, das durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist, oder C1-C25-Alkyl stehen und
R26 für H, F, Cyano, Phenyl, C1-C25-Alkoxy, C1-C25-Alkyl, das durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome substituiert ist, oder C1-C25-Alkyl steht;
R99, R99', R99" und R99* unabhängig voneinander für Wasserstoff, C1-C25-Alkyl oder C1-C25-Alkyl, das durch ein oder mehrere Sauerstoffatome unterbrochen ist, vorzugsweise C3-C25-Alkyl oder C3-C25-Alkyl, das durch ein oder mehrere Sauerstoffatome unterbrochen ist, stehen;
R121, R122, R123, R124 und R125 unabhängig voneinander für Wasserstoff, Halogen, C1-C18-Alkoxy oder C1-C25-Alkyl, vorzugsweise Wasserstoff, stehen;
R130 für Wasserstoff, C6-C18-Aryl, C6-C18-Aryl, das durch C1-C18-Alkyl, Halogen, insbesondere F, oder C1-C18-Alkoxy substituiert ist, C1-C25-Alkyl, das gegebenenfalls durch ein oder mehrere Sauerstoff- oder Schwefelatome unterbrochen sein kann und/oder gegebenenfalls durch ein oder mehrere Halogenatome, insbesondere F, substituiert ist, oder C7-C25-Arylalkyl steht.
 


Revendications

1. Composé de formule (III) :

dans lequel

R13, R13', R14 et R14' sont chacun indépendamment des autres l'atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe alkyle en C1-C25, alcényle en C2-C25, alcényle en C2-C25 qui peut éventuellement être interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ou de soufre et/ou qui est éventuellement substitué par un groupe ESi ou un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ; alcynyle en C2-C25, cycloalkyle en C3-C12, (cycloalkyl en C3-C12) alkyle, qui peut éventuellement être interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ou de soufre et/ou qui est éventuellement substitué par un groupe ESi ou un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ; arylalkyle en C7-C25, arylalkyle en C7-C25 qui peut éventuellement être interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ou de soufre et/ou qui est éventuellement substitué par un groupe ESi ou un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ; aryle en C6-C18 ; aryle en C6-C18 qui est substitué par halogéno, alkyle en C1-C18 ou alcoxy en C1-C18, ou alkyle en C1-C25, qui peut éventuellement être interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ou de soufre et/ou qui est éventuellement substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ; hétéroaryle en C3-C10 ; hétéroaryle en C3-C10 qui est substitué par halogéno, alkyle en C1-C18 ou alcoxy en C1-C18 ; ou alkyle en C1-C25, qui peut éventuellement être interrompu par un groupe DSi ou un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ou de soufre et/ou qui est éventuellement substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ;

ESi est -S1R161R162R163 ou -O-SiR161R162R163 ;

DSi est -SiR161R162-, -SiR161R162- (O-SiR161R162)d- ou -O-SiR161R162- ;

R161, R162 et R163 sont chacun indépendamment des autres l'atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe en alkyle en C1-C25, cycloalkyle en C3-C12, qui pourrait éventuellement être substitué par alkyle en C1-C4 ; halogénoalkyle en C1-C25, alcényle en C2-C25, -O-SiR164R165R166, - (O-SiR164R165)d-R166, alcoxy en C1-C25, (hétéro) aryloxy en C3-C24, NR167R168, halogéno, acyloxy en C1-C25, phényle, phényle, qui est substitué 1 à 3 fois par alkyle en C1-C25, halogéno, cyano ou alcoxy en C1-C25 ;

R164, R165 et R166 sont chacun indépendamment des autres l'atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe alkyle en C1-C25, cycloalkyle en C3-C12, qui pourrait éventuellement être substitué par alkyle en C1-C4 ; halogénoalkyle en C1-C25, alcényle en C2-C25, -O-SiR169R170R171, -(O-SiR169R170)d-R171, alcoxy en C1-C25, (hétéro) aryloxy en C3-C24, NR167R168, halogéno, acyloxy en C1-C25, phényle, phényle qui est substitué 1 à 3 fois par alkyle en C1-C25, halogéno, cyano ou alcoxy en C1-C25 ;

R169, R170 et R171 sont chacun indépendamment des autres l'atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe alkyle en C1-C25, cycloalkyle en C3-C12, qui pourrait éventuellement être substitué par alkyle en C1-C4 ; halogénoalkyle en C1-C25, alcényle en C2-C25, -O-Si(CH3)3, alcoxy en C1-C25, (hétéro) aryloxy en C3-C24, NR167R168, halogéno, acyloxy en C1-C25, phényle, phényle qui est substitué 1 à 3 fois par alkyle en C1-C25, halogéno, cyano ou alcoxy en C1-C25 ;

R167 et R168 sont chacun indépendamment de l'autre l'atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe aryle C6-C18 ; aryle C6-C18 qui est substitué par alkyle en C1-C18 ou alcoxy en C1-C18 ; ou alkyle en C1-C25, qui peut éventuellement être interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ou de soufre ; ou arylalkyle en C7-C25 ;

d est un nombre entier de 1 à 50 ;

à condition qu'au moins l'un de R13, R13', R14 et R14' soit autre qu'un atome d'hydrogène,

dans lequel

Ar désigne un système homo- ou hétéroaromatique, qui est choisi entre





en particulier



dans lequel

les lignes pointillées désignent les liaisons au cycle à 6 chaînons (la ligne pointillée

indique la liaison à l'atome de carbone en position para par rapport à l'atome d'azote, la ligne pointillée ------ indique la liaison à l'atome de carbone en position méta par rapport à l'atome d'azote),

R1, R1' et R1" sont chacun indépendamment des autres H, un atome d'halogène, en particulier F ; ou un groupe cyano, alcoxy en C1-C25, alkyle en C1-C25 substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ; ou alkyle en C1-C25,

R2 est H, un atome d'halogène, en particulier F ; ou un groupe cyano, alcoxy en C1-C25 ou alkyle en C1-C25,

R3 est l'atome d'hydrogène, un atome d'halogène, en particulier F ; ou un groupe cyano, alcoxy en C1-C25, alkyle en C1-C25 substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ; alkyle en C1-C25,



ou

R22 à R25 et R29 à R33 représentant chacun indépendamment des autres H, F ou un groupe cyano, alcoxy en C1-C25, alkyle en C1-C25 substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ; ou alkyle en C1-C25 et

R26 étant H, F ou un groupe cyano, phényle, alcoxy en C1-C25, alkyle en C1-C25 substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène ou alkyle en C1-C25 ; ou

R3 est un groupe de formule -NA1A1' ou un groupe

dans lequel
A1 et A1' sont chacun indépendamment de l'autre un groupe alkyle en C1-C18,



R116, R117, R118 et R119 étant chacun indépendamment des autres l'atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe alkyle en C1-C18, qui peut éventuellement être interrompu par -O- ou alcoxy en C1-C18 ;

R5, R6, R7 et R8 sont chacun indépendamment des autres l'atome d'hydrogène, un atome d'halogène, en particulier F ; ou un groupe cyano, alkyle en C1-C25, alcoxy en C1-C25 ou alkyle en C1-C25 substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ;

X et X1 sont chacun indépendamment de l'autre O, S, Se ou NR4 ,

R4 est l'atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe aryle en C6-C18 ; aryle en C6-C18 qui est substitué par alkyle en C1-C18, halogéno, en particulier F ; ou alcoxy en C1-C18 ; alkyle en C1-C25, qui peut éventuellement être interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ou de soufre et/ou qui est éventuellement substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ; ou arylalkyle en C7-C25 ; ou

Ar désigne un système homo- ou hétéroaromatique, qui est choisi entre

tel que par exemple





tel que par exemple

ou



tel que par exemple



tel que par exemple



tel que par exemple









et

dans lequel

X92 est 0, S, CR99R99' ou NR130,

X93 est 0, S ou NR130,

X94 est 0, S ou NR130,

R99, R99' , R99" et R99* sont chacun indépendamment des autres l'atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe alkyle en C1-C25 ou alkyle en C1-C25 substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène et/ou interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène, ou deux fractions R99 et R99' ou R99" et R99* peuvent former un cycle alkyle à 5 ou 6 chaînons, qui peut éventuellement être substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène et/ou interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ;

R121, R122, R123, R124 et R125 sont chacun indépendamment des autres l'atome d'hydrogène, un atome d'halogène ou un groupe aryle en C6-C18 ; aryle en C6-C18 qui est substitué par alkyle en C1-C,8, halogéno ou alcoxy en C1-C18 ; alkyle en C1-C25, qui peut éventuellement être interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ou de soufre et/ou qui est éventuellement substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ; ou arylalkyle en C7-C25 ;

R130 est l'atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe aryle en C6-C18 ; aryle en C6-C18 qui est substitué par alkyle en C1-C18, halogéno, en particulier F ou alcoxy en C1-C18 ; alkyle en C1-C25, qui peut éventuellement être interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ou de soufre et/ou qui est éventuellement substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ; ou arylalkyle en C7-C25 ; et

R3 est tel que défini ci-dessus.


 
2. Composé selon la revendication 1, qui est un composé de formule

















et

dans lequel
R1, R1', R1", R2, R3 et R4 sont tels que définis dans la revendication 1 et
R13, R13', R14 et R14' sont tels que définis dans la revendication 1 ; ou
qui est un composé de formule

















































ou

dans lequel

R13, R13', R14 et R14' peuvent être identiques ou différents et sont choisis entre l'atome d'hydrogène et un groupe alkyle en C1-C38 ;

R99, R99' R99" et R99* sont chacun indépendamment des autres l'atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe alkyle en C1-C25 ou alkyle en C1-C25 interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ; de préférence un groupe alkyle en C3-C25 ou alkyle en C3-C25 qui est interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ;

R121, R122, R123, R124 et R125 sont chacun indépendamment des autres l'atome d'hydrogène, un atome d'halogène ou un groupe alcoxy en C1-C18 ou alkyle en C1-C25 ; de préférence l'atome d'hydrogène ;

R130 est l'atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe aryle en C6-C18 ; aryle en C6-C18 qui est substitué par alkyle en C1-C18, halogéno, en particulier F ou alcoxy en C1-C18 ; alkyle en C1-C25, qui peut éventuellement être interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ou de soufre et/ou qui est éventuellement substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ; ou arylalkyle en C7-C25 ; et

R3 est tel que défini ci-dessus.


 
3. Composé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel R1, R1' et R1" sont chacun indépendamment des autres H ou un groupe alcoxy en C1-C25 ou alkyle en C1-C25.
 
4. Composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel R2 est H ou un groupe alcoxy en C1-C25 ou alkyle en C1-C25.
 
5. Composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel R3 est l'atome d'hydrogène, F ou un groupe cyano, alkyle en C1-C25,

ou


 
6. Composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, qui est choisi entre





et


 
7. Procédé pour la production d'un composé de formule (III) :

où R13, R14 et Ar sont tels que définis dans la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que

a) un dicétopyrrolopyrrole de formule (I) :

est amené à réagir avec un composé de formule

dans lequel X2 est Cl, Br ou I ; et ensuite

b) le dérivé N-alkylé de formule (II) obtenu dans l'étape a)

est soumis en présence d'acide à une condensation intramoléculaire, ce qui permet d'obtenir le composé de formule (III).


 
8. Procédé selon la revendication 7, caractérisé en ce que dans l'étape a) la réaction d'alkylation est effectuée en présence d'hydrogénosulfate de tétrabutylammonium, de K2CO3 et de diméthylformamide (DMF).
 
9. Procédé selon la revendication 7 ou 8, caractérisé en ce que dans l'étape b) la réaction de cyclisation est effectuée dans du chlorure de méthylène en présence d'acide trifluorométhanesulfonique.
 
10. Utilisation des composés de formule (III) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6 en tant que pigment organique, dans le développement de techniques fluorimétriques, dans des techniques et diagnostics biomédicaux modernes, en imagerie par fluorescence, en détection de cations, dans des dispositifs à semi-conducteur.
 
11. Matériau, couche ou composant semi-conducteur organique, comprenant un composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6.
 
12. Dispositif à semi-conducteur, comprenant un composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6 et/ou un matériau, couche ou composant semi-conducteur organique selon la revendication 11.
 
13. Dispositif à semi-conducteur selon la revendication 12, qui est un dispositif photovoltaïque organique, une photodiode ou un transistor à effet de champ organique.
 
14. Procédé pour la préparation d'un dispositif à semi-conducteur organique, lequel procédé comprend l'application d'une solution et/ou dispersion d'un composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6 dans un solvant organique sur un substrat approprié et l'élimination du solvant ; ou lequel procédé comprend l'évaporation d'un composé selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6.
 
15. Composé de formule

dans lequel Ar' est choisi entre





en particulier

et

dans lequel

les lignes pointillées désignent les liaisons au cycle à 6 chaînons (la ligne pointillée

indique la liaison à l'atome de carbone en position para par rapport à l'atome d'azote, la ligne pointillée ------ indique la liaison à l'atome de carbone en position méta par rapport à l'atome d'azote),

R13, R13', R14 et R14' sont tels que définis dans la revendication 1,

R1, R1', R1", R2, R5, R6, R7, R8 et X1 sont tels que définis dans la revendication 1,

R3' est Cl, Br, I,



X et R22 à R25 étant tels que définis dans la revendication 1 et R26' étant Cl, Br ou I.


 
16. Composé selon la revendication 15, qui est choisi entre

















ou

dans lequel

R1, R1', R1", R2 et R4 sont tels que définis dans la revendication 1,

R13, R13', R14 et R14' sont tels que définis dans la revendication 1,

R3' est Cl, Br, I,



X et R24 à R25 étant tels que définis dans la revendication 1 et R26' étant Cl, Br ou I.


 
17. Composé selon la revendication 15 ou 16, qui est choisi entre



et


 
18. Utilisation des composés selon l'une quelconque des revendications 14 à 17 pour la production de polymères.
 
19. Composé de formule

























ou

dans lequel

R3 est l'atome d'hydrogène, un atome d'halogène, en particulier F ; ou un groupe cyano, alcoxy en C1-C25, alkyle en C1-C25 substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ; alkyle en C1-C25,



ou

R22 à R25 et R29 à R33 représentant chacun indépendamment des autres H, F ou un groupe cyano, alcoxy en C1-C25, alkyle en C1-C25 substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ; ou alkyle en C1-C25 et

R26 étant H, F ou un groupe cyano, phényle, alcoxy en C1-C25, alkyle en C1-C25 substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène ou alkyle en C1-C25 ;

R99, R99' , R99" et R99* sont chacun indépendamment des autres l'atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe alkyle en C1-C25 ou alkyle en C1-C25 interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ; de préférence un groupe alkyle en C3-C25 ou alkyle en C3-C25 qui est interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ;

R121, R122, R123, R124 et R125 sont chacun indépendamment des autres l'atome d'hydrogène, un atome d'halogène ou un groupe alcoxy en C1-C18 ou alkyle en C1-C25 ; de préférence l'atome d'hydrogène ; et

R130 est l'atome d'hydrogène ou un groupe aryle en C6-C18 ; aryle en C6-C18 qui est substitué par alkyle en C1-C18, halogéno, en particulier F ; ou alcoxy en C1-C18 ; alkyle en C1-C25, qui peut éventuellement être interrompu par un ou plusieurs atomes d'oxygène ou de soufre et/ou qui est éventuellement substitué par un ou plusieurs atomes d'halogène, en particulier F ; ou arylalkyle en C7-C25.


 




REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description