(19)
(11)EP 2 991 712 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
01.05.2019 Bulletin 2019/18

(21)Application number: 14792097.9

(22)Date of filing:  01.05.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
A61M 5/32(2006.01)
A61M 39/10(2006.01)
A61J 1/20(2006.01)
A61J 1/00(2006.01)
A61M 5/162(2006.01)
A61J 1/14(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/US2014/036294
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/179525 (06.11.2014 Gazette  2014/45)

(54)

ATTACHMENT DEVICE FOR MEDICAL FLUID CONTAINER

BEFESTIGUNGSVORRICHTUNG FÜR EINEN MEDIZINISCHEN FLÜSSIGKEITSBEHÄLTER

DISPOSITIF DE FIXATION POUR UN RÉCIPIENT DE FLUIDE MÉDICAL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 01.05.2013 US 201361818084 P
11.12.2013 US 201361914612 P

(43)Date of publication of application:
09.03.2016 Bulletin 2016/10

(73)Proprietor: Bayer Healthcare LLC
Whippany, NJ 07981-1544 (US)

(72)Inventors:
  • SCHRIVER, Ralph, H.
    Tarentum, PA 15084 (US)
  • DEDIG, James, A.
    Pittsburgh, PA 15220 (US)

(74)Representative: Browne, Robin Forsythe et al
Hepworth Browne 15 St Paul's Street
Leeds LS1 2JG
Leeds LS1 2JG (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A1-96/33769
DE-U1-202004 012 666
US-A- 5 542 712
US-A1- 2006 200 093
US-B2- 7 887 528
WO-A1-97/02853
FR-E- 84 684
US-A1- 2005 027 233
US-A1- 2006 200 093
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS



    [0001] This application claims priority to United States Provisional Patent Application No. 61/818,084, filed on May 1, 2013 and entitled "Attachment Device for Medical Fluid Container", and United States Provisional Patent Application No. 61/914,612, filed on December 11, 2013 and entitled "Attachment Device for Medical Fluid Container".

    BACKGROUND OF THE DISCLOSURE


    Field of the disclosure



    [0002] The present disclosure is directed to an attachment device for a medical container.

    Description of Related Art



    [0003] In many medical diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, a medical practitioner, such as a physician, injects a patient with a medical fluid. Such a medical fluid is typically stored in a medical container, such as a vial or a bag. In general, medical containers have an outlet port adapted for connection with an attachment device, such as a spike, such that the medical fluid from the container may be delivered to a patient via a fluid path set. The spike typically has a pointed tip operative for piercing a sealing membrane at the outlet port of the medical container. When the spike is inserted into the outlet port, the sealing membrane is pierced by the pointed tip and fluid from the container can flow from the outlet port to the patient via the fluid path set.

    [0004] In certain applications, it is important that a sterile connection is made between the container, the spike, and the fluid path set. Examples of areas where sterile connections are desirably made, include, without limitation, intravenous infusions, the processing of blood and its fractions, cell cultures, and the mixing of sterile solutions.

    [0005] Many types of spikes have been proposed within the prior art for use with various medical containers. Typically, when a new spike is inserted into the outlet port of the medical container, the medical practitioner must ensure that a sterile connection is made. Various types of sterilization techniques also have been suggested, alone or in conjunction with various spike connectors. The sterility of the initial connection of the spike with the medical container can be ensured, for example, by the design of the spike and the outlet port or by swabbing the spike and/or the outlet port with a sterilizing fluid, such as alcohol. Typical spikes are designed such that once the spike is inserted into the medical container, it can be easily removed therefrom. While it is desirable to discard the spike after each use, when the spike is used with multi-patient fluid path sets, the spike can be reused and connected to another medical container. However, each new connection between the spike and the outlet port of the medical container must be sterile. Because sterilization of the spike and/or the outlet port requires handling by a human operator, it is susceptible to human error. This can lead to a contaminated connection between the spike and the medical container and possible infection of one or more patients.

    [0006] While conventional spikes for medical containers are known in the medical field, improved attachment devices for medical containers continue to be in demand. Additionally, improved attachment devices for medical containers having a safety feature to prevent reuse of the attachment device are also desired in the medical field. WO97/02853 discloses an attachment device having a piercing pin with a removable perforating means which is separated as the device is detached.

    SUMMARY OF DISCLOSURE



    [0007] In view of the disadvantages of the existing spikes for medical containers, there is a need in the art for an improved attachment device that overcomes the deficiencies of the prior art. There is an additional need for an improved attachment device for a medical container that limits or prevents reuse of the attachment device. A further need exists in the art for an improved attachment device for a medical container having one or more elements adapted for preventing the withdrawal of the attachment element from the medical container after an initial connection is made.

    [0008] The invention is given in claim 1. Further embodiments are provided in the dependent claims.

    [0009] These and other features and characteristics of the attachment device for a medical container, as well as the methods of operation and functions of the related elements of structures and the combination of parts and economies of manufacture, will become more apparent upon consideration of the following description and the appended claims with reference to the accompanying drawings, all of which form a part of this specification, wherein like reference numerals designate corresponding parts in the various figures. It is to be expressly understood, however, that the drawings are for the purpose of illustration and description only. As used in the specification and the claims, the singular form of "a", "an", and "the" include plural referents unless the context clearly dictates otherwise.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0010] The invention is depicted in figures 10 to 15. The embodiments of figures 1 to 9 do not form a part of the invention.

    FIG. 1 is a front view of an attachment device in connection with a medical container and fluid path set.

    FIG. 2A is a front perspective view of an attachment device for a medical container in accordance with a first embodiment.

    FIG. 2B is a front view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 2A.

    FIG. 2C is a rear perspective view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 2A.

    FIG. 2D is a top view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 2A.

    FIG. 3A is a rear perspective view of an attachment device for a medical container in accordance with a second embodiment.

    FIG. 3B is a front view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 3A.

    FIG. 3C is a rear side view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 3A.

    FIG. 3D is a top view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 3A.

    FIG. 4A is a front perspective view of an attachment device for a medical container in accordance with a third embodiment.

    FIG. 4B is a front view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 4A.

    FIG. 5A is a side view of an attachment device for a medical container in accordance with a fourth embodiment.

    FIG. 5B is a rear perspective view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 5A.

    FIG. 6A is a front perspective view of an attachment device for a medical container in accordance with a fifth embodiment.

    FIG. 6B is a side view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 6A.

    FIG. 6C is a cross-sectional view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 6B.

    FIG. 7A is a front perspective view of an attachment device for a medical container in accordance with a sixth embodiment.

    FIG. 7B is a side view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 7A.

    FIG. 7C is a rear perspective view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 7A.

    FIG. 8A is a front perspective view of an attachment device for a medical container in accordance with a seventh embodiment.

    FIG. 8B is a side view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 8A.

    FIG. 9A is a front perspective view of an attachment device for a medical container in accordance with an eighth embodiment.

    FIG. 9B is a side view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 9A.

    FIG. 10 is a front perspective view of an attachment device for a medical container in accordance with the invention.

    FIG. 11 is an exploded view of the attachment device shown in FIG. 10.

    FIG. 12 is a cross-sectional view of a portion of the attachment device shown in FIG. 10.

    FIG. 13 is a perspective view of a base element of the attachment device shown in FIG. 10.

    FIG. 14 is a perspective view of a removable element of the attachment device shown in FIG. 10.

    FIG. 15 is a bottom perspective view of the removable element shown in FIG. 14.


    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



    [0011] For purposes of the description hereinafter, spatial orientation terms shall relate to the embodiment as it is oriented in the drawing figures. However, it is to be understood that the various embodiments of this disclosure may assume alternative variations and step sequences, except where expressly specified to the contrary. It is also to be understood that the specific devices and processes illustrated in the attached drawings, and described in the following specification, are simply exemplary. Hence, specific dimensions and other physical characteristics related to the embodiments disclosed herein are not to be considered as limiting.

    [0012] Referring to the drawings in which like reference characters refer to like parts throughout the several views thereof, the present disclosure is generally directed to an attachment device for a medical container, such as a bag, bottle or vial.

    [0013] Referring initially to FIG. 1, an embodiment of an attachment device 100 is shown. The attachment device 100, as described herein, is intended for connection to a medical container 102, as will be readily apparent to those skilled in the medical art. The medical container 102 desirably has a sealed interior for containing a powdered or liquid medicament. In one embodiment, the attachment device 100 is adapted for use with a bag-type medical container 102. However, this use is intended to be non-limiting and attachment device 100 has applications with all medical containers in general. For example, the attachment device 100 may be used with a vial or bottle having a piercable rubber septum sealing the vial interior.

    [0014] With continuing reference to FIG. 1, the medical container 102 includes a container body 104 having an interior volume at least partially filed with a powdered or liquid medicament (not shown). The medical container 102 further includes an outlet port 106 extending between the container interior and the container exterior. The outlet port 106 is adapted for connecting to the attachment device 100, as will be described herein. A sealing membrane 108 extends across the outlet port 106 for sealing the medical fluid within the interior volume of the medical container 102. For example, the sealing membrane 108 may be a resilient rubber septum configured for having an intimate sealing engagement with the attachment device 100 as the attachment device 100 is inserted from the container exterior to the container interior through the sealing membrane 108. Desirably, the sealing membrane 108 is flexible, inert, impermeable to fluid, and readily piercable by the attachment device 100. The sealing membrane 108 may be breakable by the attachment device 100. In another embodiment, the sealing membrane 108 may have a rubber septum with a tear-off seal (not shown), or the like.

    [0015] The attachment device 100 includes a body 110 having a pointed distal end 112 configured for extending through the membrane 108 of the medical container 102. The body 110 further includes a proximal end 114 configured for connecting to a fluid path set 116. In various embodiments, the fluid path set 116 may be a needleless syringe, IV tubing, or any other fluid transfer member for transferring medicament or other fluid to and from the medical container 102. The body 110 is generally hollow with a fluid channel 117 extending between the distal end 112 and the proximal end 114. The fluid channel 117 is configured for delivering the medicament between the interior of the medical container 102 and the fluid path set 116. The attachment device 100 is removably connectable to the fluid path set 116 using, for example, a Luer-type connector. In one embodiment, the attachment device 100 has a male-type fitting that is configured for connecting to a female-type fitting of the fluid path set 116. Alternatively, the attachment device 100 has a female-type fitting that is configured for connecting to a male-type fitting of the fluid path set 116.

    [0016] In one embodiment, the attachment device 100 is made from a plastic material, such as polypropylene, polyethylene, or other suitable biocompatible material. The material may be substantially rigid and is desirably medically inert. In other embodiments, the attachment device 100 is made from a metal material, such as stainless steel or other medically inert metal or metal alloy, to allow sterilization in an autoclave or a similar device. One of ordinary skill in the art will understand that the attachment device 100 may be made from any plastic or metal material, or a combination thereof, without being limited to the examples disclosed herein.

    [0017] With continuing reference to FIG. 1, at least one deflectable retaining element 126 projects from the body 110 of the attachment device 100 between the distal end 112 and the proximal end 114. The at least one deflectable retaining element 126 is configured for non-removably retaining the attachment device 100 with the medical container 102 after the attachment device 100 is connected to the medical container 102. In one embodiment, the at least one deflectable retaining element 126 engages a sidewall of the outlet port 106 such that the attachment device 100 can be inserted into the outlet port 106 but cannot be removed therefrom due to the at least one deflectable retaining element 126 engaging the sidewall of the outlet port 106. Alternatively, or in addition, the at least one retaining element 126 extends past the outlet port 106 into the interior volume of the medical container 102 such that the attachment device 100 can be inserted into the outlet port 106 but cannot be removed therefrom due to the at least one deflectable retaining element 126 being deflected away from the body 110. In another embodiment, the at least one deflectable retaining element 126 is configured to allow insertion of the attachment device 100 through the sealing membrane 108 but prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100 once inserted through the sealing membrane 108.

    [0018] With reference to FIGS. 2A-15, the attachment device 100 is illustrated in accordance with various embodiments, each of which will be described in greater detail herein.

    [0019] Referring to FIGS. 2A-2D, the attachment device 100a is shown in accordance with a first embodiment. The attachment device 100a includes a body 110a having a pointed distal end 112a configured for extending through the membrane 108 of the medical container 102 (shown in FIG. 1). The body 110a further includes a proximal end 114a configured for connecting to a fluid path set 116 (shown in FIG. 1). The body 110a is generally hollow with a fluid channel 117a extending between the distal end 112a and the proximal end 114a. The fluid channel 117a is configured for delivering the medical fluid between the interior of the medical container 102 and the fluid path set 116.

    [0020] The attachment device 100a is removably connectable to the fluid path set 116 using, for example, a Luer-type connector 118a. The Luer-type connector 118a on the attachment device 100a may be a male or female end configured for removable connection with the corresponding female or male end, respectively, on the fluid path set 116. One of ordinary skill in the art will understand that the Luer-type connector 118a may be replaced with any other known connector for connecting the attachment device 100a to the fluid path set 116.

    [0021] With continuing reference to FIGS. 2A-2D, the attachment device 100a further includes a gripping surface 120a having one or more ribs that facilitate handling of the attachment device 100a during insertion into the medical container 102. The gripping surface 120a is provided at the proximal end 114a. In one embodiment, the gripping surface 120a has at least one flattened portion to prevent rotation of the attachment device 100a during insertion through the membrane 108 or during connection to the fluid path set 116. The gripping surface 120a may be ergonomically shaped to conform to the shape of the user's fingers to facilitate handling of the attachment device 100a. A tab 122a may be provided distally of the gripping surface 120a to prevent accidental contamination of the attachment device 100a and/or distal portion of body 110a by contact with a non-sterilized surface. The tab 122a extends radially outward and substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the body 110a. The tab 122a may be removably attached or integrally formed with the attachment device 100a.

    [0022] The attachment device 100a further includes an auxiliary port 124a at the proximal end 114a. The auxiliary port 124a is adapted for connection to a syringe (not shown) or other fluid transfer device for injecting a second medical fluid into or withdrawing a medical fluid from the medical container 102 through the attachment device 100a. The auxiliary port 124a connects to the fluid channel 117a extending along the longitudinal length of the attachment device 100a. The auxiliary port 124a may be oriented substantially perpendicular to the fluid channel 117a or it may be inclined at an angle relative to the fluid channel 117a. In one embodiment, the auxiliary port 124a may have a piercable seal for sealing the auxiliary port 124a until the seal is pierced by the fluid transfer device. In other embodiments, auxiliary port 124a may include a removable cap element.

    [0023] As shown in FIGS. 2A-2D, the attachment device 100a includes at least one retaining element 126a adapted to prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100a from the outlet port 106 of the medical container 102. The at least one retaining element 126a includes at least one barb 128a extending radially outward from the body 110a. The at least one barb 128a extends around at least a part of the circumference of the body 110a. In one embodiment, the at least one barb 128a may extend around the entire circumference of the body 110a. The at least one barb 128a is angled relative to the longitudinal axis of the attachment device 100a such that the at least one barb 128a is pointed from the proximal end 114a toward the distal end 112a. The at least one barb 128a may be integrally formed with the body 110a. The at least one barb 128a is adapted to engage the sidewall of the outlet port 106 of the medical container 102 and to prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100a after the attachment device 100a is inserted into the medical container 102. Alternatively, or in addition, the at least one barb 128a is configured to allow insertion of the attachment device 100a through the sealing membrane 108 but prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100a once inserted through the sealing membrane 108.

    [0024] The at least one retaining element 126a further includes at least one deflectable retaining element 130a, for example in the form of an expandable tab, provided at the distal end 112a. One end of the at least one radially or outwardly deflectable retaining element 130a is connected to the body 110a while the other end of the at least one deflectable retaining element 130a is movable relative to the body 110a. The at least one deflectable retaining element 130a may be formed separately from the body 110a and subsequently attached thereto. Alternatively, the at least one deflectable retaining element 130a may be integrally formed with the body 110a. The at least one deflectable retaining element 130a is adapted to expand against the sidewall of the outlet port 106 or expand outside the outlet port 106 when the distal end 112a is inserted through the outlet port 106 and into the interior volume of the medical container 102. In an initial state, such as before being inserted through the membrane 108, the at least one deflectable retaining element 130a extends radially outward relative to the longitudinal length of the body 110a, as shown in FIGS. 2A-2D.

    [0025] The at least one deflectable retaining element 130a is adapted to prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100a after the attachment device 100a is inserted into the medical container 102. For example, the at least one deflectable retaining element 130a may be configured for being pressed or deflected against the body 110a during insertion of the attachment device 100a through the membrane 108 and to expand radially outward once the portion of the body 110a where the at least one deflectable retaining element 130a is provided passes through the membrane 108. When the attachment device 100a is advanced in an insertion direction (i.e., in a direction from the proximal end 114a toward the distal end 112a), the at least one deflectable retaining element 130a is configured to be deflected radially inward toward the body 110a as it is passed through the membrane 108. When the attachment device 100a is retracted in a withdrawal direction (i.e., in a direction from the distal end 112a toward the proximal end 114a), the at least one deflectable retaining element 130a is configured to be deflected radially outward away from the body 110a. Because the at least one deflectable retaining element 130a is pointed from the proximal end 114a toward the distal end 112a, withdrawal of the attachment device 100a from the membrane 108 is prevented. The at least one deflectable retaining element 130a deflects radially outward such that it cannot be passed through the same opening through which the body 110a is inserted into the membrane 108. In certain embodiments, a recess 134a may be provided on an outer sidewall of the body 110a to receive the at least one deflectable retaining element 130a during insertion of the attachment device 100a through the membrane 108. In this manner, the body 110a has a substantially tubular shape to facilitate insertion through the membrane 108. In one embodiment, a pair of opposing deflectable retaining element 130a may be provided. While the at least one deflectable retaining element 130a is shown in FIGS. 2A-2D as being located distally from the at least one barb 128a, in an alternative embodiment, the at least one deflectable retaining element 130a may be provided proximally relative to the at least one barb 128a.

    [0026] With reference to FIG. 2C, the attachment device 100a may have a second fluid channel 119a that extends from the proximal end 114a through a portion of the body 110a. The second fluid channel 119a may be an air inlet channel that allows the void created by a departing fluid to be replaced with outside air. The second fluid channel 119a may have an air filter (not shown) to allow air to pass therethrough while preventing the passage of liquid. The second fluid channel 119a may extend through a depression 136a provided on a central portion of the body 110a. In one embodiment, the second fluid channel 119a is substantially parallel to the fluid channel 117a.

    [0027] Referring to FIGS. 3A-3D, the attachment device 100b is shown in accordance with a second embodiment. The attachment device 100b is substantially similar to the attachment device 100a described with reference to FIGS. 2A-2D above. Reference numerals 110b-124b in FIGS. 3A-3D are used to illustrate equivalent components as reference numerals 110a-124a in FIGS. 2A-2D. The retaining element 126b includes at least one deflectable retaining element 130b, for example in the form of an expandable tab, provided at the distal end 112b. Similar to the at least one deflectable retaining element 130a shown in FIGS. 2A-2D, one end of the at least one deflectable retaining element 130b is connected to the body 110b while the other end of the at least one deflectable retaining element 130b is movable radially or outwardly movable or expandable relative to the body 110b. The at least one deflectable retaining element 130b is adapted to prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100b after the attachment device 100b is inserted into the medical container 102 (shown in FIG. 1). For example, the at least one deflectable retaining element 130b may be configured for being pressed or deflected against the body 110b during insertion of the attachment device 100b through the membrane 108 (shown in FIG. 1) and to expand radially outward once the portion of the body 110b where the at least one deflectable retaining element 130b is provided passes through the membrane 108. Because the at least one deflectable retaining element 130b is pointed from the proximal end 114b toward the distal end 112b, withdrawal of the attachment device 100b from the membrane 108 is prevented. The at least one deflectable retaining element 130b deflects radially outward such that it cannot be passed through the same opening through which the body 110b is inserted into the membrane 108. In certain embodiments, a recess 134b may be provided on an outer sidewall of the body 110b to receive the at least one deflectable retaining element 130b during insertion of the attachment device 100b through the membrane 108. In this manner, the body 110b has a substantially tubular shape to facilitate insertion through the membrane 108. In one embodiment, a pair of opposing deflectable retaining element 130b may be provided.

    [0028] Referring to FIGS. 4A-4B, the attachment device 100c is shown in accordance with a third embodiment. The attachment device 100c is substantially similar to the attachment device 100a described with reference to FIGS. 2A-2D above. Reference numerals 110c-124c in FIGS. 4A-4B are used to illustrate equivalent components as reference numerals 110a-124a in FIGS. 2A-2D. The retaining element 126c includes at least one deflectable retaining element 130c, for example in the form of an expandable tab, provided on the body 110c substantially between the distal end 112c and the proximal end 114c. Similar to the at least one deflectable retaining element 130a shown in FIGS. 2A-2D, one end of the at least one deflectable retaining element 130c is connected to the body 110c while the other end of the at least one deflectable retaining element 130c is radially or outwardly movable relative to the body 110c. The at least one deflectable retaining element 130c is adapted to prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100c after the attachment device 100c is inserted into the medical container 102 (shown in FIG. 1). For example, the at least one deflectable retaining element 130c may be configured for being pressed or deflected against the body 110c during insertion of the attachment device 100c through the membrane 108 (shown in FIG. 1) and to expand radially outward once the portion of the body 110c where the at least one deflectable retaining element 130c is provided passes through the membrane 108. Because the at least one deflectable retaining element 130c is pointed from the proximal end 114c toward the distal end 112c, withdrawal of the attachment device 100c from the membrane 108 is prevented. The at least one deflectable retaining element 130c deflects radially outward such that it cannot be passed through the same opening through which the body 110c is inserted into the membrane 108. In certain embodiments, a recess 134c may be provided on an outer sidewall of the body 110c to receive the at least one deflectable retaining element 130c during insertion of the attachment device 100c through the membrane 108. In this manner, the body 110c has a substantially tubular shape to facilitate insertion through the membrane 108. In one embodiment, a pair of opposing deflectable retaining element 130c may be provided.

    [0029] Referring to FIGS. 5A-5B, the attachment device 100d is shown in accordance with a fourth embodiment. The attachment device 100d is substantially similar to the attachment device 100a described with reference to FIGS. 2A-2D above. Reference numerals 110d-124d in FIGS. 5A-5B are used to illustrate equivalent components as reference numerals 110a-124a in FIGS. 2A-2D. The retaining element 126d includes a single deflectable retaining element 130d, for example in the form of an expandable tab, provided at the distal end 112d. One end of the deflectable retaining element 130d is connected to the body 110d while the other end of the deflectable retaining element 130d is radially or outwardly movable or expandable relative to the body 110d. The deflectable retaining element 130d is adapted to prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100d after the attachment device 100d is inserted into the medical container 102 (shown in FIG. 1). For example, the deflectable retaining element 130d may be configured for being pressed or deflected against the body 110b during insertion of the attachment device 100d through the membrane 108 (shown in FIG. 1) and to expand radially outward once the portion of the body 110b where the deflectable retaining element 130d is provided passes through the membrane 108. Because the one deflectable retaining element 130d is pointed from the proximal end 114d toward the distal end 112d, withdrawal of the attachment device 100d from the membrane 108 is prevented. The deflectable retaining element 130a deflects radially outward such that it cannot be passed through the same opening through which the body 110d is inserted into the membrane 108. In certain embodiments, a recess 134d may be provided on an outer sidewall of the body 110d to receive the deflectable retaining element 130d during insertion of the attachment device 100d through the membrane 108. In this manner, the body 110d has a substantially tubular shape to facilitate insertion through the membrane 108.

    [0030] Referring to FIGS. 6A-6C, the attachment device 100e is shown in accordance with a fifth embodiment. The attachment device 100e is substantially similar to the attachment device 100a described with reference to FIGS. 2A-2D above. Reference numerals 110e-124e and 128e in FIGS. 6A-6C are used to illustrate equivalent components as reference numerals 110a-124a and 128a in FIGS. 2A-2D.

    [0031] With reference to FIG. 6C, the auxiliary port 124e connects to the fluid channel 117e extending along the longitudinal length of the attachment device 100e. The auxiliary port 124e may be oriented substantially perpendicular to the fluid channel 117e or it may be inclined at an angle relative to the fluid channel 117e. In one embodiment, the auxiliary port 124e may have a piercable seal for sealing the auxiliary port 124e until the seal is pierced by the fluid transfer device. The attachment device 100e may comprise a second fluid channel 119e that extends from the proximal end 114e through a portion of the body 110e. The second fluid channel 119e may be an air inlet channel that allows the void created by a departing fluid to be replaced with outside air. The second fluid channel 119e may have an air filter (not shown) to allow air to pass therethrough while preventing the passage of liquid. The second fluid channel 119e may extend through a depression 136e provided on a central portion of the body 110e.

    [0032] The attachment device 100e may further include a cap element 132e for selectively closing the auxiliary port 124e. The cap element 132e is configured for preventing access to the auxiliary port 124e when the cap element 132e is located in a closed position. In an open position, the cap element 132e is removed from the auxiliary port 124e such that the auxiliary port 124e may be accessed. The cap element 132e may be connected to at least a portion of the auxiliary port 124e, such as by a tether, to prevent the cap element 132e from being misplaced after it is removed from the auxiliary port 124e. Various embodiments of attachment devices 100a to 100i may also comprise an equivalent cap element for selectively closing auxiliary port 124a-124i.

    [0033] With further reference to FIGS. 6A-6C, the at least one retaining element 126e further includes four deflectable retaining elements 130e, for example in the form of expandable tabs, provided at the distal end 112e. Each of the deflectable retaining elements 130e has one end connected to the body 110e while the other end extends radially outward relative to the body 110e. The deflectable retaining elements 130e are adapted to expand against the sidewall of the outlet port 106 or expand outside the outlet port 106 when the distal end 112e is inserted through the outlet port 106 and into the interior volume of the medical container 102 (shown in FIG. 1). In an initial state, such as before being inserted through the membrane 108, the deflectable retaining elements 130e extend radially outward relative to the longitudinal length of the body 110e, as shown in FIGS. 6A-6C.

    [0034] Referring to FIGS. 7A-7C, the attachment device 100f is shown in accordance with a sixth embodiment. The attachment device 100f is substantially similar to the attachment device 100a described with reference to FIGS. 2A-2D above. Reference numerals 110f-124f in FIGS. 7A-7C are used to illustrate equivalent components as reference numerals 110a-124a in FIGS. 2A-2D. The at least one retaining element 126f includes a plurality of barbs 128f extending radially outward from the body 110f. Similar to the at least one barb 128a illustrated in FIGS. 2A-2D, each of the plurality of barbs 128f is angled relative to the longitudinal axis of the attachment device 100f such that the barbs 128f are pointed from the proximal end 114f toward the distal end 112f. The plurality of barbs 128f are separated such that one portion of the barbs 128f is located at the proximal end 114f while the other portion of the barbs 128f is located at the distal end 112f. The barbs 128f are adapted to engage the sidewall of the outlet port 106 of the medical container 102 and to prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100f after the attachment device 100f is inserted into the medical container 102 (shown in FIG. 1). With reference to FIG. 7C, the attachment device 100f has a second fluid channel 119f that extends from the proximal end 114f through a portion of the body 110f. The second fluid channel 119f may be an air inlet channel that allows the void created by a departing fluid to be replaced with outside air. The second fluid channel 119f may have an air filter (not shown) to allow air to pass therethrough while preventing the passage of liquid. The fluid channel 119f extends through a depression 136f provided on a central portion of the body 110f.

    [0035] Referring to FIGS. 8A-8B, the attachment device 100g is shown in accordance with a seventh embodiment. The attachment device 100g is substantially similar to the attachment device 100f described with reference to FIGS. 7A-7C above. Reference numerals 110g-124g in FIGS. 8A-8B are used to illustrate equivalent components as reference numerals 110f-124f in FIGS. 7A-7C. Whereas the plurality of barbs 128f in FIGS. 7A-7C are separated into groups between the distal and proximal ends, the plurality of barbs 128g in FIGS. 8A-8B extends along the entire length of the body 110g. The barbs 128g are adapted to engage the sidewall of the outlet port 106 of the medical container 102 and to prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100g after the attachment device 100g is inserted into medical container 102 (shown in FIG. 1).

    [0036] Referring to FIGS. 9A-9B, the attachment device 100h is shown in accordance with an eighth embodiment. The attachment device 100h is substantially similar to the attachment device 100a described with reference to FIGS. 2A-2D above. Reference numerals 110h-124h in FIGS. 9A-9B are used to illustrate equivalent components as reference numerals 110a-124a in FIGS. 2A-2D. The attachment device 100h includes at least one retaining element 126h adapted to prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100h from the outlet port 106 of the medical container 102 (shown in FIG. 1). The at least one retaining element 126h includes a plurality of barbs 128h extending radially outward from the body 110h. Each barb 128h extends around a portion of the circumference of the body 110h. Each barb 128h is angled relative to the longitudinal axis of the attachment device 100h such that each one barb 128h is pointed from the proximal end 114h toward the distal end 112h. The barbs 128h may be arranged in a plurality of rows offset along the longitudinal length of the body 110h. Additionally, the barbs 128h in each row may be spaced apart evenly or non-evenly around the circumference of the body 110h. The barbs 128h from one row may be aligned or offset relative to the barbs 128h in an adjacent row in a direction of the longitudinal length of the body 110h. The barbs 128h are adapted to engage the sidewall of the outlet port 106 of the medical container 102 and to prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100h after the attachment device 100h is inserted into the medical container 102. Alternatively, or in addition, the barbs 128h are configured to allow insertion of the attachment device 100h through the sealing membrane 108 but prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100h once inserted through the sealing membrane 108.

    [0037] With reference to FIG. 10, the attachment device 100i is shown in accordance with a ninth embodiment. The attachment device 100i includes a body 110i having a pointed distal end 112i configured for puncturing a sealing membrane 108 of a medical container 102 (shown in FIG. 1). The body 110i further includes a proximal end 114i configured for connecting to a fluid path set 116 (shown in FIG. 1). The body 110i is generally hollow with a first fluid channel 117i and a second fluid channel 119i (also shown in FIG. 12) extending between the distal end 112i and the proximal end 114i. The first fluid channel 117i is configured for delivering the medical fluid between the interior of the medical container 102 and the fluid path set 116. The second fluid channel 119i may be an air inlet channel that allows the void created by a departing fluid to be replaced with outside air.

    [0038] The attachment device 100i is removably connectable to the fluid path set 116 using, for example, a Luer-type connector 118i provided at the proximal end 114i. The Luer-type connector 118i on the attachment device 100i may be a male or female end configured for removable connection with the corresponding female or male end, respectively, on the fluid path set. One of ordinary skill in the art will understand that the Luer-type connector 118i may be replaced with any other known connector for connecting the attachment device 100i to the fluid path set 116.

    [0039] With continuing reference to FIG. 10, the attachment device 100i further includes a gripping surface 120i having one or more ribs that facilitate handling of the attachment device 100i during insertion into the medical container. The gripping surface 120i is provided at the proximal end 114i. In one embodiment, the gripping surface 120i has at least one flattened portion to prevent rotation of the attachment device 100i during insertion through the membrane 108 or during connection to the fluid path set 116. The gripping surface 120i may be ergonomically shaped to conform to the shape of the user's fingers to facilitate handling of the attachment device 100i. A tab 122i may be provided distally of the gripping surface 120i to prevent accidental contamination of the attachment device 100i by contact with a non-sterilized surface. The tab 122i extends radially outward and substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the body 110i.

    [0040] The attachment device 100i further includes an auxiliary port 124i at the proximal end 114i. The auxiliary port 124i is adapted for connection to a syringe (not shown) or other fluid transfer device for injecting a second medical fluid into or withdrawing a medical fluid from the medical container 102 through the attachment device 100i. The auxiliary port 124i connects to the fluid channel 117i extending along the longitudinal length of the attachment device 100i. The auxiliary port 124i may be oriented substantially perpendicular to the fluid channel 117i or it may be inclined at an angle relative to the fluid channel 117i. In one embodiment, the auxiliary port 124i may have a piercable seal for sealing the auxiliary port 124i until the seal is pierced by the fluid transfer device. The attachment device 100i may further include a cap element 132i for selectively closing the auxiliary port 124i.

    [0041] As shown in FIGS. 10-11, the attachment device 100i includes one or more removable elements 140i in a stackable, nested arrangement on a base element 142i. The base element 142i, shown in detail in FIG. 13, is substantially similar to the attachment device 100a described with reference to FIGS. 2A-2D. A first removable element 140i is positioned over the distal end 112i of the base element 142i and is retained thereon by a locking mechanism 144i (shown in FIGS. 12 and 14), as will be described in greater detail hereinafter. One or more additional removable elements 140i may be positioned over the distal end 112i of the first removable element 140i in a stacked, nested arrangement such that the one or more additional removable elements 140i cover at least a portion of the first removable element 140i.

    [0042] With reference to FIG. 12, a cross-sectional view of a plurality of stacked removable elements 140i is illustrated. The plurality of removable elements 140i are desirably nested together in an interlocking arrangement held together by the locking mechanism 144i provided between successive removable elements 140i. The locking mechanism 144i includes at least one barb 146i extending radially outward from the body of the removable element 140i and the base element 142i. The at least one barb 146i extends around at least a part of the circumference of the removable element 140i and the base element 142i. The at least one barb 146i is angled relative to the longitudinal axis of the attachment device 100i such that the at least one barb 146i is pointed from the proximal end 114i toward the distal end 112i. Each barb 146i includes a groove 148i that extends radially inward from an outer surface of the barb 146i and a tab 150i that extends radially inward from an inner surface of the barb 146i. Base member 142i further includes a groove 148i on barb 146i (see FIG. 13). The groove 148i of one removable element 140i or base member 142i is configured to receive the tab 150i of the removable element 140i stacked on top of the other removable element 140i or base member 142i and lock the removable elements 140i such that they cannot be separated without disengaging the tab 150i from the groove 148i.

    [0043] With continuing reference to FIGS. 10 and 12, each removable element 140i has at least one retaining element 126i adapted to prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100i from the outlet port 106 of the medical container 102. The at least one retaining element 126i includes at least one deflectable retaining element 130i, for example in the form of an expandable tab, provided at the distal end 112i. One end of the at least one radially or outwardly deflectable retaining element 130i is connected to the body of the removable element 140i while the other end of the at least one deflectable retaining element 130i is movable relative to the body of the removable element 140i. The at least one deflectable retaining element 130i is adapted to be deflected or collapsed against the body of a first removable element 140i when a second removable element 140i is stacked on the first removable element 140i. The at least one deflectable retaining element 130i is also adapted to expand against the sidewall of the outlet port 106 or expand outside the outlet port 106 when the distal end 112i is inserted through the outlet port 106 and into the interior volume of the medical container 102. The at least one deflectable retaining element 130i is adapted to prevent withdrawal of the attachment device 100i after the attachment device 100i is inserted into the medical container 102. In an initial state, such as before being inserted through the membrane 108, the at least one deflectable retaining element 130i extends radially outward relative to the longitudinal length of the body of the removable element 140i.

    [0044] After being inserted into the medical container 102, the at least one deflectable retaining element 130i at the most distal end of stacked retaining elements deflects in a radially outward direction if the attachment device 100i is attempted to be removed from the medical container 102. In this way, the at least one deflectable retaining element 130i prevents the removable element 140i from being withdrawn from the medical container 102. By pulling the attachment device 100i in a direction opposite to the insertion direction, the locking mechanism 144i between the most distal removable element 140i that is inserted into the medical container 102 and the next adjacent removable element 140i or base element 142i is disengaged to disconnect the attachment device 100i from the most distal removable element 140i that is inserted into the medical container. In this manner, the most distal removable element 140i is detached from the base element 142i and retained within the medical container 102. The locking mechanism 144i disengages when the tab 150i on the most distal removable element 140i that is inserted into the medical container 102 is disconnected from the groove 148i on the next adjacent removable element 140i or base element 142i. In this manner, the disconnected attachment device 100i can be reconnected with additional medical containers by inserting the next removable element 140i or the base element 142i into the container.

    [0045] As illustrated in FIGS. 12 and 14-15, the distal end of each removable element 140i includes a pointed tip 152i associated with the first fluid channel 117i and a flattened portion 154i associated with a second fluid channel 119i that is generally parallel to the first fluid channel 117i. The second fluid channel 119i may be an air inlet channel that allows the void created by a departing fluid to be replaced with outside air. The second fluid channel 119i may have an air filter (not shown) to allow air to pass therethrough while preventing the passage of liquid. When stacked together, the removable elements 140i are desirably arranged such that the pointed tip 152i of one removable element 140i is inserted into the pointed tip 152i of the adjacent removable element 140i. Similarly, the flattened portion 154i one removable element 140i abuts against the flattened portion 156i of the adjacent removable element 140i. Arranging the removable elements 140i in this manner assures that the first and second fluid channels 117i, 119i of one removable element 140i are aligned with the first and second fluid channels 117i, 119i of the adjacent removable element 140i.

    [0046] While various embodiments of the attachment device for a medical container were provided in the foregoing description, those skilled in the art may make modifications and alterations to these embodiments without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the claims. For example, it is to be understood that this disclosure contemplates that, to the extent possible, one or more features of any embodiment can be combined with one or more features of any other embodiment. Accordingly, the foregoing description is intended to be illustrative rather than restrictive.


    Claims

    1. An attachment device (100i) comprising:

    a body (110i) having a pointed distal end (112i) and a proximal end (114i) configured for connecting to a fluid path set (116);

    one or more removable elements (140i) configured to removably connect to the pointed distal end (112i) of the body (110i), the one or more removable elements (140i) having a distal end configured for extending through a membrane (108) of a medical container (102);

    at least one fluid channel (117i) extending along a longitudinal axis of the body (110i) and the one or more removable elements (140i), the at least one fluid channel (117i) configured for delivering a medical fluid between the medical container (102) and the fluid path set (116); and

    at least one retaining element (130i) projecting from each of the removable elements (140i); and

    a locking mechanism (144i) between the body (110i) and a first removable element (140i) and between successive removable elements (140i), the locking mechanism (144i) comprising at least one barb (146i) extending radially outward from the body (110i) and each of the removable elements (140i), each barb (146i) having a groove (148i) on an outer surface and a tab (150i) on an inner surface;

    wherein the at least one retaining element (130i) on a most distal removable element (140i) is configured for non-removably retaining the most distal removable element (140i) of the attachment device (110i) within the medical container (102) after the attachment device (110i) is connected to the medical container (102), while allowing disengagement and removal of the body (110i) and any proximal removable elements (140i).


     
    2. The attachment device (100i) of claim 1, wherein the one or more removable elements (140i) are stacked in a nested arrangement on the distal end (112i) of the body (110i).
     
    3. The attachment device (100i) of claim 1, wherein the groove (148i) of a first removable element (140i) is configured to receive the tab (150i) of a second removable element (140i) stacked on top of the first removable element (140i) and lock the removable elements (140i) such that they cannot be separated without disengaging the tab (150i) from the groove (148i).
     
    4. The attachment device (100i) of any preceding claim, wherein the at least one retaining element (130i) of the most distal removable element (140i) is deflectable toward the body (110i) when the attachment device (100i) is moved in an insertion direction through the membrane (108) of the medical container (102) and wherein the deflectable retaining element (130i) of the most distal removable element (140i) is deflectable away from the body (110i) when the attachment device (100i) is moved in a withdrawal direction through the membrane (108) such that the most distal removable element (140i) is detached from the body (110i) and retained within the medical container (102).
     
    5. The attachment device (100i) of any preceding claim, further comprising an air inlet channel to allow air flow into the medical container (102).
     
    6. The attachment device (100i) of claim 5, wherein the air inlet channel comprises an air filter configured to allow air to pass therethrough while preventing the passage of liquid.
     
    7. The attachment device (100i) of any preceding claim, further comprising a luer connector (118i) at the proximal end for connecting to the fluid path set (116).
     
    8. The attachment device (100i) of any preceding claim, wherein the one or more removable elements (140i) comprise a pointed tip (152i) and a flattened portion (154i).
     
    9. The attachment device (100i) of any preceding claim, wherein the most distal of the removable elements (140i) is detached from the attachment device (100i) upon removing the attachment device (100i) from the medical container (102).
     
    10. The attachment device (100i) of claim 9, wherein the disconnected attachment device (100i) can be reconnected with an additional medical container (102).
     
    11. The attachment device (100i) of any preceding claim, further comprising an auxiliary port (124i) at the proximal end of the attachment device (100i).
     
    12. The attachment device (100i) of any preceding claim, further comprising a gripping surface (120i) at the proximal end of the attachment device (100i), the gripping (120i) surface optionally including one or more radially outwardly extending ribs.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i), umfassend:

    einen Körper (110i) mit einem spitzen distalen Ende (112i) und einem proximalen Ende (114i) zur Verbindung mit einem Fluidwegset (116);

    ein oder mehrere entfernbare Elemente (140i), die zur lösbaren Verbindung mit dem spitzen distalen Ende (112i) des Körpers (110i) ausgelegt sind, wobei die ein oder mehreren entfernbaren Elemente (140i) ein distales Ende aufweisen, das dazu ausgelegt ist, sich durch eine Membran (108) eines medizinischen Behälters (102) zu erstrecken;

    mindestens einen Flüssigkeitskanal (117i), der sich entlang einer Längsachse des Körpers (110i) und der ein oder mehreren entfernbaren Elemente (140i) erstreckt, wobei der mindestens eine Flüssigkeitskanal (117i) zur Abgabe einer medizinischen Flüssigkeit zwischen dem medizinischen Behälter (102) und dem Fluidwegset (116) ausgelegt ist; und

    mindestens ein Rückhalteelement (130i), das von jedem der entfernbaren Elemente (140i) vorragt; und

    einen Verriegelungsmechanismus (144i) zwischen dem Körper (110i) und einem ersten entfernbaren Element (140i) und zwischen aufeinanderfolgenden entfernbaren Elementen (140i), wobei der Verriegelungsmechanismus (144i) mindestens einen Widerhaken (146i) umfasst, der sich vom Körper (110i) und jedem der entfernbaren Elemente (140i) radial nach außen erstreckt, wobei jeder Widerhaken (146i) eine Nut (148i) auf einer Außenseite und eine Lasche (150i) auf einer Innenseite aufweist;

    wobei das mindestens eine Rückhalteelement (130i) auf einem am weitesten distal liegenden entfernbaren Element (140i) dazu ausgelegt ist, das am weitesten distal liegende entfernbare Element (140i) der Befestigungsvorrichtung (110i) nicht entfernbar im medizinischen Behälter (102) zurückzuhalten, nachdem die Befestigungsvorrichtung (110i) mit dem medizinischen Behälter (102) verbunden wurde, während ein Lösen und Entfernen des Körpers (110i) und von proximalen entfernbaren Elementen (140i) erlaubt ist.


     
    2. Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die ein oder mehr entfernbaren Elemente (140i) in einer verschachtelten Anordnung auf dem distalen Ende (112i) des Körpers (110i) gestapelt sind.
     
    3. Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) nach Anspruch 1, wobei die Nut (148i) eines ersten entfernbaren Elements (140i) dazu ausgelegt ist, die Lasche (150i) eines zweitens entfernbaren Elements (140i), das auf dem ersten entfernbaren Element (140i) gestapelt ist, aufzunehmen und die entfernbaren Elemente (140i) so zu verriegeln, dass sie nicht getrennt werden können, ohne die Lasche (150i) von der Nut (148i) zu lösen.
     
    4. Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das mindestens eine Rückhalteelement (130i) des am weitesten distal liegenden Elements (140i) zum Körper (110i) umlenkbar ist, wenn die Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) in eine Einführrichtung durch die Membran (108) des medizinischen Behälters (102) bewegt wird und wobei das umlenkbare Rückhalteelement (130i) des am weitesten distal liegenden Elements (140i) vom Körper (110i) weg umlenkbar ist, wenn die Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) in eine Rückzugsrichtung durch die Membran (108) bewegt wird, so dass das am weitesten distal liegende Element (140i) vom Körper (110i) gelöst wird und im medizinischen Behälter (102) zurückgehalten wird.
     
    5. Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend einen Lufteinlasskanal, damit eine Luftströmung in den medizinischen Behälter (102) gelangen kann.
     
    6. Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) nach Anspruch 5, wobei der Lufteinlasskanal einen Luftfilter umfasst, der dazu ausgelegt ist, Luft durch ihn hindurch dringen zu lassen, während er Durchleiten von Flüssigkeit verhindert.
     
    7. Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend einen Luer-Verbinder (118i) am proximalen Ende zur Verbindung mit dem Fluidwegset (116).
     
    8. Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei die ein oder mehr entfernbaren Elemente (140i) ein spitzes Ende (152i) und einen abgeflachten Abschnitt (154i) umfassen.
     
    9. Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, wobei das distalste der entfernbaren Elemente (140i) beim Entfernen der Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) vom medizinischen Behälter (102) von der Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) gelöst wird.
     
    10. Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) nach Anspruch 9, wobei die gelöste Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) wieder mit einem zusätzlichen medizinischen Behälter (102) verbunden werden kann.
     
    11. Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend eine Hilfsanschlussöffnung (124i) am proximalen Ende der Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i).
     
    12. Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i) nach einem der vorhergehenden Ansprüche, ferner umfassend eine Grifffläche (120i) am proximalen Ende der Befestigungsvorrichtung (100i), wobei die Grifffläche (120i) fakultativ ein oder mehr sich radial auswärts erstreckende Rippen aufweist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Dispositif de fixation (100i) comprenant :

    un corps (110i) possédant une extrémité distale pointue (112i) et une extrémité proximale (114i) conçue pour être raccordée à un ensemble trajet de fluide (116) ;

    un ou plusieurs éléments amovibles (140i) conçus pour se raccorder de façon amovible à l'extrémité distale pointue (112i) du corps (110i), le ou les éléments amovibles (140i) possédant une extrémité distale conçue pour s'étendre à travers une membrane (108) d'un contenant médical (102) ;

    au moins un canal (117i) de fluide s'étendant le long d'un axe longitudinal du corps (110i) et du ou des éléments amovibles (140i), le ou les canaux (117i) de fluide étant conçus pour administrer un fluide médical entre le contenant médical (102) et l'ensemble trajet de fluide (116) ; et

    au moins un élément de retenue (130i) dépassant de chacun des éléments amovibles (140i) ; et

    un mécanisme de verrouillage (144i) entre le corps (110i) et un premier élément amovible (140i) et entre des éléments amovibles (140i) successifs, le mécanisme de verrouillage (144i) comprenant au moins une barbe (146i) s'étendant radialement vers l'extérieur depuis le corps (110i) et chacun des éléments amovibles (140i), chaque barbe (146i) possédant une rainure (148i) sur une surface externe et une languette (150i) sur une surface interne ;

    dans lequel le ou les éléments de retenue (130i) sur un élément amovible (140i) le plus distal sont conçus pour retenir de façon non amovible l'élément amovible (140i) le plus distal du dispositif de fixation (110i) dans le contenant médical (102) après que le dispositif de fixation (110i) est raccordé au contenant médical (102), tout en permettant la libération et le retrait du corps (110i) et des éléments amovibles (140i) proximaux.


     
    2. Dispositif de fixation (100i) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le ou les éléments amovibles (140i) sont empilés dans un agencement emboîté sur l'extrémité distale (112i) du corps (110i).
     
    3. Dispositif de fixation (100i) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la rainure (148i) d'un premier élément amovible (140i) est conçue pour accueillir la languette (150i) d'un second élément amovible (140i) empilé sur le haut du premier élément amovible (140i) et pour verrouiller les éléments amovibles (140i) de sorte qu'ils ne puissent pas se séparer sans libérer la languette (150i) de la rainure (148i).
     
    4. Dispositif de fixation (100i) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le ou les éléments de retenue (130i) de l'élément amovible (140i) le plus distal peuvent être déviés vers le corps (110i) lorsque le dispositif de fixation (100i) est déplacé dans une direction d'insertion à travers la membrane (108) du contenant médical (102) et dans lequel l'élément de retenue (130i) pouvant être dévié de l'élément amovible (140i) le plus distal peut être dévié à l'écart du corps (110i) lorsque le dispositif de fixation (100i) est déplacé dans une direction de retrait à travers la membrane (108) de sorte que l'élément amovible (140i) le plus distal soit détaché du corps (110i) et retenu dans le contenant médical (102).
     
    5. Dispositif de fixation (100i) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre un canal d'admission d'air permettant que de l'air s'écoule dans le contenant médical (102).
     
    6. Dispositif de fixation (100i) selon la revendication 5, dans lequel le canal d'admission d'air comprend un filtre à air conçu pour laisser l'air passer à travers celui-ci tout en évitant le passage de liquide.
     
    7. Dispositif de fixation (100i) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comprenant en outre un raccord Luer (118i) au niveau de l'extrémité proximale pour un raccordement à l'ensemble trajet de fluide (116).
     
    8. Dispositif de fixation (100i) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le ou les éléments amovibles (140i) comprennent un bout pointu (152i) et une partie aplatie (154i).
     
    9. Dispositif de fixation (100i) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel le plus distal des éléments amovibles (140i) est détaché du dispositif de fixation (100i) lors du retrait du dispositif de fixation (100i) du contenant médical (102).
     
    10. Dispositif de fixation (100i) selon la revendication 9, le dispositif de fixation (100i) détaché pouvant être fixé à nouveau à un contenant médical (102) supplémentaire.
     
    11. Dispositif de fixation (100i) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comportant en outre un orifice auxiliaire (124i) au niveau de l'extrémité proximale du dispositif de fixation (100i).
     
    12. Dispositif de fixation (100i) selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, comportant en outre une surface de préhension (120i) au niveau de l'extrémité proximale du dispositif de fixation (100i), la surface de préhension (120i) comprenant éventuellement une ou plusieurs nervures s'étendant radialement vers l'extérieur.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description