(19)
(11)EP 2 974 716 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 14764752.3

(22)Date of filing:  14.03.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61K 9/16(2006.01)
A61K 38/14(2006.01)
C12N 1/20(2006.01)
A61P 31/04(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2014/000268
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/139329 (18.09.2014 Gazette  2014/38)

(54)

SPRAY-DRIED POWDER COMPRISING VANCOMYCIN HYDROCHLORIDE, AND INDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SPRÜHGETROCKNETES PULVER MIT VANCOMYCIN-HYDROCHLORID UND INDUSTRIELLES HERSTELLUNGSVERFAHREN DAFÜR

POUDRE DESSÉCHÉE PAR PULVÉRISATION COMPRENANT DU CHLORHYDRATE DE VANCOMYCINE, ET SON PROCÉDÉ DE FABRICATION INDUSTRIELLE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 15.03.2013 CN 201310085761

(43)Date of publication of application:
20.01.2016 Bulletin 2016/03

(73)Proprietors:
  • Sun, Xinqiang
    Xinchang County, Zhejiang 312500 (CN)
  • Zhao, Junxing
    Xinchang County, Zhejiang 312500 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • Sun, Xinqiang
    Xinchang County Zhejiang 312500 (CN)
  • Zhao, Junxing
    Xinchang County Zhejiang 312500 (CN)

(74)Representative: Pallini Gervasi, Diego et al
Notarbartolo & Gervasi GmbH Bavariaring 21
80336 Munich
80336 Munich (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2012/159103
CN-A- 1 616 651
WO-A2-2012/094381
  
  • CEVHER E ET AL: "Characterization of biodegradable chitosan microspheres containing vancomycin and treatment of experimental osteomyelitis caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with prepared microspheres", INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS, ELSEVIER BV, NL, vol. 317, no. 2, 24 July 2006 (2006-07-24) , pages 127-135, XP027972376, ISSN: 0378-5173 [retrieved on 2006-07-24]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION



[0001] The present invention relates to a method for producing high purity vancomycin hydrochloride. In particular, a non-sterile or sterile vancomycin hydrochloride drug substance with low impurity level can be obtained through a fermentation process of Amycolatopsis Oriertalis on appropriate media containing carbon, nitrogen and inorganic salts at appropriate cultivation conditions to obtain vancomycin broth, followed by a series of purification steps to obtain above 20% (w/w) vancomycin hydrochloride ultra-concentrate, as well as final evaporation at high temperature in a short time to remove solvents. This obtained sterile vancomycin hydrochloride drug substance can be directly subdivided to powder for injection in patients.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0002] Vancomycin hydrochloride is an amphoteric glycopeptide antibiotic produced by fermentation of the microorganism Nocardia orientalis (or Amycolatopsis orientalis) under controlled conditions, which has a molecular formula C66H75C12N9O24.HCl and a molecular weight of 1.486. Vancomycin hydrochloride acts by binding the C-terminal D-Ala-D-Ala peptides, which inhibits the synthesis of cell walls and also changes the permeability of cell membranes as well as synthesis of RNA. Vancomycin hydrochloride is particularly used for the initial treatment of serious or severe infections caused by staphylococci resistant to β-lactam antibiotics as well as in patients who are penicillin-sensitive or do not respond to penicillin or cephalosporine. Vancomycin hydrochloride is commercially available in oral (solution and capsules/pulvules) and parenteral (sterile intravenous solution in vials) forms.

[0003] Vancomycin hydrochloride, alone or in combination with other aminoglycosides, is useful in treating staphylococcal, streptococcal, enterococcal or diphtherial endocarditis. An indication of oral vancomycin therapy includes the treatment of pseudomembranous colitis caused by staphylococci when it is unresponsive to vancomycin for injection. Vancomycin for injection may be applicable to all of the other indications.

[0004] A vancomycin molecule is composed of two basic structures, including a saccharide group, α-o-vancosamine-β-o-glucosyl, and a heptapeptide backbone. The structure of vancomycin determines its instability and the case with which it may be degraded under acidic conditions, alkaline conditions and/or high temperature conditions. Normally, degradation products have no biological activity, so side effects may be reduced when impurity levels are significantly reduced. Desvancosaminyl vancomycin and aglucovancomycin are degradation products that result from the loss of the disaccharide moiety and the vancosamine sugar, respectively, under acidic and high temperature conditions. Vancomycin can be degraded into another degradation product, desamidovancomycin, by hydrolytic loss of ammonia in weak acid conditions. Desamidovancomycin exists in two isomeric forms as shown in Formular1 and 2. The forming mechanism of desamidovancomycin has been described in publications, such as, for example, "Vancomycin degradation products as potential chiral selectors in enantiomeric separation of racemic compounds," by Alireza Ghassempour, Journal of Chromatography A, 1191 (2008) 182-187. In this publication, the authors deduced that there are two pathways for vancomycin to succinimide and its conversion to desamidovancomycin, as described in Reaction Route 1 of Desamidovancomycin.







[0005] Industrial methods for preparing vancomycin hydrochloride have been known for some time. For instance, U.S. Pat. No. 3,067,099 discloses a method of producing vancomycin through cultivation of a vancomycin-producing strain of Streptomyces Orientalis under aerobic conditions in a culture medium containing assimilable sources of carbohydrate, organic nitrogen and inorganic salts.

[0006] Separation and purification processes for separating vancomycin hydrochloride from fermentation broth have also been disclosed in literature and patent documents. U.S. Pat. No. 4,440,753 describes an example of an isolation method and purification process for forming precipitate by isopropanol, ethanol or acetone. U.S. Pat. No. 4,868,285 discloses an example of an isolation method and filtration process to collect a compound of imidazole and vancomycin. However, in many of these processes, formed nantokite or imidazole compound may decompose and contaminate the final vancomycin product. Further, slurry may form when using isopropanol, ethanol or acetone to isolate vancomycin, which is hard to filter.

[0007] U.S. Pat. No. 5,853,720 discloses a process for purifying vancomycin hydrochloride that combines the preparative chromatography on a silica gel column containing an alkaline water-methanol mobile phase and the precipitation with ethanol from a salt-water-ethanolic solution. The process produces vancomycin hydrochloride solid by lyophilization, spray drying or precipitation of pH 3, 100 g/L concentrate, which is obtained through a series of operations like micro-filtration of vancomycin broth, then macro porous resin adsorption and elution, concentration and desalting, discoloring with activated carbon. The vancomycin solution is spray dried at an inlet temperature of 115-130°C. and an outlet temperature of 85±5°C. Usually, the content of water in vancomycin hydrochloride is about 4%, therefore it has been practice to additionally dry vancomycin hydrochloride in a rotation vacuum dryer at a temperature of 45-50°C. to obtain a dry solid product. This patent mentions that a chromatographic purity of vancomycin hydrochloride solution is about 93%. However, the patent does not appear to indicate the chromatographic purity and impurity levels of the final dry product. Experts and experienced technicians can appreciate that chromatographic purity of the obtained vancomycin hydrochloride product may decrease significantly after spray drying under high temperature conditions and vacuum drying at medium temperature conditions, resulting in increased impurity level and darker product color.

[0008] U.S. Pat. No. 7,018,804 discloses a method for preparing high purity vancomycin hydrochloride. In this patent, vancomycin hydrochloride concentrate with a HPLC purity of not less than 95% based on the EP method is obtained through a series of column purification processes, including strong acid type ion exchange resin chromatography, weak base type ion exchange resin column and aluminum oxide column chromatography, and hydrophobic resin chromatography. The final vancomycin hydrochloride product is obtained through precipitation by adding multiple (e.g., 5) times volumes of acetone and drying the resultant solution under vacuum conditions at a temperature of 40°C. It is note that this drying method would likely elevate the impurity level in the final product. Moreover, using the described method, residual solvents can't be removed completely to meet the corresponding requirements of, e.g., the International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH).

[0009] M. Nieto and H. R. Perkins, in their publication, "Physicochemical Properties of Vancomycin and Iodovancomycin and their Complexes with Diacetyl-L-lysyl-D-alanyl-D-alanine," Biochem. J. (1971) 123, 773-787, observed aggregation of vancomycin in an aqueous solution. The structure of aggregated glycopeptides remained uncharacterized. The publication described that aggregation is influenced by many factors such as ionization degree of phenol, hydrogen bond, etc.

[0010] Through addition of appropriate excipients such as surfactants or carbohydrates to reduce the forming of aggregates, the limiting concentration of vancomycin hydrochloride in water can be increased. Due to thermal instability of vancomycin hydrochloride, the solution is typically prepared at a relative low temperature to avoid an increase in impurity level. Even if the solution is dried at a low temperature and under high vacuum conditions, the chromatographic purity of vancomycin hydrochloride will inevitably decrease. The lyophilization at low temperature will cause chromatographic purity to decrease by about 0.5% or more. For instance, the purity level of the solution will decrease by more than 1.0% through vacuum drying at 40°C. within 8 hours. The mainly-increased impurity is desamidovancomycin.

[0011] U.S. Patent No. 6,001,800 discloses a method for preparing spray dried erythropoietin, and the dry erythropoietin powder produced thereby. The patent discloses that through addition of mannitol, glycine and sodium citrate as stabilizers and dispersants, active substances with appropriate ranges of particle size can be obtained. U.S. Patent No. 6,479,049 discloses a method and composition for the dry powder formulation of cytokines, especially interferons. The patent mentions interferon, to which saccharides, polypeptides and amino acids are added as a carrier. A common method of increasing stability of medicine is to add excipients. Common excipients include saccharides,, polyhydric alcohols, amino acids, organic amines, salts, polymers, surfactant. Saccharides, and polyhydric alcohols are common unspecific stabilizer. It would avoid use of reducing sugar when choosing saccharides as stabilizer. Sucrose and trehalose are common non reducing sugar. Mannitol is common stabilizers and solubilizers. Trehalose is composed of two glucose molecules in a,a,1,1- glucosidic bond to constitute non reducing sugars. The property itself is very stable. Trehalose has magical protection function on iving body. It is because trehalose can form a special protective film on cell surface in difficult conditions of high and law temperature, hyperosmosis, dry water loss, to effectively protect protein molecule not degeneration and inactivation, to maintain life process and biological feature of life entity. Species having special art tolerance have something with a great deal of trehalose in body. But saccharides such as sucrose, glucose do not have the property to make trehalose have good active protective agent.

[0012] Besides, amino acid or a combination of amino acid and stabilizer is to improve stability of medicine, especially, protide medicines have good effects, for example, histidine, glycine, Aspartic acid sodium salt, glutamic acid, lysine hydrochloride, and 5% mannitol in 10Mm phosphate buffer (pH7.0) can restrain the formation of Recombinant human keratinocytes Growth factor micelles.

[0013] On the other hand, different dried processes must increase stability of medicine, addition of excipients ensures stability of medicine and increases purity of products in dried conditions. Active substances are fixed in amorphous matrix. Amorphous state has a low molecule mobility and low reactivity high viscosity environment. So addition of excipients has performance of making active substances implant in it ad increasing glass transition temperature. Choosing excipients is mainly based on the capability of increasing stability, As for spray dry, it could consider acceptability of medicine, influences of partical size formation, and dispersibility and mobility of final product.

[0014] Commercial distribution of vancomycin hydrochloride began at the end of 1950s and its chloride form has been used clinically ever since. Lyophilized vancomycin hydrochloride is a white or almost white powder. It is hygroscopic, freely soluble in water, and slightly soluble in alcohol. When mixed with water, vancomycin hydrochloride has a pH between 2.5 and 4.5.

[0015] Appropriate excipients are added to improve product stability. Excipients were reported to be used in vancomycin hydrochloride intravenous infusion in order to improve vancomycin stability and solubility such as Meek in Japan, a lyophilized generic product containing 100 mg of D-mannitol and PEG 400 per 0.5 g of vancomycin hydrochloride injection. Moreover, it was also reported that Meek was less nephrotoxic than a conventional preparation without addition of excipients, as noted by Naoko Hodoshima, Drug Metab. Pharmacokin. 19(1): 68-75 (2004).

[0016] U.S. Patent Application Publication No. US 2013/0009330 discloses a preparative method of a stable and easily-soluble powdered vancomycin formulation for injection through a spray drying process after dissolving a mixture of 10-20% by weight vancomycin HCl, about 2-4% by weight PEG, and 2-4% by weight mannitol. However, impurity B specified in European Pharmacopeia can't be significantly controlled by using this formulation. Moreover, the concentration of the vancomycin hydrochloride solution is limited at 10-20%, and it is not easy for further filling of spray dried powder due to low density.

[0017] In use of antibiotic, it is very important to reduce possible side-effects of antibiotic. Another drying methods can not reach it up to now. But the method of the present invention is to provide a method for producing high purity and high potency vancomycin hydrochloride to make. vancomycin hydrochloride oral administration or injectable administration.

[0018] Presently, drying methods used for drying vancomycin hydrochloride include lyophilization, vacuum drying and spray drying.

[0019] Lyophilization tends to be the main drying process for the production of both preparations and active substances. During lyophilization of active substances, it is difficult to ensure application of aseptic technology at each stage of the production process, including, e.g., during loading, unloading and powder collection processes, thereby making it very difficult to obtain sterile active substances. Therefore, it is frequently necessary to repeatedly dissolve non-sterile active substances and lyophilize the substances to get sterile powder for injection in vials. This inefficient production process results in large investments in specialized equipment, low production yields, poor efficiency and high operation costs, which may not be applicable for the production of large strengths above, e.g., 1.0 g/vial because of the high ratio of vials that tend to break during the process, as well as the undesirably long lyophilization cycle. The prolonged production cycle tends to affect product quality due to a higher impurity level.

[0020] If using vacuum drying, as a heat-sensitive substance, vancomycin should be dried at a low temperature and under high vacuum conditions. However, because vancomycin tends to combine with water and some polar solvent, it is hard to completely remove the water or the polar solvent. A significant problem in vacuum drying is that the residual solvent level can't meet the ICH's requirements. Moreover, prolonged drying time will result in a higher impurity level.

[0021] There has been discussion of using spray drying in industrial production of vancomycin hydrochloride under high temperature conditions. In spray drying, a vancomycin hydrochloride fluid solution is transformed into a dry-form product by spraying the solution into, e.g., a heat drying device. The resultant spray-dried product is typically in powder form. Spray drying, however, can result in degradation of vancomycin hydrochloride. During preparation of the vancomycin chloride solution, vancomycin chloride concentration levels can exceed 20%, thereby increasing the viscosity of the solution and forming an aggregate (e.g., semi-solid jelly) or precipitate that may block equipment, e.g., production filters. The implementation of 15% vancomycin hydrochloride concentration levels has been reported, such as, e.g., in US2013009330. Solution stability should be considered since the concentrate maybe stored for more than twenty-four hours because additional preparation time may be required for each operation. There exists the unsolved problem in industrial production on how to ensure stability of vancomycin hydrochloride solution without increasing impurity and forming precipitate within, for example, forty-eight hours. Since the temperature during spray drying may exceed above 80°C., ensuring the stability of vancomycin hydrochloride may be a barrier to production. A further problem with spray drying is that the spray dried vancomycin powder will be filled directly into, e.g., vials. Accordingly, the process should allow for reconstitution time at least as fast as the lyophilized formulations. Spray dried vancomycin tends to have smaller particle sizes and the reconstitution time tends to be longer than that of the loose-structured lyophilized product. In order to reduce the possibility of side effects, a high chromatographic purity of antibiotics is very important in certain applications, which cannot be achieved by hitherto purification processes. The present invention provides a novel method for producing high purity and high potency vancomycin hydrochloride that solve the afore-discussed problems.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0022] According to the present invention, it is provided a spray dried powder comprising vancomycin hydrochloride, the spray dried powder comprises 100 part by weight vancomycin hydrochloride, 15-35 part by weight trehalose, and 0.005-0.05 part by weight polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleat (tween 80).

[0023] Preferably, a solution for producing spray dried powder containing vancomycin hydrochloride is with a chromatographic purity of not less than 95% vancomycin hydrochloride solution.

[0024] Preferably, a weight ratio of the trehalose to the vancomycin hydrochloride is 20-25%.

[0025] In accordance with the present invention, the solubilizer is polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleat (tween 80), and preferably the weight ratio of the solubilizer to the vancomycin hydrochloride is 0.01%.

[0026] Preferably, the spray dried powder is administrable orally sterile powder or injectable sterile powder.

[0027] Another purpose of the present invention is to provide a method for producing high purity, lower impurity, high potency, and high productivity vancomycin hydrochloride dried powder. In brief, a non-sterile or sterile vancomycin hydrochloride drug substance with low impurity level can be obtained through a fermentation process of Amycolatopsis Oriertalis on appropriate media containing carbon, nitrogen and inorganic salts at appropriate cultivation conditions to obtain vancomycin broth, followed by a series of purification steps to obtain above 20-30%(w/w) vancomycin hydrochloride ultra-concentrate, as well as final evaporation at high temperature in a short time to remove solvents. This obtained sterile vancomycin hydrochloride drug substance can be directly subdivided to powder for injection in patients.

[0028] In accordance with the present invention, it is provided a method according to claim 6.

[0029] Preferably, the vancomycin hydrochloride concentrate has a pH of 2.0-4.5.

[0030] Firstly according to the method of Chinese Patent Application No. CN01132048.6, Amycolatopsis Oriertalis, SIP143491, may be introduced into the fermenter. The cultivation may start from inoculum preparation, then 1st stage seeding and 2nd stage seeding expansion until fermentation at a temperature of about 24-34°C. and a pressure of about 0.01-0.08 Mpa for 4-6 days to get a vancomycin broth. Oxygen dissolving and pH may be controlled during fermentation.

[0031] As described in Patent 200710198599.4. The pH of the vancomycin broth may be adjusted to about 9.0-10.0 with, e.g, sodium hydroxide solution and filtrate with a 0.02-0.5 µm ceramic membrane, and passed through the filter to get a clear filtrate. The washer/eluter may include, e.g., a macroporous resin. The clear filtrate from the filter is passed through the macroporous resin and the vancomycin may be eluted down with an acid solution containing solvent after water washing. The eluent include, e.g., a hydrochloric acid solution containing ethanol. An appropriate amount of activated carbon may be added into the collected eluate for discoloring before forwarding the eluate to the filter to obtain vancomycin solution with a concentration of about 100 mg/mL. After concentration at the filter, the concentrate may be precipitated and about 6% to about 10% (W/V) of NH4HCO3 may be added to the vancomycin solution in the mixer/tank. The pH of the vancomycin solution may be adjusted to about 7.5-8.5 with a base, such as, e.g., ammonia. The solution may be stirred for about 45-60 minutes while the vancomycin precipitates from the solution. The precipitation temperature should be controlled to about 10-20°C. The solution may be kept still for about 16±2 hours and then separated to obtain solid vancomycin base from the solution. The vancomycin solution may be provided to the separator to separate the vancomycin base from the solution. The vancomycin base may be washed with ethanol to replace the residual solution and get vancomycin crude. The chromatographic purity of the resultant vancomycin base is not less than 80% (HPLC).

[0032] As described in Patent 200710187300.5, the vancomycin crude may be dissolved with purified water in a dissolver, to get a vancomycin solution. The dissolved vancomycin solution may be passed through a filter to obtain a clear filtrate. The filter may include, e.g., a 0.01-0.5 µm ceramic membrane. The filtrate from the filter may be delivered to and passed through an ion-exchange resin column to get a qualified eluate with about 95% vancomycin B. The ion-exchange resin in the column may include, e.g., a cation ion exchange sephadex gel (Sephadex), a sepharose gel (Sepharose), or the like. Vancomycin filtrate is loaded in the column in acid condition, while it is eluted down in base condition by adding, e.g., a basic metal salt, an ammonium salt, or the like. Normally, NH4+ and Na+ salts are used such as NaCl, NH4HCO3, (NH4)2CO3, and the like. Eluate fractions with above 93% vancomycin B are collected for combining to obtain the mixed qualified eluate with about 95% vancomycin B (according to HPLC method in USP monograph). Then, the qualified eluate is forwarded to the filter where it may undergo ultra-filtration and nano-filtration to get 12-18% (or higher) vancomycin hydrochloride concentrate (a vancomycin solution with a chromatographic purity of not less than 95%). The filtered concentrate may be placed into to storage (e.g., a container, a tank, or the like) and stored at 2-8 °C.

[0033] Preferably, providing the vancomycin hydrochloride solution with the chromatographic purity of at least 95% comprises: dissolving a vancomycin hydrochloride active pharmaceutical ingredient in purified water or injectable water.

[0034] Preferably, a fermentation solution is obtained by Amycolatopsis Oriertalis on appropriate media containing carbon, nitrogen and inorganic salts at appropriate cultivation conditions for 4-8 days, and then to obtain the vancomycin hydrochloride concentrate by filtrating, resin adsorption, decoloring, concentrating, crystallizing, dissolving, chromatographic separating, adjusting pH, filtrating, concentrating.

[0035] In accordance with the present invention, the saccharide stabilizer is trehalose, and preferably a weight ratio of the trehalose to the vancomycin hydrochloride is 20-25%.

[0036] In accordance with the present invetion, the solubilizer is polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleat (tween 80), and preferably the weight ratio of the solubilizer to the vancomycin hydrochloride is 0.01%.

[0037] Preferably, a membrane of the membrane concentration device is a reverse osmosis membrane or a 200-800 Da nano-filtration membrane; and the temperature during concentrating is not exceed 20° C.

[0038] Preferably, initiating a spray drier and heating device during the spray dried powder of Step (5), the inlet temperature is controlled to 160∼240°C. and the outlet temperature is controlled to 80∼ 120°C, opening a feeding switch to keep system a positive pressure state, a heating carrier is more than 95% nitrogen.

[0039] Preferably, the spray dried vancomycin hydrochloride powder has a water content below 3%.

[0040] Preferably, the spray dried vancomycin hydrochloride powder is sterile, filling the spray dried vancomycin hydrochloride powder in a dosage form by a sterile filling device; sealing the dosage while vacuuminzing and injecting nitrogen gas into the vial to provide a sealed dosage form, the sealed dosage form comprises a dosage strength of 0.5 g, 0.75 g, 1.0 g, 2 g, 5 g, 10 g or 20 g.

[0041] The pharmacological data of the spry dried powder containing vancomycin hydrochloride of the present invention shows that the golden staphylococcus infection of mice effect on the spray powder containing vancomycin hydrochloride of the present invention is ED50 = 0.300 0.800 mg/kg IV.

[0042] In comparison with the prior art, the present invention has advantages as follows: during preparation, the present invention improves product stability in spray drying processes by optimally adding excipients; make the concentration of vancomycin increased to 20-30%, simultaneously increasing drying efficiency. On the other hand, the present invention can be implemented to provide high concentration, sterile vancomycin hydrochloride drug substances with favorable bulk density, which allow for easy filling of vials. Besides, the present invention improves product solubility and quality. by adding an appropriate ratio of excipients to a vancomycin solution at the optimal point in the process, controls and maintain low impurity levels; improve product solubility and quality. The present invention realizes commercial production of high quality and high potency vancomycin hydrochloride from fermentation to preparation and filling of sterile drug substances, then to sterile powder for injection after filling. The production process has shortens production time, has fewer production steps, reduces cost, and improves yield, allowing for implementation in industrial scale production.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0043] FIG. 1 shows a vancomycin B versus time diagram that illustrates a stability study of spray dried powder with different excipients.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PRESENT INVENTION AND PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS THEREOF



[0044] Hereafter, the present invention will be described specifically with reference to examples. The examples are given only for illustration of the technical solution of the present invention and should not be construed to limit the present invention.

EXAMPLES


Example 1


Stability Study of Vancomycin Concentrates with Different Excipients



[0045] To 900 mL of 25% vancomycin concentrate (batch No: 310121109; vancomycin B: 96.50%; 225 g of vancomycin in total), subdivided in nonuplicate, 100 mL each. To eight of them, added 5 g of trehalose, 5 g of mannitol, 5 g of glucose, 5 g of fructose, 5 g of glycine, 5 g of glutamine, 5 g of sorbose and 5 g of lactose, respectively, passed these eight solutions as well as the one without excipients through 0.22 µm filter, respectively, and stored the obtained filtrate at 2-8°C. in refrigerator. Observed clarity of the filtrate every 24 hours and the results are shown in Table 1.
TABLE 1
Clarity of vancomycin concentrate at 2-8° C. with different amounts of trehalose
Amount of excipient (g)Solution appearance after 24 hoursSolution appearance after 48 hoursSolution appearance after 72 hoursSolution appearance after 96 hours
0 White particle precipitate White particle precipitate White particle precipitate Colloidal, without fluidity
5 g trehalose Clear Clear Clear Clear
5 g mannitol Clear Clear Clear Filamentous precipitate
5 g glucose Clear Clear White particle precipitate White particle precipitate
5 g fructose Clear Clear White particle precipitate White particle precipitate
5 g glycine Clear White particle precipitate White particle precipitate White particle precipitate
5 g glutamine Clear White particle precipitate White particle precipitate Colloidal, without fluidity
5 g sorbose Clear Clear White particle precipitate White particle precipitate
5 g lactose Clear Clear White particle precipitate White particle precipitate
Based on the data in Table 1, it can be seen that appropriate excipients can improve the stability of vancomycin concentrate at 2-8° C., of which trehalose is the best one.

Example 2


Effect of Different Trehalose Concentration on Stability of Vancomycin Concentrate



[0046] To 800 mL of 25% vancomycin concentrate (batch No: 310121109; vancomycin B: 96.50%; 200 g of vancomycin in total), subdivided in octuplicate, 100 mL (about 25 g of vancomycin) each.

2.1, Get one of the eight portions, add 0 g of trehalose, dissolved completely and filtered through 0.22 µm to get Filtrate A, Stored all the obtained filtrates at 2-8°C. in a refrigerator, and observed clarity of the filtrates every 24 hours. The results are presented in Table 2.

2.2, Get one of the eight portions, add 1.25 g of trehalose (5% of weight of vancomycin), dissolved completely and filtered through 0.22 µm to get Filtrate B, Stored all the obtained filtrates at 2-8°C. in a refrigerator, and observed clarity of the filtrates every 24 hours. The results are presented in Table 2.

2.3, Get one of the eight portions, add 2.5 g of trehalose (10% of weight of vancomycin), dissolved completely and filtered through 0.22 µm to get Filtrate C, Stored all the obtained filtrates at 2-8°C. in a refrigerator, and observed clarity of the filtrates every 24 hours. The results are presented in Table 2.

2.4, Get one of the eight portions, add 3.75 g of trehalose (15% of weight of vancomycin), dissolved completely and filtered through 0.22 µm to get Filtrate D, Stored all the obtained filtrates at 2-8°C. in a refrigerator, and observed clarity of the filtrates every 24 hours. The results are presented in Table 2.

2.5, Get one of the eight portions, add 5 g of trehalose (20% of weight of vancomycin), dissolved completely and filtered through 0.22 µm to get Filtrate E, Stored all the obtained filtrates at 2-8°C. in a refrigerator, and observed clarity of the filtrates every 24 hours. The results are presented in Table 2.

2.6, Get one of the eight portions, add 6.25 g of trehalose (25% of weight of vancomycin), dissolved completely and filtered through 0.22 µm to get Filtrate F, Stored all the obtained filtrates at 2-8°C. in a refrigerator, and observed clarity of the filtrates every 24 hours. The results are presented in Table 2.

2.7, Get one of the eight portions, add 7.5 g of trehalose (30% of weight of vancomycin), dissolved completely and filtered through 0.22 µm to get Filtrate G, Stored all the obtained filtrates at 2-8°C. in a refrigerator, and observed clarity of the filtrates every 24 hours. The results are presented in Table 2.

2.8, Get one of the eight portions, add 8.75 g of trehalose (35% of weight of vancomycin), dissolved completely and filtered through 0.22 µm to get Filtrate H, Stored all the obtained filtrates at 2-8°C. in a refrigerator, and observed clarity of the filtrates every 24 hours. The results are presented in Table 2.

TABLE 2
Clarity of vancomycin concentrate at 2-8° C. with different amount of trehalose
Amount of trehaloseSolution appearance after 24 hoursSolution appearance after 48 hoursSolution appearance after 72 hoursSolution appearance after 96 hoursSolution appearance after 120 hoursSolution appearance after 144 hours
0 White particle precipitate White particle precipitate White particle precipitate Colloidal, without fluidity Colloidal, without fluidity Colloidal, without fluidity
5% Clear Clear Clear Clear Filamentous precipitate Filamentous precipitate
10% Clear Clear Clear Clear Clear Filamentous precipitate
15% Clear Clear Clear Clear Clear Clear
20% Clear Clear Clear Clear Clear Clear
25% Clear Clear Clear Clear Clear Clear
30% Clear Clear Clear Clear Clear Clear
35% Clear Clear Clear Clear Clear Clear


[0047] Based on the data in Table 2, it can be seen that vancomycin concentrate is still clear after storage at 2-8°C. for 144 hours when the amount of added trehalose is 15%-35% by weight of vancomycin.

Example 3


Process Parameters Study on Spray Drying of Vancomycin Concentrate



[0048] Spray dryer: Buchi B-290.

[0049] Materials: vancomycin concentrate, batch No: 310121109; vancomycin B: 96.50%; Concentration: 20%.

Experiment process:



[0050] 

3.1 Spray drying of 200 ml, the chosen inlet air temperature 170°C, adjusting speed of feedstock pump to Outlet temperature at 90-100°C, collecting dry vancomycin powder, Batch. No 112001 of spray dried powder, and testing moisture of dry vancomycin powder, pH of 5% vancomycin solution, HPLC as well as OD of 10% vancomycin solution.

3.2 Spray drying of 200 ml, the chosen inlet air temperature 170°C, adjusting speed of feedstock pump to Outlet temperature at 100-110°C, collecting dry vancomycin powder, Batch. No 112002 of spray dried powder, and testing moisture of dry vancomycin powder, pH of 5% vancomycin solution, HPLC as well as OD of 10% vancomycin solution.

3.3 Spray drying of 200 ml, the chosen inlet air temperature 170°C, adjusting speed of feedstock pump to Outlet temperature at 110-120°C, collecting dry vancomycin powder, Batch. No 112003 of spray dried powder, and testing moisture of dry vancomycin powder, pH of 5% vancomycin solution, HPLC as well as OD of 10% vancomycin solution.

3.4 Spray drying of 200 ml, the chosen inlet air temperature 190°C, adjusting speed of feedstock pump to Outlet temperature at 90-100°C, collecting dry vancomycin powder, Batch. No 112004 of spray dried powder, and testing moisture of dry vancomycin powder, pH of 5% vancomycin solution, HPLC as well as OD of 10% vancomycin solution.

3.5 Spray drying of 200 ml, the chosen inlet air temperature 190°C, adjusting speed of feedstock pump to Outlet temperature at 100-110°C, collecting dry vancomycin powder, Batch. No 112101 of spray dried powder, and testing moisture of dry vancomycin powder, pH of 5% vancomycin solution, HPLC as well as OD of 10% vancomycin solution.

3.6 Spray drying of 200 ml, the chosen inlet air temperature 190°C, adjusting speed of feedstock pump to Outlet temperature at 110-120°C, collecting dry vancomycin powder, Batch. No 112102 of spray dried powder, and testing moisture of dry vancomycin powder, pH of 5% vancomycin solution, HPLC as well as OD of 10% vancomycin solution.

3.7 Spray drying of 200 ml, the chosen inlet air temperature 210°C, adjusting speed of feedstock pump to Outlet temperature at 90-100°C, collecting dry vancomycin powder, Batch. No 112103 of spray dried powder, and testing moisture of dry vancomycin powder, pH of 5% vancomycin solution, HPLC as well as OD of 10% vancomycin solution.

3.8 Spray drying of 200 ml, the chosen inlet air temperature 210°C, adjusting speed of feedstock pump to Outlet temperature at 100-110°C, collecting dry vancomycin powder, Batch. No 112104 of spray dried powder, and testing moisture of dry vancomycin powder, pH of 5% vancomycin solution, HPLC as well as OD of 10% vancomycin solution.

3.9 Spray drying of 200 ml, the chosen inlet air temperature 210°C, adjusting speed of feedstock pump to Outlet temperature at 110-120°C, collecting dry vancomycin powder, Batch. No 112105 of spray dried powder, and testing moisture of dry vancomycin powder, pH of 5% vancomycin solution, HPLC as well as OD of 10% vancomycin solution.



[0051] The experimental records and results are described in Table 3-1, Table 3-2, Table 4-1, Table 4-2 as follows:
TABLE 3-1
Records of spray drying
Test No.112001112002112003112004
Duration 10:45-11:10 14:10-14:50 15:25-16:10 16:30-16:55
Inlet temperature(°C) 170 170 170 190
Outlet temperature(°C.) 90-100 100-110 110-120 90-100
Air volume(%) 100 100 100 100
Speed of pump(%) 30 25 20 40
Flow rate of nitrogen (mm) 40 50 50 50
System pressure(mbar) 15 15 15 15
TABLE 3-2
Records of spray drying
Test No.312101112102112103112104112105
Duration 8:35-9:05 10:02-10:35 11:05-11:40 15:00-15:30 16:10-16:55
Inlet temperature(°C) 190 190 190 210 210
Outlet temperature(°C.) 100-110 110-120 90-100 100-110 110-120
Air volume(%) 100 100 100 100 100
Speed of pump(%) 30 25 50 40 30
Flow rate of nitrogen (mm) 40 50 50 40 50
System pressure(mbar) 15 15 15 15 15
TABLE 4-1
Test results of spray dried powder
Test No.Original test112001112002112003112004
Water (%) NA 6.2 5.9 6.7 5.9
pH, 5% Conc. 2.93 3.08 3.08 3.10 3.07
A450, 10% Conc. 0.054 0.068 0.064 0.074 0.069
Assay of vancomycin B (%) 96.5 95.44 95.22 95.49 95.47
Impurity B1 0.79 0.89 0.90 0.89 0.88
Impurity B2 / 0.14 0.18 0.14 0.14
TABLE 4-2
Test results of spray dried powder
Test No.112101112102112103112104112105
Water (%) 5.8 6.2 5.7 6.1 5.5
pH, 5% Conc. 3.05 3.08 3.01 3.02 3.05
A450, 10% Conc. 0.067 0.067 0.062 0.062 0.075
Assay of vancomycin B (%) 95.34 95.24 95.13 95.14 95.02
Impurity B1 0.94 0.94 0.98 0.95 0.96
Impurity B2 0.19 0.18 0.19 0.16 0.25


[0052] Referring to the data in Tables 4-1 and 4-2, it can be seen that: (1) without addition of excipient, vancomycin B in the final dried powder decreased, at the same time, impurity B1 and impurity B2 increased; (2) the dried powders obtained at inlet air temperature of 170°C., 190°C. and 210°C. have equivalent quality, and the same for outlet air temperature of 90-100°C., 100-110°C. and 110-120°C.; and (3) all the spray dried powder has higher water content.

Example 4


Spray Drying Comparison of Vancomycin Concentrate of Different Concentrations with 25% Trehalose



[0053] To 1600 mL of vancomycin concentrate (Batch No: 310121110, vancomycin B: 96.28%) with a vancomycin concentration of 15% (containing 240 g of vancomycin in total), added 60 g of trehalose (25% by weight of vancomycin), mixed well and concentrated through D200 nano-filtration membrane to 800 mL (30% vancomycin concentration), passed through 0.22 µm filter, then subdivided the obtained filtrate in quadruplicate, 200 mL each.

4.1 Get one of these four portions, to get solution A (30% vancomycin);

4.2 Get one of these four portions, adding 40 mL of purified water, mixing well to get solution B (25% vancomycin);

4.3 Get one of these four portions, adding 100 mL of purified water, mixing well to get solution C (20% vancomycin);

4.4 Get one of these four portions, adding 200 mL of purified water, mixing well to get solution D (15% vancomycin);



[0054] Spray drying of solution A, B, C and D was performed using a drying gas having an inlet temperature of 190° C. and an outlet temperature of 100-110° C. Collecting spray drying power and testing moisture of dry powder, HPLC as well as OD at450nm of 10% vancomycin solution and pH of 5% vancomycin solution. Spray drying datum were shown in Table 5. Resultant powders were tested as shown in Table 6.
TABLE 5
Test results of spray dried powders of vancomycin concentrate at different concentrations
Test No.30% Conc.25% Conc.20% Conc.15% Conc.
Duration 9:35-10:02 10:30-11:10 14:05-14:53 13:37-16:45
Inlet temperature(°C) 190 190 190 190
Outlet temperature(°C.) 100-110 100-110 100-110 100-110
Air volume(%) 100 100 100 100
Speed of pump(%) 35 30 25 20
Flow rate of nitrogen (mm) 50 50 50 50
System pressure(mbar) 15 15 15 15
TABLE 6
Test results of spray dried powder of different vancomycin concentrations
Test No.Original test30% Conc.25% Conc.20% Conc.15% Conc.
Moisture, % NA 3.8 3.7 4.1 4.3
pH, 5% Conc. 2.81 2.89 2.81 2.81 2.82
A450, 10% Conc. 0.054 0.057 0.057 0.052 0.052
VancomycinB (%) 96.28 96.24 96.22 96.18 96.15
Impurity B1 (%) 0.96 0.94 0.95 0.95 0.96
Impurity B2 (%) 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.06 0.07
Impurity B1 and B2 (%) 1.01 1.00 1.03 1.01 1.03


[0055] The results of Table 6 showed no significant quality difference for the spray dried vancomycin powders at different vancomycin concentrations. However, a higher vancomycin concentration can reduce drying time, reduce energy costs and increase efficiency.

Example 5


Spray Drying Study of 25% Vancomycin Concentrate with Different Amounts of Trehalose



[0056] To 3000 mL of vancomycin concentrate (Batch No: 310121113, vancomycin B: 96.28%) with a vancomycin concentration of 10% (containing 300 g of vancomycin in total), subdivided the obtained filtrate in sextuplicate, 500 mL each (50 g of vancomycin each).

5.1 Get one of these six portions, adding 2.5 g (5% by weight of vancomycin), mixing well and concentrated through D200 nano-filtration membrane to 200 mL (25% vancomycin), then passed through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrates and marking as filtrate A.

5.2 Get one of these six portions, adding 5 g (10% by weight of vancomycin), mixing well and concentrated through D200 nano-filtration membrane to 200 mL (25% vancomycin), then passed through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrates and marking as filtrate B.

5.3 Get one of these six portions, adding 7.5 g (15% by weight of vancomycin), mixing well and concentrated through D200 nano-filtration membrane to 200 mL (25% vancomycin), then passed through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrates and marking as filtrate C.

5.4 Get one of these six portions, adding 10 g (20% by weight of vancomycin), mixing well and concentrated through D200 nano-filtration membrane to 200 mL (25% vancomycin), then passed through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrates and marking as filtrate D.

5.5 Get one of these six portions, adding 12.5 g (25% by weight of vancomycin), mixing well and concentrated through D200 nano-filtration membrane to 200 mL (25% vancomycin), then passed through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrates and marking as filtrate E.

5.6 Get one of these six portions, adding 15 g (30% by weight of vancomycin), mixing well and concentrated through D200 nano-filtration membrane to 200 mL (25% vancomycin), then passed through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrates and marking as filtrate F.



[0057] Spray drying of filtrate A, B, C, D, E and F was performed using a spray drying gas having an inlet temperature of 190° C. and an outlet temperature of 100-110° C. Collecting spray drying power and testing moisture of dry powder, HPLC as well as OD at 450nm of 10% vancomycin solution and pH of 5% vancomycin solution. Spray drying datum were shown in Table 7. Resultant powders were tested as shown in Table 8.
TABLE 7
Spray drying data of vancomycin concentrate with different amount of trehalose
Test No.Trehalose 5%(W/W)Trehalose 10%(W/W)Trehalose 15%(W/W)Trehalose 20%(W/W)Trehalose 25%(W/W)Trehalose 30%(W/W)
Duration Start-stop 8:33-9:12 9:30-10:04 10:36-11:17 13:32-14:05 14:35-14:59 15:30-16:01
Inlet temperature, °C. 190 190 190 190 190 190
Outlet temperature, °C. 100-110 100-110 100-110 100-110 100-110 100-110
Air volume(%) 100 100 100 100 100 100
Speed of pump(%) 20 25 25 30 30 35
Flow rate of nitrogen (mm) 50 50 50 50 50 50
System pressure(mbar) 15 15 15 15 15 15
TABLE 8
Test results of spray dried powder of vancomycin concentration with different amount of trehalose
Test No.ConcertrateTrehalose 5%(W/W)Trehalose 10%(W/W)Trehalose 15%(W/W)Trehalose 20%(W/W)Trehalose 25%(W/W)Trehalose 30%(WW)
Moisture, % NA 4.2 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.6
pH, 5% Conc. 2.81 2.89 2.81 2.89 2.84 2.85 2.81
A450, 10% Conc. 0.054 0.052 0.057 0.057 0.052 0.052 0.055
Vancomycin B (%) 96.28 96.09 96.14 96.13 96.24 96.12 96.22
Impurity B1 (%) 0.96 0.93 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.94 0.95
Impurity B2 (%) / 0.11 0.08 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.03
Impurity B1 & B2 (%) 0.96 1.04 1.02 1.00 1.00 0.96 0.98


[0058] From the data provided in Table 8, it can be seen that the spray dried powder has a similar quality when the amount of trehalose is from 5% to 30%.

Example 6


Spray Drying Study of Vancomycin Concentrate with Different Amounts of Tween 80



[0059] To 2500 mL of vancomycin concentrate (Batch No: 310130102, vancomycin B: 96.08%) with a vancomycin concentration of 10% (containing 250 g of vancomycin), adding 62.5 g of trehalose (25% by weight of vancomycin), concentrating through D200 nano-filtration membrane to 1000 mL with a concentration of 25%, subdivided solution in quintuplicate, 200 mL each (50 g of vancomycin each).

6.1 Get one of these five portions, passing through 0.22 µm filter to obtain filtrate A;

6.2 Get one of these five portions, adding 0.1 mL (0.005% by weight of vancomycin) of 2.5% Tween 80 solution, and mixing well and passing through 0.22 µm filter to obtain filtrate B;

6.3 Get one of these five portions, adding 0.2 mL (0.01% by weight of vancomycin) of 2.5% Tween 80 solution, and mixing well and passing through 0.22 µm filter to obtain filtrate C;

6.4 Get one of these five portions, adding 0.4 mL (0.02% by weight of vancomycin) of 2.5% Tween 80 solution, and mixing well and passing through 0.22 µm filter to obtain filtrate D;

6.5 Get one of these five portions, adding 1 mL (0.05% by weight of vancomycin) of 2.5% Tween 80 solution, and mixing well and passing through 0.22 µm filter to obtain filtrate E;



[0060] Spray drying of filtrate A, B, C, D and E was performed using a spray drying gas having an inlet temperature of 190° C. and an outlet temperature of 100-110° C. The results of the experiments are shown below in Table 9 and 10. Collecting spray drying power and testing moisture of dry powder, HPLC as well as OD at 450nm of 10% vancomycin solution and pH of 5% vancomycin solution. Spray drying datum were shown in Table 9. Resultant powders were tested as shown in Table 10.
TABLE 9
Spray drying data of vancomycin concentrate with different amount of Tween-80
Test No.Tween 80Tween 80Tween 80Tween 80Tween 80
0.00%0.05%0.02%0.01%0.005%
Duration Start-stop 9:03-9:32 9:55-10:34 10:57-11:23 13:45-14:15 14:55-13:29
Inlet temperature, °C. 190 190 190 190 190
Outlet temperature, °C. 100-110 100-110 100-110 100-110 100-110
Air volume(%) 100 100 100 100 100
Speed of pump(%) 20 25 25 30 30
Flow rate of nitrogen (mm) 50 50 50 50 50
System pressure(mbar) 15 15 15 15 15
TABLE 10
Test results of spray dried vancomycin powder with different amount of Tween-80
Test No.ConcentrateTween 80Tween 80Tween 80Tween 80Tween 80
0.00%0.05%0.02%0.01%0.005%
Moisture, % NA 4.2 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.8
pH, 5% Conc. 2.85 2.89 2.84 2.87 2.85 2.85
A450, 10% Conc. 0.052 0.057 0.057 0.056 0.055 0.053
VancomycinB (%) 96.08 96.01 96.02 96.03 96.04 96.02
Impurity B1 (%) 0.69 0.70 0.70 0.69 0.68 0.70
Impurity B2 (%) / 0.05 0.03 0.06 / /
Impurity B1 & B2 (%) 0.69 0.75 0.73 0.75 0.68 0.70
Reconstitution Time (Seconds, 5% Conc.)* NA 28S 15S 16S 14S 17S
*Reconstitution time of 5% Conc. means the required time of totally dissolving of containing vancomycin hydrochloride 0.5 g sample in 10 mL WFI in 15 ml Vials.


[0061] From the data in Table 10, it can be concluded that: (1) the water content of spray dried powder decreases significantly when adding tween-80; and (2) the reconstitution time of spray dried powder becomes short when adding tween-80.

Example 7


Spray Drying Comparison of Vancomycin Concentration with Trehalose and Tween 80 or Mannitol and PEG



[0062] Subdivided 2000 mL of concentrate (batch No: 310130105, vancomycin B: 96.40%) with a 15% vancomycin concentration (containing 300 g of vancomycin in total) in duplicate, 150 g vancomycin each.

7.1 Get one of them, adding 37.5 g of trehalose (25% by weight of vancomycin), dissolving and concentrating through D200 nano-filtration membrane to 600 mL, then added 0.6 mL of 2.5% tween-80 solution (0.01% of by weight vancomycin), mixed well and passing through 0.22 µm filter to get filtrate A.

7.2 Get the other one, adding 30 g of mannitol (20% of vancomycin by weight) and 30 g of PEG-400 (20% of vancomycin by weight), mixing well, concentrating through D200 nano-filtration membrane to 600 mL, then passing through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrate and marked as filtrate B.



[0063] Subdivided filtrate A in triplicate, 200 mL each. Conducted spray drying respectively with an inlet temperature 190°C. and an outlet temperature of 100-110°C. and the obtained dried powder batches are 0204, 0205 and 0206, respectively. Conducted the same operations for filtration B and the obtained batches are 0201, 0202 and 0203, respectively. Collecting spray drying power and testing moisture of dry powder, HPLC as well as OD at 450nm of 10% vancomycin solution and pH of 5% vancomycin solution. Spray drying datum were shown in Table 11. Resultant powders were tested as shown in Table 12.
TABLE 11
Spray drying data of vancomycin concentrate with different formulations
 FormulationsFormulations
 Trehalose, 25% (W/W)Mannitol, 20% (W/W)
 Tween 80, 0.01%PEG400, 20%
 Vanconmycin B, 74.99%Vanconmycin B, 60%
Test No.020402050206020102020203
Duration Start-stop 13:34-14:12 14:30-15:04 15:40-16:17 8:34-9:08 9:49-10:20 10:40-11:09
Inlet Temp.,°C. 190 190 190 190 190 190
Outlet Temp.,°C. 100-110 100-110 100-110 100-110 100-110 100-110
Air volume(%) 100 100 100 100 100 100
Speed of pump(%) 30 30 30 30 30 30
Flow rate of nitrogen (mm) 50 50 50 50 50 50
System pressure(mbar) 15 15 15 15 15 15
TABLE 12
Test results of spray dried vancomycin powder with different formulations
  FormulationsFormulations
Trehalose, 25% (W/W)Mannitol, 20% (W/W)
Tween 80, 0.01%PEG400, 20%
Vanconmycin B, 74.99%Vanconmycin B, 60%
Test No.Concertrate020402050204020502040205
Moisture, % NA 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.6
pH, 5% Conc. 3.05 3.11 3.14 3.10 3.15 3.13 3.11
A450, 10% Conc. 0.056 0.052 0.054 0.055 0.062 0.054 0.053
VancomycinB (%) 96.40 96.16 96.31 96.26 95.86 95.93 95.87
Impurity B1 (%) 0.55 0.54 0.52 0.55 0.70 0.71 0.72
Impurity B2 (%) / 0.07 / / 0.07 0.07 0.07
Impurity B1 & B2 (%) 0.55 0.61 0.52 0.55 0.77 0.78 0.79
Reconstitution Time (Seconds, 5% Conc.)* NA 15 17 16 23 25 22
*Reconstitution time of 5% Conc. means the required time of totally dissolving of containing vancomycin hydrochloride 0.5 g sample in 10 mL WFI in 15 ml Vials.


[0064] From the data in Table 12, it can be conclude that: (1) the spray dried vancomycin powder with the formulation of trehalose and tween 80 has higher vancomycin B and a lower level of impurity B; and (2) the spray dried vancomycin powder with the formulation of trehalose and tween 80 has a shorter reconstitution time at a concentration of 5%.

Example 8


Stability Study of Spray Dried Vancomycin Powder with and Without Excipients



[0065] Subdivided 1500 mL (containing 150 g of vancomycin in total) of concentrate (batch No: 310130208, vancomycin B: 96.40%) with a 10% vancomycin concentration in triplicate, 50 g of vancomycin and 500 mL each.

8.1 Get one of them, adding 12.5 g of trehalose (25% by weight of vancomycin), dissolving and concentrated through D200 nano-filtration membrane to 200 mL, then adding 0.5 mL of 1.0% tween-80 solution (0.01% by weight of vancomycin), mixing well and passing through 0.22 µm filter to get filtrate A with a vancomycin concentration of 25%.

8.2 Get one of them, concentrating the other one through D200 nano-filtration membrane to 200 mL, then passing through 0.22 µm filter to get filtrate B with a vancomycin concentration of 25%.

8.3, Get the last one, adding 10 g of mannitol (20% by weight of vancomycin), and 10 g of PEG-400 (20% by weight of vancomycin), dissolving and concentrating through D200 nano-filtration membrane, then passing through 0.22 µm filter to get filtrate C with a vancomycin concentration of 25%.



[0066] Conducted spray drying of filtrate A, B, C respectively with an inlet temperature 190°C. and an outlet temperature of 100-110°C. The results of the experiments are shown below in Tables 13 and 14, respectively. Collecting spray drying power and testing dissolving time of 5% vancomycin solution, moisture of dry powder, HPLC as well as OD at 450nm of 10% vancomycin solution and pH of 5% vancomycin solution. Spray drying datum were shown in Table 13. Resultant powders were tested as shown in Table 14.

[0067] Stored the spray dried powder in 60°C .Chamber and tested the impurity level by HPLC periodically. The results are shown in Table 15.
TABLE 13
Spray drying data of vancomycin concentrate with and without excipients
Test No.Trehalose, Tween 80 VanconmycinVanconmycin Without excipientsMannitol PEG-400 Vancomycin
Duration Start-stop 8:55-9:10 9:40-10:18 10:40-11:18
Inlet Temperature, °C. 190 190 190
Outlet Temperature, °C. 100-110 100-110 100-110
Air volume(%) 100 100 100
Speed of pump(%) 30 25 30
Flow rate of nitrogen (mm) 50 50 50
System pressure(mbar) 15 15 15
TABLE 14
Product results of spray dried vancomycin powder with and without excipients
Test No.Trehalose, Tween 80 VanconmycinVanconmycin Without excipientsMannitol PEG-400 Vancomycin
Moisture, % 2.8 4.7 2.7
pH, 5% Conc. 2.95 2.91 2.91
A450, 10% Conc. 0.052 0.057 0.053
VancomycinB (%) 96.16 95.58 95.80
Impurity B1 (%) 0.54 0.57 0.70
Impurity B2 (%) 0.07 0.13 0.07
Impurity B1 and B2 (%) 0.61 0.70 0.77
Reconstitution Time (Seconds, 5% Cone.)* 15S 24S 14S
*Reconstitution time of 5% Conc. means the required time of totally dissolving of containing vancomycin hydrochloride 0.5 g sample in 10 mL WFI in 15 ml Vials.
TABLE 15
Stability study of spray dried vancomycin powder with and without excipients
Test No.Day 1, 60° C.Day 2, 60° C.Day 3,60° C.Day 5, 60° C.
Trehalose and tween 80
VancomycinB (%) 95.76 95.35 94.95 94.48
Impurity B1 (%) 0.82 0.85 1.08 1.25
Impurity B2 (%) 0.08 0.17 0.25 0.29
Impurity B1 and B2 (%) 0.90 1.02 1.33 1.54
Without excipient
VancomycinB (%) 93.64 92.82 93.36 90.82
Impurity B1 (%) 0.93 1.18 1.30 1.76
Impurity B2 (%) 0.46 0.64 0.71 1.00
Impurity B1 B1 and B2 (%) 1.39 1.82 2.01 2.76
Mannitol and PEG
VancomycinB (%) 95.08 94.48 93.94 93.31
Impurity B1 (%) 0.88 1.33 1.37 1.73
Impurity B2 (%) 0.11 0.16 0.17 0.20
Impurity B1 and B2 (%) 0.99 1.49 1.54 1.93


[0068] In the diagram, curve 1 denotes spray dried powder with trehalose and tween 80, curve 2 denotes spray dried powder without excipient, and curve 3 denotes spray dried powder with mannitoal and PEG-400.

[0069] From the data in Table 15 and Figure 1, it can be seen that the formulation with trehalose and tween has the best product stability, followed by the formulation of mannitol and PEG. Vancomycin without excipients has the worst stability.

Example 9


Spray Drying Study of Vancomycin Concentrate at Different Concentrations



[0070] To 1800 mL (containing 180 g of vancomycin in total) of vancomycin concentrate (batch No: 310130210, vancomycin B: 96.05%) with a 10% vancomycin concentration, added 45 g of trehalose (25% by weight of vancomycin), dissolved and concentrated through D200 nano-filtration membrane to 600 mL, then added 1.8 mL of 1.0% tween-80 solution (0.01% by weight of vancomycin), mixed well and passed through 0.22 µm filter. Subdivided the obtained filtrate in triplicate, 200 mL each (containing 60 g of vancomycin each).

9.1 Get one of them, adding 40 mL of purified water, mixing well to get solution A (25% vancomycin);

9.2 Get one of them, adding 40 mL of purified water, mixing well to get solution B (20% vancomycin);

9.3 Get one of them, adding 40 mL of purified water, mixing well to get solution C (30% vancomycin),



[0071] Spray drying of solution A, B and C were performed with an inlet temperature of 190° C. and an outlet temperature of 100-110° C. Collecting spray drying power and testing dissolving time of 5% vancomycin solution, moisture of dry powder, HPLC as well as OD at 450nm of 10% vancomycin solution and pH of 5% vancomycin solution. Spray drying datum were shown in Table 16. Resultant powders were tested as shown in Table 17.
TABLE 16
Spray drying data of vancomycin concentrate at different concentrations
Test No.30% Conc.25% Conc.20% Conc.
Duration Start-stop 14:15-14:46 15:10-15:55 16:35-17:35
Inlet Temperature, °C. 190 190 190
Outlet Temperature, °C. 100-110 100-110 100-110
Air volume(%) 100 100 100
Speed of pump(%) 30 30 25
Flow rate of nitrogen (mm) 50 50 50
System pressure(mbar) 15 15 15
TABLE 17
Test results of spray dried vancomycin powder
Test No.Concentrate30% Conc.25%Conc.20%Conc.
Moisture, % NA 2.8 2.7 3.1
pH, 5% Conc. 3.05 3.14 3.11 3.16
A450, 10% Conc. 0.046 0.052 0.047 0.051
Vancomycin B (%) 96.05 96.01 95.91 95.92
Impurity B1 (%) 0.67 0.63 0.64 0.64
Impurity B2 (%) / / / /
Impurity B1 and B2 (%) 0. 67 0.63 0.64 0.64
Reconstitution Time (Seconds, 5% Cone.)* NA 17 14 15
*Reconstitution time of 5% Conc. means the required time of totally dissolving of containing vancomycin hydrochloride 0.5 g sample in 10 mL WFI in 15 ml Vials.


[0072] From the data in Table 17, it can be seen that the spray dried powder obtained by vancomycin solutions with different concentrations 20%, 25% and 30% has similar quality.

Example 10


Spray Drying of Vancomycin Concentrate with Different Formulations



[0073] To 3500 mL (containing 350 g of vancomycin in total) of vancomycin concentrate (batch No: 310130208, vancomycin B: 96.40%) with a 10% vancomycin concentration, added 87.5 g of trehalose (25% by weight of vancomycin), dissolved and concentrated through D200 nano-filtration membrane to 1400 mL, subdivided the obtained filtrate in septuplicate, 200 mL each (containing 50 g of vancomycin each).

10.1 Get one of them, adding 0.5 ml of 0.5% tween-80 solution (0.01% by weight of vancomycin), mixing well and passing through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrate and marked as filtrate A. Each one has a vancomycin concentration of 25%;

10.2 Get one of them, passing through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrate and marked as filtrate B. Each one has a vancomycin concentration of 25%;

10.3 Get one of them, adding 2.5 ml of 1.0% poloxamer 188 (poloxamer 188 is 0.05% by weight of vancomycin), mixing well and passing through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrate and marked as filtrate C. Each one has a vancomycin concentration of 25%;

10.4 Get one of them, adding 2.5 ml of 1.0% polyethylene glycol (polyethylene glycol is 0.05% by weight of vancomycin), mixing well and passing through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrate and marked as filtrate D. Each one has a vancomycin concentration of 25%;

10.5 Get one of them, adding 2.5 ml of 1.0% castor oil hydrogenated (castor oil hydrogenated is 0.05% by weight of vancomycin), mixing well and passing through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrate and marked as filtrate E. Each one has a vancomycin concentration of 25%;

10.6 Get one of them, adding 2.5 ml of 1.0% polyglycol-12-hydroxystearate (polyglycol-12-hydroxystearate is 0.05% by weight of vancomycin), mixing well and passing through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrate and marked as filtrate F. Each one has a vancomycin concentration of 25%;

10.7 Get one of them, adding 2.5 ml of 1.0% polyoxyethylene castor oil hydrogenated (polyoxyethylene castor oil hydrogenated is 0.05% by weight of vancomycin), mixing well and passing through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrate and marked as filtrate G. Each one has a vancomycin concentration of 25%;



[0074] Spray drying of solution A, B, C, D, E, F and G were performed with an inlet temperature of 190° C. and an outlet temperature of 100-110° C. Collecting spray drying power and testing dissolving time of 5% vancomycin solution, moisture of dry powder, HPLC as well as OD at 450nm of 10% vancomycin solution and pH of 5% vancomycin solution. Resultant powders were tested as shown in Table 18.
TABLE 18
Test results of spray dried vancomycin powder
Test No.Moisture, %Reconstitution Time (Seconds,5%Conc.)*pH, 5% Conc.
Tween-80 2.1 14 2.92
Blank 3.9 29 2.91
Poloxamer 188 2.8 21 2.93
Polyethylene glycol 3.0 19 2.92
Castor oil hydrogenated 3.1 19 2.91
Polyglycol 12 hydroxystearate 3.2 22 2.93
Polyoxyethylene castor oil Hydrogenated 2.6 18 2.95


[0075] From the data in table 18, it can be concluded that spray dried powder with excipients, preferably tween-80, has a faster dissolving rate.

Example 11


Spray drying experiment after dissolving vancomycin powder



[0076] 12.5g of trehalose is added to 160mL of purified water, and dissolved well and add 50 g of freeze-dried vancomycin powder (batch No: 310121106 of freeze-dried vancomycin powder, vancomycin B: 95.01%), and add 0.5 ml of 1.0% tween-80 solution (0.01% by weight of vancomycin) after dissolved well, and then add purified water to the solution to 200mL after dissolved well, mixing well and passing through 0.22 µm filter, collecting the filtrate.

[0077] Spray drying of solutions were performed with an inlet temperature of 190° C. and an outlet temperature of 100-110° C. Collecting spray drying power and testing dissolving time of 5% vancomycin solution, moisture of dry powder, HPLC as well as OD at 450nm of 10% vancomycin solution and pH of 5% vancomycin solution. Resultant powders were tested as shown in Table 19.
Table 19 Test results of freeze-dried vancomycin powder and spray dried vancomycin powder
Test No.freeze-dried vancomycin powderspray dried vancomycin powder
moisture (%) 1.9 2.3
pH, 5% Conc. 3.22 3.34
A450, 10% Conc. 0.039 0.042
Vancomycin B (%) 95.01 95.00
Impurity B1 (%) 0.79 0.85
Impurity B2 (%) 0.16 0.18
Impurity B1 and B2 (%) 0.95 1.03
Reconstitution Time (Seconds, 5% Conc.)* 14S 17S
*Reconstitution time of 5% Conc. means the required time of totally dissolving of containing vancomycin hydrochloride 0.5 g sample in 10 mL WFI in 15 ml Vials.


[0078] From the data in Table 19, it can be seen that the spray dried powder is obtained by the freeze-dried vancomycin powder according to the method of Example 11, the spray dried vancomycin powder is obtained by the concentration according to the method of Example 8.

[0079] The experimental data of Table 19 shows that two kinds of the spray dried powders by the freeze-dried vancomycin powder and the concentration have the same formula and have the same effects after dissolving vancomycin hydrochloride and adding stabilizer and solubilizer,.

Example 12:


Pharmacological experiment of the spray powder containing vancomycin hydrochloride



[0080] In accordance with conventional pharmacological experiment of vancomycin hydrochloride in the field, the applicant did the pharmacological experiment for spray powder containing vancomycin hydrochloride of the present invention. The pharmacological data shows that the golden staphylococcus infection of mice effect on the spray powder containing vancomycin hydrochloride of the present invention is ED50 = 0.300 0.800 mg/kg IV.

[0081] The present invention illustrates by the above examples, however, it is understood that, the present invention is not limited to special instance and implementation scheme described herein. Here the purpose including these special instances and implementation schemes is aimed at helping the persons skilled in the art to achieve this invention. The present invention is just limited by the content and scope of claims of the present invention, its intention to cover all included all alternative solutions and equivalent solutions within the scope of the present invention limited by the appendix claims.


Claims

1. A spray dried powder comprising vancomycin hydrochloride, the spray dried powder comprising 100 part by weight vancomycin hydrochloride, 15-35 part by weight trehalose, and 0.005-0.05 part by weight polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleat (tween 80).
 
2. The spray dried powder of claim 1, wherein a solution for producing spray dried powder comprising vancomycin hydrochloride is with a chromatographic purity of not less than 95% vancomycin hydrochloride solution.
 
3. The spray dried powder of claim 1, wherein a weight ratio of trehalose to the vancomycin hydrochloride is 20-25%.
 
4. The spray dried powder of claim 1, wherein the weight ratio of polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleat (tween 80) to the vancomycin hydrochloride is 0.01%.
 
5. The spray dried powder of any one of claims 1-4, wherein the spray dried powder is administrable orally sterile powder or injectable sterile powder.
 
6. A method for preparing spray dried powder comprising vancomycin hydrochloride, the method comprising:

(1) preparing a vancomycin hydrochloride solution with a chromatographic purity of at least 95% according to conventional method;

(2) adding 15-35 part by weight trehalose and 0.005-0.05 part by weight polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleat (tween 80) to 100 part by weight the vancomycin hydrochloride solution of Step (1), to form a mixture solution of the vancomycin hydrochloride;

(3) concentrating the mixed solution of the vancomycin hydrochloride of Step (2) by using a membrane concentration device to 20 -30 wt.% vancomycin hydrochloride concentration, to form a vancomycin hydrochloride concentrate;

(4) filtering the vancomycin hydrochloride concentrate of Step (3) to form a vancomycin hydrochloride filtrate; and

(5) spray drying the vancomycin hydrochloride filtrate of Step (4) to form a spray dried vancomycin hydrochloride powder with EP impurity B level of not more than 1.5%.


 
7. The method of claim 6, wherein the vancomycin hydrochloride concentrate has a pH of 2.0-3.0.
 
8. The method of claim 6, wherein providing the vancomycin hydrochloride solution with the chromatographic purity of at least 95% comprises: dissolving a vancomycin hydrochloride active pharmaceutical ingredient in purified water or injectable water.
 
9. The method of claim 7, wherein a fermentation solution is obtained by Amycolatopsis Oriertalis on appropriate media containing carbon, nitrogen and inorganic salts at appropriate cultivation conditions for 4-8 days, and then to obtain the vancomycin hydrochloride concentrate by filtrating, resin adsorption, decoloring, concentrating, crystallizing, dissolving, chromatographic separating, adjusting pH, filtrating, concentrating.
 
10. The method of claim 6, wherein the weight ratio of trehalose to the vancomycin hydrochloride is 20-25%.
 
11. The method of claim 6,
further wherein the weight ratio of the polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleat (tween 80) to the vancomycin hydrochloride is 0.01%.
 
12. The method of claim 6, wherein a membrane of the membrane concentration device is a reverse osmosis membrane or a 200-800 Da nano-filtration membrane; and further wherein the temperature during concentrating is not exceed 20° C.
 
13. The method of claim 6, wherein initiating a spray drier and heating device during the spray dried powder of Step (5), the inlet temperature is controlled to 160-240°C. and the outlet temperature is controlled to 80- 120°C, opening a feeding switch to keep system a positive pressure state, a heating carrier is more than 95% nitrogen.
 
14. The method of claim 6, wherein the spray dried vancomycin hydrochloride powder has a water content below 3%.
 
15. The method of claim 6, wherein the spray dried vancomycin hydrochloride powder is sterile; and further wherein the method comprises

- filling the spray dried vancomycin hydrochloride powder in a dosage form by a sterile filling device;

- sealing the dosage while vacuuminzing and injecting nitrogen gas into the vial to provide a sealed dosage form,
wherein the sealed dosage form comprises a dosage strength of 0.5 g, 0.75 g, 1.0 g, 2g, 5g, 10 g or 20 g.


 


Ansprüche

1. Sprühgetrocknetes Pulver, welches Vancomycinhydrochlorid umfasst, wobei dieses sprühgetrocknete Pulver 100 Gewichtsanteile Vancomycinhydrochlorid, 15 - 35 Gewichtsanteile Trehalose und 0,005 - 0,5 Gewichtsanteile Polyoxyethylensorbitan-Monooleat (Tween 80) umfasst.
 
2. Sprühgetrocknetes Pulver nach Anspruch 1, in welchem die Lösung zur Erzeugung von sprühgetrocknetem, Vancomycinhydrochlorid enthaltendem Pulver eine chromatografische Reinheit von mindestens 95 % Vancomycinhydrochloridlösung aufweist.
 
3. Sprühgetrocknetes Pulver nach Anspruch 1, in welchem das Gewichtsverhältnis von Trehalose zum Vancomycinhydrochlorid 20 - 25 % beträgt.
 
4. Sprühgetrocknetes Pulver nach Anspruch 1, in welchen das Gewichtsverhältnis von Polyoxyethylensorbitan-Monooleat (Tween 80) zum Vancomycinhydrochlorid 0,01 % beträgt.
 
5. Sprühgetrocknetes Pulver nach irgendeinem der Ansprüche 1 - 4, in welchem das sprühgetrocknete Pulver ein oral verabreichbares steriles Pulver oder ein injizierbares steriles Pulver ist.
 
6. Verfahren zur Darstellung eines sprühgetrockneten, Vancomycinhydrochlorid enthaltenden Pulvers, wobei dieses Verfahren umfasst:

(1) Darstellung einer Vancomycinhydrochloridlösung mit einer chromatografischen Reinheit von mindestens 95 % nach dem herkömmlichen Verfahren;

(2) Zugabe von 15 - 35 Gewichtsanteilen Trehalose und 0,005 - 0,05 Gewichtsanteilen Polyoxyethylensorbitan-Monooleat (Tween 80) zu 100 Gewichtsanteilen der Vancomycinhydrochloridlösung von Schritt (1), um ein Lösungsgemisch aus Vancomycinhydrochlorid zu erhalten;

(3) Anreicherung des nach Schritt (2) erhaltenen Lösungsgemischs aus Vancomycinhydrochlorid unter Benutzung einer Membran-Anreicherungsvorrichtung auf 20 - 30 Gew.-% Konzentrat an Vancomycinhydrochlorid, um ein Konzentrat an Vancomycinhydrochlorid zu erhalten;

(4) Filtration des im Schritt (3) erhaltenen Konzentrats an Vancomycinhydrochlorid, um ein Vancomycinhydrochloridfiltrat zu erhalten; und

(5) Sprühtrocknung des im Schritt (4) erhaltenen Konzentrats an Vancomycinhydrochlorid, um ein sprühgetrocknetes Vancomycinhydrochloridpulver mit einem EP-Verunreinigungsgrad B von höchstens 1,5 % zu erhalten.


 
7. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, bei welchem das Konzentrat an Vancomycinhydrochlorid einen pH-Wert von 2,0 - 3,0 aufweist.
 
8. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, bei welchem die Bereitung der Vancomycinhydrochloridlösung mit der chromatografischen Reinheit von mindestens 95 % umfasst: das Lösen eines vancomycinhydrochloridaktiven pharmazeutischen Mittels in Reinwasser oder in injizierbarem Wasser.
 
9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 7, bei welchem unter geeigneten Kultivierungsbedingungen über einen Zeitraum von 4 - 8 Tagen eine Fermentationsflüssigkeit durch Amycolatopsis Oriertalis auf einem geeigneten Medium, welches Kohlenstoff, Stickstoff und anorganische Salze enthält, erhalten wird, um dann das Konzentrat an Vancomycinhydrochlorid durch Filtration, Adsorption an Harz, Entfärbung, Anreicherung, Kristallisation, Lösen, chromatografische Trennung, Einstellen des pH-Werts, Filtration, Anreicherung zu erhalten.
 
10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, bei welchem das Gewichtsverhältnis von Trehalaose zum Vancomycinhydrochlorid 20 - 25 % beträgt.
 
11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, bei welchem außerdem das Gewichtsverhältnis von Polyoxyethylensorbitan-Monooleat (Tween 80) zum Vancomycinhydrochlorid 0,01 % beträgt.
 
12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, bei welchem eine Membrane der Membrananreicherungsvorrichtung eine Umkehrosmosemembrane oder eine Nanofiltrationsmembrane 200 - 800 Da ist und bei welchem die Temperatur während der Anreicherung nicht höher als 20 °C ist.
 
13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, bei welchem beim Starten einer Sprühtrocknungs- und Heizvorrichtung während der Behandlung des sprühgetrockneten Pulvers im Schritt (5) die Einlasstemperatur auf 160 - 240 °C geregelt wird und die Austrittstemperatur auf 80 - 120 °C geregelt wird, ein Dosierschalter geöffnet wird, um das System in einem positiven Druckzustand zu halten, und ein Wärmeträger mehr als 95 % Stickstoff enthält.
 
14. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, bei welchem das sprühgetrocknete Vancomycinhydrochloridpulver einen Wassergehalt unter 3 % aufweist.
 
15. Verfahren nach Anspruch 6, bei welchem, das sprühgetrocknete Vancomycinhydrochloridpulver steril ist und bei welchem außerdem das Verfahren umfasst:

- das Einfüllen des sprühgetrockneten Vancomycinhydrochloridpulvers in eine Arzneiform mittels einer sterilen Füllvorrichtung;

- das Versiegeln der Arzneiform unter Anlegen von Unterdruck und Injektion von gasförmigem Stickstoff in die Arzneiflasche, um eine versiegelte Arzneiform zu erhalten,
wobei die versiegelte Arzneiform eine Dosiermenge von 0,5 g, 0,75 g, 1,0 g, 2 g, 5 g, 10 g oder 20 g aufweist.


 


Revendications

1. Poudre desséchée par pulvérisation comprenant du chlorhydrate de vancomycine, la poudre desséchée par pulvérisation comprenant 100 parties en poids de chlorhydrate de vancomycine, 15-35 parties en poids de tréhalose, et 0,005-0,05 parties en poids de monooléate de sorbitane polyoxyéthylène (tween 80).
 
2. Poudre desséchée par pulvérisation de la revendication 1, où une solution pour produire la poudre desséchée par pulvérisation comprenant du chlorhydrate de vancomycine a une pureté chromatographique de pas moins de 95% de solution de chlorhydrate de vancomycine.
 
3. Poudre desséchée par pulvérisation de la revendication 1, où le rapport en poids de tréhalose au chlorhydrate de vancomycine est de 20-25%.
 
4. Poudre desséchée par pulvérisation de la revendication 1, où le rapport en poids de monooléate de sorbitane polyoxyéthylène (tween 80) au chlorhydrate de vancomycine est de 0,01%.
 
5. Poudre desséchée par pulvérisation de l'une quelconque des revendications de 1 à 4, où la poudre desséchée par pulvérisation est une poudre stérile oralement administrable ou une poudre stérile injectable.
 
6. Procédé pour la préparation d'une poudre desséchée par pulvérisation comprenant du chlorhydrate de vancomycine, procédé comprenant :

(1) la préparation d'une solution de chlorhydrate de vancomycine avec une pureté chromatographique d'au moins 95% selon le procédé classique ;

(2) l'ajout de 15-35 parties en poids de tréhalose et 0,005-0,05 parties en poids de monooléate de sorbitane polyoxyéthylène (tween 80) aux 100 parties en poids de la solution de chlorhydrate de vancomycine de l'étape (1), pour former une solution de mélange de chlorhydrate de vancomycine ;

(3) la concentration de la solution mélangée du chlorhydrate de vancomycine de l'étape (2) en utilisant un dispositif de concentration de membrane à 20-30% en poids de concentration de chlorhydrate de vancomycine, pour former un concentré de chlorhydrate de vancomycine ;

(4) le filtrage du concentré de chlorhydrate de vancomycine de l'étape (3) pour former un filtrat de chlorhydrate de vancomycine ; et

(5) le desséchage par pulverisation du filtrat de chlorhydrate de vancomycine de l'étape (4) pour former une poudre de chlorhydrate de vancomycine desséchée par pulverisation avec une impureté EP de niveau B de pas plus de 1,5%.


 
7. Procédé de la revendication 6, où le concentré de chlorhydrate de vancomycine a un pH de 2.0-3.0.
 
8. Procédé de la revendication 6, où la fourniture de la solution de chlorhydrate de vancomycine avec la pureté chromatographique d'au moins 95% comprend : la dissolution d'un ingrédient pharmaceutique actif de chlorhydrate de vancomycine dans de l'eau purifiée ou de l'eau injectable.
 
9. Procédé de la revendication 7, où la solution de fermentation est obtenue par Amycolatopsis Oriertalis sur un support approprié contenant du carbone, du nitrogène et des sels inorganiques à des conditions de culture appropriées pendant 4-8 jours, et puis obtenir le concentré de chlorhydrate de vancomycine par filtrage, absorption de résine, décoloration, concentration, cristallisation, dissolution, séparation chromatographique, régulation du pH, filtrage, concentration.
 
10. Procédé de la revendication 6, où le rapport en poids de tréhalose au chlorhydrate de vancomycine est de 20-25%.
 
11. Procédé de la revendication 6, où en outre le rapport en poids de monooléate de sorbitane polyoxyéthylène (tween 80) au chlorhydrate de vancomycine est de 0,01%.
 
12. Procédé de la revendication 6, où une membrane du dispositif de concentration de membrane est une membrane d'osmose inverse ou une membrane de nanofiltration 200-800 Da ; et où en outre la température pendant la concentration n'excède pas 20°C.
 
13. Procédé de la revendication 6, où un séchoir par pulvérisateur et un dispositif de chauffage sont activés pendant le desséchage par pulvérisation de la poudre de l'étape (5), la température d'entrée est contrôlée à 160∼240°C et la température de sortie est contrôlée à 80∼120°C, ouvrant un commutateur de sources pour maintenir le système dans un état de pression positive, un support de chauffage est plus de 95% de nitrogène.
 
14. Procédé de la revendication 6, où la poudre desséchée par pulvérisation de chlorhydrate de vancomycine a une teneur en eau en dessous de 3%.
 
15. Procédé de la revendication 6, où la poudre desséchée par pulvérisation de chlorhydrate de vancomycine est stérile ; et où en outre le procédé comprend

- le remplissage de la poudre desséchée par pulvérisation de chlorhydrate de vancomycine en une forme posologique par un dispositif de remplissage stérile ;

- l'étanchéification du dosage pendant la mise sous vide et l'injection de gaz nitrogène dans le flacon pour fournir une forme posologique étanche,
où la forme posologique étanche comprend une quantité de dosage de 0,5 g, 0,75 g, 1,0 g, 2 g, 5 g, 10 g ou 20 g.


 




Drawing








Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description