(19)
(11)EP 2 967 029 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.05.2017 Bulletin 2017/20

(21)Application number: 14708890.0

(22)Date of filing:  11.03.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A01N 25/24  (2006.01)
A01N 39/04  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2014/054628
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/139975 (18.09.2014 Gazette  2014/38)

(54)

CELLULOSE ETHER AS A DRIFT CONTROL AGENT AND RAINFASTNESS AGENT

CELLULOSEÄTHER ALS ABDRIFTSTEUERUNGSMITTEL UND REGENFESTIGKEITSMITTEL

ÉTHER CELLULOSIQUE EN TANT QU'AGENT DE CONTRÔLE DE DÉRIVE ET AGENT DE RÉSISTANCE À LA PLUIE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 14.03.2013 US 201361783871 P
04.07.2013 EP 13175101

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.01.2016 Bulletin 2016/03

(73)Proprietor: Akzo Nobel Chemicals International B.V.
6824 BM Arnhem (NL)

(72)Inventors:
  • SUN, Jinxia Susan
    Hopewell Junction, New York 12533 (US)
  • HE, Qiwei
    Belle Mead, NJ 08502 (US)
  • ZHU, Shawn
    Stormville, New York 12582 (US)
  • DEMPSEY, Logan
    Princetown, NJ 08540 (US)
  • WALTERS, Michael
    Rhinebeck, New York 12572 (US)
  • WESTBYE, Peter
    S-444 45 Stenungsund (SE)

(74)Representative: Akzo Nobel IP Department 
Velperweg 76
6824 BM Arnhem
6824 BM Arnhem (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2007/034250
WO-A2-2012/080196
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a novel cellulose ether capable of reducing spray drift during the spraying of an aqueous solution containing such cellulose ether and capable of resisting rain wash-off.

    Background of Invention



    [0002] The fine droplets in the spray mist generated during spraying of a pesticide formulation can travel with the wind, hence exposing human, wildlife, and the environment to pesticide residues that may have health and environmental effects and may cause property damage.

    [0003] Various methods have been proposed in an attempt to reduce the amount of drifting of fine droplets during spraying of an aqueous pesticide solution. One method is to modify the nozzle design so as to allow bigger spray droplets when the liquid passes through of the nozzle. Another method is to use a drift control chemical agent. Various drift control agents are known, including polymers and surfactants. One useful polymer class is a high molecular weight water soluble polysaccharides such as derivatives of guar gum and xanthan gum. It has been generally accepted that the mechanism of drift control by polymers is that these polymers increase the elongational (or extensional) or kinematic (or intrinsic) viscosity of the diluted aqueous solution to, for example above 6 dl/g. The increased viscosity usually results in increased droplet size and reduced fines. Over the years, researchers have found that the optimum spray pattern has a droplet size distribution in the mist between 150 - 400 µm. Guar gum derivatives are efficient drift control agents. They can reduce the fine droplets dramatically even at a very low concentration such as ∼ < 0.06 wt.

    [0004] Cellulose is a polysaccharide built up from 1,4-anhydroglucose units. The cellulose molecules in native cellulose are insoluble in water. To make cellulose soluble, it has to be modified into a cellulose derivative, such as hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC), ethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose (EHEC), hydroxylpropyl cellulose (HPC), hydroxybutyl methylcellulose (HBMC), hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), methyl ethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose (MEHEC), and hydrophobically modified ethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose (HMEHEC).

    [0005] The use of some cellulose derivatives as drift control agents has been known. While there is a preference for cellulosic derivatives over guar and xanthan gum due to their abundance and renewable property, these cellulose derivatives have marginal drift control property. WO2007/034250 and WO2012/080196 disclose agrochemicals containing certain instances of MEHEC.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0006] It has been unexpectedly discovered that nonionic methylethylhydroxyethyl cellulose (MEHEC), when present in an aqueous spray medium at very low concentration, can reduce the fine spray droplets below 150 µm effectively. In addition, the drift control property of such novel cellulose ether is insensitive to prolonged shearing in a typical agricultural spraying practice. Moreover, it has also been unexpectedly discovered that the MEHEC possesses an excellent rainfastness property, i.e., the property to resist wash-off of sprayed pesticides on plant surface (e.g., leaf) by rain shortly after spraying.

    [0007] To date, there has been no teaching or disclosure on the use of MEHEC as a drift control agent or as a rainfastness agent. As mentioned above, the use of some cellulose derivatives as drift control agents has been known; however, they have marginal drift control property. As unexpectedly discovered by the present inventors, MEHEC can function as a good rainfastness agent as well as a good drift control agent.

    [0008] Accordingly, the present invention is directed to an agricultural composition comprising at least one agricultural chemical and at least one cellulose ether, wherein the cellulose ether is a nonionic MEHEC polymer. The present invention is also directed to a method for reducing spray drift during the spraying of an aqueous solution. The method comprises: providing a nonionic MEHEC polymer; combining the MEHEC polymer with at least one agricultural chemical to obtain the aqueous solution; and spraying the aqueous solution. Further, the present invention is also directed to a method for increasing resistance to rain wash off of an aqueous solution sprayed onto a surface. The method comprises: providing a nonionic MEHEC polymer; combining the MEHEC polymer with at least one agricultural chemical to obtain the aqueous solution; and spraying the aqueous solution onto the surface.

    Brief Discussion of Drawings



    [0009] Fig. 1 is a picture showing the results of rainfastness comparing a control composition without a rainfastness agent, a composition with guar gum, and a composition with MEHEC according to the present invention.

    Detailed Description of the Invention



    [0010] The present invention is directed to an agricultural composition comprising at least one agricultural chemical and at least one cellulose ether, wherein the cellulose ether is a nonionic MEHEC polymer. The present invention is also directed to a method for reducing spray drift during the spraying of an aqueous solution. The method comprises: providing a nonionic MEHEC polymer; combining the MEHEC polymer with at least one agricultural chemical to obtain the aqueous solution; and spraying the aqueous solution. Further, the present invention is also directed to a method for increasing resistance to rain wash off of an aqueous solution sprayed onto a surface. The method comprises: providing a nonionic MEHEC polymer; combining the MEHEC polymer with at least one agricultural chemical to obtain the aqueous solution; and spraying the aqueous solution onto the surface.

    [0011] An illustrative structure of MEHEC is shown below:



    [0012] In another aspect of the invention, the MEHEC polymer has a degree of substitution of greater than about 0.3 for methyl (DSM); in one embodiment, greater than about 0.4; in another embodiment, greater than about 0.5. In another aspect of the invention, the MEHEC polymer has a degree of substitution of greater than about 0.2 for ethyl (DSET); in one embodiment, greater than about 0.3. In another aspect of the invention, the MEHEC polymer has an average molar substitution of ethylene oxide group on each sugar unit (MSEO) of greater than about 0.8; in one embodiment, greater than about 1. It is noted that the determination of the degree of substitution and average molar substitution is well known in the art and one skilled in the art is familiar therewith.

    [0013] In another aspect of the invention, the MEHEC polymer has a viscosity of greater than 5,000 cps measured at 1 % concentration in water at pH=7 using a Brookfield viscometer type VI at 12 rpm using spindle number 3 at 20 degree C in a container with diameter of 6.5cm. In one embodiment, the MEHEC polymer has a viscosity of greater than 7,000 cps; in another embodiment, greater than 8,000cps.

    [0014] In one embodiment, the agricultural composition comprises 0.01 - 0.5 wt% of the MEHEC polymer and more than about 50 wt% of water. In another embodiment, the agricultural composition comprises 0.02 - 0.3 wt% of the MEHEC polymer; in yet another embodiment, 0.03 - 0.2 wt% of the MEHEC polymer, in yet another embodiment, 0.05 - 0.125 wt% of the MEHEC polymer. In another embodiment, the agricultural composition comprises more than about 80 wt% of water; in yet another embodiment, more than about 95 wt% of water, in yet another embodiment, more than about 98% of water.

    [0015] The MEHEC polymer may be in a powder form. The MEHEC polymer may also contain certain process aids such as an anti-caking agent, a wetting agent, and/or a flowing aid. Additionally, the MEHEC polymer may be made into a liquid form by suspending or dissolving it into a medium. The MEHEC polymer may also be used together with other drift control agents, including guar gum.

    [0016] In one aspect of the invention, the agricultural composition is substantially free of aluminosilicate mineral, more specifically, foamed aluminosilicate mineral. In another aspect of the invention, the composition is not in a form of or is substantially free of granules with pores.

    [0017] "Substantially free of" a certain component for the purpose of the present invention means that the content of such certain component in the composition is less than 10 wt %, more specifically less than 5 wt %, even more specifically less than 1 wt %, in particular less 0.5 wt%, and even more particular less than 0.1 wt %.

    [0018] The agricultural chemical according to the present invention may include pesticides, growth regulators, micronutrients, and/or fertilizers. The pesticides may include herbicides, insecticides and/or fungicides known in the art. More specifically, the insecticide may be selected from the group consisting of chlofenapyr, pyrethrin, piperonyl butoxide and mixtures thereof. As to the herbicide, it may be selected from the group consisting of glyphosate, 2,4-D, sulfonyl urea, dicamba, and mixtures thereof; and as to the fungicide, it may be selected from the group consisting of sulfur, dithiocarbamates and their derivatives, nitro derivatives, heterocyclic substances, strobilurins, anilinopyrimidines, and mixtures thereof.

    [0019] The agricultural composition according to the present invention may further comprise at least one surfactant. Examples of surfactants suitable for use in the present invention include, but are not limited to, nonionic surfactants such as alcohol alkoxylates, alkylphenol alkoxylates, fatty acid alkoxylates, alkyl polyglucosides, and alkoxylated methylated seed oils); anionic surfactants such as alkyl sulfates, alkyl ethersulfates, sulfonates including alkyl benzene sulfonates, and phosphate esters; and nitrogen containing surfactants such as alkanol amides and their alkoxylates, alkylamines and their alkoxylates, alkylamine quaternary surfactants, alkoxylated alkylamine quaternary surfactants, alkyl dimethyl betaines, alkyl dimethyl amine oxide, alkoxylated alkyl amine oxide, amidoamines derived from fatty acid and diethylenetriamine, dimethylamidopropylamine, ethylene diamines and their oxides, betaine, and quaternary, alkoxylated amidoamine and their amine oxide, betaines, and quaternary. More particularly, the surfactant may be selected from the group consisting of a dialkyl (C12- C22) quaternary surfactant, an alkyl (C12-C22) dimethylbetaine, an alkyl (C12-C22) dimethylamine oxide, an ethoxylated alkyl (C12-C22) amine oxide with less than 4EO units, an ethoxylated alkyl (C12-C22) quaternary surfactant, and an alcohol ethoxylate with less than 10 EO units, and mixtures thereof.

    [0020] The present invention is also directed to a method for reducing spray drift during the spraying of an aqueous solution. The method comprising: providing a nonionic MEHEC polymer described in the present invention; combining the MEHEC polymer with at least one agricultural chemical to obtain the aqueous solution; and spraying the aqueous solution.

    [0021] In one aspect of the invention, the volume of fine droplets of < 150 microns is reduced by > 30% during the spraying of the aqueous solution; in another aspect of the invention, by > 35%; in yet another aspect of the invention, by > 40%; in one other aspect of the invention, by > 50%.

    [0022] The present invention is also directed to a method for increasing resistance to rain wash off of an aqueous solution sprayed onto a surface. The method comprises: providing a nonionic MEHEC polymer described in the present invention; combining the MEHEC polymer with at least one agricultural chemical to obtain the aqueous solution; and spraying the aqueous solution onto the surface. The surface may be a surface of a plant, e.g., leaf surface.

    [0023] In one aspect of the invention, the method according to the present invention does not involve the (additional) use of aluminosilicate mineral, particularly foamed aluminosilicate mineral. In another aspect of the invention, the method according to the present invention does not involve the (additional) use of granules with pores.

    [0024] The present invention will now be illustrated by the following examples.

    Examples



    [0025] Throughout the examples, the droplets refer to the droplets in the spray mist and the concentration is in wt% unless specified.

    Example 1. The viscosity of different cellulose ether polymers in 1% water solutions.



    [0026] The different cellulose ether polymers (i.e., EHEC, MEHEC, and HMEHEC) are available from AkzoNobel under the brand name Bermocoll®. In addition, the preparation of MEHEC is described in International Patent Application WO2012/080301 and US Patent 7,319,146, both of which are incorporated by reference herein in their entireties.

    [0027] 2.00 g of the cellulose ether polymers was dispersed in about 50 ml of de-ionized water in a 250 ml glass beaker (height 12 cm, diameter 6.5 cm). The dispersion was kept swirling until lump-free. 50 ml buffer solution of pH= 7 was added at ambient temperature followed by the addition of de-ionized water to adjust the total weight of 200g. The dispersion was then stirred for two hours at 60 rpm and placed in water bath for 1.5 hours at 20°C before viscosity measurement. Brookfield viscometer type LV was used to measure the viscosity of the 1% solution in the beaker at 12 rpm with Spindle No. 2 (for viscosity between 250 to 3,000) or Spindle No. 3 (for viscosity between 2,500 to 10,000). Table 1 shows the viscosity of different polymers solution at 1% concentration.
    Table 1. The viscosity of 1 % solution of various cellulose ether polymers in water
    Cellulose ether polymersMSEODSETDSMDSHViscosity, cps
    EHEC 1 1.9 0.9 -- -- 400
    EHEC 2 2.6 0.9     5000
    HMEHEC 1 2.6 0.9 -- 0.01 525
    HMEHEC 2 2.6 0.9 -- 0.01 2350
    MEHEC 1 1.1 0.3 0.7 -- 12000
    MEHEC 2 2.4 0.4 0.5 -- 8000

    Example 2: Effect of different cellulose ether polymers on drift control performance



    [0028] It is generally agreed that the spray droplet sizes most susceptible to drift are those below about 150 µm. The preferred range of droplet size diameters for commercial aerial sprays lies from about 200 microns to about 400 microns.

    [0029] The spray droplet distribution measurement was performed using a Sympatec Helos/R laser diffraction particle size analyzer fitted with the R6 lens that is capable of detecting droplets in air from 0.5 µm to 1750 µm. The "% volume < 150 µm" is a value describing the percent volume of droplets whose size is below 150 µm.

    [0030] The spray nozzle used in the experiment was a TEEJET 8002 flat fan nozzle. The studied aqueous solution is ejected out through the nozzle under a pressure of 40 psi N2. The design of this type of nozzle is able to produce a lot of fine droplets. For water, in our spray setup, the typical % volume < 150 µm is about 50 - 55%. Some diluted aqueous pesticide solutions produce more than 48 - 53% droplets with size < 150 µm (measured with Sympatec Helos/R mentioned above). A good drift control agent is defined as one that can reduce the % volume <150 µm by > 30%. It is understood that the higher the percentage (e.g., > 30%, > 40%, > 50%), the better the drift control agent is.

    [0031] During the sample preparation, the different cellulose ether polymers were added to aqueous solution, then the prepared solutions were sprayed at the conditions described above.

    [0032] A number of formulations were prepared and sprayed both with and without drift control agents. Water was used as reference in the tests because water is the medium and water generates a lot of fine droplets during spraying.

    [0033] The studied concentration was 0.05 wt% in water or in various herbicide solutions. The solution at this concentration appeared to be slightly more viscous than pure water.

    [0034] Ag-RHO® DR -2000, which is hydroxypropyl modified guar gum, is used as a positive control because Ag-RHO® DR-2000 is one of the most popular drift control agents used in the current market.

    [0035] The drift control data is shown in Table 2.
    Table 2. The drift control performance of 0.05 wt% drift control agents in water
    Productsx50/µm1% <150 µm% Reduction from water
    Water 155 52  
    DR-2000 204 33 37
    EHEC 1 180 40 23
    EHEC 2 175 41 21
    HMEHEC 1 162 46 12
    HMEHEC 2 172 43 17
    MEHEC 1 215 30 42
    MEHEC 2 206 32 38
    1x50/µm is the droplet size in µm where 50% of the droplets are below this size.


    [0036] As shown in Table 2, some of the cellulose ether polymers only reduced slightly the volume of fine droplets by less than 25% while the MEHEC polymers were able to reduce the fine droplets by > ∼38%. In comparison, the market standard, DR-2000, was able to reduce the fine droplets by 37%.

    Example 3: Effect of herbicides on the drift control property of MEHEC 1



    [0037] It is well known that pesticide formulations can have significant impact on the performance of drift control agents due to the presence of surfactants in the formulation. To examine the effect of pesticide formulations, MEHEC 1 was added to two of the most commonly used herbicides: glyphosate (from Roundup® WeatherMax) and 2,4-D (2,4-D dimethylamine salt). WeatherMax contains K-glyphosate and some surfactants.

    [0038] When MEHEC 1 was combined with either 1% ae glyphosate WeatherMax or 1.0% ae 2,4-D DMA, a significant reduction on driftable fine was achieved. The results are shown in Table 3.
    Table 3. Drift control performance of MEHEC 1 in Roundup WeatherMax and 2,4-D DMA spray solution
    SamplesAverage droplet size (µm)% < 150µm% Reduction
    Water 145 52  
    0.05 wt% MEHEC 1 in water 205 34 35
    0.05 wt % MEHEC 1 with 1% ae WeatherMax 211 32 38
    0.05 wt% MEHEC 1 with 1% ae 2,4 D 260 27 48


    [0039] The results in Table 3 show that MEHEC 1 is robust and it was able to reduce the fine droplets by ∼35% in water, ∼ 38% in WeatherMax, and ∼ 48% in 2,4-D DMA. The reduction is more than enough to be considered as an effective drift control agent.

    Example 4: Effect of ammonium sulfate (AMS) and glyphosate formulation on the drift control property of MEHEC 1 and Ag-RHO® DR-2000



    [0040] Ammonium sulfate (AMS) is widely used together with a glyphosate formulation in North America for better biological effect while spraying glyphosate. The effect of AMS on the drift control property of MEHEC 1 was studied. The results are shown in Table 4.
    Table 4. Comparison of drift control performance of MEHEC 1 and DR-2000 in 1.0% ae Weather Max and 2 wt% AMS
    SamplesAverage droplet size (µm)%<150µm% Reduction
    1.0% ae Weather Max and 2 wt% AMS 140.0 54.9  
    1.0% ae Weather Max and 2 wt% AMS + 0.031 wt% DR-2000 171.0 43.2 21
    1.0% ae Weather Max and 2 wt% AMS + 0.031 wt% MEHEC 1 181.0 39.7 28
    1.0% ae Weather Max and 2 wt% AMS + 0.0625 wt% DR-2000 200.0 35.1 36
    1.0% ae Weather Max and 2 wt% AMS + 0.0625 wt% MEHEC 1 188.0 38.3 30

    Example 5: Comparison of drift control performance of MEHEC 1 and DR-2000 in 1.0 wt% ae Weather Max, 1% ae 2,4-D DMA salt, and 2 wt% AMS (ammonium sulfate)



    [0041] In order to achieve the desirable weed control effect, sometimes more than one herbicide is mixed and applied together. The following example shows the drift control property of a mixture of two common herbicides, Roundup® WeatherMax and 2,4-D DMA plus AMS, with MEHEC 1 and DR-2000. The results are shown below in Table 5.
    Table 5. Comparison of drift control performance of MEHEC 1 and DR-2000 in 1.0 wt% ae Weather Max, 1.0 wt% 2,4-D ae, and 2 wt% AMS
    SamplesAverage droplet size (µm)%<150µm% Reduction
    1.0% ae Weather Max + 1.0% 2,4-D ae + 2 wt% AMS 134 57  
    1.0% ae Weather Max + 1.0% 2,4-D ae + 2 wt% AMS + 0.0625 wt% DR-2000 173 42 26
    1.0% ae Weather Max + 1.0% 2,4-D ae + 2 wt% AMS + 0.0625 wt% MEHEC 1 172 42 26


    [0042] Results in Table 5 showed that at 0.0625% use rate, MEHEC 1 performed similarly to the market standard DR-2000 in 1.0% ae Weather Max, 1.0% ae 2,4-D DMA and 2 wt% AMS solution.

    Example 6: Rainfastness Assessment



    [0043] Rainfastness is another desired attribute for agro chemical application. MEHEC 1 solution at a concentration of 0.2 wt% is mixed with a water soluble dye Tartrazine at 1:1 ratio (polymer:Tartrazine). Drops of the mixture are deposited onto a Parafilm serving as a model hydrophobic plant leaf. The Parafilm is mounted over a Petri dish. The deposited drops are then left to dry at room temperature. After the drops have dried up, the Petri dish covered by the Parafilm with dried drops is placed under a "rain source" for 15 seconds. The "rain source" is created by pulling 400 g water rapidly into a vessel with small holes at the bottom. The appearances of deposited dried drops are compared before and after the simulated rain. Rainfastness is determined by visual inspection of the droplets by the naked eye. The result is captured in a photo as shown in Fig. 1. It should be noted that before the simulated rainfall, all of the Parafilms looked like the one shown in (c).

    [0044] The results indicate that guar gum shows reasonable rainfastness performance as shown in (b). However, MEHEC 1 shows the best performance with all drops completely retained on the surface after the simulated rainfall as shown in (c).


    Claims

    1. An agricultural composition comprising at least one agricultural chemical and at least one cellulose ether,
    wherein the cellulose ether is a nonionic MEHEC polymer having a degree of substitution of greater than 0.3 for methyl, and a degree of substitution of greater than 0.2 for ethyl, and wherein the composition contains less than 10 wt% of aluminosilicate mineral.
     
    2. The agricultural composition of claim 1 wherein the MEHEC polymer has an average molar substitution of ethylene oxide of greater than 0.8.
     
    3. The agricultural composition of any one of the preceding claims wherein the MEHEC polymer has a viscosity of greater than 5000 cps measured at 1 % in water at pH=7 using a Brookfield viscometer type LV at 12 rpm using spindle number 3 at 20°C in a container with diameter of 6.5cm.
     
    4. The agricultural composition of any one of the preceding claims wherein the agricultural composition comprises 0.01 - 0.5 wt% of the MEHEC polymer and more than 50 wt% of water.
     
    5. The agricultural composition of any one of the preceding claims wherein the agricultural chemical is a pesticide, preferably selected from the group consisting of a herbicide, a fungicide, and an insecticide, more preferably it is a herbicide, even more preferably it is selected from the group consisting of glyphosate, 2,4-D, and dicamba.
     
    6. A method for reducing spray drift during the spraying of an aqueous solution, the method comprising:

    providing a nonionic MEHEC polymer as defined in any one of claims 1-3;

    combining the MEHEC polymer with at least one agricultural chemical to obtain the aqueous solution; and

    spraying the aqueous solution.


     
    7. The method of claims 6 wherein the agricultural composition comprises 0.01 - 0.5 wt% of the MEHEC polymer and more than 50 wt% of water.
     
    8. The method of claim 6 or 7 wherein the volume of fine droplets of < 150 microns is reduced by > 30%, preferably > 40%, during the spraying of the aqueous solution.
     
    9. The method of any one of claims 6-8 wherein the agricultural chemical is a pesticide, preferably selected from the group consisting of a herbicide, a fungicide, and an insecticide, more preferably the pesticide is a herbicide, even more preferably it is a herbicide selected from the group consisting of glyphosate, 2,4-D, and dicamba.
     
    10. A method for increasing resistance to rain wash off of an aqueous solution sprayed onto a surface, the method comprising:

    providing a nonionic MEHEC polymer as defined in any one of claims 1-3;

    combining the MEHEC polymer with at least one agricultural chemical to obtain the aqueous solution; and

    spraying the aqueous solution onto the surface.


     
    11. The method of claim 10 wherein the agricultural composition comprises 0.01 - 0.5 wt% of the MEHEC polymer and more than 50 wt% of water.
     
    12. The method of claim 10 or 11 wherein the agricultural chemical is a pesticide, preferably selected from the group consisting of a herbicide, a fungicide, and an insecticide, more preferably the pesticide is a herbicide, even more preferably it is a herbicide selected from the group consisting of glyphosate, 2,4-D, and dicamba.
     
    13. The method of any one of claims 10-12 wherein the surface is a plant surface.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Landwirtschaftliche Zusammensetzung mit mindestens einer Agrochemikalie und mindestens einem Celluloseäther,
    wobei der Celluloseäther aus einem nichtionischen MEHEC Polymer mit einem Substitutionsgrad von mehr als 0,3 für Methyl und einem Substitutionsgrad von mehr als 0,2 für Ethyl besteht, und
    wobei die Zusammensetzung weniger als 10 Gew-% Aluminiumsilikat-Mineral enthält.
     
    2. Landwirtschaftliche Zusammensetzung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das MEHEC Polymer eine durchschnittliche Molsubstitution von Ethylenoxid von mehr als 0,8 aufweist.
     
    3. Landwirtschaftliche Zusammensetzung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das MEHEC Polymer eine Viskosität von mehr als 5000 cps gemessen bei 1% in Wasser mit pH=7 unter Einsatz eines Brookfield-Viskosimeters vom Typ LV bei 12 U/min unter Verwendung der Spindel Nummer 3 bei 20°C in einem Behälter mit einem Durchmesser von 6,5 cm aufweist.
     
    4. Landwirtschaftliche Zusammensetzung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die landwirtschaftliche Zusammensetzung 0,01 - 0,5 Gew-% des MEHEC Polymers sowie mehr als 50 Gew-% Wasser umfasst.
     
    5. Landwirtschaftliche Zusammensetzung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die Agrochemikalie ein Pestizid, vorzugsweise ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Herbizid, einem Fungizid und einem Insektizid ist, weiter bevorzugt ein Herbizid ist, noch weiter bevorzugt ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Glyphosat, 2,4-D und Dicamba ist.
     
    6. Verfahren zur Verringerung einer Sprühnebelabdrift während des Sprühens einer wässrigen Lösung, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

    Bereitstellen eines nichtionischen MEHEC Polymers wie in einem der Ansprüche 1 - 3 definiert;

    Kombinieren des MEHEC Polymers mit mindestens einer Agrochemikalie zur Gewinnung der wässrigen Lösung; und

    Sprühen der wässrigen Lösung.


     
    7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, wobei die landwirtschaftliche Zusammensetzung 0,01 - 0,5 Gew-% des MEHEC Polymers und mehr als 50 Gew-% Wasser umfasst.
     
    8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6 oder 7, wobei das Volumen von feinen Tröpfchen von < 150 Mikrometer während des Sprühens der wässrigen Lösung um > 30%, vorzugsweise > 40%, verringert wird.
     
    9. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 6 - 8, wobei die Agrochemikalie ein Pestizid ist, das vorzugsweise aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Herbizid, einem Fungizid und einem Insektizid ausgewählt ist, weiter vorzugsweise das Pestizid ein Herbizid ist, noch weiter bevorzugt ein Herbizid ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Glyphosat, 2,4-D und Dicamba ist.
     
    10. Verfahren zur Erhöhung des Widerstands gegenüber dem Abwaschen einer auf eine Oberfläche gesprühten, wässrigen Lösung durch Regen, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

    Bereitstellen eines nichtionischen MEHEC Polymers wie in einem der Ansprüche 1 - 3 definiert;

    Kombinieren des MEHEC Polymers mit mindestens einer Agrochemikalie zur Gewinnung der wässrigen Lösung; und

    Sprühen der wässrigen Lösung auf die Oberfläche.


     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, wobei die landwirtschaftliche Zusammensetzung 0,01 - 0,5 Gew-% des MEHEC Polymers und mehr als 50 Gew-% Wasser umfasst.
     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10 oder 11, wobei die Agrochemikalie aus einem Pestizid besteht, vorzugsweise ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus einem Herbizid, einem Fungizid und einem Insektizid, weiter vorzugsweise das Pestizid ein Herbizid ist, noch weiter bevorzugt ein Herbizid ausgewählt aus der Gruppe bestehend aus Glyphosat, 2,4-D und Dicamba ist.
     
    13. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 10 - 12, wobei die Oberfläche aus einer Pflanzenoberfläche besteht.
     


    Revendications

    1. Composition agricole comprenant au moins un produit chimique agricole et au moins un éther de cellulose,
    dans laquelle l'éther de cellulose est un polymère MEHEC non ionique ayant un degré de substitution supérieur à 0,3 pour le méthyle, et un degré de substitution supérieur à 0,2 pour l'éthyle, et
    dans laquelle la composition contient moins de 10% en poids de minéral d'aluminosilicate.
     
    2. Composition agricole de la revendication 1, dans laquelle le polymère MEHEC a une substitution molaire moyenne d'oxyde d'éthylène supérieure à 0,8.
     
    3. Composition agricole de l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le polymère MEHEC a une viscosité supérieure à 5000 cps mesurée à 1% dans l'eau à un pH = 7 en utilisant un viscosimètre Brookfield de type LV à 12 tr/min en utilisant une broche numéro 3 à 20°C dans un récipient ayant un diamètre de 6,5 cm.
     
    4. Composition agricole de l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle la composition agricole comprend 0,01 à 0,5% en poids du polymère MEHEC et plus de 50% en poids d'eau.
     
    5. Composition agricole de l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans laquelle le produit chimique agricole est un pesticide, de préférence choisi dans le groupe constitué d'un herbicide, d'un fongicide et d'un insecticide, plus préférablement il est un herbicide, encore plus préférablement il est choisi dans le groupe constitué de glyphosate, de 2,4-D et de dicamba.
     
    6. Procédé de réduction de dérive de pulvérisation lors de la pulvérisation d'une solution aqueuse, le procédé comprenant le fait :

    de fournir un polymère MEHEC non ionique tel que défini dans l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3 ;

    de combiner le polymère MEHEC avec au moins un produit chimique agricole pour obtenir la solution aqueuse ; et

    de pulvériser la solution aqueuse.


     
    7. Procédé de la revendication 6, dans lequel la composition agricole comprend 0,01 à 0,5% en poids du polymère MEHEC et plus de 50% en poids d'eau.
     
    8. Procédé de la revendication 6 ou 7, dans lequel le volume de fines gouttelettes < 150 microns est réduit d'un pourcentage > 30%, de préférence > 40%, lors de la pulvérisation de la solution aqueuse.
     
    9. Procédé de l'une quelconque des revendications 6 à 8, dans lequel le produit chimique agricole est un pesticide, de préférence choisi dans le groupe constitué d'un herbicide, d'un fongicide et d'un insecticide, plus préférablement le pesticide est un herbicide, encore plus préférablement il est un herbicide choisi dans le groupe constitué de glyphosate, de 2,4-D et de dicamba.
     
    10. Procédé d'augmentation de la résistance au lavage par la pluie d'une solution aqueuse pulvérisée sur une surface, le procédé comprenant le fait :

    de fournir un polymère MEHEC non ionique tel que défini dans l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3 ;

    de combiner le polymère MEHEC avec au moins un produit chimique agricole pour obtenir la solution aqueuse ; et

    de pulvériser la solution aqueuse sur la surface.


     
    11. Procédé de la revendication 10, dans lequel la composition agricole comprend 0,01 à 0,5% en poids du polymère MEHEC et plus de 50% en poids d'eau.
     
    12. Procédé de la revendication 10 ou 11, dans lequel le produit chimique agricole est un pesticide, de préférence choisi dans le groupe constitué d'un herbicide, d'un fongicide et d'un insecticide, plus préférablement le pesticide est un herbicide, encore plus préférablement il est un herbicide choisi dans le groupe constitué de glyphosate, de 2,4-D et de dicamba.
     
    13. Procédé de l'une quelconque des revendications 10 à 12, dans lequel la surface est une surface de plante.
     




    Drawing






    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description