(19)
(11)EP 3 028 348 B1

(12)EUROPEAN PATENT SPECIFICATION

(45)Mention of the grant of the patent:
17.06.2020 Bulletin 2020/25

(21)Application number: 14747367.2

(22)Date of filing:  01.08.2014
(51)International Patent Classification (IPC): 
H01R 13/527(2006.01)
H01R 13/52(2006.01)
H01R 13/53(2006.01)
H01R 101/00(2006.01)
(86)International application number:
PCT/EP2014/066593
(87)International publication number:
WO 2015/014985 (05.02.2015 Gazette  2015/05)

(54)

COMPACT HIGH VOLTAGE CONNECTOR

KOMPAKT HOCHSPANNUNGSSTECKVERBINDUNG

CONNECTEUR COMPACT HAUTE TENSION


(84)Designated Contracting States:
AL AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MK MT NL NO PL PT RO RS SE SI SK SM TR

(30)Priority: 01.08.2013 EP 13178953

(43)Date of publication of application:
08.06.2016 Bulletin 2016/23

(73)Proprietor: Single Buoy Moorings, Inc.
1723 Marly (CH)

(72)Inventors:
  • REVOL, Gerard
    06800 Cagnes Sur Mer (FR)
  • DIXNEUF, Georges
    06150 Cannes La Bocca (FR)
  • MURRIS, Eric
    06000 Nice (FR)
  • LALLOUETTE, Terrence
    06300 Nice (FR)
  • BOUTAHAR, Samir
    06100 Nice (FR)

(74)Representative: Nederlandsch Octrooibureau 
P.O. Box 29720
2502 LS The Hague
2502 LS The Hague (NL)


(56)References cited: : 
EP-A2- 1 363 484
WO-A1-2012/059518
DE-A1- 3 041 337
US-A- 3 851 296
WO-A1-2007/068278
CN-Y- 200 956 449
GB-A- 2 198 596
US-A- 6 039 604
  
      
    Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee has been paid. (Art. 99(1) European Patent Convention).


    Description

    Field of the invention



    [0001] The present invention relates to a high voltage connector. Also the invention relates to a swivel stack comprising such a high voltage connector.

    Background



    [0002] Currently, high voltage connectors exist for use in electrical systems in a so called explosive atmosphere. Such environment can relate to various industrial facilities, for example, automotive refueling stations or petrol stations, oil refineries, rigs and offshore processing plants, chemical processing plants, underground coalmines and gas pipelines and distribution centers.

    [0003] To avoid explosions caused by electrical discharge in air, existing certified high voltage connectors to be compliant with IEC/EN standard had to be limited to a maximum voltage of 11 kV (IEC: International Electrotechnical Commission).

    [0004] US 3 851 296 A, CN 200 956 449 Y, DE 30 41 337 A1 and WO 2012/059518 A1 disclose different examples of conventional high voltage connectors/assemblies.

    [0005] The limitation of the high voltage level, may adversely limit electrical (power) system in industrial facilities. If higher voltage levels are needed dedicated solutions are required as alternative for the high voltage connector. Typically, such a standard solution like a dedicated junction box would require a larger foot print of the installation. In offshore applications such as a swivel stack on a floating (production) storage and offloading unit (FPSO/FSO), the use of standard junction boxes with cable glands instead of a high voltage connector would be oversized and not suitable with the requirements for relatively compact design.

    [0006] It is an object of the invention to overcome or mitigate the disadvantages from the prior art.

    Summary of the invention



    [0007] The object is achieved by a high voltage connector as defined in claim 1, which comprises an electric terminal and a housing elongated in a first direction along a longitudinal axis of the connector; an end surface of the electric terminal being mounted on an proximal end surface of the elongated housing with the respective body axis directions of said housing and said connector in parallel, and arranged with an outer electric connection area for connection to an external electric terminal; the elongated housing at a distal end being arranged to receive at least one power cable for internal electrical connection of the at least one power cable with an inner connecting area of the electric terminal, wherein the high voltage connector comprises an encapsulating casing that encloses the electric terminal and the elongated housing in the first direction, and the encapsulating casing provides a closed space between said casing and the housing.

    [0008] The encapsulating casing comprises a connector socket enclosing a radial wall of the electric terminal in the first direction with an opening of the socket at the location of the outer electric connection area.

    [0009] In this manner the connector socket provides a radial insulating wall that prevents electrical contact and sparking of the connector in a radial direction.

    [0010] The high voltage connector according to the invention provides that advantageously a high voltage connector of standard dimensions can be used for higher voltage applications above the standardized high voltage limit.

    [0011] The encapsulating casing surrounds the housing as a shell with a space between its wall and the housing. The encapsulating casing provides by the closed space surrounding the connector an additional barrier between the explosive atmosphere and the connector.

    [0012] The casing is provided with at least one flame path of any type e.g. spigot, flat, threaded, etc., that acts to prevent transmission of the explosion from the inside to the outside of the casing.

    [0013] Moreover, the encapsulating casing provides a protection of the high voltage connector from sunlight and thus suppresses solar and UV radiation ageing effects on the components of the high voltage connector.

    [0014] According to an aspect, the closed space is substantially flame proof. According to an aspect the invention relates to a high voltage connector as described above, wherein the closed space is substantially liquid proof and dust proof, which provides an isolation of the interior of the casing from the explosive atmosphere.

    [0015] According to an aspect the invention relates to a high voltage connector as described above, wherein the encapsulating casing comprises a cable gland adjacent to the housing's distal end for allowing passage of the power cable. In this manner the casing is fixed to the power cable. Further, this permits to control the fluid barrier and to have the casing liquid tight and dust tight.

    [0016] According to a further aspect the invention relates to a high voltage connector as described above, wherein the encapsulating casing comprises one or more brackets for fixing the power cable. Such electrical fixings avoid or spare the use of the power cable gland to withstand the force produced during a short circuit current event. In this manner, the mechanical requirements for the design of the encapsulating casing can be relaxed.

    [0017] According to an aspect the invention relates to a high voltage connector as described above, wherein the encapsulating casing comprises one or more sealable openings for access to the closed space.

    [0018] Such sealable openings that are placed radially along the casing, can be used for inspection of the closed space or for wiring the closed space in relation to additional electrical functions such as earthing or screening.

    [0019] According to an aspect the invention relates to a high voltage connector as described above, wherein the sealable opening comprises an earthing cable gland for allowing passage of one or more electrically independent earthing cables.

    [0020] According to an aspect the invention relates to a high voltage connector as described above, wherein the sealable opening is arranged for access to the closed space by a borescope-type probe. This feature allows relatively easy inspection without long downtime, electrical disconnection and/or mechanical dismantling.

    [0021] According to an aspect the invention relates to a high voltage connector as described above, wherein the receptacle volume comprises a first shell at one end coupled to the proximal end and enveloping a portion of the housing along the first direction with a end flange, and a second shell sealably coupled to the end flange of the first shell and enclosing the distal end of the housing. The receptacle volume is constructed from two shell parts: the first shell is coupled as a collar to the proximal end of the housing and extends along a part of the housing. The second shell is a cover that couples to the flange of the first shell and creates the closed space surrounding the housing.

    [0022] According to an aspect the invention relates to a high voltage connector as described above, wherein a proximal end of the connector socket is sealably connected to the first shell at a connecting location adjacent the proximal end of the elongated housing. By the sealable connection between the socket and the first shell of the encapsulating casing the surface of the electric terminal at the proximal end of the housing is covered and shielded from the environment.

    [0023] According to an aspect the invention relates to a high voltage connector as described above, wherein the first shell comprises a raised peripheral edge directed towards the electric connection area of the electric terminal and the proximal end of the connector socket is positioned at the connecting location within the raised peripheral edge. The first shell forms a collar that extends towards the electric connection area and that surrounds the interface between the socket and the first shell to further cover and shield the electric terminal at the proximal end of the housing from the environment. Also, the collar of the first shell acts as a fit for a wall in which the high voltage connector is to be mounted.

    [0024] According to an aspect the invention relates to a high voltage connector as described above, wherein a resin or cemented joint is applied between the proximal end of the connector socket and a wall of the second collar facing the connector socket or is fully integrated into the connector socket.

    [0025] According to an aspect the invention relates to a high voltage connector as described above, wherein the connector socket is an insulating body and the receptacle volume is either insulating or conductive.

    [0026] According to an aspect the invention relates to a high voltage connector as described above, wherein the electric terminal and the elongated housing are substantially cylindrical bodies, and the encapsulating casing is substantially cylindrical.

    [0027] Further the present invention relates to a swivel stack comprising an electric swivel with a high voltage connector as described above.

    [0028] The present invention relates to all explosive atmospheres and is not limited to those relative to oil and gas industries even if the present invention also relates to a floating storage and offloading, FSO, vessel or a floating production storage and offloading, FPSO, vessel comprising a swivel stack as described above.

    [0029] Advantageous embodiments are further defined by the dependent claims.

    Brief description of drawings



    [0030] The invention will be explained in more detail below with reference to drawings in which illustrative embodiments of the invention are shown. It should be understood that the following descriptions are not intended to limit the embodiments to one preferred embodiment.

    Figure 1 shows a schematic view of a high voltage connector according to the prior art;

    Figure 2 shows a cross-section of a high voltage connector according to an embodiment of the invention;

    Figure 3 shows a perspective view of a high voltage connector according to an embodiment of the invention;

    Figure 4 shows a cross-section of a high voltage connector according to an embodiment of the invention;

    Figure 5 shows a further cross-section of the high voltage connector of figure 4.


    Description of embodiments



    [0031] Figure 1 shows a schematic view of a high voltage connector according to the prior art.

    [0032] The prior art high voltage connector 2 may have a substantially cylindrical shape and comprises an electric terminal 4 and a housing 6 elongated in a direction X along its body-axis. One end surface of the electric terminal 4 is mounted on a proximal end surface 3 of the elongated housing 6 in such a way that the body axes of the electric terminal 4 and the housing 6 are at least parallel and optionally coincide.

    [0033] The other end surface of the electric terminal 4 is arranged with an outer electric connection area 5 for connecting to an external electric terminal (not shown).

    [0034] At its distal end the elongated housing 6 is arranged to receive a power cable 7 for internal electrical connection of the power cable with an inner connecting area of the electric terminal 5.

    [0035] The prior art high voltage connector 2 corresponds to a standard high voltage connector which can be used in explosive atmosphere conditions compliant with IECEx or ATEX regulations or any other worldwide hazardous area certifications.

    [0036] Figure 2 shows a cross-section of a high voltage connector according to an embodiment of the invention.

    [0037] The high voltage connector 1 according to the invention has an internal construction of a standard high voltage connector 2 as schematically shown in Figure 1.

    [0038] The high voltage connector 1 has a substantially cylindrical body which at one end A has a substantially cylindrical electric terminal 4 with an electric connection area 5. The electric connection area 5 is arranged to couple to an electric connection area of a second electric terminal (not shown).

    [0039] At the other end B of the high voltage connector, along the direction X of the cylinder axis, the high voltage connector 1 is connected to a power cable 7.

    [0040] The high voltage connector 1 comprises an encapsulating casing 13, 10, 12 which surrounds the electric terminal 4 and the connector housing 6 and creates a closed space 8 between the encapsulating casing and the housing 6. The encapsulating casing provides a separation of the high voltage connector from the environment which is beneficial in case of an explosive atmosphere to avoid explosions due to sparking of the high voltage connector.

    [0041] In an embodiment, the closed space is flame proof, liquid proof or liquid tight and dust proof or dust tight.

    [0042] Further, the encapsulating casing comprises a connector socket 13 that surrounds the radial wall of the electric terminal 4 as a collar and prevents contact of the radial wall with the environment.

    [0043] In the embodiment of Figure 2, the encapsulating casing comprises three parts 13, 10, 12 that are coupled together to form the encapsulating casing. The encapsulating casing comprises the connector socket 13 that surrounds the radial wall of the electric terminal portion of the high voltage connector. The connector socket 13 is connected to a first shell portion 10 that has a wall 11 perpendicular to the cylinder axis, which wall adjoins the proximal end surface 3 of the elongated housing 6. The electric terminal passes through an aperture 11a of the wall 11. At the outer circumference the wall 11 has a cylindrical portion 10a that extends and surrounds along a portion of the elongated housing as an enveloping collar.

    [0044] On the cylindrical portion 10a the first shell 10 comprises an annular section 22 with one or more sealable openings 23a for access into the interior of the encapsulating casing, i.e., the closed space 8.

    [0045] Such openings 23a can be arranged as inspection points for optical inspection of the closed space 8, for example by a borescope.

    [0046] Another sealable opening 23 can be used as an earthing cable gland for allowing passage of an earthing cable into the high voltage connector. Grounding of the power cable's screen and armor can be routed via the sealable opening and the earthing cable to a main earthing of the electrical apparatus (not shown) equipped with the high voltage connector according to the invention.

    [0047] Also, such sealable openings could be used as access port to a screening device in the closed space.

    [0048] At an open end of the cylindrical portion 10a, the first shell is sealably connected to an open end of a second shell 12 that surrounds and covers the portion of the elongated housing 6 not surrounded by the cylindrical portion of the first shell 10. The open ends of the cylindrical portion 10a and the second shell 12 may each comprise an end flange.

    [0049] On the encapsulating casing at end B, a cable gland 21 is provided in the second shell with a passage for the power cable 7 into the closed space.

    [0050] Additionally, the first shell 10 may comprise a secondary cylindrical portion 10b that extends from the wall 11 towards the electric connecting area 5 as a second enveloping collar over a portion of the connector socket 13.

    [0051] In a gap 14 between the secondary cylindrical portion 10b and the connector socket 13 a resin or cemented joint may be applied for sealing. Alternatively, the gap and the connector socket can be overmolded in one processing step to form directly one integral piece made of resin or cemented joint. In this particular embodiment the cemented joint is fully integrated in the connector socket 13, so that the gap 14 and the socket 13 are integral and made as one single cemented joint feature.

    [0052] The first shell 10 also may comprise an outward flange 10c for a mechanical coupling with an external wall 24.

    [0053] In a further embodiment, the encapsulating casing comprises one or more brackets 25 for fixing the power cable 7.

    [0054] Figure 3 shows a perspective view of an encapsulating casing for a high voltage connector according to an embodiment of the invention.

    [0055] The high voltage connector according to the invention achieves a beneficial improvement of its performance in explosive atmosphere by separating the area susceptible to sparking from the environment. As a result, the high voltage connector can be used at higher voltage than allowable by prior art connectors as shown in Figure 1. Also higher currents may be allowable.

    [0056] The high voltage connector according to the invention can be used for any electric appliance in hazardous areas either onshore or offshore, including motors, VFD/VSD drivers, transformers.

    [0057] The high voltage connector of the invention can be applied in a swivel stack as used on offshore installations e.g. FSO and FPSO units, etc., where the high voltage connector is used in the HV swivel stack part for high voltage power cables extending through the stack and into all other explosive atmospheres and not only to those relative to oil and gas industries.

    [0058] Figure 4 shows a cross-section of a high voltage connector according to an embodiment of the invention. The high voltage connector is plugged into an electrical system and is located on the enclosure of the electric system at the interface between the connector socket 4 and the proximal end 3 of the housing which is in this particular case between the electrical system and the connector. The encapsulating casing 12a is a sleeve-like shell that encloses the elongated housing 6 and defines by its wall the closed space 8 around the elongated housing.

    [0059] The shell and the enclosure of the electrical system may be joint by bolts. A flame path is also provided at the location indicated by reference F in FIG. 4, between the electrical system and the connector. At the location of the distal end of the housing the shell comprises a sealable second opening 10f for passage of the conductor cable 7.

    [0060] Figure 5 shows a further cross-section of the high voltage connector of figure 4, along line V-V. The encapsulating casing comprises two shell plates substantially parallel to each other that are joint at their interfacial edges.

    [0061] It will be appreciated by the person skilled in the art that other alternative and equivalent embodiments can be conceived, the scope of the invention being limited only by the appended claims.


    Claims

    1. High voltage connector (1) comprising an electric terminal (4) and a housing (6) elongated in a first direction (X) along a longitudinal axis of the high voltage connector;
    an end surface of the electric terminal (4) being mounted on an proximal end surface (3) of the elongated housing (6) in the first direction, with the respective body axis directions of the housing and connector in parallel, and another end surface of the electric terminal (4) being arranged with an outer electric connection area (5) for connection to an external electric terminal;
    the elongated housing at a distal end being arranged to receive at least one power cable (7) for internal electrical connection of the at least one power cable with an inner connecting area of the electric terminal,
    wherein the high voltage connector (1) comprises an encapsulating casing (10, 12,13) that encloses the electric terminal (4) and the elongated housing (6) in the first direction, and the encapsulating casing provides a closed space (8) between said casing (10, 12,13) and the housing (6),
    wherein the encapsulating casing comprises an insulating connector socket (13) enclosing a radial wall of the electric terminal (4) along the first direction (X), the connector socket having an opening at the location of the outer electric connection area (5), and such that the connector socket (13) provides a radial insulating wall for preventing electrical contact and sparking of the connector in a radial direction with the environment.
     
    2. High voltage connector according to claim 1, wherein the electric terminal and the elongated housing are substantially cylindrical.
     
    3. High voltage connector according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the closed space (8) is substantially flame proof.
     
    4. High voltage connector according to any one of claims 1 - 3, wherein the closed space (8) is substantially liquid proof and dust proof.
     
    5. High voltage connector according to claim 1, wherein the connector socket is sealably connected to a connecting location at the proximal end of the elongated housing or between an enclosure of an electric system and the elongated housing.
     
    6. High voltage connector according to any one of claims 1 - 5, wherein the encapsulating casing comprises a cable gland (21) adjacent to the housing distal end for allowing passage of the at least one power cable to the electric terminal.
     
    7. High voltage connector according to any one of claims 1 - 6, wherein the encapsulating casing comprises one or more brackets (25) for fixing the at least one power cable.
     
    8. High voltage connector according to any one of claims 1 - 7, wherein the encapsulating casing comprises one or more sealable openings (23) along the first direction for access to the closed space (8).
     
    9. High voltage connector according to claim 8, wherein the sealable opening comprises at least one earthing cable gland for allowing passage of at least one earthing cable.
     
    10. High voltage connector according to claim 8, wherein the sealable opening is arranged for access to the closed space by a borescope-type probe.
     
    11. High voltage connector according to claim 10, wherein the encapsulating casing comprises a first shell (10) and a second shell (12) sealably coupled to an open end of the first shell.
     
    12. High voltage connector according to claim 11, wherein the first shell (10) is coupled to the proximal end of the housing; the first shell comprising a first collar (10a) enveloping a portion of the housing (6) along the first direction, wherein the second shell (12) is sealably coupled to the open end of the first shell (10) and enclosing the distal end of the housing
     
    13. High voltage connector according to claim 12, wherein a proximal end of the connector socket (13) is sealably connected to the first shell (10) at a connecting location at the proximal end of the elongated housing.
     
    14. High voltage connector according to claim 13, wherein the first shell (10) comprises a second collar (10b) directed from the proximal end of the housing towards the electric connection area of the electric terminal, and the proximal end of the connector socket (13) is positioned at the connecting location within the second collar.
     
    15. High voltage connector according to claim 14, wherein a resin or cemented joint is either applied between the proximal end of the connector socket (13) and a wall of the second collar (10b) facing the connector socket or is fully integrated into the connector socket.
     
    16. High voltage connector according to according to any one of the preceding claims 2 - 15 wherein the encapsulating casing (10, 12, 13) in addition to the insulating connector socket (13) further comprises a receptacle volume that comprises either insulating or conductive material.
     
    17. High voltage connector according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the encapsulating casing is substantially cylindrical.
     
    18. Swivel stack comprising an electric swivel, the swivel comprising a high voltage connector according to any one of the preceding claims 1 - 17.
     
    19. A floating offshore installation comprising a swivel stack according to claim 18.
     


    Ansprüche

    1. Hochspannungssteckverbindung (1) mit einem elektrischen Anschluss (4) und einem Gehäuse (6), das in einer ersten Richtung (X) entlang einer Längsachse der Hochspannungssteckverbindung länglich ist;

    einer Endfläche des elektrischen Anschlusses (4) in der ersten Richtung an einer proximalen Endfläche (3) des länglichen Gehäuses (6) montiert ist, wobei die jeweiligen Körperachsenrichtungen des Gehäuses und des Verbinders parallel sind, und einer anderen Endfläche des elektrischen Anschlusses (4), die mit einem äußeren Elektroverbindungsbereich (5) für ein Verbinden mit einem externen elektrischen Anschluss angeordnet ist;

    wobei das längliche Gehäuse an einem fernen Ende angeordnet ist, um mindestens ein Stromkabel (7) für ein inneres elektrisches Verbinden von mindestens einem Stromkabel mit einem inneren Verbindungsbereich des elektrischen Anschlusses aufzunehmen,

    wobei der Hochspannungsverbinder (1) eine Einkapselungsverkleidung (10,12,13) umfasst, die den elektrischen Anschluss (4) und das längliche Gehäuse (6) in der ersten Richtung umschließt, und die Einkapselungsverkleidung einen geschlossenen Bereich (8) bereitstellt zwischen besagter Verkleidung (10,12,13) und dem Gehäuse (6),

    wobei die Einkapselungsverkleidung einen isolierenden Verbindungsstutzen (13) aufweist, der eine radiale Wand des elektrischen Anschlusses (4) entlang der ersten Richtung (X) umschließt, wobei der Verbindungsstutzen eine Öffnung an der Stelle des äußeren Elektroverbindungsbereiches (5) hat so, dass

    der Verbindungsstutzen (13) eine radial isolierende Wand für das Verhindern eines elektrischen Kontaktes und Funkenbildung des Verbinders in einer radialen Richtung mit der Umgebung aufweist.


     
    2. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der elektrische Anschluss und das längliche Gehäuse im Wesentlichen zylindrisch sind.
     
    3. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, wobei der geschlossene Bereich (8) im Wesentlichen flammengesichert ist.
     
    4. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, wobei der geschlossene Raum wasserdicht und staubdicht ist.
     
    5. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach Anspruch 1, wobei der Verbindungsstutzen abdichtbar mit einer Verbindungsstelle an dem nahen Ende des länglichen Gehäuses oder zwischen einer Einfassung eines elektrischen Systems und dem länglichen Gehäuse verbunden ist.
     
    6. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, wobei die Einkapselungsverkleidung eine Kabeleinführung (21) angrenzend an das gehäuseferne Ende aufweist, um den Durchgang von mindestens einem Stromkabel zu dem elektrischen Anschluss zu ermöglichen.
     
    7. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, wobei die Einkapselungsverkleidung einen oder mehrere Winkel (25) aufweist, um mindestens ein Stromkabel zu befestigen.
     
    8. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, wobei die Einkapselungsverkleidung eine oder mehrere abdichtbare Öffnungen (23) entlang der ersten Richtung für einen Zugriff auf den geschlossenen Bereich (8) aufweist.
     
    9. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach Anspruch 8, wobei die abdichtbare Öffnung mindestens eine Erdungskabeleinführung aufweist, um einen Durchgang von mindestens einem Erdungskabel zu ermöglichen.
     
    10. Hochspannungsteckverbindung nach Anspruch 8, wobei die abdichtbare Öffnung für einen Zugriff auf den geschlossenen Raum über einen endoskopartigen Messfühler angeordnet ist.
     
    11. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach Anspruch 10, wobei die Einkapselungsverkleidung eine erste Hülle (10) und eine zweite Hülle (12) aufweist, die abdichtbar an ein offenes Ende der ersten Hülle gekoppelt ist.
     
    12. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach Anspruch 11, wobei die erste Hülle (10) an das proximale Ende des Gehäuses gekoppelt ist; wobei die erste Hülle einen erste Hals (10a) aufweist, der einen Abschnitt des Gehäuses (6) entlang der ersten Richtung einhüllt, wobei die zweite Hülle (12) abdichtbar an das offene Ende der ersten Hülle (10) gekoppelt ist und das ferne Ende des Gehäuses umschließt.
     
    13. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach Anspruch 12, wobei ein nahes Ende des Verbindungsstutzens (13) abdichtbar mit der ersten Hülle (10) an einer Verbindungsstelle an dem nahen Ende des länglichen Gehäuses verbunden ist.
     
    14. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach Anspruch 13, wobei die erste Hülle (10) einen zweiten Hals (10b) aufweist, der von dem nahen Ende des Gehäuses zu dem Elektroverbindungsbereich des elektrischen Anschlusses geführt ist, und das nahe Ende des Verbindungsstutzens (13) ist an der Verbindungsstelle innerhalb der zweiten Manschette positioniert.
     
    15. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach Anspruch 14, wobei ein Harz oder eine verfestigte Verbindung entweder zwischen dem nahen Ende des Verbindungsstutzens (13) und einer Wand des zweiten Halses (10b) eingesetzt ist, der dem Verbindungsstutzen gegenüberliegt, oder vollständig in den Verbindungsstutzen eingegliedert ist.
     
    16. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche 2 bis 15, wobei die Einkapselungsverkleidung (10,12,13) zusätzlich zu dem isolierenden Verbindungsstutzen (13) ferner ein Behältervolumen aufweist, das entweder ein isolierendes oder leitendes Material aufweist.
     
    17. Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche, wobei die Einkapselungsverkleidung im Wesentlichen zylindrisch ist.
     
    18. Drehkupplung, die ein elektrisches Drehgelenk aufweist, wobei das Drehgelenk eine Hochspannungssteckverbindung nach einem der vorherigen Ansprüche 1 bis 17 aufweist.
     
    19. Schwimmende Offshore-Anlage, die eine Drehkupplung nach Anspruch 18 aufweist.
     


    Revendications

    1. Connecteur haute tension (1) comprenant une borne électrique (4) et un boîtier (6) allongé dans une première direction (X) le long d'un axe longitudinal du connecteur haute tension ;
    une surface d'extrémité de la borne électrique (4) étant montée sur une surface d'extrémité proximale (3) du boîtier allongé (6) dans la première direction, avec les directions d'axe de corps respectives du boîtier et du connecteur en parallèle, et une autre surface d'extrémité de la borne électrique (4) étant agencée avec une zone de connexion électrique extérieure (5) pour une connexion à une borne électrique externe ;
    le boîtier allongé, au niveau d'une extrémité distale, étant agencé pour recevoir au moins un câble d'alimentation (7) pour une connexion électrique interne du au moins un câble d'alimentation avec une zone de connexion intérieure de la borne électrique,
    dans lequel le connecteur haute tension (1) comprend une enveloppe d'encapsulation (10, 12, 13) qui renferme la borne électrique (4) et le boîtier allongé (6) dans la première direction, et l'enveloppe d'encapsulation fournit un espace fermé (8) entre ladite enveloppe (10, 12, 13) et le boîtier (6),
    dans lequel l'enveloppe d'encapsulation comprend une prise de connecteur isolante (13) renfermant une paroi radiale de la borne électrique (4) le long de la première direction (X), la prise de connecteur ayant une ouverture au niveau de l'emplacement de la zone de connexion électrique extérieure (5), et de telle sorte que
    la prise de connecteur (13) fournit une paroi radiale isolante pour empêcher un contact électrique et la formation d'étincelles du connecteur dans une direction radiale avec l'environnement.
     
    2. Connecteur haute tension selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la borne électrique et le boîtier allongé sont sensiblement cylindriques.
     
    3. Connecteur haute tension selon la revendication 1 ou 2, dans lequel l'espace fermé (8) est sensiblement ignifuge.
     
    4. Connecteur haute tension selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 3, dans lequel l'espace fermé (8) est sensiblement étanche aux liquides et à la poussière.
     
    5. Connecteur haute tension selon la revendication 1, dans lequel la prise de connecteur est connectée de manière étanche à un emplacement de connexion au niveau de l'extrémité proximale du boîtier allongé ou entre une enceinte d'un système électrique et le boîtier allongé.
     
    6. Connecteur haute tension selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 5, dans lequel l'enveloppe d'encapsulation comprend un passe-câble (21) adjacent à l'extrémité distale de boîtier pour permettre le passage du au moins un câble d'alimentation vers la borne électrique.
     
    7. Connecteur haute tension selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 6, dans lequel l'enveloppe d'encapsulation comprend un ou plusieurs supports (25) pour fixer le au moins un câble d'alimentation.
     
    8. Connecteur haute tension selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 7, dans lequel l'enveloppe d'encapsulation comprend une ou plusieurs ouvertures pouvant être scellées (23) le long de la première direction pour accéder à l'espace fermé (8).
     
    9. Connecteur haute tension selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'ouverture pouvant être scellée comprend au moins un passe-câble de mise à la terre pour permettre le passage d'au moins un câble de mise à la terre.
     
    10. Connecteur haute tension selon la revendication 8, dans lequel l'ouverture pouvant être scellée est agencée pour accéder à l'espace fermé par une sonde de type horoscope.
     
    11. Connecteur haute tension selon la revendication 10, dans lequel l'enveloppe d'encapsulation comprend une première coque (10) et une seconde coque (12) couplée de manière étanche à une extrémité ouverte de la première coque.
     
    12. Connecteur haute tension selon la revendication 11, dans lequel la première coque (10) est couplée à l'extrémité proximale du boîtier ; la première coque comprenant un premier collier (10a) enveloppant une partie du boîtier allongé (6) le long de la première direction, dans lequel la seconde coque (12) est couplée de manière étanche à l'extrémité ouverte de la première coque (10) et renfermant l'extrémité distale du boîtier.
     
    13. Connecteur haute tension selon la revendication 12, dans lequel une extrémité proximale de la prise de connecteur (13) est connectée de manière étanche à la première coque (10) en un emplacement de connexion au niveau de l'extrémité proximale du boîtier allongé.
     
    14. Connecteur haute tension selon la revendication 13, dans lequel la première coque (10) comprend un second collier (10b) dirigé de l'extrémité proximale du boîtier vers la zone de connexion électrique de la borne électrique, et l'extrémité proximale de la prise de connecteur (13) est positionnée au niveau de l'emplacement de connexion à l'intérieur du second collier.
     
    15. Connecteur haute tension selon la revendication 14, dans lequel une résine ou un joint cimenté est appliqué(e) entre l'extrémité proximale de la prise de connecteur (13) et une paroi du second collier (10b) faisant face à la prise de connecteur ou est entièrement intégré(e) dans la prise de connecteur.
     
    16. Connecteur haute tension selon l'une quelconque des revendications 2 à 15 précédentes, dans lequel l'enveloppe d'encapsulation (10, 12, 13) en plus de la prise de connecteur isolante (13) comprend en outre un volume de réceptacle qui comprend un matériau isolant ou conducteur.
     
    17. Connecteur haute tension selon l'une quelconque des revendications précédentes, dans lequel l'enveloppe d'encapsulation est sensiblement cylindrique.
     
    18. Colonne pivotante comprenant un pivot électrique, le pivot comprenant un connecteur haute tension selon l'une quelconque des revendications 1 à 17 précédentes.
     
    19. Installation flottante extracôtière comprenant une colonne pivotante selon la revendication 18.
     




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    Cited references

    REFERENCES CITED IN THE DESCRIPTION



    This list of references cited by the applicant is for the reader's convenience only. It does not form part of the European patent document. Even though great care has been taken in compiling the references, errors or omissions cannot be excluded and the EPO disclaims all liability in this regard.

    Patent documents cited in the description