(19)
(11)EP 2 986 300 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 14784823.8

(22)Date of filing:  17.04.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61K 31/4985(2006.01)
C07D 487/04(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2014/034441
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/172513 (23.10.2014 Gazette  2014/43)

(54)

3,5-(UN)SUBSTITUTED-1H-PYRROLO[2,3-B]PYRIDINE, 1H-PYRAZOLO[3,4-B]PYRIDINE AND 5H-PYRROLO [2-,3-B]PYRAZINE DUAL ITK AND JAK3 KINASE INHIBITORS

3,5-(UN)SUBSTITUIERTE-1H-PYRROLO[2,3-B]PYRIDIN, 1H-PYRAZOLO[3,4-B]PYRIDIN- UND 5H-PYRROLO[2,3-B]PYRAZIN-DUAL-ITK- UND -JAK3-KINASEINHIBITOREN

INHIBITEURS D'ITK ET DE JAK3 3,5-(NON)SUBSTITUÉ-1H-PYRROLO[2,3-B]PYRIDINE, 1H-PYRAZOLO[3,4-B]PYRIDINE ET 5H-PYRROLO[2-,3-B]PYRAZINE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 18.04.2013 US 201361813225 P
16.04.2014 US 201414254398

(43)Date of publication of application:
24.02.2016 Bulletin 2016/08

(60)Divisional application:
19165596.8

(73)Proprietor: Arrien Pharmaceuticals LLC
Salt Lake City, UT 84070 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • VANKAYALAPATI, Hariprasad
    Draper, UT 84020 (US)
  • YERRAMREDDY, Venkatakrishnareddy
    Hyderabad Andhra Pradesh 500062 (IN)
  • GANGIREDDY, Paramareddy
    Hyderabad Andhra Pradesh 500018 (IN)
  • APPALANENI, Rajendra, P.
    Saddle River, NJ 07458 (US)

(74)Representative: Pfenning, Meinig & Partner mbB 
Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Theresienhöhe 11a
80339 München
80339 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-03/082868
WO-A1-2005/095400
WO-A1-2012/135631
WO-A1-2014/081732
WO-A2-2006/015124
US-A1- 2012 053 177
WO-A1-03/082869
WO-A1-2006/063167
WO-A1-2013/052355
WO-A2-2005/028475
US-A1- 2006 030 583
US-B2- 8 012 974
  
  • CHA ET AL.: 'Discovery of A Novel Her-1/Her-2 Dual Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor for the Treatment of Her-1 Selective Inhibitor-Resistant Non-small Cell Lung Cancer' JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY vol. 52, no. 21, 2009, ISSN 0022-2623 pages 6880 - 6888, XP055220605
  
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


Description

FIELD OF INVENTION



[0001] The present invention is directed to compounds, their synthesis, and their use as modulators or inhibitors of the IL-2 inducible T-cell kinase ("ITK"), which belongs to the TEC family of non-receptor tyrosine kinases essential for T cell activation. The present invention is also directed to compounds, their synthesis, and their use as modulators or inhibitors of the Janus Kinase 3 ("JAK3"), which is one of the Janus Kinases ("JAKs"): JAK1, JAK2, JAK3 and TYK2. JAKs are signal transducers and activators of transcription ("STAT") family of transcription factors that play key roles in cytokine-induced signal transduction leading to IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-9 and IL-15 release. In particular, the present invention is directed to 3,5-(un)substituted-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine, 1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine and 5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazine compounds that are dual ITK and JAK3 kinase inhibitors.

[0002] ITK plays a central role in signaling through antigen-receptors; TCR and collectively with co-stimulation of CD4 and CD28, the TCR will trigger a cascade of signal transduction events. Tec kinase family of kinases includes; ITK, TEC, BMX, BTK, TXK/RLK. ITK is highly expressed in inflammatory T-cells, NK and mast cells and communicate signals to downstream effectors, including PLC-γ. TEC family of kinases play prominent role in T-cell proliferation and the release of cytokines such as IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-10 and IL-13 and IFN-γ.

[0003] Janus Kinases ("JAKs") JAK1, JAK2, JAK3 and TYK2 are tyrosine kinases associated to common chain signaling to intracellular effector pathways and are signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) family of transcription factors. The cytokine receptor binding stimulates the recruitment of JAKs, which is autophosphorylated. JAKs then phosphorylate the receptor, and a STAT protein binds to the phosphorylated receptors (SRC homology 2 (SH) domain) leading to the phosphorylation of STATs by JAKs. Phosphorylated STAT proteins in turn dimerize and then translocate to the nucleus in order to regulate gene expression.

[0004] Blocking and or targeting of the JAK-STAT pathway have been shown to be efficacious in clinical trials, with the successful use of JAK kinase inhibitors, for treating of patients with rheumatoid arthritis ("RA"). Non-selective JAK inhibitors or lack of JAK3 selective inhibitors has delayed the role of JAK3 in autoimmune disorders. A selective JAK3 inhibitor has the potential benefit of relieving adverse effects of JAK1 and JAK2 inhibition such as hematopoiesis and dyslipidemia. Thus, there is a great need for such selective JAK3 inhibitors. A new strategy led to potent, selective JAK3 inhibitors by the application of FFDD™ based design of covalent/irreversible, reversible compounds targeting a cysteine residue in the active site of JAK3 and provided the blockade of IL-2 and IL-4 cytokine signaling cascade as well.

[0005] The compounds of the present invention are covalent/irreversible and reversible inhibitors useful for modulating (e.g. inhibiting) ITK and JAK3 activity for treating diseases or conditions mediated by ITK and JAK3 such as, for example, disease states associated with abnormal cell growth such as autoimmune, inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis and cancer diseases. The present invention also provides pharmaceutically acceptable compositions comprising the compounds of the invention and methods of using the compositions in the treatment of various autoimmune, inflammatory, metabolic and cancer disorders. The invention also provides processes for preparing the compounds of the invention.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION



[0006] Non-receptor tyrosine kinase ITK and Janus kinases (JAKs) are key regulators of cytokine pathways and are important targets of therapeutic value in both inflammatory/RA and Cancer/Myeloproliferative diseases. Selective small-molecule inhibitors of both ITK and JAK3 is a challenging due to the highly conserved ATP binding pocket within the TEC-kinase family; ITK, TEC, BMX, BTK and TXK/RLK and Janus family members; JAK1, JAK2, JAK3 and TYK2. Three variable amino acids within the ATP binding pocket was utilized and rationally designed by employing proprietary FFDD™ (Fragment Field Drug Design) technology to achieve selectivity even at high concentration of ATP among TEC and JAKs. This methodology assisted in fragments, scaffolds to lead compounds, and subsequent screening and SAR efforts; we have discovered the present first-in-class 3,5-(un)substituted-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine,1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine and 5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazine dual ITK and JAK3 inhibitors claimed here, useful for treating multiple disease indications, including autoimmune diseases; more specifically rheumatoid arthritis and other disease indications such as inflammatory, hyperproliferative, or immunologically-mediated diseases. The present invention encompassing administering to a human patient a compound of the present invention. The compounds may be in a composition as a single dosage form or as part of a multiple dosage forms.

[0007] The present invention includes the use of the compounds herein to treat rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, lupus erythematosus, systemic lupus erythematosus, artherosclerosis, idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura, restenosis, angioplasty, tumours, artherosclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, chronic allograft rejection and acute allograft rejection (including from transplantation of heart, liver, kidney, lung, bone marrow, skin and cornea), chronic graft versus host diseases, asthma, allergic acute rhinitis, psoriatic arthritis, systemic sclerosis, atopical dermatitis, erythemas, Alopecia, multiple sclerosis, artherosclerosis and plethora of diseases including immunodeficiencies, myeloproliferative disorders and cancer (acute leukemia, gain of function mutations associated with inherited polycythaemia) diseases in human patients.

[0008] International patent publication WO 2013024282 describes TBK1 and IKK epsilon kinase inhibitors for the treatment of cancer. U.S. patents 7,709,645, 7,361,763, 7,361,764, and 7,906,648 describe Preparation of pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine derivatives as kinase modulators.

[0009] These compounds are known in the chemical database:





[0010] WO 2014/081732 A1 provides compounds that are JAK3 inhibitors and therefore useful for the treatment of diseases treatable by inhibition of JAK3 such as cancer and inflammatory diseases. Also provided are pharmaceutical compositions containing such compounds and processes for preparing such compounds.

[0011] WO 2013/052355 A1 provides compounds which are JAK inhibitors, and as such are useful for the treatment of JAK-mediated diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, COPD and cancer.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



[0012] The present invention concerns compounds active on protein kinases, specifically ITK and JAK3, including mutations of these kinases and their use in treating disease and conditions associated with regulations of the activity of these kinases. More specifically the invention concerns compounds of Formula I as described below. Thus the invention provides use of novel compounds for therapeutic methods involving inhibition and/or modulation of protein kinases ITK and JAK3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION



[0013] Compounds of the present disclosure are described by Formula I:

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

both X1 and X2 is CH;

L1 is phenyl substituted with 1-3 substituents, each substituent independently selected from halo and C1-4alkoxy

Z is

optionally substituted with 1-2 independent halo;

R2 is

and m is 1.



[0014] In still another aspect, the compounds of the present disclosure are described by Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein X1 is CH, X2 is CH, and the other variables are as defined above for Formula (I).

[0015] In an embodiment of this aspect of the disclosure, the compounds of the present disclosure are described by Formula (I) and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein X1 is CH, X2 is CH, Z is phenyl, and the other variables are as defined above for Formula (I).

[0016] Compounds of the present invention we selected from:





or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0017] Unless otherwise stated the following terms used in the specification and claims have the meanings discussed below:

[0018] "Alkyl" refers to a saturated straight or branched hydrocarbon radical of one to six carbon atoms, preferably one to four carbon atoms, e.g., methyl, ethyl, propyl, 2-propyl, n-butyl, iso-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl, hexyl, and the like, preferably methyl, ethyl, propyl, or 2-propyl. Representative saturated straight chain alkyls include methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, n-butyl, n-pentyl, n-hexyl, and the like; while saturated branched alkyls include isopropyl, sec-butyl, isobutyl, tert-butyl, isopentyl, and the like. Cyclic alkyls are referred to herein as a "cycloalkyl."

[0019] Unsaturated alkyls contain at least one double or triple bond between adjacent carbon atoms (referred to as an "alkenyl" or "alkynyl", respectively.) Representative straight chain and branched alkenyls include ethylenyl, propylenyl, 1-butenyl, 2-butenyl, isobutylenyl, 1-pentenyl, 2-pentenyl, 3-methyl-1-butenyl, 2-methyl-2-butenyl, 2,3-dimethyl-2-butenyl, and the like; while representative straight chain and branched alkynyls include acetylenyl, propynyl, 1-butynyl, 2-butynyl, 1-pentynyl, 2-pentynyl, 3-methyl-1-butynyl, and the like.

[0020] "C0-4alkyl" refers to an alkyl with 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4 carbon atoms. C0-4alkyl with 0 carbon atoms is a hydrogen atom when terminal and is a direct bond when linking.

[0021] "Alkylene" means a linear saturated divalent hydrocarbon radical of one to six carbon atoms or a branched saturated divalent hydrocarbon radical of three to six carbon atoms, e.g., methylene, ethylene, 2,2-dimethylethylene, propylene, 2-methylpropylene, butylene, pentylene, and the like, preferably methylene, ethylene, or propylene.

[0022] "Cycloalkyl" refers to a saturated cyclic hydrocarbon radical of three to eight carbon atoms, e.g., cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl or cyclohexyl.

[0023] "Alkoxy" means a radical -ORa where Ra is an alkyl as defined above, e.g., methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, butoxy and the like.

[0024] "Halo" means fluoro, chloro, bromo, or iodo, preferably fluoro and chloro.

[0025] "Haloalkyl" means alkyl substituted with one or more, preferably one, two or three, same or different halo atoms, e.g., -CH2Cl, -CF3, -CH2CF3, -CH2CCl3, and the like.

[0026] "Haloalkoxy" means a radical -ORb where Rb is an haloalkyl as defined above, e.g., trifluoromethoxy, trichloroethoxy, 2,2-dichloropropoxy, and the like.

[0027] "Acyl" means a radical -C(O)Rc where Rc is hydrogen, alkyl, or haloalkyl as defined herein, e.g., formyl, acetyl, trifluoroacetyl, butanoyl, and the like.

[0028] "Aryl" refers to an all-carbon monocyclic or fused-ring polycyclic (i.e., rings which share adjacent pairs of carbon atoms) groups of 6 to 12 carbon atoms having a completely conjugated pi-electron system. Examples, without limitation, of aryl groups are phenyl, naphthyl and anthracenyl. The aryl group may be substituted or unsubstituted. Unless specifically stated otherwise, "substituted aryl" refers to the aryl group being substituted with one or more, more preferably one, two or three, even more preferably one or two substituents independently selected from the group consisting of alkyl (wherein the alkyl may be optionally substituted with one or two substituents), haloalkyl, halo, hydroxy, alkoxy, mercapto, alkylthio, cyano, acyl, nitro, phenoxy, heteroaryl, heteroaryloxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, amino, alkylamino dialkylamino, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocycle or heterocycle (wherein the aryl, heteroaryl, carbocycle or heterocycle may be optionally substituted).

[0029] "Heteroaryl" refers to a monocyclic or fused ring (i.e., rings which share an adjacent pair of atoms) group of 5 to 12 ring atoms containing one, two, three or four ring heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S, the remaining ring atoms being C, and, in addition, having a completely conjugated pi-electron system. Examples, without limitation, of unsubstituted heteroaryl groups are pyrrole, furan, thiophene, imidazole, oxazole, thiazole, pyrazole, pyridine, pyrimidine, quinoline, isoquinoline, purine, triazole, tetrazole, triazine, and carbazole. The heteroaryl group may be unsubstituted or substituted, such as, for example, 5-methylthiazolyl. Unless specifically stated otherwise, "substituted heteroaryl" refers to the heteroaryl group being substituted with one or more, more preferably one, two or three, even more preferably one or two substituents independently selected from the group consisting of alkyl (wherein the alkyl may be optionally substituted with one or two substituents), haloalkyl, halo, hydroxy, alkoxy, mercapto, alkylthio, cyano, acyl, nitro, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, amino, alkylamino dialkylamino, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocycle or heterocycle (wherein the aryl, heteroaryl, carbocycle or heterocycle may be optionally substituted).

[0030] "Carbocycle" refers to a saturated, unsaturated or aromatic ring system having 3 to 14 ring carbon atoms. The term "carbocycle", whether saturated or partially unsaturated, also refers to rings that are optionally substituted. The term "carbocycle" includes aryl. The term "carbocycle" also includes aliphatic rings that are fused to one or more aromatic or nonaromatic rings, such as in a decahydronaphthyl or tetrahydronaphthyl, where the radical or point of attachment is on the aliphatic ring. The carbocycle group may be substituted or unsubstituted. Unless specifically stated otherwise, "substituted carbocyle" refers to the carbocycle group being substituted with one or more, more preferably one, two or three, even more preferably one or two substituents independently selected from the group consisting of alkyl (wherein the alkyl may be optionally substituted with one or two substituents), haloalkyl, halo, hydroxy, alkoxy, mercapto, alkylthio, cyano, acyl, nitro, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, amino, alkylamino dialkylamino, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocycle or heterocycle (wherein the aryl, heteroaryl, carbocycle or heterocycle may be optionally substituted).

[0031] "Heterocycle" refers to a saturated, unsaturated or aromatic cyclic ring system having 3 to 14 ring atoms in which one, two or three ring atoms are heteroatoms selected from N, O, or S(O)m (where m is an integer from 0 to 2), the remaining ring atoms being C, where one or two C atoms may optionally be replaced by a carbonyl group. The term "heterocycle" includes heteroaryl. Unless specifically stated otherwise, "substituted heterocyclyl" refers to the heterocyclyl ring being substituted independently with one or more, preferably one, two, or three substituents selected from alkyl (wherein the alkyl may be optionally substituted with one or two substituents), haloalkyl, cycloalkylamino, cycloalkylalkyl, cycloalkylaminoalkyl, cycloalkylalkylaminoalkyl, cyanoalkyl, halo, nitro, cyano, hydroxy, alkoxy, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, hydroxyalkyl, carboxyalkyl, aminoalkyl, alkylaminoalkyl, dialkylaminoalkyl, aralkyl, heteroaralkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocycle, heterocycle (wherein the aryl, heteroaryl, carbocycle or heterocycle may be optionally substituted), aralkyl, heteroaralkyl, saturated or unsaturated heterocycloamino, saturated or unsaturated heterocycloaminoalkyl, and -CORd (where Rd is alkyl). More specifically the term heterocyclyl includes, but is not limited to, tetrahydropyranyl, 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolane, piperidino, N-methylpiperidin-3-yl, piperazino, N-methylpyrrolidin-3-yl, pyrrolidino, morpholino, 4-cyclopropylmethylpiperazino, thiomorpholino, thiomorpholino-1-oxide, thiomorpholino-1,1-dioxide, 4-ethyloxycarbonylpiperazino, 3-oxopiperazino, 2-imidazolidone, 2-pyrrolidinone, 2-oxohomopiperazino, tetrahydropyrimidin-2-one, and the derivatives thereof, including 2-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-c]pyridinyl. In certain embodiments, the heterocycle group is optionally substituted with one or two substituents independently selected from halo, alkyl, alkyl substituted with carboxy, ester, hydroxy, alkylamino, saturated or unsaturated heterocycloamino, saturated or unsaturated heterocycloaminoalkyl, or dialkylamino.

[0032] "Optional" or "optionally" means that the subsequently described event or circumstance may but need not occur, and that the description includes instances where the event or circumstance occurs and instances in which it does not. For example, "heterocyclic group optionally substituted with an alkyl group" means that the alkyl may but need not be present, and the description includes situations where the heterocycle group is substituted with an alkyl group and situations where the heterocycle group is not substituted with the alkyl group.

[0033] Lastly, unless specifically stated otherwise, the term "substituted" as used herein means any of the above groups (e.g., alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carbocycle, heterocycle, etc.) wherein at least one hydrogen atom is replaced with a substituent. In the case of an oxo substituent ("=O") two hydrogen atoms are replaced. "Substituents" within the context of this invention, if not specified, include halogen, hydroxy, oxo, cyano, nitro, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, alkyl, alkoxy, thioalkyl, haloalkyl (e.g., -CF3), hydroxyalkyl, aryl, substituted aryl, arylalkyl, substituted arylalkyl, heteroaryl, substituted heteroaryl, heteroarylalkyl, substituted heteroarylalkyl, heterocycle, substituted heterocycle, heterocyclealkyl, substituted heterocyclealkyl, -NReRf, -NReC(=O)Rf, -NReC(=O)NReRf, -NReC(=O)ORf-NReSO2Rf,-ORe, -C(=O)Re-C(=O)ORe, -C(=O)NReRf, -OC(=O)NReRf, -SH, -SRe, -SORe, -S(=O)2Re,-OS(=O)2Re, -S(=O)2ORe, wherein Re and Rf are the same or different and independently hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, substituted alkyl, aryl, substituted aryl, arylalkyl, substituted arylalkyl, heteroaryl, substituted heteroaryl, heteroarylalkyl, substituted heteroarylalkyl, heterocycle, substituted heterocycle, heterocyclealkyl or substituted heterocyclealkyl.

[0034] Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the nature or sequence of bonding of their atoms or the arrangement of their atoms in space are termed "isomers". Isomers that differ in the arrangement of their atoms in space are termed "stereoisomers". Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of one another are termed "diastereomers" and those that are non-superimposable mirror images of each other are termed "enantiomers". When a compound has an asymmetric center, for example, it is bonded to four different groups; a pair of enantiomers is possible. An enantiomer can be characterized by the absolute configuration of its asymmetric center and is described by the R- and S-sequencing rules of Cahn and Prelog (Cahn, R., Ingold, C., and Prelog, V. Angew. Chem. 78:413-47, 1966; Angew. Chem. Internat. Ed. Eng. 5:385-415, 511, 1966), or by the manner in which the molecule rotates the plane of polarized light and designated as dextrorotatory or levorotatory (i.e., as (+) or (-)-isomers respectively). A chiral compound can exist as either individual enantiomer or as a mixture thereof. A mixture containing equal proportions of the enantiomers is called a "racemic mixture".

[0035] The compounds of this invention may possess one or more asymmetric centers; such compounds can therefore be produced as individual (R)- or (S)-stereoisomers or as mixtures thereof. Unless indicated otherwise, the description or naming of a particular compound in the specification and claims is intended to include both individual enantiomers and mixtures, racemic or otherwise, thereof. The methods for the determination of stereochemistry and the separation of stereoisomers are well-known in the art (see discussion in Ch. 4 of ADVANCED ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 4th edition, March, J., John Wiley and Sons, New York City, 1992).

[0036] The compounds of the present invention may exhibit the phenomena of tautomerism and structural isomerism. This invention encompasses any tautomeric or structural isomeric form and mixtures thereof which possess the ability to modulate ITK and JAK3 activity and is not limited to, any one tautomeric or structural isomeric form.

[0037] It is contemplated that a compound of the present invention would be metabolized by enzymes in the body of the organism such as human being to generate a metabolite that can modulate the activity of the protein kinases.

[0038] A compound of the present invention or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof can be administered as such to a human patient or can be administered in pharmaceutical compositions in which the foregoing materials are mixed with suitable carriers or excipient(s). Techniques for formulation and administration of drugs may be found, for example, in REMINGTON'S PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES, Mack Publishing Co., Easton, PA, latest edition.

[0039] A "pharmaceutical composition" refers to a mixture of one or more of the compounds described herein or pharmaceutically acceptable salts or prodrugs thereof, with other chemical components, such as pharmaceutically acceptable excipients. The purpose of a pharmaceutical composition is to facilitate administration of a compound to an organism.

[0040] "Pharmaceutically acceptable excipient" refers to an inert substance added to a pharmaceutical composition to further facilitate administration of a compound. Examples, without limitation, of excipients include calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, various sugars and types of starch, cellulose derivatives, gelatin, vegetable oils and polyethylene glycols.

[0041] "Pharmaceutically acceptable salt" refers to those salts which retain the biological effectiveness and properties of the parent compound. Such salts may include: (1) acid addition salt which is obtained by reaction of the free base of the parent compound with inorganic acids such as hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid, and perchloric acid and the like, or with organic acids such as acetic acid, oxalic acid, (D)- or (L)-malic acid, maleic acid, methanesulfonic acid, ethanesulfonic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid, salicylic acid, tartaric acid, citric acid, succinic acid or malonic acid and the like, preferably hydrochloric acid or (L)-malic acid; or (2) salts formed when an acidic proton present in the parent compound either is replaced by a metal ion, e.g., an alkali metal ion, an alkaline earth ion, or an aluminum ion; or coordinates with an organic base such as ethanolamine, diethanolamine, triethanolamine, tromethamine, N-methylglucamine, and the like.

[0042] The compound of the present invention may also act, or be designed to act, as a prodrug. A "prodrug" refers to an agent, which is converted into the parent drug in vivo. Prodrugs are often useful because, in some situations, they may be easier to administer than the parent drug. They may, for instance, be bioavailable by oral administration whereas the parent drug is not. The prodrug may also have improved solubility in pharmaceutical compositions over the parent drug. An example, without limitation, of a prodrug would be a compound of the present invention, which is, administered as an ester (the "prodrug"), phosphate, amide, carbamate, or urea.

[0043] "Therapeutically effective amount" refers to that amount of the compound being administered which will relieve to some extent one or more of the symptoms of the disorder being treated. In reference to the treatment of cancer, a therapeutically effective amount refers to that amount which has the effect of: (1) reducing the size of the tumor; (2) inhibiting tumor metastasis; (3) inhibiting tumor growth; and/or (4) relieving one or more symptoms associated with the cancer. In reference to the treatment of inflammation, a therapeutically effective amount refers to that amount which has the effect of reducing the pain, temperature, and/or swelling symptomatic of inflammation, both locally or generally.

[0044] The term "disease", as used herein, means any disease or other deleterious condition in which an ITK or JAK3 is known to play a role. The term "disease" also means those diseases or conditions that are alleviated by treatment with ITK or JAK3 modulators. Such conditions include, without limitation, cancer and other hyperproliferative disorders as well as inflammation. In certain embodiments, the cancer is a cancer of colon, breast, stomach, prostate, pancreas, or ovarian tissue. Such disease includes those associated with abnormal cell growth such as autoimmune, inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, atherosclerosis, ulcerative colitis, psoriatic arthritis, psoriasis, and Crohn's.

[0045] The term "ITK or JAK3 activity-mediated condition" or "disease", as used herein, means any disease or other deleterious condition in which ITK or JAK3 activity is known to play a role. The term "ITK or JAK3 activity-mediated condition" also means those diseases or conditions that are alleviated by treatment with an ITK or JAK3 inhibitor.

[0046] As used herein, "administer" or "administration" refers to the delivery of an inventive compound or of a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof or of a pharmaceutical composition containing an inventive compound or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof of this invention to an organism for the purpose of prevention or treatment of a protein kinase-related disorder.

[0047] Suitable routes of administration may include, without limitation, oral, rectal, transmucosal or intestinal administration or intramuscular, subcutaneous, intramedullary, intrathecal, direct intraventricular, intravenous, intravitreal, intraperitoneal, intranasal, or intraocular injections. In certain embodiments, the preferred routes of administration are oral and intravenous. Alternatively, one may administer the compound in a local rather than systemic manner, for example, via injection of the compound directly into a solid tumor, often in a depot or sustained release formulation. Furthermore, one may administer the drug in a targeted drug delivery system, for example, in a liposome coated with tumor-specific antibody. In this way, the liposomes may be targeted to and taken up selectively by the tumor.

[0048] Pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention may be manufactured by processes well known in the art, e.g., by means of conventional mixing, dissolving, granulating, dragee-making, levigating, emulsifying, encapsulating, entrapping or lyophilizing processes.

[0049] Pharmaceutical compositions for use in accordance with the present invention may be formulated in any conventional manner using one or more physiologically acceptable carriers comprising excipients and auxiliaries which facilitate processing of the active compounds into preparations which can be used pharmaceutically. Proper formulation is dependent upon the route of administration chosen.

[0050] For injection, the compounds of the invention may be formulated in aqueous solutions, preferably in physiologically compatible buffers such as Hanks' solution, Ringer's solution, or physiological saline buffer. For transmucosal administration, penetrants appropriate to the barrier to be permeated are used in the formulation. Such penetrants are generally known in the art.

[0051] For oral administration, the compounds can be formulated by combining the active compounds with pharmaceutically acceptable carriers well known in the art. Such carriers enable the compounds of the invention to be formulated as tablets, pills, lozenges, dragees, capsules, liquids, gels, syrups, slurries, suspensions and the like, for oral ingestion by a patient. Pharmaceutical preparations for oral use can be made using a solid excipient, optionally grinding the resulting mixture, and processing the mixture of granules, after adding other suitable auxiliaries if desired, to obtain tablets or dragee cores. Useful excipients are, in particular, fillers such as sugars, including lactose, sucrose, mannitol, or sorbitol, cellulose preparations such as, for example, maize starch, wheat starch, rice starch and potato starch and other materials such as gelatin, gum tragacanth, methyl cellulose, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, and/or polyvinyl-pyrrolidone (PVP). If desired, disintegrating agents may be added, such as cross-linked polyvinyl pyrrolidone, agar, or alginic acid. A salt such as sodium alginate may also be used.

[0052] Dragee cores are provided with suitable coatings. For this purpose, concentrated sugar solutions may be used which may optionally contain gum arabic, talc, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, carbopol gel, polyethylene glycol, and/or titanium dioxide, lacquer solutions, and suitable organic solvents or solvent mixtures. Dyestuffs or pigments may be added to the tablets or dragee coatings for identification or to characterize different combinations of active compound doses.

[0053] Pharmaceutical compositions which can be used orally include push-fit capsules made of gelatin, as well as soft, sealed capsules made of gelatin and a plasticizer, such as glycerol or sorbitol. The push-fit capsules can contain the active ingredients in admixture with filler such as lactose, a binder such as starch, and/or a lubricant such as talc or magnesium stearate and, optionally, stabilizers. In soft capsules, the active compounds may be dissolved or suspended in suitable liquids, such as fatty oils, liquid paraffin, or liquid polyethylene glycols. Stabilizers may be added in these formulations, also. Pharmaceutical compositions which may also be used include hard gelatin capsules. The capsules or pills may be packaged into brown glass or plastic bottles to protect the active compound from light. The containers containing the active compound capsule formulation are preferably stored at controlled room temperature (15-30°C).

[0054] For administration by inhalation, the compounds for use according to the present invention may be conveniently delivered in the form of an aerosol spray using a pressurized pack or a nebulizer and a suitable propellant, e.g., without limitation, dichlorodifluoromethane, trichlorofluoromethane, dichlorotetra-fluoroethane or carbon dioxide. In the case of a pressurized aerosol, the dosage unit may be controlled by providing a valve to deliver a metered amount. Capsules and cartridges of, for example, gelatin for use in an inhaler or insufflator may be formulated containing a powder mix of the compound and a suitable powder base such as lactose or starch.

[0055] The compounds may also be formulated for parenteral administration, e.g., by bolus injection or continuous infusion. Formulations for injection may be presented in unit dosage form, e.g., in ampoules or in multi-dose containers, with an added preservative. The compositions may take such forms as suspensions, solutions or emulsions in oily or aqueous vehicles, and may contain formulating materials such as suspending, stabilizing and/or dispersing agents.

[0056] Pharmaceutical compositions for parenteral administration include aqueous solutions of a water soluble form, such as, without limitation, a salt, of the active compound. Additionally, suspensions of the active compounds may be prepared in a lipophilic vehicle. Suitable lipophilic vehicles include fatty oils such as sesame oil, synthetic fatty acid esters such as ethyl oleate and triglycerides, or materials such as liposomes. Aqueous injection suspensions may contain substances which increase the viscosity of the suspension, such as sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, sorbitol, or dextran. Optionally, the suspension may also contain suitable stabilizers and/or agents that increase the solubility of the compounds to allow for the preparation of highly concentrated solutions.

[0057] Alternatively, the active ingredient may be in powder form for constitution with a suitable vehicle, e.g., sterile, pyrogen-free water, before use.

[0058] The compounds may also be formulated in rectal compositions such as suppositories or retention enemas, using, e.g., conventional suppository bases such as cocoa butter or other glycerides.

[0059] In addition to the formulations described previously, the compounds may also be formulated as depot preparations. Such long acting formulations may be administered by implantation (for example, subcutaneously or intramuscularly) or by intramuscular injection. A compound of this invention may be formulated for this route of administration with suitable polymeric or hydrophobic materials (for instance, in an emulsion with a pharmacologically acceptable oil), with ion exchange resins, or as a sparingly soluble derivative such as, without limitation, a sparingly soluble salt.

[0060] A non-limiting example of a pharmaceutical carrier for the hydrophobic compounds of the invention is a cosolvent system comprising benzyl alcohol, a nonpolar surfactant, a water-miscible organic polymer and an aqueous phase such as the VPD cosolvent system. VPD is a solution of 3% w/v benzyl alcohol, 8% w/v of the nonpolar surfactant polysorbate 80, and 65% w/v polyethylene glycol 300, made up to volume in absolute ethanol. The VPD cosolvent system (VPD: D5W) consists of VPD diluted 1:1 with a 5% dextrose in water solution. This cosolvent system dissolves hydrophobic compounds well, and itself produces low toxicity upon systemic administration. Naturally, the proportions of such a cosolvent system may be varied considerably without destroying its solubility and toxicity characteristics. Furthermore, the identity of the cosolvent components may be varied: for example, other low-toxicity nonpolar surfactants may be used instead of polysorbate 80, the fraction size of polyethylene glycol may be varied, other biocompatible polymers may replace polyethylene glycol, e.g., polyvinyl pyrrolidone, and other sugars or polysaccharides may substitute for dextrose.

[0061] Alternatively, other delivery systems for hydrophobic pharmaceutical compounds may be employed. Liposomes and emulsions are well known examples of delivery vehicles or carriers for hydrophobic drugs. In addition, certain organic solvents such as dimethylsulfoxide also may be employed, although often at the cost of greater toxicity.

[0062] Additionally, the compounds may be delivered using a sustained-release system, such as semipermeable matrices of solid hydrophobic polymers containing the therapeutic agent. Various sustained-release materials have been established and are well known by those skilled in the art. Sustained-release capsules may, depending on their chemical nature, release the compounds for a few weeks up to over 100 days. Depending on the chemical nature and the biological stability of the therapeutic reagent, additional strategies for protein stabilization may be employed.

[0063] The pharmaceutical compositions herein also may comprise suitable solid or gel phase carriers or excipients. Examples of such carriers or excipients include, but are not limited to, calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, various sugars, starches, cellulose derivatives, gelatin, and polymers such as polyethylene glycols.

[0064] Many of the ITK and JAK3-modulating compounds of the invention may be provided as physiologically acceptable salts wherein the claimed compound may form the negatively or the positively charged species. Examples of salts in which the compound forms the positively charged moiety include, without limitation, quaternary ammonium (defined elsewhere herein), salts such as the hydrochloride, sulfate, carbonate, lactate, tartrate, malate, maleate, succinate wherein the nitrogen atom of the quaternary ammonium group is a nitrogen of the selected compound of this invention which has reacted with the appropriate acid. Salts in which a compound of this invention forms the negatively charged species include, without limitation, the sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium salts formed by the reaction of a carboxylic acid group in the compound with an appropriate base (e.g. sodium hydroxide (NaOH), potassium hydroxide (KOH), calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2), etc.).

[0065] Pharmaceutical compositions suitable for use in the present invention include compositions wherein the active ingredients are contained in an amount sufficient to achieve the intended purpose, e.g., the modulation of protein kinase activity and/or the treatment or prevention of a protein kinase-related disorder.

[0066] More specifically, a therapeutically effective amount means an amount of compound effective to prevent, alleviate or ameliorate symptoms of disease or prolong the survival of the subject being treated.

[0067] Determination of a therapeutically effective amount is well within the capability of those skilled in the art, especially in light of the detailed disclosure provided herein.

[0068] For any compound used in the methods of the invention, the therapeutically effective amount or dose can be estimated initially from cell culture assays. Then, the dosage can be formulated for use in animal models so as to achieve a circulating concentration range that includes the IC50 as determined in cell culture (i.e., the concentration of the test compound which achieves a half-maximal inhibition of the ITK or JAK3, or surrogate marker activity). Such information can then be used to more accurately determine useful doses in humans.

[0069] Toxicity and therapeutic efficacy of the compounds described herein can be determined by standard pharmaceutical procedures in cell cultures or experimental animals, e.g., by determining the IC50 and the LD50 (both of which are discussed elsewhere herein) for a subject compound. The data obtained from these cell culture assays and animal studies can be used in formulating a range of dosage for use in humans. The dosage may vary depending upon the dosage form employed and the route of administration utilized. The exact formulation, route of administration and dosage can be chosen by the individual physician in view of the patient's condition. (See, e.g., GOODMAN & GILMAN'S THE PHARMACOLOGICAL BASIS OF THERAPEUTICS, Ch. 3, 9th ed., Ed. by Hardman, J., and Limbard, L., McGraw-Hill, New York City, 1996, p.46.)

[0070] Dosage amount and interval may be adjusted individually to provide plasma levels of the active species which are sufficient to maintain the kinase modulating effects. These plasma levels are referred to as minimal effective concentrations (MECs). The MEC will vary for each compound but can be estimated from in vitro data, e.g., the concentration necessary to achieve 50-90% inhibition of ITK or JAK3, or surrogate marker may be ascertained using the assays described herein. Dosages necessary to achieve the MEC will depend on individual characteristics and route of administration. HPLC assays or bioassays can be used to determine plasma concentrations.

[0071] Dosage intervals can also be determined using MEC value. Compounds should be administered using a regimen that maintains plasma levels above the MEC for 10-90% of the time, preferably between 30-90% and most preferably between 50-90%.

[0072] At present, the therapeutically effective amounts of compounds of the present invention may range from approximately 2.5 mg/m2 to 1500 mg/m2 per day. Additional illustrative amounts range from 0.2-1000 mg/qid, 2-500 mg/qid, and 20-250 mg/qid.

[0073] In cases of local administration or selective uptake, the effective local concentration of the drug may not be related to plasma concentration, and other procedures known in the art may be employed to determine the correct dosage amount and interval.

[0074] The amount of a composition administered will, of course, be dependent on the subject being treated, the severity of the affliction, the manner of administration, the judgment of the prescribing physician, etc.

[0075] The compositions may, if desired, be presented in a pack or dispenser device, such as an FDA approved kit, which may contain one or more unit dosage forms containing the active ingredient. The pack may for example comprise metal or plastic foil, such as a blister pack. The pack or dispenser device may be accompanied by instructions for administration. The pack or dispenser may also be accompanied by a notice associated with the container in a form prescribed by a governmental agency regulating the manufacture, use or sale of pharmaceuticals, which notice is reflective of approval by the agency of the form of the compositions or of human or veterinary administration. Such notice, for example, may be of the labeling approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for prescription drugs or of an approved product insert. Compositions comprising a compound of the invention formulated in a compatible pharmaceutical carrier may also be prepared, placed in an appropriate container, and labeled for treatment of an indicated condition. Suitable conditions indicated on the label may include treatment of a tumor, inhibition of angiogenesis, treatment of fibrosis, diabetes, and the like.

[0076] As mentioned above, the compounds and compositions of the invention will find utility in a broad range of diseases and conditions mediated by protein kinases, including diseases and conditions mediated by ITK or JAK3 activity. Such diseases may include by way of example and not limitation, cancers such as lung cancer, NSCLC (non small cell lung cancer), oat-cell cancer, bone cancer, pancreatic cancer, skin cancer, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, cancer of the head and neck, cutaneous or intraocular melanoma, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, colo-rectal cancer, cancer of the anal region, stomach cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer, gynecologic tumors (e.g., uterine sarcomas, carcinoma of the fallopian tubes, carcinoma of the endometrium, carcinoma of the cervix, carcinoma of the vagina or carcinoma of the vulva), Hodgkin's Disease, hepatocellular cancer, cancer of the esophagus, cancer of the small intestine, cancer of the endocrine system (e.g., cancer of the thyroid, pancreas, parathyroid or adrenal glands), sarcomas of soft tissues, cancer of the urethra, cancer of the penis, prostate cancer (particularly hormone-refractory), chronic or acute leukemia, solid tumors of childhood, hypereosinophilia, lymphocytic lymphomas, cancer of the bladder, cancer of the kidney or ureter (e.g., renal cell carcinoma, carcinoma of the renal pelvis), pediatric malignancy, neoplasms of the central nervous system (e.g., primary CNS lymphoma, spinal axis tumors, medulloblastoma, brain stem gliomas or pituitary adenomas), Barrett's esophagus (pre-malignant syndrome), neoplastic cutaneous disease, psoriasis, mycoses fungoides, and benign prostatic hypertrophy, diabetes related diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, retinal ischemia, and retinal neovascularization, hepatic cirrhosis, angiogenesis, cardiovascular disease such as atherosclerosis, immunological disease such as autoimmune disease and renal disease.

[0077] The inventive compound can be used in combination with one or more other chemotherapeutic agents. The dosage of the inventive compounds may be adjusted for any drug-drug reaction. In one embodiment, the chemotherapeutic agent is selected from the group consisting of mitotic inhibitors, alkylating agents, anti-metabolites, cell cycle inhibitors, enzymes, topoisomerase inhibitors such as CAMPTOSAR (irinotecan), biological response modifiers, anti-hormones, antiangiogenic agents such as MMP-2, MMP-9 and COX-2 inhibitors, anti-androgens, platinum coordination complexes (cisplatin, etc.), substituted ureas such as hydroxyurea; methylhydrazine derivatives, e.g., procarbazine; adrenocortical suppressants, e.g., mitotane, aminoglutethimide, hormone and hormone antagonists such as the adrenocorticosteriods (e.g., prednisone), progestins (e.g., hydroxyprogesterone caproate), estrogens (e.g., diethylstilbesterol), antiestrogens such as tamoxifen, androgens, e.g., testosterone propionate, and aromatase inhibitors, such as anastrozole, and AROMASIN (exemestane).

[0078] Examples of alkylating agents that the above method can be carried out in combination with include, without limitation, fluorouracil (5-FU) alone or in further combination with leukovorin; other pyrimidine analogs such as UFT, capecitabine, gemcitabine and cytarabine, the alkyl sulfonates, e.g., busulfan (used in the treatment of chronic granulocytic leukemia), improsulfan and piposulfan; aziridines, e.g., benzodepa, carboquone, meturedepa and uredepa; ethyleneimines and methylmelamines, e.g., altretamine, triethylenemelamine, triethylenephosphoramide, triethylenethiophosphoramide and trimethylolmelamine; and the nitrogen mustards, e.g., chlorambucil (used in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, primary macroglobulinemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma), cyclophosphamide (used in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease, multiple myeloma, neuroblastoma, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, lung cancer, Wilm's tumor and rhabdomyosarcoma), estramustine, ifosfamide, novembrichin, prednimustine and uracil mustard (used in the treatment of primary thrombocytosis, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease and ovarian cancer); and triazines, e.g., dacarbazine (used in the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma).

[0079] Examples of antimetabolite chemotherapeutic agents that the above method can be carried out in combination with include, without limitation, folic acid analogs, e.g., methotrexate (used in the treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia, choriocarcinoma, mycosis fungiodes, breast cancer, head and neck cancer and osteogenic sarcoma) and pteropterin; and the purine analogs such as mercaptopurine and thioguanine which find use in the treatment of acute granulocytic, acute lymphocytic and chronic granulocytic leukemias.

[0080] Examples of natural product-based chemotherapeutic agents that the above method can be carried out in combination with include, without limitation, the vinca alkaloids, e.g., vinblastine (used in the treatment of breast and testicular cancer), vincristine and vindesine; the epipodophyllotoxins, e.g., etoposide and teniposide, both of which are useful in the treatment of testicular cancer and Kaposi's sarcoma; the antibiotic chemotherapeutic agents, e.g., daunorubicin, doxorubicin, epirubicin, mitomycin (used to treat stomach, cervix, colon, breast, bladder and pancreatic cancer), dactinomycin, temozolomide, plicamycin, bleomycin (used in the treatment of skin, esophagus and genitourinary tract cancer); and the enzymatic chemotherapeutic agents such as L-asparaginase.

[0081] An inventive compound can also be used with other signal transduction inhibitors, such as agents that can inhibit EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) responses, such as EGFR antibodies, EGF antibodies, and molecules that are EGFR inhibitors; VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) inhibitors; and erbB2 receptor inhibitors, such as organic molecules or antibodies that bind to the erbB2 receptor, such as HERCEPTIN (Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, CA). EGFR inhibitors are described in, for example in WO 95/19970, WO 98/14451, WO 98/02434, and U.S. Pat. No. 5,747,498 and such substances can be used in the present invention as described herein.

[0082] EGFR-inhibiting agents include, but are not limited to, the monoclonal antibodies C225 and anti-EGFR 22Mab (ImClone Systems, Inc., New York, NY), the compounds erlotinib (OSI Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Melville, NY), ZD-1839 (AstraZeneca), BIBX-1382 (Boehringer Ingelheim), MDX-447 (Medarex Inc., Annandale, NJ), and OLX-103 (Merck & Co., Whitehouse Station, NJ), and EGF fusion toxin (Seragen Inc., Hopkinton, MA).

[0083] These and other EGFR-inhibiting agents can be used in the present invention. VEGF inhibitors, for example SU-5416 and SU-6668 (Sugen Inc., South San Francisco, CA), can also be combined with an inventive compound. VEGF inhibitors are described in, for example, WO 01/60814 A3, WO 99/24440, PCT International Application PCT/IB99/00797, WO 95/21613, WO 99/61422, U.S. Pat. No. 5,834,504, WO 01/60814, WO 98/50356, U.S. Pat. No. 5,883,113, U.S. Pat. No. 5,886,020, U.S. Pat. No. 5,792,783, WO 99/10349, WO 97/32856, WO 97/22596, WO 98/54093, WO 98/02438, WO 99/16755, and WO 98/02437. Other examples of some specific VEGF inhibitors useful in the present invention are IM862 (Cytran Inc., Kirkland, WA); anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody of Genentech, Inc.; and angiozyme, a synthetic ribozyme from Ribozyme (Boulder, CO) and Chiron (Emeryville, CA). These and other VEGF inhibitors can be used in the present invention as described herein. Further, pErbB2 receptor inhibitors, such as GW-282974 (Glaxo Wellcome plc), and the monoclonal antibodies AR-209 (Aronex Pharmaceuticals Inc., The Woodlands, TX) and 2B-1 (Chiron), can furthermore be combined with an inventive compound, for example, those indicated in WO 98/02434, WO 99/35146, WO 99/35132, WO 98/02437, WO 97/13760, WO 95/19970, U.S. Pat. No. 5,587,458 and U.S. Pat. No. 5,877,305. ErbB2 receptor inhibitors useful in the present invention are also described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,284,764. The erbB2 receptor inhibitor compounds and substance described in the aforementioned PCT applications, U.S. patents, and U.S. provisional applications, as well as other compounds and substances that inhibit the erbB2 receptor, can be used with an inventive compound, in accordance with the present invention.

[0084] An inventive compound can also be used with other agents useful in treating cancer, including, but not limited to, agents capable of enhancing antitumor immune responses, such as CTLA4 (cytotoxic lymphocyte antigen 4) antibodies, and other agents capable of blocking CTLA4; and anti-proliferative agents such as other farnesyl protein transferase inhibitors, for example the farnesyl protein transferase inhibitors described in the references cited in the "Background" section, of U.S. Pat. No., 6,258,824 B1.

[0085] The above method can also be carried out in combination with radiation therapy, wherein the amount of an inventive compound in combination with the radiation therapy is effective in treating the above diseases. Techniques for administering radiation therapy are known in the art, and these techniques can be used in the combination therapy described herein. The administration of the compound of the invention in this combination therapy can be determined as described herein.
Table 1: List of Examples
Ex. No.StructureName*Mol. Wt.
1

N-(3-(3-(3-fluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide 387.406
2

N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide 405.397
3

N-(5-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-2-fluorophenyl)acrylamide 423.387
4

N-(5-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-2,4-difluorophenyl)acrylamide 441.378
5

N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)acrylamide 423.387
6

N-(2-chloro-5-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide 439.842
7

N-(6-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl)acrylamide 406.385
8 Reference

3-(5-(3-acrylamidophenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-3-yl)benzamide 382.410
9 Reference

N-(6-(1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl)propiolamide 262.270
10 Reference

N-(6-( 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl)pent-2-ynamide 290.320
11 Reference

N-(6-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl)propiolamide 296.711
12 Reference

N-(6-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl)pent-2-ynamide 324.764
13 Reference

N-(6-(1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl)but-2-ynamide 276.290
14 Reference

N-(6-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl)but-2-ynamide 310.738
15 Reference

N-(2-fluoro-5-(1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)propiolamide 279.70
16 Reference

N-(5-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-2-fluorophenyl)propiolamide 313.714
17 Reference

N-(2-fluoro-5-(1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)pent-2-ynamide 307.320
18 Reference

N-(5-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-2-fluorophenyl)pent-2-ynamide 341.767
19 Reference

N-(2-fluoro-5-(1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)but-2-ynamide 293.300
20 Reference

N-(5-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-2-fluorophenyl)but-2-ynamide 327.740
21 Reference

N-(5-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl) propiolamide 276.293
22 Reference

N-(6-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl)pent-2-ynamide 304.350
Table 2: List of abbreviation and meaning used throughout this application
AbbreviationMeaning
CHCl3 Chloroform - CHCl3
CDCl3 Chloroform deuterated solvent - CDCl3
DCM Dichloromethane - CH2Cl2
DME 1,2-Dimethoxyethane
DMF N,N-Dimethylformamide
DMSO Dimethylsulfoxide
DMSO-d6 Dimethylsulfoxide deuterated solvent
Pd2(dba)3 Tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium(0)
Pd(PH3)4 Tetrakis(trifluorophosphine)palladium(0)
PTSA p-Toluene Sulfonic Acid
THF Tetrahydrofuran
±BINAP rac 2.2'-Bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene
Xantphos 4,5-Bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene
Pd(dppf)Cl2•CH2Cl2 [1,1'-bis(ihenlphoshino)ferrocene]dichloroalladium II DCM
Et Ethyl
Me Methyl
MeOH Methanol
EtOH Ethanol
EtOAc Ethylacetate
AcCN/MeCN Acetonitrile
DIPEA Diisopropylethylamine
IP Isopropanol
Na2CO3 Sodium Carbonate
K2CO3 Potassium Carbonate
Cs2CO3 Cesium Carbonate
TFA Trifluoroacetic acid
EDC HCl N-Ethyl-N'-(3-dimethylaminoproyl)carbodiimide HCl
HOBT 1-Hydroxybenzotgriazole hydrate
HOAc Acetic Acid
Et Ethyl
TMS Trimethylsilyl
NBS N-Bromosuccinamide
NCS N-Chlorosuccinamide
PG Protecting Group
g, gm Gram(s)
mg Milligram(s)
h, hr Hour
min Minute(s)
M Molar, molarity
mM Millimolar
µM Micromolar
nM Nanomolar
L, 1 Liter(s)
mL, ml Milliliter(s)
µL Microliter(s)
RM Reaction Mixture or Reaction Mass
SM Starting Material
RT, rt Room Temperature
HPLC High-Performance Liquid Chromatography
LCMS Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry
MS or ms Mass Spectrometry
NMR Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
TLC Thin Layer Chromatography
UV Ultra-Violet Spectrometry
s Singlet
d, Dt, dt Doublet, doublet of doublet
t, tr Triplet
m Multiplet

METHODS OF PREPARATION OF COMPOUNDS



[0086] In certain embodiments, the Examples depicted below are compounds prepared according to general procedures given in the following sections. Although the synthetic methods and Schemes depict the syntheses of certain compounds of the present invention, the methods and other methods known to one of ordinary skill in the art can be applied to all the compounds of the genus, the genus sub-class and species of each of these compounds as described herein. All aspects of this invention can be understood from the following Schemes. The following are exemplary and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.

EXAMPLES


Experimental Details and Examples



[0087] Melting points were determined in a MP-96 digital Polmon apparatus. 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectra were recorded at RT in CDCl3 or DMSO-d6 at Jeol 400-MHz NMR spectrophotometer using solvent peaks for CDCl3: 7.27 and DMSO-d6 2.50 (D) as internal references. The assignment of chemical shifts is based on standard NMR experiments (1H, 13C). Mass spectra were recorded on a Shimadzu LCMS LC-210EV spectrometer with an API-ES ionization source. Jasco-FTIR-4100 was used to record the IR spectra. TLC analyses were performed on silica F254 and detection by UV light at 254nm, or by spraying with phosphomolybdic-H2SO4 dyeing reagent, KMNO4 or iodine. Column chromatography were performed on silica Gel 60 (230 mesh). Purifications and separations were performed on a standard silica flash chromatography system. The purity of the samples has been determined by HPLC for the % area peak corresponding to the retention of compound and elemental analysis for C, H, N and O was carried out using Perkin-Elmer 2400 elemental analyser and chloride analysis performed using calorimetric titration at the Intertek USA Inc., QTI.

General synthetic methodology



[0088] The compounds of this invention are prepared in general by methods such as those depicted in the general Schemes 1 and 2 below, and the preparative examples that follow.

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 1:


N-(3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (4)



[0089] 


N-(3-(1-(4-methoxybenzyl)-3-methyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)-acrylamide (Compound 3):



[0090] 



[0091] To a stirred solution of 1 (0.134mg, 0.402mmol), 2 (0.100g, 0.366mmol) in 1,2-dimethoxyethane (10mL) was added cesium carbonate (233mg, 0.732mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 15min. Pd(PPh3)4 (0.126g, 0.0109mmol) was added to the reaction, degassed, purged again with nitrogen for another 15min. The reaction mass was heated to 80°C, stirred overnight under sealed condition. The reaction was cooled to RT and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite bed, and concentrated to get the crude, which was passed through 100-200 mesh silica gel where eluting at 40% ethyl acetate in hexane gave Compound 3

N-(3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (4), EXAMPLE 1:



[0092] 



[0093] To a stirred solution of Compound 3 (70mg, 0.175mmol) in chloroform (15mL) was added trifluoroacetic acid (3mL) and heated to 50°C overnight. The reaction was evaporated and diluted with water; pH was adjusted to 8-10 with sodium carbonate solution. The aqueous phase was extracted with dichloromethane twice (2 x 25mL) .The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated to get the crude, which was passed through 100-200 mesh silica gel eluting the EXAMPLE 1 at 60% ethyl acetate in hexane as pale yellow colour solid. MS-ES+ 277.9, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6-D6) 4: 13.29 (s, 1H), 10.29 (s, 1H), 8.74 (d, 1H), 8.40 (d, 1H), 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.69 (m, 1H), 7.43 (m, 2H), 6.44 (m, 1H), 6.26 (dd, 1H), 5.78 (dd, 1H), 2.55 (s, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 2


N-(3-(7-(6-methyl-1H-indol-2-yl)-5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazin-2 yl)phenyl) acrylamide (10)



[0094] 


2-bromo-7-(6-methyl-1H-indol-2-yl)-5-trityl-5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazine (Compound 8):



[0095] 



[0096] A solution of 2-bromo-7-iodo-5-trityl-5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazine (6) (100mg, 0.1766mmol), 6-methyl-2-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-1H-indole (7) (47mg, 0.1766mmol) in acetonitrile (5mL) was added cesium carbonate (115.74mg, 0.3532mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was degassed, purged with nitrogen for 10min followed by the addition of Pd(PPh3) Cl2.DCM (7.06mg, 0.0088mmol) to the reaction mixture, which was again degassed, purged with nitrogen for another 15min. The final reaction mixture was stirred for 2h at 90°C in a seal tube. After completion of the reaction, the contents were allowed to cool to RT and was diluted with DCM (25mL) and filtered through Celite bed. The organic layer was concentrated to get the crude. The resulting oil was purified by flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 27% ethyl acetate in hexane to afford pale yellow solid (30mg) of compound 2-bromo-7-(6-methyl-1H-indol-2-yl)-5-trityl-5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazine (8).

N-(3-(7-(6-methyl-1H-indol-2-yl)-5-trityl-5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazin-2-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (9):



[0097] 



[0098] A solution of 2-bromo-7-(6-methyl-1H-indol-2-yl)-5-trityl-5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazine 8 (30mg, 0.0528mmol) and (3-acrylamidophenyl)boronic acid 2 (10.9mg, 0.0528mmol) in DMF was added cesium carbonate (34.74mg, 0.1056mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(PPh3)Cl2 (2.06mg, 0.00264mmol) was added to the reaction and again degassed for 15min. The reaction was stirred for 2h at 90°C. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to rt. The reaction was diluted with DCM filtered through Celite. The organic layer was concentrated to get the crude. The resulting oil was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 40% ethyl acetate in hexane to afford off white colour solid compound N-(3-(7-(6-methyl-1H-indol-2-yl)-5-trityl-5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazin-2-yl)phenyl)acrylamide 9.

N-(3-(7-(6-methyl-1H-indol-2-yl)-5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazin-2-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (10, EXAMPLE 2):



[0099] 



[0100] A solution of Compound 9 (20mg, 0314mmol) in chloroform was added trifluoro acetic acid. The reaction was stirred overnight at 45°C. The reaction was completely distilled and diluted with water, adjust the pH to 9-10 with 1 molar NaOH solution at 20-25°C. The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (25mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The resulting oil was purified via silica gel chromatography using gradient of 50% Ethyl acetate: hexane afforded Compound 10. MS-ES +393.16; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6-d6) 10: 12.29 (d, 1H),11.17 (d, 1H), 10.39 (d,1H), 8.84 (d,1H), 8.54 (d,1H),7.94 (d, 2H),7.55 (d, 2H), 7.49 (d, 2H),7.26(d, 2H), 6.83 (d, 1H), 6.54 (d,1H), 6.36 (d, 1H) 5.81 (d, 1H), 4.45 (d, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 3:


N-(3-(7-(1H-indol-2-yl)-5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazin-2-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (14)



[0101] 


2-bromo-7-(1H-indol-2-yl)-5-trityl-5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazine (Compound 12):



[0102] 



[0103] A solution of 6 (100mg, 0.1766mmol) and 11 (43mg, 0.1766mmol) in acetonitrile (5mL) was taken into seal tube. Cesium carbonate was added to the reaction (115.74mg, 0.3532mmol) and degassed for 15min. Pd(dppf)Cl2.DCM (7.06mg, 0.0088mmol) was added to the reaction, and again degassed for 15min. Reaction mixture was stirred for 2h at 90°C. After TLC confirmed reaction completion, mixture was cooled to RT and diluted with DCM (25mL). The mixture was filtered through Celite and concentrated to get the crude oil, which was purified via silica gel chromatography using a gradient of 27% ethyl acetate: hexane to afford 12.

N-(3-(7-(1H-indol-2-yl)-5-trityl-5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazin-2-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (13):



[0104] 



[0105] A solution of 12 (60mg, 0.108mmol) and 2 (22.9mg, 0.119mmol) in DMF (5mL) was added cesium carbonate (70.74mg, 0.216mmol) the reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(PPh3)Cl2 (7.06mg, 0.0054mmol) was added and degassed for 15min. The reaction mixture was stirred for 2h at 90°C and then allowed to cool to RT, diluted with DCM (25mL) and filtered through Celite plug. The organic layer was concentrated to get crude material as an oil, which was purified via silica gel chromatography using a gradient of 40% ethyl acetate: hexane to afford compound 13.

N-(3-(7-(1H-indol-2-yl)-5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazin-2-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (14):



[0106] 



[0107] A solution of compound 13 (90mg, 1.449mmol) in chloroform was added trifluoroacetic acid. The reaction was stirred overnight at 45°C, distilled off TFA and diluted with water and pH was adjusted to 9-10 with 1M NaOH solution at 20-25°C. The aqueous layer was extracted with dichloromethane (25mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The resulting oil was purified via silica gel chromatography using gradient of 50% Ethyl acetate in hexane to afford brown colour solid Compound 14. MS-ES+379.41, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6-d6) 14: 11.36 (d, 1H), 10.40 (d, 1H), 8.89 (d, 1H), 8.54 (d, 1H), 8.38 (d, 1H), 7.94 (d, 2H), 7.55 (d, 2H), 7.43 (d, 2H), 7.13 (d, 2H), 6.56 (d, 1H), 6.36 (d,1H), 5.83 (d, 1H), 5.31 (d, 1H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 4:


N-(3-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (16)



[0108] 



[0109] A solution of 15 (100mg, 0.510mmol) and 2 (84.2mg, 0.510mmol) in toluene/Ethanol (4:1mL) was added Na2CO3 (111.69mg, 1.02mmol) the reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (20.7mg, 0.025mmol) was added to the reaction, which was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to RT and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound 16 was eluted at 1% methanol in chloroform as off-white solid. Ms-ES+264.9; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 16: 9.99 (s, 1H), 9.40 (s, 1H), 7.25 (s, 1H), 7.08 (m, 2H), 6.45 (m, 2H), 6.21 (d, 1H), 5.71 (d, 1H)

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 5:


N-(3-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (18)



[0110] 



[0111] A solution of 17 (0.4g, 1.73mmol) and 2 (0.285g, 1.73mmol) in ethanol and toluene (4:16mL) was added sodium carbonate (0.363g, 3.463m,eq). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 15min. Pd(dppf)Cl2.DCM (70.58mg, 0.0865mmol) was added to the reaction and again degassed it for 15min. The reaction mixture was stirred for 2h at 90°C. After 2h reaction mixture allowed to cool to rt and diluted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug. The organic layer was concentrated to get crude. The resulting oil was purified via silica gel chromatography using a gradient of 30% ethyl acetate: hexane to afford Compound 18 in. MS-ES+298.5; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 18:10.26 (d, 1H), 8.58 (d, 1H), 8.07 (d, 1H), 8.03 (d, 1H), 7.75 (d, 2H), 7.46 (d, 2H), 6.46 (d, 1H), 6.43 (d, 1H), 6.31(d, 1H)

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 6:


N-(3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (20):



[0112] 



[0113] A solution of 19 (50mg, 0.2369mmol) and 2 (50mg, 0.2369mmol) in ethanol and toluene (1:4mL) was added sodium carbonate (49.74mg, 0.4738mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 15min. Pd(dppf)Cl2.DCM (9.06mg, 0.0114mmol), and again degassed for 15min. The reaction mixture was stirred for 2h at 90°C and the reaction mixture allowed to cool to rt and diluted with DCM (25mL). The organic layer was filtered through Celite and concentrated to get the crude. The resulting oil was purified via silica gel chromatography using a gradient of 30% ethyl acetate: hexane to afford Compound 20. MS-ES+277 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 20: 11.37 (d, 1H), 10.24 (d, 1H), 8.45 (d, 1H), 8.09 (d, 2H), 7.68 (d, 1H), 7.43 (d, 2H), 7.28 (d, 1H), 6.46 (d, 1H), 6.44 (d, 1H), 5.79 (d, 1H), 2.30 (d, 1H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 7:


N-(3-(5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazin-2-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (22):



[0114] 



[0115] A solution of 21 (100mg, 0.507mmol) and 2 (84mg, 0.507mmol) in toluene and ethanol (4:1mL) was added Na2CO3 (111.01mg, 1.014mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (20.7mg, 0.025mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to RT, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 40 % ethyl acetate in hexane as an off-white solid 22. MS-ES+264.8; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 22: 9.99 (bs, 1H), 9.40 (bs, 1H), 7.25 (bs, 1H), 7.08 (m, 1H), 7.00 (d, 1H), 6.42 (m, 2H), 6.21 (m, 1H), 5.71 (m, 1H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 8:


(E)-N-(3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)pent-2-enamide (26):



[0116] 


3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)aniline (24):



[0117] 



[0118] A solution of 19 (100mg, 0.473mmol) and 23 (62mg, 0.4739mmol) in acetonitrile (5mL) was added cesium carbonate (310mg, 0.946mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 15min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (25.4mg,0.0218mmol) was added and again degassed and purged with nitrogen for 15min. The reaction was stirred overnight at 85°C, allowed to cool to rt, then diluted with DCM (25mL) and filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude compound. The resulting oil was purified via silica gel chromatography using a gradient of 40% ethyl acetate: hexane to afford compound 24.

(E)-N-(3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)pent-2-enamide (26)



[0119] 



[0120] A solution of 24 (50mg, 0.2242mmol) and trans-2-pentenoic acid 25 (24.6mg, 0.246eq) in DMF was added EDC.HCl (33mg, 0.2706mmol) and HOBt (36.5mg, 0.2706mmol). DIPEA (57.9mg, 0.448eq) was added to the reaction, stirred 12h at RT and check the TLC for completion of the reaction and quench the reaction mixture with dilute water. The organic layer was treated with ethyl acetate (25mL) and was washed with brine solution (25mL) and dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude product. The resulting oil was purified through silica gel chromatography using a gradient of 4% Ethyl acetate: hexane to afford 8mg of Compound 26. MS-ES+305.1 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6-d6): 11.45 (s, 1H), 10.08 (s, 1H), 8.40 (s, 1H), 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, 1H), 7.61 (m, 1H), 7.36 (m, 2H), 7.30 (d, 1H), 5.62 (m, 1H), 2.35 (s, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 9:


(E)-N-(2-chloro-5-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)pent-2-enamide (29):



[0121] 



[0122] A solution of 19 (200mg, 0.952mmol) and 27 (162.8mg, 0.952mmol) in acetonitrile was added Na2CO3 (201.6mg, 1.904mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (38.8mg, 0.0476mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction mass was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 90°C under sealed conditions overnight, then allowed to cool to RT and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 silica mesh. The compound was eluted at 2% methanol chloroform as off-white colour solid 28.

[0123] A solution of 28 (50mg, 0.194mmol) and trans-2-pentenoic acid 25 (19.4mg, 0.194mmol) in acetonitrile (4mL) was added triethylamine (39.26mg, 0.388mmol). T3P (123.45mg, 0.388mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 1.5% methanol in chloroform as pale yellow solid compound 29. MS-ES+339.90; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 29: 11.40 (s, 1H), 9.53 (d, 1H), 8.45 (s, 1H), 8.12 (m, 2H), 7.57 (d, 2H), 7.28 (s, 1H), 5.63 (m, 2H), 3.15 (m, 2H), 2.30 (m, 5H), 1.68 (d, 3H), 1.23 (bs, 2H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 10:


N-(2-chloro-5-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (34)



[0124] 



[0125] A solution of 30 (100mg, 0.259mmol) and 27 (44.5mg, 0.259mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (170mg, 0.5eq). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 15min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (25.4mg, 0.0218mmol), and again degassed for 15min and stirred at 85°C overnight in seal tube. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to RT and diluted with DCM. The DCM layer was filtered through Celite and concentrated to get the crude. The resulting oil was purified via silica gel chromatography using a gradient of 40% ethyl acetate in hexane to afford 55mg of compound 31.

[0126] A solution of 31 (55mg, 0.1273mmol), methanol (8mL), and water (2mL) was added potassium carbonate (70mg, 0.5092mmol). The reaction was stirred for 12h at 60°C, then allowed to cool to rt, and methanol distilled off completely. The reaction was diluted with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The resulting oil was purified via silica gel chromatography using gradient of 35%ethyl acetate in hexane to afford title compound 32.

[0127] A solution of 32 (25mg, 0.0899mmol) and acrylic acid 33 (7.0mg, 0.09892mmol) in DMF was added HBTU (51mg, 0.1348eq). Triethylamine (18mg, 0.1798eq) was added to the reaction and stirred for 12h at RT. The reaction mass was diluted with water, extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layer washed with brine solution. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get crude product. The resulting oil was purified via silica gel chromatography using a gradient of 4% Ethyl acetate in hexane to afford the title compound 34. MS-ES+332.0, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6-d6) 34: 8.73 (d, 2H), 8.37 (m, 1H), 8.31 (m, 1H), 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.35 (d, 1H), 7.20 (s, 1H), 7.36 (d, 1H), 7.02 (d, 1H), 6.72 (d, 1H), 6.25 (d, 2H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 11:


(E)-N-(2-chloro-5-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)pent-2-enamide (35)



[0128] 



[0129] A solution of 17 (100mg, 0.436mmol) and 27 (74.5mg, 0.436mmol) in DME was added cesium carbonate (286mg, 0.872mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged for 15min. Pd(PPh3)4 (25.4mg,0.0218mmol) was added to the reaction and again degassed, purged with nitrogen for 15 min. reaction was stirred for 12 hrs at 85°C. The reaction mixture was allowing cooling to rt and diluted with DCM (25mL). The DCM layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude. The resulting oil was purified via silica gel chromatography using a gradient of 40% ethyl acetate in hexane to afford 55mg of 32 of off white colour solid.

[0130] A solution of above obtained compound 32 (50mg, 0.1945mmol) and (E)-pent-2-enoic acid 25 (19.45mg, 0.1945mmol) in DMF was added EDC HCl (33.1mg, 0.2139mmol) and HOBt (28.8mg, 0.2139mmol) and DIPEA (27.5mg, 0.2139mmol). The reaction was stirred for 12h at rt. The reaction mass was diluted with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with water twice, followed by brine solution. The resulting oil was purified via silica gel chromatography using gradient of 20% ethyl acetate in hexane to afford pale yellow colour solid compound 35. MS-ES+359.1, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) 35: 8.62 (d, 2H), 8.20 (d,1H), 8.17 (d, 1H), 8.08 (d, 1H), 8.02 (d, 2H), 7.49 (d, 1H), 7.36 (d, 1H), 7.02 (d, 1H), 6.97 (d, 1H), 4.19 (d, 2H), 2.48 (d, 2H), 1.23 (d, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 12:


N-(6-(1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl)acrylamide (39):



[0131] 



[0132] A solution of 36 (200mg, 0.819mmol) and 37 (105.3mg, 0.819mmol) in DMF was added cesium carbonate (533.6mg, 1.638mmol). The reaction was purged and degassed with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 (28.7mg, 0.0409mmol) was added to the reaction and again degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Reaction was sealed and heated to 90°C overnight. The reaction was allowed to cool to rt and diluted with dichloromethane and filtered through Celite bed. The organic layer was concentrated to get the crude product. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 1% methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid 38.

[0133] A solution of 38 (50mg, 0.237mmol) and acrylic acid 33 (17.14mg, 0.237mmol) in acetonitrile was added triethylamine (47.95mg, 0.474mmol). T3P (150.8mg, 0.474mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 2% methanol in chloroform as off-white solid 39. MS-ES+264.9, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 8.91 (d, 1H), 8.78 (bs, 1H), 8.50 (d, 1H), 8.23 (m, 1H), 8.07 (bs, 1H), 7.80 (t, 1H), 7.53 (m, 1H), 7.35 (m, 1H), 6.59 (m, 1H), 6.49 (m, 1H), 6.29 (m, 1H), 5.84 (m, 1H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 13:


N-(2-fluoro-5-(1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (42):



[0134] 



[0135] A solution of 15 (100mg, 0.510mmol) and 40 (78.6mg, 0.510mmol) in toluene/ethanol (4:1) was added sodium carbonate (111.69mg, 1.02mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min and Pd(dppf)Cl2 (20.8mg, 0.0255mmol) added to the reaction. The reaction was again degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. The reaction was heated to 80°C overnight under sealed condition. The reaction mass was allowed to cool to rt and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was passed through Celite bed and organic layer was concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound 41 was eluted at 30% ethyl acetate in hexane as off white colour solid.

[0136] A solution of 41 (50mg, 0.219mmol) and acrylic acid 33 (15.84mg, 0.219mmol) in acetonitrile was added triethylamine (44.35mg, 0.438mmol). T3P (139.3mg, 0.438mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 40% ethyl acetate in hexane as brown colour solid compound 42. MS-ES+281.9, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6): 11.73 (s, 1H), 10.06 (s, 1H), 8.45 (d, 1H), 8.32 (d, 1H), 8.15 (d, 1H), 7.49 (m, 2H), 7.37 (m,1H), 6.66 (m, 1H), 6.50 (m, 1H), 6.32 (m, 1H), 5.78 (m, 1H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 14:


N-(2-fluoro-4-(1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (45):



[0137] 



[0138] A solution of 15 (100mg, 0.510mmol) and 43 (78.6mg, 0.510mmol) in toluene/ethanol (4:1) was added sodium carbonate (111.69mg, 1.02mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (20.8mg, 0.0255mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was again degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. The reaction was heated to 80°C overnight under sealed condition. The reaction mass was allowed to cool to rt and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was passed through Celite bed and organic layer was concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound 44 was eluted at 30% ethyl acetate in hexane as off white colour solid.

[0139] A solution of 44 (40mg, 0.175mmol) and acrylic acid 33 (12.64mg, 0.175mmol) in acetonitrile was added triethylamine (35.41mg, 0.35mmol). T3P (111.3mg, 0.35mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 40% ethyl acetate in hexane as brown colour solid compound 45. MS-ES+281.9, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6-d6) 45: 11.75 (s, 1H), 10.02 (s, 1H), 8.55 (d, 1H), 8.25 (d, 1H), 8.11 (t, 1H), 7.69 (m, 1H), 7.53 (m, 2H), 6.62 (m, 1H), 6.50 (m, 1H), 6.29 (m, 1H), 5.78 (m, 1H) .

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 15:


N-(3-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)-2-cyanoacetamide (48):



[0140] 



[0141] A solution of 46 (50mg, 0.2057mmol) and 47 (17.48mg, 0.2057mmol) in acetonitrile was added triethyl amine (41.69mg, 0.4114mmol). T3P (130.09mg, 0.4114mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 1% methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid 48. MS-ES+311.2, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 48: 12.09 (bs, 1H), 11.10 (s, 1H), 9.79 (s, 1H), 8.65 (d, 2H), 8.23 (bs, 1H), 8.16 (d, 1H), 7.74 (d, 1H), 7.65 (m, 1H), 7.54 (m, 2H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 16:


N-(3-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)-1-1-cyanocyclopropane-carboxamide (51):



[0142] 



[0143] A solution of 49 (50mg, 0.2057mmol) and 50 (22.8mg, 0.2057mmol) in acetonitrile was added triethylamine (41.69mg, 0.4114mmol). T3P (130.09mg, 0.4114mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 2% methanol in chloroform as off white colour solid compound 51. MS-ES+334.9; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 51: 12.08 (s, 1H), 10.07 (s, 1H), 8.58 (s, 1H), 8.06 (s, 1H), 7.94 (s, 1H), 7.73 (d, 1H), 7.50 (m, 1H), 7.43 (m, 2H), 5.55 (m, 4H)

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 17:


N-(2-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (53):



[0144] 



[0145] A solution of 19 (100mg, 0.434mmol) and 52 (118.2mg, 0.434mmol) in toluene/ethanol (4:1) was added sodium carbonate (95.04mg, 0.868mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (17.72mg, 0.0217mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction mass was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 80°C under sealed condition overnight. The reaction was allowed to cool to rt and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite bed and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 2 % methanol in chloroform as off-white colour solid compound 53. MS-ES+277.9; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 53.: 11.31 (s, 1H), 9.46 (s,1H), 8.12 (d,1H), 7.83 (d,1H), 7.56 (d, 1H), 7.33 (m, 4H), 7.24 (bs, 1H), 6.30 (m, 1H), 6.11 (m, 1H), 5.62 (m, 1H), 2.22 (s, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 18:


N-(2-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (54):



[0146] 



[0147] A solution of 17 (100mg, 0.476mmol) and 52 (130.01mg, 0.476mmol) in toluene/ethanol (4:1) was added sodium carbonate (104.24mg, 0.952mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (16.72mg, 0.0238mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction mass was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 80°C under sealed condition overnight. The reaction was allowed to cool to rt and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite bed and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 2% methanol in chloroform as off-white colour solid compound 54. MS-ES+297.9; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 54: 12.05 (s, 1H), 9.55 (s, 1H), 8.24 (d, 1H), 7.83 (d, 1H), 7.72 (d, 1H), 7.57 (d, 1H), 7.41 (m, 3H), 6.30 (m, 1H), 6.12 (d, 1H), 5.63 (d, 1H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 19:


N-(3-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)but-2-ynamide (56):



[0148] 



[0149] A solution of 49 (25mg, 0.102mmol) and 55 (8.6mg, 0.102mmol) in acetonitrile (8ml) was added triethylamine (20.6mg, 0.204mmol). T3P (64.90mg, 0.204mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 2 % methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid compound 56. MS-ES+309.9; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6): 12.09 (s, 1H), 10.69 (s, 1H), 8.54 (s, 1H), 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.93 (s, 1H), 7.73 (d, 1H), 7.59 (d, 1H), 7.43 (m, 2H), 2.05 (s, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 20:


N-(3-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)propiolamide (58):



[0150] 



[0151] A solution of 49 (25mg, 0.102mmol) and 57 (7.14mg, 0.102mmol) in acetonitrile (8mL) was added triethyl amine (20.6mg, 0.204mmol). T3P (64.90mg, 0.204mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 1% methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid compound 58. MS-ES+295.8, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 58: 12.11 (s, 1H), 10.91 (s, 1H), 8.56 (d, 1H), 8.05 (d, 1H) 7.94 (s, 1H), 7.75 (d, 1H), 7.62 (m, 1H), 7.47 (m, 2H), 4.45 (s, 1H)

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 21:


N-(3-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)pent-2-ynamide (60):



[0152] 



[0153] A solution of 49 (25mg, 0.102mmol) and 59 (9.86mg, 0.102mmol) in acetonitrile (4mL) was added triethylamine (20.6mg, 0.204mmol). T3P (64.90mg, 0.204mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt, then diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 2% methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid compound 60. MS-ES+323.9, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 60: 12.10 (s, 1H), 10.68 (s, 1H), 8.55 (d, 1H), 8.04 (d, 1H), 7.93 (bs, 1H), 7.75 (bs, 1H), 7.62 (d, 1H), 7.44 (m, 2H), 2.43 (m, 2H), 1.17 (t, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 22:


N-(3-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)-2-fluoroacetamide (62):



[0154] 



[0155] A solution of 49 (25mg, 0.102mmol) and 61 (7.2mg, 0.102mmol) in acetonitrile (4mL) was added triethylamine (20.6mg, 0.204mmol). T3P (64.90mg, 0.204mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt, then diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 2% methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid compound 62. MS-ES+303.9; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 62: 12.09 (s, 1H), 10.18 (s, 1H), 8.58 (d, 1H), 8.06 (m, 2H), 7.71 (m, 2H), 7.47 (m, 2H), 5.08 (s, 1H), 4.96 (s, 1H)

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 23:


N-(3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)but-2-ynamide (63):



[0156] 



[0157] A solution of 24 (25mg, 0.112mmol) and 55 (9.4mg, 0.112mmol) in acetonitrile (4mL) was added triethylamine (22.6mg, 0.224mmol). T3P (71.27mg, 0.224mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 1.5 % methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid compound 63. MS-ES+289.9; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6): 11.38 (s, 1H), 10.68 (s, 1H), 8.41 (s, 1H), 8.07 (s, 1H), 7.91 (s, 1H), 7.58 (m, 1H), 7.40 (m, 2H), 7.28 (s, 1H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 2.06 (s, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 24:


N-(3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)pent-2-ynamide (64):



[0158] 



[0159] A solution of 24 (25mg, 0.112mmol) and 59 (9.86mg, 0.112mmol) in acetonitrile (4mL) was added triethylamine (22.6mg, 0.224mmol). T3P (71.1mg, 0.224mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt, then diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 2% methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid compound 64. MS-ES+303.9; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 64: 11.37 (s, 1H), 10.65 (s, 1H), 8.41 (d, 1H), 8.06 (d, 1H), 7.90 (bs, 1H), 7.59 (d, 1H), 7.40 (m, 2H), 7.28 (bs, 1H), 2.42 (m, 2H), 2.30 (bs, 3H), 1.17 (t, 3H) .

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 25:


2-fluoro-N-(3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acetamide (65):



[0160] 



[0161] A solution of 24 (25mg, 0.112mmol) and 61 (7.91mg, 0.112mmol) in acetonitrile (4mL) was added triethylamine (22.6mg, 0.224mmol). T3P (71.1mg, 0.224mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt, then diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 1.5 % MeOH in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid compound. MS-ES+283.9; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 65: 11.36 (s, 1H), 10.16 (s, 1H), 8.45 (s, 1H), 8.09 (d, 1H), 7.97 (d, 1H), 7.67 (m, 1H), 7.46 (m, 2H), 7.28 (s, 1H), 5.07 (s, 1H), 4.95 (s, 1H), 2.30 (m, 3H).

EXAMPLE 26: N-(3-(3-(3-fluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl) acrylamide (69):



[0162] 



[0163] A solution of 30 (200mg, 0.418mmol) and 66 (71.01mg, 0.418mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (272.36mg, 0.836mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (17.06mg, 0.0209mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 3% ethylacetate in hexane as off-white solid 67.

[0164] A solution of 67 (150mg, 0.315mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (86.91mg, 0.63mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 68.

[0165] A solution of 68 (100mg, 0.3125mmol) and 2 (71.01mg, 0.312mmol) in toluene and ethanol (4:1mL) was added Na2CO3 (68.21mg, 0.623mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (12.76mg, 0.0156mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to rt, then diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite, and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 2% methanol in dichloromethane as pale yellow colour solid title compound 69. MS-ES+ 388.0; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 69: 12.09 (s, 1H), 10.22 (s, 1H), 8.54 (bs, 1H), 8.26 (bs, 1H), 7.95 (d, 1H), 7.83 (d, 1H), 7.71 (m, 1H), 7.43 (m, 2H), 7.20 (m, 2H), 6.44 (m, 1H), 6.25 (m, 1H), 5.75 (m, 1H), 3.66 (s, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 27:


N-(3-(3-(3-(N-(tert-butyl)-N-methylsulfamoyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b] pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (73):



[0166] 



[0167] A solution of 30 (150mg, 0.313mmol) and 70 (85.70mg, 0.313mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (205.36mg, 0.627mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (12.86mg, 0.0156mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to rt, then diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 10% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 71.

[0168] A solution of 71 (100mg, 0.173mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (47.9mg, 0.347mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 72.

[0169] A solution of 72 (70mg, 0.166mmol) and Compound 64 (27.3mg, 0.166mmol) in toluene and ethanol (4:1mL) was added Na2CO3 (35.02mg, 0.332mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (6.6 mg, 0.0083mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite bed, concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 2% methanol in dichloromethane as pale yellow colour solid compound 73. MS-ES+487.2, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 73: 9.12 (bs, 1H), 8.61 (bs, 1H), 8.34 (bs, 1H), 8.10 (bs, 1H), 7.81 (m, 2H), 7.57 (m, 2H), 7.43 (m, 2H), 6.44 (d, 1H), 6.30 (m,1H), 5.79 (d, 1H), 3.01 (s, 3H), 1.39 (s, 3H) .

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 28:


N-(3-(3-(3-(N,N-diethylsulfamoyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-phenyl)acrylamide (77):



[0170] 



[0171] A solution of 30 (200mg, 0.418mmol) and 74 (107.46mg, 0.418mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (272.36mg, 0.836mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (17.06mg, 0.0209mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 10% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 75.

[0172] A solution of 75 (150mg, 0.267mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (73.8mmol, 0.534mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 76.

[0173] A solution of 76 (100mg, 0.245mmol) and 2 (40.42mg, 0.245mmol) in toluene and ethanol (4:1mL) was added Na2co3 (53.55mg, 0.490mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (9.95mg, 0.0122mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 90°c under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite bed, concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 3% methanol in dichloromethane as pale yellow colour solid compound 77. MS-ES+423.09; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 77: 12.23 (s, 1H), 10.26 (s, 1H), 8.56 (d, 1H), 8.35 (s,1H), 8.04 (m, 4H), 7.68 (m, 3H), 7.45 (m, 2H), 6.43 (m, 2H), 6.30 (m, 1H), 5.77 (m, 1H), 3.24 (m, 4H), 1.06 (m, 6H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 29:


ethyl 3-(5-(3-acrylamidophenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-3-yl)benzoate (83):



[0174] 



[0175] A solution of 78 (200mg, 0.419mmol) and 79 (81.3mg, 0.419mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (0.838mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (17.0mg, 0.0209mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 10% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 80.

[0176] A solution of 80 (180mg, 0.361mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (99.75mg, 0.722mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 81.

[0177] A solution of 81 (120mg, 0.379mmol) was taken in sulfuric acid in ethanol. The reaction mixture was heated to 60°C overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with water. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice, then dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the pale yellow solid 82.

[0178] A solution of 82 (100mg, 0.290mmol) and 2 (55.5mg, 0.290mmol) in toluene and ethanol (4:1mL) was added Na2CO3 (60.9mg, 0.580mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (11.8mg, 0.0145mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 90°c under sealed condition overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to rt, diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through Celite bed, concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 3% methanol in dichloromethane as pale yellow colour solid compound 83. (Yield: 22mg, 21 %). MS-ES+ 412.0, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 83: 12.15 (s, 1H), 10.25 (s, 1H), 8.55 (d,1H), 8.38 (d, 1H), 8.29 (s, 1H), 8.06 (m, 2H), 8.00 (bs, 1H), 7.85 (d, 1H), 7.71 (m, 1H), 7.62 (t, 1H), 7.45 (m, 2H), 6.47 (m, 1H), 6.30 (m, 1H), 5.77 (m, 1H), 4.35 (m, 2H), 1.35 (m, 3H).

EXAMPLE 30: N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl) acrylamide (87):



[0179] 



[0180] A solution of 30 (200mg, 0.418mmol) and 84 (78.60mg, 0.418mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (272.36mg, 0.836mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (17.06mg, 0.0209mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, then allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid compound 85.

[0181] A solution of 85 (150mg, 0.304mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (83.9mg, 0.608mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid compound 86.

[0182] A solution of 86 (80mg, 0.236mmol) and 2 (38.9mg, 0.236mmol) in toluene and ethanol (4:1mL) was added Na2CO3 (51.79mg, 0.473mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (9.6mg, 0.0118) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite bed, concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 1% methanol in dichloromethane as pale yellow colour solid compound 87. MS-ES+ 406.1; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 87: 12.21 (s, 1H), 10.24 (bs, 1H), 8.54 (d, 1H), 8.20 (d, 1H), 7.90 (m, 2H), 7.83 (bs, 1H), 7.43 (d, 2H), 7.22 (m, 2H), 6.42 (m, 1H), 6.25 (d, 1H), 5.75 (d, 1H), 3.60 (s, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 31:


N-(2-fluoro-5-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)pent-2-ynamide (89):



[0183] 



[0184] A solution of 19 (205.4mg, 0.909mmol) and 40 (150mg, 0.909mmol) in toluene/ethanol (4mL: 1mL) was added sodium carbonate (190.8mg, 1.818mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (37.1mg, 0.0454mmol) was added to the reaction, which was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, then allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 50 % ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 88.

[0185] A solution of 88 (50mg, 0.207mmol) and 59 (20.03mg, 0.207mmol) in acetonitrile (4mL) was added triethylamine (41.9mg, 0.414mmol). T3P (131.7mg, 0.414mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt and diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 1.5 % methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid compound 89. MS-ES+321.9; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 89: 8.58 (s, 1H), 8.44 (d, 2H), 8.01 (d, 1H), 7.64 (bs, 1H), 7.28 (m, 1H), 7.18 (m, 1H), 7.09 (bs, 1H), 2.43 (m, 2H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 1.25 (m, 2H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 32:


N-(3-(3-(3-(N-(tert-butyl)-N-methylsulfamoyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)pent-2-ynamide (92):



[0186] 



[0187] A solution of 78 (150mg, 0.313mmol) and 70 (85.70mg, 0.313mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (205.36mg, 0.627mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (12.86mg, 0.0156mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 10% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 90.

[0188] A solution of 90 (150mg, 0.260mmol) and 23 (44.4mg, 0.260mmol) in toluene and ethanol (4:1mL) was added Na2CO3 (54.6mg, 0.520mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (10.6mg, 0.013mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite bed, concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 3% methanol in dichloromethane as pale yellow colour solid 91.

[0189] A solution of 91 (70mg, 0.119mmol) and 59 (13.9mg, 0.142mmol) in acetonitrile (4mL) was added triethylamine (24.9mg, 0.238mmol). T3P (78.0mg, 0.238mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt, then diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 1.5 % methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid 92.

[0190] A solution of 92 (60mg, 0.089mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (24.5mg, 0.178mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 93. MS-ES+ 515.1; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6): 9.26 (bs, 1H), 8.64 (bs, 1H), 8.33 (bs, 1H), 8.11(bs, 1H), 7.81 (d, 1H), 7.74 (m, 2H), 7.57 (m, 4H), 7.40 (m, 2H), 3.01 (s, 3H), 2.37 (m, 2H), 1.39 (s, 9H), 1.22 (m, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 33:


N-(3-(7-(3-(N-(tert-butyl)-N-methylsulfamoyl)phenyl)-5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazine-2-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (97):



[0191] 



[0192] A solution of 94 (200mg, 0.419mmol) and 70 (113.5mg, 0.419mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (274.8mg, 0.838mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (17.1mg, 0.020mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 10% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 95.

[0193] A solution of 95 (140mg, 0.243mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (67.068mg, 0.486mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 96.

[0194] A solution of 96 (80mg, 0.189mmol) and 2 (36.2mg, 0.189mmol) in toluene and ethanol (4:1mL) was added Na2CO3 (39.6mg, 0.378mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (7.7mg, 0.009mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite bed concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 3% methanol in dichloromethane as pale yellow colour solid 97. MS-ES+ 488.2; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 97: 12.54 (bs, 1H), 10.27 (bs, 1H), 8.90 (bs, 1H), 8.81 (bs, 1H), 8.64 (bs, 1H), 8.44 (m, 1H), 8.38 (bs, 1H), 7.89 (d, 1H), 7.75 (d, 1H), 7.65 (d, 2H), 7.50(t, 1H), 6.47 (m, 1H), 6.28 (dd, 1H), 5.78 (dd, 1H), 2.98 (s, 3H), 1.29 (s, 1H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 34:


N-(3-(3-(3-(N,N-dimethylsulfamoyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (97):



[0195] 



[0196] A solution of 78 (200mg, 0.419mmol) and 70 (96.05mg, 0.419mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (274.8mg, 0.838mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (17.1mg, 0.0201mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 10% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 95.

[0197] A solution of 95 (180mg, 0.337mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (93.0mg, 0.674mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 96.

[0198] A solution of 96 (100mg, 0.263mmol) and 2 (50.3mg, 0.263mmol) in toluene and ethanol (4:1mL) was added Na2CO3 (55.2mg, 0.526mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (10.7mg, 0.0132mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through Celite bed, concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 3% methanol in dichloromethane as pale yellow colour solid 97. MS-ES+ 445.01; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 97: 12.24 (s, 1H), 10.26 (s, 1H), 8.56 (d, 1H), 8.37 (d, 1H), 8.14 (m, 2H), 8.00 (m, 2H), 7.69 (m, 2H), 7.62 (d, 1H), 7.45 (d, 2H), 6.46 (m, 1H), 6.26 (dd, 1H), 5.77 (dd, 1H), 2.68 (s, 6H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 35:


N-(3-(3-(3-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl) acrylamide (101):



[0199] 



[0200] A solution of 78 (200mg, 0.419mmol) and 98 (83.8mg, 0.419mmol) in acetonitrile (10mL) was added cesium carbonate (275.0mg, 0.8396mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (17.1mg, 0.0209mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°c under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 99.

[0201] A solution of 99 (190mg, 0.3759mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (155.8mg, 1.127mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crud. The crude was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 100.

[0202] A solution of 100 (100mg, 0.2849mmol) and 2 (54.4mg, 0.2849mmol) in toluene and ethanol (4:1ml) was added Na2CO3 (60.3mg, 0.5698mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (11.6mg, 0.01424mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min. The reaction was heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through Celite bed, concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 3% methanol in dichloromethane as pale yellow colour solid 101. MS-ES+417.1; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6): 12.26 (s, 1H), 10.25 (s, 1H), 8.54 (s, 1H), 8.40 (s, 1H), 8.21 (s, 1H), 8.14 (d, 2H), 7.98 (d, 1H), 7.78 (m, 1H), 7.70 (m, 2H), 7.46 (m, 2H), 6.44 (m, 1H), 6.25 (dd, 1H), 5.75 (dd, 1H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 36:


N-(3-(3-(3-(ethylsulfonyl)phenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl) acrylamide (105):



[0203] 



[0204] A solution of 78 (200mg, 0.4192mmol) and 102 (89.7mg, 0.4192mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (274, 9mg, 0.8384mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (17.1mg, 0.0209mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 103.

[0205] A solution of 103 (170mg, 0.3273mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (135.7mg, 0.9819mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 104.

[0206] A solution of 104 (100mg, 0.2737mmol) and 2 (52.2mg, 0.2737mmol) in toluene and ethanol (4:1mL) was added Na2CO3 (58.0mg, 0.5474mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (11.1mg, 0.0136mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite bed, concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 3% methanol in dichloromethane as pale yellow colour solid 105. MS-ES+432.0; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6): 12.22 (s, 1H), 10.25 (s, 1H), 8.54 (d, 1H), 8.39 (d, 1H), 8.14 (m, 3H), 7.98 (s, 1H), 7.73 (m, 3H), 7.44 (d, 2H), 6.44 (m, 1H), 6.25 (dd, 1H), 5.75 (m, 1H), 3.35 (m, 2H), 1.14 (m 3H) .

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 37:


N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)pent-2-ynamide (108):



[0207] 



[0208] A solution of 85 (400mg, 0.813mmol) and 23 (140.6mg, 0813mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (274.9mg, 0.8384mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (33.1mg, 0.040mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 106.

[0209] A solution of 106 (250mg, 0.594mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (162.84mg, 1.18mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was titrated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 107.

[0210] A solution of 107 (100mg, 0.284mmol) and 59 (26.7mg, 0.284mmol) in acetonitrile (4mL) was added triethylamine (57mg, 0.568mmol). T3P (186.3mg, 0.568mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt, and diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 1.5 % methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid 108. MS-ES+432.0; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6): 12.12 (s, 1H), 10.66 (s, 1H), 8.51 (d, 1H), 8.20 (d, 1H), 7.87 (d, 2H), 7.62 (d, 1H), 7.39 (m 2H), 7.24 (m, 2H), 3.60 (s, 3H), 3.28 (m, 2H), 2.41 (m, 2H), 1.21 (m, 3H), 1.14 (m, 3H).

EXAMPLE 38: N-(S-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-2-fluorophenyl)acrylamide (111):



[0211] 



[0212] A solution of 85 (150mg, 0.306mmol) and 40 (47mg, 0.306mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (200mg, 0.612mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (12mg, 0.0153mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, then diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 109.

[0213] A solution of 109 (120mg, 0.229mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (62mg, 0.458mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 110.

[0214] A solution of 110 (80mg, 0.216mmol) and acrylic acid 33 (15.3mg, 0.216mmol) in acetonitrile (4mL) was added triethylamine (45.79mg, 0.432mmol). T3P (141.6mg, 0.432mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt, and diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 1.5 % methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid 111. MS-ES+424.0; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6): 12.22 (s, 1H), 10.07 (s, 1H), 8.52 (d, 1H), 8.31 (d, 1H), 8.22 (d, 1H), 7.91 (d, 1H), 7.53 (m, 1H), 7.36 (m, 1H), 7.24 (m, 1H), 6.63 (m, 1H), 6.27 (dd, 1H), 5.78 (dd, 1H), 3.61(s, 3H).

EXAMPLE 39: N-(5-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-2,4-difluorophenyl)acrylamide (115):



[0215] 



[0216] A solution of 85 (150mg, 0.306mmol) and 112 (64mg, 0.306mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (200mg, 0.612mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (12mg, 0.0153mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 113.

[0217] A solution of 113 (130mg, 0.240mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (65mg, 0.48mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off white colour solid 114.

[0218] A solution of 114 (80mg, 0.2066mmol) and acrylic acid 33 (20mg, 0.289mmol) in acetonitrile (4mL) was added triethylamine (41mg, 0.4132mmol). T3P (131mg, 0.4132mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt, and diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 1.5 % methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid 115. MS-ES+442.0; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6): 12.28 (s, 1H), 10.07 (s, 1H), 8.41 (s, 1H), 8.20 (s, 1H), 8.14 (t, 1H), 7.94 (d, 1H), 7.48 (t, 1H), 7.26 (m, 2H), 6.58 (m, 1H), 6.29 (dd, 1H), 5.77 (dd, 1H), 3.61 (s, 3H).

EXAMPLE 40: N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)acrylamide (119):



[0219] 



[0220] A solution of 85 (150mg, 0.3060mmol) and 116 (0.306mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (200mg, 0.612mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (12mg, 0.0153mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 117.

[0221] A solution of 117 (125mg, 0.229mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (62mg, 0.428mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 118.

[0222] A solution of 118 (80mg, 0.216mmol) and Acrylic acid 33 (21mg, 0.302mmol) in acetonitrile (4mL) was added triethylamine (43mg, 0.432mmol). T3P (131mg, 0.432mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt, and diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 1.5 % methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid 119. MS-ES+424.0; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6): 12.28 (s, 1H), 10.28 (s, 1H), 8.44 (s, 1H), 8.21 (s, 1H), 7.94 (d, 1H), 7.86 (m, 1H), 7.71 (m, 1H), 7.26 (m, 3H), 6.41 (m, 1H), 6.29 (dd, 1H), 5.76 (dd, 1H), 3.61 (s, 3H).

EXAMPLE 41: N-(2-chloro-5-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (122):



[0223] 



[0224] A solution of 85 (150mg, 0.306mmol) and 27 (52mg, 0.306mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (200mg, 0.612mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (12mg, 0.0153mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min and heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 120.

[0225] A solution of 120 (120mg. 0.222mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (60mg, 0.444mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 121.

[0226] A solution of 121 (80mg, 0.207mmol) and acrylic acid 33 (17.7mg, 0.249mmol) in acetonitrile (4mL) was added triethylamine (43.8mg, 0.414mmol). T3P (135.7mg, 0.414mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt, and diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 1.5 % methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid 122. MS-ES+440.1; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6): 12.24 (s, 1H), 9.85 (s, 1H), 8.56 (d, 1H), 8.27 (s, 1H), 8.13 (s, 1H), 7.92 (d, 1H), 7.61 (s, 2H), 7.29 (m, 2H), 6.64 (m, 1H), 6.27 (dd, 1H), 5.79 (dd, 1H), 3.60 (s, 3H).

EXAMPLE 42: N-(6-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)pyridin-2-yl)acrylamide (126):



[0227] 



[0228] To a stirred solution of 85 (250mg, 0.508mmol) in DMF was added bis(pinacolato)diboron (257.9mg, 1.016mmol). Potassium acetate (99.6mg, 1.016mmol) was added and the reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 (17.8mg,0.023mmol) was added and again degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 1 0min. The reaction was sealed and heated to 100°C for 2h. After completion of the reaction the reaction was cooled and diluted with chloroform, filtered through Celite bed. The organic layer was washed with cold water (2x50mL) followed by brine solution (50mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford black colour solid 123. The solid was preceded for further step without purification.

[0229] A solution of 123 (250mg, 0.46mmol) and 37 (65mg, 0.509mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (301.1mg, 0.92mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (18mg, 0.023mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 124.

[0230] A solution of 124 (100mg, 0.198mmol) was taken in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (54.7mg, 0.396mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 125.

[0231] A solution of 125 (60mg, 0.142mmol) and acrylic acid 33 (14.1mg) in acetonitrile (4mL) was added triethylamine (30.38mg, 0.284mmol). T3P (93.102mg, 0.284mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred overnight at rt, diluted with ethyl acetate (25mL) and the organic layer was washed with water (25mL) followed by brine solution (25mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 1.5 % methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid 126. MS-ES+407.0; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 126: 12.24 (s, 1H), 10.70 (s, 1H), 9.00 (s, 1H), 8.67 (s, 1H), 8.14 (d,1H), 7.88 (m, 2H), 7.78 (d, 1H), 7.30 (m, 2H), 6.66 (m, 1H), 6.31 (dd, 1H), 5.78 (dd, 1H0, 3.60 (s, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 43:


N-(3-(7-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazin-2-yl)-phenyl)acrylamide (130):



[0232] 



[0233] A solution of 127 (200mg, 0.4184mmol) and 84 (78.6mg, 0.4184mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (274.4mg, 0.8363mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (17.0mg, 0.02092mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, and diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite plug and concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as off-white solid 128.

[0234] A solution of 128 (100mg, 0.294mmol) in methanol (7mL) and water (3mL) was added potassium carbonate (81.1mg, 0.588mmol). The reaction was heated to 60°C overnight. The methanol was completely distilled off. Then water was added to the remains of the reaction. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude, which was triturated with hexane to afford the off-white colour solid 129.

[0235] A solution of 129 (60mg, 0.235mmol) and 2 (33.7mg, 0.235mmol) in toluene and ethanol (4:1ml) was added Na2CO3 (50.29mg, 0.47mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (9.5mg, 0.01175mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10min, heated to 90°C under sealed condition overnight, allowed to cool to rt, then diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through Celite bed, concentrated to get the crude, which was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 3% methanol in dichloromethane as pale yellow colour solid 130. MS-ES+; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) 130: 12.60 (s, 1H), 10.33 (s, 1H), 8.49 (m, 2H), 8.43 (s, 1H), 7.81 (m, 2H), 7.52 (t, 1H), 7.23 (m, 1H), 6.48 (m, 1H), 6.28 (dd, 1H), 5.78 (dd, 1H), 3.88 (s, 3H)
Table 1B: List of REFERENCE EXAMPLES:
Ex. No.StructureName*Mol. Wt.
133

(E)-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide 481.20
138

(E)-4-(dimethylamino)-N-(3-(3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)but-2-enamide 458.3
140

N-(3-(3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide 402.1
145

(E)-4-(dimethylamino)-N-(3-(3-(2-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)but-2-enamide 428.1
148

N-(3-(3-(2-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide 372.1
150

N-(3-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide 279.29
152

(E)-4-(dimethylamino)-N-(3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)but-2-enamide 334.9
153

(E)-N-(3-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide 354.8
155

(E)-3-bromo-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)-2-methylacrylamide 498.20
156

(E)-3-bromo-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)-2-methylacrylamide 515.20
158

(E)-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)-2,4,4-trimethylpent-2-enamide 486.19
159

(E)-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)-2,4,4-trimethylpent-2-enamide 504.18
164

(E)-3-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)-N-(1-hydroxy-2-methylpropan-2-yl)-2-methylacrylamide 486.19
168

N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-5-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)acrylamide 436.0
169

(E)-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-5-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide 494.19
170

(E)-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-5-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)-2,4,4-trimethylpent-2-enamide 507.55
171

(E)-3-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-5-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)-N-(1-hydroxy-2-methylpropan-2-yl)-2-methylacrylamide 523.55
172

(E)-4-(dimethylamino)-N-(5-fluoro-3-(3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-2-methylphenyl)but-2-enamide 490.54
173

(E)-N-(5-fluoro-3-(3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-2-methylphenyl)-2,4,4-trimethylpent-2-enamide 503.58
174

(E)-3-(5-fluoro-3-(3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-2-methylphenyl)-N-(1-hydroxy-2-methylpropan-2-yl)-2-methylacrylamide 519.58

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 133:


(E)-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide (133):



[0236] 



[0237] A solution of 117 (100 mg, 0.194 mmol) was dissolved in THF/DMF was added dimethyl amine (31.2 mg, 0.3885 mmol), EDC.HCl (0.3883 mmol) and (E)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enoic acid hydrochloride 131 (64.07 mg, 0.3883 mmol) was added to the reaction and stirred at RT for overnight. After completion of the reaction was diluted with water and the aqueous was extracted with 10% methanol in chloroform for two times. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated to get the crude compound 132. The crude 132 was purified through neutral alumina and the compound was eluted at 2% methanol in chloroform as half white colour solid.

[0238] A solution of compound 132 (90 mg, 0.246 mmol) was taken in methanol (7 mL) and water (3 mL) was added potassium carbonate (68.05 mg, 0.493 mmol). The reaction was heated to 60 °C for overnight. The methanol was completely distilled and diluted with water. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using neutral alumina. The compound was eluted in 2% methanol in chloroform as half white solid (E)-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide 133. MS-ES+481.20, 1HNMR (400MHz, DMSO) 133: 12.29 (s, 1H), 10.44 (s, 2H), 8.43 (d, 1H), 8.20 (s, 1H), 7.88 (m, 2H), 7.72 (m, 1H), 7.26 (m, 3H), 3.90 (m, 2H), 3.60 (s, 3H), 2.74 (m, 6H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 138:


(E)-4-(dimethylamino)-N-(3-(3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)but-2-enamide (138):



[0239] 



[0240] A solution of (4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)boronic acid (100 mg, 0.5434 mmol) 134 and 5-bromo-3-iodo-1-tosyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine 78 (259.23 mg, 0.5434 mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (356.4 mg, 1.86mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10 min and Pd(dppf)Cl2 (22.17 mg, 0.0217 mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 min. The reaction was heated to 90 °C under sealed condition for overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through celite plug and concentrated to get the crude compound 135. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as half white solid 5-bromo-3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1-tosyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine 135.

[0241] A solution of 5-bromo-3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1-tosyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine 135 (250 mg, 0.5122 mmol) and 23 (145.9 mg, 0.655 mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (336.03 mg, 1.024 mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min and Pd(dppf)Cl2 (20.8 mg, 0.02561 mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 min. The reaction was heated to 90 °C under sealed condition for overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through celite plug and concentrated to get the crude compound 136. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as half white solid 3-(3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1-tosyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)aniline 136.

[0242] A solution of 136 (100 mg, 0.198 mmol) was dissolved in THF/DMF was added diethyl amine (31.7 mg, 0.396 mmol). EDC.HCl (61.5 mg, 0.396 mmol) and (E)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enoic acid hydrochloride 131 (65.34 mg, 0.396 mmol) was added to the reaction and stirred at RT for overnight. After completion the reaction was diluted with water and the aqueous was extracted with 10% methanol in chloroform for two times. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through neutral alumina, and the compound was eluted at 2%methanol in chloroform as half white colour solid (E)-4-(dimethylamino)-N-(3-(3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1-tosyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)but-2-enamide 137.

[0243] A solution of (E)-4-(dimethylamino)-N-(3-(3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1-tosyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)but-2-enamide 137 (60 mg, 0.098 mmol) was taken in methanol (7 mL) and water (3 mL) was added potassium carbonate (54.10 mg, 0.392 mmol). The reaction was heated to 60 °C for overnight. The methanol was completely distilled and diluted with water. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using neutral alumina. The compound was eluted in 2% methanol in chloroform as half white solid (E)-4-(dimethylamino)-N-(3-(3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)but-2-enamide 138. MS-ES+458.3, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): 11.89 (s, 1H), 10.14 (s, 1H), 8.48 (d, 1H), 8.05 (d, 2H), 7.63 (m, 2H), 7.40 (m, 3H), 6.98 (d, 1H), 6.73 (m, 1H), 6.26 (d, 1H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.06 (s, 3H), 2.23 (d, 3H), 2.18 (s, 6H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 140:


N-(3-(3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (140):



[0244] 



[0245] A solution of 134 (100 mg, 0.5434 mmol) and 78 (259.23 mg, 0.5434 mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (356.4 mg, 1.86 mmol) .The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)cl2 (22.17mg ,0.0217mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 min. The reaction was heated to 90 °C under sealed condition for overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through celite plug and concentrated to get the crude compound. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as half white solid 135.

[0246] A solution of 135 (250 mg, 0.5122 mmol) and 23 (145.9 mg, 0.655 mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (336.03 mg, 1.024 mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10 min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (20.8 mg, 0.02561 mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 min. The reaction was heated to 90 °C under sealed condition for overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through celite plug and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as half white solid 136.

[0247] A solution of 136 (120 mg) was taken in methanol (7 ml) and water (3 mL) was added potassium carbonate (80 mg). The reaction was heated to 60 °C for overnight. The methanol was completely distilled and diluted with water. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using neutral alumina. The compound was eluted in 2% methanol in chloroform as half white solid N-(3-(3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide 139.

[0248] A solution of 139 (60 mg, 0.17 mmol) was dissolved in dichloromethane (5 ml) and was cooled to 0 °C. Triethyl amine (24.03 mg, 0.238 mmol) was added to the reaction mass and kept for stirring. Acrolyl chloride (22.1 mg, 0.221 mmol) was added drop wise to the reaction mass and kept stirring for 4 hr. After completion reaction was quenched with water and the organic layer was separated and aqueous phase was again extracted with DCM. The combined organic layer was washed with brine solution. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through 100-200 mesh silica gel eluting the compound at 2 % methanol in chloroform as white colour solid N-(3-(3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide 140. MS-ES+ 402.1, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) 140: 11.89 (s, 1H), 10.22 (s, 1H), 8.49 (d, 1H), 8.00 (d, 2H), 7.64 (m, 2H), 7.42 (m, 3H), 6.98 (d, 1H), 6.42 (m, 1H), 6.25 (m, 1H), 5.76 (dd, 1H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 2.23 (s, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 145:


N-(3-(3-(4-fluoro-2-methoxy-5-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (145):



[0249] 



[0250] A solution of 78 (500 mg, 1.048 mmol) and (2-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)boronic acid 141 (0.163 mg, 1.048 mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (687.4 mg, 2.096 mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10 min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (42.7 mg, 0.0524 mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 min. The reaction was heated to 90 °C under sealed condition for overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through celite plug and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as half white solid compound 142.

[0251] A solution of 142 (500 mg, 1.091 mmol) and 23 (310.9 mg, 1.419 mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (715.04 mg, 2.18 mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10 min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (44.5 mg ,0.0545 mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 min. The reaction was heated to 90 °C under sealed condition for overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through celite plug and concentrated to get the crude .The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as half white solid 143.

[0252] A solution of 143 (200 mg, 0.424 mmol) was dissolved in THF/DMF was added diethyl amine (67.8 mg, 0.848 mmol). EDC.HCl (131.44 mg, 0.848 mmol) and 131 (139.9 mg, 0.848 mmol) was added to the reaction and stirred at RT for overnight. After completion, the reaction was diluted with water and the aqueous was extracted with 10% methanol in chloroform for two times. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through neutral alumina, and the compound was eluted at 2% methanol in chloroform as half white colour compound 144.

[0253] A solution of 144 (100 mg, 0.171 mmol) was taken in methanol (7 ml) and water (3 mL) was added potassium carbonate (47.4 mg, 0.343 mmol). The reaction was heated to 60 °C for overnight. The methanol was completely distilled and diluted with water. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using neutral alumina. The compound was eluted in 2% methanol in chloroform as half white solid (E)-4-(dimethylamino)-N-(3-(3-(2-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5yl)phenyl)but-2-enamide 145. MS-ES+428.1, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): 12.14 (s, 1H), 10.31 (s, 1H), 8.54 (d, 1H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.94 (s, 1H), 7.81 (s, 1H), 7.75 (m, 1H), 7.58 (t, 1H), 7.44 (m, 2H), 7.17 (m, 2H) 7.08 (m, 1H), 6.35 (d, 1H), 4.40 (m, 1H), 3.99 (d, 2H), 3.03 (s, 3H), 2.33 (s, 6H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 148:


N-(3-(3-(2-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (148):



[0254] 



[0255] A solution of 78 (500 mg, 1.048 mmol) and 141 (0.163 mg, 1.048 mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (687.4 mg, 2.096 mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10 min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (42.7 mg, 0.0524 mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 min. The reaction was heated to 90 °C under sealed condition for overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through celite plug and concentrated to get the crude .The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as half white solid 143.

[0256] A solution of 142 (500 mg, 1.091 mmol) and 23 (310.9 mg, 1.419 mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (715.04 mg, 2.18 mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (44.5 mg, 0.05455 mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 min. The reaction was heated to 90 °C under sealed condition for overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through celite plug and concentrated to get the crude .The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 5% ethyl acetate in hexane as half white solid 143.

[0257] A solution of 143 (200 mg) was taken in methanol (7 mL) and water (3 mL) was added potassium carbonate (100 mg). The reaction was heated to 60 °C for overnight. The methanol was completely distilled and diluted with water. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 ml) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was triturated with hexane to afford the half white colour solid 147.

[0258] A solution of compound 147 (100 mg, 0.3153 mmol) was dissolved in dichloromethane (20 mL) and was cooled to 0 °C. Triethyl amine (44.9 mg, 0.4414 mmol) was added to the reaction mass and kept for stirring. Acrolyl chloride (40.9 mg, 0.4099 mmol) was added drop wise to the reaction mass and kept stirring for 4 hr. After completion reaction was quenched with water and the organic layer was separated and aqueous phase was again extracted with DCM. The combined organic layer was washed with brine solution. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through 100-200 mesh silica gel eluting the compound at 2 % methanol in chloroform as white colour solid N-(3-(3-(2-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide 148. MS-ES+280, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): 12.12 (s, 1H), 10.24 (s, 1H), 8.54 (d, 1H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.94 (s, 1H), 7.82 (s, 1H), 7.73 (m, 1H), 7.56 (m, 1H), 7.43 (d, 2H), 7.19 (m, 2H), 6.45 (m, 1H), 6.26 (dd, 1H), 5.76 (dd, 1H), 2.33(s, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 150:


N-(3-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (150):



[0259] 



[0260] A solution of 5-bromo-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-2(3H)-one 149 (100 mg, 0.4673 mmol) and (3-acrylamidophenyl)boronic acid 64 (98.55 mg, 0.514 mmol) in toluene/ethanol/water was added sodium carbonate (198 mg, 1.8692 mmol). Lithium chloride (59.3 mg, 1.40 mmol) was added to the reaction .The reaction was degassed and purged nitrogen for 10 min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (19.03 mg, 0.0233 mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 min. The reaction was heated to 90 °C under sealed condition for overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through celite plug and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in ethyl acetate in hexane as half white solid N-(3-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)acrylamide 150. MS-ES+338.9, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): 11.09 (s, 1H), 10.24 (s, 1H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 7.97 (s, 1H), 7.61 (d, 1H), 7.35 (m, 2H), 6.44 (m, 1H), 6.25 (d, 1H), 5.76 (d, 1H), 3.63 (s, 2H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 152:


(E)-4-(dimethylamino)-N-(3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)but-2-enamide (152):



[0261] 



[0262] A solution of 5-bromo-3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine 19 (100 mg, 0.4139 mmol) and 23 (124.5 mg, 0.5687 mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (310.1 mg, 0.9478mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10 min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (16.88 mg, 0.0206 mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 min. The reaction was heated to 90 °C under sealed condition for overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through celite plug and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in ethyl acetate in hexane as half white solid 3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)aniline 24.

[0263] A solution of 3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)aniline 24 (100 mg 0.449 mmol) was dissolved in THF/DMF was added diethyl amine (71.46 mg, 0.89 mmol). EDC.HCl (139.19 mg, 0.89 mmol) was added to the reaction then (E)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enoic acid 131 (103.8 mg, 0.6292 mmol) was added to the reaction and stirred at RT for overnight. After completion the reaction was diluted with water and the aqueous was extracted with 10% methanol in chloroform for two times. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using neutral alumina. The compound was eluted in 2% methanol in chloroform as half white solid (E)-4-(dimethylamino)-N-(3-(3-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)but-2-enamide 152. MS-ES+334.9, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): 11.35 (s, 1H), 10.14 (s, 1H), 8.42 (d, 1H), 8.07 (d, 1H), 7.98 (s, 1H), 7.63 (m, 1H), 7.39 (d, 1H), 7.27 (s, 1H), 6.73 (m, 1H), 6.29, (d, 1H), 3.27 (m, 1H), 3.05 (d, 2H), 2.29 (s, 3H), 2.17 (s, 6H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 51:


(E)-N-(3-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide (153):



[0264] 



[0265] A solution of 17 (100 mg, 0.436 mmol) and 23 (114.7 mg, 0.524 mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (286.01 mg, 0.872 mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10 min. Pd(Dppf)Cl2 (17.7mg0.0218mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 min. The reaction was heated to 90 °C under sealed condition for overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through celite plug and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in ethyl acetate in hexane as half white solid 46.

[0266] A solution of 46 (100 mg, 0.4142 mmol) was dissolved in THF/DMF was added diethyl amine (66.2 mg, 0.8284 mmol). EDC.HCl (128.45 mg, 0.8284 mmol) was added to the reaction then AS-2143 (95.07 mg, 0.5759 mmol) was added to the reaction and stirred at RT for overnight. After completion, the reaction was diluted with water and the aqueous was extracted with 10% methanol in chloroform for two times. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using neutral alumina. The compound was eluted in 2% methanol in chloroform as half white solid (E)-N-(3-(3-chloro-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamid 153. MS-ES+354.8 , 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): 12.08 (s, 1H), 10.16 (s, 1H), 8.56 (d, 1H), 8.02 (m, 2H), 7.73 (d, 1H), 7.65 (m, 1H), 7.41 (m, 2H), 6.73 (m, 1H), 6.26 (m, 1H), 3.06 (d, 2H), 2.18 (s, 6H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 155:


(E)-3-bromo-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)-2-methylacrylamide (155):



[0267] 



[0268] A solution of 106 (200 mg) was taken in methanol (7 mL) and water (3 mL) was added potassium carbonate (100 mg). The reaction was heated to 60 °C for overnight. The methanol was completely distilled and diluted with water. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was triturated with hexane to afford the half white colour solid 107.

[0269] A solution of 107 (100 mg, 0.569mmol) and 154 (8.6 mg, 1.139 mmol) in acetonitrile (8 mL) was added Triethyl amine (120.7 mg, 1.139 mmol) and T3P (373.5 mg, 1.139 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred for overnight at room temperature. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (25ml). The organic layer was washed with water (25 mL) followed by brine solution (25 mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 2% methanol in chloroform as pale yellow color solid (E)-3-bromo-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)-2-methylacrylamide 155. MS-ES+498.20, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): 12.2 (s, 1H), 10.01 (s, 1H), 8.55 (d, 1H), 8.20 (s, 1d), 7.94 (s, 1H), 7.92 (d, 1H), 7.71 (m, 1H), 7.6 (m, 3H), 7.3 (m, 2H), 3.6 (s, 3H), 2.0 (s, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 156:


(E)-3-bromo-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)-2-methylacrylamide (156):



[0270] 



[0271] A solution of 117 (200 mg) was taken in methanol (7 mL) and water (3 mL) was added potassium carbonate (100 mg). The reaction was heated to 60 °C for overnight. The methanol was completely distilled and diluted with water. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was triturated with hexane to afford the half white colour solid 118.

[0272] A solution of 118 (100 mg, 0.277 mmol) and 154 (90.3 mg, 0.554 mmol) in acetonitrile (8 mL) was added Triethyl amine (58.7 mg, 0.554 mmol) and T3P (181.7 mg, 0.554 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred for overnight at room temperature. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (25ml). The organic layer was washed with water (25 mL) followed by brine solution (25 mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted at 2% methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid (E)-3-bromo-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)-2-methylacrylamide 156. MS-ES+515.20, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) 8.55 (s, 1H), 8.29 (s, 1H), 7.7(s, 1H), 7.65(m, 1H), 7.55 (m, 1H), 7.45 (s, 1H), 7.29 (s, 2H), 7.2 (m, 1H), 7.11 (m, 1H), 6.8 (m, 1H), 3.7 (s, 3H), 2.1 (s, 3H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 54:


(E)-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)-2,4,4-trimethylpent-2-enamide (158):



[0273] 



[0274] A solution of 106 (200 mg) was taken in methanol (7 mL) and water (3 mL) was added potassium carbonate (100 mg). The reaction was heated to 60 °C for overnight. The methanol was completely distilled and diluted with water. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 ml) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was triturated with hexane to afford the half white colour solid 107.

[0275] A solution of 107 (100 mg, 0.284 mmol) and (E)-2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enoic acid 157 (52.3 mg, 0.341 mmol) in acetonitrile (8ml) was added Triethyl amine (60.2 mg, 0.568 mmol). T3P (186.3 mg, 0.568 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred for overnight at room temperature. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (25 mL). The organic layer was washed with water (25 mL) followed by brine solution (25 mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silicagel. The compound was eluted at 30% Ethyl acetate in hexane as pale yellow colour solid (E)-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)phenyl)-2,4,4-trimethylpent-2-enamide 158. MS-ES+486.19, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 8.6 (s, 1H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 8.05 (s, 1H), 7.8 (d, 1H), 7.71 (s, 1H), 7.5 (d, 1H), 7.41 (m, 2H), 7.12 (d, 1H), 6.8 (m, 1H), 3.74 (s, 3H), 1.3 (s, 9H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 159:


(E)-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)-2,4,4-trimethylpent-2-enamide (159):



[0276] 



[0277] A solution of 117 (200 mg) was taken in methanol (7 mL) and water (3 mL) was added potassium carbonate (100 mg). The reaction was heated to 60 °C for overnight. The methanol was completely distilled and diluted with water. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was triturated with hexane to afford the half white colour solid 118.

[0278] A solution of 118 (100 mg, 0.27 mmol) and (E)-2-cyano-4,4-dimethylpent-2-enoic acid 157 (50.1 mg, 0.324 mmol) in acetonitrile (8 mL) was added Triethyl amine (55.8 mg, 0.54 mmol) and T3P (178.2 mg, 0.54 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture. The reaction was stirred for overnight at room temperature. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (25ml). The organic layer was washed with water (25 mL) followed by brine solution (25ml). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate, filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silicagel. The compound was eluted at 2% methanol in chloroform as pale yellow colour solid (E)-N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)-2,4,4-trimethylpent-2-enamide 159. MS-ES+504.18, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): 8.547 (s, 1H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 8.001(s, 1H), 7.8 (s, 1H), 7.75 (s, 1H), 7.71 (m, 1H), 7.57 (m, 1H), 7.2 (s, 1H), 7.11 (m, 1H), 6.8 (m, 1H), 3.74 (s, 3H), 1.3 (s, 9H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 164:


(E)-3-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)-N-(1-hydroxy-2-methylpropan-2-yl)-2-methylacrylamide(164):



[0279] 



[0280] A solution of 85 (250 mg, 0.508 mmol) and 160 (167.6 mg, 0.558 mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (333.2 mg, 1.016mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10 min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (20.7 mg, 0.0254 mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 min. The reaction was heated to 90 °C under sealed condition for overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through celite plug and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in ethyl acetate in hexane as half white 161 solid.

[0281] A solution of 161 (200 mg, 0.314 mmol) and (E)-3-bromo-N-(1-hydroxy-2-methylpropan-2-yl)-2-methylacrylamide162 (110.2 mg, 0.628 mmol) in acetonitrile (8ml) was added Cs2CO3 (20.6 mg, 0.628 mmol). The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10 min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (12.7mg, 0.0157 mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 min. The reaction was heated to 90 °C under sealed condition for overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with chloroform .The organic layer was filtered through celite plug and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in ethyl acetate in hexane as half white solid (E)-3-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1-tosyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)-N-(1-hydroxy-2-methylpropan-2-yl)-2-methylacrylamide 163.

[0282] A solution of 163 (40 mg) was taken in methanol (7 mL) and water (3 mL) was added potassium carbonate (20 mg). The reaction was heated to 60°C for overnight. The methanol was completely distilled and diluted with water. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 ml) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was triturated with hexane to afford the half white colour solid (E)-3-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-4-fluorophenyl)-N-(1-hydroxy-2-methylpropan-2-yl)-2-methylacrylamide 164. MS-ES+486.19, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): 9.6 (s, 1H), 8.31 (s, 1H), 8.05 (s, 1H), 7.52 (s, 1H) 7.44 (s, 3H), 7.22 (m, 1H), 7.1 (d, 1H), 6.8(m, 1H), 5.91 (s, 1H), 3.74 (s, 3H), 2.116 (s, 3H), 1.41 (s, 9H).

REFERENCE EXAMPLE 168:


N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-5-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)acrylamide (168):



[0283] 



[0284] To a stirred solution of 85 (250 mg, 0.508mmol) in DMF was added bispinacalato diborane (257.9 mg, 1.016 mmol) potassium acetate (99.6 mg, 1.016 mmol) was added and the reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10 min. Pd(pph3)2Cl2 (17.8 mg, 0.023mmol) was added and again degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 Min. The reaction was sealed and heated to 100 for 2 hr. After completion of the reaction the reaction was cooled and diluted with chloroform, filtered through celite bed. The organic layer was washed with cold water (2x50 ml) followed by brine solution (50ml). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was triturated with hexane to afford black colour solid 123. The solid was proceeded for further step without purification.

[0285] A solution of 123 (250 mg, 0.46 mmol) and 3-bromo-5-fluoro-2-methylaniline 165 (112 mg, 0.55 mmol) in acetonitrile was added cesium carbonate (307 mg, 0.936 mmol).The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for 10min. Pd(dppf)Cl2 (16 mg, 0.0234 mmol) was added to the reaction. The reaction was degassed and purged with nitrogen for another 10 min. The reaction was heated to 90 °C under sealed condition for overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with chloroform. The organic layer was filtered through celite plug and concentrated to get the crude .The crude was purified through flash chromatography by using 100-200 mesh silica gel. The compound was eluted in 12% ethyl acetate in hexane as half white solid 166.

[0286] A solution of 166 (100 mg, 0.186 mmol) was taken in methanol (7 mL) and water (3 ml) was added potassium carbonate (63.3 mg, 0.465 mmol). The reaction was heated to 60 °C for overnight. The methanol was completely distilled and diluted with water. The organic phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL) twice. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and filtered and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was triturated with hexane to afford the half white colour solid 167.

[0287] A solution of 167 (50 mg, 0.130 mmol) was dissolved in dichloromethane (10 mL) and was cooled to 0 °C. Triethyl amine (19.7 mg, 0.195 mmol) was added to the reaction mass and kept for stirring. Acrolyl chloride 146 (14mg, 0.156 mmol) was added drop wise to the reaction mass and kept stirring for 4 hr. After completion reaction was quenched with water and the organic layer was separated and aqueous phase was again extracted with DCM. The combined organic layer was washed with brine solution. The organic layer was dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated to get the crude. The crude was purified through 100-200 mesh silica gel eluting the compound at 2 % methanol in chloroform as white colour solid N-(3-(3-(3,5-difluoro-2-methoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-5-yl)-5-fluoro-2-methylphenyl)acrylamide 168. MS-ES- 436, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): 8.46 (d, 2H), 7.91 (m, 2H), 7.52 (s, 1H), 6.93 (m, 3H), 6.45 (m, 1H), 5.86 (m, 1H), 5.50 (m, 1H), 3.67 (m, 3H), 2.09 (m, 3H).

ADDITIONAL EXAMPLES


IN VITRO INHIBITION ASSAY



[0288] ITK and JAK3 Kinase assay procedures: Enzyme was incubated with substrate peptide in reaction buffer in the presence and absence of test compounds or Staurosporine. All additions were done on ice, followed by the addition of ATP mix. Wells were uniformly mixed using an Eppendorff plate shaker and incubated at 30°C for 20min, and stopped by the addition of 5µL of 3% phosphoric acid. Volume was increased to 100µL by adding 0.8% phosphoric acid which was then transferred to PC filter mats (Millipore), pre-equilibrated with 70% ethanol and water. Plates were washed thrice with 100µL 0.8% phosphoric acid and dried for an hour at 60°C. 100µL scintillation fluid was added into each well and reading taken in Perkin Elmer TOPCOUNT beta counter. The data analysis was performed by averaging the duplicate top count readings for each standard, negative, positive control (enzyme control) and samples and subtracting the average negative control from each reading which results in corrected values. A validation EC50 curve was generated by plotting CPM for each Staurosporine concentration on y-axis against the Log concentration of Staurosporine (nM) on the x-axis followed by a best fit curve through the points.



[0289] Coefficient of Variance ("% CV") between replicates: The % CV values between the replicates were mostly within the acceptable limits of a radiometric experiment. Z' factor evaluation: The value of Z' factor was found to be 0.8 for ITK and 0.9 was derived for others.

[0290] All the compounds were tested in 10-dose IC50 mode with 3 fold serial dilution starting at 100 µM. The control compound Staurosporine was tested in 10 dose IC50 with 3 fold serial dilution starting at 20 µM. The reactions were carried out at 10µM ATP for ITK, JAK3 and other TEC and Janus family of kinase. The results for ITK inhibition and JAK3 inhibition of certain EXAMPLES of the present invention are shown in Table 3 below.
Table 3: List of Compounds and Corresponding ITK and JAK3 kinases tested*
Example IDITKJAK3
1 * *
2 ** **
3 ** **
4 ** **
5 *** ***
6 * *
7 *** ***
8 *** ***
9 * *
10 NA NA
11 * *
12 * *
13 * *
14 ** **
15 ** **
16 * ***
17 * *
18 * *
19 *** ***
20 *** ***
21 *** ***
22 * ***
23 *** ***
24 ** ***
25 * ***
26 *** ***
27 *** ***
28 *** ***
29 *** ***
30 *** ***
31 *** ***
32 ** ***
33 *** ***
34 ** **
35 ** **
36 ** **
37 ** **
38 ** **
39 ** **
40 ** **
41 ** **
42 ** **
43 ** **
44 * *
45 * *
46 * *
47 * *
48 ** **
49 ** **
50 ** **
51 ** **
52 * *
53 * *
54 * *
55 NA NA
56 NA NA
57 ** ***
58 ** ***
59 *** ***
60 ** ***
61 * **
62 * **
63 * **
64 * **
65 * **
66 *** ***
67 ** **
68 ** **
69 ** **
70 ** ***
71 ** **
72 ** **
73 ** **
74 * **
75 * ***
76 ** **
77 *** ***
78 *** ***
79 *** ***
80 *** ***
81 *** ***
82 *** ***
83 * ***
84 * ***
85 * ***
86 ** ***
87 ** ***
88 ** ***
89 ** ***
90 *** ***
91 *** ***
92 *** ***
93 ** **
94 ** **
95 ** **
96 ** **
97 ** **
98 ** **
*Kinase Inhibition Result for Selected Compounds
***<0.1µM, ** >0.1µM, * >1µM
ND = Not Determined
Table 3B: List of Compounds and Corresponding ITK and JAK3 kinases tested*
Example IDITKJAK3
133 ** **
138 ** **
140 * **
145 ** **
148 *** ***
150 ** **
152 ** **
153 ** ***
155 NA NA
156 NA NA
158 *** ***
159 *** ***
164 NA NA
168 *** ***
169 *** ***
170 *** ***
171 NA NA
172 *** ***
173 *** ***
174 NA NA
*Kinase Inhibition Result for Selected Compounds
*** <0.1µM, ** >0.1µM, * >1µM
NA = Not Available

Protein Kinase Selectivity Profiler



[0291] Selected compounds were tested against 442 protein kinases in single dose duplicate mode at a concentration of 0.5 to 1µM). A control compound was tested in 10-dose IC50 mode with 3-fold serial dilution starting at 20µM. Reactions were carried out at 10 µM ATP. Data pages include raw data, % Enzyme activity (relative to DMSO controls), and curve fits.

IN VIVO MODELS EXPERIMENT


PHARMACOKINETICS



[0292] The bio-availability and pharmacokinetics of some compounds of the present invention were examined in male Sprague Dawley rats. A total of 6 male rats were used in the study. The study was performed using parallel design (n=3) with serial sampling.

[0293] Dose formulations were prepared on the day of doing. Blood samples were collected at 0.083 (only IV), 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 8 and 24 h post-dose. At each time point, approximately 0.2mL of blood was withdrawn from each cannulated rat through jugular vein and transferred to a pre-labeled microfuge tube containing 20µL of 200mm K2EDTA permL of blood. Following collection of blood sample, equal volume of heparinized saline was flushed into jugular vein of rat. The blood samples were centrifuged at 5000g for 5min at 4 ± 2°C. The plasma was separated within 30min of scheduled time and stored below -60°C until bio-analysis. The plasma samples were analyzed for selected test EXAMPLES using a fixxxt-for purpose liquid chromatographic tandem mass spectrometric detection (LC-MS/MS) method with a lower limit of quantification of 2.21ng/mL. The pharmacokinetic parameters for select EXAMPLES were calculated using the non-compartmental analysis tool of validated WinNonlin® software (Version 5.2).

[0294] Pharmacokinetic parameters (mean ± SD; n = 3) of 7 following intravenous bolus and oral gavage administration of 7 solution in male Sprague Dawley rats are shown in Table 4 below:
Table 4:
FormulationRoute/ Dose (mg/kg)Tmax (h)Cmax (ng/mL)AUClast (ng.h/mL)AUCinf (ng.h/mL)CL (mL/min/ kg)Vss (L/kg)T1/2 (h)F a
Solution IV (5) NA 3849.91b ± 710.44 2599.10 ± 636.93 2617.38 ± 647.47 33.42 ± 9.57 1.61 ± 0.28 0.54 ± 0.05 -
PO (20) 0.25c (0.25-0.50) 852.56 ± 83.61 1583.84 ± 179.45 1599.77 ± 182.86 NA NA NA 15
a AUCinf and nominal doses were used for bioavailability (%F) calculation;b back extrapolated concentration at time zero; cTmax is represented as median (range); NA: not applicable

Design Strategy and Structural Modeling of JAK3 and ITK



[0295] 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine, 1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine and 5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazine series of compounds its analogs series were designed using X-ray crystal structural models of JAK3 and ITK. Based on the 3-D profile scoring, the structural template was chosen from PDB database JAK3 (3ZEP) and ITK (3MJ2). Several models were built and refined to check the 3D profile and implemented the FIELDS technology lead to the successful discovery and claim of1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds.

Biochemical Inhibition of JAK3, ITK



[0296] 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds and analogues in Table 3B were synthesized and tested in 10-dose IC50 mode with 3 fold serial dilutions starting at 100 µM. The reactions were carried out at 10 µM ATP for JAK3 and ITK. The compounds 5, 7, 8, 16, 19-33, 48-51, 57-60, 66, 75, 77-92 and 133-153 exhibited biochemical IC50 = between 0.1 to 1 µM against JAK3 and ITK respectively.. IC50 data for selected analogues were given in Table 5 (empty cells indicate no inhibition).
Table 5:
IC50 nM of Example compounds
KinasesEX. 5, 7, 8, 16, 19-33, 48-51, 57-60, 66, 75, 77-92 (from Table 1)133-153 (from Table 1B)Staurosporine
JAK1     <1.00
JAK2     <1.00
JAK3 0.1 to 1 µM 0.1 to 1 µM <1.00
ITK 0.1 to 1 µM 0.1 to 1 µM 4.02

Competition binding assay for JAK3



[0297] Binding constants (Kds) were calculated (1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series: Table 5) with a standard dose-response curve using the Hill equation: Response = Background + Signal - Background 1 + (KdHill Slope/DoseHill Slope). The Hill Slope was set to -1 and the curves were fitted using a non-linear least square fit with the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series
Table 6:
IC50 nM:
TargetArm AArm BArm CArm D
Gene Symbol Kd (nM) Kd (nM) Kd (nM) Kd (nM)
JAK3 (JH1domain) 2.5 7 23 70

Protein Kinase Selectivity Profiler



[0298] Selectivity of 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine, 1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine and 5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazine series of compounds: In vitro profiling was performed at DiscoveRx using the "The KINOMEscan™ screening platform employs an active site-directed competition binding assay to quantitatively measure interactions between selected few inhibitors and 456 human kinases. Kinome tree representations were prepared using TREEspot interaction map and inhibitor 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine was tested in single dose duplicate mode at a concentration of 0.5 µM. Reactions were carried out at 10 µM ATP. Data pages include raw data, % Enzyme activity (relative to DMSO controls) and curve fits. The inhibitor found to be highly selective JAK3 inhibitor, selectivity profile consistent with the target profile. IC50 of ZAK (an upstream of the MAPK cascade) CDK11 and CDK8 kinases labelled on Kinome map tree had activity of >0.5 to 1 µM inhibition.

Janus and TEC Kinase Selectivity



[0299] 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine, 1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine and 5H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyrazine series of compounds exhibited over >100 fold selective against Janus and TEC family of kinases except for the BMX and TXK it had activity of 30 and 45 nM respectively. The data summarized in Table 7 for 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine class of compounds. (Empty cells indicate no inhibition).
Table 7: 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine class of Janus and TEC Kinase Selectivity.
 Example Compound IC50*(nM)
Kinase133-1535, 7, 8, 16, 19-33, 48-51, 57-60, 66, 75, 77-92IC50 (nM) Staurosporine*
BMX/ETK 153.7 30 12.02
BTK 7558 739 22.07
ITK 72.4 35 12.81
JAK1     1.01
JAK2 > 100000   <1.00
JAK3 <5.00 <5 <1.00

Cellular Profiling



[0300] SelectScreen® (10-point titration inhibition results) cell-based pathway profiling further supports the biochemical potencies, 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine and CP-690550/Tofacitinib ((Table 8) potently inhibited IL-4 stimulated STAT6 phosphorylation with an IC50 of 77 & 61 nM. Low mM inhibition of 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine in IL-6, IFN-g, and EPO assays is an indication of JAK3 selectivity over other Janus where are NFAT/T-cell receptor activity is directly related to ITK inhibition. Additionally 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine activity on IL-2 and IL-6 release from CD4+ T cells using HTRF was performed. 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series exhibited similar or low µM inhibition of IL-2 and IL-6 release from CD4+ T cells (0.6 and 2.80 µM) when compared with the standard BMS509744 (0.35 µM) whereas tofacitinib had 1.2 µM IL-2 inhibition activity. These results further supports the 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series cellular activity on ITK inhibition.
Table 8:
 PathwayCell Line TestedStimIC50ControlControl IC50
Cmpd ID   (nM)(nM)
19-33, 133-153 IL-4/STAT6 STAT6-bla RA1 IL-4 77 JAK Inhibitor I 14.5
19-33, 133-153 JAK/STAT SIE-bla HEK 293T IFN-gamma 3100 JAK Inhibitor I 83.5
19-33, 133-153 JAK/STAT SIE-bla HEK 293T IL-6 1990 JAK Inhibitor I 22
19-33, 133-153 JAK2/STAT5 irf1-bla TF1 EPO 4650 JAK Inhibitor I 6.92
19-33, 133-153 T cell receptor NFAT-bla Jurkat anti-CD3:CD28 176 Ro-31-8220 615


[0301] PLC-γ1 Inhibition - Calcium Efflux (FLIPER) Assay: To determine the pharmacodynamics effect of covalent ITK inhibition, T cells were stimulated at various times following ITK inhibition and the phosphorylation of PLCγ1 was measured. 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds found to be inhibitors of PLCγ1 mediated calcium release from CD4+ T cells via TCR engagement (cellular ITK inhibition). This was corroborated by the IC50's with 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds and found to be 630 nM

[0302] ITK: The T Cell Receptor (TCR) pathway is significantly effected when NFAT cellular profiling assay was performed where 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series is inhibited with an IC50 of 176 nM and Tofacitinib (CP-690550) had >10 uM. This data is a direct read out for ITK inhibition mechanism for 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series. Additionally PLCγ phosphorylation data further supports the ITK pharmacology.

Efficacy of 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds on Inhibition of Anti-CD3e Antibody induced CD4+ T Cell Cytokine-IL-2, IL-4 and IFN-γ Production in Male BALB/c Mice



[0303] 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds Mice IL-2, IL-4 and IFN-g: 60 mg/Kg is highly efficacious. There is a significant increase in serum IL-2, IL-4 and IFN-gamma (P<0.001) of Positive Control animals compared to negative control animals. 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds are not significantly decreased serum IL-2, IL-4 and IFN-gamma at doses used when compared to Positive control. However, at 60 mg/Kg dose 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds significantly reduced IFN-g production. Reference compound CP-690550 has shown significant decrease in serum IL-2, IL-4 and IFN-gamma at 1.5 hrs post-antibody treatment. Dexamethasone has shown significant decrease in serum IL-2, IL-4 and IFN-gamma at 1.5 hrs post-antibody treatment.

Effects of 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds Administered PO, BID in 11 Day DBA/1OlaHsd Mouse Established Type II Collagen Arthritis



[0304] 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds was dosed in BID study due to its 4 times higher solubility over non-salt form. 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds at dose 100 mg/Kg is well tolerated with no clinical signs. Tofacitinib at 60 mg/Kg had body weight change from day 1 and this is the highest dose recommended for Tofacitinib and cannot be dosed over 60 mg due to solubility issues. The body weight is generally a direct reflection of efficacy, the more efficacious the treatment the less body weight (bw) loss. This does not hold true in instances of overt toxicity. So, the bw increase in the 100 mg/kg group of 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds is a reflection of increased efficacy (animals are able to move better, and have a more normal appetite, more normal water consumption during the schedule), 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds efficacy by attenuating paw arthritis scores (swelling, edema and paw volumes). The collagen-induced arthritis in mice demonstrated that the suppression of the inflammatory response did not require continuous exposure to 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds for effectiveness (84%) In the case of Tofacitinib had 97% is significant but clearly >90% majorly due to immunosuppression was confirmed since Tofacitinib treated mice had fever in all the in vivo studies and such symptoms were not observed with 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds.

[0305] The CIS study is an established/chronic CIA model study we conducted where 1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine series of compounds highly efficacious similar or higher over Tofacitinib and no infections were seen.


Claims

1. A compound selected from:


 
2. Compound according to claim 1 for use in a method of treating a ^ mammal suffering from an immunodeficiency disorder, a myeloproliferative disorder, cancer, acute leukemia, or gain of function mutations associated with inherited polycythemia, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, lupus erythematosus, systemic lupus erythematosus, idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura, restenosis, angioplasty, tumors, atherosclerosis, chronic allograft rejection, acute allograft rejection, chronic graft versus host disease, asthma, allergic acute rhinitis, psoriatic arthritis, systemic sclerosis, atopical dermatitis, erythemas, alopecia, or multiple sclerosis wherein an effective amount of the compound according to claim 1 is administered.
 
3. Compound for use according to claim 2, wherein said mammal suffers from a disease selected from rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, lupus erythematosus, systemic lupus erythematosus, idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura, restenosis, angioplasty, tumors, atherosclerosis, chronic allograft rejection, acute allograft rejection, chronic graft versus host disease, asthma, allergic acute rhinitis, psoriatic arthritis, systemic sclerosis, atopical dermatitis, erythemas, alopecia, or multiple sclerosis.
 
4. Compound for use according to claim 2, wherein said mammal suffers from an immunodeficiency disorder.
 
5. Compound for use according to claim 2, wherein said mammal suffers from a myeloproliferative disorder, cancer, acute leukemia, or gain of function mutations associated with inherited polycythemia.
 


Ansprüche

1. Verbindung ausgewählt aus


 
2. Verbindung nach Anspruch 1 zur Verwendung in einem Verfahren zur Behandlung eines Säugers, der an einer Immunschwächeerkrankung, einer myeloproliferativen Erkrankung, Krebs, akuter Leukämie oder Funktionsgewinn-(gain-of-function)-Mutationenen im Zusammenhang mit erblicher Polyzythämie, rheumatoider Arthritis, Psoriasis, Lupus erythematodes, systemischer Lupus erythematodes, idiopathischer thrombozytopenischer Purpura, Restenose, Angioplastie, Tumoren, Atherosklerose, chronischer Allotransplantatabstoßung, akuter Allotransplantatabstoßung, chronischer Transplantat-gegen-Empfänger-Reaktion, Asthma, allergischer akuter Rhinitis, Arthritis psoriatica, systemischer Sklerose, atopischer Dermatitis, Erythemen, Alopezie oder Multipler Sklerose leidet, wobei eine wirksame Menge der Verbindung nach Anspruch 1 verabreicht wird.
 
3. Verbindung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Säuger an einer Krankheit leidet, die ausgewählt ist aus rheumatoider Arthritis, Psoriasis, Lupus erythematodes, systemischer Lupus erythematodes, idiopathischer thrombozytopenischer Purpura, Restenose, Angioplastie, Tumoren, Atherosklerose, chronischer Allotransplantatabstoßung, akuter Allotransplantatabstoßung, chronischer Transplantat-gegen-Empfänger-Reaktion, Asthma, allergischer akuter Rhinitis, Arthritis psoriatica, systemischer Sklerose, atopischer Dermatitis, Erythemen, Alopezie oder Multipler Sklerose.
 
4. Verbindung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Säuger an einer Immunschwächeerkrankung leidet.
 
5. Verbindung zur Verwendung nach Anspruch 2, wobei der Säuger an einer myeloproliferativen Erkrankung, Krebs, akuter Leukämie oder Funktionsgewinn-(gain-of-function)-Mutationen im Zusammenhang mit erblicher Polyzythämie leidet.
 


Revendications

1. Composé choisi parmi :


 
2. Composé selon la revendication 1 pour une utilisation dans une méthode de traitement d'un mammifère souffrant d'un trouble d'immunodéficience, d'un trouble myéloprolifératif, d'un cancer, d'une leucémie aiguë, ou d'un gain de mutations fonctionnelles associées à une polycythémie héréditaire, d'une polyarthrite rhumatoïde, d'un psoriasis, d'un lupus érythémateux, d'un lupus érythémateux disséminé, d'un purpura thrombopénique idiopathique, d'une resténose, d'une angioplastie, de tumeurs, d'une athérosclérose, d'un rejet d'allogreffe chronique, d'un rejet d'allogreffe aigu, d'une réaction chronique du greffon contre l'hôte, d'un asthme, d'une rhinite aiguë allergique, d'une arthrite psoriasique, d'une sclérodermie généralisée, d'une dermatite atopique, d'érythèmes, d'une alopécie, ou d'une sclérose en plaques, où une quantité efficace du composé selon la revendication 1 est utilisée.
 
3. Composé pour une utilisation selon la revendication 2, où ledit mammifère souffre d'une maladie choisie parmi une polyarthrite rhumatoïde, un psoriasis, un lupus érythémateux, un lupus érythémateux disséminé, un purpura thrombopénique idiopathique, une resténose, une angioplastie, des tumeurs, une athérosclérose, un rejet d'allogreffe chronique, un rejet d'allogreffe aigu, une réaction chronique du greffon contre l'hôte, un asthme, une rhinite aiguë allergique, une arthrite psoriasique, une sclérodermie généralisée, une dermatite atopique, des érythèmes, une alopécie, ou une sclérose en plaques.
 
4. Composé pour une utilisation selon la revendication 2, où ledit mammifère souffre d'un trouble d'immunodéficience.
 
5. Composé pour une utilisation selon la revendication 2, où ledit mammifère souffre d'un trouble myéloprolifératif, d'un cancer, d'une leucémie aiguë, ou d'un gain de mutations fonctionnelles associées à une polycythémie héréditaire.
 






Cited references

REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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Patent documents cited in the description




Non-patent literature cited in the description