(19)
(11)EP 3 015 922 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
22.07.2020 Bulletin 2020/30

(21)Application number: 14817594.6

(22)Date of filing:  25.04.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
G03G 15/20(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/JP2014/061670
(87)International publication number:
WO 2014/208190 (31.12.2014 Gazette  2014/53)

(54)

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING DEVICE PROVIDED THEREWITH

FIXIERVORRICHTUNG UND DAMIT VERSEHENE BILDERZEUGUNGSVORRICHTUNG

DISPOSITIF DE FIXATION ET DISPOSITIF DE FORMATION D'IMAGES MUNI D'UN TEL DISPOSITIF


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 28.06.2013 JP 2013136593

(43)Date of publication of application:
04.05.2016 Bulletin 2016/18

(73)Proprietor: Kyocera Document Solutions Inc.
Chuo-ku Osaka-shi Osaka 540-8585 (JP)

(72)Inventor:
  • GON Shoko
    Osaka-shi Osaka 540-8585 (JP)

(74)Representative: Beetz & Partner mbB 
Patentanwälte Robert-Koch-Str. 1
80538 München
80538 München (DE)


(56)References cited: : 
JP-A- H09 171 310
JP-A- 2004 205 538
JP-A- 2010 145 958
JP-A- H09 171 310
JP-A- 2010 122 489
US-A1- 2012 093 547
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description


    [0001] The present invention relates to a fixing device that fixes a toner image on a sheet, and an image forming apparatus provided therewith. A fixing device as described in the preamble portion of patent claim 1 has been known from JP H09-171310 A.

    [0002] Conventionally, there have been known fixing devices adopting an induction heating method, which are incorporated, for example, in image forming apparatuses such as printers (see, for example, JP 2012-83667 A). Fixing devices adopting the induction heating method include, for example, a fixing belt that is formed in an endless shape and has an induction heating layer, a fixing roller that is inserted inside the fixing belt and rotates with the fixing belt, a pressure roller that is pressed against the fixing belt such that a fixing nip is formed between the fixing belt and the pressure roller, and the like. Furthermore, a coil that generates magnetic flux for induction heating by which the fixing belt is heated is disposed at an interval from the fixing belt.

    [0003] In fixing devices adopting the induction heating method, a coil 301 as shown in FIG. 10 and FIG. 11 is used, for example. The coil 301 is wound in a loop shape elongated in a belt width direction of the fixing belt 302 (a rotation shaft direction of a fixing roller 303) so as to extend over from one end portion to the other end portion of the fixing belt 302 in the belt width direction of the fixing belt 302 (the rotation shaft direction of the fixing roller 303). The coil 301 is disposed at a side of the fixing belt 302 opposite to a pressure roller 304 side of the fixing belt 302 where the pressure roller 304 is pressed against the fixing belt 302. However, in a case where the coil 301 as shown in FIG. 10 and FIG. 11 is used, there arises an inconvenience that temperature is lower in the vicinity of the end portions than in the vicinity of a center portion of the fixing belt 302 in the belt width direction thereof.

    [0004] Specifically, as shown in FIG. 12, at each end portion of the fixing belt 302 in the belt width direction thereof, magnetic flux generated at each of straight-line portions 301a (illustrated in FIG. 11 as well) and substantially U-shaped bent portions 301b (illustrated in FIG. 11 as well) of the coil 301 contributes to heating of the fixing belt 302. Here, in FIG. 12, the magnetic flux generated at the straight-line portions 301a of the coil 301 is indicated by dotted arrows, and the magnetic flux generated at the bent portions 301b of the coil 301 is indicated by solid arrows. The magnetic flux generated at the straight-line portions 301a of the coil 301, even if the magnetic flux direction changes periodically, irrespective of the magnetic flux direction, enters the fixing belt 302 from an outer peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 302. On the other hand, if the magnetic flux direction changes periodically, the magnetic flux generated at the bent portions 301b of the coil 301, depending on the magnetic flux direction, enters the fixing belt 302 from the outer peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 302 or enters the fixing belt 302 from an inner peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 302 via each end surface of the fixing roller 303 in its rotation shaft direction.

    [0005] Here, an electric current direction of an eddy current generated by the magnetic flux that has entered the fixing belt 302 from the outer peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 302 is opposite to an electric current direction of an eddy current generated by the magnetic flux that has entered the fixing belt 302 from the inner peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 302.

    [0006] Thus, in a case where a thickness of the induction heating layer of the fixing belt 302 is smaller than a magnetic field penetration depth, when the magnetic flux generated at the bent portions 301b of the coil 301 has entered the fixing belt 302 from the inner peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 302, the eddy current generated by the magnetic flux that has entered the fixing belt 302 from the inner peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 302 interferes with the eddy current generated by the magnetic flux that has entered the fixing belt 302 from the outer peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 302 (the eddy current generated by the magnetic flux generated at the straight-line portions 301a of the coil 301), and the two eddy currents cancel each other in the vicinity of a center portion of the fixing belt 302 in a thickness direction thereof. This results in reduction of heat generation in the vicinity of the center portion of the fixing belt 302 in the thickness direction thereof. As a result, in the vicinity of each end portion of the fixing belt 302 in the belt width direction thereof, in comparison with in the vicinity of the center portion of the fixing belt 302 in the belt width direction thereof, an amount of heat generation per unit area is reduced. That is, temperature of the fixing belt 302 becomes lower in the vicinity of each end portion of the fixing belt 302 in the belt width direction thereof than in the vicinity of the center portion of the fixing belt 302 in the belt width direction thereof.

    [0007] Here, in a case where the thickness of the induction heating layer of the fixing belt 302 is sufficiently greater than the magnetic field penetration depth (for example, the thickness of the induction heating layer is greater than twice the magnetic field penetration depth), when the magnetic flux generated at the bent portions 301b of the coil 301 has entered the fixing belt 302 from the inner peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 302, the eddy current generated by the magnetic flux that has entered the fixing belt 302 from the inner peripheral surface side thereof hardly interferes with the eddy current generated by the magnetic flux that has entered the fixing belt 302 from the outer peripheral surface side thereof (the eddy current generated by the magnetic flux generated at the straight-line portions 301a of the coil 301). Thus, by forming the induction heating layer of the fixing belt 302 to have a thickness sufficiently greater than the magnetic field penetration depth, it is possible to reduce reduction of the heat generation in the vicinity of each end portion of the fixing belt 302 in the belt width direction thereof.

    [0008] However, if the thickness of the fixing belt 302 is increased, the fixing belt 302 becomes less flexible. With less flexibility, the fixing belt 302 yields less at the portion thereof where it is pressed against the pressure roller 304, and this can be assumed to lead to another inconvenience that a sufficient nip width of a fixing nip 300N cannot be obtained.

    [0009] With the configuration shown in FIG. 10 to FIG. 12, the magnetic flux generated at the bent portions 301b of the coil 301 concentrates on an edge of each end portion of the fixing belt 302 in the belt width direction thereof, which results in increased heat generation at the edge of each end portion of the fixing belt 302. In this case, if the thickness of the fixing belt 302 is small, thermal conduction in the belt width direction thereof is accordingly low, and thus heat generated at the edge of each end portion of the fixing belt 302 is difficult to be transferred in the belt width direction thereof. As a result, there arises an inconvenience that temperature rises excessively at the edge of each end portion of the fixing belt 302.

    [0010] JP H09-171310 A discloses a fixing device comprising a fixing belt that is formed in an endless shape and has an induction heating layer; a fixing roller that is inserted inside the fixing belt, that is rotatably supported with a shaft extending in a predetermined direction as a rotation shaft, and that is configured to rotate with the fixing belt; a pressure roller that is pressed against the fixing belt and configured to rotate to thereby cause the fixing belt and the fixing roller to perform driven-rotation; a coil that is disposed at an interval from the fixing belt, at a side opposite from the pressure roller with respect to the fixing belt, that is wound in a loop shape elongated in the predetermined direction so as to extend over from one end portion to another end portion of the fixing belt in the predetermined direction, and that is configured to generate magnetic flux for induction heating by which the fixing belt is heated; and a belt regulating plate that is disposed at a side of an end surface of the fixing roller in the predetermined direction such that the belt regulating plate comes into contact with the fixing belt when the fixing belt moves in the predetermined direction to thereby regulate movement of the fixing belt in the predetermined direction, wherein the belt regulating plate has a multi-layer structure including a resin layer disposed on a side of the belt regulating plate close to the fixing belt and a nonmagnetic metal layer disposed on a side of the belt regulating plate away from the fixing belt.

    [0011] The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a fixing device configured to heat a fixing belt by using the induction heating method and capable of not only reducing temperature decline at end portions of a fixing belt in a belt width direction thereof but also preventing excessive rise of temperature at an edge of the fixing belt, and an image forming apparatus provided with such a fixing device.

    [0012] This object is accomplished, according to the present invention, with a fixing device having the features of claim 1.

    [0013] Dependent claims are directed on features of preferred embodiments of the invention.

    [0014] According to the present invention, since the portion of the belt regulating plate on the side thereof away from the fixing belt is constituted of the nonmagnetic metal layer, magnetic flux directed toward an inner peripheral surface of the fixing belt via an end surface of the fixing roller in the predetermined direction is blocked by the nonmagnetic metal layer, and an amount of magnetic flux that enters the fixing belt from the inner peripheral surface side of the fixing belt is reduced. This helps reduce occurrence of a phenomenon in which, in the vicinity of the end portion of the fixing belt in a belt width direction thereof (the predetermined direction), an eddy current generated by magnetic flux that has entered the fixing belt from an outer peripheral surface side of the fixing belt and an eddy current generated by magnetic flux that has entered the fixing belt from an inner peripheral surface side of the fixing belt interfere with each other, so that the two eddy currents cancel each other (a reduced amount of eddy current is converted to heat). Thus, it is possible to reduce decline of temperature of a portion of the fixing belt in the vicinity of each end portion thereof to lower than temperature of a portion of the fixing belt in the vicinity of a center portion thereof in the belt width direction (the predetermined direction).

    [0015] Furthermore, with the belt regulating plate including the nonmagnetic metal layer provided at the side of the end surface of the fixing roller in the belt width direction thereof, an edge of the end portion of the fixing belt in the belt width direction thereof is shielded by the nonmagnetic metal layer, and this helps reduce concentration of magnetic flux on the edge of the fixing belt. This helps prevent excessive rise of temperature from occurring at the edge of the fixing belt.

    [0016] A belt portion of the fixing belt that has come to a fixing nip (that is, a belt portion of the fixing belt that is being pressed against the pressure roller) yields by being pressed against the pressure roller, and then, after leaving the fixing nip, the belt portion is released from the state of being pressed against the pressure roller, and recovered. That is, the fixing belt rotates while being partially displaced in a diameter direction thereof. Thus, if the fixing belt is displaced in the belt width direction thereof (the predetermined direction) into contact with the belt regulating plate, even if the fixing belt rotates together with the belt regulating plate, the fixing belt behaves in a fashion that it rubs itself against the belt regulating plate in the vicinity of the fixing nip. As a result, stress is applied to the fixing belt.

    [0017] According to the present invention, however, although the portion of the belt regulating plate on the side thereof away from the fixing belt is constituted of the nonmagnetic metal layer, the portion of the belt regulating plate on the side thereof close to the fixing belt is constituted of the resin layer. Thus, it is the resin layer that the fixing belt comes into contact with when it is displaced in the belt width direction thereof (the predetermined direction). As a result, even if the fixing belt behaves in a fashion that it rubs itself against the belt regulating plate, since the fixing belt is in contact with the resin layer that allows the fixing belt to slide smoothly thereon, the stress applied to the fixing belt is reduced. This helps alleviate deformation and deterioration of the fixing belt.

    [0018] According to the present invention, it is possible to reduce decline of temperature occurring at an end portion of a fixing belt in a belt width direction thereof and to prevent excessive rise of temperature from occurring at an edge of the end portion of the fixing belt in the belt width direction.

    Brief Description of the Drawings



    [0019] 

    FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an image forming apparatus according to one embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a fixing portion (a fixing device) of the image forming apparatus according to the one embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a diagram for illustrating a structure of a belt regulating plate of the fixing portion shown in FIG. 2;

    FIG. 4 is a diagram for illustrating a shape of a coil of the fixing portion shown in FIG. 2;

    FIG. 5 is a diagram for illustrating a flow of magnetic flux in the vicinity of a central portion of the fixing portion in a belt width direction of the fixing belt (magnetic flux and magnetic flux directions are indicated by arrows);

    FIG. 6 is a diagram for illustrating a flow of magnetic flux in the vicinity of an end portion of the fixing portion in the belt width direction of the fixing belt (magnetic flux and magnetic flux directions are indicated by arrows);

    FIG. 7 is a diagram for illustrating a flow of magnetic flux in the vicinity of an edge of the fixing belt of the fixing portion shown in FIG. 2 (magnetic flux and magnetic flux directions are indicated by arrows);

    FIG. 8 is a diagram for illustrating a flow of magnetic flux in the vicinity of the edge of the fixing belt of the fixing portion shown in FIG. 2 without the belt regulating plate (nonmagnetic metal layer);

    FIG. 9 is a diagram for illustrating advantageous effects of the present invention (a graph indicating relationship between position of the fixing belt in the belt width direction thereof and amount of heat generation);

    FIG. 10 is a diagram showing an example of conventional fixing devices;

    FIG. 11 is a diagram for illustrating a shape of a coil used in the conventional fixing device shown in FIG. 10; and

    FIG. 12 is a diagram for illustrating a flow of magnetic flux in the vicinity of an end portion of the conventional fixing device shown in FIG. 10 in a belt width direction of a fixing belt (magnetic flux and magnetic flux direction are indicated by arrows).


    Description of Embodiments



    [0020] Hereinafter, descriptions will be given of a fixing device according to one embodiment of the present invention and an image forming apparatus provided with the same by taking a monochrome multifunction peripheral as an example.

    [0021] As shown in a FIG. 1, an image forming apparatus 100 is provided with a document conveying portion 101, an image reading portion 102, a sheet feeding portion 103, a sheet conveying portion 104, an image forming portion 105, and a fixing portion 106.

    [0022] In the document conveying portion 101, a document D set on a document feeding tray 11 is fed into a document conveying path DP, conveyed to a conveying reading position, and then delivered onto a delivery tray 12. The document conveying portion 101 is provided with a document feeding roller 13 for feeding the document D into the document conveying path DP, and a plurality of conveying roller pairs 14 for conveying the document D along the document conveying path DP.

    [0023] The image reading portion 102 reads a document D conveyed onto a contact glass 20a (the conveying reading position) for reading a document D conveyed thereto or a document D placed on a contact glass 20b for reading a document D placed thereon, and generates image data of whichever document D it has read. The image reading portion 102 is provided with a reading mechanism constituted of a lamp 21, mirrors 22, a lens 23, a line sensor 24, and the like.

    [0024] The sheet feeding portion 103 has a sheet cassette 31 where sheets P are stored, and feeds the sheets P stored in the sheet cassette 31 into a sheet conveying path PP. The sheet feeding portion 103 is provided with a sheet feeding roller 32 for feeding a sheet P into the sheet conveying path PP.

    [0025] The sheet conveying portion 104 conveys a sheet P fed into the sheet conveying path PP to a transfer nip and a fixing nip, in this order, and delivers the sheet P to a delivery tray 41. The sheet conveying portion 104 is provided with a plurality of conveying roller pairs 42 for conveying a sheet P along the sheet conveying path PP. One conveying roller pair 42, among the plurality of conveying roller pairs 42, serves as a registration roller pair 43. The registration roller pair 43 makes the sheet P stand by before the transfer nip, until the registration roller pair 43 sends out the sheet P toward the transfer nip with timing coordinated with formation of a toner image performed by the image forming portion 105.

    [0026] The image forming portion 105 forms a toner image based on image data (for example, image data obtained through reading by the image reading portion 102), and transfers the toner image onto the sheet P. The image forming portion 105 includes a photosensitive drum 51, a charging device 52, an exposure device 53, a developing device 54, a transfer roller 55, and a cleaning device 56.

    [0027] In image formation, the photosensitive drum 51 rotates, during which period the charging device 52 electrically charges a surface of the photosensitive drum 51 to a predetermined potential. The exposure device 53 has a light emitting element (not shown) that emits light L for exposure, and the exposure device 53 performs scanning exposure on the surface of the photosensitive drum 51, while turning on/off the light emitting element according to the image data. In this way, an electrostatic latent image is formed on the surface of the photosensitive drum 51. The developing device 54 supplies toner to the electrostatic latent image formed on the surface of the photosensitive drum 51 and thereby develops the electrostatic latent image.

    [0028] The transfer roller 55 is pressed against the surface of the photosensitive drum 51, such that the transfer nip is formed between the photosensitive drums 51 and the transfer roller 55. In this state, the registration roller pair 43 forces the sheet P to enter the transfer nip, with a proper timing. At this time, a transfer voltage is applied to the transfer roller 55. Thereby, the toner image on the surface of the photosensitive drum 51 is transferred onto the sheet P. After the toner image is transferred onto the sheet P, the cleaning device 56 removes the toner and the like remaining on the surface of the photosensitive drum 51.

    [0029] The fixing portion 106 applies heat and pressure to the sheet P onto which the toner image has been transferred, and thereby fixes the toner image on the sheet P. Note that the fixing portion 106 adopts an induction heating method, and the fixing portion 106 is equivalent to the "fixing device" of the present invention.

    [0030] As shown in FIG. 2, the fixing portion 106 is provided with a fixing belt 61, a fixing roller 62, a pressure roller 63, and an induction-heating unit 70. In the following descriptions, a rotation shaft direction of the fixing roller 62 and the pressure roller 63 (a direction perpendicular to a surface of the paper on which FIG. 2 is drawn) will be referred to as an X direction, and a direction perpendicular to the X direction will be referred to as a Y direction. In this case, the X direction is equivalent to the "predetermined direction" of the present invention.

    [0031] The fixing belt 61 is an endless belt that is formed to have an inner diameter of about 40 mm. For example, the fixing belt 61 is constituted of an induction heating layer 61a, an elastic layer 61b, and a release layer 61c which are stacked together in this order from an inner side thereof. The induction heating layer 61a serves also as a belt base material, and is formed by using nickel electro-casting to have a thickness of about 30 µm to about 50 µm. The elastic layer 61b is formed by using, for example, a silicone rubber to have a thickness of about 200 µm to about 500 µm. The release layer 61c is formed by using PFA (copolymer of tetrafluoro ethylene and perfluoroalkyl vinyl ether) or the like. Here, instead of using nickel which is a magnetic metal, the base material may be one obtained by laying a nonmagnetic metal (copper, silver, or the like) on a resin belt formed of PI (polyimide) or the like.

    [0032] The fixing roller 62 is rotatably supported with a shaft extending in the X direction as its rotation shaft. The fixing roller 62 is inserted inside the fixing belt 61, and rotates together with the fixing belt 61. Note that, in a state where the fixing roller 62 is inserted inside the fixing belt 61, the belt width direction of the fixing belt 61 is the X direction. The fixing roller 62 is a roller such that an elastic layer 62b is formed on a core metal 62a, and an outer diameter of the fixing roller 62 is substantially the same as an inner diameter (about 40 mm) of the fixing belt 61. The core metal 62a is formed by using nonmagnetic metal such as aluminum and nonmagnetic stainless steel. The elastic layer 62b is formed, for example, by using silicone rubber, to have a thickness of about 8 mm to about 10 mm.

    [0033] The pressure roller 63 is rotatably supported with a shaft extending in the X direction as its rotation shaft, and is driven to rotate when a driving force is transferred thereto from an unillustrated motor. The pressure roller 63 is a roller such that an elastic layer 63b and a release layer 63c are formed one on the other on a core metal 63a, and has an outer diameter of about 30 mm to about 35 mm. The core metal 63a is formed by using aluminum. The elastic layer 63b is formed, for example, by using a silicone rubber, to have a thickness of about 2 mm to about 5 mm. The release layer 63c is formed of PFA or the like.

    [0034] The pressure roller 63 is pressed against the fixing belt 61, and by rotating in this state, the pressure roller 63 causes the fixing belt 61 and the fixing roller 62 to perform driven-rotation. And a portion (press-contact portion) between the fixing belt 61 and the pressure rollers 63 serves as a fixing nip 60N. That is, when the sheet P on which the toner image has been transferred proceeds into the fixing nip 60N, the sheet P is then sent under heat and pressure in a rotation direction of the pressure roller 63.

    [0035] Moreover, as shown in FIG. 3, at each of one end surface side and the other end surface side of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction, a disc-shaped belt regulating plate 64 is provided for regulating movement of the fixing belt 61 in the X direction. For simplicity of drawings, FIG. 3 illustrates only the belt regulating plate 64 provided at one end surface side of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction. The belt regulating plate 64 is attached to the roller shaft 62c of the fixing roller 62 supported by a bearing 65, and rotates together with the fixing belt 61 and the fixing roller 62. The belt regulating plate 64 has a diameter larger than the outer diameter of the fixing belt 61. Thus, if the fixing belt 61 moves in the X direction, the fixing belt 61 comes into contact with the belt regulating plate 64, and thereby the movement of the fixing belt 61 in the X direction is regulated (meandering movement of the fixing belt 61 is reduced).

    [0036] The belt regulating plate 64 has a multi-layer structure (two-layer structure), including a resin plate 64a and a nonmagnetic metal plate 64b arranged in this order from the end surface side of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction. That is, the resin plate 64a is disposed on a side of the belt regulating plate 64 close to a fixing belt 61 (a side of the end surface of the fixing roller 62), and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b is disposed on a side of the belt regulating plate 64 away from the fixing belt 61. Thus, when the fixing belt 61 moves in the X direction, the fixing belt 61 comes into contact with the resin plate 64a, but not with the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b. Here, the resin plate 64a is equivalent to the "resin layer" of the present invention, and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b is equivalent to the "nonmagnetic metal layer" of the present invention.

    [0037] The resin plate 64a is formed by using a heat-resistant resin, such as PEEK (polyether ether ketone), LCP (liquid crystal polymer), and PPS (polyphenylene sulfide). A thickness of the resin plate 64a in the X direction is set such that an interval D in the X direction between an edge of the end portion of the fixing belt 61 in the X direction (the end surface of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction) and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b is about 5 mm or less. Hereinafter, the edge of the end portion of the fixing belt 61 in the X direction will be referred to simply as an edge. Here, the thickness of the resin plate 64a in the X direction is set more preferably such that the interval D is about 3 mm or less, and most preferably such that the interval D is about 1mm or more and about 2 mm or less.

    [0038] The nonmagnetic metal plate 64b is formed by using nonmagnetic metal such as aluminum, copper, and nonmagnetic stainless steel. A thickness of the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b in the X direction is set to be about 0.5 mm, for example. The thickness of the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b in the X direction may be of any value as long as it is not less than 0.1 mm. An upper limit for the thickness of the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b in the X direction, for which no particular limitation is set, is about 1 mm, for example. However, if there is room in space for placing the belt regulating plate 64, the thickness of the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b in the X direction may be greater than 1 mm for improved rigidity of the belt regulating plate 64.

    [0039] Used as the belt regulating plate 64 is, for example, a member obtained by integrating the resin plate 64a and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b with each other. In this case, the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b may be bonded to the resin plate 64a, or a constituent material of the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b may be vapor-deposited onto the resin plate 64a. Or, the resin plate 64a and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b may be formed as different members. In this case, in attaching the belt regulating plate 64, the resin plate 64a and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b need to be held in close contact with each other.

    [0040] As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 4, the induction-heating unit 70 includes a coil 71 formed by twisting together a plurality of mutually-insulated enameled wires. The coil 71 is disposed at an interval from the fixing belt 61, at a side opposite from the pressure roller 63 with respect to the fixing belt 61. The coil 71 is connected to an unillustrated power supply, and by being supplied with a high frequency current from the power supply, the coil 71 generates magnetic flux for induction heating by which the fixing belt 61 (the induction heating layer 61a) is heated. Here, the current supplied to the coil 71 is an alternating current, and thus the direction of the magnetic flux generated from the coil 71 changes periodically.

    [0041] In plan view (see FIG. 4), the coil 71 is wound in a loop shape (elliptical shape) elongated in the X direction so as to extend over from one end portion to the other end portion of the fixing belt 61 in the X direction. Furthermore, the coil 71 is formed, in sectional view (see FIG. 2), in an arc shape along a substantially half (upper half) of the fixing belt 61 so that the coil 71 is disposed at a side opposite from the pressure roller 63 with respect to the fixing belt 61. By being held by a coil bobbin 72, the coil 71 is disposed at an interval from the fixing belt 61, at the side opposite from the pressure roller 63 with respect to the fixing belt 61.

    [0042] The coil bobbin 72 has an arc portion 72a. The arc portion 72a covers substantially half (upper half) of the fixing belt 61, at the side opposite from the pressure roller 63 with respect to the fixing belt 61, over from one end portion to the other end portion of the fixing belt 61 in the X direction. At a vertex portion of the arc portion 72a, there is provided wall portions 72b protruding upward so as to enclose a rectangular space a longitudinal direction of which is the X direction. At each end portion of the arc portion 72a in the Y direction, there is provided a flange portion 72c extending in a direction away from the fixing belt 61. Furthermore, the coil bobbin 72 has attached thereto a magnetic body core 73 (center cores 73a, side cores 73b, and arch cores 73c).

    [0043] The center cores 73a are disposed one at each of one and the other end sides in the X direction inside the space enclosed by the wall portions 72b (see FIG. 4), and are bonded to the vertex portion of the arc portion 72a of the coil bobbin 72. The side cores 73b are disposed such that a plurality of side cores 73b are aligned in the X direction with no space therebetween on each of the pair of flange portions 72c of the coil bobbin 72 (see FIG. 4), and the side cores 73b are bonded to portions of the coil bobbin 72 where the flange portions 72c are connected to the arc portion 72a (arc portion 72a side portions of the flange portions 72c). The arch cores 73c are disposed so as to cover the arc portion 72a of the coil bobbin 72 from outside (from a side opposite to the fixing belt 61 side), and the arch cores 73c are bonded to an arch core holder 74 which is arch-shaped and covers the arc portion 72a of the coil bobbin 72 from outside. End portions of the arch core holder 74 in the Y direction are both connected to the pair of flange portions 72c of the coil bobbin 72, and thereby, a state is achieved in which the arch cores 73c are attached to the coil bobbin 72. Although not illustrated, the arch cores 73c are a plurality of arch cores 73c that are aligned in the X direction at predetermined intervals.

    [0044] The coil 71 is wound so as to surround the wall portions 72b of the coil bobbin 72, and bonded to the arc portion 72a of the coil bobbin 72. Thereby, the coil 71 is held at an interval from the fixing belt 61, at the side opposite from the pressure roller 63 with respect to the fixing belt 61. When the high frequency current is supplied to the coil 71 held in this state, magnetic flux generated at the coil 71 is led by the magnetic body core 73 into the fixing belt 61. At this time, an eddy current flows in the induction heating layer 61a of the fixing belt 61, and Joule heat is generated in the induction heating layer 61a by electric resistance of the induction heating layer 61a, and the fixing belt 61 is heated with the Joule heat.

    [0045] With reference to FIG. 5 and FIG. 6, a detailed description will be given below, of a flow of magnetic flux that enters the fixing belt 61. Note that arrows in the figures schematically indicate the magnetic flux generated at the coil 71 and directions of the magnetic flux.

    [0046] First, as shown in FIG. 5, in the vicinity of a center portion of the fixing belt 61 in the X direction, magnetic flux generated at straight-line portions 71a (illustrated in FIG. 4 as well) contributes to heating of the fixing belt 61. The magnetic flux generated at the straight-line portions 71a of the coil 71, even if the direction of the magnetic flux changes periodically, enters the fixing belt 61 from the outer peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 61, regardless of the magnetic flux direction, but the magnetic flux does not enter the fixing belt 61 from the inner peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 61. Thus, the eddy current generated in the induction heating layer 61a of the fixing belt 61 is larger closer to the outer peripheral surface of the fixing belt 61, and the amount of heat generation is also larger closer to the outer peripheral surface of the fixing belt 61.

    [0047] Next, as shown in FIG. 6, in the vicinity of the end portion of the fixing belt 61 in the X direction, the magnetic flux generated at the straight-line portions 71a of the coil 71 and magnetic flux generated at substantially U-shaped bent portions 71b (illustrated in FIG. 4 as well) of the coil 71 both contribute to heating of the fixing belt 61. In FIG. 6, the magnetic flux generated at the straight-line portions 71a of the coil 71 is indicated by dotted arrows, while the magnetic flux generated at the bent portions 71b of the coil 71 is indicated by solid arrows. The magnetic flux generated at the straight-line portions 71a of the coil 71, even if the direction of the magnetic flux changes periodically, enters the fixing belt 61 from the outer peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 61, regardless of the magnetic flux direction, but the magnetic flux does not enter the fixing belt 61 from the inner peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 61. That is, the magnetic flux behaves in substantially the same manner as in the vicinity of the center portion of the fixing belt 61 in the X direction (see FIG. 5).

    [0048] On the other hand, due to the periodical change of the magnetic flux direction, the magnetic flux generated at the bent portions 71b of the coil 71 contains magnetic flux directed toward the outer peripheral surface of the fixing belt 61 and magnetic flux directed toward the inner peripheral surface of the fixing belt 61 via an end surface of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction. The magnetic flux directed from the outer peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 61 toward the outer peripheral surface of the fixing belt 61 directly passes through the outer peripheral surface of the fixing belt 61. In contrast, the magnetic flux directed toward the inner peripheral surface of the fixing belt 61 via the end surface of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction, with the belt regulating plate 64 including the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b provided at the end surface side of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction, is blocked by the belt regulating plate 64 (the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b) before the magnetic flux reaches the end surface of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction.

    [0049] Furthermore, the interval D in the X direction between the edge of the fixing belt 61 and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b is as small as about 5 mm or less (the thickness of the resin plate 64a is small), and this reduces, as shown in FIG. 7, the amount of magnetic flux that passes through the area between the edge of the fixing belt 61 and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b (the resin plate 64a disposing area) to enter the inner peripheral surface of the fixing belt 61. If the interval D in the X direction between the edge of the fixing belt 61 and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b is increased (if the thickness of the resin plate 64a is increased), as shown in FIG. 8, the magnetic flux that has passed through the area between the edge of the fixing belt 61 and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b (the resin plate 64a disposing area) enters the inner peripheral surface of the fixing belt 61, and this degrades to some extent the effect of blocking magnetic flux. For this reason, it is preferable to set the interval D in the X direction between the edge of the fixing belt 61 and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b to be about 5 mm or less.

    [0050] The fixing portion 106 (the fixing device) of the image forming apparatus 100 of the present embodiment is provided with, as described above, the fixing belt 61 that is formed in an endless shape and has the induction heating layer 61a, the fixing roller 62 that is inserted inside the fixing belt 61, that is rotatably supported with the shaft extending in the X direction as its rotation shaft, and that is configured to rotate with the fixing belt 61, the pressure roller 63 that is pressed against the fixing belt 61 and configured to rotate to cause the fixing belt 61 and the fixing roller 62 to perform driven-rotation, the coil 71 that is disposed at an interval from the fixing belt 61, at the side opposite from the pressure roller 63 with respect to the fixing belt 61, that is wound in a loop shape elongated in the X direction so as to extend over from one end portion to the other end portion of the fixing belt 61 in the X direction, and that is configured to generate magnetic flux for induction heating by which the fixing belt 61 is heated, and a belt regulating plate 64 that is disposed at the side of the end surface of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction such that the belt regulating plate 64 comes into contact with the fixing belt 61 when the fixing belt 61 moves in the X direction, to thereby regulate movement of the fixing belt 61 in the X direction. Here, the belt regulating plate 64 has a multi-layer structure including the resin plate 64a (the resin layer) disposed on the side of the belt regulating plate 64 close to the fixing belt 61 and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b (the nonmagnetic metal layer) disposed on the side of the belt regulating plate 64 away from the fixing belt 61.

    [0051] According to the present invention, since the portion of the belt regulating plate 64 disposed on the side thereof away from the fixing belt 61 is constituted of the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b, magnetic flux directed toward the inner peripheral surface of the fixing belt 61 via the end surface of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction is blocked by the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b, and accordingly the amount of magnetic flux entering the fixing belt 61 from the inner peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 61 is reduced. This helps reduce occurrence of a phenomenon in which, in the vicinity of the end portion of the fixing belt 61 in the belt width direction thereof (the X direction), an eddy current generated by magnetic flux that has entered the fixing belt 61 from the outer peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 61 and an eddy current generated by magnetic flux that has entered the fixing belt 61 from the inner peripheral surface side of the fixing belt 61 interfere with each other, so that the two eddy currents cancel each other (less eddy current is converted to heat). To describe this by using a graph (see FIG. 9) showing relationship between position of the fixing belt 61 in the belt width direction thereof (the X direction) and amount of heat generation, in a case where the belt regulating plate 64 including the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b is provided at the side of the end surface of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction (see a solid line A in the graph), in comparison with a case where the belt regulating plate 64 including the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b is not provided at the side of the end surface of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction (see a broken line B in the graph), reduction of the amount of heat generation at the end portion of the fixing belt 61 in the belt width direction thereof (the X direction) is reduced. Thereby, it is possible to reduce decline of temperature of a portion of the fixing belt 61 in the vicinity of each end portion thereof to lower than temperature of a portion of the fixing belt 61 in the vicinity of the center portion thereof in the belt width direction (the X direction).

    [0052] Furthermore, with the belt regulating plate 64 including the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b provided at the side of the end surface of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction, the edge of the fixing belt 61 is in a state shielded by the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b, and this helps reduce the concentration of magnetic flux on an edge of the fixing belt 61. Thus, as shown in FIG. 9, in the case where the belt regulating plate 64 including the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b is provided at the side of the end surface of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction (see the solid line A in the graph), in comparison with the case where the belt regulating plate 64 including the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b is not provided at the side of the end surface of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction (see the broken line B in the graph), it is possible to prevent excessive rise of temperature at the edge of the fixing belt 61 as well.

    [0053] A belt portion of the fixing belt 61 that passes by the fixing nip 60N (a belt portion that is pressed against the pressure roller 63) yields by being pressed against the pressure roller 63, and then after leaving the fixing nip 60N, the belt portion is released from the state of being pressed against the pressure roller 63, and recovered. That is, the fixing belt 61 rotates while being partially displaced in the diameter direction of the fixing belt 61. Thus, if the fixing belt 61 is displaced in the belt width direction thereof (the X direction) into contact with the belt regulating plate 64, even if the fixing belt 61 rotates together with the belt regulating plate 64, the fixing belt 61 behaves such that it rubs itself against the belt regulating plate 64 in the vicinity of the fixing nip 60N. As a result, stress is applied to the fixing belt 61.

    [0054] According to the present invention, however, although the portion of the belt regulating plate 64 on the side thereof away from the fixing belt 61 side is constituted of the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b, the portion of the belt regulating plate 64 on the side thereof close to the fixing belt 61 is constituted of the resin plate 64a. Thus, it is the resin plate 64a that the fixing belt 61 comes into contact with when the fixing belt 61 is displaced in the belt width direction thereof (the X direction). Here, if the member that comes into contact with the fixing belt 61 is a metal plate, and if the metal plate is harder than the fixing belt 61, when the fixing belt 61 and such a metal plate rub against each other, it will cause chipping and erosion of the fixing belt 61 to occur. In contrast, if the member that comes into contact with the fixing belt 61 is the resin plate 64a, which is soft, chipping and erosion of the fixing belt 61 are less likely to occur. Moreover, since resin as the constituent material of the resin plate 64a can be processed with a high degree of freedom, it is possible to give the surface of the resin plate 64a a shape and surface smoothness that allow the fixing belt 61 to slide thereon smoothly. Thus, even if the fixing belt 61 behaves such that it rubs itself against the belt regulating plate 64, stress applied to the fixing belt 61 is reduced. This helps reduce deformation and deterioration of the fixing belt 61.

    [0055] According to the present embodiment, as described above, the thickness of the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b in the X direction is set to be about 0.1 mm or more (specifically, about 0.5 mm). Furthermore, the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b is formed of aluminum, copper, or nonmagnetic stainless steel. Use of the thus formed nonmagnetic metal plate 64b allows satisfactory blockage, with the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b, of the magnetic flux directed toward the inner peripheral surface of the fixing belt 61 via the end surface of the fixing roller 62 in the X direction. If the thickness of the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b in the X direction is about 0.1 mm or more, it is also possible to reduce heat generation at the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b.

    [0056] According to the present embodiment, as described above, a member obtained by integrating the resin plate 64a and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b with each other is used as the belt regulating plate 64. This helps reduce the number of parts. This also facilitates the operation of attaching the belt regulating plate 64.

    [0057] Here, the resin plate 64a and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b may be different members, and in that case, the process of integrating the resin plate 64a and the nonmagnetic metal plate 64b with each other is not necessary.

    [0058] It should be understood that the embodiments disclosed herein are merely illustrative in all respects, and should not be interpreted restrictively. The range of the present invention is shown not by the above descriptions of the embodiments but by the scope of claims, and it is intended that all modifications within the scope of claims are included.


    Claims

    1. A fixing device (106), comprising:

    a fixing belt (61) that is formed in an endless shape and has an induction heating layer (61a);

    a fixing roller (62) that is inserted inside the fixing belt (61), that is rotatably supported with a shaft extending in a predetermined direction as a rotation shaft, and that is configured to rotate with the fixing belt (61);

    a pressure roller (63) that is pressed against the fixing belt (61) and configured to rotate to thereby cause the fixing belt (61) and the fixing roller (62) to perform driven-rotation;

    a coil (71) that is disposed at an interval from the fixing belt (61), at a side opposite from the pressure roller (63) with respect to the fixing belt (61), that is wound in a loop shape elongated in the predetermined direction so as to extend over from one end portion to another end portion of the fixing belt (61) in the predetermined direction, and that is configured to generate magnetic flux for induction heating by which the fixing belt (61) is heated; and

    a belt regulating plate (64) that is disposed at a side of an end surface of the fixing roller (62) in the predetermined direction such that the belt regulating plate comes into contact with the fixing belt (64) when the fixing belt (61) moves in the predetermined direction to thereby regulate movement of the fixing belt (61) in the predetermined direction,

    wherein

    the belt regulating plate (64) has a multi-layer structure including a resin layer (64a) disposed on a side of the belt regulating plate close (64) to the fixing belt (61) and a nonmagnetic metal layer (64b) disposed on a side of the belt regulating plate (64) away from the fixing belt (61),

    characterized in that

    a bent portion (71b) of the coil (71) is partly disposed outside the belt regulating plate (64) in the predetermined direction so that the regulating plate (64) blocks magnetic flux generated at the bent portion (71b) and directed toward the inner peripheral surface of the fixing belt (61) via the end surface of the fixing roller (62) in the predetermined direction.


     
    2. The fixing device (106) according to claim 1, wherein a thickness of the nonmagnetic metal layer (64b) in the predetermined direction is not less than 0.1 mm.
     
    3. The fixing device (106) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein a constituent material of the nonmagnetic metal layer (64b) is aluminum, copper, or nonmagnetic stainless steel.
     
    4. The fixing device (106) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the resin layer (64a) and the nonmagnetic metal layer (64b) are integrated with each other.
     
    5. The fixing device (106) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the resin layer (64a) and the nonmagnetic metal layer (64b) are different members.
     
    6. The fixing device (106) according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein a thickness of the resin layer (64a) in the predetermined direction is set such that an interval in the predetermined direction between an edge of the fixing belt (61) in the predetermined direction and the nonmagnetic metal layer (64b) is not greater than 5 mm.
     
    7. An image forming apparatus (100) comprising the fixing device (106) according to any one of claims 1 to 6.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Fixiervorrichtung (106), umfassend

    einen Fixierriemen (61), der in einer Endlosform ausgebildet ist und eine Induktionsheizschicht (61a) aufweist;

    eine Fixierwalze (62), die in den Fixierriemen (61) eingesetzt ist, die drehbar mit einer Welle gelagert ist, die sich als eine Drehwelle in einer vorgegebenen Richtung erstreckt, und die konfiguriert ist, um sich mit dem Fixierriemen (61) zu drehen;

    eine Andrückwalze (63), die an den Fixierriemen (61) gedrückt ist und konfiguriert ist, um, indem sie sich dreht, zu bewirken, dass der Fixierriemen (61) und die Fixierwalze (62) eine angetriebene Drehung ausführen;

    eine Spule (71), die in einem Abstand von dem Fixierriemen (61) auf einer der Andrückwalze (63) in Bezug auf den Fixierriemen (61) gegenüberliegenden Seite angeordnet ist, die in einer in der vorgegebenen Richtung langgestreckten Schleifenform gewickelt ist, so dass sie sich in der vorgegebenen Richtung von einem Endabschnitt zu einem anderen Endabschnitt des Fixierriemens (61) erstreckt, und die konfiguriert ist, um einen Magnetfluss zur Induktionserwärmung zu erzeugen, durch den der Fixierriemen (61) erwärmt wird; und

    eine Riemenregulierungsplatte (64), die an einer Seite einer Endfläche der Fixierwalze (62) in der vorgegebenen Richtung so angeordnet ist, dass die Riemenregulierungsplatte, wenn sich der Fixierriemen (61) in der vorgegebenen Richtung bewegt, mit dem Fixierriemen (64) in Kontakt kommt, um dadurch die Bewegung des Fixierriemens (61) in der vorgegebenen Richtung zu regulieren,

    wobei

    die Riemenregulierungsplatte (64) eine mehrschichtige Struktur aufweist, die eine Harzschicht (64a), die auf einer Seite der Riemenregulierungsplatte (64) nahe (64) dem Befestigungsriemen (61) angeordnet ist, und eine nichtmagnetische Metallschicht (64b), die auf einer von dem Befestigungsriemen (61) entfernten Seite der Riemenregulierungsplatte (64) angeordnet ist, umfasst,

    dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass

    ein gebogener Abschnitt (71b) der Spule (71) in der vorgegebenen Richtung teilweise außerhalb der Riemenregulierungsplatte (64) angeordnet ist, so dass die Regulierungsplatte (64) einen Magnetfluss blockiert, der an dem gebogenen Abschnitt (71b) erzeugt wird und über die Endfläche der Befestigungsrolle (62) in der vorgegebenen Richtung auf die innere Umfangsfläche des Befestigungsriemens (61) gerichtet ist.


     
    2. Fixiervorrichtung (106) nach Anspruch 1, bei der eine Dicke der nichtmagnetischen Metallschicht (64b) in der vorgegebenen Richtung nicht weniger als 0,1 mm beträgt.
     
    3. Fixiervorrichtung (106) nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, bei der ein Werkstoff der nichtmagnetischen Metallschicht (64b) Aluminium, Kupfer oder nichtmagnetischer rostfreier Stahl ist.
     
    4. Fixiervorrichtung (106) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, bei der die Harzschicht (64a) und die nichtmagnetische Metallschicht (64b) miteinander integriert sind.
     
    5. Fixiervorrichtung (106) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei die Harzschicht (64a) und die nichtmagnetische Metallschicht (64b) unterschiedliche Bauteile sind.
     
    6. Fixiervorrichtung (106) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, bei der eine Dicke der Harzschicht (64a) in der vorgegebenen Richtung so eingestellt ist, dass ein Abstand in der vorgegebenen Richtung zwischen einer Kante des Fixierriemens (61) in der vorgegebenen Richtung und der nichtmagnetischen Metallschicht (64b) nicht größer als 5 mm ist.
     
    7. Bilderzeugungsvorrichtung (100), die die Fixiervorrichtung (106) nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6 umfasst.
     


    Revendications

    1. Un dispositif de fixation (106), comprenant :

    une courroie de fixation (61) qui est formée en une forme sans fin et qui possède une couche de chauffage par induction (61a) ;

    un rouleau de fixation (62) qui est inséré à l'intérieur de la courroie de fixation (61), qui est supporté de manière rotative, un arbre s'étendant dans une direction prédéterminée faisant office d'arbre de rotation, et qui est configuré pour tourner avec la courroie de fixation (61) ;

    un rouleau de pression (63) qui est pressé contre la courroie de fixation (61) et qui est configuré pour tourner afin d'amener la courroie de fixation (61) et le rouleau de fixation (62) à effectuer une rotation entraînée ;

    une bobine (71) qui est disposée à un intervalle de la courroie de fixation (61), sur un côté opposé au rouleau de pression (63) par rapport à la courroie de fixation (61), qui est enroulée en forme de boucle allongée dans la direction prédéterminée de manière à s'étendre d'une partie d'extrémité à une autre partie d'extrémité de la courroie de fixation (61) dans la direction prédéterminée, et qui est configurée pour générer un flux magnétique pour le chauffage par induction par lequel la courroie de fixation (61) est chauffée ; et

    une plaque de régulation de courroie (64) qui est disposée sur un côté d'une surface d'extrémité du rouleau de fixation (62) dans la direction prédéterminée de telle sorte que la plaque de régulation de courroie entre en contact avec la courroie de fixation (64) lorsque la courroie de fixation (61) se déplace dans la direction prédéterminée pour réguler ainsi le mouvement de la courroie de fixation (61) dans la direction prédéterminée,

    la plaque de régulation de courroie (64) a une structure multicouche comprenant une couche de résine (64a) disposée sur un côté de la plaque de régulation de courroie proche (64) de la courroie de fixation (61) et une couche métallique non magnétique (64b) disposée sur un côté de la plaque de régulation de courroie (64) éloigné de la courroie de fixation (61),

    caractérisé en ce que

    une partie courbée (71b) de la bobine (71) est partiellement disposée à l'extérieur de la plaque de régulation de la courroie (64) dans la direction prédéterminée, de sorte que la plaque de régulation (64) bloque le flux magnétique généré au niveau de la partie courbée (71b) et dirigé vers la surface périphérique intérieure de la courroie de fixation (61) via la surface d'extrémité du rouleau de fixation (62) dans la direction prédéterminée.


     
    2. Dispositif de fixation (106) selon la revendication 1, dans lequel une épaisseur de la couche métallique non magnétique (64b) dans la direction prédéterminée n'est pas inférieure à 0,1 mm.
     
    3. Dispositif de fixation (106) selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel un matériau constitutif de la couche métallique non magnétique (64b) est l'aluminium, le cuivre ou l'acier inoxydable non magnétique.
     
    4. Dispositif de fixation (106) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la couche de résine (64a) et la couche métallique non magnétique (64b) sont intégrées l'une à l'autre.
     
    5. Dispositif de fixation (106) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel la couche de résine (64a) et la couche métallique non magnétique (64b) sont des éléments différents.
     
    6. Dispositif de fixation (106) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel une épaisseur de la couche de résine (64a) dans la direction prédéterminée est réglée de telle sorte qu'un intervalle dans la direction prédéterminée entre un bord de la courroie de fixation (61) dans la direction prédéterminée et la couche métallique non magnétique (64b) n'est pas supérieur à 5 mm.
     
    7. Appareil de formation d'images (100) comprenant le dispositif de fixage (106) selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6.
     




    Drawing



































    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description