(19)
(11)EP 3 002 481 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
11.03.2020 Bulletin 2020/11

(21)Application number: 15186533.4

(22)Date of filing:  23.09.2015
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
F16H 3/22(2006.01)
F16H 3/16(2006.01)
F16H 55/17(2006.01)

(54)

SHIFTER GEAR

SCHALTHEBELGETRIEBE

ENGRENAGE DE DÉCALAGE


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 30.09.2014 JP 2014200012

(43)Date of publication of application:
06.04.2016 Bulletin 2016/14

(73)Proprietor: HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
Tokyo, 107-8556 (JP)

(72)Inventors:
  • FUJIMOTO, Yasushi
    SAITAMA, 351-0193 (JP)
  • MAKITA, Hiroyuki
    SAITAMA, 351-0193 (JP)
  • HIGASHI, Yasuhiro
    SAITAMA, 351-0193 (JP)
  • HIRAYAMA, Taku
    SAITAMA, 351-0193 (JP)

(74)Representative: Augarde, Eric 
Brevalex 56 Boulevard de l'Embouchure, Bât. B B.P. 27519
31075 Toulouse Cedex 2
31075 Toulouse Cedex 2 (FR)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- 2007 162 819
JP-U- S63 187 726
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Technical Field



    [0001] The present invention relates to a shifter gear.

    Background Art



    [0002] Conventionally, there has been known a shifter gear like, for example, shown in Fig. 3 of Patent Literature 1. The shifter gear meshes with a gear (G6) and is disposed between gears (G2) and (G4) on a gear shift shaft. The shifter gear slides on the shaft by an operation of shift forks (not shown) to selectively mesh with the gear (G2) or the gear (G4). This shifter gear includes a base part, a gear part (a gear part that meshes with the gear (G6)), engaging parts (ring-shaped recessed grooves) with the shift forks, and splines. The gear part is disposed at the outer periphery of this base part. The engaging parts are disposed at the outer periphery of the base part. The splines are disposed at the inner periphery of the base part. The shifter gear is mounted relatively slidable to the gear shift shaft in an axis direction via the splines. The shifter gear is mounted so as to be incapable of relative rotation around the axis. The shift forks engaging the engaging parts perform the slide operation on the shifter gear.

    Citation List



    [0003] Patent Literature 1: JP2007-162819

    Summary of Invention


    Technical Problem



    [0004] The above-described conventional shifter gear has a large amount of offset between the center of the gear part as a power transmission unit and the center of the spline as the power transmission unit in the axis direction. Hence, due to a load balance of the input and the output of the power, a load in a thrust direction is likely to occur in the shifter gear. Such thrust load causes a friction at the engaging part between the shift fork and the shifter gear. Furthermore, the thrust load also acts as a force attempting to bring the shifter gear down in the axial direction, further facilitating the friction. A problem solved by the present invention is to provide a shifter gear that reduces the thrust load occurred in the shifter gear and therefore can restrain a friction between the shifter gear and the shift fork.

    Solution to Problem



    [0005] To solve the problem, a shifter gear of the present invention includes a base part, a gear part, an engaging part with a shift fork, and a spline. The gear part is disposed at an outer periphery of the base part. The engaging part with the shift fork is disposed at an outer periphery of the base part. The spline is disposed at an inner periphery of the base part. The shifter gear is mounted relatively slidable to a gear shift shaft in an axis direction via the spline. The shifter gear is mounted to be incapable of relative rotation around an axis. The shift fork engaging the engaging part is configured to perform a slide operation on the shifter gear. One part of the spline is configured with a splined collar in an axis direction. The splined collar is a different body from the base part. The splined collar is able to relatively rotate to the base part around an axis. With this shifter gear, the one part of the spline is configured with the splined collar in the axis direction. The splined collar is a different body from the base part. The splined collar can relatively rotate to the base part around the axis. Accordingly, the one part of the spline, which is configured with this splined collar, basically does not act as a power transmission unit. This allows decreasing an amount of offset between a center of the gear part as the power transmission unit and a center of the spline as the power transmission unit. This reduces a thrust load that occurs in the shifter gear, ensuring restraining the friction between the shifter gear and the shift fork. It is to be noted that, although the splined collar does not act as the power transmission unit, the splined collar serves as a supporting part that prevents the shifter gear from falling over in the axial direction.

    [0006] This shifter gear can be configured as follows. The splined collar is disposed at a position displaced off from the gear part in an axis direction. With this configuration, the splined collar can effectively prevent the shifter gear from falling over in the axial direction.

    [0007] This shifter gear can be configured as follows. The splined collar is disposed on an opposite side from the gear part in an axis direction sandwiching the engaging part with the shift fork. With this configuration, the splined collar can effectively prevent the shifter gear from falling over in the axial direction.

    [0008] This shifter gear can be configured as follows. The splined collar includes an oil passage. The oil passage is configured to supply lubricating oil to the engaging part with the shift fork. This configuration supplies the lubricating oil to the part between the shift fork and the engaging part, ensuring effectively restraining the friction between both.

    [0009] This shifter gear can be configured as follows. The base part is provided with a stopper that is attachable/removable to the base part. The stopper is configured to prevent the splined collar from coming off in an axis direction. This configuration allows enhancing assembility of the splined collar to the base part.

    Brief Description of Drawings



    [0010] 

    Fig. 1 is a drawing showing a usage example of a shifter gear of one embodiment according to the present invention.

    Fig. 2(a) is a partially enlarged cross-sectional view of the shifter gear of one embodiment according to the present invention.

    Fig. 2(b) is a partially omitted side view of a splined collar.

    Figs. 3(a) and 3(b) are action explanatory diagrams.


    Description of Embodiments



    [0011] An embodiment of a shifter gear according to the present invention will be described below by referring to the accompanying drawings. Like reference signs designate corresponding or identical components throughout the respective drawings.

    [0012] As shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 (mainly Fig. 2), a shifter gear 10 of this embodiment includes a base part 11, a gear part 12, an engaging part 13 with a shift fork 30, and a spline 14. The gear part 12 is disposed at the outer periphery of this base part 11. The engaging part 13 is disposed at the outer periphery of the base part 11. The spline 14 is disposed at the inner periphery of the base part 11.

    [0013] As shown in Fig. 1, this shifter gear 10 is mounted to be relatively slidable in an axis direction and incapable of relative rotation around the axis to a gear shift shaft 40 via the spline 14. The gear shift shaft 40 rotates by a power from a power source. Reference sign 42 denotes a spline of the gear shift shaft 40. With the shifter gear 10, the gear part 12 meshes with a gear G1. The shift fork 30, which engages the engaging part 13, performs a slide operation on the shifter gear 10. The shifter gear 10 selectively engages the adjacent gear G2 or an adjacent gear G3 with a dowel to transmit the power while shifting the gear. 11d2 and 11d3 are dowels of the shifter gear 10. G2d is a dowel hole of the gear G2 that can engage and disengage the dowel 11d2. G3d is a dowel hole of the gear G3 that can engage and disengage the dowel 11d3.

    [0014] As shown in Fig. 2, with the shifter gear 10, one part 14c of the spline 14 is configured with a splined collar 20 in the axis direction (the right-left direction in Fig. 2). The splined collar 20 is a different body from the base part 11. The splined collar 20 can relatively rotate to the base part 11 around the axis.

    [0015] With this shifter gear 10, the one part 14c of the spline 14 is configured with the splined collar 20 in the axis direction. The splined collar 20 is a different body from the base part 11. The splined collar 20 can relatively rotate to the base part 11 around the axis. Accordingly, the one part 14c of the spline 14, which is configured with this splined collar 20, basically does not act as a power transmission unit (except for extremely slight power transmission caused by a friction between the base part 11 and the splined collar 20).

    [0016] This allows decreasing an amount of offset E1 between a center C1 of the gear part 12 as the power transmission unit (see Fig. 3(b)) and a center C2 of the spline 14 as the power transmission unit as much as possible. This reduces a thrust load (F3) that occurs in the shifter gear 10, ensuring restraining the friction between the shifter gear 10 and the shift fork 30. It is to be noted that, although the splined collar 20 does not act as the power transmission unit, the splined collar 20 serves as a supporting part that prevents the shifter gear 10 from falling over in the axial direction.

    [0017] Just to make sure, the following further describes the action of the shifter gear 10 of this embodiment referring to Fig. 3. Fig. 3(a) is a drawing showing a comparative example (a shifter gear equivalent to the conventional technology). A shifter gear 100 includes a base part 111, a gear part 112, an engaging part 113 with a shift fork, and a spline 114. The gear part 112 is disposed at the outer periphery of this base part 111. The engaging part 113 is disposed at the outer periphery of the base part 111. The spline 114 is disposed at the inner periphery of the base part 111.

    [0018] With such a shifter gear 100, to perform the slide operation by the shift fork, a sliding force F4' or F5' acts on the engaging part 113 with the shift fork. These sliding forces F4' and F5' act as a force M4' or M5', which are forces attempting to fall over the shifter gear 100 in the axial direction. Accordingly, to receive the forces, the spline 114 is disposed not only at a part corresponding to the gear part 112 but also at a part corresponding to the engaging part 113 with the shift fork.

    [0019] With the conventional shifter gear 100, the entire spline 114 is integrally configured with the base part 111, serving as the power transmission unit. Hence, with the conventional shifter gear 100, an amount of offset E2 between a center C1' of the gear part as the power transmission unit and a center C2' of the spline as the power transmission unit is large in the axis direction. Accordingly, due to a load balance of an input and an output F1' and F2' of the power, a load F3' is likely to occur in the shifter gear 100 in the thrust direction. Such thrust load F3' causes a friction at the engaging part 113 between the shift fork and the shifter gear. Furthermore, the thrust load F3' also acts as a force M', which is a force attempting to fall over the shifter gear 100 in the axial direction, further facilitating the friction.

    [0020] In contrast to this, as shown in Fig. 3(b), with the shifter gear 10 of this embodiment, the one part 14c of the spline 14 is configured with the splined collar 20 in the axis direction. The splined collar 20 is a different body from the base part 11. The splined collar 20 can relatively rotate to the base part 11 around the axis. Accordingly, the one part 14c of the spline 14, which is configured with this splined collar 20, basically does not act as the power transmission unit (except for extremely slight power transmission caused by the friction between the base part 11 and the splined collar 20).

    [0021] This allows decreasing the amount of offset E1 between the center C1 of the gear part 12 as the power transmission unit and the center C2 of the spline 14 as the power transmission unit (The center C1 of the gear part 12 can be matched with the center C2 of the spline 14 as the power transmission unit. In the case, the amount of offset E1 becomes 0). This reduces the thrust load F3 that occurs in the shifter gear 10, ensuring restraining the friction between the shifter gear 10 and the shift fork 30.

    [0022] It is to be noted that, with the shifter gear 10 of this embodiment as well, to perform the slide operation by the shift fork, a sliding force F4 or F5 acts on the engaging part 13 with the shift fork. These sliding forces F4 and F5 act as a force M4 or M5, which is the force attempting to fall over the shifter gear 10 in the axial direction. However, the splined collar 20 can receive the force M4 or M5. That is, the splined collar 20 does not act as the power transmission unit. However, the splined collar 20 serves as the supporting part, which prevents the shifter gear 10 from falling over in the axial direction. The slide operation causes the shifter gear 10 to selectively engage the adjacent gear G2 or G3 in Fig. 1. Furthermore, the gear part 12 performs power transmission with the gear G1. The gear shift shaft 40 may be a driving shaft or a driven shaft.

    [0023] As shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the splined collar 20 is disposed at a position displaced off from the gear part 12 in the axis direction. With this configuration, the splined collar 20 can effectively prevent the shifter gear 10 from falling over in the axial direction.

    [0024] Moreover, the splined collar 20 is disposed on the opposite side from the gear part 12 in the axis direction sandwiching the engaging part 13 with the shift fork 30. With this configuration, the splined collar 20 can effectively prevent the shifter gear 10 from falling over in the axial direction.

    [0025] The splined collar 20 includes an oil passage 21. The oil passage 21 supplies lubricating oil to the engaging part 13 with the shift fork 30. This configuration supplies the lubricating oil to the part between the shift fork 30 and the engaging part 13, ensuring effectively restraining the friction between the both. The oil passage 21 includes an orifice 22 and an oil passage 23 with a circular, recessed groove shape. The orifice 22 communicates with an oil passage 41 of the gear shift shaft 40. The oil passage 23 communicates with this orifice 22 and communicates with an oil passage 15 at the base part 11.

    [0026] A stopper 16 is disposed at the base part 11 so as to be attachable/removable to the base part 11. The stopper 16 prevents the splined collar 20 from coming off in the axis direction. This configuration allows enhancing assembility of the splined collar 20 to the base part 11. The stopper 16 can be configured of a round clip.

    REFERENCES



    [0027] 
    10
    Shifter gear
    11
    Base part
    12
    Gear part
    13
    Engaging part with the shift fork
    14
    Spline
    14c
    One part of the spline
    16
    Stopper
    20
    Splined collar
    21
    Oil passage
    30
    Shift fork
    40
    Gear shift shaft



    Claims

    1. A shifter gear (10) comprising:

    a base part (11);

    a gear part (12) disposed at an outer periphery of the base part (11);

    an engaging part (13) disposed at an outer periphery of the base part (11) and configured to be engageable with a shift fork (30); and

    a spline (14) disposed at an inner periphery of the base part (11),

    the shifter gear (10) configured to be mounted relatively slidable to a gear shift shaft (40) in an axis direction via the spline (14), the shifter gear (10) configured to be mounted to be incapable of relative rotation around an axis,

    characterised in that one part (14c) of the spline (14) is configured with a splined collar (20) in an axis direction, the splined collar (20) being a different body from the base part (11), the splined collar (20) being able to relatively rotate to the base part (11) around an axis.


     
    2. The shifter gear according to claim 1, wherein the splined collar (20) is disposed at a position displaced off from the gear part (12) in an axis direction.
     
    3. The shifter gear according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the splined collar (20) is disposed on an opposite side from the gear part (12) in an axis direction sandwiching the engaging part (13) with the shift fork (30).
     
    4. The shifter gear according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the splined collar (20) includes an oil passage (21), the oil passage (21) being configured to supply lubricating oil to the engaging part (13) with the shift fork (30).
     
    5. The shifter gear according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the base part (11) is provided with a stopper (16) that is attachable/removable to the base part (11), the stopper 16 being configured to prevent the splined collar (20) from coming off in an axis direction.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Schaltzahnrad (10), welches aufweist:

    ein Basisteil (11);

    ein Verzahnungsteil (12), das an einem Außenumfang des Basisteils (11) angeordnet ist;

    ein Eingriffsteil (13), das an einem Außenumfang des Basisteils (11) angeordnet und zum Eingriff mit einer Schaltgabel (30) konfiguriert ist; und

    eine Längsverzahnung (14), die an einem Innenumfang des Basisteils (11) angeordnet ist;

    wobei das Schaltzahnrad (10) konfiguriert ist, um an einer Gangschaltwelle (10) über die Längsverzahnung (14) in Achsrichtung relativ verschiebbar angebracht zu werden, wobei das Schaltzahnrad (10) konfiguriert ist, um um eine Achse herum relativ nicht drehbar angebracht zu werden,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass ein Teil (14c) der Längsverzahnung (14) in Achsrichtung mit einem längsverzahnten Kragen (20) konfiguriert ist, wobei der längsverzahnte Kragen (20) ein von dem Basisteil (11) verschiedener Körper ist, wobei der längsverzahnte Kragen (20) in der Lage ist, sich relativ zu dem Basisteil (11) um eine Achse herum zu drehen.


     
    2. Das Schaltzahnrad nach Anspruch 1, wobei der längsverzahnte Kragen (20) an einer Position angeordnet ist, die in Achsrichtung von dem Verzahnungsteil (12) weg versetzt ist.
     
    3. Das Schaltzahnrad nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der längsverzahnte Kragen (20) in Achsrichtung an einer von dem Verzahnungsteil (12) entgegengesetzten Seite angeordnet ist, wobei er das Eingriffsteil (13) mit der Schaltgabel (30) dazwischen aufnimmt.
     
    4. Das Schaltzahnrad nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei der längsverzahnte Kragen (20) einen Ölkanal (21) enthält, wobei der Ölkanal (21) konfiguriert ist, um dem Eingriffsteil (13) mit der Schaltgabel (30) Schmieröl zuzuführen.
     
    5. Das Schaltzahnrad nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, wobei das Basisteil (11) mit einem Anschlag (16) versehen ist, der an dem Basisteil (11) lösbar anbringbar ist, wobei der Anschlag (16) konfiguriert ist, um ein Ablösen des längsverzahnten Kragens (20) in axialer Richtung zu verhindern.
     


    Revendications

    1. Engrenage de changement de vitesse (10) comprenant :

    une partie de base (11) ;

    une partie d'engrenage (12) disposée à une périphérie extérieure de la partie de base (11) ;

    une partie de mise en prise (13) disposée à une périphérie extérieure de la partie de base (11) et configurée pour pouvoir être mise en prise avec une fourchette de changement de vitesse (30) ; et

    une cannelure (14) disposée à une périphérie intérieure de la partie de base (11),

    l'engrenage de changement de vitesse (10) étant configuré pour être monté de manière à pouvoir coulisser par rapport à un arbre de changement de vitesse (40) dans un sens axial par l'intermédiaire de la cannelure (14), l'engrenage de changement de vitesse (10) étant configuré pour être monté de manière à être incapable d'effectuer une rotation relative autour d'un axe,

    caractérisé en ce qu'une partie (14c) de la cannelure (14) est configurée avec un collier cannelé (20) dans un sens axial, le collier cannelé (20) étant un corps différent de la partie de base (11), le collier cannelé (20) étant apte à effectuer une rotation par rapport à la partie de base (11) autour d'un axe.


     
    2. Engrenage de changement de vitesse selon la revendication 1, dans lequel le collier cannelé (20) est disposé à une position déplacée depuis la partie d'engrenage (12) dans un sens axial.
     
    3. Engrenage de changement de vitesse selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel le collier cannelé (20) est disposé sur un côté opposé à la partie d'engrenage (12) dans un sens axial en prenant en sandwich la partie de mise en prise (13) avec la fourchette de changement de vitesse (30).
     
    4. Engrenage de changement de vitesse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel le collier cannelé (20) comprend un passage d'huile (21), le passage d'huile (21) étant configuré pour alimenter la partie de mise en prise (13) avec la fourchette de changement de vitesse (30) en huile de lubrification.
     
    5. Engrenage de changement de vitesse selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 4, dans lequel la partie de base (11) est pourvue d'une butée (16) qui peut être attachée à la partie de base (11) et détachée de celle-ci, la butée (16) étant configurée pour empêcher que le collier cannelé (20) ne s'écarte dans un sens axial.
     




    Drawing














    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description