(19)
(11)EP 3 018 968 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
27.07.2022 Bulletin 2022/30

(21)Application number: 13891438.7

(22)Date of filing:  13.08.2013
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H04B 7/024(2017.01)
H04W 88/08(2009.01)
H04L 12/28(2006.01)
H04W 4/00(2018.01)
(52)Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC):
H04B 7/024; H04W 88/085; H04L 12/2856
(86)International application number:
PCT/CN2013/081358
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/021594 (19.02.2015 Gazette  2015/07)

(54)

WIRELESS ACCESS METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM

VERFAHREN, VORRICHTUNG UND SYSTEM FÜR DRAHTLOSEN ZUGANG

PROCÉDÉ, APPAREIL ET SYSTÈME D'ACCÈS SANS FIL


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(43)Date of publication of application:
11.05.2016 Bulletin 2016/19

(73)Proprietor: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Longgang District Shenzhen, Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(72)Inventors:
  • ZHANG, Xiaodong
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • WANG, Jueping
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • WANG, Jianchun
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)
  • PU, Tao
    Shenzhen Guangdong 518129 (CN)

(74)Representative: Gill Jennings & Every LLP 
The Broadgate Tower 20 Primrose Street
London EC2A 2ES
London EC2A 2ES (GB)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A1- 2 768 196
CN-A- 101 132 632
CN-A- 102 238 592
CN-A- 102 340 088
US-A1- 2012 165 055
CN-A- 101 083 606
CN-A- 102 131 221
CN-A- 102 281 187
US-A1- 2012 084 361
US-A1- 2014 149 549
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD



    [0001] Embodiments of the present invention relate to the communications field, and in particular, to a radio access method, apparatus, and system.

    BACKGROUND



    [0002] With the development of radio communications technologies, radio access network architectures become diversified. At present, two existing radio access network architectures are provided:
    1. 1. Conventional radio access network architecture: In this architecture, a baseband is deployed in a site. Using long term evolution (Long Term Evolution, LTE) as an example, an access network uses an evolved universal terrestrial radio access network (Evolved Universal Terrestrial RAN, E-UTRAN) structure, where primarily a base station is connected to an access gateway by using an S1 interface, and base stations are connected to each other by using an X2 interface. This architecture has certain advantages in site deployment and is highly reliable; however, mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites cannot be performed, and baseband consumption is high.
    2. 2. Centralized processing radio access network (Centralized Processing, Collaborative Radio, Real-Time Cloud Computing-Radio Access Network, C-RAN) architecture: This architecture puts a plurality of digital processing units (Cloud digital process units, Cloud DUs) together to implement centralized use of baseband processing resources. However, evolution from the conventional radio access network architecture to this structure causes a problem of a high deployment cost; moreover, because DUs are deployed in a centralized manner, disaster recovery cannot be implemented, resulting in poor availability of a site. In addition, after a DU is removed from a cabinet, it is possible that some devices that are originally controlled by the DU cannot work.


    [0003] Document US2012/0165055 discloses a cloud communication centre system and method for processing data in a cloud communication system. An apparatus for supporting a cloud communication system may include at least one remote unit and a centralized unit. The at least one remote unit may be configured to process one of radio signals received from a user equipment or radio signals to be transmitted to a user equipment according to at least one sub-layer of an open system interconnection reference model. The centralized unit may be configured to receive the processed signal from the remote unit and to process the received signal based on the remaining sub-layers of the open system interconnection reference model.

    SUMMARY



    [0004] In view of this, embodiments of the present invention provide a radio access method and system, which can implement mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites on a basis of low-cost deployment and high availability, and improve network performance.

    [0005] The invention is set out in the appended claims.

    [0006] According to the foregoing solutions, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the solutions are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site, or a change is merely adding extended DUs; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the foregoing solutions are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, the solutions may be used to implement baseband collaborative processing in the basic DUs, which improves network performance; and a first extended DU may be used to act as a baseband resource pool of a basic DU, which improves high availability of a system; and further, baseband collaborative processing may be performed in a second extended DU, which may not only further improve the network performance, but also further improve the high availability of the system.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS



    [0007] To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention or in the prior art more clearly, the following briefly introduces the accompanying drawings required for describing the embodiments or the prior art. Apparently, some of the accompanying drawings in the following description show merely some embodiments of the present invention, and a person of ordinary skill in the art may still derive other drawings from these accompanying drawings without creative efforts.

    FIG. 1 is a radio access system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a radio access method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a radio access system which is not encompassed by the wording of the claims;

    FIG. 4 is a radio access method which is not encompassed by the wording of the claims;

    FIG. 5 is a radio access system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 6 is a radio access method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 7 is a schematic apparatus diagram of a DU according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of a connection relationship between a DU and a switching device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of another connection relationship between a DU and a switching device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG 10 is a radio access system which is not encompassed by the wording of the claims;

    FIG. 11 is a radio access method which is not encompassed by the wording of the claims;

    FIG. 12 is another radio access method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 13 is still another radio access method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 14 is still another radio access method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 15 is still another radio access method which is not encompassed by the wording of the claims;

    FIG. 16 is still another radio access method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 17 is still another radio access method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 18 is still another radio access method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 19 is still another radio access method which is not encompassed by the wording of the claims;

    FIG. 20 is a switching device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 21 is another switching device which is not encompassed by the wording of the claims;

    FIG. 22 is still another switching device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 23 is still another switching device which is not encompassed by the wording of the claims;

    FIG. 24 is still another switching device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 25 is still another switching device which is not encompassed by the wording of the claims;

    FIG. 26 is still another switching device according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG 27 is still another switching device which is not encompassed by the wording of the claims;

    FIG. 28 is a schematic apparatus diagram of interface division of a DU according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 29 is a schematic diagram of a data flow direction for performing baseband collaborative processing according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 30 is a schematic diagram of another data flow direction for performing baseband collaborative processing according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 31 is a schematic diagram of still another data flow direction for performing baseband collaborative processing according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 32 is a schematic diagram of still another data flow direction for performing baseband collaborative processing according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 33 is a schematic distribution diagram of multi-stage switches and basic DUs according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 34 is a schematic distribution diagram of multi-stage switches and basic DUs according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

    FIG. 35 is a schematic diagram of hybrid transmission networking according to an embodiment of the present invention.


    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS



    [0008] The described embodiments comprise both embodiments of the invention and embodiments that do not fall within the scope of the claims.

    Embodiment 1



    [0009] This embodiment of the present invention provides a radio access method, where the method is applied to a switching device. In the method, a basic digital outputting unit DU is deployed in a site; and the method is specifically described on a basis of a radio access system 100 that is corresponding to an LTE network and shown in FIG. 1. It is assumed that the radio access system 100 shown in FIG. 1 includes three basic DUs, which are a DU 101, a DU 102, and a DU 103; and the system 100 further includes radio frequency processing units (Radio process unit, RU), a transmission network 104, and a switching device 105. Accordingly, as shown in FIG. 2, the method includes:
    201. A switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU.

    [0010] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the first basic DUs, where there may be one or more first basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the first basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as first basic DUs.

    [0011] For example, in FIG. 1, the first basic DU may be the DU 101, the DU 102, or the DU 101 and the DU 102.

    [0012] It should be noted that "first" in the first data packet does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" data packet in this embodiment of the present invention to indicate a data packet of a different baseband. Certainly, there may be one or more first/second data packets. That is, the first data packet may be a data packet of one RU corresponding to the first basic DU, a data packet of a plurality of RUs corresponding to the first basic DU, or a plurality of data packets formed by replicating a data packet of one RU corresponding to the first basic DU, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0013] For example, in the radio access system 100 shown in FIG. 1, a terminal user 1 near the DU 101 makes a phone call on a mobile phone; and a signal of the mobile phone may be received by an antenna near the DU 101, an antenna near the DU 102, and an antenna near the DU 103. Accordingly, the DU 101 may replicate a data packet according to a requirement to send the data packet to the switching device for collaborative processing in the DU 102 or the DU 103.

    [0014] Similarly, for each data packet involved in the following methods in the present invention, there may be one or more such data packets. This is not repeated in the following embodiments.

    [0015] 202. The switching device determines to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing.

    [0016] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the second basic DUs either, where there may be one or more second basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the second basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as second basic DUs.

    [0017] For example, in FIG. 1, the second basic DU may be the DU 101, the DU 102, or the DU 103.

    [0018] Specifically, the switching device determines, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the first data packet to the second basic DU for collaborative processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0019] For example, in FIG. 1, if a data routing policy specifies that the DU 101 does not perform baseband processing, and collaborative processing is to be performed on a baseband requiring processing in the DU 101 and a baseband requiring processing in the DU 102, the switching device determines, according to this data routing policy, to send a first data packet sent by the DU 101 to the DU 102 for collaborative processing. In this case, the DU 101 is the first basic DU, and the DU 102 is the second basic DU.

    [0020] 203. The switching device sends the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, where the second data packet and the first data packet are of a same data type.

    [0021] For example, in FIG. 1, if the switching device determines to send a first data packet sent by the DU 101 to the DU 102 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 102, so that the DU 102 performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet.

    [0022] Specifically, the second data packet may be a data packet of a baseband of the second basic DU, or a data packet of another baseband that requires collaborative processing in the second basic DU, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. This embodiment merely describes that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type.

    [0023] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that, because a baseband is processed according to layers, that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type represents, in essence, that the first data packet and the second data packet are data packets of a same sublayer of different basebands. That is, for example, in FIG. 1, if the DU 101 is the first basic DU, the DU 102 is the second basic DU, and the first data packet is a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 101 to the switching device, the second data packet should be a data packet output by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 102.

    [0024] The data type of the data packet includes:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain in-phase-quadrature (in-phase-quadrature, IQ) data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0025] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the method are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the method are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, by using a solution in which a switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU, and after determining to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing, sends the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, the method may implement mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites, which may improve network performance.

    [0026] This embodiment of the present invention further provides a radio access method, where the method is applied to a switching device. In the method, a basic DU is deployed in a site; and the method is specifically described on a basis of a radio access system 300 that is corresponding to an LTE network and shown in FIG. 3. It is assumed that the radio access system 300 shown in FIG. 3 includes five basic DUs, which are a DU 301, a DU 302, a DU 303, a DU 304, and a DU 305; and the system 300 further includes RUs, a transmission network 306, a switching device 307, and two extended DUs, which are an extended DU 308 and an extended DU 309, where the extended DUs are deployed together with the switching device. As shown in FIG. 4, the method includes:
    401. A switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU, and receives a second data packet sent by a second basic DU, where the first data packet and the second data packet are of a same data type.

    [0027] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the first basic DUs or the second basic DUs, where there may be one or more first basic DUs or second basic DUs. The first basic DU and the second basic DU have a same technical feature; and one of any two basic DUs having the technical feature may be referred to as a first basic DU, and the other one is referred to as a second basic DU.

    [0028] For example, in FIG. 3, the first basic DU may be the DU 301, and the second basic DU may be the DU 302. Certainly, if the DU 303 also has the technical feature of the DU 302 or the DU 301, the DU 303 may be referred to as a second basic DU relative to the DU 301, or the DU 303 may be referred to as a first basic DU relative to the DU 302.

    [0029] Similarly, if the DU 304 also has the technical feature of the DU 301 or the DU 302, the DU 304 may be referred to as a second basic DU relative to the DU 301, or the DU 304 may be referred to as a first basic DU relative to the DU 302.

    [0030] Therefore, by analogy, the first basic DU may be one or more DUs, or the second basic DU may be one or more DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0031] It should be noted that "first" in the first data packet does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" data packet in this embodiment of the present invention to indicate a data packet of a different baseband.

    [0032] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that, because a baseband is processed according to layers, that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type represents, in essence, that the first data packet and the second data packet are data packets of a same sublayer of different basebands. That is, for example, in FIG. 3, if the DU 301 is the first basic DU, the DU 302 is the second basic DU, and the first data packet is a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 301 to the switching device, the second data packet should be a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 302 to the switching device.

    [0033] The data type of the data packet may include:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0034] 402. The switching device determines to send the first data packet and the second data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing.

    [0035] Specifically, in some application scenarios, it is possible that a collaborative algorithm cannot be deployed because hardware of a basic DU is limited; therefore, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU for collaborative processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0036] For example, in FIG. 3, if a data routing policy specifies that neither the DU 301 nor the DU 302 performs baseband processing, and the extended DU 308 performs collaborative processing on a baseband requiring processing in the DU 301 and a baseband requiring processing in the DU 302, the switching device determines, according to this data routing policy, to send a first data packet sent by the DU 301 and a second data packet sent by the DU 302 to the DU 308 for collaborative processing.

    [0037] 403. The switching device sends the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet.

    [0038] For example, in FIG. 3, if the switching device determines to send a first data packet sent by the DU 301 and a second data packet sent by the DU 302 to the DU 308 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the first data packet and the second data packet to the DU 308, so that the DU 308 performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet.

    [0039] It should be noted that the second extended DU may be one extended DU or a plurality of extended DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. All extended DUs having a technical feature of the second extended DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be deemed as second extended DUs.

    [0040] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the method are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site, and only extended DUs are added to perform baseband collaborative processing in the extended DUs; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the method are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, by using a solution in which a switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU and a second data packet sent by a second basic DU, and after determining to send the first data packet and the second data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, sends the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet, the method may implement mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites, which further improves network performance.

    [0041] This embodiment of the present invention further provides a radio access method, where the method is applied to a switching device. In the method, a basic DU is deployed in a site; and the method is specifically described on a basis of a radio access system 500 that is corresponding to an LTE network and shown in FIG. 5. It is assumed that the radio access system 500 shown in FIG. 5 includes three basic DUs, which are a DU 501, a DU 502, and a DU 503; and the system 500 further includes RUs, an access network 504, and a switching device 505. Accordingly, as shown in FIG. 6, the method includes:
    601. A switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU.

    [0042] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the first basic DUs, where there may be one or more first basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the first basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as first basic DUs.

    [0043] For example, in FIG. 5, the first basic DU may be the DU 501, the DU 502, or the DU 501 and the DU 502.

    [0044] It should be noted that "first" in the first data packet does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" data packet, a "third" data packet, a "fourth" data packet, and a "fifth" data packet in the following to indicate a data packet of a different baseband.

    [0045] 602. The switching device determines to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing.

    [0046] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the second basic DUs either, where there may be one or more second basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the second basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as second basic DUs.

    [0047] For example, in FIG. 5, the second basic DU may be the DU 501, the DU 502, or the DU 503.

    [0048] Specifically, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the first data packet to the second basic DU for collaborative processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0049] For example, in FIG. 5, if a data routing policy specifies that the DU 501 does not perform baseband processing, and collaborative processing is to be performed on a baseband requiring processing in the DU 501 and a baseband requiring processing in the DU 502, the switching device determines, according to this data routing policy, to send a first data packet sent by the DU 501 to the DU 502 for collaborative processing. In this case, the DU 501 is the first basic DU, and the DU 502 is the second basic DU.

    [0050] 603. The switching device sends the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, where the second data packet and the first data packet are of a same data type.

    [0051] For example, in FIG. 5, if the switching device determines to send a first data packet sent by the DU 501 to the DU 502 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 502, so that the DU 502 performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet.

    [0052] Specifically, the second data packet may be a data packet of a baseband of the second basic DU, or may include a data packet of another baseband that requires collaborative processing in the second basic DU, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. This embodiment merely describes that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type.

    [0053] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that, because a baseband is processed according to layers, that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type represents, in essence, that the first data packet and the second data packet are data packets of a same sublayer of different basebands. That is, for example, in FIG. 5, if the DU 501 is the first basic DU, the DU 502 is the second basic DU, and the first data packet is a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 501 to the switching device, the second data packet should be a data packet output by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 502.

    [0054] The data type of the data packet may include:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0055] 604. The switching device receives a first signal sent by the second basic DU.

    [0056] Specifically, the radio access system 500 shown in FIG. 5 is different from the radio access system 100 shown in FIG. 1, where a signal in the system 100 is directly sent to a core network by using a transmission network, but a signal in the system 500 is sent to the switching device by using a transmission network, and then sent by the switching device to a core network; therefore, relative to the radio access method shown in FIG. 2, in the radio access method provided in this embodiment, the switching device, after sending the first data packet to the second basic DU so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet, further receives the first signal sent by the second basic DU.

    [0057] It should be noted that "first" in the first signal does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" signal and a "third" signal in the following.

    [0058] A person skilled in the art may understand that, a basis that this embodiment of the present invention is practicable is established on a basis that a DU has two logical input/output interfaces, where one interface is used to output a signal, and the other interface is used to receive and send a data packet. A schematic apparatus structural diagram of a DU is provided in this embodiment. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 7, the DU 700 includes an L1 processing module 701, an L2 processing module 702, an L3 processing module 703, a first interface 704, and a second interface 705.

    [0059] The L1 processing module 701 is connected to a radio frequency processing unit (Radio Process Unit, RU) and the L2 processing module 702 separately, the L2 processing module 702 is connected to the L3 processing module 703, the L3 processing module 703 is connected to the first output interface 704, the L1 processing module is further connected to the second interface 705, the L2 processing module 702 is further connected to the second interface 705, and the second interface 705 is further connected to the RU; the first interface 704 is configured to receive and send a signal; and the second interface 705 is configured to receive and send a data packet.

    [0060] It should be noted that, for ease of describing baseband processing according to the present invention, an interior schematic structural diagram of the DU involved in the present invention only exemplarily gives a baseband processing module, which includes the L1 processing module 701, the L2 processing module 702, and the L3 processing module 703. Certainly, in addition to the baseband processing modules, the DU may further include another processing module, for example, a clock processing module or a transmission processing module, which is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention. The transmission processing module is configured to perform transmission processing, for example, to perform network protocol security (InternetPrococolSecurity, IPSEC) processing. The module may be included in the first interface and the second interface, or be connected to the first interface and the second interface, which is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention either.

    [0061] Apparently, if the DU in the radio access system 100 shown in FIG. 1 is the DU in FIG. 7, a diagram of a connection between the DU and the switching device through the transmission network is shown in FIG. 8, where only a second interface of the DU is connected to the switching device; and if the DU in the radio access system shown in FIG. 5 is the DU shown in FIG. 7, a diagram of a connection between the DU and the switching device through the transmission network is shown in FIG. 9, where a first interface and a second interface of the DU are both connected to the switching device.

    [0062] It should be noted that the first interface and the second interface are merely logical interfaces, which may correspond to one physical interface, or may correspond to two physical interfaces. The diagram merely exemplarily shows a connection relationship between the interface and the switching device. For example, for the connection relationship between the DU and the switching device shown in FIG. 8, the first interface and the second interface should correspond to different physical interfaces; for the connection relationship between the DU and the switching device shown in FIG. 9, the first interface and the second interface may correspond to different physical interfaces, or may share a same physical interface, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0063] In addition, this embodiment of the present invention merely gives a schematic apparatus diagram of a DU with two input/output interfaces, so as to describe a difference between the radio access system 100 shown in FIG. 1 and the radio access system 500 shown in FIG. 5; and therefore, a difference exists between the radio access method shown in FIG. 2 and the radio access method shown in FIG. 6. Certainly, according to a different interface data requirement, there may be another interface division method, for example, the L1 processing submodule may be divided into an L1 first processing submodule and an L1 processing submodule, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0064] 605. The switching device sends the first signal.

    [0065] Specifically, the switching device further sends the first signal after receiving the first signal. Specifically, an object that the first signal is sent to needs to be determined with reference to a type of a current network and a signal type, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. For example, this embodiment of the present invention corresponds to a radio access system in an LTE network; therefore, the signal received by the switching device is an S1/X2 signal, where the S1 signal is sent to an evolved packet core network (Evolved Packet Core, EPC), and the X2 signal is sent to another base station.

    [0066] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the method are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the method are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, by using a solution in which a switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU, and after determining to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing, sends the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, and then the switching device receives a first signal sent by the second basic DU and sends the first signal, the method may implement mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites, which may improve network performance.

    [0067] This embodiment of the present invention further provides a radio access method, where the method is applied to a switching device. In the method, a basic DU is deployed in a site; and the method is specifically described on a basis of a radio access system 1000 that is corresponding to an LTE network and shown in FIG. 10. It is assumed that the radio access system 1000 shown in FIG. 10 includes five basic DUs, which are a DU 1001, a DU 1002, a DU 1003, a DU 1004, and a DU 1005; and the system 1000 further includes RUs, a transmission network 1006, a switching device 1007, and two extended DUs, which are an extended DU 1008 and an extended DU 1009, where the extended DUs are deployed together with the switching device. As shown in FIG. 11, the method includes:
    1101. A switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU, and receives a second data packet sent by a second basic DU, where the first data packet and the second data packet are of a same data type.

    [0068] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the first basic DUs or the second basic DUs, where there may be one or more first basic DUs or second basic DUs. The first basic DU and the second basic DU have a same technical feature; and one of any two basic DUs having the technical feature may be referred to as a first basic DU, and the other one is referred to as a second basic DU.

    [0069] For example, in FIG. 10, the first basic DU may be the DU 1001, and the second basic DU may be the DU 1002. Certainly, if the DU 1003 also has the technical feature of the DU 1002 or the DU 1001, the DU 1003 may be referred to as a second basic DU relative to the DU 1001, or the DU 1003 may be referred to as a first basic DU relative to the DU 1002.

    [0070] Similarly, if the DU 1004 also has the technical feature of the DU 1001 or the DU 1002, the DU 1004 may be referred to as a second basic DU relative to the DU 1001, or the DU 1004 may be referred to as a first basic DU relative to the DU 1002.

    [0071] Therefore, by analogy, the first basic DU may be one or more DUs, or the second basic DU may be one or more DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0072] It should be noted that "first" in the first data packet does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" data packet, a "third" data packet, a "fourth" data packet, and a "fifth" data packet in the following to indicate a data packet of a different baseband.

    [0073] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that, because a baseband is processed according to layers, that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type represents, in essence, that the first data packet and the second data packet are data packets of a same sublayer of different basebands. That is, for example, in FIG. 10, if the DU 1001 is the first basic DU, the DU 1002 is the second basic DU, and the first data packet is a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 1001 to the switching device, the second data packet should be a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 1002 to the switching device.

    [0074] The data type of the data packet may include:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0075] 1102. The switching device determines to send the first data packet and the second data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing.

    [0076] Specifically, in some application scenarios, it is possible that a collaborative algorithm cannot be deployed because hardware of a basic DU is limited; therefore, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU for collaborative processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0077] For example, in FIG. 10, if a data routing policy specifies that neither the DU 1001 nor the DU 1002 performs baseband processing, and the extended DU 1008 performs collaborative processing on a baseband requiring processing in the DU 1001 and a baseband requiring processing in the DU 1002, the switching device determines, according to this data routing policy, to send a first data packet sent by the DU 1001 and a second data packet sent by the DU 1002 to the DU 1008 for collaborative processing.

    [0078] Certainly, because the extended DU can perform baseband processing, the extended DU may be deployed so that a base station keeps obtaining a new feature, which prolongs a service life of a baseband of an early version. Moreover, it is unnecessary to go to a site during maintenance and capacity expansion, which reduces a cost.

    [0079] 1103. The switching device sends the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet.

    [0080] For example, in FIG. 10, if the switching device determines to send a first data packet sent by the DU 1001 and a second data packet sent by the DU 1002 to the DU 1008 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the first data packet and the second data packet to the DU 1008, so that the DU 1008 performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet.

    [0081] It should be noted that the second extended DU may be one extended DU or a plurality of extended DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. All extended DUs having a technical feature of the second extended DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be deemed as second extended DUs.

    [0082] 1104. The switching device receives a first signal sent by the second extended DU.

    [0083] Specifically, the radio access system 1000 shown in FIG. 10 is different from the radio access system 300 shown in FIG. 3, where a signal in the system 300 is directly sent to a core network by using a transmission network, but a signal in the system 1000 is sent to the switching device by using a transmission network, and then sent by the switching device to a core network; therefore, relative to the radio access method shown in FIG. 4, in the radio access method provided in this embodiment, the switching device, after sending the first data packet and the second data packet to the first extended DU so that the first extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet, further receives the first signal sent by the first extended DU.

    [0084] It should be noted that "first" in the first signal does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" signal and a "third" signal in the following.

    [0085] For a reason why the switching device in this embodiment of the present invention further receives the first signal sent by the second extended DU, reference may be made to a description of step 604 in the radio access method shown in FIG. 6, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0086] 1105. The switching device sends the first signal.

    [0087] Specifically, the switching device sends the first signal after receiving the first signal sent by the second basic DU. Specifically, an object that the first signal is sent to needs to be determined with reference to a type of a current network and a signal type, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. For example, this embodiment of the present invention corresponds to a radio access system in an LTE network; therefore, the signal received by the switching device is an S1/X2 signal, where the S1 signal is sent to an evolved packet core network (Evolved Packet Core, EPC), and the X2 signal is sent to another base station.

    [0088] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the method are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site, and only extended DUs are added to perform baseband collaborative processing in the extended DUs; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the method are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, by using a solution in which a switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU and a second data packet sent by a second basic DU, and after determining to send the first data packet and the second data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, sends the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet, and then the switching device receives a first signal sent by the first extended DU and sends the first signal, the method may implement mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites, which may improve network performance.

    [0089] It should be noted that all the radio access systems 100, 300, 500, and 1000 included in Embodiment 1 are radio access systems in an LTE network; therefore, a signal transmitted by a transmission network is an S1/X2 signal, where the S1 signal is sent to an evolved packet core network (Evolved Packet Core, EPC), and the X2 signal is sent to another base station. Certainly, for networks of different types, types of signals transmitted by the transmission network are different. For example, for a global system for mobile communications (Global System for Mobile Communications, GSM) network, the transmission network transmits an Abis signal, and eventually sends the Abis signal to a base station controller (Base Station Controller, BSC); for a universal mobile telecommunications system (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System, UMTS), the transmission network transmits an Iub signal, and eventually sends the Iub signal to a radio network controller (radio network controller, RNC). This embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the type of a signal transmitted by a transmission network, which needs to be determined according to an actual network type. All embodiments of the present invention are described in an LTE network. Similar cases are not described one by one in the following embodiments.

    Embodiment 2



    [0090] This embodiment of the present invention provides a radio access method, where the method is applied to a switching device. In the method, a basic digital outputting unit DU is deployed in a site; and the method is specifically described on a basis of a radio access system 300 that is corresponding to an LTE network and shown in FIG. 3. As shown in FIG. 12, the method includes:
    1201. A switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU.

    [0091] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the first basic DUs, where there may be one or more first basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the first basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as first basic DUs.

    [0092] For example, in FIG. 3, the first basic DU may be the DU 301, the DU 302, or the DU 301 and the DU 302.

    [0093] It should be noted that "first" in the first data packet does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" data packet and a "third" data packet in this embodiment of the present invention to indicate a data packet of a different baseband.

    [0094] 1202. The switching device receives a third data packet sent by a third basic DU.

    [0095] This embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the third basic DUs, where there may be one or more third basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the third basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as third basic DUs.

    [0096] For example, in FIG. 3, the third basic DU may be the DU 301, the DU 302, or the DU 301 and the DU 302.

    [0097] It should be noted that there is no necessary sequence for step 1201 and step 1202. The switching device may first receive the first data packet sent by the first basic DU, or the switching device may first receive the third data packet sent by the third basic DU, or the switching device may receive, at the same time, the first data packet sent by the first basic DU and the third data packet sent by the third basic DU, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0098] 1203. The switching device determines to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing.

    [0099] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the second basic DUs, where there may be one or more second basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the second basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as second basic DUs.

    [0100] For example, in FIG. 3, the second basic DU may be the DU 301, the DU 302, or the DU 303.

    [0101] Specifically, after receiving the first data packet sent by the first basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the first data packet to the second basic DU for collaborative processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0102] 1204. The switching device sends the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, where the second data packet and the first data packet are of a same data type.

    [0103] For example, in FIG. 3, if the switching device determines to send a first data packet sent by the DU 301 to the DU 302 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 302, so that the DU 302 performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet.

    [0104] Specifically, the second data packet may be a data packet of a baseband of the second basic DU, or may include a data packet of another baseband that requires collaborative processing in the second basic DU, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. This embodiment merely describes that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type.

    [0105] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that, because a baseband is processed according to layers, that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type represents, in essence, that the first data packet and the second data packet are data packets of a same sublayer of different basebands. That is, for example, in FIG. 3, if the DU 301 is the first basic DU, the DU 302 is the second basic DU, and the first data packet is a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 301 to the switching device, the second data packet should be a data packet output by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 302.

    [0106] The data type of the data packet may include:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0107] 1205. The switching device determines to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing.

    [0108] Specifically, after receiving the third data packet sent by the third basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the third data packet to the first extended DU for processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0109] For example, in FIG. 3, if a baseband processing capability of the DU 303 is limited, it may be determined that a baseband processing task in the DU 303 is arranged to be processed in the DU 308. In this case, the extended DU 308 acts as a baseband resource pool of the basic DU 303, and performs baseband processing in place of the basic DU 303.

    [0110] It should be noted that the first extended DU is an extended DU that acts as a baseband resource pool, where there may be one or more first extended DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0111] 1206. The switching device sends the third data packet to the first extended DU, so that the first extended DU processes the third data packet.

    [0112] For example, in FIG. 3, if the switching device determines to send a third data packet sent by the DU 303 to the DU 308 for processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 308.

    [0113] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the method are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site, and only extended DUs are added; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the method are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, the method may be used to implement baseband collaborative processing in a basic DU, which improves network performance; and a first extended DU may be used to act as a baseband resource pool of the basic DU, which improves high availability of a system.

    [0114] This embodiment of the present invention further provides a radio access method, where the method is applied to a switching device. In the method, a basic digital outputting unit DU is deployed in a site; and the method is specifically described on a basis of a radio access system 300 that is corresponding to an LTE network and shown in FIG. 3. As shown in FIG. 13, the method includes:
    1301. A switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU.

    [0115] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the first basic DUs, where there may be one or more first basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the first basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as first basic DUs.

    [0116] For example, in FIG. 3, the first basic DU may be the DU 301, the DU 302, or the DU 301 and the DU 302.

    [0117] It should be noted that "first" in the first data packet does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" data packet, a fourth data packet, and a fifth data packet in this embodiment of the present invention to indicate a data packet of a different baseband.

    [0118] 1302. The switching device receives a fourth data packet sent by a fourth basic DU, and receives a fifth data packet sent by a fifth basic DU, where the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are of a same data type.

    [0119] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the fourth basic DUs or the fifth basic DUs, where there may be one or more fourth basic DUs or fifth basic DUs. The fourth basic DU and the fifth basic DU have a same technical feature; and one of any two basic DUs having the technical feature may be referred to as a fourth basic DU, and the other one is referred to as a fifth basic DU.

    [0120] For example, in FIG. 3, the fourth basic DU may be the DU 304, and the fifth basic DU may be the DU 305. Certainly, if the DU 303 also has the technical feature of the DU 304 or the DU 305, the DU 303 may be referred to as a fifth basic DU relative to the DU 304, or the DU 303 may be referred to as a fourth basic DU relative to the DU 305.

    [0121] Similarly, if the DU 302 also has the technical feature of the DU 304 or the DU 305, the DU 302 may be referred to as a fifth basic DU relative to the DU 304, or the DU 302 may be referred to as a fourth basic DU relative to the DU 305.

    [0122] Therefore, by analogy, the fourth basic DU may be one or more DUs, or the fifth basic DU may be one or more DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0123] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that, because a baseband is processed according to layers, that the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are of the same data type represents, in essence, that the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are data packets of a same sublayer of different basebands. That is, for example, in FIG. 3, if the DU 304 is the fourth basic DU, the DU 305 is the fifth basic DU, and the fourth data packet is a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 304 to the switching device, the fifth data packet should be a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 305 to the switching device.

    [0124] The data type of the data packet may include:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0125] It should be noted that there is no necessary sequence for step 1301 and step 1302. Any one step of the steps may be performed first, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0126] 1303. The switching device determines to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing.

    [0127] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the second basic DUs, where there may be one or more second basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the second basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as second basic DUs.

    [0128] For example, in FIG. 3, the second basic DU may be the DU 301, the DU 302, or the DU 303.

    [0129] Specifically, after receiving the first data packet sent by the first basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the first data packet to the second basic DU for collaborative processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0130] 1304. The switching device sends the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, where the second data packet and the first data packet are of a same data type.

    [0131] For example, in FIG. 3, if the switching device determines to send a first data packet sent by the DU 301 to the DU 302 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 302, so that the DU 302 performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet.

    [0132] Specifically, the second data packet may be a data packet of a baseband of the second basic DU, or may include a data packet of another baseband that requires collaborative processing in the second basic DU, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. This embodiment merely describes that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type.

    [0133] For the first data packet and the second data packet of the same type, reference may be made to the foregoing explanation for the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet of the same data type, which is not repeated herein.

    [0134] 1305. The switching device determines to send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing.

    [0135] Specifically, after receiving the fourth data packet sent by the fourth basic DU and receiving the fifth data packet sent by the fifth basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU for collaborative processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0136] 1306. The switching device sends the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet.

    [0137] For example, in FIG. 3, if the switching device determines to send a fourth data packet sent by the DU 304 and a fifth data packet sent by the DU 305 to the DU 309 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the DU 309, so that the DU 309 performs collaborative processing on the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet.

    [0138] It should be noted that the second extended DU may be one extended DU or a plurality of extended DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. All extended DUs having a technical feature of the second extended DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be deemed as second extended DUs.

    [0139] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the method are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site, and only extended DUs are added; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the method are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, the method may be used to implement baseband collaborative processing in a basic DU, which may improve network performance; and further, baseband collaborative processing may be performed in an extended DU, which may not only further improve the network performance, but also improve high availability of a system.

    [0140] This embodiment of the present invention further provides a radio access method, where the method is applied to a switching device. In the method, a basic digital outputting unit DU is deployed in a site; and the method is specifically described on a basis of a radio access system 300 that is corresponding to an LTE network and shown in FIG. 3. As shown in FIG. 14, the method includes:
    1401. A switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU.

    [0141] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the first basic DUs, where there may be one or more first basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the first basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as first basic DUs.

    [0142] For example, in FIG. 3, the first basic DU may be the DU 301, the DU 302, or the DU 301 and the DU 302.

    [0143] It should be noted that "first" in the first data packet does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" data packet, a "third" data packet, a "fourth" data packet, and a "fifth" data packet in this embodiment of the present invention to indicate a data packet of a different baseband.

    [0144] 1402. The switching device receives a third data packet sent by a third basic DU.

    [0145] This embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the third basic DUs, where there may be one or more third basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the third basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as third basic DUs.

    [0146] For example, in FIG. 3, the third basic DU may be the DU 301, the DU 302, or the DU 301 and the DU 302.

    [0147] 1403. The switching device receives a fourth data packet sent by a fourth basic DU, and receives a fifth data packet sent by a fifth basic DU.

    [0148] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the fourth basic DUs or the fifth basic DUs, where there may be one or more fourth basic DUs or fifth basic DUs. The fourth basic DU and the fifth basic DU have a same technical feature; and one of any two basic DUs having the technical feature may be referred to as a fourth basic DU, and the other one is referred to as a fifth basic DU.

    [0149] For example, in FIG. 3, the fourth basic DU may be the DU 304, and the fifth basic DU may be the DU 305. Certainly, if the DU 303 also has the technical feature of the DU 304 or the DU 305, the DU 303 may be referred to as a fifth basic DU relative to the DU 304, or the DU 303 may be referred to as a fourth basic DU relative to the DU 305.

    [0150] Similarly, if the DU 302 also has the technical feature of the DU 304 or the DU 305, the DU 302 may be referred to as a fifth basic DU relative to the DU 304, or the DU 302 may be referred to as a fourth basic DU relative to the DU 305.

    [0151] Therefore, by analogy, the fourth basic DU may be one or more DUs, or the fifth basic DU may be one or more DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0152] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that, because a baseband is processed according to layers, that the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are of the same data type represents, in essence, that the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are data packets of a same sublayer of different basebands. That is, for example, in FIG. 3, if the DU 304 is the fourth basic DU, the DU 305 is the fifth basic DU, and the fourth data packet is a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 304 to the switching device, the fifth data packet should be a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 305 to the switching device.

    [0153] The data type of the data packet may include:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0154] It should be noted that there is no necessary sequence for step 1401, step 1402, and step 1403. Any one step of the steps may be performed first or the steps may be performed at the same time, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0155] 1404. The switching device determines to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing.

    [0156] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the second basic DUs, where there may be one or more second basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the second basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as second basic DUs.

    [0157] For example, in FIG. 3, the second basic DU may be the DU 301, the DU 302, or the DU 303.

    [0158] Specifically, after receiving the first data packet sent by the first basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the first data packet to the second basic DU for collaborative processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0159] 1405. The switching device sends the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, where the second data packet and the first data packet are of a same data type.

    [0160] For example, in FIG. 3, if the switching device determines to send a first data packet sent by the DU 301 to the DU 302 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 302, so that the DU 302 performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet.

    [0161] Specifically, the second data packet may be a data packet of a baseband of the second basic DU, or may include a data packet of another baseband that requires collaborative processing in the second basic DU, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. This embodiment merely describes that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type.

    [0162] For the first data packet and the second data packet of the same type, reference may be made to the foregoing explanation for the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet of the same data type, which is not repeated herein.

    [0163] The data type of the data packet may include:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0164] 1406. The switching device determines to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing.

    [0165] Specifically, after receiving the third data packet sent by the third basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the third data packet to the first extended DU for processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0166] For example, in FIG. 3, if a baseband processing capability of the DU 303 is limited, it may be determined that a baseband processing task in the DU 303 is arranged to be processed in the DU 308. In this case, the extended DU 308 acts as a baseband resource pool of the basic DU 303, and performs baseband processing in place of the basic DU 303.

    [0167] It should be noted that the first extended DU is an extended DU that acts as a baseband resource pool, where there may be one or more first extended DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0168] 1407. The switching device sends the third data packet to the first extended DU, so that the first extended DU processes the third data packet.

    [0169] For example, in FIG. 3, if the switching device determines to send a third data packet sent by the DU 303 to the DU 308 for processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 308.

    [0170] 1408. The switching device determines to send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing.

    [0171] Specifically, after receiving the fourth data packet sent by the fourth basic DU and receiving the fifth data packet sent by the fifth basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU for processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0172] 1409. The switching device sends the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet.

    [0173] For example, in FIG. 3, if the switching device determines to send a fourth data packet sent by the DU 304 and a fifth data packet sent by the DU 305 to the DU 309 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the DU 309, so that the DU 309 performs collaborative processing on the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet.

    [0174] It should be noted that the second extended DU may be one extended DU or a plurality of extended DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. All extended DUs having a technical feature of the second extended DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as second extended DUs.

    [0175] Certainly, in this embodiment of the present invention, the first extended DU and the second extended DU may be the same extended DU. That is, one extended DU may perform baseband collaborative processing, and may act as a baseband resource pool at the same time, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0176] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the method are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site, and only extended DUs are added; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the method are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, the method may be used to implement baseband collaborative processing in a basic DU, which improves network performance; and a first extended DU may be used to act as a baseband resource pool of the basic DU, which improves high availability of a system; and further, baseband collaborative processing may be performed in a second extended DU, which may not only further improve the network performance, but also further improve the high availability of the system.

    [0177] This embodiment of the present invention further provides a radio access method, where the method is applied to a switching device. In the method, a basic digital outputting unit DU is deployed in a site; and the method is specifically described on a basis of a radio access system 300 that is corresponding to an LTE network and shown in FIG. 3. As shown in FIG. 15, the method includes:
    1501. A switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU, and receives a second data packet sent by a second basic DU, where the first data packet and the second data packet are of a same data type.

    [0178] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the first basic DUs or the second basic DUs, where there may be one or more first basic DUs or second basic DUs. The first basic DU and the second basic DU have a same technical feature; and one of any two basic DUs having the technical feature may be referred to as a first basic DU, and the other one is referred to as a second basic DU.

    [0179] For example, in FIG. 3, the first basic DU may be the DU 304, and the second basic DU may be the DU 305. Certainly, if the DU 303 also has the technical feature of the DU 304 or the DU 305, the DU 303 may be referred to as a second basic DU relative to the DU 304, or the DU 303 may be referred to as a first basic DU relative to the DU 305.

    [0180] Similarly, if the DU 302 also has the technical feature of the DU 304 or the DU 305, the DU 302 may be referred to as a second basic DU relative to the DU 304, or the DU 302 may be referred to as a first basic DU relative to the DU 305.

    [0181] Therefore, by analogy, the first basic DU may be one or more DUs, or the second basic DU may be one or more DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0182] It should be noted that "first" in the first data packet does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" data packet and a "third" data packet in this embodiment of the present invention to indicate a data packet of a different baseband.

    [0183] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that, because a baseband is processed according to layers, that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type represents, in essence, that the first data packet and the second data packet are data packets of a same sublayer of different basebands. That is, for example, in FIG. 3, if the DU 304 is the first basic DU, the DU 305 is the second basic DU, and the first data packet is a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 304 to the switching device, the second data packet should be a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 305 to the switching device.

    [0184] The data type of the data packet may include:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0185] 1502. The switching device receives a third data packet sent by a third basic DU.

    [0186] This embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the third basic DUs, where there may be one or more third basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the third basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as third basic DUs.

    [0187] For example, in FIG. 3, the third basic DU may be the DU 301, the DU 302, or the DU 301 and the DU 302.

    [0188] It should be noted that there is no necessary sequence for step 1501 and step 1502. Any one step of the steps may be performed first or the steps may be performed at the same time, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0189] 1503. The switching device determines to send the first data packet and the second data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing.

    [0190] Specifically, after receiving the first data packet sent by the first basic DU and receiving the second data packet sent by the second basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU for processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0191] 1504. The switching device sends the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet.

    [0192] For example, in FIG. 3, if the switching device determines to send a first data packet sent by the DU 304 and a second data packet sent by the DU 305 to the DU 309 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the first data packet and the second data packet to the DU 309, so that the DU 309 performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet.

    [0193] It should be noted that the second extended DU may be one extended DU or a plurality of extended DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. All extended DUs having a technical feature of the second extended DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be deemed as second extended DUs.

    [0194] 1505. The switching device determines to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing.

    [0195] Specifically, after receiving the third data packet sent by the third basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the third data packet to the first extended DU for processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0196] For example, in FIG. 3, if a baseband processing capability of the DU 303 is limited, it may be determined that a baseband processing task in the DU 303 is arranged to be processed in the DU 308. In this case, the extended DU 308 acts as a baseband resource pool of the basic DU 303, and performs baseband processing in place of the basic DU 303.

    [0197] It should be noted that the first extended DU is an extended DU that acts as a baseband resource pool, where there may be one or more first extended DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0198] 1506. The switching device sends the third data packet to the first extended DU, so that the first extended DU processes the third data packet.

    [0199] For example, in FIG. 3, if the switching device determines to send a third data packet sent by the DU 303 to the DU 308 for processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 308.

    [0200] Certainly, in this embodiment of the present invention, the first extended DU and the second extended DU may be the same extended DU. That is, one extended DU may perform baseband collaborative processing, and may act as a baseband resource pool at the same time, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0201] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the method are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site, and only extended DUs are added; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the method are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, the method may be used to implement baseband collaborative processing in a second extended DU, which may not only improve network performance, but also improve high availability of a system. Moreover, a first extended DU may be used to act as a baseband resource pool of a basic DU, which further improves the high availability of the system.

    [0202] This embodiment of the present invention further provides a radio access method, where the method is applied to a switching device. In the method, a basic digital outputting unit DU is deployed in a site; and the method is specifically described on a basis of a radio access system 1000 that is corresponding to an LTE network and shown in FIG. 10. As shown in FIG. 16, the method includes:
    1601. A switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU.

    [0203] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the first basic DUs, where there may be one or more first basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the first basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as first basic DUs.

    [0204] For example, in FIG. 10, the first basic DU may be the DU 1001, the DU 1002, or the DU 1001 and the DU 1002.

    [0205] It should be noted that "first" in the first data packet does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" data packet and a "third" data packet in this embodiment of the present invention to indicate a data packet of a different baseband.

    [0206] 1602. The switching device receives a third data packet sent by a third basic DU.

    [0207] This embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the third basic DUs, where there may be one or more third basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the third basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as third basic DUs.

    [0208] For example, in FIG.10, the third basic DU may be the DU 1001, the DU 1002, or the DU 1001 and the DU 1002.

    [0209] It should be noted that there is no necessary sequence for step 1601 and step 1602. The switching device may first receive the first data packet sent by the first basic DU, or the switching device may first receive the third data packet sent by the third basic DU, or the switching device may receive, at the same time, the first data packet sent by the first basic DU and the third data packet sent by the third basic DU, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0210] 1603. The switching device determines to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing.

    [0211] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the second basic DUs, where there may be one or more second basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the second basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as second basic DUs.

    [0212] For example, in FIG. 10, the second basic DU may be the DU 1001, the DU 1002, or the DU 1003.

    [0213] Specifically, after receiving the first data packet sent by the first basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the first data packet to the second basic DU for collaborative processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0214] 1604. The switching device sends the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, where the second data packet and the first data packet are of a same data type.

    [0215] For example, in FIG. 10, if the switching device determines to send a first data packet sent by the DU 1001 to the DU 1002 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 1002, so that the DU 1002 performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet.

    [0216] Specifically, the second data packet may be a data packet of a baseband of the second basic DU, or may include a data packet of another baseband that requires collaborative processing in the second basic DU, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. This embodiment merely describes that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type.

    [0217] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that, because a baseband is processed according to layers, that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type represents, in essence, that the first data packet and the second data packet are data packets of a same sublayer of different basebands. That is, for example, in FIG. 10, if the DU 1001 is the first basic DU, the DU 1002 is the second basic DU, and the first data packet is a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 1001 to the switching device, the second data packet should be a data packet output by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 1002.

    [0218] The data type of the data packet may include:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0219] 1605. The switching device receives a first signal sent by the second basic DU.

    [0220] Specifically, the radio access system 1000 shown in FIG. 10 is different from the radio access system 300 shown in FIG. 3, where a signal in the system 300 is directly sent to a core network by using a transmission network, but a signal in the system 1000 is sent to the switching device by using a transmission network, and then sent by the switching device to a core network; therefore, relative to the radio access method shown in FIG. 12, in the radio access method provided in this embodiment, the switching device, after sending the first data packet to the second basic DU so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet, further receives the first signal sent by the second basic DU.

    [0221] It should be noted that "first" in the first signal does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" signal and a "third" signal in the following.

    [0222] For a reason why the switching device in this embodiment of the present invention further receives the first signal sent by the second basic DU, reference may be made to a description of step 604 in the radio access method shown in FIG. 6, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0223] 1606. The switching device sends the first signal.

    [0224] 1607. The switching device determines to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing.

    [0225] Specifically, after receiving the third data packet sent by the third basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the third data packet to the first extended DU for processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0226] For example, in FIG. 10, if a baseband processing capability of the DU 1003 is limited, it may be determined that a baseband processing task in the DU 1003 is arranged to be processed in the DU 1008. In this case, the extended DU 1008 acts as a baseband resource pool of the basic DU 1003, and performs baseband processing in place of the basic DU 1003.

    [0227] It should be noted that the first extended DU is an extended DU that acts as a baseband resource pool, where there may be one or more first extended DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0228] 1608. The switching device sends the third data packet to the first extended DU, so that the first extended DU processes the first data packet.

    [0229] For example, in FIG. 10, if the switching device determines to send a third data packet sent by the DU 1003 to the DU 1008 for processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 1008.

    [0230] 1609. The switching device receives a second signal sent by the first extended DU.

    [0231] Specifically, relative to the radio access method shown in FIG. 12, for a reason why the switching device in this embodiment of the present invention further receives the second signal sent by the first extended DU after sending the third data packet to the first extended DU, reference may be made to a description of step 1605, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0232] 1610. The switching device sends the second signal.

    [0233] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the method are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site, and only extended DUs are added; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the method are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, the method may be used to implement baseband collaborative processing in a basic DU, which improves network performance; and a first extended DU may be used to act as a baseband resource pool of the basic DU, which improves high availability of a system.

    [0234] This embodiment of the present invention further provides a radio access method, where the method is applied to a switching device. In the method, a basic digital outputting unit DU is deployed in a site; and the method is specifically described on a basis of a radio access system 1000 that is corresponding to an LTE network and shown in FIG. 10. As shown in FIG. 17, the method includes:
    1701. A switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU.

    [0235] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the first basic DUs, where there may be one or more first basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the first basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as first basic DUs.

    [0236] For example, in FIG. 10, the first basic DU may be the DU 1001, the DU 1002, or the DU 1001 and the DU 1002.

    [0237] It should be noted that "first" in the first data packet does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" data packet, a fourth data packet, and a fifth data packet in this embodiment of the present invention to indicate a data packet of a different baseband.

    [0238] 1702. The switching device receives a fourth data packet sent by a fourth basic DU, and receives a fifth data packet sent by a fifth basic DU, where the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are of a same data type.

    [0239] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the fourth basic DUs or the fifth basic DUs, where there may be one or more fourth basic DUs or fifth basic DUs. The fourth basic DU and the fifth basic DU have a same technical feature; and one of any two basic DUs having the technical feature may be referred to as a fourth basic DU, and the other one is referred to as a fifth basic DU.

    [0240] For example, in FIG. 10, the fourth basic DU may be the DU 1004, and the fifth basic DU may be the DU 1005. Certainly, if the DU 1003 also has the technical feature of the DU 1004 or the DU 1005, the DU 1003 may be referred to as a fifth basic DU relative to the DU 1004, or the DU 1003 may be referred to as a fourth basic DU relative to the DU 1005.

    [0241] Similarly, if the DU 1002 also has the technical feature of the DU 1004 or the DU 1005, the DU 1002 may be referred to as a fifth basic DU relative to the DU 1004, or the DU 1002 may be referred to as a fourth basic DU relative to the DU 1005.

    [0242] Therefore, by analogy, the fourth basic DU may be one or more DUs, or the fifth basic DU may be one or more DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0243] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that, because a baseband is processed according to layers, that the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are of the same data type represents, in essence, that the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are data packets of a same sublayer of different basebands. That is, for example, in FIG. 10, if the DU 1004 is the fourth basic DU, the DU 1005 is the fifth basic DU, and the fourth data packet is a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 1004 to the switching device, the fifth data packet should be a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 1005 to the switching device.

    [0244] The data type of the data packet may include:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0245] It should be noted that there is no necessary sequence for step 1701 and step 1702. Any one step of the steps may be performed first, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0246] 1703. The switching device determines to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing.

    [0247] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the second basic DUs, where there may be one or more second basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the second basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as second basic DUs.

    [0248] For example, in FIG. 10, the second basic DU may be the DU 1001, the DU 1002, or the DU 1003.

    [0249] Specifically, after receiving the first data packet sent by the first basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the first data packet to the second basic DU for collaborative processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0250] 1704. The switching device sends the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, where the second data packet and the first data packet are of a same data type.

    [0251] For example, in FIG. 10, if the switching device determines to send a first data packet sent by the DU 1001 to the DU 1002 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 1002, so that the DU 1002 performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet.

    [0252] Specifically, the second data packet may be a data packet of a baseband of the second basic DU, or may include a data packet of another baseband that requires collaborative processing in the second basic DU, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. This embodiment merely describes that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type.

    [0253] For the first data packet and the second data packet of the same type, reference may be made to the foregoing explanation for the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet of the same data type, which is not repeated herein.

    [0254] 1705. The switching device receives a first signal sent by the second basic DU.

    [0255] Specifically, the radio access system 1000 shown in FIG. 10 is different from the radio access system 300 shown in FIG. 3, where a signal in the system 300 is directly sent to a core network by using a transmission network, but a signal in the system 1000 is sent to the switching device by using a transmission network, and then sent by the switching device to a core network; therefore, relative to the radio access method shown in FIG. 13, in the radio access method provided in this embodiment, the switching device, after sending the first data packet to the second basic DU so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet, further receives the first signal sent by the second basic DU.

    [0256] It should be noted that "first" in the first signal does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" signal and a "third" signal in the following.
    For a reason why the switching device in this embodiment of the present invention further receives the first signal sent by the second basic DU, reference may be made to a description of step 604 in the radio access method shown in FIG. 6, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0257] 1706. The switching device sends the first signal.

    [0258] 1707. The switching device determines to send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing.

    [0259] Specifically, after receiving the fourth data packet sent by the fourth basic DU and receiving the fifth data packet sent by the fifth basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU for collaborative processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0260] 1708. The switching device sends the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet.

    [0261] For example, in FIG. 10, if the switching device determines to send a fourth data packet sent by the DU 1004 and a fifth data packet sent by the DU 1005 to the DU 1009 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the DU 1009, so that the DU 1009 performs collaborative processing on the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet.

    [0262] It should be noted that the second extended DU may be one extended DU or a plurality of extended DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. All extended DUs having a technical feature of the second extended DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be deemed as second extended DUs.

    [0263] 1709. The switching device receives a third signal sent by the second extended DU.

    [0264] Specifically, relative to the radio access method shown in FIG. 13, for a reason why the switching device in this embodiment of the present invention further receives the third signal sent by the second extended DU after sending the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU, reference may be made to a description of step 1705, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0265] 1710. The switching device sends the third signal.

    [0266] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the method are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site, and only extended DUs are added; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the method are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, the method may be used to implement baseband collaborative processing in a basic DU, which may improve network performance; and further, baseband collaborative processing may be performed in an extended DU, which may not only further improve the network performance, but also improve high availability of a system.

    [0267] This embodiment of the present invention further provides a radio access method, where the method is applied to a switching device. In the method, a basic digital outputting unit DU is deployed in a site; and the method is specifically described on a basis of a radio access system 1000 that is corresponding to an LTE network and shown in FIG. 10. As shown in FIG. 18, the method includes:
    1801. A switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU.

    [0268] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the first basic DUs, where there may be one or more first basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the first basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as first basic DUs.

    [0269] For example, in FIG. 10, the first basic DU may be the DU 1001, the DU 1002, or the DU 1001 and the DU 1002.

    [0270] It should be noted that "first" in the first data packet does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" data packet, a "third" data packet, a "fourth" data packet, and a "fifth" data packet in this embodiment of the present invention to indicate a data packet of a different baseband.

    [0271] 1802. The switching device receives a third data packet sent by a third basic DU.

    [0272] This embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the third basic DUs, where there may be one or more third basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the third basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as third basic DUs.

    [0273] For example, in FIG. 10, the third basic DU may be the DU 1001, the DU 1002, or the DU 1001 and the DU 002.

    [0274] 1803. The switching device receives a fourth data packet sent by a fourth basic DU, and receives a fifth data packet sent by a fifth basic DU, where the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are of a same data type.

    [0275] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the fourth basic DUs or the fifth basic DUs, where there may be one or more fourth basic DUs or fifth basic DUs. The fourth basic DU and the fifth basic DU have a same technical feature; and one of any two basic DUs having the technical feature may be referred to as a fourth basic DU, and the other one is referred to as a fifth basic DU.

    [0276] For example, in FIG. 10, the fourth basic DU may be the DU 1004, and the fifth basic DU may be the DU 1005. Certainly, if the DU 1003 also has the technical feature of the DU 1004 or the DU 1005, the DU 1003 may be referred to as a fifth basic DU relative to the DU 1004, or the DU 1003 may be referred to as a fourth basic DU relative to the DU 1005.

    [0277] Similarly, if the DU 1002 also has the technical feature of the DU 1004 or the DU 1005, the DU 1002 may be referred to as a fifth basic DU relative to the DU 1004, or the DU 1002 may be referred to as a fourth basic DU relative to the DU 1005.

    [0278] Therefore, by analogy, the fourth basic DU may be one or more DUs, or the fifth basic DU may be one or more DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0279] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that, because a baseband is processed according to layers, that the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are of the same data type represents, in essence, that the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are data packets of a same sublayer of different basebands. That is, for example, in FIG. 10, if the DU 1004 is the fourth basic DU, the DU 1005 is the fifth basic DU, and the fourth data packet is a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 1004 to the switching device, the fifth data packet should be a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 1005 to the switching device.

    [0280] The data type of the data packet may include:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0281] It should be noted that there is no necessary sequence for step 1801, step 1802, and step 1803. Any one step of the steps may be performed first or the steps may be performed at the same time, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0282] 1804. The switching device determines to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing.

    [0283] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the second basic DUs, where there may be one or more second basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the second basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as second basic DUs.

    [0284] For example, in FIG. 10, the second basic DU may be the DU 1001, the DU 1002, or the DU 1003.

    [0285] Specifically, after receiving the first data packet sent by the first basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the first data packet to the second basic DU for collaborative processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0286] 1805. The switching device sends the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, where the second data packet and the first data packet are of a same data type.

    [0287] For example, in FIG. 10, if the switching device determines to send a first data packet sent by the DU 1001 to the DU 1002 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 1002, so that the DU 1002 performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet.

    [0288] Specifically, the second data packet may be a data packet of a baseband of the second basic DU, or may include a data packet of another baseband that requires collaborative processing in the second basic DU, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. This embodiment merely describes that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type.

    [0289] For the first data packet and the second data packet of the same type, reference may be made to the foregoing explanation for the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet of the same data type, which is not repeated herein.

    [0290] The data type of the data packet may include:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0291] 1806. The switching device receives a first signal sent by the second basic DU.

    [0292] Specifically, the radio access system 1000 shown in FIG. 10 is different from the radio access system 300 shown in FIG. 3, where a signal in the system 300 is directly sent to a core network by using a transmission network, but a signal in the system 1000 is sent to the switching device by using a transmission network, and then sent by the switching device to a core network; therefore, relative to the radio access method shown in FIG. 14, in the radio access method provided in this embodiment, the switching device, after sending the first data packet to the second basic DU so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet, further receives the first signal sent by the second basic DU.

    [0293] It should be noted that "first" in the first signal does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" signal and a "third" signal in the following.

    [0294] For a reason why the switching device in this embodiment of the present invention further receives the first signal sent by the second basic DU, reference may be made to a description of step 604 in the radio access method shown in FIG. 6, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0295] 1807. The switching device sends the first signal.

    [0296] 1808. The switching device determines to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing.

    [0297] Specifically, after receiving the third data packet sent by the third basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the third data packet to the first extended DU for processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0298] For example, in FIG. 10, if a baseband processing capability of the DU 1003 is limited, it may be determined that a baseband processing task in the DU 1003 is arranged to be processed in the DU 1008. In this case, the extended DU 1008 acts as a baseband resource pool of the basic DU 1003, and performs baseband processing in place of the basic DU 1003.

    [0299] It should be noted that the first extended DU is an extended DU that acts as a baseband resource pool, where there may be one or more first extended DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0300] 1809. The switching device sends the third data packet to the first extended DU, so that the first extended DU processes the first data packet.

    [0301] For example, in FIG. 10, if the switching device determines to send a third data packet sent by the DU 1003 to the DU 1008 for processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 1008.

    [0302] 1810. The switching device receives a second signal sent by the first extended DU.

    [0303] Specifically, relative to the radio access method shown in FIG. 14, for a reason why the switching device in this embodiment of the present invention further receives the second signal sent by the first extended DU after sending the third data packet to the first extended DU, reference may be made to a description of step 1806, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0304] 1811. The switching device sends the second signal.

    [0305] 1812. The switching device determines to send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing.

    [0306] Specifically, after receiving the fourth data packet sent by the fourth basic DU and receiving the fifth data packet sent by the fifth basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU for processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0307] 1813. The switching device sends the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet.

    [0308] For example, in FIG. 10, if the switching device determines to send a fourth data packet sent by the DU 1004 and a fifth data packet sent by the DU 1005 to the DU 1009 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the DU 1009, so that the DU 1009 performs collaborative processing on the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet.

    [0309] It should be noted that the second extended DU may be one extended DU or a plurality of extended DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. All extended DUs having a technical feature of the second extended DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be deemed as second extended DUs.

    [0310] Certainly, in this embodiment of the present invention, the first extended DU and the second extended DU may be the same extended DU. That is, one extended DU may perform baseband collaborative processing, and may act as a baseband resource pool at the same time, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0311] 1814. The switching device receives a third signal sent by the second extended DU.

    [0312] Specifically, relative to the radio access method shown in FIG. 14, for a reason why the switching device in this embodiment of the present invention further receives the third signal sent by the second extended DU after sending the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU, reference may be made to a description of step 1806, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0313] 1815. The switching device sends the third signal.

    [0314] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the method are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site, and only extended DUs are added; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the method are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, the method may be used to implement baseband collaborative processing in a basic DU, which improves network performance; and a first extended DU may be used to act as a baseband resource pool of the basic DU, which improves high availability of a system; and further, baseband collaborative processing may be performed in a second extended DU, which may not only further improve the network performance, but also further improve the high availability of the system.

    [0315] This embodiment of the present invention further provides a radio access method, where the method is applied to a switching device. In the method, a basic digital outputting unit DU is deployed in a site; and the method is specifically described on a basis of a radio access system 1000 that is corresponding to an LTE network and shown in FIG. 10. As shown in FIG. 19, the method includes:
    1901. A switching device receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU, and receives a second data packet sent by a second basic DU, where the first data packet and the second data packet are of a same data type.

    [0316] Specifically, this embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the first basic DUs or the second basic DUs, where there may be one or more first basic DUs or second basic DUs. The first basic DU and the second basic DU have a same technical feature; and one of any two basic DUs having the technical feature may be referred to as a first basic DU, and the other one is referred to as a second basic DU.

    [0317] For example, in FIG. 10, the first basic DU may be the DU 1004, and the second basic DU may be the DU 1005. Certainly, if the DU 1003 also has the technical feature of the DU 1004 or the DU 1005, the DU 1003 may be referred to as a second basic DU relative to the DU 1004, or the DU 1003 may be referred to as a first basic DU relative to the DU 1005.

    [0318] Similarly, if the DU 1002 also has the technical feature of the DU 1004 or the DU 1005, the DU 1002 may be referred to as a second basic DU relative to the DU 1004, or the DU 1002 may be referred to as a first basic DU relative to the DU 1005.

    [0319] Therefore, by analogy, the first basic DU may be one or more DUs, or the second basic DU may be one or more DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0320] It should be noted that "first" in the first data packet does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" data packet and a "third" data packet in this embodiment of the present invention to indicate a data packet of a different baseband.

    [0321] A person of ordinary skill in the art may understand that, because a baseband is processed according to layers, that the first data packet and the second data packet are of the same data type represents, in essence, that the first data packet and the second data packet are data packets of a same sublayer of different basebands. That is, for example, in FIG. 10, if the DU 1004 is the first basic DU, the DU 1005 is the second basic DU, and the first data packet is a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 1004 to the switching device, the second data packet should be a data packet sent by an L2 processing submodule of the DU 1005 to the switching device.

    [0322] The data type of the data packet may include:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0323] 1902. The switching device receives a third data packet sent by a third basic DU.

    [0324] This embodiment of the present invention does not specifically limit the number of the third basic DUs, where there may be one or more third basic DUs, and all basic DUs having a technical feature of the third basic DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be referred to as third basic DUs.

    [0325] For example, in FIG. 10, the third basic DU may be the DU 1001, the DU 1002, or the DU 1001 and the DU 1002.

    [0326] It should be noted that there is no necessary sequence for step 1901 and step 1902. Any one step of the steps may be performed first or the steps may be performed at the same time, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0327] 1903. The switching device determines to send the first data packet and the second data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing.

    [0328] Specifically, after receiving the first data packet sent by the first basic DU and receiving the second data packet sent by the second basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU for processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0329] 1904. The switching device sends the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet.

    [0330] For example, in FIG. 10, if the switching device determines to send a first data packet sent by the DU 1004 and a second data packet sent by the DU 1005 to the DU 1009 for collaborative processing, the switching device sends the first data packet and the second data packet to the DU 1009, so that the DU 1009 performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet.

    [0331] It should be noted that the second extended DU may be one extended DU or a plurality of extended DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention. All extended DUs having a technical feature of the second extended DU in this embodiment of the present invention may be deemed as second extended DUs.

    [0332] 1905. The switching device receives a first signal sent by the second extended DU.

    [0333] Specifically, the radio access system 1000 shown in FIG. 10 is different from the radio access system 300 shown in FIG. 3, where a signal in the system 300 is directly sent to a core network by using a transmission network, but a signal in the system 1000 is sent to the switching device by using a transmission network, and then sent by the switching device to a core network; therefore, relative to the radio access method shown in FIG. 15, in the radio access method provided in this embodiment, the switching device, after sending the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet, further receives the first signal sent by the second extended DU.

    [0334] It should be noted that "first" in the first signal does not have any special meaning, and is merely used to differentiate from a "second" signal and a "third" signal in the following.

    [0335] For a reason why the switching device in this embodiment of the present invention further receives the first signal sent by the second basic DU, reference may be made to a description of step 604 in the radio access method shown in FIG. 6, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0336] 1906. The switching device sends the first signal.

    [0337] 1907. The switching device determines to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing.

    [0338] Specifically, after receiving the third data packet sent by the third basic DU, the switching device may determine, according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of a DU, to send the third data packet to the first extended DU for processing, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0339] For example, in FIG. 10, if a baseband processing capability of the DU 1003 is limited, it may be determined that a baseband processing task in the DU 1003 is arranged to be processed in the DU 1008. In this case, the extended DU 1008 acts as a baseband resource pool of the basic DU 1003, and performs baseband processing in place of the basic DU 1003.

    [0340] It should be noted that the first extended DU is an extended DU that acts as a baseband resource pool, where there may be one or more first extended DUs, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0341] 1908. The switching device sends the third data packet to the first extended DU, so that the first extended DU processes the third data packet.

    [0342] For example, in FIG. 10, if the switching device determines to send a third data packet sent by the DU 1003 to the DU 1008 for processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 1008.

    [0343] 1909. The switching device receives a second signal sent by the first extended DU.

    [0344] Specifically, relative to the radio access method shown in FIG. 15, for a reason why the switching device in this embodiment of the present invention further receives the second signal sent by the first extended DU after sending the third data packet to the first extended DU, reference may be made to a description of step 1905, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0345] 1910. The switching device sends the second signal.

    [0346] Certainly, in this embodiment of the present invention, the first extended DU and the second extended DU may be the same extended DU. That is, one extended DU may perform baseband collaborative processing, and may act as a baseband resource pool at the same time, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0347] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the method are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site, and only extended DUs are added; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the method are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, the method may be used to implement baseband collaborative processing in a second extended DU, which may not only improve network performance, but also improve high availability of a system. Moreover, a first extended DU may be used to act as a baseband resource pool of a basic DU, which further improves the high availability of the system.

    [0348] The embodiments of the present invention further provide apparatus and system embodiments for implementing the methods or steps in the foregoing method embodiments.

    Embodiment 3



    [0349] This embodiment of the present invention provides a switching device 2000. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 20, the switching device 2000 includes a receiving unit 2001, a determining unit 2002, and a sending unit 2003.

    [0350] The receiving unit 2001 is configured to receive a first data packet sent by a first basic digital processing unit DU, and send the first data packet to the determining unit 2002, where the basic DU is deployed in a site.

    [0351] The determining unit 2002 is configured to receive the first data packet sent by the receiving unit 2001, and after determining to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing, send the first data packet to the sending unit 2003.

    [0352] The sending unit 2003 is configured to receive the first data packet sent by the determining unit 2002, and send the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, where the second data packet and the first data packet are of a same data type.

    [0353] Further, the receiving unit 2001 is further configured to receive a third data packet sent by a third basic DU, and send the third data packet to the determining unit 2002.

    [0354] The determining unit 2002 is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiving unit 2001, and after determining to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing, send the third data packet to the sending unit 2003, where the first extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2000.

    [0355] The sending unit 2003 is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiving unit 2001, and send the third data packet to the first extended DU, so that the first extended DU processes the third data packet.

    [0356] Further, the receiving unit 2001 is further configured to receive a fourth data packet sent by a fourth basic DU and a fifth data packet sent by a fifth basic DU, and send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the determining unit 2002, where the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are of a same data type.

    [0357] The determining unit 2002 is further configured to receive the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet that are sent by the receiving unit 2001, and after determining to send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the sending unit 2003, where the second extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2000.

    [0358] The sending unit 2003 is further configured to receive the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet that are sent by the determining unit 2002, and send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet.

    [0359] Further, the data type of the data packet includes:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0360] Specifically, for a method for implementing radio access by using the switching device 2000, reference may be made to a description of Embodiment 1 or Embodiment 2, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0361] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, in a switching device, a receiving unit receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU; and after a determining unit determines to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing, a sending unit sends the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, which may implement mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites, and then may improve network performance.

    Embodiment 4



    [0362] This embodiment of the present invention provides a switching device 2100. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 21, the switching device 2100 includes a receiving unit 2101, a determining unit 2102, and a sending unit 2103.

    [0363] The receiving unit 2101 is configured to receive a first data packet sent by a first basic digital processing unit DU and a second data packet sent by a second basic DU, and send the first data packet and the second data packet to the determining unit 2102, where the basic DUs are deployed in a site.

    [0364] The determining unit 2102 is configured to receive the first data packet and the second data packet that are sent by the receiving unit 2101, and after determining to send the first data packet and the second data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, send the first data packet and the second data packet to the sending unit 2103, where the second extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2100.

    [0365] The sending unit 2103 is configured to receive the first data packet and the second data packet that are sent by the determining unit 2102, and send the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet.

    [0366] Further, the receiving unit 2101 is further configured to receive a third data packet sent by a third basic DU, and send the third data packet to the determining unit 2102.

    [0367] The determining unit 2102 is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiving unit 2101, and after determining to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing, send the third data packet to the sending unit 2103, where the first extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2100.

    [0368] The sending unit 2103 is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiving unit 2101, and send the third data packet to the first extended DU, so that the first extended DU processes the third data packet.

    [0369] Further, the data type of the data packet includes:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0370] Specifically, for a method for implementing radio access by using the switching device 2100, reference may be made to a description of Embodiment 1 or Embodiment 2, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0371] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, in a switching device, a receiving unit receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU and a second data packet sent by a second basic DU; and after a determining unit determines to send the first data packet and the second data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, a sending unit sends the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet, which may implement mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites, and then may improve network performance.

    Embodiment 5



    [0372] This embodiment of the present invention provides a switching device 2200. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 22, the switching device 2200 includes a receiving unit 2201, a determining unit 2202, a first sending unit 2203, and a second sending unit 2204.

    [0373] The receiving unit 2201 is configured to receive a first data packet sent by a first basic digital processing unit DU, and send the first data packet to the determining unit 2202, where the basic DU is deployed in a site.

    [0374] The determining unit 2202 is configured to receive the first data packet sent by the receiving unit 2201, and after determining to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing, send the first data packet to the first sending unit 2203.

    [0375] The first sending unit 2203 is configured to receive the first data packet sent by the determining unit 2202, and send the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, where the second data packet and the first data packet are of a same data type.

    [0376] The receiving unit 2201 is further configured to receive a first signal sent by the second basic DU, and send the first signal to the second sending unit 2204.

    [0377] The second sending unit 2204 is configured to receive the first signal sent by the receiving unit 2201, and send the first signal.

    [0378] Further, the receiving unit 2201 is further configured to receive a third data packet sent by a third basic DU, and send the third data packet to the determining unit 2202.

    [0379] The determining unit 2202 is configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiving unit 2201, and after determining to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing, send the third data packet to the first sending unit 2203, where the first extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2200.

    [0380] The first sending unit 2203 is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the determining unit 2202, and send the third data packet to the first extended DU, so that the first extended DU processes the third data packet.

    [0381] The receiving unit 2201 is further configured to receive a second signal sent by the first extended DU, and send the second signal to the second sending unit 2204.

    [0382] The second sending unit 2204 is configured to receive the second signal sent by the receiving unit 2201, and send the second signal.

    [0383] Further, the receiving unit 2201 is further configured to receive a fourth data packet sent by a fourth basic DU and a fifth data packet sent by a fifth basic DU, and send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the determining unit 2202, where the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are of a same data type.

    [0384] The determining unit 2202 is further configured to receive the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet that are sent by the receiving unit 2201, and after determining to send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the first sending unit 2203, where the second extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2200.

    [0385] The first sending unit 2203 is further configured to receive the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet that are sent by the determining unit 2202, and send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet.

    [0386] The receiving unit 2201 is further configured to receive a third signal sent by the second extended DU, and send the third signal to the second sending unit 2204.

    [0387] The second sending unit 2204 is configured to receive the third signal sent by the receiving unit 2201, and send the third signal.

    [0388] Further, the data type of the data packet includes:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0389] Specifically, for a method for implementing radio access by using the switching device 2200, reference may be made to a description of Embodiment 1 or Embodiment 2, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0390] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, in a switching device, a receiving unit receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU; after a determining unit determines to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing, a first sending unit sends the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet; the receiving unit further receives a first signal sent by the second basic DU; and a second sending unit sends the first signal, which may implement mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites, and then may improve network performance.

    Embodiment 6



    [0391] This embodiment of the present invention provides a switching device 2300. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 23, the switching device 2300 includes a receiving unit 2301, a determining unit 2302, a first sending unit 2303, and a second sending unit 2304.

    [0392] The receiving unit 2301 is configured to receive a first data packet sent by a first basic digital processing unit DU and a second data packet sent by a second basic DU, and send the first data packet and the second data packet to the determining unit 2302, where the basic DUs are deployed in a site.

    [0393] The determining unit 2302 is configured to receive the first data packet and the second data packet that are sent by the receiving unit 2301, and after determining to send the first data packet and the second data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, send the first data packet and the second data packet to the first sending unit 2303, where the second extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2300.

    [0394] The first sending unit 2303 is configured to receive the first data packet and the second data packet that are sent by the determining unit 2302, and send the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet.

    [0395] The receiving unit 2301 is further configured to receive a first signal sent by the second extended DU, and send the first signal to the second sending unit 2304.

    [0396] The second sending unit 2304 is configured to receive the first signal sent by the receiving unit 2301, and send the first signal.

    [0397] Further, the receiving unit 2301 is further configured to receive a third data packet sent by a third basic DU, and send the third data packet to the determining unit 2302.

    [0398] The determining unit 2302 is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiving unit 2301, and after determining to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing, send the third data packet to the first sending unit 2303, where the first extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2300.

    [0399] The first sending unit 2303 is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiving unit 2301, and send the third data packet to the first extended DU, so that the first extended DU processes the third data packet.

    [0400] The receiving unit 2301 is further configured to receive a second signal sent by the first extended DU, and send the second signal to the second sending unit 2304.

    [0401] The second sending unit 2304 is configured to receive the second signal sent by the receiving unit 2301, and send the second signal.

    [0402] Further, the data type of the data packet includes:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0403] Specifically, for a method for implementing radio access by using the switching device 2300, reference may be made to a description of Embodiment 1 or Embodiment 2, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0404] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, in a switching device, a receiving unit receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU and a second data packet sent by a second basic DU, after a determining unit determines to send the first data packet and the second data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, a first sending unit sends the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet; the receiving unit further receives a first signal sent by the first extended DU; and a second sending unit sends the first signal, which may implement mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites, and then may improve network performance.

    Embodiment 7



    [0405] This embodiment of the present invention provides a switching device 2400. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 24, the switching device 2400 includes a receiver 2401, a processor 2402, and a transmitter 2403.

    [0406] The receiver 2401 is configured to receive a first data packet sent by a first basic digital processing unit DU, and send the first data packet to the processor 2402, where the basic DU is deployed in a site.

    [0407] The processor 2402 is configured to receive the first data packet sent by the receiver 2401, and after determining to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing, send the first data packet to the transmitter 2403.

    [0408] The transmitter 2403 is configured to receive the first data packet sent by the processor 2402, and send the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, where the second data packet and the first data packet are of a same data type.

    [0409] Further, the receiver 2401 is further configured to receive a third data packet sent by a third basic DU, and send the third data packet to the processor 2402.

    [0410] The processor 2402 is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiver 2401, and after determining to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing, send the third data packet to the transmitter 2403, where the first extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2400.

    [0411] The transmitter 2403 is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiver 2401, and send the third data packet to the first extended DU, so that the first extended DU processes the third data packet.

    [0412] Further, the receiver 2401 is further configured to receive a fourth data packet sent by a fourth basic DU and a fifth data packet sent by a fifth basic DU, and send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the processor 2402, where the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are of a same data type.

    [0413] The processor 2402 is further configured to receive the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet that are sent by the receiver 2401, and after determining to send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the transmitter 2403, where the second extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2400.

    [0414] The transmitter 2403 is further configured to receive the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet that are sent by the processor 2402, and send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet.

    [0415] Further, the data type of the data packet includes:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0416] Specifically, for a method for implementing radio access by using the switching device 2400, reference may be made to a description of Embodiment 1 or Embodiment 2, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0417] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, in a switching device, a receiver receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU; and after a processor determines to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing, a transmitter sends the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, which may implement mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites, and then may improve network performance.

    Embodiment 8



    [0418] This embodiment of the present invention provides a switching device 2500. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 25, the switching device 2500 includes a receiver 2501, a processor 2502, and a transmitter 2503.

    [0419] The receiver 2501 is configured to receive a first data packet sent by a first basic digital processing unit DU and a second data packet sent by a second basic DU, and send the first data packet and the second data packet to the processor 2502, where the basic DUs are deployed in a site.

    [0420] The processor 2502 is configured to receive the first data packet and the second data packet that are sent by the receiver 2501, and after determining to send the first data packet and the second data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, send the first data packet and the second data packet to the transmitter 2503, where the second extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2500.

    [0421] The transmitter 2503 is configured to receive the first data packet and the second data packet that are sent by the processor 2502, and send the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet.

    [0422] Further, the receiver 2501 is further configured to receive a third data packet sent by a third basic DU, and send the third data packet to the processor 2502.

    [0423] The processor 2502 is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiver 2501, and after determining to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing, send the third data packet to the transmitter 2503, where the first extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2500.

    [0424] The transmitter 2503 is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiver 2501, and send the third data packet to the first extended DU, so that the first extended DU processes the third data packet.

    [0425] Further, the data type of the data packet includes:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0426] Specifically, for a method for implementing radio access by using the switching device 2500, reference may be made to a description of Embodiment 1 or Embodiment 2, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0427] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, in a switching device, a receiver receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU and a second data packet sent by a second basic DU; and after a processor determines to send the first data packet and the second data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, a transmitter sends the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet, which may implement mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites, and then may improve network performance.

    Embodiment 9



    [0428] This embodiment of the present invention provides a switching device 2600. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 26, the switching device 2600 includes a receiver 2601, a processor 2602, a first transmitter 2603, and a second transmitter 2604.

    [0429] The receiver 2601 is configured to receive a first data packet sent by a first basic digital processing unit DU, and send the first data packet to the processor 2602, where the basic DU is deployed in a site.

    [0430] The processor 2602 is configured to receive the first data packet sent by the receiver 2601, and after determining to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing, send the first data packet to the first transmitter 2603.

    [0431] The first transmitter 2603 is configured to receive the first data packet sent by the processor 2602, and send the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, where the second data packet and the first data packet are of a same data type.

    [0432] The receiver 2601 is further configured to receive a first signal sent by the second basic DU, and send the first signal to the second transmitter 2604.

    [0433] The second transmitter 2604 is configured to receive the first signal sent by the receiver 2601, and send the first signal.

    [0434] Further, the receiver 2601 is further configured to receive a third data packet sent by a third basic DU, and send the third data packet to the processor 2602.

    [0435] The processor 2602 is configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiver 2601, and after determining to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing, send the third data packet to the first transmitter 2603, where the first extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2600.

    [0436] The first transmitter 2603 is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the processor 2602, and send the third data packet to the first extended DU, so that the first extended DU processes the third data packet.

    [0437] The receiver 2601 is further configured to receive a second signal sent by the first extended DU, and send the second signal to the second transmitter 2604.

    [0438] The second transmitter 2604 is configured to receive the second signal sent by the receiver 2601, and send the second signal.

    [0439] Further, the receiver 2601 is further configured to receive a fourth data packet sent by a fourth basic DU and a fifth data packet sent by a fifth basic DU, and send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the processor 2602, where the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are of a same data type.

    [0440] The processor 2602 is further configured to receive the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet that are sent by the receiver 2601, and after determining to send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the first transmitter 2603, where the second extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2600.

    [0441] The first transmitter 2603 is further configured to receive the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet that are sent by the processor 2602, and send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet.

    [0442] The receiver 2601 is further configured to receive a third signal sent by the second extended DU, and send the third signal to the second transmitter 2604.

    [0443] The second transmitter 2604 is configured to receive the third signal sent by the receiver 2601, and send the third signal.

    [0444] Further, the data type of the data packet includes:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0445] Specifically, for a method for implementing radio access by using the switching device 2600, reference may be made to a description of Embodiment 1 or Embodiment 2, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0446] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, in a switching device, a receiver receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU; after a processor determines to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing, a first transmitter sends the first data packet to the second basic DU, so that the second basic DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet; the receiver further receives a first signal sent by the second basic DU; and a second transmitter sends the first signal, which may implement mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites, and then may improve network performance.

    Embodiment 10



    [0447] This embodiment of the present invention provides a switching device 2700. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 27, the switching device 2700 includes a receiver 2701, a processor 2702, a first transmitter 2703, and a second transmitter 2704.

    [0448] The receiver 2701 is configured to receive a first data packet sent by a first basic digital processing unit DU and a second data packet sent by a second basic DU, and send the first data packet and the second data packet to the processor 2702, where the basic DUs are deployed in a site.

    [0449] The processor 2702 is configured to receive the first data packet and the second data packet that are sent by the receiver 2701, and after determining to send the first data packet and the second data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, send the first data packet and the second data packet to the first transmitter 2703, where the second extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2700.

    [0450] The first transmitter 2703 is configured to receive the first data packet and the second data packet that are sent by the processor 2702, and send the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet.

    [0451] The receiver 2701 is further configured to receive a first signal sent by the second extended DU, and send the first signal to the second transmitter 2704.

    [0452] The second transmitter 2704 is configured to receive the first signal sent by the receiver 2701, and send the first signal.

    [0453] Further, the receiver 2701 is further configured to receive a third data packet sent by a third basic DU, and send the third data packet to the processor 2702.

    [0454] The processor 2702 is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiver 2701, and after determining to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing, send the third data packet to the first transmitter 2703, where the first extended DU is deployed together with the switching device 2700.

    [0455] The first transmitter 2703 is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiver 2701, and send the third data packet to the first extended DU, so that the first extended DU processes the third data packet.

    [0456] The receiver 2701 is further configured to receive a second signal sent by the first extended DU, and send the second signal to the second transmitter 2704.

    [0457] The second transmitter 2704 is configured to receive the second signal sent by the receiver 2701, and send the second signal.

    [0458] Further, the data type of the data packet includes:
    L2 scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain IQ data, and time-domain IQ data.

    [0459] Specifically, for a method for implementing radio access by using the switching device 2700, reference may be made to a description of Embodiment 1 or Embodiment 2, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0460] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, in a switching device, a receiver receives a first data packet sent by a first basic DU and a second data packet sent by a second basic DU; after a processor determines to send the first data packet and the second data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, a first transmitter sends the first data packet and the second data packet to the second extended DU, so that the second extended DU performs collaborative processing on the first data packet and the second data packet; the receiver further receives a first signal sent by the first extended DU; and a second transmitter sends the first signal, which may implement mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites, and then may improve network performance.

    Embodiment 11



    [0461] This embodiment of the present invention provides a digital processing unit DU 700. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 7, the DU 700 is classified into a basic DU and an extended DU, where the basic DU is a DU deployed in a site, and the extended DU is a DU deployed together with a switching device, and the DU includes:
    an L1 processing module 701, an L2 processing module 702, an L3 processing module 703, a first interface 704, and a second interface 705.

    [0462] The L1 processing module 701 is connected to a radio frequency processing unit RU and the L2 processing module 702 separately, the L2 processing module 702 is connected to the L3 processing module 703, the L3 processing module 703 is connected to the first interface 704, the L1 processing module 701 is further connected to the second interface 705, the L2 processing module 702 is further connected to the second interface 705, and the second interface 705 is further connected to the RU.

    [0463] The first interface 704 is configured to receive and send a signal.

    [0464] The second interface 705 is configured to receive and send a data packet.

    [0465] Specifically, two different manners in which the DU 700 is connected to the switching device are shown in FIG. 8 or FIG. 9, and are not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0466] It should be noted that the first interface and the second interface are merely logical interfaces. For details, reference may be made to a description of step 604 in Embodiment 1, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0467] Specifically, the L1 processing module 701 may include at least one L1 processing submodule, and the L2 processing module includes at least one L2 processing submodule.

    [0468] The L1 processing module 701 being connected to the second interface 705 specifically includes:
    each L1 processing submodule of the at least one L1 processing submodule being connected to the second interface separately.

    [0469] The L2 processing module being connected to the second interface specifically includes:
    each L2 processing submodule of the at least one L2 processing submodule being connected to the second interface separately.

    [0470] For example, a schematic apparatus diagram of interface division of a DU is provided herein. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 28, the DU 700 includes an L1 first processing submodule 7010, an L1 second processing submodule 7011, an L2 processing module 702, an L3 processing module 703, a first interface 704, and a second interface 705.

    [0471] In a case of specific interface division shown in FIG. 28, with reference to a connection relationship between the DU and the switching device shown in FIG. 8, a schematic diagram of a data flow direction for performing baseband collaborative processing is provided, specifically, as shown in FIG. 29 and FIG. 30, where two DUs 700, which are a DU 700a and a DU 700b, are included in FIG. 29 and FIG. 30 separately. It is assumed that: the DU 700a in FIG. 29 does not perform baseband collaborative processing, the DU 700b performs collaborative processing on a baseband of the DU 700a, the DU 700b in FIG. 30 does not perform baseband collaborative processing, and the DU 700a performs collaborative processing on a baseband of the DU 700b. A flow direction of a data packet is shown as an arrow in the figures. Details are not repeated herein.

    [0472] A5 represents time-domain IQ data, A4 represents frequency-domain IQ data, A3 represents hard bit data, A2 represents L2 scheduling data, and A1 represents a signal.

    [0473] As may be seen from FIG. 29 and FIG. 30, for the DU 700a or the DU 700b, when the DU performs baseband collaborative processing and when the DU does not perform baseband collaborative processing, data flow directions are obviously different; moreover, when the DU performs baseband collaborative processing and when the DU does not perform baseband collaborative processing, types of data transmitted between a same processing module and the second interface are different either. For example, for the DU 700a, in FIG. 29, a type of data transmitted between the L2 processing module and the second interface is A2; but in FIG. 30, a type of data transmitted between the L2 processing module and the second interface is A3.

    [0474] In a case of the specific interface division shown in FIG. 28, with reference to a connection relationship between the DU and the switching device shown in FIG. 9, a schematic diagram of a data flow direction may be provided, as shown in FIG. 31 and FIG. 32, and details are not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0475] Certainly, according to a different interface data requirement, there may be another interface division method, which is not specifically limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0476] Based on the description of the foregoing embodiment, a digital processing unit DU provided in this embodiment of the present invention may cooperate with the switching device according to any one of Embodiment 3 to Embodiment 10 to implement mutual transmission and processing of collaborative data between sites, which may improve network performance.

    Embodiment 12



    [0477] This embodiment of the present invention provides a radio access system, where the system includes:
    a radio frequency processing unit RU, the basic DU according to Embodiment 11, a transmission network, and the switching device according to Embodiment 3 that has no interaction with an extended DU.

    [0478] A second interface of the basic DU is connected to the switching device, and the basic DU interacts with the switching device by using the transmission network.

    [0479] It should be noted that the second interface is a logical interface. For details, reference may be made to a description of step 604 in Embodiment 1, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0480] It should be noted that, in order to achieve baseband collaborative processing between sites, there are at least two basic DUs in the radio access system, where there may be two or more basic DUs, and the specific number is not limited.

    [0481] For example, when the radio access system includes three basic DUs, a radio access system in an LTE network may be shown in FIG. 1, where a connection relationship between a DU in FIG. 1 and a switching device is shown in FIG. 8.

    [0482] Further, in a radio access system, in order to implement large-capacity switching, the switching device may include n-stage switches, where n≥2.

    [0483] For example, as shown in FIG. 33, the switching device is formed by three first-stage switches and one second-stage switch 3304, where the three first-stage switches are connected to basic DUs, and the three first-stage switches are a first-stage switch 3300, a first-stage switch 3301, and a first-stage switch 3302.

    [0484] During mutual transmission of collaborative data between sites, if two basic DUs that are connected to different first-stage switches need to perform baseband collaborative processing, a transmitted data packet needs to go through the second-stage switch 3304; if two basic DUs that are connected to a same first-stage switch need to perform baseband collaborative processing, a transmitted data packet does not need to go through the second-stage switch 3304.

    [0485] Specially, multi-stage switches may be deployed in a distributed manner: a first distance exists between a first-stage switch of the n-stage switches and the basic DU, and a second distance exists between an nth-stage switch of the n-stage switches and the basic DU, where the first distance is smaller than the second distance.

    [0486] For example, as shown in FIG. 34, the switching device is formed by three first-stage switches and one second-stage switch 3404, where the three first-stage switches are connected to basic DUs; the three first-stage switches are a first-stage switch 3400, a first-stage switch 3401, and a first-stage switch 3402; and the first-stage switch 3401 is deployed near a site.

    [0487] During mutual transmission of collaborative data between sites, if two basic DUs that are connected to the first-stage 3401 need to perform baseband collaborative processing, because a transmitted data packet may be mutually transmitted merely in the first-stage 3401 near the site, a switching delay is low, and a speed of baseband collaborative processing is high, which may improve network performance. In addition, because the first-stage switch 3401 is deployed near the site, an optical fiber may be saved.

    [0488] For transmission of the transmission network, this embodiment of the present invention gives a schematic diagram of hybrid transmission networking. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 35, a basic DU of a site may multiplex a plurality of signals to a pair of optical fibers in a wavelength division manner by using an external wavelength division multiplexing (Wavelength Division Multiplexing, WDM) device, and may also combine a plurality of signals to a pair of optical fibers for transmission by using an internal quad SFP interface (Quad Small Form-factor Pluggable, QSFP) optical module; for a low-speed interface signal of a small base station, the signal may further be transmitted to a switching unit by using an external microwave (microwave, MW). In addition, an interface rate in the transmission network may be configured, so as to improve access adaptability of a conventional site. For example, some sites may obtain an optical fiber easily; in this case, a transmission rate may be configured as 10G/25G/40G/100G Some sites cannot obtain an optical fiber, for example, a microwave is used; in this case, a transmission rate may be configured as a low rate, for example, 2.5G/5G/10G. Supporting of mixed transmission rates may be implemented by flexible data configuration.

    [0489] A part related to the transmission network is content that may be implemented in the prior art; therefore, this embodiment of the present invention does not describe this part in detail, but merely provides an exemplary implementation solution, so that an entire radio access system can implement radio access.

    [0490] With reference to the foregoing description, an example for performing radio access in the radio access system is provided herein as follows:
    In the radio access system 100 shown in FIG. 1, when a terminal user 1 makes a phone call on a mobile phone in a site in which the DU 102 is located, a mobile phone signal may be received by both an antenna near the DU 101 and an antenna near the DU 102. If no other terminal user makes a phone call on a mobile phone at the moment, it is determined, according to a data routing policy, that baseband collaborative processing is to be performed in the DU 102. Accordingly, although the antenna near the DU 101 receives the mobile phone signal, no baseband processing is performed; instead, a data packet is sent to a switching device, so that the switching device sends the data packet to the DU 102, and baseband collaborative processing is performed in the DU 102. Reference may be made to FIG. 29 for understanding a flow direction of the data packet in this process, where 700a in FIG. 29 may be deemed as the DU 101, and 700b may be deemed as the DU 102. Eventually, a first interface of the DU 102 sends an S1 signal to a core network and sends an X2 signal to another base station, thereby completing radio access in a call process.

    [0491] Based on the radio access system provided in this embodiment of the present invention, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the system are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the system are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, the system may be used to implement baseband collaborative processing in the basic DUs, which may improve network performance. Moreover, the system may further support any one standard of a multi-mode radio frequency module of a multi-mode site to independently perform baseband collaborative processing, and may further support access of base stations in a plurality of forms, for example, a distributed base station, a conventional macro base station, and a micro base station.

    Embodiment 13



    [0492] This embodiment of the present invention provides a radio access system, where the system includes:
    a radio frequency processing unit RU, the basic DU according to Embodiment 11, the extended DU according to Embodiment 11, a transmission network, and the switching device according to Embodiment 4 or the switching device according to Embodiment 3 that interacts with the extended DU.

    [0493] A second interface of the basic DU is connected to the switching device, a second interface of the extended DU is connected to the switching device, and the basic DU and the extended DU interact with the switching device by using the transmission network.

    [0494] It should be noted that the second interface is a logical interface. For details, reference may be made to a description of step 604 in Embodiment 1, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0495] It should be noted that, in order to achieve baseband collaborative processing between sites, there are at least two basic DUs in the radio access system, where there may be two or more basic DUs, and the specific number is not limited. In addition, the number of the extended DUs is not specifically limited either, where there may be one or more extended DUs, which is determined according to an actual requirement.

    [0496] For example, when the radio access system includes five basic DUs and two extended DUs, a radio access system may be shown in FIG 3, where a connection relationship between a DU in FIG. 3 and a switching device is shown in FIG. 8.

    [0497] Further, in a radio access system, in order to implement large-capacity switching, the switching device may include n-stage switches, where n≥2.

    [0498] For example, as shown in FIG. 33, the switching device is formed by three first-stage switches and one second-stage switch 3304, where the three first-stage switches are connected to basic DUs, and the three first-stage switches are a first-stage switch 3300, a first-stage switch 3301, and a first-stage switch 3302.

    [0499] During mutual transmission of collaborative data between sites, if two basic DUs that are connected to different first-stage switches need to perform baseband collaborative processing, a transmitted data packet needs to go through the second-stage switch 3304; if two basic DUs that are connected to a same first-stage switch need to perform baseband collaborative processing, a transmitted data packet does not need to go through the second-stage switch 3304.

    [0500] Specially, multi-stage switches may be deployed in a distributed manner: a first distance exists between a first-stage switch of the n-stage switches and the basic DU, and a second distance exists between an nth-stage switch of the n-stage switches and the basic DU, where the first distance is smaller than the second distance.

    [0501] For example, as shown in FIG. 34, the switching device is formed by three first-stage switches and one second-stage switch 3404, where the three first-stage switches are connected to basic DUs; the three first-stage switches are a first-stage switch 3400, a first-stage switch 3401, and a first-stage switch 3402; and the first-stage switch 3401 is deployed near a site.

    [0502] During mutual transmission of collaborative data between sites, if two basic DUs that are connected to the first-stage 3401 need to perform baseband collaborative processing, because a transmitted data packet may be mutually transmitted merely in the first-stage 3401 near the site, a switching delay is low, and a speed of baseband collaborative processing is high, which may improve network performance. In addition, because the first-stage switch 3401 is deployed near the site, an optical fiber may be saved.

    [0503] For transmission of the transmission network, reference may be made to a description of Embodiment 13, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0504] With reference to the foregoing description, an example for performing radio access in the radio access system is provided herein as follows:
    In the radio access system 300 shown in FIG. 3, when a terminal user 1 makes a phone call on a mobile phone in a site in which the DU 302 is located, a mobile phone signal may be received by both an antenna near the DU 301 and an antenna near the DU 302. If no other terminal user makes a phone call on a mobile phone at the moment, it is determined, according to a data routing policy, that baseband collaborative processing is to be performed in the DU 308. Accordingly, although the antennas near the DU 301 and the DU 302 receive the mobile phone signal, no baseband processing is performed; instead, a data packet is sent to a switching device, so that the switching device sends the data packet to the DU 308, and baseband collaborative processing is performed in the DU 308. Eventually, a first interface of the DU 308 sends an S1 signal to a core network and sends an X2 signal to another base station, thereby completing radio access in a call process.

    [0505] Based on the radio access system provided in this embodiment of the present invention, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the system are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site, and only extended DUs are added; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the system are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, the system may be used to implement baseband collaborative processing in the basic DUs, which improves network performance. Moreover, extended DUs are also deployed in the system, and baseband collaborative processing may be performed in the extended DUs, where an extended DU may further act as a baseband resource pool of a basic DU, so that a base station keeps obtaining a new feature, which prolongs a service life of a baseband of an early version, and improves high availability of the system. Moreover, it is unnecessary to go to a site during maintenance and capacity expansion, which reduces a cost. In addition, the system may further support any one standard of a multi-mode radio frequency module of a multi-mode site to independently perform baseband collaborative processing, and may further support access of base stations in a plurality of forms, for example, a distributed base station, a conventional macro base station, and a micro base station.

    Embodiment 14



    [0506] This embodiment of the present invention provides a radio access system, where the system includes:
    a radio frequency processing unit RU, the basic DU according to Embodiment 11, a transmission network, and the switching device according to Embodiment 5 that has no interaction with an extended DU.

    [0507] A first interface and a second interface of the basic DU are both connected to the switching device, and the basic DU interacts with the switching device by using the transmission network.

    [0508] It should be noted that both the first interface and the second interface are logical interfaces. For details, reference may be made to a description of step 604 in Embodiment 1, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0509] It should be noted that there are at least two basic DUs in the radio access system, where there may be two or more basic DUs, and the specific number is not limited in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0510] For example, when the radio access system includes three basic DUs, a radio access system in an LTE network may be shown in FIG. 5, where a connection relationship between a DU in FIG. 5 and a switching device is shown in FIG. 9.

    [0511] Further, in a radio access system, in order to implement large-capacity switching, the switching device may include n-stage switches, where n≥2.

    [0512] For example, as shown in FIG. 33, the switching device is formed by three first-stage switches and one second-stage switch 3304, where the three first-stage switches are connected to basic DUs, and the three first-stage switches are a first-stage switch 3300, a first-stage switch 3301, and a first-stage switch 3302.

    [0513] During mutual transmission of collaborative data between sites, if two basic DUs that are connected to different first-stage switches need to perform baseband collaborative processing, a transmitted data packet needs to go through the second-stage switch 3304; if two basic DUs that are connected to a same first-stage switch need to perform baseband collaborative processing, a transmitted data packet does not need to go through the second-stage switch 3304.

    [0514] Specially, multi-stage switches may be deployed in a distributed manner: a first distance exists between a first-stage switch of the n-stage switches and the basic DU, and a second distance exists between an nth-stage switch of the n-stage switches and the basic DU, where the first distance is smaller than the second distance.

    [0515] For example, as shown in FIG. 34, the switching device is formed by three first-stage switches and one second-stage switch 3404, where the three first-stage switches are connected to basic DUs; the three first-stage switches are a first-stage switch 3400, a first-stage switch 3401, and a first-stage switch 3402; and the first-stage switch 3401 is deployed near a site.

    [0516] During mutual transmission of collaborative data between sites, if two basic DUs that are connected to the first-stage 3401 need to perform baseband collaborative processing, because a transmitted data packet may be mutually transmitted merely in the first-stage 3401 near the site, a switching delay is low, and a speed of baseband collaborative processing is high, which may improve network performance. In addition, because the first-stage switch 3401 is deployed near the site, an optical fiber may be saved.

    [0517] For transmission of the transmission network, reference may be made to a description of Embodiment 13, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0518] In this embodiment of the present invention, relative to the radio access system according to Embodiment 12, because the first interface and the second interface are both connected to the switching device, when the first interface and the second interface share a same physical interface, an optical fiber is saved in this embodiment of the present invention, relative to the radio access system according to Embodiment 12.

    [0519] With reference to the foregoing description, an example for performing radio access in the radio access system is provided herein as follows:
    In the radio access system 500 shown in FIG. 5, when a terminal user 1 makes a phone call on a mobile phone in a site in which the DU 502 is located, a mobile phone signal may be received by both an antenna near the DU 501 and an antenna near the DU 502. If no other terminal user makes a phone call on a mobile phone at the moment, it is determined, according to a data routing policy, that baseband collaborative processing is to be performed in the DU 502. Accordingly, although the antenna near the DU 501 receives the mobile phone signal, no baseband processing is performed; instead, a data packet is sent to a switching device, so that the switching device sends the data packet to the DU 502, and baseband collaborative processing is performed in the DU 502. Reference may be made to FIG. 31 for understanding a flow direction of the data packet in this process, where 700a in FIG. 31 may be deemed as the DU 501, and 700b may be deemed as the DU 502. Eventually, a first interface of the DU 102 sends an S1/X2 signal to the switching device, and the switching device sends the S1 signal to a core network and sends the X2 signal to another base station, thereby completing radio access in a call process.

    [0520] Based on the radio access system provided in this embodiment of the present invention, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the system are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the system are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, the system may be used to implement baseband collaborative processing in the basic DUs, which may improve network performance. Moreover, the system may further support any one standard of a multi-mode radio frequency module of a multi-mode site to independently perform baseband collaborative processing, and may further support access of base stations in a plurality of forms, for example, a distributed base station, a conventional macro base station, and a micro base station.

    Embodiment 15



    [0521] This embodiment of the present invention provides a radio access system, where the system includes:
    a radio frequency processing unit RU, the basic DU according to Embodiment 11, the extended DU according to Embodiment 11, a transmission network, and the switching device according to Embodiment 6 or the switching device according to Embodiment 5 that interacts with the extended DU.

    [0522] A first interface and a second interface of the basic DU are both connected to the switching device, a first interface and a second interface of the extended DU are both connected to the switching device, and the basic DU and the extended DU interact with the switching device by using the transmission network.

    [0523] It should be noted that both the first interface and the second interface are logical interfaces. For details, reference may be made to a description of step 604 in Embodiment 1, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0524] It should be noted that, in order to achieve baseband collaborative processing between sites, there are at least two basic DUs in the radio access system, where there may be two or more basic DUs, and the specific number is not limited. In addition, the number of the extended DUs is not specifically limited either, where there may be one or more extended DUs, which is determined according to an actual requirement.

    [0525] For example, when the radio access system includes five basic DUs and two extended DUs, a radio access system may be shown in FIG. 10, where a connection relationship between a DU in FIG. 10 and a switching device is shown in FIG. 9.

    [0526] Further, in a radio access system, in order to implement large-capacity switching, the switching device may include n-stage switches, where n≥2.

    [0527] For example, as shown in FIG. 33, the switching device is formed by three first-stage switches and one second-stage switch 3304, where the three first-stage switches are connected to basic DUs, and the three first-stage switches are a first-stage switch 3300, a first-stage switch 3301, and a first-stage switch 3302.

    [0528] During mutual transmission of collaborative data between sites, if two basic DUs that are connected to different first-stage switches need to perform baseband collaborative processing, a transmitted data packet needs to go through the second-stage switch 3304; if two basic DUs that are connected to a same first-stage switch need to perform baseband collaborative processing, a transmitted data packet does not need to go through the second-stage switch 3304.

    [0529] Specially, multi-stage switches may be deployed in a distributed manner: a first distance exists between a first-stage switch of the n-stage switches and the basic DU, and a second distance exists between an nth-stage switch of the n-stage switches and the basic DU, where the first distance is smaller than the second distance.

    [0530] For example, as shown in FIG. 34, the switching device is formed by three first-stage switches and one second-stage switch 3404, where the three first-stage switches are connected to basic DUs; the three first-stage switches are a first-stage switch 3400, a first-stage switch 3401, and a first-stage switch 3402; and the first-stage switch 3401 is deployed near a site.

    [0531] During mutual transmission of collaborative data between sites, if two basic DUs that are connected to the first-stage 3401 need to perform baseband collaborative processing, because a transmitted data packet may be mutually transmitted merely in the first-stage 3401 near the site, a switching delay is low, and a speed of baseband collaborative processing is high, which may improve network performance. In addition, because the first-stage switch 3401 is deployed near the site, an optical fiber may be saved.

    [0532] For transmission of the transmission network, reference may be made to a description of Embodiment 13, which is not repeated in this embodiment of the present invention.

    [0533] In this embodiment of the present invention, relative to the radio access system according to Embodiment 13, because the first interface and the second interface are both connected to the switching device, when the first interface and the second interface share a same physical interface, an optical fiber is saved in this embodiment of the present invention, relative to the radio access system according to Embodiment 13.

    [0534] With reference to the foregoing description, an example for performing radio access in the radio access system is provided herein as follows:
    In the radio access system 1000 shown in FIG. 10, when a terminal user 1 makes a phone call on a mobile phone in a site in which the DU 1002 is located, a mobile phone signal may be received by both an antenna near the DU 1001 and an antenna near the DU 1002. If no other terminal user makes a phone call on a mobile phone at the moment, it is determined, according to a data routing policy, that baseband collaborative processing is to be performed in the DU 1008. Accordingly, although the antennas near the DU 1001 and the DU 1002 receive the mobile phone signal, no baseband processing is performed; instead, a data packet is sent to a switching device, so that the switching device sends the data packet to the DU 1008, and baseband collaborative processing is performed in the DU 308. Eventually, a first interface of the DU 1008 sends an S1/X2 signal to the switching device, and the switching device sends the S1 signal to a core network and sends the X2 signal to another base station, thereby completing radio access in a call process.

    [0535] Based on the radio access system provided in this embodiment of the present invention, relative to positions of DUs in the conventional radio access network architecture, positions of basic DUs in the system are not changed, where the basic DUs are still deployed in a site, and only extended DUs are added; therefore, a deployment cost is lower than that of the conventional C-RAN architecture. Moreover, relative to the positions of the DUs in the C-RAN access network architecture, the positions of the basic DUs in the system are arranged in a distributed manner; therefore, disaster recovery may be implemented, so that the network architecture has high availability. In addition, the system may be used to implement baseband collaborative processing in the basic DUs, which improves network performance. Moreover, extended DUs are also deployed in the system, and baseband collaborative processing may be performed in the extended DUs, where an extended DU may further act as a baseband resource pool of a basic DU, so that a base station keeps obtaining a new feature, which prolongs a service life of a baseband of an early version, and improves high availability of the system. Moreover, it is unnecessary to go to a site during maintenance and capacity expansion, which reduces a cost. In addition, the system may further support any one standard of a multi-mode radio frequency module of a multi-mode site to independently perform baseband collaborative processing, and may further support access of base stations in a plurality of forms, for example, a distributed base station, a conventional macro base station, and a micro base station.

    [0536] It should be noted that in some application scenarios, some basic DUs may have a limited baseband processing capability because of too many users; the radio access system provided in the present invention may be used not only to perform baseband collaborative processing between sites, but also to form a baseband resource pool only between a basic DU and a basic DU or between a basic DU and an extended DU.

    [0537] For example, in the radio access system 100 shown in FIG. 1, if a baseband processing capability of the DU 102 is limited, the DU 101 may act as a baseband resource pool of the DU 102. That is, the DU 102 sends a first data packet to the switching device, and after the switching device determines to send the first data packet to the DU 101 for processing, the switching device sends the first data packet to the DU 101, so that the DU 101 processes the first data packet.

    [0538] Alternatively, for example, in the radio access system 300 shown in FIG. 3, if a baseband processing capability of the DU 301 is limited, the DU 308 may act as a baseband resource pool of the DU 301. That is, the DU 301 sends a first data packet to the switching device 307, and the switching device 307 sends, after determining to send the first data packet to the DU 308 for processing, the first data packet to the DU 308, so that the DU 308 processes the first data packet.

    [0539] The present invention merely provides a simple description of the foregoing case; for details, reference may be made to content that an extended DU acts as a baseband resource pool in Embodiment 2, which is not described in detail herein.

    [0540] A person skilled in the art may clearly understand that, for the convenience and brevity of description, the apparatus described above is merely described by using the division of the functional modules as an example. In actual applications, the functions may be assigned to different functional modules for implementation according to requirements, that is, the interior structure of the apparatus is divided into different functional modules to perform all or partial functions described above. For a specific working process of the system, the apparatus, and the unit described above, reference may be made to the corresponding process in the foregoing method embodiment, which is not repeated herein.

    [0541] In the several embodiments provided in the present application, it should be understood that the disclosed system, apparatus, and method may be implemented in other manners. For example, the described apparatus embodiment is merely exemplary. For example, the module or unit division is merely logical function division and may be other division in actual implementation. For example, a plurality of units or components may be combined or integrated into another system, or some features may be ignored or not performed. In addition, the displayed or discussed mutual couplings or direct couplings or communication connections may be implemented through some interfaces. The indirect couplings or communication connections between the apparatuses or units may be implemented in electronic, mechanical, or other forms.

    [0542] The units described as separate parts may or may not be physically separate, and parts displayed as units may or may not be physical units, may be located in one position, or may be distributed on a plurality of network units. A part or all of the units may be selected according to actual needs to achieve the objectives of the solutions of the embodiments.

    [0543] In addition, functional units in the embodiments of the present invention may be integrated into one processing unit, or each of the units may exist alone physically, or two or more units are integrated into one unit. The integrated unit may be implemented in a form of hardware, or may be implemented in a form of a software functional unit.

    [0544] When the integrated unit is implemented in the form of a software functional unit and sold or used as an independent product, the integrated unit may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium. Based on such an understanding, the technical solutions of the present invention essentially, or the part contributing to the prior art, or all or a part of the technical solutions may be implemented in the form of a software product. The software product is stored in a storage medium and includes several instructions for instructing a computer device (which may be a personal computer, a server, or a network device) or a processor to perform all or a part of the steps of the methods described in the embodiments of the present invention. The foregoing storage medium includes: any medium that can store program code, such as a USB flash drive, a removable hard disk, a read-only memory (Read-Only Memory, ROM), a random access memory (Random Access Memory, RAM), a magnetic disk, or an optical disc.

    [0545] The foregoing descriptions are merely specific embodiments of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.


    Claims

    1. A radio access method in a radio access network, RAN, architecture, wherein basic digital processing units, DUs, of the architecture are deployed in one or more sites, and the method comprises:

    receiving (201), by a switching device of the architecture in a different site to the basic DUs, a first data packet sent by a first basic DU;

    determining (202), according to a data routing policy, a bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of the first basic DU, to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing ;

    sending (203) the first data packet to the second basic DU; and

    performing, by the second basic DU,

    collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, wherein the second data packet and the first data packet are of a same data type, wherein said collaborative processing involves processing the output of the first DU by the second DU, wherein the data type of the data packet comprises:
    layer 2, L2, scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain in-phase-quadrature, IQ, data, and time-domain IQ data.


     
    2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the method further comprises:

    receiving a third data packet sent by a third basic DU;

    determining to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing, wherein the first extended DU is deployed together with the switching device in the same site;

    sending the third data packet to the first extended DU; and processing, by the first extended DU, the third data packet.


     
    3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the method further comprises:

    receiving a fourth data packet sent by a fourth basic DU, and receiving a fifth data packet sent by a fifth basic DU, wherein the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are of a same data type;

    determining to send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, wherein the second extended DU is deployed together with the switching device in the same site;

    sending the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU; and performing, by the second extended DU, collaborative processing on the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet.


     
    4. A radio access system (100) comprising a switching device (2000) in a radio access network, RAN, architecture and basic digital processing units, DUs of the architecture deployed in one or more sites, wherein the switching device (2000) is deployed in different site to the basic DUs and comprises a receiving unit (2001), a determining unit (2002), and a sending unit (2003), wherein:

    the receiving unit (2001) is configured to receive a first data packet sent by a first basic digital processing unit, DU, and send the first data packet to the determining unit (2002),;

    the determining unit (2002) is configured to receive the first data packet sent by the receiving unit (2001), and to send the first data packet to the sending unit (2003),

    after determining, according to a data routing policy, bandwidth requirement of a transmission network, and a baseband processing capability of the first basic DU, to send the first data packet to a second basic DU for collaborative processing; and

    the sending unit (2003) is configured to receive the first data packet sent by the determining unit (2002), and send the first data packet to the second basic DU,

    and wherein:
    the second basic DU is configured to perform collaborative processing on the first data packet and a second data packet, wherein the second data packet and the first data packet are of a same data type, wherein said collaborative processing involves processing the output of the first DU by the second DU, wherein the data type of the data packet comprises:
    layer 2, L2, scheduling data, hard bit data, frequency-domain in-phase-quadrature, IQ, data, and time-domain IQ data.


     
    5. The radio access system according to claim 4, wherein:

    the receiving unit is further configured to receive a third data packet sent by a third basic DU, and send the third data packet to the determining unit;

    the determining unit is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiving unit, and after determining to send the third data packet to a first extended DU for processing, send the third data packet to the sending unit, wherein the first extended DU is deployed together with the switching device in the same site;

    the sending unit is further configured to receive the third data packet sent by the receiving unit, and send the third data packet to the first extended DU; and the first extended DU is configured to process the third data packet.


     
    6. The radio access system according to claim 4 or 5, wherein:

    the receiving unit is further configured to receive a fourth data packet sent by a fourth basic DU and a fifth data packet sent by a fifth basic DU, and send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the determining unit, wherein the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet are of a same data type;

    the determining unit is further configured to receive the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet that are sent by the receiving unit, and after determining to send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to a second extended DU for collaborative processing, send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the sending unit, wherein the second extended DU is deployed together with the switching device;

    the sending unit is further configured to receive the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet that are sent by the determining unit, and send the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet to the second extended DU; and the second extended DU is configured to perform collaborative processing on the fourth data packet and the fifth data packet.


     


    Ansprüche

    1. Funkzugangsverfahren in einer Funkzugangsnetz(radio access network - RAN)-Architektur, wobei digitale Basisverarbeitungseinheiten (digital processing units- DUs) der Architektur an einem oder mehreren Standorten eingesetzt werden und das Verfahren Folgendes umfasst:

    Empfangen (201), durch eine Schaltvorrichtung der Architektur an einem unterschiedlichen Standort als die Basis-DUs, eines ersten Datenpakets, das durch eine erste Basis-DU gesendet wird;

    Bestimmen (202), gemäß einer Daten-Routing-Richtlinie, eines Bandbreitenbedarfs eines Übertragungsnetzes und einer Basisbandverarbeitungsfähigkeit der ersten Basis-DU, um das erste Datenpaket an eine zweite Basis-DU für eine kollaborative Verarbeitung zu senden;

    Senden (203) des ersten Datenpakets an die zweite Basis-DU; und Durchführen, durch die zweite Basis-DU, einer kollaborativen Verarbeitung auf dem ersten Datenpaket und einem zweiten Datenpaket, wobei das zweite Datenpaket und das erste Datenpaket aus dem gleichen Datentyp sind, wobei die kollaborative Verarbeitung ein Verarbeiten der Ausgabe der ersten DU durch die zweite DU beinhaltet, wobei der Datentyp des Datenpakets Folgendes umfasst:
    Schicht 2, L2, Scheduling-Daten, Hard-Bit-Daten, Frequenzdomänen-gleichphasige-Quadratur(in-phase-quadrature - IQ)-Daten und Zeitdomänen-IQ-Daten.


     
    2. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1, wobei das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    Empfangen eines dritten Datenpakets, das durch eine dritte Basis-DU gesendet wird;

    Bestimmen, das dritte Datenpaket für die Verarbeitung an eine erste erweiterte DU zu senden, wobei die erste erweiterte DU zusammen mit der Schaltvorrichtung an dem gleichen Standort eingesetzt wird;

    Senden des dritten Datenpakets an die erste erweiterte DU und Verarbeiten, durch die erste erweiterte DU, des dritten Datenpakets.


     
    3. Verfahren nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei das Verfahren ferner Folgendes umfasst:

    Empfangen eines vierten Datenpakets, das durch eine vierte Basis-DU gesendet wird, und Empfangen eines fünften Datenpakets, das durch eine fünfte Basis-DU gesendet wird, wobei das vierte Datenpaket und das fünfte Datenpaket aus dem gleichen Datentyp sind;

    Bestimmen, das vierte Datenpaket und das fünfte Datenpaket an eine zweite erweiterte DU für die kollaborative Verarbeitung zu senden, wobei die zweite erweiterte DU zusammen mit der Schaltvorrichtung an dem gleichen Standort eingesetzt wird;

    Senden des vierten Datenpakets und des fünften Datenpakets an die zweite erweiterte DU; und Durchführen, durch die zweite erweiterte DU, der kollaborativen Verarbeitung auf dem vierten Datenpaket und dem fünften Datenpaket.


     
    4. Funkzugangssystem (100), das eine Schaltvorrichtung (2000) in einer Funkzugangsnetz(RAN)-Architektur und digitalen Basisverarbeitungseinheiten (DUs) der Architektur umfasst, die an einem oder mehreren Standorten eingesetzt wird, wobei die Schaltvorrichtung (2000) an einem unterschiedlichen Standort als die Basis-DUs eingesetzt wird und eine Empfangseinheit (2001), eine Bestimmungseinheit (2002) und eine Sendeeinheit (2003) umfasst, wobei:

    die Empfangseinheit (2001) konfiguriert ist, um ein erstes Datenpaket zu empfangen, das durch eine erste digitale Basisverarbeitungseinheit (DU) gesendet wird, und das erste Datenpaket an die Bestimmungseinheit (2002) zu senden;

    die Bestimmungseinheit (2002) konfiguriert ist, um das erste Datenpaket zu empfangen, das durch die Empfangseinheit (2001) gesendet wird, und das erste Datenpaket an die Sendeeinheit (2003) zu senden, nachdem, gemäß einer Daten-Routing-Richtlinie, der Bandbreitenbedarf eines Übertragungsnetzes und eine Basisbandverarbeitungsfähigkeit der ersten Basis-DU bestimmt wird, um das erste Datenpaket an eine zweite Basis-DU für die kollaborative Verarbeitung zu senden; und

    die Sendeeinheit (2003) konfiguriert ist, um das erste Datenpaket zu empfangen, das durch die Bestimmungseinheit (2002) gesendet wird, und das erste Datenpaket an die zweite Basis-DU zu senden, und wobei:
    die zweite Basis-DU konfiguriert ist, um die kollaborative Verarbeitung auf dem ersten Datenpaket und einem zweiten Datenpaket durchzuführen, wobei das zweite Datenpaket und das erste Datenpaket aus dem gleichen Datentyp sind, wobei die kollaborative Verarbeitung das Verarbeiten der Ausgabe der ersten DU durch die zweite DU involviert, wobei der Datentyp des Datenpakets Folgendes umfasst:
    Schicht 2, L2, Scheduling-Daten, Hard-Bit-Daten, Frequenzdomänen-gleichphasige-Quadratur(IQ)-Daten und Zeitdomänen-IQ-Daten.


     
    5. Funkzugangssystem nach Anspruch 4, wobei:

    die Empfangseinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, um ein drittes Datenpaket zu empfangen, das durch eine dritte Basis-DU gesendet wird, und das dritte Datenpaket an die Bestimmungseinheit zu senden;

    die Bestimmungseinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, um das dritte Datenpaket zu empfangen, das durch die Empfangseinheit gesendet wird, und nach dem Bestimmen, das dritte Datenpaket für die Verarbeitung an eine erste erweiterte DU zu senden, das dritte Datenpaket an die Sendeeinheit zu senden, wobei die erste erweiterte DU zusammen mit der Schaltvorrichtung an dem gleichen Standort eingesetzt wird;

    die Sendeeinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, um das dritte Datenpaket zu empfangen, das durch die Empfangseinheit gesendet wird, und das dritte Datenpaket an die erste erweiterte DU zu senden; und die erste erweiterte DU konfiguriert ist, um das dritte Datenpaket zu verarbeiten.


     
    6. Funkzugangssystem nach Anspruch 4 oder 5, wobei:

    die Empfangseinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, um ein viertes Datenpaket, das durch eine vierte Basis-DU gesendet wird, und ein fünftes Datenpaket zu empfangen, das durch eine fünfte Basis-DU gesendet wird, und das vierte Datenpaket und das fünfte Datenpaket an die Bestimmungseinheit zu senden, wobei das vierte Datenpaket und das fünfte Datenpaket aus dem gleichen Datentyp sind;

    die Bestimmungseinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, um das vierte Datenpaket und das fünfte Datenpaket zu empfangen, die durch die Empfangseinheit gesendet werden, und nach dem Bestimmen, das vierte Datenpaket und das fünfte Datenpaket an eine zweite erweiterte DU für die kollaborative Verarbeitung zu senden, das vierte Datenpaket und das fünfte Datenpaket an die Sendeeinheit zu senden, wobei die zweite erweiterte DU zusammen mit der Schaltvorrichtung eingesetzt wird;

    die Sendeeinheit ferner konfiguriert ist, um das vierte Datenpaket und das fünfte Datenpaket zu empfangen, die durch die Bestimmungseinheit gesendet werden, und das vierte Datenpaket und das fünfte Datenpaket an die zweite erweiterte DU zu senden; und die zweite erweiterte DU konfiguriert ist, um die kollaborative Verarbeitung auf dem vierten Datenpaket und dem fünften Datenpaket durchzuführen.


     


    Revendications

    1. Procédé d'accès radio dans une architecture de réseau d'accès radioélectrique, RAN, des unités de traitement numérique, DU, de base de l'architecture étant déployées dans un ou plusieurs sites, et le procédé comprenant :

    la réception (201), par un dispositif de commutation de l'architecture dans un site différent des DU de base, d'un premier paquet de données envoyé par une première DU de base ;

    la détermination (202), selon une politique de routage de données, d'une exigence de bande passante d'un réseau de transmission, et d'une capacité de traitement de bande de base de la première DU de base, pour envoyer le premier paquet de données à une deuxième DU de base pour un traitement collaboratif ;

    l'envoi (203) du premier paquet de données à la deuxième DU de base ; et la réalisation, par la deuxième DU de base, d'un traitement collaboratif sur le premier paquet de données et un deuxième paquet de données, le deuxième paquet de données et le premier paquet de données étant un même type de données, ledit traitement collaboratif impliquant le traitement de la sortie de la première DU par la deuxième DU, le type de données du paquet de données comprenant :
    une couche 2, L2, des données de planification, des données de bit dur, des données en quadrature de phase, IQ, de domaine fréquentiel et des données IQ de domaine temporel.


     
    2. Procédé selon la revendication 1, le procédé comprenant en outre :

    la réception d'un troisième paquet de données envoyé par une troisième DU de base ;

    la détermination d'envoyer le troisième paquet de données à une première DU étendue pour un traitement, la première DU étendue étant déployée avec le dispositif de commutation dans le même site ;

    l'envoi du troisième paquet de données à la première DU étendue et le traitement, par la première DU étendue, du troisième paquet de données.


     
    3. Procédé selon la revendication 1 ou 2, le procédé comprenant en outre :

    la réception d'un quatrième paquet de données envoyé par une quatrième DU de base, et la réception d'un cinquième paquet de données envoyé par une cinquième DU de base, le quatrième paquet de données et le cinquième paquet de données étant un même type de données ;

    la détermination d'envoyer le quatrième paquet de données et le cinquième paquet de données à une deuxième DU étendue pour un traitement collaboratif, la deuxième DU étendue étant déployée avec le dispositif de commutation dans le même site ;

    l'envoi du quatrième paquet de données et du cinquième paquet de données à la deuxième DU étendue ; et la réalisation, par la deuxième DU étendue, d'un traitement collaboratif sur le quatrième paquet de données et le cinquième paquet de données.


     
    4. Système d'accès radio (100) comprenant un dispositif de commutation (2000) dans une architecture de réseau d'accès radioélectrique, RAN et des unités de traitement numérique, DU, de base de l'architecture déployées dans un ou plusieurs sites, le dispositif de commutation (2000) étant déployé dans un site différent des DU de base et comprenant une unité de réception (2001), une unité de détermination (2002) et une unité d'envoi (2003) :

    l'unité de réception (2001) étant configurée pour recevoir un premier paquet de données envoyé par une première unité de traitement numérique, DU, de base et envoyer le premier paquet de données à l'unité de détermination (2002) ;

    l'unité de détermination (2002) étant configurée pour recevoir le premier paquet de données envoyé par l'unité de réception (2001) et pour envoyer le premier paquet de données à l'unité d'envoi (2003), après avoir déterminé, selon une politique de routage de données, une exigence de bande passante d'un réseau de transmission, et une capacité de traitement de bande de base de la première DU de base, pour envoyer le premier paquet de données à une deuxième DU de base pour un traitement collaboratif ; et

    l'unité d'envoi (2003) étant configurée pour recevoir le premier paquet de données envoyé par l'unité de détermination (2002), et envoyer le premier paquet de données à la deuxième DU de base, et :
    le deuxième DU de base étant configurée pour réaliser un traitement collaboratif sur le premier paquet de données et un deuxième paquet de données, le deuxième paquet de données et le premier paquet de données étant un même type de données, ledit traitement collaboratif impliquant le traitement de la sortie de la première DU par la deuxième DU, le type de données du paquet de données comprenant :
    une couche 2, L2, des données de planification, des données de bit dur, des données en quadrature de phase, IQ, de domaine fréquentiel et des données IQ de domaine temporel.


     
    5. Système d'accès radio selon la revendication 4 :

    l'unité de réception étant en outre configurée pour recevoir un troisième paquet de données envoyé par une troisième DU de base, et envoyer le troisième paquet de données à l'unité de détermination ;

    l'unité de détermination étant en outre configurée pour recevoir le troisième paquet de données envoyé par l'unité de réception, et après avoir déterminé d'envoyer le troisième paquet de données à une première DU étendue pour un traitement, envoyer le troisième paquet de données à l'unité d'envoi, la première DU étendue étant déployée avec le dispositif de commutation dans le même site ;

    l'unité d'envoi étant en outre configurée pour recevoir le troisième paquet de données envoyé par l'unité de réception, et envoyer le troisième paquet de données à la première DU étendue ; et la première DU étendue étant configurée pour traiter le troisième paquet de données.


     
    6. Système d'accès radio selon la revendication 4 ou 5 :

    l'unité de réception étant en outre configurée pour recevoir un quatrième paquet de données envoyé par une quatrième DU de base et un cinquième paquet de données envoyé par une cinquième DU de base, et envoyer le quatrième paquet de données et le cinquième paquet de données à l'unité de détermination, le quatrième paquet de données et le cinquième paquet de données étant un même type de données ;

    l'unité de détermination étant en outre configurée pour recevoir le quatrième paquet de données et le cinquième paquet de données qui sont envoyés par l'unité de réception, et après avoir déterminé d'envoyer le quatrième paquet de données et le cinquième paquet de données à une deuxième DU étendue pour un traitement collaboratif, envoyer le quatrième paquet de données et le cinquième paquet de données à l'unité d'envoi, la deuxième DU étendue étant déployée avec le dispositif de commutation ;

    l'unité d'envoi étant en outre configurée pour recevoir le quatrième paquet de données et le cinquième paquet de données qui sont envoyés par l'unité de détermination, et envoyer le quatrième paquet de données et le cinquième paquet de données à la deuxième DU étendue ; et la deuxième DU étendue étant configurée pour réaliser un traitement collaboratif sur le quatrième paquet de données et le cinquième paquet de données.


     




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    Cited references

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    Patent documents cited in the description