(19)
(11)EP 2 989 835 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
26.06.2019 Bulletin 2019/26

(21)Application number: 14715081.7

(22)Date of filing:  27.03.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04W 52/02(2009.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/GB2014/050973
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/174243 (30.10.2014 Gazette  2014/44)

(54)

INFRASTRUCTURE EQUIPMENT, MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK AND METHOD

INFRASTRUKTURAUSRÜSTUNG, MOBILKOMMUNIKATIONSNETZ UND VERFAHREN

ÉQUIPEMENT D'INFRASTRUCTURE, RÉSEAU DE COMMUNICATIONS MOBILES ET PROCÉDÉ ASSOCIÉ


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 22.04.2013 GB 201307188

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.03.2016 Bulletin 2016/09

(73)Proprietor: Sony Corporation
Tokyo 108-0075 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • RICHARDS, Derek John
    Swindon Wiltshire SN6 6LL (GB)

(74)Representative: D Young & Co LLP 
120 Holborn
London EC1N 2DY
London EC1N 2DY (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 557 889
GB-A- 2 493 722
WO-A2-2008/087524
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to infrastructure equipment for mobile communications networks, mobile communications networks and systems and methods of communicating using mobile communications networks.

    BACKGROUND OF THE DISCLOSURE



    [0002] Mobile communications systems continue to be developed to provide wireless communications services to a greater variety of electronic devices. In more recent years, third and fourth generation mobile telecommunication systems, such as those based on the 3GPP defined UMTS and Long Term Evolution (LTE) architectures have been developed to support more sophisticated communications services to personal computing and communications devices than simple voice and messaging services offered by previous generations of mobile telecommunication systems. For example, with the improved radio interface and enhanced data rates provided by LTE systems, a user may enjoy high data rate applications such as mobile video streaming and mobile video conferencing that would previously only have been available via a fixed line data connection. The demand to deploy third and fourth generation networks is therefore strong and the coverage area of these networks, i.e. geographic locations where access to the networks is possible, is expected to increase rapidly.

    [0003] More recently it has been recognised that rather than providing high data rate communications services to certain types of electronics devices, it is also desirable to provide communications services to electronics devices that are simpler and less sophisticated. For example, so-called machine type communication (MTC) applications may be semi-autonomous or autonomous wireless communication devices which may communicate small amounts of data on a relatively infrequent basis. Some examples include so-called smart meters which, for example, are located in a customer's house and periodically transmit information back to a central MTC server data relating to the customer's consumption of a utility such as gas, water, electricity and so on.

    [0004] Whilst it can be convenient for a communications device such as an MTC type device to take advantage of the wide coverage area provided by a third or fourth generation mobile telecommunication network there are at present disadvantages. Unlike a conventional third or fourth generation communications device such as a smartphone, a lower complexity device may operate with a lower bandwidth and be preferably relatively simple and inexpensive. The type of functions performed by the MTC-type device (e.g. collecting and reporting back data) do not require particularly complex processing to perform.

    [0005] As will be appreciated, there may be a desire for many types of communications devices and mobile communications networks to use communications resources as efficiently as possible and to reduce power consumption. It is known for example to reduce the power consumed by a communications device by performing what is known as discontinuous reception. Discontinuous reception is a technique in which a communications device may be radio resource connected, but after monitoring a control channel to determine whether communications resources have been allocated to the communications device, the communications device can sleep for a remainder of a time before another transmission may occur on the control channel. A communications device may also be configured with a short and a long discontinuous reception timer. If no activity is detected for a short discontinuous reception time, then the communications device moves to a long discontinuous reception timer. Accordingly the communications device can save power.

    [0006] EP2557889 discloses an example of the prior art.

    SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE



    [0007] Embodiments of the present disclosure can provide in one example a communication device for transmitting data to and receiving data from a mobile communications network. The mobile communications network includes one or more network elements providing a wireless access interface for communicating with the communications device. The communications device comprising a transmitter unit configured to transmit signals to the mobile communications network via the wireless access interface provided by the one or more network elements of the mobile communications network, and a receiver unit configured to receive signals from the mobile communications network via the wireless access interface provided by the one or more network elements of the mobile communications network, and a controller. The controller is configured to control the transmitter unit to transmit one or more signalling messages to the communications network and the receiver unit to receive one or more signalling messages from the communications network to establish a communications context for communicating data packets using a packet communications bearer from the communications device via the mobile communications network. The controller is configured to identify that the communications device can enter a stasis state because no data packets are available for transmission for a predetermined time via the packet communications bearer or there are no data packets to receive via the packet communications bearer, to transmit a stasis state message to the mobile communications network, and to store information relating to the communications context associated with the packet communications bearer in a data store. The stored information can be used by the controller using the transmitter unit and the receiver unit to re-establish the packet communications bearer to transmit and/or receive data packets using the packet communications bearer, the communications device thereby entering the stasis state.

    [0008] Embodiments of the present technique can provide can arrangement in which a communications device can enter a stasis state in which a current state of protocols associated with a communications bearer for both the wireless access interface and via a mobile communications network are saved. However radio resources associated with the communications context and therefore the communications bearer are released for allocation to other communications devices. If the mobile communications device then needs to transmit or receive data for example if there are data packets to be transmitted via the mobile communications network, then the communications device can transmit a request message to transit from the stasis state to the connected state, re-establishing the communications bearer by recovering from the data store the state of the protocols of the communications bearer as defined by the communication contexts as they were saved before the stasis state. Accordingly there is a saving in both communications resources and power because the previous communications context and communications bearer has been saved and therefore does not need to be established. In contrast conventional techniques would require that the radio resources and the communications bearer are released by the mobile communications network so that the communications device would have to re-create a communications context by performing a routine which requires an exchange of messages with the mobile communications network. Accordingly there is a saving in both communications resources and power consumed by the communications device.

    [0009] In a radio resource idle state, a communications device is conventionally arranged to respond to a paging message transmitted by the communications network. The occasions when it may be paged, are indicated by System Information and these must coincide with the OnDurationTime of RRC_CONNECTED discontinuous reception so that the communications monitors control channels such as the PDCCHs in order to detect a paging identifies such as a P-RNTI. As such, in some examples the communications device may be configured to move out from the stasis state into the connected state in order to receive downlink data packets after receiving a paging message.

    [0010] Further aspects and features of the present disclosure are defined in the appended claims, including but not limited to, a mobile communications device, a method of communicating, a network infrastructure element, a communications network and the method of communicating via a wireless access interface.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0011] Embodiments of the present disclosure will now be described by way of example only with reference to the accompanying drawings in which like parts are provided with corresponding reference numerals and in which:

    Figure 1 provides a schematic diagram illustrating an example of a mobile communications network configured in accordance with LTE;

    Figure 2 provides a schematic diagram illustrating an arrangement of an Enhanced Packet Service bearer established for communicating data packets via the mobile communications network;

    Figure 3 provides a schematic diagram representing the states of the communications device including whether the device is EMM registered or ECM connected;

    Figure 4 is a schematic illustration of state transitions of a communications device operating in the mobile communications network of Figure 1;

    Figure 5 is a simplified call flow diagram illustrating a process in which a communications device establishes and an EPS bearer for communicating data via the mobile communications network shown in Figure 1;

    Figure 6 is a schematic block diagram illustrating functions performed by infrastructure equipment of the mobile indications network shown in Figure 1 to provide an EPS bearer;

    Figure 7 is a schematic block diagram illustrating the protocol stack for a control plane of infrastructure equipment forming part of the mobile communications network shown in Figure 1;

    Figure 8 is a schematic block diagram illustrating the protocol stack for user plane of a communications device (UE) and is a base station (eNB);

    Figure 9a is a call flow diagram illustrating an exchange of signalling messages between a communications device and infrastructure equipment of the mobile communications network shown in Figure 1 to establish a communications context; and Figure 9b is a corresponding call flow diagram illustrating an exchange of messages to release communications resources;

    Figure 10 is a schematic illustration of a state diagram of a communications device operating in accordance with the present technique which includes a new stasis state;

    Figure 11 is a schematic illustration of state transition diagram of a communications device which transitions to a stasis state in accordance with the present technique;

    Figure 12 is a call flow diagram illustrating an exchange of messages which includes the operation of a communications device which enters a stasis state in accordance with the present technique; and

    Figure 13 provides a schematic block diagram of a communications device and a base station configured in accordance with an example of the present disclosure.


    DESCRIPTION OF EXAMPLE EMBODIMENTS



    [0012] The example embodiments will be generally described in the context of a 3GPP LTE architecture. However, the invention is not limited to an implementation in a 3GPP LTE architecture. Conversely, any suitable mobile architecture is considered to be relevant.

    Conventional Network



    [0013] Figure 1 provides a schematic diagram illustrating the basic functionality of a conventional mobile telecommunications network. The network includes one or more base stations 102 (one base station represented) connected to a serving gateway (S-GW) 103 for traffic in the user plane and to a Mobility Management Entity (MME) for signalling in the control plane. In LTE, the base stations are called e-NodeB, which are referred to in the following description as eNB. Each base station provides a coverage area 103 within which data can be communicated to and from communications devices 101. Data is transmitted from a base station 102 to a communications device 101 within a coverage area via a radio downlink. Data is transmitted from a communications device 101 to a base station 102 via a radio uplink. The core network, comprising the MME 105, the S-GW 103 and the PDN-Gateway (P-GW) 104, routes data to and from the communications devices 101 and provides functions such as authentication, mobility management, charging and so on. The P-GW is connected to one or more other networks, which may for example include the internet, an IMS core network, etc. In the illustration of Figure 1, connections on the user plane have been represented with a plain line while connections on the control plane have been represented with a dashed line.

    [0014] The term communications devices will be used to refer to a communications terminal or apparatus which can transmit or receive data via the mobile communications system. Other terms may also be used for communications devices such as personal computing apparatus, remote terminal, transceiver device or user equipment (UE) which may or may not be mobile.

    [0015] Figure 2 illustrates an example of a path followed by a message 130 communicated by a communications device 101. In that example an MTC communications device 101, wishes to send the message 130 to a destination 120, the destination being reachable via the internet. In this example, a destination device is represented as a computer. However the destination 120 could be an element of any suitable type where the element can be addressed by the communications device 101. For example, the destination device 120 may be another communications device, a personal computer, a server, a proxy, or an intermediary element (to a final destination).

    [0016] The following description provides a summary explanation of an example of operation in which a communications device communicates the message 130 via an LTE network, which is helpful in appreciating some aspects and advantages of the present technique.

    [0017] In order for the communications device 101 to send data to a destination, an EPS bearer between the communications device 101 and the PGW 104 is set up, the EPS bearer being partially carried over a GTP tunnel between the eNB 102 and the SGW and another GTP tunnel between SGW and PGW 104, as illustrated in Figure 2. As the message 130 is carried to the destination device, it is sent from the communications device 101, at a first end of an EPS bearer to the eNB 102 (step 1), then to the S-GW 103 (step 2) and then to the P-GW 104 (step 3), at the other end of the EPS bearer. The P-GW 104 then forwards the message 130 to the destination 120 (step 4).

    [0018] Figure 3 illustrates the various transitions between the four possible combinations of ECM states (connected or idle) and EMM states (registered or unregistered) as defined in the LTE standards for a communications device with a view to illustrating how communications devices' connections are managed. The acronym ECM stands for "EPS Connection Management" and the ECM state generally indicates whether the communications device has a Non-Access Stratum (NAS) connection set up with the MME. In LTE, as the communications device connects to the MME and switches to ECM_connected, it also sets up an EPS bearer, that is, a data connection to the P-GW via the S-GW. Also, as the communications device switches from ECM_connected to ECM_idle, the EPS bearer is torn down, and all S1 and RRC connections are released. The acronym EMM stands for "EPS Mobility Management" and the EMM state generally indicates whether a communications device is attached to the network. When the communications device is in EMM unregistered, it may for example be turned off, out of coverage or connected to a different network. In contrast, when a communications device is in EMM_registered, it is attached to the network and, as such, it has an IP address and a NAS security context in the MME. It may or may not have an EPS bearer set up, but in any case, it has some context associated with it in the MME (e.g. NAS security context) and in the P-GW (e.g. the IP address). In addition the MME will know in which tracking areas the UE is located. The four ECM/EMM states and the transitions between them is described next.

    [0019] The communications device 101 is assumed to start from a state 153 in which the communications device 101 is not connected to the network. In the state 153, the communications device is in EMM_unregistered and ECM_idle states. From this state, the communications device can attach to the network to be in EMM_registered and ECM_connected states. However, in order to attach, the communications device cannot switch to EMM_registered if it has not switched to ECM_connected first. In other words, starting from state 153, the communications device cannot go to states 152 or 151 and it has to go to state 154 first. Therefore, as illustrated by arrow 161, a communications device in state 153 can attach to the network by first switching to ECM connected and then to EMM_registered. As a communications device starts an attachment procedure from state 153, the communications device moves from a state 153 where it does not have any connection to a state 151 where it has a NAS connection to the MME, an IP address allocated by the P-GW, and a EPS bearer to the P-GW via the e-NB and the S-GW.

    [0020] Transitions between states 151 and 152 occur when a data connection (EPS bearer) is set up (164) or when all data connections have been released (165). Generally, transition 165 occurs when the user had an EPS bearer active and has not been using the bearer for a certain time. The network can then decide that the communications device no longer needs an EPS bearer and thus release all the corresponding resources and switch the communications device to ECM_idle. Transition 164 generally occurs when the communications device has not been using any EPS bearer (see for example the discussion on transition 164) and now has data to send or receive. An EPS bearer is then set up for this communications device and it is switched to ECM _connected. Whenever the communications device is EMM_registered, regardless of the ECM states, the communications device will have an IP address that can be used to reach the communications device, in other words an IP context remains active even if no actual EPS bearer is currently active (e.g. state 152).

    [0021] If the communications device detaches from the network, for example because it is turned off, moving to a different network, or for any other reason, it will switch from any state it is into state 153, releasing any outstanding EPS bearer or context that was previously maintained for the communications device, via transitions 162 or 163.

    [0022] As can be understood, the state 154 where the communications device is in ECM_connected and in EMM_unregistered is a transient state and the communications device does not generally remain in that particular state. A communications device in that state is either a communications device switching from state 153 (detached and inactive) to state 151 (attached and active) or a communications device switching from state 151 to state 153.

    [0023] RRC states are also provided to reflect the status of the RRC connection between the communications device and the eNB (RRC_connected and RRC_idle). Under conventional operation conditions, the RRC states correspond to the ECM states: if the communications device is in ECM_connected, it should also be in RRC _connected and if it is in ECM_idle, it should also be in RRC_idle. Discrepancies between ECM and RRC states may occur for a short period of time as a connection is being set-up or torn-down. An illustration of the states of a communications device 101 which include both the ECM states and the RRC states is illustrated in Figure 4.

    [0024] As shown in Figure 4 a communications device 101 may start in the RRC Idle/ECM Idle state when the device is off and not being used by the user. The off state is therefore represented by a box 201. As soon as the communications device 101 is activated it must connect to the MME 105 in order to perform a tracking area update and to active services to the communications device. Accordingly, the communications device moves into an RRC connected state 204 but with the ECM Idle state because an EPS bearer has not yet been established. It is only after an EPS bearer has been established that the communications device 101 moves into an RRC connected and ECM connected state 206. A general illustration of the process by which data is communicated via an EPS bearer after a UE moves from an off state to an ECM connected and RRC connected state this shown in Figure 5.

    [0025] Figure 5 illustrates an example of the messages exchanged for setting up a connection from the communications device 101 to the destination 120, for using the connection to communicate data and for releasing the connection after the communications between the communications device 101 and the destination 120 have been completed. The call flow of Figure 5 can be schematically divided into four steps A-D. Before step A starts, the communications device 101 is in the ECM_idle state which means that the communications device 101 is not currently communicating. At step A (messages 1-3) an RRC connection is set up between the communications device 101 and the eNB 102 for controlling communications between the communications device 101 and the eNB 102. Once this RRC connection has been successfully established, at step B (messages 3-12), the communications device 101 can establish a NAS connection with the MME 105. Following this NAS connection request from the communications device 101 to the MME 105, the MME sets up a connection (e.g. EPS bearer) between the communications device 101 and the P-GW 104, via the S-GW 103 and the eNB 102, and controls this connection. Although they have not been represented here, messages may also be sent to the P-GW 104, for example from the S-GW 103, for setting up the connection (e.g. EPS bearer) at the P-GW 104, for example the GTP tunnel and EPS bearer. At the end of step B, the communications device 101 has an EPS bearer set-up and available to send and receive messages and is therefore in the ECM-connected state. The call flow of Figure 4 is an illustration and some of the messages may vary, for example depending on the EMM state before step A. For example, the communications device may be in EMM_unregistered state and switch to EMM_registered during step B, or may already be in EMM_registered before step A starts.

    [0026] During step A, a RRC connection is setup between the communications device 101 and the eNB 102. Once this RRC connection has been set up, at time t1, the eNB maintains an RRC context, referred to as Cont_RRC, for the duration of the RRC connection. In other words, until the RRC is released, the eNB will maintain this Cont_RRC. Such a context may for example include a communications device identifier (e.g. C-RNTI), power control settings, mobility settings, security settings, other radio settings or any other information. There will also be a corresponding context in the UE storing similar information pertaining to the operation of the radio layers, however, this is not shown in the diagram.

    [0027] Once the RRC connection has been set up, a NAS connection is set up between the communications device 101 and the MME 105. Once this NAS connection has been set up, at time t2, the MME 105 maintains a context for this NAS connection to the communications device 101, referred to as Cont_NAS, for the duration of the NAS connection. Such a NAS context may for example include a terminal identifier, a terminal's IP address, a current eNB, mobility settings, security settings, QoS settings, or any other information. As explained above, when the communications device 101 attaches/sets up a data connection via the mobile network, an EPS bearer is set up in the user plane between the communications device and the P-GW 104, the bearer being controlled in the control plane by the MME 105. There will also be a context in the UE storing UE related information pertaining to the NAS protocol. Note that the context Cont_NAS shown in the diagram as being stored at the MME, may include more information than just that used by or transferred in EPC NAS signalling procedures, it may also contain information pertaining to the session which has been gathered by the MME from for example, an HSS.

    [0028] Once the RRC connection, the NAS connection and the EPS bearer have been set up, the communications device can send uplink data through the EPS bearer and to the destination. Even though in the example of Figure 5, the communications device 101 sends uplink data, the same connection setup would occur for a downlink or for an uplink and downlink transmission. Likewise the path of an acknowledgement message has been illustrated in the example of Figure 5 even though there may not be any acknowledgement message in other examples. As discussed earlier, this may for example be dependent upon the type of protocol(s) used for transmitting the data.

    [0029] As can be seen in Figure 5, Cont_RRC and Cont_NAS are maintained for the duration of the RRC and NAS connection (i.e. until they are expressly released with a connection release message exchange) and, as a result, the RRC context is used for every packet that eNB 101 receives from or sends to the communications device 101. Once the EPS bearer can be released, the NAS connection between the communications device 101 and the MME 105 is released at the same time. As a result, at the time t3 where the NAS connection is released, the context Cont_NAS is also released. The tearing down of the NAS connection is followed by a tearing down of the corresponding RRC connection at time t4. Again, as the RRC connection is released, the context Cont RRC is also released.

    [0030] At a point in time after completion of step C, the resources are released (step D). Step D could happen at any time after step C, for example just after message 20, or at a later point in time, for example after the communications device 101 stopped communicating for a predetermined time. The aim of step D is to release all unused connections, that is, to release the NAS connection between the MME 105 and the communications device 101 (also leading to the release of resources such as the GTP tunnel between S-GW and eNB and the EPS bearer), and to release the RRC connection between the communications device 101 and the eNB 102. Again, depending on whether the communications device 101 should remain in EMM_registered after step D or should switch to EMM_unregistered, the call flow for step D is likely to be affected. For example, the communications device 101 may remain in EMM registered if the communications device simply releases the RRC connection, NAS connection and EPS bearer because it has been inactive for too long, or the communications device 101 may de-attach from the network and switch to EMM_unregistered (for example following a handover to a GSM network).

    Protocol Stack within Network Elements



    [0031] As will be appreciated from those skilled in the art each of the network elements shown in Figure 5 performs various functions in order to establish the EPS bearer and allow the communications device 101 to move from the EPM and RRC Idle states to the ECM connected and RRC connected states. This is achieved using various functions performed at each of the different protocol layers in both a user plane protocol stack and a control plane protocol stack. The functions performed by each of the network elements are shown in Figure 6. As shown in Figure 6 the eNodeB 102 includes and intercell radio resource management entity 301, a radio bearer controller 302, a connection management controller 304, a radio admission control 306, an eNodeB measurement configuration and provision entity 308 and a dynamic resource allocation or scheduler 310 which operate for example as explained in 3GPP document TS36.300 to provide radio resources to the communications communications device and to manage the connection and mobility. In respect of the control plane signalling the MME communicates signalling messages to the eNodeB 102 using an NAS security function 320, an Idle state mobility handling 322 and an EPS bearer controller 304. Control plane functions or NAS functions performed by the serving gateway include mobility anchoring 330 as well as UPI address allocation performed by the P-GW 104 340 and packet filtering 342.
    Correspondingly the protocol stack for the control plane entities illustrated in Figure 7 which facilitate the non access stratum (NAS) signalling is supported by a protocol stack which includes a relay resource connection layer 400, a packet data conversions protocol layer 402, a radio link control layer 404, a medium access control layer 406 and the physical layer 408.
    In contrast the user plane protocol stack is showing in Figure 8 where corresponding elements showing in Figure 7 are correspondingly labelled.

    [0032] As will be appreciated by those skilled in the art, each of the layers in the protocol stack of the user plane and the control plane are required to monitor the current state of the transmission of data at each of the protocol layers in order to maintain for example security and data delivery to form the EPS bearer for communicating packet data from the communications device 101 across the mobile communications network to the destination 120.

    Stasis State



    [0033] In the event that the communications device 101 has to send and/or receive large amount of data, the connection method described above can be efficient in setting up a high-throughput connection to the P-GW for transmitting such data. It is however based on the exchange of a large number of signalling messages between different parties and the setup of a large number of advanced connections (RRC, NAS, EPS, etc), which may render the system inefficient if the communications device's transmission is actually a brief and small transmission, which is likely to be the case for low complexity applications and more simple devices such as an MTC type applications. Such devices are likely to require reduced functionality in comparison to conventional communications devices, in order to reduce the cost of producing such devices. This is because it is envisaged that such devices will be more ubiquitous and utilitarian than conventional communications devices and therefore should be less expensive to produce in order to be attractive to use mobile communications networks to transmit and receive data. However the present disclosure is not limited to such devices and may find applications operating with conventional devices in a different mode. Accordingly, the present technique aims to provide an advantage of adapting conventional mobile communications techniques, particularly in respect of data communications in order to reduce an overhead of signalling transmissions and processing with respect to useful data transmitted and a cost of implementing communications devices which use the techniques as provided by an adapted mobile communications network. This is because recent networks, including LTE networks, have been designed for high-capabilities and high-mobility communications devices and, as a result, they usually provide for the setup of a high-speed high-reliability connection with an advanced mobility management with a view to supporting communications devices potentially transmitting large amount of data while moving. However, in the case of a communications device that is not moving as much as a personal phone and/or transmits only small amount of data on a relatively infrequent basis, the amount of signalling and of mobility tracking required for the communications device to communicate may be excessive. In particular, it may be excessive compared to the sometimes low level of service that may be acceptable for this type of communications devices. For example MTC communications devices are more delay-tolerant than a human-to-human communications device, are less likely to move and/or to change cell during transmissions and usually send or receive small amount of data.

    [0034] It may therefore be desirable to provide ways to improve an efficiency of the network for transmitting small messages and/or MTC communications. One example is disclosed in our copending UK patent applications numbers 1113145.5, 1113144.8, 1209526.1 and International patent application number PCT/GB2012/051764.

    [0035] According to the present technique embodiments of the present disclosure are arranged such that a mobile communications device which no longer has data to send for a predetermined time enters a stasis states by transmitting a signal to the mobile communications network and more particularly in the present example to an eNodeB 102. Once the eNodeB 102 receives the stasis message then in order to avoid having to perform all of the signalling required to set up an EPS bearer again, the current state of each of the protocol stacks for the current EPS bearer are saved by the eNodeB and other network elements. Accordingly, for example the communications device 101 retains the connection identifier which is used by the network to support the RRC connection and ECM connection state such as for example the CRNTI.

    [0036] Embodiments of the present technique will be illustrated with reference to a more detailed call flow diagram corresponding to the example showing in Figure 5. Figures 9a and 9b illustrate signalling transitions and messages which are required for the communications device 101 to pass from an RRC Idle and ECM Idle state to an RRC connected and ECM connected state back to the ECM Idle and RRC Idle state. In Figure 9a from a start state, in which the communications device 101 is in the RRC Idle and ECM Idle state 201, the communications device 101 performs a random access procedure 501 in order to request and be granted uplink resources in order to transmit an RRC connection request message 502. The eNode-B 102 responds with a RRC connection set up message 504 and an RRC connection set up complete message. At this point the communications device 101 is in the RRC connected but ECM Idle state. Following the RRC connection set up complete message, the communications device 101 transmits an attach request/PDM connection request to the eNode-B 102 506. The eNode-B 102 then forwards the attached request/PDN connectivity message 508 to the MME 105 in order to establish an EPS bearer. Following transmission of the attached request/PDM connectivity request 508 the MME 105 and the eNodeB 102 and the communications device 105, 102, 101 perform a security procedure 510 in order to authenticate the communications device. After this process a context is established for the communications device for the EPS bearer. Accordingly, the MME 105 transmits an initial context set up request/attach accept, activate default bearer context request 512 to the eNodeB 102 which then forwards an RRC connection reconfiguration or attach accept/active default bearer message 514. The communications device 101 then transmits an RRC connection reconfiguration complete message 514 and in response the eNodeB 102 transmits and initial context set up response message 516 to the MME 105. The eNodeB 102 transmits an RLC Ack message 518 to the communications terminal 101. The communications device 101 then transmits an uplink information transfer attach complete/active accept message 518 which prompts the eNodeB 102 to transmit an uplink NAS transport (attach complete/active default accept message 520). After this message the eNodeB 102 transmits an RLC Ack message 522 at which point the communications device moves to the RRC connected/ECM connected state 206.

    [0037] Figure 9b shows the message flow for moving from the RRC connected and ECM connected states to the RRC Idle and ECM Idle states corresponding the call flow diagram showing in Figure 9a. As shown in Figure 9b the communications device 101 is transmitting uplink data using transmission messages 530 which are acknowledged by the eNodeB 102 with a downlink data message 532 providing an RLC Ack. The data transmitted on the uplink to the eNodeB 102 is then forwarded to the PGN 104 via the established EPS bearer 534. It then follows a TCP Ack transmitted on the downlink and messages associated with a transmission of acknowledgement of downlink data transmissions 536. After the communications terminal 101 has transmitted an uplink data RLC acknowledgement message 540 which could be the final data transmission for the uplink by the communications device 101, the communications device 101 may determine that there is no more data to send as represented by the box X 542. Only the eNodeB (communication device 102) can release the RRC connection, provided for the communications device 102, using an RRC connection release message by detecting a period of inactivity. Releasig the RRC connection will normally be the context at the eNodeB and MME (however this is dependent on network implementation). This release follows and exchange of messages 544 to release the RRC connect and also release the communications context of the communications terminal 101 using messages exchanged between the eNodeB and the PGW104.

    [0038] Figure 10 provides an example of the present technique in which the communications device 101 includes a new stasis state for the RRC state. Thus as shown in Figure 10 which corresponds to Figure 4, a new stasis state 250 is provided to an adapted communications device 101. As explained above in the new stasis state the state of the protocols within the protocol stack on both the eNode-B 102 and the UE 101 are effectively frozen and stored and the C-RNTI for the UE is saved by the eNodeB pending further communications. However, the radio resources are released.

    [0039] A state diagram showing the changes of the state by the communications device to reach the stasis state 250 is shown in Figure 11, where the states are numbered in correspondence with those of Figures 4 and 10. The message state flow is summarised with respect to the numbering of the state transitions shown in Figure 11 as follows:

    1. A communications device determines that either it has no more data to transmit on the uplink to the communications network or that it does not expect to receive any further data on the downlink. In the former case the communications device will monitor the data buffer containing packet for transition on the uplink. In the latter case if the communications device detects that there are no more data packets to send to the communications device 101 then this may be signalled to the communications 101. The point at which the communications device therefore decides that it has no more requirements for communications resources is identified with the point "x" in Figures 9b. In order to enter the RRC stasis state 250, the communications device 101, whilst in the RRC connected and ECM connected state 206, transmits an RRC stasis request message in state 206 before it can transition to the RRC stasis and ECM connected state 250.

    2a. The communications device then receives and RRC stasis confirm message and moves from the RRC connected/ECM connected state 206 to the RRC stasis and ECM connected state 250.

    2b. In some circumstances the communications device 101 may receive an RRC stasis reject message from the communications network, for example where the communications network finds that it now has data to send to the communications device or if the stasis mode for both the eNode-B and the communications device is not supported by the mobile communications network.

    3. The communications device then decides that it should transmit data for example, as a result of new data being ready to be transmitted in the device's packet data buffer. Thus having received a packet for transmission the communications device needs to move back to the RRC connected and ECM connected state 206. Another reason for moving back to the RRC connected and ECM connected state 206 is that measurements performed by the communications device might indicate that it should hand over to another eNode-B in which case a communications device must be in the RRC and ECM connected state 206.

    4. The communications device initiates the RACH procedure for example the MAC layer transmission described in section 5.1.5 of TS36.321. This essentially involves transmitting random access message using contention access as it conventionally arranged with mobile communications network. The PRACH includes the CRNTI which was previously stored by the communications device and by the eNodeB 102. As such when the eNodeB receives the CRNTI of the communications device in the PRACH message the eNodeB can immediately recognise that the communications device transmitted the PRACH message and also recognised that the communications device 102 concerned is currently in the stasis state 250. The eNodeB therefore moves the communications device back to the RRC connected ECM connected state 206 and transmits an RRC connection re-establishment request message to the communications device 101.

    5. Therefore on completion of the RACH procedure (RAR received) communications device transmits the RRC connection re-establishment request message to the eNodeB 102. On receipt of the RRC connection of establishment message the communications device has then successfully re-established the RRC connection and moves to the RRC connected/ECM connected state 206.

    6. If the communications device receives an RRC connection re-establishment reject message then a communications device transitions back to the RRC Idle but ECM connected state 252.



    [0040] A call flow diagram corresponding to the core flow diagrams shown in Figures 9a and 9b but adapted in accordance with the present technique to include the call flow messages associated with a transition to the stasis state 250 is shown in Figure 12. Figure 12 is now summarised as follows:
    Starting from the RRC connected/ECM connected state 206 the communications device 101 transmits data packets on the uplink and receives acknowledgment on the downlink or receives downlink data packets and transmits acknowledgements on the uplink as explained with reference to Figure 5, 9a and 9b. This effective therefore forms part of section C of the flow diagram of Figure 5. At point X in Figure 12 the communications device 101 detects that it has no more data packets to transmit and transmits an RRC stasis message request 600. If the communications network can support the new stasis state then the communications network transmits an RRC stasis message confirm message to the communications device 101 as message 602. At this point both the communications device and the eNode-B confirm that the CRNTI the RLC and PDCP sequence numbers and the MAC configuration etc. are to be retained and stored so that effectively the EPC bearer moves into a stasis state in that it still exists but there are no packets being transmitted via the EPS bearer.

    [0041] Accordingly, when the communications terminal transmits data packets again via the EPS bearer there is no need to re-establish the tunnelling between the various nodes of the communications network in order to establish the EPS bearer. The communications device 101 then transmits a RRC stasis ECM connected message 604 to the eNodeB to confirm that it has entered the stasis state. Therefore in a period E the communications device has entered the stasis state 250.

    [0042] Whilst in the stasis state 250 the communications device detects that it needs to move back to the RRC connected and ECM connected state 206. This can be to transmit data from the uplink because the communications device detects that it has new packet data to be transmitted. Alternatively the network may detect that it may need to transmit on the downlink and therefore signals to the communications device using a conventional paging message that it needs to move back to the RRC connect and ECM connected states. Alternatively, the communications terminal which continues to monitor neighbouring base stations and may decide that it needs to hand over to one of the neighbouring base stations as a result of measurement of radio link quality being taken in accordance with a conventional handover arrangement.

    [0043] Again, this would require the communications device 101 to move back to the RRC connected/ECM connected state 206. In order for the communications device 101 to move back to the ECM connected/RRC connected state 206, the communications device transits a PRACH message. The communications device receives but then discards the C-RNTI assigned via the RAR message 608 and uses the retained C-RNTI. The C-RNTI which was retained should not be used by any other communications device. Accordingly the eNodeB 102 reserves the C-RNTI for the communications device during a time when the communications device is in the stasis state so that this is not allocated to another communications device in the cell. The RRC connection request re-establishment request message 610 sent by the communications terminal 101 includes the retained C-RNTI.. The RRC connection re-establishment request message may include an indication of a status of the packet communications buffer stasis. The eNode-B 102 then transmits and RRC connection re-establishment message 612 to the communications device 101 which responds with an RRC connection re-establishment complete message 614. At this point the communications device has returned to the RRC connected/ECM connected state 206 and transmits data on the uplink in accordance with a conventional operation identified as a phase C shown in Figure 5 and also in the first part of Figure 12.

    [0044] As will be appreciated by transitioning to the stasis state the communications terminal can release its radio communications resources and enter a power down state thus saving power. However, if there is new data to be transmitted communications device does not have to proceed through the entire message exchange shown in Figure 9a and 9b in order to communicate packet data again. This is because the stats of the protocol stacks are retained for example the RLC layer and PDCP sequence numbers are maintained as well as the MAC configuration for the communications link. In addition on the network side the EPS bearer is also retained and just needs to be reactivated by transmitting data packets in a conventional arrangement. Accordingly, it is possible to reduce network resources consumed the result of signalling and reduce an amount of redundant information which is communicated in order to establish the EPS bearer.

    [0045] A diagram of an adapted communications device 101 and eNodeB 102 which provides an example embodiment of the present technique is shown in Figure 13.

    [0046] As shown in Figure 13, a communications device also referred to as a UE 101 comprises a transmitter and receiver unit 701 and a controller 702. The controller 702 controls the transceiver unit 701 in order to transmit and receive data which is fed to a processor 704 which hosts applications programs and other processes for providing user services and for controlling the communications device 101. Data transmitted on the down-link and received for transmission on the up-link by the communications device 101 is fed to a data buffer 706. The data buffer 706 buffers the data packets for transmission on the uplink to the mobile communications network or buffers data packets received on the downlink which are transmitted from and the eNodeB 102 to the communications device 101. As explained above when the communications device enters the stasis state, the state of the protocol stacks including sequence numbers, security keys etc are stored in a data store 708 with a channel identifier such as a C-RNTI. This information, which is related to the communications context of the communications device can be used to reactivate the communications context of the communications device 101 which has been used to transmit data packets on the uplink or receive data packets on the downlink via the EPS bearer across the mobile communications network, which is associated with the communications context.

    [0047] Also shown in Figure 13 is a base station or eNodeB 102, which comprises a transmitter and receiver unit 720 and a controller at 722. An adapted schedulers 724 is used to schedule the allocation of uplink and downlink communications resources in accordance with a conventional operation. However in combination with controller 722, when a stasis state message is received from a communications device 701, the controller 722 arranges for the corresponding state of the protocol stack associated with the EPS bearer establish for the communications device to be stored in a data store 726. The communications buffer 728 is provided to buffer data packets received from respective EPS bearers for transmission to communications devices within a cell served by the eNodeB 182. Therefore, as explained above, once a stasis state message is detected by the controller 722, a scheduler 724 releases communications resources allocated to communications terminal 101 which has entered the stasis state and the controller 722 stores the state of the protocol stack including sequence numbers and security keys. The controller 722 then arranges to transmit a message to the communications channel 101 indicating a time for which the communications Tamil will remain within the stasis state.

    Summary Aspects of the Stasis State



    [0048] Embodiments of the present technique can provide new RRC state and the provision of an efficient signalling procedure for the rapid transition between the new state and RRC_CONNECTED. The new state differs from existing LTE RRC states (see TS 36.300 Section 7.2) in that
    • the RRC context is suspended (i.e. it is dormant) until reactivated by the UE

      o the UE is not contactable

      o the RRC context is reactivated via the RACH procedure and re-establishment of the RRC connection

    • network controlled handover is only possible as a result of UE triggered activity related to measurements performed in the new state


    [0049] The UE must reactivate its RRC context (via the RACH procedure and re-establishment of the RRC connection, to change the state to RRC_CONNECTED) in order to transmit data. A UE may deactivate its RRC context via RRC signalling when RRC_CONNECTED. In this new stasis state:
    • The communication context in the UE and E-UTRAN is maintained;

      o the C_RNTI is maintained

      o the UE remains PMM_CONNECTED

      o RLC and PDCP Sequence Numbers are preserved

      o The MAC configuration is preserved

      o the security context is maintained (security keys/sequence numbers are preserved in order to enable ciphering an integrity protection)

    • E-UTRAN knows the cell which the UE belongs to;
    • Network ability to transmit and/or receive data to/from the UE is suspended;
    • the UE's ability to transmit and/or receive data to/from network is suspended
    • Any dedicated radio resources previously assigned to the UE (e.g. PUCCH) are released
    • The UE performs neighbour cell intra-frequency measurements according to the intra frequency neighbour list previously provided (excluding blacklisted cells)
      o Event Reporting is triggered (Event A5) if Srxlev falls below quality threshold 1 and a neighbour cell is found which is better than thtreshold2
    • UE triggers signalling to initiate transition to RRC_CONNECTED when it has data to send or needs to provide a measurement report or expects to receive data (according to information provided by higher layers)
    • The Network (i.e. eNB) may buffer any DL data and/or NAS messages and may attempt to deliver on transition to RRC-CONNECTED
    • Network controlled mobility (handover), the network's ability to transmit and/or receive data to/from the UE and the UE's ability to transmit and/or receive data to/from the network is restored on transition to RRC_CONECTED.
    • In RRC_CONNECTED/PMM_CONNECTED the UE may send stasis state message when it has no data to send and does not expect to receive any data (X in Figure 12). In RRC_CONNECTED/PMM_CONNECTED, receipt of stasis state message causes the eNodeB to preserve the UE's current communications context and to maintain the UE's packet tunnel between the eNB and Packet Gateway.
    • The MAC configuration, PDCP and RLC states, including sequence numbers and security context (sequence numbers and keys related to ciphering an integrity protection) are then maintained by the eNodeB and UE.
    • In RRC_CONNECTED/PMM_CONNECTED, the eNodeB may respond to receipt of stasis state message by sending stasis state eject message to the UE if it does not wish to preserve the UE's current RRC context (as identified by the C-RNTI).
    • The eNodeB may send a RRC stasis state confirm message in response to the received stasis state message in order to indicate that the UE's RRC context is suspended/dormant and RRCNewMessageXConfirm will include an Information Element providing timer value TNewState, where TNewstate indicating the period of time for which the communication context is maintained. The value of TNewState maybe configured by the network operator and is would have a value of several hours. While TNewStat ≠ 0, the communication context is maintained; the eNB does not rassign the C-RNTI to any other UE and preserves current RLC and PDCP sequence numbers, MAC configuration and security related information and packet tunnel between the eNB and Packet Gateway). Whenever TNewStat ≤ 0 then the eNB may end the commications context (i.e. it may delete it from its memor) . If the communication context is ended then the eNB no longer has any knoweldege relating to the UE and may reassign the C-RNTI.
    • If stasis state confirm message is received in response to stasis state message sent then the UE enters RRC-stasis state (step E area of Figure 12). The UE is moved to RRC_stasis state only when it receives RRC stasis state confirm message. If it receives a RRC stasis state reject message or if it does not receive any response to the stasis state message then it remains in the state RRC CONNECTED.
    • The support of the RRC stasis state is assumed to be optional in the UE and in the network. If the eNodeB does not support RRC_stasis state then the eNodeB will ignore/discard the RRC stasis state message request and will not respond to it. If the eNodeB is unable to maintain the communications context (e.g. due to processing or memory limitations) then it should send RRC stasis state Reject message in response to a received RRC stasis state Request.
    • In RRC_stasis state, the UE continues to monitor its current cell and it may continue to use the intra frequency neighbor list and cell blacklist, provided in RRC CONNECTED.
    • If Srxlev (current cell) < threshold 1 then the UE attempts to find a cell in its neighbour list which is not in its blacklist and for which Srxlev (new cell) > threshold2 (threshold1 and threshold2 are assumed to be operator defined and may be stored in the USIM). If these conditions are met then this triggers sending of an Even Report (Event A5) to the eNodeB.
    • If TNewState expires then the UE moves to RRC_IDLE.
    • If the UE has data in its output buffer (buffer status report, application layer data, triggered event report etc.) then it follows the Random Access Procedure specified for LTE (see section 5.1 of 36.321) in order to obtain a Timing Advance and an UL Grant. The UE discards the C-RNTI provided by the Random Access Response (see Section 5.1.5 of 36.321)and then procedes to re-establish the RRC connection (according to Section 5.3.7.4 of TS 36.331).


    [0050] In some exmaples applications in terminal devices (laptops etc.) initiate communication session establishment with servers and servers do not generally initiate session establishment with terminal devices. Embodiments can therefore provide a means of improving utilisation of the use of radio resources in the case where the mobile device (the UE) initiates session establishment with some remote server and has information governing sending/receiving of data to/from the server. The disclosure provides a means to enable a UE which occasionally wishes to transmit to or receive small amounts of data to maximise sleep mode (i.e. to shut down most of its radio processes). Radio processes are switched off when the UE has no data to send and does not expect to receive any data.

    [0051] In RRC_NewState most radio processes are switched off while the UEs transmit buffer is empty then
    • the UE monitors only its current cell
    • if the received signal level Sndev falls below threshold1 then

      ∘ it tries to find a neighbour cell which is not an the blacklist and which has a signal level above threshold2

      ∘ if suitable is found then this triggers sending an Event Report (so Event Report A5 is placed in the UE's transmit buffer)

    If the UEs transmit buffer is not empty for a certain time or contains more than a certain number of bytes then radio processes are switched back on and the UE performs the RACH procedure (according to Section 5.1 of 36.321) and obtains a Timing Advance to resyncbronize with the eNB and an UL Grant in order to commence transmission of buffered data (the UE continues to reuse the C-TNTI previously assigned, before transition to RRC_stasis state - according to Section 5.1.5 of36.321)

    [0052] The disclosure has been described with reference to LTE, but may also be applicable in other wireless communication systems, such as UMTS, as well as in both FDD and TDD systems. The disclosure can be applied regardless of whether or not DRX functionality is supported, and DRX functionality provides opportunities to optimise sleep during periods of data transmission/reception but is not optimal during long period of inactivity (e.g. several minutes).

    [0053] Advantages provided by the present technique may depend on the frequency of the occasional data transmissions (e.g. every minute, every 5 minutes) and amount of data to be transmitted. For example: Greater power saving might be achieved if the UE waited until some threshold is reached - buffer is not empty for a certain time and/or reaches a certain occupancy (numbers of bytes stored).

    [0054] The disclosure can find application MTC devices, e.g. smart metering, where the UE is stationary and may want to send small amounts of data (e.g. 100 bytes) every few minutes, every few hours, once per day.

    [0055] Various further aspects and features of the present invention are defined in the appended claims. As will be appreciated although the example of an LTE communications system has been used to illustrate examples of the present technique, the present disclosure fined equal application with other communications systems. Thus although the state ECM connected and EMM connected have been used, other communications systems use the term PMM connected to represent a packet mobility management system which corresponds substantially to the ECM/EMM terminology used in the present disclosure.

    [0056] Various further aspects and features of the present disclosure are defined in the appended claims. Various combinations of the features of the dependent claims may be made with those of the independent claims other than the specific combinations recited for the claim dependency. Embodiments of the present disclosure have been defined largely in terms of reduced capability devices transmitting data via a virtual carrier inserted in a conventional LTE based host carrier. However, it will be understood that any suitable device can transmit and receive data for example devices which have the same capability as a conventional LTE type device or devices which have enhanced capabilities.


    Claims

    1. An infrastructure equipment (102) for forming part of a mobile communications network, the infrastructure equipment comprising:

    a transmitter unit (720) configured to transmit data to communications devices (101) via a wireless access interface,

    a receiver unit (720) configured to receive data transmitted from communications devices via the wireless access interface, and

    a controller (722) configured to control the transmitter unit and the receiver unit to form the wireless access interface, the controller being configured in combination with the transmitter and the receiver

    to receive one or more signalling messages from a communications device and in response to establish a communications context for communicating data packets via a packet communications bearer via the mobile communications network,

    to receive a stasis state message from the communications device for which the context has been established, the stasis state message indicating that the communications device wishes to enter a stasis state (250), in which information relating to the communications context associated with the packet communications bearer is stored, radio resources associated with the communications context can be released and the communications device can enter a power down state, because no data packets are available for transmission for a predetermined time via the packet communications bearer,

    to transmit a stasis state confirm message to the communications device including an information element indicating a period of time for which the communications context is maintained by the communications network prior to being discarded and for which the communications device remains in the stasis state before moving to an idle state, and

    to store the information relating to the communications context established for the communications devices and associated with the packet communications bearer in a data store, and to store a network terminal identifier provided to the communications device by the mobile communications network for requesting communications resources when the communications context was established, the network terminal identifier being reserved for the communications device and not allocated to any other communications devices while the communications device remains in the stasis state, which stored information can be used by the controller to re-establish the same packet communications bearer to transmit data packets via the same packet communications bearer, the communications device thereby entering the stasis state.


     
    2. An infrastructure equipment as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the controller is configured in response to the stasis state message to store, with the information relating to the communications context, a network terminal identifier provided to the communications device for requesting communications resources when the communications context was established,
    receiving a request to re-connect message from the communications device, the request to re-connect message including the network terminal identifier,
    in response to receiving the request to re-connect message from the communications device the controller is configured
    to recognise the network terminal identifier,
    to retrieve the information relating to the communications context of the communications device from the data store,
    to re-establish the communications context of the communications device, to communicate data packets received from the communications device via the wireless access interface and the mobile communications network via the packet communications bearer.
     
    3. An infrastructure equipment as claimed in Claim 1 or 2, wherein the information relating to the communications context which is stored by the controller in the data store includes one or more sequence numbers associated with one or more protocols of a protocol stack which forms the packet communications bearer to the effect that, when the communications device moves from the stasis state to the connected state, the stored sequence numbers can be restored to the one or more protocols of the protocol stack to transmit or receive data packets via the wireless access interface and the packet communications bearer.
     
    4. An infrastructure equipment as claimed in Claim 3, wherein the information relating to the context which is stored by the controller in the data store includes one or more of a sequence number associated with a radio link control protocol, a packet data communications protocol or a configuration of a medium access control layer.
     
    5. An infrastructure equipment as claimed in Claim 3 or 4, wherein the information relating to the context which is stored by the controller in the data store includes a sequence number and a cyphering key associated with a sequence context.
     
    6. An infrastructure equipment as claimed in any of Claims 1 to 5, wherein the infrastructure equipment is configured to operate in accordance with a 3GPP Long Term Evolution network, the terminal identification number of the communications device being an Cell-Radio Network Terminal Identifier, C-RNTI, and the packet communications bearer is an Enhanced Packet System communications bearer.
     
    7. A mobile communications network including an infrastructure equipment as claimed in any of claims 1 to 6.
     
    8. A method of communicating data packets from an infrastructure equipment (102) via a mobile communications network, the method comprising:

    receiving, by the infrastructure equipment, one or more signalling messages from a communications device (101),

    in response to the received signalling messages establishing a communications context for communicating data packets using a packet communications bearer via the mobile communications network,

    receiving, by the infrastructure equipment, a stasis state message from the communications device for which the context has been established, the stasis state message indicating that the communications device wishes to enter a stasis state (250), in which information relating to the communications context associated with the packet communications bearer is stored, radio resources associated with the communications context can be released and the communications device can enter a power down state, because no data packets are available for transmission for a predetermined time via the packet communications bearer,

    transmitting, by the infrastructure equipment, a stasis state confirm message to the communications device including an information element indicating a period of time for which the communications context is maintained by the communications network prior to being discarded and for which the communications device remains in the stasis state before moving to an idle state, and

    storing the information relating to the communications context established for the communications devices and associated with the packet communications bearer in a data store, and storing a network terminal identifier provided to the communications device by the mobile communications network for requesting communications resources when the communications context was established, the network terminal identifier being reserved for the communications device and not allocated to any other communications devices while the communications device remains in the stasis state, which stored information can be used by the infrastructure equipment to re-establish the packet communications bearer to transmit data packets using the packet communications bearer, the communications device thereby entering the stasis state.


     
    9. A method as claimed in Claim 8, wherein the storing information relating to the communications context established for the communications devices comprises
    in response to the stasis state message storing, with the information relating to the communications context, a network terminal identifier provided to the communications device for requesting communications resources when the communications context was established,
    receiving a request to re-connect message from the communications device, the request to reconnect message including the network terminal identifier, and
    in response to receiving the request to re-connect message from the communications device,
    recognising the network terminal identifier,
    retrieving the information relating to the communications context of the communications device from the data store, and
    re-establishing the communications context of the communications device, to communicate data packets received from the communications device via the wireless access interface and the mobile communications network via the packet communications bearer.
     
    10. A method as claimed in Claim 8 or 9, wherein the storing information relating to the communications context established for the communications devices and associated with the packet communications bearer in a data store comprises
    storing in the data store one or more sequence numbers associated with one or more protocols of a protocol stack which forms the packet communications bearer to the effect that, when the communications device moves from the stasis state to the connected state, the stored sequence numbers can be restored to the one or more protocols of the protocol stack to transmit or receive data packets via the wireless access interface and the packet communications bearer.
     
    11. A mobile communications system comprising a mobile communications network as claimed in Claim 7 providing a wireless access interface for communicating with the communications device (101), and a communications device for transmitting data to and receiving data from the mobile communications network, the communications device comprising:

    a transmitter unit (701) configured to transmit signals to the mobile communications network via the wireless access interface provided by the mobile communications network, and

    a receiver unit (701) configured to receive signals from the mobile communications network via the wireless access interface provided by the mobile communications network, and

    a controller (702) configured to control the transmitter unit to transmit one or more signalling messages to the communications network and the receiver unit to receive one or more signalling messages from the communications network to establish a communications context for communicating data packets using a packet communications bearer from the communications device via the mobile communications network, wherein the controller is configured

    to identify that the communications device can enter a stasis state (250), in which information relating to the communications context associated with the packet communications bearer is stored, radio resources associated with the communications context can be released and the communications device can enter a power down state because no data packets are available for transmission for a predetermined time via the packet communications bearer or there are no data packets to receive via the packet communications bearer,

    to transmit a stasis state message to the mobile communications network,

    to receive, from the mobile communications network in response to the stasis state message, a stasis state confirm message including an information element indicating a period of time for which the communications context is maintained by the communications network prior to being discarded and for which the communications device remains in the stasis state before moving to an idle state,

    to store the information relating to the communications context associated with the packet communications bearer in a data store, and to store a network terminal identifier provided to the communications device by the mobile communications network for requesting communications resources when the communications context was established, the network terminal identifier being reserved for the communications device and not allocated to any other communications devices while the communications device remains in the stasis state, which stored information can be used by the controller using the transmitter unit and the receiver unit to re-establish the packet communications bearer to transmit and/or receive data packets using the packet communications bearer,

    to release the radio resources relating to the communications context, and

    to control the communications device to enter a power down state, the communications device thereby entering the stasis state.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Infrastrukturausrüstung (102) zum Bilden eines Teils eines Mobilkommunikationsnetzes, wobei die Infrastrukturausrüstung umfasst:

    eine Sendeeinheit (720), die konfiguriert ist, um Daten über eine drahtlose Zugriffsschnittstelle an Kommunikationsvorrichtungen (101) zu übertragen,

    eine Empfangseinheit (720), die konfiguriert ist, um Daten, die von Kommunikationsvorrichtungen über die drahtlose Zugriffsschnittstelle übertragen werden, zu empfangen, und

    eine Steuerung (722), die konfiguriert ist, um die Sendeeinheit und die Empfangseinheit zu veranlassen, die drahtlose Zugriffsschnittstelle zu bilden, wobei die Steuerung in Kombination mit dem Sender und dem Empfänger konfiguriert wird,

    um eine oder mehrere Signalisierungsnachrichten von einer Kommunikationsvorrichtung zu empfangen und als Reaktion darauf einen Kommunikationskontext für eine Kommunikation von Datenpaketen über einen Paketkommunikationsträger über das Mobilkommunikationsnetz herzustellen,

    um eine Stasiszustandsnachricht von der Kommunikationsvorrichtung zu empfangen, für die der Kontext hergestellt wurde, wobei die Stasiszustandsnachricht anzeigt, dass die Kommunikationsvorrichtung in einen Stasiszustand (250) eintreten möchte, in dem Informationen über den Kommunikationskontext, der dem Paketkommunikationsträger zugeordnet ist, gespeichert sind, Funkressourcen, die dem Kommunikationskontext zugeordnet sind, freigegeben werden können und die Kommunikationsvorrichtung in einen Abschaltzustand versetzt werden kann, da für eine vorbestimmte Zeitspanne keine Datenpakete zur Übertragung über den Paketkommunikationsträger verfügbar sind,

    um eine Stasiszustandsbestätigungsnachricht an die Kommunikationsvorrichtung zu senden, die ein Informationselement enthält, das eine Zeitspanne angibt, für die der Kommunikationskontext durch das Kommunikationsnetz aufrechterhalten wird, bevor er verworfen wird, und für die die Kommunikationsvorrichtung vor einem Übergang in einen Ruhezustand in dem Stasiszustand verbleibt, und

    um die Informationen über den Kommunikationskontext, der für die Kommunikationsvorrichtungen hergestellt ist und dem Paketkommunikationsträger zugeordnet ist, in einem Datenspeicher zu speichern und um eine Netzwerk-Endgerätkennung zu speichern, die für die Kommunikationsvorrichtung durch das Mobilkommunikationsnetz zum Anfordern von Kommunikationsressourcen vorgesehen wird, wenn der Kommunikationskontext hergestellt wurde, wobei die Netzwerk-Endgerätkennung für die Kommunikationsvorrichtung reserviert und keinen sonstigen Kommunikationsvorrichtungen zugeordnet wird, während die Kommunikationsvorrichtung in dem Stasiszustand verbleibt, wobei diese gespeicherten Informationen von der Steuerung verwendet werden können, um denselben Paketkommunikationsträger wiederherzustellen, um Datenpakete über denselben Paketkommunikationsträger zu übertragen, wobei die Kommunikationsvorrichtung dadurch in den Stasiszustand eintritt.


     
    2. Infrastrukturausrüstung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Steuerung als Reaktion auf die Stasiszustandsnachricht konfiguriert wird, um mittels der Informationen über den Kommunikationskontext eine Netzwerk-Endgerätkennung zu speichern, die für die Kommunikationsvorrichtung zum Anfordern von Kommunikationsressourcen vorgesehen wird, wenn der Kommunikationskontext hergestellt wurde,
    Empfangen einer Anforderung zum Wiederverbinden einer Nachricht von der Kommunikationsvorrichtung, wobei die Anforderung zum Wiederverbinden einer Nachricht die Netzwerk-Endgerätkennung enthält,
    als Reaktion auf das Empfangen der Anforderung, die Nachricht von der Kommunikationsvorrichtung wieder zu verbinden, die Steuerung konfiguriert wird,
    um die Netzwerk-Endgerätkennung zu erkennen,
    um die Informationen über den Kommunikationskontext der Kommunikationsvorrichtung von dem Datenspeicher abzurufen,
    um den Kommunikationskontext der Kommunikationsvorrichtung wiederherzustellen, um Datenpakete, die von der Kommunikationsvorrichtung über die drahtlose Zugriffsschnittstelle und das Mobilkommunikationsnetz empfangen sind, über den Paketkommunikationsträger zu kommunizieren.
     
    3. Infrastrukturausrüstung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Informationen über den Kommunikationskontext, die von der Steuerung in dem Datenspeicher gespeichert werden, eine oder mehrere Sequenznummern beinhalten, die einem oder mehreren Protokollen eines Protokollstapels zugeordnet sind, der den Paketkommunikationsträger bildet, so dass, wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung von dem Stasiszustand in den verbundenen Zustand übergeht, die gespeicherten Sequenznummern für das eine oder die mehreren Protokolle des Protokollstapels wiederhergestellt werden können, um Datenpakete über die drahtlose Zugriffsschnittstelle und den Paketkommunikationsträger zu senden oder zu empfangen.
     
    4. Infrastrukturausrüstung nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Informationen über den Kontext, die von der Steuerung in dem Datenspeicher gespeichert werden, eines oder mehreres von einer Sequenznummer, die einem Funkverbindungssteuerungsprotokoll zugeordnet ist, einem Paketdatenkommunikationsprotokoll oder einer Konfiguration einer Medienzugangskontrollschicht beinhalten.
     
    5. Infrastrukturausrüstung nach Anspruch 3 oder 4, wobei die Informationen über den Kontext, die von der Steuerung in dem Datenspeicher gespeichert werden, eine Sequenznummer und einen Chiffrierschlüssel beinhalten, der einem Sequenzkontext zugeordnet ist.
     
    6. Infrastrukturausrüstung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei die Infrastrukturausrüstung konfiguriert ist, um in Übereinstimmung mit einem 3GPP-Langzeitevolutionsnetzwerk zu arbeiten, wobei die Endgerät-Identifikationsnummer der Kommunikationsvorrichtung ein Cell-Radio Network Terminal Identifier (C-RNTI) ist und der Paketkommunikationsträger ein Enhanced Packet System Kommunikationsträger ist.
     
    7. Mobilkommunikationsnetz mit einer Infrastrukturausrüstung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6.
     
    8. Verfahren zum Kommunizieren von Datenpaketen von einer Infrastrukturausrüstung (102) über ein Mobilkommunikationsnetz, wobei das Verfahren umfasst:

    Empfangen einer oder mehrerer Signalisierungsnachrichten von einer Kommunikationsvorrichtung (101) durch die Infrastrukturausrüstung,

    als Reaktion auf die empfangenen Signalisierungsnachrichten, Herstellen eines Kommunikationskontextes für eine Kommunikation von Datenpaketen über das Mobilkommunikationsnetz unter Verwendung eines Paketkommunikationsträgers,

    Empfangen einer Stasiszustandsnachricht von der Kommunikationsvorrichtung, für die der Kontext hergestellt wurde, durch die Infrastrukturausrüstung, wobei die Stasiszustandsnachricht anzeigt, dass die Kommunikationsvorrichtung in einen Stasiszustand (250) eintreten möchte, in dem Informationen über den Kommunikationskontext, die dem Paketkommunikationsträger zugeordnet sind, gespeichert werden, Funkressourcen, die dem Kommunikationskontext zugeordnet sind, freigegeben werden können und die Kommunikationsvorrichtung in einen Abschaltzustand versetzt werden kann, da für eine vorbestimmte Zeitspanne keine Datenpakete zur Übertragung über den Paketkommunikationsträger verfügbar sind,

    Übertragen einer Stasiszustandsbestätigungsnachricht an die Kommunikationsvorrichtung durch die Infrastrukturausrüstung, die ein Informationselement enthält, das eine Zeitspanne angibt, für die der Kommunikationskontext durch das Kommunikationsnetz aufrechterhalten wird, bevor er verworfen wird, und für die die Kommunikationsvorrichtung vor einem Übergang in einen Ruhezustand in dem Stasiszustand verbleibt, und Speichern der Informationen über den Kommunikationskontext, der für die Kommunikationsvorrichtungen hergestellt ist und dem Paketkommunikationsträger in einem Datenspeicher zugeordnet ist, und Speichern einer Netzwerk-Endgerätkennung, die für die Kommunikationsvorrichtung durch das Mobilkommunikationsnetz zum Anfordern von Kommunikationsressourcen vorgesehen wird, wenn der Kommunikationskontext hergestellt wurde, wobei die Netzwerk-Endgerätkennung für die Kommunikationsvorrichtung reserviert und keiner anderen Kommunikationsvorrichtung zugeordnet wird, während die Kommunikationsvorrichtung in dem Stasiszustand verbleibt, wobei diese gespeicherten Informationen von der Infrastrukturausrüstung verwendet werden können, um den Paketkommunikationsträger wiederherzustellen, um Datenpakete mittels des Paketkommunikationsträgers zu übertragen, wobei die Kommunikationsvorrichtung dadurch in den Stasiszustand eintritt.


     
    9. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8, wobei das Speichern von Informationen über den Kommunikationskontext, der für die Kommunikationsvorrichtungen hergestellt ist, umfasst
    als Reaktion auf die Stasiszustandsnachricht, Speichern einer Netzwerk-Endgerätkennung, die für die Kommunikationsvorrichtung zum Anfordern von Kommunikationsressourcen vorgesehen wird, mittels der Informationen über den Kommunikationskontext, wenn der Kommunikationskontext hergestellt wurde,
    Empfangen einer Anforderung zum Wiederverbinden von Nachrichten von der Kommunikationsvorrichtung, wobei die Anforderung zum Wiederverbinden von Nachrichten die Netzwerk-Endgerätkennung enthält, und
    als Reaktion auf das Empfangen der Anforderung, Wiederverbinden der Nachricht von der Kommunikationsvorrichtung,
    Erkennen der Netzwerk-Endgerätkennung,
    Abrufen der Informationen über den Kommunikationskontext der Kommunikationsvorrichtung aus dem Datenspeicher und
    Wiederherstellen des Kommunikationskontextes der Kommunikationsvorrichtung, um Datenpakete, die von der Kommunikationsvorrichtung über die drahtlose Zugriffsschnittstelle und das Mobilkommunikationsnetz empfangen sind, über den Paketkommunikationsträger zu kommunizieren.
     
    10. Verfahren nach Anspruch 8 oder 9, wobei das Speichern von Informationen über den Kommunikationskontext, der für die Kommunikationsvorrichtungen hergestellt ist und dem Paketkommunikationsträger zugeordnet ist, in einem Datenspeicher umfasst
    Speichern einer oder mehrerer Sequenznummern in dem Datenspeicher, die einem oder mehreren Protokollen eines Protokollstapels zugeordnet sind, der den Paketkommunikationsträger bildet, so dass, wenn die Kommunikationsvorrichtung von dem Stasiszustand in den verbundenen Zustand übergeht, die gespeicherten Sequenznummern für das eine oder die mehreren Protokolle des Protokollstapels wiederhergestellt werden können, um Datenpakete über die drahtlose Zugriffsschnittstelle und den Paketkommunikationsträger zu senden oder zu empfangen.
     
    11. Mobilkommunikationssystem, umfassend ein Mobilkommunikationsnetz nach Anspruch 7, das eine drahtlose Zugriffsschnittstelle zur Kommunikation mit der Kommunikationsvorrichtung (101) bereitstellt, und eine Kommunikationsvorrichtung zum Übertragen von Daten an und Empfangen von Daten von dem Mobilkommunikationsnetz, wobei die Kommunikationsvorrichtung umfasst:

    eine Sendeeinheit (701), die konfiguriert ist, um Signale über die drahtlose Zugriffsschnittstelle, die durch das Mobilkommunikationsnetz vorgesehen ist, an das Mobilkommunikationsnetz zu übertragen, und

    eine Empfangseinheit (701), die konfiguriert ist, um Signale von dem Mobilkommunikationsnetz über die drahtlose Zugriffsschnittstelle, die durch das Mobilkommunikationsnetz vorgesehen ist, zu empfangen, und

    eine Steuerung (702), die konfiguriert ist, um zu veranlassen, dass die Sendeeinheit eine oder mehrere Signalisierungsnachrichten an das Kommunikationsnetz sendet, und dass die Empfangseinheit eine oder mehrere Signalisierungsnachrichten von dem Kommunikationsnetz empfängt, um einen Kommunikationskontext für die Kommunikation von Datenpaketen unter Verwendung eines Paketkommunikationsträgers von der Kommunikationsvorrichtung über das Mobilkommunikationsnetz herzustellen, wobei die Steuerung konfiguriert ist,

    um zu identifizieren, dass die Kommunikationsvorrichtung in einen Stasiszustand (250) eintreten kann, in dem Informationen über den Kommunikationskontext, der dem Paketkommunikationsträger zugeordnet ist, gespeichert sind, Funkressourcen, die dem Kommunikationskontext zugeordnet sind, freigegeben werden können und die Kommunikationsvorrichtung in einen Abschaltzustand versetzt werden kann, da für eine vorbestimmte Zeitspanne keine Datenpakete zur Übertragung über den Paketkommunikationsträger verfügbar sind oder keine Datenpakete über den Paketkommunikationsträger zu empfangen sind,

    um eine Stasiszustandsnachricht an das Mobilkommunikationsnetz zu senden,

    um als Reaktion auf die Stasiszustandsnachricht von dem Mobilkommunikationsnetz eine Stasiszustandsbestätigungsnachricht zu empfangen, die ein Informationselement enthält, das eine Zeitspanne angibt, für die der Kommunikationskontext durch das Kommunikationsnetz aufrechterhalten wird, bevor er verworfen wird, und für die die Kommunikationsvorrichtung vor einem Übergang in einen Ruhezustand in dem Stasiszustand verbleibt,

    um die Informationen über den Kommunikationskontext, der dem Paketkommunikationsträger zugeordnet ist, in einem Datenspeicher zu speichern, und um eine Netzwerk-Endgerätkennung zu speichern, die für die Kommunikationsvorrichtung durch das Mobilkommunikationsnetz zum Anfordern von Kommunikationsressourcen vorgesehen wird, wenn der Kommunikationskontext hergestellt wurde, wobei die Netzwerk-Endgerätkennung für die Kommunikationsvorrichtung reserviert und keinen sonstigen Kommunikationsvorrichtungen zugeordnet wird, während die Kommunikationsvorrichtung in dem Stasiszustand verbleibt, wobei die gespeicherten Informationen von der Steuerung unter Verwendung der Sendeeinheit und der Empfangseinheit verwendet werden können, um den Paketkommunikationsträger wiederherzustellen, um Datenpakete mittels des Paketkommunikationsträgers zu senden und/oder zu empfangen,

    um die Funkressourcen, die den Kommunikationskontext betreffen, freizugeben und

    um die Kommunikationsvorrichtung zu veranlassen, in einen Abschaltzustand einzutreten, so dass die Kommunikationsvorrichtung dadurch in den Stasiszustand eintritt.


     


    Revendications

    1. Équipement d'infrastructure (102) permettant de former une partie d'un réseau de communication mobile, l'équipement d'infrastructure comprenant :

    une unité d'émetteur (720) conçue pour transmettre des données à des dispositifs de communication (101) par le biais d'une interface d'accès sans fil,

    une unité de récepteur (720) conçue pour recevoir des données transmises à partir des dispositifs de communication par le biais de l'interface d'accès sans fil, et

    une unité de commande (722) conçue pour commander à l'unité d'émetteur et à l'unité de récepteur de former l'interface d'accès sans fil, l'unité de commande étant conçue en combinaison avec l'émetteur et le récepteur en vue de :

    recevoir un ou plusieurs messages de signalisation à partir d'un dispositif de communication, et en réponse, établir un contexte de communication pour communiquer des paquets de données par le biais d'un support de communication de paquets via le réseau de communication mobile,

    recevoir un message d'état de stase à partir du dispositif de communication dans lequel le contexte a été établi, le message d'état de stase indiquant que le dispositif de communication souhaite entrer dans un état de stase (250), dans lequel des informations sont stockées concernant le contexte de communication associé au support de communication de paquets, des ressources radio associées au contexte de communication peuvent être libérées et le dispositif de communication peut entrer dans un état hors tension, vu qu'aucun paquet de données n'est disponible pour une transmission pendant une période prédéterminée par le biais du support de communication de paquets,

    transmettre un message de confirmation d'état de stase au dispositif de communication comprenant un élément d'informations indiquant une période de temps pendant laquelle le contexte de communication est conservé par le réseau de communication avant d'être supprimé, et pour lequel le dispositif de communication reste dans l'état de stase avant de passer à un état inactif, et

    stocker les informations concernant le contexte de communication établi pour les dispositifs de communication et associé au support de communication de paquets dans une mémoire de données, et stocker un identifiant de terminal de réseau fourni au dispositif de communication par le réseau de communication mobile pour demander des ressources de communication lorsque le contexte de communication a été établi, l'identifiant de terminal de réseau étant réservé pour le dispositif de communication et pas attribué à d'autres dispositifs de communication tandis que le dispositif de communication reste dans l'état de stase, dans lequel des informations stockées peuvent être utilisées par l'unité de commande pour rétablir le même support de communication de paquets afin de transmettre des paquets de données par le biais du même support de communication de paquets, le dispositif de communication entrant ainsi dans l'état de stase.


     
    2. Équipement d'infrastructure selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'unité de commande est conçue, en réponse au message d'état de stase, pour stocker, avec les informations concernant le contexte de communication, un identifiant de terminal de réseau fourni au dispositif de communication pour demander des ressources de communication lorsque le contexte de communication a été établi,
    recevoir une demande de reconnexion d'un message provenant du dispositif de communication, la demande de reconnexion du message comprenant l'identifiant de terminal de réseau,
    en réponse à la réception de la demande de reconnexion du message provenant du dispositif de communication, l'unité de commande est conçue pour :

    reconnaître l'identifiant de terminal de réseau,

    récupérer les informations concernant le contexte de communication du dispositif de communication à partir de la mémoire de données,

    rétablir le contexte de communication du dispositif de communication, pour communiquer des paquets de données reçus à partir du dispositif de communication par le biais de l'interface d'accès sans fil et du réseau de communication mobile via le support de communication de paquets.


     
    3. Équipement d'infrastructure selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel les informations concernant le contexte de communication qui sont stockées par l'unité de commande dans la mémoire de données comprennent un ou plusieurs numéros de séquences associés à un ou plusieurs protocoles d'une pile de protocoles qui forme le support de communication de paquets dans le but, lorsque le dispositif de communication passe de l'état de stase à l'état connecté, que les numéros de séquences stockés peuvent être restaurés sur l'un ou les plusieurs protocoles de la pile de protocoles pour transmettre ou recevoir des paquets de données par le biais de l'interface d'accès sans fil et du support de communication de paquets.
     
    4. Équipement d'infrastructure selon la revendication 3, dans lequel les informations concernant le contexte qui sont stockées par l'unité de commande dans la mémoire de données comprennent un ou plusieurs d'un numéro de séquence associé à un protocole de commande de liaison radio, à un protocole de communication de données par paquets ou à une configuration d'une couche de commande d'accès au support.
     
    5. Équipement d'infrastructure selon la revendication 3 ou 4, dans lequel les informations concernant le contexte qui sont stockées par l'unité de commande dans la mémoire de données comprennent un numéro de séquence et une clé de chiffrement associée à un contexte de séquence.
     
    6. Équipement d'infrastructure selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel l'équipement d'infrastructure est conçu pour fonctionner en fonction d'un réseau d'évolution à long terme 3GPP, le numéro d'identification de terminal du dispositif de communication étant un identifiant de terminal de réseau radio cellulaire, C-RNTI, et le support de communication de paquets est un support de communication de système de paquets amélioré.
     
    7. Réseau de communication mobile comprenant un équipement d'infrastructure selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6.
     
    8. Procédé de communication de paquets de données provenant d'un équipement d'infrastructure (102) par le biais d'un réseau de communication mobile, le procédé comprenant :

    la réception, par l'équipement d'infrastructure, d'un ou plusieurs messages de signalisation provenant d'un dispositif de communication (101),

    en réponse aux messages de signalisation reçus, l'établissement d'un contexte de communication pour communiquer des paquets de données à l'aide d'un support de communication de paquets par le biais du réseau de communication mobile,

    la réception, par l'équipement d'infrastructure, d'un message d'état de stase provenant du dispositif de communication pour lequel le contexte a été établi, le message d'état de stase indiquant que le dispositif de communication souhaite entrer dans un état de stase (250), dans lequel des informations sont stockées concernant le contexte de communication associé au support de communication de paquets, des ressources radio associées au contexte de communication peuvent être libérées et le dispositif de communication peut entrer dans un état hors tension, vu qu'aucun paquet de données n'est disponible pour une transmission pendant une période prédéterminée par le biais du support de communication de paquets,

    la transmission, par l'équipement d'infrastructure, d'un message de confirmation d'état de stase au dispositif de communication comprenant un élément d'informations indiquant une période de temps pendant laquelle le contexte de communication est conservé par le réseau de communication avant d'être supprimé, et pour lequel le dispositif de communication reste dans l'état de stase avant de passer à un état inactif, et

    le stockage des informations concernant le contexte de communication établi pour les dispositifs de communication et associé au support de communication de paquets dans une mémoire de données, et le stockage d'un identifiant de terminal de réseau fourni au dispositif de communication par le réseau de communication mobile pour demander des ressources de communication lorsque le contexte de communication a été établi, l'identifiant de terminal de réseau étant réservé pour le dispositif de communication et pas attribué à d'autres dispositifs de communication tandis que le dispositif de communication reste dans l'état de stase, dans lequel des informations stockées peuvent être utilisées par l'équipement d'infrastructure pour rétablir la transmission des paquets de données par le support de communication de paquets à l'aide du support de communication de paquets, le dispositif de communication entrant ainsi dans l'état de stase.


     
    9. Procédé selon la revendication 8, dans lequel les informations de stockage concernant le contexte de communication établi pour les dispositifs de communication comprennent :

    en réponse au message d'état de stase, le stockage, avec les informations concernant le contexte de communication, d'un identifiant de terminal de réseau fourni au dispositif de communication pour demander des ressources de communication lorsque le contexte de communication a été établi,

    la réception d'une demande de reconnexion d'un message provenant du dispositif de communication, la demande de reconnexion du message comprenant l'identifiant de terminal de réseau, et

    en réponse à la réception de la demande de reconnexion du message provenant du dispositif de communication,

    la reconnaissance de l'identifiant de terminal de réseau,

    la récupération des informations concernant le contexte de communication du dispositif de communication à partir de la mémoire de données, et

    le rétablissement du contexte de communication du dispositif de communication, pour communiquer des paquets de données reçus à partir du dispositif de communication par le biais de l'interface d'accès sans fil et du réseau de communication mobile via le support de communication de paquets.


     
    10. Procédé selon la revendication 8 ou 9, dans lequel les informations de stockage concernant le contexte de communication établi pour les dispositifs de communication et associé au support de communication de paquets dans une mémoire de données comprennent :
    le stockage dans la mémoire de données d'un ou plusieurs numéros de séquences associés à un ou plusieurs protocoles d'une pile de protocoles qui forme le support de communication de paquets dans le but, lorsque le dispositif de communication passe de l'état de stase à l'état connecté, que les numéros de séquences stockés peuvent être restaurés sur l'un ou les plusieurs protocoles de la pile de protocoles pour transmettre ou recevoir des paquets de données par le biais de l'interface d'accès sans fil et du support de communication de paquets.
     
    11. Système de communication mobile comprenant un réseau de communication mobile selon la revendication 7 fournissant une interface d'accès sans fil pour communiquer avec le dispositif de communication (101), et un dispositif de communication permettant de transmettre des données au réseau de communication mobile, et de recevoir des données de celui-ci, le dispositif de communication comprenant :

    une unité d'émetteur (701) conçue pour transmettre des signaux au réseau de communication mobile par le biais de l'interface d'accès sans fil fournie par le réseau de communication mobile, et

    une unité de récepteur (701) conçue pour recevoir des signaux du réseau de communication mobile par le biais de l'interface d'accès sans fil fournie par le réseau de communication mobile, et

    une unité de commande (702) conçue pour commander à l'unité d'émetteur de transmettre un ou plusieurs messages de signalisation au réseau de communication et à l'unité de récepteur de recevoir un ou plusieurs messages de signalisation du réseau de communication pour établir un contexte de communication en vue de communiquer des paquets de données à l'aide d'un support de communication de paquets à partir du dispositif de communication via le réseau de communication mobile, dans lequel l'unité de commande est conçue pour :

    identifier que le dispositif de communication peut entrer dans un état de stase (250), dans lequel des informations sont stockées concernant le contexte de communication associé au support de communication de paquets, des ressources radio associées au contexte de communication peuvent être libérées et le dispositif de communication peut entrer dans un état hors tension, vu qu'aucun paquet de données n'est disponible pour une transmission pendant une période prédéterminée par le biais du support de communication de paquets, ou qu'il n'y a aucun paquet de données à recevoir par le biais du support de communication de paquets,

    transmettre un message d'état de stase au réseau de communication mobile,

    recevoir, à partir du réseau de communication mobile en réponse au message d'état de stase, un message de confirmation d'état de stase comprenant un élément d'informations indiquant une période de temps pendant laquelle le contexte de communication est conservé par le réseau de communication avant d'être supprimé et pour lequel le dispositif de communication reste dans l'état de stase avant de passer à un état inactif,

    stocker les informations concernant le contexte de communication associé au support de communication de paquets dans une mémoire de données, et stocker un identifiant de terminal de réseau fourni au dispositif de communication par le réseau de communication mobile pour demander des ressources de communication lorsque le contexte de communication a été établi, l'identifiant de terminal de réseau étant réservé pour le dispositif de communication et pas attribué à d'autres dispositifs de communication tandis que le dispositif de communication reste dans l'état de stase, qui a stocké des informations pouvant être utilisées par l'unité de commande à l'aide de l'unité d'émetteur et de l'unité de récepteur pour rétablir la transmission et/ou la réception de paquets de données par le support de communication de paquets à l'aide du support de communication de paquets,

    libérer les ressources radio concernant le contexte de communication, et

    commander au dispositif de communication d'entrer dans un état hors tension, le dispositif de communication entrant ainsi dans l'état de stase.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description