(19)
(11)EP 2 972 088 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
06.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/19

(21)Application number: 14769560.5

(22)Date of filing:  12.03.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G01C 21/20  (2006.01)
H04W 4/33  (2018.01)
G01L 27/00  (2006.01)
G01S 5/02  (2010.01)
H04W 4/02  (2018.01)
G01C 5/06  (2006.01)
G01S 19/48  (2010.01)
G01C 25/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2014/024002
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/150693 (25.09.2014 Gazette  2014/39)

(54)

DISTRIBUTED BAROMETER NETWORK TO ASSIST IN INDOOR NAVIGATION

VERTEILTES BAROMETERNETZWERK ZUR UNTERSTÜTZUNG VON INNENRAUMNAVIGATION

RÉSEAU BAROMÉTRIQUE DISTRIBUÉ POUR ASSISTANCE À LA NAVIGATION EN INTÉRIEUR


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 15.03.2013 US 201361792166 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.01.2016 Bulletin 2016/03

(73)Proprietor: Robert Bosch GmbH
70442 Stuttgart (DE)

(72)Inventor:
  • GEMELLI, Marcellino
    Mountain View, CA 94040 (US)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2009/041846
WO-A2-2012/065184
JP-A- 2004 045 274
US-A1- 2012 072 110
US-B1- 6 434 485
WO-A2-2008/148794
JP-A- 2000 283 775
US-A1- 2007 093 962
US-A1- 2012 182 180
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field



    [0001] This disclosure relates to methods and systems for determining altitude, and particularly to a method and system of calibrating an altimeter to a reference pressure for use with an indoor navigation system.

    Background



    [0002] Altimeters are used to determine an altitude above a reference level, typically the mean sea level or the standard sea level. One type of altimeter determines altitude based on a measurement of atmospheric pressure. This type of altimeter is referred to as a pressure altimeter or a barometric altimeter. Atmospheric pressure is a suitable medium for determining altitude because, as altitude increases the atmospheric pressure decreases at a known rate.

    [0003] Atmospheric pressure is influenced by factors including weather fronts and temperature; accordingly, before each use pressure altimeters are calibrated or aligned to a reference pressure that corresponds to a known altitude. For example, a pressure altimeter in an aircraft in flight is regularly adjusted to local sea level pressure in order to achieve a suitably accurate altitude reading.

    [0004] When using a pressure altimeter to determine altitude as part of an indoor navigation system, the pressure altimeter should be calibrated to a trusted reference pressure and an associated known altitude that is as close as possible to the navigation site. Weather stations, schools, and airports are typically used as sources of trusted and reliable reference pressures and known altitudes. Problematically, these sources of trusted data are often far enough from the indoor navigation site that the atmospheric pressure at the navigation site is different from the atmospheric pressure at the source site. Additionally, in some situations the atmospheric pressure is different outside of a building as compared to the pressure inside of the building. Often, the difference in pressure is caused by heating, ventilation, and cooling equipment ("HVAC") associated with the building, for example. Accordingly, the differences in atmospheric pressure described above, typically result in an improperly calibrated pressure altimeter that generates inaccurate indoor navigation results.

    [0005] US2012072110 A1 discloses that a reference altitude and a reference pressure associated with an access point in indoor environment are received at a network device via a communication network, and the position of the network device in the indoor environment is determined based on the altitude of the navigation device and location information received from the access point.

    [0006] Therefore, it is desirable to provide a method and a system for determining a suitable reference pressure and associated known altitude to calibrate a pressure altimeter to be used with an indoor navigation system.

    Summary



    [0007] The present invention is defined by the appended independent claims 1 and 11. According to one embodiment of the disclosure a navigation device includes a pressure sensor, a radio, a memory including program instructions, and a controller operably connected to the pressure sensor, the radio, and the memory and configured to execute the program instructions to receive at least one signal from a reference beacon of a plurality of beacons, determine a reference relationship curve correction based upon the received at least one signal, and determine an altitude of the navigation device based upon (i) the reference relationship curve correction, and (ii) a signal from the pressure sensor.

    [0008] According to another exemplary embodiment of the disclosure, a method of determining an altitude of a navigation device, includes receiving with a navigation device at least one signal from a reference beacon of a plurality of beacons; determining with a controller of the navigation device a reference relationship curve correction based upon the received at least one signal; and determining with the controller an altitude of the navigation device using (i) the reference relationship curve correction, and (ii) a signal from a pressure sensor of the navigation device.

    Brief Description of the Figures



    [0009] The above-described features and advantages, as well as others, should become more readily apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art by reference to the following detailed description and the accompanying figures in which:

    FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a navigation device that includes a pressure altimeter;

    FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a multilevel indoor navigation site and its surrounding area, the block diagram is not shown to scale;

    FIG. 3 is a flowchart illustrating a method of operating the navigation device of FIG. 1; and

    FIG. 4 is a graph depicting atmospheric pressure versus altitude.


    Detailed Description



    [0010] For the purpose of promoting an understanding of the principles of the disclosure, reference will now be made to the embodiments illustrated in the drawings and described in the following written specification. It is understood that no limitation to the scope of the disclosure is thereby intended. It is further understood that the present disclosure includes any alterations and modifications to the illustrated embodiments and includes further applications of the principles of the disclosure as would normally occur to one skilled in the art to which this disclosure pertains.

    [0011] As shown in FIG. 1, a navigation device 100 includes a display 104, an input device 108, a radio 112, and an altimeter 116 each of which is connected to a controller 120. The navigation device 100 is typically a cellular phone, a smartphone, a tablet computer, or the like. In some embodiments, the navigation device 100 is a dedicated electronic navigation tool.

    [0012] The display 104 is liquid crystal display that is configured to display text, images, and other visually comprehensible data. In another embodiment, the display 104 is any display as desired by those of ordinary skill in the art, including, but not limited to, an active-matrix organic light-emitting diode display.

    [0013] The input device 108 is a touchscreen applied over the display 104. The input device 108 is configured to respond to the touch of a user's finger or a stylus. The input device 108 is configured to enable a user to enter text data and to manipulate objects shown on the display 104. In another embodiment, the input device 108 is a keyboard or any device configured to generate an input signal, as desired by those of ordinary skill in the art.

    [0014] The radio 112, which is also referred to as a wireless transmitter and receiver, is operably connected to the controller 120 and is configured to wirelessly send and receive electronic data via a cellular network, a wireless local area network ("Wi-Fi"), a personal area network, and/or any other wireless network. Accordingly, the radio 112 is compatible with any desired wireless communication standard or protocol including, but not limited to, IEEE 802.11, IEEE 802.15.1 ("Bluetooth"), Global System for Mobiles ("GSM"), and Code Division Multiple Access ("CDMA"). Additionally, in at least some embodiments, the radio 112 includes a GPS receiver and/or is otherwise configured to receive signals and determine its position on the Earth using a satellite navigation system, such as the Global Positioning System ("GPS").

    [0015] The altimeter 116 includes a pressure sensor 124 and is operably connected to the controller 120. The altimeter 116 is configured to generate an electrical signal based on a present altitude of the navigation device 100 by sensing the atmospheric / barometric pressure in the area near the navigation device. The altimeter 116 is further configured to be calibrated (or aligned) with a known reference atmospheric pressure and a known altitude that is associated with the known reference atmospheric pressure. The altimeter 116 includes electronic circuitry (not shown) that is configured to calculate its present altitude based on a known relationship between (i) the sensed atmospheric pressure, (ii) the known reference atmospheric pressure, and (iii) the known altitude that is associated with the known reference atmospheric pressure.

    [0016] The controller 120 includes at least a processor (not shown) and a memory 122 configured to store program instructions (i.e. software). The controller 120 is operably connected to the memory 122 and is configured to execute the program instructions for operating the components connected thereto, such as the display 104, the input device 108, the radio 112, and the altimeter 116. In particular, the controller 120 is configured to cause the display 104 to show a map of the region in which the navigation device 100 is located and to display the altitude of the navigation device.

    [0017] A power supply (not shown) supplies the controller 120 and the components connected thereto with electrical power. In one embodiment, the power supply is a battery, such as a lithium-ion battery or any other battery, as desired by those of ordinary skill in the art.

    [0018] In operation, the navigation device 100 is configured to calibrate the altimeter using a selected beacon (the details of which are described below) that is likely to supply the most accurate reference atmospheric pressure and reference altitude available to the navigation device based on the current position of the navigation device.

    [0019] With reference to FIG. 2, an exemplary setting 200 is depicted that includes a four story building 204, a left cell phone tower 208, a right cell phone tower 212, a school 216, and an airport 220. The setting 200 is in a location that has access to the internet 224. An exemplary data server 228 is shown as being connected to the internet 224.

    [0020] The building 204 is an exemplary multistory building, such as an office tower, a hospital, a government building, a commercial shopping center, or any other structure in which a user desires indoor navigation assistance from the navigation device 100. The building 204 includes a Wi-Fi hotspot 232 located on a first floor of the building and another Wi-Fi hotspot 236 located on a fourth floor of the building. The hotspots 232, 236 enable the navigation device 100 to connect to the internet 224 via a wired or a wireless connection.

    [0021] Each hotspot 232, 236 includes a barometer unit 240, 244 that is configured to sense the atmospheric pressure in the region surrounding the hotspot. In particular, the hotspot 232 measures the atmospheric pressure on the first floor of the building 204, and the hotspot 236 measures the atmospheric pressure on the fourth floor of the building. The barometers units 240, 244 are at least sensitive enough to determine a difference in atmospheric pressure between the first and fourth floors of the building 204 (an altitude difference of approximately ten meters). The hotspots 232, 236 wirelessly broadcast the atmospheric pressures as sensed by the barometer units 240, 244 autonomously and continuously in approximately real time.

    [0022] The cell phone tower 208 includes a barometer unit 248 configured to sense the atmospheric pressure in the region surrounding the cell phone tower 208. The cell phone tower 208 is a typical cellular communication tower except that in addition to sending and receiving cellular signals, the cell phone tower 208 broadcasts the atmospheric pressure sensed by the barometer unit 248 in approximately real time.

    [0023] The cell phone tower 212 includes a barometer unit 252 configured to sense the atmospheric pressure in the region surrounding the cell phone tower 212. The cell phone tower 212 is a typical cellular communication tower except that in addition to sending and receiving cellular signals, the cell phone tower 212 broadcasts the atmospheric pressure sensed by the barometer unit 252 in approximately real time. The cell phone tower 212 is located farther from the building 204 than the cell phone tower 208. For example, the cell phone tower 208 is located three kilometers from the building 204, and the cell phone tower 212 is located six kilometers from the building 204.

    [0024] The school 216 is an example of a structure that typically includes an internet-connected weather station. In particular, the school 216 includes a barometer unit 256 that is configured to sense the atmospheric pressure in the region surrounding the school. The barometer unit 256 is connected to the internet 224, and the atmospheric pressure sensed by the barometer unit is uploaded to an internet server in approximately real time. The school 216 is located farther from the building 204 than the cell phone tower 212. For example, the school 216 is located approximately ten kilometers from the building 204.

    [0025] The airport 220 is another example of a structure that typically includes an internet-connected weather station. The airport 220 includes a barometer unit 260 that is configured to sense the atmospheric pressure in the region surrounding the airport. The barometer unit 260 is connected to the internet 224, and the atmospheric pressure sensed by the barometer unit is uploaded to an internet server in approximately real time. The airport 220 is located farther from the building 204 than the school 256. For example, the airport 220 is located approximately fifteen kilometers from the building 204.

    [0026] In the exemplary setting 200 of FIG. 2, the navigation device 100 is positioned on the fourth floor of the building 204. In order to serve as a navigation device 100 within the building 204, the navigation device determines on which floor of the building it is located, and then it displays a floor plan of that floor and the user's position on that particular floor on the display 104. To determine on which floor the navigation device 100 currently located it compares its present altitude with known altitudes of each floor; accordingly, it is typically desirable for the altimeter 116 to be accurately calibrated.

    [0027] As shown in FIG. 3, the navigation device 100 uses the method 300, which is stored in the memory 122 or on the internet 224 (FIG. 2) to calibrate the altimeter 116. In block 304, the navigation device 100 wirelessly receives broadcast signals from nearby beacons. The term "beacon," as used herein, refers to a device that broadcasts a signal that includes at least atmospheric pressure data. In the setting 200 of FIG. 2, the left cell tower 208, the right cell tower 212, the first floor hotspot 232, and the fourth floor hotspot 236 are beacons. Also, in at least one embodiment, the school 216 and the airport 220 are considered beacons since the atmospheric pressure data that they collect is available via a connection to the internet 224.

    [0028] Next in block 308, the navigation device 100 determines a selected beacon by determining which of the beacons is nearest to the navigation device. The navigation device determines the distance between itself and each beacon using any distance determining method, as desired by those of ordinary skill in the art. An exemplary distance determining method includes determining location data of the navigation device 100 using a GPS position of the navigation device 100 to a GPS location of each beacon. The location data of the beacons is typically stored in a data server 228 that may be queried by the radio 112 or otherwise available through the internet 224. Another exemplary distance determining method includes using algorithms based on the signal strength of the beacons that broadcast a wireless signal. Alternatively, in another embodiment, the user chooses the selected beacon by viewing the available beacons as shown on the display 104 and then using the input device 108 to choose the selected beacon. In the exemplary setting 200, the selected beacon is the fourth floor hotspot 236, since this beacon is closest to the location of the navigation device 100.

    [0029] After determining the selected beacon, next in block 312, the navigation device 100 receives reference pressure data broadcast by the selected beacon. Since the selected beacon is the nearest beacon to the navigation device 100, the pressure data broadcast by the selected beacon provides the best available reference atmospheric pressure data.

    [0030] In block 316, next the navigation device 100 determines the reference altitude corresponding to the reference atmospheric pressure broadcast by the selected beacon. To determine the reference altitude, the navigation device 100 receives the "name" of the beacon from the broadcast signal, establishes a communication link with the data server 228 using the radio 112, and then queries the data server 228 (or another localization service, such as Google Maps) via a wireless connection to the internet 224. The data server 228 includes reference altitude data for the selected beacon. The navigation device 100 downloads the reference altitude data for the selected beacon and uses the data as the reference altitude.

    [0031] Next, in block 320 and with reference to FIG. 4, after having determined a reference pressure and a corresponding reference altitude, the navigation device 100 calibrates the altimeter 116. As used herein the terms "calibrating" and "aligning" include determining the position of a reference relationship curve on the graph of FIG. 4. As an example, a relationship corresponding to an exemplary period of "low" atmospheric pressure and a relationship corresponding to an exemplary period of "high" atmospheric pressure are shown. The difference in pressure between the curves is exaggerated in FIG. 4, for clarity of explanation. The navigation device 100 calibrates the altimeter by "aligning" the reference relationship curve with the point on the graph that corresponds to the reference pressure and the reference altitude. In one embodiment, the navigation device 100 determines at least one pressure factor, which also referred to herein as a curve correction, that is used to scale or to bias the reference relationship curve into alignment with the reference pressure and the reference altitude.

    [0032] After the altimeter 116 is calibrated the navigation device 100 is ready to determine its present altitude and the location of the user within the building 204 including the floor on which the user (and the navigation device) is located. The present altitude of the navigation device 100 is determined based upon the reference relationship curve correction and the pressure sensed by the pressure sensor 124, which provides device pressure data.

    [0033] The method 300 results in a more accurately calibrated altimeter 116 than a calibration method that uses a reference atmospheric pressure and a reference altitude originating from a location far removed from the navigation device 100. For example, instead of performing the method 300, the navigation device 100 could have queried the internet 224 to receive a reference atmospheric pressure and a reference altitude as determined by the airport 260. The airport 260, however, is located many kilometers from the navigation device 100 and it is likely that due to local weather conditions (and other factors) the atmospheric pressure is at least slightly different at the building 204, thereby resulting in a less accurately calibrated altimeter.

    [0034] Additionally, method 300 results in a very accurately calibrated altimeter 116 when the reference atmospheric pressure is measured in the same interior space as the navigation device 100, since the reference atmospheric pressure accounts for indoor pressure fluctuations caused by such things as open windows and heating, ventilation, and cooling equipment (i.e. HVAC equipment).

    [0035] Furthermore, the method 300 typically results in an altimeter 116 that is calibrated more accurately than an altimeter that is calibrated using crowd sensing. In crowd sensing the sensor to be calibrated relies on data from sensors built into consumer devices whose users voluntarily decide to broadcast the sensor data (including atmospheric pressure). The performance and location of these devices are not typically audited or certified, and therefore the accuracy of the data from these sources is questionable and not suitable for indoor navigation.

    [0036] In another embodiment, the beacons broadcast atmospheric pressure from a barometer unit located remotely from the broadcast beacon. For example, the right cell phone tower 212 if not equipped with the barometer unit 252 could broadcast the atmospheric pressure data of the barometer unit 256 located at the school 216. In this situation, the navigation device 100 queries the internet 224 to determine the position and altitude of the barometer unit 256 and not the position and altitude of the cell phone tower 212.

    [0037] In yet another embodiment, the beacons transmit the atmospheric pressure data to the data server 228 instead of broadcasting the atmospheric pressure data directly to the navigation device 100. In this embodiment, the navigation device 100 receives the reference atmospheric pressure and the reference altitude from the data server 228.

    [0038] While the disclosure has been illustrated and described in detail in the drawings and foregoing description, the same should be considered as illustrative and not restrictive in character. It is understood that only the preferred embodiments have been presented and that all changes, modifications and further applications that come within the scope of the disclosure are desired to be protected.


    Claims

    1. A navigation device (100), comprising:

    a) an altimeter (116) including a pressure sensor (124);

    b) a radio (112);

    c) a memory (122) including program instructions; and

    d) a controller (120) operably connected to the pressure sensor, the radio, and the memory and configured to execute the program instructions to

    1.1 receive at (304) least one signal broadcasted from a beacon selected by determining which beacon is nearest to the navigation device as a reference beacon of a plurality of beacons (208, 212, 232, 236; 216, 220), the signal from the reference beacon including the best available reference atmospheric pressure data, and to determine (316) the reference altitude corresponding to the best available reference atmospheric pressure data broadcast by the reference beacon;

    1.2 determine (320) a reference relationship curve correction based upon the received at least one signal, the reference relationship curve correction including calibrating the altimeter by aligning of a reference relationship curve describing the relationship between atmospheric pressure and altitude with a point on the graph that corresponds to the best available reference atmospheric pressure data and the reference altitude, and

    1.3 determine (320) an altitude of the navigation device based upon (i) the corrected reference relationship curve, and (ii) a pressure signal from the pressure sensor.


     
    2. The navigation device of claim 1, wherein the at least one signal from the reference beacon further includes the reference altitude data.
     
    3. The navigation device of claim 1, wherein the controller is further configured to execute the program instructions to:

    establish a communication link with a data server using the radio;

    query the data server to determine a reference altitude of the reference beacon;

    obtain reference altitude data from the data server through the communication link; and

    determine the reference relationship curve correction based upon the reference altitude data.


     
    4. The navigation device of claim 1, further comprising:

    a display operably connected to the controller,

    wherein the controller is further configured to execute the program instructions to:

    display a listing of the beacons of the plurality of beacons on the display, and

    reference a beacon of the plurality of beacons that is selected by a user of the navigation device as the reference beacon.


     
    5. The navigation device of claim 1, wherein the controller is further configured to execute the program instructions to:

    calculate a distance of each of the beacons of the plurality of beacons from the navigation device; and

    select the beacon of the plurality of beacons that is nearest to the navigation device as said reference beacon.


     
    6. The navigation device of claim 5, wherein the controller is further configured to execute the program instructions to:

    determine device location data of the navigation device;

    establish a communication link with a data server using the radio;

    query the data server to determine a location of each of the beacons of the plurality of beacons;

    obtain beacon location data from the data server through the communication link; and

    calculate the distance of each of the beacons of the plurality of beacons from the navigation device based upon the device location data and the beacon location data.


     
    7. The navigation device of claim 6, wherein:

    the radio includes a GPS receiver; and

    wherein the controller is further configured to execute the program instructions to determine the device location data based upon signals received by the GPS receiver.


     
    8. The navigation device of claim 1, wherein the controller is further configured to execute the program instructions to scale an altitude formula based upon the reference relationship curve correction.
     
    9. The navigation device of claim 1, wherein the controller is further configured to execute the program instructions to:

    determine device pressure data from the signal from the pressure sensor of the navigation device; and

    calculate an altitude of the navigation device based upon the scaled altitude formula and the device pressure data.


     
    10. The navigation device of claim 9, wherein the signal from the pressure sensor of the navigation device is based upon a barometric pressure.
     
    11. A method of determining an altitude of a navigation device comprising an altimeter, comprising:

    1.1 receiving at (304) least one signal broadcastedfrom a beacon selected by determining which of the beacons is nearest to the navigation device as a reference beacon of a plurality of beacons (208, 212, 232, 236; 216, 220), the signal from the reference beacon including the best available reference atmospheric pressure data, and determining (316) the reference altitude corresponding to the best available reference atmospheric pressure data broadcast by the reference beacon;

    1.2 determining (320) a reference relationship curve correction based upon the received at least one signal, the reference relationship curve correction including calibrating the altimeter by aligning of a reference relationship curve describing the relationship between atmospheric pressure and altitude with a point on the graph that corresponds to the best available reference atmospheric pressure data and the reference altitude, and

    1.3 determining (320) an altitude of the navigation device based upon (i) the corrected reference relationship curve, and (ii) a pressure signal from the pressure sensor.


     
    12. The method of claim 11, wherein the at least one signal from the reference beacon further includes the reference altitude data.
     
    13. The method of claim 11, further comprising:

    establishing a communication link with a data server using the navigation device;

    querying the data server to determine a reference altitude of the reference beacon;

    obtaining reference altitude data from the data server through the communication link; and

    determining the reference relationship curve correction based upon the reference altitude data.


     
    14. The method of claim 11, further comprising:

    displaying a listing of the beacons of the plurality of beacons on a display of the navigation device; and

    referencing a beacon of the plurality of beacons that is selected by a user of the navigation device as the reference beacon.


     
    15. The method of claim 11, further comprising:

    determining a distance of each of the beacons of the plurality of beacons from the navigation device; and

    selecting the beacon of the plurality of beacons that is nearest to the navigation device.


     
    16. The method of claim 15, wherein the determining a distance of each of the beacons includes:

    determining device location data of the navigation device;

    establishing a communication link with a data server using the navigation device;

    querying the data server to determine a location of each of the beacons of the plurality of beacons;

    obtaining beacon location data from the data server through the communication link; and

    calculating the distance of each of the beacons of the plurality of beacons from the navigation device based upon the device location data and the beacon location data.


     
    17. The method of claim 11, further comprising:
    scaling an altitude formula based upon the reference relationship curve correction.
     
    18. The method of claim 11, further comprising:

    determining device pressure data from the signal from the pressure sensor of the navigation device; and

    calculating an altitude of the navigation device based upon the scaled altitude formula and the device pressure data.


     
    19. The method of claim 18, wherein the signal from the pressure sensor of the navigation device is based upon a barometric pressure.
     
    20. The method of claim 11, wherein a user selects the reference beacon of the plurality of beacons using a touchscreen of the navigation device.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Navigationsvorrichtung (100), die Folgendes umfasst:

    a) einen Höhenmesser (116), der einen Drucksensor (124) enthält;

    b) ein Funkmodul (112);

    c) einen Speicher (122), der Programmanweisungen enthält; und

    d) eine Steuereinheit (120), die mit dem Drucksensor, dem Funkmodul und dem Speicher betriebstechnisch verbunden ist und konfiguriert ist, die Programmanweisungen auszuführen zum

    1.1 Empfangen (304) mindestens eines Signals, das von einer Bake übertragen wurde, die durch Bestimmen, welche Bake am nächsten zu der Navigationsvorrichtung liegt, als eine Bezugsbake mehrerer Baken (208, 212, 232, 236; 216, 220) gewählt wurde, wobei das Signal von der Bezugsbake die besten verfügbaren Umgebungsdruckdaten enthält, und Bestimmen (316) der Bezugshöhe, die den besten verfügbaren Umgebungsdruckdaten, die durch die Bezugsbake übertragen wurden, entspricht;

    1.2 Bestimmen (320) einer Bezugsbeziehungskurvenkorrektur auf der Grundlage des empfangenen mindestens einen Signals, wobei die Bezugsbeziehungskurvenkorrektur ein Kalibrieren des Höhenmessers durch Ausrichten einer Bezugsbeziehungskurve, die die Beziehung zwischen dem Umgebungsdruck und der Höhe beschreibt, auf einen Punkt auf dem Graphen, der den besten verfügbaren Bezugsumgebungsdruckdaten und der Bezugshöhe entspricht, und

    1.3 Bestimmen (320) einer Höhe der Navigationsvorrichtung auf der Grundlage (i) der korrigierten Bezugsbeziehungskurve und (ii) eines Drucksignals vom Drucksensor.


     
    2. Navigationsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das mindestens eine Signal von der Bezugsbake ferner die Bezugshöhendaten enthält.
     
    3. Navigationsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Steuereinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, die Programmanweisungen auszuführen zum
    Aufbauen einer Kommunikationsverbindung mit einem Daten-Server unter Verwendung des Funkmoduls;
    Abfragen des Daten-Servers, um eine Bezugshöhe der Bezugsbake zu bestimmen;
    Erhalten von Bezugshöhendaten vom Daten-Server über die Kommunikationsverbindung und
    Bestimmen der Bezugsbeziehungskurvenkorrektur auf der Grundlage der Bezugshöhendaten.
     
    4. Navigationsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, die ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    eine Anzeigevorrichtung, die mit der Steuereinheit betriebstechnisch gekoppelt ist, wobei

    die Steuereinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, die Programmanweisungen auszuführen zum

    Anzeigen einer Liste der Baken der mehreren Baken auf der Anzeigevorrichtung und

    Referenzieren einer Bake der mehreren Baken, die durch einen Anwender der Navigationsvorrichtung als die Bezugsbake gewählt wurde.


     
    5. Navigationsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Steuereinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, die Programmanweisungen auszuführen zum
    Berechnen eines Abstands jeder Bake der mehreren Baken von der Navigationsvorrichtung und
    Wählen der Bake der mehreren Baken, die am nächsten bei der Navigationsvorrichtung liegt, als die Bezugsbake.
     
    6. Navigationsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 5, wobei die Steuereinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, die Programmanweisungen auszuführen zum
    Bestimmen von Vorrichtungsstandortdaten der Navigationsvorrichtung;
    Aufbauen einer Kommunikationsverbindung mit einem Daten-Server unter Verwendung des Funkmoduls;
    Abfragen des Daten-Servers, um einen Standort jeder Bake der mehreren Baken zu bestimmen;
    Erhalten von Bakenstandortdaten vom Daten-Server über die Kommunikationsverbindung und
    Berechnen der Entfernung jeder Bake der mehreren Baken von der Navigationsvorrichtung auf der Grundlage der Vorrichtungsstandortdaten und der Bakenstandortdaten.
     
    7. Navigationsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 6, wobei
    das Funkmodul einen GPS-Empfänger enthält und
    die Steuereinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, die Programmanweisungen auszuführen, um die Vorrichtungsstandortdaten auf der Grundlage von Signalen, die durch den GPS-Empfänger empfangen wurden, zu bestimmen.
     
    8. Navigationsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Steuereinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, die Programmanweisungen auszuführen, um eine Höhenformel auf der Grundlage der Bezugsbeziehungskurvenkorrektur zu skalieren.
     
    9. Navigationsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Steuereinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, die Programmanweisungen auszuführen zum
    Bestimmen von Vorrichtungsdruckdaten aus dem Signal vom Drucksensor der Navigationsvorrichtung und
    Berechnen einer Höhe der Navigationsvorrichtung auf der Grundlage der skalierten Höhenformel und der Vorrichtungsdruckdaten.
     
    10. Navigationsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 9, wobei das Signal vom Drucksensor der Navigationsvorrichtung einen Luftdruck als Grundlage verwendet.
     
    11. Verfahren zum Bestimmen einer Höhe einer Navigationsvorrichtung, die einen Höhenmesser umfasst, das Folgendes umfasst:

    1.1 Empfangen (304) mindestens eines Signals, das von einer Bake übertragen wurde, die durch Bestimmen, welche Bake am nächsten zu der Navigationsvorrichtung liegt, als eine Bezugsbake mehrerer Baken (208, 212, 232, 236; 216, 220) gewählt wurde, wobei das Signal von der Bezugsbake die besten verfügbaren Umgebungsdruckdaten enthält, und Bestimmen (316) der Bezugshöhe, die den besten verfügbaren Umgebungsdruckdaten, die durch die Bezugsbake übertragen wurden, entspricht;

    1.2 Bestimmen (320) einer Bezugsbeziehungskurvenkorrektur auf der Grundlage des empfangenen mindestens einen Signals, wobei die Bezugsbeziehungskurvenkorrektur ein Kalibrieren des Höhenmessers durch Ausrichten einer Bezugsbeziehungskurve, die die Beziehung zwischen dem Umgebungsdruck und der Höhe beschreibt, auf einen Punkt auf dem Graphen, der den besten verfügbaren Bezugsumgebungsdruckdaten und der Bezugshöhe entspricht, und

    1.3 Bestimmen (320) einer Höhe der Navigationsvorrichtung auf der Grundlage (i) der korrigierten Bezugsbeziehungskurve und (ii) eines Drucksignals vom Drucksensor.


     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, wobei das mindestens eine Signal von der Bezugsbake ferner die Bezugshöhendaten enthält.
     
    13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    Aufbauen einer Kommunikationsverbindung mit einem Daten-Server unter Verwendung der Navigationsvorrichtung;

    Abfragen des Daten-Servers, um eine Bezugshöhe der Bezugsbake zu bestimmen;

    Erhalten von Bezugshöhendaten vom Daten-Server über die Kommunikationsverbindung und

    Bestimmen der Bezugsbeziehungskurvenkorrektur auf der Grundlage der Bezugshöhendaten.


     
    14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    Anzeigen einer Liste der Baken der mehreren Baken auf einer Anzeigevorrichtung der Navigationsvorrichtung und

    Referenzieren einer Bake der mehreren Baken, die durch einen Anwender der Navigationsvorrichtung als die Bezugsbake gewählt wurde.


     
    15. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    Bestimmen eines Abstands jeder Bake der mehreren Baken von der Navigationsvorrichtung und

    Wählen der Bake der mehreren Baken, die am nächsten bei der Navigationsvorrichtung liegt, als die Bezugsbake.


     
    16. Verfahren nach Anspruch 15, wobei das Bestimmen eines Abstands jeder Bake Folgendes enthält:

    Bestimmen von Vorrichtungsstandortdaten der Navigationsvorrichtung;

    Aufbauen einer Kommunikationsverbindung mit einem Daten-Server unter Verwendung der Navigationsvorrichtung;

    Abfragen des Daten-Servers, um einen Standort jeder Bake der mehreren Baken zu bestimmen;

    Erhalten von Bakenstandortdaten vom Daten-Server über die Kommunikationsverbindung und

    Berechnen der Entfernung jeder Bake der mehreren Baken von der Navigationsvorrichtung auf der Grundlage der Vorrichtungsstandortdaten und der Bakenstandortdaten.


     
    17. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:
    Skalieren einer Höhenformel auf der Grundlage der Bezugsbeziehungskurvenkorrektur.
     
    18. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, das ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    Bestimmen von Vorrichtungsdruckdaten aus dem Signal vom Drucksensor der Navigationsvorrichtung und

    Berechnen einer Höhe der Navigationsvorrichtung auf der Grundlage der skalierten Höhenformel und der Vorrichtungsdruckdaten.


     
    19. Verfahren nach Anspruch 18, wobei das Signal vom Drucksensor der Navigationsvorrichtung einen Luftdruck als Grundlage verwendet.
     
    20. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, wobei ein Anwender die Bezugsbake der mehreren Baken unter Verwendung eines Berührungsbildschirms der Navigationsvorrichtung wählt.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de navigation (100), comprenant :

    a) un altimètre (116) comportant un capteur de pression (124) ;

    b) une radio (112) ;

    c) une mémoire (122) comportant des instructions de programme ; et

    d) un contrôleur (120) relié fonctionnellement au capteur de pression, à la radio et à la mémoire et configuré pour exécuter les instructions de programme pour

    1.1 recevoir au (304) moins un signal diffusé depuis une balise sélectionnée en déterminant la balise qui est la plus proche du dispositif de navigation comme une balise de référence d'une pluralité de balises (208, 212, 232, 236 ; 216, 220), le signal provenant de la balise de référence comportant les meilleures données de pression atmosphérique de référence disponibles, et pour déterminer (316) l'altitude de référence correspondant aux meilleures données de pression atmosphérique de référence disponibles diffusées par la balise de référence ;

    1.2 déterminer (320) une correction de courbe de relation de référence sur la base de l'au moins un signal reçu, la correction de courbe de relation de référence comportant l'étalonnage de l'altimètre par alignement d'une courbe de relation de référence décrivant la relation entre la pression atmosphérique et l'altitude avec un point sur le graphe qui correspond aux meilleures données de pression atmosphérique de référence disponibles et à l'altitude de référence, et

    1.3 déterminer (320) une altitude du dispositif de navigation sur la base (i) de la courbe de relation de référence corrigée, et (ii) d'un signal de pression provenant du capteur de pression.


     
    2. Dispositif de navigation selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'au moins un signal provenant de la balise de référence comporte en outre les données d'altitude de référence.
     
    3. Dispositif de navigation selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le contrôleur est configuré en outre pour exécuter les instructions de programme pour :

    établir une liaison de communication avec un serveur de données au moyen de la radio ;

    interroger le serveur de données pour déterminer une altitude de référence de la balise de référence ;

    obtenir des données d'altitude de référence auprès du serveur de données par le biais de la liaison de communication ; et

    déterminer la correction de courbe de relation de référence sur la base des données d'altitude de référence.


     
    4. Dispositif de navigation selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre :

    un affichage relié fonctionnellement au contrôleur,

    le contrôleur étant configuré en outre pour exécuter les instructions de programme pour :

    afficher un listage des balises de la pluralité de balises sur l'affichage, et

    référencer une balise de la pluralité de balises qui est sélectionnée par un utilisateur du dispositif de navigation comme la balise de référence.


     
    5. Dispositif de navigation selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le contrôleur est configuré en outre pour exécuter les instructions de programme pour :

    calculer une distance de chacune des balises de la pluralité de balises depuis le dispositif de navigation ; et

    sélectionner la balise de la pluralité de balises qui est la plus proche du dispositif de navigation comme ladite balise de référence.


     
    6. Dispositif de navigation selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le contrôleur est configuré en outre pour exécuter les instructions de programme pour :

    déterminer des données de localisation de dispositif relatives au dispositif de navigation ;

    établir une liaison de communication avec un serveur de données au moyen de la radio ;

    interroger le serveur de données pour déterminer une localisation de chacune des balises de la pluralité de balises ;

    obtenir des données de localisation de balise auprès du serveur de données par le biais de la liaison de communication ; et

    calculer la distance de chacune des balises de la pluralité de balises depuis le dispositif de navigation sur la base des données de localisation de dispositif et des données de localisation de balise.


     
    7. Dispositif de navigation selon la revendication 6, dans lequel :

    la radio comporte un récepteur GPS ; et

    dans lequel le contrôleur est configuré en outre pour exécuter les instructions de programme pour déterminer les données de localisation de dispositif sur la base de signaux reçus par le récepteur GPS.


     
    8. Dispositif de navigation selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le contrôleur est configuré en outre pour exécuter les instructions de programme pour mettre à l'échelle une formule d'altitude sur la base de la correction de courbe de relation de référence.
     
    9. Dispositif de navigation selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le contrôleur est configuré en outre pour exécuter les instructions de programme pour :

    déterminer des données de pression de dispositif à partir du signal provenant du capteur de pression du dispositif de navigation ; et

    calculer une altitude du dispositif de navigation sur la base de la formule d'altitude mise à l'échelle et des données de pression de dispositif.


     
    10. Dispositif de navigation selon la revendication 9, dans lequel le signal provenant du capteur de pression du dispositif de navigation est basé sur une pression barométrique.
     
    11. Procédé de détermination d'une altitude d'un dispositif de navigation comprenant un altimètre, comprenant :

    1.1 la réception d'au (304) moins un signal diffusédepuis une balise sélectionnée par détermination de la balise parmi les balises qui est la plus proche du dispositif de navigation comme une balise de référence d'une pluralité de balises (208, 212, 232, 236 ; 216, 220), le signal provenant de la balise de référence comportant les meilleures données de pression atmosphérique de référence disponibles, et la détermination (316) de l'altitude de référence correspondant aux meilleures données de pression atmosphérique de référence disponibles diffusées par la balise de référence ;

    1.2 la détermination (320) d'une correction de courbe de relation de référence sur la base de l'au moins un signal reçu, la correction de courbe de relation de référence comportant l'étalonnage de l'altimètre par alignement d'une courbe de relation de référence décrivant la relation entre la pression atmosphérique et l'altitude avec un point sur le graphe qui correspond aux meilleures données de pression atmosphérique de référence disponibles et à l'altitude de référence, et

    1.3 la détermination (320) d'une altitude du dispositif de navigation sur la base (i) de la courbe de relation de référence corrigée, et (ii) d'un signal de pression provenant du capteur de pression.


     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 11, dans lequel l'au moins un signal provenant de la balise de référence comporte en outre les données d'altitude de référence.
     
    13. Procédé selon la revendication 11, comprenant en outre :

    l'établissement d'une liaison de communication avec un serveur de données au moyen du dispositif de navigation ;

    l'interrogation du serveur de données pour déterminer une altitude de référence de la balise de référence ;

    l'obtention de données d'altitude de référence auprès du serveur de données par le biais de la liaison de communication ; et

    la détermination de la correction de courbe de relation de référence sur la base des données d'altitude de référence.


     
    14. Procédé selon la revendication 11, comprenant en outre :

    l'affichage d'un listage des balises de la pluralité de balises sur un affichage du dispositif de navigation ; et

    le référencement d'une balise de la pluralité de balises qui est sélectionnée par un utilisateur du dispositif de navigation comme la balise de référence.


     
    15. Procédé selon la revendication 11, comprenant en outre :

    la détermination d'une distance de chacune des balises de la pluralité de balises depuis le dispositif de navigation ; et

    la sélection de la balise de la pluralité de balises qui est la plus proche du dispositif de navigation.


     
    16. Procédé selon la revendication 15, dans lequel la détermination d'une distance de chacune des balises comporte :

    la détermination de données de localisation de dispositif relatives au dispositif de navigation ;

    l'établissement d'une liaison de communication avec un serveur de données au moyen du dispositif de navigation ;

    l'interrogation du serveur de données pour déterminer une localisation de chacune des balises de la pluralité de balises ;

    l'obtention de données de localisation de balise auprès du serveur de données par le biais de la liaison de communication ; et

    le calcul de la distance de chacune des balises de la pluralité de balises depuis le dispositif de navigation sur la base des données de localisation de dispositif et des données de localisation de balise.


     
    17. Procédé selon la revendication 11, comprenant en outre :
    la mise à l'échelle d'une formule d'altitude sur la base de la correction de courbe de relation de référence.
     
    18. Procédé selon la revendication 11, comprenant en outre :

    la détermination de données de pression de dispositif à partir du signal provenant du capteur de pression du dispositif de navigation ; et

    le calcul d'une altitude du dispositif de navigation sur la base de la formule d'altitude mise à l'échelle et des données de pression de dispositif.


     
    19. Procédé selon la revendication 18, dans lequel le signal provenant du capteur de pression du dispositif de navigation est basé sur une pression barométrique.
     
    20. Procédé selon la revendication 11, dans lequel un utilisateur sélectionne la balise de référence de la pluralité de balises au moyen d'un écran tactile du dispositif de navigation.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description