(19)
(11)EP 2 979 170 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
08.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/28

(21)Application number: 13880256.6

(22)Date of filing:  28.03.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G06F 9/06  (2006.01)
G06F 9/50  (2006.01)
G06F 9/22  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2013/034202
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/158152 (02.10.2014 Gazette  2014/40)

(54)

MAKING MEMORY OF COMPUTE AND EXPANSION BLADE DEVICES AVAILABLE FOR USE BY AN OPERATING SYSTEM

HERSTELLUNG VON RECHENSPEICHER- UND EXPANSIONSBLADEVORRICHTUNGEN ZUR VERWENDUNG FÜR EIN BETRIEBSSYSTEM

MISE À DISPOSITION DE MÉMOIRE DE DISPOSITIFS BLADE DE CALCUL ET D'EXPANSION AFIN D'ÊTRE UTILISÉE PAR UN SYSTÈME D'EXPLOITATION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.02.2016 Bulletin 2016/05

(73)Proprietor: Hewlett Packard Enterprise Development LP
Houston, TX 77070 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • SCHUMACHER, Derek
    Roseville, California 95747 (US)
  • MYER, Sylvia K.
    Fort Collins, Colorado 80528 (US)
  • HERRELL, Russ W.
    Fort Collins, Colorado 80528 (US)

(74)Representative: Iqbal, Md Mash-Hud 
Marks & Clerk LLP 62-68 Hills Road
Cambridge CB2 1LA
Cambridge CB2 1LA (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 636 696
WO-A1-2011/071498
US-A1- 2006 036 889
US-A1- 2007 150 713
US-A1- 2012 110 588
US-B2- 7 222 339
WO-A1-2011/071498
US-A1- 2005 021 847
US-A1- 2007 067 614
US-A1- 2007 245 423
US-B1- 8 347 070
US-B2- 8 230 145
  
  • "Advanced Configuration and Power Interface - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia", , 1 August 2011 (2011-08-01), XP055241714, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?t itle=Advanced_Configuration_and_Power_Inte rface&oldid=442525513 [retrieved on 2016-01-15]
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

BACKGROUND



[0001] A blade system may include a plurality of blade devices mounted in a blade enclosure. Each of the blade devices may be a blade server, for example. In some examples, a user may set up a partition of the blade system to include one, several, or all of the blade devices mounted in the blade enclosure. In such examples, the partition may run an operating system (OS) and run application(s) with the OS.

[0002] US 2006/0036889 A1 describes a method and system for enabling replacement of a failed processor without requiring redundancy of hardware. Each processor chip includes a plurality of logical processors. A table is generated to communicate a location of each logical and physical processor to an operating system. After the table has been generated, each processor in the system is designated as active and available to the operating system or as idle and unavailable to the operating system.
EP 1636696 A2 describes a method of operating a blade server rack comprising a plurality of blade devices. Each blade device executes an operating system and is configured to share resources like hard drives or input devices with other blade devices in an operating system-independent manner. To this end, the blade devices are connected via a low-level communication channel that allows for the sharing of resources by requesting and providing access to resources through system management interrupts. US 2007/0150713 A1 discloses a method to dynamically adjust the number of available processors in a multi-node computing system. In response to an external command e.g. from a remote server, the number of processors of the computing system available to an operating system may be changed by selectively activating additional processors that are currently deactivated.

[0003] The present invention provides a non-transitory machine-readable storage medium according to claim 1, a system according to claim 5, and a method according to claim 10. Examples of the invention are defined in the dependent claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



[0004] The following detailed description references the drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of an example blade system to make a logical processor unavailable to an operating system (OS) while remaining available to execute instructions of a system firmware (SFW) instance;

FIG. 2 is a block diagram of an example blade system to make a plurality of logical processors unavailable to an OS while remaining available to execute instructions of a SFW instance;

FIG. 3 is a block diagram of an example system to make available, to an OS of a partition of the system, memory of compute and expansion blade devices;

FIG. 4 is a flowchart of an example method for retaining an expansion logical processor in a system management mode (SMM) during execution of an OS with a compute logical processor; and

FIG. 5 is a flowchart of an example method for collecting error information with an expansion logical processor in response to an error detected by a compute logical processor.


DETAILED DESCRIPTION



[0005] As noted above, a partition of a blade system may run an operating system (OS) and run application(s) with the OS. The partition that runs the OS may include multiple blade devices, each including logical processor(s) and memory. Each logical processor may be included on an integrated circuit (IC) (e.g., a chip). An IC including at least one central processing unit (CPU) may be referred to herein as a "CPU IC". In some examples, in addition to logical processor(s), a CPU IC may include at least one integrated memory controller to manage memory of the blade device. In such examples, a memory controller of a CPU IC may be able to manage a relatively limited amount of memory, which may limit the amount of memory available on a blade device, and thus in a partition.

[0006] More memory may be added to a partition by adding additional blade device(s) to the partition. However, license costs for some applications run by the OS may be calculated based on the number logical processors available for the application to utilize. As such, adding blade devices to a partition may substantially increase license costs for some applications due to the availability of the logical processors of the added blade devices.

[0007] To address these issues, examples described herein may configure a compute logical processor of a compute blade device and an expansion logical processor of an expansion blade device to operate as part of a single SFW domain, and identify available memory of the compute blade device and available memory of the expansion blade device. Examples described herein may further make the compute logical processor and the identified memory of the compute and expansion blade devices available for use by an OS, and make the expansion logical processor unavailable to the OS while the expansion logical processor remains available to execute instructions of the SFW instance.

[0008] In this manner, examples described herein may enable a partition of a blade system to utilize memory of an expansion blade device without exposing logical processor(s) of the expansion blade device (i.e., expansion logical processor(s)) to the OS run by the partition or the applications run by the OS. As such, examples described herein may enable a partition to use the memory of an expansion blade device for running an OS and application(s), without the expansion logical processor(s) of the expansion blade device increasing application license costs. Additionally, by remaining available to execute instructions of the SFW instance, an expansion logical processor made unavailable to the OS may remain available to collect error information at the expansion blade device, or otherwise manage resources of the expansion blade device under the control of instructions of the SFW instance, while still being unavailable for use by the OS.

[0009] Referring now to the drawings, FIG. 1 is a block diagram of an example blade system 100 to make a logical processor unavailable to an operating system (OS) while remaining available to execute instructions of a system firmware (SFW) instance. In examples described herein, a blade system may be a computing system comprising a blade enclosure and at least one blade device mounted in the blade enclosure. In the example of FIG. 1, blade system 100 comprises a blade enclosure 105, and expansion and compute blade devices 130 and 140 each mounted in blade enclosure 105. Blade system 100 may run an OS 115 with resources of each of expansion and compute blade devices 130 and 140. For example, OS 115 may be run by a partition of blade system 100 including at least expansion and compute blade devices 130 and 140.

[0010] As used herein, a "blade device" may be a physical computing device that comprises memory and at least one logical processor, and that is mountable to a blade enclosure. In some examples, a blade device may be a modular computing device that is physically mountable to a blade enclosure for operation, that includes certain core computing resources (e.g., logical processor(s) and memory), and that excludes certain peripheral computing resource(s) (e.g., a power supply, cooling fan(s), external networking ports, and the like, or a combination thereof).

[0011] As used herein, a "blade enclosure" may be a chassis to receive a plurality of blade devices and provide at least one peripheral resource for the received blade devices. For example, a blade enclosure may include fan(s) to cool mounted blade devices, at least one power supply to provide power to mounted blade devices, external network ports for mounted blade devices, and the like, or a combination thereof.

[0012] In the example of FIG. 1, expansion blade device 130 may include an expansion logical processor 132 and memory 134 associated with expansion logical processor 132. In some examples, blade device 130 may include a plurality of logical processors, some or all of which having associated memory. Compute blade device 140 may include a compute logical processor 142 and memory 144 associated with compute logical processor 142. In some examples, blade device 140 may include a plurality of logical processors, some or all of which having associated memory. As used herein, a "logical processor" may be a CPU IC, a CPU of a CPU IC (e.g., one of a plurality of cores on a multi-core CPU IC), or a thread on a CPU (or core) of a CPU IC.

[0013] Any expansion blade device or compute blade device described herein may be a blade device as described above. In examples described herein, an expansion blade device may be a blade device designated to provide memory, but not logical processor(s), for use by an OS of a partition including the blade device. In examples described herein, a compute blade device may be a blade device designated to provide memory and logical processor(s) for use by an OS of a partition including the blade device. In some examples, each blade device of a partition may be designated as an expansion or compute blade device in partition information describing aspects of the configuration of the partition. Additionally, any expansion logical processor or compute logical processor described herein may be a logical processor as described above. In examples described herein, an expansion logical processor may be a logical processor of an expansion blade device and a compute logical processor may be a logical processor of a compute blade device.

[0014] As used herein, memory "associated with" a logical processor (or "associated" memory of a logical processor) is memory managed by a memory controller integrated on the CPU IC including or constituting the logical processor. For example, a blade device including memory associated with a logical processor may comprise at least one memory module and a CPU IC including at least one logical processor (e.g., CPU or core) and at least one integrated memory controller to manage the memory module(s). In some examples, a blade device may include a plurality of CPU ICs, each including at least one integrated memory controller to manage memory module(s) of the blade device. As used herein, a memory module may be, for example, a dual in-line memory module (DIMM), a single in-line memory module (SIMM), or any other type of memory module including a plurality of memory devices.

[0015] In the example of FIG. 1, blade system 100 includes a machine-readable storage medium 120 encoded with a system firmware (SFW) instance 121 including instructions 122, 124, 126, and 128. In some examples, SFW instance 121 may include additional instructions. As used herein, a "machine-readable storage medium" may be any electronic, magnetic, optical, or other physical storage apparatus to contain or store information such as executable instructions, data, and the like. For example, any machine-readable storage medium described herein may be any of random access memory (RAM), read-only memory (ROM), volatile memory, non-volatile memory, flash memory, a storage drive (e.g., a hard drive), a solid state drive, any type of storage disc (e.g., a Compact Disc Read Only Memory (CD-ROM), any other type of compact disc, a DVD, etc.), and the like, or a combination thereof. Further, any machine-readable storage medium described herein may be non-transitory. Any "memory" described herein may be at least a portion of at least one machine-readable storage medium.

[0016] In the example of FIG. 1, storage medium 120 may be a ROM storing SFW instance 121. In some examples, storage medium 120 may be included on expansion blade device 130 or compute blade device 140. In other examples, storage medium 120 may be included on another blade device mounted to blade device enclosure 105. As used herein, a "system firmware instance" (or "SFW instance") may be a set of machine executable instructions to boot and manage resources of a blade device. For example, after a reset, a logical processor of a blade device may begin to execute instructions of a SFW instance to initialize the logical processor for operation, and to initialize other resource(s) of the blade device, such as the memory associated with the logical processor. In some examples, this initialization of the logical processor and the associated memory may include a power-on self-test (POST) implemented by the SFW instance.

[0017] Instructions of a SFW instance, when executed by the logical processor, may also configure the logical processor to operate in a SFW domain associated with the SFW instance. As used herein, a "system firmware domain" (or "SFW domain") associated with a SFW instance may be an environment in which a logical processor booted by the SFW instance may operate when executing instructions of the SFW instance after booting. In some examples, a SFW domain may include a plurality of SFW resources, including, for example, SFW data structure(s) and SFW code (i.e., machine executable instructions). As used herein, a logical processor operating as part of a SFW domain may be a logical processor having access to the SFW resources of the SFW domain. In some examples, the SFW resources (e.g., the SFW data structure(s) and SFW code) of the SFW domain may be stored in a system management memory region (e.g., SMRAM) for the SFW domain. In such examples, a logical processor operating as part of a SFW domain may be a logical processor having access to the SFW resources stored in the system management memory region for the SFW domain. A logical processor operating as part of a SFW domain may not have access to the SFW resources in the system management memory region at all times. Rather, the logical processor may have access at certain times (e.g., while booting), in certain mode(s) (e.g., a system management mode (SMM)), etc. In examples described herein, a logical processor having such limited access may still be considered to have access to the SFW resources in the system management memory region. In some examples, the system management memory region may be at least a portion of a machine-readable storage medium of at least one blade device mounted in a blade enclosure including the logical processor.

[0018] The SFW data structures may include, for example, advanced configuration and power interface (ACPI) table(s), system management BIOS (SMBIOS) table(s), memory data structures, interrupt vector(s), semaphores, and the like, or a combination thereof. The SFW data structure(s) may be generated and stored in the system management memory region by logical processor(s) executing instructions of the SFW instance. The SFW code may include executable instructions implementing interrupt service routines, such as system management interrupt (SMI) handler(s), or the like. The SFW code may also include executable instructions implementing error handler(s). The SFW code may be instructions of the SFW instance copied into the system management memory region.

[0019] In the example of FIG. 1, instructions of SFW instance 121 are executable by blade system 100. For example, expansion logical processor 132 and compute logical processor 142 of blade system 100 may fetch, decode, and execute instructions of SFW instance 121 to perform the functionalities described below in relation to SFW instance 121. In the example of FIG. 1, when executed by logical processors 132 and 142 after a reset of at least a portion of blade system 100 (e.g., the partition to run OS 115), instructions 122 may configure compute logical processor 142 of compute blade device 140 and expansion logical processor 132 of expansion blade device 130 to operate as part of a single SFW domain associated with SFW instance 121. In examples described herein, logical processors configured to operate as part of a single SFW domain (i.e., the same SFW domain) may be logical processors that are each configured to access the SFW resources of the SFW domain. For example, the logical processors may each have access (e.g., in SMM) to the system management memory region storing the SFW resources for the SFW domain.

[0020] In some examples, logical processors may be configured to operate as part of the same SFW domain by booting each of the logical processors with the same SFW instance 121. In the example of FIG. 1, expansion and compute logical processors 132 and 142 may be configured to operate as part of a SFW domain associated with SFW instance 121 (i.e., the same SFW domain) by booting each of expansion and compute logical processors 132 and 142 with SFW instance 121. In such examples, expansion and compute logical processors 132 and 142 may each boot by executing instructions of SFW instance 121, including instructions 122 to configure the logical processors to operate as part of the SFW domain associated with SFW instance 121.

[0021] For example, when executed by expansion and compute logical processors 132 and 142, instructions 122 may configure the respective hardware address maps of expansion and compute logical processors 132 and 142 to be the same. For example, instructions 122 may configure the respective hardware address maps such that expansion and compute logical processors 132 and 142 each have access to the same SFW resources in the system management memory region. For example, instructions 122 may configure the hardware address maps such that logical processors 132 and 142 access the same SFW code (e.g., SMI handler(s), etc.) in the system management memory region. Instructions 122 may also configure logical processors 132 and 142 to access the same state information for the SFW domain associated with SFW instance 121, including, for example, information regarding pending interrupts, loaded drivers, loaded ACPI tables, and the like, or a combination thereof.

[0022] As noted above, OS 115 may be run by a partition of blade system 100 including at least expansion and compute blade devices 130 and 140. In such examples, the partition may run OS 115 with resources of each of expansion and compute blade devices 130 and 140. In the example of FIG. 1, when executed by logical processors 132 and 142, instructions 124 may identify available memory of compute blade device 140 associated with compute logical processor 142 and identify available memory of expansion blade device 130 associated with expansion logical processor 132. In some examples, the memory identified by instructions 124 may be memory determined to be available for use by an OS of blade system 100, such as OS 115.

[0023] In some examples, compute logical processor 142 may execute instructions 124 to identify available memory among memory 144 associated with compute logical processor 142. For example, compute logical processor 142 may execute instructions 124 as part of its boot process. In such examples, instructions 124 may determine the amount of memory 144 associated with logical processor 142 and then test memory 144 to determine what portion of memory 144 is useable (i.e., functional). In some examples, instructions 124 may identify at least a portion of the memory 144 determined to be useable as memory available for use by OS 115 (i.e., available memory). For example, compute logical processor 142 may reserve a portion of useable memory 144 for use by the compute logical processor 142 (e.g., when executing instructions of SFW instance 121), and identify the remainder of useable memory 144 as available for use by OS 115.

[0024] Compute logical processor 142 executing instructions 124 may also store a description of the identified available memory in a service memory of blade device 140. In such examples, a service processor of blade device 140, when executing instructions of an instance of management firmware, may access the description and provide it to a monarch logical processor (e.g., a bootstrap logical processor) in charge of coordinating the booting of the partition to run OS 115. Expansion logical processor 132 may also execute instructions 124 to identify memory available for use by OS 115 (i.e., available memory) among memory 134 associated with expansion logical processor 132, as described above in relation to compute logical processor 142. Expansion logical processor 132 executing instructions 124 may also store a description of the identified available memory in a service memory of blade device 130 such that a service processor of blade device 130, when executing instructions of an instance of management firmware, may provide the description to the monarch logical processor. The descriptions of the identified available memory may be in any suitable data structure or format (e.g., a table, etc.).

[0025] In some examples, expansion logical processor 132, executing instructions of SFW instance 121, may access partition information describing at least some aspects of the configuration of the partition to which expansion blade device 130 belongs. For example, the partition information may indicate whether blade device 130 is designated as an expansion or compute blade device for the partition. For example, the partition information may include a flag indicating whether blade device 130 is designated as an expansion or compute blade device. The partition information may be stored in the system management memory region or in service memory of expansion blade device 130 as described above, for example. Expansion logical processor 132 may access the partition information after identifying available memory of memory 134, and before the control of the partition is handed over to OS 115, for example.

[0026] In response to determining that blade device 130 is an expansion blade device, expansion logical processor 132 may execute instructions 126 to make expansion logical processor 132 unavailable to OS 115 such that expansion logical processor 132 remains available to execute instructions of SFW instance 121. For example, instructions 126, when executed by expansion logical processor 132, may cause expansion logical processor 132 to enter a system management mode (SMM) and remain in the SMM while OS 115 is executed by at least compute logical processor 142. In such examples, instructions 126 may place expansion logical processor 132 in SMM when executed by logical processor 132, and may cause expansion logical processor 132 to remain in SMM while the OS is executed by other logical processor(s) of the partition (i.e., compute logical processors of the partition).

[0027] In examples described herein, a system management mode (SMM) may be a mode in which a logical processor executes SFW code of a SFW domain in which the logical processor is configured to operate. In SMM, expansion logical processor 132 may have access to the system management memory region (e.g., SMRAM) of the SFW domain associated with SFW instance 121, and may execute SFW code (e.g., instructions of SFW instance 121) stored in the system management memory region. In SMM, expansion logical processor 132 is not available to be utilized by OS 115 to run any portion of OS 115 or any portion of an application run in OS 115, for example.

[0028] Further, in SMM, expansion logical processor 132 remains available to execute instructions of SFW instance 121, such as instructions of an SMI handler in response to detection of an SMI and instructions of an error handler in response to an error indication, for example. In such examples, the instructions of the SMI handler and the error handler may be instructions of SFW instance 121 and may have been copied into the system management memory region during the boot process. In such examples, in SMM, expansion logical processor 132 may execute these instructions out of the system management memory region.

[0029] In other examples, instructions 126 may make expansion logical processor 132 unavailable to OS 115 such that it remains available to execute instructions of SFW instance 121 in any other suitable manner. For example, instructions 126 may cause expansion logical processor 132 to execute a loop implemented by instructions of SFW instance 121 such that expansion logical processor 132 remains executing instructions of SFW instance 121 and is available to be taken out of the loop to execute other SFW code, such as an SMI or error handler, as described above.

[0030] In the example of FIG. 1, instructions 128 may make available, for use by OS 115, compute logical processor 142, the identified memory of the compute blade device, and the identified memory of the expansion blade device. For example, compute logical processor 142 may be the monarch logical processor for the partition. In such examples, when executed by compute logical processor 142, instructions 128 may make the compute logical processor 142, the identified memory of the compute blade device, and the identified memory of the expansion blade device available for use by OS 115 by providing information identifying these resources to OS 115.

[0031] The information identifying these resources may be provided to OS 115 in any suitable format or data structure (e.g., table(s), etc.). For example, instructions 128 may provide this information to OS 115 in at least one ACPI table. In some examples, instructions 128 may construct the ACPI table(s) based in part on the respective descriptions of the identified available memory of memory 134 and of the identified available memory of memory 144. In such examples, descriptions of memory associated with logical processors of other blade devices may also be provided to the monarch logical processor via service memory and service processor(s), as described above. Additionally, instructions 128 may exclude any identification of expansion logical processor 132 from the ACPI table(s), such that expansion logical processor 132 is not identified as available for OS 115 to utilize.

[0032] After compute logical processor 142 and the identified memory of the compute and expansion blade devices are made available to OS 115, OS 115 may run on the partition utilizing the resources identified to OS 115 by instructions 128. For example, OS 115 may execute and run application(s) using compute logical processor 142 and the identified available memory of memory 134 and 144 while expansion logical processor 132 is unavailable for use by OS 115 or any application(s) run by OS 115. In some examples, functionalities described herein in relation to FIG. 1 may be provided in combination with functionalities described herein in relation to any of FIGS. 2-5.

[0033] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of an example blade system 200 to make a plurality of logical processors unavailable to an OS while remaining available to execute instructions of a SFW instance. In the example of FIG. 2, blade system 200 comprises a blade enclosure 205, and blade devices 230 and 240 mounted in blade enclosure 205. Blade device 230 may be referred to herein as an expansion blade device 230, and blade device 240 may be referred to herein as a compute blade device 240. Blade system 200 may run an OS 115, as described above in relation to FIG. 1, with resources of each of blade devices 230 and 240. For example, OS 115 may be run by a partition of blade system 200 including at least blade devices 230 and 240.

[0034] In the example of FIG. 2, expansion blade device 230 may include an expansion logical processor 132 and memory 134 associated with expansion logical processor 132, as described above in relation to FIG. 1. Expansion blade device 230 may also include an expansion logical processor 236 associated with memory 238 of blade device 230. In other examples, blade device 230 may include more than two logical processors, some or all of which having associated memory. Compute blade device 240 may include a compute logical processor 142 and memory 144 associated with compute logical processor 142, as described above in relation to FIG. 1. Compute blade device 240 may also include a compute logical processor 246 associated with memory 248 of blade device 240. In other examples, blade device 240 may include more than two logical processors, some or all of which having associated memory.

[0035] Blade system 200 also includes a machine-readable storage medium 120 encoded with SFW instance 121 including instructions 122, 124, 126, and 128, as described above in relation to FIG. 1. In the example of FIG. 2, SFW instance 121 may further include at least instructions 225. In some examples, SFW instance 121 may include additional instructions. Instructions of SFW instance 121 are executable by blade system 200. Instructions of SFW instance 121 may be executable by logical processors 132, 236, 142, and 246 to perform the functionalities described below in relation to SFW instance 121.

[0036] In the example of FIG. 2, after a reset of at least a portion of blade system 200 (e.g., the partition to run OS 115), instructions 122 may configure each of compute logical processors 142 and 246 of compute blade device 240 and expansion logical processors 132 and 236 of expansion blade device 230 to operate as part of a single SFW domain associated with SFW instance 121, as described in relation to blade system 100 of FIG. 1. For example, each of logical processors 132, 236, 142, 246 may be configured to operate as part of a SFW domain associated with SFW instance 121 (i.e., as part of the same SFW domain) by booting each of logical processors 132, 236, 142, 246 with SFW instance 121.

[0037] In the example of FIG. 2, instructions 124 may, for each logical processor of the first and second pluralities of logical processors, identify available memory associated with the logical processor, as described above in relation to FIG. 1. For example, when executing instructions 124, expansion logical processors 132 and 236 may identify available memory of memory 134 and 238, and compute logical processors 142 and 246 may identify available memory of memory 144 and 248. Additionally, when executing instructions 124, logical processors 132 and 236 may store description(s) 256 of the identified available memory in a service memory 235 of blade device 230. Description(s) 256 may be a single description of the memory identified by each of logical processors 132 and 236, or separate descriptions of the memory identified memory by each logical processor. A service processor of blade device 230 executing management firmware instructions may provide description(s) 256 to blade device 240, in examples in which blade device 240 includes the monarch logical processor (e.g., logical processor 142) for a partition of blade system 200 including blade devices 230 and 240. In such examples, the service processor of blade device 230 may provide description(s) 256 to a service processor of blade device 240, which may store the received description(s) 256 in a service memory 245 of blade device 240 where description(s) 256 are accessible to the monarch logical processor (e.g., logical processor 142). In such examples, logical processors on the same blade device as the monarch logical processor may communicate description(s) of identified memory to the monarch logical processor in any suitable manner. In other examples, the logical processors of the first and second pluralities, when executing instructions 124, may store descriptions of identified available memory in a shared memory region for the partition. In such examples, the shared memory region may be implemented by memory of one blade device or memory regions of each of a plurality of blade devices of the partition. In examples described herein, a service processor may be at least one of a CPU, a semiconductor-based microprocessor, other electronic circuitry suitable for the retrieval and execution instructions stored on a machine-readable storage medium, or a combination thereof

[0038] As noted above, OS 115 may be run by a partition of blade system 200 including at least blade devices 230 and 240. In such examples, the partition may run OS 115 with resources of each of blade devices 230 and 240. In such examples, blade system 200 may store partition information describing aspects of the configuration of the partition. In the example of FIG. 2, before control of the partition is handed over to OS 115, instructions 225 may access partition information 237 designating blade device 230 as an expansion blade device. In some examples, blade device 230 may comprise a first plurality of logical processors of blade system 200 including, for example, logical processors 132 and 236. Instructions 225 may also access partition information 247 designating blade device 240 as a compute blade device. In some examples, blade device 240 may comprise a second plurality of logical processors of blade system 200 including, for example, logical processors 142 and 246.

[0039] In some examples, partition information 237 may be a portion of the partition information for the partition, and may include configuration information relevant to blade device 230. Blade device 230 may access the partition information for the partition with a service processor of blade device 230 and store partition information 237 in service memory 235 of blade device 230. In some examples, partition information 247 may be a portion of the partition information for the partition, and may include configuration information relevant to blade device 240. Compute blade device 240 may access the partition information for the partition with a service processor of blade device 240 and store partition information 247 in service memory 245 of blade device 240. In such examples, each of expansion logical processors 132 and 236, executing instructions 225, may access partition information 237 and determine, based on partition information 237, that blade device 230 is designated as an expansion blade device (i.e., designated as a blade device to provide memory for use by the OS and to provide no logical processors for use by the OS). Additionally, each of compute logical processors 142 and 246, executing instructions 225, may access partition information 247 and determine, based on partition information 247, that blade device 240 is designated as a compute blade device (i.e., designated as a blade device to provide memory and at least one logical processor for use by the OS).

[0040] After determining that blade device 230 comprising the first plurality of logical processors (i.e., logical processors 132 and 236) is designated as an expansion blade device, instructions 126 may make each of the first plurality of logical processors unavailable to the OS such that they each remain available to execute instructions of the SFW instance, as described above in relation to FIG. 1. For example, each of logical processors 132 and 236 may execute instructions 126 to enter and remain in SMM while OS 115 is executed by the partition.

[0041] In other examples, one of the logical processors of blade device 230 designated as an expansion blade device may be made unavailable to OS 115 such that it remains available to execute instructions of SFW instance 121, while the other logical processors of blade device 230 may be made unavailable to the OS such that they do not remain available to execute instructions of SFW instance 121. For example, the rest of the logical processors of blade device 230 may be placed in a halt state, an initialization state (e.g., waiting for startup inter-processor interrupt (SIPI)), or the like. In such examples, the one logical processor remaining available to execute instructions of SFW instance 121 may be used for management of the blade device. In examples including a plurality of expansion blade devices, one logical processor of each expansion blade device may remain available to execute instructions of SFW instance 121, for example.

[0042] In the example of FIG. 2, instructions 128 may make available, for use by OS 115, each of the second plurality of logical processors, the identified memory associated with each logical processor of the first plurality, and the identified memory associated with each logical processor of the second plurality of logical processors. Instructions 128 may make these resources available for use by OS 115 as described above in relation to FIG. 1. For example, instructions 128 may generate at least one ACPI table 252 to be provided to OS 115.

[0043] In some examples, compute logical processor 142 may be the monarch logical processor for the partition to run OS 115. In such examples, when executed by compute logical processor 142, instructions 128 may indicate, in at least one of ACPI table(s) 252, that compute logical processors 132 and 142 are available for use by OS 115. Instructions 128 may also indicate, at least one of ACPI table(s) 252, that the identified memory of compute blade device 240 and the identified memory of expansion blade device 230 are available for use by OS 115. The identified memory of compute blade device 240 may include the identified available memory of memory 144 and 248 of blade device 240, and the identified memory of expansion blade device 230 may include the identified available memory of memory 134 and 238 of blade device 230.

[0044] Instructions 128 may further store the ACPI table(s) in a memory region 250 accessible to OS 115 so that OS 115 may utilize the resources identified in the ACPI table(s). In such examples, each of the ACPI table(s) may exclude any information regarding expansion logical processors 132 and 236 (e.g., each of the logical processors of the first plurality). In this manner, OS 115 is not made aware of expansion logical processors 132 and 236. In some examples, instructions 128 may further provide, in the ACPI table(s) 252, proximity domain information for the identified memory of expansion blade device 230. In such examples, the proximity domain information may indicate functional distance(s) from the compute logical processors of blade device 240 to the identified memory of expansion blade device 230. In some examples, functionalities described herein in relation to FIG. 2 may be provided in combination with functionalities described herein in relation to any of FIGS. 1 and 3-5.

[0045] FIG. 3 is a block diagram of an example system 300 to make available, to an OS of a partition of system 300, memory of compute and expansion blade devices. In the example of FIG. 3, system 300 (e.g., blade system 300) comprises a blade enclosure 305, and blade devices 330, 340, and 370 mounted in blade enclosure 305. In other examples, system 300 may include more or fewer blade devices mounted in blade enclosure 305. Blade device 330 may be referred to herein as an expansion blade device 330, and blade device 340 may be referred to herein as a compute blade device 340.

[0046] In the example of FIG. 3, expansion blade device 330 comprises a logical processor 332, memory 334 associated with logical processor 332, a memory controller 331 to manage memory 334, and a node controller 333. Logical processor 332 may be referred to herein as an expansion logical processor 332. Memory controller 331 and expansion logical processor 332 may be integrated into a single CPU IC. For example, memory controller 331 may be integrated in a CPU IC comprising or constituting logical processor 332. In some examples, the CPU IC including logical processor 332 and memory controller 331 may also include additional memory controller(s) to manage other memory of blade device 330. In some examples, blade device 330 may include a plurality of logical processors, some or all of which having associated memory.

[0047] Compute blade device 340 comprises a logical processor 342, memory 344 associated with logical processor 342, a memory controller 341 to manage memory 344, and a node controller 343. Logical processor 342 may be referred to herein as a compute logical processor 342. Memory controller 341 and compute logical processor 342 may be integrated into a single CPU IC. For example, memory controller 341 may be integrated in a CPU IC comprising or constituting logical processor 342. In some examples, the CPU IC including logical processor 342 and memory controller 341 may also include additional memory controller(s) to manage other memory of blade device 340. In some examples, blade device 340 may include a plurality of logical processors, some or all of which having associated memory. The functionalities of each of memory controllers 331 and 341 and node controllers 333 and 343 may be implemented in the form of electronic circuitry, in the form of executable instructions encoded on a machine-readable storage medium, or a combination thereof.

[0048] Blade system 300 may run an OS 115, as described above in relation to FIG. 1, with resources of each of blade devices 330 and 340. For example, OS 115 may be run by a partition 308 of blade system 300 including at least blade devices 330 and 340. In the example of FIG. 3, partition 308 may omit at least one blade device of system 300, such as blade device 370, for example. In other examples, partition 308 may include additional blade devices mounted in blade enclosure 305.

[0049] In the example of FIG. 3, blade system 300 includes blade enclosure memory 320 encoded with a SFW instance 321 including instructions 322, 324, 326, 328, 329, 360, 362, 364, and 366. In some examples, SFW instance 321 may include additional instructions. Instructions of SFW instance 321 are executable by blade system 300. For example, instructions of SFW instance 321 may be executable by logical processors of partition 308 (e.g., logical processors 332 and 342) to perform the functionalities described below in relation to SFW instance 321. In the example of FIG. 3, SFW instance 321 is executable to boot partition 308 to execute OS 115.

[0050] In some examples, instructions of SFW instance 321 may be stored on a single machine-readable storage medium (e.g., a flash device) of a single blade device. In such examples, blade enclosure memory 320 may be memory of a single blade device. In other examples, each blade device of partition 308 may include a respective machine-readable storage medium storing a copy of at least a portion of SFW instance 321. In such examples, blade enclosure memory 320 may comprise each of the respective memories storing a copy of a portion SFW instance 321. In such examples, each logical processor of each blade device may at least begin booting from a local copy of a portion of SFW instance 321. In such examples, the logical processors may subsequently converge to continue booting from a shared portion of SFW instance 321 stored in a shared memory region.

[0051] In the example of FIG. 3, SFW instance 321 is executable by each logical processor of partition 308 to boot the logical processors after a reset. For example, after a reset of at least partition 308, instructions 322, when executed by expansion and compute logical processors 332 and 342, may configure expansion and compute logical processors 332 and 342 to operate as part of a single SFW domain associated with SFW instance 321, as described above in relation to FIG. 1. In some examples, when executed by logical processors 332 and 342, instructions 322 may configure expansion and compute logical processors 332 and 342 each to have access to a system management memory region 357 of partition 308 when in SMM. For example, instructions 322 may configure the respective hardware address maps of logical processors 332 and 342 such that logical processors 332 and 342 have access to system management memory region 357 (e.g., SMRAM) of the SFW domain associated with SFW instance 321, at least when in SMM. In such examples, logical processors 332 and 342 may have limited access to system management memory region 357, as described above in relation to FIG. 1 (e.g., access when in SMM). In some examples, system management memory region 357 may be a portion of memory 344. In other examples, system management memory region 357 may be a region implemented by any memory of any blade device of partition 308.

[0052] In the example of FIG. 3, the SFW domain associated with SFW instance 321 may comprise a plurality of SFW resources, as described above in relation to FIG. 1. In such examples, the SFW resources may include SFW data structure(s) 351 and SFW code stored in system management memory region 357, as described above in relation to FIG. 1. In the example of FIG. 3, the SFW code may include SMI handler(s) 353 stored in system management memory region 357. When executed by expansion and compute logical processors 332 and 342, instructions 322 may configure expansion and compute logical processors 332 and 342 each to have access, in SMM, to SFW data structure(s) 351 and SMI handler(s) 353 stored in system management memory region 357.

[0053] Instructions 324, when executed by expansion logical processor 332, may identify available memory 359 of expansion blade device 330 that is associated with expansion logical processor 332, as described above in relation to instructions 124 of FIG. 1. Available memory 359 may be a portion of memory 334. In addition, when executed by compute logical processor 342, instructions 324 may identify available memory 355 of compute blade device 340 that is associated with compute logical processor 342, as described above in relation to instructions 124 of FIG. 1. Available memory 355 may be a portion of memory 344 that does not include system management memory region 357, which may have been reserved by compute logical processor 342.

[0054] In the example of FIG. 3, when executed by expansion logical processor 332, instructions 326 may communicate, to compute logical processor 342, a description of the identified memory 359 of expansion blade device 330. In such examples, compute logical processor 342 may be a monarch logical processor to coordinate the booting of partition 308, and instructions 326 may communicate the description by storing the description in a service memory of blade device 330 or in a shared memory region of partition 308 accessible to compute logical processor 342, as described above.

[0055] When executed by compute logical processor 342, instructions 360 may configure compute blade device 340 to route memory transactions targeting the identified memory 359 of expansion blade device 330 through node controllers 333 and 343. For example, instructions 360 may set routing table(s) in compute logical processor 342 to route memory transactions targeting the identified memory 359 through node controller 343, and may set routing table(s) in node controller 343 to route memory transactions targeting the identified memory 359 through node controller 333 of blade device 330. In some examples, when executed by expansion logical processor 332, instructions 360 may configure routing table(s) in node controller 333 such that node controller 333 may route, to identified memory 359, memory transactions targeting that memory (e.g., via memory controller 331).

[0056] After storing the description of identified memory 359, as described above, expansion logical processor 332 may execute instructions 362 to hide the identified memory 359 of expansion blade device 330 from expansion logical processor 332. For example, when executed by logical processor 332, instructions 362 may set source address decoders of logical processor 332 such that it is not able to access any of identified memory 359. In such examples, instructions 362 may set the source address decoders of logical processor 332 such that they contain no address translations for any address among the identified memory 359 of memory 334. In this manner, instructions 362 may firewall, from expansion logical processor 332, the identified memory 359 available for use by OS 115. In such examples, expansion logical processor 332 may be made unavailable for use by OS 115 (as described below), and the identified memory 359 made available for use by OS 115 may be made unavailable for use by expansion logical processor 332. In some examples, instructions 360 may receive an indication of a select portion of identified memory 359 that will be made available to OS 115 and may hide the select portion from logical processor 332 and not the remaining portions.

[0057] In the example of FIG. 3, expansion logical processor 332 may execute instructions 328 to hide expansion logical processor 332 from OS 115 such that the expansion logical processor is unavailable for use by OS 115 while remaining available to execute instructions of SFW instance 321. In such examples, logical processor 332 may access partition information to determine that blade device 330 (i.e., the blade device comprising logical processor 332) is designated as an expansion blade device, and in response execute instructions 328 to make itself unavailable for use by OS 115 while remaining available to execute instructions of SFW instance 321, as described above in relation to FIG. 1. For example, when executed by logical processor 332, instructions 328 may cause expansion logical processor 332 to enter SMM and remain in SMM while OS 115 is executed by partition 308, including at least compute logical processor 342. Expansion logical processor 332 may enter and remain in SMM while OS 115 is executed, as described above in relation to FIG. 1. In some examples, instructions 328 may hide expansion logical processor 332 after expansion logical processor 332 performs the functionalities described above in relation to instructions 322, 324, 326, 360, and 362.

[0058] In the example of FIG. 3, when executed by compute logical processor 342, instructions 329 may make available, for use by OS 115, compute logical processor 342 and identified memory 359 and 355, as described above in relation to FIGS. 1 and 2. For example, instructions 328 may store, in a region of memory accessible to OS 115, ACPI table(s) including information regarding compute logical processor 342 and identified memory 359 and 355, but excluding any information regarding expansion logical processor 332.

[0059] In some examples, logical processors operating in the same SFW domain may be able to communicate with one another. For example, such logical processors may be aware of addresses for one another, and may send communications (e.g., interrupts, etc.) to one another using the addresses. In such examples, logical processors may utilize such communications to coordinate error handling for a partition including the logical processors, for example.

[0060] In the example of FIG. 3, after booting OS 115 to run on partition 308 using compute logical processor 342 and identified memory 355 and 359 (and not using expansion logical processor 332), compute logical processor 342 may detect an error, such as a memory error or the like. In response to detection of the error, compute logical processor 342 may execute instructions 364 to provide an interrupt indicating the detected error to expansion logical processor 332. For example, instructions 364 may provide the interrupt to the address of logical processor 332. In some examples, instructions 364 may have been copied into system management memory region 357 when booting partition 308. In such examples, compute logical processor 342 may execute instructions 364 from system management memory region 357 while operating in SMM, in which execution of OS 115 is suspended and logical processor 342 has access to instructions 364.

[0061] As described above, expansion logical processor 332 may be in SMM or otherwise unavailable for use by OS 115 while remaining available to execute instructions of SFW instance 321. In such examples, expansion logical processor 332 may not be available to be interrupted. In some examples, while executing instructions of SFW instance 321, expansion logical processor 332 may poll interrupt sources (e.g., interrupt pending registers, etc.) for indications of interrupts, and may detect the interrupt provided by compute logical processor 342 while performing such polling. For example, expansion logical processor 332 executing instructions of SFW instance 321 may detect the interrupt while polling state information of system management memory region 357, which may indicate that the interrupt is pending. Instructions 366 may be executed by expansion logical processor 332 to collect error information 382 from registers associated with expansion logical processor 332, in response to detecting the interrupt from compute logical processor 342. For example, instructions 366 may collect error information 382 (e.g., error log(s), etc.) from machine status registers (MSRs) of a CPU IC comprising (or constituting) expansion logical processor 332. In some examples, in addition to providing the interrupt, compute logical processor 342 may provide a message specifying certain error correction action(s) for expansion logical processor 332 to take in response to the error, such as collecting error information. For example, compute logical processor 342 may store the message in system management memory region 357, and expansion logical processor 332 may poll system management memory region 357 for such messages. In such examples, instructions 366 executed by expansion logical processor 332 may further provide the collected error information 382 to a fault management infrastructure (FMI) 375 of blade system 300. The functionalities of FMI 375 may be implemented in the form of electronic circuitry, in the form of executable instructions encoded on a machine-readable storage medium, or a combination thereof. In some examples, instructions 366 may have been copied into system management memory region 357 when booting partition 308, and expansion logical processor 332 may execute instructions 366 out of system management memory region 357 when in SMM. In some examples, expansion logical processor 332 executing instructions of SFW instance 321 may also poll various error sources (e.g., error registers, etc.) to detect errors.

[0062] In the example described above, partition 308 may utilize an expansion logical processor unavailable to OS 115 to collect error information for partition 308. For example, compute logical processor 342, when executing OS 115 or an application running in OS 115, may detect a memory error when utilizing available memory 359 of expansion blade device 359. The MSRs of the CPU IC including (or constituting) expansion logical processor 332 may include information useful for management of the error. However, these MSRs may be accessible exclusively by a logical processor (e.g., CPU or core) on the CPU IC, and not to compute logical processor 342, for example. In examples described herein, by keeping expansion logical processor 332 available to execute instructions of SFW instance 321, expansion logical processor 332 may still be available to collect the error information from the MSRs and provide it to FMI 375 for managing the error, as described above, even though expansion logical processor 332 is unavailable to OS 115. In such examples, expansion logical processor 332 may collect and provide the error information when executing instructions of SFW instance 321. As described above, expansion logical processor 332 executing instructions of SFW instance 321 may detect interrupts by polling interrupt sources to detect interrupts. In such examples, expansion logical processor 332 executing instructions of SFW instance 321 may remain unavailable to be interrupted by OS 115 by not polling for any interrupts that may come from OS 115. In this manner, expansion logical processor 332 (and any other expansion logical processor described herein) may ignore interrupts from OS 115. In some examples, functionalities described herein in relation to FIG. 3 may be provided in combination with functionalities described herein in relation to any of FIGS. 1-2 and 4-5.

[0063] FIG. 4 is a flowchart of an example method 400 for retaining an expansion logical processor in SMM during execution of an OS with a compute logical processor. Although execution of method 400 is described below with reference to blade system 300 of FIG. 3, other suitable systems for execution of method 400 can be utilized (e.g., blade system 100 or 200). Additionally, implementation of method 400 is not limited to such examples.

[0064] At 405 of method 400, after a reset of at least partition 308, instructions 324, executed by logical processors 332 and 342, may identify available memory 355 of compute blade device 340 that is associated with compute logical processor 342 and available memory 359 of expansion blade device 330 that is associated with expansion logical processor 332, as described above. At 410, instructions 329, executed by compute logical processor 342, may make available, for use by OS 115, compute logical processor 342, the identified memory 355 of compute blade device 340, and the identified memory 359 of expansion blade device 330, as described above.

[0065] At 415, instructions 328, executed by expansion logical processor 332, may place expansion logical processor 332 in SMM prior to the start of execution of OS 115 by partition 308. Instructions 328 may cause expansion logical processor 332 to enter SMM in response to determining that blade device 330 is designated as an expansion blade device, as described above.

[0066] At 420, partition 308 may start executing OS 115 with at least compute logical processor 342. For example, partition 308 may boot OS 115 with SFW instance 321, as described above, and then start execution of OS 115 with the resources of partition 308 made available to OS 115 by compute logical processor 342 (e.g., in ACPI table(s) provided to OS 115, as described above). In such examples, partition 308 may execute OS 115 with at least compute logical processor 342 and identified memory 355 and 359, while expansion logical processor 332 is unavailable to OS 115. In some examples, partition 308 may execute OS 115 with additional resources of partition 308 as well, such as other memory of blade devices of partition 308 and other compute logical processors of partition 308.

[0067] At 425, instructions 328, executed by expansion logical processor 332, may retain expansion logical processor 332 in SMM during execution of OS 115 such that expansion logical processor 332 is unavailable for use by OS 115. In such examples, by keeping expansion logical processor 332 in SMM, expansion logical processor 332 may remain available to execute instructions of SFW instance 321 while it is unavailable to OS 115. While in SMM, expansion logical processor 332 is also unavailable to be interrupted by OS 115, as described above.

[0068] Although the flowchart of FIG. 4 shows a specific order of performance of certain functionalities, method 400 is not limited to that order. For example, the functionalities shown in succession in the flowchart may be performed in a different order, may be executed concurrently or with partial concurrence, or a combination thereof. In some examples, functionalities described herein in relation to FIG. 4 may be provided in combination with functionalities described herein in relation to any of FIGS. 1-3 and 5.

[0069] FIG. 5 is a flowchart of an example method 500 for collecting error information with an expansion logical processor in response to an error detected by a compute logical processor. Although execution of method 500 is described below with reference to blade system 300 of FIG. 3, other suitable systems for execution of method 500 can be utilized (e.g., blade system 100 or 200). Additionally, implementation of method 500 is not limited to such examples.

[0070] At 505 of method 500, after a reset of at least partition 308, instructions 324, executed by logical processors 332 and 342, may identify available memory 355 of compute blade device 340 that is associated with compute logical processor 342 and available memory 359 of expansion blade device 330 that is associated with expansion logical processor 332, as described above. At 510, instructions 360 may configure compute blade device 340 to route memory transactions targeting identified memory 359 of expansion blade device 330 through node controller 343 of compute blade device 340, as described above in relation to FIG. 3. In some examples, node controller 343 may be in communication with node controller 333 of expansion blade device 330.

[0071] At 515, instructions 329, executed by compute logical processor 342 may make available, for use by OS 115, compute logical processor 342, the identified memory 355 of compute blade device 340, and the identified memory 359 of expansion blade device 330, as described above. At 520, instructions 328, executed by expansion logical processor 332, may place expansion logical processor 332 in a system management mode (SMM) prior to the start of execution of OS 115 by partition 308, as described above.

[0072] At 525, partition 308 may start executing OS 115 with at least compute logical processor 342. For example, partition 308 may boot OS 115 with SFW instance 321, as described above, and then start execution of OS 115 with at least the resources of partition 308 made available to OS 115 by compute logical processor 342 (e.g., in ACPI table(s) provided to OS 115, as described above). At 530, instructions 328, executed by expansion logical processor 332, may retain expansion logical processor 332 in SMM during execution of OS 115 such that expansion logical processor 332 is unavailable for use by OS 115 while remaining available to execute instructions of SFW instance 321.

[0073] At 535, OS 115 executing on at least compute logical processor 342 may access the identified memory 359 of expansion blade device 330 during active operation of OS 115 via node controller 343. In such examples, OS 115 may access the identified memory 359 without entering SMM or otherwise suspending operation of OS 115 on any of the logical processors executing OS 115. Also, in such examples, compute blade device 340 may route any transaction(s) accessing the identified memory 359 through node controller 343.

[0074] At 540, compute logical processor 342 may detect an error. For example, compute logical processor 342 may detect a memory error that occurred when accessing identified memory 359 of blade device 330, as described above. In response to detection of the error, at 545 compute logical processor 342 may provide an interrupt to expansion logical processor 332, as described above. In response to the interrupt, at 550, expansion logical processor 332 may collect error information from registers associated with expansion logical processor 332, such as MSRs of the CPU IC including or constituting expansion logical processor 332. In some examples, expansion logical processor 332 operating in SMM may detect the interrupt while polling for interrupt indications, as described above in relation to FIG. 3. At 555, expansion logical processor 332 may provide collected error information 382 to fault management infrastructure (FMI) 375 of blade system 300.

[0075] Although the flowchart of FIG. 5 shows a specific order of performance of certain functionalities, method 500 is not limited to that order. For example, the functionalities shown in succession in the flowchart may be performed in a different order, may be executed concurrently or with partial concurrence, or a combination thereof. In some examples, functionalities described herein in relation to FIG. 5 may be provided in combination with functionalities described herein in relation to any of FIGS. 1-4.


Claims

1. A non-transitory machine-readable storage medium encoded with a system firmware,SFW, instance comprising instructions which, when executed by by a blade system (100, 200, 300), the blade system (100, 200, 300) including a compute blade device (140; 240; 340) and an expansion blade device (130; 230; 330), wherein each blade device is a physical computing device that comprises memory and at least one logical processor, and that is mounted in a blade enclosure (105), and wherein the blade system (100, 200, 300) is to run an operating system (115) with resources of each of the compute blade device (140; 240; 340) and the expansion blade device (130; 230; 330), cause the blade system to:

configure each of a compute logical processor (142; 242; 342) of the compute blade device and an expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) of the expansion blade device (130; 230; 330) to operate as part of a single SFW domain associated with the SFW instance;

identify available memory (144; 244; 344) of the compute blade device associated with the compute logical processor and available memory (134; 234; 334) of the expansion blade device associated with the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332);

make available, for use by the operating system, OS, (115) of the blade system (100, 200, 300), the compute logical processor (142; 242; 342) and the identified memory (144; 244; 344) of the compute blade device and the identified memory (134; 234; 334) of the expansion blade device (130; 230; 330); and,

in response to determining that the expansion blade device (130; 230; 330) is designated as an expansion blade device, make the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) unavailable to the OS such that the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) remains available to execute instructions of the SFW instance;

wherein the instructions to make the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) unavailable comprise instructions that, when executed by the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332), cause the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) to enter a system management mode, SMM, and remain in the SMM while the OS is executed by at least the compute logical processor (142; 242; 342).
 
2. The storage medium of claim 1, wherein the instructions to make available comprise instructions to:

indicate, in at least one advanced configuration and power interface ACPI table, that the compute logical processor (142; 242; 342) is available for use by the OS;

indicate, in the at least one ACPI table, that the identified memory of the compute blade device (140; 240; 340) and the identified memory (134; 234; 334) of the expansion blade device (130; 230; 330) are available for use by the OS;

exclude any identification of the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) from the at least one ACPI table; and

store the at least one ACPI table in a memory region accessible to the OS.


 
3. The storage medium of claim 1, wherein the SFW instance further comprises instructions executable by the blade system (100, 200, 300) to:

access first partition information designating the expansion blade device (130; 230; 330) as a blade device to provide memory for use by the OS and to provide no logical processors for use by the OS (115), wherein the expansion blade device (130; 230; 330) includes a first plurality of logical processors (132; 232; 332) of the blade system (100, 200, 300) to be unavailable to the OS (115); and

access second partition information designating the compute blade device (140; 240; 340) as a blade device to provide memory and at least one logical processor for use by the OS (115), wherein the compute blade device (140; 240; 340) includes a second plurality of logical processors (142; 242; 342).


 
4. The storage medium of claim 3, wherein:

the instructions to identify comprise instructions to identify, for each logical processor of the first and second pluralities of logical processors, available memory associated with the logical processor;

the instructions to make available comprise instructions to make available, for use by the OS (115), each of the second plurality of logical processors and the identified memory associated with each logical processor of the first and second pluralities of logical processors.


 
5. A system comprising:

blade enclosure memory storing a system firmware SFW instance to boot a partition to execute an operating system OS (115);

the partition comprising a compute blade device (140; 240; 340) and an expansion blade device (130; 230; 330), wherein each blade device is a physical computing device that comprises memory and at least one logical processor, and that is mounted in a blade enclosure (105; 205; 305) and wherein the partition is to execute the OS (115) with resources of each of the compute blade device (140; 240; 340) and the expansion blade device (130; 230; 330);

a compute logical processor (142; 242; 342) of the compute blade device (140; 240; 340) of the partition; and

an expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) of the expansion blade device (130; 230; 330) of the partition, wherein the SFW instance comprises instructions executable by the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) to:

communicate, to the compute logical processor (142; 242; 342), a description of identified available memory (144; 244; 344) of the expansion blade device associated with the expansion logical processor (142; 242; 342); and,

in response to determining that the expansion blade device (130; 230; 330) is designated as an expansion blade device, hide the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) from the OS (115) by placing the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) in a system management mode SMM prior to a start of execution of the OS such that the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) is unavailable for use by the OS (115) while remaining available to execute instructions of the SFW instance; wherein the SFW instance comprises instructions executable by the compute logical processor (142; 242; 342) to:

identify available memory (144; 244; 344) of the compute blade device (140; 240; 340) associated with the compute logical processor (142; 242; 342); and

make available, for use by the OS (115), the compute logical processor (142; 242; 342) and the identified memory (134; 234; 334, 144; 244; 344) of each of the compute and expansion blade devices (130; 230; 330, 140; 240; 340);

wherein the SFW instance comprises instructions executable by the expansion and compute logical processors (132; 232; 332, 142; 242; 342) to:
configure the expansion and compute logical processors (132; 232; 332, 142; 242; 342) to have access to a system management memory region in the system management mode SMM.


 
6. The system of claim 5, further comprising:

a first node controller (333) of the expansion blade device (330); and

a second node controller (343) of the compute blade device (340),

wherein the SFW instance comprises instructions executable by the compute logical processor (342) to:
configure the compute blade device (340) to route memory transactions targeting the identified memory (334) of the expansion blade device (330) through the first and second node controllers (333, 434).


 
7. The system of claim 6, wherein the SFW instance comprises instructions executable by the expansion logical processor (332) to hide the identified memory of the expansion blade device (330) from the expansion logical processor (332).
 
8. The system of claim 5, wherein:

the SFW instance comprises instructions executable by the compute logical processor (342) to:
provide an interrupt indicating an error to the expansion logical processor (332); and

the SFW instance comprises instructions executable by the expansion logical processor (332) to:

in response to the interrupt, collect error information from registers associated with the expansion logical processor (332); and

provide the collected error information to a fault management infrastructure (375).


 
9. The system of claim 5, wherein:

a SFW domain associated with the SFW instance comprises a SFW data structure and a system management interrupt SMI handler stored in a system management memory region of the partition; and

the instructions to configure comprise instructions executable by the expansion and compute logical processors (132; 232; 332, 142; 242; 342) to configure the compute logical processor (142; 242; 342) and the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) each to have access, in the SMM, to the SFW data structure and the SMI handler stored in the system management memory region.


 
10. A method executed by a partition of a blade enclosure, the partition comprising a compute blade device (140; 240; 340) including a compute logical processor (142; 242; 342), an expansion blade device (130; 230; 330) including an expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332), wherein each blade device is a physical computing device that is mounted in a blade enclosure (105; 205; 305), and blade enclosure memory storing a system firmware SFW instance to boot the partition to execute an operating system OS (115), the method comprising:

identifying available memory (144; 244; 344) of the compute blade device (140; 240; 340) associated with the compute logical processor (142; 242; 342) and available memory (134; 234; 334) of the expansion blade device (130; 230; 330) associated with the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332), by executing instructions of the SFW instance;

making available, for use by the OS (115), the compute logical processor (142; 242; 342) and the identified memory (134; 234; 334, 144; 244; 344) of each of the compute and expansion blade devices (130; 230; 330, 140; 240; 340);

in response to determining that the expansion blade device (130; 230; 330) is designated as an expansion blade device, placing the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) in a system management mode SMM prior to a start of execution of the OS;

starting execution of the OS with at least the compute logical processor (142; 242; 342); and

retaining the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) in the SMM during execution of the OS such that the expansion logical processor (132; 232; 332) is unavailable for use by the OS, but remains available to execute instructions of the SFW instance.


 
11. The method of claim 10, further comprising:

configuring the compute blade device (340) to route memory transactions targeting the identified memory of the expansion blade device (330) through a node controller (343) of the compute blade device (340) in communication with the expansion blade device (330); and

accessing, with the OS (115), the identified memory of the expansion blade device (330) during active operation of the OS (115) via the node controller (343).


 
12. The method of claim 11, further comprising:

detecting an error with the compute logical processor (340);

in response to detection of the error, providing an interrupt from the compute logical processor (342) to the expansion logical processor (332);

collecting, with the expansion logical processor (332), error information from registers associated with the expansion logical processor (332), in response to the interrupt; and

providing the collected error information to a fault management infrastructure (FMI).


 


Ansprüche

1. Nicht-flüchtiges maschinenlesbares Speichermedium, das mit einer System-Firmware, SFW, kodiert ist, wobei die Instanz Befehle umfasst, die bei ihrer Ausführung durch ein Blade-System (100, 200, 300), das Blade-System (100, 200, 300) umfassend eine Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (140; 240; 340) und eine Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330), wobei jede Blade-Vorrichtung eine physikalische Computervorrichtung ist, die Speicher und mindestens einen logischen Prozessor umfasst und die in einem Blade-Gehäuse (105) eingebaut ist, und wobei das Blade-System (100, 200, 300) ein Betriebssystem (115) mit Ressourcen sowohl der Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (140; 240; 340) als auch der Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330) betreiben soll, das Blade-System zu Folgendem veranlassen sollen:

Konfigurieren von jedem eines logischen Computerprozessors (142; 242; 342) der Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung und eines logischen Erweiterungsprozessors (132; 232; 332) der Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330) so, dass sie als Teil einer einzelnen SFW-Domäne arbeiten, die der SFW-Instanz zugeordnet ist;

Identifizieren des verfügbaren Speichers (144; 244; 344) der dem logischen Computerprozessor zugeordneten Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung und des verfügbaren Speichers (134; 234; 334) der dem logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (132; 232; 332) zugeordneten Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung;

Verfügbarmachen, zur Verwendung durch das Betriebssystem, OS, (115) des Blade-Systems (100, 200, 300), des logischen Computerprozessors (142; 242; 342) und des identifizierten Speichers (144; 244; 344) der Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung und des identifizierten Speichers (134; 234; 334) der Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330); und,

als Reaktion auf die Feststellung, dass die Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330) als Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung bestimmt ist, Nicht-Verfügbarmachen des logischen Erweiterungsprozessors (132; 232; 332) für das OS, so dass der logische Erweiterungsprozessor (132; 232; 332) für die Ausführung von Befehlen der SFW-Instanz verfügbar bleibt;

wobei die Befehle, um den logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (132; 232; 332) nicht verfügbar zu machen, Befehle umfassen, die bei ihrer Ausführung durch den logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (132; 232; 332) bewirken, dass der logische Erweiterungs-Prozessor (132; 232; 332) in einen Systemverwaltungs-Modus, SMM, übergeht und in dem SMM verbleibt, während das OS durch mindestens den logischen Computerprozessor (142; 242; 342) ausgeführt wird.


 
2. Speichermedium nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Befehle zum Verfügbarmachen Befehle für folgende Zwecke umfassen:

Anzeigen, in mindestens einer ACPI-Tabelle (ACPI = Advanced Configuration and Power Interface), dass der logische Computerprozessor (142; 242; 342) zur Verwendung durch das OS verfügbar ist;

Anzeigen, in der mindestens einen ACPI-Tabelle, dass der identifizierte Speicher der Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (140; 240; 340) und der identifizierte Speicher (134; 234; 334) der Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330) zur Verwendung durch das OS verfügbar sind;

Ausschließen jeder Identifizierung des logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessors (132; 232; 332) aus der mindestens einen ACPI-Tabelle; und

Speichern der mindestens einen ACPI-Tabelle in einem Speicherbereich, auf den das OS zugreifen kann.


 
3. Speichermedium nach Anspruch 1, wobei die SFW-Instanz ferner Anweisungen umfasst, die durch das Blade-System (100, 200, 300) für folgende Zwecke ausführbar sind:

Zugreifen auf Informationen der ersten Partition, die die Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330) als eine Blade-Vorrichtung bestimmen, um Speicher zur Verwendung durch das OS bereitzustellen und um keine logischen Prozessoren zur Verwendung durch das OS (115) bereitzustellen, wobei die Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330) eine erste Vielzahl von logischen Prozessoren (132; 232; 332) des Blade-Systems (100, 200, 300) umfasst, um für das OS (115) nicht verfügbar zu sein; und

Zugreifen auf Informationen der zweiten Partition, die die Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (140; 240; 340) als eine Blade-Vorrichtung bestimmen, um Speicher und mindestens einen logischen Prozessor zur Verwendung durch das OS (115) bereitzustellen, wobei die Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (140; 240; 340) eine zweite Vielzahl von logischen Prozessoren (142; 242; 342) umfasst.


 
4. Speichermedium nach Anspruch 3, wobei:

die Befehle zum Identifizieren Befehle umfassen, um für jeden logischen Prozessor der ersten und zweiten Vielzahl von logischen Prozessoren den verfügbaren Speicher, der dem logischen Prozessor zugeordnet ist, zu identifizieren;

die Befehle zum Verfügbarmachen Befehle umfassen, um jeden der zweiten Vielzahl von logischen Prozessoren und den identifizierten Speicher, der jedem logischen Prozessor der ersten und zweiten Vielzahl von logischen Prozessoren zugeordnet ist, zur Verwendung durch das OS (115) verfügbar zu machen.


 
5. System, Folgendes umfassend:

Blade-Gehäuse-Speicher, in dem eine SFW-Instanz der System-Firmware zum Booten einer Partition zur Ausführung eines Betriebssystems OS gespeichert ist (115);

wobei die Partition eine Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (140; 240; 340) und eine Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330) umfasst, wobei jede Blade-Vorrichtung eine physikalische Computer-Vorrichtung ist, die Speicher und mindestens einen logischen Prozessor umfasst, und die in einem Blade-Gehäuse (105; 205; 305) eingebaut ist, und wobei die Partition das OS (115) mit Ressourcen sowohl der Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (140; 240; 340) als auch der Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330) ausführen soll;

einen logischen Computerprozessor (142; 242; 342) der Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (140; 240; 340) der Partition; und

einen logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (132; 232; 332) der Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330) der Partition, wobei die SFW-Instanz Befehle umfasst, die durch den logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (132; 232; 332) für folgende Zwecke ausführbar sind:

Übermitteln, an den logischen Computerprozessor (142; 242; 342), einer Beschreibung des identifizierten verfügbaren Speichers (144; 244; 344) der Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung, die dem logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (142; 242; 342) zugeordnet ist; und,

als Reaktion auf die Feststellung, dass die Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330) als eine Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung bestimmt ist, Verbergen des logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessors (132; 232; 332) vor dem OS (115), indem der logische Erweiterungs-Prozessor (132; 232; 332) vor einem Ausführungsbeginn des OS in einen Systemverwaltungsmodus SMM versetzt wird, so dass der logische Erweiterungs-Prozessor (132; 232; 332) zur Verwendung durch das OS (115) nicht verfügbar ist, während er für die Ausführung von Befehlen der SFW-Instanz verfügbar bleibt;

wobei die SFW-Instanz Befehle umfasst, die durch den logischen Computerprozessor (142; 242; 342) für folgende Zwecke ausführbar sind:

Identifizieren des verfügbaren Speichers (144; 244; 344) der Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (140; 240; 340), die dem logischen Computerprozessor (142; 242; 342) zugeordnet ist; und

Verfügbarmachen, zur Verwendung durch das OS (115), des logischen Computerprozessors (142; 242; 342) und des identifizierten Speichers (134; 234; 334, 144; 244; 344) jeder der Computer- und Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtungen (130; 230; 330, 140; 240; 340);

wobei die SFW-Instanz Befehle umfasst, die von den logischen Erweiterungs- und Computerprozessoren (132; 232; 332, 142; 242; 342) für folgende Zwecke ausführbar sind:
Konfigurieren der logischen Erweiterungs- und Computerprozessoren (132; 232; 332, 142; 242; 342), um im Systemverwaltungsmodus SMM Zugriff auf einen Systemverwaltungsspeicherbereich zu haben.


 
6. System nach Anspruch 5, ferner Folgendes umfassend:

eine erste Knotensteuerung (333) der Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (330); und

eine zweite Knotensteuerung (343) der Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (340), wobei die SFW-Instanz Befehle umfasst, die von dem logischen Computerprozessor (342) für folgende Zwecke ausführbar sind:
Konfigurieren der Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (340), um Speichertransaktionen, die auf den identifizierten Speicher (334) der Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (330) abzielen, durch die erste und zweite Knotensteuerung (333, 434) zu leiten.


 
7. System nach Anspruch 6, wobei die SFW-Instanz Befehle umfasst, die durch den logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (332) ausführbar sind, um den identifizierten Speicher der Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (330) vor dem logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (332) zu verbergen.
 
8. System nach Anspruch 5, wobei:
die SFW-Instanz Befehle umfasst, die durch den logischen Computerprozessor (342) für folgende Zwecke ausführbar sind:

Bereitstellen eines Interrupts, der dem logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (332) einen Fehler anzeigt; und

wobei die SFW-Instanz Befehle umfasst, die durch den logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (332) für folgende Zwecke ausführbar sind:

als Reaktion auf den Interrupt, Sammeln von Fehlerinformationen aus Registern, die dem logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (332) zugeordnet sind; und

Bereitstellen der gesammelten Fehlerinformationen für eine Fehlermanagement-Infrastruktur (375).


 
9. System nach Anspruch 5, wobei:

eine SFW-Domäne, die der SFW-Instanz zugeordnet ist, eine SFW-Datenstruktur und einen Systemverwaltungsinterrupt-SMI-Handler umfasst, der in einem Systemverwaltungsspeicherbereich der Partition gespeichert ist; und

die zu konfigurierenden Befehle Befehle umfassen, die von den logischen Erweiterungs- und Computerprozessoren (132; 232; 332, 142; 242; 342) ausführbar sind, um den logischen Computerprozessor (142; 242; 342) und den logischen Erweiterungsprozessor (132; 232; 332) jeweils so zu konfigurieren, dass sie im SMM Zugriff auf die SFW-Datenstruktur und den SMI-Handler haben, die im Systemverwaltungsspeicherbereich gespeichert sind.


 
10. Verfahren, das durch eine Partition eines Blade-Gehäuses ausgeführt wird, wobei die Partition eine Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (140; 240; 340) mit einem logischen Computerprozessor (142; 242; 342), eine Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330) mit einem logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (132; 232; 332), wobei jede Blade-Vorrichtung eine physikalische Computervorrichtung ist, die in einem Blade-Gehäuse (105; 205; 305) eingebaut ist, und einen Blade-Gehäuse-Speicher umfasst, der eine System-Firmware-SFW-Instanz speichert, um die Partition zu booten, um ein Betriebssystem OS (115) auszuführen, wobei das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

Identifizieren des verfügbaren Speichers (144; 244; 344) der Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (140; 240; 340), die dem logischen Computerprozessor (142; 242; 342) zugeordnet ist, und des verfügbaren Speichers (134; 234; 334) der Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330), die dem logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (132; 232; 332) zugeordnet ist, durch Ausführen von Befehlen der SFW-Instanz;

Verfügbarmachen, zur Verwendung durch das OS (115), des logischen Computerprozessors (142; 242; 342) und des identifizierten Speichers (134; 234; 334, 144; 244; 344) von jeder der Computer- und Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtungen (130; 230; 330, 140; 240; 340);

als Reaktion auf die Feststellung, dass die Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (130; 230; 330) als Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung bestimmt ist, Versetzen des logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessors (132; 232; 332) in einen Systemverwaltungsmodus SMM vor dem Beginn der Ausführung des OS;

Starten der Ausführung des OS mit mindestens dem logischen Computerprozessor (142; 242; 342); und

Beibehalten des logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessors (132; 232; 332) im SMM während der Ausführung des OS, so dass der logische Erweiterungs-Prozessor (132; 232; 332) für die Verwendung durch das OS nicht verfügbar ist, jedoch für die Ausführung von Befehlen der SFW-Instanz verfügbar bleibt.


 
11. Verfahren nach Anspruch 10, ferner Folgendes umfassend:

Konfigurieren der Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (340), um Speichertransaktionen, die auf den identifizierten Speicher der Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (330) abzielen, durch eine Knotensteuerung (343) der Computer-Blade-Vorrichtung (340) in Kommunikation mit der Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (330) zu leiten; und

Zugreifen, mit dem OS (115), auf den identifizierten Speicher der Erweiterungs-Blade-Vorrichtung (330) während des aktiven Betriebs des OS (115) über die Knotensteuerung (343).


 
12. Verfahren nach Anspruch 11, ferner Folgendes umfassend:

Erkennen eines Fehlers mit dem logischen Computerprozessor (340);

als Reaktion auf die Erkennung des Fehlers, Bereitstellen eines Interrupts von dem logischen Computerprozessor (342) zu dem logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (332) ;

Sammeln, mit dem logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (332), von Fehlerinformationen von Registern, die dem logischen Erweiterungs-Prozessor (332) zugeordnet sind, als Reaktion auf den Interrupt; und

Bereitstellen der gesammelten Fehlerinformationen für eine Fehlermanagement-Infrastruktur (FMI).


 


Revendications

1. Support de stockage non transitoire lisible par machine codé au moyen d'une instance de microprogramme de système, SFW, comprenant des instructions qui, lorsqu'elles sont exécutées par un système lame (100, 200, 300), le système lame (100, 200, 300) comportant un dispositif lame de calcul (140 ; 240 ; 340) et un dispositif lame d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330), chaque dispositif lame étant un dispositif informatique physique qui comprend de la mémoire et au moins un processeur logique, et qui est monté dans un boîtier lame (105), et le système lame (100, 200, 300) devant exécuter un système d'exploitation (115) au moyen des ressources de chacun du dispositif lame de calcul (140 ; 240 ; 340) et du dispositif lame d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330), amène le système lame à :

configurer chacun d'un processeur logique de calcul (142 ; 242 ; 342) du dispositif lame de calcul et d'un processeur logique d'extension (132; 232; 332) du dispositif lame d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330) pour fonctionner en tant que partie d'un seul domaine SFW associé à l'instance SFW ;

identifier la mémoire disponible (144 ; 244 ; 344) du dispositif lame de calcul associée au processeur logique de calcul et la mémoire disponible (134 ; 234 ; 334) du dispositif lame d'extension associée au processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332) ;

mettre à disposition, pour une utilisation par le système d'exploitation, OS, (115) du système lame (100, 200, 300), le processeur logique de calcul (142 ; 242 ; 342) et la mémoire identifiée (144 ; 244 ; 344) du dispositif lame de calcul et la mémoire identifiée (134 ; 234 ; 334) du dispositif lame d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330) ; et,

en réponse à la détermination que le dispositif lame d'extension (130; 230; 330) est désigné comme un dispositif lame d'extension, rendre le processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332) indisponible pour le système d'exploitation de telle sorte que le processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332) reste disponible pour exécuter les instructions de l'instance SFW ;

les instructions pour rendre le processeur logique d'extension (132; 232; 332) indisponible comprenant des instructions qui, lorsqu'elles sont exécutées par le processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332), amènent le processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332) à entrer dans un mode de gestion du système, SMM, et à rester dans le SMM pendant que l'OS est exécuté par au moins le processeur logique de calcul (142 ; 242 ; 342).
 
2. Support de stockage selon la revendication 1, les instructions de mise à disposition comprenant des instructions pour :

indiquer, dans au moins une table ACPI de configuration et d'interface d'alimentation avancées, que le processeur logique de calcul (142 ; 242 ; 342) est disponible pour une utilisation par le système d'exploitation ;

indiquer, dans l'au moins une table ACPI, que la mémoire identifiée du dispositif lame de calcul (140 ; 240 ; 340) et la mémoire identifiée (134 ; 234 ; 334) du dispositif lame d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330) sont disponibles pour une utilisation par le système d'exploitation ;

exclure toute identification du processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332) à partir de l'au moins une table ACPI ; et

stocker l'au moins une table ACPI dans une région de mémoire accessible au système d'exploitation.


 
3. Support de stockage selon la revendication 1, l'instance SFW comprenant en outre des instructions exécutables par le système lame (100, 200, 300) pour :

accéder à des informations de première partition désignant le dispositif lame d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330) en tant que dispositif lame pour fournir de la mémoire à utiliser par le système d'exploitation et pour ne fournir aucun processeur logique à utiliser par le système d'exploitation (115), le dispositif lame d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330) comportant une première pluralité de processeurs logiques (132 ; 232 ; 332) du système lame (100, 200, 300) indisponibles pour le système d'exploitation (115) ; et

accéder à des informations de seconde partition désignant le dispositif lame de calcul (140 ; 240 ; 340) en tant que dispositif lame pour fournir de la mémoire et au moins un processeur logique à utiliser par le système d'exploitation (115), le dispositif lame de calcul (140 ; 240 ; 340) comportant une seconde pluralité de processeurs logiques (142 ; 242 ; 342).


 
4. Support de stockage selon la revendication 3 :

les instructions à identifier comprenant des instructions pour identifier, pour chaque processeur logique des première et seconde pluralités de processeurs logiques, la mémoire disponible associée au processeur logique ;

les instructions à mettre à disposition comprenant des instructions à mettre à disposition pour une utilisation par le système d'exploitation (115), chacun de la seconde pluralité de processeurs logiques et la mémoire identifiée associée à chaque processeur logique des première et seconde pluralités de processeurs logiques.


 
5. Système comprenant :

une mémoire de boîtier lame stockant une instance SFW de microprogramme système pour démarrer une partition afin d'exécuter un système d'exploitation (115) ;

la partition comprenant un dispositif lame de calcul (140 ; 240 ; 340) et un dispositif lame d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330), chaque dispositif lame étant un dispositif informatique physique qui comprend de la mémoire et au moins un processeur logique, et qui est monté dans un boîtier lame (105; 205; 305) et la partition devant exécuter le système d'exploitation (115) au moyen des ressources de chacun du dispositif lame de calcul (140 ; 240 ; 340) et du dispositif lame d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330);

un processeur logique de calcul (142 ; 242 ; 342) du dispositif lame de calcul (140 ; 240 ; 340) de la partition ; et

un processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332) du dispositif lame d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330) de la partition, l'instance SFW comprenant des instructions exécutables par le processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332) pour :

communiquer, au processeur logique de calcul (142 ; 242 ; 342), une description de la mémoire disponible identifiée (144 ; 244 ; 344) du dispositif lame d'extension associé au processeur logique d'extension (142 ; 242 ; 342) ; et,

en réponse à la détermination que le dispositif lame d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330) est désigné comme un dispositif lame d'extension, masquer le processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332) du système d'exploitation (115) en plaçant le processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232; 332) dans un mode de gestion de système SMM avant un début d'exécution du système d'exploitation de telle sorte que le processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332) est indisponible pour une utilisation par le système d'exploitation (115) tout en restant disponible pour exécuter les instructions de l'instance SFW ;

l'instance SFW comprenant des instructions exécutables par le processeur logique de calcul (142 ; 242 ; 342) pour :

identifier la mémoire disponible (144 ; 244 ; 344) du dispositif lame de calcul (140 ; 240 ; 340) associé au processeur logique de calcul (142 ; 242 ; 342) ; et

mettre à disposition, pour utilisation par le système d'exploitation (115), le processeur logique de calcul (142 ; 242 ; 342) et la mémoire identifiée (134 ; 234 ; 334, 144 ; 244 ; 344) de chacun des dispositifs lame de calcul et d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330, 140 ; 240 ; 340) ;

l'instance SFW comprenant des instructions exécutables par les processeurs logiques d'extension et de calcul (132 ; 232 ; 332, 142 ; 242 ; 342) pour :

configurer les processeurs logiques d'extension et de calcul (132 ; 232 ; 332, 142 ; 242 ; 342) afin d'avoir accès à une région de mémoire de gestion de système dans le mode de gestion de système SMM.


 
6. Système selon la revendication 5, comprenant en outre :

un premier contrôleur de nœud (333) du dispositif lame d'extension (330) ; et

un second contrôleur de nœud (343) du dispositif lame de calcul (340), l'instance SFW comprenant des instructions exécutables par le processeur logique de calcul (342) pour :
configurer le dispositif lame de calcul (340) afin d'acheminer les transactions de mémoire ciblant la mémoire identifiée (334) du dispositif lame d'extension (330) par l'intermédiaire des premier et second contrôleurs de nœud (333, 434).


 
7. Système selon la revendication 6, l'instance SFW comprenant des instructions exécutables par le processeur logique d'extension (332) pour masquer la mémoire identifiée du dispositif lame d'extension (330) au processeur logique d'extension (332).
 
8. Système selon la revendication 5 :

l'instance SFW comprenant des instructions exécutables par le processeur logique de calcul (342) pour :
fournir une interruption indiquant une erreur au processeur logique d'extension (332) ; et

l'instance SFW comprenant des instructions exécutables par le processeur logique d'extension (332) pour :

en réponse à l'interruption, collecter des informations d'erreur à partir des registres associés au processeur logique d'extension (332) ; et

fournir les informations d'erreur collectées à une infrastructure de gestion des pannes (375).


 
9. Système selon la revendication 5 :

un domaine SFW associé à l'instance SFW comprenant une structure de données SFW et un gestionnaire SMI d'interruption de gestion système stocké dans une région de mémoire de gestion du système de la partition ; et

les instructions à configurer comprenant des instructions exécutables par les processeurs logiques d'extension et de calcul (132 ; 232 ; 332, 142 ; 242 ; 342) pour configurer le processeur logique de calcul (142 ; 242 ; 342) et le processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332) afin qu'ils aient chacun accès, dans le SMM, à la structure de données SFW et au gestionnaire SMI stockés dans la région de mémoire de gestion du système.


 
10. Procédé exécuté par une partition d'un boîtier lame, la partition comprenant un dispositif lame de calcul (140 ; 240 ; 340) comportant un processeur logique de calcul (142 ; 242 ; 342), un dispositif lame d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330) comportant un processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332), chaque dispositif lame étant un dispositif informatique physique qui est monté dans un boîtier lame (105 ; 205 ; 305), et une mémoire de boîtier lame stockant une instance SFW du microprogramme système pour démarrer la partition afin d'exécuter un système d'exploitation (115), le procédé comprenant :

l'identification de la mémoire disponible (144 ; 244 ; 344) du dispositif lame de calcul (140 ; 240 ; 340) associé au processeur logique de calcul (142 ; 242 ; 342) et la mémoire disponible (134 ; 234 ; 334) du dispositif lame d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330) associé au processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332), en exécutant des instructions de l'instance SFW ;

la mise à disposition, pour une utilisation par le système d'exploitation (115), du processeur logique de calcul (142 ; 242 ; 342) et de la mémoire identifiée (134 ; 234 ; 334, 144 ; 244 ; 344) de chacun des dispositifs lame de calcul et d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330, 140 ; 240; 340) ;

en réponse à la détermination que le dispositif lame d'extension (130 ; 230 ; 330) est désigné comme un dispositif lame d'extension, le placement du processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332) dans un mode de gestion de système SMM avant un début d'exécution du système d'exploitation ;

le démarrage de l'exécution du système d'exploitation avec au moins le processeur logique de calcul (142 ; 242 ; 342) ; et

la conservation du processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332) dans le SMM pendant l'exécution du système d'exploitation de telle sorte que le processeur logique d'extension (132 ; 232 ; 332) est indisponible pour une utilisation par le système d'exploitation, mais reste disponible pour exécuter les instructions de l'instance du SFW.


 
11. Procédé selon la revendication 10, comprenant en outre :

la configuration du dispositif lame de calcul (340) pour acheminer des transactions de mémoire ciblant la mémoire identifiée du dispositif lame d'extension (330) par l'intermédiaire d'un contrôleur de nœud (343) du dispositif lame de calcul (340) en communication avec le dispositif lame d'extension (330) ; et

l'accès, au moyen du système d'exploitation (115), à la mémoire identifiée du dispositif lame d'extension (330) pendant le fonctionnement actif du système d'exploitation (115) par l'intermédiaire du contrôleur de nœud (343).


 
12. Procédé selon la revendication 11, comprenant en outre :

la détection d'une erreur au moyen du processeur logique de calcul (340) ;

en réponse à la détection de l'erreur, la fourniture d'une interruption du processeur logique de calcul (342) au processeur logique d'extension (332) ;

la collecte, au moyen du processeur logique d'extension (332), des informations d'erreur à partir des registres associés au processeur logique d'extension (332), en réponse à l'interruption ; et

la fourniture des informations d'erreur collectées à une infrastructure de gestion des pannes (FMI).


 




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REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description