(19)
(11)EP 2 971 340 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 14710216.4

(22)Date of filing:  06.03.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
D21F 1/00  (2006.01)
D01F 8/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2014/054307
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/139852 (18.09.2014 Gazette  2014/38)

(54)

MONOFILAMENT YARN FOR A PAPER MACHINE CLOTHING FABRIC

MONOFILGARN FÜR EINE PAPIERMASCHINENBESPANNUNG

FIL MONOFILAMENT POUR UN TISSU D'HABILLAGE DE MACHINE À PAPIER


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 15.03.2013 US 201313835737
09.07.2013 US 201313937845

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.01.2016 Bulletin 2016/03

(73)Proprietor: Voith Patent GmbH
89522 Heidenheim (DE)

(72)Inventors:
  • GOOD, Brian
    Summerville, South Carolina 29483 (US)
  • DHENDE, Vikram
    Summerville, South Carolina 29485 (US)

(74)Representative: Voith Patent GmbH - Patentabteilung 
St. Pöltener Straße 43
89522 Heidenheim
89522 Heidenheim (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 158 710
WO-A1-03/033794
US-A1- 2011 159 762
EP-A1- 2 489 781
US-A- 5 502 120
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION


    1. Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a paper machine clothing fabric, and more particularly, to monofilament yarns used in the paper machine clothing fabric.

    2. Description of the Related Art



    [0002] Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a polymer having good tensile properties, processability and low moisture absorption. PET is used extensively in apparel, home furnishings and industrial applications. Although PET has been utilized in the paper machine clothing (PMC) industry, due to the hostile conditions of the paper manufacturing process the mechanical life of PMC fabrics formed from PET is limited. During the operation of the papermaking machine the hostile conditions, such as mechanical stress, heat and moisture, work to break PET monofilament yarns down, thus shortening the life of a fabric formed from such yarns.

    [0003] Although efforts have been made to increase the life of PMC fabrics formed from PET monofilament yarns, each proposed solution to the problem of low abrasion resistance has its disadvantages. For example, one approach to solving the problem of low abrasion resistance of PET monofilament yarns was to use high molecular weight PET, as evidenced by EP 0 158 710 A1. Other efforts have involved the utilization of various additives to improve the physical properties of PET monofilament yarns, such as abrasion resistance. Each of these proposed solutions, however, requires expensive resin, expensive additives, and/or longer processing times which lead to higher production costs. The documents EP 2 489 781, US 2011/159762, US 5 502 120 and WO 03/033794 disclose related topics.

    [0004] What is needed in the art is a PMC fabric and, more particularly, a PMC fabric yarn having improved or higher abrasion resistance, which is cost effectively produced without the need for additional additives or expensive resin.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] The is directed to a paper machine clothing (PMC) fabric monofilament yarn for use in a PMC fabric. The PMC fabric yarn is formed from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) has a diameter between approximately 0.05 and 0.5 millimeters (mm), in particular between 0.10 and 0.30 mm, and has an abrasion resistance of greater than 6,000 cycles, for example greater than
    10,000 cycles or greater than 15,000 cycles. The PMC fabric yarn formed from PET has an abrasion resistance of between 6,000 and 20,000 cycles. Said PMC fabric monofilament yarn has a maximum shrink force temperature equal to or less than 154,5 °C (310°F).

    [0006] The invention invention in another form provides a paper machine clothing (PMC) fabric including a plurality of monofilament yarns, at least some of the monofilament yarns are monofilamte yarns according to the first aspect of the invention. They are formed from polyethylene terephthalate (PET). The PET monofilament yarns according to the present invention have an abrasion resistance of between approximately 6,000 and 20,000 cycles.

    [0007] The present invention further provides a method of manufacturing a paper machine clothing (PMC) fabric monofilament yarn for use in a PMC fabric including the steps of: melting polyethylene terephthalate (PET); spinning the PET into a filament; and drawing the filament into a monofilament PMC fabric; and processing said yarn in at least one relaxation oven at a temperature less than approximately 160°C (290°F).

    [0008] An advantage of the present invention is the PET monofilament yarns exhibit excellent abrasion resistance without the use of additives or modifications to the molecular weight of the PET resin or the requirement of additional processing steps. Further, the increased abrasion resistance results in a longer life expectancy of the yarns and, thus, the fabric formed from the PET monofilament yarns.

    [0009] An additional advantage of the PET monofilament processed according to the present invention is that the maximum shrink force temperature of the PET monofilament is lowered. The lower shrink force temperature will enable a lower heat set temperature for spiral and woven fabrics which should result in lower energy and production costs.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0010] The above-mentioned and other features and advantages of this invention, and the manner of attaining them, will become more apparent and the invention will be better understood by reference to the following description of embodiments of the invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

    Fig. 1 is a schematic illustration of a portion of a woven PMC fabric according to the present invention;

    Fig. 2 is a partial schematic illustration of a spiral PMC fabric according to the present invention;

    Fig. 3A is a schematic illustration of side view of a spiraled monofilament yarn which may be used with the PMC fabric shown in Fig. 2;

    Fig. 3B is an end view of the monofilament yarn shown in Fig. 3 A; and

    Fig. 4 is a flow chart of a method of manufacturing a PMC fabric yarn for use in a PMC fabric according to the present invention.



    [0011] Corresponding reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views. The exemplifications set out herein illustrate embodiments of the invention and such exemplifications are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the invention in any manner.

    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0012] Referring now to the drawings, and more particularly to Fig. 1, there is shown a woven paper machine clothing (PMC) fabric 10 which generally includes a plurality of monofilament yarns 12. The PMC fabric 10 may also be in the form of a spiral fabric 10, which is illustrated in Fig. 2. At least some of the yarns 12 are formed from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and have an abrasion resistance of between 6,000 and 20,000 cycles. Other physical properties of the PET monofilament yarns formed according to the present invention are similar to those of PET monofilament yarns formed according to the state of the art.

    [0013] Referring now to Figs. 3 A and 3B, there is shown one of the PET monofilament yarns 12 according to the present invention. The inventive PET monofilament yarns 12 are converted into a shaped spiral yarn, as illustrated in Fig. 3 A, using a therm omechanical process. Typically, this process takes place at elevated temperatures. According to the present invention, however, by lowering the process temperatures it is possible to reduce the maximum shrink force temperature of the monofilament. Referring now to Fig. 3B, there is shown an end view of PMC fabric yarn 12 which may be used with the PMC fabrics shown in Figs. 1 and 2.

    [0014] PET monofilaments 12 according to the present invention may have a diameter between approximately 0.05 and 1.00 millimeters (mm), for example 0.55 mm or 0.30 mm.

    [0015] It is feasible to add an additive or multiple additives to improve, for example, the chemical stability, hydrolytic stability or heat stability of the PET monofilament yarns. For example, Stabaxol(R) may be added to the PET in order to improve the hydrolytic stability of PMC monofilaments formed therefrom.

    [0016] Referring now to Fig. 4, there is shown a flow chart of a method 14 of manufacturing PMC fabric yarn 12 according to the present invention. Method 14 according to the present invention generally includes the steps of melting the polyethylene terephthalate (PET) (block 16); spinning the PET into a filament (block 18); and drawing the filament into a monofilament PMC fabric yarn having an abrasion resistance of between approximately 6,000 and 20,000 cycles (block 20). The monofilament formed in the drawing step (block 20) has, for example, a maximum shrink force temperature of equal to or less than approximately 155 degrees centigrade.

    [0017] The drawing step (block 20) of the method of the present invention includes the step of processing the monofilament in at least one relaxation oven at a temperature less than approximately 160°C (320 degrees Fahrenheit), for example less than approximately 143,5°C (290 degrees Fahrenheit) or less than approximately 121,5°C (250 degrees Fahrenheit). This lower relaxation temperature during processing of the PMC monofilament yarns, which is at least 16.7 °C (30 degrees Fahrenheit) less than the state of the art, yields an unexpected result in the form of improved abrasion resistance over PET monofilaments processed according to the known art.

    Example



    [0018] The PET yarn was produced using the conditions listed in table 1. The 0.72 IV PET resin was commercially available.
    Table 1: Monofilament process conditions used to produce the samples listed in Table 2.
    ParameterStandard PETModified PET #1Modified PET #3Modified PET #3
    Extruder TypeSingleSingleSingleSingle
    Extruder Temperature - Zone 1 277 °C (530 °F) 277 °C (530 °F) 277 °C (530 °F) 277 °C (530 °F)
    Extruder Temperature - Zones 2 and 3 282°C (540 °F) 282 °C (540 °F) 282°C (540 °F) 282°C (540 °F)
    Extruder Temperature - Zone 4 277 °C (530 °F) 277 °C (530 °F) 277 °C (530 °F) 277 °C (530 °F)
    Die Temperatures -All Zones 277 °C (530 °F) 277 °C (530 °F) 277 °C (530 °F) 277 °C (530 °F)
    Quench Tank Temperature 60°C (140 °F) 60 °C (140 °F) 60 °C (140 °F) 60 °C (140 °F)
    Oven #1 Temperature 97 °C (206 °F) 97 °C (206 °F) 97 °C (206 °F) 97 °C (206 °F)
    Relaxation Oven #1 Temperature 179 °C (355 °F) 120 °C (248 °F) 141°C (286 °F) 160°C (320 °F)
    Relaxation Oven #2 Temperature 179 °C (355 °F) 120 °C (248 °F) 141°C (286 °F) 160°C (320 °F)
    1st Draw Ratio 4.35 4.35 4.35 4.35
    2nd Draw Ratio 1.16 1.16 1.16 1.16
    3rd Draw Ratio 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95


    [0019] Table 2 shows the comparison of the physical properties of the PET monofilament yarns produced with a standard process and modified processes. The target diameter of the monofilament was 0.55 millimeter. ASTM D2256-97 method was used to carry out the tensile testing of the yarns. The test utilized to determine abrasion resistance consisted of the squirrel cage method, which includes a rotating drum of metal wires which are positioned perpendicular to the polymer strands. A pretension (load 500 grams for 0.55 millimeter diameter yarn and 350 grams for 0.30 millimeter diameter yarn) is used on each polymer strand prior to starting the drum. One end of the monofilament is fixed and the other end is tied to a weight to normalize the monofilament pretension. For example, a 350 gram weight is used to pretension a 0.30 mm diameter yarn. The typical pretension is around 3,15 grams per tex (0.35 g/denier) for monofilaments up to 0.50 mm. The monofilament comes in contact with about a quarter of the drum. The test begins by rotating the drum at 60 rpm. The metal wires on the rotating drum continuously abrade the strand and the number of cycles required to break the strand completely is quantified as an abrasion resistance of the yarn.

    [0020] The maximum shrink force temperature of the monofilament is estimated using a Lenzing TST2 Machine. The yarn was mounted on the tester with one end fixed by a clamp and the other end pretensioned (0.01 gram per decitex) before the other end of the yarn was clamped to maintain the pretension prior to the start of the test. The distance between the clamps in this case was 33 cm (13 inches). The mounted yarn was heated on the tester in a closed environment from 50 degrees centigrade to 240 degrees centigrade with a heating rate of 8 degrees centigrade per minute. The development of the shrink force of the yarn was measured as a function of temperature by the machine. The temperature was then noted where the maximum shrink force value was observed on a shrink force curve. The maximum shrink force temperature of the PET monofilaments according to the present invention is equal to or less than approximately 311 degrees Fahrenheit (155 degrees C).
    Table 2: Comparison of yarn properties of standard PET and process modified PET
     Standard PET 0.55 mmProcess Modified PET 0.55 mmProcess Modified PET 0.55 mmProcess Modified PET 0.55 mm
    Tenacity (g/den) 4.08 3.85 3.93 3.95
    Shrinkage (176°C/5min) 13.3 17.6 17.6 14.6
    Elongation (%) 20.53 23.62 19.31 19.19
    Abrasion Resistance - # of cycle to break 5,000 19,000 6,800 5,200
    Max Shrink Force (g) 491.0 616.4 302.9 513.7
    Max Shrink Force 166 °C 129 °C 149°C 154°C
    temperature in °C (°F) (330 °F) (265 °F) (300 °F) (310 °F)

    Example 2



    [0021] The PET yarn was produced using the conditions listed in Table 3 below. The 0.95 IV PET resin was commercially available.
    Table 3: Monofilament process conditions used to produce the samples listed in Table 4 below.
    ParameterStandard PETProcess Modified PET
    Extruder Type Single Single
    Extruder Temperature -Zone 1 288 °C (550°F) 288 °C (550°F)
    Extruder Temperature -Zones 2 and 3 296 °C (565°F) 296 °C (565°F)
    Extruder Temperature -Zone 4 296 °C (565°F) 296 °C (565°F)
    Die Temperatures -All Zones 296 °C (565°F) 296 °C (565°F)
    Quench Tank Temperature 60 °C (140°F) 60 °C (140°F)
    Oven #1 Temperature 93 °C (200°F) 93 °C (200°F)
    Relaxation Oven #1 Temperature 188 °C (370°F) 120 °C (248 °F)
    Relaxation Oven #2 Temperature 177 °C (350°F) 120 °C (248 °F)
    1st Draw Ratio 4.10 4.10
    2nd Draw Ratio 1.30 1.30
    3rd Draw Ratio 0.94 0.94
    Table 4: Comparison of yarn properties of standard PET and process modified PET
     Standard PET 0.30 mmProcess Modified PET 0.30 mm
    Tenacity (g/den) 5.34 4.87
    Shrinkage (176°C/5min) 15.10 21.10
    Elongation (%) 17.01 19.18
    Abrasion Resistance - # of cycle to break 5,700 18,000


    [0022] Table 4 shows the comparison of the physical properties of the PET monofilament yarns produced with the standard process and with the inventive modified process. The target diameter of the monofilament was 0.30 millimeter. Tensile properties and abrasion resistance of the samples were measured by the same test methods as those described above with respect to Example 1.

    [0023] While this invention has been described with respect to at least one embodiment, the present invention can be further modified within the spirit and scope of this disclosure. This application is therefore intended to cover any variations, uses, or adaptations of the invention using its general principles. Further, this application is intended to cover such departures from the present disclosure as come within known or customary practice in the art to which this invention pertains and which fall within the limits of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A paper machine clothing (PMC) fabric monofilament yarn for use in a PMC fabric, said PMC fabric monofilament yarn having a composition comprised of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), said PET fabric monofilament yarn having a diameter between approximately 0.05 and 0.5 millimeters (mm), in particular between 0.10 and 0.30 mm, and an abrasion resistance of greater than 6,000 cycles where said abrasion resistance of said PET fabric monofilament yarn is measured according to a squirrel cage method, said PET fabric yarn being measured under a pretension of approximately 3,15 grams per tex (0.35 g per denier) and wherein said PMC fabric monofilament yarn has a maximum shrink force temperature equal to or less than 154,5 °C (310°F).
     
    2. The PMC fabric monofilament yarn according to claim 1, further comprising at least one additive to improve at least one of a chemical stability, a hydrolytic stability and a heat stability of said PMC fabric monofilament yarn.
     
    3. A paper machine clothing (PMC) fabric including a plurality of monofilament yarns, at least some of said monofilament yarns being monofilament yarns according to one of the claims 1 or 2.
     
    4. The PMC fabric according to claim 3, wherein the PMC fabric is one of a woven fabric and a spiral fabric.
     
    5. A method of manufacturing a paper machine clothing (PMC) fabric monofilament yarn according to one of the claims 1 or 2, said method comprising the steps of: melting polyethylene terephthalate (PET); spinning the PET into a filament; drawing the filament into a monofilament PMC fabric yarn and processing said yarn in at least one relaxation oven at a temperature less than approximately 160°C (320 °F) in particular less than approximately 143,5°C (290 °F), more particular less than approximately 121,5°C (250 °F) .
     
    6. The method according to claim 5, wherein the monofilament of said drawing step has a maximum shrink force temperature of equal to or less than approximately 154,5°C (310°F).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Papiermaschinenbespannung(PMB)-Monofilgarn zur Verwendung in einer PMB-Struktur, wobei das PMB-Monofilgarn eine aus Polyethylenterephthalat (PET) bestehende Zusammensetzung aufweist, wobei das PET-Monofilgarn einen Durchmesser zwischen etwa 0,05 und 0,5 Millimeter (mm), insbesondere zwischen 0,10 und 0,30 mm, und eine Abriebfestigkeit von mehr als 6.000 Zyklen aufweist, wobei die Abriebfestigkeit des PET-Monofilgarns nach einer Squirrel-Cage-Methode gemessen wird, wobei das PET-Garn unter einer Vorspannung von etwa 3,15 Gramm pro Tex (0,35 g pro Denier) gemessen wird, und wobei das PMB-Monofilgarn eine maximale Schrumpfkrafttemperatur von gleich oder kleiner als 154,5 °C (310 °F) aufweist.
     
    2. PMB-Monofilgarn nach Anspruch 1, das ferner mindestens ein Additiv umfasst, um eine chemische Stabilität, eine hydrolytische Stabilität und/oder eine Wärmestabilität des PMB-Monofilgarns zu verbessern.
     
    3. Papiermaschinenbespannung (PMB), die eine Mehrzahl von Monofilgarnen aufweist, wobei es sich bei mindestens einigen der Monofilgarne um Monofilgarne nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2 handelt.
     
    4. PMB nach Anspruch 3, wobei die PMB entweder eine gewobene Struktur oder eine Spiralstruktur ist.
     
    5. Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Papiermaschinenbespannung(PMB)-Monofilgarns nach einem der Ansprüche 1 oder 2, wobei das Verfahren die Schritte umfasst: Schmelzen von Polyethylenterephthalat (PET); Verspinnen des PET zu einem Filament; Ziehen des Filaments zu einem PMB-Monofilgarn und Verarbeiten des Garns in mindestens einem Entspannungsofen bei einer Temperatur von weniger als 160 °C (320 °F), insbesondere von weniger als 143,5 °C (290 °F), weiter insbesondere von weniger als 121,5 °C (250 °F).
     
    6. Verfahren nach Anspruch 5, wobei das Monofil des Ziehschritts eine maximale Schrumpfkrafttemperatur von gleich oder kleiner als etwa 154,5 °C (310 °F) aufweist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Fil monofilament de tissu d'habillage de machine à papier (PMC) pour une utilisation dans un tissu de PMC, ledit fil monofilament de tissu de PMC possédant une composition composée de poly(téréphtalate d'éthylène) (PET), ledit fil monofilament de tissu de PET possédant un diamètre compris entre 0,05 et 0,5 millimètre (mm), en particulier entre 0,10 et 0,30 mm, et une résistance à l'abrasion supérieure à 6 000 cycles, ladite résistance à l'abrasion dudit fil monofilament de tissu de PET étant mesurée selon un procédé à cage d'écureuil, ledit fil de tissu de PET étant mesuré sous une pré-tension d'approximativement 3,15 grammes par tex (0,35 g par denier) et ledit fil monofilament de tissu de PMC possédant une température maximale de force de rétractation inférieure ou égale à 154,5 °C (310 °F).
     
    2. Film monofilament de tissu de PMC selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre au moins un additif pour améliorer au moins une caractéristique dudit fil monofilament de tissu de PMC parmi une stabilité chimique, une stabilité à l'hydrolyse et une stabilité à la chaleur.
     
    3. Tissu d'habillage de machine à papier (PMC) comprenant une pluralité de fils monofilaments, au moins certains desdits fils monofilaments étant des fils monofilaments selon l'une des revendications 1 et 2.
     
    4. Tissu de PMC selon la revendication 3, le tissu de PMC étant un tissu parmi un tissu tissé et un tissu en spirale.
     
    5. Procédé de fabrication d'un fil monofilament de tissu d'habillage de machine à papier (PMC) selon l'une des revendications 1 et 2, ledit procédé comprenant les étapes de : fusion de poly(téréphtalate d'éthylène) (PET) ; filage du PET en un filament ; tirage du filament en un fil de tissu de PMC monofilament et traitement dudit fil dans au moins un four de relaxation à une température inférieure à approximativement 160 °C (320 °F) en particulier inférieure à approximativement 143,5 °C (290 °F), plus particulièrement inférieure à approximativement 121,5 °C (250 °F) .
     
    6. Procédé selon la revendication 5, le monofilament de ladite étape de tirage possédant une température maximale de force de rétractation inférieure ou égale à approximativement 154,5 °C (310 °F).
     




    Drawing












    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description