(19)
(11)EP 3 001 274 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
10.07.2019 Bulletin 2019/28

(21)Application number: 14800899.8

(22)Date of filing:  23.05.2014
(51)Int. Cl.: 
A47J 27/21  (2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2014/078353
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/187372 (27.11.2014 Gazette  2014/48)

(54)

TEMPERATURE CONTROL APPARATUS AND LIQUID HEATER APPLYING THE APPARATUS

TEMPERATURSTEUERUNGSVORRICHTUNG UND FLÜSSIGKEITSERHITZER MIT ANWENDUNG DER VORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE RÉGULATION DE LA TEMPÉRATURE ET SES APPLICATIONS COMME DISPOSITIF DE CHAUFFAGE DE LIQUIDE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 23.05.2013 CN 201310196495
23.05.2013 CN 201320288840 U

(43)Date of publication of application:
30.03.2016 Bulletin 2016/13

(73)Proprietor: Guangdong Xinbao Electrical Appliances Holdings Co. Ltd.
Leliu Town, Shunde District Foshan Guangdong 528-300 (CN)

(72)Inventor:
  • GUO, Jiangang
    Foshan Guangdong 528300 (CN)

(74)Representative: Haseltine Lake Kempner LLP 
Redcliff Quay 120 Redcliff Street
Bristol BS1 6HU
Bristol BS1 6HU (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
WO-A2-2012/164318
CN-A- 101 354 981
CN-A- 101 727 112
GB-A- 2 410 615
CN-A- 1 300 519
CN-A- 101 634 865
CN-U- 203 311 286
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present disclosure relates to a thermosensitive temperature control apparatus, and in particular to a thermosensitive temperature control apparatus for use in a 360 degree rotary liquid heater. Further, the present disclosure relates to a liquid heater using the apparatus.

    Technical Background



    [0002] Liquid heater, in particular an electric kettle, usually requires a thermosensitive temperature control apparatus to control power-off protection of the liquid heater in the case of abnormal heating. The thermosensitive temperature control apparatus is usually mounted to an electric heater, so as to realize better thermal contact. According to market feedback on quality problems, when the product is first used, the performance is not influenced distinctly even when the product is still heated after water is dried. However, as the number of use increases, the heater would turn yellowish black due to slow temperature sensing, causing electric heating components to burn out. This is because the electric heater and the thermosensitive temperature control apparatus work under alternate cold and hot states, and inner stress and deformation of components mounted therein can be caused by the thermal shock. In this case, contact between the thermosensitive temperature control apparatus and the electric heater becomes under tightened due to the deformation. As a result, thermosensitivity of an overheating protection component is gradually reduced, rendering the product to fail and burn out. In design state, the thermosensitive temperature control apparatus is rigidly connected to the electric heater, and limit is realized through screw locking and a top surface of a support frame of the thermosensitive temperature control apparatus, so that a contact surface between the thermosensitive temperature control apparatus and the electric heater can become immobile after assembly. In the meantime, in order to eliminate bad contact caused by manufacture error, a product called "thermal conductive silicone grease" is usually coated on the thermalsensitive components in the thermosensitive temperature control apparatus in the existing technology, so that better thermal conduction can be realized. However, a temperature control apparatus and a heating tube of the electric kettle work in a misty environment, which is defined in safety standards as the third degree polluted environment, causing the "thermal conductive silicone grease" to age or dry. As a result, the sensing effect of the thermosensitive temperature control apparatus is influenced.

    [0003] Therefore, in order to avoid product safety problem due to this reason, the national safety standards GB4706.19 prescribes requirement for 100 times of thermal shock tests. However, the deformation is closely related to the production technology, and is difficult to control during manufacturing of the product or be noticed during use of the product by a consumer. The above defects are hidden and hard to prevent.

    [0004] CN101634865A discloses a thermal sensitive temperature control device applied to a liquid heater. The temperature control device is connected with a coupler by being provided with a shell and comprises at least a bimetal actuator, a blocking device, a manual resetting mechanism and a switch contact, wherein, the bimetal actuator is arranged to be well thermally contacted with the liquid heater after installation and opens the switch contact by the blocking device after the action of the bimetal actuator, the switch contact is kept opening all the time before the coupler is reset, and the blocking device and the bimetal actuator are provided with more than one contact part, thereby increasing the reliability and enlarging the force of the action of the bimetal actuator.

    Summary of the Invention



    [0005] Directed against the above problems, it is necessary to provide a safer, more reliable, and more implementable temperature control apparatus for use in a liquid heater according to the present disclosure.

    [0006] This is achieved by a temperature control apparatus as defined in claim 1.

    [0007] Further, the movable contact piece is disposed on the housing, and the fixed contact piece is disposed on the thermosensitive protective action component.

    [0008] Further, the thermosensitive protective action component is provided with a shaft and the housing is provided with shaft sleeve, and the thermosensitive protective action component is in shaft joint with the housing through coordination between the shaft and the shaft sleeve.

    [0009] Further, a sliding block is disposed on the thermosensitive protective action component and a slideway is disposed on the housing, wherein the sliding block is disposed in the slideway, so that the thermosensitive protective action component can move up and down relative to the housing.

    [0010] Further, the housing is provided with no fewer than two limiting ribs, and blocking ribs are disposed on the thermosensitive protective action component at positions corresponding to the limiting ribs, wherein the limiting ribs coordinate with the blocking ribs, so that the thermosensitive protective action component has no fewer than two limiting positions.

    [0011] Further, the elastomer is used for providing thrust to push the thermosensitive protective action component to a limiting position where it has good thermal contact with a temperature sensing surface of a liquid heater.

    [0012] Further, the movable contact piece is elastic, so as to provide elastic support needed by the switch contact set within a scope of movement of the thermosensitive protective action component.

    [0013] Further, the thermosensitive protective action component is provided with a positioning component, which is mounted near the metal actuator and used to bear force from the elastomer.

    [0014] In addition, a liquid heater is provided according to the present disclosure, comprising a container and a base configured and arranged to coordinate with and heat the container, wherein said temperature control apparatus is mounted in a bottom of the container.

    [0015] The housing and the thermosensitive protective action component of the temperature control apparatus according to the present disclosure are flexibly connected with each other, for example, in shaft joint or sliding joint, so that good thermal contact between the thermosensitive protective action component and a temperature sensing surface at a bottom of the container of the liquid heater can be guaranteed when deformation of the liquid heater occurs due to thermal shock, whereby reliability of temperature sensing can be ensured.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0016] The above is only an overview of the technical solution of the present disclosure. In order to describe the technical solution of the present disclosure more clearly, the accompanying drawings for illustrating the examples or the prior art will be described briefly.

    Fig. 1 schematically shows a structure of a temperature control apparatus according to a preferred example of the present disclosure,

    Fig. 2 schmatically shows a top view of the temperature control apparatus according to a preferred example of the present disclosure,

    Fig. 3 schmatically shows an inverted view of the temperature control apparatus according to a preferred example of the present disclosure,

    Fig. 4 schmatically shows a bottom view of the temperature control apparatus according to a preferred example of the present disclosure,

    Fig. 5 schematically shows a limiting position of a thermosensitive protective action component in the temperature control apparatus according to the present disclosure, and

    Fig. 6 schematically shows another limiting position of the thermosensitive protective action component in the temperature control apparatus according to the present disclosure.


    Detailed Description of the Embodiments



    [0017] In order to elaborate the technical solution for achieving a predetermined technical goal, the present disclosure will be clearly and comprehensively described in view of the accompanying drawings in the examples.

    [0018] As shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, a temperature control apparatus 100 according to a preferred example of the present disclosure is disposed at a bottom of a container of a liquid heater, such as an electric kettle, so that abnormal heating of the liquid heater can be promptly detected. The temperature control apparatus 100 comprises a housing 10, at least one set of thermosensitive protective action component 20, and a connecting component 30. The housing 10 and the thermosensitive protective action component 20 are flexibly connected with each other via the connecting component 30.

    [0019] The connecting component 30 can be a shaft connecting component 31, or a sliding connecting component 32, or any other component that can flexibly connect the housing 10 with the thermosensitive protective action component 20. In the present example, two sets of thermosensitive protective action component 20 are provided. One set of thermosensitive protective action component 20 is connected with the housing 10 through a shaft connecting component 31 (as shown in a left half portion of Fig. 1), and the other set of thermosensitive protective action component 20 is connected with the housing 10 through a sliding connecting component 32 (as shown in a right half portion of Fig. 1).

    [0020] As shown in the left half portion of Fig. 1, the shaft connecting component 31 comprises a shaft 311 disposed on the thermosensitive protective action component 20 and a shaft sleeve 312 disposed on the housing 10. The thermosensitive protective action component 20 and the housing 10 can rotate relative to each other through coordination between the shaft 311 and the shaft sleeve 312.

    [0021] The housing 10 is fixedly connected with a bottom of the container of the liquid heater. The housing 10 is provided with no fewer than two limiting ribs 11 protruding at a side thereof near the thermosensitive protective action component 20. The limiting ribs 11 coordinate with the thermosensitive protective action component 20, so that the thermosensitive protective action component 20 has limiting positions, the number of which corresponds to that of the limiting ribs 11. According to the present example, a first limiting rib 111 and a second limiting rib 112 are respectively disposed at an upper and a lower end of a side of the housing 10 that is near the thermosensitive protective action component 20. The first limiting rib 111 and the second limiting rib 112 are used to limit movement of the thermosensitive protective action component 20 within two limiting positions.

    [0022] The thermosensitive protective action component 20 comprises a metal actuator 21, an acting mechanism 22, a support frame 23 a switch contact set 24, and an elastomer 25.

    [0023] The metal actuator 21 and the acting mechanism 22 are both disposed on the support frame 23. The acting mechanism 22 can move up and down relative to the support frame 23, and the metal actuator 21 is in clearance fit with the acting mechanism 22. When the metal actuator 21 acts, the acting mechanism 22 contacts an acting side (not shown) of the metal actuator 21 and bears force, so that the acting mechanism 22 which is disposed on the support frame 23 can be driven to act.

    [0024] A convex column 231 is disposed on the support frame 23 at an end thereof opposite to the metal actuator 21. A groove (not shown) is formed on a bottom of the convex column 231 for coordinating with the elastomer 25. Blocking ribs 203 are disposed on the support frame 23 at positions corresponding to the limiting ribs 11. The blocking ribs 203 coordinate with the limiting ribs 11, so that the thermosensitive protective action component 20 has no fewer than two limiting positions. According to the present example, a first blocking rib 232 and a second blocking rib 233 are disposed on the support frame 23 at positions respectively corresponding to the first limiting rib 111 and the second limiting rib 112. The first blocking rib 232 and the second blocking rib 233 coordinate with the first limiting rib 111 and the second limiting rib 112, so that the thermosensitive protective action component 20 can be limited to move between the two limiting positions formed by the two limiting ribs 11.

    [0025] The acting mechanism 22 is used for enabling the switch contact set 24.

    [0026] The switch contact set 24 comprises a movable contact piece 241 and a fixed contact piece 242. The movable contact piece 241 is disposed on the housing 10 and extends towards the thermosensitive protective action component 20, and the fixed contact piece 242 is disposed on an end of the support frame 23 of the thermosensitive protective action component 20 that is opposite to the metal actuator 21. An end of the acting mechanism 22 that is opposite to the metal actuator 21 is in contact with the movable contact piece 241. The mvoable contact piece 241 has elasticity, and possesses certain precompression when in contact with the fixed contact piece 242, thereby providing elastic support needed by the switch contact set 24 in a scope of movement of the thermosensitive protective action component 20.

    [0027] The elastomer 25 is used for providing thrust for pushing the thermosensitive protective action component 20 to a limiting position where it can have good thermal contact with the temperature sensing surface of the liquid heater when the temperature control apparatus 100 is mounted or a temperature sensing surface of a liquid heater deforms.

    [0028] In view of Figs. 3 and 4, the elastomer 25 is a spring steel wire 252. Both ends (2521, 2522) of the spring steel wire 252 are fixedly connected to the housing 10, and an intermediate section 2523 thereof is disposed in the groove and fixedly connected to the support frame 23 of the thermosensitive protective action component 20.

    [0029] Fig. 1 shows a right half portion of the temperature control apparatus 100. The housing 10 is connected with the thermosensitive protective action component 20 via the sliding connecting component 32. The elastomer 25 can be a spring 251. The scope of movement of the thermosensitive protective action component 20 can be limited by the sliding connecting component 32.

    [0030] The thermosensitive protective action component 20 moves up and down relative to the housing 10 via the sliding connecting component 32. The sliding connecting component 32 comprises a slideway 321 disposed on the housing 10 and a sliding block 322 disposed on the thermosensitive protective action component 20. The slideway 321 is vertically arranged, and the sliding block 322 is disposed in the slideway 321 and able to slide for a predetermined distance along the slideway 321. The slideway 321 is in frictional contact with the sliding block 322.

    [0031] An end of the movable contact piece 241 stretches into the housing 10 and is fixedly connected with the housing 10, and an other end thereof abuts against the fixed contact piece 242. A cavity 12 is formed in the housing 10. A part of the mvoable contact piece 241 is accommodated in the cavity 12.

    [0032] As shown in Figs. 5 and 6, when the temperature control apparatus 100 is mounted, the elastomer 25 provides elastic force, so that the thermosensitive protective action component 20 is pushed to the limiting position (as shown in Fig. 5) where it has good thermal contact with the temperature sensing surface of the liquid heater. At this moment, the fixed contact piece 242 contacts the movable contact piece 241.

    [0033] When the temperature control apparatus 100 starts working, the metal actuator 21 acts and the acting mechanism 22 contacts the metal actuator 21 and bears force, so that the switch contact set 24 is disenabled, whereby the movable contact piece 241 can be separated from the fixed contact piece 242. When the temperature sensing surface of the liquid heater deforms, the elastomer 25 pushes the thermosensitive protective action component 20 to the position where it has good thermal contact with the temperature sensing surface of the liquid heater. In this case, defective tightness of the contact between the thermosensitive protective action component 20 and the temperature sensing surface caused by the deformation of the temperature sensing surface can be avoided, so that the liquid heater would not fail or burn out.

    [0034] Figs. 5 and 6 respectively show two limiting positions of the thermosensitive protective action component 20 relative to the housing 10. As shown in Fig. 5, when deformation in a shape of protrusions on both sides occurs on the temperature sensing surface relative to a mounting surface, the housing 10 is immobile relative to the temperature sensing surface, and the thermosensitive protective action component 20 is mobile. In this case, the thermosensitive protective action component 20 is pushed by the elastomer 25 to move upward relative to the housing 10, so that the deformation in the shape of protrusions on both sides of the temperature sensing surface can be compensated. Since the movable contact piece 241 is elastic, thereby providing elastic support needed by the switch contact set 24 within a scope (between two limiting positions) of movement of the thermosensitive protective action component 20. A touch point between the movable contact piece 241 and the fixed contact piece 242 changes position with the movement of the thermosensitive protective action component 20. However, requirement for quality of contact will not be influenced by the contact effect. Based on actual deformation, the limiting position can be adjusted to a suitable position, so that the temperature control apparatus 100 can be well adaptable. If the deformation is not beyond the limiting position, the temperature control apparatus 100 can still have good contact with the liquid heater, and protective performace of the temperature control apparatus 100 will not deteriorate. As shown in a left portion of Fig. 5, the thermosensitive protective action component 20 turns right relative to the housing 10, so that the first blocking rib 232 abuts against the first limiting rib 111. As shown in a right portion of Fig. 5, the thermosensitive protective action component 20 turns left relative to the housing 10, so that the sliding block 322 is placed at a highest position of the slideway 321, which is one of the limiting positions of the two sets of thermosensitive protective action component 20.

    [0035] As shown in Fig. 6, when deformation in a shape of concaves on both sides occurs on the temperature sensing surface relative to the mounting surface, the housing 10 is immobile relative to the temperature sensing surface, while the thermosensitive protective action component 20 is mobile. In this case, the thermosensitive protective action component 20 compresses the elastomer 25 downward relative to the housing 10, so that the deformation in the shape of concaves on both sides of the temperature sensing surface can be compensated. The movable contact piece 241 is elastic, thereby providing elastic support needed by the switch contact set 24 within a scope (between two limiting positions) of movement of the thermosensitive protective action component 20. A touch point between the movable contact piece 241 and the fixed contact piece 242 changes position with the movement of the thermosensitive protective action component 20. However, requirement for quality of contact will not be influenced by the contact effect. Accordingly, the elasticity of the movable contact piece 241 becomes larger, but it does not exceed an actuating force of the metal actuator 21 in actual manufacturing process. Therefore, an operation of the thermosensitive protective action component 20 will not be influenced. Based on actual deformation, the limiting position can be adjusted to a suitable position, so that the temperature control apparatus 100 can be well adaptable. If the deformation is not beyond the limiting position, the temperature control apparatus 100 still has good contact with the liquid heater, and protective performace of the temperature control apparatus 100 will not deteriorate. As shown in a left portion of Fig. 6, the thermosensitive protective action component 20 turns left relative to the housing 10, so that the first blocking rib 232 moves away from the first limiting rib 111, and the second blocking rib 233 abuts against the second limiting rib 112. As shown in a right portion of Fig. 6, the thermosensitive protective action component 20 moves downward relative to the housing 10, so that the sliding block 322 is placed at a lowest position of the slideway 321, which is the other limiting position of the two sets of thermosensitive protective action component 20. The two sets of thermosensitive protective action component 20 each can move relative to the housing 10 between the two limiting positions thereof.

    [0036] The thermosensitive protective action component 20 moves relative to the housing 10 as the deformation of the temperature sensing surface, and bears the pressure from the elastomer 25 all the time. However, in the existing process, the metal actuator 21 of the thermosensitive protective action component 20 cannot sustain much pressure, or else the sensitivity and active temperature of the metal actuator 21 will be influenced. According to an example of the present disclosure, the support frame 23 of the thermosensitive protective action component 20 is further provided with a positioning mechanism (not shown), which can be disposed near a cross head screw positioned at a tongue tip of the metal actuator 21 as shown in Fig. 2, for contacting a electric heating surface (i.e., the temperature sensing surface) and bearing pressure from the thermosensitive protective action component 20, so that the metal actuator 21 can be in contact with the electric heating surface, but is not under any force. As a result, the sensitivity and active temperature of the metal actuator 21 can be guaranteed unchanged.

    [0037] Therefore, the temperature control apparatus 100 according to the present disclosure has the following advantages as compared with the existing apparatus.

    [0038] First, as the housing 10 and the thermosensitive protective action component 20 according to the present disclosure are movably connected, when the liquid heater is deformed as a result of a thermal shock, a good thermal contact can be maintained between the thermosensitive protective action component 20 and a temperature sensing surface on a bottom of a container of the liquid heater, thus ensuring the reliability of temperature sensing.

    [0039] Second, the temperature control apparatus 100 can adapt to installation requirements of the temperature sensing surface with varying degrees of deformation, so that it can be more universally applied, whereby requirements for the precision of the liquid heater can be lowered, and process cost can be reduced accordingly.

    [0040] Further, the housing 10 of the temperature control apparatus is fixedly connected with the liquid heater, so that an overall strength of the liquid heater can be guaranteed. As a result, a mounting strength of the liquid heater can be improved, and requirements for higher connecting strength can be satisfied.

    [0041] The housing 10 and the thermosensitive protective action component 20 can be flexibly connected, so that a size of the temperature control apparatus 100 can be reduced under the condition that the mounting strength is not evidently changed, whereby resource consumption and costs can be reduced.

    [0042] The above embodiments are described only for better understanding, rather than restricting, the present disclosure. Any person skilled in the art can make amendments to the implementing forms or details without departing from the scope of the present disclosure. The scope of the present disclosure should still be subject to the scope defined in the claims.


    Claims

    1. A temperature control apparatus (100), comprising a housing (10) and at least one set of thermosensitive protective action component (20), wherein:

    the thermosensitive protective action component (20) comprises a metal actuator (21), an acting mechanism (22), and a switch contact set (24), the acting mechanism controlling an on-off state of the switch contact set, and the switch contact set comprising a movable contact piece (241) and a fixed contact piece (242);

    the temperature control apparatus (100) further comprises a connecting component (32), via which the housing (10) and the thermosensitive protective action component (20) are flexibly connected with each other;

    the thermosensitive protective action component (20) comprises an elastomer (25), a part of the elastomer (25) being fixed to the housing (10) and an other part thereof being fixed to the thermosensitive protective action component (20);
    the thermosensitive protective action component (20) further comprises a support frame (23), wherein the metal actuator (21) and the acting mechanism (22) are both disposed on the support frame (23) and the acting mechanism (22) can move up and down relative to the support frame (23);
    a convex column (231) is disposed on the support frame (23) at an end thereof opposite to the metal actuator (21) and a groove is formed on a bottom of the convex column (231) for coordinating with the elastomer (25); and
    the elastomer (25) is a spring steel wire (252), wherein both ends (2521, 2522) of the spring steel wire (252) are fixedly connected to the housing (10), and an intermediate section (2523) thereof is disposed in the groove and fixedly connected to the support frame (23) of the thermosensitive protective action component (20).
     
    2. The temperature control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the movable contact piece is disposed on the housing, and the fixed contact piece is disposed on the thermosensitive protective action component.
     
    3. The temperature control apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the thermosensitive protective action component is provided with a shaft (311) and the housing is provided with shaft sleeve (312), and the thermosensitive protective action component is in shaft joint with the housing through coordination between the shaft and the shaft sleeve.
     
    4. The temperature control apparatus according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein a sliding block (322) is disposed on the thermosensitive protective action component and a slideway (321) is disposed on the housing, wherein the sliding block is disposed in the slideway, so that the thermosensitive protective action component can move up and down relative to the housing.
     
    5. The temperature control apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the housing is provided with no fewer than two limiting ribs (11), and blocking ribs (203) are disposed on the thermosensitive protective action component at positions corresponding to the limiting ribs, wherein the limiting ribs coordinate with the blocking ribs, so that the thermosensitive protective action component has no fewer than two limiting positions.
     
    6. The temperature control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the elastomer is used for providing thrust to push the thermosensitive protective action component to a limiting position where it has good thermal contact with a temperature sensing surface of a liquid heater.
     
    7. The temperature control apparatus according to claim 2, wherein the movable contact piece is elastic, so as to provide elastic support needed by the switch contact set in a scope of movement of the thermosensitive protective action component.
     
    8. The temperature control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the thermosensitive protective action component is provided with a positioning component, which is mounted near the metal actuator and used to bear force from the elastomer.
     
    9. A liquid heater, comprising a container and a base configured and arranged to coordinate with and heat the container, wherein a temperature control apparatus (100) according to any one of claims 1 to 8 is mounted in a bottom of the container.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Temperatursteuerungsvorrichtung (100), welche ein Gehäuse (10) und wenigstens einen Satz einer temperaturempfindlichen Schutzaktionskomponente (20) umfasst, wobei:

    die temperaturempfindliche Schutzaktionskomponente (20) einen Metallaktuator (21), einen Wirkmechanismus (22) und einen Schalterkontaktsatz (24) umfasst, wobei der Wirkmechanismus einen Ein-Aus-Zustand des Schalterkontaktsatzes steuert und der Schalterkontaktsatz ein bewegliches Kontaktstück (241) und ein festes Kontaktstück (242) umfasst;

    die Temperatursteuerungsvorrichtung (100) ferner eine Verbindungskomponente (32) umfasst, über welche das Gehäuse (10) und die temperaturempfindliche Schutzaktionskomponente (20) flexibel miteinander verbunden sind;

    die temperaturempfindliche Schutzaktionskomponente (20) ein elastisches Element (25) umfasst, wobei ein Teil des elastischen Elements (25) an dem Gehäuse (10) befestigt ist und ein anderer Teil desselben an der temperaturempfindlichen Schutzaktionskomponente (20) befestigt ist;

    die temperaturempfindliche Schutzaktionskomponente (20) ferner einen Stützrahmen (23) umfasst, wobei der Metallaktuator (21) und der Wirkmechanismus (22) beide auf dem Stützrahmen (23) angeordnet sind und der Wirkmechanismus (22) sich relativ zu dem Stützrahmen (23) nach oben und unten bewegen kann;

    eine konvexe Säule (231) auf dem Stützrahmen (23) an einem Ende desselben, das dem Metallaktuator (21) gegenüberliegt, angeordnet ist und eine Rille an einer Unterseite der konvexen Säule (231) zum Zusammenwirken mit dem elastischen Element (25) ausgebildet ist; und

    das elastische Element (25) ein Federstahldraht (252) ist, wobei beide Enden (2521, 2522) des Federstahldrahtes (252) fest mit dem Gehäuse (10) verbunden sind und ein Zwischenabschnitt (2523) desselben in der Rille angeordnet und fest mit dem Stützrahmen (23) der temperaturempfindlichen Schutzaktionskomponente (20) verbunden ist.


     
    2. Temperatursteuerungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das bewegliche Kontaktstück an dem Gehäuse angeordnet ist und das feste Kontaktstück an der temperaturempfindlichen Schutzaktionskomponente angeordnet ist.
     
    3. Temperatursteuerungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, wobei die temperaturempfindliche Schutzaktionskomponente mit einer Welle (311) versehen ist und das Gehäuse mit einer Wellenhülse (312) versehen ist und die temperaturempfindliche Schutzaktionskomponente durch Zusammenwirken zwischen der Welle und der Wellenhülse in einer Wellenverbindung mit dem Gehäuse steht.
     
    4. Temperatursteuerungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1 oder Anspruch 2, wobei ein Gleitstück (322) an der temperaturempfindlichen Schutzaktionskomponente angeordnet ist und eine Gleitführung (321) an dem Gehäuse angeordnet ist, wobei das Gleitstück in der Gleitführung angeordnet ist, so dass die temperaturempfindliche Schutzaktionskomponente sich relativ zu dem Gehäuse nach oben und unten bewegen kann.
     
    5. Temperatursteuerungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 3, wobei das Gehäuse mit nicht weniger als zwei Begrenzungsrippen (11) versehen ist und Blockierrippen (203) an der temperaturempfindlichen Schutzaktionskomponente an Positionen angeordnet sind, die den Begrenzungsrippen entsprechen, wobei die Begrenzungsrippen mit den Blockierrippen zusammenwirken, so dass die temperaturempfindliche Schutzaktionskomponente nicht weniger als zwei Grenzpositionen aufweist.
     
    6. Temperatursteuerungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei das elastische Element verwendet wird, um Schub auszuüben, um die temperaturempfindliche Schutzaktionskomponente zu einer Grenzposition zu drücken, wo sie einen guten thermischen Kontakt mit einer Temperaturerfassungsfläche eines Flüssigkeitserhitzers hat.
     
    7. Temperatursteuerungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 2, wobei das bewegliche Kontaktstück elastisch ist, um so eine elastische Abstützung zu gewährleisten, die von dem Schalterkontaktsatz in einem Bewegungsbereich der temperaturempfindlichen Schutzaktionskomponente benötigt wird.
     
    8. Temperatursteuerungsvorrichtung nach Anspruch 1, wobei die temperaturempfindliche Schutzaktionskomponente mit einer Positionierungskomponente versehen ist, welche nahe dem Metallaktuator angebracht ist und verwendet wird, um Kraft von dem elastischen Element aufzunehmen.
     
    9. Flüssigkeitserhitzer, welcher einen Behälter und ein Unterteil, das dafür ausgelegt und angeordnet ist, mit dem Behälter zusammenzuwirken und ihn zu erwärmen, umfasst, wobei eine Temperatursteuerungsvorrichtung (100) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8 in einem Boden des Behälters angebracht ist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Appareil de régulation de la température (100), comprenant un boîtier (10) et au moins un composant thermosensible à action protectrice (20), dans lequel :

    le composant thermosensible à action protectrice (20) comprend un actionneur métallique (21), un mécanisme d'action (22), et un contacteur (24), le mécanisme d'action contrôlant un état de marche-arrêt du contacteur, et le contacteur comprenant une pièce de contact mobile (241) et une pièce de contact fixe (242) ;

    l'appareil de régulation de la température (100) comprend en outre un composant de raccordement (32), par lequel le boîtier (10) et le composant thermosensible à action protectrice (20) sont raccordés de façon flexible l'un à l'autre ;

    le composant thermosensible à action protectrice (20) comprend un élastomère (25), une partie de l'élastomère (25) étant fixée au boîtier (10) et une autre partie de celui-ci étant fixée au composant thermosensible à action protectrice (20) ;

    le composant thermosensible à action protectrice (20) comprend en outre un cadre de support (23), l'actionneur métallique (21) et le mécanisme d'action (22) étant tous deux disposés sur le cadre de support (23) et le mécanisme d'action (22) pouvant se déplacer vers le haut et le bas par rapport au cadre de support (23) ;

    une colonne convexe (231) est disposée sur le cadre de support (23) à une extrémité de celui-ci à l'opposé de l'actionneur métallique (21) et une rainure est formée sur un fond de la colonne convexe (231) pour se coordonner avec l'élastomère (25) ; et

    l'élastomère (25) est un fil d'acier à ressort (252), les deux extrémités (2521, 2522) du fil d'acier à ressort (252) étant raccordées de façon fixe au boîtier (10), et une section intermédiaire (2523) de celui-ci étant disposée dans la rainure et raccordée de façon fixe au cadre de support (23) du composant thermosensible à action protectrice (20).


     
    2. Appareil de régulation de la température selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la pièce de contact mobile est disposée sur le boîtier, et la pièce de contact fixe est disposée sur le composant thermosensible à action protectrice.
     
    3. Appareil de régulation de la température selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans lequel le composant thermosensible à action protectrice est pourvu d'un arbre (311) et le boîtier est pourvu d'une chemise d'arbre (312), et le composant thermosensible à action protectrice est en jonction d'arbre avec le boîtier par coordination entre l'arbre et la chemise d'arbre.
     
    4. Appareil de régulation de la température selon la revendication 1 ou la revendication 2, dans lequel un coulisseau (322) est disposé sur le composant thermosensible à action protectrice et une coulisse (321) est disposée sur le boîtier, le coulisseau étant disposé dans la coulisse, de telle sorte que le composant thermosensible à action protectrice peut se déplacer vers le haut et le bas par rapport au boîtier.
     
    5. Appareil de régulation de la température selon la revendication 3, dans lequel le boîtier est pourvu d'au moins deux nervures de limitation (11), et des nervures de blocage (203) sont disposées sur le composant thermosensible à action protectrice à des positions correspondant aux nervures de limitation, les nervures de limitation se coordonnant avec les nervures de blocage, de telle sorte que le composant thermosensible à action protectrice a au moins deux positions de limitation.
     
    6. Appareil de régulation de la température selon la revendication 1, dans lequel l'élastomère est utilisé pour fournir une poussée pour pousser le composant thermosensible à action protectrice jusqu'à une position de limitation où il a un bon contact thermique avec une surface de détection de la température d'un dispositif de chauffage de liquide.
     
    7. Appareil de régulation de la température selon la revendication 2, dans lequel la pièce de contact mobile est élastique, de manière à fournir un support élastique nécessaire au contacteur en vue d'un déplacement du composant thermosensible à action protectrice.
     
    8. Appareil de régulation de la température selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le composant thermosensible à action protectrice est pourvu d'un composant de positionnement, qui est monté près de l'actionneur métallique et utilisé pour supporter une force provenant de l'élastomère.
     
    9. Dispositif de chauffage de liquide, comprenant un récipient et un socle configuré et agencé pour se coordonner avec et chauffer le récipient, dans lequel un appareil de régulation de la température (100) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 8 est monté dans un fond du récipient.
     




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    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



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    Patent documents cited in the description