(19)
(11)EP 2 996 230 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
29.04.2020 Bulletin 2020/18

(21)Application number: 15183989.1

(22)Date of filing:  07.09.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H02K 37/18(2006.01)
H02K 37/04(2006.01)
H02K 3/18(2006.01)

(54)

STEPPER MOTOR

SCHRITTMOTOR

MOTEUR PAS À PAS


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 11.09.2014 JP 2014185535

(43)Date of publication of application:
16.03.2016 Bulletin 2016/11

(73)Proprietor: Sanyo Denki Co., Ltd.
Tokyo 170-8451 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • YODA, Yasushi
    Tokyo, 170-8451 (JP)
  • NAKATAKE, Kouji
    Tokyo, 170-8451 (JP)
  • OHASHI, Masaaki
    Tokyo, 170-8451 (JP)

(74)Representative: Mathys & Squire 
Mathys & Squire Europe LLP Theatinerstraße 7
80333 München
80333 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2008/153832
GB-A- 2 338 116
US-A1- 2010 033 048
GB-A- 2 262 843
US-A- 5 760 503
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    BACKGROUND


    1. Technical Field



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a stepper motor.

    2. Description of the Related Art



    [0002] Stepper motors are typically used as motors for precise positioning control in OA apparatuses and industrial apparatuses.

    [0003] A stepper motor includes a stator and a rotor. The rotor is rotatably supported on the inner side of the stator. In a hybrid-type stepper motor, windings are wound around magnetic pole teeth of the stator, and a permanent magnet is arranged in the rotor.

    [0004] In a stepper motor, current flows through the windings. This generates a rotating magnetic field, and rotates the rotor by a predetermined step angle. With a stepper motor, the step angle of rotation is determined by the number of poles of the stator and the rotor.

    [0005] In a stepper motor, normally, windings are wound around all the magnetic pole teeth of the stator. This results in a large number of coil winding steps. In recent years, various techniques have been proposed in the art relating to a winding structure of a stator of a stepper motor aiming at reducing the number of winding turns of a stepper motor.

    [0006] For example, JP-A-2009-60765 discloses a synchronous motor, in which a winding is wound around the back yoke for every other slot of the stator. Two teeth together forming a slot where a winding is wound are in phase with each other and of opposite polarities from each other.

    [0007] JP-A-2000-50610 discloses a permanent magnet-type stepper motor, in which adjacent salient poles of the stator are provided as a pair. These salient poles are integrally linked together by a linking member containing a magnetic material. A single driver winding is wound around the linking member of each pair.

    [0008] GB 2 262 843 A discloses a winding layout in doubly salient reluctance machines.

    [0009] GB 2 338 116 A discloses a stepper motor according to the preamble of claim 1.

    SUMMARY



    [0010] A stepper motor includes the features of the appended claim.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS



    [0011] 

    Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram showing a general configuration of a stepper motor of the present embodiment;

    Fig. 2 is a side view showing a rotor of the present embodiment;

    Fig. 3 is a plan view and a partial enlarged view showing the rotor of the present embodiment;

    Fig. 4 is a front view showing a stator of the present embodiment;

    Fig. 5A is a chart used to illustrate magnetic poles generated in the stator of the present embodiment;

    Fig. 5B is a diagram used to illustrate magnetic flux paths of the stepper motor of the present embodiment;

    Fig. 6 is a front view showing a stator having a typical winding structure;

    Fig. 7A is a chart used to illustrate magnetic poles generated in the stator of a typical stepper motor; and

    Fig. 7B is a diagram used to illustrate magnetic flux paths of the typical stepper motor.


    DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS



    [0012] In the following detailed description, for purpose of explanation, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the disclosed embodiment. It will be apparent, however, that said embodiment may be practiced without these specific details. In other instances, well-known structures and devices are schematically shown in order to simplify the drawing.

    [0013] As described above, in a typical stepper motor, windings are wound around all the magnetic pole teeth of the stator. This results in a large number of coil winding steps. Since windings are wound around all the magnetic pole teeth, there exist adjacent windings. This makes it difficult to efficiently utilize the occupied space of the winding. Moreover, the nozzle of an automatic coil winder is likely to interfere with adjacent windings, thereby possibly damaging the wire coating. Damaged wire coating leads to an insulation failure of the winding.

    [0014] JP-A-2009-60765 discloses a technique in which windings are wound not around magnetic pole teeth but around the back yoke. This complicates the winding process using an automatic coil winder.

    [0015] JP-A-2000-50610 discloses a technique in which pairs of salient poles adjacent to each other are linked together by a linking member, with a winding wound around the linking member of each pair. This increases the number of parts, thereby complicating the winding process using an automatic coil winder, as with the technique of JP-A-2009-60765.

    [0016] An object of the present disclosure is to provide a stepper motor with which it is possible to reduce the number of coil winding steps, to efficiently utilize the occupied space of the winding, thereby compensating for the lowering of the torque, and to prevent or reduce the insulation failure of the winding.

    [0017] A stepper motor (the present stepper motor) according to the embodiment of the present disclosure includes: a rotor including a rotor core and a permanent magnet, the rotor core including a plurality of teeth; and a stator arranged around the rotor while being spaced apart from the rotor and including a plurality of magnetic pole teeth, the magnetic pole teeth including a plurality of teeth and projecting toward the rotor. A winding is wound around every other magnetic pole tooth. A phase of the teeth of the magnetic pole teeth with no winding therearound is shifted from a phase of the teeth of the other magnetic pole teeth.

    [0018] According to the present stepper motor, a winding is wound around every other magnetic pole tooth, and it is therefore possible to reduce the number of coil winding steps. Since there exist no adjacent windings, it is possible to efficiently utilize the occupied space of the winding. Therefore, it is possible to compensate for the lowering of the torque due to reducing the number of winding turns. Moreover, the absence of adjacent windings prevents or reduces the damage of the wire coating due to interference with the nozzle of the automatic coil winder. As a result, it is possible to prevent or reduce the insulation failure of the winding.

    [0019] In addition, the phase of the teeth of magnetic pole teeth with no winding therearound is shifted from the phase of the teeth of the other magnetic pole teeth. Therefore, even though the present stepper motor has a winding structure in which the winding is wound around every other magnetic pole tooth, it is possible to ensure magnetic flux paths.

    [0020] A stepper motor of the present embodiment will now be described with reference to the drawings.

    [0021] In the stepper motor of the present embodiment, a winding is wound around every other magnetic pole tooth. Moreover, the phase of the teeth of the magnetic pole teeth with no winding therearound is shifted from the phase of the teeth of the other magnetic pole teeth. Therefore, according to the present embodiment, it is possible to realize a stepper motor with which it is possible to reduce the number of coil winding steps, to efficiently utilize the occupied space of the winding, thereby compensating for the lowering of the torque, and to prevent or reduce the insulation failure of the winding.

    [Configuration of stepper motor]



    [0022] First, referring to Figs. 1 to 4, a configuration of the stepper motor of the present embodiment will be described. Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram showing a general configuration of the stepper motor of the present embodiment. Fig. 2 is a side view showing a rotor of the present embodiment. Fig. 3 is a plan view and a partial enlarged view showing the rotor of the present embodiment. Fig. 4 is a front view showing a stator of the present embodiment.

    [0023] A stepper motor 100 illustrated in Fig. 1 is a 2-phase hybrid-type (HB-type) stepper motor. The stepper motor 100 includes a rotor shaft 1, a rotor 2, and a stator 3. The stator 3 is arranged around the rotor 2 while being spaced apart from the rotor 2.

    [0024] As shown in Figs. 1 to 3, the rotor 2 includes a permanent magnet 23, an upper rotor core 21, and a lower rotor core 22. The rotor cores 21 and 22 are provided around the rotor shaft 1 and are stacked on each other. The rotor cores 21 and 22 are each a metal member having a generally thick-walled cylindrical shape provided around the rotor shaft 1. The rotor shaft 1 serves as the center of rotation of the rotor 2.

    [0025] A plurality of teeth 21A arranged in an external gear configuration is formed on the outer circumference surface of the upper rotor core 21. A plurality of teeth 22A arranged in an external gear configuration is formed on the outer circumference surface of the lower rotor core 22. The teeth 21A and 22A are arranged equi-distantly or generally equi-distantly in the circumferential direction of the rotor cores 21 and 22, respectively. The teeth 21A and 22A are arranged so that the teeth 22A of the lower rotor core 22 are seen through between the teeth 21A of the upper rotor core 21 (see Fig. 3).

    [0026] For example, a silicon steel plate is used as a material of the rotor cores 21 and 22. Note however that the material of the rotor cores 21 and 22 is not limited to what is disclosed herein.

    [0027] The permanent magnet 23 is sandwiched between a pair of rotor cores 21 and 22, one above the other, in the axial direction. The permanent magnet 23 is, for example, disc-shaped (see Fig. 2). In the present example, the rotor cores 21 and 22 are magnetized by the permanent magnet 23 so that the upper rotor core 21 is the north pole whereas the lower rotor core 22 is the south pole. Regarding the material of the permanent magnet 23, a rare-earth magnet such as a neodymium magnet may be used, for example. Note however that the material of the permanent magnet 23 is not limited to what is disclosed herein.

    [0028] As shown in Figs. 1 and 4, the stator 3 includes a stator core 30, and windings 40.

    [0029] The stator core 30 is a metal member having a thick-walled cylindrical shape. The inner circumference surface of the stator core 30 has an internal gear configuration. The outer circumference surface of the stator core 30 has a generally octagonal shape. For example, the stator core 30 of the present example has a stack structure including thin plates that are stacked together. Note however that the stator core 30 may have a unit structure, or may include a pressed powder core.

    [0030] On the inner circumference side of the stator core 30, a plurality of magnetic pole teeth 31 is provided to project toward the rotor 2 (see Figs. 1 and 4). In the present example, the winding 40 is wound around every other magnetic pole tooth 31. Specifically, the winding 40 is wound around every other magnetic pole tooth 31 (i.e., four magnetic pole teeth 31a, 31c, 31e and 31g) of the eight poles of magnetic pole teeth 31. The base portion of each magnetic pole tooth 31 having the winding 40 therearound becomes a salient north or south pole when a current flows through the winding 40.

    [0031] A plurality of teeth 33 arranged in a gear configuration is projecting from the inner circumference surface of each magnetic pole tooth 31. In the present embodiment, the phase of the teeth 33 of a pair of magnetic pole teeth 31 (31b and 31f) with no winding 40 therearound is shifted from the phase of the teeth 33 of the other magnetic pole teeth 31 (31d and 31h) with no winding 40 therearound. Specifically, of the four magnetic pole teeth 31 (31b, 31d, 31f and 31h) with no winding 40 therearound, the phase of the teeth 33 of a pair of magnetic pole teeth 31 (31b and 31f) opposing each other is shifted by 180 degrees from the phase of the teeth 33 of the other pair of magnetic pole teeth 31 (31d and 31h). The present disclosure is not limited to this, and the phase of the teeth 33 of a pair of magnetic pole teeth 31 (31d and 31h) opposing each other may be shifted by 180 degrees from the phase of the teeth 33 of another pair of magnetic pole teeth 31 (31b and 31f).

    [0032] Defined between adjacent magnetic pole teeth 31 and 31 are a plurality of slots 34 extending radially so as to face the rotor 2. Each slot 34 is a space for accommodating the winding 40.

    [0033] Regarding the material of the stator core 30, a silicon steel plate may be used, for example. Note however that the material of the stator core 30 is not limited to what is disclosed herein.

    [0034] The winding 40 is wound around every other magnetic pole tooth 31 via an electrical insulating member (not shown), and is arranged in the slot 34. Regarding the material of the electrical insulating member, a synthetic resin such as phenol, nylon and PBT may be used, for example. Note however that the material of the electrical insulating member is not limited to what is disclosed herein.

    [Function of stepper motor]



    [0035] Next, the function of the stepper motor of the present embodiment will be described with reference to Figs. 1 to 7B.

    [0036] As shown in Figs. 1 to 4, the stator 3 of the stepper motor 100 of the present embodiment is provided so as to surround the rotor 2 while being spaced apart from the rotor 2. The stator core 30 includes a plurality of magnetic pole teeth 31 provided to project toward the rotor 2.

    [0037] In the present embodiment, the winding 40 is wound around every other magnetic pole tooth 31. In the stepper motor 100 illustrated in Fig. 1, the winding 40 is wound around every other magnetic pole tooth 31 (i.e., four magnetic pole teeth 31a, 31c, 31e and 31g) of the eight poles of magnetic pole teeth 31. Since the winding 40 is wound around every other magnetic pole tooth 31a, 31c, 31e and 31g, it is possible to reduce the number of coil winding steps. The winding 40 is not wound around the magnetic pole teeth 31b, 31d, 31f and 31h, which are adjacent to the magnetic pole teeth 31a, 31c, 31e and 31g around which the winding 40 is wound.

    [0038] Therefore, since it is possible to efficiently utilize the occupied space (or the space between the magnetic pole teeth 31) of the winding 40, it is possible to compensate for the lowering of the torque due to reducing the number of winding turns. Moreover, the absence of the winding 40 around the magnetic pole teeth 31b, 31d, 31f and 31h prevents or reduces the damage of the wire coating due to interference with the nozzle of the automatic coil winder. As a result, it is possible to prevent or reduce the insulation failure of the winding 40.

    [0039] The base portion of each magnetic pole tooth 31 around which the winding 40 is wound becomes a salient north or south pole depending on the direction in which a current flows through the winding 40. That is, the stepper motor 100 of the present embodiment is configured so that a current flows through the windings 40, thereby generating a rotating magnetic field, and rotating the rotor 2 by a predetermined step angle.

    [0040] For a clear understanding of the function of the stepper motor 100 of the present embodiment, magnetic flux paths of a winding structure of a typical stepper motor 200 will first be described.

    [0041] Referring to Figs. 6, 7A, and 7B, magnetic flux paths of the typical stepper motor 200 will be described as a comparative example. Fig. 6 is a front view showing a stator having a typical winding structure. Fig. 7A is a chart used to illustrate magnetic poles generated in the stator of the typical stepper motor. Fig. 7B is a diagram used to illustrate magnetic flux paths of the typical stepper motor. Note that in Fig. 7B, a stator 203 and a rotor 202 of the stepper motor are shown as being unfolded in the direction of rotation.

    [0042] The stator 203 of the stepper motor 200 of the comparative example shown in Fig. 6 includes eight poles of magnetic pole teeth 231 (231a to 231h). In the stepper motor 200 of the comparative example, windings 240 are wound around all of the eight poles of magnetic pole teeth 231. An upper rotor core 221 is magnetized to be the north pole, and a lower rotor core 222 is magnetized to be the south pole (see Figs. 7A and 7B).

    [0043] As shown in Figs. 6, 7A, and 7B, with the order of excitation (1), a current flows through the windings 240 of the magnetic pole teeth 231h to 231g so that they successively become a salient pole of SS-NN, SS-NN. Within each pair of magnetic pole teeth 231 (231a-231b, 231c-231d, 231e-231f and 231g-231h) where the north pole and the south pole are next to each other, a magnetic flux path R11 is formed extending from a magnetic pole tooth 231 of the north pole to a magnetic pole tooth 231 of the south pole through the rotor 202. Specifically, the magnetic flux path R11 for example extends from a tooth 233 of a magnetic pole tooth 231b of the north pole to a tooth 233 of a magnetic pole tooth 231a of the south pole through a tooth 222A of the lower rotor core 222 and a tooth 221A of the upper rotor core 221.

    [0044] Next, with the order of excitation (2), a current flows through the windings 240 of the magnetic pole teeth 231h to 231g so that they successively become a salient pole of NS-SN, NS-SN. Within each pair of magnetic pole teeth 231 (231h-231a, 231b-231c, 231d-231e and 231f-231g) where the north pole and the south pole are next to each other, a magnetic flux path R12 is formed extending from a magnetic pole tooth 231 of the north pole to a magnetic pole tooth 231 of the south pole through the rotor 202. Specifically, the magnetic flux path R12 for example extends from a tooth 233 of a magnetic pole tooth 231c of the north pole to a tooth 233 of the magnetic pole tooth 231b of the south pole through a tooth 222A of the lower rotor core 222 and a tooth 221A of the upper rotor core 221.

    [0045] Next, with the order of excitation (3), a current flows through the windings 240 of the magnetic pole teeth 231h to 231g so that they successively become a salient pole of NN-SS, NN-SS. Within each pair of magnetic pole teeth 231 (231a-231b, 231c-231d, 231e-231f and 231g-231h) where the north pole and the south pole are next to each other, a magnetic flux path R13 is formed extending from a magnetic pole tooth 231 of the north pole to a magnetic pole tooth 231 of the south pole through the rotor 202. Specifically, the magnetic flux path R13 for example extends from a tooth 233 of the magnetic pole tooth 231a of the north pole to a tooth 233 of the magnetic pole tooth 231b of the south pole through a tooth 222A of the lower rotor core 222 and a tooth 221A of the upper rotor core 221.

    [0046] Next, with the order of excitation (4), a current flows through the windings 240 of the magnetic pole teeth 231h to 231g so that they successively become a salient pole of SN-NS, SN-NS. Within each pair of magnetic pole teeth 231 (231h-231a, 231b-231c, 231d-231e and 231f-231g) where the north pole and the south pole are next to each other, a magnetic flux path R14 is formed extending from a magnetic pole tooth 231 of the north pole to a magnetic pole tooth 231 of the south pole through the rotor 202. Specifically, the magnetic flux path R14 for example extends from a tooth 233 of the magnetic pole tooth 231b of the north pole to a tooth 233 of the magnetic pole tooth 231c of the south pole through a tooth 222A of the lower rotor core 222 and a tooth 221A of the upper rotor core 221.

    [0047] Referring to Figs. 4, 5A, and 5B, magnetic flux paths of the stepper motor 100 of the present embodiment will be described. Fig. 5A is a chart used to illustrate magnetic poles generated in the stator of the present embodiment. Fig. 5B is a diagram used to illustrate magnetic flux paths of the stepper motor of the present embodiment. Note that in Fig. 5B, the stator 3 and the rotor 2 of the stepper motor 100 are shown as being unfolded in the direction of rotation.

    [0048] The stator 3 of the stepper motor 100 of the present embodiment shown in Fig. 4 includes eight poles of magnetic pole teeth 31. In the stepper motor 100 of the present embodiment, the windings 40 are wound around every other magnetic pole tooth 31 (31a, 31c, 31e and 31g) of eight poles of magnetic pole teeth 31. In the stepper motor 100 of the present embodiment, of the magnetic pole teeth 31b, 31d, 31f and 31h with no winding 40 therearound, the phase of the teeth 33 of the magnetic pole teeth 31b and 31f opposing each other is shifted by 180 degrees from the phase of the teeth 33 of the other magnetic pole teeth 31d and 31h with no winding 40 therearound. Moreover, the upper rotor core 21 is magnetized to be the north pole, and the lower rotor core 22 is magnetized to be the south pole (see Fig. 2).

    [0049] As shown in Figs. 4, 5A, and 5B, with the order of excitation (1), a current flows through the windings 40 of the magnetic pole teeth 31a, 31c, 31e and 31g having the windings 40 therearound so that they successively become a salient pole of S-N, S-N. The winding 40 is not wound around the magnetic pole teeth 31b, 31d, 31f and 31h. Therefore, for the magnetic pole teeth 31a-31c, 31c-31e, 31e-31g and 31g-31a having the windings 40 therearound, a magnetic flux path R1 is formed extending from a magnetic pole tooth 31 of the north pole to a magnetic pole tooth 31 of the south pole through the rotor 2. Specifically, the magnetic flux path R1 for example extends from a tooth 33 of the magnetic pole tooth 31c of the north pole to a tooth 33 of the magnetic pole tooth 31a of the south pole through a tooth 22A of the lower rotor core 22 and a tooth 21A of the upper rotor core 21.

    [0050] Next, with the order of excitation (2), a current flows through the windings 40 of the magnetic pole teeth 31a, 31c, 31e and 31g having the windings 40 therearound so that they all become the south pole. As the magnetic pole teeth 31a, 31c, 31e and 31g all become the south pole, the magnetic pole teeth 31b, 31d, 31f and 31h with no winding 40 therearound all become the north pole. Therefore, a magnetic flux path R2 is formed extending from a magnetic pole tooth 31 of the north pole to a magnetic pole tooth 31 of the south pole through the rotor 2. Specifically, the magnetic flux path R2 extends from a tooth 33 of the magnetic pole tooth 31b of the north pole to a tooth 33 of the magnetic pole tooth 31a of the south pole through a tooth 22A of the lower rotor core 22 and a tooth 21A of the upper rotor core 21.

    [0051] Next, with the order of excitation (3), a current flows through the windings 40 of the magnetic pole teeth 31a, 31c, 31e and 31g having the windings 40 therearound so that they successively become a salient pole of N-S, N-S. The winding 40 is not wound around the magnetic pole teeth 31b, 31d, 31f and 31h. Therefore, for the magnetic pole teeth 31a-31c, 31c-31e, 31e-31g and 31g-31a having the windings 40 therearound, a magnetic flux path R3 is formed extending from a magnetic pole tooth 31 of the north pole to a magnetic pole tooth 31 of the south pole through the rotor 2. Specifically, the magnetic flux path R3 extends from a tooth 33 of the magnetic pole tooth 31a of the north pole to a tooth 33 of the magnetic pole tooth 31c of the south pole through a tooth 22A of the lower rotor core 22 and a tooth 21A of the upper rotor core 21.

    [0052] Next, with the order of excitation (4), a current flows through the windings 40 of the magnetic pole teeth 31a, 31c, 31e and 31g having the windings 40 therearound so that they all become the north pole. As the magnetic pole teeth 31a, 31c, 31e and 31g all become the north pole, the magnetic pole teeth 31b, 31d, 31f and 31h with no winding 40 therearound all become the south pole. Therefore, a magnetic flux path R4 is formed extending from a magnetic pole tooth 31 of the north pole to a magnetic pole tooth 31 of the south pole through the rotor 2. Specifically, the magnetic flux path R4 extends from a tooth 33 of the magnetic pole tooth 31a of the north pole to a tooth 33 of the magnetic pole tooth 31b of the south pole through a tooth 22A of the lower rotor core 22 and a tooth 21A of the upper rotor core 21.

    [0053] That is, with the stepper motor 100 of the present embodiment, of the magnetic pole teeth 31b, 31d, 31f and 31h with no winding 40 therearound, the phase of the teeth 33 of the magnetic pole teeth 31b and 31f opposing each other is shifted by 180 degrees from the phase of the teeth 33 of the other magnetic pole teeth 31d and 31h. Therefore, even though the stepper motor 100 of the present embodiment has a winding structure in which the winding 40 is wound around every other magnetic pole tooth 31a, 31c, 31e and 31g, it is possible to ensure magnetic flux paths.

    [0054] Preferred embodiments of the present disclosure have been described above. However, the foregoing description is intended only for illustration of the present disclosure, and is not intended to limit the technical scope of the present disclosure to the foregoing embodiments. The technique of the present disclosure can be carried out in various modes different from the foregoing embodiments without deviating from the gist of the present disclosure.

    [0055] The present embodiment illustrates a 2-phase HB-type stepper motor as an example. However, the technique of the present disclosure is not limited to 2-phase stepper motors, but is applicable to stepper motors of any number of phases.

    [0056] In the present embodiment, the winding 40 is not wound around the magnetic pole teeth 31b, 31d, 31f and 31h, which are adjacent to the magnetic pole teeth 31a, 31c, 31e and 31g having the windings 40 therearound. Therefore, it is possible to increase the number of winding turns (or the volume of winding) for the magnetic pole teeth 31a, 31c, 31e and 31g.

    [0057] In the present embodiment, the phase of the teeth 33 of a pair of magnetic pole teeth 31 (31b and 31f) with no winding 40 therearound is shifted from the phase of the teeth 33 of the other magnetic pole teeth 31 (31d and 31h) with no winding 40 therearound. The present disclosure is not limited to this, and the phase of the teeth 33 of the magnetic pole teeth 31 with no winding 40 may be shifted from the phase of the teeth 33 of the other magnetic pole teeth 31 in the present embodiment.

    [0058] It can be said that the present disclosure relates to a stepper motor with improvements to the structure of the magnetic pole teeth of the stator and the winding structure around the magnetic pole teeth.

    [0059] A further example may be any of the first to third stepper motors below.

    [0060] A first stepper motor is a stepper motor including: a rotor including a permanent magnet sandwiched between rotor cores and including a plurality of teeth; and a stator arranged around the rotor while being spaced apart from the rotor, and including a plurality of magnetic pole teeth, the magnetic pole teeth including a plurality of teeth and projecting toward the rotor. A winding is wound around every other magnetic pole tooth, and a phase of the teeth of the magnetic pole teeth with no winding therearound is shifted from that of the teeth of the other magnetic pole teeth.

    [0061] In a second stepper motor according to the first stepper motor, of the magnetic pole teeth with no winding therearound, a phase of the teeth of a pair of magnetic pole teeth that are opposing each other is shifted by 180 degrees from that of the teeth of the other magnetic pole teeth.

    [0062] A third stepper motor includes a rotor, and a stator arranged around the rotor while being spaced apart from the rotor. The rotor has a permanent magnet sandwiched between rotor cores, and has a plurality of teeth. The stator includes a plurality of magnetic pole teeth, the magnetic pole teeth including a plurality of teeth and projecting toward the rotor. A winding is wound around every other magnetic pole tooth. A phase of the teeth of the magnetic pole teeth with no winding therearound is shifted from that of the teeth of the other magnetic pole teeth.

    [0063] The foregoing detailed description has been presented for the purposes of illustration and description. Many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching, within the scope of the appended claim.


    Claims

    1. A stepper motor comprising:

    a rotor (2) including a rotor core (21, 22) and a permanent magnet (23), the rotor core (21, 22) including a plurality of teeth (21A, 22A); and

    a stator (3) arranged around the rotor (2) while being spaced apart from the rotor (2) and including a plurality of magnetic pole teeth (31), the magnetic pole teeth (31) including a plurality of teeth (33) and projecting toward the rotor (2), wherein

    a winding (40) is wound around every other magnetic pole tooth (31),

    characterized in that

    a phase of the teeth (33) of a pair of magnetic pole teeth (31b, 31f) having no winding (40) therearound and opposing each other is shifted by 180 degrees_from a phase of the teeth (33) of the other magnetic pole teeth (31d, 31h) having no winding (40) therearound, and

    a phase of the teeth (33) of all magnetic pole teeth (31a, 31c, 31e, 31g) having the winding (40) therearound is the same as either the phase of the teeth (33) of the pair of magnetic pole teeth (31b, 31f) having no winding (40) and opposing each other, or the phase of the teeth (33) of the other magnetic pole teeth (31d, 31h) having no winding (40) therearound.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Ein Schrittmotor, der Folgendes umfasst:

    einen Rotor (2), der einen Rotorkern (21, 22) und einen Permanentmagneten (23), wobei der Rotorkern (21, 22) eine Vielzahl von Zähnen (21A, 22A) beinhaltet; und

    einen Stator (3), der um den Rotor (2) herum angeordnet ist, während er von dem Rotor (2) beabstandet ist, und eine Vielzahl von magnetischen Polzähnen (31) aufweist, wobei die magnetischen Polzähne (31) eine Vielzahl von Zähnen (33) beinhalten und zu dem Rotor (2) hin vorstehen, wobei

    eine Wicklung (40) um jeden zweiten Polzahn (31) herum gewickelt ist,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    eine Phase der Zähne (33) eines Paares magnetischer Polzähne (31b, 31f), die keine Wicklung (40) um diese herum aufweisen und einander gegenüberliegen, von einer Phase der Zähne (33) der anderen magnetischen Polzähne (31d, 31h), die keine Wicklung (40) um diese herum aufweisen, um 180 Grad verschoben ist und

    eine Phase der Zähne (33) von allen magnetischen Polzähnen (31a, 31c, 31e, 31g), die die Wicklung (40) um diese herum aufweisen, die gleiche wie die Phase der Zähne (33) des Paares magnetischer Polzähne (31b, 31f), die keine Wicklung (40) aufweisen und einander gegenüber liegen, oder die Phase der Zähne (33) der anderen magnetischen Polzähne (31d, 31h), die keine Wicklung (40) um diese herum aufweisen, ist.


     


    Revendications

    1. Moteur pas-à-pas comprenant :

    un rotor (2) incluant un noyau de rotor (21, 22) et un aimant permanent (23), le noyau de rotor (21, 22) incluant une pluralité de dents (21A, 22A) ; et

    un stator (3) agencé autour du rotor (2) tout en étant espacé du rotor (2) et incluant une pluralité de dents à pôle magnétique (31), les dents à pôle magnétique (31) incluant une pluralité de dents (33) et faisant saillie vers le rotor (2), dans lequel

    un bobinage (40) est enroulé autour de chaque dent à pôle magnétique (31) sur deux,

    caractérisé en ce que

    une phase des dents (33) d'une paire de dents à pôle magnétique (31b, 31f) n'ayant aucun bobinage (40) enroulé autour d'elles et opposées l'une à l'autre est décalée de 180 degrés à partir d'une phase des dents (33) des autres dents à pôle magnétique (31d, 31h) n'ayant aucun bobinage (40) enroulé autour d'elles, et

    une phase des dents (33) de toutes les dents à pôle magnétique (31a, 31c, 31e, 31g) ayant le bobinage (40) enroulé autour d'elles est la même que soit la phase des dents (33) de la paire de dents à pôle magnétique (31b, 31f) n'ayant aucun bobinage (40) et opposées l'une à l'autre, soit la phase des dents (33) des autres dents à pôle magnétique (31d, 31h) n'ayant aucun bobinage (40) enroulé autour d'elles.


     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description