(19)
(11)EP 2 965 847 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.09.2019 Bulletin 2019/37

(21)Application number: 14176367.2

(22)Date of filing:  09.07.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B23F 21/04  (2006.01)
B23F 5/16  (2006.01)

(54)

Cutting insert and power skiving tool

Schneideinsatz und Wälzschälwerkzeug

Insert de coupe et outil de taillage


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
13.01.2016 Bulletin 2016/02

(73)Proprietor: Sandvik Intellectual Property AB
811 81 Sandviken (SE)

(72)Inventor:
  • Sjöö, Sture
    805 92 Gävle (SE)

(74)Representative: Sandvik 
Sandvik Intellectual Property AB
811 81 Sandviken
811 81 Sandviken (SE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 2 682 216
DE-B3-102012 011 956
WO-A1-03/045613
JP-A- H05 116 018
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a cutting insert and to a rotatable power skiving tool.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] Cutting tooth grooves in an element to form teeth of a toothed element such as a cog wheel, an element comprising splines, etc. requires specifically designed and shaped cutting tools to cut flanks of the teeth and to reach a bottom root between the teeth.

    [0003] Various methods for cutting tooth grooves are known. One method, referred to as power skiving uses a rotating cutting tool and a rotating workpiece. Inside as well as outside teeth may be cut by power skiving. The rotation of the cutting tool is synchronised with the rotation of the workpiece as the cutting tool is feed in cutting engagement with the workpiece in an axial direction of the workpiece. For example US 4066001 discloses a solid power skiving tool which may be reground to ensure sharp cutting edges.

    [0004] The use of replaceable cutting inserts in a power skiving tool is known. In one known power skiving tool cutting inserts of rhombus shape are used, such as cutting inserts of VBMT type commonly used in turning tools.

    [0005] DE 10 2012 011 956 B3 shows a cutting insert for a power skiving tool according to the preamble of claim 1.

    SUMMARY



    [0006] It is an object of the present invention to provide a cutting insert for a power skiving tool, which cutting insert allows cutting complete tooth grooves in less passes than in the above known type of cutting insert.

    [0007] According to an aspect of the invention, the object is achieved by a cutting insert for a power skiving tool. The cutting insert comprises an insert body having a bottom surface generally extending in a first plane and being configured to abut against a corresponding surface of a power skiving tool, an upper surface extending opposite to the bottom surface, and a body axis extending substantially in parallel with the first plane. Seen along the body axis the insert body comprises a cutting end portion and opposite thereto an abutment surface configured to abut against a corresponding surface of a power skiving tool. The abutment surface extends substantially perpendicularly to the body axis and to the first plane. The cutting end portion is provided with a first cutting edge and a second cutting edge, the first cutting edge and the second cutting edge being directed in a same cutting direction. The first cutting edge extends along an edge portion of the upper surface and the second cutting edge extends in a second plane, the second plane being substantially parallel with the first plane and extending between the upper surface and the first plane, and seen along a normal to the first plane at least a portion of the second cutting edge extends from the insert body beyond the first cutting edge.

    [0008] Since in use of the cutting insert, for each pass of the cutting insert along a relevant workpiece, a deeper cutting depth may be provided than with a cutting insert having only one cutting edge the above object is achieved. Moreover, since for space reasons inevitably the second cutting edge will have a smaller cutting depth than the first cutting edge, teeth cut by a power skiving tool comprising such cutting inserts may have a less rough surface than teeth cut by a prior art power skiving tool. Thus, in some practical applications of elements having teeth cut in this manner any further finishing operation may not be required. Whereas elements having teeth cut using prior art power skiving tools in most practical applications require a subsequent finishing operation, such as a fine cutting operation or a grinding operation.

    [0009] The cutting insert may be manufactured from a material e.g. comprising one or more of cemented carbide, ceramics, cubic boron nitride, polycrystalline diamond, and cermet. The cutting insert may be coated with surface coatings such as titanium nitride, titanium carbonitride, and/or aluminium oxide. The cutting insert is adapted to be held in a power skiving tool. Accordingly, the cutting insert is configured to cut tooth grooves in an element to form teeth of a toothed element such as inside or outside cog wheels, elements comprising splines, etc. Only the cutting end portion may be provided with cutting edges.

    [0010] According to embodiments, the upper surface may extend substantially in parallel with, the first plane. In this manner the first cutting edge may be arranged substantially in parallel with the first plane.

    [0011] According to embodiments, each of the first and second cutting edges may comprise a nose edge portion, a first lateral edge portion, and a second lateral edge portion, the nose edge portion merging into the first lateral edge portion and the second lateral edge portion. In this manner each of the first and second cutting edges may be devised to cut a tooth groove, the nose edge portion for cutting at least a portion of a tooth bottom, i.e. the root between two adjacent teeth of a toothed element, and the first and second lateral edge portions for cutting flanks of adjacent teeth on both sides of a tooth groove.

    [0012] According to embodiments, each of the first and second cutting edges may comprise a first ending edge portion and a second ending edge portion. The first lateral edge portion may extend at an acute angle to the body axis and may merge into the first ending edge portion and the second lateral edge portion may extend at an acute angle to the body axis and may merge into the second ending edge portion. At least a portion of the first ending edge portion may extend at a less acute angle to the body axis than the first lateral edge portion and at least a portion of the second ending edge portion may extend at a less acute angle to the body axis than the second lateral edge portion, such that the first ending edge portion and the second ending edge portion may be arranged to cut tip portions of teeth. In this manner a complete tooth groove between adjacent teeth of toothed elements may be cut with the cutting insert, the adjacent teeth having tip portions shaped by the first and second ending edge portions.

    [0013] According to embodiments, each of the first and second cutting edges may be configured to cut with the first ending edge portion, the first lateral edge portion, the nose edge portion, the second lateral edge portion, and the second ending edge portion in one cutting pass on a workpiece. In this manner the one or more last cutting passes in an element may shape tip portions of, flank portions of, and root portions between, two adjacent teeth. Completely shaped tooth grooves between adjacent teeth having shaped tip portions may thus be cut by the cutting insert.

    [0014] According to embodiments, the first lateral edge portion may have a convexly shaped portion adjacent to a concavely shaped portion and the second lateral edge portion may have a convexly shaped portion. In this manner involute tooth flanks on both sides of a tooth groove of an inside cog wheel may be cut.

    [0015] According to embodiments, the cutting insert may comprise a third cutting edge, wherein the third cutting edge may extend in a third plane. The third plane may be substantially parallel with the first plane and may extend between the second plane and the first plane. The third cutting edge may comprise a nose edge portion, a first lateral edge portion, and a second lateral edge portion, the nose edge portion may merge into the first lateral edge portion and the second lateral edge portion. In this manner the cutting insert may provide an even deeper cutting depth with also the third cutting edge engaging with a relevant workpiece. The third cutting edge may provide a finishing cut in a workpiece following a cut of the second cutting edge.

    [0016] According to embodiments, seen along the body axis opposite to the cutting end portion, the insert body may comprise a positioning end portion configured to position the cutting insert in a power skiving tool, the upper surface being delimited by two right angle corner portions in the positioning end portion. An edge of the abutment surface may form an edge of the two right angle corner portions. Only the cutting end portion may be provided with cutting edges. In this manner the cutting insert may be reliably positioned in an insert seat of a power skiving tool.

    [0017] According to embodiments, the positioning end portion may have a substantially rectangular shape as seen along the normal of the first plane. The positioning end portion may have a width which is wider than a width of the cutting end portion, in a direction perpendicularly to the body axis and in parallel with the first plane. In this manner the cutting insert may be reliably positioned in a power skiving tool.

    [0018] According to embodiments, a through hole may extend through the insert body between the bottom surface and the upper surface of the insert body, at least partially in the positioning end portion, preferably entirely in the positioning end portion. In this manner the cutting insert may be held securely in position against a seat bottom surface of a power skiving tool, by a screw or other attachment arrangement extending at least partially through the through hole.

    [0019] According to embodiments, the bottom surface may be provided with at least one ridge and/or at least one groove extending in parallel with the body axis and may be configured to mesh with at least one corresponding groove and/or ridge of a power skiving tool. A thus provided serrated bottom surface may ensure a safe positioning of the cutting insert in a power skiving tool. Moreover, the cutting insert may be fine positioned in a direction along the body axis since the at least one ridge and/or groove permits the cutting insert to be slid along a seat bottom surface of the power skiving tool.

    [0020] It is a further object of the present invention to provide a power skiving tool, which allows cutting complete tooth grooves in less cutting passes than known types of power skiving tools.

    [0021] According to an aspect of the invention, the object is achieved by a rotatable power skiving tool comprising a generally circular tool body having a centre axis about which the power skiving tool is rotatable. The tool body comprises a number of peripherally arranged insert seats arranged on one side of a reference plane, the reference plane extending perpendicularly to the centre axis. The insert seats face away from the reference plane. The power skiving tool comprises a cutting insert according to any one aspect and/or embodiment discussed herein arranged in each insert seat.

    [0022] According to embodiments, a seat bottom surface of each insert seat, in a direction radially from the centre axis, forms an angle within a range of 2 - 15 degrees, preferably approximately 10 degrees, with the reference plane. In this manner the cutting insert may cut easily in the workpiece at a comparatively low sound level.

    [0023] According to embodiments, the seat bottom surface of each insert seat, in a direction tangential to the generally circular tool body, may form an angle of a maximum of 30 degrees, preferably approximately 20 degrees, with the reference plane. In this manner each of the first and second cutting edges of the cutting inserts will engage gradually with a relevant workpiece, i.e. the first lateral edge portion will engage first with the workpiece before the nose edge portion and eventually the second lateral edge portion, which engages after the nose edge portion.

    [0024] According to embodiments, the seat bottom surface of each insert seat may be provided with ridges and grooves. Thus, a serrated support surface for a relevant cutting insert may be provided.

    [0025] According to embodiments, the power skiving tool may comprise an adjusting mechanism for adjusting a radial position of the cutting insert arranged radially inside of each insert seat, the adjusting mechanism abutting against the abutment surface of the cutting insert. In this manner the cutting insert may be fine positioned in a direction along the body axis of the cutting insert. In order to ensure a reliable production of toothed elements, the cutting inserts may require a radial fine positioning within a range of 0,001 - 0,01 mm. A suitable adjusting mechanism may be an adjusting mechanism as disclosed in WO 03/045613.

    [0026] Further features of, and advantages with, the present invention will become apparent when studying the appended claims and the following detailed description.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0027] Various aspects of the invention, including its particular features and advantages, will be readily understood from the example embodiments discussed in the following detailed description and the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Figs. 1a - 1e illustrate various views of a cutting insert according to embodiments,

    Fig. 2 illustrates embodiments of a cutting insert for a power skiving tool, and

    Figs 3 - 6 illustrate various views of a rotatable power skiving tool according to embodiments.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0028] Aspects of the present invention will now be described more fully. Like numbers refer to like elements throughout. Well-known functions or constructions will not necessarily be described in detail for brevity and/or clarity.

    [0029] Figs. 1a - 1e illustrate various views of a cutting insert 2 according to embodiments. The cutting insert 2 is configured for use in a power skiving tool. The cutting insert 2 comprises an insert body 4. The insert body 4 has a bottom surface 6 and an upper surface 8 extending opposite to the bottom surface 6. Side surfaces of the insert body 4 extend between the bottom surface 6 and the upper surface 8. The bottom surface 6 extends generally in a first plane 10 and a body axis 12 extends substantially in parallel with the first plane 10. The bottom plane 10 extends in parallel with the plane of the view of Fig. 1c. The upper surface 8 extends substantially in parallel with the first plane 10. The bottom surface 6 is configured to abut against a corresponding seat bottom surface of a relevant power skiving tool.

    [0030] Seen along the body axis 12, the insert body 4 comprises a cutting end portion 14 and opposite thereto a positioning end portion 16. At the positioning end portion 16 the insert body 4 comprises an abutment surface 18 configured to abut against a corresponding surface of a relevant power skiving tool. The abutment surface 18 extends substantially perpendicularly to the body axis 12 and perpendicularly to the first plane 10. The thus provided abutment surface 18 is suitable for transferring cutting forces to a portion of a power skiving tool. As discussed with reference to Figs. 4 and 5 below, the abutment surface 18 also serves as a surface, against which an adjusting mechanism for adjusting a radial position of the cutting insert abuts.

    [0031] According to embodiments, a through hole 19 extends through the insert body 4 between the bottom surface 6 and the upper surface 8 of the insert body 4, at least partially in the positioning end portion 16. In these embodiments the through hole 19 is positioned entirely in the positioning end portion 16. In this manner the cutting 2 insert may be held securely in position against a power skiving tool, by a screw or other attachment arrangement extending at least partially through the through hole 19.

    [0032] The cutting end portion 14 is provided with a first cutting edge 20 and a second cutting edge 22. The first and second cutting edges 20, 22 are directed in a same cutting direction. Only the cutting end portion 14 is provided with cutting edges and not the positioning end portion 16. The positioning end portion 16 is thus, primarily configured to position the cutting insert 2 in a relevant power skiving tool. In the positioning end portion 16 the upper surface 8 is delimited by two right angle corner portions 24, 24'. An edge 26 of the abutment surface 18 forms an edge of the two right angle corner portions 24, 24'. The positioning end portion 16 has a substantially rectangular shape as seen along the normal of the first plane 10, i.e. as seen in the view of Fig. 1c. The positioning end portion 16 has a width which is wider than a width of the cutting end portion 14, in a direction perpendicularly to the body axis 12 and in parallel with the first plane 10.

    [0033] The first cutting edge 20 extends along an edge portion of the upper surface 8 and the second cutting edge 22 extends in a second plane 28. Accordingly, a portion of the upper surface 8 forms a rake face of the first cutting edge 20. The second plane 28 is substantially parallel with the first plane 10 and extends between the upper surface 8 and the first plane 10. Seen along a normal to the first plane 10 at least a portion of the second cutting edge 22 extends from the insert body 4 beyond the first cutting edge 20, i.e. as seen in the view of Fig. 1c. The upper surface 8 may be provided with a chip breaking structure adjacent of the first cutting edge 20 (not shown).

    [0034] In these embodiments, the cutting insert 4 comprises a third cutting edge 30. The third cutting edge 30 extends in a third plane 32. The third plane 32 extends substantially in parallel with the first plane 10 and extends between the second plane 28 and the first plane 10. Seen along a normal to the first plane 10, at least a portion of the third cutting edge 30 extends from the insert body 4 beyond the second cutting edge 22, i.e. as seen in the view of Fig. 1c.

    [0035] Mentioned purely as an example, a cutting depth of the first cutting edge 20 may be within a range of 0,5 - 2 mm, a cutting depth of the second cutting edge 22 may be within a range of 0,05 - 0,5 mm, and in embodiments comprising a third cutting edge 30, a cutting depth of the third cutting edge 30 may be within a range of 0,05 - 0,5 mm.

    [0036] Mentioned purely as an example, the second and, if present, the third cutting edge may each extend 0,5 - 1,5 mm from the insert body 4.

    [0037] Each of the first, second, and third cutting edges 20, 22, 30 comprises a nose edge portion 34, a first lateral edge portion 36, and a second lateral edge portion 38. The nose edge portion 34 merges into the first lateral edge portion 36 and the second lateral edge portion 38 on opposite sides of the body axis 12. In use of the cutting insert 2, the nose edge portion 36 may cut at least a portion of a tooth root between two adjacent teeth of a toothed element, and the first and second lateral edge portions 36, 38 may cut flanks of adjacent teeth on both sides of a tooth groove.

    [0038] As clearly shown in Fig. 1c, portions of the first and second lateral edge portions 36, 38 of the second and third cutting edges 22, 30 may be the above mentioned portion of the second cutting edge 22 extending from the insert body 4 beyond the first cutting edge 20, and the portion of the third cutting edge 30 extending from the insert body 4 beyond the second cutting edge 22.

    [0039] In these embodiments, each of the first, second, and third cutting edges 20, 22, 30 further comprises a first ending edge portion 40 and a second ending edge portion 42. The first lateral edge portion 36 extends at an acute angle α to the body axis 12 and merges into the first ending edge portion 40. The second lateral edge portion 38 extend at an acute angle α' to the body axis 12 and merges into the second ending edge portion 42. At least a portion of the first ending edge portion 40 extends at a less acute angle β to the body axis 12 than the first lateral edge portion 36 and at least a portion of the second ending edge portion 42 extends at a less acute angle β' to the body axis 12 than the second lateral edge portion 38. Accordingly, the first and second ending edge portions 40, 42 are arranged to cut tip portions of teeth of a toothed element. The tip portions of the teeth may at least be chamfered by the first and second ending edge portions 40, 42. Each of the first, second, and third cutting edges 20, 22, 30 may be configured to cut with the first ending edge portion 40, the first lateral edge portion 36, the nose edge portion 34, the second lateral edge portion 38, and the second ending edge portion 42 in one cutting pass on a workpiece.

    [0040] If the toothed element being cut by a power skiving tool is a cog wheel the teeth thereof may require at least chamfering of their tip portions. If the toothed element being cut by a power skiving tool is an element comprising splines, the teeth thereof may not require any chamfering of their tip portions. Accordingly, a cutting insert 2 for cutting splines may not require first and second ending edge portions 40, 42 of the cutting edges 20, 22, 30.

    [0041] According to embodiments, the second cutting edge 22 may be sharper than the first cutting edge 20. In this manner a rough cut may be cut in a workpiece with the first cutting edge 20 which accordingly, may be more robust than the second cutting edge 22. A shallower cut may be cut with the second cutting edge 22 than with the first cutting edge 20. Thus, a finishing cut may be cut with the second cutting edge 22. Thus, the cutting insert 2 may provide a finishing cut and a surface of the teeth may be sufficiently smooth for use, at least in some applications, of an accordingly cut toothed element. In embodiments comprising a third cutting edge 30, the third cutting edge 30 may be substantially as sharp as the second cutting edge 22, alternatively the third cutting edge 30 may be even sharper than the second cutting edge 22. In the embodiments comprising a third cutting edge 30 the finishing cut is cut by the third cutting edge 30.

    [0042] According to embodiments, a wedge angle of the first cutting edge 20 may be less than a wedge angle of the second cutting edge 22. In this manner the first cutting edge 20 may be devised for having a deeper cutting depth than the second cutting edge 22. In embodiments comprising a third cutting edge 30, the third cutting edge 30 may have the same wedge angle as the second cutting edge 22, alternatively the third cutting edge 30 may have a larger wedge angle than the second cutting edge 22.

    [0043] The wedge angles of the first, second and, if present, third cutting edges may be acute. Mentioned purely as an example, the wedge angle of the first cutting edge 20 may be with a range of 60 - 87 degrees or within a range of 60 - 75 degrees. The wedge angle of the second cutting edge 22 may be within a range of 65 - 75 degrees and a wedge angle of the third cutting edge 30 may be within a range of 65 - 78 degrees.

    [0044] The bottom surface 6 is provided with at least one ridge 44 and/or at least one groove 46 extending in parallel with the body axis 12. Thus, the bottom surface 6 is configured to mesh with at least one corresponding groove and/or ridge of a power skiving tool. In these embodiments the bottom surface 6 is substantially serrated and comprises seven ridges 44 and eight grooves 46 in the positioning end portion 16, some of which ridges 44 and grooves 46 extend into the cutting end portion 14.

    [0045] Fig. 2 illustrates embodiments of a cutting insert 2 for a power skiving tool. The embodiments resemble the embodiments of Figs. 1a - 1e in much. The cutting insert 2 is configured for cutting inside teeth of a toothed element. The teeth of the toothed element have an involute shape and are longer than the teeth, which may be cut with the cutting insert of the Fig. 1a - 1e embodiments. The main differences between the embodiments will be discussed in the following.

    [0046] The cutting insert 2 comprises only a first and a second cutting edge 20, 22. Of each of the first and a second cutting edge 20, 22, the first lateral edge portion 36 has a convexly shaped portion 48 adjacent to a concavely shaped 50 portion and the second lateral edge portion 38 has a convexly shaped portion 52. Due to the shapes of the first and second lateral portions 36, 38 involute tooth flanks on both sides of a tooth groove of an inside cog wheel may be cut with the cutting insert 2. The convexly shaped portion 52 may form the second lateral edge portion 38, i.e. the second lateral edge portion may lack any concavely shaped portion.

    [0047] However, it is noted that the particular shape of the various portions of the first and second cutting edges 20, 22 depend on several parameters of the teeth of a relevant toothed element, such as the number of teeth and the module of the teeth. It may be noted that for some combinations of the parameters the first and second lateral edge portions 36, 38 may not require any concave shaped portion to form involute teeth.

    [0048] Figs 3 - 6 illustrate various views of a rotatable power skiving tool 60 according to embodiments. The rotatable power skiving tool 60 comprises a generally circular tool body 62 having a centre axis 64 about which the power skiving tool 60 is rotatable. The tool body 62 comprises a number of peripherally arranged insert seats 66 arranged on one side of an imaginary reference plane 68. The reference plane 68 extends perpendicularly to the centre axis 64. The insert seats 66 face away from the reference plane 68. The power skiving tool 60 comprises a cutting insert 2 arranged in each insert seat 66. The cutting inserts 2 are cuttings inserts according to any one aspect and/or embodiment discussed herein.

    [0049] In these embodiments the power skiving tool 60 comprises 21 insert seats 66 and 21 cutting inserts 2. Other embodiments may comprise less or more insert seats and cutting inserts.

    [0050] As shown in the cross-section view of Fig. 4 the seat bottom surface 70 of each insert seat 66, in a direction radially from the centre axis 64, forms an angle γ of approximately 10 degrees with the reference plane 68. In alternative embodiments the angle γ may be within a range of 2 - 15 degrees with the reference plane 68.

    [0051] As shown in the partial side view of Fig. 6, the seat bottom surface 70 of each insert seat 66, in a direction tangential to the generally circular tool body 62 forms an angle δ approximately 20 degrees with the reference plane 68. In alternative embodiments the angle δ may be within a range of 0 - 30 degrees. (To simplify Fig. 6, the angle δ has been illustrated in relation to a plane 71 extending in parallel with the reference plane 68.)

    [0052] According to embodiments, a seat bottom surface 70 of each insert seat 68 is provided with ridges 72 and grooves 74, see Fig. 5. Thus, the serrated bottom surfaces of the cutting inserts 2 may be supported in the insert seats 66. Moreover, the ridges 72 and the grooves 74 permit adjustment of a radial position of the cutting insert 2 in the power skiving tool 60.

    [0053] The power skiving tool 60 comprises an adjusting mechanism 76 for adjusting a radial position of the cutting insert 2 arranged radially inside of each insert seat 66, see Figs. 4 and 5. The adjusting mechanism 76 abutting against the abutment surface 18 of the cutting insert 2. The cutting inserts 2 may be fine positioned in a direction along the body axes of the cutting inserts 2 by the adjusting mechanism 76. The adjusting mechanism 76 may be an adjusting mechanism as disclosed in WO 03/045613. Briefly with reference to Fig. 5, the adjusting mechanism 76 includes a wedge element in the form of a conical head 78 on a set screw 80, as well as a sleeve 82 mountable to the tool body 62 of the power skiving tool 60. Two jaws are included in the sleeve 82. A front surface of the first jaw is pressed against the abutment surface 18 of the cutting insert 2, whereby the cutting insert 2 is kept in a basic position. When the cutting insert 2 is to be finely-adjusted, the second jaw is activated by tightening the set screw 80, whereby the second jaw supports itself against the tool body 62, and then the first jaw is set in motion forwards in order to push out the cutting insert 2 in fine steps, e.g. of 0,001 mm. For further details of the adjusting mechanism 76 reference is made to WO 03/045613.

    [0054] This invention should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. A person skilled in the art will realize that different features of the embodiments disclosed herein may be combined to create embodiments other than those described herein, without departing from the scope of the present invention, as defined by the appended claims. Although the invention has been described with reference to example embodiments, many different alterations, modifications and the like will become apparent for those skilled in the art. Therefore, it is to be understood that the foregoing is illustrative of various example embodiments and that the invention is defined only by the appended claims.

    [0055] As used herein, the term "comprising" or "comprises" is open-ended, and includes one or more stated features, elements, steps, components or functions but does not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, elements, steps, components, functions or groups thereof.


    Claims

    1. A cutting insert (2) for a power skiving tool for cutting tooth grooves, the cutting insert (2) comprising

    an insert body (4) having a bottom surface (6) generally extending in a first plane (10) and being configured to abut against a corresponding surface of a power skiving tool, an upper surface (8) extending opposite to the bottom surface (6), and a body axis (12) extending substantially in parallel with the first plane (10),

    wherein seen along the body axis (12) the insert body (4) comprises a cutting end portion (14) and opposite thereto an abutment surface (18) configured to abut against a corresponding surface of a power skiving tool, wherein

    the abutment surface (18) extends substantially perpendicularly to the body axis (12) and to the first plane (10), wherein

    the cutting end portion (14) is provided with a first cutting edge (20), which extends along an edge portion of the upper surface, and characterised in that the cutting end portion is further provided with a second cutting edge (22), the first cutting edge (20) and the second cutting edge (22) being directed in a same cutting direction, wherein
    the second cutting edge (22) extends in a second plane (28), the second plane (28) being substantially parallel with the first plane (10) and extending between the upper surface (8) and the first plane (10), and seen along a normal to the first plane (10) at least a portion of the second cutting edge (22) extends from the insert body (4) beyond the first cutting edge (20).


     
    2. The cutting insert (2) according to claim 1, wherein the upper surface (8) extends substantially in parallel with, the first plane (10).
     
    3. The cutting insert (2) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein each of the first and second cutting edges (20, 22) comprises a nose edge portion (34), a first lateral edge portion (36), and a second lateral edge portion (38), the nose edge portion (34) merging into the first lateral edge portion (36) and the second lateral edge portion (38).
     
    4. The cutting insert (2) according to claim 3, wherein each of the first and second cutting edges (20, 22) comprises a first ending edge portion (40) and a second ending edge portion (42), wherein
    the first lateral edge portion (36) extends at an acute angle to the body axis (12) and merges into the first ending edge portion (40) and the second lateral edge portion (38) extends at an acute angle to the body axis (12) and merges into the second ending edge portion (42), and wherein
    at least a portion of the first ending edge portion (40) extends at a less acute angle to the body axis (12) than the first lateral edge portion (36) and at least a portion of the second ending edge portion (42) extends at a less acute angle to the body axis (12) than the second lateral edge portion (38), such that the first ending edge portion (40) and the second ending edge portion (42) are arranged to cut tip portions of teeth.
     
    5. The cutting insert (2) according to claim 4, wherein each of the first and second cutting edges (20, 22) is configured to cut with the first ending edge portion (40), the first lateral edge portion (36), the nose edge portion (34), the second lateral edge portion (38), and the second ending edge portion (42) in one cutting pass on a workpiece.
     
    6. The cutting insert (2) according to any one of the claims 3 - 5, wherein the first lateral edge portion (36) has a convexly shaped portion (48) adjacent to a concavely shaped portion (50) and the second lateral edge portion (38) has a convexly shaped portion (52).
     
    7. The cutting insert (2) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the second cutting edge (22) is sharper than the first cutting edge (20).
     
    8. The cutting insert (2) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein a wedge angle of the first cutting edge (20) is less than a wedge angle of the second cutting edge (22).
     
    9. The cutting insert (2) according to any one of the preceding claims, comprising a third cutting edge (30), wherein
    the third cutting edge (30) extends in a third plane (32), the third plane (32) being substantially parallel with the first plane (10) and extending between the second plane (28) and the first plane (10), and wherein
    the third cutting edge (30) comprises a nose edge portion (34), a first lateral edge portion (36), and a second lateral edge portion (38), the nose edge portion (34) merging into the first lateral edge portion (36) and the second lateral edge portion (38).
     
    10. The cutting insert (2) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein seen along the body axis (12) opposite to the cutting end portion (14), the insert body (4) comprises a positioning end portion (16) configured to position the cutting insert (2) in a power skiving tool, the upper surface (8) being delimited by two right angle corner portions (24, 24') in the positioning end portion (16), wherein
    an edge (26) of the abutment surface (18) forms an edge of the two right angle corner portions (24, 24'), and wherein only the cutting end portion (14) is provided with cutting edges.
     
    11. The cutting insert (2) according to claim 10, wherein the positioning end portion (16) has a substantially rectangular shape as seen along the normal of the first plane (10), and wherein
    the positioning end portion (16) has a width which is wider than a width of the cutting end portion (14), in a direction perpendicularly to the body axis (12) and in parallel with the first plane (10).
     
    12. The cutting insert (2) according to claim 10 or 11, wherein a through hole (19) extends through the insert body (4) between the bottom surface (6) and the upper surface (8) of the insert body (4), at least partially in the positioning end portion (16), preferably entirely in the positioning end portion (16).
     
    13. The cutting insert (2) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the bottom surface (6) is provided with at least one ridge (44) and/or at least one groove (46) extending in parallel with the body axis (12) and being configured to mesh with at least one corresponding groove and/or ridge of a power skiving tool.
     
    14. A rotatable power skiving tool (60) comprising a generally circular tool body (62) having a centre axis (64) about which the power skiving tool (60) is rotatable, the tool body (62) comprising a number of peripherally arranged insert seats (66) arranged on one side of a reference plane (68), the reference plane (68) extending perpendicularly to the centre axis (64), wherein the insert seats (66) face away from the reference plane (68), characterized in that
    the power skiving tool (60) comprises a cutting insert (2) according to any one of the preceding claims arranged in each insert seat (66).
     
    15. The rotatable power skiving tool (60) according to claim 14, wherein a seat bottom surface (70) of each insert seat (66), in a direction radially from the centre axis (64), forms an angle (γ) within a range of 2 - 15 degrees, preferably approximately 10 degrees, with the reference plane (68).
     
    16. The rotatable power skiving tool (60) according to claim 15, wherein the seat bottom surface (70) of each insert seat (66), in a direction tangential to the generally circular tool body (62), forms an angle (δ) of a maximum of 30 degrees, preferably approximately 20 degrees, with the reference plane (68).
     
    17. The rotatable power skiving tool (60) according to claim 15 or 16, wherein the seat bottom surface (70) of each insert seat (66) is provided with ridges (72) and grooves (74).
     
    18. The rotatable power skiving tool (60) according to any one of claims 14 - 17, wherein the power skiving tool (60) comprises an adjusting mechanism (76) for adjusting a radial position of the cutting insert (2) arranged radially inside of each insert seat (66), the adjusting mechanism (76) abutting against the abutment surface (18) of the cutting insert (2).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Schneideinsatz (2) für ein Wälzschälwerkzeug zum Schneiden von Zahnnuten aufweisend

    einen Einsatzkörper (4) mit einer unteren sich im Wesentlichen in einer ersten Ebene (10) erstreckenden Fläche (6), die so ausgestaltet ist, dass sie sich an eine entsprechende Fläche eines Wälzschälwerkzeugs anlegt, eine obere Fläche (8), die sich auf der der unteren Fläche (6) entgegengesetzten Seite erstreckt, und einer sich im Wesentlichen parallel zu der ersten Ebene (10) erstreckenden Körperachse (12),

    wobei entlang der Körperachse (12) gesehen der Einsatzkörper (4) einen Schneidendbereich (14) und eine zu diesem entgegengesetzt liegende Anlagefläche (18) aufweist, welche so ausgestaltet ist, dass sie sich an eine entsprechende Fläche eines Wälzschälwerkzeugs anlegt,

    wobei sich die Widerlagerfläche (18) im Wesentlichen senkrecht zu der Körperachse (12) und der ersten Ebene (10) erstreckt,

    wobei der Schneidendbereich (14) mit einer ersten Schneidkante (20) ausgestattet ist, welche sich entlang eines Kantenabschnitts der oberen Fläche erstreckt und dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    der Schneidendbereich weiter mit einer zweiten Schneidkante (22) ausgestattet ist, wobei die erste Schneidkante (20) und die zweite Schneidkante (22) in dieselbe Schneidrichtung gerichtet sind,

    wobei sich die zweite Schneidkante (22) in einer zweiten Ebene (28) erstreckt, wobei die zweite Ebene (28) im Wesentlichen parallel zu der ersten Ebene (10) ist und sich zwischen der oberen Fläche (8) und der ersten Ebene (10) erstreckt, und, gesehen entlang einer Normalen zu der ersten Ebene (10), sich zumindest ein Teil der zweiten Schneidkante (22) von dem Einsatzkörper (4) über die erste Schneidkante (20) hinaus erstreckt.


     
    2. Schneideinsatz (2) nach Anspruch 1, wobei sich die obere Fläche (8) im Wesentlichen parallel zu der ersten Ebene (10) erstreckt.
     
    3. Schneideinsatz (2) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, wobei jede der ersten und zweiten Schneidkanten (20, 22) einen Nasenkantenabschnitt (34), einen ersten seitlichen Kantenabschnitt (36), und einen zweiten seitlichen Kantenabschnitt (38) aufweist, wobei der Nasenkantenabschnitt (34) in den ersten seitlichen Kantenabschnitt (36) und den zweiten seitlichen Kantenabschnitt (38) übergeht.
     
    4. Schneideinsatz (2) nach Anspruch 3, wobei jede der ersten und zweiten Schneidkanten (20, 22) einen ersten Kantenendabschnitt (40) und einen zweiten Kantenendabschnitt (42) aufweist, wobei
    sich der erste seitliche Kantenabschnitt (36) unter einem spitzen Winkel zu der Körperachse (12) erstreckt und in den ersten Kantenendabschnitt (40) übergeht und sich der zweite seitliche Kantenabschnitt (38) unter einem spitzen Winkel zu der Körperachse (12) erstreckt und in den zweiten Kantenendabschnitt (42) übergeht, und wobei zumindest ein Teil des ersten Kantenendabschnitts (40) sich unter einem weniger spitzen Winkel zu der Körperachse (12) erstreckt als der erste seitliche Kantenabschnitt (36) und sich zumindest ein Teil des zweiten Kantenendabschnitts (42) unter einem weniger spitzen Winkel zu der Körperachse (12) erstreckt als der zweite seitliche Kantenabschnitt (38), so dass der erste Kantenendabschnitt (40) und der zweite Kantenendabschnitt (42) so angeordnet sind, dass sie Spitzenbereiche von Zähnen schneiden.
     
    5. Schneideinsatz (2) nach Anspruch 4, wobei jede der ersten und zweiten Schneidkanten (20, 22) so ausgestaltet ist, dass mit dem ersten Kantenendabschnitt (40), dem ersten seitlichen Kantenabschnitt (36), dem Nasenkantenabschnitt (34), dem zweiten seitlichen Kantenabschnitt (38), und dem zweiten Kantenendabschnitt (42) in einem Arbeitsgang an dem Werkstück geschnitten wird.
     
    6. Schneideinsatz (2) nach einem der Ansprüche 3 bis 5, wobei der erste seitliche Kantenabschnitt (36) einen konvex geformten Abschnitt (48) hat, der benachbart zu einem konkav geformten Abschnitt (50) ist und der zweite seitliche Kantenabschnitt (38) einen konvex geformten Abschnitt (52) hat.
     
    7. Schneideinsatz (2) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die zweite Schneidkante (22) schärfer ist als die erste Schneidkante (20).
     
    8. Schneideinsatz (2) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei ein Keilwinkel der ersten Schneidkante (20) kleiner ist als ein Keilwinkel der zweiten Schneidkante (22).
     
    9. Schneideinsatz (2) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, aufweisend eine dritte Schneidkante (30), wobei
    sich die dritte Schneidkante (30) in einer dritten Ebene (32) erstreckt, wobei die dritte Ebene (32) im Wesentlichen parallel zu der ersten Ebene (10) ist und sich zwischen der zweiten Ebene (28) und der ersten Ebene (10) erstreckt, und wobei
    die dritte Schneidkante (30) einen Nasenkantenabschnitt (34), einen ersten seitlichen Kantenabschnitt (36), und einen zweiten seitlichen Kantenabschnitt (38) aufweist, wobei der Nasenkantenabschnitt (34) in den ersten seitlichen Kantenabschnitt (36) und den zweiten seitlichen Kantenabschnitt (38) übergeht.
     
    10. Schneideinsatz (2) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei entlang der Körperachse (12) gesehen der Einsatzkörper (4) zu dem Schneidendbereich (14) entgegengesetzt liegend einen Positionierungsendabschnitt (16) aufweist, welcher so ausgestaltet ist, dass er den Schneideinsatz (2) in einem Wälzschälwerkzeug positioniert, wobei die obere Fläche (8) in dem Positionierungsendabschnitt (16) durch zwei rechtwinklige Eckabschnitte (24, 24') begrenzt ist,
    wobei eine Kante (26) der Anlagefläche (18) eine Kante der zwei rechtwinkligen Eckabschnitte (24, 24') bildet, und wobei nur der Schneidendbereich (14) mit Schneidkanten ausgestattet ist.
     
    11. Schneideinsatz (2) nach Anspruch 10, wobei der Positionierungsendabschnitt (16) entlang der Normalen der ersten Ebene (10) gesehen eine im Wesentlichen rechteckige Form hat und wobei
    der Positionierungsendabschnitt (16) in einer Richtung senkrecht zu der Körperachse (12) und parallel zu der ersten Ebene (10) eine Breite hat, welche größer ist als die Breite des Schneidendbereichs (14).
     
    12. Schneideinsatz (2) nach einem der Ansprüche 10 oder 11, wobei sich eine Durchgangsbohrung (19) zumindest teilweise in dem Positionierungsendabschnitt (16), vorzugsweise vollständig in dem Positionierungsendabschnitt (16) zwischen der unteren Fläche (6) und der oberen Fläche (8) des Einsatzkörpers (4) durch den Einsatzkörper (4) hindurch erstreckt.
     
    13. Schneideinsatz (2) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die untere Fläche (6) mit mindestens einer Rippe (44) und/oder mit mindestens einer Nut (46) ausgestattet ist, die sich parallel zu der Körperachse (12) erstrecken und derart ausgestaltet sind, dass sie mit mindestens einer entsprechenden Nut und/oder Rippe des Wälzschälwerkzeuges ineinandergreifen.
     
    14. Drehbares Wälzschälwerkzeug (60) aufweisend einen in etwa kreisförmigen Werkzeugkörper (62) mit einer zentralen Achse (64), um welche das Wälzschälwerkzeug (60) drehbar ist, wobei der Werkzeugkörper (62) eine Anzahl von am Umfang angeordneten Einsatzsitzen (66) aufweist, welche auf einer Seite einer Referenzebene (68) angeordnet sind, wobei die Referenzebene (68) sich senkrecht zu der zentralen Achse (64) erstreckt, wobei die Einsatzsitze (66) von der Referenzebene (68) wegweisen,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass
    das Wälzschälwerkzeug (60) eine in jedem Einsatzsitz (66) angeordnete Schneidkante (2) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche aufweist.
     
    15. Drehbares Wälzschälwerkzeug (60) nach Anspruch 14, wobei eine untere Sitzfläche (70) eines jeden Einsatzsitzes (66), in einer Richtung radial von der zentralen Achse (64) einen Winkel (γ) innerhalb eines Bereichs von 2 bis 15°, bevorzugt von etwa 10° mit der Referenzebene (68) bildet.
     
    16. Drehbares Wälzschälwerkzeug (60) nach Anspruch 15, wobei die untere Sitzfläche (70) eines jeden Einsatzsitzes (66) in einer Richtung tangential zu dem in etwa kreisförmigen Werkzeugkörper (62) einen Winkel (5) von maximal 30°, vorzugsweise von etwa 20°, mit der Referenzebene (68) bildet.
     
    17. Drehbares Wälzschälwerkzeug (60) nach einem der Ansprüche 15 oder 16, wobei die untere Sitzfläche (70) eines jeden Einsatzsitzes (66) mit Rippen (72) und Nuten (74) ausgestattet ist.
     
    18. Drehbares Wälzschälwerkzeug (60) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche 14 bis 17, wobei das Wälzschälwerkzeug (60) einen Einstellmechanismus (76) aufweist, um eine radiale Position des Schneideinsatzes (2) einzustellen, der radial innerhalb eines jeden Einsatzsitzes (66) angeordnet ist, wobei der Einstellmechanismus (76) an die Anlagefläche (18) des Schneideinsatzes (2) anliegt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Plaquette de coupe (2) destinée à un outil de décolletage destiné à tailler des rainures d'outil, la plaquette de coupe (2) comprenant
    un corps de plaquette (4) présentant une surface inférieure (6) s'étendant globalement dans un premier plan (10) et étant configurée pour venir buter contre une surface correspondante d'un outil de décolletage, une surface supérieure (8) s'étendant à l'opposé de la surface inférieure (6), et un axe de corps (12) s'étendant sensiblement parallèlement au premier plan (10),
    où selon une observation le long de l'axe de corps (12), le corps de plaquette (4) comprend une partie d'extrémité de coupe (14) et, à l'opposé de celle-ci, une surface de butée (18) configurée pour venir buter contre une surface correspondante d'un outil de décolletage, où
    la surface de butée (18) s'étend sensiblement perpendiculairement à l'axe de corps (12) et au premier plan (10), où
    la partie d'extrémité de coupe (14) est dotée d'une première arête de coupe (20), laquelle s'étend le long d'une partie d'arête de la surface supérieure, et caractérisée en ce que la partie d'arête de coupe est en outre dotée d'une deuxième arête de coupe (22), la première arête de coupe (20) et la deuxième arête de coupe (22) étant orientées dans une même direction de coupe, où
    la deuxième arête de coupe (22) s'étend dans un deuxième plan (28), le deuxième plan (28) étant sensiblement parallèle au premier plan (10) et s'étendant entre la surface supérieure (8) et le premier plan (10), et selon une observation le long d'une normale au premier plan (10), au moins une partie de la deuxième arête de coupe (22) s'étend depuis le corps de plaquette (4) au-delà de la première arête de coupe (20).
     
    2. Plaquette de coupe (2) selon la revendication 1, dans laquelle la surface supérieure (8) s'étend sensiblement parallèlement au premier plan (10).
     
    3. Plaquette de coupe (2) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans laquelle chacune des première et deuxième arêtes de coupe (20, 22) comprend une partie d'arête de bec (34), une première partie d'arête latérale (36), et une deuxième partie d'arête latérale (38), la partie d'arête de bec (34) se transformant en la première partie d'arête latérale (36) et la deuxième partie d'arête latérale (38).
     
    4. Plaquette de coupe (2) selon la revendication 3, dans laquelle chacune des première et deuxième arêtes de coupe (20, 22) comprend une première partie d'arête de terminaison (40) et une deuxième partie d'arête de terminaison (42), où
    la première partie d'arête latérale (36) s'étend à un angle aigu par rapport à l'axe de corps (12) et se transforme en la première partie d'arête de terminaison (40) et la deuxième partie d'arête latérale (38) s'étend à un angle aigu par rapport à l'axe de corps (12) et se transforme en la deuxième partie d'arête de terminaison (42), et où
    au moins une partie de la première partie d'arête de terminaison (40) s'étend à un angle moins aigu par rapport à l'axe de corps (12) que la première partie d'arête latérale (36) et au moins une partie de la deuxième partie d'arête de terminaison (42) s'étend à un angle moins aigu par rapport à l'axe de corps (12) que la deuxième partie d'arête latérale (38), de telle sorte que la première partie d'arête de terminaison (40) et la deuxième partie d'arête de terminaison (42) sont agencées pour tailler des parties de pointe de dents.
     
    5. Plaquette de coupe (2) selon la revendication 4, dans laquelle chacune des première et deuxième arêtes de coupe (20, 22) est configurée pour tailler une pièce d'ouvrage avec la première partie d'arête de terminaison (40), la première partie d'arête latérale (36), la partie d'arête de bec (34), la deuxième partie d'arête latérale (38) et la deuxième partie d'arête de terminaison (42) en une seule passe de coupe.
     
    6. Plaquette de coupe (2) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 3 à 5, dans laquelle la première partie d'arête latérale (36) présente une partie de forme convexe (48) adjacente à une partie de forme concave (50) et la deuxième partie d'arête latérale (38) présente une partie de forme convexe (52).
     
    7. Plaquette de coupe (2) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la deuxième arête de coupe (22) est plus aiguisée que la première arête de coupe (20).
     
    8. Plaquette de coupe (2) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle un angle de coin de la première arête de coupe (20) est plus petit qu'un angle de coin de la deuxième arête de coupe (22).
     
    9. Plaquette de coupe (2) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant une troisième arête de coupe (30), où
    la troisième arête de coupe (30) s'étend dans un troisième plan (32), le troisième plan (32) étant sensiblement parallèle au premier plan (10) et s'étendant entre le deuxième plan (28) et le premier plan (10), et où
    la troisième arête de coupe (30) comprend une partie d'arête de bec (34), une première partie d'arête latérale (36), et une deuxième partie d'arête latérale (38), la partie d'arête de bec (34) se transformant en la première partie d'arête latérale (36) et la deuxième partie d'arête latérale (38).
     
    10. Plaquette de coupe (2) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle selon une observation le long de l'axe de corps (12), à l'opposé de la partie d'extrémité de coupe (14), le corps de plaquette (4) comprend une partie d'extrémité de positionnement (16) configurée pour positionner la plaquette de coupe (2) dans un outil de décolletage, la surface supérieure (8) étant délimitée par deux parties de coin à angle droit (24, 24') dans la partie d'extrémité de positionnement (16), où
    une arête (26) de la surface de butée (18) forme une arête des deux parties de coin à angle droit (24, 24'), et où seule la partie d'extrémité de coupe (14) est pourvue d'arêtes de coupe.
     
    11. Plaquette de coupe (2) selon la revendication 10, dans laquelle la partie d'extrémité de positionnement (16) présente une forme sensiblement rectangulaire selon une observation le long de la normale au premier plan (10), et où
    la partie d'extrémité de positionnement (16) présente une largeur qui est plus large qu'une largeur de la partie d'extrémité de coupe (14), dans une direction perpendiculaire à l'axe de corps (12) et parallèle au premier plan (10).
     
    12. Plaquette de coupe (2) selon la revendication 10 ou 11, dans laquelle un trou traversant (19) s'étend à travers le corps de plaquette (4) entre la surface inférieure (6) et la surface supérieure (8) du corps de plaquette (4), au moins partiellement dans la partie d'extrémité de positionnement (16), de préférence entièrement dans la partie d'extrémité de positionnement (16).
     
    13. Plaquette de coupe (2) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la surface inférieure (6) est pourvue d'au moins une nervure (44) et/ou d'au moins une rainure (46) s'étendant parallèlement à l'axe de corps (12) et étant configurée(s) pour s'engager avec au moins une rainure et/ou nervure correspondante(s) d'un outil de décolletage.
     
    14. Outil de décolletage rotatif (60) comprenant un corps d'outil globalement circulaire (62) présentant un axe central (64) autour duquel l'outil de décolletage (60) peut être entraîné en rotation, le corps d'outil (62) comprenant un certain nombre de sièges de plaquette agencés en périphérie (66) agencés sur un premier côté d'un plan de référence (68), le plan de référence (68) s'étendant perpendiculairement à l'axe central (64), où les sièges de plaquette (66) sont orientés à l'opposé du plan de référence (68), caractérisé en ce que
    l'outil de décolletage (60) comprend une plaquette de coupe (2) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes dans chaque siège de plaquette (66).
     
    15. Outil de décolletage rotatif (60) selon la revendication 14, dans lequel une surface inférieure de siège (70) de chaque siège de plaquette (66), dans une direction orientée radialement depuis l'axe central (64), forme un angle (γ) dans une plage de 2 à 15 degrés, de préférence d'environ 10 degrés, par rapport au plan de référence (68).
     
    16. Outil de décolletage rotatif (60) selon la revendication 15, dans lequel la surface inférieure de siège (70) de chaque siège de plaquette (66), dans une direction tangentielle au corps d'outil globalement circulaire (62), forme un angle (δ) d'au maximum 30 degrés, de préférence d'environ 20 degrés, par rapport au plan de référence (68).
     
    17. Outil de décolletage rotatif (60) selon la revendication 15 ou 16, dans lequel la surface inférieure de siège (70) de chaque siège de plaquette (66) est pourvue de nervures (72) et de rainures (74).
     
    18. Outil de décolletage rotatif (60) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 14 à 17, où l'outil de décolletage (60) comprend un mécanisme de réglage (76) destiné à régler une position radiale de la plaquette de coupe (2) agencée radialement à l'intérieur de chaque siège de plaquette (66), le mécanisme de réglage (76) venant buter contre la surface de butée (18) de la paquette de coupe (2).
     




    Drawing















    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description