(19)
(11)EP 2 986 779 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 14785784.1

(22)Date of filing:  14.04.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
E01C 13/04(2006.01)
E04F 15/22(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/AU2014/000424
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/169328 (23.10.2014 Gazette  2014/43)

(54)

INTERLOCKING AND SHOCK ATTENUATING TILING SYSTEMS

INEINANDERGREIFENDE UND STOSSDÄMPFENDE FLIESENSYSTEME

SYSTÈMES DE CARRELAGE À EMBOÎTEMENT ET ANTI-CHOCS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 14.04.2013 AU 2013901289
18.11.2013 AU 2013904456

(43)Date of publication of application:
24.02.2016 Bulletin 2016/08

(73)Proprietor: Combitile Pty. Ltd.
St. Lucia, QLD 4067 (AU)

(72)Inventor:
  • BROWN, Graham Kevin
    St. Lucia, QLD 4067 (AU)

(74)Representative: Wilson Gunn 
Blackfriars House The Parsonage 5th Floor
Manchester M3 2JA
Manchester M3 2JA (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-99/22160
GB-A- 2 479 390
US-A- 5 619 832
US-B1- 7 900 416
GB-A- 2 414 711
US-A- 5 619 832
US-A1- 2005 193 669
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] The present invention relates to a shock attenuating ground covering according to the preamble of claim 1. Such coverings find use in many different environments. Particular embodiments of the present invention are suited for use in recreational areas such as playgrounds for children.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] It has been known to provide rubber floor tiles which interlock at their edges to produce a tiled surface. Alternate floor tiles may have different colors or patterns in order to produce a checkerboard effect.

    [0003] A number of problems are associated with these prior art interlocking tiling systems. One problem is that it is time consuming to interlock the edges of numerous tiles together. Effort and attention must be brought to bear to precisely locate each tile adjacent its neighbors and interlock the respective edges together. Furthermore, if a checkerboard, or other, pattern is to be created then care must be taken to alternate the differently colored tiles together. If care is not taken then it may become apparent after the tiles have been assembled together that two tiles of the same type have inadvertently been placed adjacent to each other so that the desired pattern is not created. In that case the tiles will have to be dissembled and reassembled so that the error is corrected.

    [0004] A further problem with the edge interlocking tiling systems of the prior art is that the interlocking between adjacent tiles is sometimes not as good as might be desired so that after some use the tiles may tend to lift away from their neighbors at the edges or otherwise cause distortion of the flooring system.

    [0005] Another problem with the rubber floor tiles of the prior art is that their shock attenuating properties may be insufficient for preventing injuries due to a person, e.g. a child, falling in some situations. It would be advantageous if a ground cover system were provided that had improved shock attenuating properties to reduce the likelihood of an injury due to a fall.

    [0006] One approach to providing a resilient shock attenuating ground covering in fall areas, such as playgrounds for children, has been to provide rubber matting. Rubber matting may be comprised of shredded tire material for example. A problem that is associated with the use of this type of impact absorbing surface is that it may lose its structural integrity over time and fray so that the rubber shreds of which it is composed become dispersed. In the patent prior art, shock absorbing components in the form of flexible sheets with shock absorbing indentations and suitable for use in spots shoes, padding and mats have been disclosed in WO99/22160. US 5, 619, 832 also discloses a protective membrane with a similar construction of shock absorbing indentations for use as an underlay membrane for floors to attenuate walking sound and provide comfort. US 7, 900, 416 discloses a floor tile and flooring system with a load-bearing support lattice on the underside of each tile. US 2005193669 discloses a modular floor tiling system where each tile has support post structures on its underside providing controlled deflection for shock-absorbency.

    [0007] It is an object of the invention to provide a tiling system which addresses one or more of the above described problems or which is at least a useful commercial alternative to those tiling systems that have hitherto been known.

    SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION



    [0008] According to the present invention there is provided a shock attenuating ground covering having the features of claim 1.

    [0009] Further preferred embodiments are defined by the features of dependent claims 2-13.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0010] Preferred features, embodiments and variations of the invention may be discerned from the following Detailed Description which provides sufficient information for those skilled in the art to perform the invention. The Detailed Description is not to be regarded as limiting the scope of the preceding Summary of the Invention in any way. The Detailed Description will make reference to a number of drawings as follows:

    Figure 1 depicts a tile assembly according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

    Figure 2 is an exploded view of the tile assembly of Figure 1.

    Figures 2A and 2B are progressive detail views illustrating the snap-fitting together of ends of tile portions of the tile assembly.

    Figure 2C depicts a further tile assembly according to another embodiment of the present invention.

    Figure 3 depicts a number of shock attenuating tiles according to a preferred embodiment of a second aspect of the present invention.

    Figure 4 is a detailed view of a portion of the shock attenuating tile of Figure 3.

    Figures 4A to 4C are stylized side views of the tile of the shock attenuating tile of Figure 3 in use.

    Figure 5 is an exploded view illustrating the interlocking of tiles of Figure 3.

    Figure 6 depicts the complementary portions of an engagement system of the tiles of Figure 3.

    Figure 7 is an exploded view of the shock attenuating ground covering according to the present invention.

    Figure 8 is an exploded view of a portion of the shock attenuating ground covering according to the present invention.

    Figure 9 is a somewhat stylized side view of a number of the shock attenuating tiles of Figure 3 shown stacked in a nested configuration for compact shipping.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS



    [0011] Figure 1 depicts an interlocking floor tile assembly 2 whereas Figure 2 comprises an exploded view of the same assembly. With reference to Figure 2, the interlocking floor tile assembly 2 comprises a first repeating array 1 of spaced apart first tiles 3 interconnected by first bridge portions 5. The first tiles 3 and the first bridge portions 5 define first spaces 7 therebetween. The interlocking floor tile assembly 2 further comprises a second repeating array 9 of spaced apart second tiles 11 interconnected by second bridge portions 13 wherein the second tiles and the second bridge portions define second spaces 15 therebetween.

    [0012] As shown in Figure 1 the second tiles 11 are received in the first spaces 7 and the first tiles 3 are received in the second spaces 15.

    [0013] In the embodiment depicted in Figures 1 and 2 the first and second tiles are of the same thickness. The first bridge portions 5 depend from being flush with an upper surface of the first tiles 3 to a level, e.g. halfway, between the top and bottom surface of the first tiles 3. In complementary fashion the second bridges 13 extend upward from flush with the bottom surface of the second tiles 11 to a level, e.g. halfway, between the top and bottom surface of the second tiles 13.

    [0014] As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the first and second spaced apart tiles 3 and 11 and the first and second spaces 7 and 15 therebetween are all of the same shape. However, in other embodiments the shapes of the first tiles and the second tiles may be different although the second tiles and the second spaces remain complementary thereto, respectively.

    [0015] The first tiles and the second tiles interlock by overlapping and snap fitting. Snap-fit joints rely on the ability of a resilient part to be deformed, within limits, and returned to its original shape when assembly is complete. As the engagement of the parts continues, an undercut relieves the interference. At full engagement, there is no stress on either half of the joint. The maximum interference during assembly should not exceed the proportional limit. After assembly, the load on the components should only be sufficient to maintain the engagement of the parts.

    [0016] Figure 2A, is a cross section of the adjacent edges of two tile portions 11 and 3 prior to them assuming the interlocked configuration shown in Figure 1. The respective lead in angles 105, 107 of each tile portion 3, 11 are pressed against each other by a force 113 pressing down on tile portion 3. The force 113 would be applied by a person installing the tile assembly. Subsequently the snapping points 103, 109 of the edges of the two tile portions 3, 11 are forced against each other so that they momentarily deform sufficiently, to pass each other i.e. they "snap" past each so that they assume the interlocked configuration of Figure 2B wherein their respective locking drafts 101, 111 are brought adjacent each other as shown (the space between the locking drafts 101, 111 that is visible in Figure 2B is included to assist in understanding the snap fit. In actual use the space between the locking drafts would be very small or even nonexistent. Once in the configuration shown in Figure 2B the tile portions 11 and 3 stay in place due to the interference between the complementary upper and lower locking drafts on the edges of the tile portions 3 and 11.

    [0017] As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the first tile portions 3 and the second tile portions 11 may be differently colored. Where the first and second tiles are of different colors and are substantially square shaped the assembly will present a checkerboard pattern. Other patterns are also possible and different patterns may be produced on the surface of the tile assembly 2 by interchanging differently patterned tiles arrays 1 and 9.

    [0018] For example Figure 2C depicts an interlocking floor tile assembly 4 according to a further embodiment of the present invention which also uses the snap-fit edge profiles that have been described with reference to Figures 2A and 2B. The interlocking floor tile assembly 4 comprises a first repeating array 6 of spaced apart first tiles 8 interconnected by first bridge portions 10. The first tiles 8 and the first bridge portions 10 define first spaces 12 therebetween. The interlocking floor tile assembly 4 further comprises a second repeating array 14 of spaced apart second tiles 16 interconnected by second bridge portions 18 wherein the second tiles and the second bridge portions define second spaces 20 therebetween.

    [0019] As shown in Figure 1 the second tiles 11 are received in the first spaces 7 and the first tiles 3 are received in the second spaces 15.

    [0020] It is preferred that the interlocking floor tile assembly is formed of a resilient synthetic material. For example, the assembly of Figures 1 and 2 comprises polypropylene. Other members of the polyolefin group of materials, or indeed other suitably hardwearing and resilient material, might also be used.

    [0021] Figure 3 illustrates four interconnected shock attenuating tiles 17 according to a preferred embodiment the present invention. Each of the tiles 17 is in accordance with a preferred embodiment of another aspect of the present invention. As will be discussed, the shock attenuating tiles can be used in conjunction with a cover, for example a cover comprising the previously described interlocking tile assemblies to form a shock absorbing ground cover that is suitable for use in creches and playgrounds.

    [0022] With reference to Figure 4, each tile 17 includes a plate 19 having an upper side for bearing a load. A plurality of shock absorbing modules 21 depend from an underside of the plate 19. Each of the shock absorbing modules 21 is integrally formed with the plate 19. For example, it is preferred that the tile 17, including the plate 19 and shock absorbing modules 21 be formed of polypropylene or a similar resilient synthetic material by an injection molding process.

    [0023] In the presently described embodiment each of the shock absorbing modules 21 extends from the underside of plate 19 about a corresponding aperture 23 formed through the plate 19. It will be realized that forming the plate with apertures 23 reduces the amount of material used in producing the tile without compromising the strength and resilience of the finished product.

    [0024] Each of the shock absorbing modules 21 comprises a number of, in the present case four, resilient members 25. The resilient members 25 depend downward from the underside of plate 19 about the periphery of aperture 23. The remote ends of the resilient members 25 are fastened together due to them all interconnecting at their lower limits.

    [0025] Referring now to Figure 4A there is shown a somewhat stylistic side view of the tile 17 resting upon a floor or ground plane 29. As shown in Figure 4B, upon a downward shock being applied to the upper side of the plate 19, as indicated by arrows 27, for example due to a child falling, the shock absorbing modules 21 non destructively deform to absorb the shock and cushion the child. Once the force 27 has been removed the shock absorbing modules 21 return to their prior shape as shown in Figure 4C.

    [0026] Referring now to Figure 5, engagement formations are formed along outer edges of the shock attenuating tile 17. The engagement formations include sockets 31 formed along one edge of the shock attenuating tile and complementary plugs 33 formed along another edge in order that a plurality of the tiles may be interconnected end to end.

    [0027] Furthermore, the engagement members also include a number of hooks 35 formed along one edge of the tile 17 and a number of complementary engagement members 37 (visible in Figure 6) disposed along an opposite edge of the tile. If the same fastening formations were used on both sides it would be difficult to lay the tiles. The tiles are interconnected using a two part procedure. The first step is the hooking of a new tile into a tile that is already laid using the hooks 35 and engagement members 37. In step 2 the tile is then laid down and snaps into the adjacent tile next to it with the assistance of the sockets 31 and plugs 33.

    [0028] Referring now to Figure 7, there is depicted a portion of a shock attenuating ground covering including a shock attenuating tile 17 with a cover 39 over its upper surface. A vegetation resistant mesh 41 is interposed between the shock attenuating tiles 17 and the underside of the cover to prevent the growth of grasses and weeds.

    [0029] The mesh 41 may be fastened to the shock attenuating tile 17, for example by means of screw fasteners.

    [0030] As shown in exploded view in Figure 8, the cover may comprise the previously described interlocking floor tile assembly 2. It is advantageous that the interlocking floor tile assembly 2 be used as the cover because it lends itself to the production of different visual patterns and has enhanced structural integrity due to the tile portions interlocking across the width and breadth of each tile assembly. The cover provides a weight bearing surface for traffic, e.g. children playing thereon, and is supported by the shock attenuating tile that is located beneath it.

    [0031] The cover may be fastened to the shock attenuating tile 17 by means of screw fasteners.

    [0032] The tiles of the interlocking floor tile assembly 2 may be formed with drainage apertures therethrough so that water does not pool thereon.

    [0033] Alternatively the cover 39 may be formed by trowelling a suitable settable compound over the mesh 41 such as an EPDM (ethylene propylene diene monomer (M-class) rubber) or a TPV (a thermoplastic vulcanizate) or a polyurethane polymer-based compound.

    [0034] The shock attenuating tile may also be used as a base for other decorative finishes in a tile form manufactured as a single piece.

    [0035] One of the benefits of the shock attenuating ground covering that has been described is that the shock attenuating tiles are formed so that they can "nest", i.e. be tightly stacked, as illustrated diagrammatically in Figure 9. This is very advantageous because it means that sufficient tiles to cover a large surface may be compactly packed for shipping. For example, the inventor estimates that sufficient shock attenuating tiles of the type shown in Figure 5 can be packed into a standard shipping container to cover four times the area that could be covered by a shipping container of prior art rubber tiles of similar shock absorbing characteristics.


    Claims

    1. A shock attenuating ground covering comprising:
    a plurality of interconnected shock attenuating tiles (17), each of the shock attenuating tiles (17) comprising;

    a plate (19) having an upper side for bearing a load; and

    a plurality of shock absorbing modules (21), wherein each of the shock absorbing modules (21) comprises a plurality of resilient members (25) depending downward from an underside of the plate (19) with their remote ends joined,

    wherein each of the shock absorbing modules (21) is integrally formed with the plate (19); characterised in that it comprises further

    a cover (39) supported by an upper surface of the interconnected shock attenuating tiles (17), wherein the cover (39) comprises: a first repeating array (1) of spaced apart first tiles (3) interconnected by first bridge portions (5), wherein the first tiles (3) and the first bridge portions (5) define first spaces (7) therebetween; and a second repeating array (9) of spaced apart second tiles (11) interconnected by second bridge portions (13), wherein the second tiles (11) and the second bridge portions (13) define second spaces (15) therebetween; wherein the second tiles (11) are received in the first spaces (7) and the first tiles (3) are received in the second spaces (15); whereby the cover (39) presents a weight bearing surface for traffic thereon and the interconnected shock attenuating tiles (17) provide cushioning thereunder.


     
    2. A shock attenuating ground covering according to claim 1 wherein each of the shock attenuating tiles (17) is formed as a single piece of synthetic material.
     
    3. A shock attenuating ground covering according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein each of the shock absorbing modules (21) extend from the underside of the plate (19) about a corresponding aperture (23) formed through the plate (19).
     
    4. A shock attenuating ground covering according to any one of the preceding claims wherein the shock attenuating tiles (17) include engagement formations formed along outer edges thereof.
     
    5. A shock attenuating ground covering according to claim 4, wherein the engagement formations include sockets (31) formed along one edge of the shock attenuating tile and complementary plugs (33) formed along another edge in order that a plurality of the tiles may be interconnected.
     
    6. A shock attenuating ground covering according to claim 4, wherein the engagement formations include a number of hooks (35) formed along one edge of the tile and a number of complementary engagement members (37) disposed along an opposite edge of the tile.
     
    7. A shock attenuating ground covering according to claim 1, further comprising a vegetation resistant mesh (41) interposed between the cover (39) and the upperside of the shock attenuating tiles (17).
     
    8. A shock attenuating ground covering according to claim 1, wherein the first bridge portions (5) depend from a level flush with an upper surface of the first tiles (3) to a level between the top and bottom surface of the first tiles (3) and wherein the second bridges (13) extend upward from a level flush with the bottom surface of the second tiles (11) to a level between the top and bottom surface of the second tiles (11).
     
    9. A shock attenuating ground covering according to claim 1, wherein the first tiles (3) and the second tiles (11) bear respective complementary mating portions for mating of the first tiles with the second tiles.
     
    10. A shock attenuating ground covering according to claim 9, wherein the complementary mating portions comprise complementarily chamfered or "drafted" edges in order that the first tiles and the second tiles snap-fit together.
     
    11. A shock attenuating ground covering according to claim 7, wherein the mesh (41) is fastened to the shock attenuating tiles.
     
    12. A shock attenuating ground covering according to claim 1, wherein tiles of the cover are formed with apertures therethrough to allow for drainage.
     
    13. A shock attenuating ground covering according to claim 1, wherein the cover is formed of a member of the polyolefin group of materials.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Stoßdämpfende Bodenabdeckung, umfassend:
    eine Vielzahl von miteinander verbundenen stoßdämpfenden Kacheln (17), wobei jede der stoßdämpfenden Kacheln (17) umfasst:

    eine Platte (19) mit einer Oberseite zum Tragen einer Last; und

    eine Vielzahl von stoßdämpfenden Modulen (21), wobei jedes der stoßdämpfenden Module (21) eine Vielzahl von Federelementen (25) umfasst, die von einer Unterseite der Platte (19) nach unten abhängig sind, wobei ihre entfernten Enden verbunden sind,

    wobei jedes der stoßdämpfenden Module (21) einstückig mit der Platte (19) ausgebildet ist; dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass es ferner umfasst

    eine Abdeckung (39), die von einer Oberseite der miteinander verbundenen stoßdämpfenden Kacheln (17) getragen wird, wobei die Abdeckung (39) umfasst: eine erste sich wiederholende Anordnung (1) von beabstandeten ersten Kacheln (3), die durch erste Verbindungsstege (5) miteinander verbunden sind, wobei die ersten Kacheln (3) und die ersten Verbindungsstege (5) erste Zwischenräume (7) dazwischen definieren; und eine zweite sich wiederholende Anordnung (9) von beabstandeten zweiten Kacheln (11), die durch zweite Verbindungsstege (13) miteinander verbunden sind, wobei die zweiten Kacheln (11) und die zweiten Verbindungsstege (13) zweite Zwischenräume (15) dazwischen definieren; wobei die zweiten Kacheln (11) in den ersten Zwischenräumen (7) und die ersten Kacheln (3) in den zweiten Zwischenräumen (15) aufgenommen werden; wobei die Abdeckung (39) eine tragende Oberfläche für den Verkehr darauf aufweist und die miteinander verbundenen stoßdämpfenden Kacheln (17) darunter eine Dämpfung bereitstellen.


     
    2. Stoßdämpfende Bodenabdeckung nach Anspruch 1, wobei jede der stoßdämpfenden Kacheln (17) als ein Einzelteil aus synthetischem Material ausgebildet ist.
     
    3. Stoßdämpfende Bodenabdeckung nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, wobei sich jedes der stoßdämpfenden Module (21) von der Unterseite der Platte (19) über eine entsprechende Öffnung (23) erstreckt, die durch die Platte (19) hindurch ausgebildet ist.
     
    4. Stoßdämpfende Bodenabdeckung nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die stoßdämpfenden Kacheln (17) Eingriffsausbildungen aufweisen, die entlang ihrer äußeren Kanten ausgebildet sind.
     
    5. Stoßdämpfende Bodenabdeckung nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Eingriffsausbildungen Buchsen (31) aufweisen, die entlang einer Kante der stoßdämpfenden Kachel ausgebildet sind, und komplementäre Stecker (33), die entlang einer anderen Kante ausgebildet sind, so dass eine Vielzahl der Kacheln miteinander verbunden werden kann.
     
    6. Stoßdämpfende Bodenabdeckung nach Anspruch 4, wobei die Eingriffsausbildungen eine Anzahl von Haken (35), die entlang einer Kante der Kachel ausgebildet sind, und eine Anzahl von komplementären Eingriffselementen (37) aufweisen, die entlang einer gegenüberliegenden Kante der Kachel angeordnet sind.
     
    7. Stoßdämpfende Bodenabdeckung nach Anspruch 1, ferner umfassend ein vegetationsbeständiges Netz (41), das zwischen der Abdeckung (39) und der Oberseite der stoßdämpfenden Kacheln (17) eingefügt ist.
     
    8. Stoßdämpfende Bodenabdeckung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die ersten Verbindungsstege (5) von einer Ebene, die mit einer Oberseite der ersten Kacheln (3) bündig ist, bis zu einer Ebene zwischen der Oberseite und der Unterseite der ersten Kacheln (3) abhängen und wobei sich die zweiten Stege (13) von einer Ebene, die mit der Unterseite der zweiten Kacheln (11) bündig ist, nach oben bis zu einer Ebene zwischen der Oberseite und der Unterseite der zweiten Kacheln (11) erstrecken.
     
    9. Stoßdämpfende Bodenabdeckung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die ersten Kacheln (3) und die zweiten Kacheln (11) jeweils komplementäre Verbindungsabschnitte zum Verbinden der ersten Kacheln mit den zweiten Kacheln aufweisen.
     
    10. Stoßdämpfende Bodenabdeckung nach Anspruch 9, wobei die komplementären Verbindungsabschnitte komplementär abgeschrägte oder "gewellte" Kanten aufweisen, so dass die ersten Kacheln und die zweiten Kacheln ineinander einrasten.
     
    11. Stoßdämpfende Bodenabdeckung nach Anspruch 7, wobei das Netz (41) an den stoßdämpfenden Kacheln befestigt ist.
     
    12. Stoßdämpfende Bodenabdeckung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Kacheln der Abdeckung mit durchgehenden Öffnungen ausgebildet sind, um einen Ablauf zu ermöglichen.
     
    13. Stoßdämpfende Bodenabdeckung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Abdeckung aus einem Element der Polyolefingruppe von Materialien hergestellt ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Revêtement de sol antichoc comprenant
    une pluralité de carreaux antichoc interconnectés (17), chacun des carreaux antichoc (17) comprenant

    une plaque (19) dotée d'une face supérieure conçue pour supporter une charge et

    une pluralité de modules amortisseurs de chocs (21), chacun des modules amortisseurs de chocs (21) comprenant une pluralité d'éléments élastiques (25) s'étendant vers le bas à partir d'une face inférieure de la plaque (19) avec leurs extrémités distantes jointes,

    chacun des modules amortisseurs de chocs (21) étant formé d'une seule pièce avec la plaque (19), caractérisé en ce qu'il comprend en outre

    une couverture (39) supportée par une surface supérieure des carreaux antichoc interconnectés (17), cette couverture (39) comprenant une première série répétitive (1) de premiers carreaux espacés (3) interconnectés par des premières parties de liaison (5), les premiers carreaux (3) et les premières parties de liaison (5) définissant des premiers espaces (7) entre eux, et une seconde série répétitive (9) de seconds carreaux espacés (11) interconnectés par des secondes parties de liaison (13), les seconds carreaux (11) et les secondes parties de liaison (13) définissant des seconds espaces (15) entre eux, les seconds carreaux (11) étant reçus dans les premiers espaces (7) et les premiers carreaux (3) étant reçus dans les seconds espaces (15), et la couverture (39) présentant une surface de support pour la circulation et les carreaux antichoc interconnectés (17) offrant un capitonnage par-dessous.


     
    2. Revêtement de sol antichoc selon la revendication 1, dans lequel chacun des carreaux antichoc (17) est formé par une pièce unique de matériau synthétique.
     
    3. Revêtement de sol antichoc selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans lequel chacun des modules amortisseurs de chocs (21) s'étend à partir de la face inférieure de la plaque (19) autour d'une ouverture correspondante (23) formée dans la plaque (19).
     
    4. Revêtement de sol antichoc selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel les carreaux antichoc interconnectés (17) comprennent des dispositifs d'assemblage formés le long de leurs bords extérieurs.
     
    5. Revêtement de sol antichoc selon la revendication 4, dans lequel les dispositifs d'assemblage comprennent des connecteurs femelles (31) formés le long d'un bord du carreau antichoc et des connecteurs mâles complémentaires (33) formés le long d'un autre bord afin de pouvoir interconnecter une pluralité de carreaux.
     
    6. Revêtement de sol antichoc selon la revendication 4, dans lequel les dispositifs d'assemblage comprennent un certain nombre de crochets (35) formés le long d'un bord du carreau et un certain nombre de dispositifs d'assemblage complémentaires (37) disposés le long d'un bord opposé du carreau.
     
    7. Revêtement de sol antichoc selon la revendication 1, comprenant en outre un treillis résistant à la végétation (41) intercalé entre la couverture (39) et la face supérieure des carreaux antichoc (17).
     
    8. Revêtement de sol antichoc selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les premières parties de liaison (5) s'étendent vers le bas d'un niveau aligné avec une face supérieure des premiers carreaux (3) jusqu'à un niveau situé entre les faces supérieure et inférieure des premiers carreaux (3) et dans lequel les secondes parties de liaison (13) s'étendent vers le haut d'un niveau aligné avec la face inférieure des seconds carreaux (11) jusqu'à un niveau situé entre les faces supérieure et inférieure des seconds carreaux (11).
     
    9. Revêtement de sol antichoc selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les premiers carreaux (3) et les seconds carreaux (11) portent des parties d'accouplement complémentaires pour accoupler les premiers carreaux avec les seconds carreaux.
     
    10. Revêtement de sol antichoc selon la revendication 9, dans lequel les parties d'accouplement complémentaires possèdent des bords chanfreinés ou "abattus" de manière complémentaire afin que les premiers carreaux et les seconds carreaux s'encliquettent ensemble.
     
    11. Revêtement de sol antichoc selon la revendication 7, dans lequel le treillis (41) est fixé aux carreaux antichoc.
     
    12. Revêtement de sol antichoc selon la revendication 1, dans lequel les carreaux de la couverture sont traversés par des orifices pour permettre le drainage.
     
    13. Revêtement de sol antichoc selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la couverture est formée d'un élément constitué d'un matériau appartenant au groupe des polyoléfines.
     




    Drawing









































    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description