(19)
(11)EP 2 977 154 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 14183782.3

(22)Date of filing:  05.09.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
B25J 21/00(2006.01)
B08B 3/10(2006.01)
B08B 3/02(2006.01)

(54)

Feeding device and object driving device

Zufuhrvorrichtung und Gegenstandsansteuerungsvorrichtung

Dispositif d'alimentation et dispositif d'entraînement d'un objet


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 24.07.2014 JP 2014150840

(43)Date of publication of application:
27.01.2016 Bulletin 2016/04

(73)Proprietor: Sugino Machine Limited
Uozu-shi, Toyama 937-8511 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • Mitsue, Toyoaki
    Uozu city, Toyama 937-8511 (JP)
  • Kawamori, Yoshiteru
    Uozu city, Toyama 937-8511 (JP)
  • Sumiyoshi, Toru
    Uozu city, Toyama 937-8511 (JP)

(74)Representative: Schmitt-Nilson Schraud Waibel Wohlfrom Patentanwälte Partnerschaft mbB 
Pelkovenstraße 143
80992 München
80992 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 0 110 525
US-A1- 2013 233 359
JP-A- H11 226 523
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    1. Field of the Invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a feeding device and an object driving device, and more particularly, to a feeding device which includes first and second rotary saddles for rotatably supporting an object, and an object driving device.

    2. Description of the Related Art



    [0002] A high-pressure cleaning machine is used for cleaning of products, particularly mechanical parts such as automobile parts. The high-pressure cleaning machine directs onto an object to be cleaned (hereinafter referred to as the "workpiece") high-pressure jets obtained by pressurizing cleaning liquid to a high pressure and jetting it from nozzles. At this time, cutting oil, chips or other foreign matters, or burrs on a work surface are removed by an impact force and cleavage force generated when the high-pressure jets impinge on the work surface. Because the jets change their orientation upon contact with the work surface to flow along the work surface, the high-pressure cleaning machine is suitable for cleaning and deburring of mechanical parts having outer surfaces with complicated shapes (for example, Japanese Published Unexamined Patent Application No. 2004-141811 (Claim 1, Figs. 1 to 6) and U.S. Patent No. 8034191 (Figs. 9 to 15)).

    [0003] The cleaning apparatus disclosed in the Japanese Published Unexamined Patent Application No. 2004-141811 performs cleaning by sequentially positioning while moving nozzles so that the nozzles face a single workpiece hole. The cleaning apparatus disclosed in the U.S. Patent No. 8034191 performs cleaning by controlling the attitude of the workpiece while holding the workpiece with a multi-joint robot so that the workpiece is directed toward nozzles.

    [0004] However, there is a problem in that, when the nozzles are moved in the same manner as the cleaning apparatus disclosed in the Japanese Published Unexamined Patent Application No. 2004-141811 (Claim 1, Figs 1 to 6), the construction for ensuring the sealing performance is complicated and the flexibility in design is lowered in the case of supplying an high-pressure cleaning liquid to the nozzles.

    [0005] In the cleaning apparatus disclosed in the U.S. Patent No. 8034191 (Figs. 9 to 15), there is a problem in that, because the multi-joint robot holds the workpiece and directs it toward the nozzles, control operation is complicated and it is difficult to improve the positioning accuracy, repeatability, or locus accuracy. In the case of cleaning or deburring with high-pressure jets, the high-pressure jets need to strike the workpiece exactly along its outline. If the positioning accuracy, repeatability, or locus accuracy is low, the effect of cleaning or deburring with high quality is hard to obtain.

    [0006] Furthermore, the multi-joint robot is directly splashed with the high-pressure water jetted from the nozzles or indirectly splashed with the high-pressure water bounced off the workpiece. Because the multi-joint robot is a precision component, unfortunately, it is likely to be damaged due to contact with high-pressure water.

    [0007] US 2013/233359 shows an apparatus for an industrial cleaning plant for the treatment of items to be cleaned "G" in cleaning chambers (1), and a transport device (2) that can be driven, rotated or pivoted for loading and unloading, whereby the transport device (2) has a lifting device (16) with a gripping tool (17) for the items to be cleaned "G", with which a vertical transport lift can be carried out into the cleaning chamber (1). The cleaning chambers (1) can be closed with a cover (11). The object of the invention consists of achieving an improvement of the adjustment of the items to be cleaned "G" in the cleaning chamber (1). The object is achieved in that the cover (11) is held moveably in a guide (18) parallel to a lifting arm (15), in an aperture (13) along the shaft (14) of this lifting arm (15) of the lifting device (28), in that an entrainment mechanism (23) is provided, which forms a stop for the cover (11) in upward movement of the lifting arm (15) for opening the cleaning chamber (1), and for closing the cleaning chamber (1) in downward movement of the lifting arm (15), the cover (11) is placed on the cleaning chamber (1), whereby in closed position of the cover (11), an up-or-down movement of the gripping tool (20) in the cleaning chamber (1) can be controlled with the lifting arm (15).

    SUMMARY



    [0008] Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a feeding device which is capable of driving an object with high accuracy while holding the object and controlling its attitude and capable of improving durability by effectively separating a holding device and a driving device from each other, and an object driving device.

    [0009] In view of the above-described problems, the present invention is constituted as follows.

    [0010] A first aspect of the present invention provides a feeding device movably disposed through a cover device so as to face a work region shielded by the cover device, for holding an object and controlling an attitude of the object. The feeding device includes: a feed base having a hollow portion; a first rotary saddle disposed on the feed base, the first rotary saddle being rotatable about a first axis; a second rotary saddle disposed on the first rotary saddle, the second rotary saddle being rotatable about a second axis in a direction different from the first axis; a holding device disposed on the second rotary saddle to hold the object; a first driving device disposed outward of the cover device with respect to the work region to rotate the first rotary saddle; a second driving device disposed outward of the cover device with respect to the work region to rotate the second rotary saddle; and a first transmission shaft disposed inside the hollow portion and coupled to the first driving device. According to the invention, the feeding device further comprises: a first reduction gear mechanism that is configured to decelerate rotation of the first transmission shaft and that is configured to output the decelerated rotation by a first output shaft formed as a hollow shaft; a second transmission shaft disposed through the first output shaft, the second transmission shaft being disposed at the center of the feed base and coupled to the second driving device; and a second reduction gear mechanism that is configured to decelerate rotation of the second transmission shaft and to output the decelerated rotation, the second reduction gear mechanism having a second output shaft coaxial with the second axis, wherein the first rotary saddle is fixed to the first output shaft and rotatably journaled to the second transmission shaft, and the second rotary saddle is fixed to the second output shaft.

    [0011] It should be noted that in the following description, the term "work" includes a wide range of operation, such as machining with a tool, coating, or cleaning. It should be also noted that the term "cleaning" includes a wide range of operation, such as a work and processing performed by jetting high-pressure jets (such as cleaning liquid, water, and air) from nozzles, which is not particularly limited, but can also be used for, for example, removal of burrs formed by hole drilling or milling, or air blowing.

    [0012] According to the first aspect of the present invention, the feeding device is movably disposed through the cover device so as to face the work region shielded by the cover device. Thus, the first and second driving devices can be easily shielded from the work region by the cover device. Therefore, the flexibility in design of the moving device for moving the feeding device is improved and the linear moving device is easily adopted. Furthermore, the driving system and transmission system of the feeding device can be disposed at the inside or rear of the feeding device, and therefore are shielded from the work region by the feeding device and the cover device. Thus, the driving system is prevented from being damaged due to contact with jets or vapors of cleaning liquid.

    [0013] Moreover, the first and second rotary saddles allows the biaxial rotation of the object for its attitude control. Therefore, by freely adjusting the angle with respect to the object, suitable operation can be performed.

    [0014] Consequently, the feeding device according to the first aspect of the present invention is flexibly adaptable to a wide variety of objects.

    [0015] In this manner, the feeding device according to the first aspect of the present invention can linearly drive the object with high accuracy while holding the object and controlling its attitude and can improve the durability by effectively separating the holding device and the driving device.

    [0016] Furthermore, preferably, the holding device has: a fluid pressure cylinder that holds the object; and a fluid supply unit that supplies pressure fluid from a fluid supply source to the fluid pressure cylinder. The fluid supply unit includes: a first fluid supply rotary joint that is disposed on the first rotary saddle; a second fluid supply rotary joint that is disposed on the second rotary saddle; a first fluid passage that supplies pressure fluid from the fluid supply source to the first fluid supply rotary joint; a second fluid passage that supplies pressure fluid from the first fluid supply rotary joint to the second fluid supply rotary joint; and a third fluid passage that supplies pressure fluid from the second fluid supply rotary joint to the fluid pressure cylinder.

    [0017] With this constitution, the first and second fluid supply rotary joints allow the reliable supply of fluid to the fluid pressure cylinder even when the first and second rotary saddles rotate.

    [0018] Furthermore, the fluid supply routes are rotatably installed, thereby preventing the liquid passages from being subjected to twisting or bending. Because the liquid passages are not subjected to twisting or bending, the liquid passages can be made of hard material such as a metal material. Therefore, the liquid passages can be prevented from damage and corrosion and improved in stiffness and durability.

    [0019] A second aspect of the present invention provides an object driving device which has the feeding device according to the first aspect of the invention, a moving device for movably supporting the feeding device, and a bed for supporting the moving device. The moving device includes: a horizontal movement guide mechanism that is placed on the bed; a moving column that is movably supported by the horizontal movement guide mechanism; an X-axis driving device that horizontally moves the moving column; a vertical movement guide mechanism that is disposed on the moving column; a Z-axis saddle that is movably supported by the vertical movement guide mechanism; and a longitudinal movement guide mechanism that is disposed on the Z-axis saddle to longitudinally movably support the feeding device. The moving device is disposed outward of the cover device with respect to the work region.

    [0020] According to the second aspect of the present invention, the horizontal movement guide mechanism, the vertical movement guide mechanism, and the longitudinal movement guide mechanism are provided, thereby allowing the feeding device to move linearly in triaxial directions with high accuracy by driving one axis while fixing the other two axes and move on a free locus by combining the triaxial movements.

    [0021] In this manner, the object driving device according to the second aspect of the invention allows the feeding device to move freely in the triaxial directions. It is therefore possible to freely move the object to the work region with the moving device while holding the object with the holding device and controlling its attitude.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0022] Embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail based on the following drawings, in which:

    Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a cleaning apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention as seen from the front right side;

    Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the cleaning apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention as seen from the rear right side;

    Fig. 3 a schematic diagram showing the construction of a feeding device according to the embodiment of the present invention;

    Fig. 4 is a sectional view showing the construction of the feeding device according to the embodiment of the present invention;

    Fig. 5 is a hydraulic circuit diagram showing a flow passage of high-pressure cleaning liquid in the cleaning apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention;

    Figs. 6A and 6B show the construction of a cleaning tank of the cleaning apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention, wherein Fig. 6A is a perspective view thereof as seen from the rear right side, and Fig. 6B is a perspective view thereof as seen from the front left side; and

    Figs. 7A and 7B are perspective views each showing a state in which a cleaning lance is used in the cleaning apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention, wherein Fig. 7A shows the state before insertion of a workpiece into the cleaning lance, and Fig. 7B shows the state after insertion of the workpiece into the cleaning lance.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0023] A feeding device 40 according to an embodiment of the present invention, for example in the case of being mounted on a cleaning apparatus 10, will be described with reference to Figs. 1 to 7.

    [0024] As shown in Fig. 1, the cleaning apparatus 10 mounted with the feeding device 40 according to the embodiment of the present invention cleans a workpiece W, serving as an object, by jetting cleaning liquid from cleaning nozzles 22, serving as nozzles, disposed in a cleaning region E as a work region. The workpiece W is moved to the cleaning region E by the feeding device 40 for cleaning.

    [0025] The cleaning apparatus 10 includes an orthogonal moving device 70, serving as a moving device, on a bed 11 to the rear, and a cleaning chamber 15 forwardly. The orthogonal moving device 70 is numerically controlled. The cleaning chamber 15 includes a large machine-chamber opening 18 in the rear (see Fig. 2). The machine-chamber opening 18 is covered with a cover device 14 that is vertically and horizontally movable. Only a leading end (feeding head) of the feeding device 40 disposed on the orthogonal moving device 70 penetrates through the cover device 14 into the cleaning chamber 15 located forward. A first rotary saddle 59 is disposed on the leading end (feeding head) of the feeding device 40, and a second rotary saddle 47 is disposed on the first rotary saddle 59. A coupling device 48 composed of a joint mechanism (not shown), etc., which is removably constructed, is disposed on the second rotary saddle 47. The coupling device 48 removably couples a holding device 17 on the second rotary saddle 47.

    [0026] A workpiece driving device 13 serving as a target driving device is provided with the feeding device 40, and the orthogonal moving device 70 that movably supports the feeding device 40, serving as a moving device.

    [0027] It should be noted that the following description is given, it being assumed, for purposes of description, that the horizontal direction is the X axis, the longitudinal direction is the Y axis, and the vertical direction is the Z axis as seen from an operator (not shown) in front of the cleaning chamber 15. However, the directions or axis names of the cleaning apparatus 10 should not be taken as a limitation of the present invention.

    [0028] The bed 11 is a solid base and supports the cleaning chamber 15, the orthogonal moving device 70, or the like on its upper portion. Furthermore, the bed 11 includes a waste liquid passage (not shown) for sending cleaning liquid overflowing or jetted from the cleaning chamber 15, chips, machining oil or other foreign matters generated from the workpiece W, and burrs falling from the workpiece W to a cleaning liquid tank. Further, the bed 11 fixes a control panel (not shown) for controlling the orthogonal moving device 70, a high-pressure pump, various valves, etc., and a synchronizing device 95 serving as a numerical control device.

    [0029] Referring to Fig. 2, the workpiece driving device 13, serving as a target driving device, and the orthogonal moving device 70 will be described.

    [0030] The workpiece driving device 13 includes: the feeding device 40; the orthogonal moving device 70 that movably supports the feeding device 40; and the bed 11 that supports the orthogonal moving device 70.

    [0031] Horizontal movement guide mechanisms 73 are arranged in parallel on the bed 11. A frame 12 surrounding the orthogonal moving device 70 is disposed upright on an upper surface of the bed 11. An X-axis driving device 86 includes a first X-axis driving device 71 disposed on the bed 11, a second X-axis driving device 75 disposed at an upper portion of the frame 12, and the synchronizing device 95. The first and second X-axis driving devices 71 and 75 are installed in parallel in the horizontal (left-right) direction to synchronously drive a moving column 78 in the X-axis direction with the synchronizing device 95.

    [0032] The first X-axis driving device 71 is composed of a first X-axis ball screw 74 and a first X-axis motor 72 that rotates the first X-axis ball screw 74. A nut (not shown) of the first X-axis ball screw 74 is fixed to a bottom of the moving column 78. The second X-axis driving device 75 is composed of a second X-axis ball screw 77 and a second X-axis motor 76 that rotates the second X-axis ball screw 77. A nut (not shown) of the second X-axis ball screw 77 is fixed to a front upper portion of the moving column 78.

    [0033] The orthogonal moving device 70 moves the workpiece (see Fig. 1) and therefore its movable range is very large. Furthermore, because the orthogonal moving device 70 moves the large-sized feeding device 40 to be described later, the moving column 78 is also large. Therefore, the load moment and inertia on the horizontal movement guide mechanisms 73 and the X-axis driving device 86 are very large. Also, the distortion caused by the movement of the moving column 78 becomes large. However, by driving lower (bottom) and upper portions of the moving column 78 with the separate X-axis driving devices (71 and 75) and synchronizing them, the distortion of the moving column 78 is suppressed and the moment and load inertia on each driving device can be reduced.

    [0034] The moving column 78 moves along the X-axis direction and includes the Z axis as a vertical axis. A Z-axis driving device is composed of vertical movement guide mechanisms 81 that are arranged in parallel along the vertical direction on the moving column 78, a Z-axis ball screw 80, and a Z-axis motor 79 that rotates the Z-axis ball screw 80.

    [0035] A Z saddle 85 moving vertically on the Z axis includes a Y-axis driving device in a direction perpendicular to the X axis and the Z axis. The Y-axis driving device includes a longitudinal movement guide mechanism 83, a Y-axis motor 82, a Y-axis ball screw (not shown), and a Y saddle 84 that is movably supported by the longitudinal movement guide mechanism 83. The feeding device 40 is disposed on the Y saddle 84.

    [0036] A safety cover (not shown) is disposed outside the frame 12 to shield from the outside the space (hereinafter referred to as the "machine chamber") where the orthogonal moving device 70 moves. The machine chamber is shielded from the cleaning chamber 15 including the cleaning region E by the cover device 14, thereby blocking the entrance of cleaning liquid from the cleaning chamber 15.

    [0037] A telescopic or bellows cover is used as the cover device 14 .

    [0038] Referring to Figs. 3 and 4, the feeding device 40 will be described. Fig. 3 schematically shows a power transmission system and a fluid pipe connection path of the feeding device 40. Fig. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view of the feeding device 40. Fig. 4 illustrates the second rotary saddle 47, with the first rotary saddle 59 rotated 90°.

    [0039] The feeding device 40 is disposed on the Y saddle 84 of the orthogonal moving device 70 to move freely in triaxial directions with the orthogonal moving device 70. The feeding device 40 is disposed through the cover device 14, rear and inner portions thereof being isolated from the cleaning chamber 15. The orthogonal moving device 70 movably supporting the feeding device 40 is disposed at the rear of the cover device 14, thereby preventing the corrosion of the orthogonal moving device 70 due to the environment in the cleaning chamber 15.

    [0040] The feeding device 40 includes a feed base 55 that is a base member having a hollow cylindrical shape; the first rotary saddle 59 that is rotatably disposed forward of the feed base 55 to rotate about a first axis 87; and the second rotary saddle 47 that is disposed on the first rotary saddle 59 to rotate about a second axis 88 perpendicular to the axis of rotation of the first rotary saddle 59. The coupling device 48 for coupling the holding device 17 is disposed at a tip of the second rotary saddle 47. A housing 50 is fixed to the rear of the feed base 55. A servomotor 49, serving as a first driving device, and a servomotor 41, serving as a second driving device, are fixed to the housing 50.

    [0041] The second axis 88 is made perpendicular to the first axis 87, thereby allowing easy calculation of the attitude of the workpiece W held by the holding device 17.

    [0042] It should be noted that the first axis 87 and the second axis 88 only need to be different in direction, and the angle therebetween may be, for example, 135°. The first axis 87 need not be coaxial with the feed base 55, and the center angle formed by the first axis 87 and the feed base 55 may be set to be, for example, 135°.

    [0043] Furthermore, as for the servomotors 49 and 41, a motor with a brake or a fluid pressure rotating cylinder may be used in place of the servomotor. In this case, a mechanical stopper for rotation restriction is used together. An air cylinder, which uses compressed air being a compressible fluid as pressure fluid, or a hydraulic cylinder, which uses hydraulic pressure being a non-compressible fluid, may be used as the fluid pressure rotating cylinder.

    [0044] The output of the servomotor 49 is transmitted to a gear 52 by a coupling 51, and then transmitted to a journaled first transmission shaft 54 by the gear 52 and a gear 53. A small-diameter gear 56 is fixed to a leading end of the first transmission shaft 54 and has a meshing engagement with a large-diameter gear 57. The large-diameter gear 57 is fixed to an input shaft 58a of a planetary gear 58. The rotation of the servomotor 49 is transmitted to the planetary gear 58 through the first transmission shaft 54 and decelerated to be output from an output shaft 58b serving as a hollow shaft. The first rotary saddle 59 is journaled to the output shaft 58b, with a second transmission shaft 43 as its rotating shaft. The small-diameter gear 56, the large-diameter gear 57, and the planetary gear 58 constitute a first reduction gear.

    [0045] The planetary gear 58 provided at the end of the power transmission system of the servomotor 49 allows a reduction in backlash of the gear mechanisms 52, 53, 56, and 57 included in the transmission system. Therefore, rotational play of the first rotary saddle 59 is reduced. Thus, the attitude of the workpiece W held by the holding device 17 can be kept with high accuracy. Further, because the first transmission shaft 54 transmits the power before deceleration, its cross-sectional area can be made small. After deceleration by the planetary gear 58, the torque increases. However, the output shaft 58b and the first rotary saddle 59 are directly connected, and thus the transmission system can be easily configured.

    [0046] It should be noted that a cycloid reduction gear (see Japanese Published Unexamined Patent Application No. 2010-32038), an eccentric differential gearbox (see Japanese Published Unexamined Patent Application No. 2012-506005), or an eccentric oscillation type gear device (see Japanese Published Unexamined Patent Application No. 2010-91073), may be used in place of the planetary gear 58. The cycloid reduction gear is suitable because it can decelerate the driving force which is large relative to its size. Furthermore, any reduction gear may be adopted in place of the small-diameter gear 56, the large-diameter gear 57, and the planetary gear 58 as long as it has a hollow output shaft, allows the second transmission shaft 43 to penetrate into the hollow output shaft, and has an input shaft parallel to the output shaft.

    [0047] The output of the servomotor 41 is transmitted directly to the second transmission shaft 43 through a coupling 42. The second transmission shaft 43 is journaled coaxially with the first rotary saddle 59 and penetrates the center of the hollow output shaft 58b of the planetary gear 58. Moreover, the second transmission shaft 43 is disposed at the center of the feed base 55 to serve as the rotating shaft of the first rotary saddle 59. A bevel gear 44 is fixed to a leading end of the second transmission shaft 43. A bevel gear 45 in mesh with the bevel gear 44 is fixed to an input shaft 46a of a planetary gear 46. The rotation of the servomotor 41 is converted to a perpendicular transmission direction by the bevel gears 44 and 45. This rotation is decelerated by the planetary gear 46 to be output from the hollow output shaft 46b. The bevel gears 44 and 45 and the planetary gear 46 constitute a second reduction gear. The second rotary saddle 47 having an umbrella shape is rotatably fixed to the output shaft 46b in such a manner as to penetrate therethrough.

    [0048] The input shaft 58a and the output shaft 58b of the planetary gear 58 are formed as hollow shafts so that the second transmission shaft 43 is coaxially disposed therein. Thus, the assembly accuracy of the power transmission system can be improved. Also, the construction is simplified and production costs can be reduced.

    [0049] The planetary gear 46 is provided on the output side of the bevel gears 44 and 45, thereby allowing transmission of large torque to a small space. Furthermore, backlash of the bevel gears 44 and 45 is reduced in accordance with the reduction ratio of the planetary gear 46, leading to a reduction in play of the second rotary saddle 47. Thus, the attitude of the workpiece W held by the holding device 17 can be kept with high accuracy. The second rotary saddle 47 is directly connected to the planetary gear 46, thereby simplifying the construction of the feeding device 40.

    [0050] The second transmission shaft 43, which is journaled in the feed base 55, and the hollow output shaft 58b are coaxially arranged, and further, the first rotary saddle 59 is disposed on the second transmission shaft 43. Thus, the transmission system with compact simple structure can be obtained.

    [0051] It should be noted that a reduction gear in which input and output shafts are coaxial and the output shaft is a hollow shaft, as typified by the foregoing reduction gears, may be used in place of the planetary gear 46 as the second reduction gear.

    [0052] It should be also noted that the first or second reduction gear is unnecessary if the output of the servomotor 49 or 41 is sufficiently large.

    [0053] Referring mainly to Fig. 3, a fluid supply unit 96 that supplies pressure fluid from a fluid supply source 62 to a fluid pressure cylinder 68 will be described.

    [0054] The fluid supply unit 96 includes: a first fluid supply rotary joint 61 that is disposed on the first rotary saddle 59; a second fluid supply rotary joint 60 that is disposed on the second rotary saddle 47; a first fluid passage 64 that supplies pressure fluid from the fluid supply source 62 to the first fluid supply rotary joint 61; a second fluid passage 65 that supplies pressure fluid from the first fluid supply rotary joint 61 to the second fluid supply rotary joint 60; and a third fluid passage 66 that supplies pressure fluid from the second fluid supply rotary joint 60 to the fluid pressure cylinder 68.

    [0055] On the side (i.e., leading end) of the first rotary saddle 59 on which the holding device 17 is disposed, the first fluid supply rotary joint 61 is disposed coaxially with a rotating shaft of the first rotary saddle 59. The first fluid supply rotary joint 61 is composed of: a shaft body 61b that is fixed coaxially with the rotating shaft of the first rotary saddle 59; and a housing 61a that is journaled to the outer periphery of the shaft body 61b to rotate along with the first rotary saddle 59.

    [0056] On the side (i.e., rear end) of the second rotary saddle 47 opposite the holding device 17, the second fluid supply rotary joint 60 is disposed coaxially with the second rotary saddle 47. The second fluid supply rotary joint 60 is composed of: a housing 60a that is fixed to the first rotary saddle 59; and a shaft body 60b that is journaled to an inside of the housing 60a to form a portion of the second rotary saddle 47.

    [0057] The fluid supply source 62 (see Fig. 3) is connected to a valve unit 63. The fluid supply source 62 supplies compressed air. The first fluid passage (pipe) 64 allows the valve unit 63 and the shaft body 61b of the first fluid supply rotary joint 61 to communicate with each other. The first fluid passage 64 extends through the inside of the feed base 55 to a leading end of the feed base 55 and passes laterally to a rotation space of the first rotary saddle 59 to be connected to the fluid supply rotary joint 61 (see Fig. 4). The second fluid passage 65 passes through the inside of the first rotary saddle 59 from the housing 61a of the fluid supply rotary joint 61 to communicate with the housing 60a of the second fluid supply rotary joint 60. The third fluid passage 66 passes through the shaft body 60b and the inside of the second rotary saddle 47 to communicate with a fluid coupling 67 of the coupling device 48.

    [0058] It should be noted that the fluid to be supplied by the fluid supply source 62 is not limited to compressed air, but may include any fluid that functions as a driving source and does not contaminate the workpiece W, the holding device 17, a cleaning tank 20, and the cover device 14.

    [0059] A plurality of the first to third fluid passages 64, 65, and 66 are provided for bringing various fluid devices disposed on the holding device 17 into communication with the valve unit 63. The valve unit 63 is an assembly of multiple directional control valves to select the flow passage for each fluid supplied from the fluid supply source 62.

    [0060] The rotating shafts of the two rotary saddles 59 and 47 disposed coaxially with the fluid supply rotary joints 61 and 60, respectively, are connected by the first to third fluid passages 64, 65, and 66, thereby allowing supply of pressure fluid to the freely rotatable second rotary saddle 47. The supplied pressure fluid is used as the driving source of the holding device 17 for holding the workpiece W.

    [0061] Because the second fluid passage 65 and the third fluid passage 66 are freely rotated by the fluid supply rotary joints 61 and 60, metal pipes can be used as the first to third fluid passages 64, 65, 66. Although the leading end portion of the feeding device 40 moves inside the cleaning chamber 15 is subjected to high-pressure cleaning liquid and cleaning liquid vapor, greater durability can be given to the pipes by supplying fluid pressure through the metal pipes.

    [0062] The coupling device 48 including the fluid coupling 67 is disposed on the leading end of the second rotary saddle 47. The coupling device 48 is formed of the so-called "easy release joint" and has the function of coupling the second rotary saddle 47 and the holding device 17 at a precise position and concurrently supplying pressure fluid to the holding device 17 with the fluid coupling 67.

    [0063] The fluid coupling 67 has the function of supplying pressure fluid from the second fluid supply rotary joint 60 to the fluid pressure cylinder 68 or the like when the coupling device 48 couples the holding device 17 and the second rotary saddle 47, and shutting off the supply of pressure fluid when the coupling device 48 detaches the holding device 17 and the second rotary saddle 47 from each other.

    [0064] By this construction, the holding devices 17 of various shapes can be removably mounted so as to fit various types of workpieces W. Thus, it is possible to prepare for making a change in production or introducing a new model concurrently while the cleaning apparatus 10 is in operation.

    [0065] That is, the holding devices 17 holding the workpiece W needs to be variously designed in accordance with the shapes of the workpieces W. Furthermore, in the case where a method (mixed production method) for simultaneously producing a plurality of types of workpieces W is used, when the shape or type of the workpiece W is changed, the holding device 17 needs replacement. The coupling device 48 enables the automatic replacement of the holding devices 17 by preparing a plurality of the holding devices 17 to be attached to the feeding head of the feeding device 40 and attaching/detaching the various holding devices 17 to/from the cleaning apparatus 10 in accordance with the workpiece W flowing in a production line. Therefore, also in the mixed production method, the need for operations for replacing the holding device 17 can be eliminated, and the productivity can be improved.

    [0066] Referring to Fig. 3, the holding device 17 will be described. The holding device 17 includes a frame 90, and the fluid pressure cylinder 68, a seating pin 92, a positioning pin 93, and a fluid nozzle 69 for seating detection which are fixed to the frame 90. The fluid pressure cylinder 68 and the fluid nozzle 69 for seating detection are supplied with pressure fluid through the fluid coupling 67. The fluid pressure acting on each device is controlled in supply and reduction by the valve unit 63.

    [0067] The workpiece W is seated on the frame 90 by a plurality of the seating pins 92 and positioned on a seating face by the positioning pin 93. A clamper 91 is attached to a piston shaft of the fluid pressure cylinder 68, and opens and closes in response to the movement of the piston shaft. When the clamper 91 is closed, the workpiece W is fixed to the seating face. The fluid nozzle 69 is installed on the seating face for the workpiece W, and closed when the workpiece W is seated. When the fluid nozzle 69 is closed in response to the seating of the workpiece W, the pressure in the first fluid passage 64 connected to the fluid nozzle 69 rises near a supply pressure. Thus, the seating of the workpiece W can be detected by a pressure switch 94. It should be noted that a pressure sensor may be used in place of the pressure switch 94.

    [0068] The cleaning chamber 15 provides the space (cleaning region E and work region E) for cleaning (including operations such as air blowing and deburring) the workpiece W by jetting cleaning liquid. The cleaning chamber 15 is brought into close contact with the bed 11 to shield its inside from the outside of the cleaning apparatus 10. The shielding function of the cleaning chamber 15 prevents cleaning liquid from leaking to the outside of the cleaning apparatus 10. The cleaning chamber 15 includes a carry-in entrance 16 (see Fig. 2) for carrying in the workpiece W from the outside. The carry-in entrance 16 is sealed by a carry-in door 19.

    [0069] The cleaning tank 20 constituting the cleaning region E serving as the work region is fixedly installed within the cleaning chamber 15. Referring to Figs. 5 and 6, the cleaning tank 20 and high-pressure cleaning will be described. A drain outlet 26 and a drain valve 24 are disposed at the bottom of the cleaning tank 20. The drain valve 24 opens and closes the drain outlet 26. The drain outlet 26 is sufficiently large relative to the capacity of the cleaning tank 20, thereby allowing considerable reduction in drain time and contributing to shortening of cleaning time. Because the drain valve 24 is installed so as to open and close the drain outlet 26, the cleaning tank 20 can be filled with cleaning liquid. The drain valve 24 allows the filling of the cleaning tank 20 with cleaning liquid and the discharge of cleaning liquid, and therefore the cleaning apparatus 10 can selectively perform in-air cleaning and in-water cleaning.

    [0070] During in-water cleaning, chips or burrs falling from the workpiece W can float on cleaning water in the cleaning tank 20. These chips or burrs can redeposit on the workpiece W while the liquid level of cleaning liquid is lowered in draining. Because the drain valve 24 is sufficiently large relative to the volume of the cleaning tank 20, the lowering of the liquid level of cleaning liquid in draining is accelerated. Thus, the redeposition of the chips or burrs on the workpiece W is reduced.

    [0071] A water supply pipe 23 communicates with a clean tank 35 (see Fig. 6A). A water supply valve 36 is provided at an inlet port of the water supply pipe 23. The water supply valve 36 is normally closed, and opened only during water supply. When the water supply valve 36 is opened, the cleaning liquid filled in the clean tank 35 flows into the cleaning tank 20 under the action of the water pressure. The cleaning tank 20 is provided with a liquid level gauge (not shown) . And when a "FULL" water level is detected, the water supply valve 36 is closed. If the water level of the clean tank 35 is set high, water supply is performed by the water pressure in the clean tank 35, so that the structure can be simplified.

    [0072] It should be noted that, a timer may be provided in place of installation of the liquid level gauge for controlling the valve-opening time of the water supply valve 36 so that the water supply valve 36 can be opened only when the cleaning tank 20 becomes the full water level.

    [0073] A high-pressure pump 27 pressurizes cleaning liquid in the clean tank 35 to the range of 10 to 100 MPa. The pressurized cleaning liquid is sent through a cleaning liquid passage 29, and distributed among nozzle blocks 21a to 21f by a valve unit 28. The valve unit 28 is provided with opening/closing valves 28a to 28g whose number is the same as the distribution number. The opening/closing valves 28a to 28f communicate with the nozzle blocks 21a to 21f through cleaning liquid passages 29a to 29f, respectively. Cleaning nozzles 22a to 22f are disposed on the nozzle blocks 21a to 21f, respectively. Each of the nozzle blocks 21 is disposed on a side surface of the cleaning tank 20 and jets Ja to Jf can be jetted from the cleaning nozzles 22a to 22f, respectively, in a plurality of directions from a plurality of surfaces. Because cleaning liquid can be simultaneously jetted from the many cleaning nozzles 22 (nozzle groups 22a to 22f), a large number of jets are generated in the cleaning tank 20. The opening/closing valve 28g communicates with a cleaning lance 25 through a cleaning liquid passage 29g.

    [0074] Jetting is performed by dividing the cleaning nozzle groups 22 into a plurality of cleaning paths, thereby allowing a reduction in the amount of cleaning liquid to be simultaneously jetted. The cleaning nozzle groups 22 are arranged so as to conform to the shape of the workpiece W, thereby allowing efficient cleaning of the workpiece W. The arrangement of the many cleaning nozzles 22 causes an increase in the necessary electric capacity of the high-pressure pump 27. By dividing the cleaning nozzles 22 into a plurality of groups and sequentially performing jetting for each group, the necessary electric capacity of the high-pressure pump 27 can be reduced.

    [0075] Referring to Fig. 7, the cleaning lance 25 will be described. The cleaning lance 25 has a vertically-elongated shaft to horizontally jet high-pressure water from a tip of the shaft. The cleaning lance 25 is journaled to the vicinity of a lower surface of the cleaning tank 20. In the case of using the cleaning lance 25, the cleaning lance 25 is supplied with high-pressure water for rotation. Thereafter, a hole portion H of the workpiece W is positioned above the cleaning lance 25 so that the axis of the hole portion H is aligned with a rotating shaft of the cleaning lance 25 (see Fig. 7A). Then the orthogonal moving device 70 moves the workpiece W downward so that the cleaning lance 25 is inserted into the hole portion H (see Fig. 7B). After the completion of cleaning, the workpiece W is moved upward so that the cleaning lance 25 is removed from the workpiece W. The cleaning lance 25 passes through the inside of the hole portion H of the workpiece W while rotating, thereby performing cleaning of the inside of the hole portions H or a hole crossing the hole portion H. Furthermore, the cleaning lance 25 can remove burrs by directing high-pressure water onto burrs on the crossing hole in the hole portion H.

    [0076] It should be noted that the cleaning tank 20 is unnecessary if cleaning in water (in-water cleaning) of the workpiece W is not performed. In the case of not including the cleaning tank 20 in the cleaning chamber 15, the cleaning nozzles 22 or the cleaning lance 25 is directly disposed within the cleaning chamber 15. In this case, the region surrounded by the cleaning nozzle groups 22 serves as the cleaning region E.

    [0077] Furthermore, although the single cleaning lance 25 is disposed so as to extend vertically from a lower portion of the cleaning tank 20, the direction and number of installation of the cleaning lance 25 may be changed as appropriate according to the size of the workpiece W, the number of workpieces W held by the holding device 17, and the installation method of the cleaning nozzles 22. For example, the same number of the cleaning lances 25 as the number of the workpieces W held by the holding device 17 may be installed.

    [0078] As shown in Fig. 1, within the cleaning chamber 15, air blow pipes 30 are fixedly installed on the bed 11. The air blow pipes 30 form a rectangular frame and are mounted with a plurality of air blow nozzles 31 and 34 facing the inside of the air blow pipes 30. An air blow pipe 32 communicates with the air blow pipes 30. Dry air for air blowing is pressurized by a blower 33 to be supplied to the air blow nozzles 31 and 34 through the air blow pipe 32.

    [0079] It should be noted that compressed air may be used in place of air sent from the blower 33 as dry air for air blowing. Furthermore, pipe nozzles, broom nozzles, or knife nozzles may be used as the air blow nozzles 31 and 34.

    [0080] The cleaning apparatus 10 according to the embodiment of the present invention holds the workpiece W outside the cleaning chamber 15 with the holding device 17 disposed at the leading end (feeding head) of the feeding device 40. Then the cleaning apparatus 10 takes the workpiece W into the cleaning region E in the cleaning chamber 15 through the carry-in entrance 16 (see Fig. 2) while holding the workpiece W. The cleaning apparatus 10 properly controls the position and attitude of the workpiece W in the cleaning chamber 15 with the orthogonal moving device 70 so that the workpiece W is directed toward the cleaning nozzles 22 fixedly installed within the cleaning chamber 15. The cleaning nozzles 22 jet cleaning liquid to clean the workpiece W directed toward the cleaning nozzle 22 with the jets Ja to Jf (see Fig. 6) of cleaning liquid.

    [0081] Because the feeding device 40 holds the workpiece W outside the cleaning apparatus 10 and carries it into the cleaning region E, a device for carrying the workpiece W into the cleaning apparatus 10 is unnecessary. Therefore, the cleaning apparatus 10 can be very easily incorporated into the process line.

    [0082] Because the many cleaning nozzles 22 are installed on the nozzle block 21, the cleaning apparatus 10 can simultaneously clean many portions to be cleaned of the workpiece W, thereby allowing shortening of cleaning time. If the nozzle block 21 is designed for the shape of the workpiece W, cleaning of necessary portions to be cleaned can be completed just by moving the workpiece W to designed attitude and position several times.

    [0083] The many air blow nozzles 31 and 34 are arranged inside the air blow pipes 30 formed in the rectangular frame shape. Thus, almost all of cleaning liquid adhering to the workpiece W can be removed just by causing the workpiece W to pass through the inside of the air blow pipes 30.

    [0084] Because the cleaning apparatus 10 is driven by the numerical control device, a cleaning program can be easily created.

    [0085] Moreover, in the case of moving the cleaning nozzles 22, a liquid supply unit that supplies high-pressure cleaning liquid to the cleaning nozzles 22 needs to include a flexible hose, a fluid supply rotary joint and other movable portions so as to cope with the movement of the cleaning nozzles 22. In this case, the liquid supply unit needs to be designed to prevent its interference with a moving device for the cleaning nozzles 22 and prevent its contact with high-pressure jets jetted from the cleaning nozzles 22, leading to increased design restrictions and the complexity of the device.

    [0086] On the other hand, however, in the cleaning apparatus 10 according to this embodiment, the cleaning nozzles 22 are fixedly installed, and therefore the construction of the liquid supply unit can be simplified. Furthermore, the cleaning liquid passage 29 can be fixed, thereby increasing the flexibility in its design.

    [0087] In the case of moving the cleaning nozzles 22, it is necessary to embed the liquid supply unit inside the nozzle moving device. Inside the nozzle moving device, the size and movable range are restricted. The elements, such as pipes and joints, constituting the liquid supply unit have restrictions on supply flow rate and supply pressure, and once they are designed, changes in supply flow rate and supply pressure are not easy. In the cleaning apparatus 10 according to this embodiment, the liquid supply unit can be fixed, and therefore the supply flow rate and supply pressure can be easily changed. Consequently, the cleaning apparatus 10 can be easily employed for ultrahigh-pressure cleaning or large flow cleaning.

    [0088] Further, the orthogonal moving device 70 allows the workpiece W to move in a free attitude. In the case of deburring the workpiece W, it is necessary to direct jets onto burrs in such a manner that the jets go over the area of the workpiece W where burrs are generated. Because the orthogonal moving device 70 is used as the moving device, the positioning accuracy, repeatability, or locus accuracy of the workpiece W can be set high as compared with the multi-joint robot composed of the combination of rotation nodes. Thus, high deburring performance can be obtained. In addition, in the case of inserting the workpiece W into the cleaning lance 25, even if the clearance between the cleaning lance 25 and the workpiece W is small, the interference therebetween can be prevented.

    [0089] Furthermore, the cleaning apparatus 10 of this embodiment includes the orthogonal moving device 70 as the moving device, and thus is easy to use for an operator under simple control.

    [0090] In the case where the workpiece W as a heavy object is held by the multi-joint robot, a large centrifugal force acts on the rotating shaft constituting the multi-joint robot, and thereby not allowing swinging of the workpiece W at a high speed.

    [0091] On the other hand, the cleaning apparatus 10 of this embodiment includes the orthogonal moving device 70 as the moving device, thereby allowing swinging of the workpiece W at a high speed. In the cleaning apparatus 10 of this embodiment, the many cleaning nozzles 22 are arranged on the four surfaces. Thus, by moving up and down while swinging the workpiece W, a wide surface can be subjected to high-pressure cleaning at a time and a high cleaning effect can be obtained in a short cleaning time.

    [0092] The cleaning apparatus 10 swings and moves the workpiece W with the feeding device 40. Therefore, a large space and stroke for movement is required. The orthogonal moving device 70 is constructed such that the Z saddle 85 is disposed on the moving column 78 and the Y saddle 84 is disposed on the Z saddle 85, thereby allowing less arrangement space. Furthermore, because the moving column 78 has a large dimension and includes the large workpiece W and the feeding device 40 at its leading end, a large load is applied to the X axis and the moving column 78. The cleaning apparatus 10 includes the two X-axis driving devices 71 and 75 for synchronously driving the upper and lower portions of the moving column 78, thereby suppressing the distortion of the moving column 78, lowering the rigidity of the moving column 78 and the bed 11, and allowing miniaturization of the cleaning apparatus 10. Additionally, the increase in size of the moving device is facilitated.

    [0093] The feeding device 40 according to the embodiment of the present invention can rotate the holding device 17 holding the workpiece W with the first rotary saddle 59 and the second rotary saddle 47, which constitute the two-axis rotating shafts perpendicular to each other. Thus, the feeding device 40 can freely select the attitude of the workpiece W. Therefore proper cleaning operation even can be performed for the workpiece W having a complicated shape, so that the amount of foreign matters left on the workpiece W can be reduced. Furthermore, while in the case of removing a burr adhering to the workpiece W, it is necessary to direct high-pressure jets onto the burr at an angle suitable for the burr, and the feeding device 40 allows a free attitude of the workpiece W, thereby allowing removal of the burr adhering to a surface of the workpiece W having a complicated shape.

    [0094] The planetary gear 58 is mounted to a leading end of the driving system, thereby reducing backlash of the first rotary saddle 59, and the planetary gear 46 is mounted to a leading end of the driving system, thereby reducing backlash of the second rotary saddle 47. Thus, the attitude of the workpiece W can be precisely controlled.

    [0095] The cleaning nozzles 22 are fixed to the cleaning tank 20, and thus can be accurately positioned with respect to the workpiece driving device 13. Furthermore, the cleaning nozzles 22 are less susceptible to vibrations of the moving portions. Therefore, the relative position of the workpiece W, which is moved with high positional accuracy by the workpiece driving device 13, and the cleaning nozzles 22 accurately matches with a programmed position.

    [0096] The constructions being such that the position and attitude of the workpiece W are precisely controlled and being such that the cleaning nozzles 22 are positioned with high assembling accuracy and are less susceptible to vibrations combine to give a high cleaning and deburring capacity to the cleaning apparatus 10 of this embodiment.

    [0097] The servomotor 49 serving as the first driving device and the servomotor 41 serving as the second driving device are disposed outward of the cover device 14 with respect to the cleaning region E. Moreover, mechanical elements for transmitting the driving force of the servomotors 49 and 41 are disposed inside the feed base 55, and therefore isolated from the cleaning region E.

    [0098] Thus, the servomotors 49 and 41, and the drive power transmission system are prevented from coming into contact with jets or vapors of cleaning liquid. Therefore, durability can be given to the feeding device 40, the workpiece driving device 13, or the cleaning apparatus 10 of this embodiment.

    [0099] The holding device 17 or the coupling device 48 is exposed to high-pressure jets and high-temperature vapor. In general, electric components have poor resistance thereto because they have contacts. Furthermore, damage of an electric-wire protector causes an electric short, leading to breakage. Because the holding device 17 holds and swings the workpiece W, damage of the holding device 17 might exert a critical adverse influence on the whole apparatus. In the case of the holding device 17 or the coupling device 48 including electrical components, the fluid is supplied as the driving source thereof, and therefore the reliability of the holding device 17 is enhanced.

    [0100] While an embodiment of the present invention has been described above, the invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment, and specifications can be changed as appropriate. For example, although in the above-described embodiment, the workpiece W is used as the object, the invention is not limited thereto, but also a nozzle or a working tool can be used as the object. Furthermore, although the feeding device 40 according to the present invention is mounted on the cleaning apparatus 10, the invention is not limited thereto, but is applicable to various machine tools or processing tools.

    [0101] For example, a decompression container having an opening may be provided in place of the air blowing region serving as the work region E for communication between itself and a pressure reducing pump. On the other hand, a sealing cover for sealing the opening of the decompression container is provided on the holding device 17. The feeding device 40 puts the workpiece W after cleaning into the decompression container through the opening. The opening of the decompression container is sealed with the sealing cover of the holding device 17. Then, when the coupling device 48 is released, the workpiece W is held within the decompression container sealed with the sealing cover of the holding device 17. When the pressure in the decompression container is reduced by the pressure reducing pump and becomes lower than the vapor pressure of the left cleaning liquid, the cleaning liquid adhering to the workpiece W is vaporized and the workpiece W is dried. The feeding device 40 released from the coupling device 48 is coupled to the other holding device 17A, and then the holding device 17A holds the other workpiece W to be cleaned in the cleaning region E. With this construction, while the workpiece W is dried under reduced pressure, the other workpiece W can be held to be cleaned.


    Claims

    1. A feeding device (40) movably disposed through a cover device (14) so as to face a work region shielded by the cover device (14), for holding an object and controlling an attitude of the object, comprising:

    a feed base (55) having a hollow portion;

    a first rotary saddle (59) disposed on the feed base (55), the first rotary saddle (59) being rotatable about a first axis;

    a second rotary saddle (47) disposed on the first rotary saddle (59), the second rotary saddle (47) being rotatable about a second axis in a direction different from the first axis;

    a holding device (17) disposed on the second rotary saddle (47) to hold the object;

    a first driving device (49) disposed outward of the cover device (14) with respect to the work region to rotate the first rotary saddle (59);

    a second driving device (41) disposed outward of the cover device (14) with respect to the work region to rotate the second rotary saddle (47); and

    a first transmission shaft (54) disposed inside the hollow portion and coupled to the first driving device (49);

    characterized by

    a first reduction gear mechanism that is configured to decelerate rotation of the first transmission shaft (54) and that is configured to output the decelerated rotation by a first output shaft (58b) formed as a hollow shaft;

    a second transmission shaft (43) disposed through the first output shaft (58b), the second transmission shaft (43) being disposed at the center of the feed base (55) and coupled to the second driving device (41); and

    a second reduction gear mechanism that is configured to decelerate rotation of the second transmission shaft (43) and to output the decelerated rotation, the second reduction gear mechanism having a second output shaft (46b) coaxial with the second axis,

    wherein the first rotary saddle (59) is fixed to the first output shaft (58b) and rotatably journaled to the second transmission shaft (43), and

    the second rotary saddle (47) is fixed to the second output shaft (46b).


     
    2. The feeding device (40) according to Claim 1, wherein the first reduction gear mechanism includes:

    a small-diameter gear (56) fixed to the first transmission shaft (54);

    a large-diameter gear (57) being disposed coaxially with the second transmission shaft (43); and

    a the-first reduction gear (58) coaxially coupled to the large-diameter gear (57) for decelerating rotation of the large-diameter gear (57).


     
    3. The feeding device (40) according to Claim 1, wherein the first and second transmission shafts (54, 43) are arranged adjacent and parallel to each other, and the second reduction gear mechanism includes:

    a first bevel gear (44) fixed to the second transmission shaft (43);

    a second bevel gear (45) having a meshing engagement with the first bevel gear (44) for decelerating rotation of the second bevel gear (45).


     
    4. The feeding device (40) according to Claim 2 or Claim 3,
    wherein the holding device (17) has:

    a fluid pressure cylinder (68) that holds the object; and

    a fluid supply unit (96) that supplies pressure fluid from a fluid supply source (62) to the fluid pressure cylinder (68), the fluid supply unit (96) includes:

    a first fluid supply rotary joint (61) that is disposed on the first rotary saddle (59);

    a second fluid supply rotary joint (60) that is disposed on the second rotary saddle (47);

    a first fluid passage (64) that supplies pressure fluid from the fluid supply source (62) to the first fluid supply rotary joint (61);

    a second fluid passage (65) that supplies pressure fluid from the first fluid supply rotary joint (61) to the second fluid supply rotary joint (60); and

    a third fluid passage (66) that supplies pressure fluid from to the second fluid supply rotary joint (60) to the fluid pressure cylinder (68)


     
    5. An object driving device having the feeding device (40) according to any one of Claim 1 to Claim 5, a moving device (70) for movably supporting the feeding device (40), and a bed (11) for supporting the moving device (70), the moving device (70) comprising:

    a horizontal movement guide mechanism (73) being placed on the bed (11);

    a moving column (78) being movably supported by the horizontal movement guide mechanism (73);

    an X-axis driving device (86) that horizontally moves the moving column (78);

    a vertical movement guide mechanism (81) being disposed on the moving column (78);

    a Z-axis saddle being movably supported by the vertical movement guide mechanism (81); and

    a longitudinal movement guide mechanism (83) disposed on the Z-axis saddle to longitudinally movably support the feeding device (40),

    the moving device (70) being disposed outward of the cover device (14) with respect to the work region.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Zuführvorrichtung (40), die durch eine Abdeckvorrichtung (14) hindurch beweglich angeordnet ist, so dass sie einem von der Abdeckvorrichtung (14) abgeschirmten Arbeitsbereich zugewandt ist, um ein Objekt zu halten und eine Haltung des Objekts zu steuern, mit:

    einer Zuführbasis (55) mit einem hohlen Bereich;

    einem ersten Drehsattel (59), der an der Zuführbasis (55) angeordnet ist, wobei der erste Drehsattel (59) um eine erste Achse drehbar ist;

    einem zweiten Drehsattel (47), der an dem ersten Drehsattel (59) angeordnet, wobei der zweite Drehsattel (47) um eine zweite Achse in einer Richtung drehbar ist, die von der ersten Achse verschieden ist;

    einer Haltevorrichtung (17), die zum Halten des Objekts an dem zweiten Drehsattel (47) angeordnet ist;

    einer ersten Antriebsvorrichtung (49), die in Bezug auf den Arbeitsbereich außerhalb der Abdeckvorrichtung (14) angeordnet ist, um den ersten Drehsattel (59) rotationsmäßig zu bewegen;

    einer zweiten Antriebsvorrichtung (41), die in Bezug auf den Arbeitsbereich außerhalb der Abdeckvorrichtung (14) angeordnet ist, um den zweiten Drehsattel (47) rotationsmäßig zu bewegen; und

    einer ersten Transmissionswelle (54), die im Inneren des hohlen Bereichs angeordnet ist und mit der ersten Antriebsvorrichtung (49) gekoppelt ist;

    gekennzeichnet durch

    einen ersten Untersetzungsgetriebemechanismus, der zum Verlangsamen der Rotationsbewegung der ersten Transmissionswelle (54) ausgebildet ist und zum Abgeben der verlangsamten Rotationsbewegung durch eine als Hohlwelle ausgebildete erste Ausgangswelle (58b) ausgebildet ist;

    eine zweite Transmissionswelle (43), die durch die erste Ausgangswelle (58b) hindurch angeordnet ist, wobei die zweite Transmissionswelle (43) im Zentrum der Zuführbasis (55) angeordnet ist und mit der zweiten Antriebsvorrichtung (41) gekoppelt ist; und durch

    einen zweiten Untersetzungsgetriebemechanismus, der zum Verlangsamen der Rotationsbewegung der zweiten Transmissionswelle (43) und zum Abgeben der verlangsamten Rotationsbewegung ausgebildet ist, wobei der zweite Untersetzungsgetriebemechanismus eine mit der zweiten Achse koaxiale zweite Ausgangswelle (46b) aufweist,

    wobei der erste Drehsattel (59) an der ersten Ausgangswelle (58b) festgelegt ist und auf der zweiten Transmissionswelle (43) drehbar gelagert ist; und

    wobei der zweite Drehsattel (47) an der zweiten Ausgangswelle (46b) festgelegt ist.


     
    2. Zuführvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei der erste Untersetzungsgetriebemechanismus Folgendes aufweist:

    ein Zahnrad (56) mit kleinem Durchmesser, das auf der ersten Transmissionswelle (54) festgelegt ist;

    ein Zahnrad (57) mit großem Durchmesser, das koaxial mit der zweiten Transmissionswelle (43) angeordnet ist; und

    ein erstes Untersetzungszahnrad (58), das mit dem Zahnrad (57) mit großem Durchmesser koaxial gekoppelt ist, um die Rotationsbewegung des Zahnrads (57) mit großem Durchmesser zu verlangsamen.


     
    3. Zuführvorrichtung (40) nach Anspruch 1,
    wobei die erste und die zweite Transmissionswelle (54, 43) einander benachbart und parallel zueinander angeordnet sind, und wobei der zweite Untersetzungsgetriebemechanismus Folgendes aufweist:

    ein erstes Kegelrad (44), das auf der zweiten Transmissionswelle (43) festgelegt ist;

    ein zweites Kegelrad (45), das mit dem ersten Kegelrad (44) kämmt, um die Rotationsbewegung des zweiten Kegelrads (45) zu verlangsamen.


     
    4. Zuführvorrichtung (40) nach Anspruch 2 oder 3,
    wobei die Haltevorrichtung (17) aufweist:

    einen Fluiddruckzylinder (68), der das Objekt hält; und

    eine Fluidzuführeinheit (96), die dem Fluiddruckzylinder (68) Druckfluid von einer Fluidversorgungsquelle (62) zuführt, wobei die Fluidzuführeinheit (96) aufweist:

    ein erstes Fluidzufuhr-Drehgelenk (61), das an dem ersten Drehsattel (59) angeordnet ist;

    ein zweites Fluidzufuhr-Drehgelenk (60), das an dem zweiten Drehsattel (47) angeordnet ist;

    eine erste Fluidpassage (64), die Druckfluid von der Fluidversorgungsquelle (62) zu dem ersten Fluidzufuhr-Drehgelenk (61) der zuführt;

    eine zweite Fluidpassage (65), die Druckfluid von dem ersten Fluidzufuhr-Drehgelenk (61) zu dem zweiten Fluidzufuhr-Drehgelenk (60) zuführt; und eine dritte Fluidpassage (66), die Druckfluid von dem zweiten Fluidzufuhr-Drehgelenk (60) zu dem Fluiddruckzylinder (68) zuführt.


     
    5. Objektantriebsvorrichtung mit der Zuführvorrichtung (40) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, mit einer Bewegungsvorrichtung (70) zum beweglichen Lagern der Zuführvorrichtung (40) und mit einem Bett (11) zum Tragen der Bewegungsvorrichtung (70), wobei die Bewegungsvorrichtung (70) aufweist:

    einen horizontalen Bewegungsführungsmechanismus (73), der auf dem Bett (11) angeordnet ist;

    eine bewegliche Säule (78), die durch den horizontalen Bewegungsführungsmechanismus (73) beweglich gelagert ist;

    eine X-Achsen-Antriebsvorrichtung (86), die die bewegliche Säule (78) horizontal bewegt;

    einen vertikalen Bewegungsführungsmechanismus (81), der an der beweglichen Säule (78) angeordnet ist;

    einen Z-Achsen-Sattel, der durch den vertikalen Bewegungsführungsmechanismus (81) beweglich gelagert ist; und

    einen Längsbewegungsführungsmechanismus (83), der auf dem Z-Achsen-Sattel angeordnet ist, um die Zuführvorrichtung (40) in Längsrichtung beweglich zu lagern,

    wobei die Bewegungsvorrichtung (70) in Bezug auf den Arbeitsbereich außerhalb der Abdeckvorrichtung (14) angeordnet ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif d'alimentation (40) disposé de façon mobile à travers un dispositif de couverture (14) de manière à faire face à une zone de travail protégée par le dispositif de couverture (14), pour le maintien d'un objet et le contrôle d'un comportement de l'objet, comprenant :

    une base d'alimentation (55) possédant une partie creuse ;

    une première selle rotative (59) disposée sur la base d'alimentation (55), cette première selle rotative (59) pouvant tourner autour d'un premier axe ;

    une deuxième selle rotative (47) disposée sur la première selle rotative (59), cette deuxième selle rotative (47) pouvant tourner autour d'un deuxième axe dans un sens différent du premier axe ;

    un dispositif de support (17) disposé sur la deuxième selle rotative (47) pour maintenir l'objet ;

    un premier dispositif d'entraînement (49) disposé à l'extérieur du dispositif de couverture (14) par rapport à la zone de travail, permettant de faire tourner la première selle rotative (59) ;

    un deuxième dispositif d'entraînement (41) disposé à l'extérieur du dispositif de couverture (14) par rapport à la zone de travail, permettant de faire tourner la deuxième selle rotative (47) ; et

    un premier arbre de transmission (54) disposé à l'intérieur de la partie creuse et relié au premier dispositif d'entraînement (49) ;

    caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend

    un premier mécanisme réducteur qui est configuré de manière à ralentir la rotation du premier arbre de transmission (54) et de manière à délivrer la rotation ralentie via un premier arbre de sortie (58b) présentant la forme d'un arbre creux ;

    un deuxième arbre de transmission (43) disposé à travers le premier arbre de sortie (58b), le deuxième arbre de transmission (43) étant disposé au centre de la base d'alimentation (55) et relié au deuxième dispositif d'entraînement (41) ; et

    un deuxième mécanisme réducteur qui est configuré de manière à ralentir la rotation du deuxième arbre de transmission (43) et de manière à délivrer la rotation ralentie, le deuxième mécanisme réducteur ayant un deuxième arbre de sortie (46b) coaxial par rapport au deuxième axe,

    où la première selle rotative (59) est fixée au premier arbre de sortie (58b) et tourillonnée au deuxième arbre de transmission (43) de manière à pouvoir tourner, et

    où la deuxième selle rotative (47) est fixée au deuxième arbre de sortie (46b).


     
    2. Le dispositif d'alimentation (40) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le premier mécanisme réducteur comprend :

    une roue dentée de petit diamètre (56) fixée au premier arbre de transmission (54) ;

    une roue dentée de grand diamètre (57) étant disposée de manière coaxiale par rapport au deuxième arbre de transmission (43) ; et

    un premier réducteur (58) étant relié de manière coaxiale à la roue dentée de grand diamètre (57) pour ralentir la rotation de la roue dentée de grand diamètre (57).


     
    3. Le dispositif d'alimentation (40) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le premier et le deuxième arbres de transmission (54, 43) sont agencés de manière adjacente et parallèle l'un par rapport à l'autre, et
    le deuxième mécanisme réducteur comprend :

    une première roue dentée conique (44) fixée au deuxième arbre de transmission (43) ;

    une deuxième roue dentée conique (45) s'engrenant à la première roue dentée conique (44) pour ralentir la rotation de la deuxième roue dentée conique (45).


     
    4. Le dispositif d'alimentation (40) selon la revendication 2 ou 3, dans lequel le dispositif de support (17) présente :

    un vérin hydraulique (68) qui maintient l'objet ; et

    une unité d'alimentation en fluide (96) qui livre le fluide sous pression depuis une source d'alimentation en fluide (62) vers le vérin hydraulique (68), l'unité d'alimentation en fluide (96) comprenant :

    un premier joint rotatif d'alimentation en fluide (61) qui est disposé sur la première selle rotative (59) ;

    un deuxième joint rotatif d'alimentation en fluide (60) qui est disposé sur la deuxième selle rotative (47) ;

    un premier passage de fluide (64) qui transporte le fluide sous pression depuis la source d'alimentation en fluide (62) jusqu'au premier joint rotatif d'alimentation en fluide (61) ;

    un deuxième passage de fluide (65) qui transporte le fluide sous pression depuis le premier joint rotatif d'alimentation en fluide (61) jusqu'au deuxième joint rotatif d'alimentation en fluide (60) ; et

    un troisième passage de fluide (66) qui transporte le fluide sous pression depuis le deuxième joint rotatif d'alimentation en fluide (60) jusqu'au vérin hydraulique (68).


     
    5. Dispositif d'entraînement d'un objet équipé du dispositif d'alimentation (40) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dispositif de déplacement (70) pour supporter de manière mobile le dispositif d'alimentation (40) et lit (11) pour supporter le dispositif de déplacement (70), le dispositif de déplacement (70) comprenant :

    un mécanisme de guidage du mouvement horizontal (73) placé sur le lit (11) ;

    une colonne mobile (78) supportée de manière mobile par le mécanisme de guidage du mouvement horizontal (73) ;

    un dispositif d'entraînement sur un axe X (86) qui déplace horizontalement la colonne mobile (78) ;

    un mécanisme de guidage du mouvement vertical (81) placé sur la colonne mobile (78) ;

    une selle sur un axe Z étant supportée de manière mobile par le mécanisme de guidage du mouvement vertical (81) ; et

    un mécanisme de guidage du mouvement longitudinal (83) placé sur la selle de l'axe Z pour supporter de manière mobile longitudinale le dispositif d'alimentation (40),

    le dispositif de déplacement (70) étant disposé à l'extérieur du dispositif de couverture (14) par rapport à la zone de travail.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description