(19)
(11)EP 2 983 563 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
25.09.2019 Bulletin 2019/39

(21)Application number: 14782339.7

(22)Date of filing:  08.04.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A47C 1/0355  (2013.01)
B64D 11/06  (2006.01)
B60N 2/22  (2006.01)
B60N 2/34  (2006.01)
B60N 2/24  (2006.01)
B60N 2/06  (2006.01)
B60N 2/23  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2014/033326
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/168945 (16.10.2014 Gazette  2014/42)

(54)

VEHICLE SEAT WITH SIMULTANEOUS ARTICULATION OF SEAT PAN AND SEAT BACK

FAHRZEUGSITZ MIT GLEICHZEITIGER BEWEGUNG VON SITZSCHALE UND SITZLEHNE

SIÈGE DE VÉHICULE AYANT UNE ARTICULATION SIMULTANÉE DE PLATEAU DE SIÈGE ET DE DOSSIER DE SIÈGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 08.04.2013 US 201361809491 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.02.2016 Bulletin 2016/07

(73)Proprietor: B/E Aerospace, Inc.
Wellington, FL 33414 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • BEROTH, Michael
    Winston-Salem, NC 27106 (US)
  • UDRISTE, Dan
    Coral Springs, FL 33076 (US)
  • DE LA GARZA, Javier Valdes
    Miami, FL 33178 (US)

(74)Representative: Grünecker Patent- und Rechtsanwälte PartG mbB 
Leopoldstraße 4
80802 München
80802 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
GB-A- 2 454 751
US-A- 5 435 625
US-A1- 2002 109 385
US-A1- 2004 036 336
US-A1- 2012 038 196
US-A1- 2012 228 919
US-B1- 7 182 402
US-A- 5 318 341
US-A- 5 636 898
US-A1- 2003 094 842
US-A1- 2007 262 625
US-A1- 2012 139 300
US-A1- 2013 043 345
US-B2- 6 692 069
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Cross Reference to Previously-Filed Application



    [0001] This patent application claims priority to United States Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 61/809,491, filed April 8, 2013.

    Technical Field and Background of the Invention



    [0002] The present invention relates to a vehicle seat, such as an aircraft passenger seat, that has improved motion intended to provide greater passenger comfort. In premium class seating areas seats often have "lie flat" or "near lie flat" characteristics that allow passengers to move from a full upright taxi, takeoff and landing ("TTOL") position to a prone position suitable for resting or sleeping, with intermediate positions between these two extremes. As prior art seats move from a full upright position, the rear end of the seat pan tilts downwardly and the front of the seat pan rises, and along with it, the fixed leg rest, raising the passenger's feet off of the aircraft deck.

    [0003] It is known that passengers seldom want the seat bottom to move to a more angled position without the seat back also reclining, and prior art seats also raise the feet to maintain the same relative body angle as the seat back reclines.

    [0004] Therefore, there is a need for a passenger seat that provides a more comfortable and space-efficient seat. Newer aircraft seats in premium seating areas of the cabin must have more amenities and features and must be more adjustable, including seat pan angle and substantially-flat reclining functionality, thereby providing a passenger with additional in-flight comfort. While an aircraft operator may want to provide its passengers with amenities such as adjustable seats, prior art aircraft seats with moveable seat back and seat pan presented aircraft operators with a challenge of simultaneously angling the seat pan and seat back, and combining the recline function into a more comfortable motion.

    [0005] GB2454751 A shows an aircraft passenger seating arrangement comprising a seat having a seat pan and a seat back, the seat being able to adopt a first, substantially upright sitting position and a second, sleeping position in which the seat back and seat pan are substantially horizontal, the arrangement further including a side surface arranged to form part of a substantially flat, horizontal sleeping surface alongside the seat, and an end surface moveable between a first position to form part of the substantially flat, horizontal sleeping surface forward of the seat and a second position to serve as a footstool.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0006] Therefore, it is an object of the invention to provide a vehicle seat that maintains a comfortable angle between the seat back and seat bottom during an initial recline motion while simultaneously maintaining the leg rest in a position allowing the feet to remain on a support surface such as an aircraft deck.

    [0007] It is a further object of the invention to provide an aircraft passenger seat that provides seat pan articulation so that the seat back and seat pan rotate simultaneously around a forward pivot. This motion does not raise the passenger's feet off the floor and enhances seat adjustment and passenger comfort.

    [0008] It is a further object of the invention to provide an aircraft passenger seat that provides seat pan articulation so that the seat back and seat pan rotate simultaneously around a forward pivot during a subsequent recline motion that permits the passenger to further recline as the feet and legs are elevated.

    [0009] These and other objects and advantages of the present invention are achieved by providing a vehicle seat that includes a seat carriage assembly for being mounted on a supporting deck for fore and aft movement on the deck, a seat pan assembly mounted on the seat carriage assembly for fore and aft movement relative to the seat carnage assembly, and a seat back assembly mounted on the seat carriage assembly aft of the seat pan assembly and adapted for simultaneous motion with the seat pan assembly. A leg rest assembly is mounted on the seat carriage assembly forward of the seat pan, and the seat carriage assembly includes a linkage assembly interconnecting the seat pan assembly, seat back assembly and leg rest assembly. As the seat carriage assembly is moved aft relative to the deck on which the seat is mounted, the seat pan assembly and the seat back assembly simultaneously adjust to maintain a predetermined seating position during an initial recline motion with the leg rest assembly remaining in a retracted position below the seat pan assembly. The leg rest assembly progressively elevates into a leg-supporting position during a subsequent recline motion as the back rest assembly and seat pan assembly progressively recline towards a lie-flat configuration.

    [0010] According to another embodiment of the invention, the initial position of the aircraft passenger seat is a TTOL configuration, with a forward surface of the seat back assembly positioned at an approximate right angle to an upper surface of the seat pan assembly.

    [0011] According to another embodiment of the invention, a head rest assembly is positioned on a top end of the seat back assembly, a forward surface of the head rest assembly is anatomically aligned with a forward surface of the seat back assembly, and a forward surface of the leg rest assembly is at an approximate right angle to the upper surface of the seat pan assembly and the deck.

    [0012] According to another embodiment of the invention, during the initial recline motion the seat back assembly is tilted aft and a forward edge of the seat pan assembly tilts upward to maintain an approximate right angle position between the forward surface of the seat back assembly and the upper surface of the seat pan assembly.

    [0013] According to another embodiment of the invention, the seat pan assembly includes a seat pan, a seat pan frame, a forward seat pan pivot arm and an aft seat pan pivot arm interconnecting an upper seat support frame and a fore and aft translatable slide rail assembly.

    [0014] According to another embodiment of the invention, the seat includes a seat pan carried on a seat pan frame, a forward seat pan pivot arm and an aft pivot arm interconnecting an upper seat support frame and a fore and aft translatable slide rail assembly forming to form a four-bar linkage that interacts to permit the desired motion of the seat pan assembly, seat back assembly, and leg rest assembly.

    [0015] According to another embodiment of the invention, the movement of the seat is powered by a linear hydraulic locking device that is connected to the seat back assembly by a crank link and to the seat pan assembly by attachment to the upper seat support frame through an upper seat support frame link.

    [0016] According to another embodiment of the invention, the hydraulic locking device comprises a piston and cylinder assembly.

    [0017] According to another embodiment of the invention, the seat carriage assembly is mounted for movement on a translatable slide rail assembly powered by a slide rail piston and cylinder assembly.

    [0018] According to another embodiment of the invention, an aircraft passenger seat is provided, and includes a seat carriage assembly for being mounted on a supporting deck for fore and aft movement on the deck, a seat pan assembly mounted on the seat carriage assembly for fore and aft movement relative to the seat carriage assembly and a seat back assembly mounted on the seat carriage assembly aft of the seat pan assembly and adapted for simultaneous motion with the seat pan assembly wherein an initial position of the aircraft passenger seat is a TTOL configuration, with a forward surface of the seat back assembly positioned at an approximate right angle to an upper surface of the seat pan assembly. A leg rest assembly is mounted on the seat carriage assembly forward of the seat pan. The seat carriage assembly includes a linkage assembly interconnecting the seat pan assembly, seat back assembly and leg rest assembly
    whereby, as the seat carriage assembly is moved aft relative to the deck on which the seat is mounted, the seat pan assembly and the seat back assembly simultaneously adjust to maintain a predetermined seating position during an initial recline motion with the leg rest assembly remaining in a retracted position below the seat pan assembly wherein during the initial recline motion the seat back assembly is tilted aft and a forward edge of the seat pan assembly tilts upward to maintain an approximate right angle position between the forward surface of the seat back assembly and the upper surface of the seat pan assembly. The leg rest assembly progressively elevates into a leg-supporting position during a subsequent recline motion as the back rest assembly and seat pan assembly progressively recline towards a lie-flat configuration.

    [0019] According to another embodiment of the invention, an aircraft passenger seat is provided that includes a seat carriage assembly for being mounted on a supporting deck for fore and aft movement on the deck and a seat pan assembly mounted on the seat carriage assembly for fore and aft movement relative to the seat carriage assembly. The seat pan assembly includes a seat pan, a seat pan frame, a forward seat pan pivot arm and an aft seat pan pivot arm interconnecting an upper seat support frame and a fore and aft translatable slide rail assembly. A seat back assembly is mounted on the seat carriage assembly aft of the seat pan assembly and adapted for simultaneous motion with the seat pan assembly. The initial position of the aircraft passenger seat is a TTOL configuration, with a forward surface of the seat back assembly positioned at an approximate right angle to an upper surface of the seat pan assembly. A leg rest assembly is mounted on the seat carriage assembly forward of the seat pan, and the seat carriage assembly includes a linkage assembly interconnecting the seat pan assembly, seat back assembly and leg rest assembly. As the seat carriage assembly is moved aft relative to the deck on which the seat is mounted, the seat pan assembly and the seat back assembly simultaneously adjust to maintain a predetermined seating position during an initial recline motion with the leg rest assembly remaining in a retracted position below the seat pan assembly wherein during the initial recline motion the seat back assembly is tilted aft and a forward edge of the seat pan assembly tilts upward to maintain an approximate right angle position between the forward surface of the seat back assembly and the upper surface of the seat pan assembly. The leg rest assembly progressively elevates into a leg-supporting position during a subsequent recline motion as the back rest assembly and seat pan assembly progressively recline towards a lie-flat configuration.

    Brief Description of the Drawing Figures



    [0020] The present invention is best understood when the following detailed description of the invention is read with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

    Figure 1 is a perspective view of an aircraft passenger seat frame according to an embodiment of the invention in the full upright TTOL position;

    Figure 2 is a perspective view of an aircraft passenger seat frame according to an embodiment of the invention in an initial recline position;

    Figure 3 is a perspective view of an aircraft passenger seat frame according to an embodiment of the invention in a further recline position with a raised leg rest;

    Figure 4 is a perspective view of an aircraft passenger seat frame according to an embodiment of the invention in a further reclined position;

    Figures 5-8 are side elevation wire frame views of an aircraft passenger seat frame according to an embodiment of the invention in upright, initial recline position, further recline position and lie flat positions, respectively.


    Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiment



    [0021] Referring now specifically to the drawings, assembled structural elements of a vehicle seat 10 are illustrated. As shown in Figures 1-4, the major structural elements are a seat pan assembly 12, seat back assembly 14, head rest assembly 16, leg rest assembly 18, and a carriage assembly 20 on which the other major structural elements are mounted. The carriage assembly 20 is adapted to be fixed to a supporting surface such as an aircraft deck for fore and aft movement, as with transversely-extending frame tubes 19. Extraneous elements such as arm rests and the like are also shown. The illustrated embodiment is of an aircraft passenger seat, but the invention has application to other types of vehicle seating.

    [0022] Figures 1-4 broadly illustrate the novel movement sequence as applied to the particular illustrated seat 10. As shown in Figure 1, the initial position of the aircraft passenger seat 10 is a TTOL configuration, with the forward surface of the seat back assembly 14 at an approximate 90 degree angle to the upper surface of the seat pan assembly 12. The forward surface of the head rest assembly 16 is anatomically aligned with the forward surface of the seat back assembly 14 and the forward surface of the leg rest assembly 18 is at an approximate right angle to the upper surface of the seat pan assembly 12 and perpendicular to the horizontal pallet on which it is positioned. The seating position dictated by this position is designed to provide comfort when the passenger desires an upright seated position as well as the safety requirements of TTOL events.

    [0023] As shown in Figure 2, seat 10 can be moved to a slightly reclined position in which the seat back assembly 14 is tilted back and forward edge of the seat pan 12 tilts upward slightly in order to maintain a comfortable sitting position. Note, however, that the leg rest assembly 18 remains in its upright position perpendicular to the floor. This feature has not previously been used in seating of this type, and the feature results from the observation that when passengers are only slightly reclined they prefer to have their feet still resting on the floor. Thus, the angle between the seat pan assembly 12 and the leg rest assembly 18 is now at an acute angle.

    [0024] Referring now to Figure 3, as the seat 10 continues its recline motion, the seat back assembly 14 tilts further back, and simultaneously the forward edge of the seat pan assembly 12 tilts progressively further upward and the leg rest assembly 18 begins to pivot upward around a pivot point just forward of the front edge of the seat pan 12. The angle between the seat back assembly 14 and the seat pan assembly 12 opens into an obtuse angle and the angle between the seat pan assembly 12 and the leg rest assembly begin to straighten. As is shown in Figure 4, this progressive and simultaneous recline process continues. Note the relationship between the seat pan assembly 12 and the leg rest assembly 18. As shown in Figure 8, in its final lie flat position, the leg rest assembly 18, the seat pan assembly 12 and the seat back assembly 14 have moved into a planar position in relation to each other.

    [0025] Referring now to Figures 5-8, wire frame side elevations of the seat 10 are shown in sequence, and by observing the seat assembly positions sequentially from Figure 5 to 8 and from Figure 8 to 5, an accurate representation of the recline and return to TTOL positions can be observed. The same assemblies shown in Figures 1-4 are shown in Figures 5-8 at the same broad reference numerals.

    [0026] As shown in Figure 5, the seat pan assembly 12 includes a seat pan 12A and a seat pan frame 30. A forward seat pan pivot arm 32 and an aft pivot arm 34 interconnect an upper seat support frame 36 and a fore and aft translatable slide rail assembly 38. These components form a four-bar linkage that interacts to permit the desired motion of the seat pan assembly 12, seat back assembly 14 and leg rest assembly 16.

    [0027] A carriage 40 is mounted to the upper seat support frame 36 and, as shown in Figure 6, changes the angle of the back rest assembly 14 and the seat pan assembly 12 simultaneously in accordance with the invention. The leg rest assembly 18 remains stationary during an initial phase of the recline motion, and is rotated upwardly during a subsequent phase of this motion. Compare Figures 5 and 6 with Figures 7 and 8.

    [0028] The seat 10 is powered by a linear hydraulic locking device such as a Hydrolok brand piston and cylinder assembly 41 that is connected to the seat back assembly 14 by a crank link 42 and the seat pan assembly by attachment to the upper seat support frame 36 through a link 44.

    [0029] The entire seat 10 is mounted for fore and aft movement on the carnage 40 by ball bearing rollers 46 traversing the slide rail assembly 38. This motion is controlled by a piston and cylinder assembly 50 mounted parallel to the slide rail assembly 38.

    [0030] A vehicle seat with simultaneous articulation of fore and aft ends of seat pan according to the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments and examples. Various details of the invention may be changed without departing from the scope of the invention.
    Furthermore, the foregoing description of the preferred embodiments of the invention and best mode for practicing the invention are provided for the purpose of illustration only and not for the purpose of limitation, the invention being defined by the claims.


    Claims

    1. A vehicle seat (10), comprising:

    (a) a seat carriage assembly (20) for being mounted on a supporting deck for fore and aft movement on the deck;

    (b) a seat pan assembly (12) mounted on the seat carriage assembly (20) for fore and aft movement relative to the seat carriage assembly (20);

    (c) a seat back assembly (14) mounted on the seat carriage assembly (20) aft of the seat pan assembly and adapted for simultaneous motion with the seat pan assembly (12);

    (d) a leg rest assembly (18) mounted on the seat carriage assembly (20) forward of the seat pan;

    (e) the seat carriage assembly (20) including a linkage assembly interconnecting the seat pan assembly, seat back assembly (14) and leg rest assembly (18) whereby, as the seat carriage assembly (20) is moved aft relative to the deck on which the seat (10) is mounted;

    (i) the seat pan assembly (12) and the seat back assembly (14) simultaneously adjust to maintain a predetermined seating position during an initial recline motion with the leg rest assembly (18) remaining in a retracted position below the seat pan assembly (12); and

    (ii) the leg rest assembly (18) progressively elevates into a leg-supporting position during a subsequent recline motion as the back rest assembly (14) and seat pan assembly progressively recline towards a lie-flat configuration.


     
    2. A vehicle seat (10) according to claim 1, wherein an initial position of the aircraft passenger seat is a TTOL configuration, with a forward surface of the seat back assembly (14) positioned at an approximate right angle to an upper surface of the seat pan assembly (12).
     
    3. A vehicle seat (10) according to claim 1, and including a head rest assembly (16) positioned on a top end of the seat back assembly (14), wherein a forward surface of the head rest assembly (16) is anatomically aligned with a forward surface of the seat back assembly (14), and a forward surface of the leg rest assembly (18) is at an approximate right angle to the upper surface of the seat pan assembly (12) and the deck.
     
    4. A vehicle seat (10) according to claim 1, wherein during the initial recline motion the seat back assembly (14) is tilted aft and a forward edge of the seat pan assembly (12) tilts upward to maintain an approximate right angle position between the forward surface of the seat back assembly (14) and the upper surface of the seat pan assembly (12).
     
    5. A vehicle seat (10) according to claim 1, wherein the seat pan assembly (12) includes a seat pan (12A), a seat pan frame (30), a forward seat pan pivot arm (32) and an aft seat pan pivot arm (34) interconnecting an upper seat support frame (36) and a fore and aft translatable slide rail assembly (38).
     
    6. A vehicle seat (10) according to claim 5, wherein the seat includes a seat pan (12A) carried on a seat pan frame (30), a forward seat pan pivot arm (32) and an aft pivot arm (34) interconnecting an upper seat support frame (36) and a fore and aft translatable slide rail assembly (38) forming to form a four-bar linkage that interacts to permit the desired motion of the seat pan assembly (12), seat back assembly (14), and leg rest assembly (18).
     
    7. A vehicle seat (10) according to claim 4, wherein movement of the seat is powered by a linear hydraulic locking device that is connected to the seat back assembly (14) by a crank link and to the seat pan assembly (12) by attachment to the upper seat support frame (36) through an upper seat support frame link.
     
    8. A vehicle seat (10) according to claim 7, wherein the hydraulic locking device comprises a piston and cylinder assembly (41).
     
    9. A vehicle seat (10) according to claim 1, wherein the seat carriage assembly (20) is mounted for movement on a translatable slide rail assembly (38) powered by a slide rail piston and cylinder assembly (41).
     
    10. A vehicle seat as claimed in any one of the preceding claims which is an aircraft passenger seat.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Fahrzeugsitz (10), mit:

    (a) einer Sitzwagenanordnung (20) zur Befestigung auf einem Träger zur Vorwärts- und Rückwärtsbewegung auf dem Träger;

    (b) einer Sitzschalenanordnung (12), die auf der Sitzwagenanordnung (20) zur Vorwärts- und Rückwärtsbewegung relativ zu der Sitzwagenanordnung (20) befestigt ist;

    (c) einer Rückenlehnenanordnung (14), die auf der Sitzwagenanordnung (20) hinter der Sitzschalenanordnung befestigt und zur gleichzeitigen Bewegung zusammen mit der Sitzschalenanordnung (12) ausgebildet ist;

    (d) einer Beinauflagenanordnung (18), die auf der Sitzwagenanordnung (20) vor der Sitzschale befestigt ist;

    (e) wobei die Sitzwagenanordnung (20) eine Verbindungsanordnung aufweist, die die Sitzschalenanordnung, die Rückenlehnenanordnung (14) und die Beinauflagenanordnung (18) miteinander verbindet, wodurch bei Bewegung der Sitzwagenanordnung (20) in Rückwärtsrichtung relativ zu dem Träger, der auf dem der Sitz (10) befestigt ist,

    (i) die Sitzschalenanordnung (12) und die Sitzrückenlehnenanordnung (14) sich gleichzeitig so verstellen, dass eine vorbestimmte Sitzposition während einer anfänglichen Bewegung zum Zurücklehnen beibehalten wird, wobei die Beinauflagenanordnung (18) in einer eingefahrenen Stellung unter der Sitzschalenanordnung (12) bleibt; und

    (ii) die Beinauflagenanordnung (18) sich zunehmend in eine beinunterstützende Stellung während einer nachfolgenden Bewegung zum Zurücklehnen anhebt, wenn die Rückenlehnenanordnung (14) und die Sitzschalenanordnung zunehmend nach hinten in eine Konfiguration zum Flachliegen schwenken.


     
    2. Fahrzeugsitz (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei eine Anfangsstellung des Luftfahrzeugpassagiersitzes eine TTOL-Konfiguration ist, wobei eine vordere Oberfläche der Sitzrücklehnenanordnung (14) unter einem näherungsweise rechten Winkel zu einer oberen Oberfläche der Sitzschalenanordnung (12) positioniert ist.
     
    3. Fahrzeugsitz (10) nach Anspruch 1, der eine Kopflehnenanordnung (16) aufweist, die an einem oberen Ende der Sitzrückenlehnenanordnung (14) angeordnet ist, wobei eine vordere Oberfläche der Kopflehnenanordnung (16) anatomisch zu einer vorderen Oberfläche der Sitzrückenlehnenanordnung (14) ausgerichtet ist, und eine vordere Oberfläche der Beinauflagenanordnung (18) unter nährungsweise einem rechten Winkel zu der oberen Oberfläche der Sitzschalenanordnung (12) und dem Träger orientiert ist.
     
    4. Fahrzeugsitz (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei während der anfänglichen Bewegung zum Zurücklehnen die Sitzrückenlehnenanordnung (14) nach hinten geneigt ist und eine vordere Kante der Sitzschalenanordnung (12) nach oben schwenkt, so dass eine Stellung mit ungefähr einem rechten Winkel zwischen der vorderen Oberfläche der Sitzrückenlehnenanordnung (14) und der oberen Oberfläche der Sitzschalenanordnung (12) beibehalten wird.
     
    5. Fahrzeugsitz (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Sitzschalenanordnung (12) eine Sitzschale (12A), einen Sitzschalenrahmen (30), einen vorderen Sitzschalenschwenkarm (32) und einen hinteren Sitzschalenschwenkarm (34) aufweist, die einen oberen Sitzhalterahmen (36) und eine vordere und hintere verschiebbare Gleitschienenanordnung (38) miteinander verbinden.
     
    6. Fahrzeugsitz (10) nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Sitz eine Sitzschale (12A), die auf einem Sitzschalenrahmen (30) getragen wird, einen vorderen Sitzschalenschwenkarm (32) und einen hinteren Sitzschalenschwenkarm (34) aufweisen, die einen oberen Sitzhalterahmen (36) und eine vordere und hintere verschiebbare Gleitschienenanordnung (38) miteinander verbinden, die zur Bildung eines Verbindungsglieds mit vier Stäben ausgebildet ist, das so in Wechselwirkung tritt, dass die gewünschte Bewegung der Sitzschalenanordnung (12), der Sitzrückenlehnenanordnung (14) und der Beinauflagenanordnung (18) ermöglicht wird.
     
    7. Fahrzeugsitz (10) nach Anspruch 4, wobei eine Bewegung des Sitzes durch eine hydraulische Linearverriegelungseinrichtung hervorgerufen wird, die mit der Sitzrückenlehnenanordnung (14) durch eine Hebelverbindung und zu der Sitzschalenanordnung (12) durch Befestigung des oberen Sitzhalterahmens (36) über eine obere Sitzhalterahmenverbindung verbunden ist.
     
    8. Fahrzeugsitz (10) nach Anspruch 7, wobei die hydraulische Verriegelungseinrichtung einen Kolben und eine Zylinderanordnung (41) aufweist.
     
    9. Fahrzeugsitz (10) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Sitzwagenanordnung (20) zur Bewegung auf einer verschiebbaren Gleitschienenanordnung (38) montiert ist, die von einem Gleitschienenkolben und einer Zylinderanordnung (41) angetrieben wird.
     
    10. Fahrzeugsitz nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, der ein Luftfahrzeugpassagiersitz ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Siège de véhicule (10), comprenant :

    (a) un ensemble chariot de siège (20) à monter sur une plateforme de support pour le mouvement vers l'avant et vers l'arrière sur la plateforme ;

    (b) un ensemble plateau de siège (12) monté sur l'ensemble chariot de siège (20) pour le mouvement vers l'avant et vers l'arrière par rapport à l'ensemble chariot de siège (20) ;

    (c) un ensemble dossier de siège (14) monté sur l'ensemble chariot de siège (20) à l'arrière de l'ensemble plateau de siège et adapté pour le mouvement simultané avec l'ensemble plateau de siège (12) ;

    (d) un ensemble repose-pied (18) monté sur l'ensemble chariot de siège (20) à l'avant du plateau de siège ;

    (e) l'ensemble chariot de siège (20) comprenant un ensemble de liaison interreliant l'ensemble plateau de siège, l'ensemble dossier de siège (14) et l'ensemble repose-pied (18) moyennant quoi, lorsque l'ensemble chariot de siège (20) est déplacé vers l'arrière par rapport à la plateforme sur laquelle le siège (10) est monté ;

    (i) l'ensemble plateau de siège (12) et l'ensemble dossier de siège (14) s'ajustent simultanément pour maintenir une position d'assise prédéterminée durant un mouvement initial d'inclinaison avec l'ensemble repose-pied (18) demeurant en une position rétractée en-dessous de l'ensemble plateau de siège (12) ; et

    (ii) l'ensemble repose-pied (18) s'élève progressivement en une position de support des pieds durant un mouvement ultérieur d'inclinaison lorsque l'ensemble dossier de siège (14) et l'ensemble plateau de siège s'inclinent progressivement vers une configuration de repos à plat.


     
    2. Siège de véhicule (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une position initiale du siège passager d'aéronef est une configuration TTOL, avec une surface avant de l'ensemble dossier de siège (14) positionnée sous un angle approximativement droit par rapport à une surface supérieure de l'ensemble plateau de siège (12).
     
    3. Siège de véhicule (10) selon la revendication 1, et comprenant un ensemble repose-tête (16) positionné sur une extrémité supérieure de l'ensemble dossier de siège (14), où une surface avant de l'ensemble repose-tête (16) est alignée anatomiquement avec une surface avant de l'ensemble dossier de siège (14), et une surface avant de l'ensemble repose-pied (18) se trouve sous un angle approximativement droit par rapport à la surface supérieure de l'ensemble plateau de siège (12) et de la plateforme.
     
    4. Siège de véhicule (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel durant le mouvement initial d'inclinaison l'ensemble dossier de siège (14) est incliné vers l'arrière et un bord avant de l'ensemble plateau de siège (12) s'incline vers le haut pour maintenir une position d'angle droit approximatif entre la surface avant de l'ensemble dossier de siège (14) et la surface supérieure de l'ensemble plateau de siège (12).
     
    5. Siège de véhicule (10) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'ensemble plateau de siège (12) comprend un plateau de siège (12A), un cadre de plateau de siège (30), un bras pivot de plateau de siège avant (32) et un bras pivot de plateau de siège arrière (34) interreliant un cadre de support de siège supérieur (36) et un ensemble rail coulissant pouvant effectuer une translation vers l'avant et vers l'arrière (38).
     
    6. Siège de véhicule (10) selon la revendication 5, le siège comprenant un plateau de siège (12A) porté sur un cadre de plateau de siège (30), un bras pivot de plateau de siège avant (32) et un bras pivot arrière (34) interreliant un cadre de support de siège supérieur (36) et un ensemble rail coulissant pouvant effectuer une translation vers l'avant et vers l'arrière (38) formé afin de former une liaison à quatre barres qui interagit pour permettre le mouvement souhaité de l'ensemble plateau de siège (12), de l'ensemble dossier de siège (14), et de l'ensemble repose-pied (18).
     
    7. Siège de véhicule (10) selon la revendication 4, le mouvement du siège étant mu par un dispositif de verrouillage hydraulique linéaire qui est relié à l'ensemble dossier de siège (14) par une liaison à vilebrequin et à l'ensemble plateau de siège (12) par la fixation au cadre de support de siège supérieur (36) à travers une liaison de cadre de support de siège supérieur.
     
    8. Siège de véhicule (10) selon la revendication 7, le dispositif de verrouillage hydraulique comprenant un ensemble piston et cylindre (41).
     
    9. Siège de véhicule (10) selon la revendication 1, l'ensemble chariot de siège (20) étant monté pour le mouvement sur un ensemble rail coulissant pouvant effectuer une translation (38) mu par un ensemble piston et cylindre à rail coulissant (41).
     
    10. Siège de véhicule tel que revendiqué selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes qui est un siège passager d'aéronef.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description