(19)
(11)EP 2 977 026 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
04.11.2020 Bulletin 2020/45

(21)Application number: 14770011.6

(22)Date of filing:  17.03.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61F 2/24(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2014/073519
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/146557 (25.09.2014 Gazette  2014/39)

(54)

STENT AND SECURELY-INSTALLED ARTIFICIAL VALVE REPLACEMENT DEVICE HAVING SAME

STENT UND SICHER INSTALLIERTER KLAPPENPROTHESENERSATZ DAMIT

STENT ET DISPOSITIF DE REMPLACEMENT DE VALVULE ARTIFICIELLE INSTALLÉE DE MANIÈRE FIXE LE COMPRENANT


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 18.03.2013 CN 201310087054

(43)Date of publication of application:
27.01.2016 Bulletin 2016/04

(73)Proprietor: Venus Medtech (Hangzhou), Inc.
Zhejiang 310000 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • LEI, Rongjun
    Hangzhou Zhejiang 310000 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Zhifei
    Hangzhou Zhejiang 310000 (CN)
  • ZHANG, Qiming
    Hangzhou Zhejiang 310000 (CN)

(74)Representative: Prinz & Partner mbB 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Rundfunkplatz 2
80335 München
80335 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 702 965
WO-A2-2014/074462
CN-A- 101 953 723
CN-A- 101 953 724
CN-A- 101 953 728
CN-A- 102 458 309
CN-A- 103 190 968
US-A1- 2010 249 894
US-A1- 2011 264 202
WO-A1-2010/130443
CN-A- 101 180 010
CN-A- 101 953 723
CN-A- 101 953 725
CN-A- 102 256 568
CN-A- 102 917 668
US-A1- 2004 267 348
US-A1- 2010 249 894
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to the technical field of medical apparatuses, and more particularly to a stent and an artificial valve replacement device having the stent fixed thereto.

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0002] When a patient's own heart valves (the mitral valve, the tricuspid valve, the aortic valve, or the pulmonary valve) mutate due to congenital or acquired diseases and hence the valves are unable to open and close normally, health and even life may be adversely affected. The mutations of the heart valves include opening incompletely and closing incompletely, both the two situations may result in increase of cardiac load, and whether the heart can normally work under the increasing load is a main basis that determines whether the human body heart valves need to be replaced.

    [0003] Implantation of artificial heart valves by interventional operations causes small traumas to human bodies and has a low invasion degree, and thus it is applied more and more widely. This operation can form a small incision with a diameter of several millimeters on the skin of a patient on the premise of no use of scalpel, through the incision the vasculature system of a human body can be accessed and a transport channel can be established, and an artificial heart valve (i.e., a stent) can be transported by a special transport system to the heart and replace a defective human body valve.

    [0004] An artificial heart valve replacement device in the prior art generally includes a mesh stent made of memory metal material and a clover-shaped valve that is sewed in the stent and can be opened unidirectionally. Referring to Fig. 1, the stent includes three parts, which are an aortic stent 1, a valve stent 2, and a right ventricular inflow tract stent 3, and at least one T-shaped fixed ear 10 is arranged at a top edge of the stent.

    [0005] In an operation, an artificial valve replacement device is transported to an implantation point by a transport system. The transport system fixes the artificial valve replacement device on a stent fixing head, a front end of the stent fixing head is provided with a streamline guiding head, a core tube extends through the stent fixing head and is connected with the guiding head, and the core tube, the stent fixing head, and the guiding head cooperatively form a sheath core. When implanting the artificial valve, the artificial valve replacement device is positioned to engage with the stent fixing head of the transport system, a sheath tube is sheathed on the outside of the sheath core, and the stent is kept in a compressed status; the sheath tube and the sheath core carrying the artificial valve replacement device is transported from an inlet of a blood vessel to a location of a diseased valve, and the artificial valve replacement device is then released; the stent will expand under the action of the body temperature and push leaves of the artificial valve towards the wall of the blood vessel to complete the positioning, afterwards, the sheath tube and the sheath core are drawn out.

    [0006] Before the artificial valve replacement device is released, it must be mounted in the transport system stably. If the artificial valve replacement device is accidentally released, the life safety of the patient will be seriously threatened.

    [0007] In the transport system, the artificial valve replacement device is fixedly mounted on the stent fixing head. Fig. 2 shows a structure of a conventional stent fixing head, wherein an outer wall of the stent fixing head defines a positioning groove 11. When mounting the artificial valve replacement device, the fixed ear 10 of the stent of the artificial valve replacement device is fittingly embedded in the positioning groove 11. In the prior art, a thickness of the fixed ear of the stent is generally about 0.4 mm, correspondingly, a depth of the positioning groove is also about 0.4mm, that is, the depth is very small. Since there is a clearance with a width of about 0.1-0.2mm between the stent fixing head and the inner wall of the sheath tube, and the transport system needs to pass the tortuous and complex vasculature system to transport the artificial valve replacement device to the implantation point, when the transport system turns, the sheath tube is bent and deformed, and thus the stent fixed ear is prone to slide out along the clearance, resulting in disengagement of the artificial valve replacement device.

    [0008] Furthermore, in order to guide the fixed ear of the stent to enter the positioning groove successfully and facilitate the release of the artificial valve replacement device in the operating process, as shown in Fig. 3, an opening part of the positioning groove is provided with a chamfer 12, and a peripheral edge of the positioning groove is also provided with a chamfer 13, however, the chamfers are easier to cause disengagement of the artificial valve replacement device.

    [0009] When not being used, the stent of the artificial valve replacement device is in a folded state, and is a compact tubular structure fabricated by machining memory metal or shape memory alloy using laser cutting. After the stent expands in a human body, it will be in tight contact with a blood vessel wall. If a thickness of the stent increases, not only does the processing difficulty increase, but also the compliance and expanding performance of the stent are affected.

    [0010] US 2010/0249894 A1 discloses a prosthetic heart valve system including a surgical heart valve that is modified to include an expandable coupling stent that can be expanded for coupling to a base stent. The base stent includes positional markers, each having axially extending lower portions which connect to a top edge of the base stent. An upper portion of the markers extends radially and projects outwardly beyond an outer diameter of the stent. WO 2010/130443 discloses a system with a stent having an enlarged head portion which follows the curvature of the stent.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0011] According to the present invention a stent is provided as defined in claim 1. The stent can be stably mounted on a transport system, which does not affect the normal use of the stent.

    [0012] The stent is a cylindrical structure, and a top edge of the stent is provided with at least one fixed ear, each fixed ear includes a neck portion connected to the top edge of the stent and a head portion suitable for engagement with a stent fixing head, and the head portion is provided with a bent structure configured for increasing an overall radial thickness of the stent.

    [0013] If not specially described, the term "radial direction" of the present invention refers to a radial direction of the stent. Since the stent is a cylindrical structure, the radial thickness refers to a thickness of the head portion along a radial direction of the stent.

    [0014] Preferably, the entire head portion or a part of the head portion can be the bent structure. After adopting the bent structure, an overall thickness of the head portion will increase; preferably, a ratio of a radial thickness of the bent structure to a radial thickness of the neck portion is in the range of 1.2:1 to 3:1.

    [0015] A radial thickness of the neck portion can be regarded as an overall thickness of a fixed ear without any bent structure in the prior art. When the head portion is bent, compared with the neck portion, its thickness increases and can provide an anti-disengagement function.

    [0016] A transport system for implanting the stent includes a stent fixing head. An outer wall of the stent fixing head is provided with a positioning groove, so that when mounting the stent, the head portion of the fixed ear engages within the positioning groove, and the outside of the stent is surrounded by the sheath tube of the stent. A clearance fit is formed between the sheath tube of the stent and the stent fixing head; if the clearance is too large (e.g., large than 0.1mm), since the sheath tube of the stent is made of thin-walled polymer material, when it is subjected to a radial compression force from the head portion of the fixed ear, it will generate a flexible deformation, such that the clearance between the sheath tube of the stent and the stent fixing head will increase several times at a part of the stent fixing head contacting the fixed ear, thereby resulting in that the fixed ear disengages from the positioning groove; on the contrary, if the clearance is too small, it will be caused that an excessive axial resistance is generated when the stent is carried and released, thereby resulting in operating difficulty of the operation. Therefore, the requirement for the matching accuracy between the stent fixing head and the sheath tube of the stent has become a main problem in the prior art. The present invention adopts the bent structure of the head portion of the fixed ear to increase the radial thickness of the head portion, so that the radial thickness of the head portion equals several times of the width of the clearance. Therefore, the requirement for the accuracy of the clearance can be significantly reduced, and it can be reliably ensured that the stent fixed ear will not separate from the stent fixing head even though the axial resistance is not increased, so that the stent can be stably mounted in the transport system.

    [0017] Furthermore, the bent structure is preferably formed by re-machining the stent at which laser engraving has been completed, and thus does not affect biological performance of the stent.

    [0018] According to the present invention, there are three alternatives for the bent structure of the head portion. In one alternative (a), the head portion is substantially wave-shaped.

    [0019] Here, a thickness of the head portion refers to a difference between a radial height of any wave peak and a radial height of any wave trough.

    [0020] The wave-shaped head portion should have at least two wave peaks.

    [0021] Preferably, the wave peaks and the wave troughs of the wave-shaped head portion are alternately arranged along a circumference of the stent.

    [0022] In order to embed the fixed ear in the positioning groove of the stent fixing head more stably, two ends of the head portion that abut a bottom of the positioning groove are wave troughs of the head portion.

    [0023] In another alternative (b), the bent structure is formed by two side edges of the head portion being bent towards each other.

    [0024] When being bent, two side edges of the head portion can be bent towards the same side, and can also be bent towards two opposite sides respectively.

    [0025] A bent angle of each of the two side edges is usually at 160-180 degrees, and preferably, at 180 degrees. When the bent angles of the two side edges are at 180 degrees, a radial thickness of the fixed ear equals two times of a radial thickness of the fixed ear before being bent.

    [0026] In an another alternative (c), a top edge of the head portion is bent downwards towards the neck portion.

    [0027] A bent angle of the top edge is usually at 160-180 degrees, and preferably, at 180 degrees. When the bent angle is at 180 degrees, a radial thickness of the bent fixed ear equals two times of a radial thickness of the fixed ear before being bent.

    [0028] In order to facilitate the machining of the bent structures, preferably, the fixed ear is T-shaped, and a top end of the neck portion of the fixed ear is connected with a center of a bottom of the head portion.

    [0029] There can be a plurality of fixed ears arranged on a top edge of the stent evenly. Preferably, the number of the fixed ears is 2 to 4.

    [0030] Preferably, the projection locations of the top edges of the plurality of fixed ears on an axis of the stent are arranged to be staggered. That is, heights of the top edges of the plurality of fixed ears are different, and in particular, heights of the top edges of every two fixed ears differ from each other. Therefore, when the stent is fixed onto the transport system, the plurality of fixed ears can be positioned sequentially; for example, a fixed ear having the highest top edge can be positioned at first, and all other fixed ears can be positioned sequentially, wherein each fixed ear having a higher top edge is positioned prior to each fixed ear having a lower top edge, so that the operation is more convenient.

    [0031] The present invention further provides an artificial valve replacement device, as defined in claim 6. The replacement device comprises the above-described stent and a prosthesis valve fixed on the stent.

    [0032] The prosthesis valve can be a prosthesis tricuspid valve, a prosthesis pulmonary valve, a prosthesis aortic valve, and so on.

    [0033] The prosthesis valve can be sewed on an inner wall of the stent, and can also be fixed by other conventional methods.

    [0034] By the arrangement of the bending structure(s), the stent of the present invention overcomes the problem that the stent is prone to disengage from the stent fixing head, the stent can be stably mounted on the transport system, so that the safety is higher; moreover, the release of the stent is not affected.

    [0035] The stent of the present invention is designed and improved on the basis of conventional stents, therefore, it is simple, convenient, and easy to operate.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0036] 

    Fig. 1 is a structural schematic view of a stent of an artificial valve replacement device in the prior art;

    Fig. 2 is a structural schematic view of a stent fixing head in the prior art;

    Fig. 3 is a cut-away view of the stent fixing head shown in Fig. 2;

    Fig. 4 is a structural schematic view of a stent of an artificial valve replacement device of an embodiment of the present invention;

    Fig. 5 is a structural schematic view of a first type of fixed ear of Fig. 4;

    Fig. 6 is a schematic view of mounting the fixed ear shown in Fig. 5 onto a transport system (according to a first fitting method);

    Fig. 7 is a schematic view of mounting the fixed ear shown in Fig. 5 onto a transport system (according to a second fitting method);

    Fig. 8 is a structural schematic view of a first alternative (a) of the fixed ear of Fig. 4;

    Fig. 9 is a schematic view of mounting the fixed ear shown in Fig. 8 onto a transport system (according to a first fitting method);

    Fig. 10 is a schematic view of mounting the fixed ear shown in Fig. 8 onto a transport system (according to a second fitting method);

    Fig. 11 is a structural schematic view of a second alternative of the fixed ear of Fig. 4;

    Fig. 12 is a structural schematic view of a third alternative of the fixed ear of Fig. 4;

    Fig. 13 is a schematic view of opening the stent of the artificial valve replacement device of an embodiment of the present invention before the stent is released.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0037] The present invention will be further described hereafter with reference to the accompany drawings which show embodiments.

    [0038] An artificial valve replacement device of the present invention comprises a stent and a prosthesis valve fixed on the stent.

    [0039] Taking an aortic stent as an example, a structure of the artificial valve replacement device of an embodiment will be described hereafter. However, it should be noted that the artificial valve replacement device of the present invention is not limited to use the aortic stent, but can also use a pulmonary stent, a tricuspid valve stent, etc.

    [0040] As shown in Fig. 4, the stent (aortic stent) is a netlike cylindrical structure, which comprises an aortic stent 4, a valve stent 5, and an inflow tract stent 6 that are connected sequentially.

    [0041] The stent comprises a plurality of diamond unit meshes arranged continuously, and three hollow areas are arranged at a side wall of the valve stent 5. Due to the limit of the view angle, only two hollow areas 9a, 9b of the three hollow areas are visible in Fig. 4. The hollow areas are used to respectively accommodate a top end of a prosthesis valve when the prosthesis valve is opened. Each hollow area is formed by combining four adjacent diamond unit meshes together, that is, at least a part of the skeletons inside the hollow area are removed to form the hollow area. In this way, the stent is not only easy to process but also able to achieve a good overall strength.

    [0042] Of course, the shapes of the mesh structures of the stent are not limited to diamond, and can also be regular or irregular oval, round, rectangular, and so on, as long as they can meet the requirement for supporting force and compliance of the stent.

    [0043] A top edge of the aortic stent 4 is provided with at least one fixed ear 60, which is configured to engage within a positioning groove of a stent fixing head of a transport system when the stent is implanted into a human body.

    [0044] The fixed ear 60 is substantially T-shaped, in particular, the fixed ear 60 includes a neck portion 601 and a head portion 602, the neck portion 601 is connected with the top edge of the aortic stent 4, and the head portion 602 engages with a stent fixing head; a top end of the neck portion 601 of the fixed ear 60 is connected with a center of a bottom of the head portion 602, and the head portion 602 further comprises a bent structure that increases an overall radial thickness of the head portion 602.

    [0045] Fig. 5 illustrates a comparative configuration of the bent structure of the head portion 602 of the fixed ear 60, which is not part of the invention.. In this configuration, the whole head portion 602 of the fixed ear is bent to be arc-shaped, and a concave portion of the arc shape is positioned towards an axis of the stent. In this way, an overall radial thickness H of the head portion 602 (i.e., a difference between a height of a middle portion of the arc shape and a height of either end of the arc shape) is increased. When the fixed ear 60 engages with a positioning groove, as shown in Fig. 7, a depth of a positioning groove 8 of a stent fixing head 7 can be increased appropriately (however, it is also possible that the depth is not increased), so that the head portion 602 of the fixed ear 60 is in tight contact with an inner wall of a sheath tube 14. Of course, when the depth of the positioning groove 8 is increased, the depth can be fit for the thickness of the head portion 602 of the fixed ear 60, as shown in Fig. 6; in this way, even though the sheath tube 14 is bent and/or deformed, the fixed ear 60 is not prone to disengage from the positioning groove 8, and thus the stent is prevented from disengagement.

    [0046] Even though the depth of the positioning groove 8 is unchanged, since the overall radial thickness of the head portion 602 is increased so that the radial thickness equals several times of a width of a clearance between the sheath tube 14 and the stent fixing head 7, requirement for the accuracy of the clearance can still be greatly reduced, and requirement for the accuracy of the sheath tube can also be reduced at an order of magnitude, such that the processing technology is simpler and easier to perform.

    [0047] Fig. 8 illustrates a second embodiment of the bent structure, wherein the head portion 602 of the fixed ear 60 is substantially wave-shaped, and wave peaks and wave troughs of the wave-shaped head portion 602 are alternately arranged along a circumference of the stent. In particular, two ends of the head portion 602 that abut a bottom of the positioning groove 8 are wave troughs of the head portion 602, so that the fixed ear 60 can be embedded in the positioning groove 8 of the stent fixing head 7 more stably. Fig. 9 and Fig. 10 show mounted states of the head portion 602 of the wave-shaped fixed ear 60 in the transport system when mounting the stent.

    [0048] In a third embodiment of the bent structure of the head portion 602, the head portion 602 of the fixed ear 60 is partially bent, in particular, two side edges of the head portion 602 are bent towards each other. As shown in Fig. 11, the two side edges of the head portion 602 are bent towards the same side, the bent angle of each side edge equals 180 degrees, and a thickness of the bent fixed ear 60 equals two times of a thickness of the fixed ear 60 before being bent.

    [0049] Of course, the two side edges of the head portion 602 can also be bent towards two opposite sides respectively, so that the head portion 602 is substantially S-shaped.

    [0050] Fig. 12 illustrates a fourth embodiment of the bent structure of the head portion 602 of the present invention. In this embodiment, the top edge of the head portion 602 is bent towards the neck portion 601, the bent angle equals 180 degrees, and a thickness of the bent fixed ear 60 equals two times of a thickness of the fixed ear 60 before being bent; of course, a bent angle in the range of about 160-180 degrees can also achieve good effect.

    [0051] Obviously, when the fixed ear 60 shown in Fig. 11 or Fig. 12 engages with the positioning groove 8, the aforementioned engaging ways (e.g., the first engaging way) can also be adopted, and these engaging ways do not need to be repeatedly detailed here.

    [0052] It should be noted that the bent structure of the head portion 602 of the fixed ear 60 of the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments but can have many variations. For example, each of the two side edges of the head portion 602 of the fixed ear 60 shown in Fig. 11 is bent only once, actually, each of the two side edges can be bent twice or more times, so that a thickness of the bent fixed ear 60 with the multilayer laminate structure equals three or more times of a thickness of the fixed ear 60 before being bent.

    [0053] Furthermore, in the bent structure, the bending or curving angle of the head portion 602 can be adjusted according to actual situations.

    [0054] The number of the fixed ears 60 is usually three, as shown in Fig. 13, three fixed ears 60a, 60b, and 60c are provided. Heights of top edges of three fixed ears 60a, 60b, and 60c are different, for example, it can be seen from Fig. 13 that the fixed ear 60b is obviously higher than the fixed ear 60a, and the fixed ear 60c is obviously higher than the fixed ear 60b.

    [0055] A height H1 of the fixed ear 60c is a distance between a top edge of the aortic stent 4 and the top edge of the fixed ear 60c. In this embodiment, the height of the fixed ear 60c is about 7mm, the height of the fixed ear 60b is about 5mm, the height of the fixed ear 60a is about 2.8mm, and a height H2 of the stent (without the heights of the fixed ears) is about 55mm.

    [0056] It needs to be explained that the stent of the artificial valve replacement device is in a folded state when it is not used, that is, it is a compact tubular structure. It is usually fabricated by machining tubing made of memory metal material using laser cutting. When it is implanted into a human body and released, it will expand under the action of the body temperature and form a loose cylindrical structure. If not stated othewise, all described structures of the artificial valve replacement device and the stent thereof refer to the structures having completely expanded in a human body.


    Claims

    1. A stent having a cylindrical structure with a top edge of the stent being provided with at least one fixed ear (60), wherein each fixed ear (60) includes a neck portion (601) connected to the top edge of the stent and a head portion (602) suitable for engagement with a stent fixing head (11), which is part of a transport system for positioning the stent at an implantation point, and the head portion (602) is provided with a bent structure configured to increase an overall radial thickness of the stent,
    characterized in that the bent structure is (a) substantially wave-shaped with wave peaks and wave troughs alternately arranged along the circumference of the stent, (b) formed by two side edges of the head portion (602), seen in circumferential direction, being bent toward each other or (c) formed by a top edge of the head portion (602) being bent downwards towards the neck portion (601).
     
    2. The stent according to claim 1, wherein the entire head portion (602) or a part of the head portion (602) is the bent structure.
     
    3. The stent according to claim 2, wherein a ratio of a radial thickness of the bent structure to a radial thickness of the neck portion (601) is in the range of 1.2:1 to 3:1.
     
    4. The stent according to claim 1, wherein in case of (b) a bending angle of each of the two side edges is 160-180 degrees.
     
    5. The stent according to claim 1, wherein in case of (c) a bending angle of the top edge is 160-180 degrees.
     
    6. An artificial valve replacement device, comprising a stent of any one of the claims 1 to 5 and a prosthesis valve fixed on the stent.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Stent mit einer zylindrischen Struktur, wobei ein oberer Rand des Stents mit mindestens einer fest angebrachten Lasche (60) versehen ist, wobei jede fest angebrachte Lasche (60) einen Halsabschnitt (601), der mit dem oberen Rand des Stents verbunden ist, und einen Kopfabschnitt (602) aufweist, der für einen Eingriff in einen Stentbefestigungskopf (11) geeignet ist, der Teil eines Transportsystems zur Positionierung des Stents an einem Implantationspunkt ist, und der Kopfabschnitt (602) mit einer gebogenen Struktur versehen ist, die so ausgebildet ist, dass sie eine radiale Gesamtdicke des Stents erhöht,
    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die gebogene Struktur a) im Wesentlichen wellenförmig ist, wobei Wellenberge und Wellentäler entlang des Umfangs des Stents abwechselnd angeordnet sind, b) dadurch gebildet ist, dass zwei Seitenränder des Kopfabschnitts (602) in Umfangsrichtung betrachtet aufeinander zu gebogen sind, oder c) dadurch gebildet ist, dass ein oberer Rand des Kopfabschnitts (602) nach unten zum Halsabschnitt (601) hin gebogen ist.
     
    2. Stent nach Anspruch 1, bei dem der gesamte Kopfabschnitt (602) oder ein Teil des Kopfabschnitts (602) die gebogene Struktur ist.
     
    3. Stent nach Anspruch 2, bei dem ein Verhältnis einer radialen Dicke der gebogenen Struktur zu einer radialen Dicke des Halsabschnitts (601) im Bereich von 1,2:1 bis 3:1 liegt.
     
    4. Stent nach Anspruch 1, bei dem im Fall von b) ein Biegewinkel jedes der beiden Seitenränder 160-180 Grad beträgt.
     
    5. Stent nach Anspruch 1, bei dem im Fall von c) ein Biegewinkel des oberen Randes 160-180 Grad beträgt.
     
    6. Künstliche Klappenersatzvorrichtung, mit einem Stent nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5 und einer an dem Stent befestigten Klappenprothese.
     


    Revendications

    1. Stent présentant une structure cylindrique, un bord supérieur du stent étant pourvu d'au moins une patte fixe (60), chaque patte fixe (60) présentant un tronçon de gorge (601) relié au bord supérieur du stent et un tronçon de tête (602) apte à s'engager dans une tête de fixation (11) du stent qui fait partie d'un système de transport pour le positionnement du stent à un endroit d'implantation, et le tronçon de tête (602) étant pourvu d'une structure courbe réalisée de manière à augmenter une épaisseur radiale totale du stent,
    caractérisé en ce que la structure courbe est (a) sensiblement ondulée, des pointes de vague et des creux de vague étant agencés en alternance le long de la circonférence du stent, est (b) formée par deux bords latéraux du tronçon de tête (602), vue dans un sens circonférentiel, qui sont pliés l'un vers l'autre, ou est (c) formée par un bord supérieur du tronçon de tête (602) qui est plié vers le bas vers le tronçon de gorge (601).
     
    2. Stent selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'ensemble du tronçon de tête (602) ou une partie du tronçon de tête (602) est la structure courbe.
     
    3. Stent selon la revendication 2, dans lequel un rapport d'une épaisseur radiale de la structure courbe à une épaisseur radiale du tronçon de gorge (601) est compris dans la plage de 1,2:1 à 3:1.
     
    4. Stent selon la revendication 1, dans lequel dans le cas de (b), un angle de pliage de chacun des deux bords latéraux est compris entre 160 et 180 degrés.
     
    5. Stent selon la revendication 1, dans lequel dans le cas de (c), un angle de pliage du bord supérieur est compris entre 160 et 180 degrés.
     
    6. Dispositif de remplacement de valve artificiel, comprenant un stent selon l'une des revendications 1 à 5 et une prothèse de valve fixée au stent.
     




    Drawing























    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description