(19)
(11)EP 2 980 685 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
30.10.2019 Bulletin 2019/44

(21)Application number: 15154188.5

(22)Date of filing:  06.02.2015
(51)Int. Cl.: 
G06F 3/044  (2006.01)
G06F 3/041  (2006.01)

(54)

Touch input device

Berührungseingabevorrichtung

Dispositif d'entrée tactile


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 01.08.2014 KR 20140098917
19.09.2014 KR 20140124920
24.10.2014 KR 20140145022
22.12.2014 KR 20140186352

(43)Date of publication of application:
03.02.2016 Bulletin 2016/05

(73)Proprietor: HiDeep Inc.
Gyeonggi-do 463-400 (KR)

(72)Inventors:
  • Kim, Seyeob
    463-400 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • Yoon, Sangsic
    463-400 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • Kwon, Sunyoung
    463-400 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • Moon, Hojun
    463-400 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • Kim, Taehoon
    463-400 Gyeonggi-do (KR)
  • Kim, Bonkee
    463-400 Gyeonggi-do (KR)

(74)Representative: Ferreccio, Rinaldo 
Botti & Ferrari S.r.l. Via Cappellini, 11
20124 Milano
20124 Milano (IT)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-2014/017248
US-A1- 2010 253 645
US-A1- 2012 206 664
US-A1- 2013 257 784
JP-A- 2011 081 578
US-A1- 2011 169 759
US-A1- 2013 234 734
US-A1- 2014 151 085
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a touch input device, and more particularly to a touch input device which includes a display module and is configured to detect a touch position and the magnitude of a touch pressure.

    Description of Related Art



    [0002] Various kinds of input devices are being used to operate a computing system. For example, the input device includes a button, key, joystick and touch screen. Since the touch screen is easy and simple to operate, the touch screen is increasingly being used in operation of the computing system.

    [0003] The touch screen may constitute a touch surface of a touch input device including a touch sensor panel which may be a transparent panel including a touch-sensitive surface. The touch sensor panel is attached to the front side of a display screen, and then the touch-sensitive surface may cover the visible side of the display screen. The touch screen allows a user to operate the computing system by simply touching the touch screen by a finger, etc. Generally, the computing system recognizes the touch and the touch position on the touch screen and analyzes the touch, and thus, performs the operations in accordance with the analysis.

    [0004] Here, there is a demand for a touch input device capable of detecting not only the touch position according to the touch on the touch screen but the magnitude of the touch pressure without degrading the performance of the display module. US 2013/234734 A1 describes a sensor unit including a substrate, first and second electrodes, an input portion disposed so that a gap exists between the substrate and the input portion, a plurality of first structures disposed in the gap. The sensor unit is configured to detect a change in capacitance between the first and second electrodes upon a change in position of the input portion relative to the first substrate.

    [0005] WO 2014/017248 A1 describes a touch panel provided with a first substrate, a second substrate, electrodes which detect the deformation amount of the second substrate, and first spacers and second spacers.

    [0006] US 2010/253645 A1 describes an input device with a first capacitive electrode on a structural component capacitively coupled to a second capacitive electrode. The second capacitive electrode is separated from the first capacitive electrode by gas and a movable relative to first capacitive electrode. A biasing member is physically coupled to the structural component so that force associated with user input causes change in separation distance between the capacitive electrodes.

    [0007] US 2013/257784 A1 describes a touch input device providing positional and force information. A processing system is configured to determine position information in a sensing region using sensing electrodes when operating in the first mode. The processing system is configured to electrically float a shield electrode and determines force information in sensing region using the sensing electrodes when operating in a second mode.

    SUMMARY



    [0008] A touch input device capable of detecting a pressure of a touch on a touch surface may be provided according to claim 1. The touch input device further includes an electrode which is disposed at a position where a distance between the electrode and a reference potential layer is changed by the touch on the touch surface. The distance may be changed depending on a magnitude of a pressure of the touch. The electrode outputs an electrical signal according to the change of the distance. A spacer layer is disposed between the reference potential layer and the electrode.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0009] 

    Fig. 1 is a schematic view of a configuration of a capacitance type touch sensor panel and the operation thereof in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;

    Figs. 2a, 2b and 2c are conceptual views showing a relative position of the touch sensor panel with respect to a display module in a touch input device according to the embodiment of the present invention;

    Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view of the touch input device configured to detect the touch position and touch pressure;

    Figs. 4a to 4f show a touch input device according to a second embodiment of the present invention;

    Figs. 5a to 5i show a touch input device according to examples and to a third embodiment of the present invention;

    Figs. 6a to 6i show a touch input device according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention;

    Figs. 7a to 7e show a pressure electrode pattern according to the embodiment of the present invention;

    Figs. 8a and 8b show a relation between the magnitude of the touch pressure and a saturated area in the touch input device according to the embodiment of the present invention;

    Figs. 9a to 9d show an attachment structure of the pressure electrode according the embodiment of the present invention;

    Figs. 10a and 10b show a touch input device according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention;

    Figs. 11a to 11b show an attachment method of the pressure electrode according the embodiment of the present invention;

    Figs. 12a to 12c show how the pressure electrode is connected to a touch sensing circuit in accordance with the embodiment of the present invention;

    Figs. 13a to 13c show that the pressure electrode constitutes a plurality of channels in accordance with the embodiment of the present invention; and

    Fig. 14 is a graph that, when an experiment where the central portion of the touch surface of the touch input device according to the embodiment of the present invention is pressed by the non-conductive object is performed, represents a capacitance change amount according to a gram force of the object.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION



    [0010] The following detailed description of the present invention shows a specified embodiment of the present invention and will be provided with reference to the accompanying drawings. The embodiment will be described in enough detail that those skilled in the art are able to embody the present invention. It should be understood that various embodiments of the present invention are different from each other and need not be mutually exclusive. Similar reference numerals in the drawings designate the same or similar functions in many aspects.

    [0011] A touch input device according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. While a capacitance type touch sensor panel 100 and a pressure detection module 400 are described below, the touch sensor panel 100 and the pressure detection module 400 may be adopted, which are capable of detecting a touch position and/or touch pressure by any method.

    [0012] Fig. 1 is a schematic view of a configuration of the capacitance touch sensor panel 100 and the operation thereof in accordance with the embodiment of the present invention. Referring to Fig. 1, the touch sensor panel 100 according to the embodiment of the present invention may include a plurality of drive electrodes TX1 to TXn and a plurality of receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm, and may include a drive unit 120 which applies a driving signal to the plurality of drive electrodes TX1 to TXn for the purpose of the operation of the touch sensor panel 100, and a sensing unit 110 which detects the touch and the touch position by receiving a sensing signal including information on the capacitance change amount changing according to the touch on the touch surface of the touch sensor panel 100.

    [0013] As shown in Fig. 1, the touch sensor panel 100 may include the plurality of drive electrodes TX1 to TXn and the plurality of receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm. While Fig. 1 shows that the plurality of drive electrodes TX1 to TXn and the plurality of receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm of the touch sensor panel 100 form an orthogonal array, the present invention is not limited to this. The plurality of drive electrodes TX1 to TXn and the plurality of receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm has an array of arbitrary dimension, for example, a diagonal array, a concentric array, a 3-dimensional random array, etc., and an array obtained by the application of them. Here, "n" and "m" are positive integers and may be the same as each other or may have different values. The magnitude of the value may be changed depending on the embodiment.

    [0014] As shown in Fig. 1, the plurality of drive electrodes TX1 to TXn and the plurality of receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm may be arranged to cross each other. The drive electrode TX may include the plurality of drive electrodes TX1 to TXn extending in a first axial direction. The receiving electrode RX may include the plurality of receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm extending in a second axial direction crossing the first axial direction.

    [0015] In the touch sensor panel 100 according to the embodiment of the present invention, the plurality of drive electrodes TX1 to TXn and the plurality of receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm may be formed in the same layer. For example, the plurality of drive electrodes TX1 to TXn and the plurality of receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm may be formed on the same side of an insulation layer (not shown). Also, the plurality of drive electrodes TX1 to TXn and the plurality of receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm may be formed in the different layers. For example, the plurality of drive electrodes TX1 to TXn and the plurality of receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm may be formed on both sides of one insulation layer (not shown) respectively, or the plurality of drive electrodes TX1 to TXn may be formed on a side of a first insulation layer (not shown) and the plurality of receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm may be formed on a side of a second insulation layer (not shown) different from the first insulation layer.

    [0016] The plurality of drive electrodes TX1 to TXn and the plurality of receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm may be made of a transparent conductive material (for example, indium tin oxide (ITO) or antimony tin oxide (ATO) which is made of tin oxide (SnO2), and indium oxide (In2O3), etc.), or the like. However, this is only an example. The drive electrode TX and the receiving electrode RX may be also made of another transparent conductive material or an opaque conductive material. For instance, the drive electrode TX and the receiving electrode RX may be formed to include at least any one of silver ink, copper or carbon nanotube (CNT). Also, the drive electrode TX and the receiving electrode RX may be made of metal mesh or nano silver.

    [0017] The drive unit 120 according to the embodiment of the present invention may apply a driving signal to the drive electrodes TX1 to TXn. In the embodiment of the present invention, one driving signal may be sequentially applied at a time to the first drive electrode TX1 to the n-th drive electrode TXn. The driving signal may be applied again repeatedly. This is only an example. The driving signal may be applied to the plurality of drive electrodes at the same time in accordance with the embodiment.

    [0018] Through the receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm, the sensing unit 110 receives the sensing signal including information on a capacitance (Cm) 101 generated between the receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm and the drive electrodes TX1 to TXn to which the driving signal has been applied, thereby detecting whether or not the touch has occurred and where the touch has occurred. For example, the sensing signal may be a coupled signal of the driving signal applied to the drive electrode TX by the capacitance (CM) 101 generated between the receiving electrode RX and the drive electrode TX. As such, the process of sensing the driving signal applied from the first drive electrode TX1 to the n-th drive electrode TXn through the receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm can be referred to as a process of scanning the touch sensor panel 100.

    [0019] For example, the sensing unit 110 may include a receiver (not shown) which is connected to each of the receiving electrodes RX1 to RXm through a switch. The switch becomes the on-state in a time interval during which the signal of the corresponding receiving electrode RX is sensed, thereby allowing the receiver to sense the sensing signal from the receiving electrode RX. The receiver may include an amplifier (not shown) and a feedback capacitor coupled between the negative (-) input terminal of the amplifier and the output terminal of the amplifier, i.e., coupled to a feedback path. Here, the positive (+) input terminal of the amplifier may be connected to the ground. Also, the receiver may further include a reset switch which is connected in parallel with the feedback capacitor. The reset switch may reset the conversion from current to voltage that is performed by the receiver. The negative input terminal of the amplifier is connected to the corresponding receiving electrode RX and receives and integrates a current signal including information on the capacitance (CM) 101, and then converts the integrated current signal into voltage. The sensing unit 110 may further include an analog to digital converter (ADC) (not shown) which converts the integrated data by the receiver into digital data. Later, the digital data may be input to a processor (not shown) and processed to obtain information on the touch on the touch sensor panel 100. The sensing unit 110 may include the ADC and processor as well as the receiver.

    [0020] A controller 130 may perform a function of controlling the operations of the drive unit 120 and the sensing unit 110. For example, the controller 130 generates and transmits a drive control signal to the drive unit 120, so that the driving signal can be applied to a predetermined drive electrode TX1 at a predetermined time. Also, the controller 130 generates and transmits the drive control signal to the sensing unit 110, so that the sensing unit 110 may receive the sensing signal from the predetermined receiving electrode RX at a predetermined time and perform a predetermined function.

    [0021] In Fig. 1, the drive unit 120 and the sensing unit 110 may constitute a touch detection device (not shown) capable of detecting whether the touch has occurred on the touch sensor panel 100 according to the embodiment of the present invention or not and where the touch has occurred. The touch detection device according to the embodiment of the present invention may further include the controller 130. The touch detection device according to the embodiment of the present invention may be integrated and implemented on a touch sensing integrated circuit (IC, see reference numeral 150 of Fig. 12) in a touch input device 1000 including the touch sensor panel 100. The drive electrode TX and the receiving electrode RX included in the touch sensor panel 100 may be connected to the drive unit 120 and the sensing unit 110 included in touch sensing IC 150 through, for example, a conductive trace and/or a conductive pattern printed on a circuit board, or the like. The touch sensing IC 150 may be placed on a circuit board on which the conductive pattern has been printed, for example, a first printed circuit board (hereafter, referred to as a first PCB) indicated by a reference numeral 160 of Fig. 12. According to the embodiment, the touch sensing IC 150 may be mounted on a main board for operation of the touch input device 1000.

    [0022] As described above, a capacitance (C) with a predetermined value is generated at each crossing of the drive electrode TX and the receiving electrode RX. When an object like a finger approaches close to the touch sensor panel 100, the value of the capacitance may be changed. In Fig. 1, the capacitance may represent a mutual capacitance (Cm). The sensing unit 110 senses such electrical characteristics, thereby being able to sense whether the touch has occurred on the touch sensor panel 100 or not and where the touch has occurred. For example, the sensing unit 110 is able to sense whether the touch has occurred on the surface of the touch sensor panel 100 comprised of a two-dimensional plane consisting of a first axis and a second axis.

    [0023] More specifically, when the touch occurs on the touch sensor panel 100, the drive electrode TX to which the driving signal has been applied is detected, so that the position of the second axial direction of the touch can be detected. Likewise, when the touch occurs on the touch sensor panel 100, the capacitance change is detected from the reception signal received through the receiving electrode RX, so that the position of the first axial direction of the touch can be detected.

    [0024] The mutual capacitance type touch sensor panel as the touch sensor panel 100 has been described in detail in the foregoing. However, in the touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present invention, the touch sensor panel 100 for detecting whether or not the touch has occurred and where the touch has occurred may be implemented by using not only the above-described method but also any touch sensing method like a magnetic capacitance type method, a surface capacitance type method, a projected capacitance type method, a resistance film method, a surface acoustic wave (SAW) method, an infrared method, an optical imaging method, a dispersive signal technology, and an acoustic pulse recognition method, etc.

    [0025] The touch sensor panel 100 for detecting where the touch has occurred in the touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present invention may be positioned outside or inside a display module 200.

    [0026] The display module of the touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present invention may be a display panel included in a liquid crystal display (LCD), a plasma display panel (PDP), an organic light emitting diode (OLED), etc. Accordingly, a user may perform the input operation by touching the touch surface while visually identifying contents displayed on the display panel. Here, the display module 200 may include a control circuit which receives an input from an application processor (AP) or a central processing unit (CPU) on a main board for the operation of the touch input device 1000 and displays the contents that the user wants on the display panel. The control circuit may be mounted on a second printed circuit board (hereafter, referred to as a second PCB) (210) in Figs. 11a to 13c. Here, the control circuit for the operation of the display module 200 may include a display panel control IC, a graphic controller IC, and a circuit required to operate other display panels 200.

    [0027] Figs. 2a, 2b and 2c are conceptual views showing a relative position of the touch sensor panel with respect to the display module in the touch input device according to the embodiment of the present invention. While Figs. 2a to 2c show an LCD panel as a display panel 200A included within the display module 200, this is just an example. Any display panel may be applied to the touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0028] In this specification, the reference numeral 200A may designate the display panel included in the display module 200. As shown in Fig. 2, the LCD panel 200A may include a liquid crystal layer 250 including a liquid crystal cell, a first glass layer 261 and a second glass layer 262 which are disposed on both sides of the liquid crystal layer 250 and include electrodes, a first polarizer layer 271 formed on a side of the first glass layer 261 in a direction facing the liquid crystal layer 250, and a second polarizer layer 272 formed on a side of the second glass layer 262 in the direction facing the liquid crystal layer 250. It is clear to those skilled in the art that the LCD panel may further include other configurations for the purpose of performing the displaying function and may be transformed.

    [0029] Fig. 2a shows that the touch sensor panel 100 of the touch input device 1000 is disposed outside the display module 200. The touch surface of the touch input device 1000 may be the surface of the touch sensor panel 100. In Fig. 2a, the top surface of the touch sensor panel 100 is able to function as the touch surface. Also, according to the embodiment, the touch surface of the touch input device 1000 may be the outer surface of the display module 200. In Fig. 2a, the bottom surface of the second polarizer layer 272 of the display module 200 is able to function as the touch surface. Here, in order to protect the display module 200, the bottom surface of the display module 200 may be covered with a cover layer (not shown) like glass.

    [0030] Figs. 2b and 2c show that the touch sensor panel 100 of the touch input device 1000 is disposed inside the display panel 200A. Here, in Fig. 2b, the touch sensor panel 100 for detecting the touch position is disposed between the first glass layer 261 and the first polarizer layer 271. Here, the touch surface of the touch input device 1000 is the outer surface of the display module 200. The top surface or bottom surface of the display module 200 in Fig. 2b may be the touch surface. Fig. 2c shows that the touch sensor panel 100 for detecting the touch position is included in the liquid crystal layer 250. Also, according to the embodiment, the touch sensor panel 100 may be implemented such that the electrical devices for the operation of the display panel 200A are used for the touch sensing. Here, the touch surface of the touch input device 1000 is the outer surface of the display module 200. The top surface or bottom surface of the display module 200 in Fig. 2c may be the touch surface. In Figs. 2b and 2c, the top surface or bottom surface of the display module 200, which can be the touch surface, may be covered with a cover layer (not shown) like glass.

    [0031] The foregoing has described whether the touch has occurred on the touch sensor panel 100 according to the embodiment of the present or not and where the touch has occurred. Further, through use of the touch sensor panel 100 according to the embodiment of the present, it is possible to detect the magnitude of the touch pressure as well as whether the touch has occurred or not and where the touch has occurred. Also, apart from the touch sensor panel 100, it is possible to detect the magnitude of the touch pressure by further including the pressure detection module which detects the touch pressure.

    [0032] Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view of the touch input device configured to detect the touch position and touch pressure.

    [0033] In the touch input device 1000 including the display module 200, the touch sensor panel 100 and the pressure detection module 400 which detect the touch position may be attached on the front side of the display module 200, As a result, the display screen of the display module 200 can be protected and the touch detection sensitivity of the touch sensor panel 100 can be improved.

    [0034] Here, the pressure detection module 400 may be operated apart from the touch sensor panel 100 which detects the touch position. For example, the pressure detection module 400 may be configured to detect only the touch pressure independently of the touch sensor panel 100 which detects the touch position. Also, the pressure detection module 400 may be configured to be coupled to the touch sensor panel 100 which detects the touch position and to detect the touch pressure. For example, at least one of the drive electrode TX and the receiving electrode RX included in the touch sensor panel 100 which detects the touch position may be used to detect the touch pressure.

    [0035] Fig. 3 shows that the pressure detection module 400 is coupled to the touch sensor panel 100 and detects the touch pressure. In Fig. 3, the pressure detection module 400 includes a spacer layer 420 which leaves a space between the touch sensor panel 100 and the display module 200. The pressure detection module 400 may include a reference potential layer spaced from the touch sensor panel 100 by the spacer layer 420. Here, the display module 200 may function as the reference potential layer.

    [0036] The reference potential layer may have any potential which causes the change of the capacitance 101 generated between the drive electrode TX and the receiving electrode RX. For instance, the reference potential layer may be a ground layer having a ground potential. The reference potential layer may be the ground layer of the display module 200. Here, the reference potential layer may have a parallel plane with the two-dimensional plane of the display module 200.

    [0037] As shown in Fig. 3, the touch sensor panel 100 is disposed apart from the display module 200, i.e., the reference potential layer. Here, depending on a method for adhering the touch sensor panel 100 to the display module 200, the spacer layer 420 may be implemented in the form of an air gap between the touch sensor panel 100 and the display module 200. The spacer layer 420 may be made of an impact absorbing material The spacer layer 420 may be filled with a dielectric material.

    [0038] Here, a double adhesive tape (DAT) 430 may be used to fix the touch sensor panel 100 and the display module 200. For example, the areas the touch sensor panel 100 and the display module 200 are overlapped with each other. The touch sensor panel 100 and the display module 200 are adhered to each other by adhering the edge portions of the touch sensor panel 100 and the display module 200 through use of the DAT 430. The rest portions of the touch sensor panel 100 and the display module 200 may be spaced apart from each other by a predetermined distance " d ".

    [0039] In general, even when the touch surface is touched without bending the touch sensor panel 100, the capacitance (Cm) 101 between the drive electrode TX and the receiving electrode RX is changed. That is, when the touch occurs on the touch sensor panel 100, the mutual capacitance (Cm) 101 may become smaller than a base mutual capacitance. This is because, when the conductive object like a finger approaches close to the touch sensor panel 100, the object functions as the ground GND, and then a fringing capacitance of the mutual capacitance (Cm) 101 is absorbed in the object. The base mutual capacitance is the value of the mutual capacitance between the drive electrode TX and the receiving electrode RX when there is no touch on the touch sensor panel 100.

    [0040] When the object touches the top surface, i.e., the touch surface of the touch sensor panel 100 and a pressure is applied to the top surface, the touch sensor panel 100 may be bent. Here, the value of the mutual capacitance (Cm) 101 between the drive electrode TX and the receiving electrode RX may be more reduced. This is because the bend of the touch sensor panel 100 causes the distance between the touch sensor panel 100 and the reference potential layer to be reduced from " d " to " d' ", so that the fringing capacitance of the mutual capacitance (Cm) 101 is absorbed in the reference potential layer as well as in the object. When a nonconductive object touches, the change of the mutual capacitance (Cm) 101 is simply caused by only the change of the distance " d-d' " between the touch sensor panel 100 and the reference potential layer.

    [0041] As described above, the touch input device 1000 is configured to include the touch sensor panel 100 and the pressure detection module 400 on the display module 200, so that not only the touch position but also the touch pressure can be simultaneously detected.

    [0042] However, as shown in Fig. 3, when the pressure detection module 400 as well as the touch sensor panel 100 is disposed on the display module 200, the display properties of the display module is deteriorated. Particularly, when the air gap 420 is included on the display module 200, the visibility and optical transmittance of the display module may be lowered.

    [0043] Accordingly, in order to prevent such problems, the air gap is not disposed between the display module 200 and the touch sensor panel 100 for detecting the touch position. Instead, the touch sensor panel 100 and the display module 200 can be completely laminated by means of an adhesive like an optically clear adhesive (OCA).

    [0044] Figs. 4a to 4f show a touch input device according to a second embodiment of the present invention. In the touch input device 1000 according to the second embodiment of the present invention, the lamination is made by an adhesive between the touch sensor panel 100 and the display module 200 for detecting the touch position. As a result, the display color clarity, visibility and optical transmittance of the display module 200, which can be recognized through the touch surface of the touch sensor panel 100, can be improved.

    [0045] In the description with reference to Figs. 4a to 4f, it is shown that as the touch input device 1000 according to the second embodiment of the present invention, the touch sensor panel 100 is laminated and attached on the display module 200 by means of an adhesive. However, the touch input device 1000 according to the second embodiment of the present invention may include, as shown in Figs. 2b and 2c, that the touch sensor panel 100 is disposed inside the display module 200. More specifically, while Figs. 4a and 4b show that the touch sensor panel 100 covers the display module 200, the touch input device 1000 which includes the touch sensor panel 100 disposed inside the display module 200 and includes the display module 200 covered with a cover layer like glass may be used as the second embodiment of the present invention.

    [0046] The touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present invention may include an electronic device including the touch screen, for example, a cell phone, a personal data assistant (PDA), a smart phone, a tablet personal computer, an MP3 player, a laptop computer, etc.

    [0047] In the touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present invention, a substrate 300, together with an outermost cover 320 of the touch input device 1000, functions as, for example, a housing which surrounds a mounting space 310, etc., where the circuit board and/or battery for operation of the touch input device 1000 are placed. Here, the circuit board for operation of the touch input device 1000 may be a main board. A central processing unit (CPU), an application processor (AP) or the like may be mounted on the circuit board. Due to the substrate 300, the display module 200 is separated from the circuit board and/or battery for operation of the touch input device 1000. Due to the substrate 300, electrical noise generated from the display module 200 can be blocked.

    [0048] The touch sensor panel 100 or front cover layer of the touch input device 1000 may be formed wider than the display module 200, the substrate 300, and the mounting space 310. As a result, the cover 320 is formed such that the cover 320, together with the touch sensor panel 100, surrounds the display module 200, the substrate 300, and the mounting space 310.

    [0049] The touch input device 1000 according to the second embodiment of the present may detect the touch position through the touch sensor panel 100 and may detect the touch pressure by disposing the pressure detection module 400 between the display module 200 and the substrate 300. Here, the touch sensor panel 100 may be disposed inside or outside the display module 200. The pressure detection module 400 is formed to include, for example, the spacer layer 420 consisting of the air gap. This will be described in detail with reference to Figs. 4b to 4f. The spacer layer 420 may be made of an impact absorbing material in accordance with the embodiment. The spacer layer 420 may be filled with a dielectric material in accordance with the embodiment.

    [0050] Fig. 4b is a perspective view of the touch input device according to the second embodiment of the present invention. As shown in Fig. 4b, in the touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present, the pressure detection module 400 may include the spacer layer 420 which leaves a space between the display module 200 and the substrate 300 and may include electrodes 450 and 460 disposed within the spacer layer 420. Hereafter, for the purpose of clearly distinguishing the electrodes 450 and 460 from the electrode included in the touch sensor panel 100, the electrodes 450 and 460 for detecting the pressure are designated as pressure electrodes 450 and 460. Here, since the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are included in the rear side instead of in the front side of the display panel, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be made of an opaque material as well as a transparent material.

    [0051] Here, the adhesive tape 430 with a predetermined thickness may be formed along the border of the upper portion of the substrate 300 in order to maintain the spacer layer 420. While Fig. 4b shows the adhesive tape 430 is formed on the entire border (e.g., four sides of the quadrangle) of the substrate 300, the adhesive tape 430 may be formed only on at least some (e.g., three sides of the quadrangle) of the border of the substrate 300. According to the embodiment, the adhesive tape 430 may be formed on the top surface of the substrate 300 or on the bottom surface of the display module 200. The adhesive tape 430 may be a conductive tape such that the substrate 300 and the display module 200 have the same electric potential. The adhesive tape 430 may be a double adhesive tape. In the embodiment of the present invention, the adhesive tape 430 may be made of an inelastic material. In the embodiment of the present invention, when a pressure is applied to the display module 200, the display module 200 may be bent. Therefore, the magnitude of the touch pressure can be detected even though the adhesive tape 430 is not transformed by the pressure.

    [0052] Fig. 4c is a cross sectional view of the touch input device including a pressure electrode pattern according to the embodiment of the present invention. As shown in Fig. 4c, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 according to the embodiment of the present invention may be formed within the spacer layer 420 and on the substrate 300.

    [0053] The pressure electrode for detecting the pressure may include the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460. Here, any one of the first and the second electrodes 450 and 460 may be a drive electrode and the other may be a receiving electrode. A driving signal is applied to the drive electrode, and a sensing signal may be obtained through the receiving electrode. When voltage is applied, the mutual capacitance may be generated between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460.

    [0054] Fig. 4d is a cross sectional view when a pressure is applied to the touch input device 1000 shown in Fig. 4c. The bottom surface of the display module 200 may have a ground potential so as to block the noise. When the pressure is applied to the surface of the touch sensor panel 100 by an object 500, the touch sensor panel 100 and the display module 200 may be bent or pressed. As a result, the distance " d " between the ground potential surface and the pressure electrode patterns 450 and 460 may be decreased to " d' ". In this case, due to the decrease of the distance " d ", the fringing capacitance is absorbed in the bottom surface of the display module 200, so that the mutual capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 may be reduced. Therefore, the magnitude of the touch pressure can be calculated by obtaining the reduction amount of the mutual capacitance from the sensing signal obtained through the receiving electrode.

    [0055] In the touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present invention, the display module 200 may be bent or pressed by the touch pressure. The display module 200 may be bent or pressed in such a manner as to show the transformation caused by the touch. When the display module 200 is bent or pressed according to the embodiment, a position showing the biggest transformation may not match the touch position. However, the display module 200 may be shown to be bent at least at the touch position. For example, when the touch position approaches close to the border, edge, etc., of the display module 200, the most bent or pressed position of the display module 200 may not match the touch position, however, the display module 200 may be shown to be bent or pressed at least at the touch position.

    [0056] Here, the top surface of the substrate 300 may also have the ground potential in order to block the noise. Therefore, in order to prevent a short-circuit from occurring between the substrate 300 and the pressure electrodes 450 and 460, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be formed on an insulation layer 470. Fig. 9 shows an attachment structure of the pressure electrode according the embodiment of the present invention. Referring to Fig. 9a, the first insulation layer 470 is positioned on the substrate 300, and then the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are formed. Also, according to the embodiment, the first insulation layer 470 on which the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 have been formed may be attached on the substrate 300. Also, the pressure electrode according to the embodiment may be formed by positioning a mask, which has a through-hole corresponding to the pressure electrode pattern, on the substrate 300 or on the first insulation layer 470 positioned on the substrate 300, and then by spraying a conductive material.

    [0057] Also, when the bottom surface of the display module 200 has the ground potential, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be covered with an additional second insulation layer 471 in order to prevent a short-circuit from occurring between the display module 200 and the pressure electrode 450 and 460 positioned on the substrate 300. Also, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 formed on the first insulation layer 470 are covered with the additional second insulation layer 471 and then are integrally attached on the substrate 300, so that the pressure detection module 400 is formed.

    [0058] The pressure electrode 450 and 460 attachment structure and method, which have been described with reference to Fig. 9a, may be applied to the attachment of the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 to the display module 200. The attachment of the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 to the display module 200 will be described in more detail with reference to Fig. 4e.

    [0059] Also, depending on the kind and/or implementation method of the touch input device 1000, the substrate 300 or the display module 200 on which the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are attached may not have the ground potential or may have a weak ground potential. In this case, the touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present may further include a ground electrode (not shown) between the first insulation layer 470 and either the substrate 300 or the display module 200. According to the embodiment, another insulation layer (not shown) may be included between the ground electrode and either the substrate 300 or the display module 200. Here, the ground electrode (not shown) is able to prevent the size of the capacitance generated between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460, which are pressure electrodes, from increasing excessively.

    [0060] The above-described method for forming and attaching pressure electrode 450 and 460 can be applied in the same manner to the following embodiments.

    [0061] Fig. 4e shows that the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 according to the embodiment of the present invention are formed on the bottom surface of the display module 200. Here, the substrate 300 may have the ground potential. Therefore, the distance " d " between the substrate 300 and the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 is reduced by touching the touch surface of the touch sensor panel 100. Consequently, this may cause the change of the mutual capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460.

    [0062] Figs. 7a to 7e show the pressure electrode patterns according to the embodiment of the present invention. Figs. 7a to 7c show that the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 are formed on the substrate 300 or on the bottom surface of the display module 200. The capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 may be changed depending on the distance between the reference potential layer (display module 200 or substrate 300) and both the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460.

    [0063] When the magnitude of the touch pressure is detected as the mutual capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 is changed, it is necessary to form the patterns of the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 so as to generate the range of the capacitance required to improve the detection accuracy. With the increase of a facing area or facing length of the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460, the size of the capacitance that is generated may become larger. Therefore, the pattern can be designed by adjusting the size of the facing area, facing length and facing shape of the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 in accordance with the range of the necessary capacitance. Figs. 7b and 7c show that the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 are formed in the same layer, and show that the pressure electrode is formed such that the facing length of the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 becomes relatively longer.

    [0064] In the foregoing, it is shown that the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 are formed in the same layer. However, it can be considered that the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 are formed in different layers in accordance with the embodiment. Fig. 9b shows an attachment structure in which the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 are formed in different layers. As shown in Fig. 9b, the first electrode 450 may be formed on the first insulation layer 470, and the second electrode 460 may be formed on the second insulation layer 471 positioned on the first electrode 450. According to the embodiment, the second electrode 460 may be covered with a third insulation layer 472. Here, since the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 are disposed in different layers, they can be implemented so as to overlap each other. For example, the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 may be formed similarly to the pattern of the drive electrode TX and receiving electrode RX which are arranged in the form of M × N array and are included in the touch sensor panel 100 described with reference to Fig. 1. Here, M and N may be natural numbers greater than 1.

    [0065] In the foregoing, it is shown that the touch pressure is detected from the change of the mutual capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460. However, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be configured to include only any one of the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460. In this case, it is possible to detect the magnitude of the touch pressure by detecting the change of the capacitance between the one pressure electrode and the ground layer (either the display module 200 or the substrate 300).

    [0066] For instance, in Fig. 4c, the pressure electrode may be configured to include only the first electrode 450. Here, the magnitude of the touch pressure can be detected by the change of the capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the display module 200, which is caused by the distance change between the display module 200 and the first electrode 450. Since the distance " d " is reduced with the increase of the touch pressure, the capacitance between the display module 200 and the first electrode 450 may be increased with the increase of the touch pressure. This can be applied in the same manner to the embodiment related to Fig. 4e. Here, the pressure electrode should not necessary have a comb teeth shape or a trident shape, which is required to improve the detection accuracy of the mutual capacitance change amount. The pressure electrode may have, as shown in Fig. 7d, a plate shape (e.g., quadrangular plate).

    [0067] Fig. 9c shows an attachment structure in which the pressure electrode is formed to include only the first electrode 450. As shown in Fig. 9c, the first electrode 450 may be formed on the first insulation layer 470 positioned on the substrate 300 or display module 200. Also, according to the embodiment, the first electrode 450 may be covered with the second insulation layer 471.

    [0068] Fig. 4f shows that the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are formed within the spacer layer 420 and on the top surface of the substrate 300 and on the bottom surface of the display module 200. The pressure electrode pattern for detecting the pressure may include the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460. Here, any one of the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 may be formed on the substrate 300, and the other may be formed on the bottom surface of the display module 200. Fig. 4f shows that the first electrode 450 is formed on the substrate 300, and the second electrode 460 is formed on the bottom surface of the display module 200.

    [0069] When the pressure is applied to the surface of the touch sensor panel 100 by the object 500, the touch sensor panel 100 and the display module 200 may be bent or pressed. As a result, the distance " d " between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 may be reduced. In this case, the mutual capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 may be increased with the reduction of the distance " d ". Therefore, the magnitude of the touch pressure can be calculated by obtaining the increase amount of the mutual capacitance from the sensing signal obtained through the receiving electrode. Here, the pressure electrode patterns of the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 may have a shape as shown in Fig. 7d respectively. That is, since the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 are formed in different layers in Fig. 4f, the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 should not necessary have a comb teeth shape or a trident shape, and may have a plate shape (e.g., quadrangular plate).

    [0070] Fig. 9d shows an attachment structure in which the first electrode 450 is attached on the substrate 300 and the second electrode 460 is attached to the display module 200. As shown in Fig. 9d, the first electrode 450 may be positioned on the first insulation layer 470-2 formed on the substrate 300 and may be covered with the second insulation layer 471-2. Also, the second electrode 460 may be positioned on the first insulation layer 470-1 formed on the bottom surface of the display module 200 and may be covered with the second insulation layer 471-1.

    [0071] As with the description related to Fig. 9a, when substrate 300 or the display module 200 on which the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are attached may not have the ground potential or may have a weak ground potential, a ground electrode (not shown) may be further included between the first insulation layers 470, 470-1, and 470-2 in Figs. 9a to 9d. Here, an additional insulation layer (not shown) may be further included between the ground electrode (not shown) and either the substrate 300 or the display module 200 on which the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are attached.

    [0072] Figs. 5a to 5i show a touch input device according to examples as well as to a third embodiment of the present invention. The third embodiment of the present invention is similar to the second embodiment described with reference to Figs. 4a to 4f. Hereafter, the following description will focus on differences between the second and third embodiments.

    [0073] Fig. 5a is a cross sectional view of the touch input device.

    [0074] In the touch input device 1000 according to the second embodiment of the present invention, the touch pressure can be detected by using the air gap and/or potential layer which are positioned inside or outside the display module 200 without manufacturing a separate spacer layer and/or reference potential layer. This will be described in detail with reference to Figs. 5b to 5i.

    [0075] Fig. 5b is an exemplary cross sectional view of the display module 200 which can be included in the touch input device 1000. Fig. 5b shows an LCD module as the display module 200. As shown in Fig. 5b, the LCD module 200 may include an LCD panel 200A and a backlight unit 200B. The LCD panel 200A cannot emit light in itself but simply performs a function to block or transmit the light. Therefore, a light source is positioned in the lower portion of the LCD panel 200A and light is illuminated onto the LCD panel 200A, so that a screen displays not only brightness and darkness but information with various colors. Since the LCD panel 200A is a passive device and cannot emit the light in itself, a light source having a uniform luminance distribution is required on the rear side. The structures and functions of the LCD panel 200A and the backlight unit 200B have been already known to the public and will be briefly described below.

    [0076] The backlight unit 200B for the LCD panel 200A may include several optical parts. In Fig. 5b, the backlight unit 200B may include a light diffusing and light enhancing sheet 231, a light guide plate 232, and a reflection plate 240. Here, the backlight unit 200B may include a light source (not shown) which is formed in the form of a linear light source or point light source and is disposed on the rear and/or side of the light guide plate 232. According to the embodiment, a support 233 may be further included on the edges of the light guide plate 232 and the light diffusing and light enhancing sheet 231.

    [0077] The light guide plate 232 may generally convert lights from the light source (not shown) in the form of a linear light source or point light source into light from a light source in the form of a surface light source, and allow the light to proceed to the LCD panel 200A.

    [0078] A part of the light emitted from the light guide plate 232 may be emitted to a side opposite to the LCD panel 200A and be lost. The reflection plate 240 may be positioned below the light guide plate 232 so as to cause the lost light to be incident again on the light guide plate 232, and may be made of a material having a high reflectance.

    [0079] The light diffusing and light enhancing sheet 231 may include a diffuser sheet and/or a prism sheet. The diffuser sheet functions to diffuse the light incident from the light guide plate 232. For example, light scattered by the pattern of the light guide plate 232 comes directly into the eyes of the user, and thus, the pattern of the light guide plate 232 may be shown as it is. Moreover, since such a pattern can be clearly sensed even after the LCD panel 200A is mounted, the diffuser sheet is able to perform a function to scatter the pattern of the light guide plate 232.

    [0080] After the light passes through the diffuser sheet, the luminance of the light is rapidly reduced. Therefore, the prism sheet may be included in order to improve the luminance of the light by focusing the light again.

    [0081] The backlight unit 200B may include a configuration different from the above-described configuration The backlight unit 200B may further include an additional configuration as well as the foregoing configuration. Also, in order to protect the optical configuration of the backlight unit 200B from external impacts and contamination, etc., due to the introduction of the alien substance, the backlight unit 200B according to the embodiment of the present may further include, for example, a protection sheet on the prism sheet. The backlight unit 200B may also further include a lamp cover so as to minimize the optical loss of the light source. The backlight unit 200B may also further include a frame which maintains a shape enabling the light diffusing and light enhancing sheet 231, the light guide plate 232, a lamp (not shown), and the like, which are main components of the backlight unit 200B, to be exactly dissembled and assembled together in accordance with an allowed dimension. Also, the each of the components may be comprised of at least two separate parts. For example, the prism sheet may include two prism sheets.

    [0082] Here, a first air gap 220-2 may be positioned between the light guide plate 232 and the reflection plate 240. As a result, the lost light from the light guide plate 232 to the reflection plate 240 can be incident again on the light guide plate 232 by the reflection plate 240. Here, between the light guide plate 232 and the reflection plate 240, for the purpose of maintaining the air gap 220-2, a double adhesive tape 221-2 may be included on the edges of the light guide plate 232 and the reflection plate 240.

    [0083] Also, the backlight unit 200B and the LCD panel 200A may be positioned with the second air gap 220-1 placed therebetween. This intends to prevent that the impact from the LCD panel 200A is transmitted to the backlight unit 200B. Here, between the backlight unit 200B and the LCD panel 200A, a double adhesive tape 221-1 may be included on the edges of the LCD panel 200A and the backlight unit 200B.

    [0084] As described above, the display module 200 may be configured to include in itself the air gap such as the first air gap 220-2 and/or the second air gap 220-1. Also, the air gap may be included between a plurality of the layers of the light diffusing and light enhancing sheet 231. In the foregoing, while the LCD module has been described, the air gap may be included within the structure of another display module.

    [0085] Therefore, for detecting the touch pressure, the touch input device 1000 may make use of the air gap which has been already positioned inside or outside the display module 200 without manufacturing a separate spacer layer. The air gap which is used as the spacer layer may be not only the first air gap 220-2 and/or the second air gap 220-1 which are described with reference to Fig. 5b but also any air gap included inside the display module 200. Also, the air gap which is used as the spacer layer may be an air gap included outside the display module 200. As such, the manufacture of the touch input device 1000 capable of detecting the touch pressure reduces manufacturing cost and/or simplifies the manufacturing process. Fig. 5c is a perspective view of the touch input device In Fig. 5c, unlike the second embodiment shown in fig. 4b, the double adhesive tape 430 for maintaining the spacer layer 420 may not be included.

    [0086] Fig. 5d is a cross sectional view of the touch input device As shown in Fig. 5d, between the display module 200 and the substrate 300, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be formed on the substrate 300. In Figs. 5d to 5i, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are shown exaggeratedly thick for convenience of description. However, since the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 can be implemented in the form of a sheet, the thickness of the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 may be very small. Likewise, although the distance between the display module 200 and the substrate 300 is also shown exaggeratedly large, the display module 200 and the substrate 300 may be implemented to have a very small distance therebetween. Figs. 5d and 5e show that the display module 200 and the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are spaced apart from each other so as to represent that the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 have been formed on the substrate 300. However, this is for description only. The display module 200 and the first and second electrodes 450 and 460 may not be spaced apart from each other.

    [0087] Here, Fig. 5d shows that the display module 200 includes a spacer layer 220 and a reference potential layer 270.

    [0088] The spacer layer 220 may be, as described with reference to Fig. 5b, the first air gap 220-2 and/or the second air gap 220-1 which are included during the manufacture of the display module 200. When the display module 200 includes one air gap, the air gap may function as the spacer layer 220. When the display module 200 includes a plurality of air gaps, the plurality of air gaps may collectively function as the spacer layer 220. Figs. 5d, 5e, 5h and 5i show that the display module 200 functionally includes one spacer layer 220.

    [0089] The touch input device 1000 may include the reference potential layer 270 which is positioned above the spacer layer 220 within the display panel 200A of Figs. 2a to 2c. The reference potential layer 270 may be a ground potential layer which is included in itself during the manufacture of the display module 200. For example, in the display panel 200A shown in Figs. 2a to 2c, an electrode (not shown) for blocking the noise may be included between the first polarizer layer 271 and the first glass layer 261. The electrode for blocking the noise may be composed of ITO and may function as the ground. Within the display module 200, the reference potential layer 270 may be located at any position causing the spacer layer 220 to be placed between the reference potential layer 270 and the pressure electrodes 450 and 460. Not only the above-described blocking electrode but also an electrode having any potential may be used as the reference potential layer 270. For example, the reference potential layer 270 may be a common electrode potential (Vcom) layer of the display module 200.

    [0090] Particularly, as part of an effort to reduce the thickness of the device including the touch input device 1000, the display module 200 may not be surrounded by a separate cover or frame. In this case, the bottom surface of the display module 200, which faces the substrate 300, may be the reflection plate 240 and/or a nonconductor. In this case, the bottom surface of the display module 200 cannot have the ground potential. As mentioned, even when the bottom surface of the display module 200 cannot function as the reference potential layer, it is possible to detect the touch pressure by using any potential layer positioned within the display module 200 as the reference potential layer 270 through use of the touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present invention.

    [0091] Fig. 5e is a cross sectional view of a case where a pressure has been applied to the touch input device 1000 shown in Fig. 5d. When the pressure is applied to the surface of the touch sensor panel 100 by the object 500, the touch sensor panel 100 or the display module 200 may be bent or pressed. Here, the distance " d " between the reference potential layer 270 and the pressure electrode patterns 450 and 460 may be decreased to " d' " by the spacer layer 220 positioned within the display module 200. In this case, due to the decrease of the distance " d ", the fringing capacitance is absorbed in the reference potential layer 270, so that the mutual capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 may be reduced. Therefore, the magnitude of the touch pressure can be calculated by obtaining the reduction amount of the mutual capacitance from the sensing signal obtained through the receiving electrode.

    [0092] In the touch sensor panel 100 the display module 200 may be bent or pressed by the touch pressure. Here, as shown in Fig. 5e, due to the spacer layer 220, the layer positioned below the spacer layer 220 (e.g., the reflection plate) may not be bent or pressed or may be less bent or pressed. While Fig. 5e shows that the lowest portion of the display module 200 is not bent or pressed at all, this is just an example. The lowest portion of the display module 200 may be bent or pressed. However, the degree to which the lowest portion of the display module 200 is bent or pressed can be reduced by the spacer layer 220.

    [0093] Since the attachment structure of the pressure electrode according to the third embodiment is the same as that described with reference to the second embodiment, the description thereof will be omitted.

    [0094] Fig. 5f is a cross sectional view of the touch input device including the pressure electrode pattern according to the modification described with reference to Fig. 5d. Fig. 5f shows that the spacer layer 220 is positioned between the display module 200 and the substrate 300. When the touch input device 1000 including the display module 200 is manufactured, the display module 200 is not completely attached to the substrate 300, so that the air gap 420 may be created. Here, by using the air gap 420 as the spacer layer for detecting the touch pressure, it is possible to reduce the time and cost intentionally required for manufacturing the spacer layer for detecting the touch pressure. Figs. 5f and 5g show that the air gap 420 used as the spacer layer is not positioned within the display module 200. However, Figs. 5f and 5g may additionally include a case where the air gap 420 is positioned within the display module 200.

    [0095] Fig. 5g is a cross sectional view of a case where a pressure has been applied to the touch input device shown in Fig. 5f. As with Fig. 5d, when the touch occurs on the touch input device 1000, the display module 200 may be bent or pressed. Here, the " d " between the reference potential layer 270 and the pressure electrode patterns 450 and 460 may be decreased to " d' " by the spacer layer 420 and/or the air gap 220 which are positioned between the reference potential layer 270 and the pressure electrodes 450 and 460. As a result, the magnitude of the touch pressure can be calculated by obtaining the reduction amount of the mutual capacitance from the sensing signal obtained through the receiving electrode.

    [0096] Fig. 5h shows that the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are formed on the bottom surface of the display module 200. The distance " d " between the reference potential layer 270 and the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 is reduced by touching the touch surface of the touch sensor panel 100. Consequently, this may cause the change of the mutual capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460. Fig. 5h shows that the substrate 300 and the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are spaced apart from each other so as to describe that the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are attached on the display module 200. However, this is for description only. The substrate 300 and the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may not be spaced apart from each other. Also, as with Figs. 5f and 5g, the display module 200 and the substrate 300 may be spaced apart from each other by the spacer layer 420.

    [0097] Similarly to the second embodiment, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 described with reference to Figs. 5d to 5h may also have the pattern shown in Figs. 7a to 7c, and repetitive descriptions thereof will be omitted.

    [0098] Fig. 5i shows that the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are formed on the top surface of the substrate 300 and on the bottom surface of the display module 200. Fig. 5i shows that the first electrode 450 is formed on the substrate 300, and the second electrode 460 is formed on the bottom surface of the display module 200. Fig. 5i shows that the first electrode 450 is spaced apart from the second electrode 460. However, this is just intended to describe that the first electrode 450 is formed on the substrate 300 and the second electrode 460 is formed on the display module 200. The first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 may be spaced apart from each other by the air gap, may have an insulating material placed therebetween, or may be formed to deviate from each other, for example, may be formed in the same layer, not to be overlapped with each other.

    [0099] When the pressure is applied to the surface of the touch sensor panel 100 by the object 500, the touch sensor panel 100 and the display module 200 may be bent or pressed. As a result, the distance " d " between the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 and the reference potential layer 270 may be reduced. In this case, the mutual capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 may be reduced with the reduction of the distance " d ". Therefore, the magnitude of the touch pressure can be calculated by obtaining the reduction amount of the mutual capacitance from the sensing signal obtained through the receiving electrode. Here, the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 may have the pressure electrode pattern shown in Fig. 7e. Fig. 7e shows that the first electrode 450 is formed on the top surface of the substrate 300 and the second electrode 460 is formed on the bottom surface of the display module 200. As shown in Fig. 7e, the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 are disposed perpendicular to each other, so that the capacitance change amount detection sensitivity can be enhanced.

    [0100] Figs. 6a to 6i show a touch input device according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention. The fourth embodiment is similar to the second embodiment. Therefore, the following description will focus on the difference between the two embodiments.

    [0101] Fig. 6a is a cross sectional view of the touch input device according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention. In the fourth embodiment, the electrodes 450 and 460 included in the pressure detection module 400 may be included in the touch input device 1000 in the form of an electrode sheet 440 including the corresponding electrode. Hereafter, this will be described in detail. Here, since the electrodes 450 and 460 should be configured to include the air gap 420 between the substrate 300 and the display module 200, Fig. 6a shows that the electrode sheet 440 including the electrodes 450 and 460 is disposed apart from the substrate 300 and the display module 200. However, the electrodes 450 and 460 may be formed to contact any one of the substrate 300 and the display module 200.

    [0102] Fig. 6a is an exemplary cross sectional view of the electrode sheet including the pressure electrode to be attached to the touch input device according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention. For instance, the electrode sheet 440 may include an electrode layer 441 between the first insulation layer 470 and the second insulation layer 471. The electrode layer 441 may include the first electrode 450 and/or the second electrode 460. Here, the first insulation layer 470 and the second insulation layer 471 may be made of an insulating material like polyimide. The first electrode 450 and/or the second electrode 460 included in the electrode layer 441 may include a material like copper. In accordance with the manufacturing process of the electrode sheet 440, the electrode layer 441 and the second insulation layer 471 may be adhered to each other by means of an adhesive (not shown) like an optically clear adhesive (OCA). Also, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 according to the embodiment may be formed by positioning a mask, which has a through-hole corresponding to the pressure electrode pattern, on the first insulation layer 470, and then by spraying a conductive material. Fig. 6b and the following description show that the electrode sheet 440 has a structure in which the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are included between the insulation layers 470 and 471. However, this is only an example. The electrode sheet 440 may simply include only the pressure electrodes 450 and 460.

    [0103] In the touch input device 1000 according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention, for the purpose of detecting the touch pressure, the electrode sheet 440 may be attached to the display module 200 such that the electrode sheet 440 and either the substrate 300 or the display module 200 are spaced apart from each other with the spacer layer 420 placed therebetween.

    [0104] Fig. 6c is a partial cross sectional view of the touch input device including the electrode sheet 440 attached thereto according to a first method. Fig. 6c shows that the electrode sheet 440 has been attached on the substrate 300 or the display module 200.

    [0105] As shown in Fig. 6d, the adhesive tape 430 with a predetermined thickness may be formed along the border of the electrode sheet 440 in order to maintain the spacer layer 420. While Fig. 6d shows the adhesive tape 430 is formed on the entire border (e.g., four sides of the quadrangle) of the electrode sheet 440, the adhesive tape 430 may be formed only on at least some (e.g., three sides of the quadrangle) of the border of the electrode sheet 440. Here, as shown in Fig. 6d, the adhesive tape 430 may not formed in an area including the pressure electrode patterns 450 and 460. As a result, when the electrode sheet 440 is attached to the substrate 300 of the display module 200 by the adhesive tape 430, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be spaced apart from the substrate 300 of the display module 200 by a predetermined distance. According to the embodiment, the adhesive tape 430 may be formed on the top surface of the substrate 300 or on the bottom surface of the display module 200. Also, the adhesive tape 430 may be a double adhesive tape. Fig. 6d shows only one out of the pressure electrodes 450 and 460.

    [0106] Fig. 6e is a partial cross sectional view of the touch input device including the electrode sheet attached thereto according to a second method. In Fig. 6e, after the electrode sheet 440 is positioned on the substrate 300 or the display module 200, the electrode sheet 440 can be fixed to the substrate 300 or the display module 200 by means of an adhesive tape 431. For this, the adhesive tape 431 may contact at least a portion of the electrode sheet 440 and at least a portion of the substrate 300 or the display module 200. Fig. 6e shows that the adhesive tape 431 continues from the top of the electrode sheet 440 to the exposed surface of the substrate 300 or the display module 200. Here, the surface of the adhesive tape 431, the surface contacting the electrode sheet 440, may have an adhesive strength. Accordingly, in Fig. 6e, the top surface of the adhesive tape 431 may have no adhesive strength.

    [0107] As shown in Fig. 6e, even though the electrode sheet 440 is fixed to the substrate 300 or the display module 200 by the adhesive tape 431, a predetermined space, i.e., the air gap may be created between the electrode sheet 440 and either the substrate 300 or the display module 200. This is because the electrode sheet 440 is not directly attached to either the substrate 300 or the display module 200 and because the electrode sheet 440 includes the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 having a pattern, so that the surface of the electrode sheet 440 may not be flat. The air gap 420 of Fig. 6e may also function as the spacer layer 420 for detecting the touch pressure.

    [0108] In the following description, the fourth embodiment has taken an example of a case where the electrode sheet 440 is attached t to the substrate 300 or the display module 200 by the first method shown in Fig. 6c. However, the description can be applied to a case where the electrode sheet 440 is attached and spaced from the substrate 300 or the display module 200 by any method like the second method, etc.

    [0109] Fig. 6f is a cross sectional view of the touch input device including the pressure electrode pattern according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention. As shown in Fig. 6f, the electrode sheet 440 including the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be attached to the substrate 300 such that particularly, the area where the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 have been formed is spaced apart from the substrate 300 by the spacer layer 420. While Fig. 6f shows that the display module 200 contacts the electrode sheet 440, this is just an example. The display module 200 may be positioned apart from the electrode sheet 440.

    [0110] Fig. 6g is a cross sectional view of a case where a pressure has been applied to the touch input device 1000 shown in Fig. 6f. The substrate 300 may have a ground potential so as to block the noise. When the pressure is applied to the surface of the touch sensor panel 100 by the object 500, the touch sensor panel 100 and the display module 200 may be bent or pressed. As a result, the electrode sheet 440 is pressed, so that the distance " d " between the substrate 300 and the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 included in the electrode sheet 440 may be decreased to " d' ". In this case, due to the decrease of the distance " d ", the fringing capacitance is absorbed in the substrate 300, so that the mutual capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 may be reduced. Therefore, the magnitude of the touch pressure can be calculated by obtaining the reduction amount of the mutual capacitance from the sensing signal obtained through the receiving electrode.

    [0111] As shown in Figs. 6f and 6g, the touch input device 1000 according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention is able to detect the touch pressure by the distance change between the electrode sheet 440 and the substrate 300 to which the electrode sheet 440 has been attached. Here, since the distance " d " between the electrode sheet 440 and the substrate 300 is very small, the touch input device 1000 is able to precisely detect the touch pressure even by the minute change in the distance " d " due to the touch pressure.

    [0112] Fig. 6h shows that the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are attached to the bottom surface of the display module 200. Fig. 6i is a cross sectional view of a case where a pressure has been applied to the touch input device shown in Fig. 6h. Here, the display module 200 may have the ground potential. Therefore, the distance " d " between the display module 200 and the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 is reduced by touching the touch surface of the touch sensor panel 100. Consequently, this may cause the change of the mutual capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460.

    [0113] As shown in Figs. 6h and 6i, it can be understood that the touch input device 1000 according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention can also detect the touch pressure by the distance change between the electrode sheet 440 and the display module 200 to which the electrode sheet 440 has been attached.

    [0114] For example, the distance between the display module 200 and the electrode sheet 440 may be less than the distance between the electrode sheet 440 and the substrate 300. Also, for example, the distance between the electrode sheet 440 and the bottom surface of the display module 200 having the ground potential may be less than the distance between the electrode sheet 440 and the Vcom potential layer and/or any ground potential layer. For example, in the display panel 200 shown in Figs. 2a to 2c, an electrode (not shown) for blocking the noise may be included between the first polarizer layer 271 and the first glass layer 261. The electrode for blocking the noise may be composed of ITO and may function as the ground.

    [0115] The first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 which are included in Figs. 6f to 6i may have the pattern shown in Figs. 7a to 7c, and repetitive descriptions thereof will be omitted.

    [0116] In Figs. 6a to 6i, it is shown that the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 are formed in the same layer. However, it can be considered that the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 are formed in different layers in accordance with the embodiment. As shown in Fig. 9b, in the electrode sheet 440, the first electrode 450 may be formed on the first insulation layer 470, and the second electrode 460 may be formed on the second insulation layer 471 positioned on the first electrode 450. The second electrode 460 may be covered with the third insulation layer 472.

    [0117] Also, according to the embodiment, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be configured to include only any one of the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460. In this case, it is possible to detect the magnitude of the touch pressure by detecting the change of the capacitance between the one pressure electrode and the ground layer (either the display module 200 or the substrate 300). Here, the pressure electrode may have, as shown in Fig. 7d, a plate shape (e.g., quadrangular plate). Here, as shown in Fig. 9c, in the electrode sheet 440, the first electrode 450 may be formed on the first insulation layer 470 and may be covered with the third insulation layer 472.

    [0118] Figs. 8a and 8b show a relation between the magnitude of the touch pressure and a saturated area in the touch input device according to the embodiment of the present invention. Although Figs. 8a and 8b show that the electrode sheet 440 is attached to the substrate 300, the following description can be applied in the same manner to a case where the electrode sheet 440 is attached to the display module 200.

    [0119] The touch pressure with a sufficient magnitude makes a state where the distance between the electrode sheet 440 and the substrate 300 cannot be reduced any more at a predetermined position. Hereafter, the state is designated as a saturation state. For instance, as shown in Fig. 8a, when the touch input device 1000 is pressed by a force " f ", the electrode sheet 440 contacts the substrate 300, and thus, the distance between the electrode sheet 440 and the substrate 300 cannot be reduced any more. Here, as shown on the right of Fig. 8a, the contact area between the electrode sheet 440 and the substrate 300 may be indicated by " a ".

    [0120] However, in this case, when the magnitude of the touch pressure becomes larger, the contact area between the electrode sheet 440 and the substrate 300 in the saturation state where the distance between the electrode sheet 440 and the substrate 300 cannot be reduced any more may become greater. For example, as shown in Fig. 8b, when the touch input device 1000 is pressed by a force " F " greater than the force " f ", the contact area between the electrode sheet 440 and the substrate 300 may become greater. As shown on the right of Fig. 8a, the contact area between the electrode sheet 440 and the substrate 300 may be indicated by " A ". As such, the greater the contact area, the more the mutual capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 may be reduced. Hereafter, it will be described that the magnitude of the touch pressure is calculated by the change of the capacitance according to the distance change. This may include that the magnitude of the touch pressure is calculated by the change of the saturation area in the saturation state.

    [0121] Figs. 8a and 8b are described with reference to the fourth embodiment. It is apparent that the description with reference to Figs. 8a and 8b can be applied in the same manner to the first to third embodiments and the following fifth embodiment. More specifically, the magnitude of the touch pressure can be calculated by the change of the saturation area in the saturation state where the distance between the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 and either the ground layer or the reference potential layer 200, 300, and 270 cannot be reduced any more.

    [0122] Figs. 10a and 10b show a touch input device according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention. The touch input device 1000 according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention can sense the touch pressure even when the pressure is applied to the bottom surface as well as the top surface of the touch input device. In this specification, the top surface of the touch input device 1000 as the touch surface may be designated as the top surface of the display module 200 and may include not only the top surface of the display module 200 but also the surface of a member covering the top surface of the display module 200. Also, in this specification, the bottom surface of the touch input device 1000 as the touch surface may be designated as the bottom surface of the substrate 300 and may include not only the bottom surface of the substrate 300 but also the surface of a member covering the bottom surface of the substrate 300.

    [0123] Fig. 10a shows that the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are positioned on the bottom surface of the display module 200 in the second embodiment. Fig. 10a shows that the distance between the substrate 300 and the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 is changed when the substrate 300 is pressed or bent by applying a pressure to the bottom surface of the substrate 300. Here, as the distance between the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 and the substrate 300, i.e., the reference potential layer is changed, the capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 or the capacitance between the substrate 300 and either the first electrode 450 or the second electrode 460 is changed. Accordingly, the touch pressure can be detected.

    [0124] Fig. 10b shows that the electrode sheet 440 is attached to the substrate 300 in the third embodiment. Fig. 10b shows that the distance between the substrate 300 and the electrode sheet 440 is changed when the substrate 300 is pressed or bent by applying a pressure to the bottom surface of the substrate 300. As with the case of Fig. 10a, as the distance between the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 and the substrate 300, i.e., the reference potential layer is changed, the capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 or the capacitance between the substrate 300 and either the first electrode 450 or the second electrode 460 is changed. Accordingly, the touch pressure can be detected.

    [0125] In Figs. 10a and 10b, while the fifth embodiment has been described based on the structures of some examples of the second and third embodiments, the fifth embodiment can be applied to a case where the substrate 300 is bent or pressed by applying a pressure to the bottom surface of the substrate 300 included in the structures of the first to fourth embodiments, so that the capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 is changed or the capacitance between the first electrode 450 and the reference potential layer 200, 300, and 270 is changed. For example, in the structure shown in Fig. 4c, when the substrate 300 is bent or pressed, the distance between the display module 200 and the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be changed, thereby detecting the touch pressure.

    [0126] As described above, the touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present invention senses the capacitance change occurring in the pressure electrodes 450 and 460. Therefore, it is necessary for the driving signal to be applied to the drive electrode out of the first and second electrodes 450 and 460, and it is required to detect the touch pressure by the capacitance change amount by obtaining the sensing signal from the receiving electrode. According to the embodiment, it is possible to additionally include a touch sensing IC for the operation of the pressure detection. In this case, the touch input device repeatedly has a configuration similar to the configuration of Fig. 1 including the drive unit 120, sensing unit 110, and controller 130, so that the area and volume of the touch input device 1000 increase.

    [0127] According to the embodiment, in the touch detection device 1000, the driving signal for the operation of the touch sensor panel 100 is applied and the sensing signal is received through the touch detection device, so that the touch pressure can be detected. Hereafter, the following description will be provided by assuming that the first electrode 450 is the drive electrode and the second electrode 460 is the receiving electrode.

    [0128] For this, in the touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present invention, the driving signal may be applied to the first electrode 450 from the drive unit 120, and the second electrode 460 may transmit the sensing signal to the sensing unit 110. The controller 130 may perform the scanning of the touch sensor panel 100, and simultaneously perform the scanning of the touch pressure detection, or the controller 130 performs the time-sharing, and then may generate a control signal such that the scanning of the touch sensor panel 100 is performed in a first time interval and the scanning of the pressure detection is performed in a second time interval different from the first time interval.

    [0129] Therefore, in the embodiment of the present invention, the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 should be electrically connected to the drive unit 120 and/or the sensing unit 110. Here, it is common that the touch detection device for the touch sensor panel 100 corresponds to the touch sensing IC 150 and is formed on one end of the touch sensor panel 100 or on the same plane with the touch sensor panel 100. The pressure electrode patterns 450 and 460 may be electrically connected to the touch detection device of the touch sensor panel 100 by any method. For example, the pressure electrode patterns 450 and 460 may be connected to the touch detection device through a connector by using the second PCB 210 included in the display module 200. For example, as shown in Figs. 4b and 5c, the conductive traces 460 which electrically extend from the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 respectively may be electrically connected to the touch sensing IC 150 through the second PCB 210, etc.

    [0130] Figs. 11a to 11b show that the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 (or electrode sheet 440) are attached to the bottom surface of the display module 200. Figs. 11a and 11b show the second PCB 210 on which a circuit for the operation of the display panel has been mounted is disposed on a portion of the bottom surface of the display module 200.

    [0131] Fig. 11a shows that the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are attached to the bottom surface of the display module 200 such that the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 are connected to one end of the second PCB 210 of the display module 200. Here, Fig. 11a shows that the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 are manufactured on the insulation layer 470. The first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 is formed on the insulation layer 470 and may be attached as an integral sheet on the bottom surface of the display module 200. A conductive pattern may be printed on the second PCB 210 in such a manner as to electrically connect the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 to a necessary component like the touch sensing IC 150, etc. The detailed description of this will be provided with reference to Figs. 12a to 12c. An attachment method of the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 can be applied in the same manner to the substrate 300.

    [0132] Fig. 11b shows that the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are integrally formed on the second PCB 210 of the display module 200. For example, when the second PCB 210 of the display module 200 is manufactured, a certain area 211 is spared from the second PCB, and then not only the circuit for the operation of the display panel but also the pattern corresponding to the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 can be printed on the area 211. A conductive pattern may be printed on the second PCB 210 in such a manner as to electrically connect the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 to a necessary component like the touch sensing IC 150, etc.

    [0133] Figs. 12a to 12c show a method for connecting the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 (or electrode sheet 440) to the touch sensing IC 150. In Figs. 12a to 12c, the touch sensor panel 100 is included outside the display module 200. Figs. 12a to 12c show that the touch detection device of the touch sensor panel 100 is integrated in the touch sensing IC 150 mounted on the first PCB 160 for the touch sensor panel 100.

    [0134] Fig. 12a shows that the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 attached to the display module 200 are connected to the touch sensing IC 150 through a first connector 121. As shown in Fig. 12a, in a mobile communication device such as a smart phone, the touch sensing IC 150 is connected to the second PCB 210 for the display module 200 through the first connector 121. The second PCB 210 may be electrically connected to the main board through a second connector 224. Therefore, through the first connector 121 and the second connector 224, the touch sensing IC 150 may transmit and receive a signal to and from the CPU or AP for the operation of the touch input device 1000.

    [0135] Here, while Fig. 12a shows that the first electrode 450 is attached to the display module 200 by the method shown in Fig. 11b, the first electrode 450 can be attached to the display module 200 by the method shown in Fig. 11a. A conductive pattern may be printed on the second PCB 210 in such a manner as to electrically connect the first electrode 450 and the second electrode 460 to the touch sensing IC 150 through the first connector 121.

    [0136] Fig. 12b shows that the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 attached to the display module 200 are connected to the touch sensing IC 150 through a third connector 473. In Fig. 12b, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be connected to the main board for the operation of the touch input device 1000 through the third connector 473, and in the future, may be connected to the touch sensing IC 150 through the second connector 224 and the first connector 121. Here, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be printed on the additional PCB 211 separated from the second PCB 210. Otherwise, according to the embodiment, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be formed on the insulation layer 470 and may be connected to the main board through the connector 473 by extending the conductive trace, etc., from the pressure electrodes 450 and 460.

    [0137] Fig. 12c shows that the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are directly connected to the touch sensing IC 150 through a fourth connector 474. In Fig. 12c, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be connected to the first PCB 160 through the fourth connector 474. A conductive pattern may be printed on the first PCB 160 in such a manner as to electrically connect the fourth connector 474 to the touch sensing IC 150. As a result, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be connected to the touch sensing IC 150 through the fourth connector 474. Here, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be printed on the additional PCB 211 separated from the second PCB 210. The fourth connector 474 may be insulated from the additional PCB 211 so as not to be short-circuited with each other. Also, according to the embodiment, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 may be formed on the insulation layer 470 and may be connected to the first PCB 160 through the connector 474 by extending the conductive trace, etc., from the pressure electrodes 450 and 460.

    [0138] The connection method of Figs. 12b and 12c can be applied to the case where the pressure electrode 450 and 460 are formed on the substrate 300 as well as on the bottom surface of the display module 200.

    [0139] Figs. 12a to 12c have been described by assuming that a chip on board (COB) structure in which the touch sensing IC 150 is formed on the first PCB 160. However, this is just an example. The present invention can be applied to the chip on board (COB) structure in which the touch sensing IC 150 is mounted on the main board within the mounting space 310 of the touch input device 1000. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the descriptions of Figs. 12a to 12c that the connection of the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 through the connector can be also applied to another embodiment.

    [0140] The foregoing has described the pressure electrodes 450 and 460, that is to say, has described that the first electrode 450 constitutes one channel as the drive electrode and the second electrode 460 constitutes one channel as the receiving electrode. However, this is just an example. According to the embodiment, the drive electrode and the receiving electrode constitute a plurality of channels respectively, so that a plurality of pressure detection can be made based on the multi-touch.

    [0141] Figs. 13a to 13c show that the pressure electrode of the present invention constitutes the plurality of channels. Fig. 13a shows the first electrode 450-1 and 450-2 and the second electrode 460-1 and 460-2 constitute two channels respectively. Fig. 13b shows that the first electrode 450 constitutes two channels 450-1 and 450-2 and the second electrode 460 constitutes one channel. Fig. 13c shows the first electrode 450-1 to 450-5 and the second electrode 460-1 to 460-5 constitute five channels respectively.

    [0142] Figs. 13a to 13c show that the pressure electrode constitutes a single or a plurality of channels. The pressure electrode may be comprised of a single or a plurality of channels by a variety of methods. While Figs. 13a to 13c do not show that the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 are electrically connected to the touch sensing IC 150, the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 can be connected to the touch sensing IC 150 by the method shown in Figs. 12a to 12c and other methods.

    [0143] Fig. 14 is a graph that, when an experiment where the central portion of the touch surface of the touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present invention is pressed by the non-conductive object is performed, represents a capacitance change amount according to a gram force of the object. As shown in Fig. 14, the greater the force which is applied to the central portion of the touch surface of the touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present invention, the greater the capacitance change amount of the pressure electrode patterns 450 and 460 for detecting the pressure.

    [0144] The foregoing has described the capacitance type detection module for detecting the pressure. However, so long as the spacer layer 420 and 220 and the pressure electrodes 450 and 460 (or electrode sheet 440) are used to detect the pressure, the touch input device 1000 according to the embodiment of the present is able to use any type pressure detection module.

    [0145] Although embodiments of the present invention were described above, these are just examples and do not limit the present invention. For example, the components described in detail in the embodiments of the present invention may be modified.


    Claims

    1. A touch input device (1000) for detecting a pressure of a touch on a touch surface, the touch input device comprising:

    a substrate (300); and

    a display module (200), wherein

    the touch input device further comprises an electrode (450, 460) which is disposed at a position where a distance between the electrode (450, 460) and a reference potential layer is changed by the touch on the touch surface,

    wherein the distance is changed depending on a magnitude of a pressure of the touch,

    wherein the electrode (450, 460) outputs an electrical signal according to the change of the distance,

    wherein a spacer layer (420, 220) is disposed between the reference potential layer and the electrode (450, 460),

    wherein the spacer layer (420) is maintained with a predetermined thickness by an inelastic material (430) located only on an edge portion of the substrate (300),

    wherein the spacer layer (420) is disposed between the display module (200) and the substrate (300).


     
    2. The touch input device of claim 1, wherein the electrode (450, 460) is formed on the substrate (300) or on the display module (200), and wherein a capacitance between the electrode (450, 460) and the reference potential layer is changed depending on the distance.
     
    3. The touch input device of claim 2,
    wherein the electrode (450, 460) is positioned between a first insulation layer (470) and a second insulation layer (471), and the electrode (450, 460) together with the first insulation layer (470) and the second insulation layer (471), is fixed as an integral electrode sheet (440) either to the substrate (300) or to the display module (200),

    and wherein the substrate or the display module to which the electrode sheet (440) is fixed is the reference potential layer,

    and wherein the spacer layer (420) is disposed between the reference potential layer and the electrode sheet (440) which is fixed to the substrate or the display module (200).


     
    4. The touch input device of claim 2, wherein the reference potential layer is formed on the substrate (300) or on the display module (200) or is positioned (270) within the display module (200).
     
    5. The touch input device of claim 1,

    wherein the electrode (450, 460) comprises a first electrode (450) and a second electrode (460), and a capacitance between the first electrode (450) and the second electrode (460) is changed depending on the distance,

    and wherein the reference potential layer is formed on the substrate (300) or on the display module (200) or is positioned within the display module (200).


     
    6. The touch input device of claim 5, wherein the first electrode (450) and the second electrode (460) are formed on the substrate (300), or the first electrode (450) and the second electrode (460) are formed on the display module (200), or any one of the first electrode (450) and the second electrode (460) is formed on the substrate (300) and the other (460; 450) is formed on the display module (200).
     
    7. The touch input device of claim 1,

    wherein the electrode (450, 460) is positioned between a first insulation layer (470) and a second insulation layer (471), and the electrode (450, 460), together with the first insulation layer (470) and the second insulation layer (471), is fixed as an integral electrode sheet (440) either to the substrate (300) or to the display module (200),

    wherein the substrate or the display module to which the electrode sheet (440) is fixed is the reference potential layer,

    wherein the spacer layer (420) is disposed between the reference potential layer and the electrode sheet (440) which is fixed to the substrate or the display module (200),

    and wherein the electrode (450, 460) comprises a first electrode (450) and a second electrode (460), and a capacitance between the first electrode (450) and the second electrode (460) is changed depending on the distance.


     
    8. The touch input device of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the electrode (450, 460) is formed by positioning a mask which has a through-hole corresponding to a pattern of the electrode (450, 460), and then by spraying a conductive material.
     
    9. The touch input device of any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the touch surface is an outer surface of the display module (200) or a bottom surface of the substrate (300).
     
    10. The touch input device of any one of claims 1 to 7, further comprising:

    a touch sensor panel (100) which detects a position of the touch when the touch occurs on the touch surface; and

    a first printed circuit board (160) on which a touch sensing circuit (150) for the operation of the touch sensor panel (100) has been mounted,
    wherein the touch sensor panel (100) is adhered to a surface of the display module (200), which is opposite to a surface of the display module (200) facing the substrate (300).


     
    11. The touch input device of claim 10, wherein the display module (200) further comprises a second printed circuit board (210) on which a control circuit for the operation of the display panel (200A) has been mounted, and wherein the electrode (450, 460) is printed on the second printed circuit board (210).
     
    12. The touch input device of claim 10, wherein the display module (200) further comprises a second printed circuit board (210) on which a control circuit for the operation of the display panel (200A) has been mounted, and wherein the electrode (450, 460) is attached to the display module (200) in such a manner as to be electrically connected to a conductive pattern printed on the second printed circuit board (210).
     
    13. The touch input device of claim 11 or 12,

    further comprising:

    a touch sensor panel (100) which detects a position of the touch when the touch occurs on the touch surface; and

    a first printed circuit board (160) on which a touch sensing circuit (150) for the operation of the touch sensor panel (100) has been mounted,
    wherein the touch sensor panel (100) is adhered to a surface of the display module (200), which is opposite to the substrate (300),

    and further comprising a connector (121) between a first printed circuit board (160) and the second printed circuit board (210),
    wherein the electrode (450, 460) is electrically connected to the touch sensing circuit (150) through the connector (121).


     
    14. The touch input device of claim 10,

    wherein the display module (200) further comprises a second printed circuit board (210) on which a control circuit for the operation of the display panel (200A) has been mounted,

    wherein the electrode (450, 460) is formed on an additional circuit board (211),

    further comprising a connector (474) between the additional circuit board (211) and the first printed circuit board (160),

    wherein the electrode (450, 460) is electrically connected to the touch sensing circuit (150) through the connector (474).


     
    15. The touch input device of claim 10,

    wherein the display module (200) further comprises a second printed circuit board (210) on which a control circuit for the operation of the display panel (200A) has been mounted,

    wherein the electrode (450, 460) is formed on an additional circuit board (211), further comprising:

    a first connector (121) between the first printed circuit board (160) and the second printed circuit board (210);

    a second connector (224) between the second printed circuit board (210) and a main board on which a central processing unit for the operation of the touch input device has been mounted; and

    a third connector (473) between the additional circuit board (211) and the main board,

    wherein the electrode (450, 460) is electrically connected to the touch sensing circuit (150) through the first connector (121), the second connector (224) and the third connector (473).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung (1000) zum Detektieren eines Drucks einer Berührung auf einer Touch-Oberfläche, wobei die Touch-Eingabevorrichtung umfasst:

    ein Substrat (300); und

    ein Display-Modul (200),

    wobei die Touch-Eingabevorrichtung ferner eine Elektrode (450, 460) umfasst, die an einer Position angeordnet ist, wo ein Abstand zwischen der Elektrode (450, 460) und einer Referenzpotentialschicht durch die Berührung auf der Touch-Oberfläche geändert wird,

    wobei der Abstand abhängig von einer Größe eines Drucks der Berührung geändert wird,

    wobei die Elektrode (450, 460) ein elektrisches Signal gemäß der Änderung des Abstands ausgibt,

    wobei eine Abstandhalterschicht (420, 220) zwischen der Referenzpotentialschicht und der Elektrode (450, 460) angeordnet ist,

    wobei die Abstandhalterschicht (420) durch ein unelastisches Material (430), das sich nur an einem Kantenabschnitt des Substrats (300) befindet, mit einer vorgegebenen Dicke aufrechterhalten wird,

    wobei die Abstandhalterschicht (420) zwischen dem Display-Modul (200) und dem Substrat (300) angeordnet ist.


     
    2. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Elektrode (450, 460) auf dem Substrat (300) oder auf dem Display-Modul (200) gebildet ist, und wobei eine Kapazität zwischen der Elektrode (450, 460) und der Referenzpotentialschicht abhängig vom Abstand geändert wird.
     
    3. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung nach Anspruch 2,

    wobei die Elektrode (450, 460) zwischen einer ersten Isolierschicht (470) und einer zweiten Isolierschicht (471) positioniert ist, und die Elektrode (450, 460), zusammen mit der ersten Isolierschicht (470) und der zweiten Isolierschicht (471), als eine integrale Elektrodenlage (440) entweder an dem Substrat (300) oder an dem Display-Modul (200) fixiert ist,

    und wobei das Substrat oder das Display-Modul, an dem die Elektrodenlage (440) fixiert ist, die Referenzpotentialschicht ist,

    und wobei die Abstandhalterschicht (420) zwischen der Referenzpotentialschicht und der Elektrodenlage (440) angeordnet ist, die an dem Substrat oder dem Display-Modul (200) fixiert ist.


     
    4. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei die Referenzpotentialschicht auf dem Substrat (300) oder auf dem Display-Modul (200) gebildet ist oder innerhalb des Display-Moduls (200) positioniert (270) ist.
     
    5. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung nach Anspruch 1,

    wobei die Elektrode (450, 460) eine erste Elektrode (450) und eine zweite Elektrode (460) umfasst, und eine Kapazität zwischen der ersten Elektrode (450) und der zweiten Elektrode (460) abhängig vom Abstand geändert wird,

    und wobei die Referenzpotentialschicht auf dem Substrat (300) oder auf dem Display-Modul (200) gebildet ist oder innerhalb des Display-Moduls (200) positioniert ist.


     
    6. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung nach Anspruch 5,
    wobei die erste Elektrode (450) und die zweite Elektrode (460) auf dem Substrat (300) gebildet sind, oder die erste Elektrode (450) und die zweite Elektrode (460) auf dem Display-Modul (200) gebildet sind, oder irgendeine der ersten Elektrode (450) und der zweiten Elektrode (460) auf dem Substrat (300) gebildet ist und die andere (460; 450) auf dem Display-Modul (200) gebildet ist.
     
    7. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung nach Anspruch 1,

    wobei die Elektrode (450, 460) zwischen einer ersten Isolierschicht (470) und einer zweiten Isolierschicht (471) positioniert ist, und die Elektrode (450, 460), zusammen mit der ersten Isolierschicht (470) und der zweiten Isolierschicht (471), als eine integrale Elektrodenlage (440) entweder an dem Substrat (300) oder dem Display-Modul (200) fixiert ist,

    wobei das Substrat oder das Display-Modul, an dem die Elektrodenlage (440) fixiert ist, die Referenzpotentialschicht ist,

    wobei die Abstandhalterschicht (420) zwischen der Referenzpotentialschicht und der Elektrodenlage (440) angeordnet ist, die an dem Substrat oder dem Display-Modul (200) fixiert ist,

    und wobei die Elektrode (450, 460) eine erste Elektrode (450) und eine zweite Elektrode (460) umfasst, und eine Kapazität zwischen der ersten Elektrode (450) und der zweiten Elektrode (460) abhängig vom Abstand geändert wird.


     
    8. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei die Elektrode (450, 460) durch Positionieren einer Maske, die ein Durchgangsloch aufweist, das einem Muster der Elektrode (450, 460) entspricht, und dann durch Sprayen eines leitenden Materials gebildet wird.
     
    9. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei die Touch-Oberfläche eine äußere Oberfläche des Display-Moduls (200) oder eine untere Oberfläche des Substrats (300) ist.
     
    10. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, ferner umfassend:

    ein Touch-Sensor-Panel (100), das eine Position der Berührung detektiert, wenn die Berührung auf der Touch-Oberfläche stattfindet; und

    eine erste Leiterplatte (160), auf der eine Berührungssensorschaltung (150) für den Betrieb des Touch-Sensor-Panels (100) montiert worden ist,

    wobei das Touch-Sensor-Panel (100) an einer Oberfläche des Display-Moduls (200) angehaftet ist, die gegenüber einer Oberfläche des Display-Moduls (200) ist, die dem Substrat (300) zugewandt ist.


     
    11. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung nach Anspruch 10, wobei das Display-Modul (200) ferner eine zweite Leiterplatte (210) umfasst, auf der eine Steuerschaltung für den Betrieb des Display-Panels (200A) montiert worden ist, und wobei die Elektrode (450, 460) auf die zweite Leiterplatte (210) gedruckt ist.
     
    12. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung nach Anspruch 10, wobei das Display-Modul (200) ferner eine zweite Leiterplatte (210) umfasst, auf der eine Steuerschaltung für den Betrieb des Display-Panels (200A) montiert worden ist, und wobei die Elektrode (450, 460) an dem Display-Modul (200) derart angebracht ist, dass sie mit einem auf die zweite Leiterplatte (210) gedruckten leitenden Muster elektrisch verbunden ist.
     
    13. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung nach Anspruch 11 oder 12,
    ferner umfassend:

    ein Touch-Sensor-Panel (100), das eine Position der Berührung detektiert, wenn die Berührung auf der Touch-Oberfläche stattfindet; und

    eine erste Leiterplatte (160), auf der eine Berührungssensorschaltung (150) für den Betrieb des Touch-Sensor-Panels (100) montiert worden ist,

    wobei das Touch-Sensor-Panel (100) an einer Oberfläche des Display-Moduls (200) angehaftet ist, die gegenüber dem Substrat (300) ist,

    und ferner umfassend einen Verbinder (121) zwischen einer ersten Leiterplatte (160) und der zweiten Leiterplatte (210),

    wobei die Elektrode (450, 460) mit der Berührungssensorschaltung (150) durch den Verbinder (121) elektrisch verbunden ist.


     
    14. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung nach Anspruch 10,

    wobei das Display-Modul (200) ferner eine eine zweite Leiterplatte (210) umfasst, auf der eine Steuerschaltung für den Betrieb des Display-Panels (200A) montiert worden ist,

    wobei die Elektrode (450, 460) auf einer zusätzlichen Leiterplatte (211) gebildet ist,

    ferner umfassend einen Verbinder (474) zwischen der zusätzlichen Leiterplatte (211) und der ersten Leiterplatte (160),

    wobei die Elektrode (450, 460) mit der Berührungssensorschaltung (150) durch den Verbinder (474) elektrisch verbunden ist.


     
    15. Touch-Eingabevorrichtung nach Anspruch 10,

    wobei das Display-Modul (200) ferner eine zweite Leiterplatte (210) umfasst, auf der eine Steuerschaltung für den Betrieb des Display-Panels (200A) montiert worden ist,

    wobei die Elektrode (450, 460) auf einer zusätzlichen Leiterplatte (211) gebildet ist,

    ferner umfassend:

    einen ersten Verbinder (121) zwischen der ersten Leiterplatte (160) und der zweiten Leiterplatte (210);

    einen zweiten Verbinder (224) zwischen der der zweiten Leiterplatte (210) und einem Mainboard, auf dem eine zentrale Verarbeitungseinheit für den Betrieb der Touch-Eingabevorrichtung montiert worden ist; und

    einen dritten Verbinder (473) zwischen der zusätzlichen Leiterplatte (211) und dem Mainboard,

    wobei die Elektrode (450, 460) mit der Berührungssensorschaltung (150) durch den ersten Verbinder (121), den zweiten Verbinder (224) und den dritten Verbinder (473) elektrisch verbunden ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif d'entrée tactile (1000) pour détecter une pression d'un contact sur une surface tactile, le dispositif d'entrée tactile comprenant :

    un substrat (300) ; et

    un module d'affichage (200),

    le dispositif d'entrée tactile comprenant en outre une électrode (450, 460) disposée en une position où une distance entre l'électrode (450, 460) et une couche de potentiel de référence est modifiée par le contact sur la surface tactile,

    la distance étant modifiée en fonction d'une ampleur d'une pression de contact,

    l'électrode (450, 460) délivrant un signal électrique en fonction de la variation de la distance,

    une couche d'espacement (420, 220) étant disposée entre la couche de potentiel de référence et l'électrode (450, 460),

    la couche d'espacement (420) étant maintenue avec une épaisseur prédéterminée par un matériau non élastique (430) situé uniquement sur une partie de bord du substrat (300),

    la couche d'espacement (420) étant disposée entre le module d'affichage (200) et le substrat (300).


     
    2. Dispositif d'entrée tactile selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'électrode (450, 460) est formée sur le substrat (300) ou sur le module d'affichage (200), et une capacité entre l'électrode (450, 460) et la couche de potentiel de référence est modifiée en fonction de la distance.
     
    3. Dispositif d'entrée tactile selon la revendication 2, dans lequel
    l'électrode (450, 460) est positionnée entre une première couche isolante (470) et une deuxième couche isolante (471), et l'électrode (450, 460) avec la première couche isolante (470) et la deuxième couche isolante (471) est fixée sous la forme d'un film d'électrode d'un seul tenant (440) soit sur le substrat (300) soit sur le module d'affichage (200),

    et le substrat ou le module d'affichage, sur lequel le film d'électrode (440) est fixé, étant la couche de potentiel de référence,

    et la couche d'espacement (420) étant disposée entre la couche de potentiel de référence et le film d'électrode (440) fixé sur le substrat ou le module d'affichage (200).


     
    4. Dispositif d'entrée tactile selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la couche de potentiel de référence est formée sur le substrat (300) ou sur le module d'affichage (200), ou elle est positionnée (270) à l'intérieur du module d'affichage (200).
     
    5. Dispositif d'entrée tactile selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    l'électrode (450, 460) comprend une première électrode (450) et une deuxième électrode (460), et une capacité entre la première électrode (450) et la deuxième électrode (460) est modifiée en fonction de la distance,
    et la couche de potentiel de référence est formée sur le substrat (300) ou sur le module d'affichage (200), ou elle est positionnée à l'intérieur du module d'affichage (200).
     
    6. Dispositif d'entrée tactile selon la revendication 5, dans lequel la première électrode (450) et la deuxième électrode (460) sont formées sur le substrat (300), ou la première électrode (450) et la deuxième électrode (460) sont formées sur le module d'affichage (200), ou l'une quelconque de la première électrode (450) et la deuxième électrode (460) est formée sur le substrat (300) et l'autre (460 ; 450) est formée sur le module d'affichage (200).
     
    7. Dispositif d'entrée tactile selon la revendication 1, dans lequel
    l'électrode (450, 460) est positionnée entre une première couche isolante (470) et une deuxième couche isolante (471), et l'électrode (450, 460), conjointement avec la première couche isolante (470) et la deuxième couche isolante (471), est fixée sous la forme d'un film d'électrode d'un seul tenant (440) soit sur le substrat (300) soit sur le module d'affichage (200),
    le substrat ou le module d'affichage auquel est fixé le film d'électrode (440) est la couche de potentielle de référence,
    la couche d'espacement (420) est disposée entre la couche de potentiel de référence et le film d'électrode (440) fixé au substrat ou au module d'affichage (200),
    et l'électrode (450, 460) comprend une première électrode (450) et une deuxième électrode (460), et une capacité entre la première électrode (450) et la deuxième électrode (460) est modifiée en fonction de la distance.
     
    8. Dispositif d'entrée tactile de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans lequel l'électrode (450, 460) est formée en positionnant un masque présentant un trou traversant correspondant à un motif de l'électrode (450, 460), puis en pulvérisant un matériau conducteur.
     
    9. Dispositif d'entrée tactile de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans lequel la surface tactile est une surface extérieure du module d'affichage (200) ou une surface de fond du substrat (300).
     
    10. Dispositif d'entrée tactile de l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, comprenant en outre :

    un panneau à capteur tactile (100) qui détecte une position du contact lorsque le contact se produit sur la surface tactile ; et

    une première carte de circuit imprimé (160) sur laquelle a été monté un circuit de détection tactile (150) pour actionner le panneau à capteur tactile (100),
    le panneau à capteur tactile (100) étant collé à une surface du module d'affichage (200) opposée à une surface du module d'affichage (200) faisant face au substrat (300).


     
    11. Dispositif d'entrée tactile selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le module d'affichage (200) comprend en outre une deuxième carte de circuit imprimé (210) sur laquelle a été monté un circuit de commande pour actionner le panneau d'affichage (200A), et l'électrode (450, 460) est imprimée sur la deuxième carte de circuit imprimé (210).
     
    12. Dispositif d'entrée tactile selon la revendication 10, dans lequel le module d'affichage (200) comprend en outre une deuxième carte de circuit imprimé (210) sur laquelle a été monté un circuit de commande pour actionner le panneau d'affichage (200A), et l'électrode (450, 460) est fixée au module d'affichage (200) de sorte à être connectée électriquement à un motif conducteur imprimé sur la deuxième carte de circuit imprimé (210).
     
    13. Dispositif d'entrée tactile selon la revendication 11 ou 12,
    comprenant en outre :

    un panneau à capteur tactile (100) qui détecte une position du contact lorsque le contact se produit sur la surface tactile ; et

    une première carte de circuit imprimé (160) sur laquelle a été monté un circuit de détection tactile (150) pour actionner le panneau à capteur tactile (100),
    le panneau à capteur tactile (100) étant collé à une surface du module d'affichage (200) opposée au substrat (300),

    et comprenant en outre un connecteur (121) entre une première carte de circuit imprimé (160) et la deuxième carte de circuit imprimé (210),
    l'électrode (450, 460) étant connectée électriquement au circuit de détection tactile (150) par le biais du connecteur (121).


     
    14. Dispositif d'entrée tactile selon la revendication 10, dans lequel
    le module d'affichage (200) comprend en outre une deuxième carte de circuit imprimé (210) sur laquelle a été monté un circuit de commande pour actionner le panneau d'affichage (200A),
    l'électrode (450, 460) est formée sur une carte de circuit imprimé supplémentaire (211),
    comprenant en outre un connecteur (474) entre la carte de circuit imprimé supplémentaire (211) et la première carte de circuit imprimé (160),
    l'électrode (450, 460) étant connectée électriquement au circuit de détection tactile (150) par le biais du connecteur (474).
     
    15. Dispositif d'entrée tactile selon la revendication 10, dans lequel
    le module d'affichage (200) comprend en outre une deuxième carte de circuit imprimé (210) sur laquelle a été monté un circuit de commande pour actionner le panneau d'affichage (200A),
    l'électrode (450, 460) est formée sur une carte de circuit imprimé supplémentaire (211),
    comprenant en outre :

    un premier connecteur (121) entre la première carte de circuit imprimé (160) et la deuxième carte de circuit imprimé (210) ;

    un deuxième connecteur (224) entre la deuxième carte de circuit imprimé (210) et une carte principale sur laquelle a été montée une unité centrale de traitement pour actionner le dispositif d'entrée tactile ; et

    un troisième connecteur (473) entre la carte de circuit imprimé supplémentaire (211) et la carte principale,

    l'électrode (450, 460) étant connectée électriquement au circuit de détection tactile (150) par le biais du premier connecteur (121), du deuxième connecteur (224) et du troisième connecteur (473).
     




    Drawing











































































    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description