(19)
(11)EP 2 988 313 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
20.05.2020 Bulletin 2020/21

(21)Application number: 14785919.3

(22)Date of filing:  17.04.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01H 37/32(2006.01)
H01H 37/54(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2014/060950
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/171515 (23.10.2014 Gazette  2014/43)

(54)

PROTECTIVE DEVICE

SCHUTZVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE PROTECTION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 19.04.2013 JP 2013088684

(43)Date of publication of application:
24.02.2016 Bulletin 2016/08

(73)Proprietor: Littelfuse Japan G.K.
Tokyo 1050014 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • MOCHIZUKI, Hirofumi
    Inashiki-shi, Ibaraki 300-0626 (JP)
  • TANAKA, Arata
    Inashiki-shi, Ibaraki 300-0626 (JP)

(74)Representative: Johnstone, Douglas Ian et al
Baron Warren Redfern 1000 Great West Road
Brentford TW8 9DW
Brentford TW8 9DW (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- S62 209 381
JP-A- 2005 203 277
JP-A- 2006 031 956
JP-A- 2011 134 624
JP-U- H01 137 034
US-A1- 2002 140 401
JP-A- 2003 178 659
JP-A- 2005 203 277
JP-A- 2006 331 705
JP-A- 2011 233 314
US-A- 2 264 276
US-A1- 2003 074 974
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a protection device which substantially interrupts a current through an electrical or an electronic apparatus (for example, a motor or a secondary cell pack) when such a current excessively flows through the apparatus or when a temperature of the electrical or electronic apparatus or an ambient temperature thereof rises excessively.

    Background Art



    [0002] When an abnormality occurs, for example, when a current excessively flows through an electrical apparatus (for example, a motor) and thereby causes the electrical apparatus to reach an abnormally high temperature or when the electrical apparatus reaches an abnormally high temperature due to some reason other than the excessive current, it is needed to secure a safety of the electrical apparatus by interrupting the current flowing through the electrical apparatus and eliminating the abnormality when necessary. A bimetal component is used as a means to interrupt the current as described above.

    [0003] The bimetal component comprises a sheet member of a bimetal metal. The bimetal component is configured to be activated (i.e. deformed) so as to interrupt a current flowing through the bimetal component when the bimetal component itself reaches a higher temperature in excess of a predetermined temperature, or when the bimetal component reaches a higher temperature in excess of a predetermined temperature due to a rise in the temperature of an ambient atmosphere of the bimetal component.

    [0004] When such bimetal component is incorporated in an electrical apparatus, it is activated when the electrical apparatus reaches an abnormal temperature due to an excessive current or some other reason, so that the current is interrupted. The temperature of the electrical apparatus decreases by the interruption of the current. Since the temperature of the bimetal component also decreases, the bimetal component returns to its original shape (i.e. it recovers), as a result of which the current may be allowed to flow again before the safety of the electrical apparatus is secured.

    [0005] In order to prevent the current from flowing again as described above, it is necessary to ensure and maintain the state when the bimetal are activated. For this purpose, the bimetal component is disposed in series in a circuit of the electrical apparatus so that it can interrupt the circuit current, while at the same time a PTC component is disposed in parallel to the bimetal component. By such arrangement, when the bimetal component is activated, the current flowing through it is diverted to the PTC component; the PTC component generates a Joule heat by the current and this heat is transmitted to the bimetal component so that the activated state of the bimetal component can be ensured.

    [0006] A protection device is known which is configured so that a movable contact which is operated by the bimetal component is disposed in series in the electrical circuit and the PTC component is disposed in parallel to the bimetal component as described above. Such a protection device is disclosed, for example, in JP-A 2005-203277. In such a protection device, a resin base having a terminal comprises a PTC component, a bimetal component and an arm within a space provided in the resin base; a cover which is previously provided with an upper plate is placed on the resin base, and the resin base and the resin cover in this state are bonded with an adhesive or by ultrasonic fusion to form a resin housing. In such protection device, the terminal and the arm protrude from the resin housing.

    [0007] US 2002/01400401, upon which the two-part form of claim 1 is based, discloses a circuit breaker comprising a fixed contact, a movable contact, and a current shut-off contact including a flexible contact and a bimetal thermally deforming plate for separating the fixed contact from the movable contact when heated. A PTC connected to control leads is used to heat the current shut-off contact.

    Summary of the Invention


    Problem to be Solved by the Invention



    [0008] The conventional protection device as mentioned above is electrically connected to a prescribed electrical element via portions of the terminal and the arm, and each of the connecting of the terminal and the arm needs to be separately performed and a space for connecting is needed since the terminal and arm protrude.

    Means to Solve the Problem



    [0009] As a result of intensive studies by the inventors of the present invention, it has been found that the problem described above can be solved by a protection device according to claim 1. The protection device comprises a resin base, a first terminal, a second terminal, a PTC component, a bimetal component, an arm, an upper plate and a resin cover wherein a portion of the first terminal is configured as a first electrode, and a portion of the second terminal is configured as a second electrode, the first electrode and the second electrode are exposed on a bottom surface of the resin base, in a normal state, the first terminal, the arm and the second terminal are electrically connected in series, when the bimetal component is activated, an electrical connection between the first terminal and the arm is broken, while the first terminal, the PTC component, the bimetal component, the arm and the second terminal are electrically connected in series in the mentioned order.

    Effect of the Invention



    [0010] According to the present invention, with the protection device comprising the resin base, the first terminal, the second terminal, the PTC component, the bimetal component, the arm, the upper plate and the resin cover a protection device which is surface mountable can be provided, in one embodiment, by extending the first terminal and the second terminal around the side surface of the resin base to the bottom surface of the resin base, for example in a U-shape so as to form the first electrode and the second electrode such that they are exposed outward on the bottom surface of the resin base.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0011] 

    Fig. 1 schematically shows the protection device 1 of the present invention in its perspective view.

    Fig. 2 schematically shows the protection device shown in Fig. 1 in its cross-sectional view along a surface perpendicular to a plane including a line x1-x2.

    Fig. 3 schematically shows the protection device of the present invention in its bottom view.

    Fig. 4 schematically shows the protection device shown in Fig. 1 in its exploded perspective view when the protection device is hypothetically broken down into its structural elements.


    Embodiments to Carry Out the Invention



    [0012] A protection device 1 in one embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanied drawings. It is noted that though Fig. 4 schematically shows a state in which the protection device shown in Figs. 1-3 is broken down into its structural elements, Fig. 4 schematically shows the protection device 1 of the present invention in its exploded perspective view when the protection device which is completed as a device is hypothetically broken down into its structural elements, and it does not necessarily mean that the protection device of the device invention is obtained by the assembling of these elements shown in Fig. 4.

    [0013] The protection device 1 of the present invention generally has a structure as shown in Figs. 1-4. In particular, the protection device 1 has a resin housing 10 which is defined by a resin base 6 having a first terminal 2 and a second terminal 4 as well as a resin cover 8. The resin base 6 has a space 12 where a portion of the first terminal 2 is exposed at the bottom of the space, a PTC component 16 is disposed on the exposed portion 14, a bimetal component 18 is disposed over the PTC component 16, an arm 20 is disposed on or over the bimetal component 18, and an upper plate 26 is disposed over the arm 20. One end of the arm 20 is electrically connected to the second terminal 4. A portion of the first terminal and a portion of the second terminal extend around the side surface to the bottom surface of the resin housing 10 and become exposed to the outside of the protection device at the bottom surface to form the first electrode 22 and the second electrode 24, respectively. The first electrode 22 and the second electrode 24 are exposed outward at the bottom surface of the resin base, thus, the first electrode 22 and the second electrode 24 lie in the same plane. The space 12 including the exposed portion 14 of the first terminal, the PTC component 16, the bimetal component 18, the arm 20 and the upper plate 26 is covered and sealed with the resin cover 8.

    [0014] In the protection device 1, the first terminal 2, the arm 20 and the second terminal 4 are electrically connected in series in a normal state. The bimetal component 18 is in an upwardly convex state (a convex state toward the arm) as illustrated, and is separated from the arm 20. In this state, a current flows through and in the order of the first terminal 2, the arm 20 and the second terminal 4 (or the reverse order), and the current does not flow through the PTC component 16 or the bimetal component 18. In an abnormal state, i.e. when an abnormal heat generation occurs due to an excessive current or the like, the bimetal component 18 is activated and deforms into a downward convex from the upward convex, as the result of which the arm 20 is pushed upwardly and the electrical connection between the arm and the first terminal is cut off. The deformed bimetal component 18 contacts the arm 20 while connecting to the PTC component 16 and becomes to be in a state of electrically connecting to the arm 20. In this state, the current flows through and in order of the first terminal 2, the PTC component 16, the bimetal component 18, the arm 20, and the second terminal 4 (or the reverse order), and the PTC component trips (acts) by such current and generates Joule heat. The bimetal component 18 is maintained to be in the downward convex state by the Joule heat, so that the opening state of contacts between the arm 20 and the first terminal 2 can be maintained. In this stage, the current flowing through the circuit to be protected is substantively interrupted (however, an extremely small amount of current can flow as a leak current).

    [0015] In the present invention, the first terminal 2, the second terminal 4 and the resin base 6 are formed to be integral together by insert molding. By using such insert molding, the adhesion between the first terminal 2 as well as the second terminal 4 and the resin base 6 can be enhanced. The resin base 6 has the space 12, and a portion of the first terminal 2 is exposed at the bottom of the space. The PTC component 16 is disposed such an exposed portion 14 of first terminal 2, as a result of which they become to be in a state of electrically connecting to each other. The first terminal 2 may have a plurality of contacts 32, for example three contacts, having for example a domed shape on the exposed portion 14 to ensure an electrical connection with the PTC component 16 easily.

    [0016] A portion of the first terminal 2 and a portion of the second terminal 4 extend around the side surface to the bottom surface of the resin base 6 such that they are in for example a U-shape, a V-shape (its corner may be round) or the like and are exposed on the outside of the resin base; and such portions form the first electrode 22 and the second electrode 24, respectively. The first electrode 22 and the second electrode 24 are exposed outward on the bottom surface of the resin base, that is, the exposed surfaces lie in the same plane, so that surface mounting of the device onto a prescribed electrical element becomes easier.

    [0017] It is preferable that the first electrode 22 and the second electrode 24 are formed such that they are line-symmetric with respect to a center line (y1-y2 in Fig. 3) between the first electrode and the second electrode at the bottom surface of the resin base 6. By forming the first electrode 22 and the second electrode 24 as described above, the protection device can be positioned in any orientation without paying attention to identify a positive electrode or a negative electrode, for example, upon mounting the device onto a substrate.

    [0018] It is preferable that the first electrode 22 and/or the second electrode 24 are plated with a metal which is unsusceptible to oxidation. Similarly, it is preferable that contacts of the first terminal 2 and the arm 20 and/or contacts of the first terminal 2 and the PTC component 16 are plated with the metal which is unsusceptible to oxidation. By plating with such metal, resistance increase of the electrodes and/or the contacts because of the oxidation thereof is prevented when the protection device is heat-treated in a reflow furnace.

    [0019] Examples of the metal which is unsusceptible to oxidation include, but are not limited to, for example, gold, platinum, silver, mercury, copper, and the like.

    [0020] In addition, it is preferable that the first terminal 2 and/or the second terminal 4 are plated with a metal having a high thermal conductivity. By plating the first terminal 2 and/or the second terminal 4 with the metal having a high thermal conductivity, for example, heat generated at the contact between the first terminal and the arm can be efficiently transported to the exposed portion from the resin housing and dissipated.

    [0021] Examples of the metal having a high thermal conductivity include, but are not limited to, for example, gold, copper, aluminum, magnesium, molybdenum, tungsten, and the like.

    [0022] The metal used in plating is preferably a metal which is unsusceptible to oxidation and has a high thermal conductivity, for example, gold.

    [0023] A thickness of the plate is, but not particularly limited to, for example, 0.2-40 µm, and preferably 2-5 µm. By setting the thickness of the plate to not less than 2 µm, heat can be more efficiently dissipated and oxidation of the electrode and/or contact can be more surely prevented.

    [0024] In addition, the first electrode 22 and/or the second electrode 24 may be plated with nickel, gold, tin, or the like in order to increase solder wettability.

    [0025] The plate may be single-layered or multi-layered. For example, a metal having high thermal conductivity may be plated, followed by plating a metal which is unsusceptible to oxidation (two layers); or a metal which has a high thermal conductivity and which is unsusceptible to oxidation may be plated as a single layer. It is preferable to plate with a metal having any two properties of the following three properties: (i) high oxidation-resistance, (ii) high thermal conductivity, and (iii) high solder wettability. It is more preferable to plate with a metal having all of the three properties.

    [0026] The first terminal 2 may have a contact part, as a contact part with the arm 20 (not illustrated in the drawings), formed by swaging a contact material into a hole provided through the first terminal 2 to penetrate through it. The term "swaging" as used herein means that into a hole provided through a certain member (for example, a plate for the first terminal), another member (for example, a contact material) having a diameter which is equal to that of the hole and a thickness (height) larger than that of the hole is fitted, and then portions which project upwardly and downward from the hole, respectively, are squashed so as to fix said another member to the certain member. It is noted that the contact material is not necessarily in a circular cylindrical shape, and it may be in a rectangular cylindrical shape or the like. By forming such contact part in the first terminal 2, the contact part can have a larger thermal capacity, as the result of which rapid temperature rise of the contact parts can be presented even when a relatively larger amount of current flows through the protection device, so that the holding current of the protection device can be increased.

    [0027] The metal constituting the contact material includes, but not particularly limited to, for example, silver-nickel, silver-copper, AgCdO, AgSnO2, AgZnO, AgSnOInO, AgCu, copper-tungsten and the like. A 90% silver-10% nickel alloy is preferable in view that a shape designing of the contact part, in particular fine designing of a thickness is possible due to its lower hardness.

    [0028] The first terminal 2 preferably may have a rib on at least a portion of the first terminal, for example on around a section 28. The term "rib" as used herein means an element or a structure for enhancing strength of a member on which the rib is provided. For example, it includes a reinforcement element having a line shape, a rod shape or a strip shape which is provided on the surface of the member and a structure in which a portion of the surface of the member is deformed to have a convex shape or a concave shape. By forming such rib, a stiffness of the protection device, in particular strength against an external pressure from the back side (from the electrode side) of the device can be enhanced.

    [0029] The above mentioned terminal 2 is preferably formed such that the section 28 comprising the above mentioned exposed portion 14 is located at a deeper position in the space 12 of the resin base 6. By applying such form, a volume of the space 12 of the resin base 6 can be increased.

    [0030] Preferably, the resin base 6 is formed of a thermally resistant resin. By using such resin, deformation of the protection device can be prevented even when it is subjected to a high temperature environment such as an environment within a reflow furnace.

    [0031] Examples of the thermal resistant resin described above include, for example, an LCP resin, a polyamide resin, a PPS resin and the like.

    [0032] In the protection device of the present invention, the PTC component 16 is disposed on the exposed portion 14 of the first terminal. As a result, the first terminal 2 and the PTC component 16 are electrically connected, for example, via the contact 32.

    [0033] As the PTC component described above, either a ceramic PTC component or a polymer PTC component may be used, but it is preferable to use the polymer PTC component. The polymer PTC component is advantageous in comparison with the ceramic PTC component in that a resistance of the component itself is lower and a self-destruction is unlikely to occur even when its temperature reaches over a certain temperature. Additionally, as to the polymer PTC component, a voltage required to maintain a tripping state is lower in comparison with the ceramic PTC component, and therefore, the polymer PTC component can maintain the tripping state even when a circuit voltage is low. As the result of this, the polymer PTC component is advantageous in that the contact can be maintained in an open state (latch state), so that chattering which is a phenomenon wherein opening and closing between the contacts are repeated can be prevented. Furthermore, when the holding current values are same between the ceramic PTC component and the polymer PTC component, the polymer PTC component is preferable in that it has a smaller size and has a lower resistance relative to the ceramic PTC component.

    [0034] The above mentioned polymer PTC component comprises a laminate PTC element which is formed by extruding an electrically conductive composition containing a polymer (for example, polyethylene, polyvinylidene fluoride, or the like) in which an electrically conductive filler (for example, carbon black, nickel alloy, or the like) is dispersed, and electrodes (for example, metal foils) which are disposed on both sides thereof.

    [0035] The size and shape of the polymer PTC component are not particularly limited. In the protection device of the present invention, for example, the PTC component which is in a disk shape having a diameter of 2.0 mm or less, and a thickness of 0.20 mm or less can be used.

    [0036] When the polymer PTC component is used as the PTC component in the protection device of the present invention, its resistance value is preferably 0.8-10 Ω, and more preferably 4.5-10 Ω. By setting the resistance of the polymer PTC component to 0.8 Ω or more, the tripping state can be maintained with 3 V. By setting the resistance of the polymer PTC component to 4.5 Ω or more, the leak current can become 0.2 A or less in the tripping state at 3 V. By setting the resistance of the polymer PTC component 10 Ω or less, a variation in the resistance in producing of the polymer PTC component can easily be reduced.

    [0037] It is noted that the resistance value of the polymer PTC component in the present specification means a resistance value (measured by four-terminal method, applied current of a measurement range of a resistance measurement equipment: 100 mA) which is calculated from an applied voltage and a current value which is measured when the applied voltage of 6.5 mV (direct current) is applied at 25°C between both electrodes of a PTC component which is produced by the pressure-bonding of electrodes (preferably, nickel foils) on both sides of a PTC element obtained by the extrusion of an electrically conductive composition comprising a polymer. It is noted that since a resistance value of the electrodes is negligibly small in comparison with the resistance value of the PTC element, the resistance value of the PTC component is substantially equal to the resistance value of the PTC element.

    [0038] In the protection device of the present invention, the bimetal component 18 is disposed over the PTC component 16. The bimetal component 18 is supported on a step part 30 provided in the space 12. The bimetal component 18 is not particularly limited as long as it deforms at a temperature which is determined to be abnormal, and a bimetal component known per se can be used. Though the bimetal component 18 may or may not be electrically connected to the PTC component in a normal state, the bimetal component 18 is electrically connected to the PTC component in the abnormal state.

    [0039] As long as the space 12 of the resin base permits the bimetal component 18 preferably has a large surface area as much as possible. By having a larger surface area, a variation of an activating temperature of the bimetal component can be reduced, and a force is increased which pushes the arm 20 upwardly when it deforms in the abnormal state.

    [0040] The bimetal component 18 can be obtained, for example by singly pressing the bimetal component so as to be in a desired shape, followed by heat-treated at a high temperature. An activating temperature of the bimetal component thus heat-treated is an activating temperature of the protection component. The temperature property of the protection device using such a bimetal component does not change and the protection device can act at a desired temperature even when it is subject to a high temperature environment such as in a reflow furnace.

    [0041] A temperature of heat-treatment may be, but not particularly limited to, a temperature higher, for example 30° C higher, 80° C higher, or 100° C higher than a temperature to which the protection device is exposed, for example a temperature upon soldering for surface-mounting, specifically a temperature of a reflow furnace.

    [0042] The period for the heat-treatment may be, but not particularly limited to, 1-180 minutes, for example 10 minutes, 20 minutes, 30 minutes, 60 minutes or 120 minutes.

    [0043] The temperature and the period of the heat-treatment can be varied depending on the temperature to which the protection device is exposed, a kind of metal constructing the bimetal component, a size and a shape of the bimetal component, and the like.

    [0044] Preferably, the heat-treatment is performed under an inert atmosphere, for example under a nitrogen atmosphere.

    [0045] Although not shown, the bimetal component 18 may preferably have a protrusion, for example, a dome-shaped convex part on near the center of its lower surface (a side facing to the PTC component) (not illustrated). When the bimetal component 18 is activated and becomes the downwardly convex state from the upwardly convex state, this protrusion comes in contact with the PTC component 16. Since the arm 20 is extra pushed upwardly by a distance corresponding to the height of the protrusion, the arm is sufficiently pushed up even when the degree of curvature of the bimetal component 18 itself is smaller, and therefore, the electrical connection at the contact between the arm and the first terminal can more surely be cut off.

    [0046] In the protection device of the present invention, the arm 20 is positioned over the bimetal component 18 and is electrically connected to the second terminal 4. A method for connecting the arm 20 and the second terminal 4 includes, but is not limited to, soldering, welding, or the like, and it is preferable to use a laser welding. Alternatively the arm 20 and the second terminal may be integrally formed originally.

    [0047] As illustrated, it is preferable that the arm 20 is formed into a bent shape such that the contact part which contacts with the first terminal is positioned somewhat lower with respect to a horizontal direction (a direction along which the bottom surface of the resin base extends). This contact part contacts with the contact part of the first terminal in the normal state, while the bimetal component 18 deforms in the abnormal state thereby pushing the arm 20 upwardly, as the result of which the contacting state is dissolved.

    [0048] The arm 20 may have the contact part 36 formed by swaging a contact material into a hole provided through the arm 20 as a contact part which contacts with the first terminal 2. By forming such contact part 36 in the arm 20, the contact part can have a larger thermal capacity, as the result of which a temperature rise of the contact parts can be prevented even when a relatively larger current flows through the protection device, so that the holding current of the protection device can be increased. It is noted that though it is sufficient that any one of the contact part of the first terminal 2 and the contact part of the arm 20 is formed by swaging the contact material through the first terminal or the arm, it is preferable that both contact parts are formed by swaging the contact materials.

    [0049] A metal constituting the contact material of the arm 20 is the same as that constituting the contact part of the first terminal 2.

    [0050] The arm 20 may have contact 34 to further ensure an electrical connection between the arm and the bimetal component when the bimetal component deforms in the abnormal state.

    [0051] As illustrated, the arm 20 is preferably bent into a crank shape in the space 12. By applying such a shape, when the arm 20 is pushed upwardly by the bimetal component 18 in the abnormal state, a distance between the contact part of the first terminal 2 and the contact part of the arm 20 (a contact gap) can be increased, so that the contacting state between both contact parts can be surely dissolved.

    [0052] In the protection device of the present invention, an upper plate 26 is disposed over the arm in the space 12. The upper plate 26 has a function that, when the bimetal component 18 reaches a prescribed high temperature and it is activated to push the arm 20 upwardly, the upper plate comes in contact with the arm 20 which may be in a heated state caused by the heat from the bimetal component 18 at a prescribed high temperature, thereby dissipating the heat. Therefore, it is preferable that the upper plate 26 has superior thermal conductivity. The heat is dissipated via the second terminal 4 through the arm which is in contact with the upper plate from the upper plate 26. Therefore, the upper plate 26 is formed of for example a metal sheet. As a result, a quantity of heat transmitted from the bimetal component 18 to the resin cover 8 can be decreased as much as possible to minimize the effect on the resin cover 8 caused by the heat.

    [0053] In the protection device of the present invention, the resin cover 8 is disposed such that it covers the upper plate 26. The resin cover 8 defines the resin housing 10 together with the resin base 6. The resin cover 8 and the resin base 6 can be bonded, for example, by using an adhesive, an ultrasonic welding, a laser welding or the like, and it is preferable to use the laser welding.

    [0054] In one embodiment, a portion of an upper surface of the upper plate 26 may be exposed from the resin cover 8. By applying such structure, a heat generated inside the protection device, in particular the heat generated at the contact can be efficiently dissipated, and thereby the holding current of the device can be increased.

    [0055] The resin constituting the resin cover 8 may be, but not particularly limited to, the same resin as or the different resin from the resin constituting the resin base 6. It is preferable that it is a thermal resistant resin. When the same resin as the resin constituting the resin base 6 is used, the bonding between the resin base 6 and the resin cover 8 can be further ensured.

    [0056] It is preferable that the protection device of the present invention has an appearance which is bilaterally symmetric between its left half including the first electrode and its right half including the second electrode. In the other words, it is preferable that the protection device symmetric with respect to a plane perpendicular to a plane containing a center line (y1-y2 in Fig. 3) between the exposed portion of the first electrode and the exposed portion of the second electrode at the bottom surface of the protection device. By applying such structure, when the protection device is provided, it can be located in any direction without identifying the positive electrode and the negative electrode and right and left.

    Industrial Applicability



    [0057] The protection device of the present invention can be suitably used as a protection device in a lithium ion battery in a mobile phone, a tablet apparatus or the like.

    Explanation of the Reference Numerals



    [0058] 

    1 - protection device; 2 - first terminal;

    4 - second terminal; 6 - resin base;

    8 - resin cover; 10 - resin housing;

    12 - space; 14 - exposed portion;

    16 - PTC component; 18 - bimetal component;

    20 - arm; 22 - first electrode;

    24 - second electrode; 26 - upper plate;

    28 - section of first terminal;

    30 - step part; 32 - contact;

    34 - contact; 36 - contact part




    Claims

    1. A protection device (1) comprising a resin base (6), a first terminal (2), a second terminal (4), a PTC component (16), a bimetal component (18), an arm (20), an upper plate (26) and a resin cover (8), wherein:

    a portion of the first terminal (2) is configured as a first electrode (22), and a portion of the second terminal (4) is configured as a second electrode (24),

    in a normal state, the first terminal (2), the arm (20) and the second terminal (4) are electrically connected in series,

    when the bimetal component (18) is activated, an electrical connection between the first terminal (2) and the arm (20) is broken,

    characterized in that:

    the first electrode (22) and the second electrode (24) are exposed on the bottom surface of the resin base (6), and

    whilst the bimetal component (18) is activated, the first terminal (2), the PTC component (16), the bimetal component (18), the arm (20) and the second terminal (4) are electrically connected in series in the mentioned order.


     
    2. The protection device (1) according to claim 1, characterized in that the bimetal component (18) has been subjected to heat-treatment.
     
    3. The protection device (1) according to claim 2, characterized in that the temperature of heat-treatment is higher than a temperature of soldering the protection device.
     
    4. The protection device (1) according to any one of claims 1-3, characterized in that the first terminal (2) has a contact part formed by swaging a contact material through a hole of the first terminal (2), the contact material having a larger thermal capacity than the first terminal.
     
    5. The protection device (1) according to claim 4, characterized in that the contact material is a silver-nickel alloy.
     
    6. The protection device (1) according to any one of claims 1-5, characterized in that at least a part of the first terminal (2) has a rib.
     
    7. The protection device (1) according to any one of claims 1-6, characterized in that the resin base (6) is formed from a thermal resistant resin.
     
    8. The protection device (1) according to any one of claims 1-7, characterized in that the upper plate (26) has an engaging part having a hook-like shape and is fixed on the resin base (6) by engaging the engaging part to an engaged part having a notch shape of the resin base.
     
    9. The protection device (1)according to any one of claims 1-8, characterized in that the arm (20) has a crank shape portion in a space (12) of the resin base.
     
    10. The protection device (1) according to any one of claims 1-9, characterized in that the bimetal component (18) has a protrusion near its center portion, the protrusion formed as a dome-shaped convex part of the center portion and configured to cause the bimetal component (18) to push the arm (20) upwardly a distance corresponding to a height of the protrusion when the bimetal component is activated.
     
    11. The protection device (1) according to any one of claims 1-10, characterized in that the exposed portions of the first terminal (2) and/or the second terminal (4) are plated with a metal unsusceptible to oxidation.
     
    12. The protection device (1) according to claim 11, characterized in that the metal unsusceptible to oxidation is gold.
     
    13. The protection device (1) according to any one of claims 1-12, characterized in that the first electrode (22) and the second electrode (24) are provided so as to be line-symmetric with respect to a center line between the first electrode and the second electrode at the bottom surface of the resin base (6).
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Schutzvorrichtung (1), umfassend eine Kunstharzbasis (6), einen ersten Anschluss (2), einen zweiten Anschluss (4), eine Komponente (16) mit positivem Temperaturkoeffizienten, eine Bimetall-Komponente (18), einen Arm (20), eine obere Platte (26) und eine Kunstharzabdeckung (8), wobei:

    ein Teil des ersten Anschlusses (2) als eine erste Elektrode (22) konfiguriert ist und ein Teil des zweiten Anschlusses (4) als eine zweite Elektrode (24) konfiguriert ist,

    in einem normalen Zustand der erste Anschluss (2), der Arm (20) und der zweite Anschluss (4) elektrisch in Reihe miteinander verbunden sind,

    wenn die Bimetall-Komponente (18) aktiviert wird, eine elektrische Verbindung zwischen dem ersten Anschluss (2) und dem Arm (20) unterbrochen wird,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass:

    die erste Elektrode (22) und die zweite Elektrode (24) an der Bodenfläche der Kunstharzbasis (6) freiliegen und

    während die Bimetall-Komponente (18) aktiviert ist, der erste Anschluss (2), die Komponente (16) mit positivem Temperaturkoeffizienten, die Bimetall-Komponente (18), der Arm (20) und der zweite Anschluss (4) in der genannten Reihenfolge elektrisch in Reihe miteinander verbunden sind.


     
    2. Schutzvorrichtung (1) gemäß Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Bimetall-Komponente (18) einer Wärmebehandlung unterzogen wurde.
     
    3. Schutzvorrichtung (1) gemäß Anspruch 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Temperatur der Wärmebehandlung höher als eine Temperatur zum Löten der Schutzvorrichtung ist.
     
    4. Schutzvorrichtung (1) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der erste Anschluss (2) einen Kontaktteil, der durch Stauchen eines Kontaktmaterials durch ein Loch des ersten Anschlusses (2) ausgebildet ist, wobei das Kontaktmaterial eine höhere Wärmekapazität als der erste Anschluss hat.
     
    5. Schutzvorrichtung (1) gemäß Anspruch 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das Kontaktmaterial eine Silber-Nickel-Legierung ist.
     
    6. Schutzvorrichtung (1) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass mindestens ein Teil des ersten Anschlusses (2) eine Rippe hat.
     
    7. Schutzvorrichtung (1) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Kunstharzbasis (6) aus einem wärmebeständigen Kunstharz ausgebildet ist.
     
    8. Schutzvorrichtung (1) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die obere Platte (26) einen eingreifenden Teil hat, der eine hakenartige Form hat und an der Kunstharzbasis (6) durch Einhaken des eingreifenden Teils in einen eine gekerbte Form aufweisenden eingegriffenen Teil der Kunstharzbasis befestigt wird.
     
    9. Schutzvorrichtung (1) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Arm (20) einen Teil mit einer gekröpften Form in einem Raum (12) der Kunstharzbasis hat.
     
    10. Schutzvorrichtung (1) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Bimetall-Komponente (18) einen Fortsatz in der Nähe ihres Mittelteils hat, wobei der Fortsatz als ein gewölbter konvexer Teil des Mittelteils ausgebildet und dazu konfiguriert ist zu verursachen, dass die Bimetall-Komponente (18) den Arm (20) über eine Strecke nach oben drückt, die einer Höhe des Fortsatzes entspricht, wenn die Bimetall-Komponente aktiviert wird.
     
    11. Schutzvorrichtung (1) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die freiliegenden Teile des ersten Anschlusses (2) und/oder des zweiten Anschlusses (4) mit einem Metall beschichtet sind, das gegenüber Oxidation unempfindlich ist.
     
    12. Schutzvorrichtung (1) gemäß Anspruch 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass das gegenüber Oxidation unempfindliche Metall Gold ist.
     
    13. Schutzvorrichtung (1) gemäß einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die erste Elektrode (22) und die zweite Elektrode (24) so vorgesehen sind, dass sie bezüglich einer Mittellinie zwischen der ersten Elektrode und der zweiten Elektrode an der Bodenfläche der Kunstharzbasis (6) achsensymmetrisch angeordnet sind.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de protection (1) comprenant une base en résine (6), une première borne (2), une seconde borne (4), un composant à coefficient de température positif, PTC (16), un composant bimétal (18), un bras (20), une plaque supérieure (26) et un couvercle en résine (8), dans lequel :

    une section de la première borne (2) est configurée comme une première électrode (22) et une section de la seconde borne (4) est configurée comme une seconde électrode (24),

    dans un état normal, la première borne (2), le bras (20) et la seconde borne (4) sont électriquement connectés en série,

    lorsque le composant bimétal (18) est activé, une connexion électrique entre la première borne (2) et le bras (20) est rompue,

    caractérisé en ce que :

    la première électrode (22) et la seconde électrode (24) sont exposées sur la surface inférieure de la base en résine (6), et

    tandis que le composant bimétal (18) est activé, la première borne (2), le composant PTC (16), le composant bimétal (18), le bras (20) et la seconde borne (4) sont électriquement connectés en série dans l'ordre mentionné.


     
    2. Dispositif de protection (1) selon la revendication 1, caractérisé en ce que le composant bimétal (18) a été soumis à un traitement thermique.
     
    3. Dispositif de protection (1) selon la revendication 2, caractérisé en ce que la température de traitement thermique est supérieure à une température de soudage du dispositif de protection.
     
    4. Dispositif de protection (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, caractérisé en ce que la première borne (2) possède une partie de contact formée par le sertissage d'un matériau de contact à travers un trou de la première borne (2), le matériau de contact ayant une plus grande capacité thermique que la première borne.
     
    5. Dispositif de protection (1) selon la revendication 4, caractérisé en ce que le matériau de contact est un alliage argent-nickel.
     
    6. Dispositif de protection (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, caractérisé en ce qu'au moins une partie de la première borne (2) possède une nervure.
     
    7. Dispositif de protection (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, caractérisé en ce que la base en résine (6) est formée à partir d'une résine thermorésistante.
     
    8. Dispositif de protection (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, caractérisé en ce que la plaque supérieure (26) possède une partie de mise en prise ayant une forme de type crochet et est fixée sur la base en résine (6) par la mise en prise de la partie de mise en prise avec une partie en prise ayant une forme d'encoche de la base en résine.
     
    9. Dispositif de protection (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, caractérisé en ce que le bras (20) possède une section en forme de manivelle dans un espace (12) de la base en résine.
     
    10. Dispositif de protection (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, caractérisé en ce que le composant bimétal (18) possède une saillie près de sa section centrale, la saillie étant sous la forme d'une partie convexe en forme de dôme de la section centrale et configurée pour amener le composant bimétal (18) à pousser le bras (20) vers le haut sur une distance correspondant à une hauteur de la saillie lorsque le composant bimétal est activé.
     
    11. Dispositif de protection (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10, caractérisé en ce que les sections exposées de la première borne (2) et/ou de la seconde borne (4) sont revêtues avec un métal non susceptible de s'oxyder.
     
    12. Dispositif de protection (1) selon la revendication 11, caractérisé en ce que le métal non susceptible de s'oxyder est l'or.
     
    13. Dispositif de protection (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 12, caractérisé en ce que la première électrode (22) et la seconde électrode (24) sont fournies de façon à être linéairement symétriques par rapport à une ligne centrale entre la première électrode et la seconde électrode au niveau de la surface inférieure de la base en résine (6).
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description