(19)
(11)EP 2 978 505 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.11.2019 Bulletin 2019/48

(21)Application number: 14716213.5

(22)Date of filing:  21.03.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A62C 13/66  (2006.01)
A62C 99/00  (2010.01)
A62C 35/02  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2014/031447
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/160609 (02.10.2014 Gazette  2014/40)

(54)

METHOD OF DELIVERING A FIRE EXTINGUISHING AGENT

VERFAHREN ZUR ABGABE EINES FEUERLÖSCHMITTELS

PROCÉDÉ DE DISTRIBUTION D'AGENT EXTINCTEUR D'INCENDIE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.03.2013 US 201361806030 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.02.2016 Bulletin 2016/05

(73)Proprietor: Kidde-Fenwal, Inc.
Ashland, MA 01721 (US)

(72)Inventor:
  • SENECAL, Joseph
    Ashland, Massachusetts 01721 (US)

(74)Representative: Dehns 
St. Bride's House 10 Salisbury Square
London EC4Y 8JD
London EC4Y 8JD (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 454 658
WO-A1-2010/071622
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



    [0001] The invention relates generally to gaseous-agent fire suppression systems that employ fire suppression fluids that vaporize upon discharge into the air of a protected space and, more particularly, to a method of supplying a fire suppression fluid to a protected space.

    [0002] Fire suppression systems are known, and include the use of any of a variety of fire suppressing agents that are generally discharged towards a fire. The effectiveness of a fire suppression system is dependent on multiple factors, in particular, the momentum of the expelled stream of an agent, and the rate at which the liquid portion of the agent is atomized when discharged. A high momentum promotes atomization of the liquid agent and promotes air circulation, thereby facilitating the creation of a uniformly distributed fire extinguishing air-agent atmosphere. Atomization of the liquid agent expelled from the nozzle may be enhanced if the liquid agent on the high pressure side of the nozzle contains a dissolved gas. Upon ejection of a liquid agent containing a dissolved gas into ambient air, the dissolved gas rapidly out-gases from the liquid phase, causing the liquid droplets to break up into smaller droplets. Small droplets evaporate more quickly as a result of an increase in specific surface area available for evaporative heat and mass transfer with the ambient atmosphere.

    [0003] Stored-pressure fire suppression systems typically store the liquid agent within a container pressurized with nitrogen to at least (2482 kPa (360 pounds per square inch (psig)). Some of the nitrogen dissolves into the agent, however, the concentration of dissolved nitrogen in the liquid phase depends on the local pressure and temperature. Upon discharge, the nitrogen-saturated liquid flows through the pipe system. The local pressure decreases from the stored pressure relative to both time and distance from the storage container. At pressures lower than the storage pressure, some of the nitrogen will bubble out of the liquid, creating a two-phase flow. The two-phase mixture has lower density and flows at a higher velocity than the liquid phase, thereby resulting in a greater frictional pressure loss per unit length of pipe. This effect is counter to the goal of achieving maximum pressure at the nozzle when the agent is discharged.

    [0004] Examples of prior art fire suppression systems are disclosed in WO 2010/071622 A1 and EP 1454658 A1.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0005] According to an aspect of the invention, there is provided a fire suppression system as set forth in claim 1.

    [0006] The first pressurized gas and the second pressurized gas may be one of nitrogen, argon, carbon dioxide, or a mixture thereof.

    [0007] The fire suppression agent may be one of FK-5-1-12, 1,1,1,2,2,4,5,5,5-nonafluoro-4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pentanone (CF3CF2C(=O)CF(CF3)2), CAS 756-13-6; HFC-227ea, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptaflurorporpane (CF3CHFCF3), CAS 431-89-0; HFC-125, 1,1,1,2,2-pentafluoroethane, CAS 354-33-6; HFC-236fa, 1,1,1,2,2,2-hexafluoropropane (CF3CHFCF2H), CAS 690-39-1.

    [0008] The storage pressure of the fire suppression agent may be between about 7 kPa (1 psig) and about 1723 kPa (250 psig).

    [0009] The storage pressure of the fire suppression agent may be between about 138 kPa (20 psig) and about 1034 kPa (150 psig).

    [0010] The piping system may further include a first pipe extending between the storage container and the at least one nozzle. The first pipe includes a first valve. A second pipe extends between the at least one canister and the storage container. The second pipe includes a second valve.

    [0011] The first valve and the second valve may be substantially closed when the fire suppression system is inactive.

    [0012] The first valve and the second valve may be substantially open when the fire suppression system is active.

    [0013] The fire suppression system may further include a fire detection device configured to detect a fire. A controller is operably coupled to the fire detection device, and the first valve and second valve. The controller is configured to operate the first valve and the second valve in response to a signal from the fire detection device indicating a fire.

    [0014] According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a method of extinguishing a fire using a fire suppression system, as set forth in claim 10.

    [0015] The storage pressure may be greater than a vapor pressure of the fire suppression agent.

    [0016] The fire suppression agent and the first pressurized gas at least partially dissolved within the fire suppression agent may flow through the piping system to the at least one nozzle in a substantially single-phase flow.

    [0017] The piping system may fluidly couple the at least one canister to an inlet of the storage container. The piping system also fluidly couples an outlet of the storage container to the at least one nozzle.

    [0018] At least one fire detection device may be configured to emit a detection signal in response to a fire.

    [0019] A controller may be operably coupled to the at least one fire detection device and the at least one valve. The controller is configured to operate the at least one valve in response to receiving the detection signal from the at least one fire detection device.

    [0020] Operation of the at least one valve may release the second pressurized gas into the piping system to generate a propellant pressure.

    [0021] These and other advantages and features will become more apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING



    [0022] The subject matter, which is regarded as the invention, is particularly pointed out and distinctly claimed in the claims at the conclusion of the specification. The foregoing and other features, and advantages of the invention are apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:

    FIG. 1 is a schematic illustration of a fire suppression system for delivery a fire suppression agent according to an embodiment of the invention; and

    FIG. 2 is a detailed side view of an agent-storage container of the fire suppression system of FIG. 1.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



    [0023] Referring now to the FIGS., a fire suppression system 20 for delivering a fire suppression agent A to a space where a fire is detected is illustrated. The fire suppression system 20 includes a storage container 22 containing a fire suppression agent A. A first end 26 of a dip tube 24 is arranged within the storage container 22 and a second end 28 of the dip tube 26 is coupled to a valve 30. A first conduit or pipe 32 fluidly couples the valve 30 to one or more delivery nozzles 34 such that together, the first pipe 32 and the dip tube 24 create a flow path for the fire suppression agent A from the storage container 22 to the at least one nozzle 34.

    [0024] One or more canisters 40 configured to store a gas G under pressure are coupled to the storage container 22. Exemplary gases G within the at least one canister 40 include, but are not limited to, nitrogen, argon, carbon dioxide, mixtures of these gases, or other inert gases or high vapor pressure chemicals for example. Each canister 40 of pressurized gas G is fluidly coupled, such as with a second pipe 44 for example, to an inlet 23 of the storage container 22. Together, the first pipe 32 and second pipe 44 form a piping system 50 configured to supply pressurized gas G to the storage container 22 and fire suppression agent A to the nozzles 32. A valve 52 may be arranged adjacent the outlet 42 of each canister 40 to control the amount of gas G provided from each canister 40 into pipe 44. Similarly, another valve 54 may be positioned adjacent to the inlet 23 of the storage container 22 to control the amount of the pressurized gas G flowing into the storage container 22. In addition, a plurality of pressure gauges P or other, similar devices may be used or arranged at various locations, such as adjacent the inlet 23 of the storage container 22, or adjacent the outlet 42 of each canister 40 for example, to monitor the pressure within the fire suppression system 20.

    [0025] A control device 60, such as a controller for example, is configured to communicate with at least one fire detection device 62, such as a conventional fire detector or fire sensor for example. The fire detection device 62 may be directly connected to the controller 60, such as with a wire for example, or may be configured to communicate with the control device 60 wirelessly. The control device 60 may also be operably coupled to each of the plurality of valves 30, 52, 54 within the piping system 50.

    [0026] Exemplary fire suppression agents A suitable for use in accordance with various embodiments of the present invention include, but are not limited to, compounds selected from the chemical compound classes of hydrofluorocarbons, iodofluorocarbons, and fluorinated ketones. Specific hydrofluorocarbons may, but need not include, pentafluoroethane (CF3CF2H), 1,1,1,2-tetraflurorethane (CF3CH2F), 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptaflurorporpane (CF3CHFCF3), 1,1,1,2,2,3,3-heptafluoropropane (CF3CF2CF2H), 1,1,1,2,2,2-hexafluoropropane (CF3CHFCF2H), 1,1,2,2,3,3-hexafluoropropane (HCF2CF2CF2H), and 1,1,1,2,2,3-hexafluoropropane (CF3C F2CH2F) for example. Exemplary iodofluorocarbons include, but are not limited to iodotrifluoromethane (CF3I). In one embodiment, the fire suppression agent A is FK-5-1-12, 1,1,1,2,2,4,5,5,5-nonafluoro-4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pentanone (CF3CF2C(=O)CF(CF3)2), CAS 756-13-6, often identified under the trademark Novec™ 1230, registered to 3M™ of Saint Paul, Minnesota.

    [0027] When the fire suppression system 20 is inactive, the liquid fire suppression agent A within the storage container 22 is generally pressurized with a first pressurizing gas B. Exemplary gases B used to pressurize the liquid fire suppression agent A within the storage container 22 include, but are not limited to, nitrogen, argon, carbon dioxide, mixtures of these gases, or other inert gases or high vapor pressure chemicals for example. In one embodiment, the agent A is super-pressurized to a storage pressure such that the storage pressure of container 22 is greater than a vapor pressure of the fire suppression agent A contained therein. The maximum allowable storage pressure of the liquid fire suppression agent A within the container 22 is generally less than the pressure at each of the plurality of nozzles 34. At this storage pressure, the pressurized gas B at least partially dissolves into the liquid fire suppression agent A. The storage pressure within the storage container 22 when the fire suppression system 20 is inactive is generally in the range of about 7 kPa (1 pound per square inch (psig)) to about 1724 kPa (250 psig), and more particularly in the range of about 138 kPa (20 psig) to about 1034 kPa (150 psig). In one embodiment, the storage pressure in the inactive storage container 22 is approximately 483 kPa (70 psig).

    [0028] Upon detection of a fire event by a fire detection device 62, such as smoke or flame detectors for example, the control device 60 will operate at least one of the plurality of valves 30, 52, 54 in the fire suppression system 20. Such sensing and controlling is known in the fire suppression art and is used to detect the presence of a fire and then initiate operation of the fire suppression system 20. In the illustrated system, the detection of a fire event acts as a trigger for the control device 60 to operate the valves 30, 52, 54 and deliver additional pressurized gas G to the storage container 22.

    [0029] Operation of valves 52 and 54 to a generally open position allows the pressurized gas G within a respective canister 40 to flow freely through piping 44 into the storage container 22. The control device may 60 operate valve 30 at the same time or shortly after operating valves 52, 54 such that the liquid fire suppression agent A within the storage container 22 may be supplied to the delivery nozzles 34. With valve 30 open, the propellant pressure created by the pressurized gas G entering into ullage space 25 of the storage container 22 causes the liquid fire suppression agent A to flow through the coupled dip tube 24 and pipe 32 to the nozzles 34. In one embodiment, the propellant pressure used to move the saturated fire suppression agent A through the piping system 50 is greater than the storage pressure of the fire suppression agent A. Because the propellant pressure is greater than the storage pressure of the liquid fire suppression agent A, the gas B initially in the storage container 22, and partially dissolved in the fire suppression agent A, remains dissolved therein until the fire suppression agent A is expelled from at least one of the plurality of nozzles 34. Upon discharge, the gas B partially dissolved in agent A is fully available to outgas from the liquid agent A to facilitate droplet atomization and suppress a fire.

    [0030] Because fire suppression agent is initially "lightly" superpressurized with inert gas B and because the pressure loss within the fire suppression system is low, the liquid agent A having dissolved inert gas B therein will flow to the at least one nozzle 34 as a substantially single-phase flow. By maintaining the state of the dissolved inert gas B within the fire suppression agent A, the atomization of the agent A is facilitated as the agent A is expelled from the nozzle 34. By maintaining a substantially single-phase flow of fluid in pipe 32, the gradient of frictional pressure loss along the length of pipe 32 in the fire suppression system may be reduced while maintaining the desired minimum pressure at the nozzle 34. This reduction in frictional pressure loss allows the overall length of pipe in a given fire suppression system 10. As a result, a given fire suppression system may be large, simplified, and more cost effective than conventional systems.

    [0031] While the invention has been described in detail in connection with only a limited number of embodiments, it should be readily understood that the invention is not limited to such disclosed embodiments. Rather, the invention can be modified to incorporate any number of variations, alterations, substitutions or equivalent arrangements not heretofore described, but which are commensurate with the spirit and scope of the invention. Additionally, while various embodiments of the invention have been described, it is to be understood that aspects of the invention may include only some of the described embodiments. Accordingly, the invention is not to be seen as limited by the foregoing description, but is only limited by the scope of the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. A fire suppression system (20) comprising:

    at least one nozzle (34) configured to expel a fire suppression agent (A) into a space;

    a storage container (22) including the fire suppression agent (A) and a first pressurized gas at least partially dissolved within the first suppression agent (A);

    at least one canister (40) containing a second pressurized gas (G);

    a piping system (50) configured to fluidly couple the at least one canister (40) to the storage container (22), and to fluidly couple the storage container (22) to the at least one nozzle (34); and

    wherein when the fire suppression system is inactive, the fire suppression agent (A) within the storage container (22) is pressurized to a storage pressure greater than a vapor pressure of the fire suppression agent (A) and when the fire suppression system (20) is active, a propellant pressure in the piping system is generally greater than the storage pressure of the fire suppression agent (A).


     
    2. The fire suppression system according to claim 1, wherein when the fire suppression system (20) is active, the pressurized fire suppression agent (A) and the first pressurized gas at least partially dissolved within the fire suppression agent (A) flow through the piping system (50) to the at least one nozzle (34) in a substantially single-phase flow.
     
    3. The fire suppression system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the first pressurizing gas and the second pressurizing gas are one of nitrogen, argon, carbon dioxide, or a mixture thereof.
     
    4. The fire suppression system according to any preceding claim, wherein the fire suppression agent may be one of FK-5-1-12, 1,1,1,2,2,4,5,5,5-nonafluoro-4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pentanone (CF3CF2C(=O)CF(CF3)2), CAS 756-13-6; HFC-227ea, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane (CF3CHFCF3), CAS 431-89-0; HFC-125, 1,1,1,2,2-pentafluoroethane, CAS 354-33-6; HFC-236fa, 1,1,1,2,2,2-hexafluoropropane (CF3CHFCF2H), CAS 690-39-1.
     
    5. The fire suppression system according to any preceding claim, wherein the storage pressure of the fire suppression agent is between about 7 kPa (1 psig) and about 1724 kPa (250 psig).
     
    6. The fire suppression system according to claim 5, wherein the storage pressure of the fire suppression agent is between about 138 kPa (20 psig) and about 1034 kPa (150 psig).
     
    7. The fire suppression system according to any preceding claim, wherein the piping system (50) further includes:

    a first pipe (32) extending between the storage container (22) and the at least one nozzle (32), the first pipe (32) having a first valve (30) therein; and

    a second pipe (44) extending between the at least one canister (40) and the storage container (22), the second pipe (44) have a second valve (52) therein.


     
    8. The fire suppression system according to claim 7, wherein when the first valve (40) and the second valve (52) are substantially closed, the fire suppression system (20) is inactive, or wherein when the first valve (40) and the second valve (52) are substantially open, the fire suppression system (20) is active.
     
    9. The fire suppression system according to claim 7 or 8, wherein the fire suppression system further includes:

    a fire detection device (62) configured to detect a fire; and

    a controller (60) operably coupled to the fire detection device (62), the first valve (30) and the second valve (52), the controller (60) being configured to operate the first valve (30) and the second valve (52) in response to a signal from the fire detection device (62) indicating a fire.


     
    10. A method of reducing a two-phase flow in a fire suppression system (20) comprising:

    storing a fire suppression agent (A) within a storage container at a storage pressure such that a first pressurized gas is at least partially dissolved within the fire suppression agent (A);

    storing a second pressurized gas (G) within at least one canister (40);

    detecting a fire;

    operating at least one valve (30,52) in a piping system (50) of the fire suppression system (20);

    creating a propellant pressure in the piping system (50) such that the fire suppression agent (A) having the first pressurized gas dissolved therein flows through the piping system (50) to at least one nozzle (34), the propellant pressure being generally greater than the storage pressure of the fire suppression agent (A); and

    expelling the fire suppression agent (A) and the first pressurizing gas at least partially dissolved therein into a space where the fire was detected.


     
    11. The method according to claim 10, wherein the storage pressure is greater than a vapor pressure of the fire suppression agent (A).
     
    12. The method according to claim 10 or 11, wherein the fire suppression agent (A) and the first pressurized gas at least partially dissolved within the fire suppression agent (A) flow through the piping system (50) to the at least one nozzle (34) in a substantially single-phase flow.
     
    13. The method according to claim 10, 11 or 12, wherein the piping system (50) fluidly couples the at least one canister (40) to an inlet of the storage container (22), and fluidly couples an outlet of the storage container (22) to the at least one nozzle (34).
     
    14. The method according to any of claims 10 to 13, wherein at least one fire detection device (62) of the fire suppression system (20) is configured to emit a detection signal in response to a fire.
     
    15. The method according to claim 14, wherein a controller (60) of the fire suppression system (20) is operably coupled to the at least one fire detection device (62) and the at least one valve (30,52) of the piping system (50), the controller (60) being configured to operate the at least one valve (30,52) in response to receiving the detection signal from the at least one fire detection device (62).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Feuerunterdrückungssystem (20), umfassend:

    zumindest eine Düse (34), die konfiguriert ist, um ein Feuerunterdrückungsmittel (A) in einen Raum auszustoßen;

    einen Speicherbehälter (22), der das Feuerunterdrückungsmittel (A) und ein erstes unter Druck gesetztes Gas beinhaltet, das zumindest teilweise in dem ersten Unterdrückungsmittel (A) aufgelöst ist;

    zumindest einen Kanister (40), der ein zweites unter Druck gesetztes Gas (G) enthält;

    ein Rohrsystem (50), das konfiguriert ist, um den zumindest einen Kanister (40) fluidisch an den Speicherbehälter (22) zu koppeln und um den Speicherbehälter (22) fluidisch an die zumindest eine Düse (34) zu koppeln; und

    wobei, wenn das Feuerunterdrückungssystem inaktiv ist, das Feuerunterdrückungsmittel (A) innerhalb des Speicherbehälters (22) zu einem Speicherdruck unter Druck gesetzt wird, der größer als ein Dampfdruck des Feuerunterdrückungsmittels (A) ist, und wenn das Feuerunterdrückungssystem (20) aktiv ist, ein Treibmitteldruck in dem Rohrsystem im Allgemeinen größer als der Speicherdruck des Feuerunterdrückungsmittels (A) ist.


     
    2. Feuerunterdrückungssystem nach Anspruch 1, wobei, wenn das Feuerunterdrückungssystem (20) aktiv ist, das unter Druck gesetzte Feuerunterdrückungsmittel (A) und das erste unter Druck gesetzte Gas, das zumindest teilweise in dem Feuerunterdrückungsmittel (A) aufgelöst ist, in einem im Wesentlichen einphasigen Fluss durch das Rohrsystem (50) zu der zumindest einen Düse (34) fließen.
     
    3. Feuerunterdrückungssystem nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das erste Druckgas und das zweite Druckgas eines von Stickstoff, Argon, Kohlendioxid oder einer Mischung davon sind.
     
    4. Feuerunterdrückungssystem nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei das Feuerunterdrückungsmittel eines von FK-5-1-12, 1,1,1,2,2,4,5,5,5-Nonafluor-4-(trifluormethyl)-3-pentanon (CF3CF2C(=O)CF(CF3)2), CAS 756-13-6, HFC-227ea, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-Heptafluorpropan (CF3CHFCF3), CAS 431-89-0; HFC-125, 1,1,1,2,2-Pentafluorethan, CAS 354-33-6; HFC-236fa, 1,1,1,2,2,2-Hexafluorpropan (CF3CHFCF2H), CAS 690-39-1 sein kann.
     
    5. Feuerunterdrückungssystem nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei der Speicherdruck des Feuerunterdrückungsmittels zwischen ungefähr 7 kPa (1 psig) und ungefähr 1724 kPa (250 psig) liegt.
     
    6. Feuerunterdrückungssystem nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Speicherdruck des Feuerunterdrückungsmittels zwischen ungefähr 138 kPa (20 psig) und ungefähr 1034 kPa (150 psig) liegt.
     
    7. Feuerunterdrückungssystem nach einem vorhergehenden Anspruch, wobei das Rohrsystem (50) ferner Folgendes beinhaltet:

    ein erstes Rohr (32), das sich zwischen dem Speicherbehälter (22) und der zumindest einen Düse (32) erstreckt, wobei das erste Rohr (32) ein erstes Ventil (30) darin aufweist; und

    ein zweites Rohr (44), das sich zwischen dem zumindest einen Kanister (40) und dem Speicherbehälter (22) erstreckt, wobei das zweite Rohr (44) ein zweites Ventil (52) darin aufweist.


     
    8. Feuerunterdrückungssystem nach Anspruch 7, wobei, wenn das erste Ventil (40) und das zweite Ventil (52) im Wesentlichen geschlossen sind, das Feuerunterdrückungssystem (20) inaktiv ist, oder wobei, wenn das erste Ventil (40) und das zweite Ventil (52) im Wesentlichen offen sind, das Feuerunterdrückungssystem (20) aktiv ist.
     
    9. Feuerunterdrückungssystem nach Anspruch 7 oder 8, wobei das Feuerunterdrückungssystem ferner Folgendes beinhaltet:

    eine Feuererfassungsvorrichtung (62), die konfiguriert ist, um ein Feuer zu erfassen; und

    eine Steuerung (60), die an die Feuererfassungsvorrichtung (62), das erste Ventil (30) und das zweite Ventil (52) wirkgekoppelt ist, wobei die Steuerung (60) konfiguriert ist, um das erste Ventil (30) und das zweite Ventil (52) als Reaktion auf ein Signal von der Feuererfassungsvorrichtung (62), das ein Feuer angibt, zu betätigen.


     
    10. Verfahren zum Reduzieren eines zweiphasigen Flusses in einem Feuerunterdrückungssystem (20), umfassend:

    Speichern eines Feuerunterdrückungsmittels (A) innerhalb eines Speicherbehälters bei einem Speicherdruck, sodass ein erstes unter Druck gesetztes Gas zumindest teilweise in dem Feuerunterdrückungsmittel (A) aufgelöst wird;

    Speichern eines zweiten unter Druck gesetzten Gases (G) innerhalb von zumindest einem Kanister (40);

    Erfassen eines Feuers;

    Betätigen von zumindest einem Ventil (30, 52) in einem Rohrsystem (50) des Feuerunterdrückungssystems (20);

    Erzeugen eines Treibmitteldrucks in dem Rohrsystem (50), sodass das Feuerunterdrückungsmittel (A), das das erste unter Druck gesetzte Gas aufweist, das darin aufgelöst ist, durch das Rohrsystem (50) zu zumindest einer Düse (34) fließt, wobei der Treibmitteldruck im Allgemeinen größer als der Speicherdruck des Feuerunterdrückungsmittels (A) ist; und

    Ausstoßen des Feuerunterdrückungsmittels (A) und des ersten Druckgases, das zumindest teilweise darin aufgelöst ist, in einen Raum, in dem das Feuer erfasst wurde.


     
    11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, wobei der Speicherdruck größer als ein Dampfdruck des Feuerunterdrückungsmittels (A) ist.
     
    12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10 oder 11, wobei das Feuerunterdrückungsmittel (A) und das erste unter Druck gesetzte Gas, das zumindest teilweise in dem Feuerunterdrückungsmittel (A) aufgelöst ist, in einem im Wesentlichen einphasigen Fluss durch das Rohrsystem (50) zu der zumindest einen Düse (34) fließen.
     
    13. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, 11 oder 12, wobei das Rohrsystem (50) den zumindest einen Kanister (40) fluidisch an einen Einlass des Speicherbehälters (22) koppelt und einen Auslass des Speicherbehälters (22) fluidisch an die zumindest eine Düse (34) koppelt.
     
    14. Verfahren nach einem der Ansprüche 10 bis 13, wobei zumindest eine Feuererfassungsvorrichtung (62) des Feuerunterdrückungssystems (20) konfiguriert ist, um als Reaktion auf ein Feuer ein Erfassungssignal zu senden.
     
    15. Verfahren nach Anspruch 14, wobei eine Steuerung (60) des Feuerunterdrückungssystems (20) an die zumindest eine Feuererfassungsvorrichtung (62) und das zumindest eine Ventil (30, 52) des Rohrsystems (50) wirkgekoppelt ist, wobei die Steuerung (60) konfiguriert ist, um das zumindest eine Ventil (30, 52) als Reaktion auf den Empfang des Erfassungssignals von der zumindest einen Feuererfassungsvorrichtung (62) zu betätigen.
     


    Revendications

    1. Système d'extinction d'incendie (20) comprenant :

    au moins une buse (34) configurée pour expulser un agent d'extinction d'incendie (A) dans un espace ;

    un réservoir de stockage (22) comprenant l'agent d'extinction d'incendie (A) et un premier gaz comprimé au moins partiellement dissous à l'intérieur du premier agent d'extinction (A) ;

    au moins une cartouche (40) contenant un second gaz comprimé (G) ;

    un système de tuyauterie (50) configuré pour coupler de manière fluidique l'au moins une cartouche (40) au réservoir de stockage (22), et pour coupler de manière fluidique le réservoir de stockage (22) à l'au moins une buse (34) ; et

    dans lequel le système d'extinction d'incendie est inactif, l'agent d'extinction d'incendie (A) à l'intérieur du réservoir de stockage (22) est comprimé à une pression de stockage supérieure à une pression de vapeur de l'agent d'extinction d'incendie (A) et lorsque le système d'extinction d'incendie (20) est actif, une pression propulsive dans le système de tuyauterie est généralement supérieure à la pression de stockage de l'agent d'extinction d'incendie (A).


     
    2. Système d'extinction d'incendie selon la revendication 1, dans lequel, lorsque le système d'extinction d'incendie (20) est actif, l'agent d'extinction d'incendie comprimé (A) et le premier gaz comprimé au moins partiellement dissous à l'intérieur de l'agent d'extinction d'incendie (A) s'écoule dans le système de tuyauterie (50) vers l'au moins une buse (34) dans un écoulement sensiblement monophasé.
     
    3. Système d'extinction d'incendie selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le premier gaz comprimé et le second gaz comprimé sont l'un du nitrogène, de l'argon, du dioxyde de carbone, ou un mélange de ceux-ci.
     
    4. Système d'extinction d'incendie selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel l'agent d'extinction d'incendie peut être l'un du FK-5-1-12, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 4, 5, 5, 5-nonafluoro-4-(trifluorométhyl)-3-pentanone (CF3CF2C(=O)CF(CF3)2), CAS 756-13-6 ; HFC-227ea, 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 3, 3-heptafluoropropane (CF3CHFCF3), du CAS 431-89-0 ; du HFC-125, du 1,1,1,2,2-pentafluoroéthane, du CAS 354-33-6 ; du HFC-236fa, du 1,1,1,2,2,2-hexafluoropropane (CF3CHFCF2H), du CAS 690-39-1.
     
    5. Système d'extinction d'incendie selon une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel la pression de stockage de l'agent d'extinction d'incendie est comprise entre environ 7 kPa (1 psig) et environ 1724 kPa (250 psig).
     
    6. Système d'extinction d'incendie selon la revendication 5, dans lequel la pression de stockage de l'agent d'extinction d'incendie est comprise entre environ 138 kPa (20 psig) et environ 1034 kPa (150 psig).
     
    7. Système d'extinction d'incendie selon l'une quelconque revendication précédente, dans lequel le système de tuyauterie (50) comprend en outre :

    un premier tuyau (32) s'étendant entre le réservoir de stockage (22) et l'au moins une buse (32), le premier tuyau (32) ayant une première vanne (30) à l'intérieur ; et

    un second tuyau (44) s'étendant entre l'au moins une cartouche (40) et le réservoir de stockage (22), le second tuyau (44) ayant une seconde vanne (52) à l'intérieur.


     
    8. Système d'extinction d'incendie selon la revendication 7, dans lequel, lorsque la première vanne (40) et la seconde vanne (52) sont sensiblement fermées, le système d'extinction d'incendie (20) est inactif, ou dans lequel, lorsque la première vanne (40) et la seconde vanne (52) sont sensiblement ouvertes, le système d'extinction d'incendie (20) est actif.
     
    9. Système d'extinction d'incendie selon la revendication 7 ou 8, dans lequel le système d'extinction d'incendie comprend en outre :

    un dispositif de détection d'incendie (62) configuré pour détecter un incendie ; et

    un dispositif de commande (60) couplé de manière fonctionnelle au dispositif de détection d'incendie (62), la première vanne (30) et la seconde vanne (52), le dispositif de commande (60) étant configuré pour actionner la première vanne (30) et la seconde vanne (52) en réponse à un signal provenant du dispositif de détection d'incendie (62) indiquant un incendie.


     
    10. Procédé de réduction d'écoulement diphasique dans un système d'extinction d'incendie (20) comprenant :

    le stockage d'un agent d'extinction d'incendie (A) à l'intérieur d'un réservoir de stockage à une pression de stockage de sorte qu'un premier gaz comprimé est au moins partiellement dissous à l'intérieur de l'agent d'extinction d'incendie (A) ;

    le stockage d'un second gaz comprimé (G) à l'intérieur d'au moins une cartouche (40) ;

    l'extinction d'un incendie ;

    l'actionnement d'au moins une vanne (30, 52) dans un système de tuyauterie (50) du système d'extinction d'incendie (20) ;

    la création d'une pression propulsive dans le système de tuyauterie (50) de sorte que l'agent d'extinction d'incendie (A) ayant le premier gaz comprimé à l'intérieur s'écoule à travers le système de tuyauterie (50) vers au moins une buse (34), la pression propulsive étant généralement supérieure à la pression de stockage de l'agent d'extinction d'incendie (A) ; et

    l'expulsion de l'agent d'extinction d'incendie (A) et du premier gaz comprimé au moins partiellement dissous dans celui-ci dans un espace où l'incendie a été détecté.


     
    11. Procédé selon la revendication 10, dans lequel la pression de stockage est supérieure à une pression de vapeur de l'agent d'extinction d'incendie (A).
     
    12. Procédé selon la revendication 10 ou 11, dans lequel l'agent d'extinction d'incendie (A) et le premier gaz comprimé au moins partiellement dissous à l'intérieur de l'agent d'extinction d'incendie (A) s'écoulent à travers le système de tuyauterie (50) à l'au moins une buse (34) dans un écoulement sensiblement monophasé.
     
    13. Procédé selon la revendication 10, 11 ou 12, dans lequel le système de tuyauterie (50) couple de manière fluidique l'au moins une cartouche (40) à une entrée du réservoir de stockage (22), et couple de manière fluidique une sortie du réservoir de stockage (22) à l'au moins une buse (34).
     
    14. Procédé selon l'une quelconque revendication 10 à 13, dans lequel au moins un dispositif de détection d'incendie (62) du système d'extinction d'incendie (20) est configuré pour émettre un signal de détection en réponse à un incendie.
     
    15. Procédé selon la revendication 14, dans lequel un dispositif de commande (60) du système d'extinction d'incendie (20) est couplé de manière fonctionnelle à l'au moins un dispositif de détection d'incendie (62) et l'au moins une vanne (30, 52) du système de tuyauterie (50), le dispositif de commande (60) étant configuré pour actionner l'au moins une vanne (30, 52) en réponse à la réception du signal de détection provenant de l'au moins un dispositif de détection d'incendie (62).
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description