(19)
(11)EP 2 985 099 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
21.02.2018 Bulletin 2018/08

(21)Application number: 13881528.7

(22)Date of filing:  10.04.2013
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B23B 31/30  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2013/060832
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/167669 (16.10.2014 Gazette  2014/42)

(54)

HYDRAULIC CHUCK

HYDRAULISCHES SPANNFUTTER

MANDRIN HYDRAULIQUE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
17.02.2016 Bulletin 2016/07

(73)Proprietor: Daishowa Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
Osaka 579-8013 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • DOI Masayuki
    Higashiosaka-shi Osaka 579-8013 (JP)

(74)Representative: Hofmann, Andreas et al
RGTH Patentanwälte PartGmbB Postfach 33 02 11
80062 München
80062 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 1 090 704
EP-A1- 2 177 296
DE-A1-102008 039 197
JP-A- 2003 522 650
JP-U- S6 171 337
EP-A1- 1 090 704
CH-A2- 701 915
JP-A- H1 029 106
JP-U- H0 663 207
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a hydraulic chuck configured such that a pressurization fluid pressurized by a push member is fed through a pressurization passage to a pressurization chamber to reduce a diameter of an elastic deformable part, and more specifically to a hydraulic chuck according to the preamble of claim 1 (cf. EP 1 090 704 A1).

    Background Art



    [0002] When a cutting work is to be effected on a narrow area located at a deep back side of an object to be worked, it is necessary to employ a tool chuck having a small outer diameter. Conventionally, as such chuck, a so-called hydraulic chuck designed to grip a cutting tool with use of a hydraulic pressure is employed. With this type of chuck, there is available only limited space for disposing required mechanisms such as a pressurization chamber and the gripping mechanism as a whole is formed compact. Accordingly, a cutting work at an area which is formed progressively narrower toward the back side can be carried out with ease. However, there is a need to feed an amount of coolant to the cutting portion, so a coolant feeding mechanism of various types would be employed, in addition to the chuck mechanism.

    [0003] In the case of a hydraulic chuck disclosed in Patent Document 1, a pressurization chamber is formed between a sleeve which directly grips an inserted cutting tool and a body holding this sleeve. Then, with pressurization of a work oil reserved therein, an elastic deformable part formed at a portion of the sleeve is deformed to be reduced diametrically, thus gripping the cutting tool.

    [0004] This hydraulic chuck has no arrangement for feeding coolant such as cutting oil agent to the cutting tool. Thus, for carrying out a cutting work on an object, coolant needs to be fed to the cutting tool with using a coolant feeding unit provided separately of the hydraulic chuck.

    [0005] Further, in a hydraulic chuck disclosed in Patent Document 2, to a tip part of a body gripping a cutting tool, there is fixed a cover disc having a hole portion in which a shank portion projecting from the body of the cutting tool is to be inserted. This cover disc is not for gripping the cutting tool. Rather, in an inner circumferential face of the hole portion, there is formed a groove portion which extends along a longitudinal direction of the shank portion. This groove portion and the shank portion projecting from the body of the cutting tool together form a gap, through which coolant is discharged.

    Background Art Documents


    Patent Documents



    [0006] 

    Patent Document 1: Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 61-90843

    Patent Document 2: Japanese Unexamined Utility Model Application Publication No. 6-63207


    Disclosure


    Problems to be Solved by Invention



    [0007] In the case of the hydraulic chuck disclosed in Patent Document 1, with use of the coolant feeding unit provided separately of the hydraulic chuck, coolant is fed to a cutting tool gripped by the hydraulic chuck.

    [0008] When the cutting tool needs to be brought closer to the working object, it is necessary to avoid interference between a coolant feeding passage and the working object. For this reason, a cutting work on an area located at a deep back side of the working object would be difficult. Moreover, on each occasion of mounting the hydraulic chuck, a discharging direction of coolant needs to be set, so a cutting work was very troublesome.

    [0009] On the other hand, in the case of the hydraulic chuck disclosed in Patent Document 2, the projecting length of the cutting tool from its body required for working an object set to a predetermined position is long by an amount corresponding to the thickness of the cover disc not gripping the cutting tool. Further, the document is silent about the configuration of its pressurization chamber (hydraulic chamber). For this reason, there would occur significant vibration of the cutting tool during working, which would impair cutting accuracy.

    [0010] When a cutting work is to be carried out on an area located at a narrow deep part of a working object, it is desirable that the body holding the sleeve be formed narrow.

    [0011] When the body is to be formed narrow, this results in radial wall thinning of the body and the sleeve. Accordingly, the contact area between the body and the sleeve is reduced also. For this reason, in case these members are to be brazed to each other for instance, the bonding strength therebetween tends to be insufficient. However, in that case too, it will still be needed to provide a predetermined gripping force for gripping the cutting tool.

    [0012] The present invention has been made in view of the above-described state of the art and its object is to provide a hydraulic chuck which allows accurate and efficient cutting work on a narrow area.

    Means for Achieving the Object



    [0013] The above-noted object is accomplished by a hydraulic chuck according to claim 1.

    [0014] According to a characterizing feature of a hydraulic chuck proposed by the present invention, a hydraulic chuck is configured such that a pressurization fluid pressurized by a push member is fed through a pressurization passage to a pressurization chamber to reduce a diameter of an elastic deformable part, and the hydraulic chuck comprises: a body having a flange accommodating part opening at a small-diameter portion at a tip end of the body and a sleeve accommodating part opening with a smaller diameter than the flange accommodating part in a bottom face of the flange accommodating part; and a sleeve having a hole in which a gripped object can be inserted, the sleeve being engageable and insertable with/into the sleeve accommodating part from a leading end side of the flange accommodating part, the pressurization chamber being formed between the sleeve and the sleeve accommodating part, reserving therein an amount of the pressurization fluid, the sleeve having a flange engageable with the flange accommodating part.

    [0015] With the above-described arrangement, as a flange engageable with a flange accommodating part which is open at a small-diameter portion at a tip end of the body is formed in the sleeve, the contact area of the sleeve for its contact with the body is increased, thereby increasing an area available for brazing between the body and the sleeve, so that the fixing strength of the sleeve is increased advantageously. With this, there has been obtained a hydraulic chuck which is capable of providing a high gripping force despite the tip end having only a small diameter and allowing accurate and efficient cutting work on a narrow area.

    [0016] According to a further characterizing feature of the invention, the hydraulic chuck further comprises a coolant feeding passage which extends through the inside of the body, the coolant feeding passage being communicated with a coolant discharging opening provided at the tip end of the body, at least a portion of a circumferential edge of the coolant discharging opening being formed on a more radially inner side than the arc.

    [0017] With the above-described arrangement, it becomes possible to dispose the coolant discharging opening with an offset toward the center of the hydraulic chuck. With this, it becomes possible to restrict radial enlargement of the hydraulic chuck, thus avoiding interference between the hydraulic chuck and the working object even for a narrow cutting area.

    [0018] According to a still further characterizing feature of the present invention, at least a portion of an outer edge of the flange has a reduced outer diameter, and the coolant discharging opening is open on a radially outer side of the small-diameter portion of the flange and away from the outer edge of the flange.

    [0019] With the above-described arrangement, the entire portion of the circumferential edge of the coolant discharging opening is free from interference with the flange, and at the same time, at least a partial area of the coolant discharging opening can be formed on the inner side of the arc which defines the maximum outer diameter of the flange. Therefore, coolant being discharged from the coolant discharging opening will not be interfered by the flange, so that the coolant can be discharged in a predetermined direction in a reliable manner.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0020] 

    [Fig. 1] is a side view showing a hydraulic chuck relating to Embodiment 1,

    [Fig. 2] is a front view showing the hydraulic chuck relating to Embodiment 1,

    [Fig. 3] is an exploded perspective view showing the hydraulic chuck relating to Embodiment 1,

    [Fig. 4] is a section view taken along an axial direction of the hydraulic chuck relating to Embodiment 1,

    [Fig. 5] is a front view showing a body tip portion with a sleeve being removed therefrom, relating to Embodiment 1,

    [Fig. 6] is a section view for explaining a coolant discharging portion, relating to Embodiment 1,

    [Fig. 7] is a section view for explaining a pressurization arrangement of a pressurization chamber, relating to Embodiment 1,

    [Fig. 8] is a front view showing a hydraulic chuck relating to an example, which is not according to the invention,

    [Fig. 9] is a front view showing a body tip portion with a sleeve being removed therefrom, relating to Embodiment 2,

    [Fig. 10] is a section view for explaining a pressurization arrangement of a pressurization chamber, relating to Embodiment 2,

    [Fig. 11] is a perspective view showing a body tip portion with a sleeve being removed therefrom, relating to Embodiment 2,

    [Fig. 12] is a front view showing a body tip portion with a sleeve being removed therefrom, relating to Embodiment 3,

    [Fig. 13] is a section view for explaining a pressurization arrangement of a pressurization chamber, relating to Embodiment 3,

    [Fig. 14] is a perspective view showing the body tip portion with the sleeve being removed therefrom, relating to Embodiment 3,

    [Fig. 15] is a section view for explaining a pressurization arrangement of a pressurization chamber, relating to Embodiment 4,

    [Fig. 16] is a front view showing a hydraulic chuck relating to Embodiment 4,

    [Fig. 17] is an exploded perspective view showing the hydraulic chuck relating to Embodiment 4,

    [Fig. 18] is a front view showing a hydraulic chuck relating to Embodiment 5, and

    [Fig. 19] is an exploded perspective view showing the hydraulic chuck relating to Embodiment 5.


    Embodiments and example



    [0021] Next, embodiments of a hydraulic chuck relating to the invention, as well as an example which is not according to the invention, will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

    [Embodiment 1]



    [0022] Fig. 1 through Fig. 7 show Embodiment 1 of a hydraulic chuck relating to the invention.

    [0023] A hydraulic chuck A is configured such that pressurization fluid pressurized by an operation plug 8b as a "push member" is caused to flow through a pressurization passage 8 to be fed into a pressurization chamber 6, thereby to reduce a diameter of an elastic deformable part 2b for gripping a gripped shank B1 of a gripping object B.

    [0024] More particularly, the hydraulic chuck A includes a metal body 1 having a tapered shape to be mounted to a machine such as a working machine, the body 1 forming a sleeve receiving portion 5 provided as a cylindrical space provided along a direction of axis X. The chuck A further includes a sleeve 2 accommodated into the sleeve receiving portion 5 from its leading end side coaxially. This sleeve 2 includes a shank inserting portion 2a to which the gripped shank B1 of the gripping object B such as a cutting tool is inserted, with the shank inserting portion 2a being provided coaxially with the axis X. Between the sleeve 2 and the body 1, there is formed the pressurization chamber 6 which stores an amount of pressurization fluid such as oil. Further, the hydraulic chuck A includes a pressurization mechanism configured to feed the pressurization fluid to the pressurization chamber 6 for realizing diameter reduction of the elastic deformable part 2b provided in the sleeve 2. The pressurization mechanism includes a pressurization passage 8 extending from the pressurization chamber 6 toward a base end portion and an operational plug 8b provided in the body 1 continuously from an end portion of the pressurization passage 8 to pressurize the pressurization fluid. Incidentally, the sleeve 2 can be inserted to the sleeve receiving portion 5 from the leading end side thereof and includes a flange 7 which comes into contact with the tip end of the body 1, and this flange 7 and the body 1 are brazed to each other.

    [0025] The body 1 is provided in the form of a rotary body rotatable about the axis X. And, as a sleeve receiving portion 5 opening at a small-diameter portion at the tip of the body 1, the body 1 includes a flange accommodating part 5a and a sleeve accommodating part 5b opening with a smaller diameter than the flange accommodating part 5a in the bottom face of this flange accommodating part 5a, with the parts 5a, 5b being coaxial.

    [0026] The sleeve 2 is engaged and inserted from the tip end of the body 1 to the inside (sleeve receiving portion 5) of this body 1. As bonding faces of these are brazed to each other such as sliver brazing, the sleeve 2 and the body 1 are integrated with each other.

    [0027] The sleeve 2 grips therein the gripped shank B1 of the cutting tool B. The body 1 includes a coolant discharging portion 3 for discharging coolant against the cutting tool B gripped by the hydraulic chuck A for cooling this tool B. The tip end of the coolant discharging portion 3 is formed as a coolant discharging opening 3a opening at the tip end face of the body 1.

    [0028] The body 1 includes a chuck body 1a defining an outer circumferential groove 4 to be gripped by a manipulator, a chuck cylinder 1b formed integrally with the tip end side of the chuck body 1a, a shank 1c formed integrally with the rear end of the chuck body 1a to be engaged with a spindle of the working machine, and the sleeve receiving portion 5 forming a circular space coaxial with the axis X for accommodating the sleeve 2. The chuck cylinder 1b is provided in the form of a truncated cone whose diameter progressively decreases away from the chuck body 1a.

    [0029] The coolant discharging portion 3, as shown in Fig. 4 through Fig. 6, includes a coolant feeding passage 3c which extends through the inside of the body 1, and this coolant feeding passage 3c is communicated with the coolant discharging opening 3a provided at the tip end of the body 1.

    [0030] More particularly, in the tip end face 1d of the body (chuck cylinder 1b) 1, there are provided a plurality of coolant discharging openings 3a as circular openings. In the instant embodiment, there are provided two coolant discharging openings 3a. Each coolant discharging opening 3a includes a plurality of coolant discharging passages 3b opening at the tip end of the body and having e.g. a circular cross section. In this embodiment, there are provided two such coolant discharging passages 3b. On the other hand, on the base end side of the body 1, there is provided one coolant feed passage 3c opening coaxially with the axis of the body and having a circular cross section. These parts, i.e. the coolant discharging passages 3b and the coolant feeding passage 3c are communicated via a coolant communicating passage 3d provided along the radial direction of the body and having a circular cross section. Advantageously, the multiple coolant discharging openings 3a, the coolant discharging passages 3b and the coolant communicating passage 3d will be disposed equidistantly along the circumferential direction of the body. With this arrangement, it is possible to maintain favorable rotational balance and to allow coolant to be discharged uniformly around the cutting tool also.

    [0031] With the above-described provision of the coolant discharging openings 3a in the tip end face of the body 1, that is, in the tip end face of the hydraulic chuck A, there is no need to provide a coolant discharging device, separately of the hydraulic chuck A. Therefore, when a cutting work is effected on a narrow deep area of the working object, this cutting work will be facilitated.

    [0032] Further, as the coolant discharging openings 3a are provided in the tip end face of the body 1, by e.g. setting the opening directions of the coolant discharging openings 3a appropriately, coolant can be fed to the cutting portion reliably. And, with the possibility of reliable setting of the discharging directions of coolant, the feeding efficiency of coolant can be enhanced, through e.g. reduction of the discharge amount of coolant.

    [0033] With provision of one coolant feeding passage 3c coaxial with the body 1 on the base end side of the body 1 and at least one coolant discharging passage 3b communicated with this coolant feeding passage 3c on the tip end side of the body 1, a feeding circuit for coolant can be configured in a rational manner. The coolant feeding passage 3c provided at the center configures a coolant feeding circuit with the simplest arrangement relative to the body 1. In this coolant feeding passage 3c on the side of the tip end of the body 1, the cutting tool B will be inserted and gripped, so that the coolant feeding passage 3c will be sealed by the cutting tool B. Therefore, the coolant communicating passage which communicates the coolant feeding passage 3c with the coolant discharging passage 3b is provided on the tip end side of the body 1, relative to the base end portion of the cutting tool B gripped in the sleeve 2. The coolant discharging passage 3b may be formed appropriately around the cutting tool B so as to be able to feed coolant in an efficient manner, according to the size, the wall thickness of the body 1.

    [0034] The coolant feeding passage 3c is formed by a tubular space whose diameter is reduced stepwise toward the chuck cylinder 1b. When the shank 1c is engaged with the spindle of the working machine, the coolant feeding passage 3c will be connected to a coolant feeding section included in the working machine. The chuck cylinder 1b side of the coolant feeding passage 3c is communicated with the sleeve receiving portion 5. Incidentally, the coolant feeding passage 3c need not be communicated with the sleeve receiving portion 5.

    [0035] The two coolant discharging openings 3a are arranged at positions point-symmetric relative to the axis X. Each one of the coolant communicating passages 3d is formed by drilling a cutting hole having a circular cross section extending obliquely off the axis X from the outer circumference side of the chuck cylinder 1b relative to the coolant feeding passage 3c, such that the cutting hole may be communicated with an end of each coolant discharging passage 3b.

    [0036] The two coolant communicating passages 3d are formed in point-symmetry relative to the axis X. An opening portion of each coolant communicating passage 3d which is opened in the outer circumferential face of the chuck cylinder 1b is closed liquid-tightly by an unillustrated plug.

    [0037] The sleeve receiving portion 5 includes the annular flange accommodating part 5a forming the opening at the tip end of the body 1 and the sleeve accommodating part 5b having a circular cross section and communicated coaxially with the inside of the flange accommodating part 5a, with these parts 5a, 5b being formed continuously with each other.

    [0038] Between the sleeve 2 and the body 1, there is formed the annular pressurization chamber 6. The sleeve 2, as shown in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, includes the shank inserting hole 2a having a circular cross section to which the gripped shank B1 of the cutting tool B is inserted, and the annular thin-walled elastic deformable part 2b which can be reduced in its diameter to press the gripped shank B1 inserted into the shank inserting hole 2a for gripping this shank B1 in association with pressurization of the pressurization chamber 6.

    [0039] The sleeve 2 includes the shank inserting hole 2a coaxially with the sleeve accommodating part 5b. As the sleeve 2 is inserted and engaged with the sleeve accommodating part 5b from the tip end side of the flange accommodating part 5a, the pressurization chamber 6 is formed between this sleeve 2 and the sleeve accommodating part 5b.

    [0040] Referring to the elastic deformable part 2b, a wide circumferential groove 6a forming the pressurization chamber 6 is provided on the outer circumference side of the sleeve 2, and a groove bottom portion of this wide circumferential groove 6a forms the elastic deformable part 2b.

    [0041] At the tip end portion of the sleeve 2, there is integrally formed the flange 7 whose diameter progressively increases along the sleeve radius direction, and this flange 7 is engaged in the flange accommodating part 5a. Therefore, as the sleeve 2 is inserted and accommodated from the flange accommodating part 5a to the sleeve accommodating part 5b until the flange 7 comes into contact with the bottom face of the flange accommodating part 5a, the single pressurization chamber 6 is formed between the outer circumferential face of the sleeve 2 and the inner circumferential face of the sleeve accommodating part 5b.

    [0042] That is, the flange accommodating part 5a engaged with the flange 7 is formed at the tip end portion of the body 1 and the tip end face of the sleeve 2 and the tip end face of the body 1 may be continuous with each other along the direction of the axis X.

    [0043] With the above-described arrangement of the flange accommodating pat 5a, it is possible to increase the contact area between the body 1 and the sleeve 2. For instance, the back face of the flange 7 can be contacted with the bottom face of the flange accommodating part 5a, and the lateral face of the flange 7 can be contacted with the inner wall face of the flange accommodating part 5a. As these parts or portions are brazed to each other, the bonding strength between the body 1 and the sleeve 2 can be increased.

    [0044] Further, by inserting and accommodating the sleeve 2 from the opening on the tip end side of the body 1 with the flange 7 being engaged with the flange accommodating part 5a, the pressurization chamber 6 between the outer circumferential face of the sleeve 2 and the inner circumferential face of the body 1 as well as the pressurization passage 11 communicating between the pressurization passage 8 and the pressurization chamber 6 can be formed readily.

    [0045] As shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 7, the pair of pressurization passages 8, 9 for pressurizing the pressurization chamber 6 are provided in symmetry in the body 1 to be opened in the bottom face of the flange accommodating part 5a. One pressurization passage 8 is communicated with an operational passage 8a formed by drilling a hole in the chuck body 1a from its outer circumferential face side in the radial direction, and within this operational passage 8a, the operational plug 8b is threaded in liquid-tight manner. The other pressurization passage 9 is provided as "a dummy" with consideration to rotational balance of the body 1, and this passage 9 is not directly communicated with the operational passage 8a.

    [0046] A space 15 formed between the bottom face of the flange accommodating part 5a and the back face of the flange 7 constitutes the pressurization passage 11 communicating the respective pressurization passages 8, 9 with the pressurization chamber 6. Accordingly, the pressurization chamber 6 is communicated with the space between the bottom face of the flange accommodating part 5a and the back face of the flange 7.

    [0047] The sleeve 2 accommodated in the sleeve accommodating part 5b is brazed with use of e.g. silver braze, thus being fixed integrally to the body 1 in liquid-tight manner. Pressurization fluid such as oil is filled in liquid-tight manner in and between the operational passage 8a, the respective pressurization passages 8, 9, the pressurization communicating passage 11 and the pressurization chamber 6.

    [0048] In operation, by threading-in the operational plug 8b such as a hexagonal wrench to the operational passage 8a, the volume of this operational passage 8a will be reduced. As a result, the pressurization fluid will be pressurized to deform the elastic deformable part 2b for reducing its diameter, so that the gripped shank B1 inserted into the shank inserting hole 2a may be pressed thus being gripped.

    [0049] A boundary 10 between the body 1 and the sleeve 2 is provided in the tip end face 1d of the body 1. With this, the area in the sleeve 2 used for gripping the cutting tool B is extended to the tip end of the sleeve 2, whereby the cutting tool B is gripped with use of the large area extending to the leading end portion of the body 1. Thus, the gripping force for gripping the cutting tool B is increased, so that a high-precision cutting work is made possible with effective restriction of vibration of the the cutting tool B.

    [0050] As shown in Fig. 2, at least a portion of the circular circumferential edge of the coolant discharging opening 3a is formed on the more inner side in the body radius direction than an arc L which defines the maximum outer diameter of the flange 7.

    [0051] More particularly, as shown in Fig. 2, the outer circumferential shape of the flange 7 is configured of a pair of arcuate outer circumferential portions 7a centering about the axis X and a pair of flat outer circumferential portions 7b parallel with each other which are disposed in point-symmetry relative to the axis X as the point of symmetry, so that the flange 7 has an irregular radial shape having different radiuses in the flange circumferential direction. Therefore, the arc L which defines the maximum outer diameter of the flange 7 means an arcuate segment which is drawn about the axis X by the radius of the arcuate outer circumferential portions 7a.

    [0052] At least a portion of the outer edge of the flange 7 is formed smaller in its outer diameter than the remaining portion thereof. And, the coolant discharging opening 3a is opened on the radially outer side of this small-diameter portion of the flange 7 away from the outer edge of the flange 7.

    [0053] The flange accommodating part 5a, as shown in Fig. 2 and Fig. 5, is formed of a pair of arcuate inner circumferential face portions 12 engaged with the respective arcuate outer circumferential face portions 7a and a pair of flat face portions 13 engaged with the respective flat outer circumferential face portions 7b.

    [Example]



    [0054] Fig. 8 shows a hydraulic chuck A as an example which is not according to the invention. In this example, at least a portion of the circumferential edge of the coolant discharging opening 3a is formed on the inner side of the body radius relative to the arc L defining the maximum outer diameter of the flange 7.

    [0055] According to this example, the diameter of the outer circumference of the coolant discharging opening can be reduced. Therefore, it becomes possible to simplify the shapes of the flange 7 and the flange accommodating part 5a while achieving diameter reduction at the tip end portion of the body 1. The rest of the arrangement is identical to that of Embodiment 1.

    [Embodiment 2]



    [0056] Fig. 9 through Fig. 11 show a hydraulic chuck A according to Embodiment 2. In this embodiment, the space 15 forming the pressurization passage 11 to which the pressurization passages 8, 9 are opened, is formed of one continuous circular ring-like stepped portion 16 formed in the bottom face of the flange accommodating part 5a and having a greater diameter than the inner diameter of the sleeve accommodating part 5b.

    [0057] The rest of the arrangement is identical to that of Embodiment 1.

    [Embodiment 3]



    [0058] Fig. 12 through Fig. 14 show a hydraulic chuck A according to Embodiment 3. In this embodiment, the pressurization passage 11 to which the pressurization passages 8, 9 are opened, is formed of a recessed portion 17 provided in the bottom face of the flange accommodating part 5a and provided respectively for the pressurization passages 8, 9 connected to the sleeve accommodating part 5b.

    [0059] The rest of the arrangement is identical to that of Embodiment 1.

    [Embodiment 4]



    [0060] Fig. 15 through Fig. 17 show a hydraulic chuck A according to Embodiment 4. In this embodiment, the space 15 forming the pressurization passage 11 is formed of one continuous circular ring-like groove portion 18 provided in the flange 7 at a deep end face side of the flange accommodating part 5a and at a portion along the outer circumferential face of the elastic deformable part 2b into which the pressurization passages 8, 9 are opened.

    [0061] The rest of the arrangement is identical to that of Embodiment 1.

    [Embodiment 5]



    [0062] Fig. 18 and Fig. 19 show a hydraulic chuck A according to Embodiment 5] In this embodiment, the space 15 forming the pressurization passage 11 is formed of a recessed portion 19 provided at a deep tip end face side of the flange accommodating part 5a of the flange 7 and at a portion along the outer circumferential face of the elastic deformable part 2b, communicated respectively with the pressurization passages 8, 9.

    [0063] The rest of the arrangement is identical to that of Embodiment 1.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0064] The present invention is applicable to a variety of hydraulic chucks usable for attaching a cutting tool to a working machine.

    Description of Reference Marks/Numerals



    [0065] 
    1
    body
    2
    sleeve
    2a
    hole
    2b
    elastic deformable part
    3a
    coolant discharging opening
    3c
    coolant feeding passage
    5
    sleeve receiving portion
    5a
    flange accommodating part
    5b
    sleeve accommodating part
    6
    pressurization chamber
    7
    flange
    8
    pressurization passage
    8b
    push member
    15
    space
    B
    gripped object (object to be gripped)
    L
    arc defining maximum outer diameter of flange



    Claims

    1. A hydraulic chuck configured such that a pressurization fluid pressurized by a push member (8b) is fed through a pressurization passage (8) to a pressurization chamber (6) to reduce a diameter of an elastic deformable part (2b), the hydraulic chuck comprising:

    a body (1) having a flange accommodating part (5a) opening at a small-diameter portion at a tip end of the body (1) and a sleeve accommodating part (5b) opening with a smaller diameter than the flange accommodating part (5a) in a bottom face of the flange accommodating part (5a);

    a sleeve (2) having a hole (2a) in which an object to be gripped (B) can be inserted, the sleeve (2) being engageable with and insertable into the sleeve accommodating part (5b) from a leading end side of the flange accommodating part (5a), the pressurization chamber (6) being formed between the sleeve (2) and the sleeve accommodating part 5b, reserving therein an amount of the pressurization fluid, the sleeve (2) having a flange (7) engageable with the flange accommodating part (5a),

    characterized in

    that the hydraulic chuck further comprises a coolant feeding passage (3c) which extends through the inside of the body (1), the coolant feeding passage (3c) being communicated with a coolant discharging opening (3a) provided at the tip end of the body (1);

    that at least a portion of a circumferential edge of the coolant discharging opening (3a) is formed on a more radially inner side than an arc (L) defining a maximum outer diameter of the flange (7), that at least a portion of an outer edge of the flange (7) has a reduced outer diameter; and

    that the coolant discharging opening (3a) is open on a radially outer side of the small-diameter portion of the flange (7) and away from the outer edge of the flange (7).


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Hydraulisches Spannfutter, das so ausgebildet ist, dass ein mittels eines Druckglieds (8b) unter Druck gesetztes Druckfluid durch einen Druckkanal (8) einer Druckkammer (6) zugeführt wird, um einen Durchmesser eines elastischen Verformungsteils (2b) zu reduzieren, wobei das hydraulische Spannfutter aufweist:

    einen Körper (1) mit einem sich an einem einen kleinen Durchmesser aufweisenden Teil an einem Spitzenende des Körpers (1) öffnenden Flanschaufnahmeteil (5a) und mit einem sich mit einem kleineren Durchmesser als das Flanschaufnahmeteil (5a) in einer Bodenfläche des Flanschaufnahmeteils (5a) öffnenden Hülsenaufnahmeteil (5b);

    eine Hülse (2) mit einer Öffnung (2a), in der ein zu greifender (B) Gegenstand eingeführt werden kann, wobei die Hülse (2) in Eingriff mit dem Hülsenaufnahmeteil (5b) bringbar und in dieses von einer führenden Endseite des Flanschaufnahmeteils (5a) aus einsetzbar ist, wobei die Druckkammer (6) zwischen der Hülse (2) und dem Hülsenaufnahmeteil (5b) gebildet ist, um darin eine Menge des Druckfluids aufzubewahren,

    wobei die Hülse (2) einen mit dem Flanschaufnahmeteil (5a) in Eingriff bringbaren Flansch (7) hat,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet,

    dass das hydraulische Spannfutter des Weiteren einen Kühlmittelzuführdurchlass (3c) aufweist, der sich durch das Innere des Körpers (1) erstreckt, wobei der Kühlmittelzuführdurchlass (3c) in Verbindung mit einer am Spitzenende des Körpers (1) vorgesehenen Kühlmittelauslassöffnung (3a) steht;

    dass zumindest ein Abschnitt eines umlaufenden Rands der Kühlmittelauslassöffnung (3a) auf einer radial innereren Seite als ein einen maximalen Außendurchmesser des Flansches (7) definierender Bogen (L) gebildet ist,

    dass zumindest ein Abschnitt eines äußeren Rands des Flansches (7) einen verringerten Außendurchmesser hat; und

    dass die Kühlmittelauslassöffnung (3a) auf einer radial äußeren Seite des den kleinen Durchmesser aufweisenden Teils des Flansches (7) offen und vom äußeren Rand des Flansches (7) beabstandet ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Mandrin hydraulique configuré de manière à ce qu'un fluide de pressurisation, mis en pression par un élément de poussée (8b), soit alimenté à travers un passage de pressurisation (8) vers une chambre de pressurisation (6) pour réduire un diamètre d'une partie déformable élastique (2b), le mandrin hydraulique comprenant :

    un corps (1) ayant une partie d'adaptation de bride (5a) s'ouvrant au niveau d'une partie à diamètre restreint à un bout d'extrémité du corps (1) et une partie d'adaptation de manchon (5b) s'ouvrant avec un diamètre plus petit que la partie d'adaptation de bride (5a) dans une face inférieure de la partie d'adaptation de bride (5a) ;

    un manchon (2) ayant un orifice (2a) dans lequel un objet à saisir (B) peut être inséré, le manchon (2) pouvant être mis en prise avec la partie d'adaptation de manchon (5b), et être inséré dans celle-ci, depuis un côté d'extrémité antérieure de la partie d'adaptation de bride (5a), la chambre de pressurisation (6) étant formée entre le manchon (2) et la partie d'adaptation de manchon (5b), en y retenant à l'intérieur une quantité du fluide de pressurisation,

    le manchon (2) ayant une bride (7) pouvant se mettre en prise avec la partie d'adaptation de bride (5a),

    caractérisé en ce

    que le mandrin hydraulique comprend en outre un passage d'alimentation de liquide de refroidissement (3c) qui s'étend à travers l'intérieur du corps (1), le passage d'alimentation de liquide de refroidissement (3c) étant en communication avec une ouverture de déversement de liquide de refroidissement (3a) fournie au bout d'extrémité du corps (1) ;

    qu'au moins une partie d'un bord circonférentiel de l'ouverture de déversement de liquide de refroidissement (3a) est formée d'un côté radialement plus vers l'intérieur qu'un arc (L) définissant un diamètre extérieur maximal de la bride (7),

    qu'au moins une partie d'un bord extérieur de la bride (7) a un diamètre extérieur réduit ; et

    que l'ouverture de déversement de liquide de refroidissement (3a) est ouverte d'un côté radialement extérieur de la partie à diamètre réduit de la bride (7) et en éloignement du bord extérieur de la bride (7).


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description