(19)
(11)EP 2 990 285 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
18.07.2018 Bulletin 2018/29

(21)Application number: 14787878.9

(22)Date of filing:  11.04.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
B60W 10/08  (2006.01)
B60K 6/547  (2007.10)
B60W 10/02  (2006.01)
B60W 20/00  (2016.01)
B60L 11/18  (2006.01)
B60W 10/26  (2006.01)
F02N 5/04  (2006.01)
B60W 20/40  (2016.01)
B60K 6/48  (2007.10)
B60L 11/14  (2006.01)
B60W 10/06  (2006.01)
F02N 11/04  (2006.01)
B60L 15/20  (2006.01)
B60W 30/188  (2012.01)
F02N 11/00  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2014/060505
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/175080 (30.10.2014 Gazette  2014/44)

(54)

HYBRID VEHICLE CONTROL DEVICE

HYBRIDFAHRZEUGSTEUERUNGSVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE COMMANDE DE VÉHICULE HYBRIDE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 22.04.2013 JP 2013089430

(43)Date of publication of application:
02.03.2016 Bulletin 2016/09

(73)Proprietor: Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
Minato-ku Tokyo 107-8556 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • TAKEUCHI, Masahiro
    Wako-shi Saitama 351-0193 (JP)
  • IZUMIURA, Atsushi
    Wako-shi Saitama 351-0193 (JP)
  • MATSUSHITA, Masanori
    Wako-shi Saitama 351-0193 (JP)

(74)Representative: Beder, Jens 
Mitscherlich PartmbB Patent- und Rechtsanwälte Sonnenstraße 33
80331 München
80331 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 2001 107 763
JP-A- 2009 107 502
JP-A- 2010 089 537
JP-A- 2011 213 181
JP-A- 2013 043 479
JP-A- 2006 009 751
JP-A- 2009 166 567
JP-A- 2010 184 613
JP-A- 2011 213 181
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    [Technical Field]



    [0001] The present invention relates to a driving device for a hybrid vehicle provided with an engine (internal combustion engine) and an electric motor as driving sources, a control device for the hybrid vehicle provided with a control means for controlling the driving device, and in particular relates to improvement of control in shifting from a state of motor single driving to a state of driving using the engine after starting the engine.

    [Background Art]



    [0002] As a transmission for a vehicle, in recent years, a so-called dual clutch type transmission is known. In order to avoid an interruption of mechanical power transmission at a time of shifting, the dual clutch type transmission includes a first clutch and a second clutch. The first clutch can engage between an input shaft of a first shifting mechanism structured by odd number gear positions (hereinafter referred to as "first input shaft") and an output shaft of an internal combustion engine (hereinafter referred to as "engine output shaft"). The second clutch can engage between an input shaft of a second shifting mechanism structured by even number gear positions (hereinafter referred to as "second input shaft") and the engine output shaft. The dual clutch type transmission changes gears by alternately engaging these two clutches. When shifting from one of the odd number gear positions to one of the even number gear positions, for example, the dual clutch type transmission releases the first clutch for transmitting a mechanical power to the odd number gear position and engages the second clutch for transmitting the mechanical power to the even gear position of which a gear pair is beforehand in mesh. Thus, the dual clutch type transmission avoids the interruption of power transmission at the time of shifting.

    [0003] Further, Patent document 1 discloses a hybrid type driving device for a vehicle including two shifting mechanisms similar to the above-mentioned ones, and further including an electric motor for engaging with an input shaft of one of the shifting mechanisms. Such hybrid type driving device for the vehicle has three modes of power supply, which are an engine single driving, a motor single driving and a hybrid driving in combination between the engine and the motor. Which mode to be applied is controlled appropriately depending on a driving condition of the vehicle.

    [0004] And now, since the engine is stopped in the motor single driving state, the engine needs to start in shifting from the motor single driving to the engine driving while the vehicle is driving. Thus, the hybrid type driving device is configured to start the engine (perform cranking) using a rotation of the motor for the vehicle driving or a rotation due to a driving force transmitted from a driving wheel side, and establish an appropriate gear position after starting the engine to perform the engine driving. For this purpose, the hybrid type driving device has a motor start mode and a push-start mode as modes of engine start control. The motor start mode engages the first clutch to start the engine using the driving force of the electric motor during the motor single driving that only uses the motor (electric motor) as the driving source. In a state in which the driving wheels and the engine are stopped, the push-start mode sets each of the gear positions of the first shifting mechanism to neutral and in turn engages the first clutch to start the engine using the driving force transmitted from the motor.

    [0005] Incidentally, the above-described push-start mode has a minimum vehicle speed at which the push-start mode is executable. Therefore, if continuing the motor driving at a vehicle speed less than the minimum vehicle speed, the push-start start mode might fail to start the engine, leading to a shortage of state of charge (SOC) of the battery (capacitor). Further, in performing the above-mentioned motor start mode, the hybrid type driving device can transmit no driving force to the driving wheel side due to the first shifting mechanism being neutral. Therefore, when running on a hill-climbing road, the vehicle might move backward under a condition unintended by a driver.

    [0006] It should be noted that Patent documents 2 to 4 disclose prior arts for performing an engine start control using an electric motor while a hybrid vehicle is running. In order to maintain a stopped state against torque generated by the motor at a time of engine start demand, the hybrid vehicle described in Patent document 2 imparts predetermined braking torque from a braking torque imparting means and in turn generates predetermined torque from the motor after imparting the braking torque. Further, a starting control device for a hybrid vehicle disclosed in Patent document 3 sets a driving system to a neutral position to start an engine using a driving force of a motor. In addition, a control device for a hybrid vehicle disclosed in Patent document 4 starts an engine using inertia torque of the vehicle by fastening a first fastening element at a time of issuing engine start demand during a coast driving in an electric car mode.

    [0007] However, Patent documents 2 to 4 disclose no art for coping with problems that continuing the motor driving at a vehicle speed less than the minimum vehicle speed of the above-described push-start mode might cause a shortage of state of charge of the battery, and the vehicle might move backward under the condition unintended by the driver in performing the above-described motor start mode.

    [0008] Patent document 5 discloses a control device for a hybrid vehicle according to the preamble of claim 1.

    [RELATED ART DOCUMENTS]


    [PATENT DOCUMENTS]



    [0009] 

    [Patent document 1] Japanese Patent No. 4285571

    [Patent document 2] Japanese Patent 4225317

    [Patent document 3] Japanese Patent 4297116

    [Patent document 4] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2009-035188

    [Patent document 5] Japanese Patent Application No. 2011-213181


    [Disclosure of the Invention]


    [Problems to be Solved by the Invention]



    [0010] In view of the above-described problems, the present invention has an object to provide a control device for a hybrid vehicle that can achieve an increase in timing for starting the engine in the motor single driving mode and prevent the vehicle from moving backward at the time of engine start.

    [Means of Solving the Problems]



    [0011] In order to solve the above-described problems, a control device for a hybrid vehicle in accordance with the present invention includes an engine and an electric motor as driving sources, a driving device, a control means and a vehicle speed detection means. The driving device can change speed of a mechanical power from the engine and the electric motor and in turn transmit the power to a vehicle propeller shaft that engages with driving wheels. The control means controls a vehicle driving using the driving device. As transmission routes of a driving force, the driving device has at least a first transmission route between the engine and the driving wheels, a second transmission route between the electric motor and the driving wheels and a third transmission route between the motor and the engine. As modes for starting the engine in the motor single driving, which is a vehicle driving only using the electric motor as the driving source, the driving device enables a push-start mode and a motor start mode. In the push-start mode, at a vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means equal to or more than a predetermined vehicle speed, the driving device transmits a driving force from the driving wheels to the engine via the first transmission route to start the engine. In the motor start mode, at a vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means equal to or less than another predetermined vehicle speed, as well as in a stopped state, the driving device starts the engine using a driving force of the motor via the third transmission route. If a vehicle speed detected by the speed detection means is out of a vehicle speed range in which either of the push-start mode or the motor start mode is executable when a start command of the engine occurs in driving only using the electric motor as the driving source, the control means performs a driving force reduction control for reducing the driving force transmitted from the electric motor to the driving wheels of the vehicle.

    [0012] According to the control device for the hybrid vehicle in accordance with the present invention, on one hand, the push-start mode, which transmits a driving force from the driving wheels to the engine via the first transmission route to start the engine is executable only at a vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means equal to or more than a predetermined vehicle speed. On the other hand, the motor start mode, which starts the engine using a driving force of the motor via the third communication route, is executable only at a vehicle speed equal to or less than another predetermined vehicle speed, as well as in the stopped state. And, a vehicle speed range in which the engine fails to start in the above-described push-start mode and the above-described motor start mode is limited to a relatively low-speed range, including a state of driving at an extremely low speed in a traffic congestion and a state of driving on a hill-climbing road at a low speed. Therefore, here, when the vehicle is driving at a vehicle speed in such vehicle speed range, the control device performs a control to reduce the driving force transmitted from the electric motor to the driving wheels of the vehicle for shifting from this vehicle speed range to another vehicle speed range. Accordingly, the control device promotes an increase in vehicle speed due to an increase in accelerator opening by the vehicle driver's stepping on an accelerator pedal or a decrease in vehicle speed by the vehicle driver's stepping on a brake, thereby increasing the vehicle speed up to a speed range in which the engine can start in the push-start mode, or reduce the vehicle speed down to a speed range in which the engine can start in the motor start mode. Thus, shifting the engine to the vehicle speed range in which the engine can start can achieve an increase in timing for starting the engine, allowing to avoid a shortage of state of charge of the battery associated with the motor single driving.

    [0013] Further, the control device for the hybrid vehicle in accordance with the present invention includes the engine and the electric motor as the driving sources. The control device also includes the driving device and the control means. The driving device changes speed of a mechanical power from the engine and the electric motor and in turn transmits the power to the vehicle propelling shaft that engages with the driving wheels. The control means controls a vehicle driving using the driving device. The control device also includes the first shifting mechanism, the second shifting mechanism, a first clutch and a second clutch. The first shifting mechanism receives to an first input shaft the mechanical power from an output shaft of the engine and the electric motor and in turn changes gears using either one of a plurality of gear positions, thereby allowing to transmit the mechanical power to the vehicle propeller shaft. The second shifting mechanism receives to a second input shaft the mechanical power from an output shaft of the internal combustion engine and in turn changes gears using either one of the plurality of gear positions, thereby allowing to transmit the mechanical power to the vehicle propeller shaft. The first clutch can engage between the output shaft of the engine and the first input shaft. The second clutch can engage between the output shaft of the engine and the second input shaft. The vehicle speed detection means detects the vehicle speed. As modes for starting the engine in the motor single driving, which uses only the electric motor as the driving source, the control device enables the push-start mode and the motor start mode. At a vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means equal to or more than a predetermined vehicle speed in a state in which the vehicle is driving while a driving force is being transmitted from the electric motor to the driving wheel side via the first shifting mechanism, the push-start mode establishes either one of the gear positions of the second shifting mechanism and puts the second clutch in engagement to transmit the driving force from the driving wheels to the engine via the second shifting mechanism and the second clutch and consequently start the engine. At a vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means equal to or less than a predetermined vehicle speed as well as in the stopped state, the motor start mode shifts any of the gear positions of the first shifting mechanism to neutral and puts the first clutch in engagement, thereby starting the engine using the driving force of the electric motor. At a vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means out of the vehicle speed range in which either of the push-start mode or the motor start mode is executable when a start command of the engine occurs in driving only using the electric motor as the driving source, the control means performs a driving force reduction control for reducing the driving force transmitted from the electric motor to the driving wheels of the vehicle.

    [0014] As a mode for starting the engine in the motor single driving only using the electric motor as the driving source, the driving device of dual clutch type of the above-described configuration in accordance with the present invention enables the push-start start mode and the motor start mode. The push-start mode establishes either one of the gear positions of the second shifting mechanism and puts the second clutch in engagement in the state in which the vehicle is driving while a driving force is being transmitted from the electric motor to the driving wheel side via the first shifting mechanism, thereby transmitting the driving force from the driving wheels to the engine via the second shifting mechanism and the second clutch and consequently starting the engine. The motor start mode shifts any of the gear positions of the first mechanism to neutral and puts the first clutch in engagement, thereby starting the engine using the driving force of the electric motor. And, on one hand, the above-described push-start mode is executable only if a vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means is equal to or more than a predetermined vehicle speed. On the other hand, the motor start mode is executable only if a vehicle speed is equal to or less than another predetermined vehicle speed, as well as in the stopped state. The vehicle speed range in which the engine fails to start in the above-described push-start mode and the motor start mode is limited to a relatively low-speed range, including a state of driving at an extremely low speed in a traffic congestion and a state of driving on a hill-climbing at a low speed. Therefore, here, when the vehicle is driving at a vehicle speed in such vehicle speed range, the control device performs a control to reduce the driving force transmitted from the electric motor to the driving wheels of the vehicle for shifting from this vehicle speed range to another vehicle speed range. Accordingly, the control device promotes an increase in vehicle speed due to an increase in accelerator opening by the vehicle driver's stepping on an accelerator pedal or a decrease in vehicle speed by the vehicle driver's stepping on a brake so as to increase the vehicle speed up to a speed range in which the engine can start in the push-start mode or reduce the vehicle speed down to a speed range in which the engine can start in the motor start mode. Thus, shifting the engine to the vehicle speed range in which the engine can start can achieve an increase in timing for starting the engine, allowing to avoid a shortage of state of charge of the battery associated with the motor single driving.

    [0015] Further, the above-described control device for the hybrid vehicle includes an accelerator opening detection means for detecting an accelerator opening. And, the control means should cancel the driving force reduction control at an accelerator opening detected by the accelerator opening detection means equal to or more than a predetermined opening during the driving force reduction control.

    [0016] If continuing the driving force reduction control at the accelerator opening equal to or more than the predetermined opening in response to an acceleration demand of the vehicle from the vehicle driver during the driving force reduction control, the vehicle driver might feel a sense of incongruity with a running condition of the vehicle such as an impression of being short of accelerated velocity of the vehicle. Therefore, at the accelerator opening equal to or more than the predetermined opening, the control means should cancel the driving force reduction control for preventing the driver from feeling the impression of being short of accelerated velocity.

    [0017] Further, in cancellation of the driving force reduction control, the control means of the above-described control device for the hybrid vehicle should again perform the driving force reduction control at an accelerator opening detected by the accelerator opening detection means less than the predetermined opening.

    [0018] If the driver cancels or weakens stepping on the accelerator pedal after the cancellation of the driving force reduction control, the control means should perform the driving force reduction control again to press the vehicle driver to step on the accelerator pedal or the brake pedal, thereby increasing the vehicle speed up to a range in which the push-start mode can start the engine or decreasing the vehicle speed up to a range in which the motor start mode can start the engine.

    [0019] In addition, the above-described control device for the hybrid vehicle includes a breaking force imparting means for imparting a braking force to the vehicle. At a low vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means equal to or less than a predetermined value during the driving force reduction control, the control means should brake the vehicle using the breaking force imparting means and start the engine in the motor start mode.

    [0020] At a low vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means equal to or less than the predetermined value, the control means starts the engine in the motor start mode while braking the vehicle using the breaking force imparting means, thereby allowing to prevent the vehicle from moving backward due to a decrease in vehicle speed caused by the driving force reduction control when the vehicle is driving on the hill-climbing road. The braking of the vehicle using the breaking force imparting means here is a means that can impart the braking force to the vehicle regardless of with or without an operation of the vehicle driver (brake by wire). This can impart the braking force to the vehicle without the operation of the vehicle driver.

    [0021] Further, the control device for the hybrid vehicle should start the engine in the push-start mode at a vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means equal to or more than the predetermined vehicle speed during the driving force reduction control.

    [0022] Further, the control device for the hybrid vehicle includes a gradient detection means for detecting a gradient of a road surface on which the vehicle is driving. Depending on the gradient of the road surface detected by the gradient detection means, the control means should expand a vehicle speed range in which the engine is allowed to start in the push-start mode.

    [0023] In this configuration, expanding the vehicle speed range in which the engine is allowed to start in the push-start mode depending on the gradient of the road surface detected by the gradient detection means can prioritize the engine start in the push-start mode. This can avoid a shortage of state of charge of the battery during the motor single driving and secure the vehicle driving.

    [0024] In addition, the control device for the hybrid vehicle includes the gradient detection means for detecting the gradient of the road surface on which the vehicles is driving. At a gradient of the road surface detected by the gradient detection means equal to or more than a predetermined value, the control means should perform the driving force reduction control.

    [0025] At a gradient of the road surface detected by the gradient detection means less than the predetermined value (for instance, in a case of running on a flat road or a downhill road), the vehicle has no risk of staying in a vehicle speed range in which the engine fails to start in the push-start mode and in the motor start mode. Further, the vehicle has no risk of moving backward due to an inertial force to the vehicle. Therefore, only at the gradient of the road surface on which the vehicle is driving equal to or more than the predetermined value (for instance, when the road is judged as a hill-climbing road), the control means may perform the driving force reduction control to shift the vehicle to a vehicle speed range allowing the motor start mode or the push-start mode.

    [0026] Further, in the control device for the hybrid vehicle, a predetermined delay time should be set for a time from issuing a command of the driving force reduction control using the control means to an execution thereof. Setting the predetermined delay time (hysteresis) for the time from issuing the command of the driving force reduction to the execution thereof can prevent hunting of the driving force reduction control.

    [0027] In addition, the control device for the hybrid vehicle includes a capacitor for giving and receiving an electric power to and from the electric motor and a state of charge detection means for detecting a state of charge of the capacitor. Depending on the state of charge of the capacitor detected by the state of charge detection means, the control means should vary the vehicle speed range in which the push-start mode is executable.

    [0028] According to this configuration, a change in range for starting the engine in the push-start mode depending on a state of charge of the capacitor can prevent a shortage of state of charge of the capacitor more effectively.

    [0029] In addition, the above-described control device for the hybrid vehicle includes the capacitor that can give and receive an electric power to and from the electric motor and the state of charge detection means for detecting a state of charge of the capacitor. At a state of charge of the capacitor detected by the state of charge detection means equal to or less than a predetermined value, the control means should issue an engine start command.

    [0030] According to this configuration, starting the engine at the state of charge of the capacitor equal to or less than the predetermined value can securely avoid a shortage of capacity of the capacitor in the motor single driving and accordingly secure the vehicle driving.

    [0031] The control device for the hybrid vehicle in accordance with the present invention can achieve an increase in timing for starting the engine in the motor single driving mode and prevent the vehicle from moving backward at the time of engine starting.

    [Brief Description of the Drawings]



    [0032] 

    FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating an exemplary configuration of a hybrid motor vehicle provided with a control device according to one embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a skeleton view of a transmission shown in FIG. 1;

    FIG. 3 is a conceptual diagram illustrating engagement relationships between shafts in the transmission shown in FIG. 2;

    FIG. 4 is a timing chart illustrating changes in various values at an engine start in a motor start mode in a motor single driving;

    FIG. 5 is a figure illustrating contents of an engine start control depending on a gradient of a road surface on which, and a vehicle speed at which, a vehicle is driving;

    FIG. 6 is a timing chart illustrating changes in various values at an engine start in a motor start mode involving a brake cooperative control in a motor driving;

    FIG. 7 is a graph illustrating a proportion of torque to a vehicle;

    FIG. 8 is a graph illustrating one example for zones of state of charge of a battery;

    FIG. 9 is a diagram illustrating an engine start control depending on a state of charge of a battery and a vehicle speed when a vehicle is driving on a hill-climbing road; and

    FIG. 10 is a diagram illustrating an engine start control depending on a state of charge of a battery and a vehicle speed when a vehicle is driving on a flat road or a downhill road.


    [Mode for Carrying out the Invention]



    [0033] An embodiment of the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating an exemplary configuration of a hybrid motor vehicle provided with a control device according to one embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the vehicle 1 of the present embodiment is a hybrid vehicle including an engine (internal combustion engine) 2 and an electric motor 3 as driving sources. Furthermore, the vehicle 1 includes an inverter (electric motor control means) 20 for controlling the electric motor 3, a battery 30, a transmission 4, a differential mechanism 5, right and left drive shafts 6R, 6L and right and left driving wheels WR, WL. Here, the motor 3 includes a motor generator. The battery 30 includes a capacitor. The engine 2 is an internal combustion engine including a diesel engine or a turbo engine. A rotary driving force of the engine 2 and the electric motor (hereinafter referred to simply as "motor") 3 is transmitted to the right and left driving wheels WR, WL via the transmission 4, the differential mechanism 5 and the drive shafts 6R, 6L.

    [0034] Further, the vehicle 1 includes an electronic control unit (ECU) 10 for controlling the engine 2, the motor 3, the transmission 4, the differential mechanism 5 and the inverter (electric motor control means) 20 and the battery 30. The electronic control unit 10 may not only be structured as one whole unit, but also by a plurality of ECUs such as an engine ECU for controlling the engine 2, a motor generator ECU for controlling the motor 3 and the inverter 20, a battery ECU for controlling the battery 30 and an AT-ECU for controlling the transmission 4. The electronic control unit 10 of the present embodiment controls the motor 3, the battery 30 and the transmission 4 as well as the engine 2.

    [0035] Depending on various driving conditions, the electronic control unit 10 performs a control to perform a motor single driving (EV driving) using only the motor 3 as the driving source, performs a control to perform an engine single driving using only the engine 2 as the driving source and performs a control to perform a cooperative driving (HEV driving) using the motor 3 together with the engine 2 as the driving sources. In addition, according to known various kinds of control parameters, the electronic control unit 10 performs a protection control for the inverter 20 in a stall state of the motor 3, to be described later, and performs controls necessary for other various kinds of driving.

    [0036] Further, various signals are input to the electronic control unit 10 as control parameters. The various signals include signals corresponding to an accelerator pedal opening from an accelerator pedal sensor (accelerator opening detection means) for detecting a stepping-on amount of the accelerator pedal 31, a brake pedal opening from a brake pedal sensor 32 for detecting a stepping-on amount of the brake pedal, a shift position from a shift position sensor 33 for detecting a gear position (shift position), a motor rotational speed from a rotational speed sensor 34 for detecting a rotational speed of the motor 3, a gradient from a gradient detection sensor (gradient detection means) 35 for detecting a gradient of the vehicle 1, a state of charge from a state of charge detector (state of charge detection means) 39 for measuring a state of charge (SOC) of the battery 30 and a vehicle speed from a vehicle speed sensor (vehicle speed detection means) 36 for detecting a vehicle speed. Furthermore, to the electronic control unit 10, data related to a condition of a road on which the vehicle is currently driving (for instance, a flat road, an uphill road and a downhill road) may be input from a car navigation system mounted on the vehicle, which is omitted in the figure. In addition, the vehicle 1 is provided with a brake (braking means) 37 for braking the driving wheels WR, WL. A control signal from the ECU10 is input to the brake 37, enabling a configuration (brake by wire) that can impart a predetermined braking force to the driving wheels WR, WL depending on the control signal, but without depending on a vehicle driver's intention (operation of the brake pedal).

    [0037] The engine 2 is the internal combustion engine that mixes fuel with air to burn, thereby generating a driving force for driving the vehicle 1. In the cooperative driving with the engine 2 and the motor 3 and the single driving only using the motor 3, the motor 3 functions as a motor that generates a driving force for driving the vehicle 1 using electric energy of the battery 30. At a time of deceleration of the vehicle 1, the motor 3 functions as a generator for generating electricity due to a regeneration of the motor 3. At a time of regeneration of the motor 3, the battery 30 is charged with electric power (regeneration energy) generated by the motor 3.

    [0038] Next, a configuration of the transmission 4 provided by the vehicle of the present embodiment will be described. FIG. 2 is a skeleton view of the transmission 4 shown in FIG. 1. FIG. 3 is a conceptual diagram illustrating engagement relationships between shafts in the transmission shown in FIG. 2. The transmission 4 is a parallel shaft-type transmission having seven forward gears and one reverse gear, and also a dry-type twin-clutch-type transmission (DCT: dual clutch transmission).

    [0039] The transmission 4 is provided with an inner main shaft (first input shaft) IMS, an outer main shaft (second input shaft) OMS, a secondary shaft (second input shaft) SS, an idle shaft IDS, a reverse shaft RVS and a countershaft CS. The inner main shaft (first input shaft) IMS is connected to a crankshaft 2a, structuring an engine output shaft of the engine 2, and to the motor 3. The outer main shaft (second input shaft) OMS structures an outer cylinder of the inner main shaft IMS. Each of the secondary shaft (second input shaft) SS, the idol shaft IDS and the reverse shaft RVS is parallel to the inner main shaft IMS. The countershaft CS, structuring an output shaft, is parallel to these shafts.

    [0040] These shafts are arranged so that the outer main shaft OMS is constantly engaged with the reverse shaft RVS and the secondary shaft SS via the idle shaft IDS, and the countershaft CS is constantly engaged with the differential mechanism 5 (See FIG. 1).

    [0041] Further, the transmission 4 includes a first clutch C1 for odd number gear positions and a second clutch C2 for even number gear positions. The first and second clutches C1, C2 are dry-type clutches. The first clutch C1 is connected to the inner main shaft IMS. The second clutch C2 is connected to the outer main shaft OMS (part of the second input shaft) and coupled to the reverse shaft RVS and the secondary shaft SS (part of the second input shaft) from a gear 48 fixed on the outer main shaft OMS via the idle shaft IDS.

    [0042] A sun gear 71 of a planetary gear mechanism 70 is fixedly arranged to a predetermined place on a motor 3 side of the inner main shaft IMS. Further, a carrier 73 of the planetary gear mechanism 70 structuring a first drive gear, a third drive gear 43, a seventh drive gear 47 and a fifth drive gear 45 are arranged on an outer periphery of the inner main shaft IMS as shown in FIG. 2 from the left side in order. Each of the third drive gear 43, the seventh drive gear 47 and the fifth drive gear 45 is rotatable relatively to the inner main shaft IMS. The gear 43 is coupled to the carrier 73 of the planetary mechanism 70. Furthermore, on the inner main shaft IMS, a third to seventh gear synchromesh mechanism (selector mechanism) 81 is axially slidably arranged between the third drive gear 43 and the seventh drive gear 47, and a fifth gear synchromesh mechanism (selector mechanism) 82 is axially slidably arranged corresponding to the fifth drive gear 45. Sliding the synchromesh mechanism (selector mechanism) corresponding to a desired gear stage couples the gear stage to the inner main shaft IMS. These gears and the synchromesh mechanisms arranged in connection with the inner main shaft IMS constitute a first shifting mechanism G1 for establishing the odd number gear positions. Each of the drive gears of the first shifting mechanism G1 meshes with a corresponding driven gear provided on the countershaft CS to rotatably drive the countershaft CS.

    [0043] On an outer periphery of the secondary shaft SS (second input shaft), a second drive gear 42, a sixth drive gear 46 and a fourth drive gear 44 are relatively rotatably arranged as shown in FIG. 2 from the left side in order. Furthermore, on the secondary shaft SS, a second to sixth speed synchromesh mechanism 83 is axially slidably arranged between the second drive gear 42 and the sixth drive gear 46, and a fourth speed synchromesh mechanism (selector mechanism) 84 corresponding to the fourth drive gear 44 is axially slidably arranged. In this case also, sliding the synchromesh mechanism (selector mechanism) corresponding to the desired gear position couples a gear stage to the secondary shaft SS (second input shaft). These gears and synchromesh mechanisms provided in connection with the secondary shaft SS (second input shaft) constitute a second shifting mechanism G2 for establishing the even number gear positions. Each of the drive gears of the second shifting mechanism G2 also meshes with a corresponding driven gear provided on the countershaft CS to rotatably drive the countershaft CS. It should be noted that a gear 49 fixed to the secondary shaft SS is connected to a gear 55 on the idle shaft IDS, and connected to the second clutch C2 from the idol shaft IDS via the outer main shaft OMS.

    [0044] A reverse drive gear 58 is relatively rotatably arranged on an outer periphery of the reverse shaft RVS. In addition, on the reverse shaft RVS, a reverse synchromesh mechanism 85 is axially slidably arranged corresponding to the reverse drive gear 58, and a gear 50 engaged with the idle shaft IDS is fixed. In reverse driving, sliding the synchronization of the synchromesh mechanism 85 and engaging the second clutch C2 transmits a rotation of the second clutch C2 to the reverse shaft RVS via the outer main shaft OMS and the idle shaft IDS, thereby rotating the reverse drive gear 58. The reverse drive gear 58 meshes with the gear 56 on the inner main shaft IMS. Thus, when the reverse drive gear 58 rotates, the inner main shaft IMS rotates in a direction opposite to a forward direction. The reverse rotation of the inner main shaft IMS is transmitted to the countershaft CS via the gear (third drive gear) 43 coupled to the planetary gear mechanism 70.

    [0045] On the countershaft CS, a second to third driven gear 51, a sixth to seventh driven gear 52, a fourth to fifth driven gear 53, a parking gear 54 and a final drive gear 55 are fixedly arranged as shown in FIG. 2 from the left side in order. The final drive gear 55 meshes with a differential ring gear (not shown in the figure) of the differential mechanism 5, whereby a rotation of the output shaft of the countershaft CS is transmitted to the input shaft (namely, vehicle propeller shaft) of the differential mechanism 5. In addition, a brake 41 for stopping a rotation of the ring gear 75 is installed on the ring gear 75 of the planetary gear mechanism 70.

    [0046] In the transmission 4 of the above-described configuration, sliding a synchronous sleeve of the second to sixth speed synchromesh mechanism 83 to a left direction connects the second drive gear 42 to the secondary shaft SS. And, sliding the synchronous sleeve to a right direction connects the sixth drive gear 46 to the secondary shaft SS. In addition, sliding a synchronous sleeve of the fourth speed synchromesh mechanism 84 to the right direction connects the fourth drive gear 44 to the secondary shaft SS. Thus, an engagement of the second clutch C2 in a state in which one of the even drive gear positions is selected sets the transmission 4 to one of the even gear positions (second, fourth or sixth speed).

    [0047] Sliding a synchronous sleeve of the third to seventh speed synchromesh mechanism 81 to the left direction connects the third drive gear 43 to the inner main shaft IMS to select the third gear position. And, sliding the synchronous sleeve to the right direction connects the seventh drive gear 47 to the inner main shaft IMS to select the seventh gear position. In addition, sliding a synchronous sleeve of the fifth speed synchromesh mechanism 82 to the right direction connects the fifth drive gear 45 to the inner main shaft IMS to select the fifth gear position. In a state (neutral state) in which neither of the gears 43, 47, 45 is selected by the synchromesh mechanisms 81, 82, a rotation of the planetary gear mechanism 70 is transmitted to the countershaft CS via the gear 43 coupled to the carrier 73 to select the first gear position. Thus, an engagement of the first clutch C1 in a state in which one of the odd drive gear positions is selected sets the transmission 4 to one of the odd gear positions (first, third, fifth or seventh speed).

    [0048] As a transmission route of a driving force, the transmission 4 of the above-described configuration includes a first transmission route between the engine 2 and the driving wheels WR, WL, a second transmission route between the motor 3 and the driving wheels WR, WL, and a third transmission route between the motor 3 and the engine 2. The first transmission route is a route for transmitting a driving force via the second clutch C2 and the second shifting mechanism G2 between the engine 2 and the driving wheels WR, WL. The second transmission route is a route for transmitting a driving force via the first shifting mechanism G1 between the motor 3 and the driving wheels WR, WL. The third transmission route is a route for transmitting a driving force via the first clutch C1 between the motor 3 and the engine 2 via the first clutch C1.

    [0049] A determination of a gear position to be established in the transmission 4 and a control for establishing the gear position (a selection of a gear position in the first shifting mechanism G1 and the second shifting mechanism G2, namely, a switching control of synchronization, and a control of engagement and disengagement of the first clutch C1 and the second clutch C2) are performed, as is known in the art, using the electronic control unit 10 according to a driving condition.

    [0050] A starting and driving of the vehicle only using the motor 3 of the vehicle of the above-described configuration (EV driving) will be described below. For the starting and driving using the motor 3, the third to seventh speed synchromesh mechanism 81 is put in gear to a gear 43 side, and the first and second clutches C1, C2 are disengaged. The disengagement of the first and second clutches C1, C2 interrupts a transmission of a driving force between the inner main shaft IMS or the outer main shaft OMS and the engine 2. In this state, applying torque in a normal rotation direction to the motor 3 transmits a driving force of the motor 3 to the driving wheels WR, WL from the planetary gear mechanism 70 via the gears 43, 51, the countershaft CS and the idle shaft IDS. This enables the vehicle to start and drive only due to the torque of the motor 3. Next, a control of starting the engine 2 during the above-described motor driving will be described below. The first clutch C1 is engaged to start the engine 2 during the motor driving. Thus, a driving force transmitted to the inner main shaft IMS from the gear 43 via the third to seventh speed synchromesh mechanism 81 causes the crank shaft 2a of the engine 2 to corotate and be cranked, thereby allowing to start the engine. After starting the engine 2, returning the third to seventh synchromesh mechanism 81 to neutral can continue the motor driving. Alternatively, another technique for starting the engine 2 during the motor driving may be to engage the second to sixth speed synchromesh mechanism 83 with the second drive gear 42 and in turn engage the second clutch C2. Furthermore, an engagement of another gear position can also start the engine 2 using the motor 3.

    [0051] The control of starting the engine 2 in the motor driving as described above will be referred to as a push-start mode below. In the push-start mode, the driving force of the motor 3 is transmitted to the driving wheels WR, WL in the state in which the first and second clutches C1, C2 are disengaged, thereby starting and driving the vehicle, and afterwards, the first clutch C1 is engaged to rotate the crank shaft 2a of the engine 2 using the driving force transmitted from the driving wheels WR, WL, thereby starting the engine 2. This push-start mode is executable, as will be described later, only at a vehicle speed V detected by the vehicle speed sensor 36 equal to or more than a predetermined vehicle speed.

    [0052] A control of starting the engine 2 using the driving force of the motor 3 while the vehicle is stopped will be described below. In order to start the engine 2 using the driving force of the motor 3 while the vehicle is stopped, first, all of the synchromesh mechanisms 81 to 84 of the first and second shifting mechanisms G1, G2 are set to neutral (neutral position), the first clutch C1 is engaged, and the inner main shaft IMS is coupled to the crank shaft 2a. Afterwards, due to a rotation of the motor 3, the inner main shaft IMS causes the crank shaft 2a of the engine 2 to corotate and be cranked, thereby allowing to start the engine 2. Hereinafter, the above-described mode in which the engine 2 is started using the driving force of the motor 3 by setting all of the synchromesh mechanisms 81 to 84 to neutral and engaging the first clutch C1, will be referred to as the motor start mode. In this motor start mode, the first shifting mechanism G1 being at neutral disallows the driving force to be transmitted to the driving wheels WR, WL side. Therefore, in order to prevent the vehicle from moving backward in a condition unintended by the vehicle driver, the motor start mode is performed while performing a brake cooperative control, which will be described later, in a state in which a vehicle speed V detected by the vehicle speed sensor 36 is equal to or less than a predetermined speed (in a state in which the vehicle is substantially stopped).

    [0053] FIG. 4 is a timing chart illustrating changes in various values at an engine start in a motor start mode in the motor single driving. The timing chart of the same figure shows changes in, and at each lapse time t of, minimum vehicle speed VL of the engine 2 in the push-start mode, vehicle speed V of the vehicle (actual vehicle speed), state of charge SOC of the battery, required driving force (accelerator pedal opening) AP, driving force reduction control permission flag FG and actual driving force AG. FIG. 5 is a figure illustrating a switching of an engine start control depending on a gradient of a road surface on which, and a vehicle speed at which, the vehicle is driving.

    [0054] As shown in FIG. 4, at a state of charge SOC of the battery less than a predetermined threshold value at a time t11 when the vehicle is driving only using the driving force of the motor 3 (EV driving), the engine start minimum vehicle speed VL in the push-start mode switches from V1 to V2 (V1> V2), and the driving force reduction control permission flag FG turns ON (driving force reduction control permission state). At the time t11, further, a threshold value APL of the required driving force AP for cancelling the driving force reduction control switches from AP1 to AP2 (API <AP2). Afterwards, the actual driving force AG transmitted to the driving wheels WR, WL of the vehicle starts to decrease at a time t12 after a predetermined delay time Δt passing from the time t11, and in turn the driving force transmitted to the driving wheels WR, WL from the motor 3 gradually decreases. Afterwards, stepping on the accelerator pedal by the vehicle driver increases the required driving force AP, which then exceeds the threshold value AP2 at a time t13. At this point, the driving force reduction control permission flag FG switches to OFF (driving force reduction control suppression state), whereby the actual driving force AG transmitted to driving wheels WR, WL increases again. Afterwards, the required driving force AP starts decreasing to fall below the threshold value AP2 again at a time t14. At this time, the driving force reduction control permission flag FG switches to ON (driving force reduction control permission). Afterwards, at a time t15 after a predetermined delay time Δt passing from the time t14, the actual driving force AG transmitted to the driving wheels WR, WL starts to decrease, and the driving force of the motor 3 transmitted to the driving wheels WR, WL gradually decreases. And, at a vehicle speed of 0 (substantially 0) at a time t16, the engine 2 is started in the motor start mode. In addition, at this point, the driving force reduction control permission flag FG turns OFF. Due to the engine 2 start, henceforth, the driving force of the engine 2 is transmitted to the driving wheels WR, WL and also to the motor 3, thereby generating power using this motor 3. Accordingly, the vehicle speed V gradually rises to restore the state of charge of the battery.

    [0055] Thus, at a lower state of charge of the battery 30 during the motor driving, the hybrid vehicle of the present embodiment expands a vehicle speed range (V1 --> V2) in which the engine start is permitted in the push-start mode. And, on one hand, as shown in FIG. 5, if the vehicle is driving on a hill-climbing road (gradient L ≧ 0), the control device starts the engine in the motor start mode after the vehicle stops. On the other hand, if the vehicle is driving on a flat road or a downhill road (gradient <0), the control device starts the engine in the motor start mode while the vehicle is driving. In addition, at a lower state of charge SOC of the battery in the motor driving, the control device increases the threshold value of the required driving force AP for cancelling the driving force reduction control (API --> AP2). This can promote the vehicle to stop.

    [0056] FIG. 6 is a timing chart illustrating changes in various values at an engine start in the motor start mode involving the brake cooperative control in the motor driving while the vehicle is driving on a hill-climbing road. The timing chart of the same figure shows changes in, and at each lapse time t of, engine start minimum vehicle speed VL in the push-start mode, vehicle speed V of the vehicle (actual vehicle speed), driving force reduction control permission flag FG, brake cooperative flag FB, stoppage flag FS, target driving torque AP, actual driving torque AS, braking torque BS and engine rotational speed NE. FIG. 7 is a graph illustrating a proportion of torque to the vehicle when the vehicle is driving on the hill-climbing road.

    [0057] As shown in FIG. 6, in driving at a vehicle speed lower than the engine start minimum vehicle speed VL (V ≦ VL) in the push-start mode (from t20 to t21) for a predetermined time when the vehicle is driving only using a driving force of the motor 3 (EV driving) on the hill-climbing road, the driving force reduction control permission flag FG turns ON at a time t21. Thus, the target driving torque AP and the actual driving torque AS start to decrease. Afterwards, the vehicle speed V falls below a threshold value V4 at a time t22 (V <V4), whereby the brake cooperative flag FB turns ON. Due to this, the braking torque BS starts to increase. In this way, starting to impart a braking force of the brake before the vehicle stops can prevent a backward movement unintended by the vehicle driver from occurring when the vehicle stops. Afterwards, the vehicle is judged to be in a stopped state at a vehicle speed lowered below a threshold value V5 (<V4) at a time t23, whereby the stoppage flag FS turns ON. Simultaneously, the braking torque BS increases up to torque equivalent to the target driving torque AP, thereby imparting a braking force to the vehicle. Further, due to this, the actual driving torque AS becomes 0. In this state, the engine 2 is started in the motor start mode. After the engine 2 starts, the driving force reduction control permission flag FG is turned OFF. After the engine starts in the motor start mode, a clutch engagement of the shifting mechanism is completed. After the actual driving torque AS rises to the target driving force, the brake cooperative flag FB and the stoppage flag FS are turned OFF and the braking torque BS is reduced, whereby the imparting of the braking force is cancelled (at a time t24). Henceforth, the vehicle speed V gradually increases.

    [0058] As shown in FIG. 7, in a state in which the vehicle is driving on the hill-climbing road only using the driving force of the motor 3 (EV driving), the target driving torque AP of the vehicle is set to be larger than gradient torque of the hill-climbing road that is acting to the backward direction of the vehicle (AP > TL). Afterwards, when the vehicle speed V gradually decreases to fall below the threshold value V4, the target driving force AP is reduced on one hand, and the braking torque BS is imparted to the vehicle on the other hand. Afterwards, at a time when the vehicle speed V further decreases to fall below a threshold value V5, braking torque BS larger than gradient torque TL of the hill-climbing road acting to the backward direction of the vehicle is imparted to the vehicle (brake cooperative control). In that state, the engine is started in the motor start mode. This can prevent the backward movement unintended by the vehicle driver when the vehicle stops on the hill-climbing road.

    [0059] FIG. 8 is a graph illustrating one example for zones of state of charge of the battery. And, FIG. 9 is a diagram illustrating an engine start control depending on a state of charge of the battery and a vehicle speed when the vehicle is driving on the hill-climbing road. As shown in FIG. 8, the state of charge (SOC) of the battery is divided into D, AH, AMI, AM2, AL, BH, BL and C in order of decreasing state of charge between 100% and 0%. It should be noted that each of reference codes assigned to each of the zones is one example.

    [0060] As shown in FIG. 9, at a vehicle speed equal to or less than V1, in a state in which the state of charge of the battery 30 is in either of the zones BH, BL or C on a lower state of charge side, when the vehicle is driving only using the driving force of the motor 3 (EV driving) on the hill-climbing road, the vehicle performs a brake cooperative control and starts the engine in the motor start mode. In other words, upon stopping the vehicle by performing the brake cooperative control after decelerating the vehicle due to a driving force reduction control, the engine 2 is started the motor start mode. In addition, at a vehicle speed V equal to or more than V1 and less than V2 (V1 ≦ V <V2), the above-described driving force reduction control and the above-described brake cooperative control are performed. It should be noted that the driving force reduction control and the brake cooperation control in this case are cancelled subject to stepping on the accelerator pedal by the vehicle driver (increase in accelerator opening). A threshold value of this accelerator opening at which the driving force reduction control and the brake cooperative control are cancelled is set to be smaller as the state of charge of the battery 30 is larger. In addition, at a vehicle speed V equal to or more than V2 and less than V4 (V2 ≦ V <V4) in a state in which the state of charge of the battery 30 is in the zone BH, and at a vehicle speed V equal to or more than V2 and less than V3 (V2 ≦ V <V3) in a state in which the state of charge of the battery is in either of the zones BL or C, only the above-described driving force reduction control is performed. And, the driving force reduction control in this case is also cancelled subject to stepping on the accelerator pedal by the vehicle driver (increase in accelerator opening). A threshold value of this accelerator opening at which the driving force reduction control is cancelled is set to be smaller as the state of charge of the batter is larger. Further, this driving force reduction control is also cancelled at a vehicle speed V equal to or more than the engine start minimum vehicle speed V3 or V4 in the push-start mode, or when the engine 2 is started in the motor start mode. Also, at a vehicle speed V equal to or more than V4 (V4 ≦ V) in the state in which the state of charge of the battery is in the zone BH, and at a vehicle speed V equal to or more than V3 (V3 ≦ V) in the state in which the state of charge of the battery is in the zone BL or C, the engine 2 is started in the push-start mode. As described above, varying the vehicle speed (V3, V4), at which the engine is permitted to start in the push-start mode, depending on the state of charge (SOC) of the battery narrows down an execution range for the driving force reduction control to a maximum extent, thereby enlarging an execution range for the engine start in the push-start mode.

    [0061] FIG. 10 is a diagram illustrating an engine start control depending on a state of charge of the battery and a vehicle speed when the vehicle is driving on a flat road or a downhill road. When the vehicle is driving on the flat road or the downhill road only using a driving force of the motor 3 (EV driving) at a vehicle speed V equal to or more than 0 and less than V4 in the state in which the state of charge of the battery is in the zone BH (V2 ≦ V < V4), and at a vehicle speed V equal to or more than 0 and less than V3 (V2 ≦ V < V3) in the state in which the state of charge of the battery is in the zone BL or C, the above-described driving force reduction control and the above-described engine start control are performed in the motor start mode. And, the driving force reduction control and the engine start control in the motor start mode in this case are cancelled subject to stepping on the accelerator pedal by the vehicle driver (increase in accelerator opening). A threshold value of the accelerator opening at which the driving force reduction control and the engine start control are cancelled is set to be smaller as the state of charge of the battery is larger. In this way, no brake cooperative control is performed on the flat road or the downhill road. It is because the vehicle driver might feel a sense of incongruity about behaviors of the vehicle if the vehicle is stopped in the brake cooperative control while driving on the flat road or the downhill road, and the stoppage in this vehicle speed range occurs only when the vehicle driver steps on the brake pedal.

    [0062] Further, at a vehicle speed V equal to or more than V4 (V4 ≦ V) in the state in which the state of charge of the battery is in the zone BH and at a vehicle speed V equal to or more than V3 (V3 ≦ V) in the state in which the battery state of charge is in the zone BL or C, the engine 2 is started in the push-start mode. In this case also, as described above, changes in the CL start execution vehicle speed (V3, V4) depending on the state of charge (SOC) of the battery narrows down the execution range for the driving force reduction control to a maximum extent.

    [0063] As described above, the hybrid vehicle of the present embodiment includes the engine 2 and the motor (electric motor) 3 as the driving sources, the transmission 4 that can change speed of a mechanical power from the engine 2 and the motor 3 to be transmitted to the driving wheels WR, WL side, and the ECU (control means) 10 for controlling a vehicle driving using the transmission 4. As a transmission route of a driving force, the transmission 4 includes the first transmission route between the engine 2 and the driving wheels WR, WL, the second transmission route between the motor 3 and the driving wheels WR, WL, and the third transmission route between the motor 3 and the engine 2. And, as a mode for starting the engine 2 during the motor single driving, which is a vehicle driving only using the motor 3 as the driving source, the hybrid vehicle can set the two modes. One is the push-start mode in which the driving force from the driving wheels WR, WL is transmitted to the engine 2 via the first transmission route at a vehicle speed V equal to or more than a predetermined vehicle speed, thereby starting the engine 2. The other is the motor start mode in which the engine 2 is started using the driving force of the motor 3 via the third transmission route at a vehicle speed V equal to or less than the predetermined vehicle speed, as well as in the stopped state. And, at a vehicle speed V out of a vehicle speed range in which either one of the push-start mode or the motor start mode is executable (0 <V <V3 or V4) when a start command of the engine 2 occurs in driving only using the motor 3 as the driving source, the driving force reduction control is performed for reducing the driving force transmitted to the driving wheels WR, WL from the motor 3.

    [0064] According to the hybrid vehicle in accordance with the present invention, on one hand, the push-start mode in which a driving force is transmitted from the driving wheels WR, WL to the engine 2 via the first transmission route to start the engine is executable only at a vehicle speed V equal to or more than the predetermined vehicle speed (equal to or more than V3 or V4). On the other hand, the motor start mode in which the engine 2 is started using the driving force of the motor 3 via the third transmission route is executable only at a vehicle speed V substantially in the stopped state. And, the vehicle speed range in which the engine 2 fails to start in the push-start mode and the motor start mode is limited to a relatively low-speed range in which, including a state of driving at an extremely low speed in a traffic congestion and a state of driving on a hill-climbing road at a low speed. Therefore, here, when the vehicle is driving at a vehicle speed V in such vehicle speed range, the control device performs a control to reduce the driving force transmitted to the driving wheels WR, WL of the vehicle from the motor 3 so as to shift from this vehicle speed range to another vehicle speed range. Accordingly, the control device promotes an increase in vehicle speed due to an increase in accelerator opening by the vehicle driver's stepping on the accelerator pedal or a decrease in vehicle speed by the vehicle driver's stepping on the brake, thereby increasing the vehicle speed up to the range in which the engine can start in the push-start mode, or reduce the vehicle speed down to the range in which the engine 2 can start in the motor start mode. Thus, shifting the engine 2 to the vehicle speed range in which the engine 2 can start can achieve an increase in timing for starting the engine 2, allowing to avoid a shortage of state of charge of the battery associated with the motor single driving.

    [0065] Further, in the hybrid vehicle provided with the twin clutch type transmission 4 of the above-described configuration, the push-start mode for starting the engine 2 during the motor single driving, which is the vehicle driving only using the motor 3 as the driving source, establishes either one of the gear positions of the second shifting mechanism G2 and engages the second clutch C2 in the state in which the vehicle is driving by transmitting the driving force from the motor 3 to the driving wheels WR, WL side via the first shifting mechanism G1, thereby transmitting the driving force from the driving wheels WR, WL to the engine 2 via the second shifting mechanism G2 and the second clutch C2 and consequently starting the engine 2. The motor start mode sets each of the gear positions of the first shifting mechanism G1 to neutral to engage the first clutch C1, thereby starting the engine 2 using the driving force of the motor 3.

    [0066] In addition, the hybrid vehicle of the present embodiment is configured to cancel the driving force reduction control at an accelerator pedal opening detected by the accelerator pedal opening sensor 31 equal to or more than a predetermined value while performing the driving force reduction control.

    [0067] If continuing the driving force reduction control at an accelerator opening equal to or more than the predetermined opening in response to an acceleration demand of the vehicle from the vehicle driver during the driving force reduction control, the vehicle driver might feel a sense of incongruity with a running condition of the vehicle such as an impression of being short of accelerated velocity of the vehicle. Therefore, at the accelerator opening equal to or more than the predetermined opening, the control device should cancel the driving force reduction control for preventing the driver from feeling the impression of being short of accelerated velocity.

    [0068] Further, in cancellation of the driving force reduction control, the hybrid vehicle of the present embodiment is configured to perform the driving force reduction control again at an accelerator pedal opening detected by the accelerator pedal opening sensor 31 less than a predetermined value.

    [0069] In other words, if the vehicle driver cancels or weakens stepping on the accelerator pedal after cancelling the driving force reduction control, the control means again preforms the driving force reduction control to press the vehicle driver to step on the accelerator pedal or the brake pedal. Due to this, the vehicle speed rises to the range in which the engine can start in the push-start mode or falls to the range in which the engine 2 can start in the motor start mode.

    [0070] Further, at a low vehicle speed equal to or less than the predetermined speed during the driving force reduction control, the control means performs the above-described brake cooperative control (braking the vehicle using the brake) and starts the engine in the motor start mode. At a low vehicle speed equal to or less than the predetermined vehicle speed, the control means starts the engine in the motor start mode while braking the vehicle in the brake cooperative control. This can prevent the vehicle from moving backward due to a decrease in vehicle speed caused by the driving force reduction control when the vehicle is driving on the hill-climbing road. The brake cooperative control here can impart a braking force to the vehicle (brake by wire) regardless of whether there is an operation by the vehicle driver, and therefore can do the same without the operation by the vehicle driver.

    [0071] In addition, the hybrid vehicle of the present embodiment starts the engine in the push-start mode at a vehicle speed equal to or more than a predetermined vehicle speed during the driving force reduction control.

    [0072] Furthermore, depending on a gradient of a road surface on which the vehicle is driving, the hybrid vehicle of the present embodiment expands a vehicle speed range that permits the engine start in the push-start mode, thereby prioritizing the engine start in the push-start mode. This can avoid a shortage of state of charge of the battery 30 during the motor single driving and also secure the vehicle driving.

    [0073] In addition, if the vehicle is judged to be driving on the hill-climbing road (if the gradient of the road surface on which the vehicle is driving is equal to or more than a predetermined value), the hybrid vehicle of the present embodiment performs the driving force reduction control. When judged to be driving on a flat road or a downhill road (if the gradient of the road surface on which the vehicle is driving is less the predetermined value), the hybrid vehicle has neither a risk of staying in the vehicle speed range in which the engine 2 fails to start in the above-described push-start mode and the above-described motor start mode, nor of moving backward due to an inertial force to the vehicle. Therefore, the hybrid vehicle is configured to perform the driving force reduction control only when judged to be driving on a hill-climbing road and shift to a vehicle speed range in which the motor start mode or the push-start mode is executable.

    [0074] Further, the hybrid vehicle of the present embodiment provides a predetermined delay time (delay timer) from a command to an execution of the driving force reduction control. Accordingly, providing the predetermined delay time (hysteresis) from the command to the execution of the driving force reduction control can prevent hunting of the driving force reduction control.

    [0075] In addition, the hybrid vehicle of the present embodiment is configured to issue a command for starting the engine 2 at a state of charge of the battery 30 detected by the state of charge detector 39 equal to or less than a predetermined value. According to this, starting the engine 2 at the state of charge of the battery 30 equal to or less than the predetermined value can securely avoid a shortage of state of charge of the battery 30 in the motor single driving and also secure the vehicle driving.

    [0076] While the embodiment of the invention has been described, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the foregoing embodiment. Rather, the invention can be modified to incorporate any number of variations or alterations within the scope of the claims. For example, in the above-described embodiment, the control in accordance with the present invention is performed on the basis of a vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed sensor and a gradient detected by the gradient sensor. In addition, the vehicle speed and the gradient of the road surface on which the vehicle is driving may be judged on the basis of information attainable from a car navigation system. Further, the concrete configuration of the driving device including the transmission 4 provided by the hybrid vehicle is one example. Accordingly, the driving device provided by the hybrid vehicle in accordance with the present invention may include another configuration than the above-described.


    Claims

    1. A control device for a hybrid vehicle (1), the control device comprising:

    an engine (2) and an electric motor (3) as driving sources;

    a driving device for changing speed of a mechanical power from the engine (2) and the electric motor (3), the mechanical power transmittable to a vehicle propelling shaft engaged with driving wheels (WR, WL);

    a control means for controlling a vehicle (1) driving using the driving device; and

    a vehicle speed detection means (36) for detecting a vehicle speed,

    wherein as transmission (4) routes of a driving force, the driving device has at least a first transmission route between the engine (2) and the driving wheels (WR, WL), a second transmission route between the electric motor (3) and the driving wheels and a third transmission route between the motor (3) and the engine (2),

    wherein as modes for starting the engine (2) in a motor single driving that is a vehicle driving only using the electric motor (3) as a driving source, a push-start mode and a motor start mode are executable, the push-start mode for transmitting a driving force from the driving wheels (WR, WL)to the engine (2) via the first transmission route at a vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means (36) equal to or more than a predetermined vehicle speed to start the engine (2), the motor start mode for starting the engine using a driving force of the electric motor (3) via the third transmission route at a vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means (36) equal to or less than another predetermined vehicle speed as well as in a stopped state, characterised in that the control means performs a driving force reduction control for reducing a driving force transmitted from the electric motor (3) to the driving wheels (WR, WL)of the vehicle (1) at a vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means (36) out of a vehicle speed range in which either of the push-start mode or the motor start mode is executable at an occurrence of a start command of the engine (2) in driving only using the electric motor (3) as the driving source.


     
    2. A control device for a hybrid vehicle (1) according to claim 1, wherein:

    the second transmission route comprises a first shifting mechanism for receiving to a first input shaft (IMS) a mechanical power from an output shaft (2a) of the engine (2) and the electric motor (3) and changing gears using either one of a plurality of gear positions, the mechanical power transmittable to a vehicle propeller shaft; the first transmission route comprises a second shifting mechanism for receiving to a second input shaft (SS) a mechanical power from an output shaft (2a) of the internal combustion engine (2) and changing gears using either one of the plurality of gear positions, the mechanical power transmittable to the vehicle propeller shaft; the control device further comprises:

    a first clutch (C1) that can engage between the output shaft (2a) of the engine (2) and the first input shaft (IMS);

    a second clutch (C2) that can engage between the output shaft (2a) of the engine (2) and the second input shaft (SS);

    wherein the push-start mode establishes either one of the gear positions of the second shifting mechanism and puts the second clutch (C2) in engagement in a state in which the vehicle (1) is driving while a driving force is being transmitted from the electric motor (3) to driving wheels (WR, WL) via the first shifting mechanism, thereby transmitting the driving force from the driving wheels (WR, WL) to the engine (2) via the second shifting mechanism and the second clutch (C2) to start the engine (2), and the motor start mode shifts any of the gear positions of the first shifting mechanism to neutral and puts the first clutch (C1) in engagement to start the engine (2) using the driving force of the electric motor (3).


     
    3. The control device for the hybrid vehicle (1) according to claim 1 or 2, the control device comprising an accelerator opening detection means (31) for detecting an accelerator opening, wherein the control means cancels the driving force reduction control at an accelerator pedal opening detected by the accelerator pedal opening detection means (31) equal to or more than a predetermined value during the driving force reduction control.
     
    4. The control device for the hybrid vehicle (1) according to claim 3, wherein the control means again performs the driving force reduction control at an accelerator opening detected by the accelerator opening detection means (31) less than the predetermined opening in cancellation of the driving force reduction control.
     
    5. The control device for the hybrid vehicle (1) according to claim 1 or 2, the control device comprising a breaking force imparting means for imparting a braking force to the vehicle,
    wherein at a low vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means (36) equal to or less than another predetermined value during the driving force reduction control, the control means brakes the vehicle (1) using the breaking force imparting means and starts the engine (2) in the motor start mode.
     
    6. The control device for the hybrid vehicle (1) according to anyone of claims 1 to 5, wherein the control device starts the engine (2) in the push-start mode at a vehicle speed detected by the vehicle speed detection means (36) equal to or more than the predetermined vehicle speed during the driving force reduction control.
     
    7. The control device for the hybrid vehicle (1) according to anyone of claims 1 to 6, the control device comprising a gradient detection means (35) for detecting a gradient of a road surface on which the vehicle (1) is driving,
    wherein depending on the gradient of the road surface on which the vehicle (1) is driving, the control device expands a vehicle speed range permitting an engine start in the push-start mode.
     
    8. The control device for the hybrid vehicle (1) according to anyone of claims 1 to 7, the control device comprising a gradient detection means (35) for detecting a gradient of a road surface on which the vehicle (1) is driving,
    wherein the control means performs the driving force reduction control at a gradient of the road surface detected by the gradient detection means equal to or more than a predetermined gradient.
     
    9. The control device for the hybrid vehicle (1) according to anyone of claims 1 to 8, wherein a predetermined delay time is provided from a command to an execution of the driving force reduction control using the control means.
     
    10. The control device for the hybrid vehicle (1) according to anyone of claims 1 to 9, the control device comprising:

    a capacitor (30) enabling to give and receive an electric power to and from the electric motor (3); and

    a state of charge detection means (39) for detecting a state of charge of the capacitor (30),

    wherein depending on the state of charge of the capacitor (30) detected by the state of charge detection means (39), the control means varies a vehicle speed range in which the push-start mode is executable.


     
    11. The control device for the hybrid vehicle (1) according to anyone of claims 1 to 10, the control device comprising:

    a capacitor (30) enabling to give and receive an electric power to and from the electric motor (3); and

    a state of charge detection means (39) for detecting a state of charge of the capacitor (30), wherein at a state of charge of the capacitor (30) detected by the state of charge detection means (39) equal to or less than a predetermined value, the control means issues an engine start command.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Steuervorrichtung für ein Hybridfahrzeug (1), wobei die Steuervorrichtung aufweist:

    einen Verbrennungsmotor (2) und einen Elektromotor (3) als Antriebsquellen;

    eine Antriebsvorrichtung zum Wechseln der Geschwindigkeit einer mechanischen Leistung von dem Verbrennungsmotor (2) und dem Elektromotor (3), wobei die mechanische Leistung auf eine Fahrzeugantriebswelle übertragbar ist, die mit Antriebsrädern (WR, WL) in Eingriff ist;

    eine Steuereinrichtung zum Steuern eines Fahrzeugs (1), das unter Verwendung der Antriebsvorrichtung fährt; und

    eine Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeitserfassungseinrichtung (36) zum Erfassen einer Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeit,

    wobei die Antriebsvorrichtung Übertragungsroute einer Antriebskraft wenigstens eine erste Übertragungsroute zwischen dem Verbrennungsmotor (2) und den Antriebsrädern (WR, WL), eine zweite Antriebsroute zwischen dem Elektromotor (3) und den Antriebsrädern und eine dritte Übertragungsroute zwischen dem Elektromotor (3) und dem Verbrennungsmotor (2) hat,

    wobei als Betriebsarten zum Starten des Verbrennungsmotors (2) in einem Elektromotor-Einzelantrieb, der ein Fahrzeugantrieb nur unter Verwendung des Elektromotors (3) als eine Antriebsquelle ist, eine Schubstartbetriebsart und eine Elektromotorstartbetriebsart ausführbar sind, wobei die Schubstartbetriebsart zum Übertragen einer Antriebskraft von den Antriebsrädern (WR, WL) über die erste Übertragungsroute auf den Verbrennungsmotor (2) bei einer von der Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeitserfassungseinrichtung (36) erfassten Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeit, die größer oder gleich einer vorgegebenen Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeit zum Starten des Verbrennungsmotors (2) ist, ist, wobei die Elektromotorstartbetriebsart zum Starten des Verbrennungsmotors unter Verwendung einer Antriebskraft des Elektromotors (3) über die dritte Übertragungsroute bei einer von der Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeitserfassungseinrichtung (36) erfassten Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeit, die kleiner oder gleich einer anderen vorgegebenen Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeit ist, ebenso wie in einem gestoppten Zustand ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet dass

    die Steuereinrichtung eine Antriebskraftverringerungssteuerung durchführt, um eine Antriebskraft, die von dem Elektromotor (3) auf die Antriebsräder (WR, WL) des Fahrzeugs (1) übertragen wird, bei einer von der

    Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeitserfassungseinrichtung (36) erfassten Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeit aus einem Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeitsbereich, in dem entweder die Schubstartbetriebsart oder der Elektromotorstartbetriebsart ausführbar ist, beim Auftreten eines Startbefehls für den Verbrennungsmotor (2) beim Antrieb nur unter Verwendung des Elektromotors (3) als die Antriebsquelle zu verringern.


     
    2. Steuervorrichtung für ein Hybridfahrzeug (1) nach Anspruch 1, wobei:

    die zweite Übertragungsroute aufweist:

    einen ersten Schaltmechanismus, damit eine erste Eingangswelle (IMS) eine mechanische Leistung von einer Ausgangswelle (2a) des Verbrennungsmotors (2) und

    des Elektromotors (3) empfängt und zum Wechseln von Gängen unter Verwendung einer von mehreren Gangpositionen, wobei die mechanische Leistung auf eine Fahrzeugantriebswelle übertragbar ist;

    die erste Übertragungsroute aufweist:

    einen zweiten Schaltmechanismus, damit eine zweite Eingangswelle (SS) eine mechanische Leistung von einer Ausgangswelle (2a) der Brennkraftmaschine (2) empfängt und zum Wechseln von Gängen unter Verwendung einer der mehreren Gangpositionen, wobei die mechanische Leistung auf die Fahrzeugantriebswelle übertragbar ist;

    die Steuervorrichtung ferner aufweist:

    eine erste Kupplung (Cl), die zwischen der Ausgangswelle (2a) des Verbrennungsmotors (2) und der ersten Eingangswelle (IMS) eingreifen kann;

    eine zweite Kupplung (C2), die zwischen der Ausgangswelle (2a) des Verbrennungsmotors (2) und der zweiten Eingangswelle (SS) eingreifen kann;

    wobei die Schubstartbetriebsart eine der Gangpositionen des zweiten Schaltmechanismus einrichtet und die zweite Kupplung (C2) in einem Zustand, in dem das Fahrzeug (1) fährt, während eine Antriebskraft von dem Elektromotor (3) über den ersten Schaltmechanismus auf Antriebsräder (WR, WL) übertragen wird, in Eingriff bringt, wodurch die Antriebskraft von den Antriebsrädern (WR, WL) über den zweiten Schaltmechanismus und die zweite Kupplung (C2) auf den Verbrennungsmotor (2) übertragen wird, um den Verbrennungsmotor (2) zu starten,

    und wobei die Elektromotorstartbetriebsart eine der Gangpositionen des ersten Schaltmechanismus auf Neutral schaltet und die erste Kupplung (C1) in Eingriff bringt, um den Verbrennungsmotor (2) unter Verwendung der Antriebskraft des Elektromotors (3) zu starten.


     
    3. Steuervorrichtung für ein Hybridfahrzeug (1) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Steuervorrichtung eine Gaspedalöffnungs-Erfassungseinrichtung (31) aufweist, um eine Gaspedalöffnung (31) zu erfassen,
    wobei die Steuereinrichtung die Antriebskraftverringerungssteuerung bei einer von der Gaspedalöffnungs-Erfassungseinrichtung (31) erfassten Gaspedalöffnung, die größer oder gleich einem vorgegebenen Wert ist, während der Antriebskraftverringerungssteuerung abbricht.
     
    4. Steuervorrichtung für ein Hybridfahrzeug (1) nach Anspruch 3, wobei die Steuereinrichtung die Antriebskraftverringerungssteuerung bei einer von der Gaspedalöffnungs-Erfassungseinrichtung (31) erfassten Gaspedalöffnung, die kleiner als die vorgegebene Öffnung beim Abbrechen der Antriebskraftverringerungssteuerung ist, erneut durchführt.
     
    5. Steuervorrichtung für ein Hybridfahrzeug (1) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei die Steuervorrichtung eine Bremskraft-Ausübungseinrichtung zum Ausüben einer Bremskraft auf das Fahrzeug aufweist,
    wobei die Steuereinrichtung bei einer von der Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeitserfassungseinrichtung (36) erfassten niedrigen Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeit das Fahrzeug (1) unter Verwendung der Bremskraft-Ausübungseinrichtung bremst und den Verbrennungsmotor (2) in der Elektromotorstartbetriebsart startet.
     
    6. Steuervorrichtung für ein Hybridfahrzeug (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei die Steuervorrichtung den Verbrennungsmotor (2) in der Schubstartbetriebsart bei einer von der Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeitserfassungseinrichtung (36) erfassten Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeit, die größer oder gleich der vorgegebenen Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeit während der Antriebskraftverringerungssteuerung ist, startet.
     
    7. Steuervorrichtung für ein Hybridfahrzeug (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die Steuervorrichtung eine Gradientenerfassungseinrichtung (35) zum Erfassen eines Gradienten einer Straßenoberfläche, auf der das Fahrzeug (1) fährt, aufweist, wobei die Steuervorrichtung abhängig von dem Gradienten der Straßenoberfläche, auf der das Fahrzeug (1) fährt, einen Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeitsbereich ausdehnt, der einen Verbrennungsmotorstart in der Schubstartbetriebsart erlaubt.
     
    8. Steuervorrichtung für ein Hybridfahrzeug (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei die Steuervorrichtung eine Gradientenerfassungseinrichtung (35) zum Erfassen eines Gradienten einer Straßenoberfläche, auf der das Fahrzeug (1) fährt, aufweist, wobei die Steuervorrichtung bei einem Gradienten der Straßenoberfläche, der von der Gradientenerfassungseinrichtung (35) erfasst wird, der größer oder gleich einem vorgegebenen Gradienten ist, die Antriebskraftverringerungssteuerung durchführt.
     
    9. Steuervorrichtung für ein Hybridfahrzeug (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, wobei unter Verwendung der Steuereinrichtung eine vorgegebene Verzögerungszeit von einem Befehl bis zu einer Ausführung der Antriebskraftverringerungssteuerung vorgesehen wird.
     
    10. Steuervorrichtung für ein Hybridfahrzeug (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, wobei die Steuervorrichtung aufweist:

    einen Kondensator (30), der ermöglicht, elektrische Leistung an den Elektromotor (3) zuzuführen und von ihm zu empfangen; und

    eine Ladezustandserfassungseinrichtung (39) zum Erfassen eines Ladezustands des Kondensators (30),

    wobei die Steuereinrichtung einen Fahrzeuggeschwindigkeitsbereich, in dem die Schubstartbetriebsart ausführbar ist, abhängig von dem Ladezustand des Kondensators (30), der von der Ladezustandserfassungseinrichtung (39) erfasst wird, variiert


     
    11. Steuervorrichtung für ein Hybridfahrzeug (1) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, wobei die Steuervorrichtung aufweist:

    einen Kondensator (30), der ermöglicht, elektrische Leistung an den Elektromotor (3) zuzuführen und von ihm zu empfangen; und

    eine Ladezustandserfassungseinrichtung (39) zum Erfassen eines Ladezustands des Kondensators (30),

    wobei die Steuereinrichtung bei einem Ladezustand des Kondensators (30), der von der Ladezustandserfassungseinrichtung (39) erfasst wird, der kleiner oder gleich einem vorgegebenen Wert ist, einen Verbrennungsmotorstartbefehl ausgibt.


     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de commande pour un véhicule hybride (1), le dispositif de commande comprenant :

    un moteur thermique (2) et un moteur électrique (3) en tant que sources d'entraînement ;

    un dispositif d'entraînement pour changer une vitesse d'une puissance mécanique du moteur thermique (2) et du moteur électrique (3), la puissance mécanique pouvant être transmise à un arbre de propulsion de véhicule en prise avec des roues d'entraînement (WR, WL) ;

    un moyen de commande pour commander un véhicule (1) circulant en utilisant le dispositif d'entraînement ; et

    un moyen de détection de vitesse de véhicule (36) pour détecter une vitesse de véhicule,

    dans lequel en tant que trajets de transmission (4) d'une force d'entraînement, le dispositif d'entraînement a au moins un premier trajet de transmission entre le moteur thermique (2) et les roues d'entraînement (WR, WL), un deuxième trajet de transmission entre le moteur électrique (3) et les roues d'entraînement et un troisième trajet de transmission entre le moteur électrique (3) et le moteur thermique (2),

    dans lequel en tant que modes de démarrage du moteur thermique (2) dans un entraînement par moteur unique c'est-à-dire un véhicule circulant en utilisant uniquement le moteur électrique (3) en tant que source d'entraînement, un mode de démarrage par poussée et un mode de démarrage moteur sont exécutables, le mode de démarrage par poussée servant à transmettre une force d'entraînement des roues d'entraînement (WR, WL) au moteur thermique (2) via le premier trajet de transmission à une vitesse de véhicule détectée par le moyen de détection de vitesse de véhicule (36) supérieure ou égale à une vitesse de véhicule prédéterminée pour démarrer le moteur thermique (2), le mode de démarrage moteur servant à démarrer le moteur thermique en utilisant une force d'entraînement du moteur électrique (3) via le troisième trajet de transmission à une vitesse de véhicule détectée par le moyen de détection de vitesse de véhicule (36) inférieure ou égale à une autre vitesse de véhicule prédéterminée ainsi que dans un état à l'arrêt, caractérisé en ce que le moyen de commande réalise une commande de réduction de force d'entraînement pour réduire une force d'entraînement transmise du moteur électrique (3) aux roues d'entraînement (WR, WL) du véhicule (1) à une vitesse de véhicule détectée par le moyen de détection de vitesse de véhicule (36) parmi une plage de vitesses de véhicule dans laquelle l'un ou l'autre du mode de démarrage par poussée ou du mode de démarrage moteur est exécutable lors d'une occurrence d'un ordre de démarrage du moteur thermique (2) pour circuler en utilisant uniquement le moteur électrique (3) en tant que source d'entraînement.


     
    2. Dispositif de commande pour un véhicule hybride (1) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel :

    le deuxième trajet de transmission comprend

    un premier mécanisme de boîte de vitesses pour recevoir dans un premier arbre d'entrée (IMS) une puissance mécanique provenant d'un arbre de sortie (2a) du moteur thermique (2) et du moteur électrique (3) et changer de vitesses en utilisant l'une ou l'autre d'une pluralité de positions de vitesse, la puissance mécanique pouvant être transmise à un arbre de propulsion de véhicule ;

    le premier trajet de transmission comprend

    un second mécanisme de boîte de vitesses pour recevoir dans un second arbre d'entrée (SS) une puissance mécanique provenant d'un arbre de sortie (2a) du moteur à combustion interne (2) et changer de vitesses en utilisant l'une ou l'autre de la pluralité de positions de vitesse, la puissance mécanique pouvant être transmise à l'arbre de propulsion de véhicule ;

    le dispositif de commande comprend en outre :

    un premier embrayage (C1) qui peut se mettre en prise entre l'arbre de sortie (2a) du moteur thermique (2) et le premier arbre d'entrée (IMS) ;

    un second embrayage (C2) qui peut se mettre en prise entre l'arbre de sortie (2a) du moteur thermique (2) et le second arbre d'entrée (SS) ;

    dans lequel le mode de démarrage par poussée établit l'une ou l'autre des positions de vitesse du second mécanisme de boîte de vitesses et met le second embrayage (C2) en prise dans un état dans lequel le véhicule (1) circule tandis qu'une force d'entraînement est transmise du moteur électrique (3) à des roues d'entraînement (WR, WL) via le premier mécanisme de boîte de vitesses, transmettant ainsi la force d'entraînement des roues d'entraînement (WR, WL) au moteur thermique (2) via le second mécanisme de boîte de vitesses et le second embrayage (C2) pour démarrer le moteur thermique (2), et le mode de démarrage moteur fait passer l'une quelconque des positions de vitesse du premier mécanisme de boîte de vitesses au point mort et met le premier embrayage (C1) en prise pour démarrer le moteur thermique (2) en utilisant la force d'entraînement du moteur électrique (3) .


     
    3. Dispositif de commande pour le véhicule hybride (1) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, le dispositif de commande comprenant un moyen de détection d'ouverture d'accélérateur (31) pour détecter une ouverture d'accélérateur,
    dans lequel le moyen de commande annule la commande de réduction de force d'entraînement à une ouverture de pédale d'accélérateur détectée par le moyen de détection d'ouverture de pédale d'accélérateur (31) supérieure ou égale à une valeur prédéterminée pendant la commande de réduction de force d'entraînement.
     
    4. Dispositif de commande pour le véhicule hybride (1) selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le moyen de commande réalise à nouveau la commande de réduction de force d'entraînement à une ouverture d'accélérateur détectée par le moyen de détection d'ouverture d'accélérateur (31) inférieure à l'ouverture prédéterminée lors de l'annulation de la commande de réduction de force d'entraînement.
     
    5. Dispositif de commande pour le véhicule hybride (1) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, le dispositif de commande comprenant un moyen de communication de force de freinage pour communiquer une force de freinage au véhicule,
    dans lequel, à une vitesse de véhicule faible détectée par le moyen de détection de vitesse de véhicule (36) inférieure ou égale à une autre valeur prédéterminée pendant la commande de réduction de force d'entraînement, le moyen de commande freine le véhicule (1) en utilisant le moyen de communication de force de freinage et démarre le moteur thermique (2) dans le mode de démarrage moteur.
     
    6. Dispositif de commande pour le véhicule hybride (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel le dispositif de commande démarre le moteur thermique (2) dans le mode de démarrage par poussée à une vitesse de véhicule détectée par le moyen de détection de vitesse de véhicule (36) supérieure ou égale à la vitesse de véhicule prédéterminée pendant la commande de réduction de force d'entraînement.
     
    7. Dispositif de commande pour le véhicule hybride (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, le dispositif de commande comprenant un moyen de détection de pente (35) pour détecter une pente d'une surface de route sur laquelle le véhicule (1) circule,
    dans lequel, selon la pente de la surface de route sur laquelle le véhicule (1) circule, le dispositif de commande agrandit une plage de vitesses de véhicule permettant un démarrage de moteur thermique dans le mode de démarrage par poussée.
     
    8. Dispositif de commande pour le véhicule hybride (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, le dispositif de commande comprenant un moyen de détection de pente (35) pour détecter une pente d'une surface de route sur laquelle le véhicule (1) circule,
    dans lequel le moyen de commande réalise la commande de réduction de force d'entraînement au niveau d'une pente de la surface de route détectée par le moyen de détection de pente supérieure ou égale à une pente prédéterminée.
     
    9. Dispositif de commande pour le véhicule hybride (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8, dans lequel un temps de retard prédéterminé est fourni à partir d'un ordre à une exécution de la commande de réduction de force d'entraînement en utilisant le moyen de commande.
     
    10. Dispositif de commande pour le véhicule hybride (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 9, le dispositif de commande comprenant :

    un condensateur (30) permettant de donner et de recevoir une puissance électrique au moteur électrique (3) et depuis celui-ci ; et

    un moyen de détection d'état de charge (39) pour détecter un état de charge du condensateur (30),

    dans lequel, selon l'état de charge du condensateur (30) détecté par le moyen de détection d'état de charge (39), le moyen de commande fait varier une plage de vitesses de véhicule dans laquelle le mode de démarrage par poussée est exécutable.


     
    11. Dispositif de commande pour le véhicule hybride (1) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 10, le dispositif de commande comprenant :

    un condensateur (30) permettant de donner et de recevoir une puissance électrique au moteur électrique (3) et depuis celui-ci ; et

    un moyen de détection d'état de charge (39) pour détecter un état de charge du condensateur (30), dans lequel à un état de charge du condensateur (30) détecté par le moyen de détection d'état de charge (39) inférieur ou égal à une valeur prédéterminée, le moyen de commande émet un ordre de démarrage de moteur thermique.


     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description